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Owner's Handbook I Manuel du

conducteur I Manual del propietario

Please read this Owner's Handbook


before using your vehlcle.
Keep it in the vehicle to enable
reference at any time.
Lire attentivement ce manual avant
d'utiliser le vehicule.
Le conserver dans le v6hicule pour
pouvoir le consulter aussi souvent
qua necessalre.
Por favor lea este Manual del
propietario antes de usar su vehiculo.
Conservelo en el vehiculo para
poderlo consultar en cualquier
momento.

FUSO CALDERON
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO MITSUBISHI FIISO TRUCK& BUS CORPORATION
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
Foreword
Thank you for purchasing a Mitsubishi Fuso CANTER.
This Owner’s Handbook explains proper vehicle handling and simple maintenance
practices to ensure that you are able to drive your vehicle safely and comfortably.
As improper use of the vehicle may result in a breakdown or cause an accident, we
urge you to read this handbook thoroughly before operating the vehicle.
Periodical lubrication and maintenance are essential to obtain maximum perfor-
mance and extended service life from your vehicle. The separate “Service Booklet”
contains a periodical maintenance schedule. You are strongly recommended to per-
form the lubrication and maintenance as specified in the schedule.

© 2015 Mitsubishi Fuso Truck & Bus Corporation

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


Reading the handbook
Q Please be acquainted with the model name and other specifics of your vehicle so that you
will be able to read the applicable descriptions that are identified by vehicle type, model or
engine model in this handbook.
Q Because of differences in specifications and improvements that may be added after prep-
aration of this manual, some of the explanations and illustrations in this handbook may
not apply to your vehicle.
Q The following symbols are used throughout this handbook:
: requests that reader refer to the page of the number indicated.
Q This manual contains important cautionary instructions and supplementary information
under the following four headings which identify the nature of the instructions and infor-
mation:

Precautions that should be taken in handling potentially


dangerous substances, such as battery fluid and coolant
DANGER additives.

Precautionary instructions, which if not observed, could


WARNING result in serious injury or death.
Precautionary instructions, which if not observed, could
CAUTION result in damage to or destruction of equipment or parts.
NOTE: Suggestions or supplementary information for more effi-
cient use of equipment or better understanding.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


CONTENTS

1. Recommendation to drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1


2. Warning labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
3. Opening and closing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
4. Seat and steering wheel adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
5. Switches and controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
6. Instruments and warning lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
7. Starting and driving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
8. Handling special equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
9. Ventilation, Heating and air conditioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
10. Interior equipment and accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
11. In cold weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1
12. Simple inspection and service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-1
13. Useful advices for emergencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-1
14. Service data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-1
15. Alphabetical index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-1

Each chapter has a table of contents on its first page.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
1-1

1. Recommendation to drivers

Chassis number and engine number ................................................................................. 1-2


Nameplate .......................................................................................................................... 1-2
Maintenance ...................................................................................................................... 1-4
Fuels .................................................................................................................................. 1-4
Handling the new vehicle ................................................................................................... 1-6
Recording, storing, and handling of vehicle data ............................................................... 1-6
Preventing problems and accidents ................................................................................... 1-6
Driving in foreign countries ................................................................................................ 1-9

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


1-2 Recommendation to drivers

Chassis number and engine


number Nameplate

If presented at the time of repair or parts A nameplate is located as shown in the


order, the chassis number and engine illustration.
number will facilitate the quick and
smooth processing of your requests.

<Crew-cab model>

Y00291

Z21444

1 Chassis number
The vehicle identification number is indi-
cated on the right frame, near the front
wheel. P. 1-3

2 Engine number
The engine number is indicated on the front
side of the cylinder head.

Example: 4P10 -
Engine number
Engine model

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


1-3
Vehicle identification number (VIN)

The meanings of VIN are listed below.

J L 6 B G G 6 A F K

Country Series (wheel base)


J: Japan B: 2.3 - 2.59 m
Make C: 2.6 - 2.89 m
L: Mitsubishi Fuso E: 3.2 - 3.49 m
Vehicle type G: 3.8 - 4.09 m
6: Incomplete vehicle H: 4.1 - 4.39 m
GVW / Brake system Cab / Chassis type
K: 7,001 - 8,000 lbs / Hydraulic 6: Cab over
A: 10,001 - 14,000 lbs / Hydraulic Engine
B: 14,001 - 16,000 lbs / Hydraulic A: 2.998 L Diesel turbo charged and
C: 16,001 - 19,500 lbs / Hydraulic charge air cooled
Line Check digit
E: FEA01S Model year
F: FEA51S F: 2015
G: FEB71S G: 2016
H: FEB71W ·
J: FEC91S ·
K: FGB71S ·
L: FECX1S Plant
K: Kawasaki
Plant sequential number

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


1-4 Recommendation to drivers

tion, and that they be replaced at regular


intervals for safety’s sake. The hoses
Maintenance must be replaced immediately whenever
they are worn or broken.
For further details, refer to the “Service
Checking your vehicle at regular intervals is Booklet”.
very important for maximizing performance If your vehicle is operated frequently
and extending service life. It is recom- under strenuous conditions (unpaved
mended that you make a habit of perform- roads, coastal regions, deserts, hilly or
ing the following inspections. mountainous regions, cold regions,
etc.), the intervals between inspections
1 Pre-operational check should be shortened accordingly.
Make a habit of checking your vehicle at the
start of every day’s operation. This will
ensure safe and comfortable operation.
P. 12-9 Fuels
2 Periodic inspection
1 Fuels
• Run your vehicle on diesel fuel only.
• Be sure to use diesel fuel that complies
with the diesel fuel standard “EN590”
specified by the Committee European
de Normalization (CEN).
• In cold regions, use diesel fuel with
properties appropriate for the tempera-
ture predominant in the area.
Z01367 • Avoid storing your vehicle for a long time
with bio-diesel fuel in the fuel tank.
• Periodic inspection is based on either
the distance traveled (odometer read-
ing) or period of use (months/years).
Always have the recommended inspec- WARNING
tion and services performed as sched- • Never use a mixture of diesel fuel with
uled in accordance with the separate gasoline or alcohol or any fuel other
“Service Booklet”. than proper diesel fuel. Using other
• Mitsubishi gives a list of parts (brake fuel could cause a fire or an explo-
hoses, fuel hoses, oil seals in brake sion. If you accidentally use gasoline
related components, etc.) that should be or alcohol when refueling the vehicle,
replaced at regular intervals in order to remove all of it from the fuel system.
ensure safe operation. • The engine must be stopped when
Though they have a direct bearing on refueling. Never fail to put out your
safe vehicle operation, it is difficult to cigarette before refueling if you are
detect deterioration of these parts smoking.
through ordinary inspections.
Rubber hoses in particular, for the brake
system or fuel system, should be regu-
larly inspected and serviced. Since they
are liable to swell, chafe or crack over
time, it is necessary that they be
inspected by technicians according to
the “Periodic inspection schedule”
FUSO sec-
ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
1-5
1. Open the cover .
CAUTION
• Never use an alternative fuel or a mix-
ture of diesel fuel and kerosene.
Such fuel has inferior lubricating
properties. Using it would cause a
malfunction.
• Never add any antifreezing agent or
other additive to the fuel, as a dam-
aged fuel injection system could
result.
• If the fuel tank breather (air hole)
become so dirty that the breather
gets blocked, the fuel tank may
deform and the fuel injection system
may fail. Be sure to clean them regu-
larly.

NOTE:
If the vehicle runs out of fuel, air will enter
the fuel system. Simply refueling the vehicle
will not make the engine startable; the air
must be bled out of the fuel system. Z13380
P. 13-26
2. Insert the starter key into the lock and
2 Refueling your vehicle turn the key counterclockwise.
3. Remove the cap by rotating it in the
direction of the arrow (counterclock-
CAUTION wise).
Refit the cap by reversing these steps.
• Be careful not to allow dirt to enter
Tighten it firmly.
the fuel tank when you refuel the
vehicle.
• Tighten the cap firmly after refueling. 3 Spare fuel tank
<Vehicles with spare fuel tank>
Fuel tank capacity
100 liters (optional spare fuel
Type1
tank: 70 liters)
Type2 70 liters

Z24334

• When refueling, close the valve inter-


connecting the fuel tanks.
• When the fuel becomes near empty
(when the fuel gauge pointer

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


1-6 Recommendation to drivers

approaches the “E” mark), open the cations, the major types of data recorded by
valve. these computers include the following.
• Engine speed
• Operational status of the accelerator
WARNING pedal
• Operational status of the brake pedal
Be sure to close the interconnecting
valve when refueling. If the valve
• Vehicle speed
• Gear position (not applicable for vehi-
remains open when the fuel is almost
cles with manual transmissions)
full, the fuel will flow into the lower
side fuel tank when the vehicle is on a NOTE:
grade, and may then leak from the These computers are different from typical
breather hole of that fuel tank, which data recorders, and they do not record
may cause an unexpected accident. video or audio, such as conversations.

2 Handling of data
Mitsubishi Fuso Truck & Bus Corporation
(MFTBC) and third parties commissioned
Handling the new vehicle by MFTBC acquire and use the data stored
in these computers to diagnose vehicle
faults, for research and development, and to
The way the vehicle is handled when new improve quality.
greatly affects its subsequent performance MFTBC and the persons commissioned by
and service life. MFTBC will not disclose or provide the data
Observe the following precautions when so acquired to third parties except for the
handling the new vehicle. case where:
• MFTBC obtains the consent of the
1 Maximum engine speed during owner (the lessee in case of leased
run-in period vehicles),
• MFTBC is requested by a police, court,
To avoid overburdening a new engine, limit government agency or the like with legal
engine RPM to that listed below for the first force to provide the data, or
1,000 km. • the data is provided to research institu-
Then, run in your vehicle step by step at tions for the purpose of statistical analy-
various speeds, beginning with low gears. sis; provided that such data must be
modified in a way that the owner and the
Maximum engine vehicle cannot be identified.
speed during run-in 2,800 rpm
period

Preventing problems and acci-


dents
Recording, storing, and han-
dling of vehicle data • Replace oils at regular intervals. Pro-
longed use of contaminated oil may
cause bearing seizure or other major
1 Recording and storing of vehicle
problems. Use only the oil and grease
data recommended in this manual. Use of
Vehicles are equipped with multiple comput- any other oil and grease could cause
ers for recording data about vehicle control malfunctions and other problems.
and operation. Though the type of data • Replace or clean filters or filter elements
recorded varies according FUSO
to vehicle specifi-
ASCENT-MARCO at CALDERON
regular intervals. Clogged or dam-
1-7
aged filters or filter elements could SHI FUSO distributor or dealer accord-
diminish performance or cause engine ing to MFTBC recommendation.
malfunction.
• Always use only MITSUBISHI genuine • Avoid stepping in the wheel cover when
parts as replacements. You can trust getting in or out of the vehicle.
them, as their quality is guaranteed by • Never turn over the starter continuously
Mitsubishi Fuso Truck & Bus Corpora- for more than 15 seconds. Doing so
tion. could result in rundown battery or burnt
All MITSUBISHI genuine parts are iden- out starter.
tified by the illustrated mark or are con- • Engage the clutch slowly when starting
tained in a carton bearing the same out. Engaging the clutch too quickly
mark. could shorten the life of the power train.

Z10153 Z01369

• Never drive with your foot on the clutch


pedal. Such a practice will result not
CAUTION only in loss of power but also in short-
ened life of the clutch disc due to prema-
Due to the great number of accessory ture wear.
parts, as well as spare parts of different • When driving on rough roads, reduce
manufacturers available on the market, speed sufficiently and avoid bumps and
neither MITSUBISHI FUSO TRUCK & potholes as far as possible.
BUS CORPORATION (hereinafter • Do not continue spinning the wheels
referred to as MFTBC), nor the importer, after traction is lost. Put a rag or some
can check if the driving safety of your other object under the tires to give suffi-
MITSUBISHI vehicle is impaired by cient traction to move forward.
installation of such parts. • While the vehicle is in motion, do not try
Even if the quality of the parts is to disengage the clutch or shift the gear
approved officially or if the installation of into neutral. Also, never operate the
such parts is permitted by an official vehicle with engine switched off.
automobile testing organization, you
may not assume that the driving safety
of your vehicle is not impaired. Please
keep in mind that neither the certifier nor
WARNING
the authorities in question are bound by If the engine is stopped while the
warranties. vehicle is in motion, the brakes will
Only the MITSUBISHI Genuine Parts or become dangerously ineffective. Fur-
MITSUBISHI accessories installed by a ther, steering will become danger-
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer ously sluggish
can provide optimum safety. The same is
valid if standard vehicles are modified.
For your own safety, the modification • If strange noises, smells or vibrations
should be performed only by a MITSUBI- are noted, stop as soon as it is safe to
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
1-8 Recommendation to drivers

do so and check the vehicle for possible could damage the cargo deck and
causes. frame.
• When climbing or descending slopes, be
cautious of engine overrevving which WARNING
may occur upon downshifting or when
the vehicle speed is excessive.
• When roping up cargo or covering
it with a trap, make sure that nei-
• Try to take maximum advantage of
ther the rope nor the end of the trap
engine braking and exhaust brake fea-
hang down between the cab and
tures when descending a slope.
the cargo deck, as a loosely hang-
• If the warning indication or red warning
ing rope or trap could catch fire
lamp comes on, the buzzer sounds, or
from the engine heat.
the vehicle behaves abnormally, stop
• Avoid placing wooden boards or the
the vehicle in the nearest safe place and
like in the gap between the cargo
investigate the cause.
deck and frame; the heat of the
P. 6-15, P. 6-22
exhaust pipe could set them on fire.
• During cold weather, be sure to use oil
• When spreading the trap, take care
of a proper viscosity for the outside tem-
not to let it cover or be drawn into
perature. Also check for proper coolant
the engine air intake duct.
and windshield washer fluid additive
concentration, battery electrolyte spe-
• When loading heavy cargo, take
adequate measures to stop it from
cific gravity, etc.
slipping. Also, use wire to secure it.
• Do not carry containers of fuel or spray
cans in the cabin.

CAUTION
WARNING
Carrying fuel in the cabin is extremely If you park your vehicle on a road to
dangerous because an increase in the load/unload cargo, and more than half of
cabin temperature could cause fuel the tail lamps, turn signal lamps and the
vapor to catch fire or cause the con- rear reflectors are hidden by the moving
tainer to rupture. parts of the rear body (tail gate or the
like), be sure to use a warning triangle or
other appropriate tool recommended by
• Do not attach any decorative panel or the local regulation to notice other road
similar item to the windshield. users of your vehicle.

• When either of the front wheels is


WARNING pressed against a curbstone or other
object and is thus immovable, do not
Attaching a decorative panel or simi- attempt to turn the steering wheel by
lar item to the windshield could force. By doing so, you could cause the
impede driving and visibility. In addi- steering gear to malfunction.
tion, any suction cup on such an item • Do not keep the steering wheel turned
could cause a fire by acting as a lens. fully to either side for more than 10 sec-
onds. Doing so could cause the power
steering system to malfunction.
• Do not exceed the maximum loading
• Never attempt to tune the engine your-
capacity. Overloading puts excessive
self.
stress on vehicle parts, shortening their
The engine has been optimally tuned
service life. Also, avoid loading the vehi-
before shipment from the factory.
cle improperly. Improperly loaded cargo
Improper adjustments not only hurt
not only is unstable but also may result
engine performance, but also worsen
in uneven weight distribution which
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
1-9
exhaust emissions and increase The bolts (M8 x 1.25), washers, rubber
exhaust noise. packings and other parts used for install-
• The vehicle uses electronic devices that ing the equipment must be of the speci-
are sufficiently protected against radio fied material.
wave interference. However, you should
consult your nearest authorized MITSU-
BISHI FUSO distributor or dealer if you
wish to install radio transmitting equip-
ment or other strong radio wave gener-
ating devices, since they could
adversely affect the performance of the
vehicle’s electronic equipment.

NOTE:
The power supply of your vehicle is rated Z01850
12-volts. Use a 12-volt radio equipment. After installation, the periphery of the
• Do not attempt to install electrical wiring bolts should be completely sealed with a
yourself. Instead, have it done by your sealant.
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO For further information, please contact
distributor or dealer. your nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
FUSO distributor or dealer.
• Do not attempt to modify the vehicle.
The vehicle’s performance and function-
WARNING ality could deteriorate, and newly fitted
If wiring is improperly installed upon parts may not comply with legal regula-
installing some separately purchased tions. If you wish to fit any accessory,
electric device, originally installed please consult the nearest authorized
equipment may malfunction and MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.
could possibly cause a fire due to
overheating of the electrical circuit.

• If a lifting magnet is used to unload Driving in foreign countries


cargo, its magnetism may cause sen-
sors to malfunction. If the vehicle is to
be used in a special environment, It is important to point out to our valued cus-
please consult the nearest authorized tomers that different countries throughout
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer. the world have vehicles designed to be
more suited to the conditions that exist in a
• When installing a roof deck, drag foiler particular country.
or other equipment on the cab roof, use If you are concerned in any way, please
the holes provided in the roof for that contact your nearest authorized MITSUBI-
purpose. The installed equipment SHI FUSO distributor or dealer for informa-
including the luggage on it must be less tion on the country you will be visiting
than 50 kg in weight. before your departure.
Local conditions or regulations may change
for particular countries in the following way:
• Local conditions and regulations cover-
ing fuels and lubricants may not be suit-
able for use in your vehicle. Damage
may occur to your vehicle if the wrong
fuels or lubricants are used.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
1-10 Recommendation to drivers

• Due to local regulations or different driv-


ing conditions, modification of your vehi-
cle may be required in some cases.
• The proper customer service for your
particular vehicle may not be available
due to the fact that the importer may not
distribute our entire model line-up.
Therefore, certain parts of your vehicle
may not be available.
Because such situations could inconve-
nience you, you should discuss them with
your nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
FUSO distributor or dealer before your
departure to foreign countries.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-1

2. Warning labels

Locations in cab ................................................................................................................. 2-3


Locations outside cab ........................................................................................................ 2-5

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-2 Warning labels

• The caution and warning labels show


important information. Be sure to read
them before using the vehicle.
• If any label has peeled making it difficult
to read, is scratched or otherwise dam-
aged, or has peeled off completely,
please inform an authorized MITSUBI-
SHI FUSO distributor or dealer. The
warning and caution labels apply only to
the vehicle itself, not to any equipment
mounted on the vehicle. For information
on caution and warning labels that apply
to equipment mounted on the vehicle,
please refer to the owner’s handbook
supplied by the manufacturer of the
equipment.
• The locations of these labels and the
information on them may vary with the
vehicle model. Check the information on
each label on your vehicle.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-3

Locations in cab

1 Around the driver’s seat

Y00387

Location Category Information Ref. page


WARNING Handling of driver’s seat SRS air bag* 4-8
WARNING Handling of DPF system with regeneration control* 5-20
CAUTION Handling of idling stop & start (ISS) system* 5-9
®
CAUTION Handling of AdBlue * –
WARNING Handling of assistant driver’s seat SRS air bag** 4-8
WARNING Handling of DPF indicator lamp* 5-20
WARNING Inspection of engine oil level 12-20
WARNING Use of specified fuse 13-10
How to drive on downhill roads
WARNING <Vehicles with GVW over 7,500 kg> 7-5

*: Although these labels are always affixed in the indicated locations, the corresponding
equipment may not be installed according to the specifications of your vehicle.
**: The label may not be attached depending on your vehicle specification.
AdBlue® : Registered trademark of the Verband der Automobilindustrie e.V. (VDA)

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-4 Warning labels

2 Driver’s door, door pillar, rear of assistant driver’s seat

Z26179

Location Category Information Ref. page


Handling of PTO 8-2
CAUTION <Vehicles with Transmission PTO>

CAUTION Handling of 4WD system <FG> 8-3


Handling of selector switch for high - low gear
CAUTION <FG> 8-3

Standard value Tire pressure 12-54


Handling of limited slip differential 8-7
CAUTION <Vehicles with limited slip differential>

WARNING Handling of jack 12-57

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-5

Locations outside cab

1 On the frame and exterior equipment

Z24047

Location Category Information Ref. page

CAUTION Use of diesel fuel 1-4

CAUTION Fuel tank capacity 6-3

DANGER Handling of battery 12-71

WARNING Use of specified fuse 13-10


Handling of limited slip differential
WARNING 8-7
<Vehicles with limited slip differential>

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-6 Warning labels

2 On the cab exterior and engine

Z24541

Location Category Information Ref. page


Handling of cab tilt function 12-5
WARNING <Vehicles except Crew-cab models>

WARNING Handling of pressure cap 12-46

CAUTION Inspection and replacement of engine oil 12-20

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


3-1

3. Opening and closing

Starter key .......................................................................................................................... 3-2


Doors ................................................................................................................................. 3-2
Entering and leaving the vehicle ........................................................................................ 3-4
Door window glass ............................................................................................................. 3-6

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


3-2 Opening and closing

Starter key Doors

WARNING
• To help prevent accidents, always
check for vehicles and pedestrians
approaching from behind before
opening the doors.
• Driving with a door ajar can be very
dangerous. Make sure the doors
are completely closed before start-
ing.
Z22724 • Exercise caution when opening a
• There are two starter keys: a main key door in strong wind. Otherwise, the
and a sub key . wind could catch the door and sud-
You can use either of these starter keys denly blow it open.
for locking/unlocking the doors and • Exercise caution when opening a
starting/stopping the engine. door on a downward slope. Other-
• Please make a note of the starter key wise, the inclination of the vehicle
number . could cause the door to suddenly
You can purchase more starter keys if fall open.
you inform an authorized MITSUBISHI • When leaving the vehicle, take with
FUSO distributor or dealer of this num- you any child who was riding in the
ber. cab. Never leave a child in the cab.
A child left in the cab could inter-
fere with the vehicle, causing it to
move or catch fire. Also, the cab
gets extremely hot in sunshine and
in hot weather; therefore, a child
left in the cab could suffer heat-
stroke.
• When closing a door, be careful not
to trap your hand or anything else.

CAUTION
• Do not swing on any of the doors.
Doing so could break the door.
• Avoid applying undue force to a door
when opening or closing it, otherwise
the door could be damaged.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


3-3
1 From the outside NOTE:
• Locking or unlocking the driver’s door
using the starter key or lock knob also
causes the assistant driver’s door and
rear doors (Crew-cab models) to
automatically lock or unlock.
• When you leave your vehicle, be sure to
remove the starter key from the starter
switch to prevent theft.
• Be careful not to lock the doors with the
starter key inside the vehicle.
Z21328

• To open, pull the outer handle toward


you.
• Use the starter key to lock or unlock
the door.
• It is possible to lock each door without
using the starter key. With the driver’s
door or assistant driver’s door, push the
lock knob toward the front of the vehi-
cle, then pull the outer handle and keep
it pulled as you close the door. Then pull
the outer handle and keep it pulled as
you close the door.

Z10731

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


3-4 Opening and closing

2 From the inside


Entering and leaving the vehi-
cle

WARNING
• Always use the step to climb into
or down from the vehicle. Never
put your foot on the wheel, wheel
cover or tire since it could easily
slip off.
• The step can become slippery in
rain or snow. Firmly hold the grip
while climbing into or down from
the vehicle. Holding the grip is par-
ticularly important when snow has
settled and frozen on the step.
• If the soles of your shoes are oily
or greasy, you could slip when
climbing down from the vehicle or
when operating the brake or clutch
pedal.
Z10732
Wipe any oil and grease off the
• To close, use the door waist bar . soles of your shoes before enter-
Close the door completely. ing or leaving the vehicle.
• To lock the driver’s door or assistant • Do not hold luggage or other items
driver’s door, push the lock knob in your hands when entering or
toward the front of the vehicle. To lock a leaving the vehicle since this can
rear door, push the lock knob down. be dangerous.
To unlock and open the driver’s door or • Do not jump down from the vehicle.
assistant driver’s door, push the lock Jumping down from the vehicle
knob toward the rear of the vehicle then could cause you to fall or sustain
pull the inner handle . To unlock and an injury.
open a rear door, pull up the lock knob, • Take care when entering or leaving
then pull the inner handle . the vehicle on a slope or in a
strong wind, since the door could
open or close suddenly.
CAUTION
Closing the door by pulling any part
other than the door waist bar could dam-
age the door mechanism.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


3-5

<FE> <FG>

<Rear doors: Crew-cab models>

Z26180

When climbing into and out of the cab, sup-


CAUTION port your body by at least three points at a
time by firmly gripping the handle and
• Hold onto the grip when entering or fully placing your feet on the steps .
leaving the vehicle. Do not grasp any
other part of the vehicle since it could
break.
• When entering or leaving an FG
model vehicle, do not place your feet
or hands on the overfender . The
overfender could suffer damage.
Also, the overfender can be danger-
ously slippery.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


3-6 Opening and closing

The power window switches function only


when the starter switch is in the “ON” position.
Door window glass
<Driver's door>

WARNING
Do not allow a child to put his/her
hands or head out of a window. The
child’s head or hands could hit an
object outside the vehicle, and the
child could be seriously injured in the
event of hard braking.
<Assistant driver's door>

1 Window regulator handle


<Rear doors of Crew-cab models>
Turn the window regulator handle to open
or close the window.

Z22476

On the driver’s door, there are two switches:


switch for controlling the driver’s window
and switch for controlling the assistant
driver’s window.

Z13211
Switch for assistant driver’s window
Press the switch to open the window.
Open Raise the switch to close the window.
Close
CAUTION
2 Power window switches
Do not keep any door or window open in
rainy weather, and be careful not to spill
WARNING a drink on any of the window switches. If
• Always make sure that no one has water or any other liquid gets on a win-
their head or hands out of the window dow switch, it can cause a malfunction.
when closing it. A body part could be
injured if caught in a closing window.
Never allow a child to open or
close the window.
• Do not allow a child to operate the
power windows. Otherwise, the
child may accidentally operate the
power window switch and get his/
her hands or head trapped.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-1

4. Seat and steering wheel adjustments

Seats .................................................................................................................................. 4-2


Seat belts ........................................................................................................................... 4-5
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) – air bag and seat belt pre-tensioner system ......... 4-8
Steering wheel ................................................................................................................. 4-15

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-2 Seat and steering wheel adjustments

• To avoid wear in the seat sliding and


reclining mechanisms, get into the
Seats habit of operating the control levers
to their full extent.
• Do not place any sharp items or
heavy, edged articles on seats to
WARNING avoid damaging them.
• Adjusting the seat while the vehicle • Seat anchorages and locking mecha-
is in motion is dangerous, as the nisms have to be checked frequently.
seat may move more than you • Defective parts have to be repaired or
intend. Be sure to stop the vehicle exchanged immediately.
and set the parking brake before
performing any adjustment of the NOTE:
seat. • For cleaning the seat, use only a slightly
• After you have adjusted the seat, dampened cloth without strong solvents.
gently move or rock the seat to • Do not let the upholstery cover get wet.
ensure that it is locked in the
desired position. 1 Driver’s seat
• When adjusting the seat, keep your 1.1 Correct driving position
hands away from the bottom of the
seat and from moving parts of the
seat. Otherwise, you could suffer WARNING
an injury by getting your hands and Adjust the seat and steering wheel in
fingers trapped. order to ensure that you assume the
• When adjusting the angle of the correct driving posture. An incorrect
seatback, keep your back or hand posture while driving can result in
pressed against it. Otherwise, the serious accidents.
seatback could suddenly return to
its foremost position and injure
you by hitting your face or other
body parts.

CAUTION
• Do not try to repair or remove/rein-
stall the seat yourself. Have it done
by your nearest MITSUBISHI FUSO
distributor or dealer.
Z18915
• Every time you ride in the vehicle and
sit on the seat, check that the seat is • Before driving the vehicle, adjust the
firmly locked. If the seat has play or seat with reference to the following
is otherwise out of order, ask a MIT- points:
SUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer
to inspect it. Your back must touch the seatback.
• If you find play or any other seat fail- You must be able to see the warning
ure, or if your vehicle is involved in lamps and meters.
an accident, for safety always have You must be able to reach and firmly
the seats inspected and the affected press the pedals.
parts replaced by a MITSUBISHI You must be able to operate the
FUSO distributor or dealer. steering wheel and switches with
ease.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
4-3
You must be able to operate the shift <Type 2>
lever with ease.
You must be able to fasten the seat-
belt correctly.
• Adjust the steering wheel to a position at
which you can operate it comfortably
with your arms slightly bent.

1.2 Making adjustments


<Type 1>

Z26181

• Slide seat forward or backward while


holding slide adjustment lever raised.
After making the adjustment, release the
lever and move the seat back and forth
slightly to lock it in position.
• To adjust the angle of the seatback ,
raise reclining lever .
The seatback can be swung forward
Z22730 and down, providing access to the tool
stowage space.
• Slide seat forward or backward while Lower the armrest to use it. To adjust

holding slide adjustment lever raised.
the height of the armrest , raise it a lit-
After making the adjustment, release the
tle and turn the armrest wheel .
lever and move the seat back and forth
slightly to lock it in position. Up
• To adjust the angle of the seatback , Down
raise reclining lever .
The seatback can be swung forward • Turn the lumber support knob to
and down, providing access to the tool adjust the hardness of the hip support
stowage space. area.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-4 Seat and steering wheel adjustments

2 Assistant driver’s seat <Type 2>


<Type 1>

Z22126

Z22731 Assistant driver’s seat


Center seat
Assistant driver’s seat
Center seat • Pulling the seatback lever allows the
seatback to be tipped forward. Use this
The seatback can be folded down. With the function when you wish to access the
lever pulled, grasp the seatback at its top tool stowage space. After returning the
and tip it forward. After returning the seat- seatback to its original position, gently
back to its original position, gently rock it to rock it to make sure it is locked in place.
make sure it is locked in place. • Adjust the height of the head restraint
so that its center will support the back of
NOTE: your head. <Center seat>
If the lever is difficult to move, pull it while
pushing the top of the seatback rearward.
Then you will be able to pull the lever easily.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-5
3 Rear seat – Crew-cab models Position yourself as far back as possible
in your seat, and sit up straight. Adjust
Storage compartments are located under the seat to the correct position.
the rear seat. The rear seat can be folded Make sure the seat belt passes across
up for access to them. When you wish to your shoulder (not across your neck or
stow or remove something from these com- arm).
partments, release the clamps at the Make sure the seat belt is not twisted.
base of the seat and raise the seat cushion Position the lap portion of the seat belt
. as low as possible across your hips.

WARNING
• Be sure that everyone in the cab
has fastened their seat belts before
driving the vehicle. Unless you fas-
ten your seat belt, you could be
seriously hurt in the event of hard
braking or a collision.
Z22463 • Never use a single seat belt for
more than one person.
To retain the seat cushion, use the retaining • When fastening your seat belt,
bands that are attached to the seatback. position yourself as far back as
Fit the loop at the end of each retaining possible in your seat and sit up
band over the corresponding hook on the straight. Unless you are correctly
seat cushion. positioned, the seat belt may not
After using this storage, return the rear seat be fully effective.
to the original position and lock it by fully • Do not drive with your seatback
fastening the clamps. tipped back further than necessary.
In the event of a collision, you
could move such that the belt
presses against your neck, seri-
ously hurting you.
Seat belts • Position the lap portion of the seat
belt across your hips. Wearing it
across the abdomen is dangerous
Before the vehicle is driven, each occupant because it may apply great pres-
must fasten his/her seat belt in accordance sure in the event of an accident.
with the following instructions and warnings: Also, it is dangerous to position
the shoulder portion of the belt
across your neck. Adjust the seat
such that the shoulder portion of
the belt passes across your shoul-
der.
• Make sure your seat belt is not
twisted when you fasten it. A
twisted portion of a seat belt is nar-
rower than normal, so it can apply
dangerously high pressure to a
Z10757 small area.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-6 Seat and steering wheel adjustments

WARNING WARNING
• Replace any seat belt that is cut or • Make sure any child riding in the
frayed or has a buckle that does cab wears a seat belt.
not work properly. Fit an appropriate child restraint
• Replace any seat belt that has been system (baby seat, child seat, or
subjected to shock (in a collision, booster seat) on the assistant
for example) even if it appears nor- driver’s seat for any child who
mal. If any seat belt is subjected to rides in the cab if the seat belt
any shock, however light, have it passes across his/her neck, chin,
inspected by an authorized MITSU- or face or does not pass across
BISHI FUSO distributor or dealer. his/her hips. Do not fit a child
• Do not put foreign objects in any restraint system on the center seat.
seat belt’s buckle or retractor. Also, Doing so could impede driving.
do not modify or remove any seat Do not allow a child to be held on
belt. Unless each seat belt is com- anyone’s lap. In the event of hard
pletely normal, it may not be fully braking or a collision, it would be
effective in the event of a collision. impossible to adequately restrain
• Expecting mothers and sick people the child, and the child could thus
must wear seat belts correctly in be injured.
case of a mishap. In the case of an • Clean dirty seat belts using a neu-
expecting mother, the seat belt tral detergent. Do not use benzene,
could, if not worn properly, dig into gasoline, or any other organic sol-
the abdomen in the event of hard vent, and do not bleach or dye any
braking or a collision, possibly inflict- seat belt. Doing so could reduce
ing serious injuries on the expecting the seat belt’s performance and
mother and unborn child and, in the prevent the seat belt from being
worst possible case, causing death. fully effective.
Even when worn correctly, however, • It is dangerous to fasten or unfas-
a seat belt can apply great pressure ten your seat belt while driving,
to certain parts of the body, so an since the momentary diversion of
expecting mother should consult a your attention could lead to a seri-
physician before using one. ous accident. Be sure to fasten and
• An expecting mother should wear unfasten your seat belt while the
her seat belt in basically the same vehicle is stationary.
way as other people. However, she
should place the lap belt as low
as possible, below the abdomen. 1 Seat belt care
Also, she should position the shoul-
der belt so it passes across her Periodically inspect the webbing, buckles,
chest and not across the abdomen. and tongues, as well as emergency locking
retractor (ELR) operation.
Replace seat belt if there is any sign of
damage.
• Replace seat belts that have undergone
shocks as a result of a collision.
• Keep sharp edged or potentially damag-
ing objects away from webbing and
other parts of the seat belts.

Z14044
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
4-7
• Always keep the belts clean and dry. • Unfastening
Use a mild soap and lukewarm water to 1. Press the red button to unlock the
clean seat belts. Use of solvents like buckle.
gasoline and thinner can greatly weaken 2. The belt automatically retracts when
the seat belts. unlocked. To prevent the tongue causing
• Never attempt to bleach or dye the seat damage or injury, hold it while the belt
belts, as this could weaken them consid- retracts.
erably.
2.1 Seat belt anchor
2 3-point seat belts with emergency <Driver’s seat>
locking retractor (ELR)
WARNING
NOTE: The shoulder belt can be dangerous if
It is not necessary to adjust the length of worn across the neck. Adjust its posi-
these seat belts. tion so that it does not cross over the
An ELR seat belt extends and retracts auto- neck.
matically as its wearer moves but locks
automatically for protection in the event of a
sudden stop or shock.
The belt’s tightness should be adjusted
automatically.
If there is any looseness, lift the belt gently
and the mechanism will take up the slack.
With the belt properly tightened, the risk of it
slipping off in a collision is reduced.

• Fastening

Z08772

Adjust the seat belt anchor upward or


downward to ensure that the belt passes
across your shoulder. You will need to keep
the lock button pulled while moving the
seat belt anchor downward. When the seat
belt anchor has reached the desired posi-
tion, release the lock button and jiggle the
Z10760 seat belt anchor up and down to make sure
1. Hold tongue and gently extend the it is locked in place.
belt. If the belt locks or is difficult to
extend, let it retract and pull it gently
again.
2. Taking care that the belt does not
become twisted, insert the tongue into
the buckle until you hear a click.
3. Pull on the tongue to confirm that it is
locked in.
4. Adjust the belt so it is across your hips
and shoulder.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-8 Seat and steering wheel adjustments

3 2-point seat belt The SRS air bags at the driver’s seat and/or
assistant driver’s seat reduce the impact on
• Fastening the head of the driver and assistant driver
and complement the seat belt pre-tensioner
system in case of a strong shock from the
front that could seriously injure the driver
and assistant driver when the starter switch
is “ON”.
SRS stands for Supplemental Restraint
System.

Z08774 WARNING
• An SRS air bag is not a substitute
1. Taking care that the belt does not for a seat belt. A seat belt must be
become twisted, insert the tongue worn by every occupant of the
into the buckle until you hear a click. vehicle.
2. Pull on the tongue to confirm that it is If you do not wear your seat belt,
locked in. you may be thrown forward in the
3. Adjust the belt so it is low across your event of a collision or emergency
hips. braking. If the air bag inflates at the
4. To adjust the belt’s length, hold the same time, the powerful shock may
tongue at 90q to the belt. cause fatal injuries. Be sure to
Pull the belt end to shorten the belt or wear the seat belt for the following
the tongue to lengthen it. reasons:
To lengthen • The seat belt keeps you properly
To shorten positioned when the SRS air bag
inflates.
• The seat belt can reduce the risk
WARNING of injury in a collision that does
not cause the SRS air bag to
For maximum protection in the event inflate.
of an accident, the belt must not be • The seat belt reduces the risk of
loose. A loose belt could even aggra- your being thrown from the vehi-
vate injuries. cle.
• Adjust the position of the seat cor-
rectly. Sit upright with your back
• Unfastening against the seatback.
Press the red button on the buckle to Do not sit too close to the SRS air
separate the tongue and buckle. bag or lean toward it. Inflation of
the SRS air bag takes place
extremely quickly, so it could
fatally injure you if the distance
Supplemental restraint system between you and the air bag is too
(SRS) – air bag and seat belt short.
pre-tensioner system • After the SRS air bag has inflated,
its components and items in its
<Vehicles with SRS air bags> vicinity will be hot. Do not touch
them or you could be burned.
1 SRS air bag at driver’s seat and/
or assistant driver’s seat

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-9

WARNING WARNING
• Do not splash water or apply shock • Do not replace the steering wheel,
to the computer of the SRS air attach stickers to the SRS air bag
bag near the left side of the driver’s storage area, or put a cover over
feet. Otherwise, the SRS air bag the SRS air bag deployment area.
may malfunction, or may not func- Doing so could increase the risk of
tion correctly in a collision, and serious injuries by preventing nor-
could cause serious injuries. mal operation of the SRS air bag.
• Because the SRS air bag inflates
very rapidly, contact with the SRS
air bag could cause a wound or
bruising.

NOTE:
• When the SRS air bag inflates, it will
make a very loud sound and emit white
smoke, but this is not a fire and will not
Z24049 harm the human body. However, a per-
son with a weak respiratory system or
• If you find damage or cracks around sensitive skin may feel irritation in the
where the SRS air bag at driver’s throat or on the skin temporarily. If resi-
seat and at assistant driver’s seat due such as sediment adheres to your
is installed, arrange for it to be
body, such as the eyes and skin, wash it
inspected at an authorized MITSU- off with water as soon as possible. A
BISHI FUSO distributor or dealer. person with sensitive skin may feel irrita-
Otherwise, you may be injured in a tion in rare cases.
collision because of incorrect func- • The inflated SRS air bag will shrink
tion of the SRS air bag. immediately and will not obstruct the
view.
• The SRS air bag cannot be used again
after it has inflated once. Have the SRS
air bag components replaced at an
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distribu-
tor or dealer. Also, if the air bag did not
inflate itself in a collision, have it
inspected at an authorized MITSUBISHI
FUSO distributor or dealer.
Z22128
• The windshield may be broken by shock
or by inflation of the assistant driver’s
SRS air bag.

Z22129
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
4-10 Seat and steering wheel adjustments

2 SRS air bag at driver’s seat


WARNING
The SRS air bag at driver’s seat is installed • Do not place any objects on top of
in the steering wheel. the instrument panel, and do not
place an umbrella, etc. against the
panel. Also, do not attach any
accessories to the windshield. Any
such items could inhibit proper
inflation of the assistant driver’s
SRS air bag, and inflation of the
assistant driver’s SRS air bag could
propel them toward occupants,
causing serious injuries.

Z22130

3 SRS air bag at assistant driver’s


seat
The assistant driver’s SRS air bag is
located in the instrument panel.

Z24543

• Do not attach a child seat, baby


seat, or any other kind of child
restraint to the assistant driver’s
seat with the child restraint fac-
ing backward. If a child were
seated in a child restraint on the
Z22131 assistant driver’s seat and the
assistant driver’s SRS air bag
Even when the assistant driver’s seat is not inflated, the child could suffer life-
occupied, the assistant driver’s SRS air bag threatening injuries.
operates at the same time as the driver’s
SRS air bag.

Z24544

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-11
4 SRS air bag warning lamp
WARNING If is indicated, the SRS air bag is faulty.
• Even if the vehicle does not have Have it inspected by an authorized MITSU-
an assistant driver’s SRS air bag, BISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.
you must not attach a child
restraint to the center seat; it could
impede the driver’s actions.
• Do not allow any person sitting on
the assistant driver’s seat to sit on
the front edge of the seat, place
his/her hands or feet on the instru-
ment panel, or sit with his/her face
or chest near the instrument panel.
Also, do not allow any child to
stand in front of the instrument Z24592
panel or be held on the lap of a per-
son sitting on the assistant driver’s
seat. Otherwise, inflation of the WARNING
assistant driver’s SRS air bag
could cause life-threatening inju- If you continue to drive with a faulty
ries. SRS air bag, incorrect functioning of
• Do not allow any person sitting on the SRS air bag could cause serious
the assistant driver’s seat to hold a injuries.
bag or other item of luggage in his/
her arms or place such an item on
his/her lap. Otherwise, inflation of 5 Operational conditions of SRS air
the assistant driver’s SRS air bag bag at driver’s seat and assistant
could cause serious injuries. driver’s seat
5.1 When the SRS air bag functions
When a strong shock that could seriously
injure a passenger is received from the front
of the vehicle

Z21582

Range of air bag functions


NOTE:
• In some cases the SRS air bag does not
function when the shock of collision is
not severe, depending on the situation,
Z22470 even if the vehicle suffers heavy defor-
mation or damage in the collision.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
4-12 Seat and steering wheel adjustments

• As the SRS air bag reduces shock to the • When the vehicle collides with the rear
head by supplementing the function of deck of a vehicle, such as a truck, at the
the seat belt, it will not immediately func- height of the windshield
tion in case of a collision in which the
driver is wearing the seat belt correctly
and there is no possibility of serious
injury.

5.2 Cases in which the SRS air bag


does not function
In some cases there will be no large shock
to the passengers even if the front of the
vehicle is largely deformed or damaged by
the collision. In such cases, the deformation Z05655
and damage to the vehicle may not corre-
spond to the function of the SRS air bag. • When the vehicle collides with a hard
object, such as one made of concrete, at
• When the vehicle collides head-on with a speed of about 25 km/h or lower
a narrow object, such as a utility pole or
tree

Z05514

• When the vehicle collides head-on with


Z05516 a parked vehicle of similar weight at a
• When the vehicle collides obliquely at speed of about
the front 50 km/h or lower

Z08541
Z05517
NOTE:
The SRS air bag will deploy at a higher
speed if the vehicle collides with an object
that absorbs shock (such as a vehicle or
guard rail that deforms or moves).

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-13
5.3 When the SRS air bag does not 5.4 Cases in which the SRS air bag
have the intended effects functions
In the following cases, the SRS air bag may The SRS air bag may function if the vehicle
function, but will not protect passengers receives a strong shock at the lower part of
even when it inflates: the chassis during driving.

• When the vehicle is struck from the rear • When the vehicle strikes a median strip
or curbstone

Z05518
Z05509
• When the vehicle rolls or turns over
• When the vehicle jumps and hits the
ground

Z05520

• When the vehicle is struck from the side Z05511

• When the vehicle falls into a deep hole


or ditch

Z05519

Z05510

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-14 Seat and steering wheel adjustments

6 Notes on handling 7 Seat belt pre-tensioner system

WARNING
• Consult an authorized MITSUBISHI
FUSO distributor or dealer before
servicing or modifying the follow-
ing sections. Faulty service or
modification may cause incorrect
functioning of the SRS air bag,
resulting in serious injuries.
• Service around the steering Z22134
wheel
• Service of the instrument panel • The driver’s seat belt and assistant
• Service around the lower panel driver’s seat belt in a vehicle that has
in front of the assistant driver’s SRS air bags each have a pre-tensioner
seat that instantaneously tightens the belt in
• Installation of audio equipment the event of a strong frontal impact.
• By securely restraining the driver and
• Repair or modification around
the front of the vehicle assistant driver, the pre-tensioners
• Repair or modification of the boost the effectiveness of the seat belts
and SRS air bags.
suspension
• When scrapping the vehicle,
please contact an authorized
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or WARNING
dealer. Otherwise, the SRS air bag • Observe the following to ensure
may unexpectedly function and the seat belt pre-tensioner system
cause injuries. is fully effective.
• Do not diagnose the circuit of the Wear the seat belt correctly.
SRS air bag with an electrical tes- Adjust the seat belt to the proper
ter. It may cause the SRS air bag to position.
malfunction. • Do not attach, remove or disas-
• Do not strike or apply undue force semble the seat belt pre-tensioner
to the steering wheel pad or any system. If the seat belt pre-ten-
other item in the SRS airbag stor- sioner system requires repair,
age area. Doing so could increase please contact an authorized
the risk of cause serious injuries MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
by preventing normal operation of dealer. Handling without care may
the SRS airbag. cause the seat belt pre-tensioner
system to malfunction, resulting in
injuries.
NOTE: • When scrapping the vehicle,
If you sell the vehicle, please explain that please contact an authorized
the vehicle is equipped with an SRS air bag MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
and ensure the instructions are provided dealer. Otherwise, the seat belt
with the vehicle. pre-tensioner system may mal-
function unexpectedly, resulting in
injuries.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-15
NOTE:
The seat belt pre-tensioner system cannot
be used again if it has functioned once.
Have it replaced at an authorized MITSUBI-
SHI FUSO distributor or dealer.

Steering wheel

WARNING
• After every adjustment, try to move
the steering wheel back and forth
to make sure that it is securely
locked. Unless the lever returns to
its original position, the steering
wheel may move while the vehicle
is in motion and cause an accident.
• Make adjustments with the vehicle
stationary. Adjusting the steering
wheel while driving is dangerous,
since it could detract from your
concentration or cause the steering
wheel to move more than desired.

The steering wheel can be adjusted to the


preferred height and tilted forward/back-
ward. Adjust the steering wheel and the seat
to the best positions for easy safe driving.

Z21339

• Pull the lock lever then adjust the


steering wheel to the height and angle
that are most comfortable for you.
• Push the lock lever back in to securely
retain the steering wheel.
Adjust
Retain
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-1

5. Switches and controls

Arrangement of switches and controls ............................................................................... 5-2


Starter switch ..................................................................................................................... 5-2
Starting the engine ............................................................................................................. 5-4
Warming up the engine ...................................................................................................... 5-6
Stopping the engine ........................................................................................................... 5-8
Idling stop and start (ISS) system ...................................................................................... 5-9
Pedals .............................................................................................................................. 5-12
Gearshift lever .................................................................................................................. 5-13
Parking brake lever .......................................................................................................... 5-13
Combination switch .......................................................................................................... 5-14
Hazard warning lamp switch ............................................................................................ 5-17
Headlamp leveling switch ................................................................................................ 5-18
Rearview mirrors .............................................................................................................. 5-18
Horn switch ...................................................................................................................... 5-20
Regeneration controlling DPF system ............................................................................. 5-20

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-2 Switches and controls

Arrangement of switches and


controls Starter switch

1 Starter switch position

WARNING
Never turn the starter switch to any
position other than the “ON” position
while driving the vehicle. Turning the
starter switch to the “ACC” position
would be dangerous because the
engine would stop and the following
problems would occur:
• The braking force reduces
extremely.
• The power steering system would
stop working, so the steering
action would become extremely
heavy.
• The fuel injection system suffer a
failure.
• The electric circuits for the warning
lamps and meters would stop
working, and electric parts could
Y00292 fail.
When the starter key is removed from
Starter switch the starter switch, the steering wheel
Accelerator pedal locks, making steering impossible.
Brake pedal
Clutch pedal
Gearshift lever
Parking brake lever CAUTION
Hazard warning lamp switch
Combination switch • Do not turn the starter switch to the
(wiper and washer switch, exhaust “START” position while the engine is
brake switch) running. Doing so could damage the
Combination switch starter.
(lighting switch, passing/dimmer switch, • The starter key cannot be turned from
turn signal switch) the “ACC” position to the “LOCK”
DPF cleaning switch position unless it is pressed in. Do
PTO switch <Vehicles with a PTO> not attempt to turn it by force. Keep
Front drive switch <FG models> the key pressed in while turning it
HIGH-LOW selector switch <FG mod- from the “ACC” position to the
els> “LOCK” position.
ISS cutoff switch <Vehicles with idling
stop and start (ISS) system>
Headlamp leveling switch

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-3
• Get into the habit of always removing The radio <Vehicle with radio> and ciga-
the starter key after stopping the rette lighter can be used.
engine. Leaving the key in the
• ON
“LOCK”, “ON”, or “ACC” position for
The engine is running in this position.
a long period could run down the bat-
All electrical circuits are operable.
tery, making the engine impossible to
start. • START
• The battery could become completely The engine is turned over and started in
discharged if the radio (optional) or this position.
other electric equipment is used for Once the engine is running, release the
long periods with the engine turned key and the switch will automatically
off. return to the “ON” position.
NOTE:
• Turn the key only after inserting it fully in
the starter switch.
• If you are unable to turn the key, gently
turn the steering wheel clockwise and
counterclockwise as you turn the key.

2 Starter key reminder alarm


A buzzer sounds if you open the door with
the engine shut down and the key left in the
starter switch. Remove the starter key from
the switch and keep it with you whenever
leaving the vehicle.

