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The Verbal is the last section on the test day, but it can determine your chances of admission to business
schools since it often turns out to be the deciding factor of your final GMAT score. The GMATCAT Verbal
Study Guide is unique in that it provides solid content review for the test as well as strategies for tackling
the trick questions.

Features of our Verbal Study Guide include:

• Secrets on how to understand, evaluate and manipulate logical arguments. You'll be able to
articulate the argument in your own words.
• Techniques to eliminate at least three wrong choices even that you can't fully understand a
question or a passage.
• Summary of fourteen types of grammar errors and help you develop a strong sense of both
grammar and the stylistic conventions of English language. Also covers techniques to attack the whole
underlined questions.
• Keywords searching tips to find what you want when you are answering the questions. You will
not waste time re-reading the whole passage.
• Techniques to locate facts, trace an author's line of logic, and map the structure of a passage.

Table of Contents Free Section Buy Now

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Reading Comprehension

Section 1: One Principle
Section 2: Two Styles
Section 3: Three Subjects
Section 4: Four Steps Procedure of Reading
Section 5: Five Types of Questions
Section 6: Six test points
Chapter 2 Sentence Correction
Three-step method
Section 1: Subject-Verb agreement
Section 2: Verb Time Sequences
Section 3: Modification
Section 4: Parallelism
Section 5: Pronoun
Section 6: Comparisons
Section 7: Choice of Word
Section 8: Idioms
Section 9: Sentence Structure
Section 10: Subjunctive Mood
Section 11: Ambiguity
Section 12: Redundancy
Section 13: Awkward
Section 14: Logicality
Chapter 3 Critical Reasoning
Section 1: Introduction to Critical Reasoning
Section 2: Six Types of Argument
Section 3: Eight Types of Question

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On the test day, you will encounter 41 verbal questions, 10 out of them are Critical Reasoning. To make it
comfortable for you to prepare for this subtest, we have designed an interesting "number" course (the
name of each strategy begins with a number) to help you learn the test prep strategies.

Section 1: Introduction

One Definition
Four Elements of an Argument
Seven Common Fallacies
Three-element Rule
Two Traps
Five Answer Choices

Section 2: Six Types of Reasoning

Section 3: Eight Types of Question

Section 1: Introduction to Critical Reasoning

1. One Definition: Argument

Most people call the Critical Reasoning as Argument. An argument is a coherent series of statements
leading from a premise to a conclusion. Formula of argument looks something like this:

Premise + Example/Reason = Conclusion

Depending on the effectiveness of premises and the logicality of reasoning (use of example and reason),
an argument can be perfectly true or totally fallacious. For instance, someone may conclude Candidate G
will become the next president of United States because in a recent poll, eight out of ten gave votes to
him. This poll can be effective if the respondents are representative to the whole electorate, or be
ineffective if the respondents are biased sample.

However, the critical reasoning question never asks you to determine whether an argument is correct or
incorrect. Rather, the question requires you to evaluate the reasoning of an argument. In other word,
arguments are designed to test your ability to think logically, not your ability to seek truth.

Let’s look at a sample argument:

Our work proves to be very successful. In the past three years, each of our five clients has experienced
the fastest growth of sales in their history. Therefore, if your company meets management problems, do
not hesitate to call Sigma & Max, since we are the best management consulting company.
Here, the advertiser tried to convince that it is the best management consulting company available and to
persuade its potential customer to choose its service. To support its statement, the advertiser cited five of
its clients, each of them gained the fastest growth rate in their history.

2. Four elements of an argument

An argument is a coherent series of statements leading from a premise to a conclusion. One can cite
evidences to strengthen an argument or attack its assumption to weaken an argument.

Premises + Evidence = Conclusion

I. Conclusion

How do you identify the author’s conclusion? Most often, a conclusion is stated in the last or first sentence
in an argument. The conclusion rarely comes in the middle of an argument. Also, you can search for the
conclusion indicators that are commonly used to introduce a conclusion.

Conclusion Indicators

so thus therefore as a result

consequently accordingly hence imply

conclude that follows that means that infer that

II. Premise

Premise is the fact or reason that the author uses to strengthen his argument. The following are phrases
that introduce the premises of an argument.

Premise Indicators

because since for as

if assume suppose evidence

the reason is may be derived

on the basis of in that
that from

III. Counter-evidence

Sometimes, the author uses counter-evidence words to argue against his opposite, or concede certain
minor points that may weaken his argument. For the latter, the counter evidence is finally refuted by further
evidence. Following are some of the most common used counter-evidence indicators.

Counter-evidence Indicators

actually despite admittedly except

even though nonetheless nevertheless although

however In spite of do may

IV. Assumptions

Assumptions are those that the author uses to strengthen his argument but leaves it unstated.

