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RENAISSANCE MAN EVERYDAY NEEDS SKIER’S ARDUOUS TREK

A CELEBRATION FILLING GAPS LEFT AFTER OLYMPIC GOLD,


OF LEONARDO BY INSURANCE A CANCER DIAGNOSIS
PAGE 15 | TRAVEL PAGE 8 | TECH PAGE 12 | SPORTS

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INTERNATIONAL EDITION | TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019

Can Trump Israeli leader


make a deal stakes his
with Kim? future on a
Nicholas Eberstadt racist party
JERUSALEM
OPINION

And so they meet again. President Pact with anti-Arab group


Trump and Kim Jong-un, the ruler of
North Korea, are expected to gather
condemned by left and
this week in Hanoi, Vietnam, for a right at home and overseas
second round of nuclear negotiations.
Mr. Kim bested Mr. Trump at their first BY DAVID M. HALBFINGER
meeting in Singapore in June last year.
And he is poised to do so again. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of
The reason is simple: He has a Israel has made something of an art
strategy and the Americans do not. form of cutting deals with small political
The United States hopes to somehow parties, but his latest alliance has
keep the world safe from North Korea. earned him denunciations from quar-
But Mr. Kim has an actual plan to ters where he has usually been able to
make the world safe for North Korea. count on unshakable support.
Mr. Kim’s plan — the same as his Mr. Netanyahu, his future imperiled
father’s and grandfather’s, and one by prosecutors and political challengers
breathtakingly revisionist — is nothing alike, has enraged Jewish leaders in Is-
less than unconditional reunification of rael and the United States by striking a
the Korean Peninsula under the control bargain with a racist anti-Arab party
of his government in Pyongyang. whose ideology was likened by one in-
Nuclear weapons are indispensable to fluential rabbi to Nazism. Even pro-Is-
achieving his vision. rael groups in the United States that pre-
One wants to And rational actors fer to air their disagreements quietly
do not bargain away have issued public condemnations.
make North their core interests; The furor has aggravated already
Korea safe only fools or traitors fraught relations between Israel and
for the world. do. Jews in the diaspora, undercutting Jew-
The other For a time, the ish efforts in North America and Europe
wants to Trump team’s MERIDITH KOHUT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES to fight anti-Semitism at a time when it
make the counter-proliferation Seeking a Plan B Protesters climbing barrels to get on a bridge to escort a humanitarian aid convoy from Colombia to Venezuela. The Venezuelan opposition is on the rise on both continents.
world safe for policy — its “maxi- hoped the convoy would weaken the rule of President Nicolás Maduro, but only one truck made it through. Now there is new talk of the need for foreign help. PAGE 3 The embattled Mr. Netanyahu, grasp-
North Korea. mum pressure” ing for every potential vote, has turned
campaign of eco- to the extremist party Otzma Yehudit, or
nomic strangulation Jewish Power, whose leaders have a

Giving up on capitalism
by way of sanctions long history of expressing support for
— seemed to pose a much more seri- violence against Palestinians, the expul-
ous threat to Pyongyang’s nuclear sion of Arabs from Israel and the occu-
quest than did previous American pied territories, and a ban on intermar-
administrations. riage or sex between Jews and Arabs.
North Korea’s distorted economy, The prime minister arranged for the
which is highly dependent on imports trade unionism. His parents may have organization to merge into a somewhat
BRIGHTON, ENGLAND
of food and energy, as well as foreign gotten their news from The Sun and The more mainstream party of religious Zi-
subsidies, would not be able to with- Daily Mail, but he listens to reports on onists, the Jewish Home. That pact, an-
stand such measures indefinitely, the the “crisis of capitalism” from Novara nounced last week, could easily catapult
thinking went. If it was squeezed Some British millennials Media, a left-wing independent media Otzma Yehudit from the disreputable
enough, North Korea’s defense indus- group. Over Christmas he started read- fringe into Israel’s next governing coali-
try would suffer, too, and Mr. Kim’s
are losing patience with ing Marx. tion.
threat to target the United States promises of social mobility Mr. McIntyre is the first in his family Otzma Yehudit’s leaders proudly call
would never be fully realized. to attend college, part of a vast cohort of themselves disciples of Meir Kahane, an
But then Mr. Kim went on the coun- BY ELLEN BARRY
young Britons who were meant to em- anti-Arab militant born in New York
teroffensive. body upward social mobility. It is a para- who served a term in the Israeli Parlia-
In his 2018 New Year’s address, he Alex McIntyre was raised on budget dox that so many in this bulge, like their ment in the 1980s before his Kach Party
declared that “the power and reliabil- cuts. counterparts in the United States, are was outlawed in Israel and declared a
ity” of North Korea’s nuclear warheads The youth center where he went after giving up on free-market capitalism, terrorist group by the United States. He
and ballistic missiles had “already school was closed when he was 10. When convinced it cannot provide their fam- was assassinated in New York in 1990.
been proved to the full.” He ordered he was 11, his mother’s housing benefit ilies with a decent life. Much as Kach did, Otzma Yehudit’s
testing to stop and mass production to was shaved away, a casualty of the Wel- The general election of 2017 exposed platform calls for annexing the occupied
start. At the same time, he announced fare Reform Act. By the time the street- the starkest generation gap in the recent territories, rejecting a Palestinian state,
that he was ready for dialogue with light in his cul-de-sac began blinking off history of British politics. Young voters expelling “enemies” of Israel — a euphe-
“compatriots” from South Korea “if at midnight, a few years later, these broke dramatically for the Labour Party, mism for Arabs — and taking “owner-
they sincerely wish” for “national events had knitted together into a single whose socialist leader, Jeremy Corbyn, ship” of the Temple Mount. The Temple
concord and unity.” story, about a government policy that has promised to rebuild the welfare MARY TURNER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES Mount site, in Jerusalem, is holy to both
This was a deft gambit. It allowed had defined his childhood. state and redistribute wealth. Hardened Alex McIntyre with a friend he met in class at the University of Brighton last year. He is Muslims and Jews, and is overseen by
the new South Korean government to “Austerity, that’s what I know. That’s against the centrists of their parents’ now working at a pub and fighting for better working conditions and better pay. Muslim clerics under Jordanian super-
jump back into conciliatory engage- my life,” said Mr. McIntyre. “I’ve never generation, they have tugged the party vision.
ment — which President Moon Jae-in known an England that was a different to the left, opening up rifts that are now The pact between Mr. Netanyahu and
did almost instantly — and to help way.” fracturing Labour. in that 2016 referendum. He is pale and tion. But his grievance is generational: the Kahanists set off a predictable erup-
EBERSTADT, PAGE 11 Now 19 and old enough to vote, Mr. The young also saw their views on lanky, discreetly tattooed, caustically that the state has taken away benefits tion in the United States from liberal
McIntyre is making up for lost time. leaving the European Union — three- funny and so well-mannered that he his parents and grandparents enjoyed, Jewish groups like J Street and Ameri-
The New York Times publishes opinion Over the last six months, he was drawn quarters of them voted to Remain — would rather miss his train than cut into like low-cost housing and free educa- cans for Peace, as well as the Union of
from a wide range of perspectives in into the center of the Momentum move- bulldozed by Leavers their grandpar- a line. (“Being British can be limiting,” tion. Reform Judaism, which normally stays
hopes of promoting constructive debate ment, an ideological marketplace ents’ age. Mr. McIntyre is still angry he observed.) “We’re not blind to it. We’re not stupid, out of Israeli politics.
about consequential questions. buzzing with rebranded socialism and that he was too young, by a year, to vote He is not representative of a genera- BRITAIN, PAGE 2 ISRAEL, PAGE 4

The Oscars spread the wealth around


By backing “Green Book,” voters
LOS ANGELES
slowed the rise of Netflix, which had ag-
gressively pushed “Roma” in the best-
picture race. But Netflix made signifi-
‘Green Book’ is declared cant inroads anyway, with “Roma,”
about a domestic worker in 1970s-era
best picture, but many Mexico City, winning three Oscars, in-
films earn academy’s favor cluding best director and cinemato-
Here to steal your heart.
grapher for Alfonso Cuarón. (Netflix
BY BROOKS BARNES
had previously received only one Oscar
for a feature-length film.) nytimes.com/mlpodcast
In many ways, the 91st Academy In another twist, “Bohemian Rhap-
Awards ceremony — the first without a sody,” the blockbuster biopic about
host in 30 years — played out like the Queen and its frontman, Freddie Mer-
more populist and less prestigious Gold- cury, received the most Academy
en Globes, handed out by the Hollywood Awards — four — with wins for Rami
Foreign Press Association seven weeks Malek’s lead acting and for editing,
earlier: It veered in multiple directions, sound mixing and sound editing.
as voters sprinkled their attention Like “Roma,” “Black Panther” went
among a dozen pictures, with no film home with three Oscars. The Dick Che-
walking away with a commanding ney biopic, “Vice,” received one, for hair
sweep. and makeup. And “The Favourite,”
“Green Book,” about a white chauf- which had 10 nominations, tying
feur and his black client in segregation- “Roma” for the most, left with one Oscar,
era America, won best picture and two for Olivia Colman as lead actress.
MONICA ALMEIDA FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES other trophies on Sunday night, over- A gobsmacked Colman gave a gig-
Alfonso Cuarón of Mexico with his awards for “Roma”: best foreign-language film, best coming a series of awards-season set- gling, circuitous acceptance speech that
director and best cinematography. “Bohemian Rhapsody” won the most Oscars: four. backs and mixed reviews. OSCARS, PAGE 13

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2 | TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION

page two

‘Austerity, that’s what I know. That’s my life’


BRITAIN, FROM PAGE 1 Now, he is one of the group of hipster
you know,” Mr. McIntyre said. “The rea- leftists who broadcast over Novara Me-
son we’re opposing what’s going on, is dia.
what we’ve been dealt.” One of them, the 26-year-old Ash
Britons who came of age after the Sarkar, thrilled left-wing Twitter in a
global financial crisis of 2008 will, in televised debate this summer by eye-
many cases, be worse off than their par- rolling Piers Morgan, one of Britain’s
ents. Born on the wrong side of skyrock- most famous journalists, who had mis-
eting property values, 30-year-olds are taken her for a garden-variety Labour
only half as likely to own homes as baby activist. “I’m a communist, you idiot!”
boomers were at the same age. A third she told him, throwing him a withering
are expected to rent for their whole look reserved for the young who disdain
lives. the old. “I’m literally a communist!”
Unlike previous generations, they are (Novara now charges £15 for T-shirts
expected to foot the bill for expensive with this quote.)
educations. The average graduate now One of its planks is “Fully Automated
owes the government more than 50,800 Luxury Communism,” the notion of a
pounds, or $64,000, a debt to be paid “post-work society” in which labor is
back gradually upon securing a well- largely automated and workers live off a
paid job, according to the Institute for “massively increased minimum wage.”
Fiscal Studies. The portion of Britons at- Mr. McIntyre wasn’t certain where he
tending college has climbed to 49 per- stood on Marx, but he did feel at home
cent, the highest level ever, but they will with the trade union guys. A future was
graduate into a historic spell of wage taking shape in Mr. McIntyre’s mind,
stagnation. complete with new friends and new
Robert Ford, a professor of politics at ideas — the thing, in other words, that
the University of Manchester, recalled college had been supposed to provide.
Margaret Thatcher’s thesis about home- He wasn’t sure, anymore, about going
ownership: By allowing low-income into medicine. He called his mother one
Britons to buy the state housing they day to give her this news.
rented, she could make them into stake- “I thought I wanted to be a scientist,
holders in market capitalism, enlarging but I love politics,” he said later. “There
the Tory Party. With his students, realiz- are amazing opportunities with the bak-
ing in their 20s that they are not likely ers’ union.”
ever to own a home, that process has He was, he acknowledged, of two
been thrown into reverse. minds, having invested so many years
“All the risk has been shifted onto in preparing for college. “I’ve accrued
them,” he said. “They know this is not half the debt, it would be quite dumb of
the situation their parents and grand- me to completely abandon what I’ve
parents were in. You’ve got a generation worked years for,” he said. “On the other
since the crisis with lower mobility and hand, my passion for what I do at uni has
lower security. It makes them less con- dwindled.”
vinced that the market delivers good She listened to him quietly and hung
outcomes.” up the phone, he said. A single mother,
It was a big deal for Mr. McIntyre to she had worked two or three jobs the
make it to college. whole time he was growing up and still
He comes from the lower-middle- PHOTOGRAPHS BY MARY TURNER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES takes in ironing for extra cash. His appli-
class neighborhood of Welwyn Garden Alex McIntyre, center right, celebrating the series of walkouts and strike actions that he and his friends who work together in a pub have organized. cations to college had been thrilling for
her, and she went through the choices
with him, one by one.
“She wants me to have a better fu-
ture,” he said. “For her, that is going to
university, getting a degree, earning
loads of money.”
The next day she called to tell him to
stay in school. He said he would.
At home for the holidays, he was
warned not to discuss politics with his
Thatcherite grandparents, and tiptoed
around the subject. No one in his life has
brought up the bitter, divisive strikes of
the 1970s and ’80s, which soured public
opinion against the labor movement.
“Either they are left-wing or they are-
n’t political at all,” he said. “That’s young
people. That’s us.”
Mr. McIntyre has begun to count the
months until he will graduate and throw
himself into full-time activism.
Before Christmas he was invited by
the bakers’ union president, Ian Hod-
son, to speak to students in the left-wing
A group of Mr. McIntyre’s fellow employees preparing placards for a series of walkouts stronghold of Liverpool.
and strike actions. Many of the co-workers have college degrees. He drank pints of beer with veteran
organizers, men with meaty forearms
who spoke to him in a Lancashire twang
City, north of London, where life ex- where else in England last year, accord- about Maggie Thatcher and the Peas-
pectancy trails the national average. He ing to Hamptons International, a rental ants’ Revolt. On his way home he
grew up in a state-subsidized rental agent. The room he found, at the top of a stopped by a picket of shipbuilders at
property and attended a school ranked musty, water-stained stairway, cost Liverpool’s docks, his first old-school in-
“Requires Improvement” by the state more than his government maintenance dustrial picket line.
educational inspection agency. His sis- loan could cover. When he added up his He was bleary, after nightclubbing
ter had her first child at 16. tuition and maintenance loans, the with the bakers’ union president until 3
Social mobility was a mantra for the amount he will repay the government the night before, and wheeling a carry-
Conservative Party during those years. once he is in a secure job, it came to Rents in Brighton rose faster than anywhere else in England last year, according to Hamptons International, a rental agent. on bag behind him.
David Cameron promised this in 2010, £46,500, or roughly $61,000. His anxiety Then he saw what he had been look-
as he announced the tripling of univer- was so intense that he tried to get an ap- ing for: The gray hulk of the Cammell
sity tuition fees. Higher fees, he argued, pointment for medication. that his hands were speckled with pin- Workers Union, demanding a minimum was dismissed as an anachronism dur- Laird plant, and two dozen workers
would open up new spots and create bet- “It’s that feeling of having absolutely prick burns. He liked the Wetherspoons wage of £10 an hour. The strikers looked ing the centrist era of Tony Blair and Bill warming their hands over a fire in a
ter opportunities by encouraging mar- nothing which I don’t want to even go clientele, including the ones who lined nothing like the coal miners of the 1980s Clinton. steel barrel. They were picketing over
ket competition, something closer to the near,” he said. up, shakily, for pints at 8 a.m. “Forgotten printed on Britain’s collective memory; Mr. McIntyre said he encountered layoffs, and complained that they had
American system. people,” he called them. they were sons and daughters of the new ideas every day now, like food on a been replaced by Romanians. A half-fin-
“We have made our choice,” Mr. Cam- But he seethed over the pay and work- middle class, wearing wallet chains and cafeteria shelf. He met Callum Cant, a ished icebreaker loomed at the pier, its
eron said. “A choice in favor of social mo- “We’re not blind to it. We’re not ing conditions. Five days a week he leopard skin pants and Doc Martens. tall, thin, erudite doctoral student who deck crawling with tiny figures. “This is
bility, in favor of a fairer society. Of a stupid, you know. The reason worked midnight-to-8 a.m. shifts, which “You are already trending, No. 6 on Twit- has organized a Marx reading group for Franny, he built the Titanic,” joked one of
country where you can escape — truly we’re opposing what’s going on, is left him shaky and ill. Was this adult life, ter,” whooped the union rep. “Solidarity employees at Wetherspoons and edits the men, and offered Mr. McIntyre a ba-
escape — the circumstances of your this relentless precariousness? His co- from Plovdiv, Bulgaria!” someone Notes from Below, an online journal on con sandwich.
birth.”
what we’ve been dealt.” workers did not offer much comfort: A shouted. “self-emancipation of the working class “It’s so inspiring,” Mr. McIntyre said.
Mr. McIntyre was a test case for this lot of them already had university de- Afterward, Mr. McIntyre was so exhil- from capitalism and the state.” “It gives me goose bumps.”
experiment. He was identified as gifted The panic eased when he found a job grees. arated that he barely slept. “I’m sitting Mr. Cant, 24, who comes from a He picked up a union banner and
and enrolled in a charity program, the as a kitchen assistant at a J.D. Wether- “Other people can’t pay their rent, and here with a cup of coffee, thinking, wealthy village in Hampshire, arrived at walked out to the roadway to hold it for a
Social Mobility Foundation. He was sent spoon pub. Wetherspoons is Britain’s I’m a paycheck away from not being ‘What just happened?’ ” he said a little college in 2014 and was swept into pro- few minutes, trying to make eye contact
to stay at Cambridge University, where ubiquitous low-cost restaurant chain. able to pay my rent,” he said. He was in later. “This is not the end. It is the first tests against austerity and tuition hikes. with the drivers. Cargo trucks were bar-
he ate in a wood-paneled dining hall, Its founder, a self-made millionaire this frame of mind when he was ap- step in something big.” He never drifted back to the path his reling by and drenching his feet in
served by waiters, an experience he de- named Tim Martin, is an American- proached quietly by a co-worker, who He had passed into the world of the parents expected of him, toward a job in plumes of water.
scribed as “hilarious.” He thrilled his style celebrity entrepreneur who counts asked him, a little mysteriously, “We’re young left that has coalesced in Brigh- London finance or journalism. A few of them saw him. A van marked
mother by saying he wanted to become Walmart’s Sam Walton among his he- fed up. Are you fed up?” ton, a bohemian university town. “I get teased about coming from a pri- “compressed air” honked. A street
a doctor. roes. A few months later, Mr. McIntyre It is a world of anticapitalist work- vate school among comrades,” he said. sweeper honked. So did a flatbed truck
But once he arrived at the University Mr. McIntyre worked the fryer, lower- strode out on to North Street for his first shops, anarchist retreats and rent “But I got a look at what their lives were loaded with wooden pallets. Mr. McIn-
of Brighton, that confidence collapsed. ing hash browns and sausages in a met- walkout, accompanied by their union strikes, and it is embodied by Mr. Cor- like. They weren’t happy. They weren’t tyre grinned. He was at home. “I love it,”
Rents in Brighton rose faster than any- al basket into a spitting tub of hot oil, so rep from the Bakers, Food and Allied byn, 69, a grandfatherly socialist who fulfilled.” he said.

