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CONTENTS

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WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS

Smart Water & Waste World looks at the rapidly changing structure of water purification & treatment market and new power dynamics within the segment with the emergence of regional water associations and entrepreneurs.

February 2019 Vol 01 | Issue 04

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20
27
27
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42

Inside>>

 
08
08

EDITOR’S NOTE

22
22

THE SECOND OPINION

31 ONCE A JOINT EFFORT OF BUSINESS COMMUNITY FROM GUJARAT - NOW A MAJOR WATER SHOW

46
46

TECH UPDATE

10
10

IN THE NEWS

UPGRADING PUMP PACKING TO MECHANICAL SEALS

15
15

PRODUCTS EXPERT VIEW

22

42

FIVE STEPS TO SAFE WATER REUSE PROGRAMMES

WATER HARVESTING IS THE BEST SOLUTION TO REMOVE WATER SCARCITY

32 LOW COST & LOW TECH SOLUTIONS FOR IMPROVING WATER QUALITY IN RURAL UGANDA

48
48

CSR UPDATE

GRUNDFOS INDIA BRINGS CLEAN DRINKING WATER TO THIRUVANAI KOIL VILLAGE

16
16
35
35

TECH FOCUS

KEY WATER CHALLENGES IN INDIA AND LESSONS FROM THE REGION

24
24

OUT OF THE BOX

35

THE NEW LONG RANGE GUSHER

50
50

MARKET

-

INTERVIEW WITH VIJAY KUMAR,

 

36

BASIC ENGINEERING AS FRANCHISE CONCEPT

AUSTRALIAN WATER PARTNERSHIP

 

REGULATING A SHITLOAD

50 POST EVENT: 9TH WATER QUALITY INDIA ASSOCIATION (WQIA) GENERAL BODY MEETING

18
18
 

38

LANDIA PUMPS CLEAR THE FOG AT TEXAS LIFT STATIONS

MARKET

25
25

COVER STORY

40
40

PROJECT

18

THE ELECTRICITY METER MARKET IS MORE MATURE THAN SMART WATER METERS

 

51 POST EVENT: 4TH NATIONAL SUMMIT SUSTAINABLE ON WATER & SANITATION

26 ENSURING B2B INTERACTIONS AND STRONG-CONNECT WITH

 

TRACKER

INTERVIEW WITH AMIT VAIDYA, SENSUS INDIA

-

 

THE WATER PURIFICATION COMMUNITY

40 IMMERSIVE DIGITAL TWINS HELP SHANGHAI RAILWAY ENGINEERING

60
60

SUBSCRIPTION

49

THERE IS MORE THAN ZLD FOR TEXTILE PLANTS IN INDIA

27 GLOBAL RESIDENTIAL, LIGHT COMMERCIAL AND HORECA WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS HYDRATION MARKET

28 WORKING ON INNOVATIVE ECOLOGICAL WATER SOLUTIONS

41 BRINGING SMART WATER SOLUTIONS TO COLORADO

FORM

20
20

URBAN WATER

44
44

COLUMNS

 

TRACKING DOWN MICROPLASTICS

INTERVIEW WITH DANIEL VENGHAUS, TU BERLIN

-

44 URBAN WATER

 

- INTERVIEW WITH DENNIS ABRAHAM, MD, JOSAB INDIA

45 WATER WISE

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February 2019

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

<< editor’s note

<< editor’s note MAYUR SHARMA | Editor mayur@smartwww.in @SmartWWW_IN An over-indulgence of anything, even

MAYUR SHARMA | Editor mayur@smartwww.in @SmartWWW_IN

note MAYUR SHARMA | Editor mayur@smartwww.in @SmartWWW_IN An over-indulgence of anything, even something as pure as
note MAYUR SHARMA | Editor mayur@smartwww.in @SmartWWW_IN An over-indulgence of anything, even something as pure as

An over-indulgence of anything, even something as pure as water, can intoxicate.

- Criss Jami

something as pure as water, can intoxicate. - Criss Jami The Serious Business of Purification L

The Serious Business of Purification

L et me begin by sharing some facts and results of recent market studies about water purification which affects 3.3 billion people around the world. Around 900 million people still lack access to the clean water and sanitation facilities. India has the world’s highest number of people

who still do not have access to clean water. As per the World Bank, per capita availability of renewable

internal freshwater in India is only 1,118 m 3 (while the global average is 5,917 m 3 ). The levels of TDS (Total Dissolved Solids), hardness, chlorides, and nitrates have crossed permissi- ble limits in Indian cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, and Pune. According to Allied Market Research, the Water Purifier Market is expected to garner USD 45.3 bil- lion by 2022, registering a CAGR of 10.4% during 2016-2022. Countries such as India and China are likely to unfold attractive business opportunities in this market in the coming years. A Transparency Market Research (TMR) report says that the regional analysis of water purifier mar- ket highlights the growth of the Asia Pacific region in the global market. The region accounts for ap- proximately 60% of the world population which becomes a strong influencer of the market. The region- al market is expected to register a CAGR of 11.9% over 2017-2025. The replacement filters segment is likely to lead the global water purifiers market with a strong 9.50% CAGR throughout this period. As per industry analysts, in India, around half a million households purchase water purifiers ev- ery year. The market is growing at 15-20% per year. They say that the market for low-cost purifiers is growing at 35-40% a year. A Transparency Market Research forecast says that the Indian water purifier market will be worth USD 4.1 billion by 2024. According to ResearchAndMarkets.com, the basic RO is a major market shareholder in the Indian Water Purifier market but will be beaten by RO + UV + UF by the end of 2022-23. In 2016-17, RO+ Wa- ter Purifier and UV Water Purifier have contributed more than 75% to the total water purifier market in value terms. There is a huge price difference between the organized and unorganized players in the Indian water purifier market. While some top brands among organized players in India are claiming of capturing 10% market share in water purifiers in the next 3 years, the unorganized players are trying their best to be organized through emerging e-commerce online platforms. While these platforms have undoubt-

edly created a level playing field by providing robust distribution channels, the quality of components and after-sales service will go a long way in deciding who gets the lion’s share in the long run.

smaller and more com-

The prime focus of water purifier companies in the coming years will be on

pact water purifiers, eliminating the need of electricity in water purification process, remineralization, and the launch of Smart Purifiers (use of IoT for real-time water quality sensing and connecting the consumers with service-providers based on these readings). Our next two magazine issues will be March (Reviving Our Rivers, Sewage & Sludge Management), and April (Jal Sabha 2019 Special Issue, Reverse & Forward Osmosis). And we welcome editorial con- tributions on these and all other topics which you find significant for the water sector.

FOUNDER & CEO Kailash Shirodkar

EDITOR

Mayur Sharma

HEAD - PRINT & ONLINE SALES Mamta Singh

DESIGN & LAYOUT Nocturnal Brains

PRODUCTION

Shailesh Iyer

Smart Water & Waste World TM

Printed and Published by Shailesh Ramaswamy Iyer, B-305, Gopinath Smruti CHS Ltd. Goddeo, Bhayander (East) Dist - Thane 401105 on behalf of Beyond Expectations, Printed at Taco Visions Pvt. Ltd. 105- ABC, Govt. Industrial Estate,Charkop, Kandivali (W), Mumbai 400067, and Published at Beyond Expectations B-305, Gopinath Smruti CHS Ltd. Goddeo, Bhayander (East) Dist, Thane 401105 Maharashtra, India.

Vol 01 No 4 February 2019 Pages 64

Copyright © 2018

Beyond Expectations. All rights reserved throughout the world. Reproduction in any manner, electronic or otherwise, in whole or in part, without prior written permission is prohibited.

*Responsible for selection of news under PRB Act

prohibited. *Responsible for selection of news under PRB Act Important: Whilst care is taken prior to

Important: Whilst care is taken prior to acceptance of advertising copy, it is not possible to verify its contents. Beyond Expectations cannot be held responsible for such contents, nor for any loss or damages incurred as a result of transactions with companies, associations or individuals advertising in its publications. We therefore recommend that readers make necessary inquiries before sending any monies or entering into any agreements with advertisers or otherwise acting on an advertisement in any manner whatsoever.

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February 2019

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

IN THE NEWS

Subhash Sethi Receives ‘ET Most Promising Business Leaders of Asia Award’

Mayur Sharma

India

THE ECONOMIC TIMES Most Promising Business Leaders of Asia Award 2018- 19’ was conferred to Subhash Sethi, Chairman, SPML Infra Ltd for his business acumen and exemplary leadership during the ‘3 rd Economic Times Asian Business Leaders Conclave’ held in Hong Kong in January 2019. On receiving the award, Sub- hash Sethi, Chairman, SPML Infra Limited said: “I wish to express my sincere gratitude to The Economic Times and jury members for this appreciation and honor. I have accepted this award on behalf of thousands of SPML family members whose absolute dedication with commitment and excel- lence has earned this honor. With diverse knowledge and innovative technology solu-

With diverse knowledge and innovative technology solu- tions and a legacy of more than 600 landmark

tions and a legacy of more than 600 landmark projects, we are committed to making significant contributions in providing clean drinking wa- ter facilities and proper elec- tricity connections through advanced power transmission and distribution networks to the millions of Indian homes and transforming their lives for a better future.” The conclave was held under the theme of “Rethinking Asia”.

Brown Brothers Engineers Acquire GT Water Technologies

SWWW Staff

sion, hydraulic systems for stormwater, sewage and do- mestic hot water, as well as pump service and installation for the industry. “Although a young compa- ny, GT Water has quickly es- tablished its service business, demonstrating strong, prof- itable growth and has a prov- en record of taking market share,” says Ole Weiner, CEO, AxFlow Holding. “This is in line with AxFlow’s strategy of adding value through product selection, system design, and construction, as well as local service.”

Australia

BROWN BROTHERS ENGI- NEERS/Kelair Pumps has ac- quired GT Water Technologies (GT Water) a company special- izing in services around water storage tanks to the building and fire safety markets. GT Water is a young, fast-growing company based in Melbourne. GT Water is particularly strong in pump systems and assemblies with the main products being storage tanks and systems for fire suppres-

February 2019products being storage tanks and systems for fire suppres- WABAG Secures Desalination Order from Mangalore Refinery

WABAG Secures Desalination Order from Mangalore Refinery

Mayur Sharma

struction, and commissioning of a 30 MLD seawater desali- nation plant over a period of 22 months. WABAG will build the plant using state of the art technologies, including seawa- ter reverse osmosis, brackish water reverse osmosis, and ul- tra-filtration systems. The proj- ect also includes cross-country piping of 11 kilometers to de- liver the water to MRPL’s refin- ery. The plant aims to minimize the freshwater dependency of MRPL once completed. Post

successful commissioning,

India

WABAG will also be awarded a contract towards the operation & maintenance of the plant for

VA TECH WABAG Limit- ed has secured Rs. 467 crore worth order from Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (MRPL) towards en- gineering and construction of a 30 MLD seawater desalina- tion plant expandable up to 70 MLD in Mangaluru, Karnataka. The scope of this design and build contract includes engi- neering, supply, erection, con-

period of 10 years. Commenting on this order, Pankaj Sachdeva, CEO - India Cluster said, “This desalina- tion order win on the back of similar order in Africa last quarter, is a testimony to WA- BAG’s technological edge in providing innovative solutions at competitive prices across the globe.”

a

The Ténès Desalination Plant Reaches 200 Million Cubic Meters of Produced Drinking Water

Abengoa developed the plant and carries out its operation and maintenance since 2015.

and carries out its operation and maintenance since 2015. SWWW Staff Algeria THE TÉNÈS DESALINA- TION

SWWW Staff

Algeria

THE TÉNÈS DESALINA- TION plant, in Algeria, built by Abengoa, has reached 200 million cubic meters of pro- duced drinking water.

The plant built by Abengoa with reverse osmosis tech- nology and with a capacity of

200,000 m 3 /d started its com- mercial operation in February

2015.

Since then, Abengoa is in charge of its operation and

maintenance, which will be carried out by the company for

a period of 25 years. The plant supplies the city of Wilaya de Chlef, in the North-West of the country, some 200 km west of Algiers, on the Mediterranean coast, thus helping to counter the water scarcity problems in this area. In addition, the plant fea- tures a system to generate elec- tricity sustainably by taking advantage of the brine surplus in the reverse osmosis process, which allows the facility’s ener- gy consumption to be reduced. Another environmental in- novation that has been intro- duced by this plant is the CO 2 production equipment from natural gas for the remineral- ization of the water prior to entering the water grid. This makes the water less corrosive after the reverse os- mosis process.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

IN THE NEWS

Xylem Supported Safe Water Project Earns Top Ranking in Manchester City’s Campaign

The ‘Safe Water Project’ Will benefit over 5,000 children in Bangalore, India.

Nitin Gadkari Lays Foundation Stones for Namami Gange Projects in Agra and Mathura

A concession agreement for Namami Gange projects in Prayagraj also signed.

 

Mayur Sharma

India

SWWW Staff

funding. “As part of our mission to solve water, our company is deeply committed to creating economic and social value,” said Patrick Decker, Xylem President, and Chief Executive Officer. “It’s very encouraging to have fans support our Safe Water project because it re- flects growing awareness and concern about the impact of water challenges on children and communities around the world,” said Joseph Vesey, Xy- lem Chief Marketing Officer & Chair, Xylem Watermark Com- mittee.

 

India

UNION MINISTER OF India for Water Resources, River De- velopment and Ganga Rejuve- nation Nitin Gadkari recently laid the foundation stones of six Namami Gange projects in Agra and Mathura. The four projects in Mathura have a sanctioned cost of Rs. 511.74 crore. The projects in Agra include comprehensive Sewerage Scheme for creating and upgrading STPs a sanc- tioned cost of Rs 857.26 crore, etc. Nitin Gadkari also presided over the ceremony of signing of Concession Agreement for

XYLEM HAS ANNOUNCED that the ‘Safe Water project’ it is supporting in Bangalore City, Karnataka, India, garnered more than 450,000 votes from players, partners and football fans around the world - earn- ing the top ranking in Cityzens Giving’s fifth annual cam- paign. Bangalore’s Safe Water Project, Water Goals, which focuses on improving access to safe, clean water for over 5,000 children in the area, was the most popular project and will receive £92,000 in grant

the most popular project and will receive £92,000 in grant The Union Minister for Water Resources,

The Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Nitin Gadkari at an Event in New Delhi. The Secretary, Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuve- nation, U.P. Singh can be Seen with Him (Photo Credit: PIB India).

Namami Gange projects in Prayagraj. Two projects have been sanctioned for sewage management in the trans-Gan- ga/Yamuna areas in Prayagraj and O&M of existing sewerage assets costing Rs. 908.16 crore. In another development, the Central Ground Water Au-

thority (CGWA) has notified revised guidelines to regulate and control groundwater ex- traction in India, which will be effective from 01.06.2019. The entire process of grant of NOC will be done online through a web-based applica- tion system.

Narayan Krishnamohan Appointed as MD of BASF India

SWWW Staff

India

THE BOARD OF DIREC- TORS of BASF India Limited has approved the appoint- ment of Narayan Krishnamo- han as Managing Director of BASF India Limited, effec- tive April 1, 2019. He will also lead BASF’s business in South Asia, including India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. Narayan Krishnamohan has been with BASF for more than 24 years, having started his journey in BASF India Ltd, and subsequently han- dled various regional and global leadership responsi- bilities in Singapore, Germa- ny, and Hong Kong.

responsi- bilities in Singapore, Germa- ny, and Hong Kong. Effective April 1, 2019, Narayan Krishnamohan will

Effective April 1, 2019, Narayan Krishnamohan will be Ap- pointed as the New Managing Director of BASF India Ltd.

BASF has also co-founded a global alliance of nearly 30 companies to advance solutions that reduce and eliminate plastic waste in the environment. The Alliance

to End Plastic Waste (AEPW) has committed over USD 1.0 billion with the goal of in- vesting USD 1.5 billion over the next 5 years to help end plastic waste in environment.

DuPont Water Solutions Opens New Reverse Osmosis Membrane Manufacturing Line

DWS also announces a global price increase for ion exchange and reverse osmosis products.

SWWW Staff

production line is expected to be operational in early 2019. Effective Jan. 15, 2019, or as contracts allow, DuPont Water Solutions has also announced a global increase on the pric- es of ion exchange resins and reverse osmosis membranes used for water treatment and other industrial applications. Ion Exchange Resin price in- creases range from 5-20%, and Reverse Osmosis membrane price increases range from 5-10% for selected products/ applications.

Saudi Arabia

DUPONT WATER SOLU- TIONs, a part of the DuPont Safety & Construction busi- ness, has opened its new Reverse Osmosis (RO) pro- duction line at Jubail Indus- trial City II in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The facility will manufacture membrane technology and enhance pro- duction capabilities at the ful- ly integrated Sadara Chemical Company complex. The new

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

February 2019

11
11

IN THE NEWS

Wilo Opens a New Facility in Dubai

The pump manufacturer aims to strengthen its commitment in the near and Middle-East.

SWWW Staff

Dubai

THE WILO GROUP is cele- brating the official opening of its new facility in Jafza (Jebel Ali Free Zone), Dubai. “With the opening of our first office in Dubai in 2008, we laid the groundwork for successful de- velopments in the Near and Middle East. This new building and its functional expansion account for the strategic signif- icance of this central location within the region,” says Oliver Hermes, Chairman, and CEO of Wilo Group. “Since the founding of our first office about ten years ago, we have become a major suppli-

office about ten years ago, we have become a major suppli- From Left to Right: Yunjoong

From Left to Right: Yunjoong Kim (WILO SE), Georg Weber (CTO WILO SE), Mohammed Al Muallem (Chairman of DP World & Jafza), Peter Fischer (German Ambassador to the UAE) and Yasser Nagi (Group Director Sales Area MENA) at the Opening Ceremony.

er of pumps and pump system solutions in local markets,” said Georg Weber, Chief Technol- ogy Officer of the Wilo Group, during his opening remarks. In addition to office space,

showrooms, and a logistics cen- ter, the Wilo complex, which covers over 8,000 square me- ters, will also feature dedicated training rooms and its own as- sembly line.

ERI Awarded USD 4.4 Million for Desalination Projects in the Sultanate of Oman

SWWW Staff

for all projects by 16 MW, sav- ing over 138 GWh of energy per year and helping the facil- ities avoid over 82,800 tons of CO 2 emissions per year. Rodney Clemente, Energy Recovery’s Vice President, Wa- ter, informed, “We have seen unprecedented large-scale de- salination activity in the Sul- tanate of Oman over the past five years.” Chris Gannon, Energy Re- covery’s President & CEO, stated, “We are continuing to see growth in the global de- salination market, in part be- cause desalination offers one solution to the growing water scarcity in different parts of the world.”

