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K N O W -H O W
Due to a rising water demand glob- transport, and water distribution. Due
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ensure a long-lasting and sustainable significantly above the industrial av-
water supply. More than 165 years erage, our pumps are highly cost-ef- More about
of experience and comprehensive fective and have a long service life.
know-how, form the basis for the Additionally, their reliability and ro-
high-standard of ANDRITZ pumps. The bustness have made ANDRITZ pumps
trusted range of our pumps is used to the first choice for applications in the
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CONTENTS January 2019 Vol 01 | Issue 03

16 18 34 37

41 33 47

56 76


Smart Water & Waste World selects 30 best case-studies where cutting-
edge water, wastewater, and solid-waste management technologies
and best practices were applied in water utilities, municipal plants and
government projects around the world.










<< editor’s note

The Curious Case of

Municipal Water
he first annual ‘Municipal Case Studies’ special issue is in your hands. We received an over-
whelming response this year in the form of case-study submissions. We have selected top
30 case-studies. The selection was made on the basis of relevance (municipal/ government
projects), the different segments of municipal market they represented, innovation (in technology or
process), and their actual implementation on the ground. Here, I would specially mention VA Tech WA-
BAG, Veolia, SUEZ, Evoqua, KSB, SPML, Bentley Systems, BASF, Grundfos, Pentair, Danfoss, Schneider,
UEM India, WesTech, and Andritz for their constant support and regular editorial contribution.
MAYUR SHARMA | Editor The global municipal market is still very fragmented. And if we look at the market share, the com-
petition is high with the presence of some heavy-weight companies like WABAG, Suez, and Veolia.
The newcomers are also making their presence felt (for example by bidding and even winning some
of smaller projects in big-budget government schemes like Namami Gange and Smart Cities in India).
They will be able to sustain only with the proper support by the local governments in terms of transpar-
ent policies, timely payments, and off-course with the cost-effective digital technologies.
As per the latest Global Outlook of Water Industry report by Frost & Sullivan, the Smart-IoT enabled
and digitalized sustainable solutions will be the key growth factors in the water industry. This is high-
lighted by an increasing stress of water resources across the globe. The municipal water market is set to
extensively adopt new communication technologies like LPWAN, which is suited to support IoT, and
explore AI and robotic solutions for process control and management.
The analysts from Technavio have predicted that the global municipal water and wastewater treat-
ment equipment market will register the growth at CAGR of 5% during 2019-2023. They say that the
Government bodies across the world are focusing on the use of reclaimed water. Hence, new regula-
Patriotism is tions will further encourage the treatment of water in municipalities. This, in turn, will drive the growth
of global municipal water and wastewater treatment equipment market.
supporting your Some other data say that the Asia-Pacific is expected to have the highest demand for municipal water
country all the time, treatment chemicals. The region is also likely to have the fastest growth.
Clearly, the new digital technologies will assist in the gathering all the data needed for proper treat-
and your government ment of a plant. On the other hand, lack of water & wastewater infrastructure will be a major challenge,
when it deserves it. as it is steadily affecting the growth of municipal water and wastewater treatment equipment market.
The 2nd edition of our annual flagship municipal event JAL SABHA 2019 is around the corner now.
- Mark Twain This year, we are organizing it from 19-20 February at Taj Fisherman’s Cove resort in Kancheepuram
near Chennai. We are working hard on making it a highly engaging municipal community event.
Our next two magazine issues will be February (Water Purification & Treatment Business - Mem-
branes, Housings, Vessels, and Pumps), and March (Reviving Our Rivers, Sewage & Sludge Manage-
ment). I welcome editorial contributions on these and all other topics which you find significant for
the water sector.
Keep sharing your thoughts, inputs, and suggestions with us.

Smart Water & Waste WorldTM Vol 01 No 3 January 2019

Pages 92
FOUNDER & CEO Printed and Published by Shailesh
Kailash Shirodkar Ramaswamy Iyer, B-305, Gopinath Copyright © 2018
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EDITOR (East) Dist - Thane 401105 on behalf Beyond Expectations.
Mayur Sharma of Beyond Expectations, Printed All rights reserved throughout the world.
at Taco Visions Pvt. Ltd. 105- ABC, Reproduction in any manner, electronic
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PRODUCTION Published at Beyond Expectations *Responsible for selection
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make necessary inquiries before sending any monies or entering into any agreements with advertisers or otherwise acting on an advertisement in any manner whatsoever.



Dr. Mritunjay Chaubey Egis Group Appoints Sandeep Gulati as the

Receives the Most Influential Managing Director of Egis India
Sustainability Leader Award The company plans to increase its presence in
India and may open a Global Design Centre in India.
cussed the 17 UN sustainable
development Goals and Glob-
al Financial requirements to SWWW Staff for nearly 25 years with capital
achieve UN Sustainable de- India and technology transfers.”
velopment goals. He also took Sandeep Gulati, the new
this opportunity to present the EGIS, THE PARIS headquar- Managing Director of Egis In-
sustainability achievement of tered engineering company has dia commented, “Egis India is
Mayur Sharma UPL. announced Sandeep Gulati as one of the growth engines of
India Dr. Mritunjay Chaubey is the new Managing Director for the Group and I am extreme-
sustainability, environment Egis India. Sandeep has more ly positive about the position
DR. MRITUNJAY CHAUBEY & water technology expert than 24 years of varied experi- we are in at the moment in
recently received the “Most In- of international repute. Dr. ence and was previously Chief the country. We have the most
fluential Sustainability Leader Chaubey is currently working Financial Officer (CFO) of Alca- diversified portfolio of proj-
Awards” during Sustainabili- as Global Vice President - En- tel-Lucent and Huawei. shown outstanding capabilities ects among our peers; having
ty Leadership Summit at Taj vironment & Sustainability On the appointment, Remi as a leader in his role as CFO 8 metro projects, 3 airports, 2
Lands End, Mumbai. with UPL Limited. He is lead- Cunin, Group COO & Deputy and then as Interim CEO and smart cities, Chhatrapati Shi-
On this occasion, Dr. ing the agenda of 30% envi- CEO of Egis Group, who spe- we strongly believe that he will vaji Memorial, Statue of Unity,
Chaubey also delivered a lec- ronmental footprint reduction cially flew from Paris along take the Indian operations to Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yoja-
ture on “Role of Industries of UPL in four years. He is also with other senior group mem- greater and profitable growth na, and AMRUT in Madhya
to Achieve UN Sustainable a member of WBCSD Water bers for this announcement, trajectory. We have heavily in- Pradesh and many other urban
Development Goals”. He dis- Leadership Group. commented that “Sandeep has vested Rs. 400 crore) in India projects.”

Gadkari: The Dream of Clean Aquam Makes Senior

Ganga is Now Within the Appointments to Industrial Team
clients with the support
A total of 73 projects have been services necessary to pin-
point, fix and mitigate
sanctioned in Uttar Pradesh state under leakage and corrosion in
aging pipeline infrastruc-
Namami Gange for Rs. 9,934 crores, out ture.
of which 13 projects are complete. Paul Henderson has
also joined Aquam as
Senior Business Develop-
ment Manager and will
support businesses want-
Mayur Sharma He emphasized on the importance ing to understand and
India of reuse of treated water and said that manage the risk associat-
in Mathura, Indian Oil is buying the (L-R) Jon Shelton, Stuart Henderson, and Paul Henderson ed with pipelines and wa-
UNION MINISTER OF India for Wa- treated water from the STP as per a ter management. He has
ter Resources, River Development and recently signed agreement. NMCG is SWWW Staff been appointed Direc- delivered programmes
Ganga Rejuvenation Nitin Gadkari trying to work this out for other proj- UK tor - Industrial & Com- of works for the mainte-
recently presided over the signing ects also. mercial and is heading nance of critical drinking
of concession agreement for sewage Underlining the importance of GLOBAL PIPELINE IN- up Aquam’s UK growth water infrastructure for
treatment infrastructure in Kanpur cleaning the tributaries of river Gan- FRASTRUCTURE com- strategy across multiple over 20 years.
under One-City-One-Operator con- ga, he said that 11 projects are being pany Aquam Technolo- sectors including food & Aquam’s third appoint-
cept and Hybrid Annuity Mode be- taken up in the National Capital for gies has strengthened its beverage, industrial pro- ment to the industrial
tween National Mission for Clean River Yamuna. The current sewage UK team for industrial cess, public sector estates, & commercial team is
Ganga (NMCG), UP Jal Nigam and the generation for Delhi city is about 327 and commercial markets and hotels & leisure. Operations Manager Jon
private concessionaire - consortium of crore liters per day against the exist- with three senior ap- The team will also Shelton, who will over-
M/S Shapoorji Pallonji and Company ing treatment capacity of 276 crore pointments this year. work closely with water see clients’ infrastructure
limited & SSG Infratech Limited. liters per day. Stuart Henderson has retailers, providing their projects.



Water Research Foundation Names Peter Grevatt as the New CEO

SWWW Staff Shafer, co-Chair of the WRF Grevatt has over 30 years responsible for ensuring the
USA Board of Directors. “Through- of experience leading the im- safety of the nation’s drinking
out his career, Peter has demon- plementation of public health water supply through the devel-
THE WATER RESEARCH strated strong leadership and and environmental protection opment and implementation of
Foundation (WRF) has named exceptional communication programs including significant national drinking water stan-
Dr. Peter Grevatt as Chief Exec- skills, combined with extensive national leadership experience dards, oversight and funding of
utive Officer, effective in Febru- water research knowledge. He’s in the water sector. Most recent- state drinking water programs,
ary 2019. an experienced and respected ly, Grevatt served as Director and the implementation of
“We are thrilled that Peter will thought leader throughout the of EPA’s Office of Ground Wa- source water protection and
be leading The Water Research water sector and an ideal fit to ter and Drinking Water (OG- underground injection control
Foundation team,” said Kevin lead WRF into the future.” WDW). At OGWDW, he was programs.

Energy Recovery Awarded SUEZ Appoints Bertrand Camus as the

USD 2.7 Million for Mining Next CEO
Desalination Projects in Chile SUEZ has also won a contract worth 520 million
euros from Toulouse Métropole to manage its
SWWW Staff saving over 110 GWh of en- wastewater public service for the next 12 years.
Chile ergy/yr, and helping the facil-
ities avoid over 65,740 tons of
ENERGY RECOVERY, INC., CO2 emissions/yr. SWWW Staff Toulouse Métropole has
has announced total awards Energy Recovery’s President France awarded SUEZ the contract to
of USD 2.7 million to supply and CEO Chris Gannon stat- manage its wastewater public
its PX® Pressure Exchanger® ed, “These recent awards in THE SUEZ BOARD of Direc- service for the next 12 years.
technology for desalination Chile confirm the efficacy and tors has chosen an executive Worth a total of 520 million
projects in Chile. These desali- strength of the PX technology.” from within the Group to euros, the contract will take
nation projects will be used Rodney Clemente, Energy lead SUEZ in the next stages effect on 1 January 2020. The
specifically in mining process. Recovery’s VP, Water, added, of its development. Bertrand Group will manage all 17
Energy Recovery will supply “Energy Recovery has had its Camus is currently Group Se- wastewater treatment plants
PX-Q300 Pressure Exchangers eye fixed on Chile as a stra- nior Executive VP in charge and 3,700 km of wastewater
for multiple facilities, which tegic market and accordingly of Africa, the Middle East, networks in the Métropole’s
will produce up to 148,000 has positioned to assist these and the Asia Pacific. 37 municipalities. The new
cubic meters of water per day. facilities in maximizing the Bertrand Camus has been wastewater public service
Energy Recovery estimates overall profitability of their Group Senior Executive VP will offer all Métropole in-
that PX devices will reduce operations through an in- of SUEZ for Africa, Australia, habitants an attractive, com-
facilities’ power consumption creased understanding of the Asia, the Middle East, and In- mon tariff (€1.37/m3 VAT
for all projects by 12.7 MW, critical mining-water nexus.” dia since March 2018. incl.).

Keysino Modern Water Wins an Award in China

SWWW Staff nership in advanced water when the need for brine con-
China treatment technology. centration has never been
Simon Humphrey, Mod- greater”. This award win for
MODERN WATER, THE ern Water’s CEO, comment- Modern Water arrives in ad-
high-tech enterprise aiming ed: “We are very proud to be dition to the announcement
at sustainable development, mental Technology Co., LTD. ed the promotion of Modern Hangzhou Shangtuo’s ‘Keysi- of its new collaboration agree-
has been awarded the ‘Global This new award follows Water’s innovative and pro- no’, meaning ‘key partner’, in ment with WEC Projects of
Partner in Clean Technology Modern Water’s recently an- prietary brine concentration selling our innovative energy Johannesburg to promote its
Award’ for its successful in- nounced joint venture with technology (AMBC) through- and cost-effective All Mem- All-Membrane Brine Concen-
ternational cooperation with Hangzhou Shangtuo (trading out China. The award recog- brane Brine Concentration tration (AMBC) technology
Hangzhou Shangtuo Environ- as Sunup), which has activat- nized the benefits of this part- Process (AMBC) - especially throughout Africa.



A Water-Secure, Future-Proof Melbourne

By Robert C. Brears

on local native plants that serves 1.6 million people in harvesting fund to co-fund
positively impact the micro- the central, northern, and west- stormwater harvesting proj-
organisms that form the basis ern suburbs of Melbourne, ects for open spaces, parks,
of the biological treatment sewage is considered more and sports fields with Coun-
process. than a waste product, with the cils, developers, and private
In addition to each Aquare- utility generating electricity organizations all eligible to
vo home using up to 70% less by combusting biogas that is apply.
drinking water, the new devel- captured under covers that are With funding of between
opment will create 1 million placed over the sewage treat- USD 100,000 and USD 1 mil-
litres of local water storage ca- ment lagoons. The Western lion per project available, ap-
pacity in the household rain- Treatment Plant uses biogas plicants must at least match
water tanks, lower stormwater to meet nearly all its electricity City West Water for every dol-
runoff by up to 25%, reducing needs with 71,500-megawatt lar contributed. Specifically, to
the risk of local flooding, and hours of renewable energy receive funding, the projects
save in total 60 million litres generated each year, which must meet a set of criteria:
of water each year, the equiv- prevents 87,000 tons of carbon
alent to 24 Olympic-sized dioxide being emitted through o B e located within City West
pools or 1.2 million showers. the burning of fossil fuels. At Water’s service area.
times the treatment plant gen- o Contribute to the liveability
MELBOURNE’S WATER flooding in local waterways. Melbourne Water erates excess renewable en- of the area.
UTILITIES have undertaken o C onnecting to a OneBox® Harnessing ergy which is exported to the o Have a commitment from
a range of leading initiatives device that controls the Renewable Energy electricity grid to offset usage City West Water, council,
that promote water efficiency, water technology in each In addition to reducing its at the utility’s other sites. and Melbourne Water to the
lower carbon emissions and home, remotely monitors operating costs, Melbourne Overall, Melbourne Wa- ownership and maintenance
enhance resilience to climatic the pressure sewer, and Water’s priority is minimiz- ter now produces more than of the project assets.
extremes. reads each home’s water and ing its environmental impact, enough renewable energy to o Deliver benefits to open
energy use. particularly its contribution to power its entire water supply space greening and water-
Australia’s Most Each home will be connect- climate change. To do so, Mel- operation, with the bonus of ways.
Water-Efficient Urban ed to a pressure sewage sys- bourne Water has hydro-elec- making significant carbon o Have co-funding commit-
Housing Development tem that pumps wastewater to tric power stations operating emission savings. ments from partners to at
South East Water is collab- a water recycling plant within throughout its supply network, least match funding from
orating with Villawood Prop- the development. The water generating renewable energy Blue-Green City West Water on a dollar
erties to develop Aquarevo, recycling plant will treat the from the flow and pressure of Infrastructure for dollar basis.
Australia’s most water effi- water to Class A standard and moving water, with the elec- Greening the West o Have the applicant’s organi-
cient urban housing develop- send it back to each Aquarevo tricity being fed back into City West Water is offering zation committing to total
ment. The project, located in home for use in the garden, the grid. In addition to the a Stormwater harvesting fund accountability for managing
Lyndhurst, south-east of Mel- toilet, or washing machine. nine existing power stations, to help ‘shovel ready’ projects the project.
bourne, will contain Aquarevo The water recycling plant will five additional mini-hydro take off and make the city’s o Require USD 1 million or
homes that are plumbed to be designed to blend into the plants were commissioned in west greener. The water util- less in funding.
harness three sources of water surrounding landscape, with 2016-2017. The plants were ity has identified a range of
(drinking, recycled, and rain- the plant to be housed within delivered in pre-assembled, benefits from encouraging Conclusions
water). Combined this is ex- a greenhouse, approximately self-contained units that pro- stormwater harvesting includ- Overall, water utilities can
pected to reduce drinking wa- 12 meters wide x 6.5 meters vide simple, weather-resistant ing offering ‘fit for purpose’ work with property develop-
ter use by up to 70% on each high x 20 meters long, that power delivery solutions that alternative water (reducing the ers to embed futuristic water
property. This will be achieved uses structurally modified can be brought online quickly. need to use drinking water for resources management tech-
with each Aquarevo home: containers to house the en- In total, the 14 hydro-electric irrigation or flushing toilets nologies in new housing devel-
gineering components of the power stations can generate up etc.), removing waterborne opments, harness renewable
o F eaturing a high-tech rain to treatment process. to 69,5000-megawatt hours of pollution from waterways to energy to save money and the
hot water system for bath- The wastewater treated at electricity per year. By operat- protect waterway health, re- environment, and maximize
ing and showering that in- the onsite water recycling ing these power stations, Mel- ducing pollution to the bay, the benefits of Blue-Green
cludes screening, filtering, plant will use the Organic bourne Water prevents over improving flood resilience, Infrastructure to ensure a wa-
treatment, and temperature Food Chain Reactor, which 75,800 tons of carbon dioxide improving urban landscapes ter-secure, low-carbon, resil-
sensing devices. is a state-of-the-art treatment emissions each year, which is and liveability through irriga- ient future.
o Featuring rainwater tanks process that combines nat- equivalent to the emissions of tion of passive and active open Robert Brears is the au-
with technology that re- ural and artificial root envi- over 14,000 households or tak- space, and reducing the urban thor of Urban Water Security,
ceives weather forecasts, ronments to provide an ener- ing more than 29,000 cars off heat island effect. Founder of Mitidaption, and
enabling the tanks to release gy-efficient treatment process the road. To capture these multiple Our Future Water.”
water before heavy rainfall with a low-carbon footprint. At Melbourne Water’s West- benefits, City West Water has
to minimize overflows or The treatment plant will rely ern Treatment Plant, which implemented the Stormwater @Mitidaption





Nemmeli Desalination Plant - Providing

Sustainable Solutions through Desalination
The Nemmeli plant today supplies water to over a million south Chennaites, thus
projecting an alternative, sustainable and viable technological solution for water
security which has been a challenge for decades.
By Rajneesh Chopra

The Nemmeli Desalination Plant

Challenge - Sustaining the per capita availability of think-tank and advisory com- future generations as well. dant coastline, hence the city
a Water Starved City water. mittees to come up with a solu- sought an answer to the water
India is the second most The city of Chennai in tion that would not only curb The Solution crisis in the form of large scale
populated country in the Southern India was also fac- the prevalent water crisis but Chennai, being a coastal seawater desalination. There
world. With one of the highest ing similar issues. It has been ensure water sustainability for city, is blessed with an abun- were certain challenges in the
rates of urbanization, we are historically dependent on sur-
no stranger to the water crisis. face water sources to sustain
It sustains 18 percent of the its drinking water needs. Since
world’s population but on the the city receives irregular rain-
contrary, has access to only 4 fall, the replenishment of such
percent of the total usable wa- water bodies was highly un-
ter sources of the Earth. certain. At times when these
Due to the lack of alterna- reservoirs were running at a
tives the country is majorly de- fraction of their capacities, the
pendent on the surface water residents had to resort to the
sources. But these are uneven- use of groundwater which had
ly distributed across its states. a negative impact on the water
Such conditions give rise to table of the city, thus causing
certain geopolitical water dis- seawater ingression.
putes which further aggravate The situation put enormous
the water crisis and threaten pressure on the government



was further enhanced by 10

MLD with an innovative pro-
Project: 110 MLD Nemmeli
cess retrofit and optimization
Desalination Plant
by WABAG’s water profession-
Location: Chennai, Tamil
als. This was a welcome step
Nadu, India
for a city which was experienc-
ing a dry spell that year.
Involved: Lamella Pre-
Treatment plus UF-RO
Awards and Accolades Seawater Desalination
The Nemmeli plant today
Capacity: 110,000 m3/d
supplies water to over a mil-
Commissioning: 2013
lion south Chennaites, thus
Operations Period: 7 years
projecting an alternative, sus-
tainable and viable technolog-
ical solution for water security of India has now acknowl-
which has been a challenge for edged the sustainability prom-
decades. ised by desalination especially
Being the largest desalina- along the coastal cities of In-
tion plant in India to be exe- dia.
cuted on a Design-Build-Op- The recent announcements
erate (DBO) basis, recognition of two new desalination plants
for this project has been global - a 150 MLD plant and 400
in stature. The success of this MLD plant at Chennai are a
project reinforced the recog- few welcome measures pro-
nition given by Global Water moting desalination as a reli-
Intelligence ranking WABAG able source to safeguard our
among the top 10 desalination country’s water security.
companies globally.
The plant was awarded About the Author
the Dun and Bradstreet In- Rajneesh Chopra is the
fra Awards in 2016. Another Global Head - Business Devel-
feather in WABAG’s cap was opment in VA TECH WABAG
the International Engineers Ltd. He holds a bachelor’s de-
Institution’s Industry Excel- gree in Science from the Uni-
lence Award in 2016 that versity of Delhi, and has over
complimented the technology 3 decades of professional ex-
employed to make the project perience in water & wastewa-
feasible and sustainable. ter management in consumer,
form of a high power-require- gy in the field of desalination. The plant ensures the pro- industrial, municipal, and de-
ment to run such desalination The entire process starts with duction of the highest quality Present Status and the salination segments. A proven
plants and to build a plant the inflow of seawater through of desalinated water coupled Future of Desalination leader in water sector, he is an
which can treat seawater with gravity flow in a 1-kilometer with a process that optimizes The Nemmeli desalination Executive Committee Member
varying salinity. pipeline embedded at the sea power consumption. This is plant has satisfactorily helped of Industry bodies like FICCI,
The situation called for tech- floor at a depth of 10 meters. enabled by the use of high-end bridge the water demand-sup- CII, etc.
nology experts who were com- The inlet water from the sea is pressure exchanging mecha- ply gap (desalination caters VA TECH WABAG is a
mercially competitive as well, pre-treated with a state of the nism which uses the residual to 25% of daily water supply leading MNC offering life
thus entrusting VA Tech WA- art pre-treatment technology - pressure of the reject from the in Chennai). This proves that cycle solutions to industries
BAG with the responsibility. Lamella Clarifier. The Lamella RO membranes, thus boosting advanced technology can and municipalities in water &
Clarifier not only effectively the pressure of seawater feed provide solutions to one of wastewater treatment. WABAG
The Embodiment of removes a high amount of sus- to the RO system. humanity’s most critical prob- has its presence across 4 con-
Solution - The 110 MLD pended solids in the incoming The treatment cycle is com- lems - the scarcity of drinkable tinents and has a successful
Nemilli Desalination water but its compact size also plete with the remineraliza- water. track record of executing proj-
Plant Solution reduces the footprint of the en- tion of the process water with Seeing this, the Government ects in 30 countries.
In order to tackle the grow- tire facility. The process water Carbon Dioxide and Lime in
ing water stress, a 100 MLD then flows through the disc fil- order to make the desalinated
(Million Liters per Day) de- ters to the ultrafiltration units. water fit for human consump-
salination plant was envisaged Post the ultrafiltration, the tion.
along the coast of the Chennai water is treated by a single This project is a testament to
City at Nemmeli. pass SWRO system which en- the feasibility of desalination
VA Tech WABAG was given ables the removal of dissolved as an alternative coupled with
the responsibility to design, solids. A significant reduction WABAG’s process know-how
build and operate this mega in the salinity from around to optimize the lifecycle cost
project, first of its kind for In- 35,000 ppm to less than 500 at INR 35 for every thousand
dia. ppm is achieved in this stage, liters of desalinated water pro-
The plant is equipped with which is the core process of the duced.
the most advanced technolo- project. In 2016, the plant’s capacity



Wastewater Treatment - Decentralized

Sewerage System at Mira Bhayandar
Due to close proximity to Mumbai, the Mira Bhayandar Municipal Corporation
(MBMC) is experiencing rapid urban growth with low and middle income households
are shifting to the Mira Bhayandar due to high property cost and rent in Mumbai.
By Subhash Sethi

erate trillions of unit of energy water recycling. Around 8% of

each year enough for running the treated wastewater is sold
the treatment plants and also to industries and up to 41% of
to provide surplus energy to domestic water needs in newly
households. built houses are secured from
There are good examples wastewater reuse. A growing
around the world of how number of wastewater facili-
wastewater is being treated as ties around the world have tak-
a renewable resource. Singa- en steps to install novel waste-
pore derives 40% of its water water treatment technology by
supply from reuse water, in- adopting a number of inno-
cluding drinking water. vative measures in its sewage
Perth, Australia is recy- treatment projects.
cling about 10% of the city’s
134 billion liters wastewater Decentralized
into drinking water supplies. Sewerage System at
Namibia is using some of its Mira Bhayandar
treated wastewater as drinking SPML Infra has contributed
water. China has developed immensely and established a
a wastewater reuse network leading position in the treat-
across Beijing and almost 20% ment of wastewater from
of the total water supplied in design to the application of
the city is reclaimed water. technology, construction to
European countries have been management and operation of
collecting more wastewater sewage treatment plants, com-
11 MLD Decentralized Sewage Treatment Plant at Mira Bhayander
and treating it to a higher mon effluent treatment plants,
WITH JUST HAVING 4% of The major challenge is in resources and underground quality. Efficient treatment tertiary and water reuse treat-
the world’s water resources to urban India, where estimated water. The estimate suggests and use of wastewater reduces ment plants, sludge treatment,
feed 16% of the global popu- 80% of water supplied to the that 75% to 80% of water pol- groundwater usage for agricul- biogas and power generation.
lation and 15% of livestock, household is coming back as lution is from domestic sew- ture and also helps our rivers, Among the important proj-
clean water availability in wastewater to be treated and age, discharged untreated into dams and other water bodies ect executed by SPML Infra is
India is an important issue. reused. But in reality, only a local water bodies. There is an become less polluted. It has the Integrated Sewerage Sys-
India ranks a dismal 120 out fraction of it is treated due to ardent need to think deeply advantages for both - quantity tems in Mira Bhayandar, a sat-
of 122 nations for its water insufficient treatment facili- and adopt a new perspective and quality of water. ellite city of Mumbai.
quality and 133 out of 180 ties and the treated water is towards wastewater for not In India, Chennai is the first Mira-Bhayandar which is
nations for its water availabil- not being reused due to lack only to counter the water scar- metro city that has implement- part of Thane district is locat-
ity. World Health Organization of infrastructure support. This city but for the sustenance of ed 100% sewage collection ed at the northern threshold
(WHO) estimates that about leaves a big gap of almost 80% the ever-increasing water de- and formulated a set of ser- of Greater Mumbai. Being a
38 million people in the coun- of generated wastewater is not mands from exploding popu- vice standards for accelerated satellite town of Mumbai, this
try are affected by waterborne being treated and untreated lation. wastewater reuse and the “Zero area has been identified as one
diseases each year of which sewage is released to water Water Discharge in Chennai” of the growth centers around
over 75% are children. It is bodies contaminating the Wastewater as program. In harmony with the Mumbai which is well con-
estimated that about one-third already depleting and pollut- Renewable Resource CMWSSB water reuse plan, the nected with the metropolis by
of rural households in India ed groundwater sources. The Most wastewater is renew- Greater Chennai Corporation suburban railway and Mumbai
is connected with piped wa- untreated municipal and in- able and a good resource in also introduced a by-law that Ahmadabad national high-
ter supplies; the rest remains dustrial wastewater is mostly its own right with thermal, sets the rules for mandatory way. Due to close proximity
living without it and mostly discharged directly into water chemical, and hydraulic ener- wastewater recycling. It has to Mumbai, the Mira Bhayan-
dependent on contaminated bodies, polluting almost three- gy embedded in it. Wastewater achieved around 15% of the dar Municipal Corporation
groundwater sources. fourth of India’s surface water sector has the potential to gen- city’s water demand through is experiencing rapid urban



posal in surface gutters and

nallas leading to pollution and
unhealthy conditions. The di-
rect discharge into inland wa-
ter bodies led to widespread
water pollution and also de-
stroyed the aquatic flora and
fauna of the area. The sewage
used to flow in the pipes for
stormwater and was prone to
combined sewer overflows
during the rainy seasons and
caused water logging on inte-
rior and city roads.

The Sewerage Project

Mira Bahayandar Munici-
pal Corporation (MBMC) has
awarded the contract for De-
sign-Build, Operate and Main-
tain of Underground Sewerage
Scheme for the entire city to
SPML Infra Ltd. The project is
designed completely as a de-
centralized system having 10
zones across Mira Bahayandar.
The new sewerage system im-
plies closure of existing septic
tanks and drainage through
stormwater drains improving
overall hygiene and living
13 MLD Sewage Treatment Plant in Zone 6 in Mira Bhayander standards.

growth with low and middle Conditions Prior to open gutters of almost 165 sewage collection and treat- Scope of Project
income households are shift- Project Execution kilometers long for collect- ment plants for over a million The comprehensive under-
ing to the Mira Bhayandar due The septic tank toilets were ing and carrying sewage from populations. The existing sys- ground sewerage facilities in
to high property cost and rent used throughout the city. The individual houses and there tem of disposal comprised of the 24 sq km area comprises
in Mumbai. main roads of the city had were no sewerage scheme or septic tanks and effluent dis- of design, supply, laying, and

17 MLD STP at Zone 5 in Mira Bhayander



Chlorine Contact Tank at Mira Bhayandar

will, in turn, reduce soil and executed, sewage is being specialized shoring with
The Sewerage Project completely as a decentral- sub-soil water pollution. treated at the point of gen- higher safety precautions.
Mira Bahayandar Munic- ized system having 10 zones o Breeding of mosquitos and eration
ipal Corporation (MBMC) across Mira Bahayandar. other insects has reduced
has awarded the contract for The new sewerage system drastically.
Design-Build, Operate and implies closure of existing o The outbreak of epidemics
Maintain of Underground septic tanks and drainage and viral diseases has re-
Sewerage Scheme for the through stormwater drains duced effectively.
entire city to SPML Infra improving overall hygiene o Better sanitation and cleanli-
Ltd. The project is designed and living standards. ness in the streets and roads.
o Better health and overall

commissioning of 113 km space than traditional waste- clean environment.
Sewer lines; 10 Pumping Sta- water treatment systems.
tions and 10 Sewerage Treat- SPML also provided neces- Technical Benefits
ment Plants one each of 8, 11, sary pressurized rising mains of Project (Using
14 and 17 MLD and two each for distribution and disposal MBBR Technology)
of 7,12 and 13 MLD with to- of recycled water. The best o Requires no backwashing.
tal capacity of 115 MLD with global safety measures have o Has low head loss.
latest Moving Bed Biofilm Re- been followed in project exe- o Has high specific biofilm sur-
actor (MBBR) processes that cution due to shallow soil con- face area.
improve reliability, simplify ditions. o It makes the plant compact.
operation, and require less o Sludge recycle is not re- o All the sewage treatment About the Author
Social Benefits quired. plants are in residential ar- Subhash Sethi is the Chair-
PROJECT FILE o E nvironmental pollution o Shock load acceptance is bet- eas with MBBR technology man of SPML Infra Ltd, a listed
Customer: Mira Bhayandar will be under control. ter than for plants with the o The advanced MBBR tech- infrastructure development
Municipal Corporation o Planned disposal of treat- suspended growth process. nology requires less power company in India. In the past
(MBMC) ed wastewater has reduced consumption and lesser three decades, he has worked
Location: Mira-Bhayandar, stagnation of water in Salient Features space than any conventional relentlessly with his mission
Thane, Maharashtra, India stormwater drains. of Project sewage treatment plants to create enduring value and
Service Provider: SPML o Septic tank systems are com- o F
 irst time in India, a decen- o All the STPs are SCA- wealth for the country and
Infra Ltd. pletely eliminated which tralized sewerage scheme is DA-based, with operation organization. Under his lead-
Products/Technology and control from a master ership, SPML Infra went on
Involved: Sewer lines, Parameter Influent Treated Discharge control room. to establish itself as a leading
Pumping Stations, Sewerage o The treated sewage will be engineering and infrastructure
TSS, mg/l 500 < 20
Treatment Plants, Moving reused for gardening, con- development organization in
Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR) BOD at 20 Deg C (mg/l ) 250 < 10 struction and industrial India with over 600 completed
Processes, Pressurized COD, mg/l 450 <100 purposes by the municipal projects in the domains of wa-
Rising Mains corporation ter, power, sanitation, environ-
BOD and COD Parameters o The project is executed with ment, and civil Infrastructure.



