0 Voturi pozitive0 Voturi negative

0 (de) vizualizări6 paginiJan 30, 2019

© © All Rights Reserved

DOCX, PDF, TXT sau citiți online pe Scribd

© All Rights Reserved

0 (de) vizualizări

© All Rights Reserved

- The Day the World Came to Town: 9/11 in Gander, Newfoundland
- Seveneves: A Novel
- Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap...And Others Don't
- Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race
- Hidden Figures Young Readers' Edition
- Hidden Figures Young Readers' Edition
- The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870-1914
- The Last Second
- The Wright Brothers
- The Wright Brothers
- Life in a Medieval Castle
- Fault Lines
- State of Fear
- State of Fear
- Elevator Pitch: A Novel
- The Power of Discipline: 7 Ways it Can Change Your Life
- Hit Refresh: The Quest to Rediscover Microsoft's Soul and Imagine a Better Future for Everyone
- The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution
- Goodnight, Goodnight Construction Site

Sunteți pe pagina 1din 6

conditions:

Assumed rate of control surface displacement may not be less than the rate that

could be applied by the pilot througontrol system. The effect of corresponding pitching

velocities must be considered when determining elevator angles & chordwise load

distribution.

For the maneuvering balanced conditions, assuming that airplane is in

equilibrium with zero pitching acceleration, all maneuvering envelope must be

investigated. The movement of the pitch control surfaces can be adjusted according

to the max pilot effort limitation specified by contro system stops and any indirect effect

imposed by the control system.

The response of the airplane must be considered when defining the tail load.

Loads that occur when normal acceleration at the center of gravity exceeds the

positive limit maneuvering load factor or the resulting tailplane normal load reaches its

max, doesn’t need to be considered.

Pitching control motion vs. time profile must be established to not exceed design

limit load factor. Unless lesser values can’t be exceeded, the airplane response must

result in pitching accelerations not less than the following:

+ Pitching acceleration must reach airplane load factor of 1.0. the positive

acceleration must equal to at least

39𝑛 𝑅𝑎𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑛𝑠

(𝑛 − 1.5), ( )

𝑣 𝑠𝑒𝑐.2

Where:

n = + load factor

V = speed in knots

-Pitching acceleration must reach positive maneuvering load factor. The negative

pitching acceleration must be equal to at least

25.367Unsymmetrical loads due to engine failure

An airplane must be designed for the unsymmetrical loads resulting from the

failure of the critical engine. Turbopropeller airplanes should be designed for the

following conditions in combination with a single malfunction of the propeller

drag limiting system:

because of fuel flow interruption are considered to be limit loads.

2) Between VMC and VC speeds, ultimate loads are considered as the loads

resulting from the disconnection of the engine compressor from the

turbine or from loss of the turbine blades.

3) Time history of thrust decay and drag build-up occurring as a result of the

prescribed engine failures must be substantiated by test or other data.

4) Timing and magnitude of the probable pilot corrective action must be

estimated and must consider the characteristics of a particular engine-

propeller-airplane combination.

yawning velocity is reached.

a) General. The maximum and minimum pilot forces are assumed to act at

the appropriate control grips or pads and to be reacted at the

attachment of the control system to the control surface horn.

surfaces and the corresponding deflections doesn’t need to exceed

those that would result in flight from the application of any pilot force.

Control Maximum forces or Minimum forces or

torques torques

Aileron:

Stick 100lbs 40lbs

Wheel /1/ 80 D in. – lbs /2/ 40 D in. – lbs

Elevator:

Stick 250lbs 100lbs.

Wheel (symmetrical) 300lbs 100lbs.

Wheel (unsymmetrical) /3/ 300lbs 100lbs.

Rudder 300lbs 130lbs.

The critical parts of the aileron control system must be designed for a

single tangential force with a limit value equal to 1.25 times the couple

force determined from these criteria.

D= wheel diameter (inches).

The unsymmetrical forces must be applied at one of the normal handgrip

points on the periphery of the control wheel.

a) In designing the airplane for lateral gust namely yaw maneuver and roll

maneuver conditions, account must be taken of unsymmetrical loads on

the empennage arising from effects such as slipstream and aerodynamic.

b) The horizontal tail must be assumed to be subjected to unsymmetrical

loading conditions determined as follows:

100 percent of the maximum loading from the symmetrical maneuver

conditions and the vertical gust conditions of acting separately on the

surface on one side of the plane of symmetry; and

80 percent of these loadings acting on the other side.

c) For empennage arrangements where the horizontal tail surfaces have

dihedral angles greater than plus or minus 10 degrees, the surfaces and

the supporting structure must be designed for gust velocities.

d) Unsymmetrical loading on the empennage arising from buffet conditions

must be taken into account.