Z21341
• LOCK
The starter key can be inserted and
removed in this position only. To place
the key in the “LOCK” position, turn it to
the “ACC” position then press it in. Keep
it pressed in while turning it to the
“LOCK” position. When the key is
removed, the steering wheel locks.
The lighting switch, hazard warning
lamps, interior lamp, horn and turn sig-
nal lamps can be used.
• ACC
The engine is made to stop or is not run-
ning in this position.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-4 Switches and controls

Starting the engine WARNING


• When you start the engine, be sure
to sit in the correct position on the
driver’s seat to wait for the engine
to warm up. If you are leaning out
WARNING of the door window or otherwise
• Do not start or warm up the engine incorrectly seated and the vehicle
in a garage or other closed area. suddenly moves, a serious acci-
When starting the engine or enter- dent could occur.
ing or leaving a garage, do not run • Never attempt to push-start the
the engine for longer than is neces- engine. Doing so will make braking
sary as the accumulation of sluggish and steering actions
exhaust gas in closed areas is very extremely heavy, which could lead
dangerous. to a serious accident.

NOTE:
• After the engine has started, let it warm
up for 1 to 2 minutes.
• Do not continue operating the starter for
more than 15 seconds, as this could
damage it or discharge the battery.
• If you operate the starter continuously
for 10 seconds and the engine still does
Z12784 not start, turn the starter switch to the
“ACC” position and wait about 30 sec-
Exhaust emissions contain carbon onds for the battery to recover before
monoxide (CO), which if breathed performing the starting procedure again.
can cause unconsciousness or • Do not repeatedly operate the starter
death. with only short gaps between opera-
• If you smell exhaust gases inside tions. If you need to operate the starter
the cab, inspect the exhaust pipe two or more times to start the engine,
and check whether exhaust gases wait at least three seconds between
are leaking through holes or cracks operations. Otherwise, you may dam-
caused by corrosion or damage. If age the engine and starter and/or cause
exhaust gases are leaking, have them to work poorly.
the exhaust pipe inspected by an • On a vehicle that has not been operated
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO dis- for a week or more, or after replacement
tributor or dealer. of engine oil or engine oil filter element,
If exhaust gases that have leaked be sure to crank the engine before start-
from the exhaust pipe come into ing it. P. 5-6
the cab, ventilate the cab with fresh • In a cold region, using a high-capacity
air by opening the windows fully or battery improves engine startability.
by opening the doors.
• Make sure that there are no flam-
mables under or in the rear of the
parked vehicle, especially close to
the exhaust pipe. A fire could be
started by the heat from the engine
or exhaust pipe.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-5
1 Pre-starting steps 2. Check whether the indicator lamp
illuminates or not.

Z24051
Z21164
1. Pull parking brake lever to fully apply the • If the indicator lamp does not illumi-
parking brake. nate, hold down the clutch pedal , and
2. Place gearshift lever in the neutral posi- turn the starter switch to the “START”
tion. position to start the engine.
3. Depress the brake pedal fully.

CAUTION
For safety, keep the brake pedal
depressed until the engine has started.

2 Starting procedure
1. Turn the starter switch to the “ON” posi-
tion. Z21165

• If the indicator lamp illuminates, wait


until it goes off. After the lamp has gone
off, hold down the clutch pedal, and turn
the starter switch to the “START” posi-
tion to start the engine.
NOTE:
If the engine is difficult to start after the
indicator lamp has gone out, there may be a
problem with the engine preheating system.
Z21163 Have the vehicle inspected by an autho-
rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
dealer.
3. Release the starter switch when the
engine has started.
If you are not going to start the vehicle
immediately, release the pedal.
4. After the engine has started, let it warm
up for 1 to 2 minutes. P. 5-6

Engine idling speed


(after the engine has warmed up)
650 rpm
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-6 Switches and controls

poses, be sure to observe the following


NOTE:
safety precautions:
In cold months, the engine may operate at
an idling speed higher than usual just after
its start. The engine speed, however, will
drop to a normal speed as the coolant
warms up.

3 Starting the engine when vehicle


has been parked over an
extended period
When the vehicle is not used for a week or
more or the engine oil and oil filter are Z24052
replaced, the engine becomes starved of • Set the parking brake firmly and chock
oil. Before the engine is started, therefore, it the wheels.
must be cranked in accordance with the fol- • Make sure that the gearshift lever is in
lowing procedure to distribute oil to its vari- the neutral position.
ous components. • Make sure nobody is near the engine
compartment, then place the starter
switch in the “START” position to start
CAUTION the engine.
• To ensure maximum safety, be sure
to fully apply the parking brake and
block the wheels with chocks.
• Performing the cranking is of essen- Warming up the engine
tial importance in terms of protecting
the turbocharger.
Let the engine warm up for 1 to 2 minutes
1. Pull the parking brake lever to fully apply before starting the vehicle.
the parking brake.
2. Place gearshift lever in the neutral posi-
tion.
3. Start the engine in the normal way, but
you do not have to wait until the
indicator lamp goes out.
4. Without pressing the accelerator pedal,
place the starter switch in the “START”
position and crank the engine for
roughly 15 seconds.
If the engine starts, release the starter
key and refrain from pressing the accel-
erator pedal for roughly 15 seconds.

4 Starting the engine with the cab


tilted
When you need to start the engine with the
cab tilted for inspection or servicing pur-

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-7

WARNING CAUTION
• Do not warm up the engine in a If you do not allow the engine to warm
garage or other closed area. When up adequately, you may encounter the
starting the engine or entering or following or other problems.
leaving a garage, do not run the • If driving is started or the engine is
engine for longer than is neces- raced, cylinders and pistons may
sary, as the accumulation of wear severely, which may lead to an
exhaust gas in closed areas is very engine breakdown because the oil
dangerous. has not yet distributed sufficiently
throughout the engine.
• The turbocharger may fail because it
will start rotating at a high speed
before sufficient oil reaches the tur-
bocharger shaft.

NOTE:
• Idling the engine for long time wastes
fuel, and is therefore detrimental to envi-
ronmental protection and resource con-
Z12784
servation. So shut down the engine
Exhaust emissions contain carbon whenever you leave the vehicle, even
monoxide (CO), which if breathed for a short period.
can cause unconsciousness or If you start to drive immediately after
death. starting the engine (while the engine is
• If you smell exhaust gases inside still cold), you will encounter the follow-
the cab, inspect the exhaust pipe ing problems:
and check whether exhaust gases • In a cold region, the extreme cold-
are leaking through holes or cracks ness of the engine will cause poor
caused by corrosion or damage. If ignition of fuel, making the engine
exhaust gases are leaking, have prone to knocking.
the exhaust pipe inspected by an • You may encounter any or all of the fol-
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO dis- lowing conditions. They are due to the
tributor or dealer. actions particular to oxidation catalysts
If exhaust gases that have leaked in the muffler, and do not indicate any
from the exhaust pipe come into abnormalities.
the cab, ventilate the cab with fresh • White smoke from the exhaust pipe
air by opening the windows fully or when setting the vehicle in motion
by opening the doors. after idling the engine for a relatively
• Make sure that there are no flam- long-time or when accelerating the
mables under or in the rear of the vehicle.
parked vehicle, especially close to • White smoke from the exhaust pipe
the exhaust pipe. A fire could be when the vehicle starts off immedi-
started by the heat from the engine ately after the engine is started.
or exhaust pipe. • The exhaust smells irritating (with a
vinegar-like odor).
• In cold months, the engine may operate
at an idling speed higher than usual just
after its start. The engine speed, how-
ever, will drop to a normal speed as the
coolant warms up.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-8 Switches and controls

1. When the engine has started, release


the clutch pedal .
Stopping the engine

WARNING
• Never allow the vehicle to coast
with the engine stopped, as brak-
ing may be dangerously sluggish
and extremely difficult steering
may result. This may also cause a
Z18965 failure of the fuel injection system.
• The engine and exhaust pipe are
2. Let the engine warm up for 1 to 2 min- extremely hot just after stopping
utes. the vehicle. Avoid parking the vehi-
3. The engine idling speed will drop to a cle where there are flammables
normal speed as the coolant warms up. such as dry grass.
• Do not stop the engine for parking
Engine idling speed with the steering wheel fully turned
650 rpm to either direction. This will cause
the power steering system pres-
sure to drop, thus causing the
steering wheel to return rapidly,
possibly injuring you.
• Do not park on a slope. A vehicle
parked on a slope can move
uncontrollably and cause an acci-
dent.
If it is unavoidable to park the vehi-
cle on a slope, do the following:
Firmly apply the parking brake,
chock the wheels, and turn the
steering wheel toward an obstruc-
tion (like a curb stone) for
increased safety in case the vehi-
cle moves.

CAUTION
• If you stop the engine immediately
after uphill or high-speed driving, the
oil supplied to the rotor shaft of the
turbocharger will rise to an abnor-
mally high temperature and the rotor
shafts could seize up. To avoid this,
run the engine at idle for at least 3
minutes instead of stopping it imme-
diately.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-9
• The engine should only be stopped
from an idle state. Stopping it at a Idling stop and start (ISS) sys-
high RPM could result in engine mal- tem
function.
<Vehicles with idling stop and start (ISS)
system>
The idling stop and start (ISS) system is
intended to improve fuel consumption and
reduce exhaust emissions by automatically
stopping the engine when the vehicle is
stopped and automatically starting the
engine when the vehicle is started.

Z24051 WARNING
1. Hold down the brake pedal and apply Do not coast down a hill with the
the parking brake. engine stopped automatically. Doing
2. Place gearshift lever in the neutral posi- so will make steering actions heavy
tion. and braking extremely sluggish,
3. Allow the engine to idle for more than 3 which could lead to a serious acci-
minutes before stopping it. dent.
When the vehicle is in motion, engine
parts become extremely hot. This is par-
ticularly true during uphill or high-speed
driving. Therefore, let the engine cool CAUTION
down sufficiently by allowing it to idle for
a time before stopping it. • Be sure to keep the brake pedal
4. Turn the starter switch to the “ACC” depressed while the engine has been
position to stop the engine. automatically stopped. Otherwise,
the vehicle could start moving, caus-
ing an unexpected accident.
• When leaving the driver’s seat, place
the starter switch in the “LOCK” posi-
tion and securely apply the parking
brake. Otherwise, the vehicle may
start moving, causing an unexpected
accident.
• In places where a strong magnetic
field exists such as near a magnet
Z21168 crane, press the ISS cutoff switch to
disable the ISS functions. Otherwise,
the system may malfunction, causing
an unexpected accident.
• When inspecting the vehicle, press
the ISS cutoff switch to disable the
ISS functions. If the system malfunc-
tions during the inspection, an unex-
pected accident may result.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-10 Switches and controls

NOTE: • The coolant temperature indicator


• If the engine is going to be stopped for a shows the 4th mark or below or the 9th
long time, be sure to place the starter mark or above on the scale.
switch to the “LOCK” position to prevent • The cab is raised.
the deterioration of battery performance. • The indicator lamp is illuminated.
• ISS stands for idling start and stop. • Automatic or parked DPF regeneration
is in operation.
1 Controls and indicators • The driver’s door or assistant driver’s
door is open.
NOTE:
Even if the coolant temperature rises and
stabilizes, ISS may stop temporarily when
the engine ECU measures and processes
the air flow volume.

2.2 ISS cutoff switch


If you press the ISS cutoff switch , the ISS
Z22140
functions are disabled. To cancel the ISS
cutoff function, press the switch again.
ISS cutoff switch
Used to disable the ISS functions.
indicator lamp
This lamp flashes or illuminates when
the ISS is operating. If the lamp remains
lit, there is a problem in the ISS.
The indicator lamp flashes or illumi-
nates depending on the state of ISS
operation, as shown below:

Operation state indicator lamp Z22142

Preparing for auto- Fast flashing


matic engine stop (0.5-second interval) The indicator lamp on the switch is illumi-
nated while the ISS functions are disabled.
Automatic engine Slow flashing
stop in progress (2-second interval) NOTE:
Even if you have pressed the ISS cutoff switch
• Automatic to disable the ISS functions, the ISS functions
engine start is will be automatically enabled once you place
cancelled. the starter switch to the “LOCK” position.
(Door is Illuminated
opened during
automatic 2.3 Automatic engine stop
engine stop.)
• ISS failure CAUTION
• Do not allow the engine to be automati-
2 Operation of the ISS system cally stopped with the vehicle stopped
2.1 Conditions under which the ISS and the steering wheel fully turned to
does not work either direction. This will cause the
• The ISS cutoff switch is pressed to dis- power steering system pressure to
able the ISS functions. drop, thus causing the steering wheel
• PTO is being used <Vehicles with PTO>. to return rapidly, possibly injuring you.
• The battery is insufficiently charged.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-11
• When the engine is automatically NOTE:
stopped, firmly depress the brake • The engine will not be automatically
pedal and make sure that the vehicle stopped if you open the driver’s door or
has properly stopped. Also, on assistant driver’s door before the auto-
slopes, be sure to use the parking matic engine stop operation is com-
brake to properly stop the vehicle. pleted. Close the door to automatically
Insufficient braking power might stop the engine.
cause the vehicle to move, resulting • If the ISS is activated and the engine is
in unexpected accidents. stopped while the headlamps (low beam)
are illuminated, the headlamps (low
The ISS functions are enabled once the beam) are automatically turned off. When
vehicle speed exceeds 10 km/h. the engine is started automatically, the
1. Firmly depress the brake pedal to stop lamps will automatically come on.
the vehicle, and put the gear shift lever
in the neutral position. Release the • Automatic engine start
clutch pedal. Then, the indicator 1. Keep the brake pedal firmly depressed.
lamp will flash rapidly. When it starts 2. If the gearshift lever is in the neutral
flashing slowly, the engine is automati- position, the engine will start automati-
cally stopped. cally when you depress the clutch pedal.
At the same time, indicator lamp
will go out.

Z22145

3. If the engine will not restart automati-


cally, keep the brake pedal depressed.
Make sure that the gearshift lever is in
the neutral position, depress the clutch
pedal, then start the engine with the
starter switch.
4. On slopes, be sure to use the parking
brake when you start moving.
Z22144 NOTE:
• While the engine has been automatically
2. Keep the brake pedal depressed while stopped, a buzzer sounds when the
the engine has been automatically driver’s door or assistant driver’s door is
stopped. The indicator lamp flashes opened without applying the parking
slowly (2-second interval) while the brake. The buzzer stops if you apply the
engine has been automatically stopped. parking brake.
3. On slopes, be sure to use the parking • If the system has been deactivated by
brake to properly stop the vehicle. opening the driver’s door while the
engine has been automatically stopped,
start the engine with the starter switch
after depressing the clutch pedal.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-12 Switches and controls

• When the engine has stalled, the engine 1 Accelerator pedal


will not start automatically by depressing
the clutch pedal. Start the engine using
the starter switch after depressing the WARNING
clutch pedal. If you use a floor mat, be sure to use a
• If the gearshift lever is moved to any Mitsubishi Fuso genuine floor mat
position other than the neutral position and lay it correctly. Do not lay the
immediately after depressing the clutch floor mat over the accelerator pedal or
pedal, the engine may not start automat- accelerator pedal stopper. Do not lay
ically. In this case, return the gearshift a floor mat over another floor mat.
lever to the neutral position, then Failure to observe these instructions
release and depress the clutch pedal would be dangerous because the
again. accelerator pedal could be prevented
• If you depress the clutch pedal immedi- from returning when released.
ately after the engine has stopped auto-
matically, there may be a slight delay in
automatic engine start. Racing the engine also increases fuel con-
sumption.

NOTE:
Depressing the brake pedal while depress-
Pedals ing the accelerator pedal will increase
safety, as this disables the accelerator
pedal.

2 Brake pedal

WARNING
Do not allow empty beverage cans or
other objects to get under the brake
pedal as they may hinder the brake
pedal operation, leading to an
extremely dangerous situation. Keep
Z22733 the floor clear of empty beverage
cans and other objects.

• If your vehicle is equipped with disc


brakes and you notice squealing during
braking, the disc brake pads have worn
to the limit and must be replaced. Have
the vehicle inspected by an authorized
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.
• Use the brake pedal correctly.
P. 7-4

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-13
3 Clutch pedal • The gear pattern is inscribed on the top
of the gear-shift lever. The “x” marks in
• Do not operate the vehicle with your foot the illustration indicate the neutral posi-
on the clutch pedal as doing so can tion.
shorten the service life of the clutch.
Driving with your foot on the clutch pedal
could prevent engine braking and
exhaust braking from taking place.
• Depress the clutch pedal fully when
changing gear. If you do not depress the
clutch pedal far enough, the clutch will
slip, resulting in damage to the clutch
discs and eventually an accident.

Z22146

• Fully depress the clutch pedal when


Gearshift lever shifting gears.
• When the gearshift lever is placed in the
reverse (R) position, the backup lamps
light up and the backup buzzer sounds
WARNING simultaneously. The backup buzzer at
Do not keep your hand on the gear- the rear also sounds.
shift lever in the neutral position while • Observe the following when shifting into
applying a forward or backward force reverse.
to the lever. This is dangerous, as the • The engine must be running at an
vehicle could start moving and cause idling speed.
an accident. In addition, it may dam- • Move the gearshift lever to the
age the transmission. Also note that if reverse (R) position not immediately
you attach a commercially available but 3 to 5 seconds after fully
extension to the lever, only a gentle depressing the clutch pedal.
force will move the lever.

Parking brake lever


CAUTION
• Shifting from a forward gear to the
reverse gear or vice versa, should be 1 Operation of parking brake lever
done only after the vehicle has come
to a complete stop.
When backing up, always double
check to make sure that there is noth- WARNING
ing in your path. • Except in an emergency, never
• Depress the clutch pedal fully when- apply the parking brake while the
ever changing gear. If you do not vehicle is moving, since the vehi-
depress the pedal completely, the cle could spin and/or overturn.
clutch will slip and the clutch disc • Illumination of the warning
will be damaged, which could lead to lamp does not necessarily indicate
an accident. that the parking brake has been
fully activated. Be sure to pull the
lever all the way.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-14 Switches and controls

2 Parking brake release reminder


warning
If the vehicle is driven at a speed of 12 km/h
or higher with the parking brake not fully
released, a buzzer starts sounding intermit-
tently three seconds later. If the buzzer
starts sounding in this way, immediately
stop the vehicle in a safe place and release
the parking brake.

Combination switch

1 Arrangement of switches

Z22157
• Parking
The parking brake is activated when the
parking brake lever is fully pulled out. The
warning lamp lights up simultaneously.
Z21344
• Releasing
Raise the lever slightly, press the end but- Lighting switch
ton , and lower the lever with the button Passing/dimmer switch
still pressed. Make sure that the warn- Turn signal switch
ing lamp goes out. Exhaust brake switch
Wiper and washer switch
• When parking, please bear in mind the
cautions in “Parking”, Chapter 7. 2 Lighting switch
P. 7-7

CAUTION
• Before putting the vehicle in motion,
check that the warning lamp is
not illuminated.
If you were to accidently drive the vehi-
cle with the parking brake applied, the
parking brake would wear prematurely Z24053
and overheat, leading to reduced effec-
tiveness and the risk of fire.
• When parking your vehicle on a
slope, block the wheels with chocks
for added safety.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-15
• Dimmer
WARNING With the headlamps illuminated, pushing
the lever down activates the headlamp high
Do not touch the lenses of the head-
beams and pulling it back to the original
lamps while they are lit or immedi-
position reactivates the low beams. When
ately after turning them off, as they
the high beams are on, indicator lamp
become very hot and could burn you.
lights up.

4 Turn signal lamp switch


CAUTION
Keeping the headlamps on for a long
period without the engine running can
drain the battery, making the engine
impossible to start.

The lighting switch can be used when the


starter switch is in the “ON” position.
Turning the knob at the end of the lever con-
trols the illumination of lamps as follows: Z24055

• Turn signal
Position, tail, Moving the lever forward or backward acti-
license plate and vates the corresponding turn signal causing
meter illumination Headlamps
it to flash. At the same time, the corre-
lamps
sponding indicator lamp or flashes.
OFF When the steering wheel is returned to the
Off Off
position neutral position after a right or left turn, the
switch automatically moves back to the neu-
On Off tral position and the lamp stops flashing.
position
After making a moderate turn, however, the
switch will sometimes not return automati-
On On
position cally. In this case, put the switch in the neu-
tral position by hand.

3 Passing signal/dimmer switch • Lane changer


Lightly pushing the lever forward or back-
ward causes the corresponding turn signal
lamp to flash while the lever is held in this
position.

Z24054

• Passing signal
Pulling the lever up activates the high
beams until the lever is released. Use this to
flash a signal when overtaking another vehi-
cle.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-16 Switches and controls

5 Exhaust brake switch • Pushing the lever up activates the exhaust


brake. While the exhaust brake is acti-
vated, indicator lamp stays illuminated.
WARNING
• Using the exhaust brake on a wet,
frozen, snow-covered, or otherwise
slippery road surface when the
vehicle is lightly loaded or not
loaded can cause the tires to slip
on the road surface, resulting in a
skid. Do not use the exhaust brake
on slippery road surfaces.
• Reduce speed sufficiently before
negotiating a curve. When negoti- Z21348
ating a curve with the exhaust
Deactivated
brake applied, if the tires slip due
Activated
to the slippery road surface or a
step in the road, the ABS (Vehicles
• The exhaust brake temporarily deacti-
with ABS) may function, causing
vates if
the exhaust brake to be temporarily
• The accelerator pedal or clutch
released, which may result in a
pedal is pressed.
serious accident.
• The gearshift lever is in the neutral
position.
The exhaust brake enhances engine brak- • The ABS is operated.
The exhaust brake reactivates if the
ing. Use it as an auxiliary braking means on
downhill stretches or during high-speed above condition is released.
driving.
6 Wiper and washer switch
NOTE:
Do not keep the exhaust brake switch in the
activation position at all times. Doing so
repeatedly decelerates and accelerates the
WARNING
vehicle speed due to frequent operation of In cold weather, warm the windshield
the exhaust brake, which reduces fuel using the heater before spraying washer
economy. Move the exhaust brake switch fluid on it. Otherwise, the washer fluid
between the activation and non-activation may freeze on the windshield.
positions as necessary according to road
and traffic conditions.
CAUTION
• Operating the wipers when the wind-
shield is dry damages the windshield
glass. If the glass is dry, be sure to
squirt it with washer fluid before
operating the wipers.
• Do not operate the wipers when the
rubber parts of the wiper blades are
frozen onto the windshield or other-
wise stuck to the windshield. The
wiper blades could get damaged, and
the wiper motor could fail.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-17
• When the wipers are not used for a • While the button on is pressed,
long time, dust, sand, and other sub- washer fluid is sprayed onto the wind-
stances can collect between the wiper shield glass and the wiper operates sev-
blades and windshield. Clean the wip- eral times.
ers before using them. Otherwise, the
windshield may get scratched.
• Operating the washer continuously
for more than 20 seconds or when
there is no fluid in the reservoir could
burn out the washer motor.
• Do not operate the wipers while the
arms are raised. Doing so could dam-
age the wiper arms.
• Before operating the washer switch,
check the conditions around your Z22475
vehicle. Washer fluid may splash
about under certain conditions. • Refill the washer fluid reservoir before it
is empty. P. 12-70
• Rotating the grip at the end of the lever • If there is washer fluid in the reservoir
activates the windshield wipers in one of but none is sprayed when you operate
the following three modes: the washer, the nozzles may be
blocked. Clean the nozzles using a
piece of thin wire. If fluid is still not
sprayed when you operate the washer,
HI have the vehicle inspected by an autho-
LO rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
MIST dealer.

INT OFF
Hazard warning lamp switch
Z21349

INT:
Wipers operate intermittently. By operating
the interval control switch , the operating CAUTION
interval of wipers can be varied between 3
and 12 seconds. The battery may be discharged and the
(Faster , Slower ) engine impossible to restart if the hazard
LO: warning lamps are operated for an
Wipers operate at a slow speed. extended period of time.
HI:
Wipers operate at a rapid speed. The hazard warning lamps may be used as
MIST: a warning to other vehicles when you sud-
The wipers operate once when you flip up denly find it necessary to stop your vehicle
the lever toward you. in emergencies.
The lamps can flash in any of the starter
• If the wipers chatter on the windshield or switch positions.
wipe the windshield unevenly, replace Pressing the switch causes all turn signal
the wiper blades. P. 12-69 lamps to flash simultaneously. At the same
time, indicator lamps start flashing.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-18 Switches and controls

Pressing the switch again causes the lamps 1 Adjusting the headlamp aim
to go out.
With the vehicle loaded, adjust the head-
lamp leveling switch to achieve the head-
lamp beam shown in the illustration on the
left.

Z21350

Z03139
Headlamp leveling switch

Rearview mirrors

NOTE:
• When turning right or left, bear in mind
the difference in tracking of the front and
rear inner wheels, and use the rearview
mirrors to confirm safety behind you.
• Pay attention to the extended rearview
mirrors when driving on narrow roads.
Z22164 Take particular care to ensure that they
do not hit pedestrians.
The headlamps’ vertical aim varies in accor-
• In rainy weather, drops of water can
adhere to the mirrors, detracting from
dance with the weight and position of the
rearward visibility. Stop the vehicle and
vehicle’s load. Using the headlamp leveling
wipe off the water to restore visibility.
switch, the headlamps’ aim should be set
high enough to light the road ahead without
dazzling oncoming drivers. The headlamp 1 Mirror adjustment
beam dips more as you turn the headlamp Before starting to drive, sit in the correct
leveling switch to a larger number position. driving position and make sure you can see
behind the vehicle, the sides of the vehicle,
the periphery of the vehicle. Also, make
CAUTION sure the mirror surfaces are not dirty.
Do not aim the headlamps lower than
necessary. If the headlamps are aimed
too low, they will not provide a sufficient
field of view at night.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-19
1.1 Reflections Adjust the mirror to the correct angle by push-
ing its edge up/down and left/right by hand.

Z12553

2 Retracting the rearview mirrors


The rearview mirrors can be retracted for
turning a tight corner, for passing an oncom-
ing vehicle on a narrow road, and for park-
ing.

Z10817

• Lateral direction
Position each side mirror so the side of the
vehicle is reflected in approximately one
quarter of the mirror surface.
• Vertical direction
On the driver’s side, position the side mirror Y00293
so the rear-bottom corner of the left-hand
door window is reflected two thirds of the
way up from the bottom of the mirror sur-
face. On the assistant driver’s side, position WARNING
the side mirror so the rear-bottom corner of Do not drive with the rearview mirrors
the right-hand door window is reflected two retracted. The lack of the rearward
thirds of the way up from the bottom of the visibility normally provided by the
mirror surface. rearward mirrors could cause an acci-
dent.

1.2 Adjustment method


Push the rearward mirrors inward by hand
to retract them. When returning each rear-
CAUTION view mirror to its original position, move it
outward until the mirror stay locks.
Make any necessary mirror adjustments
before (not after) starting to drive.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-20 Switches and controls

1 Controls and indicators


Horn switch

Press the horn switch pad at the center of


the steering wheel to sound the horn.

Z24056

DPF cleaning switch


Use this switch for parked DPF regenera-
tion to burn PM in the DPF.
Multi-information display
Z21355 The multi-information display indicates the
amount of PM in the DPF, a prompt for per-
forming parked DPF regeneration, the pre-
dicted time until completion of parked DPF
Regeneration controlling regeneration, and warnings.
DPF system MODE switch
Use this switch for selecting and setting
indications on the multi-information display.
• The regeneration controlling DPF sys- DPF indicator lamp
tem collects particulate matter (PM) in This lamp lights or flashes to indicate the
exhaust gases with a ceramic filter state of the DPF.
located inside the muffler and burns the
PM on the filter utilizing the effect of the 2 PM indicator
front oxidation catalyst (continuous DPF
regeneration). If you select the DPF monitor on the multi-
• Continuous filter regeneration is impos- information display, you can check the
sible under certain conditions such as amount of PM collected in the DPF.
low-speed driving. Under these condi-
tions, the system automatically raises
the exhaust temperature to burn the PM
to regenerate the filter (automatic DPF
regeneration). However, even auto-
matic DPF regeneration is sometimes
impossible if the vehicle is repeatedly
driven very slowly and the engine is fre-
quently started and stopped. The DPF
must then be regenerated by burning
the PM under manual control (parked Z24593
DPF regeneration).
• Select the DPF monitor mode by press-
ing the MODE switch to see the PM
indicator .

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-21
• The PM indicator shows the amount of
PM in 9 degrees. The number of seg-
ments increases or decreases as the
amount of PM changes. In addition, the
color of the symbol changes as fol-
lows:
Green: When the number of displayed
segments is 1 to 6
Amber: When the number of displayed
segments is 7 to 9

3 PM indicator and warning/indica-


tor lamp
• The PM indicator and warning/indicator
lamp either light or flash according to the
amount of PM in the DPF.
• Perform parked DPF regeneration if
prompted by the warning/indicator lamp
as well as by the PM indicator on the
multi-information display.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-22 Switches and controls

Indication by PM indicator Warning/indicator Parked/automatic Ref.


lamp regeneration page

When the number of displayed segments


is 1 to 6:

– – –

Z24594

When the number of displayed segments


is 7 or 8:

Perform parked
The lamp DPF regenera-
(amber) flashes tion within 50 km
slowly or 1 hour, which- 5-25
(0.5-second inter- ever earlier, after
vals). the lamp starts
flashing.
Z24595
• The “PUSH DPF SW” message flashes.
• The symbol turns from green to
amber.
When the number of displayed segments
is 9:

Immediately stop
The lamp the vehicle in a
(amber) flashes safe place and
quickly perform parked
5-25
(0.25-second DPF regenera-
intervals). tion.

Z24596
• The “PUSH DPF SW” message flashes.
• The warning is displayed.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-23

Warning/indicator Parked/automatic Ref.


Indication by PM indicator lamp regeneration page

When the DPF is overloaded with PM:


Immediately stop
the vehicle in a
safe place and
The lamp perform parked
DPF regenera-
(amber)
flashes quickly tion.
The engine 5-25
(0.25-second
intervals). power is automat-
ically reduced
when the
Z24597 warning is
displayed.
• The “PUSH DPF SW” message flashes.
• The warning is displayed.
When automatic DPF regeneration is in
progress:
• The lamp
(green) lights.
• If a prompt for
parked DPF
regeneration
has been issued Automatic DPF
following indica- regeneration is in 5-24
tion of 7 or more progress.
PM amount
segments, the
lamp lights
Z24598 in green and
amber alter-
• The “CLEANING” message is dis- nately.
played.
• PM amount segments flash.
When parked DPF regeneration is in prog-
ress:

The lamp Parked DPF


(amber) lights. regeneration is in 5-24
progress.

Z24599
The predicted time until completion of
parked DPF regeneration is indicated.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-24 Switches and controls

4 Automatic DPF regeneration • During automatic DPF regeneration, the


idling stop and start (ISS) system does
• If the DPF becomes so heavily loaded not operate (vehicles with idling stop
with PM that it cannot be regenerated by and start (ISS) system).
continuous DPF regeneration, the sys- • When PM indicator is showing 4 or more
tem initiates automatic DPF regenera- segments, you can start the parked DPF
tion (regeneration by burning PM). The regeneration if you continue pressing
indicator lamp (green) lights while the DPF cleaning switch until the
the DPF is being regenerated by this indicator lamp lights in amber.
method. You can operate the vehicle as • No automatic DPF regeneration takes
usual even during automatic DPF regen- place while the and warnings
eration although the engine operating (amber) are being displayed alternately.
sound and idling speed will change due
to the higher exhaust temperature.
5 Parked DPF regeneration (per-
formed following illumination of
the (amber) indicator lamp)
The system sometimes cannot automati-
cally remove the DPF trapped PM by burn-
ing, typically when you drive the vehicle at
very low speeds or start and stop the engine
frequently during operation. The system
informs you of such a condition by flashing
the (amber) indicator lamp to prompt
Z21276 you to manually remove the DPF trapped
• If you select the DPF monitor mode on PM by burning. The flashing interval of the
the multi-information display during indicator lamp differs depending on the
automatic DPF regeneration, the amount of the PM accumulated in the DPF.
“CLEANING” message is displayed NOTE:
above the PM indicator, and the PM indi- If the vehicle is used in any of the following
cator flashes. conditions, there will be a higher risk of
automatic DPF regeneration not working,
and so the indicator lamp will flash more fre-
WARNING quently to prompt you to perform parked
If the vehicle must be stopped during DPF regeneration.
automatic DPF regeneration, do so • The vehicle is mainly driven at 20 km/h
after checking that there are no flam- or lower speeds.
mable materials, such as dead grass • Operation of the vehicle involves fre-
or paper, near the exhaust pipe and quent starting and stopping of the
muffler. As the exhaust gas as well as engine at short intervals (less than 10
the exhaust pipe and muffler are minutes).
extremely hot, nearby flammable • The vehicle is repeatedly driven for
materials could ignite and cause a fire. short distances (less than 10 km).
• The engine is used for such short times
that it is shut off before having had time
NOTE: to warm up.
• During automatic DPF regeneration, the
engine operating sound will change and,
when the vehicle is stopped, the idling
speed will rise (to 800 rpm) and the
exhaust valve will be activated. These
are normal conditions.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-25
• Slow flashing (0.5-second interval) 6 How to perform the parked DPF
regeneration
The parked DPF regeneration steps you
should follow upon flashing of the relevant
indicator, warning and (amber) indicator
lamp are indicated below. The parked DPF
regeneration time is shown on the multi-
information display. The parked DPF regen-
eration time is as a general rule 20 minutes
although it varies with the conditions in
Z21276 which the vehicle is operated.

You must use the DPF cleaning switch


within 50 km or 1 hour of driving after WARNING
the start of the flashing of the indicator
lamp to perform the parked DPF regen- • Do not perform the parked DPF
eration in order to remove the PM inside regeneration in a poorly ventilated
the DPF by burning. garage or other closed area. Exhaust
gas contains carbon monoxide,
• Fast flashing (0.25-second interval) which is toxic and very dangerous.
• Avoid the following conditions or
areas when performing parked DPF
regeneration:
• Side gates or a tail gate is
opened: Peripheral components
may be damaged by the heat of
the muffler.
• On painted road surfaces: Hot
exhaust gas will discolor the
paint.
Z21278 • Near a hedge: Vegetation may be
killed by the hot exhaust gas.
You must bring the vehicle to a stop in a • Place with flammable materials,
safe place as soon as possible, then use such as dead grass or paper: A
the DPF cleaning switch to perform the fire may occur.
parked DPF regeneration in order to • Keep all people away from the
remove the PM inside the DPF by burn- exhaust pipe and muffler.
ing. • Prevent anyone from touching the
exhaust pipe and muffler or being
exposed to the exhaust gas.
CAUTION
If the (amber) indicator lamp flashes
NOTE:
quickly or the warning appears on theParked DPF regeneration is impossible in
multi-information display, promptly per-
the following conditions:
form parked DPF regeneration by using • Within 10 seconds after starting the
the DPF cleaning switch to remove PM in engine
the DPF by burning. Continuing to drive• When the coolant indicator shows the
with an overloaded DPF will result in temperature by up to 5 segments (Per-
system failure. form parked DPF regeneration after
warming up the engine.)
• While the accelerator pedal or brake
pedal is being depressed
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-26 Switches and controls

• While the vehicle is moving speed (approx. 650 rpm), and the
• When the clutch pedal is depressed (amber) indicator lamp goes out.
• While the and warnings (amber) Once the parked DPF regeneration is
are being displayed alternately. completed, you may drive the vehicle
normally.
1. Park the vehicle in a safe place and
warm up the engine.
2. Firmly apply the parking brake and place
the gearshift lever in the neutral position.

Z24051

3. If your vehicle is equipped with a PTO,


make sure the PTO is disengaged.
P. 8-2
4. With the engine still in operation, continu-
ously press the “ON” side of the DPF
cleaning switch until the (amber)
indicator lamp stops flashing and shifts Z24600
to continuous illumination. The engine will
increase its idling speed (to approx. 1,500 6. If you need to suspend the parked DPF
rpm) to start the parked DPF regenera- regeneration before completion of the
tion. When the parked DPF regeneration sequence, do either of the following:
is started, the predicted time until comple- • Press the “ON” side of the DPF
tion of the regeneration is indicated on the cleaning switch again.
multi-information display. The exhaust • Depress the accelerator pedal.
brake valve may also operate during the • Depress the clutch pedal.
parked DPF regeneration. NOTE:
• When you deliberately suspend the
parked DPF regeneration, complete the
remaining part of the sequence without
delay by performing the above steps
again.
• When PM indicator is showing 4 or more
segments, you can start the parked DPF
regeneration if you continue pressing
the DPF cleaning switch until the
indicator lamp lights in amber.
Z21721

5. The predicted time indication shows a


time near 0 minute, the idling speed of
the engine returns to the original idling
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
6-1

6. Instruments and warning lamps

Arrangement of instruments and warning lamps ............................................................... 6-2


Speedometer ..................................................................................................................... 6-2
Tachometer ........................................................................................................................ 6-2
Water temperature gauge .................................................................................................. 6-3
Fuel gauge ......................................................................................................................... 6-3
Multi-information system .................................................................................................... 6-4
Warning/indicator telltale .................................................................................................. 6-15
Warning/indicator lamps .................................................................................................. 6-22

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-2 Instruments and warning lamps

Arrangement of instruments
and warning lamps Tachometer

Z22734 Z20962
Speedometer • The tachometer indicates engine speed
Tachometer in revolutions per minute.
Fuel gauge • The green zone indicates the engine
Warning/indicator lamps speed that is a rough guide for eco-
Multi-information display nomic operation.
• If the needle enters the red zone , the
engine is overreved. Reduce the vehicle
speed sufficiently during downhill driving
or downshifting to keep the needle from
Speedometer entering this zone. P. 7-5

The speedometer indicates vehicle speed in CAUTION


kilometers per hour.
Persistent overrevving can lead to an
engine breakdown.

NOTE:
The term “overrev” refers to rotation of the
engine at an RPM exceeding the maximum
limit. This occurs when the engine is driven
by the wheels during downhill driving or
downshifting.
Z20960

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-3
CAUTION
Water temperature gauge
Be sure to stop the engine only after let-
ting it run at a speed slightly above the
idling RPM until the coolant cools down.
Turning off the engine immediately after
stopping will cause the coolant tempera-
ture to rise quickly and may cause the
engine to seize up.

Fuel gauge

Z24601 Z20965
• The water temperature gauge is dis-
played on the multi-information display CAUTION
and indicates the temperature of the
engine coolant. The fuel injection system may fail if the
• With the engine running normally, the engine stops due to lack of fuel.
coolant temperature indicator will indi-
cate around the middle point of the The fuel gauge indicates the amount of fuel
scale. still remaining in the fuel tank.
• If the coolant temperature becomes
abnormally high, the multi-information F: Full
display will show in amber. E: Empty
• If the engine overheats, the warning When the Low-fuel warning lamp is illu-
lamp will light up and the multi-informa- minated, the approximate quantity of fuel
tion display will show in red. The remaining in the tank is as indicated below.
coolant temperature indicator will show
the 13th gradation or above, indicating Quantity of fuel remaining in tank
the overheating zone . A buzzer will
sound simultaneously. Tank capacity Quantity
• When the engine has overheated, per- 70 liters Approx. 12 liters
form the checks and corrective steps
described on this reference page: 100 liters Approx. 17 liters
P. 13-9

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-4 Instruments and warning lamps

When the needle approaches the “E” mark • Information area: coolant temperature,
or Low-fuel warning lamp is illuminated, amount of PM in the DPF, and vehicle-
refuel as soon as possible. P. 1-4 related information including the mainte-
nance schedule. P. 6-5
NOTE: • Warning/indicator area: various warn-
If the fuel tank becomes completely empty, ings and indicators. P. 6-15
necessitating bleeding of the system. • Odometer/trip meter: total running dis-
P. 13-26 tance and individual trip distance.
• The MODE switch is used to select
the indications in the information area.
• The SELECT switch is used to switch
display settings for the item that have
Multi-information system been selected with the MODE switch.
• The SET/RES switch is used to con-
figure the selected item (e.g. values,
1 Outline of multi-information system etc.) on the screen.
• The ODO/TRIP switch is used to
switch between the odometer (total dis-
tance driven) and the trip meter (dis-
tance driven from a selected point to the
present point).

2 Odometer/trip meter
When the starter switch is turned to “ON”,
either “ODO” (odometer) or “TRIP” (trip
meter) is displayed. The display toggles
between “ODO” and “TRIP” each time the
ODO/TRIP switch is pressed.

ODO/TRI

Z24602 ODO/TRI
MODE switch
SELECT switch
SET/RES switch
ODO/TRI
ODO/TRIP switch
Multi-information display
Information area
Warning/indicator area
Odometer/trip meter area
Time

The multi-information system indicates the fol-


lowing types of information on the multi-infor- Z24603
mation display located on the meter cluster.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
6-5
• ODO (odometer)
Indicates the total distance covered by the
vehicle to the nearest kilometer (or mile).
• TRIP (trip meter)
Indicates the distance covered by the vehi-
cle from a selected point to the present
point to the nearest
0.1 kilometer (or 0.1 mile).
The trip meter has two options: TRIP “A”
and TRIP “B”. The indications are indepen-
dent of each other.
To reset the trip meter to zero, press the
ODO/TRIP switch for at least 1 second. The
count of only the currently displayed option
will return to “0.0”.

NOTE:
If the unit of fuel mileage is changed, the
unit for the odometer and trip meter indica-
tion changes accordingly. For information
on the fuel mileage display unit, see page 6-
9.

Z24604

3 Display mode selection and set-


tings

3.1 Display mode selection


You can select a desired display mode by
pressing the MODE switch .

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-6 Instruments and warning lamps

Z24605

No. Display mode Ref. page


Calendar and clock 6-7
DPF monitor 6-9
Fuel mileage information 6-9
Maintenance information 6-11
Illumination intensity (brightness adjustment) 6-14
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
6-7
3.2 Calendar and clock
• Date/time
Press the MODE switch to display the
date and time on the screen.

Z24606

• If you press the SELECT switch while


the date and time are displayed on the
screen, the month part of the date will
change from numerical representation
to English representation.

Z24607

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-8 Instruments and warning lamps

• Date and time adjustment

Z24608

1. Give a long press on the SET/RES • Press the MODE switch to retard the
switch while the date and time indica- indication. Each long press (0.5 second
tion is displayed on the screen. The or longer) will move the value backward
adjustment screen will appear. by 2 years, 2 months, 2 days, 2 hours,
2. Each time you press the SET/RES or 10 minutes.
switch, one of the indication items is 3. After completing necessary adjust-
selected in the sequence shown below ments, press the SET/RES switch.
with the selected item flashing. The 4. Press the SET/RES switch as many
cycle repeats if you press the switch times as necessary to go back to the ini-
repeatedly. tial display screen.
Initial display screen (date/time display)
o Time display mode o Year o • Adjusting the clock to time signals
Month oDay o Hour o Min- While the display is in the calendar and
ute o Initial display screen clock mode, you can adjust the clock to
While the item you want to set is flash- a time signal by pressing the SET/RES
ing, press the MODE switch or switch and releasing the switch simulta-
SELECT switch to make adjustments. neously with a time signal.
• The 12-hour clock will be displayed if you Example:
select “12 h” on the time display mode
The clock will be adjusted to 11:00
screen; selecting “24 h” will change the
if its current indication is between
display to the 24-hour clock.
11:00 and 11:29.
• Press the SELECT switch to advance The clock will be adjusted to 12:00
the indication. Each long press (0.5 sec-
if its current indication is between
ond or longer) will move the value for-
11:30 and 11:59.
ward by 2 years, 2 months, 2 days, 2
hours, or 10 minutes.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-9
NOTE: 3.4 Fuel mileage information
• If the date is set, the day of the week will The fuel mileage information includes: aver-
be automatically adjusted to the new age fuel mileage , real-time fuel mileage
date. , instantaneous fuel mileage , and aver-
• The calendar can be adjusted for the age speed .
period between January 1, 2009 and
December 31, 2039.

3.3 DPF monitor


This display mode indicates the amount of
PM in the DPF, a prompt for performing
parked DPF regeneration, and the predicted SELECT
time until completion of parked DPF regen-
eration. If the situation requires, the DPF
monitor also provides the driver with neces-
sary warnings and indications. SELECT

SELECT

Z24609
Z24611
• If the DPF contains PM equivalent to 7 • The average fuel mileage indicates the
or more segments of the indicator, a average of the fuel mileage from the
message is displayed prompting you to time it was last reset to the present.
perform the parked DPF regeneration. • The real-time fuel mileage indicates the
fuel mileage in the last 0.5-second period.
• The average vehicle speed indicates the
average speed at which the vehicle has
been driven since the last reset.
• The instantaneous fuel mileage is the fuel
mileage over the past 1-minute period.

• How to switch the display


1. Press the MODE switch to select the
fuel mileage information mode .
Z24610
2. Press the SELECT switch to change
the display.
See page 5-20 for details about the DPF. Each time you press the SELECT
switch, the following pairs of information
will be displayed one after another.
• Average mileage and real-time mileage
• Average mileage and average vehicle
speed
• Instantaneous mileage and average
mileage
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
6-10 Instruments and warning lamps

• How to reset the mileage and speed • If “mpg (USA)” or “mpg (UK)” is
data selected, the unit for the odometer and
You can reset both the average vehicle trip meter becomes “mi (mile)”.
speed and average mileage data by giving
a long press (1 second or more) on the 1. Press the MODE switch to select the
SET/RES switch . fuel mileage information mode .

• Adjusting the correction coefficient


for fuel mileage data and selecting
the unit of fuel mileage display
SET/RES
If necessary, you can change the correction
coefficient for fuel mileage data and the unit
of fuel mileage display as follows.
• Usually, there is no need to change the
correction coefficient for fuel mileage SET/RES
data. However, the coefficient should be
changed if you notice any significant dif-
ference between the actual and indicated
fuel mileages. Increasing the correction
coefficient value will result in larger indi-
cations for all of the average, real-time,
and instantaneous fuel mileages. Reduc- SET/RES
ing the value decreases them.

Default value of correction


coefficient 1.00

Z24612
NOTE:
If you press the SET/RES switch for more
than 1 second in the correction coefficient 2. Press the SET/RES switch to display
change screen, the coefficient will return to the adjustment screen , then press the
the default value (1.00). SET/RES switch. Each time you press
the switch, the display toggles between
• The fuel mileages can be indicated in the fuel mileage correction coefficient
units of “l/100 km”, “mpg” or “km/l”. (FUEL ADJUST) and the fuel mileage
• “l/100 km” indicates the amount of unit (SELECT UNIT) .
fuel in liters that the vehicle has con- 3. With the desired display selected, press
sumed to cover a distance of 100 the SELECT switch or MODE switch
kilometers. to change the correction coefficient or
• “mpg” indicates the miles covered by fuel mileage unit.
the vehicle on one gallon of fuel. • Press the SELECT switch to increase
• “km/l” indicates the kilometers cov- the correction efficient, or the MODE
ered by the vehicle on one liter of fuel. switch to decrease it. Continue to press
each switch if you want to change the
NOTE: value quickly.
If the unit for fuel mileage is changed, the • Use the SELECT switch to change the
unit for the odometer and trip meter indica- fuel mileage unit. The unit changes in
tion changes accordingly. the following sequence each time you
• If “l/100 km” or “km/l” is selected, the press the switch:
unit for the odometer and trip meter indi- “l/100 km” o “mpg (USA)” o “mpg (UK)”
cation becomes “km”. o “km/l”
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
6-11
4. Press the SET/RES switch to return to
the initial display screen.

3.5 Maintenance information


If you select this mode, the multi-information
display indicates the running distance
and the number of months since the dis-
tance was last reset after replacing oils, flu-
ids, or filter elements according to your
selection of screen.

Z24613

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-12 Instruments and warning lamps

• Selection of maintenance information screens

SELECT SELECT SELECT SELECT

SELECT

Z24614

1. Press the MODE switch to select the mission oil) o HUB GREASE (wheel
maintenance information mode . hub bearing grease) oDIFF OIL (differ-
2. Press the SELECT switch . Each time ential oil) o P/S OIL (power steering oil)
you press the switch, the screen o ENG COOLANT (engine coolant)
changes to the one for a new replace- • How to set replacement intervals
ment item in the following sequence, Set the replacement interval for each
beginning with the previously displayed replacement item in reference to the Peri-
screen: odic inspection schedule table in the Ser-
ENGINE OIL o OIL FILTER (engine oil vice Booklet (separate).
filter) o FUEL FILTER o BRAKE
FLUID o AIR FILTER o T/M OIL (trans-

Item Maintenance items that should be referred to


Engine oil Engine oil (in Engine)
Engine oil filter (OIL FILTER) Oil filter element (in Engine)
Fuel filter Fuel filter element (in Engine)
Brake fluid Brake fluid (in Brakes)
Air filter Air cleaner element (in Engine)
Transmission oil Transmission gear oil (in Drive line)
Wheel hub bearing grease (HUB Front and rear wheel bearing grease (in Drive line)
GREASE)
Differential gear oil (DIFF OIL) Rear axle differential gear oil (in Drive line)
Power steering oil (P/S OIL) Power steering fluid (in Steering)
Engine coolant (ENG COOLANT) Coolant (in Engine)
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
6-13
1. Press the MODE switch to select the 5. Press the SET/RES switch to select
maintenance information mode . the interval period setting screen
(with “months” indicated). The numerals
indicating the period of time blink once
this screen is selected.
6. Press the SELECT switch or MODE
switch to change the value of the period.
• Each time you press the SELECT
switch, the period increases by 1 month.
SET/RES • Each time you press the MODE switch,
the period decreases by 1 month.
SET/RES
• A long press on the SELECT or MODE
switch increases or decreases the
period by 2 months, respectively.
• If the replacement interval is controlled
by the distance (not by the period of
SET/RES time), leave the period space blank (“--
month”).
7. Press the SET/RES switch to return to
the maintenance information mode .
8. Give a long press on the SET/RES
switch until “0 km” and “0 months” are
indicated in the maintenance informa-
tion mode to reset the maintenance
Z24615 information.

