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Plumbing Code ALTER or ALTERATION –any change or, addition or

1. The minimum standard quantities of plumbing fixtures: modification on construction or occupancy

1 ____, 1 wc, 1 lav., 1 shower head/drain for the bathtub a. Modification
or shower stall, 1 kit.sink, 1 laundry tray, 3 floor drain, 4 b. Alteration
faucets/hose bibb c. Improvement
a. water dispenser d. Additional and Subtraction
b. water pressure
c. water meter Horizontal vent connecting one or more individual
d. water timer vertical back vents with the vent stack or stack vent.
a. Branch vent
Who invented the Monkey wrench? b. Vertical vent
A. Charles Monkey c. Soil vent
B. Daniel Moncky d. Waste vent
C. Charles Moncky
D. Daniel Monkey A water-tight receptacle which receive the discharge of
sanitary plumbing system or part thereof, designed and
Minimum trap diameter for a bathtub. constructed to retain solids, digest organic matter
[A] 30 mm. through a period of detention.
[B] 35 mm. a. Privy
[C] 38 mm. b. STP
[D] 40 mm. c. Septic Tank
d. Catch Basin
Practical Prob.
1. Presence of iron and manganese. Anyone of the special class of device or equipment
a. color intended to perform a special plumbing function.
b. acidity a. Plumbing appliance
c. pollution b. Plumbing appurtenance
d. NOA c. Plumbing Fixture
d. Plumbing units fixture
Practical problem
1.When used in a the context of plumbing, what does An open, unoccupied space other than a court,
DWV stand for? unobstructed from the ground to the sky.
a.Drain-Waste-Vent a. Yard
b.Darn-Water-Valve b. Alley
c.Damp-Waste-Ventilation c. Space
d.NOA d. Inlet