Charles Dickens tried to banish wife to asylum, letters show


in The Times Literary Supplement on lyzed were based on those conversa- Tuke, a psychiatrist who ran a private
LONDON
Tuesday. The article accompanied the tions and, according to the professor, are lunatic asylum near London.
publication of an analysis of letters held some of the first documents discovered But correspondence suggests that Dr.
BY PALKO KARASZ
at Harvard. that present her perspective. Tuke rebuffed Dickens. After 1864, the
Dickens, a celebrity in his own time, Dickens fell out of love with his wife, novelist was calling the doctor a
As a great novelist and a master journal- was careful of his image and legacy. In Mr. Dutton Cook wrote. “She had borne “wretched Being” and a “Medical Don-
ist, Charles Dickens maintained tight the 1860s, he burned the letters and pa- 10 children and had lost many of her key.”
control over what the public learned pers of 20 years on a bonfire in his back good looks, was growing old, in fact.” The collection of 98 letters from Mr.
about his 1858 separation from his wife, yard. Many of his contemporaries acted “He even tried to shut her up in a luna- Dutton Cook to a journalist friend,
perhaps the most scandalous story in similarly. Still, scholars and biographers tic asylum, poor thing!” Mr. Dutton William Moy Thomas, was bought at
his eventful life. continue efforts to pierce the privacy of Cook continued. “But bad as the law is in auction in 2014.
But letters revealed last week cast the his life and his relationship with women. regard to proof of insanity he could not “This is a great man who set out to do
episode in a new and cruel light. Dick- The circumstances of the separation quite wrest it to his purpose.” good in life and he did do great things,”
ens, they suggest, not only sought to have inspired fiction, biography and a Dickens may well have been in a posi- Claire Tomalin, who has written biogra-
banish Catherine, his companion of two feature film, “The Invisible Woman,” tion to sideline his wife in this way. Many phies of both Dickens and Ms. Ternan,
decades and the mother of his 10 chil- starring Felicity Jones as Ms. Ternan, Victorian physicians, Professor Bowen told The Times of London this past
dren, while pursuing an affair with a the lover kept in the shadows while wrote in The Times Literary Supple- week. “But when he went off the rails, he
young actress, Ellen Ternan. Dickens maintained the image of a Vic- ment, would have considered assertions started behaving very badly.”
He also tried to have his wife impris- torian family man. about his wife’s “languor” and “excit- “Reading the material was quite diffi-
oned in an asylum. Mrs. Dickens herself rarely spoke of ability” sufficient basis to draw up a cer- cult to be honest,” Professor Bowen
“This is a stronger and more damning the separation. Nearly a decade after tificate of “moral insanity.” wrote in a statement from the Univer-
account of Dickens’s behavior than any her husband’s death, she confided in Ed- According to other letters in the same sity of York. “Dickens is a literary great
other,” John Bowen, a professor of 19th- ward Dutton Cook, a theater critic and CARL COURT/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES collection, Dickens also had what might who I have studied and admired for
century English literature at the Univer- her neighbor in Camden, north London. Newly published correspondence gives Charles Dickens’s wife a voice on a scandal that have seemed an ideal connection: a many years, but some of the letters
sity of York in northern England, wrote The letters Professor Bowen ana- the author worked hard to keep quiet. The picture of him that emerges isn’t flattering. friendship with Dr. Thomas Harrington made very uncomfortable reading.”
..
THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 | 3

World
Venezuela’s opposition seeks a Plan B
ward off tear gas. “Yesterday, we
NEWS ANALYSIS
CÚCUTA, COLOMBIA brought humanitarian aid, we brought
flowers and flags, and we got bullets in-
stead,” said Delbert Rondón, a 34-year-
With aid stuck at border, old who had left the western city of
Mérida seeking medicine. “I’m here un-
there’s new talk of a need der the bridge helping the boys — I pass
for foreign intervention them rocks, rags, bottles of water, vin-
egar. We have to help them because they
BY NICHOLAS CASEY are the resistance.”
AND ALBINSON LINARES Those scenes, however, were ones
that the opposition had sought to avoid.
As the humanitarian aid at the heart of a Major protest movements in 2014 and
Venezuelan border standoff remained in 2017 started off as peaceful demonstra-
warehouses this week, and with Presi- tions, but as the weeks wore on, they
dent Nicolás Maduro’s blockade still in- were overtaken by groups largely com-
tact, it became clear that the opposition posed of young men who clashed with
leaders trying to oust him had little in security forces in the streets. In 2017
the way of a Plan B. alone, the clashes resulted in the deaths
Juan Guaidó, the top opposition offi- of more than 100 people on both sides.
cial, and his allies had hoped that getting Mr. Guaidó’s movement had appeared
the badly needed food and medicine in- to avoid street violence and requests for
side Venezuela by force would represent foreign military intervention.
a moment of irreversible collapse in Mr. After declaring himself president on
Maduro’s authority. But just one aid Jan. 23 to the cheers of crowds, he had
truck made it through on Saturday, the amassed hundreds of thousands of sup-
deadline set by the opposition to end the porters on the streets of Caracas, the
impasse, and Mr. Maduro easily fended capital, and other cities in largely peace-
off the biggest challenge to his power ful rallies. His strategy was rooted in a
since Mr. Guaidó swore himself in as the mix of civil disobedience and interna-
country’s rightful leader last month. tional pressure, urging Mr. Maduro’s
Clashes between opposition pro- military to abandon him, rather than
testers and forces loyal to Mr. Maduro, seeking an outside military campaign to
which have left four dead since Friday, topple him.
continued into Sunday, threatening the “The nonviolent character of these
image of Mr. Guaidó’s nonviolent move- protests is absolutely key in making a
ment. The military officials crucial to difference,” said David Smilde, a senior
keeping Mr. Maduro in power largely re- fellow at the Washington Office on Latin
sisted Mr. Guaidó’s call for mass defec- America. He added that the more the op-
tions, with only about 150 deserting. And position requested outside military in-
even Mr. Guaidó’s own future remained tervention, the less likely it would be
unclear: After he slipped over the bor- that Venezuelans would demonstrate in
der into Colombia on Friday, disobeying the belief that foreign help was near.
a travel ban, it was anyone’s guess A march on Sunday on the Colombian
whether Mr. Maduro would allow him to PHOTOGRAPHS BY MERIDITH KOHUT FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES border was meant to be a model for oth-
return. Above, opposition protesters preparing Molotov cocktails near a bridge connecting Norte de Santander, Colombia, with Venezuela. Only one truck carrying humanitarian aid made ers to come. Organizers said the plan
“It was one of the outcomes we had it through the Venezuelan government’s blockade. Below, Venezuelan security forces fired tear gas at protesters who tried to escort the aid across the bridge. had been for protesters to walk along-
imagined, but it wasn’t the one we side trucks filled with humanitarian aid
wanted,” said Armando Armas, an oppo- across three bridges, persuading sol-
sition lawmaker, adding that it was un- Saturday seemed like a turning point, ing Venezuelans in need, had been diers on the other side to let the aid
likely the organizers would try to get the with new talk of a need for foreign inter- burned after crossing from Colombia. across with appeals that the families of
aid through again soon. “We can’t ex- vention. Mr. Maduro, seeing the aid as undermin- the armed forces suffer the same short-
pose our people any more. The entry of Mr. Guaidó, a 35-year-old who had ing his authority, had declared that his ages as most Venezuelans.
humanitarian aid can’t be the trigger of emerged onto the national stage only in country was not a beggar and did not The marchers received blessings by a
a wider conflict.” recent months, had sought a political need it. Government forces and allied priest at an encampment at sunrise, and
But while Mr. Maduro prevailed in weapon in the arrival of international groups backed up that message with vi- by early afternoon thousands had gath-
this border showdown, conditions inside aid donations. He announced Saturday olence, bringing condemnation from the ered with white roses and had begun
the country remain deeply unfavorable as the day of an “aid avalanche,” in United Nations on Sunday. linking arms near the Tienditas Bridge.
to him. He is still immensely unpopular which his supporters would defy the Thwarted at the border, the opposi- Organizers planned to use a tow truck to
within Venezuela, where he has over- tion began rallying around the banner of remove shipping containers left as an
seen one of the most catastrophic eco- foreign action to topple Mr. Maduro. obstacle by Mr. Maduro’s government.
nomic disasters in Latin American his- “Yesterday, we brought Ahead of the meeting with Vice Presi- At a pedestrian footbridge farther
tory, a calamity that has led a tenth of humanitarian aid, we brought dent Mike Pence and other regional south, cheers erupted as aid trucks be-
the population to leave the country, flowers and flags, and we got leaders in Bogotá on Monday, Mr. gan to approach the border, with hun-
largely because of shortages of food and Guaidó wrote on Twitter that “we must dreds of young Venezuelans sitting atop
medicine. Further damage was done to
bullets instead.” keep all options open for the liberation of the shipments.
his image on Saturday as he denied aid our homeland.” Julio Borges, another But then Venezuelan national guard
to suffering Venezuelans. president and break his control of the opposition leader, said he would ask for soldiers fired tear gas canisters toward
Mr. Guaidó, for his part, has galva- borders. The presidents of Colombia, the use of force at that meeting. the cars. Many of the protesters stepped
nized his country, and more than 50 Chile and Paraguay joined the effort, President Trump has raised some off the trucks and rushed the soldiers,
other nations have recognized his claim along with the British billionaire Rich- hopes for such an intervention, saying throwing stones. Soon, large crowds
to the presidency. The Trump adminis- ard Branson, who flew to the border to that “the twilight hour of socialism” has were tossing rocks up to the stone
tration, a vocal supporter of Mr. Guaidó, attend a concert where a lineup of Latin arrived in the Western Hemisphere. sistance would be on the way if Mr. Ma- burned the day before, dozens of young throwers on the bridge, as opposition ac-
has issued crippling sanctions against pop musicians urged that the aid be al- But “the U.S. rhetoric was over the duro blocked the aid. men hurled stones at Venezuelan secu- tivists and Colombian national police of-
Mr. Maduro’s state oil company. lowed through. top,” said Charles S. Shapiro, a former As those shipments were stymied, im- rity forces and erected barriers. ficers watched on.
Still, even if few doubted that the op- Yet by day’s end, the avalanche was ambassador to Venezuela, adding that ages of violence marked Colombia’s bor- Others stalked the streets of a nearby
position’s resolve would be lost over its more like a drop in the bucket. the statements may have led some in the der bridges on Sunday. Near the San- neighborhood in search of ingredients to Anatoly Kurmanaev contributed report-
failure to deliver the food and medicine, Some of the supplies, instead of reach- opposition to believe that military as- tander Bridge, where aid had been make homemade bombs and masks to ing from San Antonio, Venezuela.

A slow train ride dictated by politics Drug lord’s home leveled,


BEIJING
unclear how much sightseeing is
planned. After Dandong, in the north-
eastern rust belt of China, Mr. Kim is
as Colombia confronts past
BY JANE PERLEZ likely to see the skylines of Wuhan and BY MEGAN SPECIA But the tourist narrative often leaves
Changsha, among the most developed out the impact of his bloody rise to
The young leader of North Korea likes to cities in central China (the train’s re- As the looming gray building imploded, power and the bribery, kidnappings and
present himself as a modern man pro- ported speed: about 35 miles per hour). crumbling into a pile of debris and dust, killings of anyone who dared defy the
jecting his isolated country onto the He will see China’s two major water- a crowd of onlookers cheered. Some cartel.
world stage. ways, the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers, wept. The mayor of Medellín, Federico
But for his meeting with President and arrive at the Vietnamese border The televised blast that leveled the Gutiérrez, told the local news outlet El
Trump in Vietnam this week, the North southwest of Guilin, a city revered Monaco building, the former home of Colombiano before the demolition that
Korean leader, Kim Jong-un, is traveling among the Chinese for its mountainous the drug kingpin Pablo Escobar in knocking down the structure was an im-
south through China in an armored train landscape. Medellín, Colombia, erased a symbol of portant symbolic step forward for the
— not even a high-speed one — and then In a sign of the rivalry between China the city’s past that many have tried to city and the country.
planning to drive the last leg to Hanoi, and its southern neighbor, Vietnam has forget. He said that flipping the narrative by
the Vietnamese capital. The journey is deliberately continued to use different In its place, the city is planning a me- emphasizing victims’ stories, rather
expected to take as long as two days spacing on its railroad tracks, which in morial park to honor the victims of his than glorifying the illegal activity of Mr.
from the starting point in Pyongyang, the past made it more difficult for China drug cartel’s crimes. Escobar and others like him, was essen-
the capital of North Korea, instead of a to invade, Mr. Cheng said. So Mr. Kim “Today, that building falls and hope tial to reclaiming Colombia’s national
few hours by plane. will have to leave his train at the border begins,” President Iván Duque of Co- story.
His unusual itinerary can be ex- with Vietnam. He will travel the last 105 lombia said in a televised statement. “It
plained by geopolitics, the rickety state KCNA, VIA ASSOCIATED PRESS miles or so to Hanoi by road, Vietnam- is impossible to change the past, but you
of North Korean aircraft and a bit of his- The North Korean leader Kim Jong-un on his armored train before leaving Pyongyang, ese officials say, a winding route can build a better present and a better The tourist narrative often makes
tory. North Korea, for Vietnam, where he will meet President Trump this week. through low mountains. future.” him a folk hero, but it leaves out
Mr. Kim, who left the railway station Before meeting Mr. Trump, Mr. Kim is Mr. Escobar lived in the Monaco for the effects on his victims of the
in Pyongyang on Saturday, appears to planning talks with leaders of Vietnam’s years, until 1988, when rivals bombed it.
be indulging China by taking such a pro- “He does not want to show the world Ms. Yun said. “And every time North Ko- Communist Party during what is being The Escobar family abandoned the
violence that supported him.
tracted trip. His dark green train will his heavy reliance on China by waving rean leaders travel through China, the billed as a state visit, similar to the one structure and it has remained vacant
take him past glistening cities and pro- his hand in front of China’s national flag hope is to show them how great eco- made by his grandfather. ever since. “We are concerned about the way in
ductive countryside that show off the on a Chinese plane as he did at the Sin- nomic reform is.” The big question for Mr. Kim is But more than 25 years after Mr. Es- which we have narrated, and stopped
country’s four decades of blazing eco- gapore airport,” said Cheng Xiaohe, a The train journey affords a nice sym- whether his courting of China will pay cobar’s death, the six-story building narrating, our own history,” Mr.
nomic growth. North Korea expert at Renmin Univer- metry with the travels of Mr. Kim’s off with real support. with a penthouse had still incited heated Gutiérrez said. “In most stories, the per-
China has played host to Mr. Kim four sity in Beijing. grandfather Kim Il-sung, the founder of Above all, Mr. Kim wants Beijing to debate, as city officials have weighed petrators are the protagonists, and this
times in the past year, in an effort to im- The resulting jokes about North Ko- North Korea, to whom the young leader urge the United Nations to ease sanc- the potential tourist draw of the site has long-term consequences, because it
press upon the North Korean leader that rea’s being a province of China appar- bears a strong resemblance. tions against North Korea. That is also against the urge to move on from a ends up validating an environment of il-
China, not the United States, is his best ently did not sit well with Mr. Kim. Kim Il-sung first visited Vietnam in expected to be his major request of Mr. painful past. legality.”
bet as an economic model. In turn, Mr. “Traveling by train is a forced choice,” November 1958. Like the current North Trump in Hanoi. The drug lord’s legacy has cast a The city consulted neighbors, aca-
Kim, 35, has dutifully toured Chinese Mr. Cheng said. Korean leader, he went to China first be- Overturning the sanctions is likely to shadow over Medellín, driven in part by demics, local artists and the families of
green energy projects and high-tech Until Mr. Kim arrived in the Chinese fore venturing to Vietnam, where he require more than a train ride through new documentaries, television shows victims to design the memorial park, he
ventures and shown deference to the border city of Dandong late Saturday, was greeted by the Communist leader China and a show of interest in China’s like the Netflix hit “Narcos” and books said.
Chinese leader, Xi Jinping, who is al- Chinese analysts doubted that the Ho Chi Minh. economic model, Ms. Yun said. that have focused on Mr. Escobar’s life The purpose of demolishing the Mon-
most twice his age. North Korean leader would take his own Photographs from that 1958 trip that So far, China has urged the United Na- — often neglecting the details of his vic- aco on Friday “is not to erase history,” he
But the young leader chafes at China’s train across China. The security de- appeared this weekend in the Chinese tions to ease some sanctions, and Bei- tims and glorifying his legacy. said. “We need our young people to
hold, and his train trip shows that there mands would entail too much upheaval state newspaper The Global Times jing may reward Mr. Kim with more ag- In death, he has become something of know the stories, to tell them this cannot
are limits to it. to the regular schedules for China’s vast show the portly Kim Il-sung with ricultural aid starting in the spring. But a folk hero for his meteoric rise from the happen again.”
When he traveled to meet Mr. Trump fleet of heavily used high-speed trains, sharply barbered black hair embracing that is probably the limit, she said. working class to billionaire and for his Last week, Mr. Gutiérrez joined doz-
for the first time in Singapore last June, they said. the reed-thin Ho Chi Minh. “I don’t think China wants to cross generosity to some, building houses and ens of victims’ families and members of
Mr. Kim borrowed a Boeing 747 belong- But China is clearly willing to make Mr. Kim toured the Chinese cities Bei- Trump at this point — the price is too hospitals for the poor. the community for a ceremony on the
ing to the Chinese national carrier, Air the sacrifice, said Yun Sun, an analyst at jing, Wuhan and Guangzhou, according high considering the trade deal,” she Tour guides — including Pablo Esco- grounds of a hotel near the site of the
China. (His own Soviet-made Ilyushin the Stimson Center, a research institute to The Global Times, and then arrived in said, referring to the trade talks be- bar’s top hit man, John Jairo Velásquez, Monaco, where they watched the build-
Il-62 is almost 40 years old and short of in Washington. Hanoi on a plane provided by China. tween Washington and Beijing that are known as Popeye — take customers on ing fall.
spare parts.) “The Chinese see the trip as a sign of The current North Korean leader ap- reaching a critical point. walks through the cartel’s old haunts. “Medellín can tell a different story,” he
The train journey suggests that he North Korea’s complete trust and that pears to be taking a route similar to his Street vendors sell T-shirts emblazoned told the crowd. “Today a symbol falls
was reluctant to do so again. only China can guarantee his safety,” grandfather’s, with some tweaks. It is Luz Ding contributed research. with Mr. Escobar’s face. and a light of hope is born.”
..
4 | TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION

