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Slope of the Line: 5.

(𝟏, 𝟐)𝒂𝒏𝒅 (−𝟑, 𝟎)


Slope (𝒎)– steepness of the line, it also describes how 6. (−𝟐, −𝟒)𝒂𝒏𝒅 (−𝟑, 𝟒)
the line will look like (if it rises to the right or rises to the
left). Solutions:
Three Ways to Determine the slope of the line: 1. a
1. By Equation: Convert any linear equation in
slope-intercept form (𝑦 = 𝑚𝑥 + 𝑏) then the
numerical coefficient of 𝑥 is the slope of the
line.
2. By Graph: Simply use the formula:
𝒓𝒊𝒔𝒆
𝒎=
𝒓𝒖𝒏
Note that the number of units it will rise (up or 2. a
down) and run (left or right) should be directed.

This means when the direction is up (rise) and


right (run) the number of units should be
positive.

This means when the direction is down (rise) 3.


and left (run) the number of units should be
negative.
3. By any points on the line: Simply use the
formula, given the points
𝑃1 (𝑥1 , 𝑦1 ) 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑃2 (𝑥2 , 𝑦2 ):
𝒚𝟐 − 𝒚𝟏
𝒎=
𝒙𝟐 − 𝒙𝟏
Examples:
Determine the slope of the line given the following
conditions:
1. 𝟒𝒙 = 𝟐𝟑 − 𝒚
𝒙 𝒚
2. + =𝟏
𝟖 𝟒
3.
4.

5. a
4.

6. a
Exercise: 5.
Determine the slope of the graph given the following
conditions:
1.

6.

2.

3𝑦
7. 2𝑥 + 4
=2
3.
8. 2𝑥 = 3𝑦 − 4
𝑦
9. 𝑥 = 3 + 1

10. 4𝑥 = 𝑦 + 12
11. (1, −2)(4, −5)
1 1
12. (0, −5), (2 , − 3)
2 3
13. (3, −1) (3 , 4)
𝑥 3𝑦
14. + =2
3 4

15. 𝑥 + 3𝑦 − 4 = 0
4. 𝑦
16. 𝑥 = 5 + 10

17. 4𝑦 = 𝑥 + 12
18. (−1,2)(−4, −5)
2 1
19. (0, −1), ( , − )
3 3
2 3
20. (−3, −1) (5 , − 4)
2 1
21. (3,1) (− 5 , 4)
1 1
22. (−1,0) ( , − )
3 4
Activity: Question # 1(Group 1): What can you notice about the
Plot each pair of points in a Cartesian plane then graphs of each line and their graphs? What can you say
connect these points by drawing a straight line. Each about the direction of their graphs?
group has two pairs of lines that will be drawn in one ______________________________________________
Cartesian Plane. There are three lines to be drawn in ______________________________________________
each group. Then determine its slope and answer some ______________________________________________
questions in each group. Question # 2(Group 1): If the regular slope of line (this
Example: means that the line is between the x and y axis) is 𝑚 =
Group 0 1, which line is more steeper (closer to being a vertical
1. A(0,3) and B(1,-2) – line 1 line)? Which line is less steeper(closer to being a
2. A(1,1) and B(-2,0) – line 2 horizontal line)? Compare their slopes, what can you
3. A(0,0) and B(-2,1) – line 3 conclude regarding its steepness?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
A(0,3) ______________________________________________
A(1,1)
B(-2,1)
Group 2:
A(0,0) 1. A(0,-1) , B(-3,0)
B(-2,0)
2. A(-2,0) , B(0,-1)
B(1,-2)
3. A(0,-1) , B(-1,0)

Slope of line 1: _________________________________


Slope of line 2: _________________________________
Slope of line 3: _________________________________

Activity Proper:
Group 1:
1. A(0,0) , B(1,1)
2. A(0,0). , B(2,3)
3. A(0,0) , B(3,2)
Slope of line 1: _________________________________
Slope of line 2: _________________________________
Slope of line 3: _________________________________

Question # 1(Group 2): What can you notice about the


graphs of each line and their graphs? What can you say
about the direction of their graphs?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________

Question # 2(Group 2): If the regular slope of line (this


means that the line is between the x and y axis) is 𝑚 =
Slope of line 1: _________________________________ 1, which line is more steeper (closer to being a vertical
Slope of line 2: _________________________________ line)? Which line is less steeper(closer to being a
Slope of line 3: _________________________________ horizontal line)? Compare their slopes, what can you
conclude regarding its steepness?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
Group 3: Scratch work and Other Notes:
1. A(2,5) , B(2,1)
2. A(3,6) , B(3,1)
3. A(-3,-2) , B(-3,-5)

Slope of line 1: _________________________________


Slope of line 2: _________________________________
Slope of line 3: _________________________________

Question (Group 3): What can you conclude about the


slopes of group 3 in relation to their slopes?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________

Group 4
1. A(1,2) , B(3,2)
2. A(0,5) , B(-1, 5)
3. A(0,-1) , B(3,-1)

Slope of line 1: _________________________________


Slope of line 2: _________________________________
Slope of line 3: _________________________________

Question (Group 4): What can you conclude about the


slopes of group 3 in relation to their slopes?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________