The extention of the soil waste stack above the highest Any public space. Public Park or thoroughfare less than
horizontal drain connected to the stack. The uppermost three (3) meters but not less than two (2) meters in width
end above the roof is called stack vent through roof dedicated or deeded for public use.
(SVTR) a. Yard
a. Main Vent / Vent Stack b. Alley
b. Vent / Vent c. Space
c. Stack Vent / Soil Stack d. Inlet
d. Stack / Stack
Devices or appliances supplied with water or received
An outhouse or structure used for the deposition of liquid or liquid-borne wastes and discharge such wastes
excrement into the drainage system to which they may be directly or
a. Privy indirectly connected.
b. STP a. Plumbing appliance
c. Septic Tank b. Plumbing appurtenance
d. Catch Basin c. Plumbing Fixture
d. Plumbing units fixture
Practical problem
A vent that does not carry liquid or water-borne wastes. 1. What would happen if there were no air supply from
a. Dry vent the vent on the roof?
b. Air vent a. Smells from the sewer would enter the system.
c. Single vent b. Waste water would not flow out.
d. No water vent c. Nothing, it is used mainly to add rainwater to the
Practical problem d. NOA
1. What seals the trap that prevents sewer gases from
entering the household drains? Practical Problem
a. water pressure 1. Are there major differences between sewer and septic
b. air admitted by vent stacks and vent pipes systems in your home?
c. the aerator a. They are very similar.
d. NOA b. The only difference is in the type of pipes used.
c. One uses pressure and the other uses gravity.
Practical problem d. NOA
1.What are the most common causes of sink blockages?
a.toilet paper and air freshener Practical problem
b.solidified detergents and toothpaste 1.Why would you use an adequate temperature instead
c.grease and hair of the highest possible?
d. NOA a. ensures a smoother flow of hot water
b. reduces wear on the pipes
Practical problem c. more economical
1.How does the drainage system work? d. NOA
a.water pressure
b.gravity Practical Problem
c.vacuum 1. Can there be overlapping of the two subsystems?
d.NOA a.There can be an underground overlap.
b. An overlap is recommended when the pipes are wider
Practical problem than two inches.
1. What basic laws of nature does plumbing follow? c. Because of pollution issues, there must be a
a. conductivity, acceleration and motion separation.
b. gravity, pressure and water seeking its own level. d. None of the Above
c. motion, elasticity and resilience.
d. none of the above 95. An 8-in, main line needs to be flushed. The length of
pipeline to be flushed is 250 ft. How many minutes will it
Practical Problem take to flush the line at 25 gpm?
1.What are the two sub-systems in your home a. 7 min
plumbing? b. 31 min
a. Incoming freshwater and outgoing wastewater c. 26 min
b. hot water and cold water d. 13 min
c. low pressure water and high pressure water
d. All of the above 9. Which has a greater runoff coefficient?
a. Grass
Practical problem b. Even ground
1.What degree of pressure is required to ensure smooth c. Loose dirt
drainage? d. Pavement
a. low pressure
b.high pressure 60. How many gallons would a semi-instantaneous
c. not a matter of pressure water heater store with a rating of 300 gpm.
d. NOA a. 100
b. 150
c. 200
d. 300
6. Approximately how may kilowatts are required to raise
99. A wet well is 12 feet by 6 feet by 15 deep and the 500 gallons of water from 50°F to 100°F?
influent rate is 600 GPM. With the 2 pumps running, the a. 64
level decreases 3' 9”. In 18 minutes. If pump “A” has a b. 66
pumping rate of 425 GPM, what is the pumping rate of c. 73
pump “B”? d. 86
a. 537 gpm
b. 175 gpm 1. Two separate water risers are side by side. One is a
c. 488 gpm 2-inch riser and the other is a 6-inch riser. Each riser is
d. 287 gpm 200 feet high. The pressure at the base of the 6-inch
riser is:
62. For Tondo National High School, the size of a a. 1/3 of the pressure of the 2-inch riser
storage type water heater supplying 8 showers, 3 break b. The same as the 2-inch riser
room sinks, 6 lavatories and one mop sink will most c. 3 times the pressure of the 2-inch riser
nearly be: d. 9 times the pressure of the 2-inch riser
a. 710
b. 591 A general term which refers to the process of removing
c. 788 contaminants from water. It involves several processes
d. 1970 that is intended to render raw water into potable and
safe water for consumption.
61. If you have a storage water heater that is 72 inches A. water purification
tall at a diameter of 42 inches, approximately how many B. water filtration
KW’s will be required to heat the water to 140 degrees C. water softening
from 45 degrees incoming temperature if 80% of the D. water desalination
water is usable?
a. 273,364 15. The pressure in the water supply pipe near the
b. 100 faucet or water outlet while the faucet or water outlet is
c. 80 wide open and flowing.
d. 341705 a. Low pressure
b. Flow/residual pressure
59. How many BTU’s would be required to provide 140 c. Static pressure
degree water to a 2.5 gpm mop sink supplied from an d. Design pressure
instantaneous water heater if the incoming water
temperature is 40 degrees? 17. At a given point below the surface of water, at rest
a. 62,500 and open to the atmosphere, pressure is produced by
b. 125,000 the weight of water above that point.
c. 1,040 a. Velocity head
d. 2,080 b. Friction head
c. Static head
4. When checking the size of the water distribution d. Cavitation
system, all of the following should be considered except:
a. Number and type of fixtures 19. If you were asked to estimate a set of 95% plumbing
b. Initial water pressure construction documents, what method would be best
c. Static and friction head loss requirements suited?
d. Alkalinity of the water a. A percentage of the budget
b. Cost per fixture
7. Approximately how may BTU’s are required to raise c. Square foot pricing
500 gallons of water from 40°F to 120°F? d. A detailed material & labor take-off
a. 92,500
b. 200,000
c. 333,200
d. 416,300
20. The location of the following can be determined from 16. How are fiber pipe and fittings joined together?
a new project’s civil utility survey except: a. A standard plastic pipe coupling is used
a. Sanitary sewer b. A coupling with a 2-degree internal taper is used
b. Water main c. Portland cement and straight-wall couplings are used
c. Building drain d. Threaded couplings are used
d. Storm sewer
17. How are small changes in direction made in the pipe
11. What kind of information does the health department wrench?
want to know when you apply for a water well permit? a. Shoring jacks are used to bend the pipeline
a. hardness b. The pipe may be pried over with a shovel and then
b. pH level held in place with rocks
c. bacteria c. 5-degree couplings are used to make small changes
d. color in direction
d. The pipe is bent with heat
16. Horizontal sanitary drains should be designed to flow
a. Full 18. Another name for bituminized-fiber fittings is
b. ¼ full a. ABS fittings
c. ½ full b. Orangeburg fittings
d. ¾ full c. Tar fittings
d. Terra-cotta fittings
11. Hangers for plastic pipe should
a. Allow the plastic slide through 19. What is used to join bituminized-fiber pipe to other
b. Be the wire type pipe material?
c. Restrict the movement of the pipe a. Adapter
d. Be grounded b. Coupling
c. Wye
12. What should be used to join PVC or CPVC to a high- d. Stretcher
pressure metal pipe?
a. Adapter 20. The purpose of the knobs on the fittings is to
b. Coupling a. Align the fitting when it was being molded
c. Transition fitting b. Provide a safe place to strike the fitting when driving it
d. 90-degree elbow on
c. Provide a spot to place stone under when leveling
13. Bituminized-fiber pipe is made from d. Provide a handhold
a. Wood fibers and tar
b. Tar-coated clay 4. When cementing ABS pipe, how long should the
c. ABS plastic plumber wait before handling joints after initial
d. Vitrified clay assembly?
a. 2 hours
14. Which of the following bituminized-fiber pipe sizes b. 1 hour
and lengths is not correct? c. 30 minutes
a. 2” diameter by 5’ long d. 3 minutes
b. 3” diameter by 5’ long
c. 4” diameter by 8’ long 5. After assembly, how long should the plumber wait
d. 5” diameter by 5’ long before water testing ABS pipe?
a. 30 minutes
15. A length of 4-inch bituminized-fiber pipe sizes and b. 2 hours
lengths is not correct? c. 12 hours
a. 6.6 pounds d. 24 hours
b. 11.6 pounds
c. 14.6 pounds
d. 21.6 pounds
7. The ______ of all plastic pipe materials is much
greater than comparable metal pipe.
a. Corrosion rate
b. Friction loss
c. Expansion rate
d. Weight

