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Giloctogh National High School

GILOCTOG, BARILI, CEBU

Name:_____________________________________ Date: ___________________

Activity # 1
WHAT IS MATTER MADE OF?

Objectives:

After performing this activity, you should be able to:

1. Infer from given situations or observable events what matter made of and

2. Explain how these observed situations or events give evidence that matter is made up of tiny particles.

Materials Needed:

½ cup refined sugar


1 cup clean tap water
1 piece, 100-mL graduated cylinder
1 measuring cup (1 cup capacity)
1 piece transparent bottle or 250-mL beaker
food coloring
1 dropper
1 stirrer or stirring rod

Procedure:
1. Using a clean and dry graduated cylinder, pour sugar until 20 mL mark of the graduated cylinder
2. Transfer the measured sugar into 250-ml beaker or transparent bottle.
3. Measure 50 mL clean tap water using graduated cylinder.
4. Add the 50 mL water to the sugar and mix thoroughly until all the sugar dissolves. Taste the resulting solution
5. Transfer the sugar mixture into a graduated cylinder
6. Pour 1 cup of tap water into a transparent glass bottle.
7. Add one small drop of food coloring slowly along the side of the transparent bottle.
8. Set aside the bottle with food coloring in a locker or corner of your room without disturbing the setup. Describe
the appearance of the contents of the bottle after one day. Compare it with the appearance when you left the
bottle the previous day.

Questions:
1. What is the taste of the resulting mixture?
2. Think about sugar and water as made up of tiny particles. With your groupmates, discuss and give your reasons
for the observations you made in.
3. What is the volume of the sugar and water mixture?
4. Is the volume of the resulting sugar mixture equal, more than or less than the sum (20 mL sugar + 50mL water)of
the volume of the unmixed sugar and water?
5. Describe what you observe after adding the food coloring.
6. What happens to the food coloring dropped in the bottle containing water? Write all your observations.

Answers:
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