A Scarce Commodity
The company supplies 27 vertical volute pumps for the Kaleshwaram irrigation
project in Telangana, India - one of the largest sub-projects designed to store about
4.7 trillion liters of water to irrigate 740,000 ha.
27 vertical volute pumps for
three pumping stations, each
with an efficiency of up to
A special feature of these
pumps is that they are similar
to turbines due to their impres-
sive size, with a Francis impel-
ler of 3.5-m, a total weight of
1300-t upto 200-t per pump,
and a spiral outlet diameter of
5.5-m, large enough to park a
truck comfortably.
Besides the design and de-
livery of the pumps and spare
parts, installation and com-
missioning will also be super-
vised by ANDRITZ.
Completion of the entire
project is scheduled by the
government of Telangana for
June 2018.
A Special Feature of These Pumps is That They are Similar to Turbines Due to Great hopes are being
Their Impressive Size, with a Francis Impeller of 3.5 m, a Total Weight of 130-t pinned on the success of this
upto 200-t per Pump, and an Spiral outlet Diameter of 5.5-m, Large Enough to important infrastructure proj-
Park a Truck Comfortably. ect.
Harnessing sufficient water
AT ITS ZENITH, the sun is a ward the sky in despair. Bril- reserves for reliable irrigation
ball of fire in the sky. Scorching liant sunshine, unbearable of agricultural land will im-
heat hangs over the fields and heat, and not a single rain- prove the lives of the people of
the horizon shimmers in the cloud in sight. India’s most populous state.
distance. His parents named him af- Here is the technical data to
A few droplets of water ter the Indian god of rain and support the case study:
splash onto the parched storms.
ground and evaporate imme- A cruel irony, because it ANDRITZ will Manufacture 27 Vertical Volute Pumps for the Three Pumping Technical Data - Pump Sta-
diately. won’t help him water his crops. Stations, Each with an Efficiency of up to 90%. tion #1:
A hand shakes the water Davinder shares his fate with • 11 vertical volute pumps
hose in desperation, but the many farmers in India - two- With a series of irrigation of 200 km. • Head: 40 m
trickle of water, which has thirds of the agricultural land projects in the overarching Jala It is the first multi-stage lift • Flow rate: 60 m3/s
been getting steadily weaker, is dependent on the monsoon Yagnam project, the local gov- irrigation project of this mag- • Efficiency: up to 90%
has finally dried up. or regular rainfall, only one ernment has undertaken mea- nitude and complexity in In-
Once again, there is no wa- third has reliable irrigation to sures to solve the irrigation dia. Technical Data - Pump Sta-
ter. Davinder wipes the sweat provide water for people, live- problem for about 3.3 million It also contains the longest tion #2:
from his brow and looks to- stock and farming. ha of agricultural land. water transport tunnel in Asia, • 8 vertical volute pumps
Over recent years India, es- The Kaleshwaram project is extending over a distance of • Head: 25.9 m
PROJECT FILE pecially Telangana State, has one of the largest sub-projects, 81 km connecting the dam to • Flow rate: 83 m3/s
Customer: Telangana State been hit by extremely high designed to store about 4.7 a reservoir. • Efficiency: up to 90%
Location: The Kaleshwaram temperatures creating prob- trillion liters of water in order An irrigation project of this
Irrigation Project, Telangana, lems for irrigation and crops, to irrigate 740,000 ha. kind is unique, not just in In- Technical Data - Pump Sta-
India diminishing economic devel- This project comprises a dia, but worldwide. tion #12:
Service Provider: ANDRITZ opment and causing human dam and several pumping sta- ANDRITZ was awarded the • 8 vertical volute pumps
Products/Technology In- tragedies. tions with reservoirs. contract with a partner who is • Head: 107 m
volved: Vertical Volute Pumps In 2016, about 1.4 million Water is transported over a supplying the motors. • Flow rate: 31.1 m3/s
farmers left this region. height of 500 m and a distance ANDRITZ will manufacture • Efficiency: up to 90%



Marlay-Taylor Water Reclamation Facility Leverages

Water Technology to Meet ENR Standards
The Marlay-Taylor Water Reclamation facility, located in Lexington Park, Maryland,
underwent capacity and technology upgrades to bring the plant’s treatment
capabilities up to Enhanced Nutrient Removal (ENR) standards.
By Evoqua

Figure 2: Full Scale BioMag System - Final Effluent TSS

al, primary clarification, two was configured as a four-stage

aeration tanks, four secondary Bardenpho with retrievable
The Challenge requirements involved meet- more than 15 MGD and a peak clarifiers, and chlorine gas dis- fine bubble tube diffusers in
As part of the Chesapeake ing future total nitrogen (TN) hourly flow of 20 MGD. The infection. The secondary treat- the first three aerobic zones
Bay Restoration Act’s En- and total phosphorus (TP) existing facility consisted of ment system was made up of and retrievable coarse bubble
hanced Nutrient Removal limits, while maintaining the influent screening, grit remov- two aeration trains. Each train diffusers in the re-aeration
(ENR) initiative, the Mar- plant’s 6 million gallons per
lay-Taylor Water Reclamation day (MGD) rated capacity.
facility, a regional wastewa- At the time, the Marlay-Tay-
ter treatment plant for the lor Water Reclamation facility
Lexington Park, Hollywood treated an average flow of 4
and Piney Point areas of St. MGD. The existing facility was
Mary’s County in Maryland, designed to treat an annual
was faced with the need to average daily flow of 6 MGD,
find a cost-effective solution a max monthly flow of 8 MGD,
to achieve this initiative. The a max daily flow of slightly

Figure 1: Typical Flow Diagram of 4 Stage Bardenpho with BioMag System



Influent Effluent Total Rain (in.) Total Flow (MG) Average Day Effluent (mg/L)
BOD5 130 mg/L BOD5 5.0 mg/L BOD TSS TN TP
TSS 75 mg/L TSS 5.0 mg/L March 03, 0.8 4.47 106 105 30 0.2
TKN 43 mg/L 2015

TN 43 mg/L TN 3.0 mg/L March 15, 3.3 7.17 12 10 7.2 0.47

TP 5.0 mg/L TP 0.3 mg/L Table 3: Peak Flow Before (2015) & After the BioMag System (2017)
Average Daily Flow 6.0 MGD
Total Rain Total Flow Monthly Monthly Average Effluent (mg/L)
Average Tem- (in.) (MG) Avg Dai-
perature ly Flow
Minimum Tem- BOD TSS TN TP
March 2015 3.4 134.65 4.34 37 27 31.7 0.8
Table 1: Full-Scale BioMag System Design Conditions
March 2017 4.6 117.17 3.78 4 5 3.3 0.37
zone. BioMag® system, a ballast-
ed activated sludge process, settling rate of the biomass. tank can also be bypassed conditions under wet weath-
The Solution: More would be the ideal solution to Increasing the settling rates entirely if desired. The waste er spring flows, as the second
Treatment and allow for the stable operation of the biological floc provides is then pumped by two of train was taken offline and
Clarification across a wide range of flows the opportunity to increase three double-disc diaphragm upgraded. Prior to the Bio-
Through a collaborative ef- and also remove phosphorus mixed liquor suspended solids pumps to the four shear mills Mag system, heavy rain events
(MLSS) concentration. Higher and four magnetic recovery would have caused Biological
Average Daily Flow 3.50 MGD MLSS concentrations enable drums. The operators have the Oxygen Demand (BOD) and
Average Daily Max Flow 9.31 MGD more treatment capacity, all option to send flow through Total Suspended Solids (TSS)
within the same tankage. The any number and combination values to surpass 100 mg/L,
Effluent TSS 2.9 mg/L BioMag system serves as the of the shear mills and drums. overwhelming the system. Af-
Effluent BOD5 2.7 mg/L perfect application for activat- The recovered magnetite then ter leveraging Biomag, a rain
ed sludge plants which need slides down a chute where it is of 3.3 inches caused flows to
Effluent TN 2.69 mg/L more treatment capacity or mixed with raw magnetite in surpass 15 MGD, with a daily
Effluent Ortho Phosphate 0.20 mg/L enhanced treatment removal a tank before being returned total of slightly over 7 MGD
MLSS (w/o Magnetite) 3,642 mg/L capability. to aeration basins. The system was observed. Due to the sys-
typically uses ferric chloride tem, there was not a problem
Table 2: Full-Scale BioMag System Average Operating Conditions
Design Basis with single point addition into with high flows, and in turn,
The full-scale BioMag sys- the aeration tanks prior to the there was no need for an op-
fort between the utility oper- in the effluent. tem starts with waste pumped secondary clarifiers to meet erator to remain on site after
ating the facility, MetCom, two The BioMag System en- from either clarifier underflow its TP limit. Another available hours to manage issues stem-
consulting engineering firms, hances biological wastewater or surface wasting that is sent
Dewberry, Brown and Cald- treatment processes by using to an intermediate thickener
well, and Evoqua, a solution magnetite to ballast biological or holding tank. This tank al-
was developed to retrofit the floc. With a specific gravity of lows for flexibility in wasting
existing single stage system 5.2 and a strong affinity for rates and allows for both a
into a four-stage Bardenpho. biological solids, magnetite portion of underflow and sur-
It was concluded that Evoqua’s substantially increases the face waste to be utilized. This

Figure 3: Full Scale BioMag System - Final Effluent TN

option is adding polymer into ming from the high flows.

the clarifier splitter box, which Figure 2 shows the plant’s
the plant operates at an aver- effluent TSS concentrations
age dose of 0.68 mg/L active since the BioMag system was
polymer. operational. Effluent TSS con-
centrations have ranged from
Operating Results 1 to 7 mg/L TSS, with an aver-
Since the full BioMag sys- age effluent TSS concentration
tem by Evoqua Water Tech- of 2.9 mg/L, indicating excel-
nologies came online in early lent and consistent treatment
2016, it has had a successful overall. With the low TSS per-
run operating in overloaded formance, the BOD5 concen



Figure 5: Full Scale BioMag System - Anaerobic Digestion Volatile

Solids Reduction
trations have also performed duction in TN with the com- TP in the effluent as shown in
well with the BOD5 concentra- mencement of the new system, Figure 4. BioMag systems with anaero- system upgrade, the plant has
bic digestion. As a result, there pushed the average daily sec-
have been interesting findings ondary clarifier surface over-
around the destruction of vol- flow rate up to 1300 GPD/SF
atile solids. While the majority while maintaining effluent
of magnetite is returned back
to the activated sludge pro-
cess, there is a small fraction PROJECT FILE
that makes its way past the Customer: Marlay-Taylor
recovery drums with the waste Water Reclamation Facility
activated sludge. The plant has Location: St. Mary’s
observed upwards of a 10% County, Maryland, USA
increase in volatile solids re- Service Provider: MetCom;
duction, as shown in Figure 5 Evoqua; Dewberry,
since the BioMag system came Brown, and Caldwell
online. Products/Technology
The upgrade of the Mar- Involved: BioMag® System
ley-Taylor Water Reclamation (Ballasted Activated Sludge)
facility has allowed the plant
to achieve ENR standards (the
tighter 5 ppm BOD/ 5 ppm limits.
TSS/ 3 ppm TN/ 0.3 ppm TP Additionally, the BioMag
tions ranging from 1 mg/L to charging the system with mag- Marlay-Taylor Water Recla- effluent limits). In the past, system has allowed for sta-
9 mg/L, with an average of 2.7 netite, and the addition of a mation facility’s implementa- storm flows would have creat- ble operation across the wide
mg/L. glycerin-based carbon source. tion of BioMag system was one ed and led to deteriorating wa- range of flows the plant en-
The TN removed is en- While the main goal of of the first full-scale operating ter quality. Since the BioMag® counters.
hanced through carbon ad- implementing the BioMag
dition and has averaged 2.9 system at the Marlay-Taylor
mg/L average daily effluent Facility was to remove phos-
TN since this has come online. phorous, the reduction in TSS
Figure 3 walks through the re- in effluent has also improved

Figure 4: Full Scale BioMag System - Final Effluent TP



Pumps Protect Southern Avenue, Kolkata,

from Flooding
Grundfos India distinguished itself by being a solution provider rather than just a
pump supplier. Local presence, faster delivery, superior service support, and state-
of-the-art solutions were all important contributing factors behind the Kolkata
Municipal Corporation’s final choice of Grundfos.
By Grundfos Pumps India

tal of the Indian state of West plier.

Bengal and is located just Local presence, faster deliv-
PROJECT FILE north of the Bay of Bengal, ery, superior service support,
Customer: Kolkata where India and Bangladesh and state-of-the-art solutions
Municipal Corporation
(Contractor - MECON)
meet at the many mouths of were all important contribut- During the
Location: Kolkata, India
the sacred river Ganges.
Kolkata is the main business
ing factors behind the Kolkata
Municipal Corporation’s final
monsoon period,
Service Provider: Grundfos and industrial center of East- choice of Grundfos. the Southern
FORMERLY KNOWN Pumps India Private Ltd.
ern India. Working in co-operation Avenue needed
WORLDWIDE as Calcutta,
the city was recently renamed Involved: Pumps
What began as a trading
outpost more than 300 years
with Grundfos Engineering,
Grundfos India supplied the
a solution for
Kolkata. Kolkata is the capi- ago has grown into a thriving complete mechanical, electri- pumping the
metropolis. Today, with over cal and automation systems. stormwater in order
twelve million residents in the
metropolitan region, Kolkata
To ensure maximum reliabili-
ty and performance, Grundfos
to avoid flooding in
is one of the world’s largest ur- checked every detail. surrounding areas.
ban agglomerations. Based on the expertise and Naturally, many
The city boasts the country’s
first Metro railway and many
experience of the Grundfos
team, the conclusion was that
pump suppliers
other modern facilities, which the application called for the were highly
happily co-exist with historic pumps to be installed in tubes. interested in this
buildings, many of which have
stood for hundreds of years.
Consequently, Grundfos
was able to provide an inno-
prestigious project.
vative solution, that not only
The Situation focused on reliability and low stormwater pumping station
Southern Avenue - a part maintenance but also a fu- in India to feature complete
of Kolkata city is situated in a ture-orientated solution that automation with a provision
low-lying area, which means will be able to handle extreme for the addition of SCADA
that the city faces problems situations, if it is ever required. systems in the future. “This is
with stormwater flooding. one of the smoothest commis-
During the monsoon period, The Outcome sioning that we had ever seen”,
the Southern Avenue needed The pumps were commis- says VSM Iyer, MECON.
a solution for pumping the sioned in October 2004. The
stormwater in order to avoid Kolkata Municipal Corpora-
flooding in surrounding areas. tion has been highly satis- Pump Data
Naturally, many pump suppli- fied with its partnership with
ers were highly interested in Grundfos, resulting in the best • A complete solution to a
this prestigious project. possible solution for the task. specific, highly demand-
The final result is the first ing task.
The Solution • All mechanical, electrical,
Grundfos India took up the and automation systems
Grundfos Provided to ensure perfect system
challenge, offered a solution
that stood out from the other compliance and reliability.
• 4 x 300 kW heavy-duty • Large heavy-duty pumps
competitors and won the proj- wastewater pumps
ect. Very importantly, Grund- capable of protecting
• Flow: 4000 m3/hr Southern Avenue, Kolk-
fos India distinguished itself • Head: 20 m
by being a solution provider ata, against the heaviest of
• Voltage: 6000 V downpours.
S Pump: Super Vortex Single - or Multi Channel Impeller rather than just a pump sup-



World’s First Landfill Leachate Management

and Water Recovery System Using FPSTAR
Boomtube Technology
The FPSTAR Boomtube based leachate treatment plant at Bellahalli Landfill,
Bengaluru is the world’s most advanced zero liquid discharge technology to convert
landfill leachate into clean water without biological or chemical process.
By Dr. Raghu Pillai

The State-of-the-Art 120 m3/day ZLD Landfill Leachate Treatment Plant at BBMP Landfill, Bellahalli, Bengaluru

The Challenge was a major challenge as leach- biological and chemical ma- There are many factors that weather, type of waste deposit-
Bruhat Bengaluru Mah- ate is one of the main reasons terials are leached into the ef- can influence the leachate gen- ed, etc and includes:
anagara Palike (BBMP) and for the stink and pungent odor. fluent. Leachate from a waste eration. These include precipi- o High COD (varies from
Karnataka Rural Infrastructure Landfill Leachate means management facility can be tation volumes, landfill cover, 5000-80,000)
Development Limited (KRIDL) the liquid that has percolated hazardous to human health type of waste deposited, veg- o High BOD (varies from
was looking for an efficient through solid waste and con- and the environment because etation, climate, and landfill 2000-45,000)
and sustainable Leachate tains dissolved and suspend- of the potential chemicals design. o High TDS (varies from 3000-
Treatment Plant for their Bel- ed materials from the solid and pollutants it can contain. 60,000)
lahalli Landfill in the outskirts waste that is disposed of in a Preventing contamination to Characteristics of Leachate o Total Organic Carbon (TOC)
of Bengaluru to treat Leachate Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) groundwater, surface water, Leachate mainly consists o Varying pH (varies from 5.2-
percolating out of the garbage. landfill. The landfill leachate and soil is the main goal when of heavy metals, organic com- 10)
The majority of Bengaluru’s treatment and management is managing leachate. If leachate pounds and microbiological o High TSS (varies from 300-
garbage is discarded at this a huge problem for any munic- is not managed properly, it can components carrying both dis- 4000)
scientific landfill in Bellahalli, ipalities handling MSW across also result in very bad odor, solved and suspended mate- o Organic Nitrogen
Bengaluru North. The black, the world. unsightly conditions, attract rials. The typical composition o Ammonical Nitrogen
pungent liquid oozing out of When water percolates insects, and cause distress in of leachate from new and ma- o High Alkalinity (as CaCo3)
the garbage (called leachate) through solid waste, both vegetation. ture landfills varies based on o Calcium



to the minimum. on the plant size. are delivered to the effluent

o F
 ully automatic system. that flows through a special
The Solution SCADA systems is highly reactor called BoomTube Res-
BBMP and KRIDL ap- advanced and powered by onator (BTR) which uses a pat-
proached SEWCL and REWS Artificial Intelligence and ented technology called “Fine
INDIA with these challenges. Back Propagation Neural Particle Shortwave Thrombo-
After many months of trials Networks. lytic Agglomeration Reactor’’
and testing, a cost-effective, or FPSTAR in short, which is a
advanced ZLD leachate man- The Technology resonating column (antennas),
agement, treatment, and water Aquatron Boomtube FP- tuned to different bands of
recovery system was proposed. STAR based leachate treat- frequencies starting from the
AQUATRON - FPSTAR ment technology is one of the lowest atomic weight to high-
BOOMTUBE RESONATOR finest leachate treatment and est atomic weight.
based wastewater treatment water recovery technology us- As the leachate passes
and water recovery system, ing the most modern under- through the BoomTube Res-
is world’s most advanced standing of molecular physics. onator, the elements in the
technology to convert land- Each atomic element in the leachate (except Hydrogen
Bellahalli Leachate Treatment Plant fill leachate or any industrial periodic table has a Specific and Oxygen), will start disas-
wastewater into clean water Frequency of Disassociation sociating from its compound-
o Magnesium include evaporation, treat- with zero biological or chem- (SFoD). SFoD is a frequency ed form to their equilibrium
o Potassium ment for disposal (dilution) ical process was studied and in the shortwave band of the elemental state. The dissolved
o Sodium and discharge to a municipal shortlisted due to its key ben- and suspended solids (dirt
o Chloride wastewater collection system. efits. particles/ pollutants) disasso-
Leachate also carries and The conventional methods o Zero liquid discharge with- ciate into its elemental forms
include elements like Lithium, and technologies are not sus- out evaporation/ incinera- and they agglomerate (come
Baron, Chromium, Iron, Nick- tainable or dependable due to tion thus reducing capital together) by inter-particle at-
le, Arsenic, Barium, traces of variations in the feed. More- and O&M cost. traction (due to Van der Waals
Cyanide and organic pollut- over, the capital cost and oper- o Reduces COD and BOD by Forces) and electron reorga-
ants (eg: Benzene, Trichloro- ations cost are extremely high. 98% after the final process. nization under a weightless
ethylene, and PCBs). All these BBMP and KRIDL after o Zero chemical, non-biolog- condition created by continu-
factors make leachate difficult having understood the above ical process to convert TDS ous free fall in the Boomtube
to manage and extremely diffi- challenges were looking for to TSS. Final Treated Leachate Reactor takes place. It is a
cult to treat. a technology that could de- o Extremely fast reaction time, continuous process where fine
pendably treat leachate and processes leachate online electromagnetic spectrum. particles even up to the size 1
Current Leachate Treatment recover clean water for reuse. and clean water is available When resonated for a specific nanometer disassociate and
Technologies Challenges The treated clean water from for use immediately after time at a specific intensity, the agglomerate.
The two main treatment leachate was required to be ful- fine filtration. targeted elements disassociate The water that comes out
technologies for leachate are filling all norms of Pollution o Removes Arsenic, Nitrates, from its compounded form from the Boomtube Reactor
biological and physical/ chem- Control Board for reuse with Heavy Metals, Soaps & De- to elemental form. SFoD is is then separated from the un-
ical. Biological treatments zero liquid discharge. BBMP tergents, Fluoride, Oil, and unique to each element in the desirable particles/ pollutants
were tried in newer landfills wanted to reuse the treated wa- Grease. periodic table. using specialized TSS remov-
as the leachate may contain ter for agriculture/ gardening o Very small space require- Any wastewater contains al equipment and filtration
more biodegradable organics purpose around the landfill ments when compared to many different elements, systems. The agglomerated
but was not successful due to and plan to release excess wa- conventional ZLD wastewa- based on the effluent. Each el- particles are separated from
the presence of toxic substanc- ter to nearby lakes to recharge ter treatment systems. ement has its unique frequen- the water using specialized
es and heavy metals. Other groundwater. The capital and o Can stop and start the plant cy. Depending on the elements technology like saturated air
Leachate treatment methods operating costs had to be kept anytime depending on efflu- present in the effluent, SFoD oxidation tank, venturi, plate
ent availability without af-
fecting the efficiency of the
o Extremely effective in re-
moval of color, turbidity,
odor, Total Organic Carbon
(TOC), Natural Organic
Matter (NOM).
o Works over wide pH range
(6.5 pH to 9 pH).
o Treated water confirms to IS
10500 standards, so safe to
o Minimal O&M cost when
compared to conventional
wastewater treatment meth-
o Minimum manpower to op-
Boomtube Resonators erate the plant depending Downstream Filtration System



a multi-stage dual media filter PROJECT FILE

and specialized activated car- Customer: Bruhat
bon filtration system. Bengaluru Mahanagara
Palike (BBMP) and
Stage 5 Karnataka Rural
The water is then processed Infrastructure Development
through a specialized industri- Limited (KRIDL)
al filtration system comprising Location: Bellahalli Landfill
of a 0.02-micron ultrafiltration Leachate Treatment Plant,
and a 0.001-micron membrane Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
filter. The end result is clean Service Provider: REWS
fresh water after stage 5. India Pvt. Ltd.
The clean water is then Products/Technology
pumped to a 5 lakh liters RCC Involved: FPSTAR Aquatron
tank for reuse. Boomtube Resonators

The Result
About 120,000 liters (120 The potential for resource
Treated Water Used for Gardening and Construction KLD) of leachate is treated at recovery of post Boomtube
Bellahalli Landfill Leachate Resonator Sludge (as ele-
settlers, filter feed tank, dual which is reprocessed ensuring converts the compounds/ pol- Treatment Plant every day. The ments) is under progress and
media filters, activated car- zero wastage/ reject. The treat- lutants into the elemental state clean water recovered is used is at the testing stage enabling
bon filters, ultrafiltration, and ed water after the final fine fil- by using a patented technolo- for agriculture/ gardening pur- the birth of a new concept of
nanofiltration/ polishing RO. tration will have a TDS of less gy called Fine Particle Short- poses currently and the excess zero waste discharge leachate
The nano/ polishing RO used than 500 ppm and confirms to wave Thrombolytic Agglomer- water is planned to be released treatment and management
here is to filter fine nano-par- pollution control norms for re- ation Reactor (FPSTAR). to a nearby lake soon. system.
ticles which are in suspended use of treated water. Each element has a specific
form. Hence, the membrane The particles that settle in frequency of disassociation.
fouling and scaling is minimal oxidation tank and tube settler When resonated for a specific
when compared to conven- now form the sludge, mainly time at a specific frequency,
tional RO systems. The recov- of oxides of specific atoms of the targeted elements are sep-
ery is high and the processed elements originally present in arated due to the resonance
reject (comprising of fine the contaminated or polluted principle. These undesirable
particles in suspended form) water. Depending on the na- particles/ pollutants are re-
is sent back to the input tank ture of sludge (after solid-liq- moved in the subsequent stag-
uid separation) and its poten- es.
tial to recover useful materials, In short, BTR converts Total
suitable technology can be Dissolved Solids (TDS) into
adapted to derive value from Total Suspended Solids (TSS).
the sludge or convert to energy
The FPSTAR or suitably disposed of as per Stage 2
the pollution control norms. The water from the
Boomtube The FPSTAR leachate treat- Boomtube that comes out have
technology can ment and water recovery plant pollutants that are separated
treat and recover is an automatic computer as suspended solids of very
controlled multi-stage system, fine particles. This water is
clean water from that is fully plug-and-play. sent to a collection tank which
some of the Very minimal manpower is feeds to a Venturi. The ventu-
toughest sources required to start and stop the ri is equipment which creates
plant and occasionally check turbulence so that the fine par-
like Landfill the quality of output water. ticles are made bigger using a
Leachate, Textile One time setting of all pro- thickener.
cess parameters ensures trou-
Effluent, Pharma ble-free operation. Stage 3
Effluent, Food The process of converting The water from the venturi The treated water parame-
Industry Effluent, raw leachate to clean water us- is pumped to a plate settler, ters confirm to State & Central About the Author
ing FPSTAR technology com- which settles the bigger par- Pollution Control Board Stan- Dr. Raghu Pillai is the Man-
Tannery Effluent, prises of 5 main stages: ticles. The bigger particles dards and IS:10500 standards. aging Director of Bengaluru
etc. Hence, this are removed as sludge into a The entire plant is close- based REWS (India) Pvt Ltd
technology is also Stage 1 sludge drying bed. looped and the footprint is which provides total turnkey
The raw leachate which is only 3000 sq.ft. solutions for wastewater treat-
ideal for Common collected in the collection tank Stage 4 The residue sludge from the ment including the feasibility
Effluent Treatment is pumped to the raw leachate From the plate settler, the collection tank is being treated study, sizing, the supply of
tank. The leachate goes into water goes to a pre-filtration using a proprietary technology equipment, installation, test-
Plants (CETPs) in the Boomtube Resonator. The tank. Through a filter feed called MIBR AD plant to con- ing, training, and operation &
the industrial areas. Boomtube Resonator (BTR) pump, the water is pumped to vert them into electricity. maintenance.



Process Optimization and Regulation Compliance

with TOC Monitoring Help Two WTPs
On-site TOC analysis helps Water Treatment Plants in the City of Helena.

The Challenge clearwell covers, PLC systems, PROJECT FILE

The City of Helena, MT, filters, and media. The unique Location: City of Helena,
operating the Ten Mile Water water quality challenges of Montana, USA
Treatment Plant and Missouri these two plants and sources Service Provider: SUEZ
River Treatment Plant, faces are shown in Table 1. Product: On-Site TOC
seasonal water quality chang- The Missouri Plant pumps Analyzers
es. It’s two sources create treat- water from the Missouri Riv-
ment challenges in meeting er to Helena Valley regulating filtration waiver for turbidi-
regulations and maintaining reservoir then to the plant. ty compliance. Additionally,
quality effluent. Low alkalinity Since the reservoir provides the use of contact absorption
and varying source water qual- water for irrigation and fish/ clarifiers reclassified the fa- Sievers M5310C TOC Laboratory Analyzer
ity at the Ten Mile Plant make wildlife use, they cannot treat cility from direct filtration to
it difficult to meet required the reservoir. As a result, the conventional treatment which understand real-time TOC% use of cationic polymers.
Total Organic Carbon (TOC) plant treats any organic, taste, requires compliance with TOC removal but also seasonal With relatively high alkalin-
% removal, to comply with and odor compounds that are % removal. With low alkalini- changes in source water TOC. ity and low source TOC, the
EPA Disinfectant/ Disinfection present. Classified as a zero ty (typically 15-25 mg/L), the The value of the data led them Missouri plant easily meets
Byproduct (DBP) rules within discharge plant, the Missouri plant falls into elevated TOC% to acquire a Sievers M5310C its 25% TOC removal require-
current plant processes and in- plant uses its backwash water removal classification during TOC Laboratory Analyzer for ment, but it benefits from TOC
frastructure. Seasonal organic, for managed irrigation and spring runoff when source the Ten Mile Plant to pilot and data to help dose PAC to over-
taste & odor compounds and recycles it back to the plant to TOC exceeds 4 mg/L TOC as enact treatment changes that come taste and odor issues. Fu-
classification as a zero dis- be retreated. While recycling highlighted in Tables 2 and 3. led to more consistent water ture consideration of ozone for
charge facility make operation- backwash water may allow for quality and better compliance. taste and odor management
al costs of Missouri River Plant water conservation and sav- The Solution Prior to on-site TOC analy- would benefit from optimized
a concern. Summer demand ings on permits, due to season- The challenge of meeting sis, the city relied on sending ozone to TOC dosing for cost
can reach 15 MGD while win- al quality changes, total opera- required TOC% removal at the samples to third-party contract savings and process efficiency.
ter demand drops to 3 MGD tional costs must be evaluated Ten Mile Plant led the City of labs. These results took 1-2
typically 100% supported by to determine overall impact. Helena to partner with state weeks leaving the plant blind Conclusion
the Ten Mile Plant. The Mis- The Ten Mile Plant is gravity regulators. Compliance was to both changes in water qual- On-site TOC analysis helps
souri Plant is used for peaking fed from a reservoir at the top achieved with a treatment ity and process effectiveness. the City of Helena test the ef-
or backup, such as when plant of Rocky Mountain Divide via plan combined with real-time The following plant changes ficiency of process changes in
upgrades are needed. Recently, Ten Mile Creek. It was built water quality monitoring. Not were put into effect with the real-time and can be used to
Ten Mile Plant has upgraded in 1991 when the city lost its only did TOC data help them help of on-site TOC analysis: drive data-driven treatment
o Moved chemical addition decisions. As the city contin-
Plant Info Treatment Process Challenges point (PAC & coagulants) to ues to grow, upgrade and ex-
Ten Mile Water the front of the plant as op- pansion requirements must
Coagulation, flocculation High Organics posed to directly before the consider challenges of each
Treatment Plant
filters. water source and funding
Est. 1991 Contact absorption clarifiers Seasonal run-off o Piloted different chemicals opportunities. In the future,
10 MGD Cap Sand and anthracite coal filters Pine beetle kill to test TOC % removals as smarter controls will ensure ef-
well as color and turbidity fluent quality meets customer
Sodium hypochlorite Low Alkalinity
removals including polyalu- needs and regulatory require-
Missouri River Coagulation, flocculation, minum chloride, aluminum ments even with challenging
High TDS
Treatment Plant sedimentation basins sulfate, and reduction in the and changing water sources.
Est. 1959 Sand and anthracite coal filters Seasonal taste and odor issues
Source Alkalinity mg/L As CaCO3
8.9 MGD Cap. Sodium hypochlorite Zero discharge facility Source TOC
(mg/L) >60
Table 1: City of Helena Water System
0-60 >120
to 120
Plant Raw TOC Finished TOC >2.0 to 4.0 35.0% 25.0% 15.0%
Ten Mile Water 3-4 ppm (up to 8 ppm runoff ) 2-3 ppm >4.0 to 8.0 45.0% 35.0% 25.0%
Missouri River 3-4 ppm 2 ppm >8.0 50.0% 40.0% 30.0%
Table 2: Typical TOC Values Table 3: EPA DBP % TOC Removal Requirements



Montreal’s Water Supply System Gets Additional

Pump to Increase Capacity and Flexibility
Charles-J. -Des Baillets is the second largest plant in Montreal and among the
largest in Canada having a production capacity of 1.136 million cubic meters of
water per day.
By Bryan Orchard

Figure 1: The Charles-J.-Des Baillets Plant in Montreal

IT IS ALWAYS SATISFYING erates six water treatment of the total production capaci- water treatment and finally Through the years, the city’s
for a pump manufacturer to plants, with two major ones, ty of the city of Montreal. chlorination. population has increased sub-
learn that its products have namely Charles-J.-Des Baillets Three pump-sets are dedi- stantially and today the water
lived up to expectations after and Atwater, both of which Plant History cated to one line supplying the department supplies approx-
many years of operation. For supply potable water to seven Delivering over one million Atwater piping network, with imately two million residents.
KSB Pumps Inc., Canada, this subterranean reservoirs and cubic meters of potable water the remaining units supplying Both production plants are
was the scenario when the City associated pumping stations every day, the Charles-J.-Des a large reservoir located in the interconnected via sizeable
of Montreal approached them throughout Montreal island Baillets plant is fed by a large city’s boroughs. piping so that in the unlikely
in 2013 to submit a tender and its outlying districts. underground reservoir at the Should it be necessary to event of one plant going down,
for an additional pump set in Charles-J. -Des Baillets (Fig- station. shut down either the Charles-J- water can still be supplied to
order to expand its Charles- ure 1) is the second largest The water comes from the Des Baillets plant or the Atwa- the reservoirs.
J.-Des Baillets drinking water plant in Montreal and among St. Lawrence River and prior ter plant, water can be diverted The Charles-J.-Des Baillets
production plant where five the largest in Canada having a to entering the potable wa- to and from either plant to en- plant was originally designed
KSB ME type pumps had been production capacity of 1.136 ter reservoir, it is purified by sure that water levels in all sev- to accommodate nine high ca-
operating since 1978. million cubic meters of water a combination of filtration, en reservoirs are maintained pacity pumps.
The City of Montreal op- per day. This accounts for 38% ozonization, ultraviolet (UV) at optimum capacity. However, only five pumps



cations, the KSB MEF pump

is a vertical split-case, single
stage pump, and is an updated
replica of the original pumps
supplied by KSB in 1975. The
footprint and layout of the
new pump resemble its older
counterparts, but up-to-date
seals and optimized hydraulic
elements enhance its reliabili-
ty and improve operating effi-
Duplicating the older pump
configuration simplified the
installation of the new unit
in the Charles-J.-Des Baillets
high-pressure pump gallery.
Having secured the contract,
KSB was quick to react, with
the new MEF pump being
shipped from KSB’s factory
in Brazil later in 2013. Manu-
factured in Brazil, the 38-ton
pump has an impeller diame-
ter of 1,905 mm (Figure 3).
With a drive shaft measur-
ing 5 meters in length and op-
erating at a fixed speed of 400
rpm, it delivers 4.2 m3 (100%)
per second at a head of 67 m.
Initially planned to be used as
a back-up unit, the pump also
Figure 2: One of the Original KSB ME Pumps Installed when the Plant was Constructed. operates in parallel with the
existing large-capacity pumps.
were installed initially, these the water treatment facilities other pump of the same design involved making an updated Due to its size, the pump had
being the KSB ME Pumps (Fig- at this location can only sup- and capability. replica; a proposal that suc- to be disassembled for ship-
ure 2). port a maximum of seven The only difficulty was that ceeded in awarding KSB the ment and reassembled on site.
Later, in 1990, the plant’s pumps. after such a long interval, order after a rigorous and in- In April 2015, work com-
output capacity was increased Therefore, based on their the original water transport tensive bid evaluation process. menced on the assembly and
with the introduction of anoth- satisfaction with the original pumps were no longer being installation of the pump at
er manufacturer’s pump. five large capacity pumps, the manufactured. However, this MEF Pumps the Charles-J.-Des Baillets wa-
Although the plant was built City of Montreal requested did not discourage KSB, as Constructed in accordance ter filtration plant under the
to accommodate nine pumps, KSB to submit a tender for an- they came up with a plan that with the customer’s specifi- supervision of KSB. Between

Figure 5: The Motors and the Control Panels are Mounted on the Upper Floor
Figure 3: The 38 Ton Pump has an Impeller Diameter of 1,905 mm. of the Three Storey Pump Gallery.