2. Press the SELECT switch to select • Maintenance alarm indication


the screen for the replacement item for • For each item for which you have set the
which you want to set the interval. replacement interval, an alarm is indi-
3. Press the SET/RES switch to select cated at 1,000 km, 600 miles or 1 month
the interval distance setting screen before the set distance or period of time
(with “km” or “mi” indicated). The numer- is reached.
als indicating the distance blink once
this screen is selected.
4. Press the SELECT switch or MODE
switch to change the distance.
• Each time you press the SELECT
switch, the distance value increases by
1,000 km or
500 miles.
• Each time you press the MODE switch,
the distance value decreases by
1,000 km or Z24616
500 miles.
• A long press on the SELECT or MODE If this condition is met for an item, an
switch increases or decreases the dis- alarm will be indicated for the item every
tance value by 5,000 km or 2,500 miles, time the starter switch is turned to “ON”.
respectively. The alarm indication goes out as soon
• If the replacement interval is controlled as the parking brake is released. If there
by the period of time (not by the dis- are multiple alarms to indicate, they are
tance), leave the distance space blank “- indicated one after another, each being
--- km” or “---- mi”. indicated for 3 seconds.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-14 Instruments and warning lamps

• If a periodic replacement item is used 3.6 Illumination intensity (brightness


continuously even after the set distance adjustment)
or period is reached, the maintenance • Selection and adjustment of illumina-
information symbol will turn to amber . tion intensity
• Both the illumination intensity screen
and the adjustment screen provide dif-
ferent displays between the time when
the light switch is in the “OFF” position
and the time when the switch is in the
or position as follows:

Z24617

• Resetting of maintenance informa-


tion
After replacing a periodic replacement item
such as the oil, filter element, or engine
coolant, reset the maintenance information
for the item as follows:

Example : Engine oil

Z24619
Z24618
1. Press the MODE switch to select the • When the light switch is in the “OFF”
maintenance information mode. position, the multi-information dis-
2. Press the SELECT switch to select play indicates “DISP (DAY)” or
the item for which the maintenance “GAUGE (DAY)”. In this state, the
information is to be reset. brightness of the displays or gauges
3. Give a long press (1 second or more) on under no illumination condition (day-
the SET/RES switch to reset the time) is adjustable.
maintenance information. • When the light switch is in the
or position, the multi-informa-
NOTE: tion display indicates “DISP
Do the same procedure after replacing any (NIGHT)” or “GAUGE (NIGHT)”. In
periodic replacement item. this state, the brightness of displays
or gauges when lit (nighttime) can be
adjusted.
• The brightness of the following display
and gauges can be adjusted as follows.
• When “DISP (DAY)” or “DISP
(NIGHT)” is displayed:
Multi-information display
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
6-15
• When “GAUGE (NIGHT)” is dis-
played:
Illumination of the air conditioner and Warning/indicator telltale
heater control panel and the scales
of the speedometer, tachometer, and
fuel gauge (when the light switch is The warning/indicator telltale function pro-
in the or position) vides warning and indicator indications on
the multi-information display in the following
1. Press the MODE switch to select the situations:
illumination intensity mode . • When a problem occurs with a vehicle
system
• When a system is activated
• When the distance/period remaining
before the replacement time becomes
short

1 Telltale indications
1.1 Indication colors
Warnings or indicators are displayed in any
of the following colors according to their cat-
egories:
• Red
• Amber
• Green
• Black

1.2 If there are multiple warnings


If there are multiple warnings to display, all
of these warnings are displayed one after
another and repeatedly, each being dis-
played for 3 seconds.
Z24620

2. Press the SELECT switch . Each time


you press the switch, the display toggles
between “DISP (DAY)” and “GAUGE
(DAY)” . When the light switch is in the
or position, the display toggles
between “DISP (NIGHT)” and “GAUGE
(NIGHT)”.
3. With the item to be adjusted displayed
Z25028
on the screen, press the SET/RES
switch to advance to the adjustment
screen .
4. Adjust the brightness using the MODE
switch or SELECT switch.
• Press the MODE switch to reduce
the brightness.
• Press the SELECT switch to
increase the brightness.
5. Return to the illumination intensity dis-
play by pressing the SET/RES switch.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
6-16 Instruments and warning lamps

2 Categories of warnings and indi-


cators

WARNING
Red indications require you to imme-
diately stop the vehicle at a safe place
and take necessary actions. Continu-
ing to drive without taking necessary
actions could lead to a serious acci-
dent.

CAUTION
Amber indications alert you to a mal-
function or degraded functionality of
components. You should continue to
drive carefully for the rest of the trip and
then take necessary actions as soon as
possible.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-17
2.1 Red, amber and green indications

Indication Warning/indicator Condition for lighting/flashing Ref.


page

Engine system warning Engine power is being automatically 6-19


(red)
restricted.

Engine system warning Engine must be inspected. 6-19


(amber)

SAM warning Failure has occurred in electric control


6-19
(red)
system of SAM.

Failure has occurred in electric control


SAM warning system of SAM (a failure that requires 6-19
(amber) inspection of exterior lamps).

Overloaded DPF warning DPF contains too much PM. 5-24


(amber)

Meter cluster warning Electrical system of meter cluster is


faulty. 6-19
(amber)

The amount of fuel mixed with engine


oil has exceeded the upper limit.
Engine oil level warning 6-20
(amber)
(Some fuel is intentionally mixed with
engine oil to burn PM in DPF.)

Engine oil and PCV filter PCV filter regeneration must be per- 6-20
(green)
warning formed or PCV filter must be replaced. 12-20

Fuel filter warning Water in fuel filter has increased. 12-41


(amber)

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-18 Instruments and warning lamps

2.2 Black indications

Indication Warning/indicator Condition for lighting/flashing Ref.


page
PTO indicator Lights when transmission PTO is
<Vehicles with transmission 8-2
PTO> engaged.

Distance or period remaining before


Engine oil replacement alert scheduled engine oil replacement time 6-11
indicator has become shorter than 1,000 km or
1 month
Distance or period remaining before
Engine oil filter replacement scheduled engine oil filter replacement
alert indicator time has become shorter than 1,000 6-11
km or 1 month
Distance or period remaining before
Fuel filter replacement alert scheduled fuel filter replacement time
indicator has become shorter than 1,000 km or 6-11
1 month
Distance or period remaining before
Brake fluid replacement alert scheduled brake fluid replacement
indicator time has become shorter than 6-11
1,000 km or 1 month
Distance or period remaining before
Air cleaner replacement alert scheduled air cleaner replacement 6-11
indicator time has become shorter than 1,000
km or 1 month
The distance or time remaining before
Transmission oil replacement the scheduled transmission oil 6-11
alert indicator replacement time has become shorter
than 1,000 km or 1 month
Distance or time remaining before
Wheel hub bearing grease scheduled wheel hub bearing grease 6-11
replacement alert indicator replacement has become shorter than
1,000 km or 1 month
Distance or period remaining before
Differential gear oil replace- scheduled differential gear oil replace- 6-11
ment alert indicator ment time has become shorter than
1,000 km or 1 month
Distance or period remaining before
Power steering oil replace- scheduled power steering oil replace- 6-11
ment alert indicator ment time has become shorter than
1,000 km or 1 month
Distance or period remaining before
Engine coolant replacement scheduled engine coolant replacement 6-11
alert indicator time has become shorter than
1,000 km or 1 month

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-19
2.3 Engine system warning 1. Firmly apply the parking brake and
place the gearshift lever in the neutral
position.
2. Turn the starter switch to “LOCK”.
3. Turn the starter switch back to “ON”. If
the indication goes out, there are no
problems. If the warning remains dis-
played, contact your nearest authorized
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer
immediately.

Z21711
• Amber warning
The amber SAM warning is displayed when
a failure (of a type that requires inspection
• Red warning of exterior lamps) occurs in the electric con-
If an engine system warning is shown, have trol system of the SAM.
the vehicle inspected by the nearest autho- If this warning appears while driving, stop
rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or the vehicle in a safe place and do the fol-
dealer. lowing:
1. Firmly apply the parking brake and
• Amber warning place the gearshift lever in the neutral
If an engine system warning is shown, have position.
the vehicle inspected by the nearest autho- 2. Turn the starter switch to “LOCK”.
rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or 3. Check the exterior lamps for abnormali-
dealer. ties. Replace a blown lamp if any.
P. 13-16
2.4 SAM warning 4. Turn the starter switch back to “ON”.
5. Switch on the replaced lamp. If the
warning goes out, there is no remaining
problem with the SAM.
6. If the warning remains displayed, con-
tact an authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO
distributor or dealer as soon as possible.

2.5 Meter cluster warning

Z21714

NOTE:
SAM, which stands for Signal Detect and
Actuation Module, is a module that inte-
grates the control and power distribution
functions for the electric equipment of the
cab and truck body.
• Red warning Z21715
The red SAM warning is displayed when a
failure occurs in the electric control system This warning is displayed when the electri-
of the SAM. cal system of the meter cluster is faulty.
If this warning appears while driving, stop If this warning appears while driving, stop
the vehicle in a safe place and do the fol- the vehicle in a safe place and do the fol-
lowing: lowing:

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-20 Instruments and warning lamps

1. Firmly apply the parking brake and 2.7 Engine oil and PCV filter warning
place the gearshift lever in the neutral (Green warning)
position.
2. Turn the starter switch to “LOCK”.
3. Turn the starter switch back to “ON”. If
the warning goes out, there are no prob-
lems.
4. If the warning remains displayed, do not
continue to drive but contact your near-
est authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO dis-
tributor or dealer immediately.

2.6 Engine oil level warning (Amber Z21719


warning)
This warning is displayed when the vehicle
is frequently left idling for long periods of
time, or if the engine oil has not been
replaced in a long period of time.
When this warning is displayed, regenerate
or replace the PCV (Positive Crankcase
Ventilation) filter.
NOTE:
After the previous engine oil replacement,
total of the engine operation time is counted
Z21719 (approximately 1,250 hours) and the idling
operation time is monitored .
This warning is displayed when the amount This warning is displayed if the PCV filter
of fuel mixed with engine oil has exceeded must be regenerated or replaced.
the limit.
• If this warning is displayed, replace the • Replace or regenerate the PCV filter
engine oil as soon as possible. when (Green) warning is displayed.
• If even more fuel is mixed with engine NOTE:
oil, this warning and the (amber) Have the PCV filter replaced at your nearest
warning are alternately displayed. If this authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor
happens, replace the engine oil immedi- or dealer.
ately.
PCV filter regeneration method
To regenerate the PCV filter, use the follow-
ing procedure.
1. Stop the vehicle in a safe place, firmly
apply the parking brake and place the
gearshift lever in the neutral position.
2. Depress the accelerator pedal fully so
that the engine speed is 4,000 rpm, and
wait for 2 minutes.
3. Release the accelerator pedal after 2
minutes. Check that the warning is no
longer displayed when the engine speed
drops back to idle speed.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-21
NOTE:
• Using the above procedure extends the
PCV filter replacement interval, and this
regeneration can be repeated. However,
it is recommended to replace the PCV
filter as soon as possible.
• If this warning does not go out even
after the above operation, the engine oil
must be replaced. Replace the engine
oil, and be sure to reset the engine con-
trol unit.

CAUTION
• Replace the engine oil at the recom-
mended interval. If this warning is
displayed frequently, replace the
engine oil as per severe conditions.
• After replacing the engine oil, always
reset the engine control unit.
P. 12-24
• After resetting the engine control
unit, turn the starter switch to
“LOCK”, and wait for 2 minutes.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-22 Instruments and warning lamps

Warning/indicator lamps

Y00294

The illustration shows the standard arrange- NOTE:


ment of the warning and indicator lamps. The red warning lamps may also come on if
Some lamps shown here, however, may not the engine is started when the battery’s per-
be installed on your vehicle. formance has decreased. In this event,
either charge the battery or replace the bat-
tery with a new one.
CAUTION
The red warning lamps, if illuminated,
warn you of vehicle component failures
and possible danger of accident. Never
drive the vehicle while a red warning
lamp is illuminated. If any of them light
up, stop the vehicle as soon as it is safe
to do so and make checks for locating
the cause. If necessary, have your vehi-
cle repaired by your nearest authorized
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-23
Lamp Warning/indicator lamp If illuminated Ref.
symbol page

x Fuel level warning lamp


Level of fuel in fuel tank excessively
low
1-4
6-3

Turn signal indicator lamp Turn signals activated 5-15

Headlamp high beam indicator Headlamp high beams illuminated 5-15


lamp
Vacuum pressure warning lamp Excessively low vacuum in vacuum

<Other than FEA0> tank
Brake fluid at an excessively low
level 12-27
Brake warning lamp
Parking brake activated 5-13

Exhaust brake indicator lamp Exhaust brake activated 5-16

Engine preheat indicator lamp Engine being preheated 5-5

Charge warning lamp Problem in battery charging system 13-10

Engine oil pressure warning Excessively low engine oil pressure 12-20
lamp

Engine overheating warning Engine overheating 13-9


lamp

Fast Preparation for


flashing
automatic
(0.5-sec- engine stop in
ond inter- progress
val)
Slow
flashing Automatic
(2-sec- engine stop in
ISS indicator lamp ISS is ond progress
<Vehicles with idling stop and operat- interval) 5-9
start (ISS) system> ing Automatic
Illumi- engine start is
cancelled.
nated (Door is
• Buzzer opened during
sounds automatic
engine stop.)
Illumi- System failure
nated
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
6-24 Instruments and warning lamps

Lamp Ref.
symbol Warning/indicator lamp If illuminated
page

Four-wheel drive (4WD) mode


4WD indicator lamp <FG> selected 8-3

Engine control warning lamp • Fault in engine control system 6-27


• Exhaust gas is abnormal

ABS warning lamp Failure of ABS system 8-9

Slow flashing
(0.5-second inter-
val; amber) DPF contains
Fast flashing a lot of PM
(0.25-second inter-
val; amber)
DPF indicator lamp 5-20
Parked DPF
Illuminated (amber) regeneration in
progress
Automatic DPF
Illuminated (green) regeneration in
progress
SRS air bag warning lamp Failure of SRS air bag electrical sys- 4-8
<Vehicles with an SRS air bag> tem

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-25
The warning lamps shown below come on when the starter switch is turned from the “ACC”
position to the “ON” position but almost immediately go off.
Lamp Warning lamp Operation
symbol
Goes off when engine is started
Brake warning lamp (Remains on while parking brake is acti-
vated.).
Vacuum pressure warning lamp Goes off when engine is started.
<Other than FEA0>

Charge warning lamp Goes off when engine is started.

Engine oil pressure/level warning Goes off when engine is started.


lamp

Engine control warning lamp Goes off when engine is started.

ABS warning lamp Goes off a few seconds after starter


switch is turned to “ON” position.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-26 Instruments and warning lamps

1 Vacuum pressure warning lamp 2 Brake warning lamp


<Other than FEA0>

Z10836
Z21639

WARNING
WARNING If the brake warning lamp comes on
Braking is dangerously sluggish owing to an excessively low level of
when the vacuum warning lamp is brake fluid, the brakes will not be fully
illuminated. For safety, never drive effective and driving will thus be dan-
with the vehicle in this condition. gerous. Do not drive the vehicle in
this condition.
This lamp illuminates when the starter
switch is turned to the “ON” position. As This lamp lights up when the parking brake
long as the lamp goes out when the engine lever is pulled or when the brake fluid level
is started, the vehicle may be driven. If illu- drops below the safe limit. Should the lamp
minated while the engine is running, this remain illuminated even after the parking
lamp signals that the vacuum level in the brake lever has been released or light up
brake vacuum tank has dropped below the during driving, pull off the road as soon as it
safe limit. is safe to do so, and perform the checks
Since braking becomes sluggish under this below.
condition, depress the brake pedal with full With the starter switch in the “ON” position
force to slow down the vehicle, then pull off and the engine not running, the warning
the road as soon as it is safe to do so, and lamp will stay on even if the parking brake
perform the following checks: lever is released. The lamp will go out if the
1. Let the engine run at intermediate RPM engine is started.
until the warning lamp goes out. 1. Check the brake fluid level.
2. Check piping and its connections for Replenish the reservoir if the level is too
vacuum leaks. low. P. 12-27
3. If the lamp does not go out or comes on 2. Pump the brake pedal several times to
again soon after it has gone out, the make sure that the fluid level does not
vacuum system is defective and must drop.
be repaired. Call an authorized MITSU- 3. If the fluid level drops, it indicates fluid
BISHI FUSO distributor or dealer. leakage. Call an authorized MITSUBI-
SHI FUSO distributor or dealer.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


6-27
3 Charge warning lamp 1. Check the engine oil level. Add if insuffi-
cient. P. 12-20
2. Check various parts of the engine for
any sign of oil leaks.
3. If the oil level is normal and there are no
oil leaks, the problem is in the lubrication
system. Call an authorized MITSUBISHI
FUSO distributor or dealer.

CAUTION
Z10484
Never continue driving with the lamp illu-
The charge warning lamp lights up when minated. The engine could seize up.
the starter switch is turned to the “ON” posi-
tion and goes out as soon as the alternator 5 Engine control warning lamp
starts charging the battery after the engine
has turned over.
The lamp also lights up if a problem occurs
in the battery charging system while the
engine is running. If this occurs, pull off the
road as soon as it is safe to do so, and per-
form the following checks.
1. Check the V-belt for breakage and
excessive deflection. P. 12-49
2. If both the above checks have turned
out normal, the problem is probably in Z11009
the battery charging system.
Call an authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO This lamp comes on when the starter key is
distributor or dealer. turned to “ON”. It should go out when the
engine starts.
4 Engine oil pressure warning lamp
If this lamp comes on at any other time,
there is a fault in the exhaust gas aftertreat-
ment. Have the vehicle inspected by an
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor
or dealer.

6 ABS warning lamp

Z10476

The engine oil pressure/level warning lamp


lights up when the starter switch is turned to
the “ON” position and goes out as soon as
the engine is turned over. If the lamp lights
up while the engine is running, the cause
may be an excessively low engine oil pres- Z10880
sure. Pull off the road as soon as it is safe to
do so, and perform the following checks.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
6-28 Instruments and warning lamps

This lamp comes on when the starter key is When the engine overheats, this lamp illu-
turned to “ON”. It should go out a few sec- minates, the indication (red) is dis-
onds later. If the lamp comes on again, this played on the multi-information display and
indicates there is a malfunction in the anti- a buzzer sounds. If engine overheating
lock braking system (ABS). Should this occurs, the coolant temperature indicator
lamp illuminate during driving, stop the vehi- will indicate the overheat zone. The buzzer
cle in a safe place and perform the following will stop sounding if you apply the brakes by
inspection. pulling the parking lever.
1. Turn the starter key to the “OFF” posi- Promptly stop the vehicle, then run the
tion and then to the “ON” position again. engine at a speed slightly higher than the
2. Determine the system condition as fol- idling speed until the coolant has cooled
lows: down. Also, take other steps that are neces-
• The system is normal if the warning sary following overheating of the engine.
lamp goes out a few seconds later. P. 13-9
• The system is faulty if the warning lamp
stays on for longer than a few seconds
or it goes off but comes on again. WARNING
• The system is normal if the warning
Driving with an overheated engine
lamp goes off in a few seconds after the
can damage the engine or even cause
starter key is turned to “ON”. The sys-
a fire.
tem is also normal if the warning lamp
does not go off a few seconds but then
goes off as soon as the vehicle is
started. CAUTION
3. If the system is found to be faulty, have
the system repaired by an authorized Be sure to stop the engine only after let-
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer ting it run at a speed slightly above the
as soon as possible. idling RPM until the coolant cools down.
Turning off the engine immediately after
NOTE: stopping will cause the coolant tempera-
Even with the ABS faulty and the warning ture to rise quickly and may cause the
lamp remaining lit, the normal brake system engine to seize up.
is still functioning satisfactorily. Only the
ABS function is lost. Drive with great care
on slippery surfaces with the vehicle in this
condition.

7 Engine overheating warning lamp

Z10486

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


7-1

7. Starting and driving

Precautions when setting the vehicle in motion ................................................................. 7-2


Precautions for driving ....................................................................................................... 7-2
Tips for improving fuel economy ........................................................................................ 7-4
Braking ............................................................................................................................... 7-4
On uphill and downhill roads .............................................................................................. 7-5
On rough roads and in bad weather .................................................................................. 7-6
Parking ............................................................................................................................... 7-7
Loading cargo .................................................................................................................... 7-8

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


7-2 Starting and driving

Precautions when setting the WARNING


vehicle in motion • Never place the starter switch in
any position other than the “ON”
• Check the immediate area around the position while operating the vehi-
vehicle, using mirrors as necessary: cle.
there should be no persons or obstacles If you turn the starter switch to the
under, in front of, on either side of, or “ACC” position, the engine will
behind the vehicle. stop. This is dangerous.
If you wish to reverse but cannot confirm If the engine stops during driving:
safety behind the vehicle using the mir- • The braking force reduces
rors, get out of the vehicle and perform extremely.
the check. • The power steering system
• Check that none of the red warning becomes inoperative, rendering
lamps are lit and no warnings are indi- steering dangerously sluggish.
cated on the multi-information display. • The fuel injection system could
• Fully release the parking brake. suffer a failure.
• Always set the vehicle in motion slowly. • The electrical circuits of the
Sudden starts and partially pressing the warning lamps, meters, etc.
clutch pedal can damage the clutch. become inoperative, causing
electric components to malfunc-
tion.
• Never use a slope to move the
vehicle with the engine stopped.
Precautions for driving This practice is very dangerous
and could lead to an accident
because when the engine is
Observe the following precautions while stopped, the steering wheel
driving. Should you notice anything unusual becomes difficult to operate and
about the vehicle, immediately stop the the brakes become much less
vehicle and inspect the relevant sections to effective.
find the cause of the trouble. If you are • Removing the starter key causes
unable to identify the cause of the trouble or the steering wheel to lock, making
unable to do the repairs yourself, call your it impossible to steer the vehicle.
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO dis-
tributor or dealer.
• Should the engine stall while the vehicle
• Do not stop the engine while the vehicle is in motion, do not panic. Simply
is moving. depress the brake pedal to slow the
vehicle, and pull off the road as soon as
it is safe to do so.
• If a red warning lamp comes on, a warn-
ing is indicated on the multi-information
display, the buzzer sounds, or the vehi-
cle behaves abnormally, stop the vehicle
in the nearest safe place and investigate
the cause. P. 6-15, 6-22
If you cannot identify the cause or can-
not rectify the problem, contact an
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distribu-
tor or dealer.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


7-3
• Avoid making sharp turns and braking brake sharply. Braking sharply would be
hard except in emergencies. Doing so dangerous because the steering wheel
during high-speed driving could cause would be pulled to one side with great
the vehicle to tip over. force.
• If you notice a strange noise, vibration, • Do not drive your vehicle if a tire has
or smell, or if steering or braking feels been punctured. Failure to observe this
unusual, pull the vehicle off the road as precaution will expose the wheel bolts to
soon as it is safe to do so and check for excessive force, and this in turn could
the source of the trouble. If you cannot lead to bolt or wheel damage.
determine the cause of the problem and/ • When driving at high speeds in the rain,
or cannot rectify it, contact the nearest the tires sometimes ride on a film of
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distribu- water and lose contact with the road sur-
tor or dealer. face. This is known as “hydroplaning”. If
• When driving on narrow streets or when this should happen, you will lose control
making a turn, keep in mind that the of both steering and braking. Therefore,
tracking of the front and rear inner be sure to maintain moderate speeds on
wheels is different, and also make sure rainy days.
of rearward safety using the rearview Hydroplaning can easily occur if tire
mirrors. tread is worn to the point where the
• Remember that the mirrors protrude tread pattern is very shallow.
from the vehicle body. Be careful not to • Do not use a mobile telephone while
hit pedestrians and obstructions with the driving. If you wish to use a mobile tele-
mirrors when driving on narrow roads. phone, first stop the vehicle in a safe
Looking at the mirrors while driving place. Using a mobile telephone while
causes your line of vision to move signif- driving could distract your attention from
icantly. Be sure to keep paying attention the vehicle and from the road ahead,
to safety ahead of the vehicle. resulting in an accident.
• Do not keep the steering wheel turned • Operate the radio and other items of
fully to either side for more than 10 sec- equipment in the cab when the vehicle is
onds. Doing so could cause the power stationary. It is dangerous to operate
steering system to malfunction. such items of equipment or use a car-
• Do not try to forcefully turn the steering phone (other than a hands-free type)
wheel when the front wheels are stuck while driving.
against a curbstone or other object. • Do not allow a child to touch the driver’s
Doing so could cause the steering gear- controls and other equipment. A child’s
box to fail. interference could cause a fault or acci-
• Continuous high-speed driving burdens dent.
the engine and other vehicle parts. Allow • Do not operate the vehicle with the
yourself enough time that you do not clutch disengaged or the gearshift lever
need to push the vehicle too hard. in neutral.
• Perform your pre-operation checks with Doing so will render the engine braking
particular care when you expect to drive and exhaust brake features ineffective,
at high speeds. forcing you to rely only on the service
When continuously driving at high brakes and overusing them in the pro-
speeds, your sense of speed may cess.
become dull. Pay constant attention to • Do not slip the clutch. Clutch-slipping
your speed, and maintain an adequate occurs when you partially depress the
distance from the preceding vehicle. clutch pedal while the vehicle is in
• If a tire bursts or gets punctured while motion.
you are driving, do not panic. Keep a This will shorten the service life of the
firm grip on the steering wheel and grad- clutch.
ually reduce your speed. Stop the vehi-
cle in the nearest FUSOsafe place. Do not
ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
7-4 Starting and driving

Tips for improving fuel econ-


omy Braking

Observe the following precautions to


achieve maximum fuel economy and to WARNING
extend tire life.
• When warning lamps , light
• A time of 1 to 2 minutes will be sufficient up, immediately stop the vehicle
for warming up the engine.
and perform necessary checks.
• Avoid racing the engine as doing so not
P. 6-22
only wastes fuel but also harms the
• Avoid sudden braking except in
engine.
emergency. Sudden application of
• Avoid sudden starts, sudden accelera-
the brakes generates a large
tion, and sudden braking.
shock, which could cause an acci-
• It is recommended that when the vehicle dent. Sudden braking will wear
is unladen, 2nd gear should be used to
down tires and could cause mal-
pull away on level surfaces.
functions in other sections of the
• When accelerating, do not wind the vehicle.
engine out before changing gears;
• Avoid overusing the service brakes
instead, change gears before engine
as the resultant overheating could
speed reaches a high RPM. Fuel con-
cause undesirable fading, which
sumption can be minimized by keeping
contribute to poor braking.
the tachometer needle in the 1,000 to
• Do not use the exhaust brake on a
2,000 rpm range.
wet, frozen, snow-covered, or oth-
• Always shut off the engine when the
erwise slippery road surface when
vehicle is in a stop. Never park the vehi-
the vehicle is lightly loaded or not
cle or leave it with the engine running,
loaded. Using the exhaust brake
even for a short time.
under such conditions could cause
• Try to drive at moderate and constant
the tires to slip on the road surface,
speeds. Unnecessary acceleration and
resulting in a skid. The tires are
deceleration causes fuel waste.
particularly liable to slip when the
• Do not keep the exhaust brake switch in
vehicle is traveling downhill.
the activation position at all times. Doing
• Reduce speed sufficiently before
so repeatedly decelerates and acceler-
negotiating a curve. When negoti-
ates the vehicle speed due to frequent
ating a curve with the exhaust
operation of the exhaust brake, which
brake applied, if the tires slip due
reduces fuel economy. Move the
to the slippery road surface or a
exhaust brake switch between the acti-
step in the road, the ABS (Vehicles
vation and non-activation positions as
with ABS) may function, causing
necessary for road and traffic condi-
the exhaust brake to be temporarily
tions.
released, which may result in a
• Always keep the air pressure in tires serious accident.
correctly adjusted. Periodically rotate
• Except in an emergency, never
the tires.
apply the parking brake while the
• Use tires and disc wheels of the speci- vehicle is moving since the vehicle
fied size only.
could spin and/or overturn.
• Try to load cargo in a way that mini-
• If the brake is faulty or if brake oil
mizes wind resistance. P. 7-8
is leaking, do not continue to drive
• Be sure to perform the pre-operational the vehicle. Since braking is slug-
checks and periodic inspections.
gish, continuing to drive could lead
to a serious accident.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
7-5
1. Use engine braking and exhaust brake
to decelerate sufficiently before applying WARNING
the brakes. • Never coast with the clutch disen-
2. Depressing the brake pedal in two or gaged or the gearshift lever in the
three stages contributes to stable brak- neutral position. There would be no
ing. engine braking and no exhaust
Remember that the braking distance braking, so there would be an
varies with vehicle speed, load weight, excessive burden on the service
and road conditions. brakes.
• Avoid overusing the service brakes
NOTE: as the resultant overheating could
Engine braking is a braking effect realized cause undesirable vapor lock and
when the accelerator pedal is released dur- fading, both of which contribute to
ing vehicle operation. The lower the trans- poor braking.
mission gear, the more powerful the engine
braking.
NOTE:
• “Vapor lock” refers to the condition in
which the brake system overheats,
On uphill and downhill roads causing the brake fluid to boil and form
bubbles that weaken hydraulic pressure,
resulting in poor braking.
• “Fading” refers to the condition in which
1 Uphill roads the brake pads overheat to the point
Perform downshifting early when the speed where friction with the disc rotor is signif-
begins to drop to minimize the load on the icantly reduced. This also results in poor
engine. braking.
NOTE:
The vehicle may move backward when
starting on an uphill road. Using also the
WARNING
parking brake will help to start successfully Except in an emergency, never apply
in this case. the parking brake while the vehicle is
moving since the vehicle could spin
2 Downhill roads and/or overturn.

• If you are going to drive down a steep


road or a road with a long downhill • First, decelerate the engine sufficiently
grade, test the service brakes and before downshifting.
exhaust brake in advance to make sure
that they are functioning well.
• Place the vehicle in the gear used when
CAUTION
driving uphill and use engine braking
Do not let the engine overrev on down-
and exhaust brake to help slow the vehi-
hill roads as this could generate exces-
cle. Never drive downhill at high speeds.
sive stress in various parts of the engine
and damage it. Control the vehicle speed
so that the needle of the tachometer
does not enter the red zone.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


7-6 Starting and driving

NOTE: • Do not drive on flooded roads. If you


“Overrev” refers to an operating state of the drive on a flooded road and water gets
engine in which it rotates at an RPM higher into the vehicle, immediately have the
than the recommended maximum RPM. vehicle inspected by an authorized
Overrevving the engine could lead to MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.
engine failure. Water in the vehicle can cause a num-
ber of problems:
• If water gets into the engine, it can
cause engine damage.
On rough roads and in bad • If water gets into the high-current
weather fuse box, it can cause a short circuit,
resulting in a fire.
• If water gets into the wheel bearings,
• Use a low gear and try to drive at a con- kingpins, or tie-rod ends, it can
stant speed when driving on gravel cause rust, resulting in problems
roads or muddy roads. such as bearing seizure.
• Do not race the engine when attempting • If water gets into the muffler, the cat-
to move out of mud. Racing the engine alyst, ceramic filter and sensors
is useless and even worsens the condi- could be damaged.
tion as the spinning wheels will make • In fog, drive carefully at low speeds,
ruts deeper. Instead, place thick cloth, paying attention to the center line and
gravel or the like under tires, and select the vehicle ahead of you.
the 1st or reverse gear alternately to • When driving in snow or on frozen
move the vehicle back and forth until roads, use tire chains, snow tires or win-
you can drive out. ter-use tires and drive at a moderate
• Drive very slowly on bumpy roads and speed. Avoid sudden braking and sharp
take care not to allow the undercarriage turns.
to bottom out.
If the muffler strikes a rock or other
obstacle, its catalyst or other internal
elements may be damaged. Have it
checked by an authorized MITSUBISHI
FUSO distributor or dealer.
• Avoid sudden steering and sudden brak-
ing on roads that are slippery from rain.
Conditions are especially dangerous
just after it begins to rain. Use engine
braking and the exhaust brake together
with the wheel brakes to decelerate.
Note, however, that sudden engine
braking can cause a skid. Drive at a
speed at which you can stay comfortably
in control of the vehicle.
• When the vehicle is driven through pud-
dles or washed with water, braking per-
formance can be reduced by water
adhering on the working areas of the
brake discs. In this event, drive slowly
with light pressure on the brake pedal to
dry out the brakes. Pay attention to
nearby vehicles while doing so.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


7-7

Parking WARNING
• The body as well as inside equip-
ment and controls of a vehicle
parked in sunshine for a long time
could become hot enough to burn
WARNING you. Do not touch hot parts directly
• Park the vehicle on the flattest with bare hands; use a cloth or
available surface. appropriate material in between.
Avoid parking on slopes. • Illumination of the warning
If it is unavoidable to park the vehi- lamp does not necessarily mean
cle on a slope, do the following: that the parking brake is suffi-
Firmly apply the parking brake ciently activated. Always pull the
while fully depressing the brake parking brake lever up all the way.
pedal. And chock the wheels. You • Always use the mirrors to confirm
can further improve safety by leav- safety before opening a door. Sud-
ing the steering wheel turned so denly opening a door is dangerous
the vehicle will roll toward an because the door may obstruct
obstacle (for example, a curbstone) cars, motorcycles, bicycles, and
in the unlikely event of movement. pedestrians coming from behind.
• The engine and exhaust pipe are
extremely hot immediately after the
vehicle has been driven. Do not 1. Stop the vehicle on the flattest available
park the vehicle in any place where surface.
there is dry grass, waste paper, or 2. Pull the parking brake lever all the way
other flammable material. while fully depressing the brake pedal.
• Always stop the engine before 3. Place the gearshift lever in the neutral
sleeping in the cabin. You could position.
otherwise cause an accident by 4. After allowing the engine to idle for three
unintentionally moving the acceler- minutes, stop it.
ator pedal or shift lever while 5. To help prevent theft and needless con-
sleeping. Also, you could suffer sumption of electricity from the battery,
carbon-monoxide poisoning from be sure to remove the starter key and
exhaust gases if the vehicle is lock the doors.
parked in a closed space.
• Never leave lighters, cans of car-
bonated drink, and spectacles in CAUTION
the cabin when parking the vehicle
in hot sunshine. The cabin will • Before stopping the engine, allow it
become extremely hot, so lighters to idle so the coolant temperature
and other flammable items may comes down. Engine parts are partic-
catch fire and unopened drink cans ularly hot immediately after the vehi-
(including beer cans) may rupture. cle has been driven uphill or on an
The heat may also affect plastic expressway. Let the engine idle for at
spectacle lenses and other specta- least three minutes. P. 5-8
cle parts that are made of plastic. • Leaving the vehicle to stand a long
For example, the coating on the time with the starter switch in the
lenses may crack and the lenses “ON” or “ACC” position could result
themselves may become in a dead battery.
deformed. • Be sure to turn off all lights after
parking to prevent drainage of the
battery.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
7-8 Starting and driving

6. If parking on a slope is unavoidable,


block the wheels securely with chocks CAUTION
and take any other necessary measures
to prevent the vehicle from moving. When spreading the tarpaulin, take care
not to let it cover or be drawn into the
engine air intake duct, as this will reduce
engine output and could cause an
engine failure.
Loading cargo
• Place the cargo evenly on deck.
1 Avoid overloading the vehicle.
Overloading the vehicle causes braking per-
formance to deteriorate and can thus cause
an accident. Also, overloading the vehicle
places excessive stress on vehicle parts,
shortening their service lives.
Some local regulations specify the maxi-
mum gross vehicle weight (GVW). You
should strictly observe these regulations.

2 How to load cargo


Improperly loaded cargo is unstable and
may cause uneven weight distribution. If the
weight is concentrated in one place, it may
damage the cargo deck and frame or burst
a tire.

WARNING
• When roping up cargo or covering Z24707
it with a tarpaulin, make sure that
neither the rope nor the end of the • Avoid being piled high with cargo. If
tarpaulin hang down between the cargo is piled high, the vehicle is at risk
cab and the cargo deck as a of rolling over upon being hit with a side
loosely hanging rope or tarpaulin wind or making a turn.
could catch fire from the engine
heat. • If you place supports under the cargo,
• The cargo should be prevented position them at equal intervals.
from moving and also securely • Avoid allowing long objects to project
fixed with wire, etc. so that it will over the rear edge of the cargo deck.
not slide during driving. Use suitable supports when loading long
• Do not place wooden boards or objects. Do not support them only with
other items between the cargo bed the gate and the rear edge of the cargo
and frame. The heat from the deck.
exhaust pipe could set fire to them.
• To prevent cargo from falling, strap it
down securely and cover it with a tar-
paulin. Secure the tarpaulin ends neatly
so they do not flap.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


8-1

8. Handling special equipment

Transmission PTO ............................................................................................................. 8-2


4WD system – FG models ................................................................................................. 8-3
Limited slip differential ....................................................................................................... 8-7
Antilock braking system (ABS) ........................................................................................... 8-9

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


8-2 Handling special equipment

1.1 Engaging the PTO


Transmission PTO 1. Make sure the parking brake is applied.

<Vehicles with Transmission PTO>

CAUTION
• Engage the PTO while the engine is
idling.
• Before operating the PTO, be sure to
apply the parking brake.
Making sure the parking brake is Z22173
applied is particularly important
when you control the engine from 2. Make sure the gearshift lever is in the
outside the vehicle while using the neutral position.
PTO. 3. Hold down the clutch pedal and start
• Disengage the PTO before driving the the engine. When the engine has
vehicle. Driving the vehicle with the warmed up, keep it idling.
PTO engaged could cause the body- 4. Hold the clutch pedal down fully and
mounted equipment to operate, push the PTO switch to turn it on.
resulting in an accident. It could also
cause the body-mounted equipment ON
to break down.

NOTE:
The transmission power take-off (PTO) is a
device that enables power to be taken from
the transmission and used to drive a
hydraulic pump or other equipment.

1 Controls and indicators Z22174

5. Check that the indicator on the multi-


information display has come on, then
slowly release the clutch pedal to
engage the PTO.

Z24087

PTO switch
The PTO switch is used to engage and dis-
engage the PTO.
Multi-information display indicator
The indicator is on when the PTO switch
is used to engage the PTO.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
8-3
1.2 Disengaging the PTO • Use tires that do not differ from each
other in terms of the extent of wear.
1. Hold the clutch pedal down fully and • Regularly check the tire inflation
push the PTO switch to turn it off. pressures and keep them
adjusted to the specified values.
• When tire replacement is neces-
sary, replace all of the tires at the
same time.
OFF
• Use genuine wheels. Do not
change the wheel size.
• To ensure that the tires wear evenly,
rotate the tires as necessary.
• For towing of the vehicle, raise all
wheels by a special towing vehicle, or
raise the front wheels off the ground
Z22175 and disconnect the propeller shaft at
the end closer to the rear wheels.
2. Check that the indicator on the multi- • The 4WD mode is not recommended
information display goes off. for driving on dry paved roads as the
tires may wear down prematurely, the
running noise may increase, and more
fuel may be consumed. Malfunction of
the drive train components may also
4WD system – FG models result. Be sure to drive in the 2WD
mode on dry paved roads.

Select the 2WD (rear-wheel-drive) mode or 1 Control and indicator lamps


4WD (all-wheel-drive) mode as necessary for
the condition of the road surface. The 4WD LOW

mode can be used for extra traction on rough


road surfaces and on snow-covered road sur-
faces (in mountainous regions, for example). HIGH

CAUTION
• Your 4WD vehicle is intended to be
driven on roads. Do not always drive Z24897
it on rough surfaces. Always driving
it on rough surfaces could damage it.
• With a 4WD vehicle, power is applied
to both the front wheels and rear
wheels; if incorrect tires are fitted,
they can prevent the vehicle from per-
forming to its full potential and can
even cause an accident. Incorrect
tires can also adversely affect pow-
ertrain components. Please observe
the following tire-related cautions:
• Make sure all of the tires are the
specified size and are identical in Z19059
terms of manufacturer, brand, and
tread pattern. Be particularly care- Front drive switch
ful when fitting snow tires or other HIGH-LOW selector switch
winter-use tires. 4WD indicator lamp
Free-wheeling hub
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
8-4 Handling special equipment

1.1 Front drive switch


Mode- 4WD
The front drive switch is used to select range indi-
HIGH-LOW
Driving condi-
either the two-wheel drive (2WD) mode that combi- cator selector tions
switch lamp
uses only the two rear wheels as driving nation lamp
wheels or the four-wheel drive (4WD) mode
in which the engine power is transmitted to
2WD Off
LOW

all four wheels. Turn this switch “ON” to High –


Normal road
select the 4WD mode; turn it “OFF” to select range HIGH
driving
the 2WD mode.

Driving on
snow-covered,
frozen, or sandy
Off
LOW

4WD roads or other


High difficult roads
range HIGH
where running
in the two-wheel
drive mode is
inappropriate.
Driving on steep
Z21362 uphill or muddy
Light roads or other
LOW

4WD
Low roads where
1.2 HIGH-LOW selector switch range HIGH
exceptionally
The switch selects the gear position of good traction is
required.
transfer, "HIGH" (high-speed) or "LOW"
(low-speed) when the front drive switch is
turned on (4WD). 2.1 How to switch 2WD mode or 4WD
When you select the gear position, the mode
switch must be pushed and held until the • Switching to 4WD High range from
gear position is fully switched. 2WD High range
1.3 4WD indicator lamp
The indicator lamp lights up when the 4WD
mode is selected.

1.4 Free-wheeling hub


Even when the 4WD vehicle is running in
the two-wheel drive mode with the engine
power transmitted only to the rear wheels,
the front wheels are always connected to
the power train (differential, propeller shaft Z21362
and transfer). The free-wheeling hub is a
device to release the wheels from the power 1. Move the free-wheeling hub (both front
train to allow them to rotate freely, thus sav- wheels) to "LOCK" position. P. 8-5
ing energy and improving power economy. 2. Press the front drive switch to turn it on.
3. Check if the indicator lamp comes on.
2 How to select drive mode
You can select any desired drive mode and • Switching to 2WD High range from
transfer gear range combination from 4WD High range
among those shown in the following table. 1. Press the front drive switch to turn it off.
Select the most suitable combination 2. Check if the indicator lamp turns off.
according to the driving conditions. 3. Move the free-wheeling hub (both front
wheels) to "FREE" position. P. 8-5
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
8-5
NOTE: 1. Park the vehicle and depress the clutch
• You do not have to depress the clutch pedal .
pedal. 2. Push and hold the "HIGH" side of HIGH-
• Switching operation can be done also LOW selector switch. The lamp of the
while driving or while stopped. switch will turns off. Push and hold the
• When a gear is not switched, depress switch until it passes more than two sec-
lightly an accelerator pedal after return- onds after a lamp turned off.
ing it. 3. The operation of the clutch pedal and
• The gear can not switch to 2WD mode the switch is completed.
from 4WD low range. Switches to 4WD
high range position before switches to NOTE:
2WD mode. You can not select Low range when the
vehicle is on 2WD mode. Select the High
2.2 How to switch High range or Low range. You can only select Low range or
range High range when the vehicle is on 4WD
• Switching to 4WD Low range from mode.
4WD High range

CAUTION
• Never operate the HIGH-LOW selec-
LOW
2 tor switch while driving. If the switch
is operated during driving, range is
Push and Hold not switched. Be sure to park the
HIGH
vehicle and depress the clutch pedal
before it is switched.
• Push and hold the HIGH-LOW selec-
Z24901 tor switch until it passes more than
two seconds after a lamp comes on
1. Park the vehicle and depress the clutch or turned off. If time pushing the
pedal . switch is short, the gear would not
2. Push and hold the "LOW" side of HIGH- engage so the vehicle can not drive.
LOW selector switch. The lamp of the If such a thing occurred, try to switch
switch will comes on. Push and hold the the range again.
switch until it passes more than two sec- • Never switch in the middle of the
onds after a lamp comes on. slope.
3. The operation of the clutch pedal and
the switch is completed. 2.3 How to switch the free-wheeling
hub
• Switching to 4WD High range from • For propulsion of the vehicle in the 2WD
4WD Low range mode, set each free-wheeling hub to the
“FREE” position .

LOW
2

HIGH

Push and Hold

Z24940
Z21364
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
8-6 Handling special equipment

• For propulsion of the vehicle in the 4WD • When turning a sharp corner on a dry
mode, set each free-wheeling hub to the pavement at a low speed in the 4WD
“LOCK” position . mode, a condition resembling one that
would occur during braking can develop.
This condition called “sharp corner brak-
WARNING ing” is caused by the fact that the four
tires are moving along circles of different
• Set both of free-wheeling hubs to radiuses and is a phenomenon limited to
the "FREE" position or "LOCK" 4WD vehicles. It does not imply that any
position while driving. abnormal condition exists. If you experi-
If you drive with one free-wheeling ence this condition, either straighten
hub in the "FREE" position and the steering wheel or switch to the 2WD
other in the "LOCK" position, the mode.
free-wheeling hub may fail and can
also adversely affect driving and 3.2 Driving on snow-covered or frozen
may cause an accident. roads
• Do not touch the free-wheeling hub Select the 4WD mode according to the
just after stopping the vehicle. The snow or road surface condition. Start out
free-wheeling hub is very hot then slowly. The use of tire chains or snow tires
and could burn you. is recommended.
P. 11-3

CAUTION CAUTION
When the 4WD mode is selected, ensure On the FG models, install tire chains on
that the free-wheeling hubs on both front both the front and rear wheels when
wheels are set in the “LOCK” positions. driving in the 4WD mode. When driving
Should either or both of them be in the in the 2WD mode, chains may be
“FREE” position, four-wheel driving is removed from the front wheels.
not possible.
3.3 Driving on sandy or muddy ground
3 Advice on use of the 4WD mode • Select the 4WD mode if you find it
appropriate to do so after checking sand
or mud conditions. Start out slowly. Drive
at low speeds, keeping the speed as
WARNING constant as possible.
When you select the 4WD mode to • Avoid quick acceleration, sudden brak-
drive on off-road terrain (sandy or ing and sharp turn as they can cause
muddy ground) or snow-laden or fro- the vehicle to become stuck in the sand
zen roads, take sufficient care to or mud, making it impossible to free the
avoid inappropriate operation. vehicle by yourself.
• Tire chains are effective when driving
through deep mud.
3.1 Precautions to be taken when • Muddy conditions are generally difficult
selecting the 4WD mode to judge and there is danger of becom-
• In the 4WD mode, you may feel the ing stuck in deep mud. To prevent this,
steering wheel move differently from the drive as slowly as possible and, if nec-
way it does in the 2WD mode. Operate essary, get out of the vehicle and check
the steering wheel carefully until you get the conditions.
the complete feel of 4WD operation.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


8-7
3.4 Climbing steep hills • After crossing, check the electric system
Select the 4WD mode to make full use of for any problems that the water may
engine torque. Choose the path that has the have caused. Also observe the recom-
least stones, sand and bumps. At both the mendations in the following sub-para-
start and end of a climb, moderate slopes graph describing precautions to be
are preferable. taken when selecting the 4WD mode.

3.5 Descending steep hills 3.7 If you have driven in water by


• Select the 4WD mode and descend necessity
slowly using engine braking so that the • If you have driven in water by necessity,
wheels do not slip. promptly have the vehicle inspected by
• Quick braking can slip the wheels and an authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO dis-
result in a loss of vehicle control. Check tributor or dealer.
road conditions before descending. • Immediately check engine, transmis-
• Avoid gear shifting when descending a sion, transfer and differential oil. If the oil
hill. Select the best gear in advance, and looks milky, it is contaminated with
maintain the gear until the end of the water. Be sure to replace it.
descent. P. 7-6
• If water has entered the cab, dry the car-
3.6 Crossing a river pet, etc. Leaving them wet can cause
rusting.
CAUTION
3.8 After off-road driving, be sure to
• Do not drive in water. Driving in water check the following points:
can cause the following problems: • Check for damage caused by stones,
• Water can get into the front and etc.
rear axles. • Check the brakes. If the brakes function
• Water can get into the high-cur- poorly, have them checked by your
rent fuses, resulting in a short cir- nearest authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO
cuit that causes a fire. distributor or dealer.
• Never shift gears while crossing a • Grease the propeller shaft and also the
river. front and rear suspension springs.
P. 12-16
Although 4WD has many advantageous
features, it is not designed for driving in
water. If it is absolutely necessary to drive in
water, select the 4WD mode and drive as
described below to get out of water in the Limited slip differential
shortest possible time.
After driving in water, promptly have the
vehicle inspected by an authorized MITSU- <Vehicles with limited slip differential>
BISHI FUSO distributor or dealer. The limited slip differential performs a spe-
• Choose a path where water is shallow- cial function in addition to the ordinary dif-
est and drive slowly to avoid making ferential function that is needed when the
waves. vehicle is in a turn. When one wheel begins
• After crossing, check the brakes. If the to spin on a slippery surface, the limited slip
brakes do not operate effectively, drive differential provides most of the driving
slowly and lightly depress the brake force to the wheel that is not spinning, thus
pedal to dry the brakes while remaining automatically stopping the spinning and
aware of any vehicles in front of or providing traction to the vehicle.
behind you.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


8-8 Handling special equipment

This function is effective when driving on NOTE:


bumpy or snow laden roads, and useful A vehicle with limited slip differential can be
when moving the vehicle out of mud. identified by precautionary stickers near
its driver’s seat and on the rear axle hous-
ing.
WARNING
When you raise the vehicle on one
side for replacing a tire or any other
purpose, never rotate the raised
wheel. Doing so is dangerous as
power is transmitted to the wheel that
is on the ground and the vehicle
could move.

