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THE PUBLIC AUTHORITY FOR APPLIED EDUCATION AND TRAINING Course Outline College: Technological Studies Department:

THE PUBLIC AUTHORITY FOR APPLIED EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Course Outline

College: Technological Studies

Department: Electrical Engineering Technology

Program: Electrical Machines Technology

Course Title:

DC and Synchronous Machines

Course No.: 52-125

Units:

3 units

Lecture Hours:

3 hours/week

Lab. Hours:

0

Workshop Hours:

0

Pre-requisite:

None

Co-requisite:

None

Language:

English

Course Description:

The first part of this course describes the basic principles and construction of dc machines; types, armature winding, and EMF equation. A comprehensive study of dc generators and motors includes; types, equivalent circuit, analysis, load characteristics, applications, voltage and speed regulation, power flow, torque, efficiency, and starting techniques. The second part describes the basic principle and construction of synchronous machines; types, speed and frequency, armature winding, EMF equation, distribution factor, pitch factor, and flux density harmonics. A comprehensive study of synchronous generators and motors includes; equivalent circuit, phasor diagrams, voltage regulation, power flow, torque, efficiency, and graphical representation using electrical load diagram. Parallel operation of synchronous generators is also given.

Course Goals:

Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

1- Distinguish between different types of dc machines & synchronous machines and their performance characteristics. 2- Follow different operating procedures of dc machines & synchronous machines and coordinate with other disciplines. 3- Monitor parameters, verify manufacturer’s specifications and experience the performance characteristics and applications of dc machines & synchronous machines.

Course Contents:

Week

 

No.

 

TOPIC

1

Introduction to dc machines; General principle, simple loop generator, practical construction, field, armature, commutator, brushes and bearings, armature winding, lap winding, wave winding, parallel paths, EMF equation.

2

DC

Generators;

Types of dc generators, separately-excited generators, self-excited generators (shunt generators, series generators, and compound generators), voltage build-up in self-excited generators, equivalent circuit analysis,

3

Voltage regulation, types of losses, iron loss, copper loss, mechanical loss, power flow, efficiency, condition for maximum efficiency, load characteristics of dc generators, practical applications.

4

DC

motors;

Motor principle, types of dc motors, shunt motor, series motor, compound motor, equivalent circuit, types of losses, iron loss, copper loss, rotational loss, power flow, efficiency, condition of maximum efficiency, torque development.

5

Speed regulation, load characteristics of different types of dc motors, practical applications, speed control of dc motors, armature control, field control, solid-state control, starting techniques.

6

Introduction to ac machines; Principle of operation of ac machines, basic construction, types of synchronous machines, relation between speed and frequency.

7

Armature winding, single layer, double layer, distribution factor, pitch factor, EMF equation, harmonics in the generated voltage.

8

Synchronous Generators; Armature reaction, equivalent circuit of synchronous generator, synchronous impedance, circuit analysis, phasor diagram, no-load test, short-circuit test.

9

Voltage regulation, synchronous impedance method, types of losses, power flow, efficiency, power angle relationship, maximum developed power.

10

Synchronous generators connected to infinite bus bars, electrical load diagram of synchronous generator, parallel operation of synchronous generators, and power- frequency diagram.

11

Synchronous Motor; Motor action, equivalent circuit, types of losses, power flow, efficiency, developed and output torques, starting methods.

12

Effect of excitation and V-curves, power factor correction using synchronous motor.

Instructor Guidelines:

Resources:

- Textbook: Stephen J. Chapman, “Electric Machinery Fundamentals,” McGraw- Hill International, ISBN: 0070119503; 3rd edition (August 21, 1998)

- Laboratory Manuals: None

- Equipments: None

References:

- Stephen L. Herman, “Electrical Transformers and Rotating Machines,” Delmar Learning; ISBN: 0766805794; 1 st edition (August 7, 1998)

- P. C. Sen, “Principles of Electric Machines and Power Electronics,” John Wiley & Sons; ISBN: 0471022950; 2 nd edition (December 1996)

- Theodore Wildi, “Electrical Machines, Drives, and Power Systems,” Prentice Hall; ISBN: 013367889X; 3rd edition (November 14, 1996)