Oman

ENERGY RECOVERY, INC. has announced total awards of USD 4.4 million to supply its PX ® Pressure Exchanger ® technology for the desalina- tion projects in the Sultanate of Oman. Energy Recovery will sup- ply its PX-Q300 Pressure Exchangers for multiple facil- ities, which will collectively produce up to 200,000 m 3 of water per day, the equivalent of filling 80 Olympic-size swimming pools. Energy Recovery estimates the PX devices will reduce the facilities’ power consumption

Multi-Million Deal with Gasum Signed by Paques Europe

Kemira and Valmet Collaborate to Bring Improvements in Wastewater Treatment Processes

Kemira has also formed a joint venture in South Korea called Kemira Yongsan Chemicals Co.,

Kemira has also formed a joint venture in South Korea called Kemira Yongsan Chemicals Co., Ltd.

SWWW Staff

why this collaboration with Kemira is

Finland

a great opportunity for us,” says Heli Karaila, Business manager, Wastewa- ter, Automation, Valmet. Kemira has also signed an agree- ment to establish a joint venture - Kemira Yongsan Chemicals Co., Ltd (NewCo) in Ulsan, Republic of Korea, with Yongsan Chemicals, a privately-owned chemicals company in South Korea. NewCo will produce dry polyacrylamide (DPAM), cationic monomer Q9 (AMD) and other chem- icals, which are used for retention and drainage in packaging and paper production, as well as in wastewater treatment and in sludge dewatering. Kemira’s will make a multi-million in- vestment in the joint venture.

Located in Southern Sweden, Stora Enso’s Nymölla Mill Has an Annual Production Ca- pacity of 3,40,000 Tonnes Pulp and 4,85,000 Tonnes Woodfree Uncoated (WFU) Paper.

TWO GLOBAL LEADERS, chemicals company Kemira and process technol- ogy, automation, and services compa- ny Valmet, have signed a partnership agreement in Europe for collaboration in the water and sludge treatment cus- tomer applications. “It makes perfect sense to partner up with leading industrial automation hardware, software and equipment service provider like Valmet,” says Ap- plication Development Manager Jussi Ruotsalainen from Kemira. “Polymers and chemicals are an im- portant part of the wastewater treat- ment process which is one reason

SWWW Staff

Stora Enso have signed a contract in

Sweden

October 2018 to build a biogas plant at Stora Enso’s Nymölla paper mill in Sweden. The plant, built and operated by Gasum, will turn the mill’s waste- water effluent into renewable energy. Gasum plans to produce Liquefied Biogas (LBG) and sell this as fuel for cars, buses, trucks, and ferries. The Nymölla biogas plant project in- cludes biogas production, upgrading, and liquefaction. The expected LBG production of the plant is 220 MWh per day.

A MULTI-MILLION contract was re- cently by Paques Europe with Gasum, the Nordic gas sector, and energy mar- ket expert from Finland. The contract included the supply of BIOPAQ ® ICX anaerobic bioreactors and a THIO- PAQ ® gas desulphurization installa- tion in order to treat the wastewater stream and production of biogas from Stora Enso’s Nymölla paper Mill. The energy company Gasum and

February 2019production of biogas from Stora Enso’s Nymölla paper Mill. The energy company Gasum and SMART WATER

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

IN THE NEWS

AquaVenture Announces Participation of OPIC and Extension of Long-Stop Date in Ghanaian Acquisition

SWWW Staff

debt, is contingent upon the completion of the acquisition of the desalination plant by the company. In addition, the company has entered into an agreement with Abengoa Water Nungua, S.L.U. (Abengoa) to extend the long-stop date of the transac- tion to March 31, 2019. The long-stop date was previously December 31, 2018. Doug Brown, Chairman of AquaVenture, commented:

“We continue to make signifi- cant progress on this acquisi- tion and I am pleased to an- nounce OPIC’s involvement in the project. We look forward to becoming the long-term water partner to the Government of Ghana.”

Ghana

AQUAVENTURE HOLD- INGS Limited has announced that the Overseas Private In- vestment Corporation (OPIC), the U.S. Government’s devel- opment finance institution, has received approval from its investment and credit com- mittees to provide project fi- nancing of USD 50 million for an 18-year term in connection with the company’s pending acquisition of a desalination plant in Accra, Ghana. OPIC helps American businesses in- vest in emerging markets. The project financing, which will restructure USD 50 mil- lion of the existing project

SUEZ Wins Two Contracts in Southern Indian Cities to Implement 24x7 Water Supply

The contracts are part of the investment program launched in 2014 by the Government of India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to implement 24x7 drinking water supply in cities of Karnataka state.

SWWW Staff

India

SUEZ HAS WON two con- tracts in water distribution and network management in Udupi and Puttur, two cities in Karna- taka. These 12-year contracts, worth a total of €27 million, will ensure a continuous 24x7 water supply to a population of 2,00,000 inhabitants. A re- markable population growth in these cities has led to increas- ing needs for drinking water and treatment infrastructure. In Udupi, SUEZ will be re- sponsible for rehabilitation of

In Udupi, SUEZ will be re- sponsible for rehabilitation of existing water production plant and the

existing water production plant and the upgrade and rehabili- tation of existing distribution networks and house service connections. In Puttur, SUEZ will rehabilitate the drinking water distribution system. “Drinking water distribution contracts in India are shifting towards water management services for a whole city, as il- lustrated by the last contracts won by SUEZ in Coimbatore, Davanagere, and now in Udu- pi and Puttur”, said Bertrand Camus, Group Senior Execu- tive VP - Africa, Middle East, India, Asia and Australia.

Government of Mongolia and ADB Sign Wastewater Treatment Improvement Project for Five Additional Aimags

Wärtsilä Wins Contracts to Supply Aquarius UV Ballast Water Management System (BWMS)

SWWW Staff Mongolia THE ASIAN DEVELOP- MENT Bank (ADB) and the Government of Mongolia have
SWWW Staff
Mongolia
THE ASIAN DEVELOP-
MENT Bank (ADB) and the
Government of Mongolia
have signed a USD 20 million
loan agreement to expand the
scope of ongoing wastewater
treatment projects to an addi-
tional five provincial centers of
Mongolia.
Minister of Finance Khu-
relbaatar Chimed and ADB
Country Director for Mongolia
Ms. Yolanda Fernandez Lom-
men signed the agreement at a
ceremony in Ulaanbaatar.
“The new wastewater treat-
ment plants are closely aligned
with ADB’s Country Partner-
ship Strategy for Mongolia
to improve people’s access to
services and strengthen envi-
ronmental sustainability by
ensuring that domestic and
commercial wastewater is
properly discharged,” said Ms.
Lommen.
In 2010, ADB approved a
USD 15 million grant to en-
hance water supply and sani-
tation services, road networks,
and district heating services in
two provincial centers of Mon-
golia. An additional USD 19.43
million on loan has supported
the construction of wastewater
treatment plants in four more
provinces since 2016.
The project is expected to be
completed by the end of 2021.
The Wärtsilä Aquarius UV Ballast Water Management System
SWWW Staff
Finland
THE TECHNOLOGY
GROUP Wärtsilä was recent-
ly awarded a number of con-
tracts to supply its Aquarius
UV Ballast Water Management
System (BWMS) to global ship-
ping operators.

The work is being carried out for ships being built at yards in China. The orders cover installations in a RoRo ferry, two RoPax, six tankers, and four container vessels. “This continued strong de- mand is a very positive veri- fication of the efficiency, reli- ability, and robustness of the Wärtsilä Aquarius systems. Owners around the world rec- ognize the fact that our BWMS solutions, which are backed by Wärtsilä’s extensive global service support network, pro- vide assurance that their ves- sels can fully comply with the regulations, even with varying levels of water quality,” says Arto Lehtinen, Director, Water & Waste, Wärtsilä Marine.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

February 2019

13
13

IN THE NEWS

Freudenberg Filtration to Purchase Majority Shareholdings of Apollo Air-Cleaner

SWWW Staff

China

THE FREUDENBERG FILTRATION

Technologies Business Group has signed

a contract in China to purchase the ma-

jority shares of Apollo Air-cleaner Co., Ltd. The company is a leading supplier of air and water filtration solutions in Chi- na. In 2017, Apollo had around 1,000 em- ployees and generated 750 million RMB in sales (approximately 96 million EUR). “By purchasing the majority stake in Apollo, we are strengthening our posi- tion in China’s rapidly growing market for filtration solutions,” says Dr. Mohsen Sohi, Freudenberg Group CEO. “Apollo is a great fit for Freuden- berg,” says Dr. Andreas Kreuter, CEO of

Freudenberg Filtration Technologies. “It is an innovative technology compa- ny that complements our own portfolio of filtration solutions for indoor air and

our own portfolio of filtration solutions for indoor air and Apollo China Worker in the Factory

Apollo China Worker in the Factory

water purification. The company also has first-class production expertise and ex- cellent networks in the industry.” The product solutions of Apollo keep air or drinking water free of (ultra) fine particles, dangerous gases, odors, and microorganisms and protect health. At its production site in Shunde, China, the company has established high standards for product quality, process efficiency, and workplace safety, and is certified to ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and TS 16949.

Hong Kong Appoints Black & Veatch to Protect Town Against Floods

The Drainage Services Department implements Hong Kong’s first large- scale barrage scheme to build climate resilience and promote sustainable development in low-lying town.

SWWW Staff

Black & Veatch optimized the orig- inal flood alleviation scheme and identified a favorable site for the stormwater infrastructure. The bene- fits will include improving drainage performance of Yuen Long Nullah. “The barrage scheme will be the first of its kind in Hong Kong that uti- lizes a series of large-capacity pumps and tidal barrier for flood protection. We are committed to supporting our clients with leading-edge solutions that are versatile, cost-effective, re- silient and environmentally sustain- able,” said Andy Kwok, Managing Director, Black & Veatch Hong Kong.

Hong Kong

THE DRAINAGE SERVICES De- partment (DSD) of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Adminis- trative Region (HKSAR) has appoint- ed Black & Veatch to formulate and design a barrage scheme to improve flood protection levels in the low-ly- ing town of Yuen Long. The barrage scheme is part of DSD’s strategy to provide world-class wastewater and stormwater drainage services to enable the sustainable de- velopment of Hong Kong.

Changes Announced in the Executive Committee of Sulzer

Sulzer announces a reduction of the size of its executive committee and a new leader for its pumps equipment division.

SWWW Staff

The functional sales responsi- bilities will be eliminated from the CCMO role, which will be re- named Head of Group Business Development, a non-Executive Committee role encompassing Strategy, Marketing, Digitali- zation and the newly attached M&A function which previously reported to the CEO. Jonathan

Lloyd, currently head of Business Development for Rotating Equip- ment Services, will become Head of Group Business Development,

Switzerland

SULZER HAS APPOINTED

Fredéric Lalanne, currently Chief Commercial and Marketing Offi- cer (CCMO), as the President of its Pumps Equipment division. Michael Streicher, currently President Pumps Equipment di- vision, will step down from the Executive Committee to assume his new responsibilities as Glob- al Head, Water Pumps Business,

a business with sales of approx-

imately CHF450 million. In his new role, Michael will report to Frédéric.

reporting to the CEO. All three above appointments become effective on January 1,

2019.

Philippines’ Bases Conversion and Development Authority Signs Joint Venture Agreement for New Clark City Smart Water Utility

Venture Agreement for New Clark City Smart Water Utility From Left to Right: Prime Water’s Fiorella

From Left to Right: Prime Water’s Fiorella Fabella, Gemma As- piras, and Fe Robancos with BCDA’s President Vivencio Dizon, Executive VP Aileen Zosa, and VP of Finance Nena Radoc

SWWW Staff

Philippines

THE CONSORTIUM OF Prime Water Infrastructure Corporation, Prime Assets Ventures, Inc., (PAVI), MGS Construction, Inc., and Isra- el’s TAHAL Group, a global provider of sustainable in-

frastructure, have signed a

joint venture agreement with the Philippines’ Bases Con- version and Development Authority (BCDA) to deliver next-generation smart water and wastewater facilities for New Clark City. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) acted as transac- tion advisor to BCDA on the project.

“By offering state-of-the- art water and wastewater services at competitive rates, we are staying true to BCDA’s promise for New Clark City to become the Philippines’ most attractive destination for residences and business- es, and the action-oriented ethos of President Rodrigo Duterte’s administration,” said BCDA President and Chief Executive Officer Vi- vencio Dizon. “ADB is pleased to deliv- er a successful outcome for BCDA and support the devel- opment of the Philippines’ greenest and smartest city,” said the Head of ADB’s Of- fice of Public-Private Partner- ship (OPPP) Yoji Morishita.

February 2019said the Head of ADB’s Of- fice of Public-Private Partner- ship (OPPP) Yoji Morishita. SMART WATER

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

PRODUCTS

SUEZ Water Technologies & Solutions

SUEZ Water Technol- ogies & Solutions has introduced TrueSense Analyze to digitally monitor and analyze boiler water chemistry, which can reduce water and energy usage, as well as greenhouse gas emissions. TrueSense Analyze measures key system chemistry parameters for optimization of chemistry usage and decreases the total cost of steam production and asset manage- ment. SUEZ’s new TrueSense Analyze can be used across multiple industries and boiler types, including typical water tube and fire tube designs. It is a low-mainte- nance analyzer that can function as a standalone sys- tem or be integrated into existing control hardware, such as SUEZ’s PaceSetter Platinum advanced water and process control system. TrueSense Analyze also can enhance personnel safety and system availabili- ty by protecting critical steam-generating assets from damaging waterside scale formation and corrosion. It works in tandem with SUEZ’s boiler treatment technologies, including the Solus AP line of all-poly- mer dispersants for control of deposits in mid- to low-pressure boilers. Additionally, the analyzer can be connected to SUEZ’s industry-leading InSight as- set platform management solution to leverage data and analytics to maximize productivity and profit- ability, including on-site non-productive personnel activities.

Endress+Hauser

on-site non-productive personnel activities. Endress+Hauser Endress+Hauser has launched the Liquiline com- pact CM82
on-site non-productive personnel activities. Endress+Hauser Endress+Hauser has launched the Liquiline com- pact CM82

Endress+Hauser has launched the Liquiline com- pact CM82 transmitter that accepts pH, ORP, pH/ORP, conductivity, oxygen, and chlorine sensor signals from Endress+Hauser’s Memosens ® sensor platform. Its housing measures only 11 cm long and 2 cm wide, so even combined with the sensor, it fits into almost every assembly. Although small, it is a fully developed multiparameter transmitter, with access available via 4-20mA HART, or Bluetooth from any iOS or Android device. Connectable to the CM82 are pH, ORP, pH/ORP, conductivity, oxygen and chlorine sensors with the blue Memosens inductively-coupled plug-in head. The Memosens technology ensures 100% reliable data transmission, with true plug-and-play and

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

WesTech Engineering

WesTech Engineering WesTech Engineering, Inc. has announced the availability of RapiSand Plus™, a recent addition to

WesTech Engineering, Inc. has announced the availability of RapiSand Plus™, a recent addition to its line of package treatment plants for municipal and industrial water and wastewater. The RapiSand Plus package treatment plant pro- vides both clarification and filtration within a sin-

gle tank. It is designed to meet customer demands for a compact, low cost, high-performance system capable of treating high-solids and high-color in- fluents to produce high-quality effluents. And be- cause both the clarification and filtration processes are from a single provider, it also meets the need for flawless integration between processes. This innovative all-in-one treatment plant is an ideal choice for customers with tight space constraints. The RapiSand Plus fits into a stan- dard-sized building, making it comparatively easy to install. It also offers quick start-up times, reach- ing steady-state operation in as little as 15 minutes from power-up. And it delivers high performance while saving on installation and operations-ener- gy costs. These benefits make the RapiSand Plus a cost-effective choice for municipal and industrial applications.

pre-calibrated sensors. As with all other Endress+Hauser Bluetooth de- vices, the Liquiline compact CM82 can be operated and configured via the free SmartBlue app, which is available on Google’s Play Store or Apple’s App Store.

Greyline

on Google’s Play Store or Apple’s App Store. Greyline Greyline has introduced their next-generation Dop- pler

Greyline has introduced their next-generation Dop- pler meter. The new Greyline DFM 6.1 Doppler Flow Meter - with powerful new digital signal processing - provides easy and accurate flow measurement of “dif- ficult” liquids (sewage, sludge, slurries, and viscous liquids). Its benefits include clamp-on technology does not require pipe penetration, cutting or welding greatly reducing costs; fast, simple installation - typ- ically less than 10 minutes; high accuracy (±2% of reading); built-in 5-button keypad, intuitive config- uration menu, and large backlit LCD display make the DFM 6.1 the most operator-friendly ultrasonic flow meter on the market; isolated 4-20mA output for flow rate, two relays for pulse output or alarms, and 26 million point data logger for greater flexibility of data monitoring and control; and monitor flow rate,

volume total, run hours, and diagnostic information through only two wires with the optional Modbus ® RTU or HART serial communication option.

Flexicon Corporation

or HART serial communication option. Flexicon Corporation Flexible screw conveyors in popular sizes are now available

Flexible screw conveyors in popular sizes are now available for shipment in two-to-five days as ready-to-as- semble packages with Flexicon’s

Q

u i c k - S h i p

P

r o g r a m m e ,

Flexicon has an- nounced. C o n v e y o r tubes and screws offered through the programme are supplied in any length from 3 to 12 m, in diameters from 67 to 115 mm OD. Also included as standard are a stainless steel floor hop- per, 45 or 90 degree discharge adapter, TEFC or wash- down duty motor, and water-resistant control panel. All product contact surfaces are of stainless steel with the exception of the polymer conveyor tube. Non-product contact surfaces are of carbon steel con- struction with a durable industrial finish. The conveyors can transport a broad range of bulk materials from large pellets to sub-micron powders, including friable products, abrasives, and materials prone to pack, cake, bind or smear, with no separation of blends. Depending on screw geometry selected, the material can be conveyed at any angle from hori- zontal to vertical, in a straight or curved path, through small holes in walls or ceilings.