Z09031

Z22183
CAUTION
Use only the special oil destined for lim- The limited slip differential actions take
ited slip differentials if your vehicle is place automatically, but it is recommended
equipped with a multiple-disc clutch you pay attention to the following points:
type limited slip differential. • On slippery road surfaces, excessively
pressing the accelerator pedal during a
turn may cause the vehicle to skid and
lose balance. Keep this in mind for your
safety.
• Using tires different in pressure or out-
side diameter between the right and left
wheels may result in pulling the vehicle
to one side during acceleration or
uneven wear of tires. Check the tires
regularly to make sure the right and left
ones are inflated to the same pressure
and not different in outside diameter.
• Distribute the load weight evenly. If the
load is heavier at the rear, the vehicle’s
tendency to move in a straight line will
slightly increase.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


8-9
1 Driving tips
Antilock braking system (ABS) NOTE:
• If the ABS is malfunctioning and the ABS
warning lamp stays on, no ABS functions
If a vehicle is driven on a slippery road or it are available. Even if this condition hap-
is running with no or only light load, the pens, the brakes work normally. If the
wheels can lock and then skid when the warning lamp stays on, have the vehicle
brake pedal is strongly depressed. The ABS repaired by an authorized MITSUBISHI
is a computer-controlled system that deters FUSO distributor or dealer as soon as
the wheels from locking by controlling the possible.
braking force on each wheel. • EBD stands for “Electronic Brake force
Distribution”.
• To be able to take prompt actions in any
situation involving ABS operation, you
should know its operational characteris-
tics, which are as follows:
• On an ordinary road surface, the
ABS may work even when you do
not apply heavy braking.
The ABS may work only on the rear
wheels at the time of relatively
Z16072 strong braking on a dry road surface
if the vehicle is not laden or carrying
The ABS is combined with EBD, which a light load. This does not indicate
appropriately distributes the braking force an abnormal condition. If the brake
according to the weight on each axle and pedal is further depressed after ABS
can delay operation of the ABS to the point works on the rear wheels, the brak-
beyond which all wheels will lock. ing force on the front wheels
increases, thus shortening the stop-
ping distance.
• The ABS works even while the
WARNING wheels are not locking. The system
• Even the ABS cannot remove limi- performs the necessary control by
tations on the vehicle’s running sensing the vehicle speed and the
and braking performance. It is your degree of acceleration, in order to
responsibility to judge road and prevent complete lockup of the
other conditions properly and drive wheels.
safely on slippery surfaces. • While the ABS is in operation, it is
• The ABS does not always shorten not necessary to pump the brake
the braking distance. Do not pedal (depressing the pedal two or
depend too much on the system, three times), as the system automat-
but keep safe following distances. ically adjusts the braking forces. If
you pump the brake pedal, the brak-
ing distance will increase as the
pedal must be released during
CAUTION pumping.
If you intend to install radio equipment,
please contact an authorized MITSUBI-
SHI FUSO distributor or dealer before-
hand.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


8-10 Handling special equipment

1.1 Brake pedal operation 1.3 Steering wheel operation


Hold the brake pedal depressed as neces- In the case of hard braking, you may feel
sary even when the ABS is in operation. the vehicle pulling slightly to the right or left.
If this occurs when the wheels on one side
are on ice or another slippery surface and
the wheels on the other side are not, you
may have to correct the direction with the
steering wheel.

1.4 Illumination of ABS warning lamp


If the ABS warning lamp comes on while
driving, the system is faulty. Although the
ABS function is not available under this con-
dition, the brake system operates normally.
P. 6-25

Z14700

When the ABS is working, you may feel


very slight or slow vibration through the
brake pedal, but this does not indicate an
abnormal condition. Continue depressing
the brake pedal.
You may also feel slight vibration of the
vehicle body or hear the sound of a motor
running. These conditions are caused by
normal operation of the system, and are not
a fault.

1.2 Braking distance


The braking distance varies with the road
surface condition. On a gravel road or a
road covered with deep, fresh snow, the
braking distance may be longer with ABS-
equipped vehicles than with vehicles with-
out ABS.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


9-1

9. Ventilation, Heating and air conditioning

Air outlets ........................................................................................................................... 9-2


Heater ................................................................................................................................ 9-2

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


9-2 Ventilation, Heating and air conditioning

NOTE:
Avoid placing anything between the wind-
Air outlets shield and instrument panel, as it will block
the necessary airflow toward the wind-
shield.

Heater

NOTE:
The heater uses the heat produced by the
Y00283 engine coolant. Warm air is, therefore, not
available until the coolant temperature
1 Adjusting the airflow direction becomes sufficiently high.

1 Control panel

Y00285

Mode selector dial


Fan speed dial
Temperature adjustment dial
Air selector switch

1.1 Fan speed dial


The fan speed dial allows you to turn off the
fan and select any of the four fan speeds as
desired.
Z21366

• Adjust the up/down direction of airflow


from each outlet as desired by moving
up or down the knob or fin .
• Adjust the left/right direction of airflow
from each outlet as desired by pressing
the right or left side of the outlet.
• Close each outlet by moving the knob or
fin fully downward. The outlet opens if
the knob or fin is moved upward.
Z21037

0: Turned
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO off
CALDERON
9-3
1: Breeze happens, switch to the outside air set-
2: Weak ting.
3: Medium
4: Strong NOTE:
• Select outside air when driving in normal
1.2 Temperature adjustment dial conditions.
Turn the dial in the direction of arrow to • Using the recirculation setting for a long
increase the air temperature and in the period when humidity is high makes the
direction of arrow to reduce it. windows prone to fogging.

1.4 Mode selector dial


Use the mode selector dial to select outlets
as desired.
• For airflow toward the upper body

Z22000

1.3 Air selector switch


Pressing the air selector switch allows you
to toggle the setting between recirculation
of inside air and introduction of outside air. Z24551
When recirculation is selected, the indicator
lamp in the switch comes on. Place the mode selector dial in the
position.

• For airflow toward the upper body


and toward the feet

Z22314

• Outside air
Use this setting when driving in normal
conditions.
Z24552
• Recirculation
Use this setting when the outside air is Place the mode selector dial in the
dirty. Using this setting when parking position.
enables you to prevent dust from enter-
ing the cab.

CAUTION
Using the recirculation setting for a long
time will cause air to become stale. If this
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
9-4 Ventilation, Heating and air conditioning

• For airflow toward the feet 2 Using the controls


2.1 To heat the cab
Place the mode selector dial in the
position or in the position.

Z24553

Place the mode selector dial in the


position.
Z22001

• For airflow toward the feet and 2.2 For cool airflow toward the head
toward the windshield and warm airflow toward the feet
Place the mode selector dial in the
position or in the position.

Z24554

Place the mode selector dial in the Z22002


position.
2.3 To defog the windshield
• For airflow toward the windshield Place the mode selector dial in the
position. If you wish to defog the windshield
quickly, use the fan speed dial to select the
maximum fan speed and use the tempera-
ture adjustment dial to select the maximum
temperature.

Z24555

Place the mode selector dial in the


position.

Z22003

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


9-5
2.4 To ventilate the cab
Press the air selector switch to select out-
side air, and place the mode selector dial in
the position.
When the mode switches to air recirculation,
the indicator lamp in the switch goes out.

Z22004

3 Cleaning the air filter


Clean the air filter every 6 months.
A dust clogged air filter may cause malfunc-
tion of the blower motor. P. 12-74

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
10-1

10. Interior equipment and accessories

Cigarette lighter ................................................................................................................ 10-2


Ashtrays ........................................................................................................................... 10-3
Coat hooks ....................................................................................................................... 10-3
Sun visors ........................................................................................................................ 10-4
Interior lamp ..................................................................................................................... 10-4
Inside rearview mirror ...................................................................................................... 10-5
Small article compartments .............................................................................................. 10-6
Using the radio ................................................................................................................. 10-8

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


10-2 Interior equipment and accessories

Cigarette lighter WARNING


• Do not hold the cigarette lighter in
the pushed-in position as this can
The cigarette lighter can be used when the cause the lighter to overheat.
starter switch is in the “ON” or “ACC” posi- • Something is wrong with the
tion. lighter if it does not pop out within
Push the cigarette lighter all the way in. It approx. 30 seconds. If this should
will soon pop back to the original position happen, pull it out manually, as
with its core red hot. Pull out and use. leaving it in the socket could cause
a fire.
If the cigarette lighter stops work-
ing properly, stop using it and have
it fixed immediately by the nearest
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO dis-
tributor or dealer.
• Do not leave your vehicle with the
cigarette lighter pushed in. Doing
so could result in a fire.
• Do not allow a child to touch the
Z24094 cigarette lighter. The child could
get burned.
• Do not touch the metallic parts of
the cigarette lighter. You could get
burned.
• Never use a cigarette lighter from
another vehicle. Your vehicle’s cig-
arette lighter is designed for a 12 V
power supply. Do not use a 24 V
cigarette lighter.
• If the cigarette lighter becomes
deformed, you must replace it with
a MITSUBISHI FUSO genuine
replacement lighter. A deformed
lighter will not pop out properly
and could cause a fire.
• Do not use electrical devices
designed to be plugged into the
cigarette lighter socket, as this
could overload the circuitry and
overheat the wiring. This could
also damage the inside of the ciga-
rette lighter socket.
• If water gets into the cigarette
lighter socket, it could cause a
short circuit, resulting in a fire.
Have the cigarette lighter socket
cleaned by the nearest authorized
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
dealer.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


10-3
2 Rear ashtray in Crew-cab model
Ashtrays

Remove and empty the ashtrays when they


become full.

WARNING
• Be sure to put out cigarettes and
matchsticks before putting them in Z22191
the ashtrays. Close ashtrays com- • Pull the lid of the ashtray toward you
pletely. Leaving an ashtray open for use.
could cause a fire, as the heat from • When you wish to empty the ashtray,
cigarettes or matchsticks may push down the spring and pull the
ignite things in the ashtray. ashtray out toward you.
• Put only cigarette stubs and match- • To refit the ashtray, insert its bottom into
sticks in the ashtray. Empty the ash- the groove then hold down the spring
tray before it becomes completely and push the ashtray into place.
full, as too many stubs crammed
into the ashtray could catch fire.
• Do not throw cigarette ends out of
the windows, since this is environ-
mentally irresponsible and could Coat hooks
start a fire.
• When cleaning the ashtray, do not
strike it with a hard object, since it <Vehicles except Crew-cab models>
could break. If the ashtray breaks, Use the coat hooks if you wish to hang up
stop using it and replace it with a clothing or similar items.
new one. Using a broken ashtray
could cause a fire.

1 Driver’s door ashtray and assis-


tant driver’s door ashtray
• Raise the lid to use the ashtray.

Z08840

Z21384

• When you wish to empty the ashtray,


hold the lid and pull the entire ashtray
upward to remove it.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
10-4 Interior equipment and accessories

1 Interior lamp
Sun visors

The sun visor screens your eyes from sun-


light. Change its angle as needed. Unhook
the inside edge of the sun visor and swing it
sideways to reduce glare from the side.
There is a ticket holder on the back of the
driver’s sun visor.
Z21387

• “ON” position
The lamp is illuminated regardless of the
door positions.
• “x”position
The lamp comes on when a door is
opened and goes off when the door is
closed.
If the engine is stopped, the lamp will
Z21386 gradually dim and go out 10 seconds
after closing the door.
• “OFF” position
The lamp is off regardless of the door
positions.
Interior lamp
2 Rear interior lamp – Crew-cab
models
The interior lamp(s) can be used with the
starter switch in any position.

WARNING
Do not leave the interior lamp lits
while driving. Otherwise, the light
reflected by interior surfaces will form
images on the windshield which will
disturb your forward vision, increas-
ing the risk of an accident. Z11389

• “ON” position
The lamp is illuminated regardless of the
door positions.
CAUTION • “x”position
The lamp comes on when a door is
Leaving an interior lamp illuminated for a opened and goes off when the door is
long time with the engine not running closed.
can drain the battery to such an extent If the engine is stopped, the lamp will
that the engine cannot be started. gradually dim and go out 10 seconds
after closing the door.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


10-5
• “OFF” position
The lamp is off regardless of the door
positions.

Inside rearview mirror

Adjust the mirror to the position where the


best rear view can be obtained.

Z22192

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


10-6 Interior equipment and accessories

Small article compartments

Z26185

Door pocket
WARNING Seatback pocket
Do not use the tray to hold items that
are prone to rolling while the vehicle NOTE:
is moving. Such items could create a Avoid putting bulky items in the seatback
hazard by impeding driving. pocket or pulling hard on the pocket. Doing
so could break the seat covering.

Center tray
CAUTION <Vehicles with center tray>
Do not splash water on the tray , and
do not put wet objects in them.
Fuses, relays, and other electrical com-
ponents are stored underneath the tray.
If these components are exposed to
water, your vehicle’s electrical system
could be damaged.

Vertical compartment
Z21391
Hook
<Vehicles with hook>
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
10-7
Center console box Seatback tray
<Vehicles with center console box> <Vehicles with seatback tray>
When folded, the center seatback can
Back panel console box be used as a tray.
<Vehicles with back panel console box>

Cup holder
Pull out the cup holders to use them.

Z22225

The center seatback tray is provided


with a clip, which enables you to use it
Z21737 as a clipboard.

Keep them pushed in when they are not Lower pocket


being used.
NOTE:
If you accidentally drop something like a
pen into the lower pocket, take it out
WARNING through one of the holes that open at
The contents in a cup or can held in both sides of the pocket’s inside bottom
the cup holder may spill during move- using a long, thin rod or similar object.
ment of the vehicle. Beware of scald-
ing if they contain hot beverages.

CAUTION
• Take care not to spill drinks when
using the cup holder. Immediately
wipe up any drinks that are spilled.
• Do not spill any water or drink over Z24096
the switches and electrical equip-
ment around the driver’s seat, as wet Tray
electrical devices could malfunction
and even cause a fire. If you spill a Box with lid (2DIN)
drink or water over electrical devices,
have your vehicle inspected by your Pocket
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
FUSO distributor or dealer.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


10-8 Interior equipment and accessories

Using the radio

Extend the antenna before using the radio


(commercially available).
Retract the antenna when it is likely to
cause an obstruction; for example, when
tilting the cab.

Z16143

CAUTION
Using the radio for an extended period
without the engine running could drain
the battery.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


11-1

11. In cold weather

Coolant ............................................................................................................................. 11-2


Engine oil ......................................................................................................................... 11-2
Fuels ................................................................................................................................ 11-2
Other recommendations for cold weather operation ........................................................ 11-2
Installing tire chains ......................................................................................................... 11-3

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


11-2 In cold weather

Coolant Fuels

Ordinary diesel fuel gels in freezing temper-


atures, making it impossible to start the
engine.
If you are bound for a cold region, it is rec-
ommended that you fuel your vehicle so
that it burns more than half the fuel by the
time you reach your destination. This allows
you to refuel with a grade of diesel fuel
appropriate to the colder weather condi-
tions.
Z09270
• When vehicles are shipped from the fac-
tory, MITSUBISHI genuine FUSO DIE- Other recommendations for
SEL LONGLIFE COOLANT is added to cold weather operation
the coolant in their cooling systems.
This additive combines both antifreeze
and antirust capabilities to sufficiently • If the engine fails to start, turn the starter
protect the cooling system from freezing switch back to the “ACC” position or
up. However, for added safety, it is rec- “LOCK” position in order to recover the
ommended that you have your nearest battery function and wait 30 seconds
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distribu- before trying to start the engine again.
tor or dealer check that the coolant has • As the temperature falls, battery perfor-
a proper concentration of the additive mance decreases. Check the battery
before winter begins. electrolyte level and its specific gravity.
• Be sure to use coolant added with the P. 12-71
FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE COOLANT Special lubricants/hydraulic fluids must
or an equivalent to the recommended be used in cold regions where the ambi-
concentration. P. 12-42 ent temperature could drop below –
25°C. For details, consult your nearest
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distribu-
tor or dealer.
• Replace the windshield washer fluid with
Engine oil one for cold weather to prevent freezing.
Follow the fluid manufacturer’s instruc-
tions when adjusting the concentration.
The viscosity of the engine oil increases in
cold temperatures, sometimes making it
hard to start the engine, especially early in CAUTION
the morning. Therefore, use an engine oil of
a viscosity which suits the weather condi- Never use engine coolant fluid as win-
tions. P. 12-20 dow washer fluid. It would damage the
body paintwork.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


11-3
• Occasionally check the undercarriage • In cold weather, the key holes and door
and fender wells, and if necessary opening rubber parts can freeze so that
remove snow and ice taking care not to the key cannot be inserted and the doors
damage vehicle parts as you do so. cannot be opened. Carefully wipe off all
There is electrical wiring, etc. on the water after the vehicle is washed, and
inner side of the wheels, so be careful spray the key holes and door opening rub-
not to damage them when removing ber parts with silicone or some other sub-
snow and ice from the tires. stance that effectively prevents freezing.
• The brakes may be frozen up when the
vehicle is driven on snow-laden roads or
during parking in cold weather. Since
frozen brakes are sluggish to function,
drive your vehicle carefully while paying Installing tire chains
attention to vehicles behind, as well as
in front, and checking normal function of
the brakes from time to time by slightly • Make sure that tire chains are installed
depressing the brake pedal. If the properly so that they do not become
brakes are sluggish, depress the brake loose and interfere with other vehicle
pedal repeatedly while driving at a low parts while the vehicle is in motion.
speed until normal braking returns. • Use tire chains corresponding to the tire
• Avoid parking on a slope. Select a level, size. The example below is the proce-
flat surface not directly exposed to wind dure to be followed when installing triple
or snow as far as possible. If there is chains.
wind, turn the front of the vehicle away
from the wind. CAUTION
• Do not apply the parking brake in
extremely cold conditions that could • Do not use chains on the front
cause it to freeze up and become wheels on any models except for the
impossible to release. In such condi- FG models; instead, use of snow
tions, take the following steps: tires is recommended.
On the FG models, install tire chains
1. Stop the vehicle and pull the parking on both the front and rear wheels
brake lever. Never park on a slope. when driving in the 4WD mode. When
2. Block the wheels securely with driving in the 2WD mode, chains may
chocks. be removed from the front wheels.
3. Put the gearshift lever in the 1st or • If you use tire chains, be sure to
reverse position. install them without any slack.
4. Release the parking brake lever. • When fitting tire chains, refer to the
instructions supplied with them.
NOTE: • Drive at low speeds, desirably at
• If the doors freeze up, melt the ice using speeds lower than 30 km/h, when
hot water, then wipe off the water to pre- chains are installed on wheels.
vent further freezing. Do not force the • Driving on a dry road with chains
doors open since their rubber seals may installed may damage the chains as
be ripped or otherwise damaged. well as the road surface. Avoid doing
so as far as possible.
• Make sure that the chains and their
spring bands are not excessively
worn or otherwise damaged.
• If you hear an abnormal noise while
driving, stop the vehicle in the nearest
safe place and check the tire chains.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
11-4 In cold weather

1. Place the chains over the tires with the 5. Pull both ends of outside chain as far
hook ends of cross chains facing out- as possible and connect hook .
ward.

Z11191
Z09325
6. Ensure that hooks and are flat on
2. Connect the hook of inside chain , the tire sidewalls. Also make sure that
leaving no excess links. Then, take up the chains are not twisted.
the slack in the inside chain by pulling
cross chains for the inside tire out-
ward.

Z09329

7. Fasten extra chain links with a metal


Z09326 wire to prevent them from hitting against
other vehicle parts.
3. Temporarily connect hook of outside 8. Fit spring band . Attach the hooks of
chain as shown. spring band on the chain at even inter-
vals with the hook ends facing outward.

Z11190
Z09330
4. Pull the middle chain as far as possi-
ble and connect its hook. 9. After driving the vehicle for 5 to 10 min-
utes, check the chains for looseness or
disconnected hooks.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-1

12. Simple inspection and service

General precautions for servicing the vehicle .................................................................. 12-2


Onboard tools .................................................................................................................. 12-3
Reaching the access opening .......................................................................................... 12-4
Tilting the cab ................................................................................................................... 12-5
Pre-operational checks .................................................................................................... 12-9
Greasing ........................................................................................................................ 12-16
Oils and fluids ................................................................................................................ 12-20
Filter elements ............................................................................................................... 12-30
Draining water from fuel filter ......................................................................................... 12-41
Engine coolant – check and replacement ...................................................................... 12-42
V-belts – check .............................................................................................................. 12-49
Steering wheel – check .................................................................................................. 12-50
Service brakes – check .................................................................................................. 12-52
Parking brake – check ................................................................................................... 12-54
Tires – check .................................................................................................................. 12-54
Tire replacement ............................................................................................................ 12-56
Tire rotation .................................................................................................................... 12-66
Spare tire ....................................................................................................................... 12-68
Wiper blade – replacement ............................................................................................ 12-69
Windshield washer – fluid level check and refilling ........................................................ 12-70
Battery – check .............................................................................................................. 12-71
Lamps – check ............................................................................................................... 12-74
Air filters – cleaning ........................................................................................................ 12-74
Cleaning your vehicle ..................................................................................................... 12-75
Intercooler – cleaning ..................................................................................................... 12-79

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-2 Simple inspection and service

General precautions for servic- WARNING


ing the vehicle • Do not run the engine for a long
period in any poorly ventilated
• Be sure to stop the engine and remove place. Particularly in an enclosed
the starter key. area such as the inside of a garage
• Set the parking brake firmly and place or other building, a buildup of
the gearshift lever in the neutral posi- exhaust gases can cause carbon-
tion. monoxide poisoning.
• Work with the vehicle parked on level • Be sure to stop the engine before
ground. performing inspections with the
• Block the wheels with chocks. cab tilted or engine access open-
• Engine parts are extremely hot immedi- ing opened. If the engine was run-
ately after you have driven the vehicle. ning and your hands, clothes, or
Take care not to burn yourself. If possi- other items touched or came into
ble, service the vehicle only when the close proximity to the engine’s
engine is cool. rotating parts, they could be
• Be careful not to drop objects into the air dragged into the mechanism,
intake duct. resulting in injuries.
• Do not climb onto the engine. Stepping If you must unavoidably perform
on engine pipes or accessories could inspections with the engine run-
cause damage and malfunctions. ning, do not on any account touch
• After you have completed the service the fan or any other rotating part.
job, check that you have left no rags, • The fuel injection system includes
paper, or tools in the engine compart- a high-voltage circuit. You could
ment. Flammable objects in particular receive an electric shock if inspec-
should not be left inside the engine com- tions are performed with the starter
partment as they could cause a fire. switch in the “ON” position. If it is
• After carrying out inspections and main- unavoidable to perform inspec-
tenance, check that there are no oil, fluid tions with the starter switch turned
or water leaks. “ON”, be careful not to touch the
• Be careful not to hurt yourself on the electric wiring or connectors.
corners of the body when performing
inspections.
• When inspecting the oil or coolant, be
sure to make ready a container suitable
CAUTION
for catching drained fluid.
• Dispose of drained oil, coolant, tires and
• Do not remove the covers around the
engine except when the engine is
battery in the specified manner. Dispos-
inspected. These covers help to
ing of them irresponsibly could cause
reduce noise.
environmental harm.
• Always use MITSUBISHI genuine
parts for replacements such as filters
or filter elements. Also, oil and
grease should be those recom-
mended by MFTBC. P. 14-3

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-3
• The muffler contains a catalytic con- 1 Onboard tool list
verter and a ceramic filter. Do not
kick or knock the muffler since the Your vehicle is equipped with the following
catalytic converter or ceramic filter tools for use in regular inspection and ser-
could be damaged. vicing.
Water emitted from the exhaust pipe
may slightly acidic and should not be
touched. If you touch this water, rinse
CAUTION
it off under a faucet.
Each of the onboard tools is designed
for a specific task. Be sure to use the
NOTE:
right tool for every job.
• Special lubricants/hydraulic fluids must
be used in cold regions where the ambi-
NOTE:
ent temperature could drop below –25°C.
Onboard tools are different according to
For details, consult your nearest autho-
models.
rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
dealer.
Tool bag
• Perform each item of inspection or
Spanners (set of two or three)
replacement depending on either the
Screwdriver
odometer reading or operating period
Pliers
(months), whichever occurs first.
Socket wrench (for wheel nuts)
Wrench handle (for wheel nut wrench
and hydraulic jack) <FEA0>
Wrench handle (for wheel nut wrench
Onboard tools and hydraulic jack) <Other than FEA0>
Spare tire handle (for removal and
installation of spare tire) <Type1>
Spare tire handle (for removal and
installation of spare tire) <Type2>
Hydraulic jack

Y00375

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-4 Simple inspection and service

2 Tool storage location


<Vehicles except Crew-cab models> Reaching the access opening
The onboard tools are stowed at the back of
the driver’s seat and assistant driver’s seat.
When you wish to use them, fold the seat- <Crew-cab models>
backs forward to gain access to them. 1 Engine access opening
There is an opening under the assistant
driver’s seat which provides access to the
engine for inspection and servicing.

Z23487

<Crew-cab models>
• The onboard tools are stowed in the
compartment under the rear seat. Undo Z22196
clamps on the rear seat and raise the
seat. Keep the seat raised by holding it Uncover and cover the opening as follows:
with support strap(s) . • To uncover the opening
There is one support strap on standard 1. Tip the seatback forward.
cab models, while there are two straps 2. Fold back the floor mat. Next, release
on wide cab models in which the rear the two clamps by first pulling down
seat is divided into two parts. their handles and then raising the
handles while still pulling only on their
ends.
3. Raise the seat cushion , then release
the retaining hook on the bottom of
the seat cushion.
4. Attach the retaining hook to the grip
beside the assistant driver’s seat to hold
the seat in place.
• To cover the opening
1. Remove the retaining hook from the grip
Z10670 while supporting the seat cushion to pre-
vent it from dropping.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-5
2. Attach the retaining hook to the spring Perform the above procedure in reverse
on the bottom of the seat cushion to to cover the opening.
hold the hook in place.
3. Gently lower the seatback and seat cush-
ion, then fasten the clamps to retain it.
4. Return the floor mat and seatback to
their original positions. Tilting the cab

CAUTION <Vehicles except Crew-cab models>


NOTE:
• Be careful not to trap the seat belt or A Crew-cab cannot be tilted.
floor mat when covering the engine
access opening.
• Completely fasten the clamps after WARNING
covering the engine access opening. • When tilting the cab, do so cor-
rectly using the method shown in
2 Power steering fluid and engine this manual. If you raise or lower
coolant level inspection opening the cab using an incorrect method,
In front of the rear seat, there is an opening you may get your hands or other
for inspecting and replenishing the power body parts trapped. Also, the cab
steering fluid and engine coolant. may not lock completely. If the cab
may not lock completely, the cab
may lift up and cause a serious
accident while the vehicle is in
motion.
• Park on a flat level area before rais-
ing or lowering the cab. If the area
is not flat and level, there is a risk
that the cab may not lock com-
pletely when it is lowered. If the
cab may not lock completely, the
cab may lift up and cause a serious
accident while the vehicle is in
motion.

Z20950

Uncover and cover the opening as follows:


1. Remove the cover .
2. Raise the clamp to unhook it and then
swing down the inspection opening
cover .

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-6 Simple inspection and service

1 Preparation remove from the cup holders any bever-


age that has an open lid.
• Close both doors completely.
WARNING • Before tilting the cab, make sure there is
• Before tilting or lowering the cab, adequate clearance in front of the cab
make sure that the area around the and above it.
cab is clear of people and obstruc-
tions. Also make sure there is Clearance in front (m) 1 or more
nobody in the cab.
• The cab will move too quickly Clearance above (m) 1 or more
under the effect of inertia if it is
tilted on a slope, possibly causing If there are any obstructions within the
damage to various vehicle compo- clearance areas shown above, remove
nents. Doing so is dangerous, as them.
the hook may not engage com- • Lower the radio antenna.
pletely when the cab is lowered.
Never tilt the cab when the vehicle 2 Tilting the cab
is on any kind of slope.
• Never tilt the cab with persons
inside. CAUTION
• To ensure safety, two people
should work together to tilt the cab Raise the cab gently. Raising it quickly
if it has a roof deck or other heavy with great force could damage the cab
item attached to it. One person tilt mechanism.
working alone could become
unable to support the cab and have 1. Pull lever A . With lever A still pulled,
an accident as a result. pull up lever B . Keep lever A pulled
• If any heavy item of cargo is on the until the lever B has been fully raised.
roof deck or in the cab, remove it
before tilting the cab. Otherwise, its
weight could cause the cab to
move suddenly during tilting,
resulting in an accident.
• Do not touch the steering wheel,
gearshift lever, parking brake lever,
or any other control in the cab
while the cab is tilted.

Z09214

CAUTION
CAUTION
If any item of cargo is in the cab, retain
or remove it. Otherwise, it may tip or fall Lever B must only be raised when lever
and get damaged when the cab is tilted. A has been pulled. If an attempt is made
to raise lever B by force, it may be dam-
• Park the vehicle on a flat and level sur- aged as a result.
face and stop the engine.
• Set the parking brake securely.
Chock the wheels for added safety.
• Place the gearshift lever in neutral.
• Remove water or other liquids from
inside the cab before tilting. Also
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-7
2. Grasp tilt grip and pull lever C . The
cab will rise slightly. WARNING
• Hold the tilt grip when raising the
cab. If you raise the cab holding
lever B or lever C, the cab lock
mechanism may be damaged or
the cab may not lock completely
when the cab is lowered. Also,
these may raise the cab and cause
a serious accident while the vehi-
cle is in motion.
Z09215
• Be sure to insert the stopper into
the notch of the lock lever. If the
stopper may not insert completely,
3. Hold the tilt grip and raise the cab until the cab may lower and cause a
the end of cab stay engages with the serious accident.
notch of the lock lever . The cab is
secured when they are engaged.
3 Lowering the cab

WARNING
• Hold the tilt grip and support the
cab while lowering it slowly. Your
body may be trapped if the cab is
lowered quickly or the cab may not
lock completely.
Z16404
• Before lowering the cab, make sure
that you have not left rags, tools,
etc. in the engine compartment.
4. Still holding the tilt grip, insert the stop- Flammable objects left inside the
per into the notch of the lock lever. engine compartment can cause
fires.

1. Release the stopper and retain it in


the clip .

Z16405

Z11913

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-8 Simple inspection and service

2. Hold the tilt grip to support the cab. Lift 4. Push down lever B until the pin
the lock lever and fold the cab stay . engages with the latch .
If you cannot push down lever B, repeat
the cab tilting procedure.

Z11914

Z09220
WARNING
• Hold the tilt grip when lowering the 4 Checking locking of the cab
cab. If you lower the cab holding
lever B or lever C, the cab lock WARNING
mechanism may be damaged or
the cab may not lock completely. After lowering the cab, confirm that
Also, these may raise the cab and the cab is locked in place. If the cab
cause a serious accident while the lock is not fully secure, the cab may
vehicle is in motion. lift up and cause a serious accident
• When you have unlocked the cab while the vehicle is in motion.
stay, immediately move your hands
away from the lever. The cab stay
When the cab is lowered down, the state of
will tip toward the rear of the vehi-
locking should be checked as follows. If
cle, so your hands could otherwise
incomplete locking is identified, repeat the
get trapped.
cab tilting procedure and lower once again.
If incomplete locking still exists, never drive
3. Still holding the tilt grip , lower the cab the vehicle and contact your nearest autho-
until the hook on lever C engages rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
with the cab mount . dealer.

1. Confirm that the latch is fully


engaged with the pin . Also confirm
that lever B does not move when it is
pulled.

Z09219

Z24576

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-9
2. While pulling the lever C , pull the grip 1 Before starting the engine
to raise the cab and confirm that the
cab does not rise.
3. If the cab does rise, repeat the cab tilt
procedure.

Pre-operational checks

Be sure to perform the pre-operational


checks for the items listed below at the start
of each day’s operation in order to ensure
safe and comfortable driving. If you find
anything unusual you are unable to repair
yourself, you should have this corrected at
your nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
FUSO distributor or dealer before operating
the vehicle.

CAUTION Z22197

If you drive your vehicle under any of the


following conditions, the engine oil level
will rise more quickly than usual and so
you should check the engine oil level
daily, before starting to drive.
The engine oil level changes depending
on the usage conditions. As part of daily
inspections, check the oil level before
driving the vehicle.
If you use the vehicle under the follow-
ing conditions, the engine oil may
exceed FULL (for inspection) ( symbol)
or drop below LOW on the oil level
gauge quicker than usual.
• Operating in slow vehicle speed
(lower than 20 km/h in average and
more than 30% of total operation) or
operations involving frequent starts
and stops.
• Operations involving frequent engine
starts and stops condition in 10 min-
utes and in 10 km distance.
• Operating with the engine running at
idle for long time frequently.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-10 Simple inspection and service

Coolant level
Check that the coolant level is between the
“FULL” and “LOW” marks on the reservoir
tank.
P. 12-44

Z15730

Air cleaner element condition


Check that the dust indicator’s window
shows a red signal.

P. 12-37

Z22468

Pressure cap condition


Make sure the pressure cap is tightly fitted.

Z19637

Engine oil level


Check that there is sufficient engine oil
using the oil level gauge. Change the
engine oil if its level is above the circle
mark on the oil level gauge.
P. 12-20

Z25878

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-11

Leakage of coolant, fuel and oil


Check underneath the vehicle for any sign
of leakage.

Z10751

V-belt tension and damage


Push the belt at either of the locations
indicated by the arrows to check that the
tension is appropriate.
Also, check the belt for damage.

Z22041

2 In the driving post

Z24559

Start the engine and perform the following


checks while allowing it to warm up.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-12 Simple inspection and service

Parking brake lever stroke


Check that the parking brake lever stroke
is equal to 7 to 9 notches when the lever is
pulled with a force of 294 N (30 kgf).
P. 12-54

Z10681

Service brake pedal


Make sure that the brake pedal has 0.1 to
3 mm free play when depressed by finger.
Check also that when the brake pedal is
fully depressed, there is a gap of 10 mm or
more between the pedal and the floor.
P. 12-52

Z11955

Brake fluid level


Check that the brake fluid level is between
the “MAX” and “MIN” marks on the reser-
voir tank.
P. 12-27

Z21401

Steering wheel free play


Lightly turn the steering wheel both when
the engine is turned off and when it is idling
and check that the free play of the steering
wheel conforms to the following specifica-
tions.
Front indepen- 20 mm
dent suspen-
When sion models or less
engine is
turned off Front rigid leaf 10 to
suspension 20 mm
models
Z11947
When engine is idling 5 to
50 mm

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-13

Lighting system
Make sure that each lamp lights up or
flashes properly. Check lamp lenses for dirt
and damage.
P. 12-74

Z24098

Gauge, warning/indicator lamp opera-


tion
Check that gauges, warning lamps and
indicators are working properly.
P. 6-2

Z22741

3 While walking around the vehicle

Z25862

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-14 Simple inspection and service

Wheels and tires


Check the disc wheels for cracks and other
damage. Check the tires for inflation pres-
sure, tread groove depth, foreign objects in
grooves, cracks, uneven wear and swelling
and softening of the tires.
P. 12-54

Z21588

Suspension springs
Check for broken springs and tilt of vehicle
body toward either side.

Z10753

Battery fluid level


Check that the battery fluid level is
between the “UPPER” and “LOWER” level
lines on the sides of the battery case.
P. 12-71

Z15361

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-15
4 While driving at slow speeds
Perform the following checks while driving in a safe place at speeds lower than 20 km/h.

Steering wheel operation


Check that the steering wheel does not
vibrate or pull to one side and that it is not
unduly heavy. Also make sure that the
steering wheel returns to its neutral posi-
tion smoothly.
P. 12-51

Z11954

Brake performance
Depress the brake pedal and check that
the brakes work effectively and evenly on
all wheels.
P. 12-52

Z21408

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-16 Simple inspection and service

Greasing

1 Grease nipples
Remove all dust and dirt from the grease
nipples before using them. Always use the
recommended grease.

CAUTION
Wipe away any grease that sticks to
wires or rubber hoses and any grease
that overflows from the grease nipples.

Refer to the Periodic inspec-


tion schedule table in the Ser-
vice Booklet (separate).
Maintenance items that
Greasing should be referred to:
intervals • Propeller shaft
(in Drive line)
• King pin bearing
(in Drive line)
• Leaf spring pins
(in Suspension)

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-17

<FE>

Z21409

<FG>

Z21410

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-18 Simple inspection and service

Z21152 Z09226

Z09227 Z09228

Grease nipple

Dust plug hole

Z16543 Z09498

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-19
Recommended lubricant:
Refer to the table of “Recommended lubri- Refer to the Periodic inspec-
tion schedule table in the Ser-
cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-3 vice Booklet (separate).
• Item : Chassis grease nipples (in Parts) Greasing Maintenance items that
intervals should be referred to:
Rear spring pin, front (2 points each on • Door hinges (in Others, vari-
both sides) ous chassis components)
Rear spring pin, rear (4 points each on
both sides)
King pin bearing (4 points in total on Recommended lubricant:
both sides) Refer to the table of “Recommended lubri-
<Rigid leaf suspension models> cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-3
• Item : Door hinge (in Parts)
Recommended lubricant:
Refer to the table of “Recommended lubri- 3 Anchor hooks (two places)
cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-4 <Vehicles except Crew-cab models>
• Item : Propeller shaft (in Parts) Apply the recommended grease to the
Propeller shaft universal joint anchor hooks after wiping them clean.
Supply the grease until it emerges from
the universal joint dust covers (four
places).
Propeller shaft slip joint
Supply the grease until it emerges from
the slip joint dust plug hole.
Propeller shaft double cardan joint
<FG models>

NOTE:
The number of greasing points on the pro- Z21154
peller shaft differs from model to model.
Refer to the Periodic inspec-
2 Door hinge (total six places on tion schedule table in the Ser-
right and left doors, 12 places on vice Booklet (separate).
Crew-cab models) Greasing Maintenance items that
intervals should be referred to:
Apply the recommended grease to the door • Cab rear mounting anchor
hinges and anchor hooks after wiping them hooks (in Others, various
clean. chassis components)

Apply grease to the top of each anchor


hook.

Recommended lubricant:
Refer to the table of “Recommended lubri-
cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-3
• Item : Anchor hooks (in Parts)

Z10719

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-20 Simple inspection and service

ity and thus shorten the effectively


functioning period of the DPF.
Oils and fluids • Change the engine oil at the specified
intervals. During the regeneration
process of the DPF, part of the fuel
1 Engine oil may mix into the engine oil while the
Performance, life, and startability of the PM is being removed by burning. If
engine depend to a large degree on the the engine oil is not changed at the
engine oil. Always use oil of the specified specified intervals, it may exces-
grade and viscosity. sively deteriorate due to mixing of
fuel and could cause engine failure.
In the worst case, the engine could
Inspec-
tion inter- spontaneously run at an abnormally
vals and Pre-operational P. 12-9 high speed.
items
1.1 Check
Refer to the Periodic inspec-
Replace- tion schedule table in the Ser-
ment vice Booklet (separate). CAUTION
intervals Maintenance items that
should be referred to: The engine oil level changes depending
• Engine oil (in Engine) on the usage conditions. As part of daily
inspections, check the oil level before
driving the vehicle.
Quantity required: If you use the vehicle under the follow-
Refer to the table of “Quantities of lubri- ing conditions, the engine oil may
cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-2 exceed FULL (for inspection) ( symbol)
• Item : Engine (Oil) (in Parts) or drop below LOW on the oil level
gauge quicker than usual.
Recommended oil:
Refer to the table of “Recommended lubri-
cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-3
• Item : Engine (Oil) (in Parts)

CAUTION
• If the warning (amber) is dis-
played, replace the engine oil as
soon as possible.
• If the warning (amber) and
warning (amber) are displayed alter-
nately, replace the engine oil immedi-
ately. If the same oil is used even
after the warning, the engine may suf-
fer various problems, including
uncontrolled revving of the engine in
an extreme case.
• Use only the specified engine oil. Any
other oils may contain substances
that cause the ceramic filter inside
the DPF to be loaded with particulate
matter (PM) prematurely to the capac-
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-21
• Operating in slow vehicle speed 4. Check the engine oil on the oil level
(lower than 20km/h in average and gauge.
more than 30% of total operation) or
operations involving frequent starts
and stops.
• Operations involving frequent engine
starts and stops condition in 10 min-
utes and in 10km distance.
• Operating with the engine running at
idle for long time frequently.
NOTE:
• Check the engine oil level with the vehi- Z25879
cle parked on a level place. A correct
engine oil level cannot be determined ( symbol): FULL (for inspection)
when the vehicle is tilted. (above notch): HIGH (for refilling)
• Be sure to check the engine oil level (below notch): LOW
before starting the engine at the time of Change oil
pre-operational check. A correct engine Inspection level range
oil level detection cannot be expected if Replenishing level range
the engine is running, or the time after Add oil
stopping the engine is too short. Let the • There is no problem if the oil level is
engine stand at least 15 minutes after within the inspection level range
stopping it before checking the oil level. (between FULL (for inspection) and
• The quantity of engine oil may increase LOW) indicated in the figure.
due to the fuel that may have mixed with • The engine oil must also be changed
it when the DPF trapped PM is removed if the oil level exceeds FULL (for
by burning. This does not indicate any inspection). P. 12-22
abnormality. For the same reason, the • Engine oil must be added if it is
engine oil can smell like fuel; this also below LOW, or near LOW.
does not indicate any abnormality. P. 12-22
• The engine oil must also be changed
1. Tilt the cab. P. 12-5 if it is extremely dirty. P. 12-22
If the vehicle is a Crew-cab model,
uncover the engine access opening
under the assistant driver’s seat. CAUTION
P. 12-4
2. Remove oil level gauge and wipe off If the oil level is above FULL (for inspec-
oil with a cloth. tion) (the circle mark) on the oil level
gauge, change the engine oil immedi-
ately. Because this is a sign of deterio-
rated engine oil performance, continued
use of the same oil will cause engine fail-
ure and could even cause uncontrolled
revving of the engine.

5. After the check, insert the oil level gauge


into position and secure it properly.

Z21103

3. Fully insert the oil level gauge in the


crankcase, and gently draw it out.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-22 Simple inspection and service

1.2 Adding oil 3. Close the oil filler cap, wait for more
1. Clean the area around oil filler cap to than 5 minutes and check the oil level. If
prevent dust and dirt from entering the the oil is not within the replenishing level
engine. range indicated in the figure, add or
remove oil to adjust the level.

Z21277
Z25880
2. Remove the oil filler cap and add the (above notch): HIGH (for refilling)
specified oil as necessary. (below notch): LOW
Replenishing level range
4. Start the engine and warm it up until the
WARNING water temperature gauge moves to
Take care not to spill engine oil as around the 8th segment on the scale
engine oil on the exhaust manifold, (center of indicator).
the starter or other hot sections of 5. Stop the engine and wait for more than
engine could catch fire. Wipe clean 15 minutes before checking the oil level
spilt oil. again. If the oil is not within the replen-
ishing level range indicated in the figure,
add or remove oil to adjust the level, and
return to step 4 to inspect the oil level
CAUTION again.
6. Check that there are no oil leaks from
• The added oil should be of the same the drain plug.
grade and viscosity as the oil origi-
nally placed in the engine. 1.3 Replacement
• Do not add oil so that it exceeds
HIGH (above notch) on the oil level NOTE:
gauge. Doing so will cause wasteful You must reset the engine control unit every
oil consumption, and cause the oil time after replacing the engine oil.
level gauge to exceed FULL (for P. 12-24
inspection) ( symbol) quicker than If you cannot do it yourself, have it done by
usual. an authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distribu-
• When adding engine oil, take care not tor or dealer.
to spill it. If oil is spilled on a belt, the
belt will slip on pulleys. 1. Tilt the cab. P. 12-5
On a Crew-cab model vehicle, uncover
the engine access opening under the
assistant driver’s seat. P. 12-4

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-23
2. Clean the surfaces around the oil filler NOTE:
cap and remove the oil filler cap. Oil removal is quicker if performed shortly
after the vehicle has been stopped and
while the oil is still warm.
4. After oil has been drained out, clean the
area around the drain plug hole.
5. Replace the O-ring with a new one and
tighten the drain plug.

30±10 Nm
Tightening torque
(3.0±1.0 kgfm)
Z21277 6. Carefully pour fresh engine oil through
the oil filler.
3. Remove drain plug from the oil pan to 7. Close the oil filler cap, wait for more
remove the oil. than 5 minutes and check the oil level. If
the oil is not within the replenishing level
range indicated in the figure, add or
remove oil to adjust the level.

Z21701

Drain the oil until only droplets come


out. Z25880
(above notch): HIGH (for refilling)
(below notch): LOW
Replenishing level range
8. Crank the engine in accordance with the
engine starting procedure shown on
page 5-6.
9. Start the engine and warm it up until the
water temperature gauge moves to
around the 8th segment on the scale
Z25877 (center of indicator).
10. Stop the engine and wait for more than
15 minutes before checking the oil level
WARNING again. If the oil is not within the replen-
ishing level range indicated in the figure,
The engine oil is extremely hot imme- add or remove oil to adjust the level, and
diately after the vehicle has been return to step 9 to inspect the oil level
operated. Take care to avoid being again.
scalded when draining hot oil. Give 11. Check that there are no oil leaks from
the oil time to cool before draining it. the drain plug.
12. Reset the engine control unit.
P. 12-24
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-24 Simple inspection and service

2 Transmission gear oil


CAUTION
Refer to the Periodic inspec-
• Do not add oil so that it exceeds tion schedule table in the Ser-
HIGH (above notch) on the oil level Replace- vice Booklet (separate).
gauge. Doing so will cause wasteful ment Maintenance items that
oil consumption, and cause the oil intervals should be referred to:
level gauge to exceed FULL (for •Transmission gear oil (in
inspection) ( symbol) quicker than Drive line)
usual.
• If the engine is frequently run at high
Quantity required:
speeds or under heavy loads, the
Refer to the table of “Quantities of lubri-
engine oil will deteriorate quickly and
cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-2
must be replaced sooner than speci-
• Item : Transmission (in Parts)
fied.
• When adding engine oil, take care not
Recommended oil:
to spill it. If oil is spilled on a belt, the
Refer to the table of “Recommended lubri-
belt will slip on pulleys.
cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-3
• Item : Transmission (in Parts)
WARNING 2.1 Replacement
Take care not to spill engine oil as 1. Make sure the parking brake is securely
engine oil on the exhaust manifold, applied.
the starter or other hot sections of 2. Apply chocks to wheels.
engine could catch fire. Wipe clean 3. Remove inspection plug and drain
spilt oil. plug to let the oil flow out.

1.4 Resetting the engine control unit


1. Turn the starter switch to “ON”. Do not
start the engine.
2. Depress the accelerator pedal to the
floor and keep it there for at least 20
seconds.
3. While still keeping the accelerator pedal
depressed to the floor, pump the brake
pedal at least 6 times. Z24100
When the engine control unit is reset,
the indicator (amber) appears on the
display for about 10 seconds. WARNING
4. Turn the starter switch to “LOCK”, and
wait for 2 minutes. The gear oil is extremely hot immedi-
ately after the vehicle has been oper-
ated. Take care to avoid being scalded
CAUTION when draining hot oil. Give the oil
time to cool before draining it.
After replacing the engine oil, reset the
engine control unit. The engine control
unit calculates the engine oil replace- NOTE:
ment time. The steps above are neces- Oil removal is quicker if performed shortly
sary in order to reset the data used for after the vehicle has been stopped and
determining the engine oil replacement while the oil is still warm.
time.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-25
4. The drain plug is fitted with a magnet. 3 Transfer gear oil <FG models>
Wipe off any metal particles sticking to
the magnet, replace the gasket of the Refer to the Periodic inspec-
injection plug with a new one, coat the tion schedule table in the Ser-
plug’s threads with sealant, and then Replace- vice Booklet (separate).
install and tighten the plug. ment Maintenance items that
intervals should be referred to:
Sealant ThreeBond 1105 • Transfer gear oil (in Drive
line)

Tightening torque 68.6 ± 14.7 N·m Quantity required:


(7.0 ± 1.5 kgf·m)
Refer to the table of “Quantities of lubri-
cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-2
5. After transmission oil has drained out • Item : Transfer (in Parts)
completely, install and tighten the drain
plug. Recommended oil:
6. Add oil through the inspection plug hole Refer to the table of “Recommended lubri-
until it reaches the bottom of the hole. cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-3
Put your finger straightly into the inspec- • Item : Transfer (in Parts)
tion plug hole after one minute has
passed, and check that the transmission 3.1 Replacement
oil surface reaches the opening of the 1. Place a container under the drain plug
hole. .

Z18456 Z12521

7. Like with the drain plug, replace the gas- 2. Remove inspection plug and drain
ket of the inspection plug with a new plug to let the oil flow out.
one, coat the threads on the plug with
sealant, and then install and tighten the
plug. WARNING
Sealant ThreeBond 1105 The gear oil is extremely hot immedi-
ately after the vehicle has been oper-
ated. Take care to avoid being scalded
Tightening torque 68.6 ± 14.7 N·m when draining hot oil. Give the oil
(7.0 ± 1.5 kgf·m) time to cool before draining it.

