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13-02-2019

JAT - A318 / A319 / A320 / A321 - AMM - FSN: 008 - 01-Feb-2019 - 46-26-32-00 CONF 00 - FOMAX (FLIGHT OPERATIONS AND MA…

 

AIRCRAFT

 

REVISION

 

TAIL NUMBER - MSN - FSN

CUSTOMIZATION

TYPES

DOCTYPES

DATE

TITLE

JAT

A318

A319

AMM

01-Feb-

46-26-32-00 CONF 00 - FOMAX (FLIGHT

OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE EXCHANGER) - DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

Unknown - 08838 - 008

A321

2019

 

A320

 

46-26-32-00 CONF 00 - FOMAX (FLIGHT OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE EXCHANGER) - DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

The FOMAX is a secure server router. It connects the Electronic Flight Bag (EFB) devices to the aircraft over a secure Internet Protocol (IP) router The FOMAX also gives:

-

A Wi-Fi connection from the EFBs to the aircraft parameters and to the board/ground communication channel

An acquisition function to decode and keep the ARINC 717 Digital Aircraft Condition Monitoring System (ACMS) Recorder (DAR) frames and then send them to the ground through the FOMAX communication channel. The FOMAX unit makes air-ground-air data communication possible, is an interface with the avionic subsystems and supplies application server functions.

-

FIN

FUNCTIONAL

 

PANEL

ZONE

ACCESS

ATA REF

DESIGNATION

 

DOOR

64TA

FOMAX

81

VU

121

 

46-16-00

64TAMD1

CD-FOMAX CORE SOFTWARE

 

211

 

46-16-00

64TAMD2

CD-FOMAX CONFIGURATION DATA SOFTWARE

 

211

 

46-16-00

64TASW1

SOFTWARE-FOMAX CORE

81

VU

121

 

46-16-00

64TASW2

SOFTWARE-FOMAX CONFIGURATION DATA

81

VU

121

 

46-16-00

64TAMD3

CD-A/L FOMAX CUSTOMIZATION DATA SOFTWARE

 

211

 

46-16-00

64TAMD4

CD-AIRBUS FOMAX CUSTOMIZATION DATA SOFTWARE

 

211

 

46-16-00

64TASW3

SOFTWARE-A/L FOMAX CUSTOMIZATION DATA

81

VU

121

 

46-16-00

64TASW4

SOFTWARE-AIRBUS FOMAX CUSTOMIZATION DATA

81

VU

121

 

46-16-00

65TA

ANTENNA-WIFI, FOMAX

550 VU

212

 

46-26-17

72TA

ANTENNA-GATELINK, AIRBUS FOMAX

 

234

 

46-26-15

73TA

ANTENNA-GATELINK, A/L FOMAX

 

234

 

46-26-16

System Description

 

** ON A/C FSN 003-050

1. General

2. Component Location

** ON A/C FSN 003-050

** ON A/C FSN 003-050

3.

© AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

13-02-2019

JAT - A318 / A319 / A320 / A321 - AMM - FSN: 008 - 01-Feb-2019 - 46-26-32-00 CONF 00 - FOMAX (FLIGHT OPERATIONS AND MA…

A. System Architecture

(1)

Onboard system interfaces:

- The FOMAX has interfaces with the onboard units that follow:

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

| FROM/TO

|

FOMAX INPUT

|

FOMAX OUTPUT

|

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Aircraft

!

! Alternating Current

!

(AC) power supply

!

!

Discrete

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Mobile device

! (transmitting PEDs)

!

!

Wi-Fi

Cellular

!

!

Wi-Fi

Cellular

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Antennas

! Coaxial cables

!

Coaxial cables !

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Air Traffic Service Unit ! ARINC 429/ARINC 619

! (ATSU) (if installed)

!

!

!

ARINC 429/

ARINC 619

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Flight Management

!

ARINC 429

!

! and Guidance Computer

!

!

! (FMGC)

!

!

!

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Flight Warning Computer

!

ARINC 429

!

! (FWC)

!

!

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! System Data Acquisition

!

ARINC 429

!

! Concentrator (SDAC)

!

!

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Display Management

!

ARINC 429

!

! Computer (DMC)

!

!

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Air Data/Inertial

!

ARINC 429

!

! Reference Unit (ADIRU)

!

!

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

!

Centralized Fault Display ! ARINC 429

!

Interface Unit (CFDIU)

! (no data exchange

!