The assumption is a gap between the premises and the conclusion. In order to evaluation an argument,
you always have to find this gap.

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How to improve your chances of passing the

What Skills Does the GMAT

The GMAT primarily tests four skills:

1. Endurance and ability to focus

You'll have to stare at a screen intensely and focus for nearly four hours. Keep this in mind when
taking practice tests. Get used to working for many hours on end. Learn how to relax. The
physical and mental exhaustion is part of the test's challenge. That's why we offer GMAT CAT
practice tests. You should take as many practice CATs as possible to learn the test and to get
used to the grueling experience.

2. Basic knowledge of grammar, math, reasoning, and argument formation

The second skill, a basic knowledge of grammar, math, reasoning, and argument formation, is
covered in the later chapters of this online prep guide. No calculators are allowed on test day, so
you need to practice doing basic math calculations

3. Test-taking skills: ability to guess, work at an appropriate pace, and make decisions under
These skills are covered in this chapter and throughout the online guide. Timing is a major part of
test-taking skill, particularly for the GMAT CAT. Our patent-pending Test Pacer system will teach
you the pacing interactively.

4. Problem-solving abilities
To improve your problem-solving abilities, the fourth skill, we have extensive information on
reasoning techniques and math concepts throughout this online guide. When you get a question
wrong, make sure to review our explanations so that you understand the conceptual error that
you made in the question. You do not want to repeat the error.

GMAT Prep Guide for the Math and Verbal Sections

The GMAT (Graduate Management Admissions Test) consists of two multiple-choice sections
(Quantitative and Verbal) and an essay section called the Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA).

Quantitative Section:
37 questions
75 minutes
Problem Solving Questions (approx. 24 Questions)
Data Sufficiency Questions (approx. 13 Questions)

Verbal Section:
41 questions
75 minutes
Reading Comprehension (approx. 14 Questions)
Sentence Correction (approx. 13 Questions)
Critical Reasoning (approx. 14 Questions)

Essay Questions (Analytical Writing Assessment):

The GMAT CAT begins with the two AWA questions. For each of these sections, you have thirty
minutes to type an essay into the computer using a simple word-processing program. The essay
sections are administered first, but the Quantitative and Verbal multiple-choice sections can
appear in any order. If you want to practice these essays, we have 10 timed practice GMAT
essay questions that you can send in for grading.
Guide: 1d.
GMAT Pacing
Help for the

One Mean CAT

To quote, the makers of the GMAT, "Time management is key." Your timing skills could add or subtract 100 points from
your score. Timing skills are important because the CAT has unusual pacing constraints:

• Double penalty for any unfinished questions at the end of each section when time expires. The penalty for
unfinished questions is severe (worse than getting a question wrong). You should pace yourself to make sure
that you finish all the questions in the allotted time.
• No double checking — All answers are final. If you finish a section early, you cannot go back to double-check
your earlier answers. For example, if you hurry and finish your section with 20 minutes left, you are stuck at the
end of the test with 20 extra minutes.
• No skipping — When you hit a tough question or get a mental block, you cannot skip the question without
entering an answer. Instead, you have to trudge through it, guess, and hope you don't waste too much time.

Tame that CAT

The proper pacing for the GMAT is difficult to learn. You can't get bogged down on questions.

Approximate time you should spend on questions, depending on your skill level.

GMAT Pace Training Help

The problem with the above strategies (which are standard approaches
taught by GMAT prep companies) is that it is very difficult to properly train to
use them. For example, if you are on question 10 with 47 minutes left, are you on pace to finish the test?

GMAT students complained that they had trouble learning the right pacing and that they wasted their practice tests trying
to master the GMAT CAT's complicated pacing strategies. Faced with these complaints, we developed the Test Pacer™
pace-training system and built it into our 5 GMAT CAT practice tests (see graphic to the right).

The Test Pacer tells you what question you should be on so that you finish the test on time. This way you can tell if you
are going too quickly or too slowly at any time during the test. Moreover, you can measure if you are spending too much
time on a given question. If you start a question and the pacer says 5.0 and you look at it again and the pacer says 7.0,
you know you have spent double the amount of time normally required for a question.

Like a training wheel, the more you practice with the Pacer, the stronger your sense of timing will become. You can try out
the pacer on our sample tests.