NOTE:
Oil removal is quicker if performed soon
after the vehicle has been stopped and
while the oil is still hot.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-26 Simple inspection and service

3. Wipe off any metal particles sticking to 4 Differential gear oil


the drain plug. Replace the plug’s gas-
ket with a new one, coat the threads on Refer to the Periodic inspec-
the plug with sealant. tion schedule table in the Ser-
vice Booklet (separate).
Sealant ThreeBond 1105 Replace- Maintenance items that
ment should be referred to:
4. After transfer oil has drained out com- intervals • Rear axle differential gear
pletely, install and tighten the drain plug. oil
• Front axle differential gear
oil
68.6 ± 14.7 N·m (in Drive line)
Tightening torque
(7.0 ± 1.5 kgf·m)
Quantity required:
5. Add oil through the inspection plug hole Refer to the table of “Quantities of lubri-
until it reaches the bottom of the hole . cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-2
Put your finger straightly into the inspec- • Item : Differential (in Parts)
tion plug hole after one minute has
passed, and check that the transfer oil Recommended oil:
surface reaches the opening of the Refer to the table of “Recommended lubri-
hole. cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-3
• Item : Differential (in Parts)
• Item : Limited slip differential (in Parts)

CAUTION
• Use oil conforming to GL-5, SAE140
if the vehicle is to be driven under
heavy load conditions as for example
driving up long uphill grades.
Z18456 Remember, however, that this oil is to
be used only when the temperature is
6. Like with the drain plug, replace the gas- higher than 10qC.
ket of the inspection plug with a new one, • On vehicles with a limited slip differ-
coat the threads on the plug with sealant, ential, fill the differential with FUSO
and then install and tighten the plug. LSD GEAR OIL (GL-5, SAE90).

Sealant ThreeBond 1105 4.1 Replacement


1. Make sure the parking brake is securely
applied.
Tightening torque 68.6 ± 14.7 N·m 2. Apply chocks to wheels.
(7.0 ± 1.5 kgf·m)

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-27
3. Remove inspection plug and drain 5 Brake fluid
plug to let the oil flow out.
Inspec-
tion inter-
vals and Pre-operational P. 12-9
items
Refer to the Periodic inspec-
Replace- tion schedule table in the Ser-
ment vice Booklet (separate).
intervals Maintenance items that
should be referred to:
• Brake fluid (in Brakes)
Z09245

Quantity required:
Refer to the table of “Quantities of lubri-
WARNING cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-2
The gear oil is extremely hot immedi- • Item : Brake (in Parts)
ately after the vehicle has been oper-
ated. Take care to avoid being scalded Recommended fluid:
when draining hot oil. Give the oil Refer to the table of “Recommended lubri-
time to cool before draining it. cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-3
• Item : Brake (in Parts)
NOTE: Have the brake fluid replacement performed
Oil removal is quicker if performed shortly by your nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
after the vehicle has been stopped and FUSO distributor or dealer.
while the oil is still warm.
NOTE:
4. Replace the drain plug gasket with a The brake fluid serves also as clutch fluid.
new one and install the plug by tighten-
ing it to the speci-fied torque.

Tightening torque 98 to 115 N·m


(10 to 12 kgf·m)

5. Add oil through the inspection plug hole


until it reaches the bottom of the hole.
6. Like with the drain plug, replace the
inspection plug gasket with a new one
and install the plug by tightening it to the
specified torque.

98 to 115 N·m
Tightening torque (10 to 12 kgf·m)

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-28 Simple inspection and service

WARNING CAUTION
• Be sure to use the recommended Brake fluid dissolves paint. If you spill
brake fluid. the fluid, wipe it clean or flush it off with
• Use only one brand of recom- water.
mended brake fluid. Mixing of dif- If not cleaned off, brake fluid can cause
ferent brands or types of fluid will discoloration, corrosion, or cracks in the
change the properties of the fluid, paintwork.
possibly resulting in a lower fluid
boiling point and damaged brake 5.1 Check
components.
If you wish to change the brand of
brake fluid, replace all the existing CAUTION
fluid in the brake system with the
new brand fluid. Do not open cap of reservoir tank for
• Never allow engine oil, diesel fuel, inspection purposes.
gear oil, automatic transmission
fluid, or any other mineral oil to mix The fluid level should be between the
with the brake fluid. When mixed “MAX” and “MIN” lines on reservoir tank .
with the brake fluid, even in very
small amounts, such oils will cause
the rubber parts of the brake sys-
tem to swell, and could cause
brakes to become sluggish or to
drag. Also, do not place brake fluid
in containers that have been used
for mineral oil.
• Because brake fluid is highly
hygroscopic, it should be kept in a
dry place both during refilling and Z21411
storage. If brake fluid absorbs
moisture, the boiling point is low- Check whether the reservoir tank contains
ered, a condition which could foreign matter. If you see foreign matter in
result in vapor lock. This is very the reservoir tank, have the reservoir tank
dangerous. inspected and cleaned by your nearest
Do not open the reservoir tank cap authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor
when checking the brake fluid. or dealer.
• If the brake fluid is used over long
periods, its boiling point drops sig-
nificantly due to the moisture it has WARNING
absorbed, thereby increasing the If the fluid level is unusually low, there
likelihood of dangerous vapor lock. is a fluid leak in the brake line. In this
Therefore, be sure to change the case, have your vehicle inspected at
brake fluid at the specified inter- your nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
vals. FUSO distributor or dealer.

NOTE:
The warning lamp is illuminated when
the brake fluid level drops below the “MIN”
line.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-29
5.2 Adding fluid 6 Power steering fluid
1. If the fluid level is lower than the “MIN”
line, remove cover , clean the sur- Refer to the Periodic inspec-
faces around cap of reservoir tank, open tion schedule table in the Ser-
cap , and add the recommended Replace- vice Booklet (separate).
brake fluid up to the “MAX” line. ment Maintenance items that
intervals should be referred to:
• Power steering fluid (in
Steering)

Quantity required:
Refer to the table of “Quantities of lubri-
cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-2
• Item : Power steering (in Parts)

Recommended fluid:
Z21412
Refer to the table of “Recommended lubri-
cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-3
2. Close the cap firmly. • Item : Power steering (in Parts)
If the power steering fluid contains dirt or
WARNING other foreign matter, it must be replaced.
Have your nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
• The container used for adding FUSO distributor or dealer replace the fluid.
brake fluid should be a clean one,
free of moisture, mineral oil, and
dust. CAUTION
• Be extremely careful not to let dust
and other foreign matter enter the When adding power steering fluid, be
reservoir tank, as foreign matter in sure to use fluid of the same brand as
the tank could cause a failure of the the existing fluid. Mixing two or more dif-
brake system. ferent fluids will change their properties
If you see foreign matter in the res- and could cause a failure.
ervoir tank, have it checked and
cleaned by your nearest authorized NOTE:
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or Inspect the power steering fluid level after
dealer. stopping the engine and allowing the power
• If the fluid level is unusually low, steering fluid to cool. Increases in the fluid
there is a fluid leak in the brake temperature cause increases in the fluid
line. In this case, have your vehicle level, so an accurate inspection of the level
inspected at your nearest autho- is not possible unless the fluid is cold.
rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor
or dealer.

CAUTION
Be careful not to exceed the “MAX” line
when adding brake fluid.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-30 Simple inspection and service

6.1 Inspecting and adding fluid


<Except Crew-cab
WARNING
models> • Close the tank cap firmly; other-
wise power steering fluid will leak
and could catch fire. Also wipe
clean spilt fluid.
• If the power steering fluid level
becomes abnormally low, fluid may
be leaking. Have the steering sys-
tem inspected by your nearest
Z21413
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
dealer.
<Crew-cab models>
CAUTION
• Use a clean container when adding
the power steering fluid. Never use a
container that has held any other
types of oil or fluid. Foreign matter in
the fluid could result in a failure.
• Avoid adding more fluid than speci-
Z21414 fied.
• Insufficient oil can make the steering
1. Make sure the parking brake is securely heavy or noisy and can damage
applied. power steering components.
2. Place gearshift lever in the neutral posi-
tion.
3. With the vehicle parked on level ground,
place the front wheels in the straight-
ahead position and stop the engine. Filter elements
4. Apply chocks to the wheels.
5. Tilt the cab. P. 12-5
On a Crew-cab model vehicle, uncover 1 Oil filter replacement
the power steering fluid and engine
coolant level inspection opening. Refer to the Periodic inspec-
P. 12-4 tion schedule table in the Ser-
Replace- vice Booklet (separate).
6. Observe the power steering fluid level in ment
the reservoir tank . If the fluid level is Maintenance items that
intervals should be referred to:
between the “MAX” and “MIN” lines, it is
• Oil filter element (in Engine)
acceptable. Also, check whether the
power steering fluid is dirty. If it is dirty,
have it replaced by an authorized
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.
7. If the fluid level is below the “MIN” line,
clean the reservoir tank’s cap and the
surrounding area then open the cap and
add power steering fluid until it reaches
the “MAX” line.
8. Securely fit the cap.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-31
4. Tilt the cab. P. 12-5
WARNING With a Crew-cab model vehicle, remove
the screws and unfasten the clips
• Spilt engine oil should be wiped off
to remove the rear part of the engine
clean. Oil remaining on the exhaust
side cover.
manifold, the starter or other hot
If it is difficult to access the engine
sections of engine could catch fire.
inspection opening, remove the front
• The engine is extremely hot imme- part of the engine side cover.
diately after the vehicle has been
Open the engine inspection opening.
driven. If you try to replace the oil
filter immediately after driving the
vehicle, you may be scalded. Give
the engine time to cool before
starting the job.
• When replacing the element, you
will be working in a tight space. Be
careful not to injure yourself on the
edges of nearby components.

Z21740
CAUTION
5. Clean the area around the oil filter case
• Oil filter element must not be cleaned to prevent dirt from contaminating the
and reused. Always replace the filter new filter element when it is installed
element with a new one. later.
• When installing filter cases and air- 6. Turn the oil filter case counterclock-
releasing plugs, be careful not to let wise (about two and a half turns) to
the O-ring twist and be damaged. loosen it.

1. If the engine is cold, warm it up until the


engine oil temperature reaches approxi-
mately 40°C. (It takes approximately 20
minutes of idling to raise the engine oil
temperature from 0°C to 40°C.)
After the oil has heated, stop the engine.

NOTE:
Be sure to warm up the engine. Unless you
warm up the engine, engine oil may spill out Z21170
when you remove the oil filter case.
7. Remove the air-releasing plug of the
2. Make sure that the parking brake is oil filter case by turning it counterclock-
firmly applied. wise. Replace the removed air-releasing
3. Chock the wheels. plug with a new plug. Wait for at least 5
minutes after removing the air-releasing
plug to let oil inside the case drain out
completely.
When replacing engine oil, remove the
oil filler cap and then the drain plug.
P. 12-22

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-32 Simple inspection and service

8. Remove the oil filter case by turning it 10. Clean the O-ring contact surface of the
counterclockwise. Use a rag to pre- oil filter support and the O-ring groove
vent oil from dripping down. of the oil filter case.

Z21175 Z21178

9. Remove the filter element from the fil- 11. Replace the O-ring of the oil filter
ter case. case with a new one. Apply a light coat
If the claw of the filter element is too of engine oil to the new O-ring before
firmly engaged to remove the element, installing it.
insert an Allen wrench and tap it with
a hammer to remove the element.
CAUTION
Use only the O-ring supplied with a new
replacement filter element.

12. Install the new filter element with its


holed end facing down. Be sure to use a
MITSUBISHI genuine filter element.
13. Install a new air-releasing plug to the oil
filter case.
Z22308 Use a new air-releasing plug provided
with a new element.

CAUTION Tightening torque 1.5 ± 0.6 N·m


(0.15 ± 0.06 kgf·m)
Use a 4 mm or 5/32 inch Allen wrench.
Using a larger Allen wrench may damage 14. Tighten the oil filter case.
the air drain plug O-ring seal surface,
while using a smaller one may pierce the 25 to 30 N·m
element. Tightening torque (2.5 to 3.0 kgf·m)

CAUTION
Do not tighten the air-releasing plug and
filter
case beyond the specified torque. The
air-releasing plug and filter case could
be broken if over-tightened.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-33
If the engine oil is replaced, add the nec-
essary quantity of engine oil. WARNING
P. 12-22
• Fuel is highly flammable and
15. Crank the engine in accordance with the should be kept away from hot
engine starting procedure shown on objects and open flames owing to
page 5-6. the risk of fire or explosion. Wipe
up any spilt fuel.
• Do not replace the fuel filter ele-
ment immediately after the vehicle
has been driven as the filter will be
hot and could burn you. Wait until
the filter cools down.
• After installing the fuel filter, con-
firm that no fuel is leaking out.
Leaking fuel could cause a fire or
explosion.
Z25880 • Use only the fuel filter specified for
Oil level gauge your vehicle. Use of other filters
(above notch): HIGH (for refilling) could cause fuel to leak and cause
(below notch): LOW a fire or explosion.
Replenishing level range • When replacing the fuel filter ele-
ment, be sure to use the special
16. Start the engine and warm it up until the
tool to remove and reinstall the fuel
water temperature gauge moves to
filter case. If the fuel filter case is
around the 8th segment on the scale
inappropriately reinstalled, fuel
(center of indicator).
could leak and the filter itself could
17. Stop the engine and wait for more than
become damaged, possibly result-
15 minutes before checking the oil level.
ing in a fire and/or explosion. If you
If the oil is not within the replenishing
do not have the special tool, please
level range indicated in the figure, add
contact an authorized MITSUBISHI
or remove oil to adjust the level, and
FUSO distributor or dealer.
return to step 16 to inspect the oil level
• Be careful not to damage the filter
again.
case, as this could cause fuel leak-
18. Check that there are no oil leaks from
age.
the oil filter or drain plug.
• Keep cigarettes and other sources
of heat away from the vehicle while
2 Fuel filter replacement replacing the fuel filter. They are
dangerous because they could set
Refer to the Periodic inspec- fire to the fuel.
tion schedule table in the Ser- • When replacing the fuel filter, you
Replace- vice Booklet (separate).
ment Maintenance items that will be working in a tight space. Be
intervals should be referred to: careful not to injure yourself on the
• Fuel filter element (in edges of nearby components.
Engine)

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-34 Simple inspection and service

5. Disconnect the two fuel tubes. While


CAUTION pressing the lock button at the con-
nector section , pull off the tube. Apply
• Fuel filter element must not be a shop towel around the connector as
cleaned and reused. some fuel will gush out when pulling the
• Always replace with a new, genuine tube off.
fuel filter. Do not use the filter ele-
ment beyond the recommended
replacement intervals. Failure to
observe these may damage the fuel
injection parts.
• Be careful not to allow foreign matter
to get into the fuel system when
replacing the fuel filter element. For-
eign matter in the fuel system could
make the fuel injection system mal-
function.
• Do not kick or strike the fuel filter
because it could damage the internal
sensor.

The fuel filter of your vehicle is installed


at either location shown in the figure.

Z23481

6. Using pen or something, put match


marks on the filter case and drain
plug .
Z21188 7. Loosen the drain plug by turning it in
the direction of the arrow indicated in the
1. Make sure that the parking brake is figure to allow the fuel in the fuel filter to
firmly applied. drain out. Use pliers or a similar tool
2. Chock the wheels. to loosen the plug.
3. Clean the area around the filter to pre-
vent dirt from contaminating the new fil-
ter element when it is installed later.
4. Place a container under the fuel filter to
collect the fuel.

Z25178

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-35
8. After the fuel has been discharged, turn 11. Insert the special tool (separately
the drain plug clockwise until the match available) horizontally from the opposite
marks on the drain plug and filter case direction of the drain plug .
are aligned with each other.

Tightening torque 1.5 N·m (0.15 kgf·m)

9. Disconnect the sensor connector . Do


this after pulling up the connector’s lock
knob and then pulling out the top part
of the connector.

Z25099

CAUTION
• Be sure to insert the special tool hori-
zontally from the opposite direction
of the drain plug.
If the special tool is not inserted from
Z21455 the opposite direction of the drain
plug, the special tool will be inserted
only partially, and a filter case might
10. Disconnect the connector from the
be damaged.
fuel filter case . Do this by pulling the
• When inserting the special tool, be
bottom part of the connector toward you
careful not to catch sensor harness
to release the lock and then pulling
.
the connector directly upward.
12. Remove the fuel filter case by turning it
counterclockwise. Let the fuel inside the
case drain out.

Z21456

Z25100

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-36 Simple inspection and service

13. Remove the filter element out of the 16. Insert the special tool (separately
case by pulling it straight upward. available) horizontally from the opposite
direction of the drain plug .

CAUTION
• Be sure to insert the special tool hori-
zontally from the opposite direction
of the drain plug.
If the special tool is not inserted from
the opposite direction of the drain
plug, the special tool will be inserted
Z21459
only partially, and a filter case might
be damaged.
14. Replace the O-ring of the fuel filter • When inserting the special tool, be
case with a new one. After applying a careful not to catch sensor harness
light coat of engine oil to the new O-ring, .
install it on the fuel filter case.
17. Install the fuel filter case by turning it
CAUTION clockwise.
Make sure the projection on the case
• Remove and install the filter element is in the area indicated in the figure
in parallel with the axis of the filter past the projection on the filter head.
case. Otherwise, the sensor inside When you are hard to confirm a projec-
the case could become damaged. tion, put match marks on a filter head
• Use only the O-ring supplied with a and the case as a guide.
new replacement filter element.

15. Install a new, genuine filter element into


the filter case as shown in the illustra-
tion, paying attention to its direction.
Insert the filter element in a straight line.

Z25177

CAUTION
Always check that the projection on the
Z21460 fuel filter case is in the area indicated
in the figure past the projection on the
filter head. If the fuel filter case is turned
CAUTION insufficiently or excessively, fuel will
leak or the fuel filter case will be dam-
• Install the fuel filter case carefully so aged.
as not to twist or damage the O-ring.
• Do not reuse the filter element. 18. Install the sensor connector to the fuel
filter case and then connect the connec-
tor. Do this by following the removal pro-
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO cedure in reverse.
CALDERON
12-37
19. Connect the connector of the fuel
tube to the fuel filter. Insert the connec- WARNING
tor deep into the fuel filter, and insert a
When cleaning air cleaner element,
little further after a click is heard.
wear goggles and a mask to protect
20. After connecting, hold the connector and
your eyes and respiratory organs
move it slightly forward and backward to
from dust.
confirm that the connector is locked
Use a dust collector to prevent dust
securely.
from dispersing into the surround-
21. Bleed air from the fuel system as fol-
ings.
lows: Hold the starter switch in the “ON”
position for 30 seconds and then set it to
the “ACC” position to supply fuel to the
fuel system. CAUTION
22. Start the engine and check that there is
no fuel leakage. Clean the air filter at the specified clean-
ing intervals. Failure to follow this
NOTE: instruction will result in premature accu-
Air enters the fuel system while replacing mulation of PM in the DPF and eventu-
the filter element and will prevent the engine ally cause the systems to malfunction.
from starting. Before starting the engine On the contrary, unnecessary frequent
after replacing the filter element, bleed air cleaning can damage the element, allow-
from the fuel system. ing dust and other foreign matter to be
drawn into the engine.
3 Air cleaner cleaning and replace-
ment NOTE:
Even if the cleaning or replacement interval
has not elapsed, clean or replace the ele-
Check-
ing the ment if clogging of the element causes a
air drop in engine output.
cleaner
element Pre-operational P. 12-9
condition
with dust
indicator
intervals
Refer to the Periodic inspec-
tion schedule table in the Ser-
Replace- vice Booklet (separate).
ment Maintenance items that
intervals should be referred to:
• Air cleaner element (in
Engine)

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-38 Simple inspection and service

• Checking the air cleaner element • Removal


condition with dust indicator
CAUTION
When removing and reinstalling the
cover, wear thick gloves not to hurt your-
self on the edges of nearby parts.

1. Make sure the parking brake is securely


applied.
2. Apply chocks to wheels.

<Type 1>
• Removal
1. Remove the clamps (4 places).

Z22296

The dust indicator is located near the air


cleaner. If the indicator’s window
shows a red signal, the air cleaner ele-
ment is clogged. Clean the element
immediately.

• Resetting the dust indicator

Z22297

2. Remove the air cleaner case , cover


and element .

Z21263

After cleaning the air cleaner element,


push the reset button . The red signal
will disappear from the window of the
dust indicator.

Z22298
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-39
• Installation 3. Pull element straight down to remove.
Perform installation in the reverse order of
removal.
Make sure the protrusion of the air
cleaner case is on the opposite side of the
protrusion of the case.

<Type 2>
1. Undo the two clamps and remove the
cover by pulling it toward the clamps.

Z21181

• Installation
1. Insert the air cleaner element into the air
cleaner element case in a straight line.

Z21182

2. Move the lock lever in the air cleaner


element case to the “LOCK” position.
3. Install the cover on the case by inserting
the projections on the cover into the
Z22467 holes in the case and then fasten the
clamps.
2. Move the lock lever in the air cleaner
element case to the “UNLOCK” position.

Z21183

Z21180

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-40 Simple inspection and service

3. Clean the inside of the case and


CAUTION cover with a rag.

Install the air cleaner element in the case


and close the case completely. A broken
packing or loose fastening of the clamps
will cause dust or other foreign material
to be sucked in by the engine, causing
the pistons and cylinder liners to
become worn prematurely.

• Inspection, cleaning
<Type 1> Z22302
1. Blow compressed air evenly onto the
entire surface from the grill side of the 4. If the inspection reveals a problem in the
element to remove dust. element or if the specified replacement
time has arrived, replace the element
with a new one.

<Type 2>
1. Remove dust by blowing compressed
air over every surface of the air cleaner
element from its end fitted with the gas-
ket .

Z22300

2. Shine light from the grill side of the ele-


ment to check for escaping light. Also
check the gasket for cracks and dam-
age.

Z21184

CAUTION
• Dust can damage your health. Wear a
dust mask to avoid inhaling dust
while cleaning the air cleaner ele-
Z22301 ment. Also, wear thick gloves while
removing and installing the cover.
• Keep the air pressure under 685 kPa (7
kgf/cm2) to prevent the element from
being damaged.
• Do not strike the element or hit it
against another object.
• If the element is contaminated with
oily soot or dust, replace it regard-
less of the scheduled replacement
time.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-41
2. Put a light on the gasket side of the air • Replacement
cleaner element to check that there are Use a genuine cleaner element for replace-
no holes that allow light to leak in the ment.
element. Also check the gasket for Remove the air cleaner element from the
cracks or other damage. case and replace it with a new one.

Z21185 Z21187

3. Clean the inside of the case and cover


with a clean cloth. Clean the sealing
sections with particular care.
Draining water from fuel filter

If the warning is indicated, there is water


in the fuel filter in an amount exceeding the
limit.
Drain the water as follows:

WARNING
Z21186 • Be careful not to spill fuel. If you
accidentally spill fuel, wipe it all up.
4. Replace the element with a new one if • Keep cigarettes and other sources
the check reveals a defective cleaner of heat away from the vehicle while
element or when the recommended draining water from the fuel filter,
replacement interval expires. as they could ignite the fuel.
• Be careful not to injure yourself on
the edges of nearby components
while draining water from the fuel
filter.
• Avoid damaging the fuel filter case,
as this will cause fuel to leak.
• Do not drain water from the fuel fil-
ter immediately after driving the
vehicle. The fuel filter is extremely
hot immediately after the vehicle
has been driven, so you could get
burned. Give the fuel filter time to
cool down before draining water
from it.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-42 Simple inspection and service

The fuel filter of your vehicle is installed


at either location shown in the figure. WARNING
• The drain contains both water and
fuel.
Be sure to wipe clean the surfaces
around the fuel filter to remove all
splashed fuel. Fuel remaining on
the surfaces could cause a fire.
• Make sure fuel does not leak from
the filter or from related parts. Any
fuel leakage could cause a fire.
Z21188
NOTE:
1. Make sure the parking brake is securely Air entered the fuel system while water was
applied. draining from the fuel filter. The air in the
2. Apply chocks to wheels. system prevents the engine from being
3. Place a container under the fuel filter. started. You must bleed air out of the fuel
4. Using pen or something, put match system before you can start the engine.
marks on the filter case and drain
plug . Using pliers or other suitable
tool, slightly turn the fuel filter’s drain
plug counterclockwise to let water Engine coolant – check and
inside the filter drain out.
replacement

Inspec-
tion inter- Pre-operational P. 12-9
vals and
items
Refer to the Periodic inspec-
Replace- tion schedule table in the Ser-
vice Booklet (separate).
Z25178 ment Maintenance items that
intervals should be referred to:
5. If only fuel starts flowing out, tighten the • Coolant (in Engine)
drain plug by turning it clockwise until
the match marks on the drain plug and
filter case are aligned with each other. Quantity required:
Refer to the table of “Quantities of lubri-
Tightening torque 1.5 N·m (0.15 kgf·m) cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-2
• Item : Engine (Coolant) (in Parts)
6. Bleed air from the fuel system as fol- Recommended fluid:
lows: Hold the starter switch in the “ON” Refer to the table of “Recommended lubri-
position for 30 seconds and then set it to cants/hydraulic fluids”. P. 14-3
the “ACC” position to supply fuel to the • Item : Engine (Coolant) (in Parts)
fuel system.
7. Start the engine and check that fuel
does not leak.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-43
3 Using FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE
CAUTION COOLANT
• Continuing to use the coolant after
the specified replacement period
could damage the engine and cooling
system components due to rusting
and other problems. Replace the
coolant at the specified replacement
period intervals.
• When replacing or adding coolant, be
sure to use FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE
COOLANT or an equivalent. Using Z09270
any coolant other than FUSO DIESEL
LONGLIFE COOLANT or an equiva- The FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE COOLANT
lent could cause corrosion and dam- is an ethylene glycol base antifreeze (SAE
age to the radiator. J814-C) with both antifreeze and anticorro-
sive properties.
1 Recommended coolant The FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE COOLANT
Use a coolant containing the FUSO DIESEL is used as a coolant additive by mixing it
LONGLIFE COOLANT additive and soft with soft water at the specified concentra-
water in the specified proportions. tion.
Having both corrosion preventive and anti-
freezing properties, the additive protects the
cooling system all year around. DANGER
• FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE COOL-
2 Water used with coolant ANT IS TOXIC. IF A PERSON HAS
Use soft water with the properties shown in ACCIDENTALLY SWALLOWED IT,
the following table. Do no use hard water FORCE HIM/HER TO VOMIT AND
from wells and rivers as it is liable to form CONSULT A DOCTOR IMMEDI-
scales and cause corrosion. ATELY. IF IT SPLASHES IN THE
EYES, IMMEDIATELY FLUSH THE
EYES WITH WATER FOR MORE
Total hardness 300 ppm or less
THAN 15 MINUTES, AND SEEK
Sulfate SO –
4 100 ppm or less MEDICAL ATTENTION.
• SHOULD FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE
Chloride Cl– 100 ppm or less COOLANT COME IN CONTACT
Total dissolved solids 500 ppm or less WITH YOUR SKIN, IMMEDIATELY
WIPE IT OFF, AND THEN THOR-
pH 6 to 8 OUGHLY WASH YOUR SKIN WITH
LOTS OF CLEAN WATER AND
SOAP. IF YOU FEEL UNWELL OR
PAIN ON YOUR SKIN, IMMEDI-
ATELY SEEK MEDICAL ATTEN-
TION.
IN THE EVENT OF CONTACT WITH
YOUR CLOTHES, IMMEDIATELY
FLUSH FUSO LONGLIFE COOL-
ANT WITH WATER AND SOAP.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-44 Simple inspection and service

Use the following table to determine the cor-


DANGER rect concentration of FUSO DIESEL
LONGLIFE COOLANT according to the
• DO NOT USE FUSO DIESEL
lowest temperature at which your vehicle is
LONGLIFE COOLANT IN A
to be operated.
CLOSED OR POORLY VENTILATED
SPACE. SHOULD YOU INHALE A
FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE COOLANT con-
LARGE AMOUNT OF GAS OF
centration (in volume percentage)
FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE COOL-
ANT, MOVE TO A PLACE WITH Lowest
FRESH AIR AND KEEP YOURSELF temper- –10 or –15 –20 –25 –30 –35 –40
WARM AND AT REST. IF YOU FEEL ature higher
NAUSEOUS OR OTHERWISE (qC)
ABNORMAL, IMMEDIATELY SEEK Concen-
MEDICAL ATTENTION. tration 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
• CLOSE THE CAP OF THE FUSO (%)
DIESEL LONGLIFE COOLANT
CONTAINER IMMEDIATELY AFTER
USING THE PRODUCT.
CAUTION
• DO NOT STORE FUSO DIESEL
Use FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE COOLANT
LONGLIFE COOLANT WHERE
at a concentration of between 30% and
CHILDREN COULD REACH AND
60%. The proper concentration under
ACCIDENTALLY DRINK IT.
normal temperatures is 30%. At a con-
• FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE COOL-
centration below 30%, this additive per-
ANT IS FLAMMABLE; AVOID
forms poorly as an anticorrosive, while
EXPOSING IT TO OPEN FLAME.
at a concentration exceeding 60%, it per-
• WHEN HANDLING FUSO DIESEL
forms poorly as an antifreeze.
LONGLIFE COOLANT, WEAR AN
ORGANIC GAS MASK, PROTEC-
TION GOGGLES, OIL-RESISTANT 4 Check
GLOVES, AND/OR PROTECTIVE NOTE:
APRON AS NECESSARY. • Always check the coolant level before
starting the engine when the coolant
temperature is low. When the coolant
gets hot, it expands, making the level
CAUTION look higher than it actually is.
• Deposition may occur in the reservoir
Do not use methanol-based or methoxy- tank, but this will not cause any problem.
propanol-based antifreeze products.
They can severely damage the engine. 1. Check the coolant level when the cool-
Never mix FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE ant is cold before engine startup.
COOLANT with other brands of long-life
coolant or any antifreeze or corrosion-
preventive additives. Doing so would
reduce the performance of the coolant. If
a different long-life coolant has been
used and the FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE
COOLANT is to be used, be sure to thor-
oughly flush the cooling system.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-45
2. The coolant level is sufficient if it is 5 Adding coolant
between the “FULL” and “LOW” lines on
the reservoir tank .
CAUTION
• Coolant should normally be added
through the reservoir tank without
opening the pressure cap on the
surge tank.
• When adding coolant, use new cool-
ant additive of the same brand and
concentration as the additive that is
already in the vehicle.
Z21945 • Adding only soft water reduces the
concentration of the coolant already
in the system, resulting in less pro-
tection against freezing and corro-
sion. Additional coolant should
always contain the correct propor-
tions of the additive and soft water.

5.1 Adding coolant during pre-opera-


tion checks
1. If the coolant level is below the “LOW”
line, remove the reservoir tank’s cap
Z21943 and pour in a mixture of FUSO DIESEL
LONGLIFE COOLANT plus soft water
3. If the coolant level is below the “LOW” until it reaches the “FULL” line.
line, make sure coolant is not leaking
from the cooling system, then add cool-
ant until it reaches the “FULL” line.
4. Check for coolant leakage from the radi-
ator and radiator hoses.
If you find water on the ground from
which your vehicle has been moved after
parking, coolant is probably leaking.
If the coolant level is abnormally low and
quickly drops again when coolant has
been added, coolant may be leaking Z09378
from the cooling system. Have the vehi-
cle inspected by your nearest authorized
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.

Z21944

2. Refit the cap securely after adding coolant.


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-46 Simple inspection and service

5.2 Adding coolant following an engine 6 Replacement


overheat
If the engine overheats, the amount of cool- Be sure to flush the cooling system when
ant may be insufficient not only in the reser- replacing the coolant.
voir tank but also in the main body of the
radiator. WARNING
Refer to “If the engine overheats” with • Do not replace the coolant immedi-
regard to the filling of coolant in situations ately after operating the vehicle
where the engine has overheated. since the engine, radiator, coolant,
P. 13-9 and other items will be extremely
hot. If you try to drain the coolant
immediately after driving the vehi-
WARNING cle, you may be scalded. Give the
Never remove the surge tank’s pres- coolant time to cool before starting
sure cap while the coolant is still hot. the job.
Carelessly removing it is dangerous • Never remove the surge tank’s
since boiling coolant and hot steam pressure cap while the coolant is
will gush out and could scald you. still hot. Carelessly removing it is
Only after the coolant has cooled dangerous since boiling coolant
down sufficiently, remove the pres- and hot steam will gush out and
sure cap by gripping it in a folded could scald you. Only after the
piece of thick cloth and opening it coolant has cooled down suffi-
slowly. ciently, remove the pressure cap by
gripping it in a folded piece of thick
cloth and opening it slowly.
• Tighten the surge tank’s pressure
cap before operating the engine. If
the engine speed is increased with
the pressure cap left open, steam
and boiling coolant will overflow
from the pressure cap opening as
its temperature rises.

1. Place a can under the radiator drain


cock to receive the coolant.
2. Remove the cap from the reservoir
tank.

Z09378

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-47
6. After the coolant has been completely
drained, close radiator drain cock.

Tightening torque 2.5 ± 0.5 N·m


(0.25 ± 0.05 kgf·m)

7. Flush the cooling system.


Pour soft water (preferably after heating
moderately) through the pressure cap
opening. Refit the pressure cap tightly
Z21944 by turning it clockwise. Lower the cab.
Start the engine and keep it running at a
3. Tilt the cab. P. 12-5 speed slightly higher than the specified
If the vehicle is a Crew-cab model vehi- idling speed until the coolant tempera-
cle, uncover the power steering fluid and ture indicator on the multi-information
engine coolant level inspection opening. display shows the 8th segment on the
P. 12-4 scale. P. 6-5
4. Remove the pressure cap of the Depress the accelerator pedal and run
surge tank by turning it counterclock- the engine at a speed slightly higher
wise. than the idling speed.
Stop the engine after 10 minutes and
then drain out the engine coolant. Take
great care as the coolant is very hot.
Repeat the above procedure until the
water is free of dirt.

CAUTION
If the radiator tubing is clogged or cool-
Z21190 ant is more contaminated than usual,
have your vehicle inspected at an autho-
5. Open the radiator drain cock to drain rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
engine coolant. dealer.

8. Make sure the radiator drain cock is


securely fitted.
9. Tilt the cab. If the vehicle is a Crew-cab
model vehicle, uncover the power steer-
ing fluid and engine coolant level
inspection opening.

Z21267

NOTE:
You can prevent splashes from draining
engine coolant by connecting a hose (com-
mercially available with a 7 mm inside diam-
eter) to the drain cock nipple .

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-48 Simple inspection and service

10. Pour coolant (FUSO DIESEL 16. Screw the pressure cap down tightly by
LONGLIFE COOLANT plus soft water) turning it clockwise.
up to the top of the pressure cap open-
ing. Pour the coolant slowly to prevent
air from mixing with it.

Z21266

NOTE:
Z21265 Be sure to screw the pressure cap tightly.
Otherwise, boiling water and steam under
NOTE: high pressure will gush out if the engine
When refilling the radiator on a Crew-cab overheats.
model vehicle, pour coolant slowly to pre-
vent it from overflowing the filler port. 17. Run the engine a few more minutes to
make sure that there are no coolant
11. Check that the coolant level in the pres- leaks.
sure cap opening does not go down, 18. Make sure that the coolant level in the
then fit the pressure cap (turn it clock- reservoir tank is in the specified range.
wise until it is tight). Add coolant if necessary.

7 Cleaning the radiator core and


CAUTION intercooler
If the intercooler or front of the radiator core
If air is not completely removed from the is plugged with mud or dust, cooling effi-
cooling system, this may lead to reduced ciency will be reduced leading to rust. Clean
cooling efficiency and engine parts fail- the intercooler and the radiator at regular
ure. After replacing the coolant, drive the intervals. P. 12-79
vehicle and then check the coolant level.

12. Lower the cab.


13. Fill the reservoir tank with the coolant
(FUSO DIESEL LONGLIFE COOLANT
plus soft water) to the “FULL” line, then
replace the cap.
14. Depress the accelerator pedal and keep
the engine running at a speed slightly
higher than the specified idling speed to
expel air from the cooling system.
When the coolant temperature indicator
shows the 8th segment on the scale,
allow the engine to idle for 10 more min-
utes then stop it.
15. When the engine has cooled, open the
pressure cap and, if the coolant level is
too low, add coolant until it reaches the
top of the pressure cap opening.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-49
1 Check
V-belts – check

The belt auto-tensioner adjusts the V-belt to


the correct tension automatically, so you do
not need to adjust it. However, you should
check the auto-tensioner is working prop-
erly.

Inspec- Pre-operational P. 12-9


tion inter-
vals and Refer to the Periodic inspec-
items tion schedule table in the Ser-
vice Booklet (separate).
Maintenance items that
should be referred to:
• V-belts (in Engine)

WARNING
Be sure to stop the engine before Z22041
inspecting the fan belt. If the engine
were running and your hands, 1. Confirm that the parking brake lever is
clothes, or other items were to touch pulled.
or come into close proximity with the 2. Prevent the vehicle from moving by
engine’s rotating parts, they could be blocking the wheels with chocks. Tilt the
dragged into the mechanism, result- cab. P. 12-5
ing in injuries. 3. Check whether the V-belt is properly
tensioned by pressing it with your palm
in either of the places marked with
CAUTION arrows. If the belt is excessively loose,
have the vehicle inspected by an autho-
• If the belt is found to be damaged, rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
have it replaced by an authorized dealer.
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or 4. Also, check the belts for damage.
dealer as soon as possible. The
engine could fail if the belt breaks.
• Prevent the V-belt from any contact
with oil or grease during inspection.
If soiled with oil or grease, the belts
will slip and this will shorten their
service life.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-50 Simple inspection and service

If a belt is cracked or otherwise damaged, 1 Steering wheel play


have it replaced it as soon as possible. Belt
replacement requires component disassem-
bly. Please contact an authorized MITSUBI-
SHI FUSO distributor or dealer to have the
work done.

Z09289

NOTE:
Piece(s) missing from rib(s) Be sure to check the steering wheel play
with the engine running and with the engine
Z14709 turned off.
1. Make sure the parking brake is securely
applied.
2. Make sure that the gearshift lever is in
the neutral position.
Steering wheel – check 3. Gently turn the steering wheel from its
straight-ahead (neutral) position to the
point where you first feel resistance in
The steering wheel is a safety-critical part of the clockwise direction and to the point
the vehicle. If an inspection reveals any where you first feel resistance in the
abnormality, contact your nearest autho- counterclockwise direction. The dis-
rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or tance between the two points is the
dealer and have the abnormality rectified extent of steering wheel play. Check the
before you drive the vehicle again. Driving steering wheel play with the engine run-
the vehicle with the abnormality unrectified ning and with the engine turned off. If it
could result in a serious accident. is out of specification with the engine
running and/or with the engine turned
Inspec- Pre-operational P. 12-9 off, contact your nearest authorized
tion inter-
vals and Refer to the Periodic inspec- MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.
items tion schedule table in the Ser-
vice Booklet (separate). Front 20
Maintenance items that independent mm
should be referred to: When suspension or
• Steering system (in Steer- Steering engine models less
ing) wheel play is
(on the turned Front rigid 10
off to
periphery leaf suspen- 20
of steer- sion models
ing wheel) mm
5 to
When engine is idling 50
mm

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-51
2 Steering wheel looseness 4 Horn operation

Z09290 Z22779

1. Try moving steering wheel up and down CAUTION


and also right and left to check for
excessive looseness. Before sounding the horn, make sure
2. If anything abnormal is found, contact there are no people around the vehicle.
your nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
FUSO distributor or dealer.
1. Sound the horn. Check the volume and
NOTE: tone of its sound.
Make sure the lock lever that is used for 2. If the horn makes no sound, the fuse
steering wheel adjustment is securely may be blown. Replace any defective
locked. part. P. 13-10
3. If the horn makes no sound even though
3 Steering wheel operation the fuse is not blown or the horn makes
1. While driving slowly, make sure that the no sound, a weak sound, or an intermit-
steering wheel is free from shake and tent sound even after replacement of
the vehicle does not pull to one side. any defective part, have the vehicle
Also check for excessive operating inspected by an authorized MITSUBI-
resistance and unsmooth return to the SHI FUSO distributor or dealer.
neutral position.
2. If any abnormal condition is encoun- 5 Steering wheel lock
tered during the above check, call your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO
distributor or dealer for inspection.

WARNING
Perform the checks in a safe place
that provides good visibility all
around. During the checks, be suffi-
ciently attentive to surrounding traffic Z22780
conditions.
1. Remove the starter key, give the steer-
ing wheel half a turn to the left or right
and check whether it locks in position
and becomes immovable.
2. If the steering wheel does not lock, have
the vehicle inspected by an authorized
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-52 Simple inspection and service

4. If the brake pedal play is not as speci-


fied, have the pedal inspected and
Service brakes – check adjusted by your nearest authorized
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.

The service brakes are safety-critical parts 2 Brake pedal stroke


of the vehicle. If an inspection reveals any
abnormality, contact your nearest autho-
rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
dealer and have the abnormality rectified
before you again drive the vehicle. Driving
the vehicle with the abnormality unrectified
could result in a serious accident.

Inspec- Pre-operational P. 12-9


tion inter- Z11612
vals and Refer to the Periodic inspec-
items tion schedule table in the Ser- • Start the engine and allow it to idle.
vice Booklet (separate). • Fully depress the brake pedal. Check
Maintenance items that
should be referred to: whether the distance between the fully
• Service brake system (in depressed pedal and the floor is within
Brakes) specification.

Fully depressed brake


pedal to floor clearance 10 mm or more
1 Brake pedal play
• If the clearance is smaller than the spec-
ified value, have the brakes inspected
by your nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
FUSO distributor or dealer.
• If the pedal-to-floor clearance is insuffi-
cient or the pedal feels spongy when
pressed, brake fluid leakage or pres-
ence of air in the brake hydraulic system
may be a cause.
Z09288 Have the brake system inspected by
your nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
1. Confirm that the parking brake is FUSO distributor or dealer if the above
securely applied. conditions are detected.
2. Pump the brake pedal several times
until you feel a harder response from it 3 Braking performance
than usual.
Perform braking tests in a safe place. After
3. Measure the distance over which the
checking that warning lamp , or is
brake pedal moves when the center of
not illuminated, drive the vehicle at a low
the pedal pad is pressed with light finger
speed to make sure that braking power is
force to the point where resistance is felt
sufficient and even. If braking seems in any
(brake pedal play). Check whether the
way abnormal, operating the vehicle could
distance is within specification.
be dangerous. Never drive the vehicle. Ask
your nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
Brake pedal play 0.1 to 3 mm FUSO distributor or dealer for a more thor-
(at center of pedal pad)
ough inspection.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-53
6. Using a screwdriver through one of the
WARNING adjusting holes, turn adjuster in the
direction of the arrow marked on the
Perform brake tests in a safe place
backing plate until the wheel slightly
that provides good visibility all
drags when rotated by hand. Do the
around. During the tests, be attentive
same through the other adjusting hole.
to surrounding traffic conditions.
7. Then turn the adjuster in the direction
opposite to the arrow mark by the num-
ber of notches indicated below.
4 Brake shoe clearance adjustment
<All vehicles except those with disc brakes Number of notches by which the adjuster
or automatic shoe clearance adjuster mech- is to be turned back
anism>
Front wheels 6 to 8 notches
Rear wheels 6 to 8 notches

CAUTION
• On any wheel, be sure to make
adjustments via both adjusting holes.
• If adjustments are performed for
either a right or left wheel, they
should also be performed for the
other wheel, i.e. front right and front
left, rear right and rear left. Avoid per-
forming adjustments for only one
wheel.

8. Rotate the wheel by hand to make sure


that it does not drag. If the wheel drags,
hard or is not rotated, turn the adjuster 1
to 2 notches back.
9. Depress the brake pedal fully and make
Z10791 sure there is gap between the fully
depressed pedal and the floor. If there is
1. Jack up the vehicle to raise the wheel of no gap, return to step 6 and repeat the
which the brake shoe clearance is to be adjustment procedure.
adjusted. Chock the other wheels to pre- 10. Depress the brake pedal to a position
vent the vehicle from moving. where the brakes slightly drag. Rotate
2. Pump the brake pedal 10 times strongly. each wheel by hand to make sure that
3. Rotate the wheel with brake pedal the front wheels rotate with a resistance
released and make sure it does not slightly less than or equal to the resis-
drag. If the wheel drags, pump the brake tance experienced when the rear wheels
pedal strongly until there is no drag. are rotated.
4. Rock the raised wheel by hand to check Also check that right and left wheels
for excessive wheel bearing play. rotate with a same resistance. This
5. Remove the dust cover from adjusting applies to both front and rear axles.
hole in the backing plate. 11. Plug the adjusting holes with the dust
covers, and perform brake tests while
driving slowly.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-54 Simple inspection and service

2 Braking performance
WARNING Stop the vehicle on a dry downgrade, set
Perform brake tests in a safe place the parking brake and check to see if the
that provides good visibility all parking brake can hold the vehicle. If an
around. During the tests, be suffi- appropriate downgrade is not available,
ciently attentive to surrounding traffic drive the vehicle at a low speed and acti-
conditions. vate the parking brake to make sure that it
exhibits satisfactory braking action.
If parking brake performance is in any way
abnormal, vehicle operation could be dan-
gerous. Contact your nearest authorized
Parking brake – check MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.

WARNING
Inspec- Perform brake tests in safe place that
tion inter- provides good visibility all around.
Pre-operational P. 12-9
vals and During the tests, be sufficiently atten-
items tive to surrounding traffic conditions.

1 Parking brake lever stroke check

Tires – check

Inspec-
tion inter- Pre-operational P. 12-9
vals and
items
Z11606
1 Inflation pressure check
1. Depress the brake pedal firmly so that
the vehicle cannot move.
• Use an air pressure gauge to check for
2. Starting with the parking brake lever in the proper tire inflation pressure.
If the pressure is incorrect, adjust it to
fully released position, pull the parking
the indicated standard pressure.
brake lever with a force of 294 N (30 kgf)
until it stops moving. Check whether the
lever stroke (the distance moved by the
lever) is within specification. If the stroke
is out of specification, have the vehicle
inspected by your nearest authorized
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.

Parking brake lever 7 to 9 notches


stroke
Z21588
3. Make sure the parking brake lever locks
securely in the pulled position.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-55
• Tire pressure should be checked and NOTE:
adjusted before driving when the tires The tire inflation pressures will be higher
are still cool. Make sure that the tire air just after vehicle operation than before vehi-
valve caps are securely fitted. cle operation. The increases in pressure are
• Check whether the spare tire’s inflation not abnormal; they occur because the air in
pressure is correct using an air gauge. the tires expands as the tires get hot while
• There is a label affixed to the driver’s the vehicle is moving. Do not release air
door pillar indicating standard inflation from the tires at this time. The pressures will
pressure. Keep the tires inflated to the return to normal as the tires cool down.
pressures shown on the label.
• Never fail to install tire valve caps after
checking or adjusting the air pressure.

2 Checking tread depth


Make sure that the remaining tread depth is
sufficient.

Tread groove depth


limit 1.6 mm
Z22742
When the tread wears down, slip signs
(interrupted sections of the grooves) appear
WARNING across the tire at the locations correspond-
• Excessively low or high tire pres- ing to the marks.
sures not only give a poor ride, but Replace the tire as soon as the slip signs
also could cause cargo to be dam- show up, as continued use is dangerous.
aged. Moreover, if the pressure is P. 12-56
too low, tires could overheat and
burst.
• Both the inner and outer tires on
dual wheels should be inflated to
the same pressure.
• You need not increase tire pressure
before high-speed driving.

CAUTION
These standard tire inflation pressures
have been established and are recom-
mended by the JATMA (Japan Automo-
bile Tire Manufacturers Association). If
the tires on your vehicle were not made
by one of the JATMA member compa-
nies, use the inflation pressures recom-
mended by your tires’ manufacturer or
adjust the pressures according to your
local standards.
Z23126

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-56 Simple inspection and service

• There is a label or placard affixed to the


WARNING driver’s door pillar indicating the tire
size. Be sure to use tires of the size
If the remaining tread is too shallow,
specified on the label or placard.
the tires tend to skid and chances of
• If you are uncertain of the correct size of
“hydroplaning” during high speed
your vehicle’s tires, contact an autho-
driving increase. Hydroplaning can
rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
occur when driving on wet roads at
dealer.
high speeds. When a vehicle hydro-
planes, tires ride up on and slide over
a film of water, causing the driver to
lose control of both steering and WARNING
braking. Do not mix bias and radial tires, or
use other than the specified size of
tires and disc wheels.
3 Checking for cracks, damage, Using other than the specified size of
and objects embedded in tread tires and disc wheels results in poor
steering, and may cause an accident.
And it can cause the following trou-
bles.
• The ABS system cannot work as
intended (vehicles with ABS).
• The speedometer indicates a differ-
ent speed from the actual vehicle
speed.
• The tires may touch the frame and
steering components.
Z10805

• Check both the tread and the sides of • Use tires and disc wheels which have no
each tire for cracks, damage, and cracks or other damage.
excessive or unusual wear. Check also • After rearranging the disc wheels, adjust
for metal pieces, nails, and stones that the balance of wheels, before driving.
might be embedded in the tread or • Because of their propensity to generate
caught between the tires of dual wheels. heat, new tires tend to wear quickly. For
• Check the tires for swelling and other vehicles other than the dump trucks,
deformation. Also, touch the tires with install two tires as a set on the front of
your hands to check whether the rubber the vehicle where the load is smaller.
has been softened by oil or chemicals. Break in new tires by driving 200 km or
Inspect the spare tires as well as those more at 60 km/h or less. After this run-in
in use. period, check tire pressure.
• If there is a difference in diameter
between inner and outer tires of a rear
dual wheel, the difference should be
Tire replacement within 6 mm and install the smaller tire
as the inner tire.