(three stories) on the bottom PROJECT FILE

level. Customer: City of Montreal
A 5-meter long drive shaft Location: Charles-J.-Des
from the 5,500 HP motor on Baillets and Atwater Water
the upper floor couples to the Treatment Plants (WTPs),
pump below. Because the new Montreal, Canada
pump has the same hydraulic Service Provider:
configuration as its older coun- KSB Pumps Inc.
terparts, it has been installed Products/Technology
alongside them in exactly the Involved: Pumps,
same arrangement. and Motors
KSB engineers played a sig-
nificant role in overseeing the
installation and commission- installed they were over per-
ing of the new pump. forming, thus increasing the
The installation process was load on the motors,” reports
somewhat complicated due to the city’s engineer.
the ingress of water from the “This issue was easily re-
adjacent underground supply solved by trimming the im-
reservoir. pellers and since then, there
Each pump intake is secured have not been any issues. The
by two sets of stop logs, as pumps have delivered the
compared to large gate valves. expected performance. The
Therefore, a serious problem pumps have been easy to ser-
exists with water infiltration vice, and the importance given
Figure 4: Installing the New Pump Set Involved the Excavation of Foundations to Accommodate the Water Intake into each intake chamber in to scheduled maintenance has
Pipework and Pump Volute. which the pumps are mount- been a contributing factor in
May 2015 and April 2016, tests were performed on the was not without its challenges, ed. the long service,” he continues.
installation of the 5,500 HP new pump unit with the scope given that the area allocated As a result, it was necessary “Because we know in ad-
synchronous motor and line of the tests being to verify the to the pump was between two for the safety of the engineers vance when there is going to
shaft was performed by the contractual efficiency guaran- existing units and involved a and the construction person- be a requisite for spare or re-
mechanical contractor under tee point of 87% at 4.2 m3/s. three story, open high-pressure nel to continually pump water placement parts, there is no
the supervision of KSB. Summarizing the key re- pump gallery and the excava- from the foundations during need for us to hold any major
The next phase was the com- sults, at the rated flow (4.2 tion of foundations to accom- the construction of the intake components. With advance
missioning and configuration m3/s), the pump efficiency was modate the water intake pipe- chamber of the new pump. planning, KSB is able to fulfil
of the control panels and aux- 90.4%; 3.4% greater than the work and pump volute (Figure our requirements.”
iliary electrical components. guaranteed efficiency of 87%. 4). Customer Satisfaction With the installation and
This was undertaken be- The results show that the The pump gallery is con- According to the engineer commissioning of the new
tween April 2016 and Septem- performance of the new pump structed on three stories; the from the city of Montreal’s pump, the Charles-J.-Des Bail-
ber 2017, with performance fulfilled the contractual guar- motors and the control pan- water department, the addi- lets plant is now able to op-
and acceptance tests of the anty obligations. els are mounted on the upper tion of the new pump provides erate to its optimum design
pump conducted in October floor (Figure 5) where they more redundancy to the sys- capability and with full redun-
2017. Installation Challenges are protected from flooding tem (Figure 6). dancy in the system for the
The hydraulic acceptance Installing the new pump set and the pumps directly below Under normal operating first time in forty years.
conditions, two or three of the
pumps operate each morn-
ing according to the demand
placed on the water supply
During the day, demand
fluctuates as does the num-
ber of pumps operating and
as such the pumps are used at
night to replenish water in the
city’s reservoirs.
The department was moti-
vated to stay with KSB as the
pumps had performed very
well over the previous 36
Over the years since the orig-
inal five KSB pumps have been About the Author
operating, the city’s water de- Bryan Orchard is an inter-
partment has not experienced national freelance journalist
any significant problems. who specializes in water and
Figure 6: The New KSB Pump Now Installed and Fully Operational. “When the pumps were first environmental engineering.



PE100 Black Material for Pipes in Largest

Water Distribution Project in Southern India
Use of HDPE pipes, on such a massive scale, augers well for the domestic pipe
By Chanchal Dasgupta, Prashant Nikhade and Srinivas Goud

project in Gujarat.
Mission Bhagiratha com-
menced with the development
of the Gajwel water grid in
November 2015, which saw
the successful transportation
of water to 67,000 households
in the towns of Toopran, Gajw-
el Rural, Gajwel Town, Wargal,
Dubbaka, and Malkapur.
This section of the proj-
ect was completed ahead of
schedule in August 2016 with
the laying of a 1,200 km pipe-
Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi and Chief Minister of Telagana State K. line - an event that was graced
Chandrashekhar Rao at the Official Opening of the Gajwel Water Grid. by the Prime Minister of India
Mr. Narendra Modi and the
THE TELANGANA STATE highly dependent on the opti- Chief Minister of Telangana
HDPE Pipes Made of BorSafe™ HE3490-LS PE100 Material from Borouge are
Water Grid or Mission Bha- mal utilization of water from state Mr. K. Chandrashekhar Being Welded Together on One of the Project Sites.
giratha is one of the largest the Godavari and Krishna riv- Rao.
water distribution project ever ers that flow through the state. MEIL was also contracted to Borouge. bution network.
in. A total of 34 billion cubic provide operational and main- The material, which is resis-
India set up by the Telan- meters of water from the Go- tenance services for the pipe- tant to high impact, abrasion, About the Authors
gana state government to pro- davari and 21 billion cubic line over a period of 10 years. chemicals and UV rays, is also Chanchal Dasgupta is Ap-
vide clean and safe drinking meters from the Krishna are The next phase of the excellent at withstanding rap- plication Marketing Manager
water to every household in required for the water grid. project, which covered the id crack propagation and slow at Borouge (India) Pvt Ltd. For
India’s newest state. Hyderabad based Megha Mahbubnagar, Karimnagar, crack growth. past 18 years, he is working
With a 5,000 km main net- Engineering & Infrastructures Sircilla, Jagityal, and Manthi- HDPE pipes are most popu- for Borouge for market devel-
work supplanted by a 50,000 Limited (MEIL) was appoint- ni-Bhupalpally sections, re- lar globally for water and gas opment of Borstar Technolo-
km secondary network and a ed as the main contractor for quired a pipe network with a distribution networks for their gy PE and PP grades for film,
further 75,000 km of pipelines Mission Bhagiratha. length of almost 13,000 km to corrosion resistance, excellent molding, pipe applications.
to channel the drinking water With a proven track record supply water to over 340,000 flow characteristics retained Prashant Nikhade is Sr.
to households, Mission Bhagi- of 25 years in the Indian in- households. over a lifetime, welded joints Application Development
ratha was developed at a pro- frastructure industry, MEIL is Another pipeline with a to- which are stronger than the Engineer - Infrastructure at
jected cost of USD 6.6 million one of the country’s foremost tal length of over 11,000km pipe and very high resistance Borouge (India) Pvt. Ltd. He is
and is India’s first integrated companies for key industry was also installed for the to pressure surges. working for Borouge India for
drinking water distribution verticals such as irrigation, Paleru-Warangal, Adilabad, The toughness of the mate- last 7 years for Infrastructure
network for a full state. drinking water, hydrocarbons, Dummugudem, Nalgonda, rial also enables the welded PE applications of PE and PP.
The success of the project is power, renewable energy and Nizamabad and Alair-Bhongir pipes to withstand the stresses Srinivas Goud also works
transportation for large-scale sections to deliver drinking due to ground movements with Borouge (India) Pvt. Ltd.
PROJECT FILE civil and industrial projects. water to 172,000 households which arise due to seasonal Borouge is a joint venture
Location: Telangana The company has also across 22 districts. weather patterns and even between Abu Dhabi National
State Water Grid (Mission achieved the rare distinction HDPE pipes make up two- the more severe ground move- Oil Company (ADNOC), one
Bhagiratha), India of being the only infrastruc- thirds of all the pipes used in ments due to earthquakes. of the world’s major oil and
Service Provider: ture company in India to the project, with most of them The use of HDPE pipes, on gas companies, and Austria
Borouge India commission major river-in- installed as part of the distri- such a massive scale, augers based Borealis, a leading
Products/Technology tegration projects such as the bution network. well for the domestic pipe in- provider of chemical and in-
Involved: HDPE Pipes, Narmada- Kshipra Simhastha Majority of the pipes were dustry and the common pub- novative plastics solutions.
BorSafe™ HE3490-LS Link in Madhya Pradesh, the made from high-quality Bor- lic for the continuous supply Borouge is at the forefront of
PE100 Material Pattisam project in Andhra Safe™ HE3490-LS pre-com- of water through a reliable, the next generation of plastics
Pradesh and Sauni Yojana pounded black PE100 from and maintenance-free distri- innovation.



Sustainability at the Heart of TRX Project

In addition to being the first fully integrated commercial water reclaim programme
in Southeast Asia, the TRX Project is also one of Veolia’s most significant global
reference for sustainable development.
By Veolia Water Technologies
Mohammad Akhir Ahmad,
Managing Director for Opera-
tions & Maintenance in South
East Asia at Veolia Water
Technologies, shared, “With
water scarcity threats looming
above our heads, proactive wa-
ter strategies have to be taken
immediately. The TRX Project
showcases Veolia’s recycled
water technologies, and our
ability to achieve high water
recovery rates for the project.
Resource planning is one of
our fortes, and we identified
an opportunity in the TRX
Project that Veolia could con-
tribute to.”

TRX: Designed in
Accordance with the
Highest Environmental
Set in the heart of Kuala
Lumpur, Malaysia, the TRX
Project is an iconic 70-acre
development poised to be the
new world-class financial dis-
An Artist’s Impression of the TRX trict that encompasses invest-
ment grade ‘A’ office space and
WITH GROWING DE- to manage the remaining wa- ed commercial water reclaim Veolia’s most significant global includes residential, hospital-
MANDS from agriculture and ter reserves. In embarking on programme in Southeast Asia, reference for sustainable de- ity, retail, leisure, and cultural
energy production, as well as this path, many have turned the TRX Project is also one of velopment. offerings. TRX is also built in
diminishing supply due to to professional water solutions
climate changes and reduced providers to mitigate their wa-
rainfall, water is quickly be- ter crisis challenges.
coming a scarce resource with Veolia Water Technologies,
no alternative substitute. an established environmen-
In light of this water stress, tal company specializing in
awareness has been growing technological solutions, and
towards the notion of water provides the complete range
reuse. Although it is not a new of services required to design,
concept, water reuse only start- build, maintain and upgrade
ed to garner more public inter- water and wastewater treat-
est in recent years, offering a ment facilities for industrial
way out in a world where water clients and public authorities
is increasingly in short supply. was appointed to provide a
As water shortage will likely wastewater treatment and rec-
be more acute in the next 10 lamation plant for the presti-
years, governments and multi- gious Tun Razak Exchange
national corporations (MNCs) (TRX) Project in Kuala Lum-
worldwide have started to pur, Malaysia. In addition to
buckle down and look for ways being the first fully integrat-



Building in Progress: TRX’s Construction Site as on August 2015.

line to support the Greater ter-abundant Malaysia is now for non-potable purposes at With several qualified water secure a 20-year partnership
KL/Klang Valley, one of the rapidly facing water scarcity TRX. We also hope to influ- and wastewater professional with TRX.
National Key Economic Areas threats. ence the future of green devel- providers in the market, TRX Elaborating on the strict and
under the Malaysian Govern- Duncan Briggs, Commercial opments in Malaysia through devised a procurement exer- controlled nature of the selec-
ment’s Economic Transfor- Director at Veolia Water Tech- our actions of meeting water cise to narrow the selection tion process, Akhir shared, “We
mation Programme (ETP) - an nologies, shared, “The growing reuse commitments in the pool, and to identify a supplier were upfront about our exper-
initiative to support the gov- water stress in Malaysia is a TRX project.” that could meet its goals effec- tise with wastewater and water
ernment’s vision of transform- real challenge. By engaging in tively. After several rigorous reclaim projects, and were also
ing Malaysia into a high-in- water reclamation activities, Constructing the TRX- rounds of selection, Veolia forward about Veolia’s ability
come nation by 2020. we maximize the water value Veolia Partnership stood out amongst others to to meet TRX’s expectations
As Malaysia’s new interna-
tional finance and trading hub,
the TRX Project is designed in
accordance with the highest
environmental standards, and
the development will focus
keenly on water reuse. The
TRX is the first development
in the country to achieve mul-
tiple accreditations, includ-
ing the Leadership in Energy
and Environmental Design
(LEED) Gold Certification
in the “Neighbourhood De-
velopment Plan” category, as
certified by the United States
of America Green Building
Council, and the first township
level Green Building Index
(GBI) Platinum Certification
in Malaysia, issued by the Ma-
laysia Green Building Index
Accreditation Panel.
In a league of its own, the
TRX Project’s focus on water
reuse separates it from all oth-
er developments across the
nation. Globally, Malaysia is
one of the wettest countries
with the highest average annu-
al rainfall of around 3,000mm.
Even then, the once wa- Veolia’ MBBR Technology has Over 850 References Worldwide, Including the Plants in Malaysia.



as Endetec’s Tecta and Kapta ment system in Malaysia. trickle irrigation, and cooling
Units. Briggs elaborated, “The tower make up for the district
The primary wastewater Tecta unit provides accurate cooling plant. This alternative
treatment solution for the microbiological platform test- water resource also provides
TRX Project is Multiflo™, an ing onsite, which is the most better resilience in terms of
efficient process for removing efficient way of monitoring continuous non-potable water
Total Suspended Solids (TSS), contamination. On the oth- supply for the financial dis-
color, algae, and heavy metals. er hand, the Kapta system, a trict, ensuring that business
The technology produces a miniaturized in-line multi-pa- activities can continue to run,
highly concentrated and thick- rameter water sensor probe even when faced with water
ened sludge required for the for real-time continuous po- shortages.
wastewater treatment process. table water monitoring, has Although Veolia is under
The discharge then enters the had good applications in mu- obligation to recover at least
MBBR tank, which stabiliz- nicipal networks, and the TRX 80% of TRX’s sewage, the
es discharge quality while it Project will be Veolia’s first global provider is able to re-
removes Chemical Oxygen Kapta application in South- cycle 100% of the wastewater
Demand (COD), Biochemical east Asia. In keeping with - excluding sludge wastage
of 60% reduction in the total freshwater demand by more Oxygen Demand (BOD), and TRX’s objective to establish a - going above and beyond
freshwater demand. Veolia’s than 50%, exceeding Interna- nitrogen present in the waste- state-of-the-art green business TRX’s demands. “Veolia’s in-
approach to this project was tional Best Practice standards water. facility, Veolia was careful to novative water and wastewa-
simply to achieve a high re- of 40% reduction in potable The Alizair® deodorization put together wastewater solu- ter technologies are capable
covery rate and low operating water. treatment is also incorporated tions such as Alizair®, which of going the extra mile to
cost, achieving a uniquely af- To deliver the results that to ensure the complete remov- is ecological in nature. The provide our client with more
fordable yet efficient solution TRX wanted, Veolia proposed al of unpleasant emissions. low electricity and chemical value,” Akhir stated. “Regard-
for TRX.” a redundant system with As the wastewater treatment consumption of our solutions less of the water consumption
five wastewater solutions for plant will be built within the were also factors that matched demand, Veolia will be able to
Creating Value through maximum value to the client. TRX district, Veolia integrated TRX’s long term sustainability replace 50% of that water de-
Responsible and Described by Briggs as being a biofilter that would oxidize goals seamlessly.” mand with reclaimed water,
Sustainable Solutions compact, robust, and straight- malodorous substances into fully supporting TRX as they
For the TRX Project, Veolia forward, the technologies that inorganic and odorless com- A Greener KL continue to integrate sus-
aims to recover at least 80% of Veolia recommended for the pounds. Veolia also included a The reclaimed water at TRX tainability practices within
the expected 3.8 million cubic TRX Project include the Mul- smart water network compris- will be heavily monitored to their infrastructure. The TRX
meters (m3) of sewage gener- tifo™ Settler, AnoxKaldnes™ ing two unique technologies ensure zero human contact, in Project is particularly mean-
ated every year for reuse pur- Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor - Endetec’s Tecta and Kapta that it would be strictly limit- ingful for Veolia as its strong
poses within the TRX district. (MBBR) Technology, Hydro- units - to ensure microbiolog- ed to non-potable uses such environmental beliefs speak
The reclaimed water will count tech® Discfilters, Alizair® De- ical security, arming TRX with as toilet flushing in the resi-
towards reducing site-wide odorization Treatment, as well the best water quality manage- dential and office buildings,
Customer: Tun Razak
Exchange (TRX) Project
Location: Kuala Lumpur,
Service Provider: Veolia
Water Technologies
Involved: Multifo™ Settler,
AnoxKaldnes™ Moving Bed
Biofilm Reactor (MBBR)
Technology, Hydrotech®
Discfilters, Alizair®
Deodorization Treatment,
Endetec’s Tecta and Kapta

volumes to us.”
Sharing his conviction that
TRX will be the catalyst to
transform future develop-
ments in Malaysia, Briggs
concluded, “With Veolia’s pro-
prietary water and wastewater
technologies, the TRX Project
looks set to achieve its goal of
being the first green develop-
ment in Peninsular Malaysia.”



Affinity Water Saves £0.3 Million by Using

Drives vs the Next Best Alternative
Danfoss VLT® AQUA Drives recently installed at the Chertsey Water Treatment
Works of Affinity Water are forecast to deliver savings of more than a third of a
million pounds in running costs over their 20-year lives compared with the ‘next
best’ solution offered for the project.
By Danfoss

tive filter failing, the drive can contin- at 400 kW when used on the Affinity
ue to operate as the filter is not directly 675 V supply system. The drives were
in the current path to the motor. installed in two new motor control
In addition, Danfoss VLT® AQUA centers designed and manufactured
Drives with ratings above 90 kW fea- by Saftronics Controls Limited, along
ture back-channel cooling, which re- with du/dt filters to safeguard the
duces the amount of fan cooling power pump motors as these have insulation
required by as much as 90% compared that was not originally designed for
to conventionally designed drives. use with variable speed drives.
This means fewer fans are needed, al- Each of the new motor control cen-
lowing savings to be made on the en- ters houses two drives and two du/dt
ergy needed to power the fans and the filters. The drives are arranged for effi-
cost of replacement air filters over the cient back channel cooling. Because of
life of the system. this, only eight cooling fans were need-
Chertsey Water Treatment Works High Lift Pumps To assist Affinity Water in making ed, compared with the 24 - the number
a decision between the two alterna- estimated for conventional drives. To
FOR MANY YEARS, four high lift Key requirements for the replace- tive solutions on offer, engineers from make the best possible use of the lim-
pumps at Chertsey Water Treatment ments were that they should deliver Danfoss carried out a very detailed ited space available on the site, the ac-
works have each been controlled by a the best possible energy efficiency, comparison of the running costs as- tive harmonic filters were installed in
500 kW 12-pulse variable speed drive that they should meet G5/4 harmon- sociated with each. This revealed that existing control panels.
operating at 675 V. Recently, however, ic requirements and that they should the losses with Danfoss 400 kW VLT® After building and fully testing the
these aging drives had become increas- be suitable for use with pump motors AQUA Drives would be 9.6 kW lower control panels at its works in Leeds,
ingly unreliable and difficult to main- with insulation that was non-compli- per drive than with the AFE alterna- Saftronics Controls Limited delivered
tain. Affinity Water knew that they ant with IEC 60034-25 curve B for 690 tives. the new equipment to the site, installed
were much less energy efficient than V inverter use. Having surveyed the On the basis that two of the four and commissioned it. At every stage,
their modern counterparts. The com- market for suitable drive solutions, Af- pumps would normally be running, Saftronics worked in close cooperation
pany, therefore, decided that the time finity Water was ultimately able to nar- the Danfoss drives would, therefore, with Affinity Water to minimize the
had come to replace the drives. row the choice to two alternatives. One save 2 x 9.6 x 8760 = 168,192 kWh per impact of the work on the operations
of these was based on Danfoss VLT® year. Assuming an energy cost of £0.10 of the water treatment works.
AQUA Drives with active harmonic per kWh, this represents a saving on “The Danfoss VLT® AQUA Drives
filters while the other used drives in- energy costs of £16,820 per year which have performed fully to specification.
corporating Active Front-End (AFE) is equivalent to up to 20% of the origi- They are providing accurate and de-
technology. nal investment. Over the 20-year life of pendable control of the pumps, the
the system, the energy savings would harmonic levels easily meet G5/4 re-
Lower Losses, Higher Savings be £336,380. quirements, and initial measurements
An important benefit of the Danfoss confirm that the predicted energy sav-
active filters is that they are connected Fulfilling the Demands of ings will be achieved,” states Affinity
in parallel with the supply to the drive, the Water Supply Industry Water.
which means that the motor current This analysis proved decisive for Af-
does not pass through them. Losses finity Water, and the company elected
are, therefore, much lower than with to go ahead with the Danfoss solution.
Customer: Affinity Water
conventional filters where the motor The system builder chosen for the
Location: Chertsey Water
current must pass through one or more project was Saftronics Controls Lim-
Treatment Works, UK
inductors. Further benefits are that the ited, a Danfoss Business Partner with
Service Provider: Saftronics
motor voltage is unaffected by the use extensive experience in meeting the
Controls Limited, Danfoss
of the filters, whereas with AFE drives demanding requirements of the wa-
it is typically boosted by around 10%. ter supply industry. Saftronics select-
Motor Control Panels at Affinity Water Involved: Drives, Pumps
Further, in the unlikely event of an ac- ed IP20 versions of the drives, rated



Drought and Supply Limits Drive the

Sustainability Initiatives
To reduce water use, a California utility developed a range of customer programs
that engage and educate stakeholders.
By Adam West
tiered rates. In 2008, Monterey
was one of the first areas in
California approved for decou-
pling rates from sales volumes,
which can help address the
need to more efficiently use
water while keeping a utility
financially sound. Most of Cal
Am’s other service areas had
implemented decoupling by
In 2013, non-residential cus-
tomers moved from an alloca-
tion-based rate design to one
based on best management
practices. After experiment-
ing a fair amount with allot-
ment-based rates for residents
in Monterey, Cal Am recently
simplified its rate structure to
increase fairness and equity.
During the drought, Cal Am
restricted outdoor watering
Early Morning Light Shines on the Foothills and Dry Grasses in Monterey County, Calif., Near Highway 101. Although the Severely Dry Conditions That Affected and allowed grass to die, but
Much of California Starting in the Winter of 2011-2012 are Gone, Damage from the Drought will Linger in Many Areas. The Consequences of Millions of Dead it encouraged customers to
Trees and Diminished Groundwater Basins will Continue to Challenge Areas of State for Years. Californians Responded to the Drought with Tremendous Levels
of Water Conservation, Including a Nearly 25% Average Reduction in Urban Water Use Across the State. Photo Credit: California American Water.
water their trees. The utility
contracted with an arborist,
IN AN INCREASINGLY This may be only short-term ly been among California’s a “new normal,” water provid- and customers could receive a
crowded world, water provid- relief, however, as recent stud- top-performing areas for low ers across North America and free home visit to learn about
ers everywhere face new and ies show that California may water use. around the world will need to tree watering and care. Cal Am
existing challenges with more be coming out of a wet period. “Californians are overdraft- take significant steps toward is shifting its efforts away from
pressure than ever. If glob- Decades-long drought isn’t un- ing Mother Nature,” says Pat- securing sustainable water indoor efficiency retrofits and
al population growth wasn’t common historically, and rela- rick Pilz, Cal Am’s manager supplies. Cal Am’s recent ex- toward outdoor landscape ret-
enough, climate change is ex- tively recent extremes include of field operations, about the periences offer some valuable rofits because of diminishing
pected to exacerbate weather two “megadroughts” that last- gravity of the situation. “We lessons on how to deal with returns on indoor efficiency
extremes, creating more un- ed more than 150 years during take more water out than rain extreme climate variability. and opportunities for signifi-
certainty on how to prepare for the ninth and thirteenth cen- and snowfall replenishes, and cant savings outside.
the worst. turies. we see the resulting effects in Conservation Efforts
California is no stranger Water providers in dry cli- the loss of natural groundwa- Cal Am’s first significant wa- Promoting Conservation
to these trends, as its popula- mates have always understood ter storage and water quality ter conservation efforts started Strategically, Cal Am is be-
tion is currently estimated at the importance of securing issues.” in the mid-1990s in Monterey ing smarter about who it tar-
about 40 million, with an an- water resources and have been Pilz touches on an import- and were driven by need when gets. The utility has a much
nual growth rate just less than at the forefront of water con- ant aspect of sustainability: regulators determined that the better understanding of who
1 percent. The state also just servation efforts. However, to resources dwindle when com- utility was drawing more water will benefit most from its
went through a record-break- weather the recent drought, munities use more than is re- than permitted from its source, programs. Some homeowners
ing drought that lasted five water providers across Cali- plenished. This is evident with the Carmel River. The utility know little about water con-
years, only to be relieved by fornia pushed citizens to low- freshwater, as some aquifer soon became more serious servation, whereas others are
recording-breaking precipi- er their water use as much as recharge rates are on the order about conservation in its other proud of their conservation
tation between October 2016 possible. California American of centuries or millennia. As service areas. Over the years, efforts. Understanding where
and February 2017, filling res- Water (Cal Am) serves about stored water reserves dwindle Cal Am has experimented customers are within their
ervoirs above historical aver- 615,000 people, and its service and populations deal with the with various rate structures. By water budget helps Cal Am
age levels in weeks to months. area in Monterey has routine- possibility of droughts being the late 1990s, it introduced target high users and make the



Cal Am Developed Some Innovative Programs to Help Monterey Residents Lower Their Water Use as Much as Possible, Including (From Left) Mulch, Rain Barrel, and Toilet Giveaway Events. Photo Credit:
California American Water.

best use of its resources. Cal water audits but has more re- term benefits. The utility sup- sures it has low-cost education internal water bill, whether or
Am takes several approaches cently switched to a water effi- ports the Water Conservation programs with dedicated staff not they’re submetered. These
to promote its conservation ciency coaching program. The Garden outside San Diego. and interns. tenants can greatly benefit
goals. year-long program requires a Children learn about the jour- In the future, Cal Am may from cost savings, and Cal Am
commitment from property ney one drop of water takes make some significant chang- tries to reach them even if they
Geospatial Mapping owners to implement recom- from Colorado to their taps es to its conservation efforts. aren’t technically customers.
To help refine its targeting mended efficiency measures. at home. They also receive an For the first time since it
efforts, Cal Am recently per- Cal Am holds a kick-off meet- activity kit to evaluate their ramped up conservation in the Refreshing the Messaging
formed a pilot study using ing with decision-makers, in- family’s behavior and perfor- 1990s, the utility is proposing Another challenge Cal Am
geospatial mapping for resi- cluding the property owner mance. The program takes the to reduce indoor rebate pro- faces is shifting its messaging
dential and non-residential and those responsible for util- conversation a step further grams in its latest rate case. in the wake of drought fatigue.
customers. The study allows it ity bills, investment decisions, and encourages children to be According to Pilz, Cal Am is California made significant
to create a water budget based and landscape design. If the stewards of the environment, approaching saturation with efforts to reduce water use
on satellite imagery and the ar- owner agrees to the program, highlighting how water plays low-flow fixtures, and its re- during the recent five-year
ea’s historical usage. For exam- Cal Am performs an audit, and an essential role in natural sys- sources can go further with drought, one of the driest pe-
ple, looking at the landscape results are presented at a sec- tems. The utility also reaches landscape retrofits. This is in riods on record. With one of
and knowing the number of ond meeting. The program re- out to landscaping companies line with what other utilities the wettest winters on record
people in a building allows Cal quires customers to read their that engage directly with its across California are starting following that last year, water
Am managers to understand meters every week, but they customers and leads work- to do. Cal Am is also address- restrictions have been lifted.
where usage is higher than ex- also receive monthly feedback shops on water-efficient land- ing additional conservation The changes made during the
pected. from Cal Am. scaping. The workshops are challenges. drought have had long-term
“It creates a dialogue over also offered in Spanish. effects, as California’s baseline
Advanced Metering the course of a year, and this Retrofits and Rental Units water use is lower than it was
In Ventura and Monterey, personal contact helps you Looking Back and One challenge for Cal Am before the drought. However,
Cal Am has two pilot programs establish trust,” says Pilz. “You Planning Ahead moving forward is working water savings have slipped re-
for Advanced Metering Infra- teach customers to be self-suf- Overall, Cal Am’s water con- with users who don’t own their cently, and they’re starting to
structure (AMI), an integrated ficient in their vigilance to wa- servation efforts have been property or aren’t submetered rebound.
system of smart meters, com- ter efficiency.” strong. The utility has had as part of a larger property. Each month further out
munication networks, and The program has been suc- substantial support from its For example, Cal Am’s wa- from the drought, Cal Am is
data management systems cessful. Although the approach president and parent compa- ter-energy nexus program for seeing usage go up in its ser-
that enables two-way commu- takes a lot of manpower and ny American Water, and Cal low-income customers is led vice areas and throughout Cal-
nication between a utility and energy, it costs about the same Am has played a leadership by a partnership of energy and ifornia. During the drought,
its customers. Ventura is an af- as a traditional water audit. role. Even if Cal Am’s efforts water utilities who co-fund Cal Am used focus groups to
fluent area with large lots and in Monterey were driven by home retrofits. Customers can understand the effectiveness
lush landscapes. Consequent- Public Education and Stew- need, with an order to reduce apply for a home retrofit that of its messaging. Insights
ly, it has the highest water us- ardship Training excess withdrawals, Pilz says includes new toilets and show- gained from the focus groups
age of all of Cal Am’s service Cal Am puts a lot of effort the work “created an incredi- erheads and potentially a new will help Cal Am address the
areas and one of the highest into educating customers and ble conservation culture there.” washing machine. This retrofit challenge of drought fatigue
per capita in California. The children about water conserva- During the drought, water pro- also includes a weatheriza- and messaging in general.
pilot program incorporates tion and stewardship of natu- viders were required to submit tion package to reduce ener-
early leak detection, which al- ral resources. their numbers to the State Wa- gy costs. Although customers Demand Hardening
lows Cal Am to see high usage “We do a lot of classes and ter Resources Control Board, don’t have to be homeowners Cal Am also faces a chal-
quickly. Having more informa- education events to diverse au- and Monterey was one of the to apply, they do need approv- lenge with demand hardening.
tion about a customer’s usage diences,” explains Pilz. “We ask state’s leaders. al from the property owner, The utility conducted a study
is also valuable for discussing them if they know where their For its other service areas, which can hinder implemen- a few years ago in which it
billing inquiries and disputes. drinking water comes from, the scope of Cal Am’s conser- tation. Mass-metered systems, investigated price points at
and only one or two can an- vation programs is determined such as those found in mobile which customers would re-
Water Efficiency Coaching swer. There’s a surprising lack by authorized regional bud- home parks or multifamily fuse to give up water luxuries
For non-residential custom- of knowledge.” gets from the state of Califor- buildings, present a similar such as long showers or rose
ers, Cal Am has experience However, Cal Am’s efforts nia. If Cal Am has a limited challenge, and often tenants gardens. Customers may not
with traditional commercial with children may have long- budget for a program, it en- under these systems pay an be willing to change certain



