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# Slope of the Line: 5.

## (𝟏, 𝟐)𝒂𝒏𝒅 (−𝟑, 𝟎)

Slope (𝒎)– steepness of the line, it also describes how 6. (−𝟐, −𝟒)𝒂𝒏𝒅 (−𝟑, 𝟒)
the line will look like (if it rises to the right or rises to the
left). Solutions:
Three Ways to Determine the slope of the line: 1. a
1. By Equation: Convert any linear equation in
slope-intercept form (𝑦 = 𝑚𝑥 + 𝑏) then the
numerical coefficient of 𝑥 is the slope of the
line.
2. By Graph: Simply use the formula:
𝒓𝒊𝒔𝒆
𝒎=
𝒓𝒖𝒏
Note that the number of units it will rise (up or 2. a
down) and run (left or right) should be directed.

## This means when the direction is up (rise) and

right (run) the number of units should be
positive.

## This means when the direction is down (rise) 3.

and left (run) the number of units should be
negative.
3. By any points on the line: Simply use the
formula, given the points
𝑃1 (𝑥1 , 𝑦1 ) 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑃2 (𝑥2 , 𝑦2 ):
𝒚𝟐 − 𝒚𝟏
𝒎=
𝒙𝟐 − 𝒙𝟏
Examples:
Determine the slope of the line given the following
conditions:
1. 𝟒𝒙 = 𝟐𝟑 − 𝒚
𝒙 𝒚
2. + =𝟏
𝟖 𝟒
3.
4.

5. a
4.

6. a
Exercise: 5.
Determine the slope of the graph given the following
conditions:
1.

6.

2.

3𝑦
7. 2𝑥 + 4
=2
3.
8. 2𝑥 = 3𝑦 − 4
𝑦
9. 𝑥 = 3 + 1

10. 4𝑥 = 𝑦 + 12
11. (1, −2)(4, −5)
1 1
12. (0, −5), (2 , − 3)
2 3
13. (3, −1) (3 , 4)
𝑥 3𝑦
14. + =2
3 4

15. 𝑥 + 3𝑦 − 4 = 0
4. 𝑦
16. 𝑥 = 5 + 10

17. 4𝑦 = 𝑥 + 12
18. (−1,2)(−4, −5)
2 1
19. (0, −1), ( , − )
3 3
2 3
20. (−3, −1) (5 , − 4)
2 1
21. (3,1) (− 5 , 4)
1 1
22. (−1,0) ( , − )
3 4
Activity: Question # 1(Group 1): What can you notice about the
Plot each pair of points in a Cartesian plane then graphs of each line and their graphs? What can you say
connect these points by drawing a straight line. Each about the direction of their graphs?
group has two pairs of lines that will be drawn in one ______________________________________________
Cartesian Plane. There are three lines to be drawn in ______________________________________________
each group. Then determine its slope and answer some ______________________________________________
questions in each group. Question # 2(Group 1): If the regular slope of line (this
Example: means that the line is between the x and y axis) is 𝑚 =
Group 0 1, which line is more steeper (closer to being a vertical
1. A(0,3) and B(1,-2) – line 1 line)? Which line is less steeper(closer to being a
2. A(1,1) and B(-2,0) – line 2 horizontal line)? Compare their slopes, what can you
3. A(0,0) and B(-2,1) – line 3 conclude regarding its steepness?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
A(0,3) ______________________________________________
A(1,1)
B(-2,1)
Group 2:
A(0,0) 1. A(0,-1) , B(-3,0)
B(-2,0)
2. A(-2,0) , B(0,-1)
B(1,-2)
3. A(0,-1) , B(-1,0)

## Slope of line 1: _________________________________

Slope of line 2: _________________________________
Slope of line 3: _________________________________

Activity Proper:
Group 1:
1. A(0,0) , B(1,1)
2. A(0,0). , B(2,3)
3. A(0,0) , B(3,2)
Slope of line 1: _________________________________
Slope of line 2: _________________________________
Slope of line 3: _________________________________

## Question # 1(Group 2): What can you notice about the

graphs of each line and their graphs? What can you say
about the direction of their graphs?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________

## Question # 2(Group 2): If the regular slope of line (this

means that the line is between the x and y axis) is 𝑚 =
Slope of line 1: _________________________________ 1, which line is more steeper (closer to being a vertical
Slope of line 2: _________________________________ line)? Which line is less steeper(closer to being a
Slope of line 3: _________________________________ horizontal line)? Compare their slopes, what can you
conclude regarding its steepness?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
Group 3: Scratch work and Other Notes:
1. A(2,5) , B(2,1)
2. A(3,6) , B(3,1)
3. A(-3,-2) , B(-3,-5)

## Slope of line 1: _________________________________

Slope of line 2: _________________________________
Slope of line 3: _________________________________

## Question (Group 3): What can you conclude about the

slopes of group 3 in relation to their slopes?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________

Group 4
1. A(1,2) , B(3,2)
2. A(0,5) , B(-1, 5)
3. A(0,-1) , B(3,-1)

## Slope of line 1: _________________________________

Slope of line 2: _________________________________
Slope of line 3: _________________________________

## Question (Group 4): What can you conclude about the

slopes of group 3 in relation to their slopes?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________