world

Israeli leader stakes future on anti-Arab party


ISRAEL, FROM PAGE 1 party entering the Knesset — the
But the outrage was not limited to the fringes of Israeli democracy can unfor-
left. tunately contain such elements — and
On Friday, the American Israel Public their being encouraged by the prime
Affairs Committee, the American lobby- minister,” Mr. Plesner said. Still, on Sun-
ing group known as Aipac, and the day, Aipac said it was “honored” to an-
American Jewish Committee, both of nounce that Mr. Netanyahu would at-
which rarely weigh in publicly on Israeli tend its conference next month.
politics, declared Otzma Yehudit’s ideas For Mr. Netanyahu, his push to har-
“reprehensible.” They vowed not to vest every last right-wing vote is not
have any contact with its leaders even if merely about winning re-election. With
they become part of the next govern- the attorney general expected any day
ment. now to announce that he will seek Mr.
In an equally extraordinary step, Netanyahu’s indictment in a sprawling
Rabbi Benny Lau of Jerusalem, a pillar bribery scandal, the prime minister
of religious Zionism, repeatedly assailed hopes to line up enough lawmakers to
the merger over the weekend, warning keep him in power even if he is put on
on social media that “the defilement and trial — “what you may label an indict-
destruction of the land serves as a guar- ment-proof coalition,” said Mr. Plesner.
antee for the loss of the land.” “He’s entering this campaign with
Rabbi Lau lamented that the prime much fewer inhibitions than in the past,”
minister seemed concerned only with Mr. Plesner said.
winning re-election, and, from his pulpit Indeed, in just the past few weeks, to
at the Rambam Synagogue, likened Ka- score political points Mr. Netanyahu has
hanism to Nazism and its ideas to the antagonized Arab diplomats by leaking
anti-Semitic Nuremberg Laws of Nazi a video of a private meeting with them;
Germany. attacked members of his own party he
In Israel’s chaotic parliamentary sys- sees as potential successors; bragged
tem, small parties like the ultra-Ortho- publicly about secret military strikes in
dox Shas can be make or break when it Syria; warned darkly that a victory by
comes to forming a majority coalition af- Mr. Gantz would give Arab politicians
ter an election, and Mr. Netanyahu has enhanced power; and warned that “a
routinely struck deals giving them out- Palestinian state would endanger our
size influence. existence,” just months before the
But this time, he is running with his United States is expected to issue its
indictment on corruption charges peace plan.
widely expected, and facing his tough- In pushing the Otzma Yehudit deal,
est challenge yet from Benny Gantz, a Mr. Netanyahu even threw his own
centrist and popular former army chief. party, Likud, under the bus, giving away
So desperate to prevent any right-wing one of its Knesset candidacies to a mem-
ballots from being squandered on a ber of Jewish Home as recompense for
party unable to win its own seats in the the merger. Moreover, he promised Jew-
Knesset, the Israeli Parliament, Mr. Ne- ish Home the ministries responsible for
tanyahu has pre-emptively stretched both housing and education.
his coalition’s margins farther to the That itself raises concerns among
right than ever before. more moderate right-wing Israelis. A
The two leaders of Otzma Yehudit POOL PHOTO BY ABIR SULTAN leader of Jewish Home, Bezalel
who could win Knesset seats, depending Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel, grasping for every potential vote, has turned to the extremist party Otzma Yehudit, whose ideology has been likened to Nazism. Smotrich, who could be handed one of
on the merged party’s share of the vote those posts, has called himself a “proud
in April, are Michael Ben Ari and Itamar homophobe,” supported segregated ma-
Ben Gvir. They are co-founders of The chorus of outrage over Mr. Netan- Minnesota, and other supporters of the ternity wards for Arab and Jewish wom-
Lehava, a group that opposes Jewish- yahu’s actions reflected pent-up con- Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions en, said Jewish developers should not
Arab relationships and was implicated cern and frustration in the United States movement against Israel. have to sell homes to Arabs and favored
in a 2014 arson attack on a school for and elsewhere over the prime minister’s Aipac clearly understood “that if they a shoot-to-kill policy against Palestinian
Jewish and Arab children in Jerusalem. right-wing and ultra-Orthodox-ap- need to defend Israel to America, then stone-throwers.
Mr. Ben Ari calls Arabs the “enemy” proved policies and how difficult they Israel needs to be able to be morally de- With old lines between Likud and the
and advocates expelling them. He was are making it for liberal Jews to defend fensible,” Rabbi Salkin said. farthest right wing growing blurry,
denied a visa to the United States in 2012 Israel against growing opposition, in- Yossi Klein Halevi, a scholar at the
as a member of a terrorist organization. cluding among new members of Con- Shalom Hartman Institute in Jerusa-
Mr. Ben Gvir, who was a legislative gress. The prime minister hopes to line lem, observed that campaign ads had
aide for Mr. Ben Ari, has acknowledged Aipac did not comment beyond a terse up enough lawmakers to keep popped up on city buses showing Moshe
having a picture in his home of Baruch Twitter post on Friday, but that alone him in power even if he is put on Kahlon, the foreign minister, who heads
Goldstein, the Kahane follower who was exceptional: In 2017, when Mr. Ne- his own center-right party, alongside
massacred 29 Palestinians while they tanyahu infuriated American Jews by
trial for corruption. Menachem Begin, the first Likud prime
were praying at a mosque in Hebron, in reneging on a deal to improve access to minister.
the West Bank, in 1994. the Western Wall for non-Orthodox wor- Yohanan Plesner, president of the Is- “The sane right,” the ads say, in an im-
Mr. Ben Gvir first gained notoriety in shipers, the group sent emissaries to rael Democracy Institute, said it was the plicit attack on today’s Likud.
1995, as a radical opponent of the Oslo register objections but said nothing in first time Aipac had spoken out on do- Mr. Halevi, who was a Kahane fol-
peace process, when he stole the hood public. mestic issues involving Israel’s charac- lower in the 1970s but renounced his
ornament from Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabbi Jeffrey K. Salkin of Temple ter as a democratic state. Mr. Netanya- ideas long ago, said Israelis had yet to
Rabin’s car and said, “We got to his car, Solel in Hollywood, Fla., called Mr. Ne- hu’s move, he said, had made it harder absorb the ramifications of the Otzma
and we’ll get to him, too.” Weeks later, tanyahu’s actions a “slap in the face to both to preserve bipartisan American Yehudit-Jewish Home merger. “We’re in
Mr. Rabin was assassinated by a mem- GALI TIBBON/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES American Jews” as they grapple with support for Israel and sustain enthusi- for a major moment of self-reckoning,”
ber of a group that also had roots in Ka- Itamar Ben Gvir, right, a leader of Otzma Yehudit, which has expressed support for new political challenges posed by Rep- asm among American Jews. he said. “More and more Israelis are go-
hanism. violence against Palestinians and the expulsion of Arabs from Israel. resentative Ilhan Omar, Democrat of “There’s a difference between a racist ing to realize what that means.”

Stepping (ever so slightly) out of Trump’s shadow


pal. That meeting comes with the added shot in a 1981 assassination attempt.
SHANNON, IRELAND
drama of Mr. Trump’s former fixer testi- “Only the president lands on the South
fying to Congress on the same day. Lawn,” Mr. Bush remarked at the time.
With Mr. Trump in the spotlight, Mr. And so, even on Mr. Pence’s European
Vice president is careful Pence will be left to test his international trip, Mr. Trump’s influence could hardly
clout against a conflict that turned be missed. His in-flight entourage con-
to stay on message, no deadly over recent attempts to deliver tained several Trump loyalists, includ-
matter the diplomatic cost humanitarian aid to Venezuela, a coun- ing the president’s daughter Ivanka and
try reeling from a collapsed economy her husband, Jared Kushner, the archi-
BY KATIE ROGERS
and violent political turmoil. On Mon- tect of the administration’s nascent Mid-
day, Mr. Pence was scheduled to visit dle East peace plan, who traveled along-
When it came time to stretch his legs Bogotá, Colombia, to reinforce the side Mr. Pence for most of his stops.
during a refueling stop in Ireland on his Trump administration’s demands that Keith Kellogg, a retired lieutenant
recent Europe trip, Vice President Mike Nicolás Maduro, the Venezuelan presi- general well liked by Mr. Trump, found
Pence left his cabin suite at the front of dent, step down to clear the way for his way aboard as Mr. Pence’s national
Air Force Two dressed in a flight jacket Juan Guaidó, the opposition leader who security adviser. He landed in Pence
with the vice presidential seal. has the support of the White House. World last year, after a previous stint as
As he disembarked to stroll a few laps This urgent situation in Latin Amer- the president’s acting national security
around the airport terminal like a Mid- ica will present a thornier challenge to adviser — a role he assumed after Mi-
western mall walker, his wife, Karen, the vice president than his four-day trip chael T. Flynn was dismissed for misin-
made a beeline to an assortment of sou- this month to Poland and Germany, forming Mr. Pence about the nature of a
venirs in the duty-free shop. where he was sent to deliver earnest, el- conversation with Russia’s ambassador
Back across the Atlantic, President oquent entreaties in support of Israel to the United States.
Trump, Mr. Pence’s boss, was in the and to accuse Iran of trying to perpe- Pence loyalists were also given a seat
midst of firing off his early morning trate another Holocaust. — and access to the P.A. system. Tom
tweets, including one addressed to the Despite the sharp language, it was a Rose, a former publisher of The Jerusa-
Senate Intelligence Committee denying, comparatively low-stakes trip. On the lem Post and conservative talk show
once again, that there was any collusion first leg, Mr. Pence dined on cod and host turned senior adviser to the vice
between the Trump campaign and Rus- posed for group pictures at an adminis- president, got on it after Mr. Pence vis-
sia. The vice president, for his part, tration-organized summit meeting, ited Auschwitz.
seemed worlds away, enjoying a brief which was ostensibly about Middle East “Of all the friends we have, two truly
stop with the second lady as if they were peace but was geared heavily toward stand above them all,” Mr. Rose said.
tourists on a long-planned vacation. isolating Iran. He took it in stride when “President Donald Trump and my be-
Mike Pompeo, the secretary of state, loved friend, a true Lion of Judah, Vice
was accidentally identified as the vice President Mike Pence.”
“You will never ever hear him president during a luncheon. Travelers aboard broke into applause,
talk about his conversations, But Mr. Pence demonstrated little in- and the plane was cleared for takeoff.
his advice, their discussions, terest in other delicate relationships at MATTHIAS SCHRADER/ASSOCIATED PRESS Mr. Pence’s mission on Monday is to
play when he demanded that European Vice President Mike Pence and his wife, Karen, arriving in Munich this month. He has at least 10 diplomatic trips under his belt. put further pressure on Mr. Maduro, an
ever.” allies exit the nuclear accord with Iran embattled leader whose government
negotiated by the Obama administra- the Trump administration has declared
Appearing together in Washington, tion and accused them of undermining people to condemn the Iranian govern- The vice president’s allies say it is not members along for the ride have to an ideological adversary of the United
Mr. Trump, a former reality show mogul, American-led sanctions. Mr. Pence’s ag- ment. his job to worry about how he might be make do. States. The decision to send a vice presi-
and Mr. Pence, an evangelical Christian, gressive approach infuriated those who Mr. Pence’s demand that the allies judged for the message he is delivering When they are in different places, ac- dent into a volatile political situation in
are a strikingly odd couple, with the vice watched it happen, including Mr. Pom- leave the nuclear accord was all but ig- on the world stage — even if it creates a cording to aides, Mr. Pence and the pres- Latin America does not come without
president usually seen as a meek help- peo, the administration’s top diplomat. nored by the crowd at his next stop, the mess diplomats need to clean up. ident speak several times a day. Their risky precedent: In 1958, Richard M.
mate casting a cipher’s gaze in the presi- He stayed relentlessly on message Munich Security Conference. Angela “I don’t think it was as much about conversations tend to remain private Nixon’s motorcade was attacked when
dent’s direction. But with at least 10 dip- even while fielding questions from re- Merkel, the German chancellor, publicly how he was received,” Marc Short, Mr. even among the vice president’s closest Mr. Nixon, then the vice president,
lomatic trips to six continents under his porters aboard Air Force Two about his stuck with Iran and criticized the Trump Pence’s incoming chief of staff, said. “He advisers. toured Caracas, Venezuela.
belt, Mr. Pence appears to have mas- visit to the former Auschwitz concentra- administration in a speech moments be- was effective in getting his message “You will never ever hear him talk Still, for Mr. Pence, Latin America is
tered the art of stepping out of Mr. tion camp. fore Mr. Pence took the stage to deliver across.” about his conversations, his advice, well-trodden territory: It is his fifth trip
Trump’s shadow on his own terms. He “We just felt waves of emotion,” Mr. his own. This relatively low-key approach their discussions, ever,” said Marc Lot- there as vice president. He has visited
avoids taking any perilous steps into the Pence said about his time there, allow- One of the few indicators that Mr. makes for a kind of comfortable stability ter, Mr. Pence’s former spokesman. often enough to draw Mr. Maduro’s at-
president’s limelight by staying relent- ing only a peek into his personal experi- Pence noticed the chilly European re- as well as a whiff of rigidity on Mr. “The only thing we would hear is, ‘The tention: Last summer, Mr. Maduro
lessly on message, whatever the diplo- ence of the trip, which included laying ception came when he mentioned Mr. Pence’s trips. president wants us to do this.’” lashed out at Mr. Pence, calling him
matic cost. roses in a gas chamber and reading from Trump. Mr. Pence does not drink — he gave it This deferential style is one Mr. Pence “sick and obsessive” and a “poisonous
Their contrasting styles will be on dis- Scripture. “I bring greetings from the 45th presi- up in the past, Mr. Short said, for “lots of has told people he admired in George viper” when he learned the vice presi-
play again this week. On Wednesday, He then veered back into a screed dent of the United States of America: reasons,” so no alcohol is served on- H.W. Bush when he was Ronald Rea- dent was visiting the region.
Mr. Trump will be engaging in a high- against Iran, accusing the government President Donald Trump,” Mr. Pence board Air Force Two. gan’s vice president. The insult will most likely not deter
stakes, if not theatrical, summit meeting of harboring “the same vile, anti-Semitic said. The reference that drew raucous Mr. Pence opts for coffee as he revises Mr. Bush was so humble that he re- Mr. Pence from delivering the latest iter-
in Vietnam with Kim Jong-un, the North hatred that animated the Nazis in Eu- applause at “Make America Great and tweaks his prepared remarks at all fused to let a helicopter deposit him on ation of Mr. Trump’s message. As Mr.
Korean leader and his occasional pen rope,” and calling on “freedom loving” Again” rallies drew silence in Munich. hours. Any reporters or West Wing staff the South Lawn after Mr. Reagan was Short put it, “he gives a terrific speech.”
..
THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 | 5

world

Military families reeling over polluted water


have deemed them “forever chemicals,”
FOUNTAIN, COLO.
and over the last two decades, a growing
body of research has shown that the
compounds meant to help us are likely
Move is made to clean up hurting us.
The most comprehensive data, based
toxic drinking systems, on a study of 69,000 people living near in
but frustrations persist a West Virginia DuPont plant, say expo-
sure is associated with kidney cancer,
BY JULIE TURKEWITZ testicular cancer, thyroid disease, high
cholesterol and ulcerative colitis, among
When Army Staff Sgt. Samuel Fortune other problems, while animal studies
returned from Iraq, his body battered by show delays in development.
war, he assumed he’d be safe. Soon, Ms. Fortune was in and out of
Then the people around him began to the hospital, and Mr. Fortune became in-
get sick. His neighbors, all living near creasingly concerned that the cause of
five military bases, complained of tu- her illness was the chemicals the mili-
mors, thyroid problems and debilitating tary said came from nearby Peterson
fatigue. Soon, the Colorado health de- Air Force Base.
partment announced an unusually high His wife told doctors of a debilitating
number of kidney cancers in the region. pain in her right abdomen, intense joint
Then Mr. Fortune’s wife fell ill. pain and exhaustion. Her blood cell
The military, it turned out, had been counts rose and fell like yo-yos. Some
leaching toxic chemicals into the water doctors thought it was Lyme disease;
for decades. others weren’t so sure.
Mr. Fortune felt “stabbed in the back,” Like many around the country, Mr.
he said. “We give our lives and our bod- Fortune has joined one of several law-
ies for our country, and our government suits against the companies that made
does not live up to their end of the deal.” THE NEW YORK TIMES the firefighting foam, including 3M and
That was 2016. Since then, the De- Tyco Fire Products. Others, including
fense Department has admitted that it united in advocacy groups with names the City of Newburgh, N.Y., are suing the
allowed a firefighting foam to slip into at like Fountain Valley Clean Water Coali- military directly.
least 55 drinking water systems at mili- RYAN DAVID BROWN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES tion and Need Our Water, who are ask- But the lawyer in the Colorado case,
tary bases around the globe, sometimes A water tank in Fountain, Colo., where the drinking water system was one of dozens the military polluted. Samuel Fortune, top right, ing that the military test their blood for David McDivitt, said he thought that
for generations. This exposed tens of who served in Iraq, said he felt “stabbed in the back” by the military. He believes his wife fell ill from the contaminated water in 2016. the chemicals, hoping to bring results to would be too difficult because “it’s tough
thousands of Americans, possibly many their doctors or use them in lawsuits. to sue the federal government.”
more, to per- and polyfluoroalkyl sub- Their requests have been denied, and For years, there were signs that the
stances, a group of synthetic chemicals Judith Enck, a former E.P.A. regional ered their water was similarly polluted. by contamination, Ms. Sullivan said she the military says that too little is known chemicals in the military’s firefighting
known as PFASs that have been linked administrator appointed by President Many people began demanding that “couldn’t hazard a guess.” about the substances to make the re- foam were dangerous.
to cancers, immune suppression and Barack Obama. state and military officials test their “We’re tracking water sources,” she sults useful. Instead, it will pay for the Defense Department studies dating
other serious health problems. While the military has used the chem- blood for the chemicals, hoping to learn said, “not people.” C.D.C. to start yearslong population- to the 1970s indicated that the sub-
Though the presence of the chemicals icals extensively, it is far from the only the extent of their presence in their bod- Local and state governments have based health studies in some communi- stances were harmful to laboratory ani-
has been known for years, an announce- entity to do so, and in recent years, com- ies. The military has started an expen- had to carve millions from their budgets ties. mals, according to an investigation by
ment a week ago from the Environmen- panies like DuPont have come under fire sive cleanup effort that has involved to deal with the problem, much of which “They don’t want to know,” said Cindi The Colorado Springs Gazette, and the
tal Protection Agency for the first time for leaching PFASs into water systems. shifting entire municipalities to new wa- may never be paid back. In places like Ashbeck, 56, a veteran who worked out Army Corps of Engineers told Fort Car-
promised regulatory action, a signifi- All told, 10 million people could be ter sources and assessing toxic plumes Oscoda, Mich., where the lake now of Wurtsmith Air Force Base in Oscoda. son to stop using the foam in 1991, calling
cant acknowledgment of the startling drinking water laced with high levels of that continue to spread for miles. froths with toxic foam, residents are “It’s not being addressed, because you it “harmful to the environment.”
scope of the problem that drew outrage PFASs, according to Patrick Breysse, a Maureen Sullivan, the military’s dep- fighting with defense officials over the open that can of worms, and you’ve got In 2000, under E.P.A. pressure, 3M
from veterans and others living in con- top official at the federal Centers for Dis- uty assistant secretary for environment, extent to which the military must clean an Agent Orange thing on your hands.” phased out production of some of the
taminated communities. ease Control. Mr. Breysse has called the said the government had moved “ag- up the mess. PFASs are a broad class of chemicals compounds, announcing that they could
Acting administrator Andrew presence of the chemicals “one of the gressively” to tackle the problem, as- “When I was in the Air Force, they developed in the 1940s. Because they re- “could potentially pose a risk to human
Wheeler said that the agency would be- most seminal public health challenges” sessing cleanup duties and looking for preached all the time: ‘Do the right pel grease and water, they have been health.” Five years later, the E.P.A. de-
gin the process of potentially limiting of the coming decades. alternatives to the firefighting foam, a thing. Integrity first. Service before self. used across industries for decades, of- clared that another compound was
the presence of two of the compounds in The residents of Fountain, a moun- version of which the military still uses. Excellence in all we do’,” said Aaron ten to prevent stains. They are placed in “likely to be carcinogenic to humans.”
drinking water, calling this a “pivotal tain-flanked suburb of Colorado “I’m proud of what the Department of Weed, a 22-year veteran who is now Os- a dizzying array of products: food pack- But the military has said it continued
moment in the history of the agency.” Springs, were told of the contamination Defense has done in the past two-plus coda’s town supervisor. “This is not the aging, nonstick pans, clothing, furni- to use firefighting foams containing the
The admission drew some praise, but by local officials who had been required years,” she said. Air Force that I was a part of,” he contin- ture. They are also used to extinguish compounds because companies have
many said that it was not enough and by the E.P.A. to test the water for the But frustration persists. ued. “The side of the Air Force that I am fires where petroleum-based explosions continued to produce them and the
that millions of people would keep in- substances, a step toward possible regu- The military never alerted all of the seeing is just disgraceful.” pose a danger. E.P.A. doesn’t regulate them.
gesting the substances while a regula- lation. people who drank polluted water, mean- Blood testing has emerged as a stick- But the chemicals move quickly Industry officials have said they are
tory process plods along. “It should Soon dozens of communities from ing some are still in the dark. When ing point. Specifically, there is a growing through the earth and into water, where following E.P.A. rules, while the E.P.A.
have been called an inaction plan,” said New York to Washington State discov- asked how many people were affected movement of veterans and others, they persist indefinitely. Some scientists has said it is still exploring regulation.