1 Tire
• Only tires of the specified size are
usable on your vehicle. Be sure to use
tires of the specified size.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-57
2 Jacking up the vehicle
CAUTION
WARNING • Do not raise the jack more than nec-
• Securely apply the parking brake. essary. Doing so could damage the
• Jack up the vehicle on firm, level jack.
ground. If you jacked up the vehi- • Your vehicle’s onboard jack is
cle on a slope or on soft ground, designed specifically for that vehicle.
the jack could tip and slip out of Do not use it with any other vehicle.
position, resulting in an accident. • Instructions for using and handling
the jack are affixed to the jack. Be
sure to read them before using the
jack.

2.1 Before jacking up the vehicle


• Park the vehicle on a flat, hard surface.
Pull the parking brake all the way on.
Place the gearshift lever in the neutral
position.
• Be sure to stop the engine.
Z23496 • If you get a flat tire while on the road and
• Apply the jack only to the specified need to change it on the spot, pull up
jacking point. If you apply the jack your vehicle in a safe place where it will
to any other point on the vehicle, it not block traffic, turn your hazard warn-
could slip out of position, resulting ing lamps on and use a red or white flag
in an accident. or cloth to give warning to passing vehi-
• Make sure there is no oil or grease cles.
on the jack or jacking point. (Wipe • Have all passengers get out of the vehi-
off any such contamination.) Other- cle.
wise, the jack could slip out of • Block with a chock the tire diagonally
position, resulting in an accident. opposite to the tire to be replaced.
• Do not start the engine while the Example:
vehicle is jacked up. Engine vibra- Block the left front tire if the right rear tire
tion could cause the jack to slip out is to be replaced.
of position.
• Do not get under the vehicle while • Prepare the spare tire. P. 12-68
it is jacked up. Doing so is danger-
ous because you could be trapped
under the vehicle if the jack slipped
out of position.
• When the vehicle is to remain
jacked up for a long period, sup-
port the frame with the supporting
tools such as jack stands for
safety.
• Never use two or more jacks on a
single vehicle at the same time.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-58 Simple inspection and service

3 Using the hydraulic jack


CAUTION
3.1 To raise
1. If the place you wish to apply the jack to The jack for a vehicle with independent
is too high, adjust the jack height by suspension extends and retracts in two
turning the ram counterclockwise. stages. Stop jacking up the vehicle when
the yellow second-stage mark
appears. Continuing to operate the jack
could damage it.

Z10810

2. Using the slit at the end of the wrench


handle (onboard tool), turn the Z09293
release valve fully clockwise.
3.2 To lower
1. Slowly turn the release valve counter-
clockwise using the slit at the end of the
wrench handle.

Z10821

3. Insert the wrench handle into the socket


on the jack, and pump the handle up
and down to raise the vehicle. Z10823

WARNING
Turn the release valve slowly. If you
turn it rapidly, the vehicle will come
down quickly, possibly causing the
jack to slip out of position.

Z10822 CAUTION
• Avoid loosening the release valve
more than 2 turns.
• Do not close the release valve sud-
denly while lowering the vehicle
since the jack could suffer damage.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-59
2. Take out the jack and push its head <Vehicles with a rigid leaf suspension stabi-
down. lizer>
Bottom of leaf spring behind tie rod

Z10824
Z23498
3. Rotate the release valve fully clockwise.
Turn the ram head clockwise to retract <Vehicle with independent suspension>
it. Jack receptacle behind front wheel

Z10825 Z22306

4 Removing the wheel When using a garage jack to jack up the


front wheels of a vehicle with independent
4.1 Front axle jacking points suspension, place a plank of wood
• FE models between the jack and the center of the sus-
pension crossmember .
<Vehicles without a rigid leaf suspension
stabilizer>
Bottom of leaf spring

Z24221

Z22023

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-60 Simple inspection and service

• FG models <Vehicles with jacking receivers>


Jack receptacle at the bottom of front Jacking point on rear axle housing
axle.

Z24740
Z09515
<Other models>
Bottom of rear axle housing
4.2 Rear axle jacking point
• FEA0 models
Bottom of leaf spring

Z24561

• FG models
Z09300 Bottom of rear axle housing

• FEA5, FEB and FEC models


<Vehicle with above-the-axle leaf spring
and stabilizer>
Bottom surface of the axle housing (beside
leaf spring U-bolt mounting)

Z09303

Z12831

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-61
4.3 How to remove a wheel
CAUTION
WARNING After raising the vehicle slightly, confirm
• Under no circumstances should that the jack is securely in position.
anyone get under the vehicle when
it is supported only with the jack.
The jack could slip out from under WARNING
the vehicle. Also, do not attempt to
start the engine when the vehicle is If the jack slips out of position with
jacked up. the vehicle fully raised, the vehicle
• Check that the jack is positioned could fall and cause serious injury.
securely. If the jack slipped out of
position, a serious accident could
3. Using socket wrench and wrench
occur.
handle included in the onboard tool
• When the vehicle is to remain
set, slightly loosen the wheel nuts by
jacked up for a long period, place
turning them in the illustrated direction.
jack stands or other supports
Do not remove the nuts.
under the frame for safety.
• Never try to remove the outside
wheel of the rear dual wheel by
driving only the inside wheel over a
wooden block or the like.
With a vehicle that has dual wheels
which there are single nuts, a seri-
ous accident could occur since the
inside and outside tires can be
removed at the same time when the
wheel nuts are removed. Z09304

For right-hand wheel


For left-hand wheel
CAUTION
NOTE:
• If the vehicle is carrying heavy cargo, • The wheel nuts on the right-side wheels
unload it before jacking the vehicle up. have right-hand threads (marked “R”, or
• When jacking up the vehicle, be sure do not have any mark). Those on the
to place the jack only in the specified left-side wheels have left-hand threads
locations as applying the jack to any (marked “L” or “LH”).
point other than the jacking-up points • If you wish to remove only the outer
could damage the vehicle or cause wheel of double-nut-type dual wheels,
injury. you do not need to loosen the inner
wheel nuts.
1. Securely apply the parking brake. Apply
chocks to the front and back (as seen
from the side of the vehicle) of the wheel
diagonally opposite the one that is to be
jacked up.
2. Position the jack under the jacking point
of the vehicle and raise the vehicle to a
point at which the tire is still touching the
ground.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-62 Simple inspection and service

WARNING WARNING
• Insert the wrench handle until it • Do not rotate the jacked-up wheel if
slightly protrudes from the socket the vehicle has a limited-slip differ-
wrench. Insert the socket wrench ential. Power would be transmitted
deep into the wheel nut. If inserted to the wheel in contact with the
only partially over the nut, the ground, and the vehicle could
wrench handle or socket wrench move as a result.
might slip off when force is
applied, resulting in injury.
• Do not loosen the wheel nuts too
much or you could damage the
threads.

4. Jack up the vehicle until the tire is just


clear of the ground.
5. Remove the wheel nuts and then the
tire. Z09031
• Single wheel
Remove all of the wheel nuts, then • When removing wheels, be careful
remove the wheel. not to damage the wheel bolts and
• Dual wheels (single-nut type) the threads of the inner wheel nuts.
Remove all of the wheel nuts, then
remove the inner and outer wheels
at the same time. 5 Mounting the tire
• Dual wheels (double-nut type) 1. Clean the following sections before
First loosen the outer wheel nuts mounting the wheel. If they are dirty, the
and remove outer tire ; then lower wheel nuts could become loose during
the jack, loosen inner wheel nuts driving.
by using the square socket end of
the wheel nut wrench, and jack up <In case of front single tire>
the vehicle again to remove inner tire
.

Z22340

Z09307

NOTE:
With a vehicle that has dual rear wheels on
which there are single nuts like those on the
front wheels, removal of the single nuts
enables both the inner and outer wheels to
be removed.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-63
2. Mount the wheel so that the wheel bolts
line up with the bolt holes in the disc
<In case of rear dual tire> wheel. Then, tighten the wheel nuts to
hold the disc wheel in position. Direct
the flanged end or spherical end of
the wheel nuts toward the disc wheel.
<FEA0>

Z09309
Threads on wheel bolts and nuts
Seating surface or spherical surface
of wheel nuts
Disc wheel mounting surface <Other than FEA0>
Disc wheel and wheel cover mating
surface
Wheel nut contact surface on disc
wheel and wheel cover
Disc wheel inside surface
Guide sections on hub

WARNING
• If the above items are dirty, the nuts
will become loose during vehicle
operation. If the bolt or nut threads Z20221
are damaged or the disc wheel is
cracked or otherwise damaged,
replace the wheel with a new genu-
ine part. A damaged wheel could
WARNING
work loose and cause a serious acci- When installing the wheel, take care
dent while the vehicle is in motion. not to damage the threads on the
• Do not paint disc wheel mounting wheel bolts and inner wheel nuts.
surfaces , dual wheel mating sur-
faces , wheel nut seating surfaces NOTE:
, and wheel hub mounting surfaces • The wheel bolts and nuts on the right-
as resulting thicker paint film could hand wheels have right-hand threads,
cause the wheel nuts to loosen up. and those on the left-hand wheels have
left-hand threads.
You can identify the nuts and bolts for
right-side wheels and those for left-side
wheels by checking the part of each
bolt or nut. The nuts and bolts for right-
side wheels have an “R” stamp mark, or
do not have any mark in this part. The
nuts and bolts for left-side wheels have
an “L” or “LH” stamp mark.
Z09308
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-64 Simple inspection and service

• Wheel nuts , outer wheel nuts and


inner wheel nuts are marked with WARNING
“ST” or “S·A”. The “ST” mark indicates
• Insert the wrench handle until it
that these fasteners are for steel wheels
slightly protrudes from the socket
and the “S·A” mark indicates that they
wrench. Insert the socket wrench
are for both steel and aluminum wheels.
deep into the wheel nut.
If inserted only partially over the
nut, the wrench handle or socket
wrench might slip off when force is
applied, resulting in injury.
• The wheel nuts must be tightened
to the specified torque. If the nuts
are tightened loosely or too tight,
parts may be damaged and wheels
may come off.
• As the vehicle is driven after a
wheel has been replaced, the wheel
nuts loosen up somewhat during
the early stages of driving due to
“wear-in.” Therefore, it is neces-
sary to retighten the wheel nuts to
the specified torque after driving 50
to 100 km. Thereafter, retighten the
nuts at regular intervals.

Z18461
CAUTION
Wheel nuts should be tightened with a
3. Lower the vehicle gently until the tire torque wrench, using a socket wrench
makes contact with the ground. and wrench handle should be done in
4. Tighten the wheel nuts in the order emergencies only. Use a torque wrench
shown in the illustration, repeating the to check the torque as soon as possible
tightening cycle 2 to 3 times. Finally, after using a socket wrench and wrench
tighten the nuts to the specified torque. handle to tighten the wheel nuts.

4 3
Model Tightening Tightening
2 5 1 torque method
1
Apply a 600
N (60 kgf)
force to the
2 6 FEA0 170 to 230 N·m “WEIGHT”
5 3 (17 to 23 kgf·m) mark point on
4 the wrench
Z09311 handle.
Apply a 800 N
Other (80 kgf) force
than 450 to 550 N·m to the end of
FEA0 (45 to 55 kgf·m) the wrench
handle.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-65
• Wheels secured by single nuts
WARNING Set the inner and outer wheels such that
the wheel bolts are located in the cen-
Never use a grease that contains
tres of the disc wheels’ bolt holes, then
molybdenum disulfide. Using a grease
tighten the wheel nuts just enough to
of this type may result in an excessive
eliminate looseness.
tightening torque of the wheel nuts and
Lower the vehicle, then tighten the
eventually in broken hub bolts or defor-
wheel nuts in the illustrated sequence.
mation of the nut seating areas on the
Work through the sequence two or three
disc wheel. This could even cause a
times, finally tightening each wheel nut
wheel to come off while driving.
to the specified torque.

5. Mount rear dual-wheels as described 6. If only the outer wheel of the double-nut
below. secured dual wheels is replaced,
retighten the inner wheel nuts to the
specified torque before mounting the
4 3 outer wheel.
2 5 1
1

2 6
5 3
4
Z09311

WARNING
When replacing an outer wheel on a
vehicle whose rear dual-wheels are
secured by double wheel nuts, be sure
to retighten the inner wheel nuts
before tightening the outer wheel nuts.

NOTE:
When installing dual wheels, make sure that
the air valve of the inner wheel is opposite
to the air valve of the outer wheel.

• Wheels secured by double-nuts


Mount the inner wheel, then jack up the
vehicle again. Set the outer wheel such
that the wheel bolts are located in the
centers of the disc wheel’s bolt holes,
then tighten the wheel nuts just enough
to eliminate looseness.
Lower the vehicle, then tighten the
wheel nuts in the illustrated sequence.
Work through the sequence two or three
times, finally tightening each wheel nut
to the specified torque.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-66 Simple inspection and service

WARNING Tire rotation


• Be sure to tighten the wheel nuts to
the specified torque. Excessive
torque could elongate the bolt or
deform the surface of the disc
wheel.
• When replacing the wheel, take
care not to damage the threads on
the wheel bolts and inner wheel
nuts.
• As the vehicle is driven after a
wheel has been replaced, the wheel
nuts loosen up somewhat during
the early stages of driving due to
Z09318
“wear-in.” Therefore, it is neces-
sary to retighten the wheel nuts to
the specified torque after driving 50 The amount of wear on a tire depends on its
to 100 km. Thereafter, retighten the position on the vehicle. To equalize wear
nuts at regular intervals. and extend life as much as possible, rotate
• Do not paint disc wheel mounting the tires at regular intervals. Depending on
surfaces , dual wheel mating sur- the road and driving conditions, it may be
faces , wheel nut seating sur- necessary for the tire rotation intervals to be
faces , and wheel hub mounting shortened.
surfaces as resulting thicker paint
film could cause the wheel nuts to • Use a tire of the same type on a single
loosen up. axle. If different type tires are mounted
on an axle, the vehicle tends to pull to
one side during braking, and could
cause you to lose directional control of
the vehicle.
• There is a label affixed to the driver’s
door pillar indicating the tire size. Be
sure to use tires of the size specified on
the label.
• Only tires of the specified size are
usable on your vehicle. If you are uncer-
Z09308 tain of the correct size of your vehicle’s
tires, contact an authorized MITSUBI-
• Be sure to use the specified type of SHI FUSO distributor or dealer.
tires. Mixing bias and radial tires
results in poor steering and should
be avoided at all cost.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-67

WARNING CAUTION
• Retighten the wheel nuts to the • Break in new tires by driving 200 km
specified torque after driving 50 to or longer at 60 km/h or slower. After
100 km since the tires have been the break-in driving period, check the
rotated. The tightening torque of tire pressure of each of the new tires.
wheel nut decreases due to initial • If there is a difference in diameter
settlement, and this can cause the between inner and outer tires of a
wheel nut to loosen. rear dual wheel, the difference should
• As the vehicle is driven after a be within 6 mm and install the smaller
wheel has been replaced, the wheel tire as the inner tire.
nuts loosen up somewhat during
the early stages of driving due to NOTE:
“wear-in”. Therefore, it is neces- When tires are new, they tend to generate
sary to retighten the wheel nuts to heat and wear more quickly.
the specified torque after driving 50
to 100 km. Thereafter, retighten the
nuts at regular intervals.
• If as a result of tire rotation, an
additionally painted face of the disk
wheel mounting face becomes
the mounting face for the mating
part (wheel hub and disk wheel),
remove the paint from the mount-
ing face of the disk wheel and the
seating face of the wheel nut,
clean these surfaces with a wire
brush or the like, and then install
the wheel.
If you use the wheel without remov-
ing the paint, the wheel nuts are
likely to become loose because the
paint film is thick.

Z09613

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-68 Simple inspection and service

2 To use
Spare tire Insert spare tire handle into spare tire
carrier and turn it counterclockwise to
lower spare wheel . When using the multi-
Over time, the spare tire leaks air little by lit- part spare wheel handle , fit the longer pin
tle. Therefore, the tire pressure should be of the attachment onto the spare wheel
kept slightly high. handle.

1 Inspection of spare wheel


• Kick the spare tire lightly to check
whether it is securely retained. If it
moves, raise it to hold it in place.
• Inspect the stubs of the hanger plate
and the spare tire hanger to assure
there is about 10 mm clearance
between them.
If you cannot see to confirm the clear- Z21574
ance, make sure that the hanger plate at
the spare tire is positioned parallel with 3 To stow
the spare tire hanger.
If the clearance is too small or the 1. Face up the outer side of the disc wheel
hanger plate is not parallel, lower the and position hanger plate as illus-
spare tire at first. Adjust the orientation trated.
of the hanger plate so that assure the
clearance is 10 mm, and then crank the
spare tire up again and fix it securely. If
there was interference, inspect the stubs
of the hanger plate for damage.

Z09322

2. Align the orientation of the hanger plate


and the spare tire hanger so that they
are almost parallel, and turn the spare
Z24655 tire handle clockwise to raise the spare
tire.

CAUTION
If the spare wheel cannot be mounted
firmly or if the stubs of the hanger plate
are damaged, the spare wheel may fall
off. Instead of trying to mount the spare
wheel, remove it and place it on the
cargo deck, etc., then have your nearest
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor
or dealer check the spare tire carrier.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-69
4. Press the spare tire with your foot to
CAUTION make sure that it is secure. If it is loose,
make sure that the hanger plate and disc
• When raising the spare tire, make wheel are free from any abnormalities,
sure that the chain is not twisted then tighten them again.
and that the hanger plate is in the If the spare tire is still loose after taking
correct position. After raising the these precautions, there is the risk that it
spare tire, check that there is clear- might fall off. Remove the spare tire and
ance between the spare tire and place it on a cargo deck, etc., and have
nearby parts. your nearest authorized MITSUBISHI
A twisted chain, improperly posi- FUSO distributor or dealer check it.
tioned hanger plate, interference
between the spare tire and nearby
parts, and insufficient clearance
between stubs of the hanger plate
and the spare tire hanger could Wiper blade – replacement
cause the spare tire to fall off while
the vehicle is moving, which may
result in an accident. 1 Replacing wiper blade
1. Raise wiper arm , and then push clip
spring in the direction of the arrow
(see figure).

Z25018

• When raising the spare tire, position


the tire valve so that it does not touch
Z15848
the hanger. Interference between the
spare tire hanger and the tire valve
will damage the valve. 2. With the clip spring kept in the pushed
position, press wiper toward the wiper
3. After the spare tire has been raised arm.
completely, tighten the spare tire handle
with a force of about 295 N (30 kgf);
then, remove it taking care not to turn it
counterclockwise.

CAUTION
If the spare tire carrier has not been
tightened sufficiently, the spare tire may
fall off during driving, causing an acci- Z15849
dent.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-70 Simple inspection and service

3. The wiper blade will come off the wiper


arm. Windshield washer – fluid level
check and refilling

1 Fluid level check


1. Open the assistant driver’s door.
2. Check the washer fluid level through
level check window .
When the level has dropped to the lower
part of the window or is not visible at all,
refill the tank with washer fluid.
Z15850

Install a new blade in the reverse order


of removal.
Use a MITSUBISHI genuine replace-
ment part.

CAUTION
Do not bring the wiper arms back into
position or operate the wipers without Z21416
wiper blades, as this could scratch the
windshield.
2 Refilling
2 Replacing blade rubber only 1. Open the assistant driver’s door.
2. Open windshield washer tank cap
1. Raise the wiper arm.
and pour in a mixture of windshield
Pinch both sides (indicated by arrows)
washer fluid and tap water up to the top
of blade rubber with your fingers and
end of the fluid level inspection window
then pull the blade rubber so that claws
.
are unhooked from grooves in the
3. Close the cap tightly after refilling.
blade rubber.
Windshield washer
Approx. 2.9 liters
fluid quantity

CAUTION
• Substituting soapy water for washer
fluid could result in clogged washer
Z09332 nozzles or spots on painted surfaces.
• Operating the washer continuously
for more than 20 seconds or when
2. Slide out the blade rubber.
there is no fluid in the reservoir could
3. Replace the old blade rubber with a new
burn out the washer motor.
MITSUBISHI genuine wiper blade rub-
ber.
To install, reverse the removal proce-
dure. Make sure that the claws fit into
the grooves in blade rubber.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-71
3 In cold weather 3. To fit the cover, follow the removal steps
in reverse. After fitting the cover, make
Replace the windshield washer fluid with sure it is securely retained.
one for cold weather to prevent freezing.
Follow the fluid manufacturer’s instructions
2 Inspecting the battery fluid level
when adjusting the concentration.
• The battery fluid level should be
between the “UPPER” and “LOWER”
CAUTION level lines marked on the battery
case. If the battery fluid level is low, add
Never use engine coolant or anti-freeze electrolyte or distilled water to the
fluid as window washer fluid. It would “UPPER” level line.
damage the body paintwork.

Battery – check

WARNING
The battery generates flammable
hydrogen gas and should be kept Z13231
away from open flame and spark. • If your battery has no level line markers,
the fluid should be 10 to 15 mm
above the tops of the electrode plates.
Inspec- • If the side of the battery case is not in
tion inter- your direct view due to equipment or
Pre-operational P. 12-9
vals and
items other things on the vehicle body, do the
following:
• Remove the battery’s cap .
At the time of pre-operational check, inspect • Check the battery fluid level using an
the battery only for fluid level. appropriate mirror like a hand mirror
.
1 Removal and installation of bat- • Check whether the battery fluid
tery cover comes up to the bottom of the sleeve
1. Push the part marked with an arrow to of each filler hole.
remove the cover from the stopper .

Z21897
Z18864

2. Pull the cover toward you to remove it


from the stoppers .
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-72 Simple inspection and service

3 Checking the specific gravity of


DANGER battery fluid
BATTERY FLUID IS DILUTE SULFU- You can determine the battery’s state of
RIC ACID AND CAN HARM MOST charge by checking the specific gravity of its
THINGS IT TOUCHES, INCLUDING fluid.
HUMAN SKIN AND CLOTHING. IF Use a hydrometer to measure the specific
YOU GET IT ON YOUR SKIN OR gravity of the battery fluid. If the specific
CLOTHING, FLUSH IT OFF WITH gravity is lower than 1.220 (battery fluid
SOAP AND WATER. IF YOU ACCI- temperature at 20qC), the battery must be
DENTALLY GET BATTERY FLUID IN recharged.
YOUR EYES, WASH YOUR EYES
WITH LOTS OF CLEAN WATER THEN
PROMPTLY SEE AN EYE DOCTOR
FOR TREATMENT. ALWAYS WEAR
SAFETY SPECTACLES AND RUBBER
GLOVES WHEN HANDLING BATTER-
IES.

WARNING Z11155
Do not use the battery with the fluid
below the “LOWER” level line. The If the battery fluid temperature is higher or
battery will deteriorate rapidly, and it lower than 20qC, you may convert a specific
could overheat or explode. gravity measurement into its 20qC tempera-
ture equivalent by using the following for-
mula:
CAUTION S20 = St + 0.0007 (t – 20)
S20: specific gravity at fluid temperature
• Whenever battery fluid has been of 20qC
added, either charge the battery or St: specific gravity measurement
run the vehicle for a while. It is espe- t: battery fluid temperature
cially important in cold weather as
the battery can freeze up and be dam- 4 Connected condition of terminals
aged.
• Do not add so much fluid that the • Make sure the battery cables are
fluid in the battery rises above the securely attached to the battery termi-
“UPPER” level line. With the fluid nals.
above the “UPPER” level, fluid could
leak out and corrode the battery ter-
minals.

Z23127

• Clean the battery terminals if they


become dirty or corroded.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-73
5 Cleaning the terminals 6 Battery removal and installation
Use warm water to wash and wipe off any 1. Disconnect the battery cables (each
white powder caused by corrosion. indicated by an arrow in the illustra-
If a terminal is seriously corroded, remove tion) from the battery terminals.
the battery cable and clean the terminal with
a wire brush or sandpaper.

Z21518

Z12974
WARNING
After cleaning, apply a thin coat of grease to
• When disconnecting the battery
the terminals.
cables, disconnect the (–) cable
first. When connecting the battery
CAUTION cables, connect the (–) cable last. If
you were to accidentally touch the
• Install the battery securely in posi- (+) terminal and the vehicle body
tion. If it is left loose, shocks and with a tool with the (–) cable con-
vibrations from road surface could nected to the battery, a dangerous
damage the battery case and elec- short circuit could occur.
trode plates, shortening battery life. • Store any used battery in a place
• If the battery needs to be charged, where children cannot touch it.
remove it from the vehicle and Leaking fluid could otherwise
remove the caps where possible cause burns and blindness.
before starting the procedure. If it is • Store any used battery with its ter-
charged in the vehicle owing to minals uppermost. Placing a bat-
unavoidable circumstances, be sure tery on its side could cause fluid
to disconnect the negative (–) battery leakage and fire.
cable.
2. Remove the battery support mounting
NOTE:
nuts (each indicated by an arrow in
Follow the correct procedure when jump
the illustration).
starting a vehicle with a dead battery by
connecting it to a live battery using a
booster cable. P. 13-23

Z21519
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-74 Simple inspection and service

3. Remove the battery support , then check whether the corresponding lamp
remove the battery. lights/flashes properly.
4. Install the battery by performing these • Depress the brake pedal and check that
steps in reverse. After installing the bat- the stop lamps light.
tery, make sure it is securely retained. • With the gearshift lever in the reverse
position, check that the backup lamps
come on.
• Check the condition of the lens of each
lamp, such as contamination, damage
Lamps – check and discoloration.
• If any lamp fails to light or flash, a bulb
or fuse may have blown. Check the
related bulb and fuse, and replace either
or both of them as necessary.
P. 13-10, P. 13-16
• If the lamp still fails to light or flash even
after replacing the bulb and/or fuse,
have your vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO
distributor or dealer.

Air filters – cleaning

Remove and clean the air filters (heater or


air conditioner filters) with water or com-
pressed air to eliminate dust and dirt at reg-
ular intervals (6 months or so).
Clogged filters may cause inefficient heat-
ing or air-conditioning, and even malfunc-
tion of the blower motor.
Y00299
Headlamp/Position lamp
Front and side turn signal lamp WARNING
Rear turn signal lamp When cleaning the air filters, wear a
Stop and tail lamps dust mask to avoid inhaling dust.
Backup lamp Dust inhalation can have adverse
License lamp health effects.
Interior lamp

1 Inspection
CAUTION
Inspec- Clean the air filters at shorter intervals if
tion inter- Pre-operational P. 12-9 your vehicle is used frequently in dusty
vals and areas.
items

• Operate each of the lamp-related


switches in front of the driver’s seat and
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-75
1 Outside air filter
Disassembly is necessary before the out- Cleaning your vehicle
side air filter can be cleaned. Have an
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor
or dealer do the job. 1 Washing
2 Dashboard air filter Be sure to wash the vehicle whenever it
• has been driven in a coastal area;
1. Remove the lower panel in front of • has been driven on a road covered with
the assistant driver’s seat. an anti-icing agent;
• has coal tar, soot, oil, grease, powder
dust, metal particles, coal dust, tree sap,
or bird droppings on it; or
• has dust or mud on it.

WARNING
When washing the underside of the
vehicle, be careful not to hurt yourself
on the edges of panels and other
parts.

CAUTION
• Do not use an organic solvent such
as thinner or gasoline for cleaning,
as these will damage painted sur-
faces and cause discoloration and
cracks in plastic components.
• When washing the vehicle, pay par-
Z21417 ticular attention to the wheel hous-
ings and the underside of the chassis
2. Pull out the air filter while pushing if the vehicle has been driven in a
inward both the tabs on the filter. coastal area or on a road covered
3. Reinstall the lower panel by first aligning with an anti-icing agent. Also pay par-
the claws with the corresponding ticular attention to the wheel hous-
slots and then pushing the panel for- ings and the underside of the chassis
ward. if the vehicle is often used to carry
marine products or coal and is thus
prone to the effects of seawater or to
serious paint damage. If anti-icing
agent is left on the vehicle, it will
stick to the vehicle and become
impossible to remove with normal
washing. Carefully wash the vehicle
with a high-pressure cleaner. Any salt
or large amounts of anti-icing agent
left on the vehicle will cause prema-
ture rust.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-76 Simple inspection and service

• When stepping onto the bumper to 1. Wash dirt off the vehicle by spraying
clean the windshield, do not hold the water on the vehicle with a hose. Pay
wiper arms. Doing so could cause a attention not only to the cab but also to
wiper malfunction. the wheel housings and the underside of
• Do not use a vehicle-cleaning brush the chassis.
to clean the plastic lenses of the turn-
signal lamps. A brush could scratch
the lenses. Wash the lenses with
water, then wipe them with a soft
cloth.
• When the vehicle is washed, braking
performance can be reduced by
water adhering on the working areas
of the brake discs. In this event, drive
slowly with light pressure on the
brake pedal to dry out the brakes. Z16079
Pay attention to nearby vehicles
while doing so. 2. Remove any stubborn dirt using car
• When washing the vehicle be careful shampoo. Wash the dirt and car sham-
not to allow water to get into the muf- poo off thoroughly with water.
fler. If water gets into the muffler, sen- 3. Wipe water off the vehicle so spots do
sors could be damaged. not remain.

NOTE: 2 Precautions when using a high-


• In cold weather, the key holes and rub- pressure cleaner
ber parts of the door sometimes freeze,
making it hard to open the door. After When cleaning the engine compartment or
washing, remove moisture on and undercarriage of the vehicle using a high-
around the doors. Applying silicone with pressure cleaner, be careful not to point the
antifreeze capabilities is one solution to jet of water at the areas listed below.
this problem. NOTE:
• When washing the vehicle in cold Avoid exposing the components and wiring
weather, be careful not to directly spray to high-pressure water or cleaner steam as
water over the key slot in the fuel tank the system could be damaged and not oper-
cap. If the key slot is wet with water, the ate properly.
fuel tank cap may become impossible to
open. It is also important to thoroughly • The air intake port or the area where it
wipe off water around the fuel tank cap connects to the engine
after washing the vehicle. • The starter, alternator, connectors, and
other electrical parts
• High-current fuse box
• The engine compartment
• Lamps
• Around the wheels
Steering shaft universal joint, steering
system dust covers, front axle dust cov-
ers, stabilizer link dust covers (vehicle
with stabilizer), and ABS units (vehicle
with ABS).

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-77

Z22209

Z22263

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


12-78 Simple inspection and service

• Outside air intake port • Do not wash the floor mats with water
without removing them from the vehi-
cle. The floor could rust, and water
could splash on the relays, switches,
electronic control units, and acceler-
ator pedal, causing a malfunction.
Remove the floor mats from the vehi-
cle before washing them. Thoroughly
dry the backing felt before putting the
floor mats back in the vehicle. Make
sure the floor mats do not obstruct
Z22210 the accelerator pedal or any other
moving part.
3 Waxing • Do not directly spray or splash water
(using a hose, for example) on inter-
We recommend waxing your vehicle about nal parts of the vehicle to wash them.
once every month. The best timing for wax- The floor could rust, and electrical
ing is just after washing the vehicle when items such as relays and electronic
the paint surface temperature is lower than control units could malfunction. If
your body temperature. Avoid waxing under water collects inside the vehicle,
direct sunlight. either remove the drain plug and
allow the water to run out or wipe up
4 Inspecting the vehicle for rust all of the water with a cloth.
and corrosion
• Rust or corrosion on the underside or Remove dust using a vacuum cleaner.
chassis of the vehicle could cause an Wipe dirt away using a soft cloth soaked
accident or breakdown. After washing in a water-diluted neutral detergent.
the vehicle, check for rust and for rust Soak a cloth in clean water, wring it thor-
perforation. Remove any rust using a oughly, and use it to wipe up any
wire brush, then perform paint repair remaining detergent.
and/or apply rust inhibitor. If you find rust Dry the floor mats in a shaded, well-ven-
perforation, have corrective work per- tilated place.
formed promptly by your nearest autho-
rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or 5.1 Removing floor mat for cleaning
dealer. 1. When you need to remove the accelera-
• To be able to use the vehicle with peace tor stopper to remove the floor mat,
of mind for as long as possible, you remove the screw and the stopper.
must give the vehicle a thorough inspec-
tion for rust and corrosion at least once
a year, performing paint repair and/or
applying rust inhibitor as necessary.

5 Interior care

CAUTION
• Do not use any organic solvent (for Z21746
example, thinner or gasoline) or any
acidic or alkaline solvent. It could 2. Install the accelerator stopper being
cause discoloration and/or stains. careful not to let the cut edge of the floor
mat become caught under the stopper.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
12-79
CAUTION
When fitting the floor mat back in the
vehicle, make sure it does not interfere
with the accelerator pedal and other
moving parts. If the floor mat is interfer-
ing with the accelerator pedal, the pedal
cannot return to the fully free position
even when it is released, which could
lead to an accident.
NOTE:
If you cannot, have screws of accelerator
stopper removed by an authorized MIT-
SUBISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.

Intercooler – cleaning

If the front of the intercooler is heavily


clogged with dust or mud, the engine perfor-
mance may be affected. Clean it from time
to time by using a soft brush or something
also appropriate.

Z21121

CAUTION
The intercooler could be damaged if a
bristle brush or an object with a sharp
point is used for its cleaning.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
13-1

13. Useful advices for emergencies

Possible failures, causes and remedies ........................................................................... 13-2


Stopping your vehicle in an emergency ........................................................................... 13-9
If the engine overheats .................................................................................................... 13-9
When a fuse has blown .................................................................................................. 13-10
When a lamp has burned out ......................................................................................... 13-16
When braking is sluggish ............................................................................................... 13-23
If the engine stalls while the vehicle is in motion ........................................................... 13-23
If a tire goes flat while the vehicle is in motion ............................................................... 13-23
When the battery has run down ..................................................................................... 13-23
If fuel tank becomes empty (Bleeding the fuel system) ................................................. 13-26
Towing ........................................................................................................................... 13-26

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-2 Useful advices for emergencies

Possible failures, causes


and remedies

Performing daily checks and good mainte-


nance are keys to preventing mechanical
failures and resulting accidents. Be sure to
check and service your vehicle regularly.
Should your vehicle suffer a mechanical fail-
ure or malfunction, the measures needed to
correct the problem can be found using the
following chart.
If you are unable to correct the problem
yourself or the problem persists after you
have attempted to repair it, contact your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO dis-
tributor or dealer for technical assistance.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-3
The engine does not start.
The starter does not turn over or turns over too slowly.
Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
The starter switch fuse or high-current Replace the blown fuse or high-cur-
fuse is blown. rent fuse with a new one of the speci- 13-10
fied amperage.
Battery has run down. Charge or replace the battery. 13-23
Battery cable is disconnected, loose Remove corrosion and connect the
12-71
or corroded. cable correctly.
Connection to ground terminal is Connect securely. –
open.
Engine oil viscosity is too high. Replace the oil with an oil of proper
12-20
viscosity.
The starter is faulty. Contact your nearest authorized
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or –
dealer.

The starter turns over normally.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
Fuel has run out. Refuel and bleed the system. 13-26
Air is present in the fuel system. Bleed the system. 13-26
The fuel filter is clogged. Replace the filter element. 12-33
Fuel is frozen. Heat the fuel pipe with hot water

(60qC or less).
The air cleaner is clogged. Clean or replace the element. 12-37
The engine preheating time is insuffi- Follow the preheating instructions. 5-5
cient.
The engine preheating circuit fuse is Replace the fuse.
blown. 13-10

The fuel injection system is malfunc- Have the vehicle inspected by your
tioning. nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-4 Useful advices for emergencies

The engine starts but stalls immediately.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
Idling speed setting is too low. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.
The fuel filter is clogged. Replace the filter element. 12-33
The air cleaner is clogged. Clean or replace the filter element. 12-37
The DPF is clogged. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.

The engine fails to stop.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
The fuel injection system is malfunc- Have the vehicle inspected by your
tioning. nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.
The starter switch is malfunctioning. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.

Black smoke is emitted in exhaust.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
The DPF system is malfunctioning. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.

The engine overheats.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
The front of the radiator is plugged Clean the radiator with a soft brush. 12-48
with dust and dirt. 12-79
The coolant level is too low. Add coolant. 12-42
The surge tank’s pressure cap is not Fit the cap firmly.
closed completely. –

The fan belt is loose. Have the vehicle inspected by your


nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.
The coolant is contaminated. Flush the cooling system and replace
12-42
the coolant.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-5
Engine oil pressure does not build up.
Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
Insufficient quantity of engine oil. Add engine oil. 12-20
Engine oil viscosity is not adequate. Replace the engine oil with one of a 12-20
proper viscosity.

Fuel consumption is excessive.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
There is a fuel leak. Check the fuel system and retighten
connections as necessary. –

The air cleaner is clogged. Clean or replace the air cleaner ele-
ment. 12-37

Tire pressure is too low. Adjust to the adequate inflation pressure. 12-54
The clutch is slipping. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.

Engine oil consumption is excessive.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
The wrong oil is being used. Replace the engine oil with a proper one. 12-20
There is too much oil. Adjust the quantity to the proper level. 12-20
There is an oil leak. Check the oil circuit and retighten –
connections as necessary.
Engine oil replacement intervals are Change the engine oil at prescribed
too long. intervals. 12-20

The oil filter is clogged. Replace the filter element. 12-30

Drive power is insufficient.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
The parking brake is activated. Release the parking brake completely. 5-13
The air cleaner is clogged. Clean or replace the air cleaner ele-
ment. 12-37

The fuel filter is clogged. Replace the filter element. 12-33


Air is present in the fuel system. Bleed the fuel system. 13-26
Clutch is slipping. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.
The DPF is clogged. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
13-6 Useful advices for emergencies

The clutch disengages incompletely.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
Clutch fluid is insufficient. Add clutch fluid (brake fluid). 12-27
Clutch pedal play is excessive. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.

The idling stop & start (ISS) system does not work. <Vehicles with ISS system>
Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
The coolant temperature indicator Drive the vehicle as it is. Wait for the 5-10
shows the 4th graduation or lower coolant temperature to increase.
immediately after engine startup.
The engine has overheated. The cool- Stop the vehicle in a safe place. Keep 13-9
ant temperature indicator shows the the engine running slightly faster than
9th graduation or higher. idle speed. Wait for the coolant tem-
perature to decrease.
The indicator lamp is flashing. Perform the parked DPF regenera- 5-24
tion.
DPF regeneration is taking place. Wait for DPF regeneration to finish. 5-24

Braking is sluggish.
Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
Vacuum is insufficient. Increase the engine speed to boost –
vacuum.
Brake fluid is insufficient. Add brake fluid. 12-27
There is vacuum leak. Check the vacuum circuit and –
retighten connections as necessary.
Brake pad linings are worn. Have the disc brake pads or brake lin-
ings replaced by your nearest autho-
rized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor –
or dealer.
There is air in the brake fluid. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.

The vehicle pulls to one side during braking.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
Tires are not uniformly inflated. Inflate tires properly. 12-54
Tires wear unevenly. Change the tires. 12-56
Cargo is heavier on one side than the Load cargo evenly. 7-8
other.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-7
Steering is difficult.
Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
Cargo is over-loaded on the front Load cargo evenly. 7-8
side.
Power steering fluid is insufficient. Add power steering fluid. 12-29
Front tire pressure is insufficient. Inflate tires to recommended pres- 12-54
sures.

The steering wheel vibrates.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
Wheel nuts are loose. Tighten the wheel nuts to specifica-
tion. 12-62

Tires are not uniformly inflated. Inflate tires properly. 12-20


Tires wear unevenly. Replace tires. 12-56
Tires are damaged. Replace tires. 12-56
Wheels are not balanced properly. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.
Brakes are not balanced properly. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.

The steering wheel does not return to the straight ahead position smoothly.
Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
Parts are insufficiently greased. Grease parts. 12-16

The lamp does not light up.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
The bulb is out. Replace the bulb. 13-16
There is an open circuit or defective Have the vehicle inspected by your
grounding. nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-8 Useful advices for emergencies

The battery frequently runs down.


Possible cause Remedy Ref. page
The battery terminals are loose or Scrape off corrosion and tighten down 12-71
corroded. terminals.
The fan belt is loose. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.
The battery is short of electrolyte. Add battery electrolyte. 12-71
The life of the battery has expired. Replace the battery. –
Idling speed setting is too low. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.
Vehicle is used only at night-time. Charge the battery. –
Switches are left on. Be sure to turn off the switches. –
Faulty alternator. Have the vehicle inspected by your
nearest authorized MITSUBISHI –
FUSO distributor or dealer.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-9

Stopping your vehicle in an WARNING


emergency Never attempt to perform repairs on
an expressway or in a tunnel, as
Should a mechanical failure occur, do not doing so is very dangerous.
panic. Simply slow your vehicle while pay-
ing attention to the vehicles behind you, and
pull off the road at a place where you do not
hinder the flow of traffic.
If the engine overheats
WARNING
• Stopping your vehicle in a tunnel
could be dangerous. Wherever WARNING
possible, drive out of the tunnel Never remove the pressure cap while
before stopping the vehicle. the coolant is still hot. Carelessly
• Be sure to block the wheels with removing it is dangerous since boil-
chocks after stopping the vehicle, ing coolant and hot steam will gush
as mechanical failure may render out and could scald you.
the parking brake inoperative.

1 Marking your vehicle


After you have pulled off the road, alert
other drivers as follows, so that they do not
collide with your vehicle.

Z21396

Only after the coolant has cooled


down sufficiently, remove the pres-
sure cap by gripping it in a folded
piece of thick cloth and opening it
slowly.
Z18613

• Flash the hazard warning lamps.


• Put up a red flag or attach a white cloth CAUTION
to your vehicle where it can easily be • Be sure to stop the engine only after
seen. letting it run at a speed slightly above
• Place a warning triangle behind the the idling RPM until the coolant cools
vehicle. down. Turning off the engine immedi-
ately after stopping will cause the
2 Repair coolant temperature to rise quickly
Check the mechanical failure and if you and may cause the engine to seize
judge it readily repairable, fix it while paying up.
attention to the traffic. If you are unable to • Suddenly pouring cold water into the
repair it, call your nearest authorized MITSU- radiator could make the engine crack.
BISHI FUSO distributor or dealer for help. Supply cold water a little at a time.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
13-10 Useful advices for emergencies

If the warning lamp comes on, the multi- • Take the cap off the reservoir tank
information display shows (red) , and and add coolant until it reaches the
the buzzer is sounding, the engine has “FULL” line. Refit the cap tightly.
overheated. 5. Check that there is no dirt stuck to the
front of the radiator. Remove any dirt
from the front of the radiator.
6. Lower the cab if it has been lifted. On a
Crew-cab model vehicle, uncover the
engine access opening and the opening
for inspecting the power steering oil and
engine coolant.
7. If coolant leaks or the engine repeatedly
overheats, the cooling system is faulty.
Have the vehicle inspected by your
Z24621 nearest authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO
distributor or dealer.
When the coolant temperature indicator
bar graph retracts to 8 segments or
less and the multi-information display
shows (green), stop the engine and When a fuse has blown
perform the following inspections and
corrective steps:
1. Tilt the cab. P. 12-5
If the vehicle is a Crew-cab model vehi- This vehicle is equipped with a 12-volt
cle, uncover the engine access opening power circuit.
and the opening for inspecting the The vehicle has blade-type fuses and high-
power steering oil and engine coolant. current fuses. The blade-type fuses are in
P. 12-4 the fuse box located inside the cab and in
2. Check that coolant is not leaking from the high-current fuse box located outside
the radiator hoses or from other parts. the cab. The high-current fuse box also con-
3. Check that the fan belt is not broken and tains the high-current fuses.
that its tension is normal. P. 12-49
4. Check the coolant level. If the level is too
low, add coolant. Refer to Page 12-43 for
the recommended coolant for refilling.
• Turn the pressure cap counter-
clockwise to remove it, and fill cool-
ant up to the pressure cap opening.
Following this, fit the pressure cap
tightly by turning it clockwise.

Z21125

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-11
1 Blade-type fuses
WARNING 1.1 Removal and installation of lower
• Be sure to set the starter switch to panel in front of assistant driver’s
“LOCK” and turn off all other elec- seat
tric switches whenever replacing 1. Remove the lower panel in front of
fuses or high-current fuses. the assistant driver’s seat.
Replacing any fuses or high-cur-
rent fuses while electric circuits are
still live could damage related elec-
tric equipment.
• Be sure to use MITSUBISHI genu-
ine fuses of the specified amper-
ages. A fire could result if a fuse of
incorrect amperage is used. If a
fuse is blown, have the vehicle
inspected and the blown fuse
replaced by an authorized MITSU- Z21420
BISHI FUSO distributor or dealer.
• Do not add wiring or modify equip- 2. Reinstall the lower panel by first aligning
ment yourself. Doing so may result the claws with the corresponding slots
in faulty operation of the equip- and then pushing the panel forward.
ment and could cause the vehicle
to catch fire due to overheated wir- 1.2 Removal and installation of high-
ing. Always contact an authorized current fuse box cover
MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or 1. Pry and release the two locks and
dealer if you intend to install addi- remove the cover.
tional electric equipment and it
becomes necessary to modify the
existing equipment or add new wir-
ing.

CAUTION
Use care not to splash water on or
around the fuse box cover. Should water
be splashed over the fuse box cover,
check the inside of the fuse box for
water.
Any drops of water left inside the com-
partment could cause an electrical fault
or fire.

Z21421

2. To install the cover, push in the cover


until the two locks click.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
13-12 Useful advices for emergencies

1.3 Inspection and replacement 1.4 How to remove the spare fuse
1. Place the starter switch in the “LOCK” Insert the puller into the gap on the outer
position and turn all other switches OFF. side of the fuse holder wall to remove the
2. To remove the fuse that is to be spare fuse .
replaced, grip it using the fuse puller
in the fuse box . The amperage and
protected circuit of each fuse are shown
on the inside of the lower panel.

Z21577

CAUTION
Do not force the puller into the gap on
the inner side of the fuse holder wall.
Doing so will break the equipment and
cause malfunctions or a fire.

Z21422

3. If a fuse is blown, be sure to select a Z21578


spare fuse of the specified amperage
for replacement.

Z11217

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-13

Z21425

Fuse Amper-
Protected circuit
No. age
F01 10A Starter
F02 10A –
SRS airbag ECU
F03 10A (Vehicles with SRS air-
bag)

F04 10A Accessory power sup-


ply (IGN)

F05 30A Power window


(driver’s)
F06 10A –
Power window (assis-
F07 30A tant driver’s)
F08 20A –
Meter cluster, diagnos-
F09 10A tic
Z21747 connector
F10 30A ISS (ECU)

F11 30A Air conditioner blower


fan

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-14 Useful advices for emergencies

Fuse Amper- Fuse Amper-


No. age Protected circuit Protected circuit
No. age

F12 15A Audio system, interior F39 – –


lamp
F40 20A Condenser fan
Starter switch, ISS
F13 10A F41 30A Hydraulic unit
(ECU)
F14 10A Horn F42 – –

F15 10A Audio system F43 – –

F16 20A Cigarette lighter 10A

F17 20A Fuel heater 15A


Spare fuse
ABS ECU (Vehicles 20A
F18 10A
with ABS)
30A
F19 15A Engine ECU
F20 10A ECU (IGN, ISS)
F21 10A –
Meter, air conditioner
F22 15A relay
F23 10A –
F24 10A –

F25 10A Accessory power sup-


ply (ACC)
Accessory power sup-
F26 10A ply (BAT)
F27 20A –
F28 15A Engine ECU
F29 20A –
F30 20A –
F31 20A Engine ECU

F32 10A Air conditioner com-


pressor
F33 – –
F34 15A Fuel pump
F35 – –
F36 20A –
F37 – –
F38 – –
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
13-15
2 High-current fuse
The high-current fuses, which protect cir-
cuits in the same way as regular fuses, are
fitted in a box next to the battery. If a high- HF08
current fuse is blown, most of the vehicle’s
electrical circuits become inoperative. HF07

2.1 Inspection HF06


1. Place the starter switch in the “LOCK” HF04
position and turn all other switches OFF.
HF05
2. Pry and release the two locks of the
HF03
cover with your fingers and remove the
cover. To install the cover, push in the
cover until the two locks click. HF02

HF01

HF21

HF22

Z21748

Z21129 High-current fuses


Protected
No. Amperage circuit
3. Check for a blown high-current fuse by (casing color)
looking inside through inspection win-
dow . HF01 140A (russet) SAM
If it is blown, immediately call your near- HF02 – –
est authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO dis-
tributor or dealer and have them check HF03 80A (black) SAM
your vehicle.
HF04 – –
HF05 60A (yellow) Glow ECU
HF06 40A (green) Starter relay
HF07 – –
HF08 50A (red) Hydraulic unit
HF21 – –
HF22 40A (green) SAM
Z21426

NOTE:
The high-current fuses may be hard to CAUTION
check depending on the position of a box. If
you are difficult to inspect, look into the Close the cover completely to prevent
inside through inspection window by tilting rain water from entering the fuse box.
up the cab or using an appropriate mirror
like a hand mirror.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
13-16 Useful advices for emergencies

NOTE:
In rainy weather and when the vehicle is
When a lamp has burned out washed, condensation can form on the
inside surfaces of the headlamp lenses.
Just as the windows mist up in rainy
Whenever replacing a lamp, be sure to weather, the condensation forms owing to a
place the starter switch in the “LOCK” posi- temperature difference between the inside
tion and all other switches in the “OFF” posi- and outside. This phenomenon does not
tion. affect the headlamps’ functionality. It disap-
pears naturally.

WARNING
• Use a lamp of the specified voltage
and wattage shown in the following
table. If a wrong lamp is used, an
excessive current flowing through
the wiring impairs the control func-
tions of the electric equipment in
the cab and of the rear body instal-
lations and eventually could cause
a fire.
• Do not replace any lamp bulb
immediately after it has gone out.
The bulb is very hot then and could
burn you. Be sure to wait long
enough for the bulb to cool down
before replacing it.
• Do not drop a lamp bulb. Flying
fragments of glass could hurt you.
Be especially careful when han-
dling a halogen lamp bulb as its
high inner pressure increases
chance of injury.