Before After
Landscape Retrofit Programs Spurred Many Cal Am Customers to Remove Their Lawns and Replace Them with Native Species and Other Drought-Tolerant Plants. Photo Credit: California American Water.

habits in response to higher organizations to implement aware of time delays to work their experience. The spe- and diverse water supply will
prices. However, the study’s a grant-funded sustainable through and control red tape cialists spend about an hour substantially increase Cal Am’s
data have helped Cal Am make landscape program. The pro- associated with annual budget pointing out leaks, educating resilience.
better decisions and provide gram went beyond turf remov- cycles. Even after such projects them on rebates, and admin- As water providers navigate
insights that will be useful in al and promoted a watershed are funded, they can still take istering the survey to receive myriad stresses on water sup-
the future. approach, encouraging rain many months to get started. instant feedback. Instead of ply, they can learn from one
capture, water retention, and an online questionnaire, the another and remain open to
Lessons Learned native plantings. These proj- Residential Customer Re- utility spends a lot of personal new avenues to achieve their
When asked what other util- ects are labor-intensive but sig- sponse time with customers, and Pilz goals. Communities around
ities, large and small, can learn nificantly benefit the customer On the residential side, Cal says he can’t recall a negative the world depend on them to
from Cal Am’s experience, Pilz base. These types of projects, Am often encounters custom- outcome from a home visit. do so because access to clean
recommends they form rela- and many similar grassroots ers who don’t want to hear The visits can also create a water is vital to humanity’s
tionships to learn from oth- efforts are occurring around about how much water they snowball effect as customers future.
ers. Examples include sharing the state. Partnerships have al- use - or how to be more ef- become more engaged.
programmatic content and lowed Cal Am to extend its re- ficient. During the drought, About the Author
research data so utilities can sources and learn from others in some districts with the Sustainability Adam West is a former in-
analyze and measure what’s that have a stake in the health highest use, Cal Am imple- Efforts Pay Off tern with AWWA, Denver, and
effective. of California’s waters. mented software that showed Beyond the efforts dis- a recent graduate from the
customers how much water cussed here, Cal Am is work- University of Colorado Boul-
Low-Water Landscaping Non-Residential Customers they used compared with their ing to increase the sustainabil- der with a master’s degree in
The Metropolitan Water Dis- For those just beginning a neighbors. The software had ity of its water supply through civil engineering.
trict of Southern California, water conservation program graphics, such as smiling and best practices in integrated Source: This article original-
a cooperative of 26 cities and for the first time, Pilz recom- frowning emojis, to reinforce water resource management. ly appeared in the March 2018
water agencies, spent more mends utilities be selective low water usage and discour- The utility recently completed issue of Opflow, the water in-
than USD 300 million a few when deciding which custom- age high water usage. The ap- aquifer storage and recovery dustry’s most popular resource
years ago on a turf removal ers to address to maximize the proach created a lot of atten- facility that will pump excess on operations issues pub-
rebate program. Now utilities reach of their resources. Cal tion but also frustration. Cal water collected during the lished by the American Water
can survey those who took ad- Am has faced barriers when Am received calls from cus- winter into a seaside basin for Works Association (AWWA).
vantage of the program to see implementing some of its con- tomers saying they didn’t want recovery in the summer. Also, The award-winning monthly
what worked and what could servation initiatives. When it to be compared, didn’t believe Cal Am is partnering with magazine presents new and
be done differently. recommends new fixtures for the numbers, and thought they Pure Water Monterey, a water established technologies and
Similarly, Cal Am part- non-residential customers, the used less than their neighbors. recycling program, to reduce ideas that readers can apply
nered with several San Diego decision to implement those withdrawals from the Carmel to water treatment and distri-
recommendations often relies Reception and Personal Time River and Seaside Basin and bution as well as wastewater
PROJECT FILE on a return-on-investment fig- The overall response to Cal aid the natural flow of the river operations. Opflow is a bene-
Customer: California Amer- ure. If the return on investment Am’s efforts by customers and fish migration. Cal Am is fit for members of AWWAIn-
ican Water (Cal Am) is three to five years or longer, who participate in its con- also proposing a desalination dia and a valued resource for
Location: California, USA the response from businesses servation programs has been plant in Monterey. A low-im- water professionals around
Products/Technology In- typically isn’t enthusiastic. “overwhelmingly positive,” pact test well is operating and the world. To join AWWA-
volved: Geospatial Map- When working with school according to Pilz. Cal Am has pulls ocean water through the India, visit
ping, Advanced Metering administrators on retrofits conservation specialists who sandy ocean floor rather than To view the original article,
Infrastructure (AMI) and demonstration gardens, visit homes, educate custom- from the open ocean. Such ef- see
Pilz notes utilities should be ers and survey them about forts to create a more robust OPF.2018.44.0026.



Planning Locally, Impacting Globally - How

Water and Wastewater Utilities in Peru are
Facing Climate Change
Development and application of climate planning methodology to reduce the
carbon footprint and vulnerability of water and wastewater utilities.
By WaCClim

tribute to meet the targets of

the 2030 Agenda as well as
municipal wastewater man-
agement to Nationally Deter-
mined Contributions (NDC).

The challenges to transform
utilities into climate protec-
tion and sustainability leaders
through climate mitigation
strategies are, among other
things, the following: scepti-
cism on mitigation measures’
benefits, limited access to
GHG emissions information,
knowledge gaps in low-carbon
technologies selection, opera-
tion and maintenance, restric-
tions to cover investment and
operating costs and the lack
of cooperation mechanisms
among WWUs and between
utilities and research institutes
as well as universities.

©GIZ Since 2014, the WaCCliM
project has assisted the Gener-
Case Summary Following a standardized Background ing the systems for supplying al Directorate of Environmen-
How to ensure water and methodology and supported Access and quality of drink- drinking water to users and tal Affairs (DGAA; Dirección
sanitation services deliv- by web-based tools, the plan- ing water and sanitation ser- treating their wastewater, gen- General de Asuntos Ambien-
ery under a climate change ning process becomes quick- vices have been considered erates greenhouse gas (GHG) tales) under the Ministry of
context? The climate change er and generates a report to by the Peruvian government emissions which magnitude Housing, Construction and
mitigation and adaptation informing decision-makers. as one of its top priorities, depends, among other things, Sanitation (MVCS; Ministerio
plans (PMACC; Planes de This planning approach en- recognizing their importance on energy consumption re- de Vivienda, Construcción y
Mitigación y Adaptación al abled some water utilities for public health, overcoming quirements and treatment Saneamiento), for developing
Cambio Climático) are tools in Peru to start searching for poverty, economic develop- technology selection. Planning and implementing a meth-
to address this challenge. practical carbon emissions ment, and climate protection. services, considering climate odological process to help
PMACC identify main car- reduction solutions, such as Droughts, precipitations, and change adaptation and mitiga- utilities on drawing up their
bon emissions sources and water utilities in Cusco and mudslides, whose frequency tion strategies will contribute PMACC, suitable to the util-
higher climate risks through- Ayacucho. The PMACC ini- and intensity are accentuat- to service sustainability and ities’ different contexts, sizes
out the urban water cycle, tiative was developed and ed by climate change, highly thus directly benefit many and locations. The PMACC
along with water utilities’ implemented collaboratively impact basic service delivery, thousands of Peruvians. initiative was developed and
opportunities to boost a pos- between WaCCliM (responsi- affecting water’s availability Moreover, it offers a great implemented under collabora-
itive change towards climate ble for mitigation) and PRO- and quality or damaging infra- opportunity to demonstrate tion between WaCCliM y PRO-
neutrality and adaptation. AGUA II. structure. In addition, operat- how the water sector can con- AGUA II.



igation and adaptation allows SEDA Ayacucho. climate planning is related

prioritizing actions, taking Under MVCS, the DGAA is to bigger goals (national and
into account co-benefits and responsible for the environ- global) and pioneering the in-
avoiding counter effects. Final- mental management of the tegration of this approach with
ly, the virtual PMACC Guide national water sector. DGAA’s the sectoral planning.
Tool generates a report on the staff has internalized the cli- All WWUs in the country
analysis carried out, including mate change topic and has have received technical assis-
a technical description and as- taken a pioneering role to in- tance to draw up their PMACC,
sociated costs of measures. tegrate the climate variable according to their local con-
into the sector’s management texts, supported by the virtual
Development of Training instruments (PMACC Guide). PMACC Guide Tool.
Materials and Workshops In addition, in collaboration Around 23 companies have
Promoting the horizontal with the Technical Organism completed their PMACC that
exchange of WWUs, among for Sanitation Services Admin- will serve as input for long-
Peru’s Map
comparable pairs according istration (OTASS; Organismo term planning within WWUs,
to size, geographic region, and Técnico de la Administración offering new opportunities to
identify the main carbon emis- capabilities. de los Servicios de Saneamien- implement mitigation and ad-
Raising Awareness on Cli sions sources and climate risks to), provided technical assis- aptation measures.
mate Mitigation Opportuni- in service operations; as well Technical Assistance for tance to WWUs for drawing up The pilot utility SEDACUS-
ties as the most cost-effective mea- Measures Implementation their PMACC. CO has managed not only to
Motivated by the COP20 sures for reducing these emis- Supported by the WaCCliM Similarly, supported by control odors that generated
held in the country, the per- sions and risks within a short, project, some companies WaCCliM, Peruvian WWUs a nuisance for the population
sonnel of government entities medium and long term. Ac- have begun to develop best have developed capacities in but also to reduce its annual
and WWUs have attained a knowledging its importance, practices for reducing carbon the subject of GHG mitigation, GHG emissions by 5,300 tons
better understanding of links the climate mitigation ap- emissions, for instance, the which will allow better service of carbon per year, equivalent
between climate change and proach was integrated into the water utility of Cusco - SEDA- provision planning, under to 2,200 round-way flights
the water sector and how miti- management and provision of CUSCO. At the San Jeronimo a context of climate change, Lima - Frankfurt-Lima of one
gation measures relate directly sanitation services’ implemen- wastewater treatment plant through the PMACC. person. In the future, the com-
to service delivery (i.e. odor tation act. (WWTP), the anaerobic sludge The pilot utility SEDACUS- pany considers using biogas to
control, operating costs reduc- digester’s operation has been CO is at the forefront of cli- generate energy and thus ob-
tion, operational efficiency, The Virtual PMACC Guide optimized, thus increasing the mate neutrality among WWUs tain significant annual savings
sludge management). Since Tool production of biogas, used for in Peru and contributes sig- of 256,000 EUR in electricity
then, they have been more It assists WWUs to deter- sludge heating (25%) and flar- nificantly to drive this issue costs, and additionally avoid
willing to participate in the mine carbon emissions, as well ing the rest (75%). nationwide. 544 tons of carbon per year.
climate planning process and as threats throughout the ur-
contribute to global objectives ban water cycle, outlining the Establishment of Coopera- Financing Success Factors
(2030 Agenda and NDC). possible effects and risks. As a tion Mechanisms Between Through the PMACC, Political willingness, a key
second step, the guide helps to the Water Company and the WWUs identify and prioritize aspect to carry out the PMACC
Development of a Concep- identify critical facilities and Academy climate mitigation and adap- process was the commitment
tual and Methodological actions to be taken, both to re- Such is the case of the water tation measures, this infor- of the MVCS to develop the
Framework duce carbon emissions and to company of Ayacucho - SEDA mation serves as the basis for regulatory framework that in-
The PMACC developed protect facilities from threats Ayacucho along with the San developing technical sheets, corporates climate adaptation
under an integrated and nov- over services operation. This Cristóbal de Huamanga Na- which include a technical de- and mitigation approaches
el approach, help utilities to simultaneous analysis of mit- tional University and the Tech- scription of the prioritized into sectoral management in-
nische Universität Carolo-Wil- measures and associated costs. struments. Thus, ensuring pro-
helmina zu Braunschweig, Based on the required amount cess continuity.
supported by the German of investment for implement- Availability of tools, having
development cooperation, im- ing the measures, potential the tools (PMACC and ECAM)
plemented by GIZ, aiming at sources of financing are ex- allowed the utilities to apply
exchanging skills and knowl- plored and identified. For in- a standardized methodology
edge between WWUs and stance, SEDACUSCO has in- and generate a report of useful
academia, finding solutions vested 528,000 EUR, financed information to inform deci-
to technical wastewater treat- by own resources, aiming at sion makers.
ment problems, under the con- operational improvements in The bottom-up approach,
text of climate change. the anaerobic sludge digest- validating the PMACC meth-
er and thus, reducing sludge odology with WWUs allowed
Institutions Involved management and disposal the development of a practi-
The WaCCliM project co- costs, controlling odors and re- cal guide, oriented towards
operates with the Ministry of ducing their carbon emissions. service providers, identifying
Housing, Construction and practical solutions.
Sanitation (political partner,) Impacts Cooperation between water
and with SEDACUSCO (pilot National government enti- companies and the academy,
utility) at the local level; as ties and WWUs have increased adapting low carbon technol-
well as with other country util- awareness on climate change ogy to the country local condi-
ities for the project approach’s and its link with the water tions requires a joint effort be-
Sources of GHG Emissions in Water & Sanitation Services ©WaCCLim replication, such as the case of sector, understanding how tween WWUs and the academy.



global goals. tions of the companies. Based

on this good practice, Peruvi-
Replication an WWU has begun to search
Another company that is practical solutions to reduce
moving towards its PMACC their carbon emissions, mo-
implementation to reduce its tivated by operating costs re-
carbon emissions, is the utility duction, operational efficiency
of Ayacucho - SEDA Ayacucho, improvements, odor control,
along with the National Uni- and sludge management,
versity San Cristóbal de Hua- thus benefiting thousands of
manga and the Technische Peruvians. The PMACC ini-
Universität Carolo-Wilhelmi- tiative was developed and im-
©WaCCLim na zu Braunschweig. This ini- plemented by WaCCliM and
tiative was facilitated by the PROAGUA II.
Obstacles Overcome sues are directly related to the most important thing is not to German development cooper-
Perception of higher costs, service provision, they were become paralyzed by the uni- ation, implemented by GIZ, as Next Steps
many service providers were more willing to participate in verse of parameters and just a collaboration between WaC- At the local level, SEDACUS-
not willing to incorporate mit- the process. start with the key ones. CliM and PROAGUA II. CO was struggling to find com-
igation and adaptation mea- Start with the easiest mea- Under this cooperation bined heat and power system
sures into their investment Lessons Learnt sures and progress in time, the framework between the WWU suppliers in the incipient local
projects because they imag- Assess effects and causal- PMACC methodology allowed and the academia, a study was market but is moving towards
ined that it would cost more ities, the PMACC methodol- the utilities’ personnel to un- carried out to assess the Totora coping with this issue by early
than conventional technology ogy validation showed that derstand the opportunities WWTP operating conditions, next year. In addition to this,
in the short and long term. cause-effect chains improve for service operation improve- under a climate change con- based on a study financed
Skepticism about subject the utilities’ personal under- ments, reflect on service level text, and based on this, im- by the WaCCliM project, SE-
relevance, many utilities’ per- standing of how the measure provided, identify multiple plement operational improve- DACUSCO has successfully
sonnel did not understand the (mitigation/ adaptation) can benefits and based on that ments as well as reducing attained a government grant
PMACC benefits, but when achieve the change and thus, make capital and operational carbon emissions. The study (1,56 million EUR) for re-
they understood how these is- improving both, the design decisions to increase resil- demonstrated that transform- placement and maintenance
of the measures and their fol- ience and reduce their carbon ing the existing Imhoff tanks of more efficient pumping
PROJECT FILE low-up during the implemen- footprint. into Upflow Anaerobic Sludge systems for Vilcanota water
Customer: Water Utilities tation phase. Link the measures to big- Blanket (UASB) reactors is supply system, thereby reduc-
Location: Peru In addition, it helps to visu- ger goals, climate mitigation technically feasible, under the ing additional 153,000 tons of
Service Provider: WaCCliM alize the multiple benefits of and adaptation measures are specific operating conditions, carbon in 30 years.
y PROAGUA II climate measures (e.g. energy not necessarily new practices, of Ayacucho´s Andean zone While SEDA Ayacucho has
Products/Technology efficiency, process optimiza- different from others already in Peru. In the future, the com- started transforming one of
Involved: Standardized tion, odor control, sludge man- carried out by the utility, but pany is considering installing the existing Imhoff tanks into
methodology and web- agement, and operating costs rather provide multiple bene- biogas collection and flared a UASB including a biogas col-
based tools reduction). fits. For instance, reduction of systems and thus achieving a lection and flared system.
Challenges: Lack of Monitor parameters accord- operating costs, operational total GHG reduction of about At the political level, the
tailor-made planning, ing to local needs, regarding efficiency, protection of water 43%. MVCS has started the process
methodology, and tools GHG monitoring it is import- resources, odor control, in- to improve the conditions that
Good Practice: Applying ant that utilities start with a crease of resilience as well as Best Practice allow a favorable environment
standardized methodology series of parameters appro- reducing their carbon emis- According to the current le- for implementing climate
and web-based tools for priate to their needs. Some sions. That is, how climate gal framework, WWUs in Peru measures in the water sector,
facilitating water and of the ECAM parameters are measures help to catalyze sec- are required to draw up their thus contributing to the 2030
wastewater utilities’ clim more advanced and may be toral national priorities as well climate change adaptation Agenda and NDC.
appropriate for the future. The as contribute to the country’s plans. Here, the WaCCliM proj-
ect supported to incorporate About the Contributor
mitigation in the short and The Water and Wastewater
long term sectoral planning. Companies for Climate Miti-
‘The simultaneous analysis gation (WaCCliM) project, is
of mitigation and adaptation a joint initiative between the
allows prioritizing actions Deutsche Gesellschaft für In-
taking into account co-ben- ternationale Zusammenarbeit
efits and avoiding counter (GIZ) and the International
effects. Before, there were no Water Association (IWA). This
standardized methodology project is part of the Interna-
and tools that could facilitate tional Climate Initiative (IKI).
the planning process or gen- The German Federal Ministry
erate a report to inform de- for the Environment, Nature
cision-makers. Applying this Conservation and Nuclear
virtual PMACC Guide facili- Safety (BMU) supports this
tates WWUs to draw up their initiative on the basis of a de-
PMACC, suitable to the differ- cision adopted by the German
Wastewater Treatment Plant in Ayacucho, Peru ©GIZ ent contexts, sizes, and loca- Bundestag.



Modification of a Leachate Treatment Plant

from Osmosis Technology to a Pollutant-
Reducing Process
The Riederberg landfill in Austria has cut its operations costs by 50%, saving €6
million during the remediation period by investing in a state-of-the-art high-
performance plus membrane bioreactor.
By WEHRLE Umwelt GmbH

fer capacity. Due to the high

inlet concentrations of the
leachate, two-stage osmosis
had to be installed in order to
observe the ammonia nitrogen
discharge concentrations. In
the first stage, the pH-stabi-
lized leachate was separated
into a permeate and a concen-
trate flow. As design point, 80
m3/d was the maximum daily
flow rate of the plant. Due to
the high inlet concentrations,
the permeate yields achieved
in the first stage using a filtra-
tion pressure of 65 bar were
only 50%. As a result, approx.
40 m3 of concentrate were pro-
duced every day, which had to
be disposed of externally at
The Wehrle BIOMEMBRAT® Plus Membrane Bioreactor Implemented at the Riederberg Facility has Significantly Reduced Running Costs at the
high costs.
Landfill. Since the permeate of the
first RO stage did not obtain
Introduction or combined with a biological postpone the problem but not Process Used to the necessary discharge quali-
Membrane technology pro- pre-treatment. In many coun- solve it. Concentrate Pollutants ty, it was treated again in a sec-
cesses have proven their re- tries, the concentrates pro- The problem can only be Description of the Two- ond stage and then discharged
liability for landfill leachate duced are recirculated into the solved sustainably if the am- Stage Reverse Osmosis into a subsequent sewage
treatment internationally. For landfill body since there is no monia nitrogen compounds For the treatment of the pro- treatment plant by observing
this purpose, the membrane possibility for external dispos- are removed and the chloride duced leachate, a two-stage the following limit values:
technology is either used as a al. The recirculation seems to concentrations are discharged containerized reverse osmosis o 200 mg/l NH4-N
concentration process or as a be a very inexpensive method by observing the fixed limit plant with plate modules was o 300 mg/l COD
supporting component for oth- of disposal, yet it is often not values. This article describes used for 10 years. After a me- o pH 6.5 … 9.5
er biological, chemical or phys- sustainable. The landfill body the modification of a leachate chanical pre-filtration, the feed
ical processes. If the leachate is is not able to fix or decompose treatment plant from a two- was directly led from the leach- Operating Conditions and
concentrated by using osmosis the monovalent compounds, stage osmosis plant with ex- ate balance tank to the plant. Costs
technology, the concentrates such as chloride and ammo- ternal concentrate disposal to Since the pH value of the raw Due to the very high sul-
produced have to be disposed nia nitrogen, which results in a process decomposing pollut- landfill leachate is too high for phuric acid dosage to adjust
of externally. Those disposal a concentration of those com- ants with subsequent chloride the operation of reverse osmo- the pH value, a perceptible
costs are the main cost factor pounds in the leachate. As a discharge by using nanofiltra- sis, the pH value was adjusted odor nuisance was produced
when using this technolo- consequence, the operation tion. (from approx. pH 8 to pH 6.5) by outgassing hydrogen sul-
gy for landfills. Apart from costs of the osmosis plant in- As the operation results by using sulphuric acid in high fide (H2S) and ammonia (NH3)
that, the osmosis technology crease and the permeate yield gathered in two years show, dosage. The sulphuric acid when temporarily storing the
achieves the best outlet con- significantly decreases. Also, the discharge requirements are consumption mainly depends concentrate in one of the stor-
centrations, especially in case a multi-stage construction fulfilled at favorable operation on the ammonia nitrogen con- age tanks. To counteract this
of a multi-stage construction or higher pressures can only costs. centration and the related buf- odor nuisance, the exhaust air



1). In the nitrification reac- differing from those of the

tors, the organic substances plant design phase.
and the nitrogen compounds The sludge retention by
contained in the leachate are using ultrafiltration allows to
oxidized by microbes while obtaining biomass concentra-
adding atmospheric oxygen. tions which correspond to the
The nitrate produced in the ni- four-fold to six-fold of those
trification is recirculated into achieved in a conventional
the denitrification and con- aeration tank. This makes it
verted to molecular nitrogen possible to reach high specific
by microbial transfer. substance conversions, com-
The surplus sludge pro- pact construction volumes and
duced during the biological decisive performance increas-
substance conversion is thick- es of the biological treatment.
ened by using a decanter, The sludge concentrate re-
which makes it possible to tained in the ultrafiltration is
achieve a volume reduction of continuously recirculated as
up to 85%. retentate into the denitrifica-
The biological treatment is tion reactor. There the biomass
completely covered over in is available again for the de-
order to maintain the reaction composition of the pollutants.
temperature in the biology Furthermore, the flow velocity
over 20°C also in winter. Other of the retentate is used for the
Figure 1: Graphical Illustration of the BIOMEMBRAT® Plus Process than conventional biological circulation of the denitrifica-
wastewater treatment process- tion.
of the storage tanks and the centrate had to be regularly gradable carbon compounds es, the separation of the bio- The outlet water from the
balance tank had to be treat- collected by road tankers. The and an ultrafiltration stage for mass from the treated effluent ultrafiltration (UF permeate)
ed by using a biofilter, which average was 1-2 road tankers the sludge separation. After is effected by membrane ultra- does not contain bacteria,
caused additional operation at 25 m3 per day, which caused that, the non-biodegradable filtration. This makes it possi- solids, and biologically active
costs. Besides, the apparatus disposal costs of about €100 organic compounds are sepa- ble to achieve complete reten- substances, which makes a
and aggregates and also the per cubic meter. rated by a nanofiltration stage tion of the biomass and thus a specific post-treatment to fur-
electrical components of the and removed from the system large removal of undissolved ther reduce the COD concen-
plant showed considerable Process Used to by using an activated carbon pollutants up to a particle size tration by using nanofiltration
corrosion due to the outgas- Decompose Pollutants stage. The nanofiltration per- < 0,02 μm. The bacteria and possible and simple. The reten-
sing in the osmosis containers Description of Membrane meate, produced properly and pollutants absorbed by the tion of dissolved salts is usual-
as well as the pollution of the Biology with Nanofiltration reliably, complies with the dis- activated sludge are properly ly 60 … 90%. Monovalent ions
interior and exterior air. This and Activated Carbon charge requirements. retained in the system. - such as chloride - can be re-
led to an increase in personnel, The BIOMEMBRAT® plus The biological treatment During periods of lower tained to a small extent and be
downtimes and higher mainte- Process is composed of a bio- plant is composed of a de- loads or, respectively, fewer discharged with the permeate.
nance costs. Since the concen- logical treatment stage for the nitrification stage upstream leachate production, the plant The NF permeate properly
trate could only be temporarily elimination of nitrogen com- and two cascaded nitrification can be operated in Low Energy complies with the discharge
stored for a few days, the con- pounds as well as the biode- reactors (not shown in Figure Mode (LE Mode). The LE Pro- limit values, also for heavy
cess was developed to ensure metals. The NF concentrate
an energy-saving operation of containing high COD loads
the ultrafiltration. Especially is treated by activated carbon
in the partial load operation, adsorption. For this purpose,
a significant cost reduction is reactivating activated carbons
possible due to the lower en- are used. Due to the concentra-
ergy consumption. The energy tion in the NF concentrate, very
reduction for the LE Process is high load values are achieved
achieved by reducing the flow in the adsorption stage. The
velocity in the filtration cycle. resulting cost savings when
The LE Process ensures high purchasing activated carbon
plant flexibility. The hydraulic lead to high cost-effectiveness
base load can be treated in LE of the whole system. The small
Mode. share of the NF concentrate is
Hydraulic load peaks are recirculated into the denitrifi-
absorbed by a higher superfi- cation after the activated car-
cial velocity in the Cross-Flow bon adsorption.
Mode. This feature saves in-
stalled membrane surface and, Treated Annual Leachate
consequently, investment and Volumes and Outlet
operation costs. The LE Pro- Concentrations
cess thus guarantees high op- The daily average to be treat-
erational stability, also in case ed by the BIOMEMBRAT® plus
Figure 2: BIOMEMBRAT® Plus: COD Inlet and Outlet Concentrations of wastewater characteristics plant is 65 m3/d, the maximum



scribed shows today’s possibil- has cut its operations costs

ities and cost-saving potentials by 50%, saving €6 million by
of a process modification. investing in a state-of-the-art
The biological treatment of high-performance plus Mem-
complex wastewaters has been brane Bioreactor (MBR).
further developed for different Depending on the discharge
applications in recent years.
As for leachate treatment, also
leachate concentrated in the PROJECT FILE
landfill body is treated by us- Customer: Riederberg
ing biological processes. The Landfill
plant described is only one Location: Austria
among many installed biolog- Service Provider: WEHRLE
ical plants which replaced the Umwelt GmbH
osmosis process or are later in- Products/Technology
stalled as pre-treatment stage Involved: Membrane
of an osmosis process. Bioreactor, Ultrafiltration,
In order to improve the cost Nanofiltration, and
situation and the sustainabil- Activated Carbon
ity of a leachate treatment Hydraulic Volume: 80 m3/d
plant, limit values regarding Leachate Treatment
the salt loads to be discharged Capacity/Year: 24,000 m3/
should be required in case of year
Figure 3: COD Leachate Concentration in the Inlet of Treatment Plant
discharge into sensitive waters
plant flow rate is 80 m3/d. In basement, which is shown as concentrate is not necessary only. limits, this technology can
the operation year 2013, the a collecting tray, the filtration anymore. Compared to the op- be installed with additional
annual flow rate was 28,144 units - ultrafiltration and nano- eration technology used from Case Study: The separation processes, such as
m3, which corresponds to an filtration, activated carbon ad- 2004 to 2011, the treatment Riederberg Landfill nanofiltration or reverse osmo-
average daily flow rate of 77 sorber, and the dosing stations costs could be reduced by ap- in Austria sis. The disadvantage of sepa-
m3/d. were installed. The upper story prox. 35%. The quality and quantity of ration technologies is the fact
The discharge limit values is equipped with the switch landfill leachate depend on that they produce a concen-
of 300 mg/l for COD, 200 mg/l cabinet, the control stand, as Summary the factors including climate, trate that needs to be disposed
for ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N) well as the rotary piston blow- Membrane technology is waste composition, landfill of - unless this concentrate is
as well as a pH value between ers. In order to avoid material used nowadays for many ap- age and type of landfill opera- treated with, for example, acti-
6.5 and 9.5 to comply with corrosion caused by the high plications. For landfill leach- tion, e.g. if the waste is being vated carbon, as they do so in
were fulfilled a 100% at any chloride content of the leach- ate treatment, ultrafiltration, pre-treated by a Mechanical the Riederberg plant.
time. ate, high-quality pumps, as nanofiltration, and osmosis Biological Treatment (MBT) Using separation technol-
By using the BIOMEM- well as high-grade stainless membranes are used. If the plant. These factors are often ogies alone, i.e. without bio-
BRAT® plus Process, COD re- steel, were used for the instal- membrane technology is not difficult to predict, which is logical pre-treatment, has not
moval rates of up to 97% and lation of the pipes. applied to support or increase why leachate treatment is of- proven to be economic over
NH4-N removal rates of up to As shown in Figure 3, the the performance of biological, ten excluded from the original a mid/long term period since
99% could be reached. COD concentrations of the chemical or physical processes, landfill planning. the concentrate (if returned to
leachate from the landfill body the disposal costs of the con- This, of course, neglects the landfill) increases the treat-
Operating Conditions are decreasing. The reduc- centrates produced have also the fact that the treatment of ment costs and increases the
and Costs tion of pollutants within the to be taken into consideration. leachate is required and over- leachate pollution over time to
Due to the space conditions BIOMEMBRAT® plus process A recirculation by involving all quite costly. Often this cost a level that is very difficult and
on site, only an area of 7 m x leads to a very sustainable op- the landfill body in the waste- factor becomes dominant, expensive to treat later.
14 m was available for the ma- eration. Since the leachate led water treatment cycle is often especially after a landfill is Naturally, it is not only the
chine hall of the leachate treat- in is discharged at almost 99% used. Yet this method is not closed and goes into the af- technology that decides on
ment plant. This is the reason from the BIOMEMBRAT® plus very sustainable and may lead ter-care period of at least 30 landfill operation costs and
why the BIOMEMBRAT® plus plant into the sewage treat- to a significant performance years. economics.
plant was built as two-story ment facility, the cost-inten- decrease of the installed plant A landfill operator can save Good advice from experts
construction in 2011. In the sive external treatment of the technology. The example de- an enormous amount of mon- that have experience with
ey by investing in a modern waste treatment technologies
and flexible treatment plant and landfills, as well as in dif-
that unloads the landfill by ferent climate zones and dif-
eliminating the organic pol- ferent waste characteristics is
lution in the leachate. For the important.
elimination of COD, BOD, and Good advice saves invest
ammonia, biological processes and operation costs, reduces
have been proven to be the best operational and environmen-
and most economical method. tal risks and assures an eco-
An example is the Riederberg nomic landfill life cycle with
landfill in Austria that, accord- a sustainable and future-proof
ing to an article in the local treatment of leachate and MBT
papers ‘Tiroler Tageszeitung’ effluents.