!

in Step 1)

!

!(no data exchange

!

ARINC 429

in Step 1)

!

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Flight Data Interface

!

ARINC 717

!

! and Management Unit

!

!

! (FDIMU)

!

!

!

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Cabin Router

! Ethernet link

!

Ethernet link !

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Direct

! Ethernet link

! Satellite Communication

!

! (SATCOM)

!

!

Ethernet link

!

!

!

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Portable Multipurpose

!

Wi-Fi

! Access Terminal (PMAT)

!

!

!

Wi-Fi

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Portable Data Loader

! Ethernet link

!

! (PDL)

!

!

!

!

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(2)

Air/ground interfaces There are three primary air/ground interfaces:

(a)

The air/ground wireless-communication interfaces:

For the air/ground communication, the FOMAX uses the cellular gatelink with one antenna for Airbus and one antenna for the Airline. Cellular gatelink for Airbus is part of the basic aircraft definition but other communication devices are optional for the Airlines. For their activation, it is necessary to use the FOMAX configuration and the FOMAX Airline customization.

(b)

PDL:

-

The PDL is the source of the data loading process. It is connected to the FOMAX with the ARINC 615-A plug.

(c)

PMAT:

-

The PMAT is the source of all the FOMAX maintenance/administrative tasks.

© AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

13-02-2019

JAT - A318 / A319 / A320 / A321 - AMM - FSN: 008 - 01-Feb-2019 - 46-26-32-00 CONF 00 - FOMAX (FLIGHT OPERATIONS AND MA…

(3)

Ground segments

The FOMAX is a service provider for Pilot EFB. The FOMAX system supplies some software modules to install into the Airline ground segments that follow:

- Airline FOMAX VPN end-point for secured communications between the aircraft and the Airline Ground

- Secure file transfer protocol server to retrieve data from the aircraft applications

- GODART tool which receives the security assurance requirements for suppliers, quick access recorder, DAR and ACMS reports

- Monitoring Application Programming Interface (API) to monitor aircraft connectivity and activity with the ground

- Other FOMAX tools (monitoring Human-Machine Interface (HMI) or maintenance HMI, etc.).

B. FOMAX Software Components The FOMAX has the software components that follow:

-

FOMAX core software-component (64TA/SW1)

-

FOMAX configuration-data software-component (64TA/SW2)

-

Airline FOMAX customization-data software-component (64TA/SW3)

-

Airbus FOMAX customization-data software-component (64TA/SW4).

(1)

FOMAX core software-component (64TA/SW1) The FOMAX core software-component is the operational software that makes the FOMAX operate correctly. It makes the data loading of the ARINC 665 field-loadable software-component possible. It includes the Operating System (OS) (SE-Linux), the basic services and commercial off-the-shelf software.

The FOMAX core software-component contains the definition of the zero-state. It gives the default condition of the unit until the configuration data and customization data-software components are uploaded and activated. The FOMAX zero-state has the end-user functions that follow:

- Data loading

 

- Health monitoring and web API.

All the other functions are stopped.

The FOMAX is in the zero-state in the conditions that follow:

- If the FOMAX core software-component is uploaded, and the FOMAX customization data and/or the FOMAX configuration-data software is not uploaded

- If a new FOMAX core software-component is installed

- If the applicable "zero-state" flag is activated in the uploaded customization software component.

(2)

FOMAX configuration-data software-component (64TA/SW2):

-

It configures the FOMAX core-software parameters to adapt the FOMAX to the Airbus aircraft configuration and to optimize the FOMAX.

-

It is an Airbus-approved software component uploaded as an ARINC 665 field-loadable software-component. It gives the settings that follow:

(a)

The network configuration:

 

-

The addressing parameters and rules applicable to each interface

 

(b)

The cabin router and ATSU interface settings

(c)

The DAR frame speed-adjustment

(d)

The activation/deactivation of the optional functions:

 

-

The SATCOM and the Aircraft Communication Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS).

(3)

Airline FOMAX customization-data software-component (64TA/SW3):

- It contains FOMAX core software-parameters to adapt the FOMAX to the Airline requirements.

- It is a User Modifiable Software (UMS).

- The operator must upload it to the FOMAX without the aid of Airbus, Rockwell Collins or the other authorities.

- The Airline customization does not change the Airbus customization.

