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IMPACT 3.

0 Wednesday, 30 July 2014

Chassis ID Path
A 684346 3/Description, Design and function/FM, CHID A678743-/Control unit outer lighting (LCM)

Model Identity
FM 121433560

Publish date Operation No.


Wednesday, 26 November 2008

Control unit outer lighting (LCM)

System overview

The external lighting control unit controls all lighting functions apart from the interior lighting in the cab and
any optional extras fitted to the vehicle. In addition, it controls the intermittent windscreen wiper function, the
rain sensor and the windscreen wiper function when the windscreen washer is used. The control unit
communicates with other systems via both the SAE J1708 information link and the SAE J1939
communication link. For further descriptions refer to Functions.

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The information contained herein is current at the time of its original distribution, but is subject to change. The reader is advised that printed copies are uncontrolled.

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1. Switch, main/dip beam and direction indicators sends a signal to the control unit.
2. The windscreen wiper switch/rain sensor provides input signals that control intermittent wiping and
windscreen wiping during screen washing.
3. The brake lamp switch sends a signal to the control unit.
4. The control module grounds the intermittent relay to activate the windscreen wipers during intermittent
wiping/rain sensor and windscreen wiping during windscreen washing.
Note: The fixed windscreen wiper speeds are not controlled by the control unit.

5. The control unit supplies power to the tractor lighting.


6. The control unit supplies power to the trailer lighting when a trailer is connected.
7. The lighting switch provides input signals that control the most important functions of the external
lighting system. (Refer to "Switch, lighting.")
8. The alarm or central locking system sends input signals to the control unit.
9. The reverse position of the gearlever sends input signals to the control unit.
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IMPACT 3.0 Wednesday, 30 July 2014

Functions

External lighting

Headlights, front

The headlights are lit by turning the starter key to drive position and the lighting switch to driving lights
position. When the headlights are lit, they always start in the dip beam position.

Main beam is selected with the main/dip beam switch. In position 1, an input to the LCM control unit is
grounded and main beam is activated as long as the switch is in position 1. If the switch is moved all the way
to position 2, another input to the LCM control unit is grounded and main beam is activated until the switch is
moved to position 2 again.

When main beam is on, a message is transmitted over the SAE J1939 CAN to the instrument which lights the
main beam indication (repeater) lamp. If the lighting switch is in position Driving lights lights the long range
spotlights when full beam is on, see Driving (spot) lights (variants DRIVL2 / DRIVL2EC only).

Daytime running lights

Daytime running lights means that the vehicle's dip beam and parking lamps are lit automatically when the
engine is started, even if the lighting switch is in position 0.

If the automatic daytime running light function is activated it can be switched off via the display in the
instrument.

Variant Function with light switch in position 0.


LOWB-STD No automatic daytime running light function.
When engine speed exceeds 100 rpm the dip beam is lit even when the light switch is in
LOWB-DAY
position 0.

Fog lights

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IMPACT 3.0 Wednesday, 30 July 2014

Front foglights (variants FOGL-WC / FOGL-WB only)

Fog lamps are activated and de-activated via the lamp switch.

The front foglights can only be activated when the lighting switch is in position Parking lights, Headlights or
Driving lights and the starter key is in the driving position

The function can be shut off using VCADS Pro.

Rear fog lamp

Rear fog lamps are activated and de-activated via the lighting switch. A lamp on the instrument panel is lit via
a message on the SAE J1939 communication link as long as the rear fog lamp is on.

The rear foglights can be activated when the lighting switch is in position Parking lights, Headlights or
Driving lights. In position Parking lights, the rear foglights are only activated if the front foglamps are
activated.

Driving (spot) lights (variants DRIVL2 / DRIVL2EC only)

The driving lights are lit via the switch for main/dip beam, and can only be lit if the starter key is in the
driving position and the lighting switch is in position Driving lights.

There are various variants of the way in which driving (spot) lights can be activated together with other
lamps. This can be modified using VCADS Pro.

Variant Function with light switch in the Driving lights position


Standard position:
DRIVL2
Driving lights, main beam and dip beam lit.
EEC requirement:
DRIVL2EC
Driving lights and dipped beam lit.

Parking lights and tail lights

When the lighting switch is in position Parking lights, only the parking lights are lit. When the parking lights
are switched on, so is the instrument panel lighting.

Note: The parking lights work even when the starter key is on the stop position or out of the lock.