Lessons Learned: Starting the First On-

Demand, Gravity-Powered Ceramic Filtration
Plant in the United States
Starting a new state-of-the-art water treatment facility is always challenging, but
it’s even more difficult when the technology provider is working alone for the first
time in the United States. That was the situation operators faced when the Basin
Creek Water Treatment Plant went online last year in Butte, Montana.
By Nathan D. Kutil and James R. Keenan

The Basin Creek Water Treatment Plant went Online in May 2017 to Treat Water from the Basin Creek Reservoir (Figure
3), Once an Unfiltered Water Supply for Utte Silver Bow, Mont.

up to 40% of Butte’s annual in the mid-2000s. Before the Pump Station to the zone has
water use. filtration waiver was rescind- resulted in nearly 60% of the
On Dec. 31, 1991, the Mon- ed, HAA5 levels at sample city’s annual water use coming
tana Department of Health sites in the Basin Creek pres- from the Basin Creek supply
and Environmental Sciences sure zone climbed as high as rather the maximum 40% in
determined it wasn’t neces- 136 mg/L. Since the plant has the years before the new facili-
A Pressurized Ceramic Membrane Filtration Process was Selected After On- sary to filter the Basin Creek been online, the zone’s HAA5 ties. This has resulted in signif-
site Pilot Testing at the Basin Creek Reservoir.
supply. However, on August concentration has averaged icant savings compared with
18, 2010, the Montana Depart- less than 16 mg/L, even with the cost associated with deliv-
THE CITY AND COUNTY of in the need to add filtration to ment of Environmental Qual- recent raw water total organic ering water from the city’s Big
Butte-Silver Bow (BSB), Mon- the Basin Creek source, which ity issued Butte Silver Bow carbon sample results among Hole River source, which re-
tana, serves the public water led to the construction of the notice that the filtration avoid- the highest ever. quires pumping water over the
supply system from three Basin Creek Water Treatment ance status of the Basin Creek In addition to the lower Continental Divide - a distance
sources: the Big Hole River, Plant. source was being rescinded HAA5 levels, another benefit of nearly 26 miles.
Moulton Reservoir, and Basin The dam that forms the res- immediately because the max- realized since the plant has
Creek Reservoir. The Basin ervoir that supplies the new imum contaminant level for been in operation is the abil- Plant Specifics
Creek source has historically Basin Creek Water Treatment haloacetic acids (HAA5) was ity to maximize production Initial efforts focused on
operated as a surface water plant was completed in the exceeded. The reservoir’s or- from the city’s best quality and site selection, pilot testing, hy-
source with disinfection and 1890s. From then until the ganics had increased dramati- least expensive water source. draulic analysis, distribution
without filtration. However, an new plant’s construction, the cally because of a widespread Because the Basin Creek res- system modeling, and process
administrative order from the Basin Creek source operated die-off of trees resulting from ervoir supply often exceeds selection. Based on these ini-
Montana Department of En- as an unfiltered, on-demand, a mountain pine beetle infes- the Basin Creek pressure zone tial efforts, a pressurized mem-
vironmental Quality resulted gravity supply that provided tation that occurred in the area demand, adding the Southside brane filtration process was



Figure 1 Figure 2
Full-Scale TMP Results on Recovery Skid: As Shown in Figure 1, It Became Evident that Slight Residual Polymer Carryover onto the Recovery Skid had a Negative Impact on Permeability. Figure 2 Illustrates how the
Routine Backwash and Weekly CEB Effectively Maintained TMP.

selected, and ultimately BSB distribution system was also between the reservoir and the Backwash Recovery Mem- ity recoveries.
procured membrane equip- part of the project. Because the distribution system causes the brane
ment from an international Basin Creek zone is the lowest flow rate through the plant to Based on the limited pilot Milky Water
manufacturer. pressure zone in the system, increase and match the system data collected, it was deter- Throughout most of the
The new facility has a firm there are times when oper- demand. Thus, the WTP func- mined that backwash recovery start-up and commissioning
capacity of 7 MGD. The treat- ators choose to pump water tions as an on-demand facility. was feasible. During the first phase, the plant was started up
ment process includes fine produced by the new WTP to In 2014, following the few months of operation, it each morning, and sequence
straining, chemical injection upper zones. The pump station award to procure the ceram- became evident that slight re- testing and troubleshooting
with hydraulic jet rapid mix- is equipped with a flow meter ic membranes, a pilot study sidual polymer carryover onto were conducted for 8 to 10
ing, pressurized hydraulic that constantly monitors the was conducted to evaluate the the recovery skid had a nega- hours each day. Testing was
detention, ceramic membrane flow into the low zone served membrane system’s ability to tive impact on permeability, as generally only conducted four
filtration, corrosion control by the WTP. The pumps also treat source water from the shown in Figure 1. days per week because of the
capabilities, and finished wa- have a flow meter and run Basin Creek Reservoir and to Considering the facility membrane manufacturer’s
ter disinfection. Residuals on their VFDs to maintain an verify the contracted design was designed to recover the personnel traveling home for
handling processes include in- operator-entered daily flow. parameters for the full-scale backwash, residuals handling the weekends.
clined plate settling, backwash For instance, if the operators (7 MGD) system. The primary systems were sized based on As warmer weather ap-
recovery, ceramic membrane wish to make 7 MGD and the piloting effort focused on ad- an elevated recovery. As a re- proached and the city’s water
filtration, sludge holding, and demand in the low zone is 4 justing the coagulant dosage to sult, it became crucial to find a demand increased, it was de-
residuals pumping. MGD, then the pumps will run result in the desired CIP inter- solution to offset recovery skid cided that testing should be
Downstream from the fil- at 3 MGD. Thus, they can effec- vals, providing a baseline for permeability decline. Soaking conducted 24 hours per day
tration process, finished water tively set the demand for a sta- the chemical systems design the membranes in 1,000-ppm for a minimum of several days
pumping isn’t required under ble operating condition at the and verifying membrane war- chlorine solution proved to in a row. The filtered water
most scenarios. The hydrau- new WTP while moving water ranty parameters. A secondary be the solution, and program- from the plant was discharged
lics (dependent on the degree to the upper zones. goal was to assess the viability ming was modified to employ from an outfall just short of
of filter fouling, water surface of using synthetic polymer to weekly CEB. where the water would even-
elevation in the reservoir, and System Details thicken backwash waste, as Although this change solved tually enter the distribution
flow rate) allow for complete The membrane filtration backwash waste would then be the transmembrane pressure system. It was observed that
gravity flow through the Water system operates on a four- to filtered with a recovery mem- (TMP) problem, it was a chem- the water discharged from the
Treatment Plant (WTP) and six-hour backwash interval brane skid. ical and time demand that outfall was milky and clearly
into the distribution system. with a weekly Chemically En- wasn’t necessary. An alternate contained a lot of entrained
For scenarios when finished hanced Backwash (CEB) and Start-Up Challenges approach was attempted in
water pumping is required, a six-month Clean-In-Place Many projects use a sched- which programming was al-
Filter Effluent (FE) pumps (CIP) interval. A backwash re- ule to determine project suc- tered to cut flow to the recov-
pull suction from a standpipe, covery thickening system and cess. When it comes to starting ery skid during any sequence
which retains any residual an associated membrane skid a new facility, the schedule can on one of the recovery racks
pressure available following provide 99.95% overall water influence whether the start-up rather that pumping the full The team
filtration. The FE pumps are
sized to meet minimum and
Flow control is accom-
will be successful. Because of
an administrative order to fil-
flow set point through the on-
line rack while the other was worked tirelessly
maximum system demand plished by the interaction ter the Basin Creek source, the unavailable. When the full to solve each
using Variable-Frequency between distribution system WTP’s start-up began during flow was going through one problem, and
Drives (VFDs) and pump
control valves. The FE pumps
water demand and plant hy-
draulics. If water demand
the project’s construction
phase. This led to many logis-
rack, the TMP would increase
dramatically and never fully the facility has
discharge to a standpipe to decreases, it causes pressure tical challenges, resulting in recover when the other rack been making
provide the exact pressure and in the WTP to rise and the fil- an eight-month start-up and came back online. Since this water flawlessly
flow rate required in the distri-
bution system.
tration rate to decrease. When
system demand increases, a
commissioning phase, with
the WTP finally going online
change, the extended (over-
night) CEB soak hasn’t been ever since it
A new pump station in the greater differential pressure on May 16, 2017. needed to achieve overall facil- went online.



Figure 3

went online, the membranes the effort takes place during

had already been processing construction and the facility
water for nearly eight months is the first of its kind. Some of
with no CIP conducted. From the difficulties encountered
May 16, 2017, to Oct. 20, 2017, were controllable, and some
the facility produced drinking were beyond control. Regard-
water for the community, and less, the team worked tirelessly
still, no CIP was conducted. to solve each problem, and the
Routine backwash and week- facility has been making water
ly CEB effectively maintained flawlessly ever since it went
TMP as shown in Figure 2. online.
The membrane procure-
ment contract required an About the Authors
acceptance test to prove the Nathan D. Kutil is with
system would operate as in- HDR Engineering, Missou-
tended. The primary metric la, Mont. James R. Keenan is
for a successful acceptance test with Butte Silver Bow Water
was centered around the dura- Utility, Butte, Mont.
tion between CIPs. Consider- Source: This article origi-
ing the WTP ran for nearly a nally appeared in the Novem-
During the Startup Process, Treated Water Discharged from an Outfall was Milky and Clearly Contained a Lot of En-
trained Air. Eventually, it was Determined the Air was Being Introduced During a Backwash Sequence. year without a CIP, everyone ber 2018 issue of Opflow, the
agreed the acceptance test water industry’s most popular
air. mined the air was being in- step was followed with a large would provide little benefit to resource on operations issues
At first, the cause of the en- troduced during the backwash volume of air. Although there the owners. The first CIP took published by the American
trained air was unknown. Sev- sequence. was a lot of trial and error place in the spring of 2018, Water Works Association
eral theories were considered, During backwash, the back- to determine the problem’s mainly because the operators (AWWA). The award-winning
but eventually, it was deter- wash supply tank is filled with cause, the solution was simply wanted fully recovered perme- monthly magazine presents
the filtrate and pressurized a change in programming that ability going into the summer new and established technolo-
with air to approximately 72 shortened the sequence dura- months. gies and ideas that readers can
PROJECT FILE psi. Subsequently, the pres- tion. apply to water treatment and
Customer: City and County surized filtrate’s flow was re- Practice Makes Perfect distribution as well as waste-
of Butte-Silver Bow (BSB) versed from the filtrate side Membrane Acceptance Test- The start-up and commis- water operations. Opflow
Location: Basin Creek Water of the membrane to the raw ing sioning of a new membrane is a benefit for members of
Treatment Plant, Butte-Sil- water side of the membrane to The start-up period last- WTP are always time-con- AWWAIndia and a valued re-
ver Bow, Montana, USA dislodge accumulated contam- ed several months while the suming and, if done correctly, source for water professionals
Products/Technology In- inants. After a couple of days membranes treated raw water results in a few outstanding around the world. To join AW-
volved: Membrane Filtra- of trial and error, it was dis- from Basin Creek Reservoir operational glitches after the WAIndia, visit
tion System, Water Treat- covered the pressurization and (although the water wasn’t facility is brought online. This To view the original article,
ment Plant (WTP) backwash steps were lasting used in the distribution sys- project proved that the chal- see
too long, and the reverse-flow tem). By the time the new WTP lenges are even greater when opfl.1098.



Leakage Detection and Management in

Municipal Water Supply Network
Leakage losses (non-revenue water) are often in excess of 30% and in some
instances, more than 40%. Such losses of our precious resources are not affordable.
By Prakash Muthuswamy
we find cost-effective and reli- portable flow meter was used count for the volume of water
able monitoring solutions. The to measure flows in a pipeline treated and dispatched from
solutions that can work within for Coimbatore Corporation, the Water Treatment Plant
our constraints such as: resulting and identification (WTP) cannot be matched
• N on-contact flow measure- and repair of a leak. with the consumption records
ment with clamp-on or inser- Details of 24 hours wa- from the network.
tion type sensors, minimiz- ter supply study, from Anna Our next-generation in-
ing pipeline modifications; frastructure upgrades will
• Easy installation in minutes give India the opportunity to
leading to quick availability record consumption, detect
of data; leaks and manage better, with
• B i-directional flow measure- appropriate selection of me-
ment to help account for tering technology. A contract
water accurately in networks to detect and stop NRW might
with many inter-connec- give immediate relief from the
tions; reduction of Non-Revenue Wa-
• No need to modify pipes, Nagar, a residential locality in ter (NRW). But long-term reli-
saving in chamber construc- Coimbatore, reveal that water able metering will be essential
The Background us slow in responding to situ- tion, space limitations, etc; flow velocities and pressures for 24x7 reliable water supply.
India has been going ations like pipeline bursts and • Extremely cost-effective, par- tend to be quite low. Appro- Our cities need to deploy
through times of water scarci- major losses of water. ticularly in larger sizes; priate metering technology concepts such as District Me-
ty, deficient rainfalls and sum- It is observed that water net- • Low velocity flows (0.01 m/ should be deployed to ensure tering, illustrated below, to
mer months of severe drought work managers tend to shut sec) measured. Good for leak reliable performance at low record consumption patterns
in many states. Water, which down the distribution systems detection, particularly while velocities, found in our munic- area-wise and quickly and ef-
was a generously available re- for several hours each day, and monitoring night-time, qui- ipal water networks. fectively close local leaks.
source for our country is now operate at very low pressures escent leakage flows;
seen as a critical resource. and flow velocities, to ensure • Suitable for various pipe siz- GI Pipe Reading in Anna Leveraging Technology
Governments are taking steps minimal losses through leaks es and materials, as our wa- Nagar Near Singanallur The technology needs to be
to conserve water and manage and to maximize the avail- ter networks are established Bus Stand Coimbatore leveraged for easy, secure, on-
our resources better. These ability of water for citizens. across many decades with line availability of data for our
efforts are also reflecting on Operations are difficult when pipes manufactured under water managers, easing their
Measur- Anna Nagar
our “Smart City” efforts, as we not backed by appropriate different standards; management burden of ensur-
ing Point Water Tank
endeavor to build 24x7 water technology monitoring instru- • Avoiding interruption to the
supply systems for many of ments. water supply for metering in- Pipe Grey Cast Iron
our cities. Presently some of our cities stallation; Outer 337.00 mm
Leakage losses (non-reve- are pursuing metering, conser- • No problems if the pipes Diameter
nue water) are often in excess vation/ loss minimization and are under tension and there
of 30% and in some instances, revenue generation options, is no risk of damage to the Wall 16.5 mm
more than 40%. Such losses of starting from water supply pipeline; and Thickness
our precious resources are not sources, into treatment plants, • Sensor can be directly bur-
affordable. Further, other con- distribution networks, district ied… no need for chambers Metering Solution
sequent losses include treat- metering areas, and domestic to be built, thus saving con- Velocities above 0.5 m/s
ment and energy losses, mak- metering. The available tech- struction costs. were observed only for very
ing our water management nologies, if properly utilized, Thus smart monitoring is short durations in the water
operations not sustainable. can bring India to the forefront one where the current needs distribution network. It is crit-
Our cities are generally not in terms of efficient water of the country are addressed, ical that the selected metering
well equipped with bulk trans- management by leveraging embracing flexibility, stan- equipment are specified to
mission metering, so we are technology. dardization, and adaptability measure under such low veloc-
unaware of where and how to local site conditions. ities. Otherwise, the installed
much are the losses. Inade- Monitoring Needs metering equipment would
quate monitoring, warning For sustainable water man- The Case Study read lower velocity flows as
and alarm systems also make agement, it is imperative that This is an instance where zero flows. The struggle to ac-



sans control rooms; and

• P
 lanning and design of new
network section.
The systems can facilitate
an exact recording of water
consumption from the wa-
ter source (such as reservoir
catchments) using appropriate
bulk water metering. Down-
stream, consumption patterns
in terms of transmission net-
work pressures and flows can
be recorded and compared to
highlight deviations. Metering
data from each DMA need to
Volume of Flow Graph
be compared against expect-
ing precious water availability ed (designed) consumption keep track of NRW lost in sive monitoring of water net- About the Author
for the public. We would need patterns. Metering will thus bulk transmission, works, help identify losses Prakash Muthuswamy is
to see key performance indica- continuously reveal volumes • Bulk water transmission and open up significant po- the Managing Partner at AuM
tors such as the daily volume of non-revenue water lost in data, compared against tential for NRW reduction. Systems. He is PMP Certified
of water consumed, energy per the network. DMA consumption, will help Open-technology, reliable with an experience of over two
unit volume of water, water With modern domestic ascertain losses in distribu- metering at all levels as well decades in water & wastewa-
quality etc. It might be worth water metering with Auto- tion networks, as an appropriate integration ter sector, particularly on the
for our smart cities to compete matic Meter Reading (AMR) • Finally, DMA metering com- strategy and specifications can state-of-the-art RO desalina-
in terms of sustainable munic- systems, area-wise consump- pared online with “smart” help India make giant strides tion plants for potable water
ipal water systems. India could tion data and patterns will be
well be an example for others available, which can on-line
to emulate. The need of the be interfaced with bulk water
hour is: management SCADA systems,
thereby facilitating direct com-
PROJECT FILE parison of domestic consump-
Customer: Coimbatore Cor- tion patterns with distribution
poration network metering.
Location: Coimbatore, Tam-
il Nadu, India Conclusions
Service Provider: AuM Sys- Reliable metering, along
tems with on-line monitoring, oper-
Products/Technology In- ation and alarm management
volved: Flow Meters, AMR, of modern, open-technology
SCADA SCADA systems and data an-
alytics will give benefits of
improved Municipal water
• Ensuring security of water management, in 4 layers, with
supply for the public, indus- following capabilities:
tries and fire services; • Raw water in-take measure-
• Efficient operation of the ments, along with the Water The SCADA System
network; Treatment Plant (WTP) in-
• Identification of areas with flows and outflows will help domestic (AMR) metering in cost-effective water man- and MBR Plants for wastewa-
high non-revenue water ra- analyze losses in raw water data, will give comprehen- agement. ter treatment.
tios; supply and WTP,
•Web-based monitoring sys- • Treated water discharge
tems with intuitive graphical compared with bulk water
user interfaces for operations storage facilities, will help

Velocity Graph



A Town in Maharashtra is Building a Sustainable

Water Supply through Smart Water Metering
Shirpur Warwade became the first city in India to implement smart water meters
with AMR across the town and the amount of water savings they have made are
By Kriti S. Golwalla

washing vehicles with oodles

of water was a common sight PROJECT FILE
in the town. During our initial Customer: Shirpur Munici-
assessment, we discovered pal Council
that there was high wastage of Location: Shirpur Warwade,
water due to the intermittent Dhule, Maharashtra, India
supply, huge workforce and Service Provider: Kamstrup
time spent on revenue collec- Products/Technology In-
tion and consumers were quite volved: Ultrasonic Smart
resistant to the new metering Metering
As no one was accountable Shirpur municipal council
to pay as per their consump- wanted to efficiently mea-
tion, there was excess water sure, monitor and manage
usage and a high number of consumption and introduce
unauthorized connections re- fair billing mechanism for
sulting in the theft of water. their residential and commer-
Due to the intermittent supply, cial customers. Shirpur is the
the pipeline network was vul- first-ever smart water-meter-
nerable to bursts and leakages ing project at the city level in
and very little attention was the country until date. Their
paid towards repairs, as timely focus was on the quality and
information was never avail- durability of the meters and a
able. Moreover, it took more dependable Automatic Meter
Citizens of Shirpur Expressing Their Content with the New Metering Solution
than 2 months to take meter Reading solution with long-
readings, prepare and distrib- term operations and mainte-
ute bills, thereby consistent nance and Kamstrup checked
SHIRPUR WARWADE IS a ates revenue. expenditure. Kamstrup’s ul- delay in collections. all the boxes.
progressive town located in “In 2013, we set out on a trasonic smart metering tech- “Since the beginning of The complete solution con-
Dhule district in the north mission to create a sustain- nology came out to be a clear meter installation in 2014, sists:
of Maharashtra. With a sheer able water supply for the en- winner amongst many other, we were actively involved • flowIQ®2101 ultrasonic
population of around 80,000, tire town and we were on the primarily due to the accuracy with the council as a change smart water meter,
Shirpur is a well-known name lookout for a solution that not and reliability our meters of- management partner. We con- • USB meter reader with an-
in the education and innova- only solves the problems of fer throughout their lifespan. ducted training sessions and tenna,
tion industry. One of the re- today but also ensures smart Additionally, the Automatic reading trials for the coun- • Meter reading software,
markable projects undertaken water management for years Meter Reading (AMR) solution cil employees to empower • 3rd party integration with
by the city council to ensure to come. After careful evalua- drastically reduces the manual them with grievance handling billing software, and
sustainable development was tion and scrutiny, we selected effort and error, therefore im- mechanism, and even pre- • 10 years O&M with an ex-
the 24x7 water supply scheme the ultrasonic metering tech- proving process efficiency and pared demos for the citizens to tended warranty.
launched in 2013. Earlier, cit- nology and the AMR system reducing costs. ensure transparency and trust “The government directive
izens of Shirpur received in- offered by Kamstrup, and we between the council and its is to provide 135 LPCD to each
termittent water supply, which have been extremely satisfied A Journey Filled citizens”, says Suneel Bham- citizen and a key success fac-
led to improper water usage, with their performance so far”, with Challenges bere, Director, Kamstrup India tor in achieving this has been
and there was no mechanism says Amrishbhai Patel, MLC, Shirpur lies in a drought- operations. the installation of Kamstrup
available for tracking the exact Shirpur. prone area in Maharashtra, smart meters. Seeing the per-
consumption. Thereby, reeling Smart metering was a crit- therefore insufficient water A Holistic Solution to formance of the meter and its
under the constant pressure ical component for achiev- supply, depleting rainfalls Achieve Operational durability, we have taken in-
for effective demand manage- ing fair billing, managing and extreme summer heat are Efficiency surance for all the meters that
ment and building a sustain- revenues with respect to the common. Yet dripping pipes, In its endeavor to give each not only benefits the munici-
able water supply that gener- cost of production and other spilling water on the roads, household clean water 24x7, pality but the citizens are also



spiration to all the municipal

corporations, councils, water
supply boards, and even smart
cities. In the last 2 years of
meter reading, the council has
realized many unauthorized
connections and converted
them to authorized one, there-
by adding accountability at
each step. A lot of effort went
in generating awareness about
water conservation, consump-
tion-based billing, and it has
benefited the citizens as well
as the council. The number
of high volume consumers
shows a sharp decline and the
otherwise low consumption
consumers are seen on the
map due to the transparent
and automatic meter reading
“Generally, we see a huge
spike in the consumption of
Meter Readers from SWMC Flashing Their AMR Device and Ease of Data Collection water in May as compared to
April due to the summer sea-
reassured of any obligations”, porting purposes. The rigorous used to issue yearly bills on Shirpur after they experienced son but this time, due to cus-
says Amol Bagul, Chief Officer, activity that went on for the a fixed rate. With Kamstrup a year with the new smart tomer awareness and meter
Shirpur-Warwade Municipal next 6 months resulted in the meters and AMR system, we metering system. A common installation, we have been to
Council (SWMC). Addition- following: are recording monthly reading sentiment discovered was that actually save 1.5 crore liters of
ally, smart alarms help detect • Comparative analysis of and issuing quarterly bills on customers were worried earli- water in May” shares, Amol Ba-
any incidents like leak, burst, water consumption pattern a volume consumption basis. er that their water bills will in- gul, CO, SWMC.
dry. post meter installation Therefore, it is easier to track crease after meter installation Kamstrup’s vision is to cre-
The installation started in • Difference in water con- and customer complaints have but that vanished after seeing ate progress for others, we are
2014 and there was no looking sumption of residential and reduced a lot”, says Shri Ulhas their exact consumption read- glad that with our smart me-
back for the council and for commercial connections Agarwal, HOD - Water Sup- ings. Each one showed a com- tering solution we have been
Kamstrup. We encountered the • Consumer Segmentation as ply, SWMC. There is ease of mitment to conserve water. able to contribute in estab-
issues relentlessly - one of the per high, medium and low operation in day-to-day tasks “We now know how much lishing trust and transparency
interesting ones was narrow water consumption and supply process efficiency water we are consuming on a between the utility and con-
daily basis and we are using it sumers, not only in India but
carefully. Even with the scarci- worldwide.
ty of water and depleting rain-
fall, we are assured that we will
have an equitable supply of
water as we are paying as per
lanes and dense housing in- • B
 ased on the above analysis seen within the council that consumption and this meter
frastructure, which made it im- the council formed the bill- translates into an increased is very useful for that” says,
possible to install the meters ing policy based on telescop- level of service from the field Harish Mahajan, a citizen of
in the traditional horizontal ic rates service department and boost Shirpur.
position. Nevertheless, thanks employee performance and Mrs. NK Devre is a teacher
to the ultrasonic technology, Value Creation morale. by profession and she said,
Kamstrup meters work perfect- at Each Step “Earlier we used to supply “Earlier, we had to wait long
ly well in any direction; there- Shirpur began the official 120 lakh liters of water per hours and plan our daily
fore, the meters were installed cycle for water bills from April day but now we need to sup- chores as per the water tim-
in a vertical position. The 2018 and they are already ply only 80 lakh liters every ings but with 24x7 water sup-
Operations and Maintenance seeing tremendous results. day, therefore, we are saving ply, we do not have to worry About the Author
(O&M) began in January 2017 The smart meters supplied a lot of water. Moreover, we about managing our schedule Kriti S. Golwalla is a pas-
and with that meter data col- by Kamstrup measure water used to take 2 months to issue anymore. As we are certain of sionate marketer who enjoys
lection also started. It took a consumption with pinpoint water bills but now with AMR regular water supply, we un- working closely with custom-
lot of collaborative effort with accuracy and overcome all the system, it takes only 4-5 days derstand the importance of ers. As Marketing Manager
the council and the contractor, shortcomings of traditional including reading, billing and water and we are committed to for India and the Middle East
Balraj Tech for physical meter/ meters like air measurement, bill distributions. Hence, sav- using it wisely.” region at Kamstrup, her focus
consumer data verification, low flow challenges, the life- ing a lot of time,” says, Madhav is on developing new markets
creating DMA and sub-DMA time of the meter, recalibration Patil, City Engineer, SWMC. Conclusion and customer segments and
for master data preparation for and repair every few years. We had the opportunity to The case of Shirpur’s smart identify innovative ways to
efficient meter reading and re- “Shirpur Nagar Parishad interact with the citizens of water management is an in- interact and engage with them.



Helping Quantify the Most Critical Flood-

Prone Areas in Portugal
Bentley OpenFlows FLOOD was the software used as the integrated modeling
capability to estimate the flood characteristics and the associated inundated maps.
22 critical areas were identified, promoting more effective risk mitigation and
resilience actions.
By Bentley Systems

The Image Shows the Maximum Water Depth for Three Different Return Periods.

Project Objectives the definition of the neces- climate change. tion and the urbanization of ularized through reservoirs
sary actions to reduce expo- Severe rainfall conditions flood zones) can also increase with the capacity to laminate
• T o provide flood inundation sure to those flood events. that lead to floods are asso- the impacts from flooding. or to fit the volumes of the
and flood risk maps for a ciated with atmospheric in- In mainland Portugal, flood floods that are attenuating the
Portuguese territory and to Flooding and stability which, in mainland events occur in many different flow.
properly quantify inunda- Inundations in Portugal: Portugal, usually occurs from zones. The hydrological regime
tion probabilities and asso- Past and Present autumn to spring. Yet, the most significant of small watercourses in Por-
ciated risks for the existing River flooding affects more However, the climatic events occur in the hydro- tugal is usually torrential.
and future infrastructures, people worldwide than any change is precipitating the graphic basins of large and During part of the year, the
human health, economic other natural hazard, with an river flooding events in Eu- medium-sized rivers. The flow is null (or almost null)
activities, and the environ- estimated global annual aver- rope, particularly in western Tagus, Douro, and Sado rivers and years pass by without the
ment. age loss of USD 104 billion. Europe, according to a study have a long history of floods, beds overflowing.
• To support the creation of Such damages are expected published in Science. frequently reported in the me- In contrast, in the case of
the Inundation Risk Man- to increase as a result of con- Constant modifications in dia. intense precipitation, surface
agement Plans, including tinued economic growth and soil use (including deforesta- Other river basins are reg- runoff reaches a high veloci-



cords near the flood zone, hy- Regarding the boundary

FAST FACTS drological modeling has been conditions, a schematic vari- PROJECT FILE
developed to estimate flood able hydrograph was imposed Customer: Portuguese
•T  wenty-two critical zones were identified. peak flows. in the riverside to represent Environment Agency
• Three different scenarios (20, 100, 1,000 years of For this, the MOHID Land the flood rise as a function of Location: Portugal
return periods) are considered, and using Bentley model, provided by Bentley different flows and velocities. Service Provider:
OpenFlows FLOOD integrated flood modeling OpenFlows FLOOD, was used. In the critical areas under Bentley Systems
to generate multiple inundation maps. In the four remaining zones, the tidal influence, the im- Products/Technology
• Modeled scenarios were used to obtain flood the peak flows were obtained posed sea level considered Involved: OpenFlows
risk maps split in seven Flood Risk Management by analyzing the existing hy- was the average height from FLOOD Software System
Plans covering the Portuguese mainland. drometric records. The deter- two consecutive spring tides;
• The completed model allowed us to project mination of the inundated and in the estuarine zones, ble of preventing, protecting,
customized actions to reduce the risk levels zones was obtained through an overelevation (represent- and mitigating the potential
and to increase societal resilience. the hydraulic modeling of the ing the storm surge from the effects derived from future
superficial runoff. atmospheric pressure, wind, flood events in the next 20
ROI This determination enables and waves) was also consid- years.
the flood flow characteristics ered. All these actions were later
 odel-based decision-making for flood risk to be estimated. A set of 22 flood risk criti- included in the different In-
management increased effectiveness and reliability. Hazard mapping was also cal zones were assessed under undation Risk Management
obtained, integrating maxi- three different return periods Plans developed by the APA
mum depth and associated (20, 100, and 1,000 years). as an important management
ty, with the specific flow rates the face of floods. Additional- velocity. Multiple inundation maps instrument.
of the centenary floods being ly, the APA applies measures For all the zones to be mod- were generated. The identification of the
very high. to create alert systems to pro- eled, two-dimensional mod- Models have also been run most critical areas and infra-
tect people and assets. els were implemented, using for calibration and validation structures allowed them to ef-
The Legal and The APA is also the main MOHID Land (for the inland for historic events. ficiently prioritize the imple-
Institutional Context national entity responsible for waters) and MOHID Water mentation of specific actions,
In the aftermath of the the effective implementation (applied to estuarine zones). Using Flood Marks from which is particularly relevant
damaging floods in Central of the European directive in These 2D models are based Previous Incidents when resources are scarce.
Europe between 1998 and Portugal. on the equation of conserva- The existing marks in infra-
2004, the European Union The implementation took tion of mass and conservation structure that were recorded About the Contributor
initiated a process of studying place as a result of the elabo- of momentum in two horizon- from previous flood events Bentley Systems is the lead-
the phenomenon, as well as ration and application of flood tal directions. have been compared with the ing global provider of software
developed mitigation and ad- risk management plans, which With these models, the bed simulated scenarios. solutions to engineers, archi-
aptation procedures to reduce was only possible after the is discretized with high-reso- Although some of these tects, geospatial professionals,
Europe’s vulnerabilities in the mapping of inundation zones lution finite element meshes, marks did not specifically constructors, and owner-op-
event of floods. and flood risks. determining the components refer to the instant or the as- erators for the design, con-
By creating these proce- Bentley OpenFlows FLOOD of the flow velocity in the hor- sociated flow, this qualitative struction, and operations of
dures, the European Union was the software used as the izontal plane and considering analysis allowed the team to infrastructure. Bentley’s Mi-
sought to reduce harmful con- integrated modeling capabil- the respective average value make a positive comparison croStation-based engineering
sequences. ity to estimate the flood char- according to the vertical. between the modeled and and BIM applications, and its
As a result, the European acteristics and the associated At each study site, the vari- measured water heights, en- digital twin cloud services,
Commission developed a new inundated maps. ous available topographic data abling them to validate the advance the project delivery
strategy that led to the publi- sources were collected and in- models. (ProjectWise) and the asset
cation of a directive (2007/60/ Used Data and tegrated (including a 0.5-me- performance (AssetWise) of
EC) on the assessment and Considered Scenarios ter resolution from LIDAR in The Bottom Line: transportation and other pub-
management of flood risks. and Model Engine some areas). Quantified Risks lic works, utilities, industri-
This directive was trans- The modeling approach Also, interpolation meth- Promote Suitable al and resources plants, and
posed into national laws, es- used to delineate the inundat- ods were used to describe the Actions and commercial and institutional
tablishing a national frame- ed areas depends on the base- floodplains with the greatest Prioritization facilities.
work for the assessment and line information and on the detail possible. The generated inundation Bentley Systems employs
management of flood risks, specificities of each region. Based on the topographic maps allowed for the develop- more than 3,500 colleagues,
with the aim of reducing the The estimation of flood in- data available and the needs ment of a realistic risk assess- generates annual revenues of
harmful consequences asso- undated zones is contingent for each specific zone, the ment for the areas of study, USD 700 million in 170 coun-
ciated with this phenomenon upon the selection of the flood computational meshes adopt- resulting in the same number tries, and has invested more
for health (including human peak flows for the different re- ed varied between 2 meters of flood risk maps. than USD 1 billion in research,
losses), the environment, cul- turn periods being studied. and 40 meters, with the most The flood risk quantifica- development, and acquisitions
tural heritage, infrastructure, In the eight areas with de- frequent resolution being tion integrated the hazard since 2012. From inception in
and economic activities. fault flows provided by the 10x10 meters. mapping, which was modeled 1984, the company has re-
In Portugal, the Portuguese APA, the flood peak flows The number of computa- from inundation maps and mained majority-owned by its
Environmental Agency (APA), provided were considered di- tional points for the different the exposure obtained from five founding Bentley broth-
which is the National Author- rectly. grid meshes varied between the consequence mapping. ers. Bentley shares transact by
ity for Water, is responsible In the 10 areas where the 101,500 and 1,402,800. The quantified risk maps invitation on the NASDAQ Pri-
for flood management at a na- watershed does not show sig- All the data processing was for all those critical areas pro- vate Market; strategic partner
tional level, as well as adopt- nificant regularization and/or done inside Bentley Open- vided valuable instruments to Siemens AG has accumulated
ing coordination measures in does not have hydrometric re- Flows FLOOD. project suitable actions capa- a non-voting minority stake.