February 2019

15
15

EXPERT VIEW

Key Water Challenges in India and Lessons from the Region

Vijay Kumar, South Asia Representative for the Australian Water Partnership shares his expert insights on the key water challenges in India and lessons from the region.

key water challenges in India and lessons from the region. February 2019 Q. As AWP’s South

February 2019key water challenges in India and lessons from the region. Q. As AWP’s South Asia representative,

Q. As AWP’s South Asia representative, can you tell us about Australia’s and AWP’s involvement in water projects in India?

Vijay: I’m a water environ- ment professional, and I have been promoting Australian solutions to South Asia for more than ten years now. In September 2017, I took up this role as South Asia representa- tive for the Australian Water Partnership (AWP). In India, we have been en- gaged in various projects on water resources management, primarily supported by the World Bank and India’s Min- istry of Water Resources. Aus- tralia has a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of India Min- istry of Water Resources and that provides the basis for our engagement at the federal lev- el. Australia also has multiple agreements and MOUs with various states in India. The year 2019 will mark a decade of MoUs between Australia

and India: that’s a long journey that our two countries have travelled, developing our shar- ing of information on water resources management. Australia has been ap- proached by the World Bank to provide our technical expertise in basin planning, and water resource information systems, and water data management systems, and in the capaci- ty-building component of the National Hydrology Project. As

a result, and through the AWP,

Australia is currently involved in four projects. One is called ‘Development of the Basin Planning User Guide’ which is going to be

a tool for the various depart- ments and state governments

when they do their basin plan- ning and modelling. We are giving them a tool to guide them through the entire pro- cess of basin planning, based on Australia’s experiences in the Murray-Darling Basin. The second project is the de- velopment of the National Wa- ter Information Centre. This is to be one of the ultimate outcomes of the National Hy- drology Project. Our team has reviewed the existing water re- source information system that exists in India and we have suggested a few recommenda- tions based on that. Third, the Government of India has approached us to support them in the next stage of development of the National Water Information System. As part of that, there will soon be three or four experts from the Australian Water Partnership working with the Indian Gov- ernment and helping them de- velop the National Water Infor- mation System. For instance, designing the architecture, and how data will flow from the individual states and how that can be modelled centrally, and how those data will be used to support the decision-making processes ahead. The other component of the National Hydrology Project where AWP is involved is the capacity-building component. Here, our partners will be giv- ing training on how to develop water-management skills for stream-flow forecasting, and

flood modelling and forecast- ing. Participants will be the staff of various Indian state governments that are part of the National Hydrology Proj- ect.

Also, AWP has been ap- proached by the Government

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

EXPERT VIEW

of Andhra Pradesh, which is a drought-prone area in south- ern India. That government is starting a new ‘green city’ proj- ect to build a new capital city for a new state called Andhra Pradesh, which is being carved out of an old state. Australia has been approached through the Singapore Government and the local state Government of Andhra Pradesh to help them design the water sensi- tive component of the whole urban planning that they’re about to do. The CRC for Water Sensitive Cities is taking the lead in that project, to incorpo- rate the water sensitive design component into the overall master plan for the new city. We hope this will be a bench- mark project which can be rep- licated across other smart cities projects in India.

Q. What are the key water issues in India at the moment, and what plans or steps have been identified to solve them?

Vijay: First, water availabili- ty. India has around 4% of the global freshwater resources, to supply a population that is around 17% of the global hu- man population. As well, the population of India is growing, and urbanization is also grow- ing. The demand for the limit- ed freshwater resources is go- ing up, and on top of that, the water quality is not good, in neither the surface waterbod- ies nor the groundwaters, be- cause of the absence of a prop- er water-treatment network. Therefore, water availability is not only a challenge but also is getting worse as the existing water resources become in- creasingly polluted. The second key issue in In- dia is that we are too depen- dent on groundwater resourc- es. We use almost 55% of the groundwater resources, and most of that is used by the agri- culture sector. They meet 65% of their demand from ground- water. Agriculture is also caus- ing pollution because it uses lots of pesticides and fertilizer that potentially contaminate the groundwater resources. In fact, research by AWP

and others has predicted that by 2050 there will be a deficit of 30% in the water demand and supply situation in India, which is really alarming. A third key issue is the low level of awareness about water scarcity. People don’t realize the economic value of water, and hence we are not very effi- cient in its use. As well, there are spatial and timing variations in the availability of water resources across India. It’s a vast country and the climate varies across the regions from north to south and from east to west. Some areas have floods, but not enough reservoir capacity to capture them, so most of the water flows out to sea. Other areas have droughts every year and water is scarce. We would like to know how to improve water resources planning so that rainfall over, say, two or three months in the year can become a source of water for the next 12 months. In short, the key challenge really is how to manage our limited water resources via proper planning and manage- ment. A data information sys- tem could help us improve that decision-making. Both federally and in civil society, people are aware of these issues. We have support from multilateral operations like the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank, helping the Government of India to address the issue of water availability. Naturally, it is a larger humanitarian issue as well, because humans need water to survive. To try and solve these issues, three or four key initiatives have been begun. One program aims to promote the efficient use of water and reduce water wastage in the irrigation sector. The aim is to convert the water- ing systems away from flood irrigation and replace them by drip irrigation or sprinkler irrigation systems instead. The program is called the Prime Minister’s Agricultural Irriga- tion Scheme, or ‘More Crop per Drop’. and it promotes the efficient use of water in the irri- gation sector. It’s a big project,

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

close to USD 10 billion of fund- ing going into it over a period of 10 years. That’s around USD 1 billion being spent each year in promoting irrigation-user

water efficiencies in agricultur-

al fields.

The second big initiative is a program called National Groundwater Management Improvement Project (NG- MIP), and it will be launched this year, 2018. Its targets are to manage the groundwater resources, aiming for better assessment of the groundwa-

ter volumes available, and also to create institutional reforms to help restrict the unlimited uses of groundwater. One such

reform may separate the land right from the groundwater right. It’s a goal that has been talked about for the last 20 years, and it is hoped that the NGMIP will help us move to- wards that dream. Separating land and groundwater rights should lead to more sustain- able use of groundwater. The third initiative focuses at the river-basin level, where most water resources planning

is done in India. We are aiming

to map every user in the ba- sin and allocate water to them according to real demand. To achieve this, the third phase of a large project was launched almost a year ago. Phase 1 of the Hydrology Project ran from 2002 to 2005/2006. Phase 2 ran from 2008 to 2012. This third phase is called the ‘Na- tional’ Hydrology Project be- cause it’s being implemented across the whole of India, in

all the states. Its purpose is to have real-time data acquisition systems on water resources so that we have real data that helps us in the decision-mak- ing process and we can make

a better allocation of precious

water resources to the various stakeholders. When we have

a better assessment of the de-

mand, then even with limited supply we can manage the de- mand throughout the year. Apart from these three key initiatives above, there are multiple other initiatives. Flooding is a major issue on the eastern side of India, espe- cially in relation to the two big

rivers Brahmaputra and Gan- ga, which cause floods every year. Efforts are being made to make communities in these ar- eas flood resilient and provide them some protection against

floods and against the conse- quent damage and loss to life and property - which of course are major causes of concern. One initiative is aiming to con- vert those from disasters into economic revenue by putting in small check-dams to create localized hydropower which can be a source of income for the community. Similarly, in western and central India, drought is a reg- ular phenomenon. In spite of the drought, you need to have sustainable agricultural prac- tice there, not only to serve the large population but also to provide the livelihood of the farmers. A couple of initiatives in those areas aim to transform our current agricultural practic- es to more climate-ready prac- tices, with more sustainable use of groundwater. This proj- ect is being started this year in the State of Maharashtra: it is

called the Maharashtra Project on Climate Resilient Agricul- ture. It is a USD 600 million project which will lead to im- provement in the current agri- cultural practices and the lives of the farmers involved in agri- culture in that particular area.

Can you share advice and tips for young water practitioners wanting to work in a huge and diverse country that is India?

Vijay: India has 29 states, and every one of those 29 states is a different market and has a different culture and different dynamics in the way

it operates. Thankfully, the En- glish language is used every- where, however.

For water practitioners look- ing to India for opportunities, I suggest they focus on a particu- lar project or need or area, and not try to spread themselves across the whole country or do everything, which would be difficult to manage. India’s a developing country with a lot of money - close to

USD 20 billion/ USD 25 bil- lion being spent on water as a sector, from urban water man- agement to water resources management, and from basin planning to flood forecasting and groundwater management and rural water supply. Right across the water value chain, there are numerous projects be- ing funded and run, currently. There definitely are clear market gaps, and the market is not price-sensitive. Service providers are coming to India from all over the world. In fact, you may be surprised to know that almost 40% or 50% of wa- ter treatment equipment in In- dia is imported, so that market is certainly not price-sensitive:

if people can afford imported water treatment equipment it means there’s an appetite to have better quality equipment to work on. Every type of water market is different. The urban water sector is different from the agricultural irrigation use ef- ficiency market and the basin planning market, for instance. Each sector or market has dif- ferent departments working in it, a different way of working, different sets of customers that you’ll be talking to. If you want to work in India, I advise you to make sure you have allocated some time to invest in India, to examine the market, to travel to the market at least twice or three times a year, to develop relationships within that market. Only then, talk of business. The relation- ship is very important. And patience is important also, and flexibility because matters do not proceed along timelines. They change de- pending upon the political and other scenarios. You need to have patience, but relation- ship-building is most import- ant. Relationships are key to working in any southern Asian country - Vietnam, Myanmar they are just the same.

The Australian Water Part- nership (AWP) is an Austra- lian Government development initiative enhancing the sus- tainable management of water across the Indo-Pacific.

February 2019

17
17

MARKET

The Electricity Meter Market is More Mature than Smart Water Meters

Amit Vaidya is the Director, Strategic Customer Team at Sensus India. Mayur Sharma recently interacted with him about the Smart Meters market in India in the context of municipal water projects and also on various market penetration strategies of Sensus.

and also on various market penetration strategies of Sensus. The situation in India is alarming, and
and also on various market penetration strategies of Sensus. The situation in India is alarming, and

The situation in

India is alarming, and a recent Niti Aayog report that draws data from 24 of the 29 states in India proved that the water crisis is only going to get worse. Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about two lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water. Also, 21 cities are likely to run out of groundwater by

2020.

Q. Firstly, tell us about the state of the Smart Meters market in India? Is it encouraging enough? What potential do you see in this segment looking at the smart cities and Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) projects?

Mr. Vaidya: In India, a shift

February 2019cities and Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) projects? Mr. Vaidya : In India, a shift SMART WATER

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

MARKET

is occurring in the Smart Meter market away from mechanical and towards smart, static and electromagnetic meters. Smart meters will play an integral role in making India’s smart city vision a reality and this will require changes to happen on a larger scale. The growth of smart meters with communi- cations (including retrofitted modules) was predicted to grow at a rate of CAGR of 10% over the next 5 years. Howev- er, the number of recent con- tracts awarded to smart meters with wireless communications for AMI and AMR systems demonstrates that this is a se- vere underestimation.

Q. How worrisome is

the water supply and distribution situation in India currently?

Mr. Vaidya: The situation in India is alarming, and a recent Niti Aayog report that draws data from 24 of the 29 states in India proved that the water crisis is only going to get worse. Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about two lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water. Also, 21 cities are likely to run out of groundwater by 2020. These figures from the report are catastrophic and utility bodies need to buck up and take the necessary actions in order to avoid a calamity.

Q. Are there gaps

between what Indian municipal bodies/water utilities need and what current technologies are providing? What makes Sensus competitive in this segment?

Mr. Vaidya: Technology makes all aspects of life easier and better. Indian municipal/ water utilities are gradually realizing the importance of incorporating innovative tech- nologies in order to achieve 24x7 water supply to people and to cut down on non-rev- enue water. What Indian mu- nicipal/water utilities need the most at this time is to be aware of the situation and to be able to take the right step in the

right direction. The best way forward in such a situation is the Sensus’ iPERL smart water meters as it helps to save resources with its electromagnetic technolo- gy. Sensus iPERL™ solid-state smart water meter with in- tegrated bidirectional com- munications capability uses technology that provides unri- valled, sustained accuracy over their expected 15-year service life. The data captured by the meter provides water utilities with accurate information to identify and help manage net- work issues both proactively and efficiently. It also helps in addressing environmental challenges, whilst improving customer service, security of continuous water supply and operational efficiencies.

Q. How aware and how

receptive do you find the municipal bodies/water utilities in India? Are the buyers and decision- makers extremely cost- conscious?

Mr. Vaidya: Municipal bod- ies/water utilities in India are increasingly able to see the larger positive picture with the incorporation of smart meters. The use of this cutting-edge technology helps to signifi- cantly reduce non-revenue water levels, in turn, enabling them to provide 24x7 water supply to the people. This is how they will build trust with their customers. As per my experience with the Pune Mu- nicipal Corporation, they were very receptive of the idea and were able to clearly under- stand the urgent need for this technology. I am sure other wa- ter utility bodies will begin to move in the same direction as they understand the benefits and savings they will achieve.

Q. What are the projects

that you are presently working on in India?

Mr. Vaidya: At present, we have collaborated with Pune Municipal Corporation, where Sensus will provide 2,75,000 smart meters to the city. It is one of our first large scale projects in India, and we are

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

As Strategic Customer Team Director for Sensus India, Amit is responsible for responsible for securing multi-mil- lion dollar communications contracts with utility custom- ers and delivery of smart metering or Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) projects. Amit has over 18 years’ experience in the energy and utility sector. In particular, he has significant experience in implementing smart metering, AMI and Utilities IT re- lated solutions.

hugely excited about it. The first batch of smart meter in- stallations started in the first week of December. We are also in talks with the Andhra Pradesh, Chandigarh, New Delhi, and Agra utility bodies and we look forward to the successful collaboration with them as well.

Q. As per some studies, the growth rates for smart water metering will be slower than the growth rates experienced with smart metering for electricity. What could be the possible reasons in the Indian context, if you agree?

Mr. Vaidya: We need to understand the differences in both electricity and water meters. When we talk about electricity meters, every indi- vidual house will have their own meters. Also, if these me- ters are replaced with smart meters, the volume would still be more as compared to smart water meters. However, water meters will be deployed with MNCs or water utility bodies, where one smart water meter will serve the purpose of the whole complex. The electricity meter mar- ket is more mature than smart water meters. Water is treated as a social issue and, most of the time, it is free or given with minimal charges as is billed by average consumption rath- er than actual consumption. However, the market is start- ing to see a shift in the right direction, driven by the need to reduce NRW (Non-Revenue Water). At present, smart water meters have started slowly moving towards corporations, which will eventually drive the market, especially with the de- velopment of smart cities.

Q. Tell us about some of

your recent international projects as well.

Mr. Vaidya: Thames Water’s network is a 15-year old proj- ect. With the help of Sensus, they were able to reduce water usage by 13% and increase overall customer satisfaction. Other international projects where Sensus has been part of include Vitens in the Nether- lands. This was the first pilot project of its kind.

Q. From a geographical

point of view, where do you see more growth happening for Sensus India? Which are the state governments on the municipal side who are more pro-active?

Mr. Vaidya: Having won our first big project with the Pune Municipal Corporation, we look forward to similar partnerships with other states such as Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal (Kolkata). With the onset of smart cities, all municipal Corporations will be able to understand the im- portance of this smart change. With Pune as the first city to incorporate the same, other places can look at them as an example to see the highly im- pacting positive change in the right direction.

Q. Any other exciting

new developments that you would like to share with our readers?

Mr. Vaidya: We are real- ly excited about executing our pilot project in Andhra Pradesh, which will showcase the complete Xylem product portfolio. We are also running a ‘Channel Partner Expansion Programme’ and are looking for a few more partners. Under this programme, we would like

for a few more partners. Under this programme, we would like Having won our first big

Having won our first big project with the Pune Municipal Corporation, we look forward to similar partnerships with other states such as Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal (Kolkata). With the onset of smart cities, all Municipal Corporations will be able to understand the importance of this smart change. With Pune as the first city to incorporate the same, other places can look at them as an example to see the highly impacting positive change in the right direction.

to get in touch with dealers, partners, and distributors.

Q. Finally, what is your plan of action for 2019?

Mr. Vaidya: 2019 is going to be a really exciting time for us and we look forward to the new year and new opportuni- ties. You can expect to see new products added to our portfo- lio which have been designed specifically with the Indian market in mind, and we can’t wait to launch them. The fu- ture seems bright.

February 2019

19
19

INTERVIEW

URBAN WATER

Tracking Down Microplastics

Daniel Venghaus is engaged in research at the TU Berlin in the field of urban water management, where he works on avoidance strategies to prevent microplastics from entering aquatic systems. In a discussion with Smart Water & Waste World, he explains the objectives and details some initial successes.

explains the objectives and details some initial successes. What is the significance of microplastics in the

What is the significance of microplastics in the field of urban water management?

Daniel: According to a re- cent literature study, as much as 2.5 million tonnes of micro- plastics could find their way into aquatic systems per year. Some 25% of these microplas- tics enter circulation via the outlet of sewage plants, while 66 percent take the form of street runoff water.

Why is this the case?

Daniel: The processes used to date are not specifically de- signed to filter microplastics at the outlet of sewage plants or street runoff water. On the oth- er hand, the various volumes of microplastics in municipal wastewater have scarcely been

February 2019of microplastics in municipal wastewater have scarcely been researched to date. Among others, the TU Berlin

researched to date.

Among others, the TU Berlin is addressing this topic intensively in two projects sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. These projects are referred to as OEMP and RAU. What are the objectives of these projects?

Daniel: The goal of OEMP is to develop innovative mate- rials and processes to improve the retention of microplas- tic particles of various sizes, shapes, or material charac- teristics during municipal wastewater treatment. The collaborative research project entitled Tire abrasion in the environment (RAU) examines

entitled Tire abrasion in the environment (RAU) examines GKD Developed a Sampling Basket with up to

GKD Developed a Sampling Basket with up to Six Filter Elements and Defined Fractionation for Sampling an Entire Rainfall Event. It is Hung in Drains and Facilitates Reliable Sampling of All Street Runoff Water

the emergence, composition, and retention of tire abrasion throughout the entire useful life of a tire. The goal here is to balance its quantities, as well as to both identify and quan- tify the influential factors and paths leading to its occurrence as a way of highlighting op- tions for its reduction.

The technical weaver GKD - Gebr. Kufferath AG was a project partner in both projects. How did the partnership come about and what were GKD’s main duties in this regard?