Brake lights

The external lighting control unit receives brake light information from 1-3 pressure switches. These brake
light switches ground the control unit inputs when the brakes are pressurised. The brake light switches are
also connected to the vehicle control unit so that the vehicle control unit can read the braking status.

Note: On later EBS vehicles, the brake signal is sent via the link from the footbrake valve to the LCM control unit.

On vehicles fitted with EBS, the control unit activates the brake lights if deceleration exceeds a certain limit
even if the footbrake is not used, i.e. when using the retarder or engine brake. Information used to calculate
deceleration etc is transmitted via the SAE J1939 CAN.

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IMPACT 3.0 Wednesday, 30 July 2014

The external lighting control unit has three brake light outputs:

Tractor, left rear


Tractor, right rear
Trailer

Direction indicators and hazard warning flashers

The direction indicators are controlled by the LCM control unit, via impulses from the stalk switch for
direction indication. When the direction indicators are active, a message is sent to the instrument via the SAE
J1939 control link, which lights the repeater lamps for the direction indicators and activates a sound signal.

If the control unit receives a signal that indicates that the direction indicator lights have been activated for
more than 120 seconds when vehicle speed is above 50 km/h, the driver is warned by a symbol in the
instrument display. After 150 seconds the direction indictor lights are automatically switched off. To activate
the direction indictor lights again the stalk must be moved to its rest position first.

If there is an electrical fault in the direction indictor light circuit, the driver is warned by a fault code and by
the repeater light in the instrument flashing at double speed.

Hazard warning flashers

The hazard warning flashers are activated by a separate button on the lighting switch. The control unit lights
the hazard warning flashers, controls the lamp in the button and sends information to the instrument. When
the ignition key is in the off position the audible signal in the instrument is controlled via a separate cable
between the control unit and instrument.

Alarm function

The hazard warning flashers can also be used by the alarm if such is fitted. In such a case, it is the alarm that
controls the sequencing of the hazard warning flasher activation, via a separate connection to the control unit.

When connecting an external alarm, output LC2_6 is used. In certain cases a relay must be connected to
reverse the polarity of the signal to ground. Direct connection to the control unit's output signals can damage
the control unit and is not allowed.

Note: Output LC2_6 cannot be used if the vehicle is fitted with central locking. In such a case, connection is made to the central
locking control unit.

Reversing lights

The external lighting control unit receives a signal from the gearbox when the driver puts the vehicle into
reverse.

Manual gearboxes have a mechanical contact directly connected to the control unit.

Automatic gearboxes transmit the information via a terminal on the gear selector assembly that is directly
connected to the external lighting control unit.

It is possible to connect a separate switch to the control unit so that the reversing light can be used as work
lighting.

Note: If the vehicle is fitted with a reversing warning unit a fault code is not stored when a bulb is defective as the reversing
warning unit is connected to the same terminal on the control unit.
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Other functions

Lighting, instrument and dashboard

The control unit for external lighting controls the rheostat function for the background lighting, which is
active when the lighting switch is in positions Parking lights, Headlights or Driving lights. The input signal
that controls the background lighting comes from the lighting switch.

The control unit for external lighting supplies background lighting to certain components (PWM signal), e.g.
switches. In addition, a message about the brightness is sent via the SAE J1708 and SAE J1939 links, e.g. to
the tachograph.

Use only original Volvo switches, which can accept PWM signals.

Windscreen wipers

The lighting control module controls the windscreen wiper interval function/rain sensor and the windscreen
wiper movements when the screenwasher is operated. When the windscreen wiper switch is in the intermittent
position, rains sensor position or screen wash position, the control module activates the intermittent wiping
relay, which supplies power to the wiper motor.

When the windscreen wipers reach a certain position, a contact is closed in the motor ( self parking) that
supplies power to the motor until the wipers reach their rest position again. The control unit checks whether
the motor is active by detecting when self-parking is supplied with power. This is used to detect frozen wipers
during windscreen washing and intermittent operation and also to control activation of the wiper motor via the
intermittent relay.

Note: The fixed windscreen wiper speeds are not controlled by the control unit.

Intermittent wipers

The intermittent function is activated by moving the stalk to the upper/interval position. The wiper interval
period can be adjusted from 1–10 seconds, by the 4–position slider on the stalk. The slider position closest to
the steering wheel is position 1 and the positions shall represent the following time delays:

Position Delay time


1 10s
2 6s

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IMPACT 3.0 Wednesday, 30 July 2014

3 2,5s
4 1s

Note: The slider is only powered when the stalk is at the upper/interval position.