CAUTION
The turn signal lamps have plastic
lenses. Do not clean these lenses with
alcohol or thinner. Also, be careful not to
splash brake fluid on them when adding
it to the braking system. Contact with
such a substance could discolor or
crack the lenses. If such a substance
gets on a plastic lens, immediately wipe
it off or rinse it off with water.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-17

Y00295

Ref. Lamp
Bulb wattage Q’ty
No. (bulb type)

Headlamp 12V-60/55W (H4) 2

Position lamp 12V-5W (W5W) 2

Front and side turn signal lamp 12V-21W (W21W) 2

Stop/tail lamp 12V-21/5W (P21/5W) 2

Rear turn signal lamp 12V-21W (P21W) 2

Backup lamp 12V-21W (P21W) 2

License plate lamp 12V-10W (R10W) 1

Interior lamp 12V-10W 1

Interior lamp <rear seats of Crew-cab mod-


12V-10W 1
els>

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-18 Useful advices for emergencies

1 Headlamp bulb replacement NOTE:


Pull the grille straight forward and horizon-
For safety and simplicity, bulb replacement tally.
is performed with the headlamp removed.
The radiator grill and the front and side turn • Installing the radiator grille
signal lamp must be removed before the 1. Follow the removal procedure in
headlamp can be removed. reverse.
When installing the front grille, make
1.1 Headlamp removal and installation sure the rubber packing at each side
of the grille does not protrude from the
• Removing the radiator grille clearance between the grille and lamp.
1. Remove the screw of the radiator 2. Finally install the screw.
grille.
NOTE:
After installing the front grille, check
whether the rubber packing at each side of
the grille is not protruding between the grille
and lamp.
If the packing is protruding, push it in so it
can’t be seen on the surface. Be careful not
to damage the front grille or the lamps.

• Headlamp removal
Z21749
1. For removal of the headlamp , first
remove the screw and rivet , then
2. Remove the radiator grille by pulling out- move the lamp rubber under the
ward on the clipped points in the order headlamp toward the centerline of the
of the letters in the illustration. vehicle and release it from the tabs .
<FEA>

c d e d c

b
a

Z21596 Z21428

CAUTION
When removing the lamp rubber, do not
pull it with excessive force or the tabs
could break.

Z21597

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-19
2. Open the door, then loosen the screws
behind the front and side turn signal CAUTION
lamp until they spin freely. • When removing the front and side
turn signal lamp, do not pull it for-
ward (toward the front of the vehicle)
or else its tabs could break.
• Do not open the door with the front
and side turn signal lamp moved out-
ward (but not completely removed) or
else the door could hit and damage it.

6. Remove the screws of the garnish ,


then remove the garnish toward the out-
Z21429
side of the vehicle.
NOTE:
The screws are designed not to come out.

3. Pull out screw toward you.

Z21431

NOTE:
Do not remove the end rubber piece from
the garnish.
Z11266

CAUTION
Unless the screw is pulled out, the front
and side turn signal lamp will catch on it
and you will not be able to remove it.

4. Close the door.


5. Remove the front and side turn signal
lamp toward the outside of the vehi- Z22067
cle, then remove the socket .

Z21430
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
13-20 Useful advices for emergencies

7. Remove the headlamp’s bolts . • Headlamp installation


1. Install the connectors on the head-
lamp.

Z21750

8. Raise the headlamp slightly to remove Z21753


the tabs from the holes , pull it out
toward you. 2. Connect the headlamp connector to the
back of the headlamp. Insert the tabs
on the headlamp into the holes ,
and fit the headlamp in place.

Z22088

9. Remove the connectors from the


headlamp thus pulled out. Z22089

3. Fit the headlamp’s bolts .

Z21752

Z21750
CAUTION
Do not turn the beam adjusting gear .
Turning the beam adjusting gear would
change the beam setting, thus creating a
nuisance for drivers of other vehicles. If
you accidentally turn the beam adjusting
gear, have it inspected by your nearest
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor
or dealer.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
13-21
4. Insert the pin into the hole , fit the
garnish in place, and tighten the CAUTION
screws . • Press the front and side turn signal
lamp fully in toward the centerline of
the vehicle. If the lamp is not pressed
fully into place and you open the
door, the door could hit the lamp and
damage it.
• Do not tighten the screws too tightly
or else mounting could get damaged.

9. Fit the lamp rubber under the head-


lamp onto the tabs by moving it
Z21433
toward the outside of the vehicle.
10. Fit the rivet , then press in the screw
CAUTION .
Do not tighten the screw too tightly or
the mounting could get damaged.

5. Install the connector on the front and


side turn signal lamp .

Z21436

1.2 Headlamp bulb replacement

CAUTION
Z21434
• Do not directly touch the glass part of
a halogen bulb with your fingers. Any
6. Pull out screws . oil and other substances contaminat-
7. Align the tabs with the holes , then ing the glass surface could shorten
press the lamp in toward the centerline the bulb’s service life.
of the vehicle. • Do not clean lamps with alcohol and
8. Open the door, then tighten the screws thinner, because their lenses are
behind the front and side turn signal made of plastic.
lamp . • Do not attach any sticker or tape on
the headlamp lens. Doing so may
result in deformation of the lens by
heat since the lens is made of plastic.

Z22214
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
13-22 Useful advices for emergencies

• Removal 1. Turn the socket in the direction of the


arrow to remove it.
2. Remove the bulb .
3. Perform installation by following the
removal steps in reverse.
4. If the packing is dirty, clean it.

2 Front and side turn signal lamp


bulb replacement

Z19140

1. Hold the tab of the cover toward


you to remove it.
2. Remove the spring that retains the
bulb .
3. Remove the bulb.

• Installation Z21438
1. Align the tabs on the bulb with the
grooves , fit the bulb in place, and 1. Open the door.
retain the bulb with the spring. 2. Turn the socket in the direction of
2. If the cover is dirty, clean it. arrow to remove it.
3. Install the cover by pushing it until the 3. Press the bulb and turn it in the direc-
bulb end is exposed a little. Push the tion of arrow to remove it.
shaded area when installing the cover. 4. Perform installation by following the
removal steps in reverse.
5. If the packing is dirty, clean it.

3 Interior lamp bulb replacement


1. Insert a flat-blade screwdriver
between the lens and the interior
lamp and use it to release the tabs
on the bottom of the lens.
Remove the lens.
Z19141

1.3 Position lamp bulb replacement

Z09125

2. Push the bulb retainer rightward and


Z11276 remove the bulb .

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-23
3. To install the lens, insert the tabs on
the top of the lens and press the bottom If the engine stalls while the
of the lens into place. vehicle is in motion
4 Replacing other lamps
The vehicle will be set into the following
1. Loosen the screw that secures the lens, very dangerous conditions. Immediately pull
then remove the lens. up the vehicle and try to start the engine.
2. Turn the bulb counterclockwise while • The braking force is extremely reduced.
pressing it and remove it. You must exert additional force on the
3. Insert a new bulb and turn it clockwise. brake pedal to apply the brakes.
4. Fit the lens, ensuring that the packing is • The power steering system becomes
correctly positioned. If the packing is inoperative, making steering extremely
incorrectly installed or twisted, water can difficult.
enter the lamp and shorten its life. If the Additional force must be used when
packing is dirty, clean it. turning the steering wheel.
5. Uniformly tighten the screws that retain
the lens.

v
If a tire goes flat while the vehi-
cle is in motion
When braking is sluggish
Avoid sudden braking. Hold the steering
wheel firmly, and gradually slow down
before pulling up at a safe place.
WARNING To replace the tire, select a flat surface
• Never use the parking brake during where your vehicle will not hinder traffic.
driving except in an emergency. P. 12-56
Pulling the parking brake lever with
full force while driving could cause
the vehicle to topple over.
• Never continue driving with the When the battery has run down
brake system malfunctioning or
leaking fluid.
Perform the following procedure to start
Depress the brake pedal harder than usual, your engine by connecting your battery to
downshift to use engine braking and acti- the well charged battery of another vehicle
vate exhaust braking to stop the vehicle. with booster cables.
Apply the parking brake when necessary.
After the vehicle has been brought into a
stop, check parts, then call your nearest
authorized MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor
or dealer.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-24 Useful advices for emergencies

WARNING
• Always check the battery fluid level
before connecting the booster
cables. Avoid charging your bat-
tery unless the fluid level is above
the “LOWER” line. Otherwise, the
battery will deteriorate rapidly and
could overheat or explode. Add
battery fluid or distilled water
before charging the battery.
• Be careful not to connect the
booster cables in the wrong
sequence. Sparks are often pro-
duced when you connect the
booster cable to the vehicle’s
frame. Therefore, if the cable is
connected to a section of the frame
near the battery, the spark could
set off the hydrogen given off by
the battery to cause an explosion.
Be sure to connect the cable end to
a point as far away as possible
from the battery.
Also, keep cigarettes and open
flames well away from the battery.
• Never start the engine by towing or
pushing the vehicle. Doing so is
dangerous because the brakes
work poorly and the steering wheel
becomes abnormally hard to turn.

CAUTION
• Use booster cables able to handle
large currents.
• Use the vehicle with the same voltage
(12V) as your vehicle to connect your
battery. Do not use a vehicle with a
24V system.
• Remove the battery from the vehicle
for charging.

NOTE:
Your vehicle’s electrical system operates on
a 12V power supply.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-25

Z21703

1. Stop the engine of the vehicle giving the 5. After the above connections have been
boost. completed, start the engine of the vehi-
2. Remove the battery cover. cle with the booster battery and let it run
P. 12-71 at an RPM slightly higher than idling
3. Connect one end of the red booster speed. Then, attempt to start the engine
cable to the positive (+) terminal of of the vehicle with the dead battery.
the dead battery. Connect the other end If the engine starts with difficulty
of the red booster cable to the positive because of cold weather or a dead bat-
(+) terminal of the booster battery. tery, let it draw a charge for several min-
4. Connect one end of the black booster utes from the vehicle from which you are
cable to the negative (–) terminal of receiving the boost before attempting to
the booster battery and connect turn over the engine.
(ground) the other end of the black 6. After the engine of the vehicle with the
booster cable to a section of frame on dead battery has been started, discon-
the vehicle with the dead battery at a nect the booster cables by reversing the
point as far away as possible from the order of connection.
battery.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-26 Useful advices for emergencies

If fuel tank becomes empty


(Bleeding the fuel system) Towing

When the vehicle runs out of fuel and the


engine stalls, also when the fuel filter has WARNING
been replaced, or if water has been drained
from the fuel filter, air that has entered the • If the engine of the defective vehi-
fuel system prevents the engine from being cle does not run, use a special tow-
started even if the engine has been refueled ing vehicle.
after running dry. • Check that the braking system is
In these cases, bleed the fuel system by functioning normally.
performing the following steps.
Observe the following precautions when
towing a broken down vehicle.
WARNING • The tow rope must be sufficiently strong
When the fuel filter has been and attached securely to the tow hook
replaced, make sure fuel does not on the vehicle’s frame.
leak from the filter or from related
parts. Any fuel leakage could cause a
fire.

1. Bleed air from the fuel system as fol-


lows:
Hold the starter switch in the “ON” posi-
tion for 30 seconds and then set it to
“ACC” position to supply fuel to the fuel
system.
2. When the fuel filter has been replaced,
start the engine and check that there is
no fuel leakage.

Z22038

: Front hook
: Rear hook

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


13-27
• Position the tow rope on the same side 1. Put the gear shift lever in the neutral
of both vehicles. position.
< 2WD >
If the transmission is defective, discon-
nect the propeller shaft.
< 4WD (FG model) >
Use a special towing vehicle.
2. Keep the engine running.
Stopping the engine while the vehicle is
moving is extremely dangerous because
it drastically reduces braking perfor-
mance and makes the steering action
Z17831 extremely heavy.

• For the sake of safety, the angle formed


by the tow rope when hooked up should CAUTION
be limited to the range indicated in the • If the transmission or differential is
illustration. Do not tow a vehicle under defective, do not tow the vehicle.
conditions which could impose sudden Instead, call your nearest authorized
undue stress on the hooks (for instance, MITSUBISHI FUSO distributor or
towing a vehicle out of a ditch) as doing dealer.
so could break the hooks. Also, never • <4WD (FG model)> Raise all wheels
attempt to tow a vehicle that is heavier by a special towing vehicle, or raise
than your own vehicle. the front wheels off the ground and
disconnect the propeller shaft at the
end closer to the rear wheels.
• With the propeller shaft discon-
nected, engine braking and the
exhaust braking will not be available.

NOTE:
The exhaust emissions may be extremely
hot. If the tow rope sags excessively, the
exhaust emissions may discolor it. When
Z18432 you stop the vehicle, make sure the tow
NOTE: rope does not sag too much.
The load limit of the towing hook is 14,700
N (1,500 kgf) in the pulling direction.

• The cargo on the disabled vehicle


should be completely unloaded.
• Limit the maximum speed to 30 km/h
unless the vehicle is towed with a spe-
cial towing vehicle.
• Avoid sudden starts and keep the tow
rope taut.
• The broken down vehicle should be pre-
pared for towing as follows:

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
14-1

14. Service data

Recommended lubricants/hydraulic fluids and quantities ................................................ 14-2


Service data ..................................................................................................................... 14-5

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


14-2 Service data

Recommended lubricants/
hydraulic fluids and quantities

1 Quantities of lubricants/hydraulic fluids


liters
Parts Quantity
Replacing oil Approx. 5.5
Engine (Oil) Replace the oil and the fil- Approx. 6.0
ter at the same time
FEA model Approx. 13.0
Engine (Coolant)
Other than FEA model Approx. 13.7
Vehicles without PTO Approx. 3.5
Transmission
Vehicles with PTO Approx. 3.7
Transfer <FG models> Approx. 3.1
FEA0 Approx. 2.2
FEA5 Approx. 5.0
Differential FEB, FEC Approx. 6.5
Front Approx. 3.0
FG
Rear Approx. 6.5
Power steering As required
Brake As required

CAUTION
The indicated oil and fluid quantities
should be used only as a guide at the
time of replacement. To ensure correct
oil and fluid levels, use the oil level
gauge, inspection plug holes, and level
lines as appropriate.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


14-3
2 Recommended lubricants/hydraulic fluids
Be sure to use the specified lubricants.
Viscosity
Parts Category Classification Atmospheric SAE viscosity Remarks
temperature number
0W-30,
ACEA C2 – –
5W–30
Below 0°C 10W–30
JASO DH-2 –
Above –15°C 15W–40

Engine (Oil) Engine oil Below 0°C 10W–30


MIL-L-2104C
API CJ-4 Above –15°C 15W–40
Above 30°C 40 –
ACEA-E6 – 5W–30 –
ACEA-E9 – 10W–40 –
FUSO DIE-
SEL
LONGLIFE Mixture of
demineralized
Engine (Coolant) Coolant COOLANT. – – water or soft
(Ethylene gly-
col base anti- water and the
coolant.
freeze SAE
J814-C)
General 80
API GL-3 –
Warm region 90
Transmission
Gear oil General 80
Transfer <FG>
API GL-4 Tropical MIL-L-2105
region 90

Below 40qC 90
Differential gear * Gear oil API GL-5 –
Above 40qC 140
Limited-slip
differential Gear oil for FUSO LSD
<vehicles with limited slip API GL-5 – 90
limited slip differential GEAR OIL
differential>
Automatic DEXRON II,
Power steering transmission DEXRON III – – –
fluid type
SAE J1703,
Brake Brake fluid FMVSS No. – – –
116
(Type DOT3)
Chassis grease NLGI Consistency 310
Chassis
nipples Anchor grease No. 1 – – to 340
hooks door hinges (Li soap) (at 25qC)

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


14-4 Service data

Viscosity
Parts Category Classification Atmospheric SAE viscosity Remarks
temperature number
Wheel hub bear-
ing
Propeller shaft
Wheel bear-
(universal joint, ing grease NLGI Consistency 265
slip joint, double
cardan joint *2) (Multipur- No. 2 – – to 295
pose type (Li soap) (at 25qC)
Birfield joint *2 grease)
Kingpin bearing *2
Steering knuckle *2
<*2: FG models>

*: At ambient temperatures higher than 10qC, use an oil conforming to SAE140 if the vehicle is used
under such heavy load conditions as continuous upgrade climbing.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


14-5

Service data

Description Standard value


Engine idling speed 650 rpm
Clutch pedal play 0.2 to 4 mm
Brake pedal play 0.1 to 3 mm
Fully pressed brake pedal to floor clearance 10 mm or more
Brake shoe clearance Front wheel brakes 6 to 8 notches
(number of notches by which the adjuster is to
be turned from zero shoe-to-drum clearance Rear wheel brakes 6 to 8 notches
position)
Parking brake lever stroke (when pulled with a force of 294 N {30 kgf}) 7 to 9 notches
Front independent 20 mm or less
When engine suspension models
Steering wheel play
(as measured on the periphery is turned off Front rigid leaf sus-
of steering wheel) 10 to 20 mm
pension models
When engine is idling 5 to 50 mm
Tire tread groove depth 1.6 mm or more
170 to 230 N·m
FEA0 models (17 to 23 kgf·m)
Wheel nut tightening torque
Other than FEA0 450 to 550 N·m
model (45 to 55 kgf·m)

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
15-1

15. Alphabetical index

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


15-2 Alphabetical index

4WD system – FG models .................... 8-3 Fuse .................................................. 13-10


Accelerator pedal ................................ 5-12 Gearshift lever .................................... 5-13
Air cleaner ........................................ 12-37 Greasing ........................................... 12-16
Air filters ............................................ 12-74 Handling the new vehicle ...................... 1-6
Air outlets .............................................. 9-2 Hazard warning lamp switch ............... 5-17
Antilock braking system (ABS) ............. 8-9 Headlamp leveling switch ................... 5-18
Ashtrays .............................................. 10-3 Heater ................................................... 9-2
Assistant driver’s seat ........................... 4-4 Horn switch ......................................... 5-20
Battery .................................. 12-71, 13-23 Hydraulic jack ................................... 12-58
Brake fluid ......................................... 12-27 Idling stop and start (ISS) system ......... 5-9
Brake pedal ........................................ 5-12 Indicator lamp ..................................... 6-22
Brakes .............................................. 12-52 Inside rearview mirror ......................... 10-5
Braking ..................................... 7-4, 13-23 Interior lamp ........................................ 10-4
Chassis number .................................... 1-2 Jacking points ................................... 12-59
Cigarette lighter .................................. 10-2 Lamp ................................................. 13-16
Cleaning your vehicle ....................... 12-75 Lane changer ...................................... 5-15
Clutch pedal ........................................ 5-13 Lighting switch .................................... 5-14
Coat hooks ......................................... 10-3 Limited slip differential .......................... 8-7
Combination switch ............................ 5-14 Loading cargo ....................................... 7-8
Coolant ................................... 11-2, 12-42 Oil filter .............................................. 12-30
Cup holder .......................................... 10-7 On rough roads and in bad weather ..... 7-6
Differential gear oil ............................ 12-26 On uphill and downhill roads ................. 7-5
Dimmer switch .................................... 5-15 Onboard tools ..................................... 12-3
Door window glass ............................... 3-6 Parking .................................................. 7-7
Doors .................................................... 3-2 Parking brake .................................... 12-54
Draining water from fuel filter ............ 12-41 Parking brake lever ............................. 5-13
Driver’s seat .......................................... 4-2 Passing signal ..................................... 5-15
Driving in foreign countries ................... 1-9 Periodic inspection ................................ 1-4
Engine number ..................................... 1-2 Possible failures, causes and
remedies ............................................. 13-2
Engine oil ................................ 11-2, 12-20
Power steering fluid .......................... 12-29
Engine overheats ................................ 13-9
Precautions for driving .......................... 7-2
Entering and leaving the vehicle ........... 3-4
Precautions when setting the
Exhaust brake switch .......................... 5-16 vehicle in motion ................................... 7-2
Front drive switch ................................. 8-4 Pre-operational check ................. 1-4, 12-9
Fuel filter ........................................... 12-33 Preventing problems and accidents ...... 1-6
Fuel gauge ............................................ 6-3 Reaching the access opening ............. 12-4
Fuel tank cap ........................................ 1-5 Rear seat .............................................. 4-5
Fuels ........................................... 1-4, 11-2
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
Alphabetical index 15-3
Recommended lubricants ................... 14-2 Wiper blade ...................................... 12-69
Recording, storing, and handling of Wiper switch ....................................... 5-16
vehicle data ........................................... 1-6
Regeneration controlling DPF
system ................................................. 5-20
Seat belts .............................................. 4-5
Seats ..................................................... 4-2
Service data ........................................ 14-5
Small article compartments ................. 10-6
Spare tire .......................................... 12-68
Speedometer ........................................ 6-2
Starter key ............................................. 3-2
Starter switch ........................................ 5-2
Starting the engine ................................ 5-4
Steering wheel ....................... 4-15, 12-50
Stopping the engine .............................. 5-8
Stopping your vehicle in an
emergency .......................................... 13-9
Sun visors ........................................... 10-4
Tachometer ........................................... 6-2
Tilting the cab ...................................... 12-5
Tips for improving fuel economy ........... 7-4
Tire chains .......................................... 11-3
Tire rotation ....................................... 12-66
Tires ..................................... 12-54, 12-56
Towing .............................................. 13-26
Transfer gear oil ................................ 12-25
Transmission gear oil ........................ 12-24
Transmission PTO ................................ 8-2
Turn signal lamp switch ...................... 5-15
Using the radio .................................... 10-8
V-belts ............................................... 12-49
Vehicle identification number (VIN) ....... 1-3
Warming up the engine ......................... 5-6
Warning labels ...................................... 2-1
Warning lamp ...................................... 6-22
Washer switch ..................................... 5-16
Water temperature gauge ..................... 6-3
Windshield washer ............................ 12-70
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
• AdBlue® : Registered trademark of the Verband der Automobilindustrie e.V. (VDA)

Owner’s Handbook
JUNE 2015

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
Avant-propos
Nous vous remercions d’avoir porté votre choix sur un CANTER Mitsubishi Fuso.
Vous trouverez dans ce manuel les renseignements indispensables à une bonne
utilisation de votre véhicule et la description des opérations d’entretien simples pour
conserver ce véhicule en bon état du point de vue de la sécurité et du confort.
Pour éviter les risques de panne ou d’accident par méconnaissance du véhicule,
nous vous conseillons vivement de prendre la peine de lire attentivement ce manuel
avant toute utilisation.
Pour maintenir le véhicule au mieux de ses performances et lui assurer une bonne
longévité, il est essentiel de le lubrifier et de l’entretenir régulièrement. Vous trouve-
rez le programme de maintenance périodique dans le “Livret d’entretien” fourni
séparément. Il est expressément recommandé d’effectuer les opérations de lubrifi-
cation et d’entretien en suivant ce programme.

© 2015 Mitsubishi Fuso Truck & Bus Corporation


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
Pour la bonne compréhension de ce manuel
Q Mémorisez le nom du modèle et les autres appellations distinctives de votre véhicule. En
lisant ce manuel, vous pourrez ainsi savoir si telle description ou remarque spécifique à
un type ou modèle de véhicule ou de moteur s’applique ou non à votre véhicule.
Q Vous constaterez peut-être certaines différences entre votre véhicule et les explications
ou illustrations du manuel. Il se peut en effet que votre véhicule ait reçu certaines amélio-
rations ou que les caractéristiques en aient changé depuis la publication du manuel.
Q Légende des abréviations et symboles utilisés :
: renvoi à une autre page du manuel.
Q On trouvera tout au long de ce manuel des instructions importantes, des remarques et
des conseils introduits par l’un des quatre titres suivants pour permettre d’identifier la
nature de l’information :

Précautions à prendre pour la manipulation d’une


substance potentiellement dangereuse, comme
TRES DANGEREUX l’électrolyte de batterie et les additifs du liquide de
refroidissement du moteur.

Précautions qui, faute d’être observées, pourraient


DANGER entraîner des blessures très graves voire mortelles.
Précautions qui, faute d’être observées, pourraient
ATTENTION entraîner l’endommagement voire la destruction de
sous-ensembles ou pièces du véhicule.
NOTE: Suggestions ou précisions pour mieux utiliser l’équi-
pement du véhicule, explications complémentaires,
etc.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


SOMMAIRE

1. Conseils aux conducteurs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1


2. Etiquettes de mise en garde . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
3. Ouverture et fermeture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
4. Réglages du siège et du volant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
5. Interrupteurs et commandes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
6. Instruments et témoins lumineux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
7. Démarrage et conduite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
8. Manipulation de l’équipement spécial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1
9. Ventilation, chauffage et air climatisé . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
10. Equipement de la cabine et accessoires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-1
11. Par temps froid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1
12. Inspections et travaux d’entretien simples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-1
13. Conseils utiles en cas d’urgence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-1
14. Données d’entretien . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-1
15. Index alphabétique . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-1

Voir la table des matières détaillée à la première page de chaque chapitre.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
1-1

1. Conseils aux conducteurs

Numéro du châssis et numéro du moteur .......................................................................... 1-2


Plaque du constructeur ...................................................................................................... 1-2
Entretien ............................................................................................................................. 1-4
Carburants ......................................................................................................................... 1-4
Soin apporté au nouveau véhicule ..................................................................................... 1-6
Enregistrement, stockage et traitement des données du véhicule .................................... 1-6
Prévention des pannes et accidents .................................................................................. 1-7
Utilisation du véhicule en pays étrangers ........................................................................ 1-10

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


1-2 Conseils aux conducteurs

Numéro du châssis et numéro


du moteur Plaque du constructeur

Pour la qualité et la rapidité du service, le La plaque du constructeur est apposée à


numéro du châssis et le numéro du l’endroit indiqué dans l’illustration.
moteur doivent être rappelés sur toute
commande de pièces ou demande de tra-
vaux de réparation.

<Modèle à cabine double>

Y00291

Z21444

1 Numéro du châssis
Le numéro d’identification du véhicule est
indiqué sur le côté droit du châssis, près de
la roue avant. P. 1-3

2 Numéro du moteur
Le numéro du moteur est gravé à l’avant de
la culasse.

Exemple :4P10 -
Numéro du moteur
Modèle de moteur

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


1-3
Numéro d’identification du véhicule (VIN)

Les significations du VIN sont répertoriées ci-dessous.

J L 6 B G G 6 A F K

Pays Série (empattement)


J : Japon B : 2,3 - 2,59 m
Constructeur C : 2,6 - 2,89 m
L : Mitsubishi Fuso E : 3,2 - 3,49 m
Type de véhicule G : 3,8 - 4,09 m
6 : Véhicule incomplet H : 4,1 - 4,39 m
GVW / Système de freinage Type de cabine / châssis
K : 7 001 - 8 000 lbs / Hydraulique 6 : Cabine avancée
A : 10 001 - 14 000 lbs / Hydraulique Moteur
B : 14 001 - 16 000 lbs / Hydraulique A : Diesel à turbocompresseur avec
C : 16 001 - 19 500 lbs / Hydraulique refroidissement d’air de suralimenta-
Gamme de véhicules tion de 2,998 litres
E : FEA01S Chiffre de contrôle
F : FEA51S Année du modèle
G : FEB71S F : 2015
H : FEB71W G : 2016
J : FEC91S ·
K : FGB71S ·
L : FECX1S ·
Usine
K : Kawasaki
Numéro de série usine

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


1-4 Conseils aux conducteurs

En particulier, les tuyaux de caoutchouc


des circuits de frein et de carburant
Entretien doivent être contrôlés régulièrement
pour rechercher des défauts comme des
boursouflures, des craquelures ou des
Pour maintenir ce véhicule au mieux de ses entailles. Ce contrôle doit être effectué
performances et en prolonger la durée au par un professionnel en suivant l’indica-
maximum, il est indispensable de respecter tion de la section “Programme d’inspec-
les intervalles prescrits pour les inspections tion périodique” et, en plus des
et travaux d’entretien. Il est conseillé de remplacements à intervalles réguliers,
prendre l’habitude d’effectuer systématique- ces éléments doivent être remplacés
ment les inspections décrites ci-après. immédiatement dès qu’ils présentent un
signe de vieillissement ou d’usure ou
1 Contrôles avant de prendre la encore des fissures.
route Pour plus de détails, reportez-vous au
“Livret d’entretien”.
Prenez l’habitude de contrôler votre véhi-
Si le véhicule est utilisé fréquemment
cule tous les jours avant de prendre la
dans des conditions très dures (pistes
route. Et ce, pour votre sécurité et votre
sans revêtement routier, bord de mer,
confort. P. 12-10
désert, régions côtières ou monta-
gneuses, régions très froides, etc.), la
2 Inspections périodiques fréquence des inspections doit être aug-
mentée en conséquence.

Carburants

1 Carburants
Z01367 • Le gazole est le seul combustible utili-
sable avec ce véhicule.
• Le moment où l’inspection périodique doit • Assurez-vous d‘utiliser du gazole
être effectuée est indiqué en kilométrage conforme à la norme “EN590” spécifiée
parcouru (indication du compteur totalisa- par le Comité européen de normalisa-
teur) ou en nombre de mois (années). tion (CEN).
Faites toujours effectuer l’inspection et • Dans les régions froides, utilisez des
les opérations d’entretien à la date ou gazoles appropriés aux températures
au kilométrage prescrit dans le “Livret prévisibles.
d’entretien” fourni séparément. • Evitez d’entreposer le véhicule pendant
• Mitsubishi a établi une liste des pièces un long moment alors que du biogazole
(flexibles des canalisations de frein et se trouve dans le réservoir de carburant.
de carburant, joints d’étanchéité des
éléments associés au freinage, etc.) qui
doivent être remplacées à intervalles
réguliers pour une sécurité optimale.
Bien que ces pièces soient d’une impor-
tance primordiale pour le maintien de la
sécurité, il est difficile d’en apprécier le
degré de détérioration lors des inspec-
tions ordinaires.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
1-5
2 Plein du véhicule
DANGER
• N’utilisez jamais un mélange de ATTENTION
gazole et d’essence ou d’alcool ou un
carburant autre que du gazole appro- • Pendant le ravitaillement du véhicule,
prié. L’utilisation d’un autre carburant veillez à ne pas introduire d’impure-
risque de provoquer un incendie ou tés dans le réservoir de carburant.
une explosion. Si vous avez, par • Refermez convenablement le bou-
erreur, introduit de l’essence ou de chon après le ravitaillement.
l’alcool dans le réservoir de carburant
du véhicule, il faut vider entièrement
le réservoir et le circuit d’alimentation. Contenance du réservoir de carburant
• Lors du plein du véhicule, arrêtez 100 litres (réservoir auxiliaire
le moteur. Si vous fumez, ne négli- Type1 en option : 70 litres)
gez jamais la consigne d’extinction
des cigarettes avant de faire le Type2 70 litres
plein.
1. Ouvrez le clapet .

ATTENTION
• N’utilisez jamais les carburants de
remplacement, ni un mélange de
gazole et de kérosène. Ces carbu-
rants ont un pouvoir lubrifiant insuffi-
sant et peuvent entraîner des
dysfonctionnements ou détériora-
tions.
• N’ajoutez jamais aucun agent antigel
ni aucun additif quel qu’il soit, car
cela pourrait endommager le circuit
d’injection de carburant.
• Si le trou d’évent du réservoir de car-
burant est trop sale et qu’il se bloque,
le réservoir de carburant risque de se
déformer et le système d’injection de
carburant risque d’échouer. N’oubliez
pas de les nettoyer régulièrement.

NOTE:
Si le véhicule est tombé en panne de carbu- Z13380
rant, l’air a pénétré dans le circuit d’alimen-
tation. Pour faire démarrer le moteur, il ne 2. Introduisez la clé de démarreur dans la
suffit pas de mettre du carburant dans le serrure et tournez dans le sens contraire
réservoir, mais il faut aussi purger le circuit des aiguilles d’une montre.
d’alimentation de l’air qu’il contient. 3. Pour ouvrir le bouchon , tournez dans
P. 13-28 le sens de la flèche (sens contraire des
aiguilles d’une montre).
Refermez le bouchon en inversant ces
étapes. Serrez-le fermement.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


1-6 Conseils aux conducteurs

3 Réservoir de carburant auxiliaire 1 Régime moteur maximum pen-


<Véhicules avec réservoir de carburant dant la période de rodage
auxiliaire> Pour éviter d’imposer de fortes contraintes
au moteur neuf, veillez à ne pas dépasser
les tours/minute indiqués ci-dessous pen-
dant les 1 000 premiers kilomètres.
Le régime moteur pourra ensuite être aug-
menté progressivement en commençant
par les petits rapports de boîte.

Régime moteur
maximum pendant
2 800 tr/mn
la période de
Z24334 rodage
• Lorsque vous effectuez le plein, fermez
le clapet qui relie les réservoirs de
carburant entre eux.
• Lorsque le réservoir est presque vide Enregistrement, stockage et
(lorsque l’aiguille de la jauge de carbu- traitement des données du
rant approche du repère “E”), ouvrez le véhicule
clapet.

1 Enregistrement et stockage des


DANGER données du véhicule
Veillez à fermer le clapet de liaison Les véhicules sont équipés de plusieurs
lors du remplissage du réservoir. Si le ordinateurs pour l’enregistrement des don-
clapet reste ouvert lorsque le réser- nées concernant le contrôle et le fonction-
voir est presque plein, le carburant nement du véhicule. Bien que le type de
circulera dans le réservoir inférieur données enregistrées varie en fonction des
lorsque le véhicule est en pente, et spécifications du véhicule, le principal type
risque donc de présenter des fuites de données enregistrées par ces ordina-
par le trou d’évent de ce réservoir et teurs comprend les données suivantes.
engendrer un accident inattendu. • Régime moteur
• État de fonctionnement de la pédale
d’accélérateur
• État de fonctionnement de la pédale de
frein
Soin apporté au nouveau véhi- • Vitesse du véhicule
cule • Position d’engrenage (pas applicable
pour des véhicules avec boîtes de
vitesses manuelles)
Les performances futures et la longévité du
véhicule dépendent grandement de la NOTE :
manière dont le véhicule est conduit et soi- Ces ordinateurs sont différents des enregis-
gné lorsqu’il est neuf. treurs de données typiques, et ils n’enre-
Pour un véhicule neuf, il convient d’obser- gistrent pas de vidéo ou d’audio, tel que des
ver les précautions suivantes. conversations.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


1-7
2 Traitement des données • N’utilisez que des pièces MITSUBISHI
d’origine pour le remplacement des pièces.
Mitsubishi Fuso Truck & Bus Corporation Ces pièces sont plus fiables et Mitsubishi
(MFTBC) et les parties tierces habilitées par Fuso Truck & Bus Corporation en garantit
MFTBC acquièrent et utilisent les données la qualité.
stockées dans ces ordinateurs pour établir Toutes les pièces MITSUBISHI d’origine
un diagnostic sur les défauts du véhicule, sont reconnaissables à la marque illus-
pour la recherche et le développement et trée ci-contre apposée sur la pièce elle-
pour améliorer la qualité. même ou sur son emballage.
MFTBC et les personnes habilitées par
MFTBC ne divulgueront ni ne fourniront les
données ainsi acquises aux tierces parties
sauf dans le cas où :
• MFTBC obtient le consentement du pro-
priétaire (le preneur de location en cas
de véhicules loués),
• MFTBC est requis par la police, la court,
une agence gouvernementale ou autre
avec force légale de fournir les données
ou Z10153
• les données sont fournies aux institu-
tions de recherche dans le but d’analyse
statistique ; à condition que de telles
données soient modifiées de telle ATTENTION
manière que le propriétaire et le véhi-
cule ne puissent pas être identifiés. En raison du grand nombre d’acces-
soires, ainsi que de pièces de rechange
de différents fabricants disponibles sur
le marché, ni MITSUBISHI FUSO TRUCK
Prévention des pannes et acci- & BUS CORPORATION (ci-après appelé
MFTBC), ni l’importateur, ne peut vérifier
dents si la sécurité de conduite de votre véhi-
cule MITSUBISHI est détériorée par l’ins-
• Vidangez les huiles à intervalles régu- tallation de telles pièces.
liers. Continuer à rouler avec une huile Même si la qualité des pièces est homolo-
très sale peut être à l’origine d’une guée officiellement ou si l’installation de
panne très grave comme le grippage ces pièces est autorisée par un organisme
des paliers du moteur, etc. N’employez officiel effectuant des tests automobiles,
que les huiles et graisse recommandées vous ne pouvez pas en déduire que la
dans ce manuel. L’utilisation d’une huile sécurité de conduite n’est pas détériorée.
ou graisse de qualité inappropriée peut Veuillez garder à l’esprit que ni l’orga-
être à l’origine de diverses pannes ou nisme d’homologation ni les autorités en
anomalies de fonctionnement. question ne sont tenus à la garantie.
• Remplacez ou nettoyez les filtres ou Seules les pièces d’origine MITSUBISHI
éléments de filtre à intervalles réguliers. ou les accessoires MITSUBISHI installés
Un moteur fonctionnant avec des filtres par un distributeur ou concessionnaire
ou éléments de filtre encrassés ou MITSUBISHI FUSO offrent une sécurité
endommagés manque de puissance et optimale. Cela vaut également si des
se dérègle. véhicules standard sont modifiés. La
modification ne doit être effectuée que
par un distributeur ou concessionnaire
MITSUBISHI FUSO agréé en fonction des

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


1-8 Conseils aux conducteurs

recommandations de MFTBC, et ce, pour


votre propre sécurité. DANGER
• Evitez de marcher sur l’enjoliveur de Si le moteur est arrêté alors que le
roue lorsque vous entrez ou sortez du
véhicule roule, les freins deviendront
véhicule.
dangereusement inefficaces. De plus,
• N’actionnez jamais le démarreur pen- la direction assistée deviendrait dan-
dant plus de 15 secondes sans interrup-
gereusement molle.
tion. Cela risque d’endommager le
démarreur et de mettre la batterie à plat.
• Embrayez doucement au démarrage. • En cas de vibration, bruit, odeur ou
Embrayer brusquement est une pratique autre phénomène anormal, quittez la
préjudiciable à la longévité de toute la route dans le respect des règles de
chaîne cinématique du véhicule. sécurité et recherchez l’origine de l’ano-
malie.
• Prenez garde au fait que, lors d’une
montée ou d’une descente, le passage
à un rapport de boîte inférieur alors que
le véhicule roule à grande vitesse risque
de provoquer l’emballement du moteur.
• Dans les descentes, utilisez judicieuse-
ment l’effet de frein moteur et le ralentis-
seur sur échappement.
• Si un indicateur d’avertissement ou un
Z01369
témoin lumineux rouge s’allume, si
• Ne conduisez pas en laissant le pied l’alarme sonore retentit ou si le compor-
reposer sur la pédale d’embrayage. tement du véhicule est anormal, garez
Cette pratique présente le double incon- le véhicule le plus tôt possible dans un
vénient de limiter la transmission de la endroit sûr pour rechercher l’origine de
puissance motrice et d’entraîner une l’anomalie.
usure prématurée du disque P. 6-16, P. 6-22
d’embrayage. • Par temps froid, assurez-vous que
• Sur les routes en mauvais état, roulez l’huile utilisée présente une viscosité
lentement et évitez soigneusement les appropriée à la température ambiante.
bosses et les nids de poule. Vérifiez également la concentration en
• Lorsque les roues manquent d’adhé- antigel dans le liquide de refroidisse-
rence et se mettent à patiner, n’insistez ment et le liquide de lave-glace de pare-
pas. Placez sous la roue qui patine une brise, la densité de l’électrolyte de batte-
vieille couverture ou tout autre objet rie, etc.
améliorant suffisamment l’adhérence • Ne transportez pas de bidons de carbu-
pour dégager le véhicule. rant ou de produits en atomiseur dans la
• Ne roulez pas en roue libre, c’est-à-dire cabine.
en position débrayée ou au point mort.
N’arrêtez jamais le moteur pendant que
le véhicule roule. DANGER
Il est extrêmement dangereux de
transporter du carburant dans la
cabine. Lors d’une élévation de tem-
pérature de la cabine, les vapeurs de
carburant risqueraient de s’enflam-
mer ou le récipient d’éclater.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


1-9
• Ne fixez pas de panneau décoratif ou
d’article de ce genre sur le tableau de ATTENTION
bord.
Si vous garez votre véhicule sur une
route pour charger/décharger le charge-
DANGER ment, et que plus de la moitié des feux
arrière, des clignotants de direction et
Tout panneau décoratif fixé sur le des réflecteurs arrière sont dissimulés
tableau de bord entrave la visibilité du par les parties mobiles de la carrosserie
conducteur. De plus, les ventouses de arrière (hayon ou similaire), veillez à uti-
fixation de ce genre d’objet font loupe liser un triangle d’avertissement ou un
et risquent de causer un incendie. autre outil approprié recommandé par le
règlement local pour avertir les autres
usagers de la route.
• Ne dépassez jamais la charge maximale
autorisée. Rouler en surcharge maltraite
divers organes vitaux du véhicule et en
• Lorsque l’une des roues avant est
appuyée contre une bordure de trottoir
réduit sensiblement la longévité nor-
ou un autre objet et qu’il est impossible
male. De plus, évitez de charger le véhi-
de la bouger, ne tentez pas de tournez
cule en répartissant inégalement la
le volant de direction en forçant. Ceci
charge. Un chargement mal réparti est
risquerait d’entraîner un dysfonctionne-
instable et, de surcroît, la répartition iné-
ment au niveau du boîtier de direction.
gale du poids peut endommager la
• Le volant de direction ne doit pas être
benne et le châssis du véhicule.
tenu braqué à fond d’un côté ou de
l’autre pendant plus de 10 secondes.
Ceci risquerait d’entraîner un dysfonc-
DANGER tionnement au niveau du système de
• En attachant ou en couvrant le direction assistée.
chargement, prenez garde à ne pas • Ne tentez jamais d’effectuer vous-même
laisser pendre des bâches ou des les réglages du moteur.
cordes d’arrimage entre la cabine Le moteur a été réglé de manière opti-
et la benne car elles pourraient male en usine avant expédition. Tout
prendre feu au contact de la cha- réglage incorrect dégrade les perfor-
leur du moteur. mances, augmente les émissions de
• Evitez de placer des planches en polluants et le niveau de bruit.
bois, etc. dans l’interstice entre la • Ce véhicule est équipé de dispositifs
benne et le châssis ; la chaleur du électroniques qui sont suffisamment
tuyau d’échappement pourrait les protégés contre les interférences radio.
enflammer. Mais, si vous souhaitez installer un
• En bâchant le chargement, veillez à émetteur radio ou tout autre équipement
ce que la bâche ne risque pas émettant un fort signal radio, il est
d’être aspirée par le conduit recommandé de prendre conseil auprès
d’admission d’air du moteur. du distributeur ou du concessionnaire
• Calez et élinguez soigneusement agréé MITSUBISHI FUSO le plus
les charges lourdes pour les empê- proche car cette installation pourrait per-
cher de glisser ou bouger pendant turber le bon fonctionnement des dispo-
le transport. sitifs électroniques du véhicule.

NOTE:
L’alimentation électrique du véhicule est de
12 volts. Utilisez un équipement radio de 12
volts.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
1-10 Conseils aux conducteurs

• N’installez pas vous-même des Il est indispensable d’appliquer un


câblages électriques. Confiez le travail enduit d’étanchéité autour des boulons
au distributeur ou concessionnaire après la pose.
agréé MITSUBISHI FUSO le plus Pour plus de détails, contactez le distri-
proche. buteur ou concessionnaire agréé MIT-
SUBISHI FUSO le plus proche.
• Ne tentez pas de modifier le véhicule.
DANGER Toute modification peut nuire au bon
fonctionnement et aux performances du
Mal exécutée, la pose de fils élec-
véhicule, et l’installation de certains
triques pour l’alimentation d’acces-
équipements peut être en contravention
soires électriques ajoutés a posteriori
avec la réglementation. Pour toute ins-
peut conduire à des difficultés de
tallation d’accessoire, consultez d’abord
fonctionnement de l’équipement élec-
le distributeur ou concessionnaire agréé
trique d’origine et à un incendie par la
MITSUBISHI FUSO le plus proche.
suite de la surchauffe des circuits
électriques.

• L’utilisation d’un aimant de levage pour Utilisation du véhicule en pays


le déchargement de la cargaison risque étrangers
de perturber le fonctionnement des cap-
teurs. Si le véhicule doit être utilisé dans Nous informons notre aimable clientèle que,
des conditions particulières comme pour des raisons de réglementations et de
celles-ci, consultez le distributeur ou conditions d’emploi, nos véhicules diffèrent
concessionnaire agréé MITSUBISHI selon le pays d’exportation.
FUSO le plus proche. Si vous devez utiliser ce véhicule à l’étran-
ger, avant votre départ, consultez le distri-
• Pour installer une structure extérieure buteur ou concessionnaire agréé
comme une galerie de toit ou un déflec- MITSUBISHI FUSO le plus proche qui vous
teur aérodynamique sur le toit de la renseignera sur la situation dans le pays où
cabine, utilisez les trous prévus à cet vous devez vous rendre.
effet dans le toit. La charge portée par le Pour des raisons de réglementations et de
toit, y compris les bagages qui y sont conditions particulières au pays, il se peut
installés, ne doit pas dépasser 50 kg. que :
Les boulons (M8 x 1,25), les rondelles, • les carburants et lubrifiants disponibles
les joints de caoutchouc, etc., utilisés localement ne conviennent pas à votre
pour fixer la structure extérieure doivent véhicule ; l’utilisation d’un carburant ou
être de la matière ou de la qualité pres- de lubrifiants inappropriés pourrait
crite. endommager le véhicule ;
• dans certains cas, il est nécessaire
d’apporter des modifications au véhicule
pour le rendre conforme à la réglementa-
tion ou l’adapter aux conditions locales ;
• notre importateur dans ce pays ne distri-
bue pas ce modèle de véhicule. En cas
de panne, il se peut que certaines pièces
ne soient pas disponibles dans le pays.
Pour ne pas risquer de vous retrouver dans
les situations évoquées ci-dessus, rensei-
Z01850
gnez-vous auprès du distributeur ou
concessionnaire agréé MITSUBISHI FUSO
le plus proche avant votre départ.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
2-1

2. Etiquettes de mise en garde

Emplacements à l’intérieur de la cabine ............................................................................ 2-3


Emplacements à l’extérieur de la cabine ........................................................................... 2-6

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-2 Etiquettes de mise en garde

• Les étiquettes de précautions et de mise


en garde présentent des informations
importantes. Lisez attentivement ces
consignes avant d’utiliser le véhicule.
• Si les étiquettes sont décollées jusqu’à
rendre leur lecture difficile, rayées, effa-
cées ou endommagées d’une autre
manière au point qu’elles soient deve-
nues illisibles, faites-les remplacer par
un distributeur ou concessionnaire
agréé MITSUBISHI FUSO. Ces éti-
quettes ne concernent que le véhicule
lui-même, et non pas l’équipement ins-
tallé sur le véhicule. A propos des éti-
quettes de précautions ou de mise en
garde de l’équipement du véhicule,
veuillez vous reporter au manuel d’ins-
tructions fourni par le fabricant de l’équi-
pement.
• Les emplacements de ces étiquettes et
les informations qui y sont apposées
risquent de varier en fonction du modèle
du véhicule. Vérifiez les informations de
chaque étiquette sur votre véhicule.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-3

Emplacements à l’intérieur de
la cabine

1 Autour du siège conducteur

Y00387

Emplacement Catégorie Informations Voir page


Manipulation du coussin de sécu- 4-9
DANGER rité SRS du siège conducteur*
Manipulation du système DPF avec 5-21
DANGER contrôle de régénération*
Manipulation du ralenti du système
ATTENTION ISS, stop & start (arrêt et démar- 5-9
rage)*
ATTENTION Manipulation de AdBlue® * –
Manipulation du coussin de sécu- 4-9
DANGER rité SRS du siège passager**
Manipulation du témoin de fonc- 5-21
DANGER tionnement DPF*
DANGER Contrôle du niveau d’huile moteur 12-22
DANGER Utilisation de fusible spécifique 13-12

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-4 Etiquettes de mise en garde

Emplacement Catégorie Informations Voir page


Procédure de roulage en descente
<Véhicules dont le Poids brut du
DANGER véhicule (GVW) est de plus de 7-5
7 500 kg>
* : bien que ces étiquettes soient toujours apposées sur les emplacements indiqués, il est
possible que l’équipement correspondant ne soit pas installé en fonction des caractéris-
tiques de votre véhicule.
**: il se peut que l’étiquette ne soit pas jointe en fonction des caractéristiques de votre véhi-
cule.
AdBlue® : marque de commerce déposée de Verband der Automobilindustrie e.V. (VDA)

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-5
2 Portière du conducteur, montant de portière, arrière du siège du passager

Z26179

Emplacement Catégorie Informations Voir page


Manipulation de PTO
ATTENTION <Véhicules avec PTO de transmis- 8-2
sion>
Manipulation du système 4WD
ATTENTION 8-3
<FG>
Manipulation du bouton de sélec-
ATTENTION tion pour grand - petit rapport de 8-3
boîte de vitesses <FG>
Valeur standard Pression des pneus 12-61
Manipulation de différentiel auto-
bloquant
ATTENTION <Véhicules avec un différentiel 8-9
autobloquant>

DANGER Manipulation de cric 12-64

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-6 Etiquettes de mise en garde

Emplacements à l’extérieur de
la cabine

1 Sur l’équipement extérieur et le châssis

Z24047

Emplacement Catégorie Informations Voir page

ATTENTION Utilisation de carburant diesel 1-4


Contenance du réservoir de carbu- 6-3
ATTENTION rant

TRES DANGEREUX Manipulation de batterie 12-80

DANGER Utilisation de fusible spécifique 13-12


Manipulation de différentiel auto-
bloquant 8-9
DANGER <Véhicules avec un différentiel
autobloquant>

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


2-7
2 Sur l’extérieur de la cabine et le moteur

Z24541

Emplacement Catégorie Informations Voir page


Manipulation de fonction de bas-
culement de cabine 12-6
DANGER <Véhicules excepté modèles à
cabine double>
Manipulation de bouchon à pres- 12-51
DANGER sion
Inspection et remplacement de 12-22
ATTENTION l’huile moteur

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
3-1

3. Ouverture et fermeture

Clé de démarreur ............................................................................................................... 3-2


Portières ............................................................................................................................. 3-2
Pour monter dans le véhicule ou en descendre ................................................................. 3-4
Vitre de portière ................................................................................................................. 3-6

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


3-2 Ouverture et fermeture

Clé de démarreur Portières

DANGER
• Avant d’ouvrir une portière, assu-
rez-vous toujours qu’aucun véhi-
cule ou piéton n’arrive par l’avant
ou l’arrière.
• Il est très dangereux de rouler avec
une portière mal fermée. Avant de
démarrer, vérifiez toujours que les
portières sont bien fermées.
Z22724 • Faites preuve de prudence en
• Vous disposez de deux clés de ouvrant une portière par temps de
démarreur : une clé principale et une grand vent. Tenez-la fermement
clé auxiliaire . pour éviter qu’elle ne soit violem-
Vous pouvez utiliser l’une ou l’autre de ment ouverte par le vent.
ces deux clés pour verrouiller/déver- • Faites preuve de prudence en
rouiller les portières et pour démarrer/ ouvrant une portière lorsque le
arrêter le moteur. véhicule est stationné dans une
• Prenez note du numéro de clé de descente. Dans le cas contraire,
démarreur . elle s’ouvre brusquement de son
Pour vous procurer d’autres clés de propre poids.
démarreur, il vous suffit de communi- • Ne quittez jamais le véhicule en
quer ce numéro à un distributeur ou laissant un ou plusieurs enfants
concessionnaire agréé MITSUBISHI sans surveillance, dans la cabine.
FUSO. Un enfant pourrait accidentelle-
ment mettre en marche le véhicule
ou provoquer un incendie. En
outre, en plein soleil ou quand il
fait très chaud, l’intérieur de la
cabine devient extrêmement chaud
au point de provoquer un coup de
chaleur et de mettre en danger la
santé d’un enfant enfermé à l’inté-
rieur.
• Ne vous coincez pas la main ou
autre lorsque vous fermez la por-
tière.