25.511 Ground load: unsymmetrical loads on multiple-wheel units

the limit ground loads. In addition,

A tandem strut gear arrangement is a multiple-wheel unit; and

In determining the total load on a gear unit with respect to the provisions

of distribution of limit loads to wheels through towing conditions, the

transverse shift in the load centroid may be neglected.

b) The distribution of the limit loads among the wheels of the landing gear

must be established for each landing, taxiing, and ground handling

condition, taking into account the effects of the following factors:

The number of wheels and their physical arrangements.

Any differentials in tire diameters resulting from a combination of

manufacturing tolerances, tire growth, and tire wear.

Any unequal tire inflation pressure, assuming the maximum variation

to be +/-5 percent of the nominal tire inflation pressure.

A runway crown of zero and a runway crown having a convex

upward shape that may be approximated by a slope of 1 « percent

with the horizontal.

The airplane attitude.

Any structural deflections.

respect to the loading conditions specified in landing conditions through

towing, taking into account the physical arrangement of the gear

components.

The deflation of any one tire for each multiple wheel landing gear unit,

and the deflation of any two critical tires for each landing gear unit using

four or more wheels per unit, must be considered; and

The ground reactions must be applied to the wheels with inflated tires

except that a rational distribution of the ground reactions between the

deflated and inflated tires may be used.

d) The applied load to each gear for one and for two deflated tires unit is

assumed to be 60 percent and 50 percent, respectively, of the limit load

applied to each gear for each of the prescribed landing conditions.

e) For one and for two deflated tires.

The applied side or drag load factor, or both factors, at the center

of gravity must be the most critical value up to 50 percent and 40

percent

For the braked roll conditions, the drag loads on each inflated tire

may not be less than those at each tire symmetrical load distribution

with no deflated tires;

f) The towing load for one and for two deflated tires, FTOW, must be 60

percent and 50 percent, respectively, of the load prescribed.

a) The limit water reaction load factors for symmetrical step, bow, and stern

are those computed under hull and main float load factors. In addition,

The resultant water load must be applied at the keel for symmetrical

step landings through the center of gravity.

The resultant water load must be applied at the keel for symmetrical

bow landings, one-fifth of the longitudinal distance from the bow to

the step.

The resultant water load must be applied at the keel for symmetrical

stern landings at a point 85 percent of the longitudinal distance

from the step to the stern post.

b) Unsymmetrical step, bow, and stern landing conditions must be

investigated. In addition,

The loading for each condition consists of an upward component and

aside component equal, respectively, to 0.75 and 0.25 tan <beta> times

the resultant load in the corresponding symmetrical landing condition;

The point of application and direction of the upward component of the

load is the same as that in the symmetrical condition, and the point of

application of the side component is at the same longitudinal station as

the upward component.

c) The unsymmetrical loading consists of an upward load at the step of

each float of 0.75 and a side load of 0.25 tan <beta> at one float times

the step landing load reached.