fashion

In Milan, men win supporting roles


creasingly all do: online. in which gender does not figure. For all
MILAN
For the designers and creators in Mi- the talk in American circles about the
lan, the argument was more frequently rise of genderless or gender-noncon-
BY MATTHEW SCHNEIER one of creativity and coherence than forming fashion, the runways of Milan
commerce. Angela Missoni, who runs felt coed, rather than gender-agnostic.
There they were. You could choose your her family’s namesake knitwear label, In many cases, pieces and motifs
own metaphor based on your particular invoked, in her own fashion, the old wis- were appropriated for men and women,
outlook. The barbarians at the gate? dom about measuring twice to cut once. like the motorcycle-style leather jackets
The late-comers to the party? Whatever “I love men’s and women’s together,” and pants or the gaping, open-plan
else they were, at women’s fashion she said, standing before a blue-glitter knitwear of Daniel Lee’s first show for
week, or Milano Moda Donna as the Ital- backdrop that matched her blue-glitter Bottega Veneta, or the ripcord-cinching
ians call it, they were everywhere: men. runway and the glittery knits that she jackets of Mr. Andrew’s Ferragamo. At
From the first day, at Gucci, where showed for men and women alike. “It Paul Surridge’s show for Roberto Ca-
they hid behind masks and were girded helps to bring it together. It makes you valli, his Modernist tiger print — to my
with spike collars (not, in all likelihood, think in a more clear direction. Instead eye, it looked more like a wavy surre-
for sale, the designer Alessandro Mi- of thinking twice, you think once and alist seascape in de Chirico colors but it
chele said, for anyone who was curious) you try to keep it together.” wouldn’t be Cavalli without an animal
to nearly the last, where they bobbed in Clarity was the virtue cited as well by print, I suppose — and a free hand with
the wine-dark sea of Giorgio Armani’s Paul Andrew of Salvatore Ferragamo, sequins showered men and women
black-and-navy processional, they who was elevated last week from wom- both.
spanned the week. en’s creative director to creative direc- The danger is, rarely do men and
You couldn’t fairly say that they domi- tor of the entire brand, men’s and wom- women look equally good in a piece.
nated it. The women on the runways, en’s alike. (Vogue sniffed that the motorcycle
with their stern, set expressions, stalk- “When I started as creative director, leather pieces were “more believable on
ing in their fearsome heels (this was a the company had so many aesthetic vi- the men.”) So when each keeps more or
week to remind you that our word sions, and when you went into a Ferra- less to his or her own, bringing them into
“stiletto” derives from the Italian for “lit- gamo store, it was like schizophrenia,” formation, merged like lanes on a road-
tle dagger”), were too powerful and too he said. “You didn’t really know where way, only heightens the dissonance.
numerous for that. It was more like a Sa- to put your eye. Now you go into the So it was that Mr. Armani’s ponytailed
die Hawkins Day, and women’s wear, store and there’s one complete vision gentlemen, in their check suits and blue-
with the power all on its side, had invited between men’s and women’s.” on-black formal wear, gave the sense of
the men to the dance. A complete vision does not mean one being mere walkers to his women.
The reasons are easy enough to G U CC I
Which was almost a shame, when you
PHOTOGRAPHS BY VALERIO MEZZANOTTI FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
guess. While it remains, at least for the recalled that Mr. Armani, who started
moment, a smaller part of the business his label decades ago with men’s wear,
than women’s wear, men’s wear has revolutionized women’s wear by dap-
been growing explosively in recent pling it with the style and shape from the
years. And the heads of luxury brands other side of that divide.
have noticed the change with evident And across that same divide came the
pleasure. editors of several men’s magazines, who
“It’s more than a buzz. It’s a deeper appeared in their front row seats this
trend,” Sidney Toledano, chairman and week at the handful of shows with mixed
chief executive of LVMH’s Fashion casts. They are usually creatures of Mi-
Group, told Reuters last year about the lano Modo Uomo, the men-specific week
rising tide of men’s wear. Cédric Charbit, that takes place in January and June,
the chief executive of Balenciaga at Ker- and bobbled around during women’s
ing, LVMH’s rival, said at a Financial like cheerful visitors with newly
Times luxury conference last year that stamped passports.
men represented the label’s fastest- (It didn’t hurt that the schedule for
growing category of shoppers. And these aisle-crossers included ample
some market research, like that con- windows for lunch.)
ducted by Euromonitor, has even sug- “You know me, I love a cohesive mes-
gested that sales of men’s wear are on sage,” Matthew Marden, the style direc-
track to outpace women’s in the near fu- tor of Esquire, said when asked how he
ture. Add that to the fact that a full-scale was finding the shows. He might have
runway show may cost well into six fig- spoken for Milan’s conflicted stance on
ures, and the most elaborate may rise to men’s versus women’s when he nodded
seven. at the relaxing standards of gendered
Presenting a unified collection while clothing.
saving costs is a powerful draw, espe- “Everything is so fluid these days, it’s
cially at a moment when fashion shows kind of fun,” he said. “The lines continue
are as much a public entertainment as to blur between what is women’s wear,
an industry invitational, and wherever what is men’s wear.”
and whenever they occur, they are ulti- And then, he added, after a pause and
mately destined to live where we in- GI O RG I O A R M A N I SA LVATO R E F E R RAG A M O with a chuckle, “Within reason.”
..
6 | TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION

Business
How to fix
One chief argument for low capital
gains rates is to incentivize invest-
ment. But if we embraced two addi-

a broken
tional brackets — say, a marginal 30
percent bracket for earners over $5
million and a 35 percent bracket for
earners over $15 million — it is hard to
tax system see how investment plans would be
fundamentally changed.
Most of America wouldn’t be af-
fected at all and those wealthy individ-
uals who are successful enough to pay
more would be unlikely to hold back on
investment. After all, they’d still want
to get a return on their money, rather
than having it sit idle.

Andrew Ross Sorkin END REAL ESTATE LOOPHOLES


One reason there are so many real
estate billionaires is that the law allows
the industry to perpetually defer capi-
tal gains on properties by trading one
DEALBOOK
for another. In tax parlance, it is known
as a 1031 exchange.
Everyone, it seems, has ideas about In addition, real estate industry
tax strategies, some more realistic executives can depreciate the value of
than others. The list of tax revolution- their investment for tax purposes even
aries is long. The short list includes when the actual value of the property
Representative Alexandria Ocasio- appreciates. (This partly explains Mr.
Cortez, who wants a top tax rate of 70 Kushner’s low tax bill.)
percent on incomes above $10 million a These are glaring loopholes that are
year; Senator Elizabeth Warren, who illogical unless you are a beneficiary of
wants a wealth tax; Senator Bernie them. Several real estate veterans I
Sanders, who wants an estate tax with spoke to privately acknowledged the
a 77 percent rate for billionaires; and tax breaks are unconscionable.
even Senator Marco Rubio, who has
proposed a tax on stock buybacks. FIX CARRIED INTEREST
Whatever your politics, there is a This is far and away the most obvious
bipartisan acknowledgment that the loophole that goes to Americans’ basic
United States tax system is broken. sense of fairness.
Whether you believe the system For reasons that remain inexplicable
should be fixed to generate more reve- — unless you count lobbying money —
nue or employed as a tool to limit the private equity, venture capital, real
inequality — and let’s be honest for a estate and hedge fund industries have
ARIEL SCHALIT/ASSOCIATED PRESS
moment, those ideas are not always kept this one intact. Current tax law
SpaceIL’s Beresheet spacecraft with technicians and the company’s top executive, Ido Anteby, second from left. Launched last week, the craft is to land on the moon in April. consistent — there is a justifiable sense allows executives in those industries to
that the American public doesn’t trust have the bonuses they earn investing
the tax system to be fair. for clients taxed as capital gains, not

How Israel shot for the moon


In truth, how could it, when a ordinary income.
wealthy person like Jared Kushner, the Even President Trump opposed the
son-in-law of the president, reportedly loophole. In a 2015 interview, he said
paid almost no federal taxes for years? hedge fund managers were “getting
Or when Gary D. Cohn, the former away with murder.”
Mr. Winetraub scrounged $50,000 for president of Goldman Sachs who once This idea and the others would not
If it succeeds, craft the entry fee, and on Dec. 31, they sent in led President Trump’s National Eco- swell the government’s coffers to
the money and the paperwork with less nomic Council, says aloud what most overflowing, but they would help re-
will be first privately than two hours to spare. wealthy people already know: “Only store a sense of fairness to a system
built vessel to make trip From the beginning, their pitch was morons pay the estate tax.” that feels so easily gamed by the
geared to philanthropists, not venture If you pay taxes, it’s hard not to feel wealthiest among us.
BY KENNETH CHANG capitalists. like a patsy. There are a couple of other things
“It’s a very different story than a com- A New York Times poll found that worth considering.
It started in 2010 with a Facebook post. mercial company trying to explain how support for higher taxes on the rich
“Who wants to go to the moon?” they’re going to return the investment of cuts across party lines, and Democrat- LET’S TALK ABOUT PHILANTHROPY
wrote Yariv Bash, a computer engineer. the investors,” Mr. Bash said. “It’s one of ic presidential hopefuls are offering Nobody wants to dissuade charitable
A couple of friends, Kfir Damari and the best decisions we made in the begin- plans to do it. But the current occupant giving. But average taxpayers are
Yonatan Winetraub responded, and the ning.” of the Oval Office signed a $1.5 trillion often subsidizing wealthy philan-
three met at a bar in Holon, near Tel One of the people who heard their pre- tax cut into law, so the political hurdles thropists whose charitable deductions
Aviv. At 30, Mr. Bash was the oldest. sentation was Morris Kahn, an Israeli are high. significantly reduce their tax bills.
“As the alcohol levels in our blood in- telecommunications billionaire. “I gave Over the past month, I’ve consulted
creased, we became more determined,” them $100,000, no questions asked,” Mr. tax accountants, lawyers, executives,
Mr. Winetraub recalled. Kahn said, “and I said, ‘Start.’” political leaders and yes, billionaires,
They formed a nonprofit, SpaceIL, to Mr. Kahn said at the beginning he just and specific ideas have come up for
undertake the task. More than eight wanted to help. “Eventually, not only I plugging the gaps in the tax code,
years later, the product of their dreams, got sucked in, I sucked myself in,” he without blowing it apart.
a small spacecraft called Beresheet, CORINNA KERN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES said. “I got excited by this project.” None of these are as headline-grab-
blasted off last week atop a SpaceX Fal- Yariv Bash, co-founder of SpaceIL, financed the project with the help of philanthropists. Mr. Kahn became president of bing as Ms. Ocasio-Cortez’s Green
con 9 rocket at the Cape Canaveral Air SpaceIL and recruited other investors New Deal, nor will they evoke the
Force Station in Florida. including Sheldon Adelson, a Las Vegas emotional response of a sound bite
If the mission succeeds, it will be the casino billionaire and major donor to the about Ms. Warren’s wealth tax. But it
first time that a private company has Republican Party in the United States. could be that evolution has a better
gone to the moon. It will also be a point As a nonprofit, SpaceIL also tapped chance than revolution.
of pride for Israel. Until now, only gov- the energy of volunteers. “If you were PETE MAROVICH FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES

ernmental space agencies of three interested in space and wanted to do PATCH THE ESTATE TAX Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
superpower nations — the United something beyond your day job, you None of the suggestions in this column seeks a tax increase on the wealthy.
States, the former Soviet Union and could volunteer and give some of your — or anywhere else — can work unless
China — have accomplished an intact time,” Mr. Winetraub said. the estate tax is rid of the loopholes
landing on the lunar surface. As full-fledged development started, that allow wealthy Americans to bla- These people deserve credit for
The original goal was to compete in Mr. Kahn brought in Eran Privman, who tantly (and legally) skirt taxes. giving money to noble causes (though
the Google Lunar X Prize competition, had been an executive at his companies, Without addressing whether the some nonprofits are lobbying organiza-
which was offering a $20 million grand to run the organization. $11.2 million exemption is too high — tions masquerading as do-gooders) but
prize for the first privately financed ven- But as the 2018 Lunar X Prize dead- and it is — the estate tax is riddled their wealth, in many cases, isn’t pay-
ture to land a robotic spacecraft on the line approached, the effort appeared with problems. Chief among them: ing for the basics of health care, de-
moon. The founders initially envisioned doomed. SpaceIL still needed $30 mil- Wealthy Americans can pass much of fense, education and everything else
a tiny lander that would weigh only a lion more. In late 2017, Mr. Kahn re- their riches to their heirs without that taxes pay for.
dozen pounds, cost just $10 million and signed. A fund-raising plea by Mr. Priv- paying taxes on capital gains — ever. Philanthropic giving is laudable, but
make the trip by the end of 2012. man at the end of that year fell short. According to the Center on Budget and it can also be a tax-avoidance strategy.
The challenge turned out to be much CORINNA KERN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES CORINNA KERN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES A few months later, Mr. Kahn re- Policy Priorities, unrealized capital Is there a point at which charitable
harder and much more expensive. Another co-founder, Kfir Damari, under- Yonatan Winetraub, the third co-founder, turned, replacing Mr. Privman with Ido gains account for “as much as about 55 giving should be taxed?
“We didn’t imagine, I think, how much estimated the effort that was needed. helped raise the initial $50,000. Anteby, a longtime manager at the Is- percent for estates worth more than I’m not sure what the right answer
time and effort it would take,” Mr. Dam- rael Atomic Energy Commission, to $100 million.” is. But consider this question posed by
ari said. shepherd the final construction and That’s because after someone dies, several philanthropic billionaires:
After several extensions, the deadline testing of Beresheet. the rules allow assets to be passed on Should the rich be able to gift stock or
for the Google Lunar X Prize passed a Mr. Kahn agreed to provide any re- at their current — or “stepped up” — other assets to charity before paying
year ago without a winner. Even without maining money needed. value, with no tax paid on the gains. An capital gains taxes?
the $20 million prize, SpaceIL persisted. And now SpaceIL is approaching its asset could rise in value for decades At a minimum, we ought to consider
Unlike many of the other competing end in a few months. “A day after, all of without being subject to a tax. whether the wealthy should be allowed
teams that wanted to build profitable us will need to look for a job,” said Eran Many wealthy Americans even to take deductions when they move
businesses, SpaceIL had given itself a Shmidt, deputy manager of SpaceIL. borrow against their assets rather than money to their own foundations, or
mission, to inspire students in Israel to Mr. Winetraub joked, “This is a great sell them to avoid paying capital gains whether they should only take a de-
take an interest in science and engineer- job description. If it's successful, then tax. That’s why closing this loophole is duction when the money is spent. This
ing. you're fired.” so critical: You could raise rates and would prevent them from using their
“This is our bigger vision,” Mr. Dam- However, commercial interest in the put a big tax on the sale of property foundations to capture a tax deduction
ari said. SpaceIL would build the first Is- moon has revived during the Trump ad- and it wouldn’t matter for many without the money having to go to a
raeli spaceship to travel far from Earth, ministration. In November, NASA an- wealthy families. They wouldn’t actu- worthy cause at the same time.
but for today’s students, “It's their job to nounced the selection of nine compa- ally pay it.
build the next one,” he said. nies, including several former Lunar X The Congressional Budget Office FINALLY, FUND THE I.R.S.
As part of SpaceIL’s parsimonious ap- Prize contestants, that will compete for estimates simply closing this loophole The Internal Revenue Service is so
proach, Beresheet, which means “Gene- contracts to take small payloads to the would raise more than $650 billion underfunded that the chance an indi-
sis” or “in the beginning” in Hebrew, moon. The European Space Agency is over a decade. vidual gets audited is minuscule — one
tagged along aboard the SpaceX rocket considering a similar program. As central as this idea is to the other person in 161 was audited in 2017,
with an Indonesian communications Israel Aerospace Industries has suggestions, it is not an easy sell. according to the I.R.S. And individuals
satellite as well as a small experimental TERRY RENNA/ASSOCIATED PRESS signed an agreement with OHB System, Three Republican senators introduced with more than $1 million in income,
satellite for the United States Air Force. A SpaceX rocket carrying the SpaceIL craft being launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla. a German satellite manufacturer, to a plan this year to repeal the estate the people with the most complicated
Beresheet will not take the quick, di- compete for the European work, and Mr. tax. tax situations, were audited just 4.4
rect path to the moon. That would re- Doron said the company is in discussion But this and other changes — elimi- percent of the time. It was more than
quire a fuel-guzzling firing of a large en- backup of humanity’s knowledge in the Industries, which partnered with about collaborating with some of the nating the hodgepodge of generation- 12 percent in 2011, the Center on Budg-
gine to break out of Earth orbit and then form of a disc provided by the Arch Mis- SpaceIL. “It also puts a lot of pressure NASA-selected companies. skipping trusts that also bypass estate et and Policy Priorities reported.
another to slow down at the moon. In- sion Foundation, containing 30 million and responsibility on the project team.” The SpaceIL founders have largely taxes — are obvious fixes that would The laws in place hardly matter:
stead, with several engine firings, the pages of information, as well as a time The United States and the former So- moved on. Mr. Winetraub is now a grad- introduce a basic fairness to the sys- Those willing to take a chance can
spacecraft will slowly adjust its orbit, capsule with Israeli cultural symbols viet Union sent robotic landers to the uate student at Stanford, pursuing a tem and curb the vast inequality that gamble that they won’t get caught.
stretching to the outermost point until and a Bible. moon beginning in 1966, part of the doctorate in cancer research. Mr. Bash arises from dynastic wealth. That wouldn’t be the case if the agency
the moon’s gravity pulls it into lunar or- Within a few days of its landing, space race that culminated with the is chief executive of Flytrex, a company wasn’t having its budget cut and losing
bit. Beresheet is expected to succumb to the Apollo 11 astronauts stepping foot on the developing drones to deliver consumer INCREASE CAPITAL GAINS RATES personnel.
That is a long and winding, four-mil- heat of lunar noon. Then, its mission will moon in 1969. In 2013, China became the goods. Mr. Damari is chief product and Our income tax rates are progressive, Mary Kay Foss, an accountant in
lion-mile-long journey to reach a desti- end. third nation to send a spacecraft to the strategy officer for Tabookey, a cyber- but taxes on capital gains are less so. California, told the trade magazine
nation that is a quarter-million miles The price tag to build and launch moon, and this year, it became the first security start-up. There are only two brackets, and they Accounting Today what we all know,
away. Beresheet ended up at $100 million, not to land one on the moon’s far side. When they started SpaceIL at the bar, top out at 20 percent. but inexplicably never say aloud: “No
In April, it is to land at a lava plain $10 million, and the spacecraft bulked Back in November 2010, it was a rush they were all single. “We were in a really By contrast, someone making business would cut the budget of the
named Mare Serenitatis, or the Sea of up to 1,300 pounds. The SpaceIL for the SpaceIL founders just to get to different place back then,” Mr. Damari $40,000 a year by working 40 hours a people who collect what’s owed.”
Serenity. An instrument built by the founders point out that this is still much the starting line. The Google competi- said. week is in the 22 percent bracket. “It encourages people to cheat,” she
Weizmann Institute of Science will cheaper and smaller than what a space tion had been announced three years On Thursday, he was in Florida to That’s why the billionaire Warren E. said. “We need a well-trained, well-
measure the moon’s magnetic fields as it agency like NASA would build. earlier. About 30 teams had already en- watch the launch with his wife and two Buffett says his secretary pays a paid I.R.S. staff so that those of us who
approaches, and that data could help “It’s very refreshing in many ways,” tered, and the deadline for submissions children. “I never imagined my big boy higher tax rate. pay our taxes aren’t being made fools
give hints about the moon’s iron core. said Opher Doron, the space division was the end of the year. From friends is five years old and actually the age he So why not increase capital gains of.”
Beresheet is also carrying a durable general manager at Israel Aerospace and family, Mr. Bash, Mr. Damari and will remember,” Mr. Damari said. rates on the wealthiest among us? Nobody wants to be a patsy.
..
THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 | 7