A Sewerage Treatment Plant at Salori

Allahabad for Uttar Pradesh Jal Nigam
The Sewerage Treatment Plant of 14,000 m3/day capacity was commissioned under
the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG).
By UEM India

Primary Treatment Unit (Fine Screen)

day sewerage treatment treated water into the river

plant with a pumping sta- Ganges.
tion on a turnkey basis us-
ing the modern technology Our Proposed Solution
on the NMCG platform. - The 14,000 m3/day
o Satisfying the required treat- STP Project Using
ed water quality, BOD*1 < SBR Technology
10 mg/L; TSS*2 < 10 mg/L; o E xecutes the 14,000 m3/day
COD*3 < 100 mg/L; pH*4: sewerage treatment plant
5.5 to 9 [*1: BOD: Biochem- project on a turnkey basis
ical Oxygen Demand, *2: using the proven modern
Parshall Flume Channel
TSS: Total Suspended Sol- SBR technology.
ids, *3: COD: Chemical Oxy- o Ensures high quality treat-
Customer Overview ges as one of its activities with nation of the Ganges under gen Demand, *4: pH: Poten- ed water is discharged into
NMCG - A Central Govern- the aims of developing and the aegis of NMCG is one such tial of Hydrogen]. the Ganges as per the latest
ment Body and UPJN - A regulating water supply and platform where joint efforts o Discharging high-quality norms of CPCB.
State Body sewerage services in the whole are made by the central and
NMCG is an independent state except the cantonment state governments, urban local
body of the government of areas. bodies and private sectors to
India, which has been con- create a synergy for the success
stituted to take measures for Current Issue in India of the ‘Clean India’ initiative.
prevention, control and abate- Majority of Wastewater Dis- The 14,000 m3/day sewerage
ment of environmental pollu- charged without Treatment treatment plant in Salori, Al-
tion in the Ganges and to en- India with the world’s sec- lahabad is one of the projects
sure continuous adequate flow ond largest population is ad- commissioned under this ini-
of water so as to rejuvenate the vancing rapidly. However, a tiative and supported by the
Ganges. Meanwhile, UPJN is large part of the population World Bank.
the state body in charge of ex- does not have access to drink-
ecuting the projects related to ing water and proper sanita- Meeting the Customer’s
water and wastewater in the tion because the vast majority Requirements
state of Uttar Pradesh. Found- of wastewater is discharged o M
 eeting the requirements
ed in 1975, UPJN enforces and without treatment into water from UPJN to design, pro-
implements the mandate of resources, such as rivers, lakes, vide, construct, install and
NMCG to rejuvenate the Gan- and groundwater. The rejuve- commission the 14,000 m3/ SBR Fill and Draw Basic Theory



Being chosen as a partner for the

government’s Clean Ganga initiative
reflects on our expertise in wastewater
treatment and the extensive O&M
experience we have gained through
significant contracts in other Indian cities.
The Salori Allahabad project is a testimony
to our expertise in commissioning similar
projects and managing the technology
& funding structure and reinforces our
already strong record for delivering
cost-effective solutions for wastewater
Sludge Dewatering Unit management. With UEM’s experience
o Satisfies the treated wa- The Contribution phase, screened and de-grit- and expertise equipped with the strong
ter quality required by the of Our Solution ted wastewater flows into lineage of Toshiba technology, we are
customer, BOD < 10 mg/L; o S BR technology. the basin. In the react phase,
TSS < 10 mg/L; COD < 100 o The SBR is a variant of the the basin is aerated. During
committed to working towards the goal
mg/L; pH: 5.5 to 9. activated sludge process, the settle phase, aeration of a ‘Clean India’. UEM has the capability
o Treats sludge generated which operates on the fill- is stopped to allow solids and experience of successfully delivering
such technologies to the growth of
Plant Description project in Salori, Allahabad PROJECT FILE
o Th
 e World Bank provides is supported by the World Customer: Uttar Pradesh Jal environmentally conscious industries for
assistance to the National Bank. Nigam (UPJN) with the joint the next India.”
effort of NMCG
Ganga River Basin Author- o Design, Build, Operate and
Location: Sewerage
- Koichi Matsui, Chairman & Managing
ity (NGRBA) for abetment Maintain (DBOM) and
of pollution in the Ganga, as transfer of sewerage treat- Treatment Plant, Salori, Director, UEM India
well as technical and finan- ment plant including a main Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh,
cial support by the govern- pumping station, effluent India phase, treated effluent is water in the process of sludge
ment. pumping station, appurte- Service Provider: UEM decanted. Sludge is wasted treatment.
o Th
 e 14,000 m3/day day nant structures in Salori, Al- India during the idle phase.
sewerage treatment plant lahabad, Uttar Pradesh. Date of Commencement: The Advantage of Our
November 2014 Rejuvenation of Solution
Plant Capacity: Sewerage the Ganges o M eeting the customer’s
during the process of sew- and-draw principle. The SBR Treatment - 14,000 m3/day High-quality treated water needs with cutting-edge
erage treatment by press- process eliminates the need Products/Technology is discharged into the Gan- knowledge, experience, and
ing the sludge between for primary and secondary Involved: ges as per the latest norms expertise.
two belts to squeeze excess clarifiers. The unit process- of CPCB’s “Ministry of Envi- o Using the proven state-of-
water, to allow dewatered es of fill, react, settle, draw ronment, Forest and Climate the-art Sequential Batch
sludge to be used as manure and idle occur sequentially to settle to the bottom of Change Notification”. The Reactor (SBR) technology
or in landfills. on a cyclic basis. In the fill the basin. During the draw treated water quality meets for the 14,000 m3/day sew-
the customer’s expectations erage treatment plant proj-
(Table 1). ect in Salori, Allahabad to
produce high-quality treat-
Dewatering and ed water and discharge the
Sludge Treatment water into the Ganges.
The dewatering and sludge o 
Conforming to the latest
treatment equipment is used norms of the Central Pollu-
to remove 80% of the excess tion Control Board (CPCB).

Parameter Units Value

pH 6.5 to 9.0
BOD mg/L < 20
TSS mg/L < 50
Fecal Coliform MPN < 1000
Admin cum Laboratory Building Table 1



24x7 Water Supply Scheme in Nagpur

An analysis of a project, campaign or company that identifies a situation,
recommended solutions, implementation actions and identification of those factors
that contributed to failure or success.
By Abhishek Dutta

Figure 1

Introduction 2008 had intermittent water nections and improved ac- agement of the entire water 480.00 km pipeline laid;
Nagpur is the 3rd largest city supply with many areas get- curacy of meter reading. cycle from production, treat- 96,059 connections replaced.
in Maharashtra state with a ting alternate day supply and ment (657 MLD), transport Key strategies adopted to
population of over 2.5 million non-revenue water was well Contractor (2100 km of the network), achieve NRW reduction target
people. above 50%. The contract was awarded to storage and delivery to the are shown in Figure 2.
It became the first city of It was imperative to reduce a private contractor - a 50:50 last point of usage, i.e., the
its size in the country to out- the NRW of Nagpur city. The joint venture SPV company customers tap. Problem vs Alternative
source its water supply to a steps taken by NMC are stated incorporated with an equal This involves replacement Analysis
private operator under the below: equity stake of a private limit- of more than 3,00,00 HSC, Size of DMAs (District Me-
PPP model for 25 years. • Because of the PPP model, ed company and water expert rehabilitation of treatment fa- tering Area): In some of the
NMC (Nagpur Municipal there was a tremendous in- global company cilities, service reservoirs, and design areas, the size of DMA
Corporation) is responsible crease in customer satisfac- pipeline. is more than required, i.e.,
for providing water supply tion and consumer base. PPP Model 2500 to 3500 which after all
services to the city of Nagpur. • Entire zone experienced im- The private entity brought Customer-Centric Ap- the results unidentified loss
The total water supply to prove pressures eliminating 30% of the investment of the proach factor.
the city was 500 MLD per day the use of booster pumps estimated project cost, 70% 24×7 call center for custom- Actually, when we dras-
through nearly 225 thousand • Coverage improved with an was brought by the public er grievances, photo billing, tically increase the size of
connections in 2008, now incremental 5000 connec- entity’s contribution under online billing, and custom- DMA then we gradually lost
water supply capacity upgrad- tions being given in slum MNURM + 100% escalation. er service center to be made our control on that particular
ed to 765 MLD and about households The project was supposed open for all 7 days of the week. DMA in terms of:
350 thousand connections in • Billed water volume in- to be operative for 25 years of • Water Loss (Real + Appar-
2015. creased from 22 MLD to 33 O&M including 5 years of cap- Performance ent)
The distribution network MLD ital rehabilitation. By the end of 3 years, total • Pressure Management
consists of over 3000 km of • NRW reduced from 50% to 10,51,849 citizens benefitted • Isolation
the pipeline network. 38% and was attributed to Scope of Work significantly. The area of Shantinagar,
The existing situation in the reduction in illegal con- The project covered man- Under Rehabilitation: Gandhibagh and the part of



Figure 2: Strategy Map for Nagpur NRW

the middle and north side of testing in distribution net-

Nagpur are very congested, work was not up to the satis-
literacy percentage is very low factory level in some places. PROJECT FILE
and narrow lane, etc. Customer: NMC (Nagpur
And despite having such B) The Timing of Water Sup- Municipal Corporation)
problems, the size of DMA ply Location: Nagpur,
should have between 500- 800 The timing of water supply Maharashtra, India
connections so that it can be in Shantinagar was 18 hr/day, Products/Technology
controlled. in Gandhibag it was 20 hr/day Involved: Water Supply,
and so on. Metering, Water Audit
A) Commissioning The design of 24x7 water
Commissioning is a bridge supply system is based on Sys-
between CAPEX and OPEX to tem Input Volume, predicted
confirm the quality of perfor- consumption as per consumer PPP Model (Public
mance and dedicate the indi- survey, hydraulic modelling, Private Partnership)
cator for future operation and etc. and the available quantity
maintenance. of water vs storage capacity NMC:
In the case of Nagpur water was not balanced.
supply scheme, I personally •  sset Ownership
faced the problem while we C) Political Interference. • Tariff Decision
did not even receive ‘As Build • Payment to Operator Fees
Drawing’ even after finish- Conclusion • Connection-
ing the maximum number of To conclude, we can say that Disconnection Authority
DMAs. the project of Nagpur 24x7 • Augmentations of
As result, we again went to water supply scheme is suc- Water Supply
prepare the “As Build Drawing’ cessful indeed. • Raw-Water & Electricity
of the project we just finished Though the overall part
a few months ago and did it of Nagpur is not as efficient The Operator:
on the basis of patch marks on as Dharampeth Demo Zone
road and layout drawings. build by Veolia but establish •O  &M from Source to
But the problem is, we 24x7 WSS with equal quantity, Consumer Meter
were not 100% sure about the pressure and supply-time is • Technical Efficiency
information kept about un- not easy at all. Now, the sys- • Commercial Efficiency
derground assets in ‘s Build tem is stabilized. • Replacement and
Drawing’. Repair of Assets
Especially, we lost most iso- About the Author • Customer Services
lation valves that we installed Abhishek Dutta is Water • Partial (30%)
which takes a very vital part in Expert at PDMC, and AMRUT Capex in IPIP
the creation of DMA. Hydro UP.



Social Business Model Integrating Safe

Drinking Water Supply
The ‘BASF Landmark Project’ is in association with NMMC for social business model
integrating safe drinking water supply, sanitation facilities, and hygiene.
By Masooma Pathre

and submitted an integrated

social business project for
funding to BASF SE (Global).
The project was selected as one
of the models for creating a
unique social business model
that is sustainable and can be
handed over to the community
after a period of two years. A
need gap analysis and a local
survey conducted in the area
brought forth the water chal-
lenges the community was
facing along with regular com-
plaints of water-borne diseas-
es, leading to low productivity
among the working class and
absenteeism in schools.
Accordingly, the BASF team
along with the implementa-
tion partner STEP (Sustain-
able Technosolutions for En-
vironmental Protection) chose
the Navi Mumbai Municipal
Corporation (NMMC) school
No. 22. in Turbhe Store located
close to BASF’s site for imple-
THE WORLD’S POOREST el. The dialogues convened a a few interested local citizens Minister of Maharashtra, De- mentation of the first phase of
people often pay the most - in wide array of participants, in- participated in the summit vendra Fadnavis. the initiative titled ‘Landmark
terms of affordability - for wa- cluding residents, NGOs, local which culminated into the Based on this whitepaper, Project’ in close consultation
ter. In Mumbai, clean drinking government bodies and repre- Whitepaper- “Water for Mum- BASF India proceeded to work and support of the NMMC.
water could consume almost sentatives, academia and rep- bai”. This report was released on ideas related to water, san- Phase I of the project con-
15% of the income of low-in- resentatives from the industry. in October 2016 by Hon. Chief itation & waste management sisting of ‘Water ATM’ and
come residents. In Turbhe The problem they were try-
Stores, a suburb in Navi Mum- ing to solve: how to provide
bai, the scenario is changing safe, affordable water and
for the better now. A new col- sanitation services to needy
laboration initiated by BASF members of the community
now offers purified drinking - with a business model that
water to Turbhe Store resi- will sustain these services into
dents at just Rs. 8 per 20 liters. the future. The solution? BASF
The concept for the Land- Landmark Project.
mark Project was first devel- From Mumbai, ‘Equitable
oped through a series of social Distribution of Safe Drink-
dialog sessions in Mumbai ing Water’ was selected as the
during BASF’s 150th-anniver- topic for BASF’s Creator Space
sary activities in 2015 (under program in 2015. Representa-
the Creator SpaceTM program) tives from the Municipal Cor-
and has now come to fruition poration of Greater Mumbai,
in an innovative, communi- academia, water companies,
ty-based social business mod- NGOs, BASF employees, and



concept of sustainable safe

water supply, along with key PROJECT FILE
requirements of offering sani- Location: Navi Mumbai
tation and hygiene. Normally Municipal Corporation
CSR projects in India provide School, Maharashtra, India
facilities for free and therefore Service Provider: BASF
sustainability of projects is a Products/Technology
challenge. Through the Land- Involved: Water
mark project, safe drinking ATMs, Ultrafiltration
water and sanitation facilities (UF) Membranes
will be provided at an afford-
able cost to the local slum area, After two years, the project
ensuring the sustainability of will be run by the communi-
the project. Creating a revenue ty-based organizations. This
stream through a minimum unique model can be replicat-
payment that the community ed anywhere in the world.
pays for the water, helps en- Public-private partnerships
sure its long-term viability, like the BASF Landmark proj-
ensuring continuing funds for ect are a great example of how
maintenance of the water ATM corporates can join hands
and rainwater harvesting sys- with local government bodies
tem. Sanitation and hygiene to solve challenges faced by
awareness camps in schools, communities using innovative
‘rainwater harvesting for Chairman and Managing Di- residents via a rainwater har- nearby residential areas, and and sustainable technologies.
school building’ was inaugu- rector, BASF India and Head, vesting plant accompanied by public health centers are con- The need is to generate strong
rated on August 2, 2018 by BASF South Asia, as well as water ATMs - machines that ducted regularly to enhance commitment, openness, and
the Honorable NMMC May- other dignitaries from BASF dispense purified water using awareness of the model and collaboration between govern-
or - Jayawant Dattatray Sutar, and NMMC. BASF’s ultrafiltration mem- spread awareness about the ment bodies like NMMC and
along with Dr. N. Ramaswami, The first phase of the project brane technology. BASF runs importance of water, sanita- corporates like BASF.
Commissioner, NMMC and can provide clean, affordable the project on land provided tion, and hygiene. BASF will
Dr. Raman Ramachandran, water to 10,000 Turbhe Store by NMMC at Bharat Ratna run the system for two years Project Highlights
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar and then hand it over to a local • I nnovative social business
Vidyalaya School No. 22, Tur- community-based organiza- model in Turbhe has the
bhe Store. WaterLife India has tion. capacity to offer affordable
designed the solar-powered, The inge® brand of ultrafil- drinking water to 10,000
cashless machines; and STEP tration membranes from BASF people.
is the implementing partner utilizes patented and highly • BASF’s ultrafiltration solu-
for the project. Residents ac- robust Multibore® fibers made tion along with other puri-
cess the purified water with from PESm - a modified Poly- fication processes in “Water
a debit card and pay Rs. 8 for ethersulfone - in an In-to-Out ATM” purifies groundwater
20 liters of water at the ATM. filtration process. Extremely recharged through rainwater.
A distribution model is also tiny pores of only 20 nano- • “Landmark Project” will also
being planned as the next step meters diameter inside the establish sanitation facility
to increase reach within the membranes provide a secure and social business for wom-
community. barrier against suspended sol- en’s hygiene solution.
Uniquely, water for the ids, viruses and other micro- • A unique sustainable con-
project is harvested from rain organisms and let only pure cept of public-private part-
and other sources, then puri- water pass. nerships for a social project.
fied with innovative ultrafil- As part of its corporate vol-
tration technologies - inge® unteering program, employees
from BASF. The provision for from BASF are now working
rainwater harvesting ensures in the community to create
that there is no conflict for awareness about sanitation,
water source and it is aimed to the importance of clean drink-
make the harvested rainwater ing water and general hygiene.
as a major part of raw water Phase II of the project will
supplied for the project thus include refurbishment of
making it sustainable. Surface NMMC toilet and setting-up
water is also provided for at a unit for women hygiene
the ATM as a back-up in case products near the toilet. In this
the project is unable to har- phase of the project, the plan
vest enough rainwater due to is to use innovative solutions
unpredictable climate condi- from BASF’s diverse portfolio About the Author
tions. like construction chemicals, Masooma Pathre is the
This innovative social busi- care chemicals, and perfor- DGM - New Business Develop-
ness model integrates the mance materials businesses. ment at BASF India.



Renewal of Sewerage & Drainage Infrastructure

This case study is crystallized to sewerage and drainage sub-structures related
aspects of the BMP only.
By Arnav Jhunjhunwala and Anik Kumar Roychowdhury

buildings/ commercial-in- drainage network, need to be

stitutional complexes accommodated within the
including compatible demarcated road alignments
and befitting residential that also prior to any cutting/
units for the original slum filling for road construction:
dwellers, etc. for their en- • Carefully construct and in-
vironmentally safe and stall sewerage and under-
socially acceptable com- ground drainage facilities
prehensive rehabilitation within the demarcated road-
as per master plan. way corridor as per approved
The Best Management Prac- plan and detail engineering.
tice (BMP) for the massive re- • Covers and frames for the
habilitation programme shall nodal structures, e.g., man-
comprise of construction of holes/ gully-pits at this stage
temporary housing units for need not be provided. The
relocation of existing slum construction of MH shafts
dwellers elsewhere and subse- and gully/ catch pit cham-
quently translating the entire bers shall be limited up to
cluster to a ground-zero status a pre-fix level so that the
in the true sense after careful system installation can be
extrusion of all U/G and over- made compatible later to the
ground utilities, refurbish the proposed permanent road
Figure 1: Alcorr Double Wall Corrugated Polyethylene Pipe entire slum population again profiles as well as ground
to the socio-environmentally levels and plinth levels of
Introduction entire slum dwellers to ter plan’. optimized and techno-com- contiguous structures as per
Unplanned habitations in cost-effective (minimum but • Th
 e consequent construc- mercially sound refurbished the ‘master plan’.
the form of urban slums in imperative amenities) tem- tional perspective is obvi- cluster including rational utili- • Interconnection lines be-
core clusters of megacities porary residential complex- ously sub-divided in three zation of vacant places within tween the sewer/UG drain
and megalopolis are familiar es as per the ‘master plan’. major layers: the priceless land for commer- and gully pits (DWF)/ catch
but extremely unpleasant and • Dismantle/ Disable/ Care- • Sub-structures related to cial/ institutional/ industrial pits (WWF), however, shall
ugly sights in our national can- fully take-out existing but common facilities, e.g., purpose. The BMP, after con- be installed at this sub-struc-
vas. On one hand, Socio-eco- dilapidated utility services. drainage, sewerage, wa- version of the cluster to a vir- ture building stage as well.
nomic rehabilitation of the More broadly, the services ter supply lines with its tual ground-zero, shall be ini- As indicated, the implemen-
Economically Weaker Section e.g.: appurtenances e.g. MH tiated (topmost priority) with tation of the underground
(EWS) of the society within • Electricity connections shafts/ catch-pits/ gul- construction and installation system needs to be carried out
their own residential jurisdic- • Water supply lines ly-pits/ valve chambers, of sub-structure components exclusively under the demar-
tion (slums) and on the other • Septic tanks (if any) etc. of sewerage and drainage cated roadway corridor prior
hand the optimum utilization • Sewerage network • Super-structures related networks and then proceed to its ultimate development as
of such priceless land located • Drainage network to common facilities, e.g., with a pre-framed route-map permanent roadways. There-
at core cluster of the Megalop- • SWM structures (vats, etc) roads with kerb-channels. developed in terms of the fore, it is essential to identify
olis is an extremely complex • Any other For the sewerage and prevailing site conditions and a ‘frontier technology’ gravity
task for modern urban plan- • Carefully dismantle the ex- drainage networks fixing constraints. flow pipe material system hav-
ners. Therefore, it is right time isting residential hutments/ MH frames and covers This virtual case study is ing at least the following ad-
to frame a nationally applica- houses within the slum area. on already erected shafts crystallized to sewerage and vantageous perspectives:
ble Best Management Policy • Crystallize the empty cluster (sub-structure), fixing of drainage sub-structures relat- • Very light for easy trans-
(BMP) in this regard. thus formed by a temporary cover slabs and gratings ed aspects of the BMP only. portation and stacking and
boundary, e.g., barbed wire for catch/ gully pits, fixing manual handling/ haulage
The Envisaged Route- fencing/ corrugated or plane of cover slabs for valve Frontier Technology but still structurally inte-
Map for the BMP plastics sheeting, etc. chambers for water sup- Structured Wall grated enough to withstand
• Holistic planning (master • Demarcate the proposed ply lines, etc, and build- Thermoplastics the uncertain shock load-
plan) including initial reha- road alignments as per ‘mas- ing of SWM structures, Piping System (DWC ings (live + overburden) ex-
bilitation of the slum dwell- ter plan’. transformer building(s), PE Pipes) for S&D pected during construction
ers during the transforma- • Fix-up the proposed road
 etc. Infrastructure Building (non-availability of adequate
tion phase. Levels as per the detail engi- • Comprehensive construc- The entire underground cushion). The proposed sys-
• Systematic shifting of the neering set within the ‘mas- tion of new residential sewerage, as well as the tem shall also ensure supe-



no-commercially outscore all cannot affect the pipe crown because of non-adherence of and long-lasting foundation
other conventional rigid as as well and accordingly ‘crown sewage solids on the chem- for the years to come.
well as solid wall plastics pip- corrosion’ is non-existent. ically inert pipe interior.
ing systems. This economic ad- Therefore, ensures the least About the Authors
vantage is further maximized possibility of corrosion and Arnav Jhunjhunwala is
in terms of annual amortized zero to very low damages. The the Director of Alom Poly Ex-
costs. manholes are the only nodes trusions Ltd. He holds a B.Sc.
where regular cleaning shall degree in Information Systems
Figure 2: Sustainability of Pipe Structural Performance be necessary. and Business Management
Materials The structural performance
of DWC PE piping system is Environment-Friendly
rior hydraulic performance outstanding because of its The manufacturing process
as well. non-smooth outer surface (an- of DWC PE piping system
All such advantageous as- nular corrugation). The pro- Figure 3 involves the lowest quantum
pects can only be clubbed to- file ensures a comparatively of GHG (CO) emission when
gether in one package - if the much higher CG as well as the Life Span compared to all categories
structured wall thermoplastics second moment of area than Due to non-adherence of of rigid as well as flexible
non-pressure piping system, in its Identical Sized (IDs) solid sewage solids (biological and non-pressure piping systems.
the form of DWC PE pipes, is wall flexible pipe alternatives, chemical), abrasion of the in- Emission further minimized
opted for the purpose. and therefore, shall be struc- ner surface of DWC PE pipes considering optimally min-
The typical configuration of turally more integrated. The is almost negligible resulting imum transportation trips
this unique piping system is comprehensive flexibility of in prolonged material life. The (light Weight and telescope
reproduced in Figure 1. the system also ensures much life-span of the pipe is very nesting) and installation time.
The sustainability of pipe lesser ‘design loadings’ since long and approximated for
materials for gravity flow only prism portion of the ver- about 80-100 years. Conclusion
conveyance of wastewater, be tical over-burden load will be Indian megalopolis has
it comparatively clean (e.g., attracted by such a unique pip- Transportation, Handling inherited slums which are
storm drainage/ irrigation wa- ing system. In cases of identi- and Stacking of Flexible retarding the desired pace of
ter/ infiltration gallery system, cal sized rigid pipes, they are Plastics Sewer Materials sustainable urbanization sig-
etc.) or domestic sewage or destined to receive the extra Extreme light weight and nificantly. from Carnegie Mellon Univer-
even highly toxic (chemical/ quantum related to the ‘tan- availability in larger pipe The rehabilitation and refur- sity and has been spearhead-
industrial) effluent can be sur- gential trapezoidal’ load be- bishment of such EWS clusters ing the company for the last 6
mised through Figure 2. cause the surrounding ‘backfill PROJECT FILE have become imperative to years.
The mentioned revolution- envelope’ has lesser strength Location: Sewerage & improve the urbanization pro- Anik Kumar Roychowd-
ary system has every potential to absorb the ‘dead load’ trans- Drainage Networks in Mega cess with an ultimate goal to hury is the Principal Advisor
to outscore all other conven- ferred from the side prisms. Cities enhance the quality of life of (Technical Marketing) to Alom
tional ‘gravity flow’ piping Products/Technology In- such urban poor without dis- Poly Extrusions Ltd. He holds
instruments in terms of the Hydraulic Performance volved: DWC PE Pipes lodging them from their roots an MS degree in Environmen-
above perceptions. One shall Hydraulic performance of and yet utilize the priceless tal Engineering from the Uni-
appreciate that for this specif- a buried conduit depends on urban core clusters for institu- versity of Massachusetts, USA.
ic case-study, as identified in the degree of smoothness of lengths as well as allowable tional/ commercial/ industrial He has an experience of more
the preceding diagram, three its internal surface. DWC PE higher stack heights, along purposes.
of above aspects shall play the piping system by far has the with possibility of telescopic Execution of such multi-fac-
vital role in the proposed reha- minimum roughness (low nesting ensures easy, quick eted development works calls
bilitation process: manning’s ‘N’) and does not and user-friendly transporta- for a comprehensive BMP cov-
• Ease in transportation and change with aging. When laid tion, handling, and stacking. ering all the micro aspects of
manual handling particular- at identical gradient can con- the holistic process. The pro-
ly when work sites are almost vey at least 15% more flow Fast and Easy Installation cess needs to be initiated with
inaccessible (non-availabil- than other alternatives con- Installation of DWC PE the installation of sewerage/
ity of proper road network) stantly throughout its materi- piping system is extremely us- drainage infrastructure under
and moreover when the al life. If we see the other way er-friendly because of its light- the ‘ground-zero’ (subsequent
available spaces for stacking round, the system can be laid weight and simple jointing to shifting of the inhabitants
of the pipes are alarmingly at economically flatter gradi- procedure (push-fit joints in a and dismantling of existing di-
limited. ent to accommodate and trans- couple of minutes’ time). lapidated utility services and
• Fast and easy installation. port identical flows. At adverse locations such dwelling houses) status.
• High structural integrity. as the case is here, the pipe Such huge task calls for
Chemical Properties assembly can be made at GL utilization of ‘Frontier Tech-
Techno-Financial DWC PE pipes on its inher- and lowered into a long trench nology Product & System’ in
Explanations ent strength of the properties at utmost ease with manual/ the form of Structured Wall
pertaining to PE material itself semi-manual operations. Such Thermoplastics Pipes (DWC than 35 years in the wastewa-
Economic Viability is totally inert to all sewage sol- advantageous applicability PE Pipes) as the most effec- ter management sector having
When holistically analyzed ids (biological and chemical), ensures user-friendly and fast tive and techno-commercially held the posts of Chief Engi-
(supply of pipe + all the al- hence the virtually negligible Installation of the system. reliable instrument to fulfill neer in Kolkata Metropolitan
lied installation costs includ- deposition is expected. On the the objectives. DWC PE pipes Water & Sanitation Authority
ing trench excavation), DWC other hand, the imperative for- Minimum Maintenance in this domain will unequivo- and Principal Consultant in
PE piping system shall tech- mation of H2SO4 fumes also Almost ‘zero’ maintenance, cally support to build a strong Kolkata Municipal.



The Smart Choice - Putting Your Control Valve Online

Sheridan retrofits an existing control valve and enters the automated world of water
By Ryan Spooner

live into their system. The proj-

ect would save them power as
they would not need to use the
booster station to fill the tank;
however, it could remain as
a redundancy when needed.
Having two options to fill the
tank means the city can use
real-time data to choose to run
either option as best suited.
The new automation will en-
able this to be done remotely
from the control room at the
head office.
The existing Singer Model
106-PR was repurposed to a
model 106-2SC-PCO. The cur-
rent valve now has the capaci-
ty to interact and be controlled
by a control panel via a new
valve mounted solenoids that
replaced the hydraulic con-
trolled mechanical pilots. An
electronic valve position indi-
cator and differential pressure
transmitter were also added to
the valve. To control the new
reconfigured valve for both
flow and level control, a Sing-
er industrial control panel was
added. The control panel uses
the feedback from the valve
position transmitter and dif-
The Project Site ferential pressure transmitter
to calculate the current flow
EVERYWHERE AROUND The focus of these solutions hours, users can establish a is fed from two water sourc- through the valve. The level
US, there are networks of wa- is aimed at reducing mainte- sequence of control outcomes es, which can be treated at sensor at the water tank mea-
ter systems storing, controlling nance, saving water and re- through SCADA to automati- two different water treatment sures the current water level
and moving water from one ducing pipe breakage through cally throttle back the system. plants and then distributed to and sends that feedback to
place to another. However, remote control. By adding It’s a simple step that can pro- the public. Different storage the control panel. With all the
with every twist and turn of instrumentation and automa- duce major cost savings; by re- tanks are also utilized through instrumentation data feeding
water through these distribu- tion to existing systems, users ducing pressure when demand the distribution system. back to the MCP-TP, the con-
tion networks, the risk of water can quite easily gain control is low, it can result in a signif- The City identified an op- trol panel can now control the
loss increases. Those losses ac- over their entire system. In- icant decline in water loss - as portunity to repurpose an valve to ensure the user set lev-
celerate with aging infrastruc- strumentation, such as flow well as less pressure stress on existing pressure reducing el in the tank is always main-
ture, over pressurized systems meters and pressure transmit- the system - which reduces valve so they could leverage tained.
and lack of maintenance. ters, give real-time data of a pipe breakages and leaks. gravity flow from an upstream To ensure over-drafting of
For years, water manage- system’s current working con- The City of Sheridan, Wyo- treatment plant to fill a water water from the upstream sys-
ment systems have exclusively ditions. By adding automation ming wanted to add automa- storage tank. By reconfigur- tem is not an issue, the control
used mechanical components. tools such as control panels tion and instrumentation to ing the valve operation with panel also takes into account
However, in recent years there and SCADA integration, users bring part of their system on- instrumentation and automa- the flow rate and ensures it
has been a push to develop can also manipulate and con- line. This would allow for more tion (in combination with a maintains the user-set flowrate
better methods for controlling trol the system. Here’s a simple control over their water system realignment of buried valves while filling the tank. The us-
water and having external example: To reduce pressures while implementing system re- in the yard), they could bring er-set flow rate can be adjust-
interaction with the system. in a system during off-peak dundancy. Their water system this otherwise hidden valve ed to ensure the tank is filling



Equipment, finalized the com- PROJECT FILE

missioning of the project on Customer: City of Sheridan
site. This included a full set-up Location: City of Sheridan,
of all the instrumentation and Wyoming, USA
testing of the control sequenc- Service Provider: Mueller
es of the MCP-TP panel and its Water Products (Singer)
control of the valve. The final Products/Technology
steps were concluded when Involved: Valves
the system went live and the
City of Sheridan operators expanded into our other exist-
could test all the SCADA con- ing infrastructure so that we
trols and fully control the new can monitor how our pressure
system. Marcus Weaver the zones are operating remotely
integrator and electrical tech- by using our existing SCADA
nician said, “I was really happy system. These types of elec-
with the support we got with tronic operations and moni-
field programming coordi- toring are all important steps
nation and follow-ups, it was in moving toward a smart and
above and beyond our expec- efficient utility”.
tations and solidified our con- Jacob McGough, Applica-
fidence in the system.” tion Engineering and Sales
For the people of Sheridan, with Pipestone Equipment
this means they now have said, “Currently, 25% of our
another layer of security and sales in the hydraulic control
dependability on this part of valve market is being offered
their water supply system, with electronic capabilities.
while saving on pumping This percentage has been on
Singer Model 106 2SC-PCO Control Valve After Retrofit costs. For the operators of the rise over the last couple
Sheridan’s water system, it of years as more people are
fast enough but not too fast to display, or via the SCADA gives easy access to set all the means less time spent in the introduced to the vast im-
overdraft the system. The flow control network. The control control set-points. Essentially field monitoring and manag- provements of these types
and level set-points can be panel was integrated into the the integration gave the con- ing flow requirements. “This of solutions for mitigating
changed and manipulated at city’s existing network using trol room the same access as valve helps us operate, mon- non-revenue water loss and
any time to optimize the oper- Ethernet communication. This if they were standing right in itor and diagnose our water resolving aging infrastructure
ation of the system. allows remote access to the site front of the MCP-TP control system remotely and in real problems.”
The user-set set-points for from the main control room to panel pushing the touchscreen time,” said Ken Hirschman, In today’s world, there is of-
tank level and the flow rate is view/control the current flow, buttons on the HMI. Sheridan’s Utility Mainte- ten a tendency to view things
set locally at the MCP-TP con- level, valve position, current Singer staff, along with Ja- nance Superintendent. “I am as disposable and simply re-
trol panel via a touch screen alarms, control modes and cob McGough of Pipestone excited to see this technology place the old with the new.
This is not always necessary;
sometimes a simple upgrade
can bring on a whole new
world of possibilities. This is
the case for many water con-
trol systems, by adding instru-
mentation and automation
you can often streamline oper-
ations and significantly reduce
costs without the big expense
of a complete replacement for
the same functionality.