Daniel: When we started taking initial samples in 2013,

the key was to find a filter ma- terial that could deliver the strict separation limit of 10 mi- crometers, while also securing the requisite flow rate. It also needed to be rugged, since ac- ids, alkalis, and enzymes may need to be blasted against the filter cake on the mesh to en- sure that the particulate mate- rial is removed along with the microplastics. With its Opti- mized Dutch Weaves (ODW), GKD already offered one such filter material. The company further refined this mesh in the course of the OEMP proj- ect, so that ODW is now also available with separating lim- its of 8 and 6 micrometers. Assuming a good flow rate, the

volume of retained particles at the sewage plant outlet is ap- proximately double with ODW 6 in comparison with ODW 20. This is just one of several reasons why this high-perfor- mance mesh is also being used in the RAU project. The most important point, however, is that not only the product but also the partner company is highly innovative. In our ex- perience, GKD is committed to developing mesh for a very wide range of applications and is not afraid of adopting a dif- ferent perspective to develop new fields of application. This is a real help, particularly in cases such as these where it is important for the partner to understand the objective and provide the right tools for the job. During the RAU proj- ect, the company was there- fore tasked with developing a sampling basket with defined fractionation for sampling an entire rainfall event. This has already delivered excellent re- sults.

OK, let’s return to the OEMP and the optimized dutch weaves. What makes the product stand out?

Daniel: The key advantage of this mesh over other filter media is its sharp separation limit. Within the scope of the OEMP project, we compared optimized weaves in a disc filter system with a cloth filter in a drum filter system. The drainage values were similar for both configurations. The aperture of the optimized dutch weaves is an absolute value, enabling the system operator to guarantee that no spherical particles larger than 6 micrometers could find their way into the water.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

INTERVIEW

URBAN WATER

The same mesh is also used for the RAU project in a sampling basket. How does this sampling basket work?

Daniel: An integrated filter cascade is used to catch the tire particles from the street runoff drains. The sampling basket separates all particulate material that is larger than 6 micrometers. While engaged in this research project, we are interested both in the en- tire mass of tire abrasion and the respective quantity of this in a fraction, so that we can estimate which contains the greatest volume of abrasion. Depending on the area, the sampling basket employs up to six filter elements, which can best be envisaged like sieve pans. To be able to use the basket in any street, we took the leaf grate used in many drains as our inspiration and GKD developed a basket with similar dimensions. This bas- ket can be used in all locations and for the first time facilitates reliable sampling of all street runoff water. Until now, it had only been possible to sample partial flow. We can also use the basket to sample various rainfall events - from very heavy rain to very light rain. The latter was not possible at all in the past. Another advan- tage of the basket is the inte- grated online measurement functionality, which measures street runoff from the very first second without the warm-up time of conventional measur- ing technology. For the first time, this has also enabled us to automatically sample the so- called first flush - i.e. the rain that feeds the drains in the first few minutes and is the subject of much discussion in the field of research - and evaluate this based on the respective drain- age basin. This performance spectrum makes the sampling basket a core element of the RAU project.

Where exactly is this basket used within the scope of the RAU project?

Daniel: First of all, its func- tionality was verified in com-

prehensive laboratory testing. For the in-situ sampling now following, we chose the de- ployment locations on the basis of load scenarios: main streets and side streets, high- way ramps, parking spaces, traffic lights, roundabouts, etc. as well as various road surfac- es. We hope that this will pro- vide us with valid findings as to how tire abrasion even oc- curs, the size of the particles, what they look like, and the density of the abrasion.

What is the significance of the sampling basket from the perspective of urban water management?

Daniel: It is an important instrument that should help in developing ideas and ap- proaches to the factors to be determined within the scope of the RAU project. With the sampling basket, we are capa- ble of filtering out all particu- late materials in street runoff down to a size of 6 microme- ters for subsequent analysis. Going beyond sampling, we will also investigate the filter potential as a localized clean- ing system for the basket. It is important to understand here that street runoff is of- ten dewatered via wastewater separation channels and can

of- ten dewatered via wastewater separation channels and can Microplastics, i.e. Plastic Particles Less than Five

Microplastics, i.e. Plastic Particles Less than Five Millimeters in Size, are a Global Environmental Problem

then make its way into rivers without first being treated. When using mixed sewage systems, on the other hand, it is forwarded to the sewage treatment plant. Thanks to the fractioned sampling, we can investigate individual rainfall events to describe and evalu- ate tire abrasion. The ultrafine separation limit of the opti- mized dutch weaves permits sampling down to the fine particulate size, which starts at 10 micrometers. With this sampling, we are keen to eval- uate drainage basins, under- stand challenges, and derive solutions.

What was GKD’s special contribution in the

product developments you have mentioned?

Daniel: The optimized dutch weave opens up a broad range of applications. For ex- ample, we have used it to filter various sewage plant outlets and mixed sewage during the OEMP project. In the RAU project, it has also been used to construct a sampling device. These are very different things, as the requirements of a sam- pling device are quite different than those of a filter system. The basket is a prime example of innovative implementa- tion of an equally innovative mesh as a scientific response to a concrete application/is- sue. The scientist defines the requirements and the com-

pany provides the technical solution. This makes GKD an eye-level sparring partner.

What are the next planned steps?

Daniel: Within the scope of OEMP, mixed sewage inves- tigations are currently being performed, during which we apply this exacting wastewa- ter type to the systems. To this end, we connected filter sys- tems to a mixed sewage basin operated by Berliner Wasser- betriebe. In the RAU project, the in-si- tu street runoff water sam- pling process is getting under- way. Sixty such processes are planned over the course of the next two years.

processes are planned over the course of the next two years. The Optimized Dutch Weaves from

The Optimized Dutch Weaves from GKD Secure a Strict Separation Limit up to Six mm with a High Requisite Flow Rate

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

February 2019

21
21

THE SECOND OPINION

Five Steps to Safe Water Reuse Programmes

Although approaches to reuse can differ, depending on factors such as the end-uses, there are some common steps which can help ensure the safety and acceptance of a reuse programme. By Rajiv Menon

safety and acceptance of a reuse programme. By Rajiv Menon February 2019 INDIA’S DEMAND FOR THE

February 2019safety and acceptance of a reuse programme. By Rajiv Menon INDIA’S DEMAND FOR THE water is

INDIA’S DEMAND FOR THE water is growing, while the amount of available water is falling. So using water, recy-

cling it, then reusing it, is an intelligent way to help meet the supply/demand balance. The government is helping the market for recycled water to develop for instance with the memorandum of under- standing with the Ministry of Railways to adopt reused water for cleaning rolling stock and other non-potable uses; and

a mandate for power plants

to buy treated wastewater from sewage treatment plants,

where the two plants are within

a 50-kilometer radius of each

other. The Ministry of Urban Development’s attributes for smart cities require 100 per-

cent recycling in the sanitation system or water reuse. At the state level authorities

in Maharashtra, late last year,

signed regulations to foster the use of recycled wastewa-

ter for industrial applications. The municipal bodies in 71 areas will have three years to set up wastewater manage- ment plants. By 2020, the state government envisions to reuse

gramme’s long-term success. The options include direct and indirect potable use, dual domestic use (greywater) and industrial use. Each of these will require very different approaches in terms of treat- ment, supply network, and system management. The suc- cessful outcomes of the sub- sequent steps all stem from achieving clarity of purpose for the programme.

Understand the Source

Water

Different wastewater sourc- es require different levels of treatment. The type of treat-

ment required depends upon how the treated water will be used. If the source is domestic wastewater it will be necessary to understand the type and nature of pharmaceutical con- taminants, for instance. This

is in addition to investigating pathogens and viruses. If the source wastewater has an industrial component it is vital to know the types of in- dustries discharging into the wastewater stream. This will help inform more detailed in- vestigations into the nature of

at

least 6,888 million liters of

the wastewater. These are re-

wastewater daily. Although approaches to re- use can differ, depending on factors such as the end-uses, there are some common steps which can help ensure the safety and acceptance of a re- use programme.

quired because common met- rics - such as Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), solids and volume - provide insufficient information about the make- up of the wastewater stream to ensure safe reuse. COD does not identify contaminants.

Understand the

It is important to under- stand if the sewerage sys-

Programme

tem carrying the wastewater

This may seem obvious, but developing a full under- standing, from the outset, of the application(s) for which

stream is dual usage, and therefore likely to carry runoff; which can include hydrocar- bons for instance. Although

the reused water will be used

traditional wastewater treat-

is central to ensuring the pro-

ment practices and processes

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

THE SECOND OPINION

are good at removing solids, a multi-barrier approach may be required to remove the type of contaminants outlined above.

Understand What Treatment is Required

The type of treatment will be governed by the standard the water needs to reach to ensure reuse is safe. While some coun- tries including Australia and the USA grade treatment stan- dards for different uses, the UK does not have a standard for non-potable use. Given the sensitivities around reuse, however, con- sideration may also be given to additional treatment steps which go beyond the technical requirements. Such steps may help build the public health consensus vital to a success- ful reuse programme. Such multi-barrier approaches may include membrane bioreactors or reverse osmosis with ad- vanced oxidation. When considering safety and suitability of treatment options it is essential to take into account the training and capabilities of the treatment plant’s operators. Multi-barrier systems are advanced chem- ical and biological processes and their safe operation is de- pendent upon a suitably quali- fied and trained staff. Also significant is having the right policies and procedures to ensure the plant’s safe oper- ation in the long-term. These procedures are vital in giving the public confidence that the appropriate safeguards are in place. Operations staff need to have sufficient technical abili- ty to recognize when there is a problem, they also need to be prepared and capable to im- plement remedial strategies.

Understand How to Distribute the Treated Water

The application (for which the water will be used) has the greatest influence upon distri- bution network requirements. As a result, distribution needs to be viewed as an integral phase of reuse programme planning. If the reused water is for potable applications, then

the connection to an existing network is possible. In this instance, compatibility with the existing supply needs to be addressed. This means considering things such as water hardness and residual disinfection with- in the network. If a non-chlora- minated supply is mixing with other water, for example, the risk of trihalomethanes form- ing needs to be assessed and managed. When reused water is des- tined for non-potable applica- tions a separate distribution network is necessary. The cost of this can make treating to non-potable standards unat- tractive even if the water will be used for non-potable ap- plications. To provide safe op- eration and maintenance it is important that a non-potable network is readily distinguish- able from potable networks. Making the non-potable net- work identifiable requires not just a physically distinguish- able system but also good, easy-to-access records. To de- liver long-term safety, the re- cords need to be accompanied by policies and procedures that support network integrity. In essence the non-potable system means a new asset class is being introduced into the asset base and, as a result, procedures need to be in place to ensure it is managed proper- ly. For instance, if the non-po- table network is physically dif- ferent from existing networks these procedures need to en- sure that those responsible for maintenance have the correct type and quantities of replace- ment fittings.

Understand How the Water will be Used

This final step is in some ways very close to the first, but also subtly different. Un- derstanding the programme means knowing what appli- cation the reused water is for. Understanding how the water will be used refers to preparing in detail for what will happen to the water when it reaches the point of use. This is often the point at which the reuse supply ceases to be under the

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

supply ceases to be under the SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD A Full Understanding of the

A Full Understanding of the Application for Which the Reused Water will be Used is Central to Success

control of the utility. Where the supply has been treated to non-potable stan- dards, safety dictates that taps and other end-user fittings are clearly labelled to indicate the water is not for consumption. As well as that it needs to be clear the supply is unsuitable for food preparation and oth- er uses which may lead to in- gestion. For example, people often touch water features and fountains.

Policies, procedures and documentation also need to be prepared to ensure a non-pota- ble system remains safe if the building in which it operates changes ownership. New own- ers, unfamiliar with a non-po- table water supply, need to un- derstand how to safely use the water and maintain the system. Where a non-potable system is in operation, re-plumbing and building work can represent a management control exercise.

Water reuse has a viable role in an integrated water resource portfolio. The above steps rep- resent a high-level, and not ex- haustive, outline of some key considerations which will help ensure reused supplies are safe and, importantly, engender public confidence.

About the Author

Rajiv Menon is the Manag- ing Director at Black & Veatch India.

is the Manag- ing Director at Black & Veatch India. Multi-Barrier Systems are Advanced Processes, Safe

Multi-Barrier Systems are Advanced Processes, Safe Operation is Dependent upon Suitably Qualified Staff

February 2019

23
23

OUT OF THE BOX

Regulating a Shitload

By Rajesh Rangarajan

OUT OF THE BOX Regulating a Shitload By Rajesh Rangarajan AS A DEMONSTRATION of the success

AS A DEMONSTRATION of the success of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), sever- al districts across India have been declared Open Defeca- tion Free (ODF). With the mo- mentum created by SBM, it is seen that disposal options of faecal matter are increasing- ly coming into focus. A large part of rural and peri-urban India are using onsite sani- tation systems such as septic tanks (whether properly con- structed or not). Furthermore, with septic tanks becoming the norm across the country for the rural and small-town population and municipali- ties (as grid-connected sewage services are limited), there is widespread apprehension about the growing volumes of untreated septage in the envi- ronment. Limited desludging capacities and lack of a clear disposal option have spurned the conversations around Fae- cal Sludge Management (FSM) as a critical step. So, while actors in the san- itation ecosystem are actively considering viable options for FSM, a significant challenge seems to have emerged - the

February 2019for FSM, a significant challenge seems to have emerged - the absence of a regulatory ar-

absence of a regulatory ar- chitecture in setting up Fae- cal Sludge Treatment Plants (FSTPs) and the related parts of the sanitation value chain. This issue was discussed brief- ly at a recent workshop on san- itation legislation by the Cen- tre for Policy Research. This article uses the basis of those discussions, to briefly reflect on the elements of a possible regulatory architecture for FSM. Three key aspects need care- ful consideration (potentially there could be several more) while approaching sanitation through an environmental reg- ulatory lens - siting and stan- dard setting; regulatory capac- ity; and potential challenges in implementation. Primarily, some experiences from setting up an FSTP sug- gests that procedures are scat- tered amongst different agen- cies, the urban local bodies, planning agency, and pollu- tion control boards. In essence, this fragmented jurisdiction is a pivotal issue in hampering or expediting the creation of an FSM system. While setting up an FSTP, site selection requires

careful consideration. Distanc- es from surface water bodies, level of the groundwater table, the kind of soil and suscepti- bility of the area to flooding are some of the aspects that need to be looked into. In the normal course of providing siting clearances, the Environ- mental Impact Assessment Notification 2006 would be the go-to law. However, the notification will probably treat such a system as a Com- mon Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) or a Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) which may not be the ideal proxies for an FSTP. So a suitable amendment is re- quired and fortunately as a no- tification (unlike an Act which goes through parliamentary procedures) this regulatory instrument can be quickly re- viewed and amended. Faecal waste involves both biological and chemical con- taminants which prove to be a complex mix for sludge stan- dards. A host of household hazardous chemicals are used in toilets even in rural areas making the sludge toxic. It is simply inappropriate to pro- vide the treated faecal matter

for land application or farm manure without ensuring it

However, a new law has its own set of problems and

meets safe sludge standards

it

has been seen in the past

and only after ascertaining

that courts have led the im-

this it can become safe for ag- ricultural use. So should FSTP

plementation and have set up additional safeguard measures

sludge be treated as hazardous

to

ensure that legislations are

waste or biomedical waste?

complied with. The creation of

And if so, neither waste regu- lations currently have related standards. So should a sepa-

Local Area Environment Com- mittees (LAECs) by the Su- preme Court comprising mul-

rate set of standards be curat- ed? Standard setting for this

tiple stakeholders to support SPCBs in the implementation

subject would come under the

of

hazardous waste manage-

purview of the central pollu- tion control board (CPCB). However, given the rigor need- ed to develop standards and having seen a systemic slow- ness in the past (for example, the revision of air quality stan-

ment rules; the recent National Green Tribunal order on solid waste creating monitoring structures at local and state levels are examples of such ad- ditional mechanisms to ensure that the law works.

dards 2009 after a decade), it is difficult to fathom a speedy

In sum, while safe sanita- tion proponents are reimagin-

development of treated sludge

ing sanitation service delivery,

standards unique to FSTPs.

a

corresponding re-imagina-

This leads the conversation

tion of regulation is necessary.

to the capacity that rests with

A

comprehensive regulatory

the State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs), assuming that SPCBs would be custodians of

architecture, comprising the state-specific guidelines on septage and regulation that is

an environmental sanitation regulation. The situation is

capable of being flexible for making adjustments to im-

analogous to the enactment of the Biomedical Waste (BMW)

plementation and facilitating delivery of safe sanitation,

Management & Handling

is

plausible. The Solid Waste

Rules in 1998. At a time when

Management Rules 2016 is a

little was known about health-

useful regulatory instrument

care waste, this new law trig-

to

study as it provides flexibil-

gered a series of actions which

ity

based on contexts, process-

eventually forced the SPCBs to

es

and technologies essential-

build capacity (largely by col-

ly

laying out a “Do-it-Yourself

laborating with environmen- tal non-profit organizations) as the issue was moving for- ward, self-correcting its course over a decade. Interestingly,

Kit” for sector actors to devel- op, implement and comply with sustainable solid waste management. So, can the vi- brant sanitation ecosystem in

the FSM system resembles the hub-and-spoke model of

India see the development of legislation(s) as an opportuni-

BMW management where a

ty

to catalyze our achievement

centralized facility caters to waste from a region’s health-

of Sustainable Development Goal 6 and not merely to de-

care institutions. Would there

vise a law? There is a ‘shitload’

be a similar trajectory for legis-

to

look forward to.

lation in the FSM case? Would it hence be more feasible to

About the Author

curate a separate piece of leg- islation under the overarching Environmental Protection Act?

Rajesh Rangarajan is the Regional Manager-South at WaterAid India.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

COVER STORY

Water Purification & Treatment Business Smart Water & Waste World looks at the rapidly changing
Water
Purification
& Treatment
Business
Smart Water & Waste World looks at the
rapidly changing structure of water purification
& treatment market and new power dynamics
within the segment with the emergence of
regional water associations and entrepreneurs.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

February 2019

25
25

COVER STORY

WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS

Ensuring Strong-Connect with Water Community

Water Purification & Treatment Equipment Manufacturer Association (WAPTEMA) is an organization established by key players of the water industry to provide effective representation for the water and wastewater treatment industry at the national level. Mayur Sharma recently interacted with the team of WAPTEMA Water Expo (1-3 August 2019 at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi) about their upcoming exhibition showcasing water treatment products and services.

exhibition showcasing water treatment products and services. Chief Guest of the Show in Exhibition Area in

Chief Guest of the Show in Exhibition Area in a Past Edition

Q. Can you tell us about this year’s WAPTEMA WATER Expo? What kind of response you are expecting from the industry? What will be the new attractions?