- E104 Newtons Second Law of MotionÎncărcat deKenta Yagi
- Forces and Motion_example Lab ReportÎncărcat delam104
- Lab Report Force and AccelerationÎncărcat deSumeet Ranu
- Tyre MechanicsÎncărcat devenkykirti
- McDonnell Douglas F-15 STOLÎncărcat deAviation/Space History Library
- Twincopter DocÎncărcat deRinson Raj
- Sportcopter IIÎncărcat deGoran Todoroski
- Ai²TS-1_Class-XI_SET - A.pdfÎncărcat deManan Khandelwal
- dalian.docxÎncărcat deJonathan
- Group 1 Design of a Two Seat Standard Glider for Maximum EnduranceÎncărcat deJavier Garcia Bartolome
- Aircraft Design Project on Fighter Aircraft (Sukhoi)Încărcat deNambi Rajan
- ap13.pdfÎncărcat deArjun Sharma
- s 208 Parts Catalog 1969 OcrÎncărcat deAlexandru
- 3a25_rev_ 26 Cessna 340 TcdsÎncărcat deElmer Villegas
- Circular Motion Concepts of First Year Engineering StudentsÎncărcat dePessoa_1
- questionÎncărcat deHimanshuTripathi
- Kinema TicsÎncărcat desuniljain007
- The Syntax That Speaks To UsÎncărcat deIan Beardsley
- 1. MechanicsÎncărcat denicky1213a
- Lecture 01Încărcat dehappydoc
- 1. Atwood's Machine.docÎncărcat deDebora Tresia Purba
- 2007_Handbook of Formula and Physical ConstantsÎncărcat deapi-3859258
- DynamicÎncărcat deChristin Valencia
- Questions and SolutionsÎncărcat desonuvuce
- 3.Motion-in-a-PlaneExercise.pdfÎncărcat desonuvuce
- Dogs lap using acceleration-driven open pumping.pdfÎncărcat dedaniel leon marin
- 1204.2984.pdfÎncărcat deJonathan
- Dissertation Brendan J ChanÎncărcat dedch27
- Circular Motion.pdfÎncărcat deAryan
- 9 Science Exemplar Chapter 8 AnswerÎncărcat deUrvash Shende

- Airplane SystemÎncărcat deJonathan
- RentÎncărcat deJonathan
- dalian.docxÎncărcat deJonathan
- bilis.docxÎncărcat deJonathan
- ee.docxÎncărcat deJonathan
- qqÎncărcat deJonathan
- TangaÎncărcat deJonathan
- SahÎncărcat deJonathan
- SasÎncărcat deJonathan
- WewÎncărcat deJonathan
- WawÎncărcat deJonathan
- qweÎncărcat deJonathan
- AtanÎncărcat deJonathan Potestades Cabriga
- 1.9Încărcat deJonathan
- 1.5Încărcat deJonathan
- 1.3Încărcat deJonathan
- 1.2Încărcat deJonathan

- Topic 8 Volume of LequidÎncărcat deputrla
- Math 2030B - Test 2 - Sol.pdfÎncărcat dejair2018
- Hilti Manual for Bolt 1Încărcat decsengineer2
- SUN Logical Domain Quick Start GuideÎncărcat dearvind
- Whats New 10Încărcat demikadoturk
- 1756-rn677_-en-pÎncărcat deSohaib Adil
- sciencelogic_monitoring_vmware_7-3-4-2 (1)Încărcat deAnonymous E6IDcXd
- Programming in c Unit-1Încărcat deIndu Lakshmi
- ASSIGNMENT SHEET - IP Adress CalculationÎncărcat deMuhammad Zaril Iswan
- Mhr Ml7 FinalExam Option1 Multiple.docÎncărcat dehedomstad
- Mhi Integrally Geared CompressorsÎncărcat decandhare
- Mathematics Reasoning - Activities for Developing Thinking SkillsÎncărcat deRob
- AIEEE Module Q.P. Kinematics)Încărcat deMOHAMMED ASIF
- XtraedgeDecember_2011Încărcat desushant123456789
- 03 Principles of Programming and Problem Solving_hssliveÎncărcat deGreatway Services
- Detector de gas Head SD-1SD-1Încărcat deelpelaracing
- Screw Jack Technical PaperÎncărcat deAseem Pradhan
- 210479820563440B840B297C6C79B23CÎncărcat deyashvant
- Section5 CompleteÎncărcat deLai Quoc
- Origin 8 User GuideÎncărcat deΤΡΙΑΝ ΤΡΙΑΝΤΑΦΥΛΛΟΥ
- Boron FibresÎncărcat deKishore Kumar Rajendiran
- Group 3 - Freemark Abbey Winery Case AnalysisÎncărcat dechelsea1989
- Topic 14 (1) - Ocular Correction Of Ametropia.pdfÎncărcat deshadowos
- Frenic-ehvac(f2e) User_s ManualÎncărcat dekarun
- Linear Optimal Control SystÎncărcat deHeru Herjuna
- Cyanide FactsÎncărcat deAzman Taib
- g 1907012Încărcat deamin
- Johnson Boyd Fencing 1Încărcat dead9292
- ship Load LineÎncărcat deMohammed Gamal
- 3250603Încărcat desseejjaall

## Mult mai mult decât documente.

Descoperiți tot ce are Scribd de oferit, inclusiv cărți și cărți audio de la editori majori.

Anulați oricând.