business

Hobbling searches to curb fake vaccine news


BY CHRISTINA CARON started surfacing more authoritative
content in late 2017 for people searching
Pinterest, a digital platform popular for vaccination-related topics, and that
with parents, took an unusual step to its algorithmic changes would become
crack down on the proliferation of anti- more accurate over time.
vaccination propaganda: It purpose- YouTube also said it does not permit
fully hobbled its search box. anti-vaccine videos to show ads.
Type “vaccine” into its search bar and “We have strict policies that govern
nothing pops up. “Vaccination” or “anti- what videos we allow ads to appear on,
vax”? Also nothing. and videos that promote anti-vaccina-
Pinterest, which allows people to save tion content are a violation of those poli-
pictures on virtual pinboards, is often cies,” a YouTube spokeswoman said on
used to find recipes for picky toddlers, Friday. “We enforce these policies vig-
baby shower décor or fashion trends, orously, and if we find a video that vio-
but it has also become a platform for lates them we immediately take action
anti-vaccination activists who spread and remove ads.”
misinformation on social media. An analysis by The Daily Beast of sev-
It is an especially effective way to en Facebook pages that promote anti-
reach parents: 80 percent of mothers vaccine posts found that the pages had
and 38 percent of fathers in the United bought a combined 147 Facebook ads
States are on Pinterest, according to that had been viewed millions of times.
2017 data from comScore. The company Most of them targeted women over the
has more than 250 million monthly ac- age of 25, it reported.
tive users and is expected to go public “We’ve taken steps to reduce the dis-
this year. tribution of health-related misinforma-
Other platforms, like Facebook and tion on Facebook, but we know we have
YouTube, have also been infiltrated with more to do,” Andrea Vallone, a Facebook
misinformation about vaccines, and are spokeswoman, said in a statement.
taking steps to combat it. One of “We’re currently working on additional
YouTube’s policies is to demonetize anti- changes that we’ll be announcing soon.”
vaccine videos. But only Pinterest, as The company said it was considering
first reported by The Wall Street Jour- reducing or removing this type of con-
nal, has chosen to banish results associ- tent from recommendations and demot-
ated with certain vaccine-related ing it in search results.
searches, regardless of whether the re- Dr. Poland, an internist who has spent
sults might have been reputable. 35 years in the vaccine field, said he of-
“Right now, blocking results in search ten encountered patients who relied on
is a temporary solution to prevent peo- social media when researching health
ple from encountering harmful misin- questions. “I will explain to a patient in
formation,” said Jamie Favazza, a detail the answer to their question and
spokeswoman. The company said it was they’ll look at me and say, ‘Yeah, but I
working with experts to develop a more saw on Facebook that . . . ’ ” he said, his
tailored long-term approach. voice trailing off. “You just want to tear
The changes, which were not publicly your hair out.”
announced, started in September and Twitter said that it had no specific pol-
October. icy to stem the spread of misinformation
Opposition to vaccinations can be about vaccines but that its real-time na-
traced to the introduction of the first ture was a “powerful antidote.”
TED S. WARREN/ASSOCIATED PRESS
vaccine in the 18th century. Over time “We, as a company, should not be the
most people accepted vaccines, and dis- Opponents in Washington State of limiting parents’ ability to prevent children’s vaccination. “Vaccine hesitancy” has been identified as a significant threat to global health. arbiter of truth,” Katie Rosborough, a
eases that could be prevented by them Twitter spokeswoman, said in a state-
declined. They declined so much, in fact, ment Friday, adding that the company
that the success of vaccines may have tude of the problem.” die. Last year, measles killed 72 adults lack of knowledge about immunizations. Schiff of California, a Democrat and the was working to surface the highest-
muted the dangers associated with Despite clear evidence that vaccines and children in the European region, “We’re just seeing all sorts of misin- chairman of the House Intelligence quality and most relevant content first.
those diseases. are effective and safe, some people still where measles has reached its highest formation flying around on social me- Committee, wrote a letter to Mark For all of these companies, containing
The World Health Organization iden- choose not to get vaccinated or to vacci- levels in two decades. While measles dia,” said Arthur L. Caplan, head of the Zuckerberg, the chief executive of Face- the spread of misinformation, particu-
tified “vaccine hesitancy” as one of this nate their children. That has contribut- deaths are rare in developed countries, Division of Medical Ethics at the New book, asking what steps the company larly about something as emotionally
year’s 10 notable threats to global ed to a surge in measles cases world- the illness can have severe lasting con- York University School of Medicine, was taking to prevent anti-vaccine infor- charged as vaccines, will be a lasting
health. wide. In the United States, there have sequences, such as vision loss. who has been writing about vaccine mation from being recommended to us- challenge as they balance fears about
“I think this is stunning,” said Dr. been five measles outbreaks this year There are several reasons for vaccine ethics and policy for 25 years. ers. He sent a similar letter to Sundar censorship with the need to promote
Gregory A. Poland, director of the Mayo and at least 127 individual cases. hesitancy: worries about side effects, “Fake news. Fake science,” he said on Pichai, the chief executive of Google, useful content, experts said.
Clinic’s Vaccine Research Group in One or two in 1,000 children who con- cost, moral or religious objections, fears Friday. “Everybody’s an expert.” which owns YouTube. “It’s a mess that I don’t see easily
Rochester, Minn. “It shows the magni- tract this highly contagious disease will about a debunked link to autism and On Feb. 14, Representative Adam B. YouTube said on Thursday that it solved,” Dr. Poland said.

Detainee’s family seeks help


this case, the aerospace sector — are tion and of Congress have taken up Mr.
BEIJING
vulnerable to espionage charges. Li’s case, including Secretary of State
Before Mr. Li’s detention, his life cen- Mike Pompeo and other State Depart-
tered on his home and businesses on ment officials, Harrison Li said.
They stayed quiet, hoping Long Island, where he owned two gas “We regularly raise Mr. Li’s case with
stations. He went to the United States in Chinese officials,” the State Department
U.S. diplomacy would 1989 after the Tiananmen Square mas- said a written statement. It said con-
resolve China spy charge sacre and gained citizenship there in the sular staff had sent multiple requests to
1990s, said his son, who graduated from the Chinese authorities seeking Mr. Li’s
BY CHRIS BUCKLEY
Harvard last year and works in finance. release on humanitarian grounds, but
AND EDWARD WONG Mr. Li’s wife also immigrated from received no response.
China. Last week, Senator Chuck Schumer,
Kai Li, an American businessman born Mr. Li ran a company that exported Democrat of New York, and four mem-
in China, had stepped off a plane in aircraft parts to China and elsewhere in bers of the House of Representatives
Shanghai, preparing to visit his moth- Asia on behalf of a subsidiary of Boeing, sent a letter to Mr. Trump urging him,
er’s grave. Chinese state security offi- Harrison Li said, and he visited China for a second time, to push the Chinese
cers grabbed him and accused him of two or three times a year. The son said government to release Mr. Li. The letter,
spying, and after a short, secretive trial, he did not know the subsidiary’s name, a copy of which was obtained by The
a court sentenced him to 10 years in pris- and Boeing had no immediate comment New York Times, said, “It is incumbent
on. on Friday. upon our government to fulfill its re-
Now, two and a half years after Mr. Li The aerospace sector looms large in sponsibility to a citizen in distress and
was detained, his family in New York the competition between China and the be his vociferous advocate.”
has broken its silence, saying that the United States, and both governments Mr. Schumer told The Times on
espionage conviction against Mr. Li, an guard against the theft of secrets. Last Thursday, “The Trump administration
exporter of aircraft parts, was ground- year, the United States orchestrated a must use all tools available to prioritize
less and driven by political motives. complex international sting operation to bringing Mr. Li back home.”
In recent years, relations between the arrest a Chinese intelligence official On Friday afternoon, Garrett Mar-
United States and China have been who was charged with trying to get pro- quis, a spokesman for the White House
tested by trade and technology dis- prietary information from a GE Aviation National Security Council, said the
putes. employee. United States had appealed to Beijing
The United States has accused China “multiple times over the past two years
of hacking companies and inducing or for Li Kai’s immediate release.”
bribing scientists to hand over commer- In China, President Xi Jinping has
cial secrets. China has also stepped up brought in new laws to combat espio-
warnings against foreign spies and pub- nage and perceived threats to national
licized convictions of foreigners on espi- security, which include vague and
onage charges. sweeping definitions of national secrets.
Harrison Li, Mr. Li’s son, said the Chi- In recent years, Chinese security offi-
nese authorities had charged his father cers have been especially tough in de-
with providing state secrets to the Fed- taining people born in China who have
eral Bureau of Investigation. He said he foreign citizenship. Some visitors of Chi-
was sure that his father was not a spy nese descent have spent years in prison
and that his conviction showed the risks on sweeping charges.
that American visitors to China face as LI FAMILY In a travel warning for China reissued
tensions with the United States fester. Kai Li in Shanghai in 2011. A Chinese last month, the State Department said
“I certainly hope that the U.S. govern- court sentenced him to 10 years in prison. that American citizens of Chinese her-
ment will view my father’s case as a seri- itage could face additional scrutiny and
ous indication of China’s willingness to harassment.
use the coercive and inflammatory tac- “I’m sure that his business would When Mr. Li went to trial, United
tics of detaining foreign citizens,” Harri- have made him an easier target for the States consular officers were not al-
son Li said by telephone. “It’s very clear Chinese government,” Harrison Li said lowed into the hearing, after the court
to us that the nature of the case is poli- of his father. He said his father wrote in a invoked a rule banning outsiders from
tical and tied to whatever geopolitical letter, while in detention, that the paper- sensitive cases involving national secu-
conflicts exist between the two coun- work for the exports entailed making fil- rity. The hearing lasted a little over an
tries.” ings with the United States government hour, said Harrison Li, who is in touch
At first, Mr. Li’s family kept quiet that may have drawn suspicion from with the consular officers.
about his case while State Department Chinese investigators. After the trial, the court took the un-
officials lobbied Chinese officials to re- Relations have been strained since usual step of ordering additional investi-
lease him, the son said. But Mr. Li, 56, last year, when President Trump added gation by the prosecution office, post-
went on trial in Shanghai in August 2017 tariffs to goods made in China with the poning a judgment, Harrison Li said.
and was convicted and sentenced in intent of forcing Beijing to dismantle Such a move suggests that judges
July of last year. Harrison Li said that he what he and other critics say are unfair thought the evidence presented by the
and his mother decided to speak out af- trade and investment barriers. prosecution was insufficient.
ter Mr. Li’s appeal was rejected last China was also incensed by the arrest Still, the judges last year declared Mr.
month. in Canada late last year of Meng Li guilty of sharing one “classified” state MARCH 21  26
The F.B.I. declined to comment on the Wanzhou, the chief financial officer of secret and four “confidential” state se-
case. The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Huawei, who American prosecutors say crets, his son said, citing a judgment W W W. B AS E LW O R L D . C O M
Affairs did not respond on Friday to helped Huawei slip past American sanc- seen by the United States consulate in
faxed questions about the case, nor did tions on Iran by fraudulently misleading Shanghai. Those classes of secrecy both
the police, the prosecutors’ office or the a bank. Two Canadian men were de- fall below the topmost confidentiality
foreign affairs office in Shanghai. tained in China in December in what ap- classification in China.
The case raises broader questions peared to be payback for Ms. Meng’s ar-
about how foreign businesspeople deal- rest. Chris Buckley reported from Beijing and
ing with sensitive sectors in China — in Members of the Trump administra- Edward Wong from Washington.
..
8 | TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION

tech

A glimpse of what’s next for smartphones


people enjoy using tablets like Apple’s sor to current 4G networks. These new
iPad and Amazon’s Fire Tablet for their networks will introduce internet
roomy screens that are upward of speeds so fast that devices will be able
seven inches diagonally. That makes to download high-quality videos in a
watching videos, reading books and few seconds.
playing games more enjoyable. The But contain your excitement for now.
downside is that tablets are so large The carriers are still far from deploy-
Brian X. Chen that they aren’t pocketable. A foldable
phone, in theory, will let people have a
ing a broad 5G network.
AT&T said it should have 5G de-
tablet that can be folded up and carried ployed in 21 cities in the first half of
in a pocket. this year. Verizon Wireless just did its
Other phone makers are expected to first 5G data test on a smartphone late
TECH FIX
jump on this trend. Huawei, the Chi- last year. There isn’t expected to be
nese telecommunications giant, posted much traction for the new cellular
SAN FRANCISCO — It’s hard to imagine an image on Twitter this month teasing technology until 2020.
how smartphones could get much a foldable phone that will be unveiled And even when 5G does reach your
better. Most are already zippy and at Mobile World Congress, the tech hometown, there may be confusion
equipped with jumbo screens, powerful trade show in Barcelona, next week. about it. In a controversial move,
cameras and face scanners. Foldable phones raise plenty of AT&T said that it planned to give dif-
So what else can we look forward to? questions. When folded, the device ferent flavors of 5G different names:
It turns out, plenty. For a peek at the becomes thicker in the pocket, which 5G+ will be the fastest speed taking
future of the phone, look to Samsung, might make it bulky and uncomfort- advantage of brand-new infrastruc-
the world’s largest handset maker. On able. And it’s unclear whether making ture, and 5GE will essentially be a
Wednesday, the South Korean com- the displays bendable also makes them faster version of 4G using upgraded 4G
pany showed off a family of four new more fragile when equipment.
Galaxy phones that incorporate new Studies have dropped. Gordon Mansfield, an AT&T execu-
technologies and features that may tive, said the labels would be helpful
start spreading to other smartphones.
shown that Smartphones al- indicators for people with 5G phones.
Of the four new devices, one will people spend ready have many The 5GE icon on a phone screen will
work on next-generation ultrafast 5G more time cameras. Why inform them they have speeds that are
cellular networks, which means it can using apps, would I need more? faster than the current 4G networks,
download a movie in seconds rather watching Many newer smart- and the 5G+ indicator will mean they
than minutes. Three of the models will videos and phones include mul- are getting the fastest speeds possible,
have slightly larger screens and more browsing the tiple camera lenses he said.
complex camera systems than their web on that let you produce Also unclear is how much it will cost
predecessors. different camera for people to buy 5G access — and
And Samsung is also teasing a fifth
big-screen effects. For example, whether the tremendous speeds will
device that can be folded and unfolded phones. last year’s iPhone XS encourage consumers to burn through
like a book to decrease or increase the included a rear their cellular data faster than they did
phone’s screen size to suit its owner. It camera with dual with slower technologies. The carriers
is expected to be available in the lenses; the two lenses worked together have yet to announce pricing for data
United States on April 26 and in Eu- to blur the background while sharp- plans using 5G.
rope on May 3. ening a subject in the foreground,
There’s a lot to unpack here. Here’s producing what’s known as the bokeh Phones have become costly, in some
what you need to know about what’s effect. cases exceeding $1,000. Can we
coming with screen sizes, cameras, 5G Samsung’s new Galaxy S10 and S10 expect prices to continue climbing?
and the elusive foldable phone. Plus take this up another notch. Both Yes, in the high-end phone market,
include a triple camera system ar- where Samsung and Apple compete.
Phone screens keep getting bigger. ranged horizontally on the back of the The Galaxy Fold, which arrives in
Why would I want this, and won’t this phone. The left lens is for zooming, the stores late April, will cost $1,980.
add volume to my pocket? middle lens contains the main camera, Samsung has not announced pricing
Many phone makers, including Sam- and the right lens features a brand- of the Galaxy S10 5G, though the de-
sung, Apple and Google, have focused new ultrawide angle lens for capturing vice is expected to top $1,000, in part
on making screens larger without broader shots, like landscapes or a big because of its 5G compatibility and
adding bulk to their bodies. To do this, group gathering at Thanksgiving depth-sensing camera lens.
they stretched the screens from one dinner. For Samsung’s phones with more
edge to another while shrinking the What’s more, the Galaxy S10 5G will incremental changes, prices are also
borders surrounding the screen. have a fourth camera for depth-sens- up.
Samsung is continuing this trend. Its ing, which will enable richer aug- Prices start at $750 for the Galaxy
new Galaxy S10 and S10 Plus phones mented-reality applications that use S10E, $900 for the S10 and $1,000 for
have 6.1-inch and 6.4-inch displays, up data to digitally manipulate the physi- the S10 Plus. Compare that with the S9
from the 5.8-inch and 6.2-inch screens cal world when people look through the and S9 Plus, which started at $720 and
on last year’s Galaxy S9 and S9 Plus. smartphone lens. $840.
Even though the screens are bigger, Expect other companies to keep Carolina Milanesi, an analyst at
Samsung said, the device are more SAMSUNG beefing up the number of cameras this Creative Strategies, said she was
compact than their predecessors. year. Apple also plans to add another doubtful that prices could go up much
The company also unveiled the toward phones with larger displays. software developers last year. When measures 4.6 inches. Unfolding the camera to some of its next iPhones, more in the near-term.
Galaxy S10 5G, its first phone to work Many feel that they are getting more folded up, it looked like a phone with a device reveals its 7.3-inch display, according to a person briefed on the The $749 iPhone XR, which despite
with 5G networks, which will have a bang for the buck with bigger screens, small screen; when unfolded, its which is the size of a tablet screen. company’s plans, who spoke on the rave reviews has not sold as robustly
jumbo 6.7-inch screen. In addition, it as studies have shown that people screen doubled in size. Samsung said it was working with condition of anonymity because the as some had anticipated, demonstrated
showed the Galaxy S10E, a model with spend more time using apps, watching At a media event on Wednesday, Google, YouTube and others to develop details are confidential. Apple declined that consumers may have hit a thresh-
a 5.8-inch display in a body that is videos and browsing the web on big- Samsung shared some details about its apps that seamlessly make the transi- to comment. old.
smaller than the S9’s, for people who screen phones. foldable device, Galaxy Fold. It has two tion between a single screen when “We’re getting to a point where
prefer more compact devices. screens — a smaller one and a larger folded up and the double screens in What’s the big deal about 5G? people will say, you know what, the
Why would you want a bigger Why would I want a foldable phone? one — with a hinge in the middle con- unfolded mode. Samsung’s new Galaxy S10 5G will be technology is enough for me — I might
screen? When upgrading devices, Samsung first showed a prototype of taining multiple interlocking gears. You may want a foldable phone if one of the first phones to work with 5G want a different phone, but I don’t
people are increasingly gravitating its foldable phone at a conference for When folded up, the viewable screen you love tablet computers. Plenty of wireless networks, which are a succes- want more,” she said.

Filling some gaps in health care


BY ERIC RAVENSCRAFT out, you can still get the testing done, but
you’ll pay for it in both time and money.
You (or your employer) pay for health “Finding the time to get off work to get
insurance every month. In exchange, that testing done, going back in to my
you assume that if you have any health- doctor, getting it interpreted, it was in-
related needs, they’ll be covered. Yet credibly empowering after I got that in-
there are gaps in the system that your formation. But then I got a bill in the
provider may not want to pay for. Now, mail a few weeks later for $1,500,” she
medical start-ups want to fill in those explained.
gaps. She started Modern Fertility to make
As Silicon Valley looks for the next big that process accessible to everyone. The
thing to pour money into, health care test that the company performs is the
looks like an increasingly tantalizing same FDA-approved test you would get
field. According to Forbes, more than at an infertility clinic, without having to
$2.8 billion worth of venture capital was go through your medical provider. You
invested in health care start-ups in Sep- can either visit a Quest Diagnostics loca-
tember 2018 alone. An increase of 70 per- tion to have blood drawn, or get a kit
cent over the previous year. with a finger prick test.
It’s not hard to understand why, ei- After your test is analyzed, Modern
ther. Especially in the United States, the Fertility will pair you with an infertility
health care you get from your insurance nurse for a one-on-one consultation that
provider is hardly as comprehensive as the company employs, as part of its
it could be. If you get injured or sick, a EARGO MODERN FERTILITY package so you can get a breakdown of
doctor might be able to take care of you, The Eargo hearing aid can be bought directly from the company’s website. Modern Fertility’s test is designed to make information about fertility easily accessible. what your test means. However, as Ms.
but for day-to-day health problems, Vechery acknowledged, your doctor or
there’s a lot to be desired. regular OB-GYN should still be part of
scribes a hearing aid to begin with, you states to advise customers on their on a fixed income, or patients who rely likelihood of impacting that stigma is go- the process. “All of our results are meant
HELP FOR YOUR HEARING don’t have many accessible options. hearing aid needs. Because Eargo sells on their employer-provided Medicare, ing to be tough,” Mr. Gormsen said. to be shared with a woman’s physician
For example, in the United States, hear- Eargo, a new company that walks the its products online, rather than in physi- Medicaid or disability insurance to to help inform that conversation.”
ing aids are rarely covered by health in- line between medical firm and tech cal stores, a dispenser that’s licensed in cover medical expenses. Like most PROACTIVE FAMILY PLANNING To help pay for the test, the company
surance. While 48 million people in the start-up, wants to be one of those op- one state can sell to customers in all of hearing aids, you can ask your insur- Modern Fertility is another company has made sure it’s Flexible Spending Ac-
country suffer from some form of hear- tions, and wants to make the process them. ance providers if you can get reim- aiming to fill in a crack in our modern count (FSA) and Health Spending Ac-
ing loss according to the Hearing Loss easier. Eargo’s chief executive, Christian bursed for a pair of Eargo hearing aids, health care system. For $159, the com- count (HSA) eligible. Your insurance
Association of America, insurance Eargo sells a pair of hearing aids for Gormsen, argues that this makes more but it’s unlikely to be covered. The ex- pany offers a fertility test that can help provider might not pay for it, but if
providers do not consider it a vital issue $1,450. You can buy them directly from sense than the current model he de- pense will have to come out of your own women who are trying to get pregnant you’ve set aside some pretax money to
unless it occurs when you are young. As the company’s website. The Eargo Max, scribes as archaic, in which dispensers pocket. — or may want to in the future — find out spend on medical expenditures, then
you get older, your hearing deteriorates. boasts better audio quality and im- are licensed by state-level boards and To help ease the burden, Eargo has more about their fertility and plan you can spend it on Modern Fertility’s
As far as your health care provider is proved noise reduction for $2,150 per can only operate within their state. “I partnerships with both CareCredit and ahead. It sounds like exactly the kind of kit. It’s extremely unlikely that your in-
concerned, it’s not worth paying to fix. pair, and the Eargo Neo, their premium Synchrony to offer financing deals, of- basic test you could ask your OB-GYN surance will cover a test of this kind, but
If you choose to get a hearing aid, product, offers the company’s best audio ten without interest if you pay it off rela- for. at least you can use your own pretax
most insurance companies consider this quality, a more comfortable design, and More than $2.8 billion worth of tively quickly. In a 24-month financing The reality is far more complicated. money to pay for it.
an elective procedure — like choosing to fast-charging for $2,550 per pair. Even venture capital was invested in deal, for example, the Eargo Max would As Modern Fertility co-founder and The cruel irony in the current system
get plastic surgery — and won’t cover it. the upgraded model is around half the health care start-ups in cost a little over $100 a month, which is chief executive Afton Vechery ex- is that you can’t test your fertility until
You’ll also have to go through a lengthy cost of traditional, bulkier hearing aids easier to stomach than the lump sum all plained, “There’s no such thing as ‘fertil- you’ve already proved that you can’t
process of seeing your general practi- you may picture when you think of what
September 2018. at once. It’s still a lot of money, and you ity’ in the medical system today. There’s have a child. Which, in turn, you can’t
tioner, who will refer you to an ENT (ear, hearing aids look like. If you’re (under- don’t get assistance paying for it, but fi- only infertility . . . Infertility means you find out until you start trying to have a
nose and throat) specialist, who then standably) unsure about buying a hear- believe in a professional that’s certified. nancing options at least mean it doesn’t have to be trying for between nine and child to begin with.
works in conjunction with an audiologist ing aid from the internet, the company I don’t care whether that person is certi- hit quite as hard. 12 months, dependent on your age,” she Unfortunately, gaps in the American
to determine if you should buy a hearing offers a 45-day trial period to see if fied in California or Colorado . . . It’s like For severe hearing loss, Mr. Gormsen said. At that point, a small number of health care system that companies like
aid. Eargo works for you. saying you can’t drive your car outside believes specialists will always have states might recognize a legitimate con- these are trying to fill are common, and
Once you get through that long, ardu- Unlike other over-the-counter per- the state where you got your driver’s li- their place. “If we suspect there is too cern. they leave patients searching for solu-
ous process, the bill comes due. Accord- sonal sound amplifiers — which legally cense. It doesn’t make any sense.” much hearing loss . . . we will always ad- “Then, and only then might this test- tions while simultaneously offering en-
ing to a study by the National Acade- can’t be labeled hearing aids — the However, going around your doctor vise them to contact a specialist.” How- ing be reimbursed,” she said. Otherwise, trepreneurs new opportunities. Paying
mies of Sciences, Engineering and Eargo models are certified as Class 1 presents the problem of financing. In- ever, millions live with such minor to you’re on your own. for devices and services piecemeal from
Medicine, the average cost for a pair of medical devices by the Food and Drug surance companies rarely pay for hear- moderate hearing loss that it goes un- In other words, if you’re getting close independent companies is hardly ideal
hearing aids is $4,700, or about $2,350 Administration (FDA) for treatment of ing aids to begin with, but even at a com- treated — and uncovered by your insur- to your 30s and you want to get informa- (in fact, it’s part of the reason we have
per ear. A mere six companies make up light to moderate hearing loss. The com- paratively low price, around $2,000 is ance — until it gets worse. “The funda- tion about your own body to plan ahead, health care providers to begin with), but
98 percent of the worldwide hearing aid pany’s support team consists of hearing not always an easy chunk of change to mental challenge of this industry is the your insurer doesn’t think that’s worth for now, at least some companies are
market. Assuming your doctor pre- aid dispensers licensed in one or more drop. Especially for seniors who may be stigma and if we stay medical I think our paying for. As Ms. Vechery herself found trying to take up the slack.
..
THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 | 9

Opinion
Stop counting women
just like remembering when it’s time to
Quotas and Katherine Mangu-Ward buy laundry soap or send out birthday
tallies won’t invitations. As such, it is predomi-
nantly — though not exclusively —
bring real performed by women, who shoulder
progress on I recently joined the board of a small the mental load of tracking, fostering,
gender parity. nonprofit organization. I can’t say for supporting and promoting other wom-
sure that my ovaries got me the gig, en. Keeping those running tallies of
but I think they were at least part of gender imbalance is like other emo-
my appeal. That uncertainty isn’t tional labor: It’s exhausting and dis-
pleasant, but it’s less unpleasant than tracts from more substantive work,
not being invited to join the board at and some people are skeptical it needs
all. The same is true for nearly every to be performed at all.
television or conference panel I’m It can also be difficult to see the
asked to be on. Political journalism has forest when you’re busy counting the
long been male-dominated, libertarian- trees. Not every cracked glass ceiling
ism doubly so. For many professional is a victory. Recently, major newspa-
women, doing gender-balance math is pers trumpeted the fact that women
a tic, a reflexive response to being in hold all of the highest positions at the
too many rooms with too few other Central Intelligence Agency. The chief
women. executives of four of the nation’s five
That reflex was on display in Janu- biggest military contractors are now
ary, when the announcement of Oscar women; Northrop Grumman, Lock-
nominations set off the annual ritual of heed Martin, General Dynamics and
counting up female nominees and then the defense arm of Boeing all have
lamenting the ways in which women #ladybosses. It’s hard to imagine our
have been slighted. In recent years, feminist forebears seeing female domi-
the Hollywood commentariat has nance of the military-industrial com-
institutionalized my counting reflex. plex as an unmixed blessing.
In a typical example of the genre, I’m a magazine editor, and when I
The Atlantic declared “female film- have a story to assign, I shuffle writ-
makers were entirely neglected.” ers’ names around in a mental matrix
Bustle told its readers, “Don’t cele- of who is expert enough, dependable
brate too much” over women’s success enough and affordable enough to get
in the documentary category, but focus the job done. Gender is a considera-
instead on how their numbers in the tion. It’s not the primary one.
directing and cinematography catego- The idea that an outsider could look
ries were shockingly low. At the Gold- at my table of contents — as the byline
en Globes, even as she clutched her counters at the group VIDA: Women
best supporting actress trophy, Regina in Literary Arts do, for instance — and
King scolded Hollywood for not doing decide whether I’d made those calcula-
better and vowed “to make sure that tions correctly based purely on a gen-
everything I produce” is going to be der tally seems presumptuous at best. gradual organic process of moving
“50 percent women.” “Fifty percent gender parity is al- toward a society where men and wom-
Women are, of course, more than ways something to strive for,” a VIDA en can both pursue the work they want
capable of producing Oscar-worthy board member told me when I called — safely, with fair salaries and equal
cinema or panel-worthy insights. to ask if there were situations that opportunities for promotion — is to corporate hierarchy. In Kenya, law- SIMONE NORONHA
However, the notion that the lack of gender imbalance might be justified. freeze and polarize the conversation makers are debating a bill to enforce
perfectly equal representation is obvi- The board member, Sarah Clark, was by imposing a bunch of rigid laws and the so-called Two-Thirds Gender Rule,
ous evidence of injustice is wrong- unwilling to give ground on the idea policies. California passed a bill last a constitutional clause prohibiting
headed and counterproductive. that sometimes the numbers won’t fall that mandates the presence of at more than 66 percent of the legislature admissions affirmative action wars of
I understand why people want to even up, and that’s O.K. least one woman on the board of any to be the same gender. the 1990s. (Like most of America’s
keep tallies. While some gender imbal- Later in our conversation, however, I publicly traded company headquar- In the case of any kind of quota, wars, this conflict is continuing, but
ances can be explained by individual found myself nodding along as I lis- tered there, with increases in that there are obvious trade-offs between many people have stopped paying
or group preferences, the shortage of tened to what was essentially a stra- number under certain conditions. one category (gender) and others attention.) They settled on a compro-
women in so many areas of public life tegic case for diversity — namely that “We are tired of (race, sexual orientation, disability mise that does a shockingly good job of
has been allowed or ignored or tacitly “investing in building trust with read- Keeping being nice. We’re status among them) that arguably mirroring the way people actually
excused for so long that it may take ers who are women and who are non- tired of being polite. deserve more consideration. As usual, function when left to their own de-
hard numbers to open people’s eyes. binary is an investment worth mak-
those running We are going to the law is a lagging indicator. Gender vices. Hard quotas aren’t permitted,
And there’s something seductive ing.” tallies of require this because is easier (though not always easy!) to but giving some consideration to bal-
about counting. We count sheep to fall That’s exactly right. In journalism, gender it’s going to benefit notice and tally in ways that other ance and diversity is fine.
asleep. We celebrate anniversaries and and in moviemaking, it’s natural to imbalance the economy,” said a statuses aren’t. In a perfect world, In the meantime, the powers that be
birthdays. We track stock prices. We think about how to serve and expand is like other co-author of the there would never be a roomful of at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts
log miles run and dollars spent. To your audience. Those who argue for emotional legislation, Hannah- white men deciding whether to pick a and Sciences have actually laid the
count something is to see it, to under- diversity among our storytellers make labor: It’s Beth Jackson, a woman instead of a person of color for groundwork for sustainable improve-
stand it, to have the illusion of control the case that doing so ensures we exhausting Democratic state a “diversity slot.” We do not live in a ments. They have tried to fix unbal-
over it. capture a truer, fuller portrait of reality senator from Santa perfect world. anced inputs rather than mandating
But people who want to lose weight — which is fair enough.
and distracts Barbara, in a floor Underlying all of this is that there is equal outputs. In 2018, they invited a
initially learn to count calories in order But consider “Roma.” This wrench- from more speech. This line of something deeply off-putting about record 928 new members, on top of 774
to recalibrate their perceptions about ing, beautiful film is set almost entirely substantive argumentation is slotting people into categories by the year before, half of whom were
how to make healthy choices. The goal in the world of women; it delicately work. typical, and baffling. gender, about sussing out the precise women — up from 100 to 200 new
isn’t a lifetime of squinting at labels. engages class and race, stares un- Could it really be nature of their genitals and their additions in a normal year. As recently
The goal is to develop a new set of flinchingly at the darkness and light of true that increasing hearts before deciding if their pres- as 2014, Oscar voters were 76 percent
habits and instincts, to make good motherhood, and yet it shows up on female board representation is irrefut- ence on a masthead or a list of finalists male (as well as 94 percent white and
decisions that feel natural and un- the wrong side of the gender ledgers: ably good for business yet won’t hap- is just. on average 63 years old).
forced. An occasional audit is vital, but The director is Alfonso Cuarón, a man. pen unless companies are forced to do Being a token woman or winning the We’re too far from parity for anyone
continuous mortification can be crip- It is all the more troubling when the it right now? women’s trophy is better than nothing. to claim the current system is just. It’s
pling and wasteful. People who rou- gender accountants are legislators or In Norway, where a requirement for But it’s also reductive and demeaning. equally unclear that a 50/50 result is
tinely go on about their diet rules — or regulators with the power to do more 40 percent female board membership Our unease over this was reflected in the only acceptable outcome.
worse, freely share their thoughts than just name and shame. Tech- became law in 2008, there’s some the mockery Mitt Romney got for his On Oscar night this year, I winced
about co-workers’ lunch orders — are nocrats on the right and left are quite evidence that strict quotas may be “binders full of women.” Though the when only men were the nominees in
more likely to provoke resentment certain they know all kinds of things: counterproductive. Fewer companies idea of a president carefully curating some ostensibly coed categories. And I
than to convert the reluctant. In the the right number of children to have, chose to undertake initial public offer- lists of women to hire for top-level celebrated victories for women when
same way, the real work of recalibrat- homes to own, degrees to obtain, pills ings in the period after the policy took positions (rather than, well, other they come and left the counting to
ing representation must be done pri- to take, miles to drive, women to em- effect and there was no measurable activities) doesn’t seem so bad looking PricewaterhouseCoopers.
vately and incrementally, one day at a ploy. Precise numerical goals create a change in the affected companies’ back, does it?
time. false sense of clarity and certainty. performance or improvement in the The courts grappled with the prob- KATHERINE MANGU-WARD is the editor in
Counting is a form of mental labor, The absolute best way to ruin the prospects for women lower on the lems of quotas during the college chief of Reason magazine.