WAPTEMA Team: This year, the WAPTEMA Water Expo is scheduled to be held in Au- gust 2019. This is going to be a grand show as over the past four years WAPTEMA Expo has emerged as a leading water expo of India. Visitors and ex- hibitors are keen to participate in the show which has become an yearly event to showcase their new technologies and innovations in the field of wa- ter purification and treatment.

WAPTEMA Water Expo is a trade show by the WAPTEMA Association - a group of dedi- cated stakeholders of the water treatment industry. We can say that this show is “Of the industry, by the indus-

try, and for the industry”. This year our show will be held at

a newly build exhibition hall

in Pragati Maidan, which has been constructed beautifully

with the modern infrastructure

of international standards.

We are already getting a very good response from the industry. It is still seven months to go for the expo but most of our stalls have already been booked. This year we are expecting very good participa-

been booked. This year we are expecting very good participa- The Inauguration Ceremony February 2019 tion

The Inauguration Ceremony

February 2019are expecting very good participa- The Inauguration Ceremony tion from foreign exhibitors from countries like China,

tion from foreign exhibitors from countries like China, South Korea, and Taiwan. We are also hopeful for good par- ticipation from industrial wa- ter treatment segment.

Q. Who are the main

sponsors and partners which you have already got on board? Have you got any government support as well?

WAPTEMA Team: WAPTE- MA itself is a group of top play- ers from the water purification industry of India. There are many member and non-mem- ber companies in line for the sponsorships. All sponsorship will be finalized before we begin our official promotion campaign. We are not getting any financial support from any government agency but

we have always been support- ed by government agencies like the Delhi Jal Board and the Ministry of Water Resources.

This year also we are expect- ing participation by Delhi Jal board and Ministry of Water Resources in the exhibition.

Q. Please tell us about

the water treatment and purification market in your region. How is the business these days?

WAPTEMA Team: Water purification and treatment is a huge market in India. Growth in the water purification mar- ket in the last few years has been enormous. Each and ev- ery household today requires a water purifier. People are more aware and cautious about the quality of drinking water for their families and organiza-

quality of drinking water for their families and organiza- Training Sessions for the Industry Professionals tion.

Training Sessions for the Industry Professionals

tion. For process water also the demand for water treatment plants is increasing day by day. But in this era of cut-throat competition, if we want to do good business, we should take care of “quality, cost and ser- vice” of our products. WAPTEMA Water Expo is committed to providing a good platform to our exhibi- tors to showcase their quality products. It is also an opportu- nity for retailers and consum- ers to get all available products under one roof and compare them for their benefit.

Q. What are the key concerns and needs of your association members? How do you help them?

WAPTEMA Team: In this competitive business world, the key concern of every busi- ness is that they get a suitable and economical platform to promote their products, where they could get regular updates and training regarding the changing policies and proce- dures and they get updates for the latest developments and new technologies in the field.

WAPTEMA association is pro- viding and is committed to

providing every possible help

to its members to address the

above concerns.

Q. What advise you will give to the companies and water professionals coming to WAPTEMA Expo 2019? Why should a company participate?

WAPTEMA Team: We wel- come the companies to partici-

pate and exhibit their products

at the WAPTEMA Water Expo

2019 organized by a national level association of the water

treatment industry. It provides

a strong platform to reach

all stakeholders of the water purification industry. We are

expecting 10,000+ quality vis- itors and 200+ exhibitors from

all parts of India and abroad.

By participating here, they

will get B2B interactions and a strong-connect with the water purification community. Delhi being the biggest business hub

of India, and with newly-built

halls, Pragati Maidan is the best venue to showcase their products to boost their busi- ness.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

COVER STORY

WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS

Global Residential, Light Commercial and HoReCa Water Treatment Systems Hydration Market

By Frost & Sullivan

Treatment Systems Hydration Market By Frost & Sullivan THE GLOBAL RESIDEN- TIAL , light commercial and

THE GLOBAL RESIDEN- TIAL, light commercial and HoReCa (Hotels, Restaurants, and Cafés) water treatment systems hydration market is witnessing remarkable growth in the last few years. The indus- try has escalated from using clay filter out the sediments in old times to advanced wa- ter purification technologies which use electricity and in- ternet to provide people with world-class services. Rampant industrialization as well as increasing urbanization, in- dustrial waste and increasing the number of cases related to water-borne diseases has driv- en the growth of the global res- idential, light commercial and HoReCa water treatment sys- tems hydration market, which was pegged to be at USD 22.92 billion in 2018 and has been projected to grow with a CAGR of 6.1% till 2026. The market is expected to reach USD 34.75 billion by 2025. In addition to that, growth rates are much higher in emerging markets like China, South Korea, India, Japan, especially in segments such as light commercial and HoReCa. Innovative products

and technologies are likely to fuel up market demand in the coming years. Asia-Pacific (APAC) cur- rently holds a 27% share in the revenue and is expected to witness the highest growth during the forecast period. North America (NA) and Eu- rope are mature markets due to their relative saturation, especially in the residential segment, while light commer- cial and HoReCa segments are still experiencing some high growth. The market demand in Latin America (LATAM) and the Middle East and Africa (MEA) is fuelled by the perpet- ually increasing demand for good-quality drinking water, especially in the water-scarce regions. These regions current- ly hold 7.2% and 7.7% revenue share, respectively. The water treatment systems market is relatively consolidated in some product segments but is highly fragmented in the overall mar- ket. Developed countries in Europe and NA are more open to accept premium products with innovative technological variations, while APAC, MEA, and LATAM portray immense

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

potential for regional sup- pliers and international par- ticipants catering to a niche customer base. Companies are increasingly focusing on digi- tal transformation and are set to transform the purification process that involves re-min- eralizing the water with the addition of essential nutrients. The water purifier market in India is highly price sensi- tive, and competition among the leading vendors is intense. The growing awareness about the presence of harmful impu- rities and pathogens in the wa- ter supplied to households and other sectors have increased the demand for water purify- ing technologies. Despite the awareness and efforts taken to educate the masses, a large chunk of the population still relies on conventional ways of boiling water for the purpose of purification. The constraints of addressing issues pertain- ing to varying water textures as per changing geographies across the country are also likely to hamper the market growth. The top two players, Eureka Forbes and Kent RO System Ltd, held a dominant share of 60% in the India wa- ter purifier market in 2018. The residential sector be- ing the largest accounts for 42.7% of the water hydration treatment systems market. The light commercial (22.0%) and HoReCa (35.2%) segments are also experiencing an increased installed base of water treat- ment systems due to increas- ing concerns regarding plastic waste that is being generated from the bottled water sector. Due to affordable pricing and replacement cost, Europe- an and North American coun- tries are showing great interest in Point of Entry (PoE) water treatment systems, thereby raising the systems’ penetra-

tion rate. Point of Use (PoU) technology will continue to dominate the market due to its operational flexibility, lower cost, and easy installation. The cost of replacement is relative- ly cheap when compared to that of a PoE system. Counter- top and under-the-sink filters are expected to experience a drastic growth as they provide more thorough filtration when compared to that by pitchers. The Internet of Things (IoT) with its enormous growth has changed the living environ- ment of people by connecting all types of digital devices to the Internet. Integrating the water treatment systems with Cloud- and IoT-based technol- ogy helps companies to pre- dict issues in advance – where engineers can schedule main- tenance visits. To improve the customer experience, many suppliers have begun to inte- grate their water purification systems to the IoT. Collab- oration with Cloud and IoT solution providers could help in wider market penetration and increase interest among consumers. For example, Unilever’s water purification brand Truliva has collaborat- ed with Alibaba’s Cloud and IoT technology. This strategic collaboration aims at provid- ing safe drinking solutions to local consumers and helps in understanding the water puri- fication industry. Many offices and light com- mercial sites across the world have started to install water purifiers to move away from bottled water and reduce sin- gle-use plastics. The fade out of bottled water market, in addition to increasing con- sciousness and environmental awareness, paves way for mar- ket attractiveness and penetra- tion for the water treatment equipment options. Compa-

nies like Brita, Grohe, and Bevi have introduced inno- vative treatment systems that come with inbuilt hot and cold functions. For example, Brita’s Vivreau tap dispense is a mul- tifunctional water dispenser that provides instant filtered chilled still and sparkling wa-

ter. It also dispenses hot water and is suitable for workplaces and HoReCa. The HoReCa segment is one of the fastest growing seg- ments globally owing to the urbanization and increasing income of the middle class. It presents an exciting opportu- nity for customizing solutions for hotels, restaurants, and ca- fes. Fast food chains like KFC and McDonalds and Cafés like Starbucks are growing rapidly in China and India. Everpure has been the top participant in the food services industry having products that are cus- tomized for its clients. Com- panies should build a portfolio of products addressing the HoReCa segment specifically and expand their presence in key regional markets. There is

a huge opportunity in devel-

oped regions like North Amer- ica where companies like Ara- mark have been instrumental

in the use of their products for

the hotels and catering busi- ness. Today, a water purifier has become a necessity at home. The demand for affordable po- table water purifier is expect- ed to shape the water purifier market in the coming years.

Implementation of new tech- nology in water and wastewa- ter infrastructure will further push the demand for smart and sustainable solutions.

Anagha

Lakshmi

Jay-

aprakash works as a Research Analyst at Frost & Sullivan.

@FrostSullivanEE 27 February 2019
@FrostSullivanEE
27
February 2019

COVER STORY

WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS

Working on Innovative Ecological Water Solutions

Dennis Abraham Thazhamon is the Managing Director of Josab India Pvt Ltd. Mayur Sharma recently interacted with him on the current scenario of water purification market and his strategies for keeping Josab India on a steady growth path.

strategies for keeping Josab India on a steady growth path. Q. Please give our readers a

Q. Please give our readers a brief introduction to your organization.

February 2019give our readers a brief introduction to your organization. Dennis: Josab’s inception happened in 1983, it

Dennis: Josab’s inception happened in 1983, it was not a planned or pre-thought out

process. The inventor was a painting restorer, and he was doing large mural restoration

in the Vatican. This is when he heard of a mineral in Hunga- ry (that can absorb the heavy metals from the water) being used during the cleaning of paint. One thing led to anoth- er, and a lot of research with Zeolite experts further led to the Ratka Mine (Josab owned)

- from where Josab extracts the

unique Zeolite trademarked “Aqualite”. Since then, Josab has worked with many intergovernmen- tal organizations like the UN, WHO and many EU and Afri-

can states and cities. Josab Wa- ter Solutions AB is now a listed firm in Stockholm, Sweden. In 2012, I assessed the po- tential of Josab’s “Aqualite” water treatment prospects in India and started the first subsidiary for Josab in Pune, Maharashtra, India. By 2013, Josab Water Solutions had al- ready bagged water treatment projects with Kerala State Gov- ernment, and since then we have not looked back in the past four years. We have slow- ly but confidently grown our business into two more states

- Maharashtra and Telangana.

We hope to keep up the grow- ing trend and expand to six new states in the next couple of years.

Q. Why are your water purification systems always called ‘ecological’? And tell us about Aqualite™.

Dennis: Let me start by de- scribing the “Aqualite”; this would easily lead us to explain why it is termed ‘ecological’. Aqualite is a natural mineral named Zeolite, mined at Jos- ab’s own mine in Ratka, Hun-

named Zeolite, mined at Jos- ab’s own mine in Ratka, Hun- Josab has worked with many

Josab has worked with many inter governmental organizations

like the UN, WHO and many EU and African states and cities. Josab Water Solutions AB is now a listed firm in Stockholm, Sweden.

gary. Just to make it easy to un- derstand and to put things in perspective, I would take the example of Neem Leaf - which is considered antibiotic and used in many traditional med- icines. Neem leaf, being anti- biotic, has a natural property and it is not man-made, it is nature’s gift to us. In a similar

manner, the Zeolite (Aqualite) of Ratka mine is a nature’s gift with natural properties of reduction, ionization, adsorp- tion, and microfiltration. All these four processes, happen- ing naturally and simultane- ously, is almost a miracle in the world of water treatment. This brings us to why we term our treatment ‘ecologi- cal’. See, we do not add any man-made agents (chemicals), neither to treat the water nor during our maintenance pro- cess. Thus, we do not harm the existing source of water. Due to this method of treatment,

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

COVER STORY

WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS

COVER STORY WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS Hyderabad Water ATM Kiosk - Outer View even the

Hyderabad Water ATM Kiosk - Outer View

even the back-washed water can be reused. Thus, it is about being one with the environ- ment and having a sustainable life-cycle that assimilates back into nature (once the miner- al is taken out of the water treatment segment, it can be reused as natural fertilizers for farming). To our knowledge, this is a top ecological water treatment solution with a sus- tainable lifecycle.

Q. What are the application areas for your products? Who all are your potential clients?

Dennis: We have a large ap- plication area. Our treatments solutions can be used in large to small potable water treat- ment market; the primary or tertiary wastewater treatment; ship ballast systems; animal Husbandry, poultry, aquacul-

ture; and distilleries, food pro- cessing, etc. Our potential clients are the Government of India, and the Governments of different states of India, industries, and institutions like schools, hospitals, private industries, etc. Currently, we are working on providing municipal-level water treatment plants, com- munity-scale water treatment units, smart city decentralized water treatment systems, and solutions.

Q. Do you provide customized or custom- built products as well?

Dennis: We will certain- ly not jump into providing a “one-size-fits-all” kind of solu- tion which is neither ecolog- ical nor sustainable. Instead, we try to analyze the root cause of the contamination,

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

the exact treatment method/ technology that is required to remove the contaminants, and at the same time we try to re- tain the “life in water” which is nothing but “minerals”, and we also see to it that the systems run smoothly for at least a cou- ple of decades.

Q. Tell us about your Water ATMs project.

Dennis: Josab’s Water ATM project is one of its kind proj- ect of providing pure, safe and mineral-rich drinking water which accessible to everyone. Striking the cord between both, Josab’s water ATMs provide “mineral-rich water/ water with minerals” at the most affordable prices in an eco-friendly manner. Josab’s water ATMs treat water using our natural Zeolite to provide water with minerals and this

treated water can be dispensed from the kiosk using the coins or pre-paid cards. The water ATMs are located at prime public locations and accessi- ble 24x7. The other inherent advan- tage of the project is that we are trying to reduce the enor- mous plastic waste that is pro- duced through the use of bot- tled water. Any person passing by the water ATM can quench their thirst by drinking water using the glass available at the kiosk or can refill their empty bottles in hand. Our entry into the water ATMs sector was through the State Government of Telangana. GHMC (Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corpo- ration) is focussed on the en- hancement of public health. They selected Josab and its technology to accomplish the water ATMs project of Hyder-

abad city. Similar projects have been meted out to us by Katol Municipal Corporation (KMC) and Nagpur Municipal Corpo- ration (NMC) under the State Government of Maharashtra. Thus, Josab’s Water ATMs have been received well, and the quality of water through these units has been winning acco- lades from the public and var- ious local governments across India. As on today, we are suc- cessfully operating around 200 Water ATMs across these states and the functioning of each unit can be monitored in real-time from any of our offic- es across the globe. We have designed systems which are robust, fool-proof, easy-to-op- erate and most importantly which could connect and com- municate in real-time. The Water ATM has not been

February 2019

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COVER STORY

WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS

COVER STORY WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS Hyderabad Water ATM - Inner View an on-the-shelf product

Hyderabad Water ATM - Inner View

an on-the-shelf product for Josab. It is a product which we have specially designed and developed after noticing the necessity for such a product in our Indian market. Automated dispensing units are a com- mon sight in the west but in India, these systems are quite new and it is just a matter of time that the public gets used to these systems.

Q. In how many countries you are offering your products?

Dennis: We are offering our products in three continents, Africa, Europe, and Asia and also expanding into Southeast Asia. We have onboard with us few technologies which shall be a breakthrough in their re- spective domain. These are mostly developed by our tech-

February 2019re- spective domain. These are mostly developed by our tech- nology partners and affiliate companies located

nology partners and affiliate companies located across the globe.

Q. The Indian water & wastewater treatment industry is highly competitive. How do you plan to hold a strong grip in this market scenario?

Dennis: Well, we do believe that the Indian market is high- ly competitive but the compe- tition is mostly centered and restricted to the cost/ quan- tity component and not the quality component. In fact, most small, medium and few large-players in the market are just traders in the industry and not true-blood manufacturers/ developers. I think that is what makes us stand apart. We are not keen on volumetric busi- ness, rather we are focused on

developing/ integrating tech- nologies, and providing solu- tions which are sustainable and which would bring forth a significant change in the water and wastewater treatment in- dustry.

Q. How aware and how receptive do you find your target market in India?

Dennis: Our target market is every person and every in- dustry in India who are look- ing for a healthier life and sustainable solutions. We see a major change in the process of how the drinking water has been perceived by the com- mon man 20 years before and today. Previously, a person was comfortable drinking clean water, i.e., water which just looks clear. But with the out-

break of various deadly dis- eases which can be attributed directly to the quality of water being consumed, the majority of the population today is cau- tious and aware of the quality and composition of water. The same goes with letting out waste or untreated waters into our drains or water bodies. Irrespective of the advance- ments in technology and the level of awareness in the market, the cost-component is always a deciding factor for any buyer. In this context, the Indian buyer is definitely cost-conscious. Most of the buyers today are giving equal importance to the value prop- osition. The buyer today is not simply being carried away by the cost but is trying to make a clear differentiation between the products and making the

final decision based on the value proposition. This is a definitely a welcome change and an encouraging factor to companies like us.

Q. From a geographical point of view, where do you see more growth happening for Josab India?

Dennis: Telangana, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka states have shown that they are willing to make the changes for the bet- terment of public health. At least, now there is a mindset to listen, research, and exe- cute. The process is slow but we are optimistic that on the state levels water treatment would be considered for its merits rather than political conduciveness.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

COVER STORY

WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS

Once a Joint Effort of Business Community from Gujarat - Now a Major Water Show

Water Purification & Treatment Association of Gujarat (WAPTAG) is an association created by the business community of Gujarat to bring together manufacturers, traders, importers, and services providers engaged in water purification business at one national platform. Mayur Sharma interacted with the team of WAPTAG Water Expo (22-24 February 2019, Mahatma Mandir, Gandhinagar) about their upcoming water show which is branded as the ‘most advanced’ water industry exhibition in India.

Q. Can you please tell us a little about this year’s WAPTAG Expo? What kind of response you are expecting from the market? And what will be the new attractions in the show this year?

