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# PROBLEM 1 to 5

curves?

## 2. What is the conic section or geometric shape used in vertical curves

that is discussed in our class?

3. In a simple curve, a line can be drawn from the origin to the point of
intersection. The point where that line intersects the curve is point M. The
distance from point M to the point of Intersection is called _____________.

## 5. The backward tangent of a compound curve is 150 meters. The forward

tangent is 200 meters. The common tangent has a length of _____________.

PROBLEM 6 to 8

6. A simple curve has a radius of 50 meters and its central angle is 48°. The
backward tangent is equal to ____________ meters.
𝐼
𝑇 = 𝑅𝑡𝑎𝑛 ( )
2
48°
𝑇 = ( 50 𝑚)𝑡𝑎𝑛 ( )
2
𝑻 = 𝟐𝟐. 𝟑 𝒎

## 7. The forward tangent distance is equal to ___________ meters.

8. The chord connecting the PC and the PT has a length of _______ meters.

PROBLEM 9 to 11

## 9. A compound curve has R1 = 112m , I1 = 32°, R2=128m, and I2=30°. Its

common tangent distance is _________________
10. The length of curve is equal to ____________ meters.

11. The chord intersecting the PCC and PT has a length of ________ meters.

PROBLEM 12 to 14

## 12. A boulder is at station 58+132 of a compound curve. The PC is at

station 57+952. The radius and central angle of the first curve are 250m
and 28°, respectively. The second curve has a central angle of 36°. The
chord connecting the PCC and PT has a length of 197.77m. Where is the
boulder located?

13. What is the shortest distance of the boulder from the common
tangent?

## 14. The long chord from PC to PT has a distance of ___________ meters

PROBLEM 15 to 17

15. A reversed curve with parallel tangents have central angles of 100°.
The radii are 180 m and 240 m for the first curve and second curve,
respectively. The common tangent distance is near _________________

16. The distance between the backward and forward tangents is about __

PROBLEM 18 to 21

## 18. A symmetrical parabolic curve has a descending forward gradeline of

6.2%. The backward gradeline is ascending 3.8%. The curve is 146m long. If
the PVC is at station 12+148, the highest/lowest point is near station ______

19. The offset distance from the PVI to the curve is about ______________

20. The offset distance of the lowest/highest point from the gradeline it is

21. If the elevation of the PVC is 120 m. The elevation at the PVT is about _
PROBLEM 22 to 23

Below are the details of the cross sections of the proposed road. Width of

## Sta. 1+040 Sta. 1+080

7.45 0 5.5 6 0 5.9
+4.0 +3.2 +2.7 +1.0 0.2 +1.5

## 23. The volume using End-Area Method alone is about

24. A square lot 50x50 sq.m shown below is needed to leveled down to an
elevation of 120m. The corners of the squares have the following
elevations:

## A = 165 m B = 182 m C = 190 m

D = 171 m E = 183 m F = 191 m
G = 185 m H = 179 m I = 187 m

## The volume of cut needed to achieve proposed elevation is about ______

II. MODIFIED TRUE OF FALSE

## 25. In a simple curve, the backward tangent is parallel to the line

connecting the origin and the PC.

26. In a simple curve, the angle subtended by the backward tangent and
the long chord is equal to the central angle of the curve.

27. In reversed curves, if the forward tangents are parallel, the deflection
angles of the 2 simple curves included are always equal.

28. The length of chord is the arc length from the PC to PT of a simple
curve

29. In reversed curves, if the forward and backward tangents are parallel,
the radii of the 2 simple curves included are always equal.

## 30. If a parabolic curve has a descending forward gradeline and an

ascending backward gradeline, the parabola opens upward.

## 31. The common tangent of a compound curve is always parallel to its

long chord

32. The end cross sections and the middle section are needed to
compute for volume using Average End-Area Method.

## 33. The horizontal distance from PVC to PVI of an unsymmetrical vertical

parabolic curve is equal to the horizontal distance from PVI to PVT

34. The distance between stations 12+985 and 13+ 056 is equal to 71
meters

III. WRITING

35-37. What is your favorite topic in this course. Why? 3 to 8 sentences only

38-40. What is the best simple curve laying method for you? Why?

IV. BONUS

## 41-43. derive the formula E = R(sec(I/2)) – 1 using trigonometric relationship

of simple curve elements.