Netflix is shrinking the world


border digital cosmopolitanism to the
Instead of bank.
trying to sell For me, it was nice British people
politely baking against one another that
American offered one of the first hints of Netflix's
ideas to a unusual strategy. “The Great British
foreign Baking Show,” for those not in the cult, is
audience, it’s
Farhad Manjoo an amateur baking contest, and it is one
of the least American things you will
aiming to sell ever see on TV. It depicts a utopia: a
international multicultural land of friendly blokes and
mums with old-timey jobs — Imelda is a
ideas to a For months after the 2016 election, I “countryside recreation officer” —
global wanted nothing more than to escape blessed with enough welfare-state-
audience. America. I don’t mean literally — in the enabled free time to attain expertise in
cliché liberal way of absconding to British confectionary. To an American,
Canada — but intellectually, socially, the show suggests a time and place
psychically. Donald Trump was all where our own worries have no mean-
anybody talked about, and I needed ing. And that, more than baking, is what
sanctuary. I wanted to find places where “The Great British Baking Show” is
the American president-elect and his really about.
American opponents and their Ameri- The show was first produced and
can controversies simply did not exist. aired on British broadcast television (as
I found such a place in a British reali- “The Great British Bake-Off”) and
ty baking contest. By which I mean I imported to the United States by PBS,
found it on Netflix, which has become which then licensed it to Netflix; more
the internet’s most invaluable and recently, Netflix has licensed the show
intoxicating portal to the parts of planet directly from its British broadcaster,
Earth that aren’t America. Channel 4. But Netflix, which has 139
On Sunday, Netflix competed for its million paying members around the MAX GUTHER

first Best Picture Oscar for “Roma,” the world, has lately become something
Mexican filmmaker Alfonso Cuarón’s more than a licenser of other countries’ in some cases, to blend languages and have very diverse and eclectic tastes, different. Instead of trying to sell Amer-
exploration of his childhood in Mexico escapist television. sensibilities across its markets (see and if you provide them with the world’s ican ideas to a foreign audience, it’s
City. Though it didn’t win that award (it In 2016, the company expanded to 190 Marie Kondo’s half-in-Japanese tidying- stories, they will be really adventurous, aiming to sell international ideas to a
did win for Best Foreign Language Film countries, and last year, for the first up blockbuster). and they will find something unexpect- global audience. A list of Netflix’s most
and in two other categories, includng a time, a majority of its subscribers and In the process, Netflix has discovered ed,” Cindy Holland, Netflix’s vice presi- watched and most culturally significant
second Best Director Oscar for Cuarón) most of its revenue came from outside something startling: Despite a sup- dent for original content, told me. recent productions looks like a Model
“Roma” is a fitting testament to Net- the United States. To serve this audi- posed surge in nationalism across the The strategy may sound familiar; United Nations: Besides Ms. Kondo’s
flix’s ambitions. Virtually alone among ence, Netflix now commissions and globe, many people like to watch movies Hollywood and Silicon Valley have long show, there’s the comedian Hannah
tech and media companies, Netflix licenses hundreds of shows meant to and TV shows from other countries. pursued expansion internationally. But Gadsby’s “Nanette” from Australia;
intends to ride a new kind of open- echo life in every one of its markets and, “What we’re learning is that people Netflix's strategy is fundamentally MANJOO, PAGE 11
..
10 | TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION

opinion

Not the fun kind of feminist


words to describe maddening male frighteningly perceptive. libidinous culture feels neither pleasur-
A.G. SULZBERGER, Publisher behaviors that had once gone un- Dworkin showed foresight in other able nor liberating. “Me and my peers,
named — manspreading, mansplain- ways. She defended Monica Lewinsky we believed in this sort of fairy tale,
DEAN BAQUET, Executive Editor MARK THOMPSON, Chief Executive Officer
ing. Then came the obscene insult of when the young woman was being that there was a line of demarcation
JOSEPH KAHN, Managing Editor STEPHEN DUNBAR-JOHNSON, President, International
Donald Trump’s victory. It seems like treated like a joke, and she was un- that was very clear between rape and
SUZANNE DALEY, Associate Editor JEAN-CHRISTOPHE DEMARTA, Senior V.P., Global Advertising
something sprung from Dworkin’s sparing in her disgust for Bill Clinton. nonconsensual acts, and consent,” said
CHARLOTTE GORDON, V.P., International Consumer Marketing
cataclysmic imagination, that Ameri- She was intersectional before the word Fateman. “We knew where the line
JAMES BENNET, Editorial Page Editor
JAMES DAO, Deputy Editorial Page Editor
HELEN KONSTANTOPOULOS, V.P., International Circulation
HELENA PHUA, Executive V.P., Asia-Pacific
Michelle Goldberg ca’s most overtly fascistic president was coined. The “closely interwoven was, and everything on the side of
would also be the first, as far as we fabric of oppression” in America, she consent was great, and it was an ex-
KATHLEEN KINGSBURY, Deputy Editorial Page Editor SUZANNE YVERNÈS, International Chief Financial Officer
know, to have appeared in soft-core wrote in “Woman Hating,” meant that pression of our freedom. But that’s not
porn films. I think Trump’s victory “wherever one stood, it was with at the experience of sex that a lot of
marked a shift in feminism’s relation- least one foot heavy people are having.”
For decades now, Andrea Dworkin has ship to sexual liberation; as long as on the belly of an- Moira Donegan, the writer best
existed in the feminist imagination he’s in power, it’s hard to associate How Trump other human being.” known for creating an online list of
mostly as a negative example, the libertinism with progress. helped make Still, the resurrec- alleged sexual abusers and harassers
woman no one wanted to be. And so Dworkin, so profoundly out tion of Dworkin’s in media, recently wrote an apprecia-
GETTING ANSWERS ON DRUG PRICES An anti-porn, anti-prostitution mili- of fashion just a few years ago, sud-
Andrea
work and reputation tive reappraisal of Dworkin occasioned
Dworkin
tant in the feminist sex wars of the late denly seems prophetic. “Our enemies is in some ways by “Last Days at Hot Slit.” “It should
Twenty-five years ago, Congress hauled before it the 1970s and 1980s, she sometimes — rapists and their defenders — not
relevant quite strange, be- not be hard to say that heterosexuality
Elected top executives of the nation’s seven largest tobacco again.
seemed like a misogynist caricature of only go unpunished; they remain cause her contempo- as it is practiced is a raw deal for wom-
officials have companies and forced them to make a number of long- a women’s rights activist, a puritanical influential arbiters of morality; they rary admirers tend en and that much pornography eroti-
made a lot of overdue admissions about cigarettes — including that battle ax in overalls out to smite men have high and esteemed places in the to reject her central cizes the contempt of women,” she
noise about for their appetites. Dworkin never society; they are priests, lawyers, political commitments. Dworkin, who’d wrote. “It should not be hard to say
they might cause cancer and heart disease and that the actually wrote that all sex is rape, a judges, lawmakers, politicians, doctors, turned tricks as a broke, bohemian any of this. But it has become hard.”
the cost of executives had suppressed evidence of their addictive claim often attributed to her, but she artists, corporation executives, psychi- young woman, wanted to outlaw pros- Seen from a certain angle, the
prescription potential. did see heterosexual intercourse as atrists and teachers,” Dworkin said in titution and pornography, and in the #MeToo movement — or at least those
drugs. Now almost metaphysically degrading, a lecture she wrote in 1975, included in 1980s she made an alliance with the offshoots of the movement that ques-
The hearing ushered in a public health victory for the calling it, in her 1987 book “Inter- “Last Days at Hot Slit.” religious right to push anti-pornogra- tion the unequal power dynamics
they must ages. In its wake, lawmakers and health officials en- course,” “the pure, sterile, formal Maybe this once sounded paranoid. phy legislation. There is no sympathy behind seemingly consensual encoun-
demand acted measures that would ultimately bring smoking expression of men’s contempt for After Trump’s election, the Brett Kava- for such a bargain in feminist circles ters — looks like a way of saying those
answers from women.” Feminism would spend dec- naugh hearings, and revelations of today, where it’s mostly taboo to treat hard things. Indeed, some of Dworkin’s
rates in the United States to an all-time low.
ades defining itself against her bleak, predation by men including Roger sex work as distinct from any other ideas have been reincarnated in
pharmaceuti- With seven pharmaceutical executives set to testify dogmatic vision. Ailes, Harvey Weinstein, Les Moonves, kind of labor. #MeToo, and not just because she also
cal companies. before the Senate Finance Committee on Tuesday, one So it’s been striking to see that re- Larry Nassar and countless figures in Yet the renewed interest in Dworkin sought to challenge oppression by
can only hope for a similarly pivotal moment for pre- cently, feminists have started invoking the Catholic Church, her words seem is a sign that for many women, our going public with her own stories of
Dworkin, who died in 2005, in a spirit sexual abuse.
scription drug prices. of respect and rediscovery. The cultur- Think of the woman who told a
Drug prices are soaring in a way that defies reason. A al critic Jessa Crispin castigated con- reporter, last year, about an encounter
vial of insulin that cost less than $200 a decade ago now temporary feminists for their whole- with the actor Aziz Ansari that she’d
sale abandonment of Dworkin’s work come to understand as sexual assault,
sells for closer to $1,500. Actimmune, a drug that treats
in her 2017 book “Why I Am Not a though she didn’t describe force or
malignant osteoporosis and sells for less than $350 for a Feminist: A Feminist Manifesto.” threat. Decades earlier, Dworkin creat-
one-month supply in Britain, costs $26,000 for a one- Rebecca Traister listed Dworkin’s ed a political framework for viewing
month supply in the United States. Not even experts “Intercourse” as one of the books that such an experience — one most would
inspired her 2018 best seller “Good and probably write off as bad sex — as a
seem to know how those prices are set or why they Mad.” The Wing, the network of fash- violation. In that 1975 lecture, she
keep rising. ionable women’s co-working spaces described “presumptive rape” as one
The industry’s own explanations — that other entities and social clubs, sells enameled pins of in which “the constraint on the victim’s
Dworkin’s face. will is in the circumstance itself; there
in America’s byzantine health care system are to blame
A new anthology of Dworkin’s work, has been no mutuality of choice and
for most price increases, and that its products are ex- “Last Days at Hot Slit,” is out this understanding.” Consent, she insisted,
pensive and risky to make — are tough to swallow, month, edited by Johanna Fateman had to mean more than just acquies-
given drug companies’ conspicuous profit margins. Its and Amy Scholder. (“Last Days at Hot cence.
Slit” was a working title for a version Taken literally, much of Dworkin’s
response to the crisis of soaring drug prices has been of the manuscript that became writing dead ends in despair. She
meager at best. Last year, several companies agreed to Dworkin’s first book, “Woman Hat- insisted on being credited for her
hold off on planned price increases, but only for six ing.”) Reading Dworkin now, Fateman hard-earned knowledge of the world,
wrote in a recent essay in The New but would dismiss other women’s
months, and only after President Trump chastised them
York Review of Books, “beyond the testimonies — particularly about their
on Twitter. Those same companies have aggressively anti-porn intransigence she’s both enjoyment of sex — that contradicted
resisted both state and federal efforts to enact formal reviled and revered for, one feels a her ideology. “The quality of the sensa-
changes to drug pricing rules. prescient apocalyptic urgency, one tion or the need for a man or the desire
perfectly calibrated, it seems, to the for love: These are not answers to
Mr. Trump has not kept his campaign promise to high stakes of our time.” (Fateman, an questions of freedom; they are diver-
“negotiate like crazy” with drug makers to lower the art critic who used to be in a band, Le sions into complicity and ignorance,”
cost of their products. But his bluster on the issue, along Tigre, with Riot Grrrl icon Kathleen she wrote.
Hanna, is also working on an experi- Yet Fateman suggests that it’s pre-
with his blueprint for resolving it, have at least helped
mental nonfiction book based on cisely because Dworkin lost the sex
to keep a spotlight on the pharmaceutical industry and Dworkin’s life.) wars so decisively that we can now see
its questionable practices. So what is it in Dworkin’s long- beyond her most extreme rhetoric.
If the members of the Senate Finance Committee neglected oeuvre that has suddenly “You don’t have to be afraid that An-
become resonant? Perhaps it’s simply drea Dworkin is going to take your
want to make use of that spotlight, here’s what to ask because we’re in a moment of crisis, pornography away,” Fateman said.
executives on Tuesday: when people seeking solutions are That opens up space to consider the
How do you determine list prices for drugs? Who dusting off all sorts of radical ideas. rest of her work, and the price she paid
But I think it’s more than that. for refusing so categorically to make
decides the factors that go into the companies’ drug-
Dworkin was engaged, as many wom- herself appealing to men.
pricing formulas, and why can’t those formulas be made en today are engaged, in a pitched “For a woman writer to thrive (or,
public? Senators should also ask Olivier Brandicourt, cultural battle over whose experiences arguably, to survive) in these current
the chief executive of Sanofi — the only major insulin and assumptions define our common hard times, forgiveness and love must
reality. As she wrote of several es- be subtext,” Dworkin wrote in the
maker scheduled to participate in the hearing — why teemed male writers in a 1995 preface “Intercourse” preface. “No. I say no.”
the cost of insulin continues to rise year after year, to “Intercourse,” “I love the literature It’s in part this “no” that women are
given that the drug has been available for roughly a these men created; but I will not live celebrating when they celebrate
my life as if they are real and I am Dworkin. To treat her writing with
century, and in many cases still enjoys patent protec-
not.” curiosity and respect is itself a way of
tion. Dworkin was unapologetically angry, demonstrating indifference to male
What’s a fair profit margin for lifesaving products? A as so many women today are. Even COLIN MCPHERSON/CORBIS, VIA GETTY IMAGES opinion. “I’m a radical feminist,” she
common lament among pharmaceutical executives has before 2016, you could see this anger once said. “Not the fun kind.” She’s
building in the emergence of new Feminists are invoking Andrea Dworkin, who died in 2005, in a spirit of rediscovery. back because these aren’t fun times.
been that without enough profit from one drug, compa-
nies can’t afford to make the next one. That’s a fair
point. Still, many leading companies enjoy billions of
dollars a year in pure profit, even as lives are put at risk
for want of basic medications. Insurers are subject to a
15 to 20 percent cap on profits and administrative ex-
penses. Congress should consider a similar requirement
The Kim and Trump Nobel Peace Prize
for certain prescription drugs. ity that it could be awarded to Kim. In fact, the North Korean threat at the nuclear program.
The Kims are generally overachievers: remained. Indeed, North Korea has In some sense this is Kabuki. On my
How much do you spend on research and develop- Kim is said to have started driving at apparently continued to produce nucle- last visit to North Korea, in 2017, offi-
ment, and where do those dollars go? Pharmaceutical age 3, and his father had five holes-in- ar fuel and operate its missile bases. cials spoke of learning from Libya that
companies routinely argue that drug prices are high one in his first game of golf, not to American intelligence officials bluntly if you give up your nuclear program,
mention a perfect score of 300 the first told a Senate committee this year that America may then topple your govern-
because research and development is expensive and
time he bowled. North Korea is unlikely to denuclear- ment. So I suspect Kim has zero plans
because any successful drug is preceded by many fail- Nicholas Kristof It is, of course, delusion to think that ize. to give up his nuclear weapons.
ures. Industry critics, however, note that a good deal of either Trump or Kim will win the Nobel Yet if Trump was hoodwinked last But even without full denucleariza-
basic research is funded by the federal government, Peace Prize, and in general it’s not a year, there are some more hopeful tion, it is progress if there is a freeze on
good thing for leaders to go into a signs this time. He has appointed a testing, a halt to nuclear production, an
through the National Institutes of Health, and not by summit delusional. Many security well-respected special envoy, Stephen easing of tensions and an agreement
the drug makers. Many leading drug makers spend As President Trump and Kim Jong-un officials in the United States and Biegun, and both Biegun and Trump on future steps. When an American
most of their research dollars looking for new uses of hold a summit meeting this week in abroad worry that in his quest for the have been signaling crossed into North Korea from China
Vietnam, they have something in com- prize, Trump might make some rash The American that they are now last fall, the North Koreans expelled
existing drugs, not on risky innovations. And independ-
mon: Each apparently looks in the pledge, such as to withdraw American realistic about him rather than imprisoned him as a
ent studies show that research and development costs mirror and sees a Nobel Peace Prize forces from South Korea.
and North trade-offs and a bargaining chip. The United States has
for drug companies are not large enough to explain winner. But delusions can be helpful if they Korean timeline, with likewise eased rules on humanitarian
“If not for me, we would now be at make each side more willing to make leaders’ Trump saying that aid to North Korea.
high drug prices.
War with North Korea!” Trump concessions and pursue an arduous delusions North Korea will Trump and Kim may claim some
Why would any drug need nearly dozens of patents? tweeted last summer. He seems to see peace process. I don’t think there is about getting denuclearize “ulti- magical breakthrough, perhaps around
Patent protection enables drug makers to recoup the his legacy in part as the great peace- any prospect of North Korea handing the prize may mately” and that a declaration of the end of the Korean
money they spend developing and marketing a new maker of the Korean Peninsula and over its nuclear weapons soon, but it is improve their “I’m in no rush.” War. But don’t believe any magic. This
recently boasted that Japanese Prime possible to see a diplomatic path that work on a Here’s what a is not a problem that will be solved this
product. But most experts agree that leading drug mak-
Minister Shinzo Abe had nominated leaves the world safer — and there’s a plausible deal might month or this year.
ers have gamed this system: By applying for dozens of him for the Nobel Peace Prize. fighting chance that we might achieve
nuclear deal. look like. At its best, this will be a slog. We
patents for minor technical tweaks that provide little “Many other people feel that way, this. North Korea should pray that U.S.-North Korea
clinical benefit, they stave off competition for decades. too,” Trump told reporters, as he spoke Last year, Trump was bamboozled at would promise to relations become boring.
about the “beautiful” letter that Abe his first meeting with Kim. There were dismantle its Yongbyon nuclear com- The greatest threat of this presiden-
What will you change? The senators must not allow had written to nominate him. minimal preparations, and Trump plex and a couple of less important cy was that Trump would stumble into
drug makers to point the finger elsewhere on Tuesday. Abe, apparently mortified that his made major concessions such as sus- sites, admit international inspectors a nuclear war, and in 2017 and 2018 the
Yes, insurance companies and other entities play a role effort to stroke Trump had become pending military exercises in exchange and continue its moratorium on nucle- Pentagon was deeply concerned that
public, refused to confirm this. And two for nothing as significant. ar and missile tests. In exchange, the this was a risk with Trump-Kim
in the drug cost crisis. But this hearing is not about
leading Japanese newspapers, The Trump compounded his diplomatic United States would relax sanctions on brinkmanship and Trump’s boast that
them. It’s about the pharmaceutical companies. And Asahi Shimbun and The Yomiuri Shim- ineptitude with rhetorical grandiosity. inter-Korean projects involving tour- his nuclear button was bigger than
those companies need to take meaningful steps toward bun, reported that Abe’s letter was He tweeted, “There is no longer a ism and manufacturing. The two sides Kim’s.
lowering drug prices. If the Finance Committee mem- written at the White House’s request. Nuclear Threat from North Korea,” and could also declare that the Korean War If he and Kim pursue a painstaking
In surprising symmetry, North Ko- he later asserted that Kim had sent has ended, exchange diplomatic liaison peace process instead, in some illusory
bers come prepared on Tuesday, they could finally force rea is said to be abuzz with talk about him “beautiful letters” and “we fell in offices, ease cultural exchanges and quest for a Nobel Peace Prize, we can
the industry to help relieve the strain. the Nobel Peace Prize and the possibil- love.” agree on a path forward chipping away live with that.