WAPTAG Team: This is the 5th Edition of WAPTAG Water Expo, which will be held from 22-24 February 2019. This is one of India’s largest water expo having 200+ exhibitors, and we are expecting 15,000 visitors this year. The whole exhibition has been Managed by Moments Events and En- tertainment. This time, the vis- itors will get to see many new products launched by the ex- hibitors. Also, 40+ internation- al exhibitors from countries

like China, Taiwan, Korea, and Vietnam will be there.

Q. Which are the main sponsors and partners have you got on board till now?

WAPTAG Team: This year we have 11 main sponsors on board with us, which are Lex- Cru Water Purification (Title Sponsor), Sure Water Technol- ogy (Powered Sponsor), Von- tron Membrane Technologies Co. Ltd. / Max Pure (Powered Sponsor), Cloud International LLP (Convention Sponsor), Ex- cel Filtration Pvt. Ltd. (Conven- tion Sponsor), Cosmos Water Solutions Pvt. Ltd. (Branding Pavilion Sponsor), Cosmos Wa- ter Solutions Pvt. Ltd. (Direc- tory Sponsor), Food & Dinner

Sponsor (Preyas Polyplast Pvt. Ltd.), Nice Industries (Regis- tration Desk Sponsor), Zedtech Water Solution Pvt. Ltd. (Badge Sponsor), and Royal Technolo- gies - Zetta (Water Bottle Spon- sor).

Q. Please explain the Water Purification and Treatment Market of your region for our readers. And how is the business these days?

WAPTAG Team: Water Puri- fication and Treatment Indus- try is one of the fastest growing industries having growth of 200% every year that creates a market for everyone. This industry segment is coming up with the latest technologies and products every month

which is helping the industry grow even faster.

Q. What do you think are key concerns and needs of your association’s members? How do you help them throughout the year with various activities?

WAPTAG Team: There are various activities that we con- duct in for the WAPTAG asso- ciation members such as Skill Development Technical Sem- inars, Motivational Seminars, Social Gatherings, and Gift Distributions. Through these activities, they feel encouraged and take initiatives to contrib- ute even more to the industry.

Q. Finally, what advice

would you give to those companies or water professionals who are currently thinking of exhibiting at or visiting the WAPTAG Expo 2019? Why should they participate?

WAPTAG Team: WAPTAG Water Expo 2019 is the best platform in India to showcase your brand/product to a glob- al audience. This is the only opportunity when you get top buyers/sellers on a single plat- form so we will advise not to miss this business opportunity. By investing in this expo the exhibitors are going to get mas- sive visibility which will lead to success in their business devel- opment goals and will help the entire water fraternity.

business devel- opment goals and will help the entire water fraternity. SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD
business devel- opment goals and will help the entire water fraternity. SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD
business devel- opment goals and will help the entire water fraternity. SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD
business devel- opment goals and will help the entire water fraternity. SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD
business devel- opment goals and will help the entire water fraternity. SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD
business devel- opment goals and will help the entire water fraternity. SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

February 2019

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COVER STORY

WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS

Low Cost & Low Tech Solutions for Improving Water Quality in Rural Uganda

Low-tech water treatment solutions provide an attractive alternative as a first step in achieving the next rung on the sanitation ladder. By Michael Ottensmann

next rung on the sanitation ladder. By Michael Ottensmann The Water Ladder WHO/UNICEF Joint Moni- toring

The Water Ladder

WHO/UNICEF Joint Moni- toring Program for Water Sup- ply, Sanitation and Hygiene (JMP) 2015 data estimates that more than 25% or 8.5 Million people in rural Uganda have no access to clean water. The WHO recognizes that develop- ing access to clean water is of- ten a process of several steps. Implementing conventional treatment technology at high cost may not be the proper solution initially for develop-

February 2019cost may not be the proper solution initially for develop- ing communities. The prob- lems of

ing communities. The prob- lems of operating a treatment plant with minimal education, obtaining or affording spare parts in remote areas, finding experienced repair and main- tenance personnel should be considered in choosing the appropriate technology. The cost of repair and the loss of properly trained personnel to higher paying jobs in the city are also hindrances. Low-tech water treatment

solutions provide an attrac-

of water. The electrodes are

lenged in the process.

tive alternative as a first step in achieving the next rung on

placed in the water and con- nected to the battery. The

Rapid Sand Filtration

the sanitation ladder. Many of these methods have been

current separates the sodium from the chloride, producing

In many of the villages en- countered, the water supply

tested and successfully imple- mented by weDev Water’s ini- tiative in rural Uganda. The WeDev Water (eV) Ini- tiative was developed to pro-

chlorine gas, which bubbles through the solution. 20 min- utes is sufficient to achieve about 400 mg/l of chlorine solution. One capful per 20-li-

was a local mud hole, with tur- bidities exceeding 40 NTUs. Disinfection becomes less effective above 5 NTU. Rapid sand filtration, while limited

vide the technology for this

ter canister produces a solu-

in

effectiveness for the remov-

interim step and implement-

tion of between 1 and 2 mg/l,

al

of bacteria, is effective in re-

ing the technology in rural

the WHO recommended dose.

moving turbidity.

communities. Careful consid-

After 30 minutes of contact

Any large sized container

eration is given to the culture

time, the water is effectively

is suitable for construction of

of the individual village, tai-

disinfected.

a filter. When using brick and

loring the solution to both the

The battery can be recharged

mortar, thought should be giv-

requirements of treatment and

using a 75 W solar panel,

en

to providing an access hole

the technology that best fits the community.

which was relatively common in the villages. 75 W is more

for cleaning purposes. For the work in Kyamagemule, a 1000

than sufficient for recharge.

L

poly water storage tank was

Disinfection: Salt

The excess energy provides an

used. The lowest layer should

Chlorination

incentive for the villager pro-

be gravel or rock to protect

Chlorination is one of the most effective disinfection

ducing the chlorine. Care must be taken when

the outlet pipe from clogging and preventing loss of sand.

methods available. Producing

producing chlorine. Chlorine

A

minimum of 60 cm of 0.3

chlorine is very simple. With a

gas is toxic. The production

to

0.8 mm sand is needed for

12 v car battery (45Ah is suit- able), titanium electrodes and a simple salt solution, enough

should take place where no children are present and out- doors because chlorine gas is

the turbidity removal process. The remaining 20 cm between layers was provided by coarse

chlorine can be produced in 20 minutes to disinfect the water supply of a village of 100 per- sons. The methodology was implemented in three villages

heavier than air and can col- lect in low-lying areas of the house. To minimize the poten- tial for theft, the solar panel was roof-mounted and the

gravel. Filter cloth was tried in one iteration, but soon became clogged by fine sand particles. Backwash can be provided either manually (where labor

in Kymagemule and Zinga Is-

battery was located indoors

is

inexpensive) or through the

land. 20-40 grams of salt (about the size of a jerry cap) are mixed in a 10-liter bucket

with wires connected through the window when chlorine was produced. Re-training and ac- ceptance continue to be chal-

use of a small elevated tank connected to the bottom of the filter, providing the necessary pressure to backwash the fine

connected to the bottom of the filter, providing the necessary pressure to backwash the fine SMART

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

COVER STORY

WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS

COVER STORY WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS sand particles. oped using a 120-liter plastic Rapid

sand particles.

oped

using a 120-liter plastic

Rapid sand filtration can also be adapted to slow-mov-

garbage can. The construction was as the rapid sand filter

ing streams using successive

with

fine sand of 0.15-0.35

boxes of 30 x 50 x 60 cm end-

mm

and uniformity coeffi-

ing in a concrete headwall with

cient

of 2-3. A riser pipe was

small diameter pipe to create

installed 10 cm above the sand

backpressure.

level

to establish the required

Slow Sand Filtration

A slow sand filter was devel-

required Slow Sand Filtration A slow sand filter was devel- and bypass the process. This can

and bypass the process. This can be obtained by punching holes in the garbage can lid or

using a banana leaf in the jerry can. This method was success- fully tested at Kyamagemule, but proved unsuitable as only approximately 20 liters are produced per day, sufficient only for a small family. Its use

is limited to warm climates be-

cause temperatures under 20

degrees C inhibit the growth

of the bacteria.

under 20 degrees C inhibit the growth of the bacteria. els and three 100-Ah batteries (56°C,

els and three 100-Ah batteries (56°C, each connected in par- allel, through a charge control-

ler to the heating element. As expected, the under- sized system required a daily recharge after use before re- introduction into the thermal system. By achieving 55°C un- der worst-case conditions it is clear that adding a second or larger heating element would be sufficient to achieve the necessary temperatures. The lake water sample was treated for roughly one half-hour at 70°C. The sample was incubat- ed at approximately 45°C un-

der anaerobic conditions for 18 hours. After 18 hours, the sample was clean; no growth had occurred. As a side benefit, the heat- ing system also provides warm water for sponge baths, which has heretofore been unavail- able on Zinga.

Sample Incubation Procedure

One of the primary limita- tions for evaluating the ef- fectiveness of treatment of a cryptosporidium infection is the detection method. Under

laboratory conditions, clos-

Zinga Island, because of the distance to the mainland and

limited transport possibilities, difficult to achieve. One side benefit of the solar thermal heat method is that water with a temperature of 40 to 50°C is readily available. Anaerobic conditions were achieved by using a candle in a mayonnaise jar. Samples were prepared using blood agar and affixed to the bottom of the jar with candlewax.

A 50-L water barrel was

converted into an incubator. The outside was insulated Sty- rofoam packing material and yellow fiberglass insulation. The barrel was filled with 53°C water and closed. The apparatus was inserted in the water bath suspended by a sock and a rock, sealed and incubated for 18 hours. The lake samples, known to have Clostridium, showed roughly 200 colonies. Micro-

scopic analysis showed both the rods and the spores typi- cal of Clostridium. (Although certain species identification was impossible with the lim- ited microscope capabilities, there is a strong probability of clostridia, given its known presence). The procedure was repeated with the heat-treated sample and no colonies were observed.

Methods Under Development for 2019

All of the main projects in

2019 are limited by a lack of

All of the main projects in 2019 are limited by a lack of Thermal Disinfection of

Thermal Disinfection of Chlorine Resistant Species

Where the required daily consumption is 100 liters or less, thermal disinfection can be a cost-effective method to kill such species as cryptospo- ridium and cholera (bilharzia/ schistosomiasis as well, but the primary vector of infec-

tion is typically not ingestion). Cost-effective implementation

of this solution is typically lim-

ited to areas having sufficient sunlight, like central Africa, although implementable any- where at greater cost. Cryptosporidium is con- tracted by drinking con- taminated water and is very prevalent in Lake Victoria. The symptoms of a crypto- sporidium infection are very similar to those of malaria. While many species are chlo- rine resistant, they are often susceptible to heat treatment. Much like Legionella, heating water to 60°C for 30 minutes

is sufficient for disinfection.

constant water level. A larger surface area allows for more

A solar collector with supple-

mental heat in the form of the

tridium perfringens is used as an indicator organism for

stable

growth.

300 W - 12 V heating element,

cryptosporidium. The diffi-

Over the course of 20 days,

was installed at Zinga. Initial

culty in using this method in

allowing 20 liters of water to

calculations indicate that two

fieldwork is the need for an-

pass

through the sand layer

300 W - 12 V heating elements

aerobic incubation at 45°C. In

over

a 12-24 hours period, a

would be needed to achieve

most cases, a commercial lab

bacteria (or “schmutzdecke”)

60°C on cloudy days. The test

is required, which is very cost

layer

develops in the first 5-10

apparatus was limited by local

prohibitive, and, in the case of

cm of sand. This layer adapts

itself to the species of bacteria

in the water, effectively creat-

ing a bacteria layer to feed on

the bacteria species present.

conditions. The solar collector

had only a single heat port and

larger 12-volt heating elements were unavailable locally. On sunny days, the solar collector

After

20 days, this layer is ro-

achieved temperatures as high

bust

enough to consume the

as

53°C without supplemental

entirety of the bacteria in the water. Care must be taken to not disturb the schutzdecke

heat energy. On cloudy days, similar results were achieved using three 150 W solar pan-

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COVER STORY

WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS

COVER STORY WATER PURIFICATION & TREATMENT BUSINESS information. The tools and skills of the weDev team

information. The tools and skills of the weDev team are lo- cated in Europe, so measuring methods must be developed and relayed to local villagers for action.

Sand Dam A sand dam is proposed for the villages of the Nyanzi region, whose water supply is limited to seasonal seepage water. This project was chosen

as a Master’s thesis using tech- nology developed in India. One of the main difficul- ties of building a sand dam reservoir is the lack of survey- ing tools and skill in the local populace. Tools are limited to

a water level and 10 m measur-

ing tape. While it is possible to measure slope with these tools, they are limited by the short

length of a straight edge (a pipe, for example). Clear plastic tub- ing in 10 m length was found in Kampala. Using the tubing,

a crude water level could be de-

veloped. Using these tools, the field was staked, measured and the slope estimated. The data will be CAD-processed in Ger- many and the preliminary dam designed. Due to irregularities in field measurement, the dam will be over-engineered to accommodate. During the cost estimation phase, avail- ability and cost of clay will be estimated against the cost of plastic sheeting. Additional considerations are: directing the overflow to a suitable loca- tion, preparation of an emer- gency overflow and estimating the potential for damage in the event of a catastrophic failure.

Cascading Pools An additional Master’s the- sis, a cascading pool network, is proposed for Nyanzi. There are two year-round ponds available in the Nyanzi area, remotely located near the top of a steep hillside. By con-

necting the ponds and piping

the water to the valley a con- tinuous water supply can be obtained. Measuring slope (see sand dam) is again a concern, as well as measuring the outflow from the ponds and evaluat- ing how the relocation of the water supply from the hills affects the local vegetation. The present overflow is spread over the full area of the pond and underground. Measuring the water by siphonage, emp- tying the pool manually and measuring refill rates, and cre- ating a v-notch weir were all considered. Ultimately, it was decided to insert a small diam- eter pipe in the downhill side of the pond, wait for the pond to achieve a stable water level, and measure the flow with a bucket.

Facultative Pond Wastewa- ter Treatment Using Papyrus An important consideration in the clean water cycle is minimizing the contaminated wastewater reaching the wa-

ter supply. A local village on Zinga Island was chosen for the development of a wastewa- ter pre-treatment facultative pond using papyrus. Papyrus

is a well-suited plant for pond

treatment as its root system

floats on the pond water. It has the second advantage of being

a cash crop, used for thatched

roofs and mats in the local economy. It is believed that

combining a pond with more conventional treatment vege- tation and papyrus may prove

an effective combination, pro- viding treatment and income

to the local community.

Mentoring Program

One of the limitations of being a small NGO is the lim- ited manpower. As a senior engineer, the knowledge is available to solve complex lo- cal problems, but limited by the difficulty of being in mul-

tiple locations at one time. In order to overcome this, weDev Water has invested in a mento- ring program for young engi- neers and university students. weDev developed relation- ships with several European universities to mentor Masters students in water quality and water resources. Under this program, a stu- dent beginning his/her Mas- ter’s Thesis would work with

a weDev engineer to develop

a thesis based on a particular

need in a particular commu- nity in Uganda. The suggest- ed solution would be built to prototype stage at weDev’s facilities in Germany and thor- oughly tested, prior to being

pilot-tested in the local vil- lage. The mentoring program has proved effective whether the student works directly at

the AECOM Kaiserslautern office or remotely for another company. The Master’s thesis

or remotely for another company. The Master’s thesis The Green Observed in the Sample is Algae

The Green Observed in the Sample is Algae

work is voluntary. Work in a company provides income for the student to support living expenses during the develop- ment period.

Testing of the prototype is essential and typically be- gins one year prior to imple- mentation. Implementation is typically limited to the 2-3 week period of on-site work in Uganda. For this reason, every possible limitation must be tested. The considerations in- clude the availability of tools/ materials in rural Uganda (sand, solar, brick & mortar, clay, spare parts, etc); skill level of the villagers; operation by uneducated villagers; avail- ability of skilled craftsmen; theft-protection; and safety considerations. These and many more questions must be thought of and answered before implementation. There are always unforeseen lim- itations in the local area that

cannot be planned for, but

both the preparation phase and the implementation phase develop essential adaptive engineering skills that greatly improve the students’ skill set in preparation for a career in engineering. Many of the students have become a permanent part of the weDev Water initiative. In this way, weDev has developed a team of capable young engi- neers who can independently implement water solutions with a minimum of interaction (by cell phone) with the senior engineer. This, in turn, frees the senior engineer to concen- trate on the new technology developed by the Master’s stu- dent, who is then capable of independently solving prob- lems in the following year. This process produces more capable first-year engineers than the typical university pro- cess alone.

About the Author

Michael Ottensmann is a Senior Engineer who special- izes in water and wastewater engineering. He is the Head of AECOMs Environmental Department in Kaiserslautern, Germany and Co-founder and President of weDev Water eV.

February 2019Department in Kaiserslautern, Germany and Co-founder and President of weDev Water eV. SMART WATER & WASTE

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

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transferring up to 1,74,000 liters per hour. By Aussie Pumps The Aussie 6” Semi Trash Pump

The Aussie 6” Semi Trash Pump is a Real Water Mover, Delivering up to 7,83,000 Liters per Tank of Fuel!

A NEW, COST-EFFICIENT 6” (150 mm) self-priming pump, capable of moving huge quantities of water, has been released by Australian Pump In- dustries. It is a ‘Long Ranger’ version of Aussie’s Quik Prime model QP602 that runs for extended periods. The big gusher is ideal for high vol- ume transfer or flood irrigation appli- cations. The new high ‘Long Range’ ver- sion of the pump features a 16-liter long

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

range fuel tank that neatly fits within a steel roll frame. This extra fuel capacity allows it to run continuously for up to 5 hours without the need to refuel. “Not having to refuel the pump fre- quently is a time saver for farmers with large volumes of water to transfer,” said Aussie Pumps’ Product Manager, Brad Farrugia. “Not to mention the extra con- venience as the pump can be left to run unattended for long periods, freeing up

time for other activities,” he said. Efficient water transfer is vital for flood irrigation and the QP602 is capa- ble of transferring up to 1,74,000 liters per hour. With a maximum vertical dis- charge of 23 meters, the big 6” pump can move water from a lower dam or river to the flood site or storage dam. The 6” pump features a huge open style, high grade cast iron impeller, ca- pable of passing small solids up to 20

mm

in suspension. It has the ability to

draft

water from depths of up to 7.6 me-

ters,

making it ideal for pumping from

rivers, dams or tanks. “Its unique high flow design makes it

very efficient and gives it the ability to

move water fast with minimal fuel”, said

it the ability to move water fast with minimal fuel”, said This Aussie 6” pump is

This Aussie 6” pump is a breakthrough in terms of quality, value, and performance. The great fuel efficiencies, high volume transfer, and heavy-duty construction really make the QP602 an incredible pump.

