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BFD-triggered OAM Mechanisms for IP RAN Network

Ran Zheng and Shuhe Sun

GW Technology Co., Ltd, Beijing, China
Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications,
Abstract-In this paper, Bidirectional Forwarding Detection II. BFD-TRIGGERED LINK FAULT DETECTION MECHANISMS
(BFD) is introduced to be used as OAM mechanisms for IP radio access network (RAN) to improve the
The BFD state machine is quite straightforward. There are three states
networks' performance. Besides a BFD-triggered node failure or link failure detection mechanism is
through which a session normally proceeds: two for establishing a session
proposed and tested. Testing results show that the proposed mechanism can effectively avoid or reduce
(Initiate and Up) and one for tearing down a session (Down). This allows a three-
burst loss and the protection switching time decreased from second -level to millisecond-level which
way handshake for both session establishment and session tear down[7].
satisfied the carrier-class networks demands. The results verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the
proposed mechanism.
A. BFD Control Packet Format
Keywords-BFD; link/ault detection; OAM; IP RAN networks; BFD Control packets are sent in an encapsulation appropriate to the
environment. The specific encapsulation is outside of the scope of this
specification. See the appropriate
application document for encapsulation details[7].
The mobile backhaul network will inevitably transform to an IP RAN as
mobile networks move towards IP and broadband[l]. OAM function is very The BFD Control packet has a Mandatory Section and an optional
important to all telecom networks especially to those which have Quality of Authentication Section, showed as Figure. 1. The format of the Authentication
Service (QoS)[2]. So OAM plays an important role in IP RAN technology. The Section, if present, is dependent on the type of authentication in use[7].
main function of OAM is to check the defect before abnonnal event. OAM can The Mandatory Section of a BFD Control packet has the following format:
simplify network operation, check network performance and reduce operation

BFD protocol is a detection protocol designed to provide fast forwarding

path failure detection times for all media types, encapsulations, topologies, and
routing protocols[3]. In addition to fast forwarding path failure detection, BFD
provides a consistent failure detection method for network administrators[4].
Because the network administrator can use BFD to detect forwarding path
failures at a unifonn rate, rather than the variable rates for different routing
protocol hello mechanisms, network profiling and planning will be easier, and
re-convergence time will be consistent and predictable[5].

In this paper, BFD is used as OAM mechanisms, for the reason that it can
provide the fast failure detection times for IP RAN network, which satisfied the
carrier class networks demands that the protection switching time must under 50
milliseconds. In addition, the BFD based OAM mechanisms for IP RAN
networks also has many advantages such as low overhead, very easy to Figure I. BFD Control Packet Format.
implement, short-duration detection of failures in the path between adjacent
forwarding engines, including the interfaces, data links, and to the extent
B. Process of session establishment
possible the forwarding engines themselves. Besides, BFD can provide failure
detection on any kind of path between systems, including virtual circuits and Each router-system communicates its session state in the State (STA) field
tunnels[6]. in the BFD Control packet, and that received state, in combination with the
local session state, drives the state machine. The session between router A and
978-1-4673-4933-8/13/$31.00 ©2013 IEEE router B has established after both of the STA value changed to l.The session
establishment process is showed as Figure.2.
Nama: Gozal Nur Ramaditya
NPM: 93117010
Kelas: SMTE08-1


1. Rumusan Masalah
Masalah yang terjadi pada jurnal di atas adalah ketika melakukan pengiriman paket secara
cepat dan meminimalisasi kehilangan paket ketika terjadi link-down, sehingga dapat
meningkatkan kinerja jaringan.

2. Analisa
Pada jurnal di atas, penulis melakukan penelitian dalam melakukan proses pengiriman
paket. Dengan cara mematikan link diantara router A dan router B tanpa menggunakan deteksi
BFD, kemudian menguji waktu interupsi yang disebabkan oleh link-down dari router master
B. Setelah itu, link tetap dimatikan serta menggunakan deteksi BFD, kemudian menguji waktu
interupsi yang disebabkan oleh link-down dari router master B. Peneliti melakukan uji coba
sebanyak 3 kali.
Setelah melakukan tes dihasilkan beberapa poin yaitu:
 Waktu interupsi berkisar dari 3169.52ms hingga 3396.74ms, ketika tidak
menggunakan BFD yang dikonfigurasi pada link. Dan tingkat kehilangan paket
berkisar antara 12% hingga 26%.
 Waktu interupsi berkisar antara 36,82ms hingga 39, 16ms, ketika BFD dikonfigurasi
ke link. Dan tingkat kehilangan paket berkisar antara 0,13% hingga 0,17%.

3. Kesimpulan
Kesimpulan yang dapat diambil dari jurnal di atas adalah ketika melakukan pengiriman
paket terjadi link-down, jika tanpa menggunakan deteksi BFD maka kemungkinan terjadinya
kehilangan paket sangat besar. Namun, jika kita menggunakan deteksi BFD pada saat terjadi
link-down, maka kemungkinan terjadinya kehilangan paket sangat kecil.