About the Author

Ryan Spooner is the Singer
Automation & Instrumenta-
tion Engineering Manager for
Mueller Water Products, Inc.
Ryan has a degree in mecha-
tronics engineering and de-
signs and builds customized
control panels and performs
commissioning and valve inte-
gration. Ryan also runs opera-
tor training session’s on-site as
well as lab demos at the manu-
MCP-TP Field Wiring Connection & SCADA Ethernet Connection facturing plant.



Xiga 40 Performs Well Beyond Expectations

at the Largest Membrane-Based Drinking
Water Plant in Germany
The German water company WAG Nordeifel was pleasantly surprised to find that
the Xiga 40 membranes in its drinking water plant served a full twelve years without
any problems.
By Pentair
municipality of Vaals and the
town of Kerkrade in the Neth-

Reservoir Feed Water

The water from the reservoir
is sent through various piping
systems into the Roetgen treat-
ment plant. Whereas in some
parts of the world membrane
technology is already playing
an important role in the supply
of drinking water, this is not
yet the case in Germany. “Our
ultrafiltration membrane plant
is one of the largest and most
advanced in Europe, and by far
the largest in Germany”, says
Walter Dautzenberg, Techni-
cal Director at WAG Nordeifel.
‘Every year we supply around
35 million cubic meters of
drinking water to more than
600,000 people. The raw water
comes exclusively from dams
in the Eifel. We treat this raw
water at two sites to produce
drinking water; about 26 mil-
lion cubic meters here in Roet-
gen, and about 9 million cubic
meters at the Wehebach dam.”

Removing Turbidity
TREATING RESERVOIR terval, it makes a clear-cut case membrane modules are cur- Dreilägerbach has formed a and Microbiology
WATER to produce drinking for safe, reliable, and cost-effi- rently being replaced in three large reservoir for the produc- Membranes are increas-
water is a big responsibility, cient membrane-based drink- stages. They served for twelve tion of drinking water. If water ingly important in drinking
especially in quantities rang- ing water production from years in continuous operation were not constantly flowing water production as hygiene
ing from 1800 to 6000 cubic surface water. where only eight were expect- in, this reservoir would ensure regulations often require the
meters an hour. The German When treating surface water ed, making the operations the supply of water for about complete removal of microor-
water company WAG Norde- to produce drinking water in of Germany’s largest mem- one month. The Roetgen wa- ganisms. The main advantag-
ifel was pleasantly surprised large quantities, the highest brane-based drinking water ter treatment plant is operated es of membrane technology
to find that the Xiga 40 mem- priority is public health and plant highly cost-efficient. by the Water Collection and are the low energy use and
branes in its drinking water the certain removal of microor- Roetgen is a small munic- Preparation Company Nor- the removal of turbidity and
plant served a full twelve years ganisms, bacteria, and viruses. ipality in the northern Eifel deifel (WAG). The company microbiology. Adding chemi-
without any problems. Since In the German town of Roet- region, situated on the border produces drinking water for cals such as chlorine is usually
they had counted on an eight- gen, membranes are doing the with Belgium. Behind a 35-me- the greater Aachen region, the not necessary at all, as patho-
year module replacement in- job very well. X-Flow’s Xiga 40 ter high dam, the local stream town of Düren, and even the genic germs are retained by



of tunnels, pumping stations, tributes to a longer life. The

transfer, and bypass pipes al- number of leaks in the mem- PROJECT FILE
lows WAG Nordeifel to choose branes was also much lower Customer: WAG Nordeifel
from which storage lake to take than expected, averaging four Location: Roetgen Water
water. The water quality in an per month”. Treatment, Northern
open reservoir can be compro- Eifel, Germany
mised, for example by weather Recommending Service Provider: Pentair
effects, or an oil or fuel spill Membrane Technology Products/Technology
from a road accident. In or- In the Roetgen drinking wa- Involved: Xiga 40
der to keep the plant running ter plant, twelve blocks with Membranes
and the region supplied with Xiga 40 UF membranes were
drinking water at all times, the installed in December 2005. In facility, the filtrate quality in
filter systems can be divided the course of 2018 and 2019, the microbiological sense has
and a reservoir can be taken they are being replaced in sev- always been inconspicuous,
“offline” if it needs time to re- eral stages. In many drinking which was not always the case
cover. Compared to tradition- water operations, the main pa- with sand filtration in the past.
al systems, membrane-based rameters are energy consump- This plant has significantly
treatment is also much better tion, production continuity, improved the stability of the
able to deal with variations in and final product quality. treatment process and particle
raw water quality, making op- However, from WAG Norde- retention. We have therefore
the membranes. Increasingly typically used in Germany to erations much more stable and ifel’s point of view, these mat- recommended membrane
small pore sizes serve differ- produce drinking water from reliable. ters are either less relevant or technology in general and
ent goals in drinking water reservoir water. At the time our set in stone. The system works these membranes in particular
production: microfiltration plant had already been in op- Exceeded Expectations with dam pressure, so only to colleagues who also treat
and ultrafiltration for particle eration for over 30 years, and According to Dautzenberg, the backwashing procedure reservoir water in Germany.
removal, nanofiltration and we were considering how best the Xiga 40 membranes have requires energy input. Produc- We also feel well looked after
reverse osmosis for softening to renew it. When the planning far exceeded expectations. tion closely follows demand, by Pentair’s customer service
and desalination. In Roetgen, calculations with convention- “We wanted a skid design in and quality is prescribed by over the years. Together we
the Xiga 40 modules apply al and membrane technology which you could use mem- the German Drinking Water were able to determine the
UF technology to achieve an showed about the same eco- branes from different manu- Ordinance. right time to replace the mem-
impressive LOG 6 bacteria nomics, we decided in favor facturers. The idea was to keep Walter Dautzenberg: “In this branes.”
reduction and a LOG 4 virus of membrane technology be- our options open in case there
reduction. cause it appeared to be more are developments in price and
future-proof and because the quality and to retain the ability
Economics and cleaning performance is sig- to make the best choice when
Performance nificantly better”. the time for the replacement
In Roetgen, the decision has come. Meanwhile, it has
to build a membrane-based Stable and Reliable become clear that the service
water treatment plant was Operations life of the Xiga 40 is much
based on economics and per- The Dreilägerbach reservoir better than we had expected.
formance. Dautzenberg: ‘Our is not the only one the Roet- We counted on eight years,
plant started operating in De- gen water plant can depend we hoped for ten years, and
cember 2005. Before that, we on. Every year, millions of cu- they have worked well for
had a normal, two-stage open bic meters of raw water come over twelve years. We have
rapid filtration plant, a classic from up to four other reser- never used chlorine to clean
sand filtration operation as is voirs. An ingenious system the membranes, which con-



Controlling the Stormwater Runoff at New

South Carolina Interchange
Named Project of the Year for the Corrugated Plastic Pipe Association (CPPA)
Division of the Plastics Pipe Institute, Inc. (PPI), it has won the award for the pipe
manufacturer, Advanced Drainage Systems, Inc.
By Plastics Pipe Institute, Inc.
called for a reinforced concrete
pipe - RCP - to be used in most
of the storm drainage, while
HDPE was only considered for
a small portion of the project,”
explained Daniel Currence, P.
E. director of engineering for
the Corrugated Plastic Pipe
Division of PPI. “A decision
was made, however, to move
to HDPE for the vast majority
of the job, after the contractor
realized that it could be de-
livered on time and with high
quality. This change allowed
the contractor to get the pipe
they needed on a just-in-time
basis to the exact spot where
it was needed. The pipe has
watertight bells and spigots
which are extremely easy to
connect. The favorable weight
of the pipe makes it very ef-
ficient to be installed, about
twice as fast as RCP, which
lowered the total installed
MORE THAN 41,000 feet North American trade associa- than 10 years. The new storm- HTO M294 pipe, such as the cost. These benefits added
of large diameter corrugated tion representing all segments water drainage system will be ADS N-12® HDPE pipe, has up to reducing the cost of the
high-density polyethylene of the plastic pipe industry. installed throughout the USD been approved in South Caro- stormwater system.”
(HDPE) pipe has already been The South Carolina De- 231 million project, scheduled lina. The HDPE pipe ranging in
used for the new stormwater partment of Transportation to be completed in 2020. AAS- “Originally, the project diameters from 12 to 48 inch-
drainage system during the (SCDOT) Interstate 85-385
rebuilding of the third busiest Gateway Project under con-
interchange in South Carolina, struction involves creating
here in the United States. The a new interchange within
watertight pipe was selected the general footprint of the
for this design-build project in current interchange by stag-
Greenville because it met AAS- ing construction of the new
HTO M294 requirements, has lanes, ramps, and bridges
a long projected life, and could while maintaining the flow of
be delivered on a just-in-time 190,000 vehicles a day. Ten
basis to the job site. Named new bridges including two
Project of the Year for the flyovers, rehabilitation of two
Corrugated Plastic Pipe As- existing bridge structures, and
sociation (CPPA) Division of modifications to the substruc-
the Plastics Pipe Institute, Inc. ture of one existing bridge,
(PPI), it won the award for the are also part of this new inter-
pipe manufacturer, Advanced change system. It is South Car-
Drainage Systems, Inc. (ADS), olina’s largest transportation
Hilliard, Ohio. PPI is the major infrastructure project in more



Location: South Carolina,
Service Provider: Plastics
Pipe Institute, Inc. (PPI),
Advanced Drainage Systems,
Involved: HDPE Pipes

This shift toward using recy-

cled content.” he said, “pres-
ents an opportunity for design
engineers and public utility
agencies that are seeking to re-
duce their overall environmen-
tal footprint associated with
storm drainage projects.”
The Projects of the Year
program is held annually by
PPI to recognize the use of
plastic pipe in exceptional ap-
plications for all of PPI’s five
divisions. Submissions are re-
viewed, evaluated and voted
upon by PPI members.
The Plastics Pipe Institute,
Inc. (PPI) is the major North
American trade association
representing all segments of
es usually comes in 20-foot sistent flow capacities over the than metal or concrete pipe. rugated high-density polyeth- the plastic pipe industry and is
lengths from the plant in Char- service life of a system. And With superior resistance to ylene (HDPE) pipe manufac- dedicated to promoting plastic
lotte, North Carolina or other HDPE pipe has a very favor- corrosion and abrasion, plas- tured with recycled materials as the materials of choice for
ADS plants in the region but. able strength-to-weight ratio. tic piping systems also supply performs the same as a pipe pipe and conduit applications.
some custom 13-feet lengths “This plastic pipe system is a long service life and excellent made from all virgin HDPE PPI is the premier technical,
were made to meet the con- sustainable and environmen- joint performance - all adding resin. engineering and industry
tractor’s needs. tally responsible choice that up to exceptional value.” “North American standard knowledge resource publish-
Currence elaborated on the will serve generations to come. He said that some PPI mem- specification bodies,” Currence ing data for use in the devel-
properties of the pipe, “The HDPE pipe is strong, durable, bers involved in the manufac- explained, “have expanded ex- opment and design of plastic
HDPE material will not cor- light-weight, flexible and eco- ture of pipe used in stormwa- isting corrugated HDPE pipe pipe and conduit systems. PPI
rode, rust or degrade due to logically friendly during man- ter drainage systems now also standards to include recycled collaborates with industry or-
biological attack so the pipe ufacturing because it requires use post-consumer recycled resins, permitting the use of ganizations that set standards
resists bio-clogging and will be significantly less energy to plastics in some products. recycled HDPE drainage pipe for manufacturing practices
able to maintain high and con- fabricate, transport and install Studies have shown that cor- within the public right-of-way. and installation methods.

Receiving the Project of the Year Award for the Corrugated Plastic Pipe Divi-
sion from PPI President Tony Radoszewski (right) and the Division’s Director
of Engineering, Daniel Currence (left) is Greg Bohn, Director of National
Engineering and Product Development for ADS.



PlantStruxure System Helps Water Utilities in

Germany and China
The PlantStruxure solution is a collaborative architecture that enables infrastructure
and industrial companies to meet their automation needs while delivering on
growing energy-efficiency requirements.
By Schneider Electric

We have to ensure uninterrupted

supply to our customers 24/7 every
day, in a cost-effective manner under
tight conditions, so automation is
a high priority. Schneider Electric’s
PlantStruxure solution is helping us
meet these targets in the context of
our operation.
- Markus Kosch, Engineer, AVU
terruption to the water supply, the migration, AVU operators
and without impacting water controlled the pumps and
quality. boosters manually and made
changes based on their own
The Solution interpretations of the data. Us-
After evaluating various ing fuzzy logic, the manual op-
technologies, it became clear eration can now be automated,
to AVU that fuzzy logic con- ensuring a simplified process
trol would be the preferred with improved consistency
approach to solving the issues. and efficiency.
AVU is a Utility Company in Western Germany Serving Residents and Businesses in Seven Cities AVU turned to Schneider Elec-
tric in search of a solution. The The Benefits
Case: Fuzzy Logic the control system at its wa- AVU also found that water global energy specialist pro-
Capabilities in ter treatment plant to address levels in several of their tanks posed a system based on its Improved Energy Efficiency
PlantStruxure Help these challenges: were not high enough to main- PlantStruxure solution, which and Reduced Costs
Water Utility Improve o Reduce energy consumption tain water quality standards. is a collaborative architecture With an improved capacity
Operations o Ensure a better water quality Furthermore, the chlorine con- that enables industrial and for anticipating water usage,
Aktiengesellschaft für Ver- o Eliminate the need for oper- centration in the potable water infrastructure companies to AVU is able to operate fewer
sorgungs-Unternehmen (AVU) ators at remote sites 24/7 was manually controlled by meet their automation needs pumps than before, be more
is a utility company in western Pumping water in and out operators at all tank locations, while delivering on growing precise in their usage predic-
Germany that provides water, the plant consumes a large which made the consistency energy-efficiency require- tions, and adjust the pumping
electricity, and gas to more amount of energy, but it is nec- prone to human error. High ments. The PlantStruxure solu- requirements accordingly. This
than 200,000 residents and essary to ensure that the water operating costs also made it tion offered AVU the advanced improvement, made possible
numerous businesses in seven reaches the entire service area unfeasible for AVU to contin- process control package with by the fuzzy logic capabilities
cities. Its water service sup- and to maintain good water ue to maintain operators at easy-to-use programming soft- in PlantStruxure, has dramat-
plies more than 9 million cu- quality by regularly replacing their remote locations 24/7, ware that they were seeking. ically reduced AVU’s ener-
bic meters of water a year and all the water in the tanks. With so they looked for an automa- AVU’s targets of reducing gy consumption and energy
operates two water treatment that in mind, AVU sought a tion and control solution that energy consumption and en- costs.
plants, nine water storage fa- way to minimize energy us- would require less physical op- suring a higher water quality
cilities and more than 1,000 age by reducing pumping erator presence. could be achieved by using Increased Operator Efficien-
kilometers of the pipeline with hours - while still complying Because of the essential na- PlantStruxure’s fuzzy logic cy and Reduced Operational
10 pumping stations. with disinfection regulations ture of the services they pro- control technology and the Costs
and meeting consumption vide, any upgrades of AVU’s library of elementary func- AVU has achieved lower
The Challenge demands and ensuring water system had to be accomplished tion blocks that interpret pre- labor costs through increased
AVU sought to modernize quality. with minimal downtime or in- defined control rules. Before and improved automation.



pabilities, AVU was also able dundant water supplies. Prior

to significantly shorten the to the project, the city relied
design development cycle as solely on the Beijing River and
AVU is a German well as simplify the complex- one major water plant facility The Foshan Water Group, located in Foshan
ity of its system design. Rules (which serves 365,000 inhabi-
utility company are much easier to implement tants over 86,486 acres) for its City, Guangdong Province, operates water
that provides water, and debug, cutting down on drinking water. distribution and wastewater treatment
electricity, and valuable engineering time and This single water source was
plants for nearly 2.5 million inhabitants.
expense and enabling them to not regarded as safe enough
gas to more than implement their system much by the municipal government, The group sought an automation supplier
200,000 residents faster. Schneider Electric’s so the decision was made to capable of providing a reliable, open,
and numerous software offered the customer count the Xijiang River as a
versatile fuzzy logic technol- back-up source. Consequently, cost-effective and standardized system
businesses. To ogy that can capture informa- a project was launched to real- within a tight schedule. The PlantStruxure
reduce save tion from AVU’s experts on ize this goal of a back-up water architecture increased reliability and
their actions, both conscious source and plant.
energy, ensure and intuitive, in their day-to- The Foshan Water group minimized downtime to help ensure a 24/7
water quality, and day monitoring activities, and sought an automation supplier water supply.
cut back on 24/7 easily translate it into system capable of providing a highly
rules. reliable, open, cost-effective the entire plant. The QTM un adopted UAG to streamline
staffing at its and standardized system with- 140CPU67160 HSBYs are the automation design. Dexun
water treatment Case: PlantStruxure in a tight schedule. Because adapted for controlling raw had already built a basic water
plant, AVU selected System Provides the group already used Schnei- water intake pumps, lifting library for the Beijing plant
Increased Reliability der Electric systems in the Bei- pumps, chlorination, and project and the library was
PlantStruxure for New Water Plant jing plant and they performed backwash. M340 series PACs optimized and applied to this
solution. The Foshan Water Group, very well, Schneider Electric (CPU BMXP342020) are em- project.
located in Foshan City, Guang- was selected for the Xijiang ployed for controlling four
The system provides high dong Province, is a state- plant as well. sludge discharge trolleys and Local Support with Strong
availability through redun- owned company established The solution needed to ad- 24 filters. All PACs and SCADA Industry Experience
dancy and allows any software in 1964. The Group operates dress the following require- system are linked to the optical Schneider Electric’s team of
modifications to be tested water supplies and waste- ments: Ethernet fibre ring via Modbus local experts in the water in-
without interrupting the con- water treatment businesses, o High reliability TCP/IP. The SCADA system in dustry played a key role in the
trol system. Ethernet provides including 16 water treatment o Open network the monitoring center is mutu- success of this project, starting
operators with high data avail- plants, an 1,857-mile distri- o 3D process visualization ally redundant. with presales visits, training
ability to help them make bution line, and 10 wastewa- o Standardized system and on-site technical support
more informed decisions. ter plants. It supplies over 2 The Benefits to help maintain a reliable sys-
Centralized monitoring of the million tons/day of drinking The Solution tem.
remote sites reduces the need water and 880,000 tons/day The processes at the Xiji- Increased Reliability
for operators on site 24/7, low- wastewater treatment capacity ang Plant are mainly divided As part of the PlantStruxure 3D Visualization Offers Im-
ering operating costs. for nearly 2.5 million inhabi- into raw water intake, lifting, architecture, the highly reli- proved Production Efficien-
tants over 508,295 acres. disinfection (chlorination), able Quantum Hot Standby cy
Improved Product Quality The Foshan Xijiang Water filtration and sludge disposal and redundant SCADA system The graphics capabilities of
Improved consistency of Treatment Plant in the Sans- (discharge & dehydration). increase reliability and mini- the SCADA system are a criti-
water quality due to better hui District supplies water for Raw water and post-treatment mize downtime to help to en- cal factor in its overall usabil-
management of chlorine lev- urban and rural residents in water are tested for standards sure a 24/7 water supply. ity.
els has also been achieved Sanshui and three neighbor- like turbidity, pH and elec- Vijeo Citect lets engineers
as a result of fuzzy logic con- ing districts. A new plant is trical conductance. Other Standardized System Offers develop true color and easy-
trol. When conditions such planned to be built in several process variables like flow, On-time Delivery in Tight to-use graphics with 3D vi-
as rain impact water quality, phases, with the first phase to pressure, pump status, valve Schedule sualization that provide op-
the chlorine levels need to be have 200,000 m3/d supply ca- position, filter head loss, water Replicating the system on erators with an intuitive and
adjusted to ensure the water pacity. level, and residual chlorine are the tight schedule was a chal- consistent interface, facilitat-
continues to meet regulatory As the engineering unit of tracked. lenge, but because many proj- ing improved production effi-
standards and meets custom- the Group, Foshan Dexun Wa- Schneider Electric imple- ects are primarily similar, Dex- ciency.
er satisfaction. The advantage ter Information Technology mented a total PlantStruxure
of fuzzy logic technology in Co., Ltd. devotes itself to water system, including the devel-
this instance is the simple and and wastewater projects and opment of the UAG WWW li-
transparent integration of the services. The automation part brary for building the PAC and
knowledge and experience of of the Xijiang water plant was SCADA programs.
AVU staff with the easy-to-use implemented by Dexun. The system is a typical sce- The Xijiang water plant is important
rules of a fuzzy logic control nario of centralized monitor-
system, resulting in a higher The Challenge ing and distributed control. for Foshan City and one of its
quality output on a consistent The Xijiang plant is part of The plant-level monitoring success factors is Schneider
basis. an ambitious municipal proj- center, the distributed field Electric’s solution.
ect to “build the second drink- control stations, and the site
Optimized Engineering ing water source in Foshan,” equipment together consti- - He Xiaoqing, Automation & IT Supervisor,
Using the fuzzy logic ca- which is much like having re- tute the automation layer of Foshan Water Group



Water Quality is Center Focus for Michigan’s

Genesee County Communities
In the wake of the clean-water public health catastrophe in Flint, Michigan, a dozen
communities in Flint’s own Genesee County are now receiving potable water from
one of the newest water treatment facilities to go into operation in the U.S.
By Jim McMahon
class treatment process con-
ducted by our previous water
supplier, the Great Lake Water
Authority, treating the same
Lake Huron water.”
Wright described the thor-
ough and deliberate planning,
construction, and operation of
the plant, how every action fo-
cused on safety and reliability.
Testing took place for four
months at the county water
treatment plant and multiple
locations along the distribu-
tion system. To ensure the
water is of the highest quality,
Genesee County completed
its lead and copper testing for
2017 while it was still connect-
ed to the Great Lakes Water
Authority. In addition to lead
and copper, the county water
facility completed a battery
of additional water sampling.
These tests measured parame-
ters such as temperature, pH,
hardness, chlorine, fluoride,
aluminum, zinc and sulfates,
and many other factors. The
Reactor Chamber of CONTRAFAST. In This Chamber Incoming Water Mixes with Previously Settled Solids to Promote Flocculation and Solids tests established a baseline for
Contacting. Chemical Addition is Also Introduced in This Process. future water testing.

RECENTLY, A DOZEN com- ume - 30 MGD. choose. the Water Safety The Plant Process
munities located in Genesee But not all of the commu- Earlier, in April 2014, Flint With the heightened empha- When Genesee County de-
County, Michigan began re- nities that originally com- stopped using treated water sis on safe potable water fol- cided to treat its own water and
ceiving potable water from a mitted to utilize the pipeline from the Detroit water system lowing the highly-publicized build a new treatment plant, it
new multimillion-dollar water will access its water. One of and began pumping water concerns over water safety in considered several options on
treatment plant in neighbor- those communities is Flint in from the Flint River for the Flint, Genesee County officials the type of treatment it could
ing Lapeer County’s Colum- Michigan, the county seat and city’s drinking water source. have made rigorous efforts to utilize. The choices included
biaville Village. The USD 72 population center in Genesee A lack of corrosion-control ensure its water meets State conventional treatment, re-
million facility, which services County. chemicals caused the more and EPA requirements for the verse osmosis, and microfiltra-
more than 200,000 customers, Flint, along with Genesee corrosive river water to dam- communities and residents tion. County officials chose a
receives water from Lake Hu- County, was a key initiator of age the city’s water infrastruc- serviced by the KWA pipeline conventional treatment plant
ron via the newly-built Kareg- the KWA pipeline. But in late ture, and caused lead to leach and the county’s new water because they believed it was
nondi Water Authority (KWA) November 2017 Flint instead into the city’s water system, treatment plant. Genesee the best system to deliver the
pipeline. The pipeline is capa- opted to receive its water from resulting in a city-wide health County Drain Commissioner, highest quality water to its res-
ble of delivering 125 Million the Great Lakes Water Au- emergency by exposing Flint Jeff Wright, told the Flint News idents.
Gallons per Day (MGD) of thority which was created in residents to toxins. in November: “We understand After traveling 67 miles
raw water. The plant can treat late 2014, following months the importance of water safe- from Lake Huron, the raw wa-
about one-quarter of that vol- of debate on which source to The Emphasis on ty. Our plant mirrors the first- ter reaches a 150 million gal-



Customer: Genesee County
Water Treatment Plant
Location: Flint, Genesee
County, Michigan, USA
Service Provider: WesTech
Engineering, Inc.
Involved: Sludge Thickening
Clarifiers, Gravity Filters

fluent weir system allows the

filter system to generate the
required backwash supply
without the need for addi-
tional storage or pumping
systems. The backwash of the
filter incorporates WesTech’s
MULTIWASH® Filtration Pro-
cess, using sustained simulta-
neous air-water backwashing
to return the filter media to
like new condition after each
backwash while minimizing
backwash waste generation.
Specially-designed baffles,
CenTROL Gravity Filter situated around the wash
troughs, prevent media loss
lon holding pond where the is screened and released into ternal solids recirculation and o D ense sludge settles to the during the backwash process.
lake water can settle before it the plant. tube-settling clarification,” basin floor where it is con-
said Jeff Easton, WesTech Pro- tinually scraped and further Water Independence
CONTRAFAST® High- cess Engineer. “It is capable of thickened; for Genesee County
Rate Sludge Thickening running at four times the rate o Thickened solids are contin- Communities
Clarifier typically used for conventional uously recirculated to the The 94,000-sq-ft treatment
Central to the performance clarifiers, and produces sludge draft tube to seed future floc plant, accessory buildings, and
Supplied by water of the Genesee County Water with as much as 10 percent sol- and densify sludge; retention basins, positioned on
from Lake Huron Treatment Plant is its high-rate ids by weight, eliminating the o Periodic blowdown removes 80 acres, put Genesee County
sludge thickening clarifier. As need for a gravity thickener.” solids from the process as at the forefront of water supply
via the newly-built early as 2015, the county began The entire process takes needed. safety and innovation. Short-
USD 274 million testing a clarifying technology place in a single basin, great- ly after the facility opened,
Karegnondi Water called CONTRAFAST, devel- ly reducing plant footprint. CenTROL® Gravity Filters Wright told the Division Index
oped by WesTech Engineering, Here’s how the CONTRAFAST Once the CONTRAFAST (a publication in Michigan)
Authority (KWA) at one of the City of Saginaw’s clarifier works: units have clarified the water, that the pipeline and treat-
pipeline, the USD reservoirs, which also receives o Raw water is combined with it passes through two Cen- ment facility were constructed
water from Lake Huron. recirculated sludge and TROL gravity filters in a cluster on time and under budget. He
72 million Genesee The CONTRAFAST pilot treatment chemicals in a arrangement. Each CenTROL also said that the facility will
County Water operated like a miniature wa- center draft tube; unit includes four gravity filter save hundreds-of-millions of
Treatment Plant is ter treatment plant, pulling o A variable-speed impeller cells arranged around a cen- dollars over the next 30 years,
water from one of Saginaw’s mixes the flow at high G-val- trally located influent distrib- stabilize water rates, ensure
equipped with the two 90-million-gallon reservoir ues, accelerating flocculation utor box, and backwash waste the lowest water rates in the
latest-generation cells. A filtration pilot column and densifying the solids; control column. An operating Great Lakes region, and pro-
was included as part of the test- o Water and densified solids platform on top of the distribu- vide a solution that will last
process technology, ing to determine the filterabil- are recirculated within the tor box allows convenient visu- 100 years.
including a ity of the CONTRAFAST unit reactor chamber; al inspection of four filter cells WesTech Engineering, Inc.
CONTRAFAST® effluent. Testing of the treated o A high velocity upflow port from this central location. Inlet provides process solutions for
water gauged pH levels, tur- prevents settling in the reac- weirs within the distributors water treatment, liquids/sol-
high-rate sludge bidity, and other factors. The tor and transfers the water to evenly divide flow between all ids separation, and biological
thickening process was designed to assess the settling chamber; online filter cells without the treatment needs to municipal,
clarifier, and the effectiveness of the entire o A baffle directs the water to a use of electro-mechanical flow industrial and minerals clients
treatment process which Gen- more quiescent settling area control systems. Hydraulic worldwide.
CenTROL® gravity esee County planned to use in where the solids settle out; flow control through the filter
filters, designed its new plant and ultimately o Tube or plate settlers remove system eliminates potential About the Author
by WesTech did select. residual solids; flow surging providing a con- Jim McMahon regular-
“The clarifier utilizes a com- o Effluent launders collect sistent high-quality effluent. ly writes on several water &
Engineering. bination of internal and ex- clarified water; Use of a downstream ef- wastewater issues.