When the intermittent wiper function is activated the intermittent wiper relay is grounded by the control unit.
Activation of the relay is short and ceases approx 0.5 seconds after a voltage has been detected on the input
for self parking. Activation is repeated with every sweep of the wipers.

If a voltage is not detected on the input for self parking within one second, the control unit interprets that the
wipers are frozen. The control unit deactivates the relay and the intermittent wiper function is switched off
until the driver selects the function again using the stalk switch.

The wiper interval period is checked by the external lighting control unit. The wiper interval period is
calculated from when the wipers have returned to their rest position until they are activated again.

Windscreen wiping during windscreen washing

When the washer function is activated the intermittent wiper relay is grounded by the control unit. When the
washer function is deactivated the control unit continues to supply the intermittent wiper relay with power for
a period corresponding to three sweeps of the wipers. The number of wipes is decided by checking the voltage
on the input to self parking. The washer function has a higher priority than the intermittent wiper function.

If a voltage is not detected on the input for self parking within one second, the control unit interprets that the
wipers are frozen. The control unit deactivates the relay and the intermittent wiper function is switched off
until the driver selects the function again using the stalk switch.

Rain sensor (part no. 21043962–05)

When a truck is equipped with a rain sensor this sensor controls the windscreen wipers.

After the engine is started the rains sensor function is activated by moving the wiper stalk into the
upper/interval position.

The rain sensor senses the amount of rain on the windscreen and determines which speed the wipers shall
have.

The 4–position slider on the wiper stalk now operate as a control that sets the sensitivity of the rain sensor

Note: The slider is only powered when the stalk is in the upper/interval position.
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IMPACT 3.0 Wednesday, 30 July 2014

Toggle function for Rain sensor (part no. 21043962–05)

The rain sensor can be deactivated or activate by carrying out the following procedure:

1. Put the wiper stalk in to the upper position.


2. Put the wiper stalk back into the neutral position for 2–4 seconds.
3. Put the wiper stalk back into the upper position.

The rain sensor is now disable but the interval wiping is still active. The same procedure repeated once again
will activate the rain sensor.

Static cornering lights

The static cornering light is a lamp that supplements the front lights. The static cornering light lights up the
front corner of the road surface in the direction that the vehicle is turning.

The static cornering light is activated by depressing a switch on the driver's panel. The switch can be set to
positions on/off (auto).

When the switch is set to auto, the static cornering light is activated by use of the direction indicators (left or
right).

There are exceptions where activation does not occur, even if the switch is set to auto:

ignition is off
the speed is above 40km/h
LCP in off position and DRL not active.

Trailer detection TD-BAS

The control unit checks if a trailer is coupled or uncoupled and sends this information to other systems on the
SAE J1939 control link.

The following systems/control units required information if a trailer is coupled

ESP (electronic stability program)


Gearbox control unit
Brake ECU
Retarder ECU
Load indicator

The method used by the LCM control unit to determine if a trailer is coupled, is to feed out a 40 ms voltage
pulse and measure if current consumption on at least two of the following outputs is greater than 500 mA

1. Parking lights, trailer, left


2. Parking light, trailer, right
3. Direction indicator, left, trailer.
4. Direction indicator, right, trailer.
5. Brake lights, trailer.

Trailer detection is performed in special circumstances and differs between the following conditions.

The trailer is coupled and the control unit shall determine when the trailer is un-coupled.

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1.
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IMPACT 3.0 Wednesday, 30 July 2014

1. Each time the vehicle is started. (Key turning).


2. Each time the parking brake is released.
3. Each time one of the 5 previously mentioned lighting functions is activated.

The trailer is not coupled and the control unit shall determine when the trailer is coupled.

1. Every time one of the above 5 lighting functions are activated.


2. Each time the vehicle is started. (Key turning).
3. Each time the parking brake is released.
4. When the vehicle speed is less than 5 km/h, the control unit sends a voltage pulse every 2 seconds.

If current consumption is less than 500 mA, which can be the case if LEDs are used on the trailer, then no
trailer is detected, which results in all trailer lights flashing every 2 seconds.

Note: Activation of trailer detection can result in the vehicle not fulfilling certain legal requirements.

Trailer detection TD-LED

Vehicles with TD-LED have more accurate current measurement in the LCM. The sensor can measure lower
currents than LCM which allows detection of trailers with LED lighting. The total consumption of the 5
named outputs under TD-BAS shall be at least 700 mA.