- Brad Farrugia, Product Manager, Aussie Pumps

Farrugia. “In its standard configuration, it needs only a 13 HP Honda petrol en-

gine to achieve its full capacity!” he said.

The big Aussie gusher is also avail-

able

with a Yanmar air cooled diesel en-

gine

with electric start for easy and effi-

cient operation. The QP602 has a heavy

duty wrap around frame for protection,

eye bolt and four mounted handles for

easy lifting.

“This Aussie 6” pump is a break-

through in terms of quality, value, and performance”, said Farrugia. “The great

fuel efficiencies, high volume transfer,

and heavy-duty construction really make the QP602 an incredible pump”, he said. The QP602 comes with an unbeat- able 5-year pump end warranty and 3-year Honda or 2 year Yanmar engine guarantees. With marine-grade alu- minum pump housing and a carbon ceramic mechanical seal, this pump is designed to last.

February 2019

35
35

TECH FOCUS

MEMBRANES, PUMPS

Basic Engineering as Franchise Concept

Highly-effective containerized units can be used for biological wastewater treatment with high flexibility at smallest footprint requirement.

By Cornelia Harmsen and René Trübenbach

requirement. By Cornelia Harmsen and René Trübenbach Example Drawing of MBBR Power Pack Unit IN ORDER

Example Drawing of MBBR Power Pack Unit

IN ORDER TO meet the glob- ally increasing requirements on flexible, biological waste- water treatment plants, Multi Umwelttechnologie AG (Mu- tag) is now offering their basic engineering support in the

form of a franchise-concept. In this way, companies engaged in marketing and/or operating this technology, or being inter- ested in using this technology as additional know-how can benefit from Mutag’s many

as additional know-how can benefit from Mutag’s many Mutag BioChip™ High-Performance Carrier Media for Biofilms

Mutag BioChip™ High-Performance Carrier Media for Biofilms - Un- colored, w/o Biofilm (White)

years of experience and devel- opment work.

What is so Different in the Mutag MBBR Power Pack™ Unit and what is Essential?

In Germany, the production of standardized water treat- ment plants is currently not profitable due to high manu- facturing and transport costs. In case that the steel structures and the pipework are man- ufactured according to con- struction plans directly at the site in the respective destina- tion country where the plants are urgently needed, such- like plants can be produced at significantly lower costs. Additionally, such support is contributing to the further de- velopment of the destination countries. In a franchise concept, com-

panies in these countries are given the possibility to use the long-term know-how and engineering basic guidelines. They will hence neither need any additional development nor highly-skilled employees. Thanks to this franchise con- cept, the business idea of of- fering the production and the operation of compact, flexible wastewater treatment plants is possible to be brought into price-conscious markets and developing countries. It is essential that highly ef- ficient and flexible plants can be produced and operated di- rectly on the spot. In this way, any potential further costs can be kept as low as possible. The efficiency of the Mu- tag MBBR power pack™ unit becomes obvious when com- paring it directly to other con- tainerized plants which are

available in the market.

A Mutag MBBR power

pack™ unit in the framework of a 40-ft container having dimensions of 12.0 m x 2.3

m x 2.5 m (L x W x H) is de-

Mutag‘s Scope of Supply

o

Process design, including flow sheets, mass balanc- es, basic P&IDs

o

Plans for a modular treat- ment system

o

Drawings of standardized assemblies

o

Variations in materials to accommodate your strengths and preferences

o

Equipment datasheets

o

Instructions on adapting to specific applications

o

Operational and Analyti- cal manuals

o

Support and trouble- shooting

signed for municipal wastewa-

ter treatment at a capacity of 2,400 m³/d, the load of 6,600

PE and 400 kg/d BOD at 15°C.

Hence, the removal perfor- mance of the Mutag MBBR power pack™ unit at the same

MBBR reaction tank volume

is a double or a multifold of

other available containerized plants which are comparable

in size.

For the operator, it is also es-

sential to know that only one Mutag MBBR power pack™

unit will be required instead of 2 or even more containers. As a result, additional costs can

be further reduced by provid-

ing savings in both capital and operational expenditure.

What are the Benefits Provided by this Franchise Concept?

The franchise is not only supplied with the Mutag Bio-

February 2019Provided by this Franchise Concept? The franchise is not only supplied with the Mutag Bio- SMART

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

TECH FOCUS

MEMBRANES, PUMPS

TECH FOCUS MEMBRANES, PUMPS Mutag BioChip™ High-Performance Carrier Media for Biofilms - Col- ored, w/o Biofilm

Mutag BioChip™ High-Performance Carrier Media for Biofilms - Col- ored, w/o Biofilm (Orange)

Chip™ high-performance car- rier media and the membrane air diffuser panels. He also is brought into the position to use the long-term know-how of MBBR-process- and applica- tion technology, biofilm-tech- nology & support, starting from the designing of plants up to the calculation and lay- out of the particular compo- nents. Also, the constructional design of retention screens, as well as mass balance, flow- sheets, basic P&ID, datasheets of equipment components, and construction plans are in- cluded in the scope of supply of the franchisor (Mutag). Of particular importance is the operational support after the construction of the plant. For this purpose, the franchi-

sor Mutag provides complete commissioning- and operation manuals, as well as documents, and supports the operating staff by means of evaluation of the operating data and by giv- ing recommendations for an optimal plant operation.

Why is the Efficiency Compared to Other Containerized MBBR Plants?

The removal efficiency in the smallest possible MBBR reaction tank (-volume) can be significantly enhanced by using and combining certain selected components. By using highly-effective membrane aeration panels, very fine-bubbled process air is being supplied, ensuring

very fine-bubbled process air is being supplied, ensuring BlueChip SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD that the

BlueChip

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

that the oxygen quantity re- quired for the high biological removal performance can be transferred into the water. If the supply of this high oxygen mass would not be ensured, the aerobic removal process would not take place. It is of particular impor- tance that sufficient active biomass is maintained inside the MBBR tank in a controlled manner. Compared to other carrier media in containerized plants, controlled biomass growth is realized by using the highly efficient Mutag Bio- Chip™ carriers. It is essential that the biomass fixed in the pore structure of the approx. 1.1 mm flat chip (disc) is suf- ficiently being supplied with substrate and oxygen from both sides by diffusion. Con- sequently, the entire biomass is kept active and no inactive sludge will clog the pores. Due to the carriers contacting very smoothly with each other in the moving bed bio-reactor, the biofilm (biomass) inside the pore system of the Chip is constantly kept at a layer thickness of approx. 0.5 mm on both sides of the Chip. Any excess biomass is sheared off. Hence, the defined depth of the pores ensures that the bio- film is optimally controlled in its thickness and provides hence a very high biological activity. This effect provided by the Mutag BioChip™ is unique in its nature. It is indeed very sur- prising to see that this positive effect with its highly advan- tageous features is being rec- ognized rather rarely among experts. Contrary to the Mutag Bio- Chip™, the biomass on other carriers made of PE is highly susceptible to being flushed off the carrier surface. Fur- thermore, the biofilm on such carriers cannot be controlled in thickness. The positive, ad- vantageous effect of the Mu- tag BioChip™ is impossible to reach with injection-molded plastic carriers.

Plant Operation- or BOT Models

Along with the cost-saving

Plant Operation- or BOT Models Along with the cost-saving In a franchise concept, companies are given

In a franchise concept, companies are given the possibility to use the long-term know-how and engineering basic guidelines. They will hence neither need any additional development nor highly- skilled employees. Thanks to this franchise concept, the business idea of offering the production and the operation of compact, flexible wastewater treatment plants is possible to be brought into price- conscious markets and developing countries.

benefit provided through the production of the plant com- ponents (pipework and steel structure) in the destination countries, the plant operation by the franchise is made pos- sible or simplified due to the support provided by the fran- chisor (Mutag). Furthermore, BOT models are possible as well (BOT = Build, Operate and Transfer). In such cases, the plants are arranged on foundations and are hence not attached to the ground. Whenever required, these plants can be dismantled and be re-installed for further use in another location. This is what makes the Mutag MBBR power pack™ to an ideal solu- tion for temporary applica- tions, e.g. worker camps in the mining industry or in the oil and gas exploration sector, or military camps, etc.

Which Containerized Plant Concepts are Available?

In the overall concept, there are different standardized components available, con- sisting of MBBR technology for COD/BOD removal, ni- trification or Anammox pro- cess. For the denitrification process, containerized MBBR units with optimized mixing equipment are available. De- pending on the application requirement, the standardized modules can be arranged in

individual combinations in or- der to adapt the system for the respective application task. Depending on the respec- tive demands and require- ments, plant concepts for the application of MBBR/IFAS technology combined with MBR technology (membrane separation technology) can be provided.

Conclusion

The highest efficiency is reached by the combined ap- plication of the two key com- ponents: the oxygen transfer system and the Mutag Bio- Chip™ carriers. This combina- tion allows for the highest pos- sible biological removal rates in the smallest possible reac- tor volume, as well as for sig- nificant savings in capital and operational expenditures. The production of units on the spot in accordance with the con- struction plans provides cost savings on the one hand, and it promotes the wastewater in- frastructure in the destination countries on the other hand. At the same time, the franchisor Mutag provides support to the franchisee/operator in all pro- cess-technological, biological or operational matters.

About the Authors

Cornelia Harmsen and René Trübenbach both work for Multi Umwelttechnologie AG.

February 2019

37
37

TECH FOCUS

MEMBRANES, PUMPS

Landia Pumps Clear the FOG at Texas Lift Stations

The culprit was an extremely thick, impenetrable scum and FOG layer, which had made it difficult to retrieve the existing duty pumps for service.

By Landia A/S

retrieve the existing duty pumps for service. By Landia A/S At the Deer Haven Lift Station

At the Deer Haven Lift Station in Llano County, Texas, Tim Webb, Operations Manager (Left) with Art Savage from Landia

February 2019Webb, Operations Manager (Left) with Art Savage from Landia NESTLED IN THE pastoral landscape of the

NESTLED IN THE pastoral landscape of the Blue Lake Estates’ Community, a group of cautiously optimistic oper- ators, officials and suppliers gathered around the Deer Ha- ven lift station. The big question about to be answered for Llano Coun-

The big question about to be answered for Llano Coun- nel were having to regularly engage

nel were having to regularly engage the problematic scum layer at the main Deer Haven lift station, things really came to a head at the district’s sec- ond, smaller, Sandy Harbor lift station. Float switches caught up in the scum blanket caused a duplex pump station to allow

To keep things moving and try to prevent overflows and reduce odors, we were having to constantly hose down the lift stations to try and break the scum layer. But in about 30 minutes, the scum layer was soon back. Untangling the floats had become routine. The whole thing was an unpleasant, tricky job having to reach out and inevitably get covered in sludge. Simply trying to get to the duty pumps, was difficult.

- Tim Webb, Operations Manager

ty Municipal Utility District (MUD #1), was whether their investment in a new pump would pay-off. Even with just 480 residen- tial connections at one of Lake Lyndon B. Johnson’s (Lake LBJ) most coveted neighbor- hoods, Llano County MUD #1 was becoming weighed down with ongoing lift station main- tenance issues and increasing odor concerns. The culprit was an extremely thick, impenetrable scum and FOG layer, which had made it difficult to retrieve the existing duty pumps for service. While maintenance person-

both the duty-pumps to run dry. The ultimate sacrifice of these duty pumps meant USD 15,000 in replacement costs.

A More Pro-Active Approach

Llano County MUD #1 de- cided that it was time for a more pro-active approach. “To keep things moving and try to prevent overflows and reduce odors, we were having to constantly hose down the lift stations to try and break the scum layer”, said Opera- tions Manager Tim Webb, “but in about 30 minutes, the scum layer was soon back. Untan-

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

TECH FOCUS

MEMBRANES, PUMPS

TECH FOCUS MEMBRANES, PUMPS Art Savage from Landia (Left) with Tim Webb, Operations Man- ager at

Art Savage from Landia (Left) with Tim Webb, Operations Man- ager at Llano County

gling the floats had become routine. The whole thing was an unpleasant, tricky job hav- ing to reach out and inevitably get covered in sludge. Sim- ply trying to get to the duty pumps, was difficult”. He added: “We’re on a pres- sure system here. There’s no gravity feed. Everything gets emulsified in the grinder pumps that have been issued to local residents, but the plastics float, rather than sink. The whole time our float sys-

float, rather than sink. The whole time our float sys- Landia’s AeriGator was Rec- ommended by

Landia’s AeriGator was Rec- ommended by Smith Pump Company

tem was being affected by the build-up of the sludge blanket. Our existing pumps would get air-locked. It reached the point where we were having to spray under the pumps as we were lowering them and tilting them to release air. This was a challenge we could have done without. Despite our constant efforts, we were fighting a los- ing battle, ultimately resulting in not being able to get to the pumps through such a thick blanket of scum”. Tim also noted that there is always the issue of plastics, sanitary products - and occa- sional, seemingly indestructi- ble mop heads - plus other un- wanted surprises that make it into the sanitary sewer system - now a very typical scenario at many municipal lift stations all over the nation.

Chews Up the Rags and Breaks Down the Mass of Solids

Llano County MUD #1 called upon Texas water and wastewater pump specialists, Smith Pump Company, who supply many of the grind- er-pumps to homes in the area. Customer Relations Manag- er, Darrel Mize suggested the Landia AeriGator - a chopper pump with an external knife cutting system and a ventu- ri nozzle that injects air into scum blankets. The combina- tion of chopping and injecting air successfully chews up the rags and breaks down the mass of solids that causes the many unwelcome labor hours spent these days at lift stations. Angela Thomas, Gener- al Manager at Llano Coun- ty MUD #1 continued: “We tried to resolve the lift station issues, but the band-aid ap- proach wasn’t for us. The loss of our pump at Sandy Harbor wasn’t something of course that we wanted to repeat. Darrel at Smith Pump told us about how the Landia Chop- per Pump would be the most cost-effective and efficient purchase we could make for the long term - but it’s fair to say that because the blanket of scum was so thick, we were all a little apprehensive when we

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

switched the Landia pump on

for the first time. We thought

it

could break everything up

to

an extent, but it mixed ev-

erything, right into the corners

of the Deer Haven lift station,

which was all the more impres-

sive because of it being a hard-

er to mix, rectangular (12’ by

12’) tank. In just 30 minutes,

we could see a big difference”.

Initially, the Landia AeriGa-

tor was run 24-hours per day until the lift station reached

a point where there were no

scum/plastics/solids on the surface. Once these layers of

chopper pump for the slight- ly smaller diameter Sandy

Harbor lift station, where the

USD 15,000 pump failure had occurred. Unlike the AeriGa-

tor, this chopper pump is not fitted with a venturi nozzle be- cause scum is not the primary

problem there. The EradiGa- tor has a recirculation nozzle that keeps the lift station well mixed while macerating any rags that could clog the duty pumps. Flow from the Sandy

Harbor lift station goes to the Deer Haven lift station - and the combined raw wastewater

Deer Haven lift station - and the combined raw wastewater All is Well Now at the

All is Well Now at the Deer Haven Lift Station with Landia’s Art Sav- age (Right) and Llano County’s Tim Webb

scum and trash were gone, the pump was adjusted to run for just 15 minutes each morning. With this new arrangement, the Aerigator now prevents

new scum layers from form- ing. This protects the existing duty pumps from any possible heavy ragging and allows them

to do their basic job properly.

Following the success of the 6.5HP Landia AeriGator at the

Deer Haven lift station, Llano County MUD #1 introduced

a 6.5HP Landia Eradigator

is then pumped to the City of Horseshoe Bay WWTP.

A Much Fresher Product with Greatly Reduced Odors

Tim Webb continued: “It may seem a small point, but we can now save USD 600

annually on the water hose connection that we had to have available for wash-downs at Deer Haven. For locations with no readily available water

supply, the installation of the

no readily available water supply, the installation of the Since we started using the Landia pumps,

Since we started using the Landia pumps, the waste build- up is no longer sitting in the lift stations, so we have a much fresher product with greatly reduced odors.

- Tim Webb, Operations Manag

Landia pumps would make a big difference. The AeriGator can often eliminate the scum layers that form in a lift station or wet well to the point where wash-down water is no longer needed to break up even the thinnest of scum layers”. He concluded: “Since we started using the Landia pumps, the waste build-up is no longer sitting in the lift stations, so we have a much fresher product with greatly reduced odors. “The amount of time we spend on call-outs to prevent the lift stations from overflow- ing is now a thing of the past. Because of the new pumps, we’re back to where we should be - basic preventative main- tenance. And we always know that we can depend on Smith Pump Company and Landia for any assistance, which is great peace of mind”.

About the Contributor

Landia’s headquarters are located in Lem, which is how it has been since 1933. Today, Landia has subsidiaries in England, Germany, Norway and the US, and a sales office in China. In addition, Landia products are sold in 45 coun- tries worldwide. Landia sup- plies pumping and mixing solutions to many different industries, with the most im- portant ones being agriculture, wastewater, biogas plants, and the fish industry.