This software component gives the settings that follow:

(a)

The Wi-Fi access-point Service Set Identifier (SSID) and the password

(b)

The Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) card identification and the password for the cellular gatelink

© AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

13-02-2019

JAT - A318 / A319 / A320 / A321 - AMM - FSN: 008 - 01-Feb-2019 - 46-26-32-00 CONF 00 - FOMAX (FLIGHT OPERATIONS AND MA…

(c)

The routing policy:

-

The communication channel priority can change with the location and the flight phase.

(d)

Virtual private network-settings for the board/ground communication with the related certificate

(e)

Virtual DAR (VDAR) recording start and stop conditions, compression and encryption settings.

(4)

Airbus FOMAX customization-data software-component (64TA/SW4):

- It contains FOMAX core software-parameters to adapt the FOMAX to the Airbus requirements.

- It is a UMS.

- The operator must upload it to the FOMAX without the aid of Airbus, Rockwell Collins or the other authorities.

- The Airbus customization does not modify the Airline customization.

This software component gives the settings that follow:

-

The Wi-Fi access-point SSID and the password

-

The SIM card identification and the password for the cellular gatelink

-

The routing policy: the communication channel priority can change with the location and the flight phase (only cellular gatelink is managed by Airbus).

(a)

The virtual private network-settings for the board/ground communication with the related certificate

(b)

The VDAR recording start and stop conditions, compression and encryption settings.

(c)

The list of parameters received on A429.

C. FOMAX Features

(1)

The FOMAX has:

(a)

The aircraft parameter-acquisition function

(b)

The A834-ADBP aircraft parameter for the mobile devices

(c)

The Wi-Fi access point in the cockpit

(d)

The communication functions that follow:

 

1 Gatelink aircraft-communication

2 Connection to the SATCOM Inmarsat SBB for in-flight communication

3 Connection to the SATCOM with aircraft communication manager.

 

(e)

VDAR:

 

1

Acquisition and transmission of the DAR-frame recording files to the ground

 

(f)

Data security function:

 

1

OS hardening (SE Linux), aircraft communication tunneling and firewall.

 

(g)

Administration function:

1 ARINC 615-A data loading for the FOMAX core, configuration data and customization data (ARINC 665 field-loadable software component) software components

2 Administration function manages the FOMAX status, hardware and software part numbers

3 FOMAX monitoring and log management.

4. Power Supply In normal conditions, the FOMAX is supplied with 115VAC-400Hz, thus it starts and stops with the aircraft.

The FOMAX includes a reset function through a discrete input. This function is not used, but it is possible to do a reset of the FOMAX as follows:

- With a circuit breaker, or

- With a software function.

An electronic maintenance device that contains the Local Maintenance Function (LMF) application connected to the FOMAX, starts the reset. In this condition, the reset of the FOMAX will occur only at software level. If this electronic maintenance device does not use this module, the "reset" software function does not operate.

5. Interface

© AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

13-02-2019

JAT - A318 / A319 / A320 / A321 - AMM - FSN: 008 - 01-Feb-2019 - 46-26-32-00 CONF 00 - FOMAX (FLIGHT OPERATIONS AND MA…

The different interfaces of the FOMAX are:

- The external Ethernet interface

- The ARINC 615-A interface

- The LMF RJ45 plug interface

- The cockpit Wi-Fi interface

- The avionics interface

- The discrete interface

- The pin programming (PIN PROG) interface

- The gatelink interface.

A. External Ethernet Interface The identified Ethernet data flows are:

(1)

With the PMAT:

(a) For the administrative and maintenance tasks, these channels are necessary:

- LMF HMI

- VDAR HMI.

All the data flows are identified and filtered to safety the FOMAX and to control the protocol for these two channels.

(2)

With the SATCOM (direct connection):

-

For Air to Ground (A/G) communications.

(3)

With the SATCOM (through the aircraft communication manager):

- For A/G communications.

B. ARINC 615-A Interface The identified Ethernet data flows are:

(1)

With the PDL (PMAT 2000 or Techsat):

- For ARINC 615-A data loading.

C. Cockpit Wi-Fi Interface

The identified Ethernet data flows are:

(1)

With the EFB:

(a)

For the EFB operations:

1 The web services:

 

-

This interface gives the EFB connected devices access to the FOMAX services with the hypertext transfer protocol.

2 The ARINC 834 bus:

 

-

The FOMAX gives access to the ARINC 429 data, the discrete status and the platform parameters through the ARINC 834-4 ADBP protocol. The EFB components use this interface to retrieve the parameters that are necessary for the flight operation applications and to set the communication with the ground.