Security light when parking (PS light)

The security light when parking (PS light) is a function that delays the switch-off of main beam, dip beam and
parking lamps for 60 seconds. The time delay can be set between 0 and 254 seconds (performed at a
workshop).

In order for the security light to function the following is required

The starter key should be in position 0.


The function is activated by holding the main beam and direction indicator stalk in position 1 for 3
seconds.
Close and lock the door by pressing the lock button on the remote control. The clock is zeroed and the
time delay starts.

Plough lamps

The control unit can control snow plough light activation. There is a switch connected to the control unit
which in turn controls a relay that switches between the snow plough lights and the ordinary headlights on the
vehicle. In one position only the lights on the plough are lit, the vehicle's normal headlights are then
extinguished. In the other position only the ordinary headlights on the vehicle are lit. The snow plough lights
are supplied with power from the same output on the control unit as the ordinary headlights on the vehicle.

Components

Control Unit

Power supply, LCM (21043962–05/21043961–04)

The control unit has 7 power supply inputs, which are supplied from 7 different fuses (25 A and 5 A). These
fuses are located beneath the instrument panel. One of the power supplies (power supply 7 in the table below)
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IMPACT 3.0 Wednesday, 30 July 2014

is only a control signal that informs the control unit when the ignition key is in the drive position. The
above-mentioned fuses are supplied from a common 125 A fuse that is located in the battery box. If this fuse
blows, all lighting will stop working.

The control unit outputs have short-circuit protection and therefore work as automatic fuses.

Power Fuse Lighting


supply
Power supply Fuse no. 2 – 25 A (FKC) Front fog lights, left full beam headlights, rear fog
1 lights, sound indication warning lamp, direction
indicators indication lamp
Power supply Fuse no. 3 – 25 A (FKC) Trailer brake lights, left rear direction indicators, right
2 full beam headlights
Power supply Fuse no. 4 – 25 A (FKC) Right-hand trailer parking lights, instrument panel
3 lighting, right rear direction indicators, left-hand brake
lights, snow plough lighting relay
Power supply Fuse no. 1 – 25 A (FKC) Trailer right-hand direction indicators, right-hand
4 brake lights, reversing lights, right dipped headlights,
right rear side marking lights, left rear side marking
lights
Power supply Fuse no. 5 – 25 A (FKC) Trailer reversing lights, right-hand parking lights, left
5 dipped beam headlights, trailer left-hand direction
indicators, spotlights
Power supply Fuse no. 6 – 25 A (FKC) Trailer left-hand parking lights, left parking lights, left
6 front direction indicators, right front direction
indicators
Power supply Fuse no. 7 – 5 A, starter key Only to activate the control unit
7 in drive position

Activation

The external lighting control unit is normally activated by the starter key when it is in the drive position.
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IMPACT 3.0 Wednesday, 30 July 2014

Certain lighting functions can also be activated when the starter key is in the off position. Functions are
activated by the control unit monitoring certain inputs when the starter key is in the off position or out of the
lock.

During the engine starting sequence, the lighting is extinguished while the starter motor is active, while at the
same time a check is made of the lighting circuits by the control unit.

Lighting is activated as follows:

Starter key in drive position


Lighting switch in position Parking lights
Hazard warning flasher switch
Switch, main/dip beam (main beam flash)
Alarm / Central locking

Substitute lighting in fail-safe mode

If an internal fault occurs that involves the output drive stages or the supply to certain internal circuits in the
control unit, then the fail-safe mode is activated and certain outputs are activated as substitute lighting.

Substitute lighting is divided into two groups.

Group 1 consists of the drive stages that are constantly active in fail-safe mode.

Group 2 consists of the drive stage for the hazard warning flashers. This makes it possible to activate the
hazard warning flashers in fail-safe mode.

This lighting makes it possible to drive the vehicle to a workshop for repairs. If there is a serious control unit
fault no lighting is lit.

Group 1

Parking lights, trailer, left


Parking light, trailer, right
Dip beam, left
Dip beam, right
Parking light, tractor, left
Parking light, tractor, right

Group 2

Direction indicator, tractor, front left.


Direction indicator, tractor, front right.
Direction indicator, tractor, rear left.
Direction indicator, tractor, rear right.
Direction indicator, left, trailer.
Direction indicator, right, trailer.

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The information contained herein is current at the time of its original distribution, but is subject to change. The reader is advised that printed copies are uncontrolled.

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