2. ABS piping should be supported at

a. 2-foot intervals
b. 4-foot intervals
c. 6-foot intervals
3. A 60-foot high water riser is filled with water and
d. 8-foot intervals
capped at the top and bottom. A pump is located at
6. Polyethylene plastic is used extensively for
the top to add pressure. When the pump discharge
a. Well piping gauge reads 100 psi, the gauge at the bottom of the
b. Hydraulics riser will read:
c. Radiant heating panels a. 126 psi
d. Pressure piping b. 100 psi
c. 74 psi
10. The plastic pipe material requiring the most care in d. 26 psi
installation is
a. ABS 8. The best polyethylene pipe will not withstand working
b. Polyethylene pressure greater than
c. PVC or CPVC a. 40 psi
d. Polybutylene b. 60 psi
c. 80 psi
1. ABS piping is used mainly for d. 160 psi
a. Drainage, waste, and venting
b. Water supply 9. PVC plastic pipe may be threaded if
c. Flexible well piping a. A well-worn threading die is used
d. Fittings b. It is schedule #80 or heavier
c. It is no heavier than standard weight
2. Which type of copper piping has the thickest wall? d. Plastic dies are used
a. K
b. L 3. What type of wrench should be used for tightening
c. M plastic threaded joints?
d. DWV a. Pipe wrench
b. Strap wrench
14. A measure of the probable discharge into the c. Adjustable (crescent) wrench
drainage system by various types of plumbing d. Basin wrench
a. Discharge rate 12. Which valve is not suitable for balancing?
b. Flow rate a. Gate
c. Discharge unit b. Globe
d. Drainage fixture unit c. Ball
d. Butterfly
5. An apartment building has morning and evening
18. If you were asked to estimate a preliminary plumbing
peak hot water usage periods. What is the most
budget from architectural drawings, what method would
efficient method for heating the water?
be best suited?
a. Instantaneous water heater a. A percentage of the budget
b. Semi-instantaneous water heater b. Cost per fixture
c. Storage-type water heater c. Square foot pricing
d. 100-gallon electric heater d. A detailed material & labor take-off
8. The ratio of a liquid’s density to that of water at 4°C
is described as
a. Viscosity
b. Specific gravity
c. Surface tension
d. Capillary public health substance that deforms continously
under the application of a shear force. it cannot
sustain a shear force at rest is?
A. fluid
B. liquid form
C flowing
D. discharge

It is a measure on which all other elevations are

based. 13. Which material has the most resistance to corrosion?
a. Elevation a. Zinc
b. Bench Mark b. Cast iron
c. Datum c. Copper
d. Steel
d. Invert

History Manometer - is an instrument that uses a column of liquid

to measure pressure
17th century -Birth of the plumbing profession in the Orifice - is a device used for measuring flow rate.
Philippines Weirs - is a barrier across a river designed to alter its flow
Nov. 28 1967 -First approved which inclusion of “asbestos characteristics. In most cases, weirs take the form of
cement pipe” obstructions smaller than most conventional dams, pooling
18th-19th century -The Filipino plumbers were assigned the water behind them while also allowing it to flow steadily
task over their tops. Weirs are commonly used to alter the flow
20th century -History of plumbing practice of rivers to prevent flooding, measure discharge, and help
Jamie M. Cabase -NAMPAP President spearheaded the render rivers navigable.
updating of the RNPCP in 1996
1935 -NAMPAP organized Nozzle - is often a pipe or tube of varying cross sectional
Jan. 28, 1959 -National Plumbing Code of the Philippines area, and it can be used to direct or modify the flow of a
promulgates and approved fluid (liquid or gas). Nozzles are frequently used to control
1966-1969 -Approved by DepED at Feati University the rate of flow, speed, direction, mass, shape, and/or the
City Ordinance 2411 -Plumbing Code for the City of Manila pressure of the stream that emerges from them.
Fortunato H. Amosco -Chairman of Board of Mater Venturi Meter - are flow measurement instruments which
Plumbers (BOMP) use a converging section of pipe to give an increase in the
Hermogenes Pobre -Chairman of PRC where adopted flow velocity and a corresponding pressure drop from
RNPCP 1996 which the flow rate can be deduced
Dec. 21, 1999 -RNPC was approved
Density - of a substance is its mass per unit volume.
Plumbing Code -Most important governances in modern
and healthful human existence Specific Gravity - is the ratio of the density of a substance
to the density of a reference substance.
Specific Weight - (also known as the unit weight) is the
Significant Digits/ Figures
weight per unit volume of a material
Aeration -Process of exposing water in their films to the
The significant figures of a number are those digits that
oxygen of the atmosphere
carry meaning contributing to its precision.
Coagulation -Chemical process which the sediment to make
Identifying significant figures
it capable of combing into larger particle
- All non-zero digits are considered significant.
Filtration -Water passed through layers of sand and gravel
For example, 91 has two significant figures (9 and 1), while in concrete basin
123.45 has five significant figures Chlorination -Method of chlorine to the water in order to
- Zeros appearing anywhere between two non-zero digits attain degree of disinfection
are significant. Sedimentation -Suspended solid are remove from water by
Example: 101.1203 has seven significant figures. gravity setting and deposition
- Leading zeros are not significant. Flocculation -Physical process in which the sediment
particles collide with each other
Example, 0.00052 has two significant figures:. Ozonation -Commonly used in cooling tower treatment
- Trailing zeros in a number containing a decimal point are
Example, 12.2300 has six significant figures: Vertical Wall Area
- For scientific notation, placeholder leading and trailing One wall - Add 50% of wall area to roof area
digits do not occur. Two adjacent walls - Add 35% of wall area to roof area
Two opposite walls - (same height) No additional
Example, 0.00012 (two significant figures) becomes Two opposite walls - (different height) 50% of (A1 –A2) of
1.2×10−4, and 0.00122300 (six significant figures) becomes wall area add to roof area. (top part of wall)
1.22300×10−3. Three side wall - 50% of (A1 –A2) of wall area add to roof
area. (lower part of wall)
Four sides wall - No additional
Sides of tall building- Add 50% of expose area to roof area
13. Plumbing system tests
22 BASIC PRINCIPLE 14. Destructive object not allowed to enter to draining
15. Appliances shall be indirectly connection to draining
1. Supply of pure water system
2. Supply of sufficient volume and adequate pressure 16. Water closet shall be proper lighted and ventilated
3. Quantity of water 17. Septic tank
4. Well-designed of heater and storage 18. Back flow prevention
5. Shall be connected to the sewer system 19. RMP-Register Master Plumbers (services)
6. One water closet and one kitchen sink be provided. 20. Plumbing Fixture
7. Fixtures must smooth and non-absorbent material 21. RMP-Registered Master Plumbers (structural and
8. Adequate cleanouts design)
9. NAMPAP approved materials 22. Sewerage Treatment
10. Water seal trap
11. Circulation of air must be adequate
12. Vent terminals shall extended to outer air