3 The communication channels:

 

-

The internet-control message protocol and the secure hypertext-transfer protocol.

(b)

For the administrative and maintenance tasks:

1 LMF HMI

2 VDAR HMI.

D. Avionics Interface The avionics interface is necessary to give:

- Access to the avionics parameters

- The discrete status to the applications

- The ACARS transmission/reception to the EFB clients

- The ARINC 717 frame recording and storage to the VDAR function. These parameters are transmitted through:

- The discrete interface

- The ARINC 429 interface

- The ARINC 717 interface.

6. Component Description

A. FOMAX 64TA

© AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

13-02-2019

JAT - A318 / A319 / A320 / A321 - AMM - FSN: 008 - 01-Feb-2019 - 46-26-32-00 CONF 00 - FOMAX (FLIGHT OPERATIONS AND MA…

(1)

FOMAX front face

The FOMAX front face has:

- A protection door with a screw

- Two LED indicators behind the protection door on the front panel of the FOMAX (the green and amber LED indicators show the status of the FOMAX)

- Eight mini SIM card slots (J7-J14).

(2)

FOMAX rear face

The FOMAX rear face has an ARINC 600 type-2 connector to connect it to:

(a)

Plug A (ARINC 600-19 configuration Q2)

(b)

Plug B (ARINC 600-19 configuration Q11)

(c)

Plug C (ARINC 600-19 configuration 24).

|

!

!

!

!

!

B. Cockpit Wi-Fi Antenna 65TA

The cockpit Wi-Fi antenna is a passive unit. The power supply is not necessary for this cockpit Wi-Fi antenna.

C. Gatelink Antennas 72TA, 73TA

The gatelink antennas are passive units. The power supply is not necessary for the gatelink antennas. To make sure that the performance does not decrease, one antenna is for the Airbus ground traffic and the other antenna for the Airline ground traffic.

D. FOMAX Software Component 64TASW1, 64TASW2, 64TASW3, 64TASW4

E. LMF

(1)

The LMF is the EFB application in charge of satisfactory troubleshooting Airborne FOMAX when it is in service. LMF application HMI is organized into five main display areas.

LMF maintenance software can:

- Provide an overall view of the Airborne FOMAX.

- Display a detailed information view of the Airborne FOMAX and the aircraft equipment connected to it immediately (information constantly refreshed).

- Provide the list of FOMAX events that occured during last flight logs.

- Identify a FOMAX service/function in failure quickly.

- Help to do the troubleshooting Airborne FOMAX, based on Trouble Shooting Manual tasks at the maintainer level or at the specialist level.

- Download all necessary information to do the further investigation in the back-office.

- Download data files not received by the ground.

- Back-up, restore or clean-up network file management service partitions of Airborne FOMAX.

7. Operation/Control and Indicating

A. Nominal Mode

(1)

The FOMAX starts automatically when the aircraft systems are energized. During this phase, the PIN PROG hardware configures the system automatically. This boot sequence is completed in less than 60 seconds.

(a) On the front face, the FOMAX has two LEDs that give the internal status of the FOMAX as follows:

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

|

LED

|

LED STATUS

|

FOMAX STATUS

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Green

!

ON

!

FOMAX energized

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Green

!

OFF

!

FOMAX not energized

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Amber

!

Flashes

!

FOMAX started

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Amber

!

OFF

!

FOMAX OK

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

! Amber

!

ON

!

FOMAX defective

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

B. Degraded Mode

(1)

Cockpit alerts and pushbutton switches

There is no cockpit light or pushbutton switch in the cockpit to know the status of the FOMAX

functions or to activate/deactivate them. The FOMAX reset is only possible with the aircraft

© AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.

13-02-2019

JAT - A318 / A319 / A320 / A321 - AMM - FSN: 008 - 01-Feb-2019 - 46-26-32-00 CONF 00 - FOMAX (FLIGHT OPERATIONS AND MA…

circuit breaker. The FOMAX API software gives access to the FOMAX application functions. With these functions, the end user can get data on the LRU functions.

C. Maintenance Mode A check of the two front face LEDs is necessary to know the status of the FOMAX. The LMF, installed on the maintainer laptop or the tablet, lets you do the troubleshooting of the FOMAX.

© AIRBUS S.A.S. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT.