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In aircraft materials and processes can be use for major structures such as wings, fuselage, or landing

gear, for example is on different types of aircraft. New materials and structural concepts relies on
maintenance programs that cost-effectively ensure passenger safety. It provides opportunities to
restore levels of safety and reliability when deterioration occurs. The lessons learned from the aging of
metal and composite structure. Aircraft materials are materials, frequently metal alloys, that have either
been developed for. Most airplanes today are made out of aluminum, a strong, yet lightweight metal.
Other material such as wood was used on most early airplanes and is now mainly used on homebuilt
airplanes. Wood is lightweight and strong, but it also splinters and requires a lot of maintenance.
Aluminum is used on most types of aircraft because it is lightweight and strong. Aluminum alloys don’t
corrode as readily as steel. But because they lose their strength at high temperatures, they cannot be
used for skin surfaces that become very hot on airplanes that fly faster than twice the speed of sound.
Steel can be up to four times stronger and three times stiffer than aluminum, but it also three times
heavier. It is used for certain components like landing gear, where the strength and hardness are
especially important. It has also been used for the skin of some high-speed airplanes, because it holds its
strength at higher temperature better than aluminum. Titanium is about strong as steel and weighs less,
though it is not as light as aluminum. It holds its strength at high temperatures and resists corrosion
better than steel or aluminum. Though titanium is expensive, these characteristics have led to its greater
use in modern aircraft. Composite materials are widely used in the aircraft industry because hey provide
structural strength comparable to metallic alloys, but at a lighter weight. This leads to improved fuel
efficiency and performance from an aircraft. Fiberglass is the most common composite material, and
consists of glass fibres embedded in a resin matrix. Weight reduction is the greatest advantage of
composite material usage and is one of the key factors in decisions regarding its selection. Composite
have the advantage that they can be formed into almost any shape using the moulding process but this
compounds the already difficult modeling problem. Sufficient stress will buckle and in some cases can
destroy a structure. Aircraft are designed to resist such buckling.