February 2019

39
39

PROJECT TRACKER

Immersive Digital Twins Helps China Shanghai Railway Engineering Establish New Practices to Deliver Sewage Treatment Plant

Establish New Practices to Deliver Sewage Treatment Plant THE BEIHU SEWAGE Treat- ment Plant project is

THE BEIHU SEWAGE Treat- ment Plant project is located on the east side of the intersec- tion of Tengfei Avenue and Ba- jifu Road in the Wuhan Chemi- cal New Area. Its coverage area includes about 130 square ki- lometers of the Shahu, Erlang Temple, Luobuzui, and Bai- yushan sewage systems and serves 2.48 million people. Covering 5,32,000 square me- ters, the Beihu sewage treat- ment plant will initially treat 800,000 tons of sewage daily and eventually reach a final production rate of 1.5 million tons per day. The new plant is the largest scale sewage treat- ment plant ever built in China and in greater Asia. China Railway Shanghai Engineering Bureau (CRSEB)

is responsible for construct- ing the main structure of each unit and the pipeline installa- tion work in the factory. This scope includes the civil design of more than 31 buildings, ranging from pump rooms to distribution wells, multi- ple tanks, and other related treatment equipment. Eleven major categories of electrome- chanical pipelines are covered by the project engineering re- quirements. There are major challenges in this project that require highly efficient and controlled design and proj- ect management practices to deliver it successfully. Some of the requirements include managing the deformation, shrinkage, and cracking of highly sensitive biological

shrinkage, and cracking of highly sensitive biological February 2019 and membrane pools while accounting for the

February 2019shrinkage, and cracking of highly sensitive biological and membrane pools while accounting for the difficulty of

and membrane pools while accounting for the difficulty of controlling the impermeability of concrete. Minimizing field rework to place the numerous reserved holes and pre-embed- ded bushings across multiple structures is a monumental challenge requiring robust methods and standards. To achieve the stringent requirements of the project, CRSEB turned to BIM meth- odologies to establish a dig- ital twin of the sewage treat- ment plant. Incorporating Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to capture photos of the existing site extended the information-based digital twin to an immersive one. Lever- aging the immersive digital twin establishes more reliable engineering workflows, such as rebar modeling. Using the graphical representation of the digital twin helped improve methods for managing project progress and cost and enhance the execution and safety of on- site construction. CRSEB’s implementation of BIM methodologies combined with Bentley’s OpenBuildings Designer, ContextCapture, ProStructures, and LumenRT resulted in tremendous ROI for this project. Construction durations were shortened by using UAVs and ContextCap- ture to support calculating the number of earthworks re- quired by seven-to-10 days per square kilometer, resulting in an RMB 310,000 savings for this calculation alone. Like- wise, the immersive digital twin, used with ProStructures for advanced calculations, helped ensure that the delicate and highly sensitive pool walls were more easily constructed,

highly sensitive pool walls were more easily constructed, saving the project an estimat- ed RMB 2.3

saving the project an estimat- ed RMB 2.3 million. Chang- ing the mode of design and construction of rebar saved an additional RMB 1.71 million, while also shortening the con- struction schedule by 25 days. And, in construction, the im- mersive digital twin was used to educate the on-site teams, shortening construction by an additional 121 days due to im- provements in efficiency, sav- ing another RMB 1.27 million.

our company will further pro- mote the application of BIM technology.” The results CRSEB achieved on this project have laid the groundwork for the engineer- ing bureau to look for more opportunities to advance their digital maturity. This includes research and development in areas such as structural live-action modeling tech- nologies to build intelligent construction sites, making

nologies to build intelligent construction sites, making The success of this project has enabled CRSEB to

The success of this project has enabled CRSEB to trans- form the way it does business. Lei Huang, a senior executive with CRESB, said, “Based on the way we applied Bentley software, certain technological advancements in this corpo- rate water environment pro- tection project have been ob- tained. By combining project features in the current phase,

multi-aspect data acquisition by combining various sensors and sharing information and realizing the application of digital construction sites. By adopting BIM methodologies and industrializing their proj- ect delivery methods using immersive digital twins and Bentley technology, CSREB has built a foundation for fu- ture success.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

PROJECT TRACKER

Bringing Smart Water Solutions to Colorado

The small process footprint allowed RWSD to save an estimated 30% on the total installed costs for the facility.

estimated 30% on the total installed costs for the facility. from the raw water source used

from the raw water source used for the treatment plant. The small process footprint allowed RWSD to save an es- timated 30% on the total in- stalled costs for the facility. To further aid the facility in reducing operational costs and capital expenditures, and improving efficiency and stability, RWSD has selected AQUAVISTA™ Portal and As- sist, Veolia’s smart water solu- tion. RWSD General Manager, Barbara Biggs states, “Rox- borough Water and Sanitation District chose AQUAVISTA Portal and Assist to help us optimize the operation of our new water treatment plant to control costs, manage main- tenance, and document regu- latory compliance. Over time, the AQUAVISTA algorithm will anticipate process chang- es in response to changing wa- ter supply characteristics and streamline our operations. And access to Veolia’s team of process experts will be a real asset to our operators.” AQUAVISTA™ Portal will

a real asset to our operators.” AQUAVISTA™ Portal will Roxborough Water and Sanitation District chose AQUAVISTA

Roxborough Water and Sanitation District chose AQUAVISTA Portal and Assist to help us optimize the operation of our new water treatment plant to control costs, manage maintenance, and document regulatory compliance.

- Barbara Biggs, General Manager, RWSD

give RWSD a single point of reference for all information related to their system in re- al-time and AQUAVISTA™ As- sist will provide an added lay- er of support to the operator at RWSD with regular reviews of system performance by Veolia process experts.

reviews of system performance by Veolia process experts. ROXBOROUGH WATER AND Sanitation District (RSWD) has awarded

ROXBOROUGH WATER AND Sanitation District (RSWD) has awarded a con- tract to Veolia Water Technol- ogies, Inc. for the implemen- tation of AQUAVISTA™ Portal and Assist for their water treat- ment facility in Littleton, Col- orado. AQUAVISTA™ is a digital services platform from Veolia Water Technologies, which offers a wide and flexible range of customized digital solutions for water treatment systems. RWSD is capable of pro- ducing 8 MGD of high-quality drinking water for the growing community just south of the Denver metro area.

Systems that will be support- ed by AQUAVISTA™ include 3 existing Veolia ACTIFLO ® trains in operation since 2017, chemical feed systems, polish- ing sand filters, the finished

water pumping system and their UV disinfection system. The ACTIFLO ® process has the ability to remove over 99% of turbidity, discolorations, iron and other contaminants

remove over 99% of turbidity, discolorations, iron and other contaminants SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD February

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

February 2019

41
41

THE SECOND OPINION

Water Harvesting is the Best Solution to Remove Water Scarcity

In ancient times in India, about 53,000 lakes and ponds were in use for the rainwater harvesting. By Ramesh Goyal

were in use for the rainwater harvesting. By Ramesh Goyal Water Scarcity The subject matter is

Water Scarcity

The subject matter is the availability of pure drinking water otherwise there is 71% water on the surface. The drinking water which is avail- able about 3% but readily it is less than 1% out of total avail- able water and water affects every continent and around 2.8 billion people around the world at least one month out of every year. The people, at large, even knowing about the scarcity of water, waste the wa- ter in bulk due to availability in their taps supplied by the governments. Due to increas- ing population, demand for water is also increasing while the availability of water is re- ducing day by day. During 2014, it was dis- cussed by the representatives of CEO Water Mandate, CDP, The Nature Conservancy, Wa- ter Footprint Network, WWF and others. Scarcity, in fact, is lack of freshwater resourc- es. Water scarcity reflects the physical abundance of fresh- water rather than whether the water is suitable to use. For in- stance, an area may have abun- dant water resources but have severe pollution that these

February 2019dant water resources but have severe pollution that these supplies are unfit for human water scarcity:

supplies are unfit for human

water scarcity:

water source and its harvest-

or

ecological uses.

o

By educating people to

ing is the accumulation and

Reasons for Scarcity

change consumption habit and lifestyles

storage of rainwater for reuse on-site, rather than allowing

Scarcity is human driven

o

By increasing the recycling

it

to run off. Rainwater can be

and is due to human water

of water

collected from rivers or roofs,

consumption in volumes:

o

By improving irrigation and

and in many places, the wa-

 

agriculture practices, by pro-

ter collected is redirected to a

o

Pollution is a major cause of water shortage and water

moting the installation of drip irrigation systems

deep pit (well, shaft, or bore- hole), a reservoir with percola-

is polluted when industrial wastes are deposited into water bodies and make it

o

By pricing water, as the little cost paid will certainly re- duce consumption of water

tion, or collected from dew or fog with nets or other tools. Its uses include water for gardens,

unfit for human consump- tion.

o

By increasing regular plan- tation and planning to re-

livestock, irrigation, domestic use with proper treatment, in-

o

The increasing population at the rate of 1.13% or 80 million say 8 crores people every year.

duce destruction/ cutting of trees and by motivating and strengthening the methods of shifting the trees

door heating for houses, etc. Rainwater harvesting is one of the simplest and old- est methods of self-supply of

o

Due to a decreasing num- ber of forests and trees and increasing pollution, the

o

By promoting waterless dying technology in textile processing

water for households usually financed by the user.

problem of global warming has increased and climate

o

By installation of soil mois- ture monitoring systems to

Modes of Recharging Groundwater Aquifers

change is becoming a ma-

improve productivity

 

Groundwater aquifers can

jor problem. Due to all this,

o

Resource efficient cleaner

be recharged by various kinds

either there are too heavy

production in sugar facto-

of

structures to ensure percola-

rains or very less. Heavy

ries

tion of rainwater in the ground

rains result in floods, de- struction including loss of

o

Balancing supply & demand through water metering

instead of draining away from the surface. Commonly used

lives while lesser rains re-

o

Reducing the cost of water

recharging methods are:

sult in a scarcity of water

reuse in the textile sector

o

Recharging of bore wells

and then to meet with the

o

Basin based approach for

o

Recharging of dug wells

demand, groundwater is

groundwater management

o

Recharge pits

used more and which has

o

Effluent treatment and aqui-

o

Recharge trenches

resulted that the ground wa-

fer storage for agriculture

o

Soak ways or recharge shafts

ter level is decreasing day

use

o

Percolation tanks

by day and has reached up to 500 ft or deeper. Out of 5723 groundwater blocks,

o

Innovative public-private partnership to improve wa- ter quality and availability

In ancient times in India, about 53,000 lakes and ponds were in use for the rainwater

more than 50% are in the dark zone and the position

o

Reducing water use in fish and seafood processing

harvesting. In around 300 BC, farming communities in Balu-

is growing worse to worst. The decreasing groundwater

o

Intergraded water resource management in agriculture

chistan, Afghanistan, Iran and Kutch (India) used rainwater

level is a big warning for the

and so on

but

the rainwater

harvesting for agriculture and

future and we have to think over to solve all this increas-

harvesting is the best solu- tion in all these solutions.

many other uses. Rainwater from the Brihadeeswarar tem-

ing water scarcity.

Rainwater Harvesting

ple (located in Thanjavur, TN India) was collected in Shiva-

The Solution

Rainwater is a renewable,

ganga tank. During the later

 

We can solve the problem of

sustainable and a high-quality

Chola period, the Vīrānam

and a high-quality Chola period, the Vīrānam The drinking water which is available about 3% but

The drinking water which is available about 3% but readily it is less than 1% out of total available water and water affects every continent and around 2.8 billion people around the world at least one month out of every year.

During 2014, it was discussed by the representatives of CEO Water Mandate, CDP, The Nature

Conservancy, Water

Footprint Network,

WWF and others. The

scarcity, in fact, is

lack of freshwater

resources. The water scarcity reflects the physical abundance of freshwater rather than whether the water is suitable to use. For instance, an area may have abundant water resources but have severe pollution that these supplies are unfit for human or ecological uses.

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

THE SECOND OPINION

tank was built (1011 to 1037 CE) in the Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu to store water for drinking and irrigation

for the inspection of existing rainwater harvesting systems and guidance at Gurugram (Haryana) in May 2017 and

tate the availability of uncon- taminated water for domestic, industrial, and irrigation needs.

o

The water can’t be prepared or manufactured in a facto- ry or mill. By the harvesting system, it can be stored in

Regular maintenance and

purposes. Vīrānam is a 16-km- long tank with a storage capac- ity of 14 billion 65 million cub.

surprisingly almost all the sys- tems were dumped with trash and rendered useless due to

Rainwater Harvesting by Solar Power Panels

o

bulk without paying any cost of water.

ft., i.e. 41.5 million cub. mts.

lack of their maintenance and

A vast area is being covered

cleaning are required to

care. But the MCG concerned

by solar PV panels every year

 

keep the system hygienic.

Rainwater harvesting was also common in the Roman empire.

Presently, Tamil Nadu was the first state to make rainwater harvesting compulsory for ev- ery building to avoid ground-

officers took it as a challenge and started work to regularize them. In Rajasthan, rainwater har- vesting has traditionally been practiced by the people of the Thar Desert. Many ancient wa-

all parts of the world. Solar

panels can also be used for harvesting most of the rainwa- ter falling on them and drink- ing quality water, free from bacteria and suspended mat- ter, can be generated by simple

in

o

It provides water when a drought occurs, can help mitigate flooding of low-ly- ing areas, and reduces de- mand on wells which may enable groundwater levels to be sustained.

water depletion. The scheme was launched in 2001 and has

ter harvesting systems in Ra- jasthan have now been revived.

filtration and disinfection pro- cesses as rainwater is very low

o

The harvesting of rainwater can also decrease a house-

been implemented in all areas

Water harvesting systems are

in

salinity.

hold’s water costs or overall

of Tamil Nadu. Posters all over Tamil Nadu including rural

widely used in Rajasthan, as well, are widely known as

Advantages of Rainwater harvesting are:

 

usage levels. Rainwater is safe to drink. Rainwater is

areas create awareness about harvesting rainwater. It gave excellent results within five

‘Kund’ and it is the only reason that people of Rajasthan never faced severe shortage as they

o

Depleting groundwater level will be arrested, rather the level will start increasing.

also independent of salin- ity or pollutants found in groundwater, increasing the

years, and slowly every state took it as a role model. Since its implementation, Chennai

are always alert in this regard. This is the position in al- most all other countries e.g.

o

The scarcity of water and fear of dark future will be reduced.

quantity of potable drinking water available when rain- water harvesting is utilized.

had a 50% rise in water level in

New Zeeland, Sri Lanka, South

o

Flood chances will also re-

five years and the water quali-

Africa, United Kingdom, Thai-

duce and speed of water will

System Set-up

ty significantly improved. In Bangalore city of Karna- taka, adoption of rainwater harvesting is mandatory for every owner or the occupier of a building having the site area measuring 60 ft x 40 ft and

land, etc. In China, Argentina, and Brazil, rooftop rainwater harvesting is being practiced for providing drinking water, domestic water, and water for livestock, water for small irri- gation, and a way to replenish

also be affected and by that, destruction will also in di- minishing position. To stop the floods two major modes are the maximization of plantation and water har- vesting systems.

The basic rainwater har- vesting system is more of a plumbing job than a technical job, as all the outlets from the building’s terrace are connect- ed through a pipe to an under- ground tank that stores water.

above and for a newly con- structed building measuring

groundwater levels. Thailand has the largest fraction of the

o

Sewerage overflows will be reduced.

Frankfurt Airport has the biggest rainwater harvesting

30 ft x 40 ft and above dimen- sions. In this regard, Bangalore

population in the rural area re- lying on rainwater harvesting

o

The need for water re-treat- ment plants will be lesser.

system in Germany. The sys- tem helps save approximately

Water Supply and Sewerage Board has initiated and con- structed “Rain Water Harvest-

(currently around 40%). Rain- water harvesting was promot- ed heavily by the government

o

Roads will remain more in- tact and repair process and expenses will be saved.

1 million cubic meters of wa- ter per year. The cost of the system was

ing Theme Park” in the name of Sir M. Visvesvaraya in 1.2 acres (4,900 m 2 ) of land situat- ed at Jayanagar, Bangalore. In this park, 26 different types of rainwater harvesting models

in the 1980s. In new approaches, instead of using the roof for catch- ment, the Rain Saucer, which looks like an upside-down umbrella, collects rain straight

o

The cost/expenses on main- tenance of all such public utility items will be lesser and by that, it will be sup- porting for other develop- ment work.

1.5 million dm (USD 63,000) in 1993. The system collects water from roofs of the new terminal which has an area of 26,800 square meters. The water is collected in the

are demonstrated along with the water conservation tips. The auditorium on the first floor is set up with a “green” air

from the sky. This decreases the potential for contamina- tion and makes potable water for developing countries a

o

The problem of drinking water availability will be reduced and dangerous po- sition will be deferred.

basement of the airport in six tanks with a storage capacity of 100 cubic meters. The wa- ter is mainly used for toilet

conditioning system and will be used to arrange the meeting and showing of a video clip

potential application. In fact, in Rajasthan, this water collec- tion system is being used since

o

The quality of existing groundwater will be im- proved, thereby giving bet-

flushing, watering plants and cleaning the air conditioning system.

about the rainwater harvesting to students and the general

ancient time in almost all the houses with the help of bed

ter results in irrigation and other works.

Quality

public. Rainwater harvesting is mandatory in several cities of almost all the States of India but neither the government nor public is serious about it. I have a practical bitter expe- rience about it as I was called

sheets and other such clothes. The main purpose of the rainwater harvesting is to use the locally available rainwater to meet water requirements throughout the year without the need for huge capital ex- penditure. This would facili-

o

Reduce the risk of losing some or all of the year’s har- vest because of soil or water scarcity. In addition, the risks associated with flood- ing and soil erosion during high rainfall seasons would decrease.

Rainwater may need to be analyzed properly, and used in a way appropriate to its safety. Rainwater itself is a clean source of water, often better than groundwater or water from rivers or lakes. On the basis of all this, it can

SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD

the basis of all this, it can SMART WATER & WASTE WORLD Presently, Tamil Nadu was

Presently, Tamil

Nadu was the first state to make rainwater

harvesting compulsory for every building to avoid groundwater depletion. Chennai

had a 50% rise in water level in five years and the water quality significantly improved.

be concluded that rainwater harvesting is the best solution not only to remove water scar- city but also to minimize other calamities.

About the Author

Ramesh Goyal is an Envi- ronmentalist and Jal Star. He is the National Secretary Envi- ronment at Bharat Vikas Pari- shad and National President at Paryavaran Prerana.

Frankfurt Airport has the biggest rainwater harvesting system in Germany. The system helps save approximately 1 million cubic meters of water per year. The cost of the system was 1.5 million dm (USD 63,000) in 1993. The system collects water from roofs of the new terminal which has an area of 26,800 square meters. The water is collected in the basement of the airport in six tanks with a storage capacity of 100 cubic meters.

February 2019

43
43

COLUMN

URBAN WATER

Tailored Water

By Robert C. Brears

COLUMN URBAN WATER Tailored Water By Robert C. Brears WATER IS A KEY component Majority of

WATER IS A KEY component

Majority of Jobs

crease its water use by 400%.

of local and national econo- mies with the resource often a key input in a variety of indus- trial value chains. As industri-

Meeting Rising Demand with Nonconventional Supply

al demand for water increases the sector needs to increase its water productivity. A failure to do so could lead to the loss or disappearance of jobs.

Dependent on Water

To ensure industry has ac- cess to adequate supplies of good quality water and main- tains productivity, utilities have been researching and developing ‘non-conventional’ sources for large-scale custom- ers. Examples