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DIAPHRAGM PUMP

Diaphragm pump (also known as membrane pump) is a positive displacement pump that
uses a combination of the reciprocating action of a rubber, thermoplastic, or Teflon
diaphragm and suitable valves on either side of the diaphragm (check valve, butterfly
valves, flap valves, or any other form of shut-off valves) to pump a fluid.

In mechanics, a diaphragm pump is a sheet of a semi-flexible material anchored at its


periphery and most often round in shape. It services either as a barrier between two
chambers , moving slightly up into one chamber or down into the other depending on
differences in pressure, or as a device that vibrates when certain frequencies are applied to
it .

A diaphragm pump uses a diaphragm to pump a fluid. A typical design is to have air on
one side constantly vary in pressure, with fluid on the other side. The increase and decrease
in volume caused by the action of the diaphragm alternatively forces fluid out the chamber
and draws more fluid in from its source. The action of diaphragm is very similar to the
action of a plunger with the exception that a diaphragm responds to changes in pressure
rather than the mechanical force of the shaft.

Pressure regulators use diaphragms as part of their design. Most uses of compressed gasses
, for example ,in gas welding and scuba diving rely on regulators to deliver their gas output
at appropriate pressures .Automotive fuel systems frequently require fuel pressure
regulators ; this is true of many fuel injection systems as well as in vehicles fueled with
liquefied petroleum gas (auto gas) and compressed natural gas .

There are three main types of diaphragm pumps:

 Those in which diaphragm is sealed with one side in the fluid to be pumped, and the
other in air or hydraulic fluid .The diaphragm is flexed, causing the volume of the
pump chamber to increase and decrease. A pair of non-return check valves prevent
reverse flow of the fluid.
 Those employing volumetric positive displacement where the prime mover of the
diaphragm is electro- mechanical , working through a crank or geared motor drive ,
or purely mechanical, such as with a lever or handle. This method flexes the
diaphragm through simple mechanical action, and one side of the diaphragm is
open to air.
 Those employing one or more unsealed diaphragms with the fluid to be pumped on
both sides. The diaphragm(s) again are flexed
DIAPHRAGM PUMP

Diaphragm pump (also known as membrane pump) is a positive displacement pump that
uses a combination of the reciprocating action of a rubber, thermoplastic, or Teflon
diaphragm and suitable valves on either side of the diaphragm (check valve, butterfly
valves, flap valves, or any other form of shut-off valves) to pump a fluid.

In mechanics, a diaphragm pump is a sheet of a semi-flexible material anchored at its


periphery and most often round in shape. It services either as a barrier between two
chambers , moving slightly up into one chamber or down into the other depending on
differences in pressure, or as a device that vibrates when certain frequencies are applied to
it .

A diaphragm pump uses a diaphragm to pump a fluid. A typical design is to have air on
one side constantly vary in pressure, with fluid on the other side. The increase and decrease
in volume caused by the action of the diaphragm alternatively forces fluid out the chamber
and draws more fluid in from its source. The action of diaphragm is very similar to the
action of a plunger with the exception that a diaphragm responds to changes in pressure
rather than the mechanical force of the shaft.

Pressure regulators use diaphragms as part of their design. Most uses of compressed gasses
, for example ,in gas welding and scuba diving rely on regulators to deliver their gas output
at appropriate pressures .Automotive fuel systems frequently require fuel pressure
regulators ; this is true of many fuel injection systems as well as in vehicles fueled with
liquefied petroleum gas (auto gas) and compressed natural gas .

There are three main types of diaphragm pumps:

 Those in which diaphragm is sealed with one side in the fluid to be pumped, and the
other in air or hydraulic fluid .The diaphragm is flexed, causing the volume of the
pump chamber to increase and decrease. A pair of non-return check valves prevent
reverse flow of the fluid.
 Those employing volumetric positive displacement where the prime mover of the
diaphragm is electro- mechanical , working through a crank or geared motor drive ,
or purely mechanical, such as with a lever or handle. This method flexes the
diaphragm through simple mechanical action, and one side of the diaphragm is
open to air.
 Those employing one or more unsealed diaphragms with the fluid to be pumped on
both sides. The diaphragm(s) again are flexed