GMAT Prep Guide: 1e. GMAT Pacing Help for the CAT

The Art of Guessing

Guessing, like pacing, is more important on the CAT than on any other test you have ever taken. You'll have to guess
often on the CAT because:

1. You can't skip questions. If you hit a mental block, you have to guess at the question in front of you. You can't
pass over a question and go back to it later. Since all answers are final, you have to make sure your guess is a
good one. Most students waste more than 1/3 of their time bogged down on a handful of tough questions. You
have to learn how to guess, move on, and cut your losses after spending more than a few minutes on a

2. At the end of the test, when time is about to expire, you have to hurry to make sure to review every question or
else face the severe penalty for not finishing all the test's questions. Many students have to do this last-minute
sprint and are often left guessing on the last few questions.


The key guessing strategy is P.O.E. (process of elimination). A big asset going into test day is knowing that one of the five
possible answers must be right. If you can eliminate two of the choices, you can increase your chances of getting the right
answer by 65% (from 20% or 1 in 5 to 33% or 1 in 3). Here's how to do it:

Eliminate answer choices you know are wrong. Even if you don't know the right answer, you can often tell that some of
the answer choices are wrong. For example, on the Data Sufficiency questions, you can eliminate at least two of the
answer choices by determining if one of the statements is true.

Avoid answer choices that look suspicious. For example, on Sentence Correction questions, beware of any answer
choices that look completely different from all of the other choices. In the Quantitative section, you can usually eliminate
any answers that are negative when all the other answers are positive.
Once you have narrowed down the list of answer choices, pick one of the remainders. It is a myth that some answer
choices, like A or C, are more often correct than other choices.

The Importance of Dry Erase Scrap Paper

You'll need to use your dry erase scratch paper because you are taking a test off of a computer screen, and you can't
write on the screen. The result is that you'll sometimes have to carefully copy much of the question down onto paper
without miscopying the information. This is awkward and difficult. It takes valuable time to recopy information and it
increases the chance of a hurried error, so you have to be careful about what you copy and what you don't copy.

GMAT Experiments on CATs

About 1/3 of the questions on the CAT are experimental and will be randomly mixed in with your normal questions. In
these questions you are being used as a guinea pig for experimentation to assess the difficulty of the question. In the
future, that question may be positioned at a difficulty level depending on how students performed on it when it was an
experimental question.

The consequence of the experimental questions is that you can't rely on all the questions being at your difficulty level. In
other words, if you are a high scorer you can't expect all the questions past question five to be difficult (at your level). Try
to avoid obsessing over how hard your questions are as a measure of your performance.

Don't Panic

If you have a bad day, you have the option of canceling. The computer will offer the option of canceling the test or
accepting it after the test ends. Neither you nor any school will see your score if you choose to cancel the test. If you
accept the test, the computer will display your score and it will be available to all schools (official scores will be mailed
about two weeks later). Relax and make sure to schedule the test far in advance of when it is due so that you have
adequate time to cancel and reschedule the test if necessary.

You have just completed Chapter 1 of the GMAT Online Guide.

Order the Complete GMAT Prep Course to access Chapters 2 through 7 of the Online Prep Guide.
Ch. 2: Reading Comprehension Ch. 6: Math Word Problems

• How to actively read texts for tone • How to read math questions
and bias A. Percentages
• How to read quickly and efficiently B. Interest, discount, and markups
• How to analyze essay structure C. Progressions
• The 10 major question types D. Uniform motion
• How to identify trick questions E. Ratio and proportion
• Additional practice questions F. Grouping and counting
G. Data interpretation
Ch. 3: Critical Reasoning H. Symbols
I. Progressions
• How to analyze arguments • 4-Step technique to word problems
• Types of arguments • Math review
• How to spot Logical Fallacies and • Standard deviation
Statistical Fallacies • Additional practice questions
• 7 Critical Reasoningquestion types
• Additional practice questions Ch: 7: Data Sufficiency

• Data sufficiency strategies

• Main data sufficiency trick question
Ch. 4. Sentence Correction types.
• 4-Step technique to data sufficiency
• Review of grammatical rules using questions
graphical instruction • Additional practice questions
• 150 Idioms frequently used on the
• 8 types of sentence correction Start your preparation today.
• Typical sentence correction Get the Complete GMAT Prep Course:
question Watch a video overview of our course.
• How to identify trick sentence
correction questions. Essay Section Guide including real
• 3-step technique to sentence essay questions & explanations.
correction questions
5 Complete GMAT CAT Tests with
• Additional practice questions
complete explanations and the
exclusive Test Pacer™ built-in.
Ch. 5: Mathematics
Over 100 instructional videos from
top-scoring GMAT experts.
• Comprehensive math review of all
subjects on the GMAT GMAT Prep Guide complete guide
• Basic math to the Math and Verbal sections.
• Algebra
Bonus 50-page section on writing
• Geometry
application essays to business
• Probability

• Additional practice questions