ATTENTION
• Ne vous balancez pas sur une por-
tière. Elle pourrait casser.
• N’ouvrez ni ne fermez les portières
avec violence, car cela risquerait de
les endommager.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
3-3
1 De l’extérieur NOTE:
• La portière du passager et les portières
arrière se verrouillent ou se déver-
rouillent automatiquement lorsqu’on ver-
rouille ou déverrouille la portière du
conducteur au moyen de la clé de
démarreur ou du bouton de verrouil-
lage (modèles à cabine double).
• En raison du risque de vol, ne laissez
jamais la clé de démarreur dans le
contacteur lorsque vous vous éloignez
Z21328 du véhicule.
• Avant de verrouiller les portières, assu-
• Pour ouvrir, tirez la poignée extérieure rez-vous que la clé de démarreur n’a
vers vous. pas été oubliée à l’intérieur du véhicule.
• Utilisez la clé du démarreur pour ver-
rouiller et déverrouiller les portières. 2 De l’intérieur
• Il est possible de verrouiller chacune
des portières sans utiliser la clé du
démarreur. Pour la portière du conduc-
teur ou celle du passager avant, bascu-
lez le bouton de verrouillage vers
l’avant du véhicule, puis fermez la por-
tière tout en tenant la poignée extérieure
tirée vers vous. Puis fermez la portière
tout en tenant la poignée extérieure tirée
vers vous.

Z10732

• Pour fermer, tirez la portière par la barre


d’appui . Fermez la portière complète-
ment.

Z10731

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


3-4 Ouverture et fermeture

• Pour verrouiller la portière du conduc-


teur ou la portière du passager, bascu- Pour monter dans le véhicule
lez le bouton de verrouillage vers ou en descendre
l’avant du véhicule. Pour verrouiller une
portière arrière, poussez le bouton de
verrouillage vers le bas.
Pour déverrouiller et ouvrir la portière du DANGER
conducteur ou la portière du passager, • Utilisez toujours le marchepied
basculez le bouton de verrouillage vers pour grimper ou descendre du
l’arrière du véhicule puis tirez la poignée véhicule. Ne posez jamais votre
intérieure . Pour déverrouiller et ouvrir pied sur la roue, l’enjoliveur ou le
une portière arrière, relevez le bouton pneu étant donné que vous pour-
de verrouillage, puis tirez la poignée riez glisser.
intérieure . • La pluie et la neige rendent le mar-
chepied glissant. Pour monter
ATTENTION dans le véhicule et en descendre,
saisissez la poignée de maintien. Il
Ne tirez pas la portière par d’autres par- est particulièrement important de
ties que la barre d’appui car cela risque vous tenir fermement à la poignée
d’endommager le mécanisme. de maintien quand le marchepied
est verglacé ou couvert de neige.
• Avec des semelles de chaussures
souillées de graisse ou d’huile,
vous risquez de glisser en montant
ou descendant du véhicule ; en
outre le pied risque de glisser en
actionnant la pédale de frein ou
d’embrayage.
Il faut donc bien vous essuyer les
pieds pour nettoyer les semelles
de vos chaussures avant de mon-
ter dans le véhicule ou d’en des-
cendre.
• Ne montez ni ne descendez du
véhicule en portant des bagages à
la main, cela peut être dangereux.
• Ne sautez pas du véhicule. Vous
risqueriez de tomber ou de vous
blesser.
• Par vent fort ou lorsque le véhicule
est en pente, restez très prudent
pour monter dans le véhicule ou en
descendre car la portière risque de
s’ouvrir ou de se refermer brusque-
ment.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


3-5

<FE> <FG>

<Portières arrière: modèles à cabine double>

Z26180

Pour monter dans la cabine ou en des-


ATTENTION cendre, veillez à être bien en équilibre sur
au moins trois points d’appui en vous tenant
• Pour monter dans le véhicule ou en fermement à la poignée de maintien et
descendre, tenez-vous à la poignée en posant le pied à plat sur le marchepied
de maintien. Ne vous tenez pas à .
d’autres parties du véhicule étant
donné qu’elles pourraient casser.
• Pour monter ou descendre d’un véhi-
cule modèle FG , ne posez pas le pied
ou la main sur l’aile élargie . Cela
pourrait l’endommager. En outre,
l’aile élargie peut être très glissante.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


3-6 Ouverture et fermeture

2 Commutateurs de lève-glace
Vitre de portière électriques

DANGER
• Assurez-vous toujours que personne
DANGER n’a passé la tête ou les mains par la
Ne laissez jamais un enfant passer vitre ouverte avant de la fermer. Il y a
ses mains ou la tête par une vitre risque de blessure, quelle que soit la
ouverte. L’enfant pourrait être frappé partie du corps prise dans une glace
violemment par un objet à l’extérieur pendant qu’elle se ferme.
du véhicule, ou pourrait se blesser Ne laissez jamais les enfants ouvrir
grièvement si le véhicule freine brus- ou fermer les glaces.
quement. • Ne laissez pas un enfant utiliser le
lève-glace électrique. Dans le cas
contraire, l’enfant peut accidentel-
1 Manivelle de lève-glace lement faire fonctionner le commu-
<Portières arrière des modèles à tateur de lève-glace électrique et se
cabine double> coincer les mains ou la tête.

Tournez la manivelle du lève-glace pour


ouvrir ou fermer la vitre. Les commutateurs de lève-glace élec-
triques fonctionnent uniquement lorsque le
contacteur de démarreur est en position
“ON”.
<Portière côté conducteur>

Z13211
Ouvrir
Fermer
<Portière côté passager>

Z22476

Deux commutateurs se trouvent sur la por-


tière du conducteur : le commutateur
commandant la glace côté conducteur et le

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


3-7
commutateur commandant la glace côté
passager.
Commutateur du lève-glace passager
Appuyez sur le commutateur pour ouvrir
la vitre.
Relevez le commutateur pour fermer la
vitre.

ATTENTION
Par temps de pluie, tenez les portières et
les glaces fermées. Veillez aussi à ne
pas renverser des boissons ou autres
liquides sur les commutateurs de lève-
glace. Toute pénétration d’eau ou de
liquide dans un commutateur peut
entraîner une panne du lève-glace.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
4-1

4. Réglages du siège et du volant

Sièges ................................................................................................................................ 4-2


Ceintures de sécurité ......................................................................................................... 4-5
Système de retenue supplémentaire (SRS) – coussin de sécurité gonflable et ceinture
de sécurité avec prétendeur .............................................................................................. 4-9
Volant de direction ........................................................................................................... 4-17

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-2 Réglages du siège et du volant

• Si vous trouvez un défaut du jeu au


niveau du siège, ou si votre véhicule
Sièges est impliqué dans un accident, pour
votre sécurité, faites inspecter les
sièges et faites remplacer les parties
touchées par un concessionnaire ou
DANGER distributeur MITSUBISHI FUSO.
• Il est dangereux de procéder au • Pour éviter l’usure au niveau des
réglage de votre siège pendant que mécanismes d’inclinaison et de cou-
le véhicule roule étant donné que le lissement du siège, prenez l’habitude
siège risque de bouger plus que de faire fonctionner les leviers de
vous ne l’aviez prévu. Avant tout commande à fond.
réglage de siège, amenez le véhi- • Ne placez pas d’objets pointus ou
cule à l’arrêt complet et serrez le lourds, d’articles tranchants sur les
frein de stationnement. sièges pour éviter de les abîmer.
• Une fois réglé, essayez de le bou- • Les ancrages de siège et les méca-
ger afin de vous assurer qu’il est nismes de verrouillage doivent être
bien verrouillé dans la position souvent vérifiés.
souhaitée. • Les pièces défectueuses doivent être
• Pour régler le siège, ne placez pas réparées ou échangées immédiate-
les mains sous le siège ou sur les ment.
parties mobiles du siège pour évi-
ter de vous coincer les doigts et NOTE:
donc de vous blesser. • Pour le nettoyage du siège, utilisez uni-
• Pour régler l’inclinaison du dossier quement un chiffon légèrement humide
de siège, gardez votre dos et votre sans solvants agressifs.
main appuyés contre le dossier. • La housse de rembourrage doit rester
Dans le cas contraire, vous pour- sèche.
riez être frappé au visage ou à une
autre partie du corps par un 1 Siège du conducteur
brusque retour du dossier de siège 1.1 Position de conduite correcte
en position verticale.

DANGER
Le conducteur doit régler le siège et
ATTENTION le volant de direction pour pouvoir se
tenir dans la posture de conduite cor-
• N’essayez pas de réparer ou d’enle- recte. Une posture de conduite incor-
ver/réinstaller le siège vous-même.
recte peut être à l’origine d’un grave
Confiez ce travail à votre distributeur
accident.
ou concessionnaire agréé MITSU-
BISHI FUSO le plus proche.
• Chaque fois que vous roulez et que
vous êtes assis sur le siège, vérifiez
que ce dernier est bien verrouillé. Si
vous sentez qu’il y a du jeu ou qu’il
est hors service, demandez à un
concessionnaire ou distributeur MIT-
SUBISHI FUSO de l’inspecter.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-3
1.2 Pour régler le siège
<Type 1>

Z18915
• Avant de prendre la route, vous devez
régler votre siège de manière à :
ce que votre dos touche le dossier
du siège ;
pouvoir voir facilement les témoins
lumineux et compteurs ;
pouvoir atteindre facilement les
pédales et les manœuvrer à fond et
avec force ;
pouvoir manœuvrer le volant de
direction et les commandes
facilement ;
Z22730
pouvoir manœuvrer facilement le
levier de changement de vitesse ; • Faites coulisser le siège vers l’avant ou
pouvoir attacher correctement sa l’arrière en tenant la manette de réglage
ceinture de sécurité. de position en position levée. Après
• Réglez la position du volant de direction réglage, lâchez la manette et essayez
de façon à pouvoir le manœuvrer de déplacer légèrement le siège vers
confortablement, avec les bras légère- l’avant et vers l’arrière pour qu’il se
ment repliés. bloque en position.
• Réglez l’inclinaison du dossier en
tirant la manette d’inclinaison .
Le dossier de siège se rabat vers l’avant
et vers le bas pour permettre l’accès à
l’outillage de bord.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-4 Réglages du siège et du volant

<Type 2> 2 Siège du passager


<Type 1>

Z26181

• Faites coulisser le siège vers l’avant ou Z22731


l’arrière en tenant la manette de réglage
de position en position levée. Après Siège du passager
réglage, lâchez la manette et essayez Siège du milieu
de déplacer légèrement le siège vers
l’avant et vers l’arrière pour qu’il se Le dossier de siège peut être replié en
bloque en position. deux. Pour cela, tenez la manette tirée,
• Réglez l’inclinaison du dossier en abaissez le dossier en avant en le tenant
tirant la manette d’inclinaison . par le haut. Après avoir redressé le dossier
Le dossier de siège se rabat vers l’avant de siège, tirez-le légèrement vers l’avant et
et vers le bas pour permettre l’accès à vers l’arrière pour qu’il se bloque en posi-
l’outillage de bord. tion.
• Rabattez l’accoudoir pour l’utiliser.
Réglez la hauteur de l’accoudoir en le NOTE:
tirant légèrement et en tournant la Si le levier est difficile à bouger, tirez tout
molette de l’accoudoir . en appuyant le haut du dossier vers
l’arrière. Ensuite, il vous sera aisé de tirer le
Vers le haut levier.
Vers le bas

• Tournez le bouton de support lombaire


pour régler la dureté de la zone de
soutien des hanches.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-5
<Type 2> 3 Siège arrière – Modèles à cabine
double
Les espaces de rangement se trouvent
sous le siège arrière. Le coussin de la ban-
quette arrière se soulève pour donner
accès à ces espaces de rangement.
Lorsque vous souhaitez prendre ou placer
un objet dans un espace de rangement,
libérez les fermoirs à la base du siège et
relevez le coussin de siège .

Z22463

Z22126 Pour tenir le coussin de siège relevé, utili-


sez les sangles fixées au dossier du
Siège du passager siège. Engagez la boucle à l’extrémité de
Siège du milieu chaque sangle dans le crochet correspon-
dant sur le coussin de siège.
• Basculez le dossier du siège vers Après avoir utilisé ce rangement, replacez
l’avant en tirant la manette du dossier. le siège arrière dans sa position d’origine et
Utilisez cette fonction si vous souhaitez verrouillez-le en serrant complètement les
accéder à l’outillage de bord. Après fermoirs.
avoir redressé le dossier de siège, tirez-
le légèrement vers l’avant et vers
l’arrière pour qu’il se bloque en position.
• Réglez la hauteur de l’appuie-tête
afin que le milieu soutienne l’arrière de Ceintures de sécurité
votre tête. <Siège central>

Avant que le véhicule ne prenne la route,


toutes les personnes à bord de la cabine
doivent attacher leur ceinture de sécurité en
respectant les consignes suivantes :

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-6 Réglages du siège et du volant

DANGER
• Placez la sangle abdominale de la
ceinture de sécurité à hauteur du
bassin. Il est dangereux de la pla-
cer à hauteur de l’abdomen qu’elle
risquerait de comprimer fortement
en cas d’accident. De plus, il est
dangereux de placer la sangle-bau-
drier contre le cou. Le siège doit
Z10757 être positionné de manière à ce
se placer le plus en arrière possible sur que la sangle-baudrier de la cein-
le siège et se tenir assis bien droit ; ture soit contre votre épaule.
régler le siège à la bonne position ; • Avant de boucler la ceinture de
veiller à ce que la ceinture de sécurité sécurité, vérifiez que la sangle
passe sur l’épaule (et non pas contre le n’est pas entortillée. Une sangle
cou ou sur le bras) ; entortillée a une surface de contact
veiller à ce que la ceinture de sécurité avec le corps très réduite, ce qui
ne soit pas entortillée ; augmente dangereusement la pres-
placer la sangle abdominale de la cein- sion qu’elle exerce contre le corps
ture de sécurité le plus bas possible au en cas d’accident.
niveau du bassin. • Remplacez toute ceinture de sécu-
rité dont la sangle est déchirée ou
pelucheuse ou dont la boucle ne
fonctionne pas correctement.
DANGER • Remplacez toute ceinture de sécu-
• Avant de prendre la route, vérifiez rité qui a subi un choc (lors d’une
que toutes les personnes dans la collision par exemple, même si son
cabine ont attaché leur ceinture de aspect semble normal). Si une
sécurité. Faute d’attacher votre ceinture de sécurité a subi un
ceinture de sécurité, vous risquez choc, même léger, il faut la faire
de graves blessures en cas de frei- contrôler par un distributeur ou
nage brusque ou de collision. concessionnaire agréé MITSU-
• Une ceinture de sécurité ne doit BISHI FUSO.
jamais être utilisée pour attacher • N’introduisez jamais aucun corps
plus d’une personne. étranger dans la boucle ou l’enrou-
• Pour attacher votre ceinture de leur des ceintures de sécurité. De
sécurité, vous devez vous placer le plus, il ne faut jamais modifier ou
plus en arrière possible sur le enlever les ceintures de sécurité.
siège et vous tenir assis le dos Une ceinture de sécurité n’a sa
bien droit. La ceinture de sécurité pleine efficacité en cas d’accident
n’est pleinement efficace que si que si son état est normal.
l’occupant du siège est assis dans
une posture correcte.
• Ne conduisez pas alors que votre
dossier de siège est trop incliné
vers l’arrière. Dans l’éventualité
d’une collision, la ceinture pourrait
appuyer à hauteur de votre cou et
ainsi vous blesser gravement.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-7

DANGER DANGER
• Les femmes enceintes et les malades • Tout enfant à bord de la cabine doit
doivent boucler correctement leur être attaché avec une ceinture de
ceinture de sécurité. Si une femme sécurité.
enceinte place incorrectement la Dans le cas d’un enfant, si la
sangle de sa ceinture, celle-ci risque sangle de la ceinture de sécurité
de lui comprimer fortement l’abdo- est à hauteur du cou, du menton ou
men en cas de freinage brusque ou du visage de l’enfant ou ne main-
de collision et d’infliger à la future tient pas correctement l’enfant à
mère et au fœtus des blessures hauteur du bassin, il ne faut pas
graves, voire mortelles. Même portée attacher l’enfant ainsi. Installez sur
correctement une ceinture de sécu- le siège du passager un système
rité pouvant exercer une forte pres- de retenue pour enfant adéquat
sion sur certaines parties du corps, (siège pour bébé ou enfant, ou
les femmes enceintes doivent siège surélévateur) et attachez
prendre l’avis d’un médecin au sujet l’enfant correctement. N’installez
du port de la ceinture de sécurité. pas de système de retenue pour
• En principe, une femme enceinte enfant sur le siège du milieu. Il
doit porter sa ceinture de sécurité pourrait vous empêcher de
comme une autre personne. Elle conduire.
veillera cependant à maintenir la Ne laissez jamais un enfant voya-
sangle ventrale le plus bas pos- ger assis sur les genoux d’une
sible en dessous de la rondeur du autre personne. Dans l’éventualité
ventre. Elle veillera aussi à ce que d’un brusque coup de frein ou
le baudrier lui passe devant la d’une collision, il serait impossible
poitrine, et non pas sur la rondeur de retenir l’enfant qui pourrait être
du ventre. gravement blessé.
• Nettoyez les ceintures de sécurité
sales avec un détergent neutre.
N’employez ni benzène, ni essence
ni aucun autre solvant organique.
Ne décolorez pas ni ne teignez les
ceintures de sécurité car cela ris-
querait d’en compromettre la résis-
tance et de nuire à leur pleine
efficacité.
• Il est dangereux d’attacher ou de
Z14044 détacher votre ceinture de sécurité
tout en conduisant car cela distrait
l’attention de la conduite et peut
être à l’origine d’un grave accident.
Il faut toujours attacher ou déta-
cher votre ceinture de sécurité
quand le véhicule est à l’arrêt.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-8 Réglages du siège et du volant

1 Entretien des ceintures de sécu- • Pour attacher la ceinture


rité
Contrôlez périodiquement l’état des sangles
de ceintures, des boucles et des languettes,
ainsi que le bon fonctionnement des enrou-
leurs à blocage d’urgence (ELR).
Remplacez toute ceinture qui présente des
signes de dommage.
• Remplacez les ceintures qui ont subi
des chocs au cours d’un accident.
• Les sangles et autres parties des cein- Z10760
tures de sécurité doivent être tenues à
l’écart des arêtes vives ou de tout objet 1. Déroulez lentement la ceinture en la sai-
susceptible de les endommager. sissant par la languette . Si la ceinture
• Les ceintures doivent être toujours se bloque ou se déroule mal, laissez-la
maintenues propres et sèches. Pour le rentrer dans l’enrouleur et recommen-
nettoyage, utilisez un savon doux et de cez à la dérouler lentement.
l’eau tiède. N’utilisez jamais un solvant 2. En vérifiant que la sangle n’est pas
comme de l’essence ou du diluant à entortillée, introduisez la languette dans
peinture car cela compromettrait la la boucle jusqu’à encliquètement.
robustesse des sangles. 3. Tirez sur la languette pour vérifier
• Ne déteignez ni ne teignez les ceintures qu’elle est bien bloquée.
dans une autre couleur car un tel traite- 4. Placez la ceinture à la bonne place sur
ment les affaiblit considérablement. le bassin et sur l’épaule.

2 Ceintures 3-points avec enrou- • Pour détacher la ceinture


leur à blocage d’urgence (ELR) 1. Appuyez sur le bouton rouge pour
déverrouiller la boucle.
2. La ceinture s’enroule automatiquement
NOTE: quand on la détache. Pour éviter tout
Il est nécessaire de régler la longueur de dommage ou blessure provoqué par la
ces ceintures de sécurité. languette, retenez la ceinture par la
Une ceinture de sécurité à ELR se déroule boucle pour la ralentir.
et s’enroule automatiquement pour laisser
l’occupant du siège libre de ses mouve- 2.1 Ancrage de ceinture de sécurité
ments, mais elle se bloque automatique- <Siège du conducteur>
ment pour assurer la protection en cas
d’arrêt brusque ou de choc.
La ceinture doit se tendre automatiquement DANGER
à la bonne longueur. Le baudrier peut être dangereux si
S’il y a trop de mou, écartez légèrement la vous le portez d’un côté à l’autre du
ceinture du corps pour que le mécanisme cou. Réglez sa position afin qu’il ne
supprime le mou. Avoir une ceinture conve- croise pas le cou.
nablement tendue limite le risque de glisser
sous la ceinture en cas de collision.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-9
4. Pour régler la longueur de la ceinture,
tenez la languette à 90q par rapport à la
sangle.
Faites glisser la sangle dans la lan-
guette dans le sens qui convient pour
donner plus ou moins de longueur à la
ceinture.
Pour allonger
Pour raccourcir
Z08772
DANGER
Réglez l’ancrage de la ceinture de sécurité
Pour assurer la meilleure protection
vers le haut ou vers le bas pour vous
possible en cas d’accident, la cein-
assurer que la ceinture passe sur l’épaule.
ture ne doit pas être trop lâche. Une
Vous devrez garder le bouton de verrouil-
ceinture trop lâche risque même
lage tiré tout en déplaçant l’ancrage de
d’aggraver les blessures.
ceinture de siège vers le bas. Lorsque
l’ancrage de la ceinture de sécurité a atteint
la position souhaitée, relâchez le bouton de • Pour détacher la ceinture
verrouillage et secouez de bas en haut Appuyez sur le bouton rouge de la
l’ancrage de la ceinture pour vous assurer boucle pour séparer la languette de la
qu’il est bien en place. boucle.
3 Ceintures 2-points
• Pour attacher la ceinture
Système de retenue supplémentaire
(SRS) – coussin de sécurité gonflable
et ceinture de sécurité avec prétendeur

<Véhicules avec coussins de sécurité


SRS>
1 Coussin de sécurité SRS du
siège du conducteur et/ou du
siège du passager
Z08774
Les coussins de sécurité SRS du siège
1. En vérifiant que la sangle n’est pas conducteur et/ou du siège du passager
entortillée, introduisez la languette réduisent l’impact au niveau de la tête du
dans la boucle jusqu’à encliquète- conducteur et du passager et complètent le
ment. système de prétension de la ceinture en cas
2. Tirez sur la languette pour vérifier de choc frontal important qui pourrait bles-
qu’elle est bien bloquée. ser gravement le conducteur et le passager
3. Placez la ceinture bien basse à hauteur lorsque le contacteur de démarreur est sur
du bassin. “ON”.
SRS est l’abréviation de Supplemental Res-
traint System (Système de Retenue Supplé-
mentaire).

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-10 Réglages du siège et du volant

DANGER DANGER
• Le coussin de sécurité SRS ne peut • N’éclaboussez pas et ne tapez pas
pas se substituer à la ceinture de sur le microprocesseur du cous-
sécurité. Tous les occupants du sin de sécurité SRS qui se trouve
véhicule doivent attacher leur cein- près du côté gauche du pied du
ture de sécurité. conducteur. Cela pourrait entraî-
Sans elle, vous risquez d’être pro- ner une panne du coussin de sécu-
jeté en avant en cas de collision ou rité SRS avec, en cas de non
de coup de frein brusque. Si le déclenchement lors d’une colli-
coussin de sécurité se déploie en sion, un risque de graves bles-
même temps, le choc violent peut sures.
entraîner des blessures mortelles.
Le port de la ceinture de sécurité
est obligatoire pour les raisons
suivantes :
• la ceinture de sécurité vous
maintient assis dans la position
correcte en cas de déploiement
du coussin de sécurité SRS ;
• la ceinture de sécurité réduit les
risques de blessures en cas de
collision ne provoquant pas le Z24049
déploiement du coussin de
• Si vous trouvez des dommages ou
sécurité SRS ;
des fissures autour de l’endroit
• la ceinture de sécurité réduit les d’installation du coussin de sécurité
risques d’être projeté hors du
SRS du conducteur et du siège
véhicule.
du passager , arrangez-vous pour
• Réglez la position du siège correc- le faire examiner par un distributeur
tement. Tenez-vous droit, le dos
ou un revendeur MITSUBISHI FUSO
contre le dossier du siège.
agréé. Faute de quoi, le mauvais
Ne vous tenez pas près du coussin
fonctionnement du coussin de
de sécurité SRS, ni penché au-des- sécurité SRS peut entraîner de
sus. Le déploiement du coussin de
graves blessures en cas de colli-
sécurité SRS est extrêmement
sion.
rapide et il peut infliger des bles-
sures mortelles si on ne se tient
pas à une distance suffisante.
• Après le déploiement du coussin
de sécurité SRS, certains compo-
sants et les alentours du coussin
de sécurité sont très chauds. N’y
touchez pas sous peine de vous
brûler.

Z22128

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-11
• Le coussin de sécurité SRS ne peut se
DANGER gonfler qu’une seule fois. Faites rempla-
cer les éléments du coussin de sécurité
SRS par un distributeur ou concession-
naire agréé MITSUBISHI FUSO. En
outre, après une collision qui n’a pas
entraîné le déclenchement du coussin
de sécurité SRS, faites effectuer un
contrôle par un distributeur ou conces-
sionnaire agréé MITSUBISHI FUSO.
• Le pare-brise peut se briser sous le
choc ou le déploiement du coussin de
sécurité SRS du passager.
Z22129
• Ne remplacez pas le volant de 2 Coussin de sécurité SRS du
direction, ne fixez pas d’autocol- siège du conducteur
lant sur la zone de logement du Le coussin de sécurité SRS du siège du
coussin de sécurité SRS et ne cou- conducteur est installé dans le volant de
vrez pas la zone de déploiement du direction.
coussin de sécurité SRS. Le risque
de blessures graves en serait aug-
menter car le fonctionnement nor-
mal du coussin de sécurité SRS en
serait entravé.
• Le gonflement du coussin de sécu-
rité SRS étant très rapide, tout
contact avec le coussin pendant le
gonflement peut infliger des bles-
sures ou ecchymoses.
Z22130

NOTE: 3 Coussin de sécurité SRS du


• Le déploiement du coussin de sécurité siège du passager
SRS s’accompagne d’un bruit de déto-
nation et de l’émission d’une fumée Le coussin de sécurité SRS du passager
blanche qui ne dénote pas un départ de est installé dans le tableau de bord.
feu et n’est pas nocive pour l’homme.
Cependant, une personne souffrant de
faiblesses respiratoires ou ayant la peau
fragile peut éprouver passagèrement
une irritation de la gorge ou de la peau.
Si des résidus de cette fumée ont péné-
tré dans les yeux ou adhéré à la peau,
rincez abondamment à l’eau claire le
plus tôt possible. Il peut arriver qu’une
personne à la peau sensible ressente
une irritation. Z22131
• Après déploiement, le coussin de sécu-
rité SRS se dégonfle immédiatement Même lorsque le siège du passager n’est
pour ne pas obstruer le champ de vision pas occupé, le coussin de sécurité SRS du
du conducteur. passager fonctionne en même temps que le
coussin de sécurité SRS du conducteur.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
4-12 Réglages du siège et du volant

DANGER DANGER
• Ne placez pas d’objets sur le • Même si le véhicule ne dispose pas
tableau de bord et ne placez pas de de coussin de sécurité SRS du pas-
pare-soleil, etc. contre le tableau. sager, vous ne devez pas attacher
De même, ne fixez pas d’acces- un siège de sécurité pour enfant au
soires au pare-brise. Tout objet siège central ; il peut entraver les
pourrait empêcher un déploiement mouvements du conducteur.
correct du coussin de sécurité SRS • N’autorisez personne assise sur le
du passager et le déploiement du siège du passager à s’asseoir sur le
coussin de sécurité SRS pourrait bord avant du siège, à placer ses
les propulser vers les occupants et mains ou pieds sur le tableau de
ainsi les blesser gravement. bord ou à placer son visage ou
buste près du tableau de bord. De
même, n’autorisez aucun enfant à
se tenir debout devant le tableau de
bord ou tenu assis sur les genoux
d’une personne assise sur le siège
du passager. Le déploiement du
coussin de sécurité SRS du passa-
ger pourrait causer des blessures
pouvant entraîner la mort.
• N’autorisez personne assise sur le
Z24543 siège du passager à tenir un sac ou
toute autre valise dans ses bras ou
• Ne fixez pas un siège enfant, un à placer cet objet sur ses genoux.
siège bébé ou tout autre dispositif Le déploiement du coussin de
de retenue conçu pour les enfants sécurité SRS du passager pourrait
au siège du passage avec le causer de graves blessures.
siège face vers l’arrière. Si un
enfant est installé dans un siège de
sécurité pour enfant sur le siège
passager et que le coussin de
sécurité SRS est actionné, l’enfant
pourrait subir des blessures pou-
vant entraîner la mort.

Z24544

Z22470
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
4-13
4 Témoin lumineux du coussin de NOTE:
sécurité SRS • Dans certaines situations quand l’impact
au choc n’est pas violent, le coussin de
Si s’affiche, le coussin de sécurité SRS sécurité SRS ne déclenche pas bien
est défectueux. Faites le contrôler par un que le véhicule est fortement endom-
distributeur ou concessionnaire agréé MIT- magé ou déformé lors de la collision.
SUBISHI FUSO. • Le coussin de sécurité SRS étant des-
tiné à compléter la protection par la
ceinture de sécurité, il ne déclenche pas
immédiatement dans le cas où il n’y
aurait pas de risques de graves bles-
sures si le conducteur porte correcte-
ment sa ceinture de sécurité.

5.2 Situations dans lesquelles le cous-


sin de sécurité SRS ne déclenche
pas
Z24592 Dans certains cas, les passagers du véhi-
cule ne reçoivent pas de choc violent alors
que l’avant du véhicule est très déformé ou
DANGER endommagé par la collision. Il s’agit de
Un fonctionnement incorrect du cous- situations comme celles décrites ci-dessous
sin de sécurité SRS peut entraîner de qui entraînent des déformations ou endom-
graves blessures. Ne continuez pas à magements importants au véhicule mais ne
rouler avec un coussin de sécurité correspondent pas à une situation de
SRS défectueux. déclenchement du coussin de sécurité
SRS.

5 Conditions de fonctionnement du • Le véhicule heurte de plein front un obs-


coussin de sécurité SRS du siège tacle étroit comme un poteau électrique
du conducteur et du siège du ou un arbre
passager
5.1 Situations dans lesquelles le cous-
sin de sécurité SRS déclenche
Lors d’un choc violent susceptible d’infliger
des blessures aux occupants, par l’avant du
véhicule

Z05516

Z21582

Angle de déclenchement du coussin de


sécurité

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-14 Réglages du siège et du volant

• Le véhicule entre en collision par • Le véhicule entre en collision avec un


l’avant, mais de biais véhicule en stationnement de taille ou
poids similaire, mais à une vitesse infé-
rieure à 50 km/h

Z05517

• Le véhicule heurte l’arrière d’un véhi- Z08541


cule, comme un camion, à hauteur du
pare-brise NOTE:
Le coussin de sécurité SRS se déclenchera
plus rapidement si le véhicule entre en colli-
sion avec un objet qui absorbe les chocs
(tel qu’un véhicule ou une glissière de sécu-
rité qui se déforme ou bouge).

5.3 Situations dans lesquelles le cous-


sin de sécurité SRS n’aura pas
l’effet escompté
Dans les cas suivants, le coussin de sécu-
Z05655 rité SRS ne pourra protéger les occupants
du véhicule même s’il déclenche :
• Le véhicule entre en collision avec un
obstacle résistant, en béton par • Le véhicule est heurté par l’arrière
exemple, mais à une vitesse ne dépas-
sant pas 25 km/h

Z05518
Z05514

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-15
• Le véhicule se renverse ou se retourne • Si le véhicule retombe lourdement au
sol après un saut

Z05520
Z05511
• Le véhicule est heurté sur le flanc
• Si le véhicule tombe dans un fossé ou
dans un trou

Z05519

Z05510
5.4 Situations susceptibles de provo-
quer le déclenchement du coussin
de sécurité SRS
Pendant que le véhicule roule, un choc
important à la partie inférieure du châssis
peut provoquer le déclenchement du cous-
sin de sécurité SRS :

• Si le véhicule heurte la bordure du trot-


toir ou le terreplein central de la route

Z05509

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-16 Réglages du siège et du volant

6 Précautions de traitement du NOTE:


véhicule Lors de la revente du véhicule, veuillez
signaler à l’acheteur que le véhicule est
équipé d’un coussin de sécurité SRS et lui
DANGER communiquer les instructions indispen-
• Veuillez consulter un distributeur sables à ce sujet.
ou concessionnaire agréé MITSU-
BISHI FUSO avant de procéder à 7 Système de prétension de la cein-
l’entretien ou de modifier les par- ture de sécurité
ties suivantes. Un entretien ou une
modification défectueux peut
entraîner un fonctionnement
incorrect du coussin de sécurité
SRS, entraînant de graves bles-
sures.
• Entretien autour du volant de
direction
• Entretien du tableau de bord
• Entretien autour du panneau
inférieur à l’avant du siège du Z22134
passager
• Installation d’un équipement • La ceinture du siège conducteur et du
audio siège passager dans un véhicule qui
dispose de coussins de sécurité SRS a
• Réparation ou modification
autour de l’avant du véhicule un prétenseur qui bloque instantané-
• Réparation ou modification de ment la ceinture dans le cas d’un impact
la suspension frontal violent.
• Lors de la mise à la casse du véhi- • En immobilisant solidement le conduc-
cule, contactez un distributeur ou teur et le passager, les prétenseurs
concessionnaire agréé MITSU- accentuent l’efficacité des ceintures de
BISHI FUSO. Faute de quoi, le sécurité et des coussins de sécurité
déclenchement intempestif du SRS.
coussin de sécurité SRS pourrait
causer des blessures.
• N’employez jamais de testeur de
circuits pour diagnostiquer les cir-
cuits du coussin de sécurité SRS.
Une panne du coussin de sécurité
SRS pourrait survenir.
• Ne frappez pas ni n’appliquez une
force excessive sur le coussin du
volant ou tout autre élément dans
la zone de logement du coussin de
sécurité SRS. Le risque de bles-
sures graves en serait augmenter
car le fonctionnement normal du
coussin de sécurité SRS en serait
entravé.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


4-17

DANGER Volant de direction


• Respectez les points suivants
pour garantir une efficacité totale
du système de prétension de la
ceinture.
Portez correctement la ceinture de
DANGER
sécurité. • Après chaque réglage, essayez de
Réglez la ceinture de sécurité à la faire bouger le volant de direction
position correcte. vers l’avant et vers l’arrière pour
• N’immobilisez pas, n’enlevez pas vérifier qu’il est bien immobilisé. Si
ni ne démontez le système de pré- la manette ne revient pas à sa posi-
tension de la ceinture de sécurité. tion d’origine, le volant peut chan-
Si le système de prétension de la ger de position pendant que le
ceinture de sécurité doit être véhicule roule, ce qui risquerait de
réparé, contactez un distributeur causer un accident.
ou concessionnaire agréé MITSU- • Faites ces réglages avec le véhi-
BISHI FUSO. Toute manipulation cule à l’arrêt. Il est dangereux de
incorrecte du système de préten- régler la position du volant tout en
sion de la ceinture de sécurité roulant car cela distrait la conduite
peut en empêcher le bon fonction- et ne permet pas de contrôler exac-
nement et être à l’origine de bles- tement le mouvement du volant.
sures.
• Lors de la mise à la casse du véhi-
cule, contactez un distributeur ou La hauteur et l’inclinaison du volant sont
concessionnaire agréé MITSU- réglables. Ce réglage permet, en combinai-
BISHI FUSO. Faute de quoi, le sys- son avec le réglage de position du siège, de
tème de prétension de la ceinture trouver la posture de conduite optimale.
de sécurité pourrait déclencher
intempestivement et causer des
blessures.

NOTE:
Le système de prétension de la ceinture de
sécurité ne peut pas être à nouveau utilisé
s’il a fonctionné une fois. Faites-le rempla-
cer par un distributeur ou concessionnaire
agréé MITSUBISHI FUSO. Z21339

• Tirez la manette de verrouillage puis


donnez au volant la hauteur et l’inclinai-
son souhaitées.
• Repoussez la manette de verrouillage
pour verrouiller le volant en position.
Pour régler la position
Pour verrouiller la position

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-1

5. Interrupteurs et commandes

Emplacement des commandes .......................................................................................... 5-2


Contacteur de démarreur ................................................................................................... 5-2
Démarrage du moteur ........................................................................................................ 5-4
Mise en température du moteur ......................................................................................... 5-7
Arrêt du moteur .................................................................................................................. 5-8
Ralenti du système ISS, stop & start (arrêt et démarrage) ................................................ 5-9
Pédales ............................................................................................................................ 5-13
Levier de changement de vitesse .................................................................................... 5-14
Levier de frein de stationnement ...................................................................................... 5-15
Commodo ........................................................................................................................ 5-16
Feux de détresse ............................................................................................................. 5-19
Interrupteur de réglage de hauteur des phares ............................................................... 5-19
Rétroviseurs ..................................................................................................................... 5-20
Avertisseur sonore ........................................................................................................... 5-21
Système DPF de commande de régénération ................................................................. 5-21

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-2 Interrupteurs et commandes

Interrupteur de réglage de hauteur des


phares
Emplacement des commandes

Contacteur de démarreur

1 Position du contacteur de démar-


reur

DANGER
Pendant que le véhicule roule, le
contacteur de démarreur ne doit
jamais être mis dans une position
autre que “ON”. Il est dangereux de
remettre le contacteur de démarreur
en position “ACC” car l’arrêt du
moteur pendant la conduite pose les
problèmes suivants :
• La puissance de freinage diminue
très sensiblement.
• L’assistance de direction ne fonc-
tionne plus et le volant de direction
est très dur à manœuvrer.
Y00292 • Le système d’injection de carbu-
rant présente un dysfonctionne-
Contacteur de démarreur
ment.
Pédale d’accélérateur
Pédale de frein
• Les circuits électriques ne sont
plus alimentés et les instruments et
Pédale d’embrayage
témoins lumineux du tableau de
Levier de changement de vitesse
bord ne fonctionnent plus.
Levier de frein de stationnement
Si vous retirez la clé de démarreur du
Feux de détresse
contacteur de démarreur, le volant de
Commodo
direction se bloque et il devient
(essuie et lave-glace, ralentisseur sur
impossible de diriger le véhicule.
échappement)
Commodo
(interrupteur d’éclairage, inverseur feux
de route/appels de phares, commuta- ATTENTION
teur des clignotants de direction)
Commutateur de nettoyage DPF • Pendant que le moteur tourne, le
Commutateur PTO <Véhicules avec un contacteur de démarreur ne doit pas
PTO> être mis en position “START”, car
Commutateur de traction avant cela risquerait d’endommager le
<modèles FG> démarreur.
Commutateur de sélection HIGH-LOW
<modèles FG>
Commutateur cutoff ISS <Véhicules
avec ralenti du système ISS, stop & start
(arrêt et démarrage)>
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-3
• Il est impossible de tourner la clé de • LOCK
démarreur de la position “ACC” à la La clé de démarreur peut être insérée et
position “LOCK” si vous ne la main- enlevée dans cette position uniquement.
tenez pas enfoncée. N’essayez Pour amener la clé à la position “LOCK”,
jamais de la tourner en forçant. Pour mettez-la d’abord en position “ACC”,
passer de la position “ACC” à la posi- puis poussez la clé dans le contacteur et
tion “LOCK”, tenez la clé poussée tournez jusqu’à la position “LOCK” en
dans le contacteur. tenant la clé enfoncée. Le volant de
• Prenez l’habitude de toujours enlever direction se bloque quand vous retirez la
la clé de démarreur après l’arrêt du clé du contacteur.
moteur. Souvenez-vous que la batte- L’interrupteur d’éclairage, le témoin
rie se décharge et qu’il est donc lumineux des feux de détresse, le pla-
impossible de démarrer le moteur si fonnier, l’avertisseur et les clignotants
vous laissez la clé en position peuvent être utilisés.
“LOCK”, “ON” ou “ACC” pendant
• ACC
une période prolongée.
Mettez la clé dans cette position pour
• La batterie peut se décharger com-
arrêter le moteur.
plètement si la radio (en option) ou
La radio <Véhicule avec radio> et
tout autre équipement électrique est
l’allume-cigare peuvent être utilisés.
utilisé pendant des périodes prolon-
gées avec le moteur à l’arrêt. • ON
C’est la position de marche du moteur.
Tout l’équipement électrique peut fonc-
tionner.
• START
C’est la position de lancement du
moteur.
Lâchez la clé dès que le moteur a
démarré ; elle revient d’elle-même en
position “ON”.
NOTE:
• Ne tournez la clé qu’après l’avoir intro-
duite à fond dans le contacteur de
démarreur.
• Quand tourner la clé est difficile, tournez
légèrement le volant vers ma droite et
vers a gauche tout en agissant sur la
clé.

2 Alarme de rappel de contacteur


de démarreur
Un avertisseur retentit si vous ouvrez la por-
Z21341
tière lorsque le moteur est éteint et que la
clé est restée dans le contacteur de démar-
reur. Retirez la clé de démarreur et gardez-
la sur vous chaque fois que vous quittez le
véhicule.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-4 Interrupteurs et commandes

Démarrage du moteur DANGER


• Assurez-vous de l’absence de
matières inflammables sous le
véhicule ou à l’arrière du véhicule
stationné, en particulier à proximité
DANGER du tuyau d’échappement. La cha-
• Ne faites pas démarrer ou chauffer leur dégagée par le moteur ou le
le moteur dans un local fermé tuyau d’échappement risquerait de
comme un garage. Pour entrer ou causer un incendie.
sortir d’un garage, ne laissez tour- • Après avoir démarré le moteur, il
ner le moteur à l’intérieur que le faut rester assis sur le siège du
minimum de temps nécessaire, car conducteur pendant que le moteur
l’accumulation des gaz d’échappe- se réchauffe. Ne vous penchez pas
ment dans un lieu confiné peut être par la vitre de portière et ne vous
très dangereuse. tenez pas dans une posture ne per-
mettant pas d’intervenir si le véhi-
cule venait à bouger car il pourrait
en résulter un grave accident.
• Ne tentez jamais de pousser et
démarrer le moteur. Le freinage
deviendrait mou et la direction
deviendrait extrêmement dure ce
qui pourrait entraîner un grave
accident.
Z12784
NOTE:
Les gaz d’échappement • Une fois le moteur démarré, effectuez
contiennent du monoxyde de car- un préchauffage de 1 à 2 minutes.
bone (CO), dont l’inhalation peut • Ne faites pas tourner le démarreur pen-
entraîner la perte de connaissance dant plus de 15 secondes sans interrup-
ou la mort. tion car cela risque d’endommager le
• S’il y a une odeur de gaz d’échap- démarreur ou de mettre la batterie à
pement dans la cabine, inspectez plat.
le tuyau d’échappement pour • Si vous avez actionné le démarreur pen-
rechercher des la fissure ou du dant une dizaine de secondes sans que
trou à l’origine de la fuite. S’il y a le moteur démarre, tournez le contac-
une fuite de gaz d’échappement, teur de démarreur en position “ACC” et
faites contrôler et réparer le tuyau attendez au moins 30 secondes avant
d’échappement par un distributeur de faire une nouvelle tentative pour lais-
ou concessionnaire agréé MITSU- ser à la batterie le temps de récupérer.
BISHI FUSO. • N’actionnez pas le démarreur à plu-
Si une fuite du tuyau d’échappe- sieurs reprises sans interruption. Si
ment produit une accumulation de vous devez actionner le démarreur deux
gaz d’échappement dans la cabine, fois ou plus pour que le moteur démarre,
ouvrez les vitres complètement ou patientez au moins trois secondes entre
ouvrez les portières pour bien ven- chaque tentative de démarrage. Faute
tiler et renouveler l’air. de quoi, vous risquez d’endommager le
moteur et le démarreur, ou de nuire à
leur bon fonctionnement.

FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON


5-5
• Si le véhicule n’a pas été utilisé depuis 2 Procédure de démarrage
plus d’une semaine, ainsi qu’après une
vidange d’huile moteur ou un remplace- 1. Mettez le contacteur de démarreur en
ment de l’élément du filtre à huile position “ON”.
moteur, il faut entraîner le moteur au
démarreur avant de le mettre en
marche. P. 5-6
• Dans les régions froides, utilisez une
batterie de grande capacité pour dispo-
ser d’une bonne réserve d’énergie pour
la mise en marche du moteur.

1 Avant la mise en marche


Z21163

2. Vérifiez si le témoin de fonctionnement


s’allume ou non.

Z24051

1. Tirez le levier de frein de stationnement


à fond pour serrer le frein de stationne-
ment. Z21164
2. Placez le levier de changement de
vitesse en position de point mort. • Si le témoin de fonctionnement ne
3. Enfoncez complètement la pédale de s’allume pas, maintenez la pédale
frein. d’embrayage enfoncée , puis tournez
le contacteur de démarreur en position
“START” pour démarrer le moteur.
ATTENTION
Par sécurité, gardez la pédale de frein
enfoncée jusqu’à ce que le moteur a
démarré.

Z21165

• Si le témoin de fonctionnement
s’allume, patientez jusqu’à ce qu’il
s’éteigne. Une fois le témoin éteint,
maintenez enfoncée la pédale
d’embrayage et tournez le contacteur de
démarreur en position “START” pour
démarrer le moteur.
FUSO ASCENT-MARCO CALDERON
5-6 Interrupteurs et commandes

NOTE: 1. Tirez le levier de frein de stationnement


Si le moteur démarre difficilement une fois pour serrer le frein de stationnement au
le témoin de fonctionnement éteint, le maximum.
système de préchauffage du moteur pré- 2. Placez le levier de changement de
sente peut-être un problème. Faites contrô- vitesse en position de point mort.
ler le véhicule par un distributeur ou 3. Démarrez le moteur normalement sans
concessionnaire agréé MITSUBISHI FUSO. attendre que le témoin de fonctionne-
ment s’éteigne.
3. Relâchez le contacteur de démarreur 4. Sans enfoncer la pédale d’accélérateur,
une fois le moteur démarré. mettez le contacteur de démarreur en
Si vous n’allez pas démarrer le véhicule position “START” et faites ainsi tourner
immédiatement, relâchez la pédale. le démarreur pendant une quinzaine de
4. Une fois le moteur démarré, effectuez secondes.
un préchauffage de 1 à 2 minutes. Si le moteur démarre, relâchez la clé de
P. 5-7 démarreur et abstenez-vous d’appuyer
sur la pédale d’accélérateur pendant
Régime de ralenti du moteur
(après le préchauffage du moteur) une quinzaine de secondes.

650 tr/mn 4 Démarrage du moteur avec la


cabine basculée
NOTE: Lorsque vous devez démarrer le moteur
Pendant les mois de temps froid, le moteur avec la cabine basculée pour les besoins
risque de fonctionner à un régime de ralenti des contrôles et de l’entretien, respectez
supérieur à la normale juste après son scrupuleusement les consignes de sécurité
démarrage. Le régime moteur, cependant, suivantes :
chutera à une vitesse normale dès que le
liquide de refroidissement sera chaud.

3 Démarrage du moteur lorsque le


véhicule n’a pas servi depuis
longtemps
Si le véhicule n’a