Septic Tanks Struggle in Florida but Raptor Gets

to the Grit
Fully automated, Lakeside’s Raptor Septage Complete Plant (SCP) is a self-
contained unit with a small footprint that compacts and dewaters captured
screenings to a solids content of 40 percent.
By Lakeside Equipment Corporation
solids) Facility (RDF), where
news had clearly travelled far
and wide about its efficiency.
A recent analysis showed
that approximately 66% of
the hauled waste brought
to the site by septic haulers
was not actually generated
in Indian River County itself.
These wastes came from com-
mercial, industrial and mu-
nicipal sources in addition to
residential septic tank clean-
ings located in Brevard, Palm
Beach, Martin, St. Lucie, and
Okeechobee counties.
Planned and built to serve
the needs of the Indian River
County community whose tax-
es pay for it, the RDF no longer
accepts out of county haulers
who previously travelled to the
facility from up to 100 miles
The Rotating Rake Teeth of Lakesides Raptor Fine Screen Fully Penetrate the Cylindrical Screen Bars to Prevent Plugging and Blinding
Yet despite still receiving
such large volumes (100,000
WITH AN ESTIMATED 10 to a legislative staff analysis, the algae blooms that killed doubtedly see an increase in gallons) of septage from 30-
percent of Florida’s two mil- 59,500 pollute groundwater fish in the Banana River and volume at treatment plants 35 vac trucks on a daily basis
lion to three million septic that flows into the estuary. northern lagoon last year. such as Indian River County’s (even with no out-of-county
tank systems not working That pollution contributed to New legislation would un- Residuals Dewatering (Bio- vehicles), Indian River’s RDF
properly, there is understand-
able concern about pollution
to pristine bodies of water
such as the Indian River La-
goon on the east coast near
Vero Beach.
With some tanks current-
ly emptied only every fifteen
years, contributing to nutrient
and fecal coliform bacteria in
groundwater, moves are afoot
to introduce laws that would
require inspection and empty-
ing of tanks every three to five
In Brevard County, for ex-
ample, which accounts for 71
percent of the lagoon, there
are 82,000 permitted septic
systems, of which according Rich Meckes Says That the Lakeside Septage Plant is Extremely Tough



There’s nothing
flimsy on the
plant. It is
designed with
thick stainless
steel. Everything
is rugged, and
it is also far
easier to access
than others we
looked at. You
can open up the
top cover and all
the maintenance
points are very
The Rotating Rake Teeth of Lakesides Raptor Fine Screen Fully Penetrate the Cylindrical Screen Bars to Prevent Plugging and Blinding
has been a tower of strength
since it opened in 2010. De-
purpose, Lakeside’s complete
plant (combining screening
access than others we looked
at. You can open up the top
ipated”, added Meckes. “It’s
incredible what it pulls out.
located. It’s
termined to provide a highly and grit removal) sets itself cover and all the maintenance We fill a four-yard dumpster clearly designed
robust plant, the facility’s team apart. There are no failure points are very conveniently every day - sometimes more by those who
have made an exceptional-
ly strong case in justifying
Fully automated, Lakeside’s
located. It’s clearly designed
by those who understand the
than one per day. The Septage
Plant is extremely tough and
understand the
the high specification of the Raptor Septage Complete application and have thought can handle pretty much every- application and
equipment it chose. The lowest Plant (SCP) is a self-contained through the role of the opera- thing that comes its way”. have thought
bid didn’t win.
“For grit removal”, explains
unit with a small footprint
that compacts and dewaters
tor”. He continued: “The con-
ditions it operates under are
through the role
Rich Meckes, Indian River captured screenings to a sol- We Capture Way More crazy, but in nearly a decade, of the operator
County’s RDF Manager (who ids content of 40 percent. Grit and Rags than We there have been no bearing - Rich Meckes, RDF
has worked at the facility since “There’s nothing flimsy on Ever Anticipated failures, and we have only had
it opened), we looked at sev- the plant”, added Meckes. “It Indeed. The pre-engineered to carry out very basic daily
Manager, Indian
eral manufacturers and visit- is designed with thick stain- design reduces engineering maintenance”. River County
ed quite a few sites, but for a less steel. Everything is rug- costs and the all stainless Meckes explained that one
system that was truly built for ged, and it is also far easier to steel construction resists cor- of Indian River County’s me- which is very helpful. Overall,
rosion. At the heart of Lake- chanics simply opens the SCP we’re very happy with it - and
side’s Septage Complete Plant up for less than an hour per as a company, Lakeside has
is the Raptor Fine Screen, day for a clean down with a been very easy to work with.
with rotating rake teeth that hose, and perhaps for a bit of The company’s agent, Fred
fully penetrate the cylindri- grease to be applied now and Trippensee (Trippensee and
We certainly didn’t anticipate cal screen bars. This prevents
plugging and blinding caused
“It doesn’t always need a
Company), has also been ex-
tremely helpful.
getting 10 years of service from by grease and small debris, clean”, said Meckes. “Another
this combined screen and grit enabling faster unloading You Know You’ve
removal system. If you can get a times to generate more reve- PROJECT FILE Bought Right
nue. “We certainly didn’t antici-
decade out of any equipment on a Lakeside’s SCP is also avail-
Customer: Indian
River County pate getting 10 years of service
tough application at a wastewater able with an Acceptance Con- Location: Florida, USA from this combined screen and
treatment plant, without any major trol System (RACS) - a securi-
ty access station that allows
Service Provider: Lakeside grit removal system. If you can
get a decade out of any equip-
problems, you know you’ve bought authorized haulers to unload
Equipment Corporation
Products/Technology ment on a tough application at
right. Considering the abuse that their waste at a facility. Add- Involved: Raptor Septage a wastewater treatment plant,
the Lakeside Septage Complete ing the data management and
accounting system with the
Complete Plant (SCP) without any major problems,
you know you’ve bought right.
Plant has taken, it has been a great RACS station provides admin- Considering the abuse that the
buy. It shows no sign of stopping istration capabilities to track great thing about the machine Lakeside Septage Complete
and invoice customers. is its overnight self-cleaning Plant has taken, it has been a
- Rich Meckes, RDF Manager, “We capture way more grit cycle. This stops the build- great buy. It shows no sign of
Indian River County and rags than we ever antic- up at the bottom of the unit, stopping”.



Jersey’s Shining Sludge Plant Sets Standards

With the logistical challenges faced by the island, the criteria of efficiency, ease of
maintenance and high performance was crucial, particularly for the plant’s pumps
and mixing systems.
By Landia

Department for Infrastructure, “Externally-mounted equip-

together with Doosan Enpure, ment would also improve
knew that with the logistical health and safety by elimi-
challenges faced by the island, nating the need for working
the aforementioned criteria at height, and confined space
of efficiency, ease of mainte- entry”.
nance and high performance Together with Gary Davies,
was crucial, particularly for Principal Engineer at Bel-
the plant’s pumps and mixing lozanne STW, Bob King (25
systems. Fog or high winds can years at the plant) carried out
soon stop goods from reaching several field trips to research
Jersey, so Bellozanne STW has suitable mixers, seeking equip-
to be self-sufficient - and has a ment that would also mix the
back-up. whole tank - away from sys-
“The new plant gave us the tems that provide little or no
perfect opportunity to engineer rotation.
out old unwanted problems”, “Eventually we visited
said Bob King, Senior Engineer Landia in Denmark to see for
(Waste Strategy - Mech & Pro- ourselves” continued Bob, “As
cess) at the States of Jersey’s well as seeing the GasMix di-
Department for Infrastructure. gester mixing system, the set-
“Previously, for example, up and the people was impres-
we had an ongoing nightmare sive the moment we walked
with very costly maintenance in - which gave us confidence
for compressors, which went too in the type of service and
down even if there was just a back-up that we were going to
small amount of foam in our get. We didn’t want any breaks
old gas mixing system. We that would interfere with our
also suffered from ragging and gas production. Lowest possi-
problems with pipework and ble price wasn’t our objective
fittings that simply weren’t of - not for one second. We were
a design”. making decisions on what was
most appropriate - for the long-
All Pipework and term. A mixing system that
Moving Parts Should could produce the most gas yet
be on the Outside be the lowest on maintenance
of the Tank made perfect sense”.
Weighing up Bellozanne’s Utilizing its proven chopper
(Left to Right) Bob King and Gary Davies from Bellozanne STYW with Landia’s Paul Davies drive towards a highly robust pump to break down particle
plant where downtime would size, Landia’s GasMix also in-
JERSEY. THE LARGEST of feature in any Channel Islands’ customer and main process be a thing of the past, Doosan cludes multiple venturi noz-
the Channel Islands. Famed for tourism brochure, but as home engineering contractor soon Enpure were also busy sourc- zles, depending upon require-
its Royal new potatoes as well also to one of the world’s lead- found that their respective ing kit that would meet key ments.
as its equally delicious dairy ing international finance-cen- drivers to meet a 2035 design requirements, especially for Doosan Enpure’s Michelle
products from its iconic pure- ters, Jersey certainly knows a horizon had plenty in com- low maintenance, as Michelle Macleod added: “Landia was
bred cattle - and now, for those thing or two about how to in- mon. Macleod, Principal Mechanical very helpful because we want-
with an interest in exemplary vest money. Three years on, yet the plant Engineer explains: ed everything at ground level,
engineering standards of man- When the time came to re- at Bellozanne - at times carbon “We certainly agreed straight meaning no access platforms
agement, research, design, effi- place the sludge plant (built neutral - still shines like new - away that for the three new an- at the side of the tanks - which
ciency, easy maintenance and in 1959) at the island’s STW but this isn’t some strange coin- aerobic digesters, all pipework saves time and money - putting
high performance - its sewage to meet future environmental cidence or due to Jersey’s kind and moving parts should be the solenoid valves that power
treatment works. standards (and a population Gulf Stream climate. on the outside of the tank”, she the pneumatic actuators down
Granted, the STW may never already in excess of 105,000), From the outset, Jersey’s said. to a solenoid box at ground



of our operation has changed, changers, which were having to PROJECT FILE
because we look at gas produc- be cleaned every week - going Customer: Doosan
tion every day and see how, against Bellozanne’s quest for Enpure, Department for
if possible, we can tweak it to low, low maintenance. Infrastructure - Jersey
make it better. We might see if “Initially we blamed the Location: Bellozanne
we can thicken more, thicken exchangers, as perhaps most Sewage Treatment Works
less, change feed rates - look at operators do (!)” said Bob. “We (STW), Island of Jersey
what is coming in, look at what tried linking them in series, Service Provider: Landia
is being washed away. We’ll in parallel, but eventually we Products/Technology
never stop wanting to learn found the remedy by intro- Involved: Pumps, Mixers
and improve”. ducing an air-line. Our heat
He added: “Doosan Enpure exchangers now have no trou-
are very good process peo- ble reaching their required The Digesters are
ple to work with, helping us temperatures and require very Being Mixed Properly
achieve up to 500 kW of elec- little in the way of cleaning. Gary Davies agrees: “From a
tricity (and the same again in The downside to this was ad- process point of view, the good
level in an explosion-proof en- rotten fish odor was used to en- heat) - about £800 to £1,100 ditional wear to the pasteur- mixing we have here with the
closure. We also wanted an iso- hance the treatment of sludge per day. The pasteurizers make izer mixing pumps, caused by Landia equipment is very im-
lation valve included between - at a cost of £80,000pa but that a big positive difference in aerated sludge. This issue was portant for consistency. It has
digesters and the actuated expenditure has gone. presenting the digesters with addressed by upgrading to a very positive knock-on effect
valve so that we wouldn’t have Now there is Doosan En- much better material. Further hardened impellers to improve all the way through, includ-
to decommission an entire pure’s established pasteuriza- on in the process, we now have service life.” ing that big reduction in grit/
digester if we had a problem tion technology that holds the far less grit/silt and rag to deal Bellozanne and Doosan silt, because we can see that
with a valve. Operating times sludge at 55°C for a minimum with. Before we had to take a Enpure also chose Landia the digesters are being mixed
also came into the decision of 4 hours, prior to passing to digester out of service, bring pumps for three separate tanks properly”.
to choose Landia, rather than the anaerobic digesters. in costly tankers to remove two containing digested sludge, Further evidence of the
systems that run flat out, so in “As well as the pasteurizers”, to three meters of grit/silt and thickened sludge (fed to the plant’s enviable performance
effect, it gives the operator the continued Gary Davies, “the rag - but now we’re very much digesters via pasteurizers) and comes in the shape of the
flexibility and confidence to investment in our CHP sees heading in the right direction”. unthickened sludge that comes sludge cake. Without lime,
fine-tune the mixing for maxi- minimal flaring of gas. It all One area that did require off the final clarifiers, which there was some concern ini-
mum gas yields”. goes to the CHP - and we can much more than mere fine-tun- is then thickened and added tially about how consistent it
At the old Bellozanne plant, now use the excess heat to heat ing was the continuous furring to the thickened tank to maxi- would be, but according to Bob
lime that caused a distinctive the sludge. The whole focus up of the new plant’s heat ex- mize overall residence time. King, the plant now produces a
As with the Landia chopper far better product.
pumps on the GasMix systems “It is much more appealing
of the three digesters, none has to farmers, for whom we now
required any spare parts till provide technical assistance
now, since being installed three to help them with spreading
years ago. compliance, testing their fields
for them. We still have more
Good Mixing is Critical we can achieve in this area,
Dave Garnett, Technical Spe- but we’ve already come a long
cialist (Wastewater) at Doosan way since we used to have to
Enpure says that Bellozanne is pay farmers to take the treated
achieving high Volatile Solids sludge away!”
(VS) destruction at an average Gary Davies continued:
of around 60%. “Overall, we now have a far
“The pasteurizers must help, more complex plant - yet our
but good mixing is critical with investment in quality equip-
the high-temperature feed to ment is saving us money. Not
the digesters to make sure that everybody understands the
everything is distributed prop- drivers when being on an is-
erly. Landia’s GasMix is work- land. No point supposedly sav-
ing very well indeed because ing £1M on CAPEX if it’s then
we’re seeing plenty of energy going to cost you an extra £3M
produced by the CHP (that in maintenance. This plant’s
has already more than paid for performance proves that we are
itself ), so making a big reduc- winning the argument”.
tion in OPEX” Doosan Enpure’s Michelle
He added: “It is interesting MacLeod agrees: “I’ve never
that many digesters in the in- seen such a clean, tidy and
dustry run on 2 to 2.5% solids well-maintained site - which is
when with a simple retrofit to highly beneficial for the equip-
a superior mixing system, they ment - run by people who are
could increase to 4% and see very knowledgeable about the
an immediate pay off ”. process - and care about it”.



UAE’s SAFI Water Treatment Plant Boosts

Water Recycling
SAFI distributes commercialized ‘recycled water’ which is used in industries that
require large amounts of it while maintaining a high quality, good salinity, and TDS
By Rolf Keil

Safi Water Treatment Plant in Ajman

THE SAFI WATER treatment is used in industries that re-

plant has built a strong reputa- quire large amounts of it while ry treated water directly from of commercialized ‘recycled Council Member and Ruler of
tion for itself in Ajman. Locat- maintaining a high quality, Ajman Sewerage (ASPCL). Af- water’ into practice. Prior to Ajman.
ed in the Industrial Zone, the good salinity, and TDS levels. ter undergoing ultra-filtration the revamp SAFI Ajman had As a private company, SAFI
plant has undergone a revamp One of SAFI major clients is and reverse osmosis filtration a different look and feel. The is in it to make a profit and the
from the ground up and now Tabreed, the Ajman munic- processes, it is then pumped. growing demand for treated authority (Ajman Municipali-
resembles a commercial fuel ipality’s incinerator facility, The total capacity of the plant effluent (TE) prompted its ty) comes in with the legalities
station with 24 filling bays of and Star Cements, for whom is 2.2 million imperial gallons stakeholders to take it up a to govern the project, and they
which 16 bays are currently in SAFI have built a pipe to sup- of water. notch. have been extremely coopera-
operation. ply water directly to the plant SAFI had 12 filling points A minor change in the di- tive from the outset.
This makes it easier for driv- here in Ajman. prior to the reinvention of this ameter of the pipe has allowed The success of this water
ers to come in and fill up their SAFI (which means “pure” plant. It was a simple facili- larger outputs. SAFI pumps treatment and distribution
tankers, as the visual familiar- in Arabic) is a joint venture ty with a few filing points - a are now 50% faster than be- plant has prompted neighbor-
ity makes for a good experi- between Ajman Municipali- storage tank and building to fore, which means we are able ing emirates to visit the facil-
ence overall. ty, BESIX, Six Construct and process the water. Today, SAFI to pump double the amount of ity. Fujairah is now looking
SAFI distributes commer- Veolia, and the water treat- is the first company in the water as compared to our ca- at replicating the system we
cialized ‘recycled water’ which ment plant receives its tertia- region to bring the concept pacity at launch. have, along with several other
A 10,000-gallon tanker authorities and bodies who
which would take an hour to have visited our premises. Lo-
fill-up now takes just 35 min- cal governments hold the key
utes after the change. This to success in the public-pri-
means the frequency of trucks vate business model.
will increase as more tankers The revamped SAFI Ajman
are able to fill up in a shorter plant faces no competition
amount of time. For a tanker in the UAE and the future is
to remain stationary, either at looking bright as well. SAFI
a filling station or otherwise, will build two new facilities
translates in loss of revenue in 2018, one will be located
(for its company). in the industrial area and the
The fully rebranded prem- other will be on the Al Zorah
ises was inaugurated on No- Beachfront (both in Ajman).
vember 20, 2017, at the hands Building a new plant from
of HH Sheikh Humaid bin scratch costs approximately
Rashid Al Nuaimi, Supreme AED30m (USD 8.2m).



toxic or inhibitory to the bio-

logical treatment process. PROJECT FILE
This is achieved, to the ex- Location: Safi Water
tent possible, by continuous Treatment Plant,
monitoring of the wastewater Ajman, UAE
discharged to the sewerage Service Provider: SAFI
network; campaigns to ed- (Ajman Municipality, BESIX
ucate the customers on the Concessions & Assets, Six
proper use of the sewerage Construct, and Veolia)
system; and continuous mon- Products/Technology
itoring of the performance of Involved: Wastewater
the facilities. Treatment Plant (WWTP),
It’s also important to accu- Water Recycling,
rately assess the population Biological Treatment
growth on a medium to long-
term basis to ensure that sew- Ajman Municipality expand
erage facilities are planned the range and improve the
sufficiently in advance to efficiency of its irrigation net-
meet the demands of a rapidly work, all while increasing the
increasing population, whilst volume of re-use TE.
also ensuring that the best use Maximizing the re-use of
is made of the funds available the processed tertiary effluent,
SAFI receives TE water from gies to treat the wastewater,” season and the demands of for investment in new facili- biogas and sludge will pro-
Ajman Sewerage located in he says. the various off-takers. SAFI re- ties. mote sustainability, protect
close proximity. A rundown The average daily capacity ceives an average of between Hence, monitoring popula- the environment and (if pos-
of the multiple stage process, at the Wastewater Treatment 10,000 m3 and 14,000 m3 of tion trends and master-plan- sible) obtain financial benefit.
from receiving the sewage wa- Plant (WWTP) is around TE per day. ning to anticipate the needs ASPCL also expects to award a
ter to its purification. 135,000 m3. These flows are One of the main challeng- for additional sewerage infra- contract in the near future to
The Wastewater Treat- expected to increase to meet es is to ensure the quality of structure, and robust procure- procure facilities to convert
ment Plant (WWTP) has two the increasing demands based the discharged wastewater ment process are pivotal. biogas into ‘green’ electricity,
systems running in parallel on planned future develop- complies with municipal reg- APSCL - the firm tasked which will reduce emissions
- called the WWTP Phase 1 ments in Ajman. ulations and does not contain with managing the day-to- to the atmosphere and reduce
and WWTP Phase 2. Although As the primary supplier to chemicals, biocides, pesti- day operations of the site - is the company’s operating costs.
both utilize similar processes, SAFI, the WWTP’s supply of cides or other products in also providing expertise and
each uses distinct technolo- TE varies depending on the such quantities that could be financial assistance to help About the Author
Rolf Keil is the Senior Man-
ager at BESIX Concessions
& Assets with a background
of more than 20 years in the
industrial manufacturing,
mining, water, power and
utility sectors. He had joined
BESIX as Project Develop-
ment Manager, focusing on

desalination and innovative

water treatment businesses, in
November 2016, after holding
senior international manage-
ment positions with Publicis
MCD, WA Granite, Hawle Ar-
maturen, CST Industries, and



14th Finance Commission: Possibilities and Challenges

in the Way of Federalism
ercise by WaterAid India team The field experiences in dif-
and its partners across five dis- ferent GPs in Madhya Pradesh
tricts of Uttar Pradesh brought and Uttar Pradesh states high-
out lessons starkly. lighted several examples of
The FFC defined the ba- administrative supremacy
sic services as - water supply, over the decisions of the Gram
sanitation including sep- Sabha due to the rigid guide-
tage management, sewerage, lines of the state Governments
stormwater drainage, solid on utilization of FFC funds.
waste management, street For example, a Sarpanch in
lighting, local body roads and Raisen district of Madhya
footpaths, parks, playgrounds, Pradesh wanted to repair old
burial and cremation grounds. water supply pipelines and re-
Most of the states followed the place leaking taps. It could not
list of basic services, however, get approval as the state made
emphasis on various services the construction of internal
differed in different states. roads as its first priority.
The last two year’s analysis The larger issue which
clearly shows that internal comes out clearly is that de-
roads construction has been spite the planning envisaged
ONE OF THE CENTRAL cri- some of the findings of a se- Let us look at the ways in taken up as a top priority e.g. under GPDP being bottom-up,
tiques of our developmental ries of work done by WaterAid which some of these recom- Telangana (43.5%), Sikkim district or state officials still
planning has been the nature India, giving us a few insights mendations have panned out. (35.96%), Rajasthan (28.36%), wield the wherewithal to
of its top-down approach. into the working of something Due to a complex composite Andhra Pradesh (27.30%), control the same as per their
Most of the schemes around still nebulous in its scope. weightage system, the num- Uttarakhand (25.8%), Tri- whims and fancies. With the
basic services, even when be- The Commission (valid for ber of village Panchayats vary pura (24.14%), and Odisha ongoing work towards 15th
ing state subjects, are run as the duration 2015-2020) stip- in different states as the crite- (23.06%) followed by Chhat- Finance Commission which
central schemes with states ulated rules devolving more ria for demarcation of village tisgarh (22.04%). However, the will commence in 2020, there
sharing the costs. In the pro- planning power to the Gram Panchayats varies with the size internal roads construction is a dire need to look into
cess, the entire delivery mech- Panchayats (GPs) directly. The of the population. This has re- has been closely followed by these aspects. With the state
anism remains to be a bureau- FFC suggested that the FFC sulted in varying allocation of provisioning of water supply now largely withdrawing
cratic exercise. And this has fund should not be parked resources for the GPs. In Bihar, e.g. in Telangana and Chhat- funds from water and sanita-
remained a reality despite the with the state governments per GP transfer is as high as 45 tisgarh, expenditure on water tion (the latter likely soon in
existence of local governance for more than 15 days. In case lakhs and in Chhattisgarh it is and sanitation combined is at the post SBM scenario), the
institutions, especially since of delay, the states should pay as low as 8.7 lakhs. All in all, around 59% which is a sub- expenditure on water, sanita-
the 73rd and 74th Amendments interest to the GPs. There are FFC allocated INR 2,00,292 stantial portion of the grants tion, and waste management
to the Constitution around several examples where the crores for the village Pancha- spent on these two services. needs to be comprehensively
Panchayati Raj Institutions states have had to pay interest yats, which is more than 3 This has to be read also in light planned. There is a need to
(PRIs) and Urban Local Bodies for the delay in the transfer of times the allocation provided of the fact that since 2014-15, develop GPDP specifically for
(ULBs). The challenge is that funds. It was also recommend- to the Panchayats under the there has been a sharp decline the water, sanitation and waste
there have been little teeth ed by the FFC that 10 percent 13th Finance Commission. Yet of funds under the National management developing con-
given to these institutions in of the total transfer of funds the utilization of the funds Rural Drinking Water Pro- vergence mechanism. More
terms of financial muscle till should be used for adminis- has been patchy and vary- gramme of the central govern- importantly, there is a need to
recently. The amendments also trative purposes. The FFC also ing across the states. Most of ment. invest in Panchayat capacity to
provisioned for the establish- provided a list of suggested the states were able to utilize In states of Chhattisgarh plan and to organize special-
ment of State Finance Com- services that should be con- less than half of the allocat- (36.41%), Himachal Pradesh ists at the disposal of GPs to be
missions (SFC) for sharing of sidered as basic service by ed resources. Uttar Pradesh, (31.86%) and Manipur (62%) a able to look at the planning as
tax pool of the state with the the GPs, with a rider that the the state with a high concen- major part of the FFC grant is a comprehensive vision rather
PRIs and ULBs. state governments could em- tration of poor could utilize spent on sanitation. The repair than ad hoc is crucial.
It was in this context that the phasize some of the services only 2.02% of the funds trans- of the toilets constructed with But the early signs are prom-
ongoing tenure of the 14th Fi- as the state-specific priorities. ferred. The low utilization of lower subsidy amount prior to ising and one hopes that this
nance Commission (FFC) with Instructions by the Ministry the FFC fund reflects the inad- Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) will indeed lead to deepen-
its vertical allocation of 42 of Finance were issued based equate administrative capac- and construction of many ing of democracy in its truest
percent to the states (a sharp on the FFC recommendations. ities of the village Panchayats missing toilets is also a grow- sense.
increase by 10% from the It included the requirement and many states have been ing demand at the village Pan- Avinash Kumar is Director
previous 13th Finance Com- of preparation of a Gram lagging behind in developing chayat level which is possibly - Programme, and Policy at Wa-
mission) promised a radical Panchayat Development Plan guidelines for GPDP and its met from the FFC funds in the terAid India.
break in terms of the aspired (GPDP) for utilization of the implementation in respective states where there is a high ex-
spirit of federalism. Below are FFC grant. Gram Panchayats. A recent ex- penditure on sanitation. @Avinashkoomar



Women in Water
November 27, London, UK
Top industry leaders of UK shared their experiences at Women in Water.

ter’s Chief Executive (elect)

said, “The event has exceeded
my expectations in terms of
the range of women that came,
their experience, skills and the
departments they represent.
The stories we’ve heard have
been inspiring, showing what
is possible for women in this
Looking ahead Thompson
said, “I’d like to see even more
interaction and more practi-
cal advice at future Women in
Water events. Also, this is an
event for men and women, so
I would like more men to join
Northumbrian Water Chief Executive Heidi Mottram (l) and Angela
future events. Men are criti-
Delegates to Women in Water had the Advantage of Networking at
the Highest Level. Smith MP Share Experiences from their Careers at Women in Water. cal in helping women on that
journey, as we’ve heard today,
OVER 100 DELEGATES at- Executive Heidi Mottram is advance their career, she deliv- tion,” she said, pointing to a and where women are in lead-
tended British Water’s inau- the first woman to lead a UK ered a tough message: “Doing glacial 2% shift over 10 years. ership roles, the relationships
gural Women in Water event water utility. She described your job well is not enough, Inspirational stories from will be reciprocated.”
held in London on 27 Novem- how gender-enlightened poli- you’re going to have to stand women’s careers included Women in Water was host-
ber 2018. The event sold out cies at British Rail in the 1980s out and do things outside your Alice Elder, Senior Asset En- ed by PA Consulting and
weeks in advance and attend- brought her into an operations remit that make a difference. gineer at Affinity Water, who sponsored by Anglian Water,
ees heard career advice from management training scheme: Mottram recommended came into the industry after re- Thames Water, and Cranfield
water industry leaders and “I wound points, operated sig- building as big a base as possi- alizing she wanted to do some- University.
took advantage of the opportu- nal-boxes and coupled trains ble by moving jobs and trying thing with a tangible benefit to
nity to network at the highest together in the middle of the different things. “You’re going people. She talked about the
level. night,” she said. to have to move at a bit of pace, value of mentors and how in-
Northumbrian Water’s Chief Advising anyone wanting to be brave,” she said. “I was mov- spiration had come from men
ing jobs every two-and-a-bit as she “didn’t see women in po-
years and always doing more sitions of leadership and man-
than was needed.” agement” at the time.
Mottram said she didn’t see “My mentors were great,” she
herself as ambitious or driven, said, “they could see the value I
“I’m motivated where I think brought and what I could offer
I can do something better, a team. It’s a really important
where I can do something dif- role for men to recognize the
ferent and add some value.” qualities we bring,” she said.
Kate Davies, Chief Operat- Karen Dingley, Head of Min-
ing Officer, EU Skills, revealed ing & Water Services at WSP
the stark gender gap in the told a similar story about the
UK water industry where only mining industry where she
20% of the workforce is female might be the only woman
against a national average of on isolated sites around the
47 percent. This actually com- world. She urged women in
pares favorably with other the water industry to “Get into
utilities where the figure is 17 schools, encourage girls to get British Water Chief Executive
Lila Thompson Welcomes Dele-
percent. “Water is ahead, and into maths and science.” gates to the Inaugural Women in
Delegates Network at Women in Water. we’re going in the right direc- Lila Thompson, British Wa- Water Event.


Global Summit
on Waste
28th Feb - 1st Mar 2019,
Hotel Le Meridien, New Delhi, India
Waste to Wealth - creating a circular economy

Global Summit on Waste Management - GSWM - 2019 is envisaged as a 2 day exhibition cum conference focusing on all
aspects of waste management in India. The exhibition will showcase the latest technology & solutions from across the world ,
while the conference will deliberate on the issues & solutions and chart a way forward in the presence of invited international
and Indian policy-makers, domain experts & government officials,. Delegates will comprise of decision makers , scientists,
researchers, entrepreneurs, suppliers, innovators, students and many more.

Key Topics and areas:

• Best & Next Practices in Sustainable Waste Management • Circular Economy • Zero waste system • E-Waste • Waste to Energy
• Upcycling • Bio Waste • Waste water • Plastic Waste • Agriculture waste • Food Waste • Menstrual Waste
• Construction and demolition • Industrial waste • Waste management for oil, gas and petrochemical industries • Hazardous waste
• Medical waste • Recycling technologies • Composting • Policy, financing, planning and regulation • Smart waste • Waste Logistics

Shailendra Kumar I +919868332325 I |

Concurrent Event
Global Summit on
Waste to Energy
28thFeb -1st Mar, 2019, Hotel Le Meridien, New Delhi
Towards a future where there will be no difference between waste & energy

A Grand Meetup for the HVAC Industry in Bengaluru
November 30, Bengaluru, India
The showstopper of the conference was the panel discussion on “Role of Smart
Metering in Achieving Energy-Efficiency”.

Rakesh Sahay, Keynote Speaker at ACC 2018

shared their experiences and Bhambere, Director, Kamstrup

presented unique viewpoints India operations.
in terms of challenges and Kamstrup is a leading sup-
contribution of BTU meters. plier of energy and water
The discussion took an inter- metering solutions. Its solu-
esting turn when panelists tions support utilities and
indicated their expectations are also applied in properties
Panel Discussion Members (L-R) Dr. Rupesh Iyengar, Kiran Kumar, Srirangarajan Kadaba, TN Gurumurthy,
towards product development with individual metering. Its
and Satish Karath and digitalization within the solutions include consump-
industry. tion meters, smart metering
THE EVENING OF November cited to see the latest product keynote speaker at the confer- “Kamstrup has always been systems, hosting and services,
30, 2018, Kamstrup launched updates in BTU metering and ence. on the epitome of research analytics and smart grid appli-
the first edition of the Annual latest analytics solution for en- The showstopper of the and development and we cations. All of its products are
Cooling Conference success- ergy and water from Kamstrup conference was the panel dis- will continue to bring val- produced with the highest cer-
fully in Bengaluru, in associa- in India. cussion on “Role of Smart Me- ue through our cutting-edge tifications for environmental
tion with their trusted partner Presence of popular con- tering in Achieving Energy-Ef- technology in measuring and safety and quality in its auto-
Virgo Technologies and sup- sultants and contractors like ficiency”. The speakers were monitoring of energy and wa- mated production facilities in
ported by ISHRAE. eQube, Cerebration consul- from diverse backgrounds ter consumption”, said Suneel Denmark.
The event witnessed an tants, ePlus, VKBS, Bluestar
amalgamation of consultants, etc., builders and developers
contractors, builders and de- like Brigade, CBRE, Karle In-
velopers, facility managers, frastructure, and HVAC ex-
BMS and MEP experts from perts was marked during the
the HVAC industry. Air con- conference.
ditioning is an integral part “We need to build the in-
of buildings of today and to- frastructure that will last for
morrow and the conference fo- years to come. As consultants,
cused on building a dialogue it is not the meter or the data;
around achieving energy-ef- it is the responsibility we have
ficiency and sustainability in towards the infrastructure that
the field. matters the most” said, Rakesh
The audience seemed ex- Sahay, eQube consultants, the



CII Waste & Resource Management
Summit 2018
November 16-17, Hyderabad, India
11 companies were awarded with CII GreenCo (Green Company) rating for their
sustainable business practices.

WHILE ADDRESSING AT address various ecological is- Target “waste” as a “resource” set new global benchmarks in from linear to circular econo-
the inaugural session of 9th sues and concerns and in the and Convert “waste” into a “re- environmental management. my: Stakeholders perspective;
Waste & Resource Manage- process is offering new growth source’’, should be the mantra, This indeed augurs well for Towards resource efficiency;
ment Summit 2018, Henri- opportunities to the stakehold- he highlighted. Focusing more economy and ecology, she add- Best practices on circular econ-
ette Faergemann, Counselor, ers, she added. Indian indus- on waste management hier- ed. CII through its gamut of omy; Extended producers’
Environment, Energy & Cli- try through its multi-pronged archy will drive the circular services is committed to offer responsibility - plastic and
mate Change, EU Delegation approach has made excellent economy and in the process the competitive advantage to e-waste management; Re-
to India, clearly underlined strides in highlighting busi- avoid environment becoming Indian industry, she said. source security and zero waste
that the European Union (EU) ness case for green businesses, a sink for polluting rejects, he As part of CII Waste & Re- to landfill.
and Indian industry should she highlighted. said. The circular economy source Management Summit The inaugural session was
explore new areas of partner- Ulhas Parlikar, Chairman, needs immediate attention, 2018, CII also organized a con- marked by award of CII Green-
ship in waste management Waste & Resource Manage- was his clarion call. ference on alternate fuel and Co (Green Company) Rating
and resource conservation. ment Summit 2018 explained KN Rao, Chairman, CII - raw material utilisation. The to 11 companies for adopting
EU in partnership with India the need and importance of GreenCo Mumbai Forum & Di- 2-day event focussed on topics and promoting sustainable
has developed projects which focusing on Circular Economy. rector-Energy & Environment, including: Approach towards business practices in their op-
ACC Ltd said that cement resource efficiency - journey erations.
sector is leading with exam-
ple and in the last few years,
sustainability has become
one of the strategic areas for
the sector. The sector is con-
scious about the impact they
are creating and are taking ex-
tensive initiatives to minimize
the negative externalities and
maximize the positive exter-
nalities, he added.
Seema Arora, Deputy Di-
rector General, CII said that
Indian industry is well poised
to become one of the global
leaders in sustainability and


4th Edition
21, 22 & 23
Mar - 2019

India’s Largest Trade Show for

Water Treatment,ETP & STP Applications

· 150 stalls · 6000 + Trade Visitors · New Technologies

· Support from Distilleries, Dyeing &Tannery Units and
Associations representing water and waste water

Organised by Stall Bookings

Call or whatsapp
98408 48685