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..
THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 | 11

opinion

The priesthood needs women


sent to jail. But even as bishops and voice in the Catholic Church to suggest
Alice McDermott other Catholic leaders gather in Rome that discrimination against women
this weekend to address the abuse was at odds with the church’s core
crisis, no Catholic I know feels assured mission. More than a decade before, in
that real change will come, that the 1965, the Second Vatican Council re-
No Christian should need to be re- worst is behind us, that some prince of leased a document called “Gaudium et
minded of the moral error of discrimi- the church, even a sainted pope, won’t Spes,” or “Joy and Hope” — two gifts
nation. We hold at the center of our eventually be revealed as a predator, now in short supply among the Catho-
faith the belief that every human life is an enabler. lics I know. It said, in part: “With
of equal value. And yet the Roman For those of us trying to hang on to respect to the fundamental rights of
Catholic Church, my church, excludes our affiliation with the Catholic the person, every type of discrimina-
more than half its members from full Church, Pope Francis’s recent defrock- tion, whether social or cultural,
participation by barring women, for ing of Theodore McCarrick, a former whether based on sex, race, color,
reasons of gender alone, from the cardinal and archbishop of Washing- social condition, language or religion,
priesthood. ton, though commendable, is no recom- is to be overcome and eradicated as
The moral consequences of this pense for the blindness, the arrogance, contrary to God’s intent.”
failing become abundantly clear each the cruelty of a system that allowed In barring women from the priest-
time another instance of clergy abuse, that pathetic man to become the shep- hood, then, what Sister Theresa called
and cover-up, is revealed. It is the herd of one of the most visible dioceses the “very system” of the Catholic
inevitable logic of discrimination: If in the world. We fear that boys’ club Church is adhering to a rule, a mere
one life, one person, is of more value secrecy and prancing misogyny, the custom, that is contrary to God’s in-
than another, then “the other,” the profound moral error of discrimination, tent. It is this grave moral error, far
lesser, is dispensable. For the male will prevail. more than priestly celibacy or Catholic
leaders of the Catholic Church, the For myself, and for many of the sexual repression, that provides the
lives of women and children become Catholics I know (especially women), implicit rationale for abusive priests
secondary to the concerns of the more the question of how much corruption and, more insidious still, for the men
worthy, the more powerful, the more we can tolerate is who excuse and protect them.
essential person — the male person, Barring now weighed against Rape and abuse is not about sexual
themselves. the tremendous loss longing or loneliness. It is about power.
Netflix is shrinking the world The Catholic Church needs to correct
this moral error.
I was visiting a Catholic university
women
adheres
to a mere
we would feel, if we
left this church. It’s
an institution that
It is about the cruel dehumanization of
the other, the perceived lesser being, in
order to gain, and retain, power. The
MANJOO, FROM PAGE 9 half of its viewers were from outside “Patriot Act” or shows that explore in Boston in 2002 as the clergy abuse custom that has shaped us, com- institutionalized misogyny of the Cath-
from Britain, “Sex Education”; “Elite” Brazil. When the German thriller issues of gender and sexuality, like “Big scandal involving Cardinal Bernard is contrary to forted us, guided and olic Church reinforces the notion of
from Spain; “The Protector” from “Dark” dropped in 2017, it hit the compa- Mouth” and “Sex Education” and “Na- Law was breaking. I was there to God’s intent. informed us, that is women, and their children, as the
Turkey; and “Baby” from Italy. ny’s Top 10 list in 136 countries, and nette” — was better than having the discuss a novel I had written, but the the center of our lesser. Catholic women, and their chil-
I’ll admit there’s something credulous about 90 percent of the series’ viewers entire service go dark in that country. questions from the audience at my talk spiritual lives as well dren, can have no assurance that the
and naïve embedded in my narrative so were outside Germany. It’s certainly a slippery argument — — and at the book signing after, and on as our community church can reform itself until that
far. Let me get this straight, you’re think- “The industry here feels liberated by but I believe it’s a valid one. Netflix does the sidewalk as I walked to my car — lives and family lives, the source of our essential error is addressed and cor-
ing: A tech company wants to bring the it,” Dario Madrona, one of the creators seem to be pushing cultural boundaries were mostly, if passionately, rhetorical: own moral strength, of our faith in the rected. And that error cannot be cor-
world closer together? As social net- of “Elite,” told me. According to Netflix, and sparking new conversations all What do we do now? Where do we go substance of things hoped for. And yet rected as long as women cannot be
works help foster misinformation and “Elite” has been seen by 20 million over the world. After it plastered from here? Do you think the church small commiserations can no longer priests.
populist fervor across the globe, you’re viewers around the world. That level of Bangkok with billboards advertising understands our pain? Do you think placate our outrage. A sea change is Lately, as I have listened to the
right to be skeptical. But there is a cru- popularity is huge for a teen drama from “Sex Education” last month, a conserva- the church understands what we’ve required. conversations of my dismayed and
cial difference between Netflix and Spain; an audience of 20 million would tive Thai political party filed a complaint lost? How much corruption should we Forty years ago, when, as the evi- discouraged fellow Catholics, I have
other tech giants: Netflix makes money be a decent hit on American broadcast against the company for airing the racy tolerate? dence now shows, abusive priests and thought of the Catholic women who
from subscriptions, not advertising. TV. “We’re starting to feel, I think, like British comedy, which the party called At the time, I could offer only small winking bishops were flourishing have shaped my own faith — nuns,
This simple difference flips all of its how you guys in the “a great challenge to Thai society.” The commiseration — as well as my regret throughout the world, Sister Theresa teachers, mothers, friends. I’ve re-
incentives. It means that Netflix has a Last year, for U.S. have felt for a young, progressive Thai internet re- that these Catholics had been so be- Kane of the Sisters of Mercy stirred a called the particular sound of these
reason to satisfy every new customer, long time,” Mr. sponded in fury, and in the outrage, trayed by their spiritual leaders that bit of outrage in the Catholic rank and women’s voices when they have come
not just the ones in the most prosperous
the first time, Madrona said. “You people started talking about actual they were left to seek solace from the file when she implored Pope John Paul to the end of their patience; it’s a calm,
markets. Each new title carries subti- a majority of can create a show problems in Thai society, like the lack of likes of me, a reluctant and often con- II, on his first trip to the United States, powerful, sober sound, a formidable
tles in 26 languages, and the company is Netflix’s there, and you can sex education and the high rates of trarian Catholic, a novelist, a woman. to “be open to, and respond to, the voice that can bring children up short,
creating high-quality, properly lip- subscribers be seen all over the teenage pregnancy. “Awful, yes,” I said. “Outrageous, yes.” voices coming from the women of this silence excuses, restore order to chaos.
synced audio dubbing in 10 languages. and most of its world.” Consider, too, “Nanette,” in which Ms. “Hope,” I said now and again. “Hope country.” It’s the voice of a woman saying, sim-
For years, Netflix has roiled the film and revenue came Netflix’s push Gadsby, who was virtually unknown for change, perhaps.” She added later that “serious social ply: “All right. That’s enough.”
TV business in Hollywood with its bil- from outside abroad has not been beyond Australia before Netflix, deliv- In the intervening years, the institu- injustices” were imposed on Catholic It’s the voice the Catholic hierarchy
lions. Now it’s taking its money — the the United without incident. ers a groundbreaking stand-up per- tional church has learned to expand its women by the “very system” of their needs to hear.
company spent $12 billion on content in Late last year, the formance about, roughly, art history, vocabulary to include such words as church, and that until the church began
2018 and is projected to spend $15 billion
States. company earned homosexuality, women’s rights and the “transparency” and “victim” and even reckoning with this uncomfortable fact, ALICE MCDERMOTT is a professor of hu-
this year — to film and TV producers in international con- tragic limits of comedy. The show was “prosecute.” In the intervening years, it could not “give witness to justice in manities at Johns Hopkins University
France, Spain, Brazil, India, South demnation for eye-opening to me, and I live in the wrists have been slapped, apologies the world.” and the author, most recently, of the
Korea and the Middle East, among pulling an episode of “Patriot Act With progressive wonderland of Northern made, some twisted souls have been Sister Theresa was not the first novel “The Ninth Hour.”
other places. Hasan Minhaj” from its service in Saudi California; to a young lesbian in India,
Because it is spending so much on Arabia. The comedian had criticized the where people like Ms. Gadsby are not
shows from everywhere, Netflix has an Saudi crown prince, Mohammed bin easily visible in media, it might have
incentive to get the biggest bang for its Salman, after the C.I.A.’s conclusion that been a revelation. In fact, “Nanette” was
buck by pushing them widely across its the prince had ordered the murder of a hit across Southeast Asia and India.
user base. Its algorithms are tuned Jamal Khashoggi, the dissident Saudi It’s legitimate to ask how long Netflix
toward expanding your interests rather journalist. will be able to keep up this cross-border
than narrowing them. As a result, many Netflix argued that it had no choice conversation — whether, as it keeps
of Netflix’s shows are watched widely but to obey the Saudi legal authority, growing, it will have to make legal or
beyond their local markets. Dystopian which said the episode violated a stat- moral compromises with local censors
thrillers seem to travel particularly ute, if it wanted to continue operating in or other would-be cultural arbiters. But
well. In 2016, the company added the that country. The company’s executives I’m optimistic about its chances. Would-
Brazilian dystopian thriller series “3%,” suggested that bringing the Saudis the n’t it be amazing if the internet did turn
a bleak look at the near future; about rest of Netflix — every other episode of out to bring the world together after all?

Can Trump make a deal with Kim?


EBERSTADT, FROM PAGE 1
cultivate the Americans’ interest in
dialogue with Mr. Kim. The promised
halt in testing was taken as a good-will
North Korea, is widely respected, but
has been working the file for just six
months. The North Korean side has
brushed off American entreaties both
apparently took this to mean the denu-
clearization of North Korea, when for
North Korea, it means getting South
Korea out from under America’s nucle-
Whatever happens
next, we’ll help you
gesture; it reduced international pres- for a nuclear inventory and for setting ar umbrella. Mr. Kim is likely to stall
sure. All the while, North Korea quietly up substantive working groups ahead with this cunning phraseology and
pushed ahead with its nuclear and of the summit in Hanoi. All of that is to constructive ambiguity again.
missiles programs. its advantage. ■ AN ILLUSORY PEACE DECLARATION. The
In the lead-up to the Singapore If big decisions are made this week rumor in Washington is that the United

make sense of it.


meeting, North Korea masterfully — meaning: if Mr. Kim and Mr. Trump States is now willing to accede to long-
probed for its adversary’s weaknesses. are left alone in a room — the North standing North Korean demands for a
And it learned that Mr. Trump, for all Koreans may well game the “dotard,” “peace declaration” that would for-
his fire-and-fury rhetoric, was not just as the North Korean ruler has called mally end the Korean War. (Fighting
interested in a deal, but hungry for the American president. And if no big stopped in 1953, but only by a cease-
one. decisions are reached, North Korea fire agreement.) Whatever such a
The critical test came in late May
2018, when North Korean state media
ran a scathing statement by a vice
will still win, because it will keep forg-
ing ahead with its nuclear and missile-
production programs.
proclamation might mean under inter-
national law, it would marginalize and
could endanger South Korea. With a
Newspaper subscription offer:
minister of foreign affairs that
slammed John Bolton, the American
So here’s what to watch out for:
■ ONE-SIDED CONCESSIONS. North
signed declaration in hand, the Kim
government would demand, naturally, Save 66% for three months.
national security adviser, (for “reck- Korean negotiators are old hands at the departure of American forces from
less remarks”) and mocked Vice Presi- this one. One particular something-for- the Korean Peninsula and the scrap-
dent Mike Pence (“what a political nothing deal they ping of the United States-South Korean
dummy he is”). It warned: “We can The United may ask for is being defense alliance.
also make the United States taste an rewarded for halting The correct position on this question In unpredictable times, you need journalism that cuts through
States must
appalling tragedy it has neither experi-
resume
tests — which they is, instead, that American forces the noise to deliver the facts. A subscription to The New York
enced nor even imagined up to now.” no longer need to should remain in the peninsula for as
The next day, Mr. Trump suspended against conduct. long as the United States and South Times International Edition gives you uncompromising reporting
preparations for the summit — only to North Korea ■ FALSE HOPES FOR Korea agree that such a presence is in that deepens your understanding of the issues that matter,
quickly order them resumed. The a policy of FALSE CHOICES. The their respective security interests,
North Koreans knew then they had “maximum American side seems peace proclamation or not. and includes unlimited access to NYTimes.com and apps for
him hooked. pressure” to think it can sell And the correct position overall is
The Singapore summit was held the North Korea on for the United States to resume a pol-
smartphone and tablet.
worthy of
following month. No momentous deci- abandoning its nu- icy of maximum pressure worthy of
sions emerged from it, at least so far as
the name. clear weaponry in the name. North Korea’s trade with
the public is aware. But on every visi- exchange for eco- China, by far its most important eco-
ble point of contention, North Korea nomic moderniza- nomic partner, reportedly dropped by
came out ahead. And Mr. Trump tion. (This was the pitch in the Destiny nearly 60 percent between January
praised Mr. Kim while cutting back on Pictures video that Mr. Trump made and September of last year. The gov-
military readiness drills that American
and South Korean troops have been
Mr. Kim watch in Singapore.) The
North Korean side may pretend to be
ernment in Pyongyang is forced to
spend down strategic reserves. A
Order the International Edition today at
carrying out together for six decades.
As the second Trump-Kim meeting
interested and claim that no modern-
ization can happen until sanctions are
suffocation campaign should be en-
forced ruthlessly.
nytimes.com/discover
approaches, North Korea looks to have lifted. In reality, Pyongyang has its In its quest to make the world safe
the upper hand again. eyes on both the weapons and the for itself, the North Korean govern-
Mr. Kim has been playing hardball. growth; that’s what Mr. Kim’s ment uses diplomacy — granted, a
If the United States “persists in impos- “byungjin,” or simultaneous advance, diplomacy of bared fangs and broken
ing sanctions and pressure against our policy is all about. Never mind that he promises — to consolidate gains, ex-
Republic,” he warned in his New Year’s has talked the talk of caring more tract concessions or provoke new
address last month, “we may be com- about economics in recent times; crises. At the moment, it seems to be in
pelled to find a new way for defending North Korea is still a perpetual war “consolidate” and “extract” mode. But
the sovereignty of the country and the economy. Market development there it could shift gears to “crisis” as soon
supreme interests of the state and for would only mean a bigger nuclear as that seems beneficial. Maybe or
achieving peace and stability of the threat, and faster. maybe not this week in Hanoi, but
Korean Peninsula.” ■ THE “DENUCLEARIZATION” TRAP. One of certainly at a time and place of Mr.
Team Trump, for its part, is painfully the United States’ main blunders in Kim’s choosing.
Offer expires June 30, 2019 and is valid for new subscribers only. Hand delivery subject to confirmation
understaffed. The Senate has yet to Singapore was to sign a joint state-
by local distributors. Smartphone and tablet apps are not supported on all devices.
confirm an assistant secretary of state ment to, among other things, “promote NICHOLAS EBERSTADT isa political econo-
for East Asia and the Pacific. Stephen the denuclearization of the Korean mist at the American Enterprise Insti-
Biegun, the special representative for Peninsula.” American negotiators tute.
..
12 | TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION

Sports
Winter Olympic glory, then chemotherapy
Her regimen includes training in the
PENTICTON, BRITISH COLUMBIA
small workout room on the ground floor.
On a recent Friday morning, she put
herself through a brisk circuit of weight
3 months after winning lifting, dips, resistance-band work and
other exercises that she has tried to
gold, Kikkan Randall maintain since entering what she calls
learned she had cancer her G.I. Jane phase. She shaved her
head after her hair began to fall out in
BY CHRISTOPHER CLAREY clumps early in chemotherapy.
Randall likes to do laundry between
Inside the living room of her new home, sets, and her deep breathing was often
Kikkan Randall held a wig in her hands. drowned out by the sound of a washing
Her own hair is growing back, but it is machine. Bottles of detergent share
still a long way from matching the shoul- space on shelves with mementos from
der-length coiffure with the pink streaks her and Ellis’s athletic careers.
that she sported for much of her career A photo of the gold medal finish from
to remind people that cross-country ski- Pyeongchang sits atop a baseboard
ers were “NOT boring.” heater where Randall can see it as she
The blond wig with a pink streak — sweats. Though there are signs of the
purchased last year in Anchorage, her PHOTOGRAPHS BY ALANA PATERSON FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES strain, such as dark half-circles under
home city — was meant to provide a Left, Kikkan Randall with wigs she bought after she received a diagnosis of breast her eyes, she looks lean and fit.
sense of normalcy amid upheaval. cancer. Above, Randall training near her home with Breck, her 2-year-old son, in tow. “Thankfully all the muscles didn’t go
“It’s funny,” she said last week as she away,” she said.
placed it on her no-longer bald head. She has put them to use: biking to and
“Where we’re at now, I feel like I’m play- throughout her extensive and expen- from cancer treatments and hopping on
ing dress-up when I wear this.” sive treatment, but she was required to “I don’t think cancer skis soon after her lumpectomy, using
A year ago, when Randall and Jessie receive her primary cancer care in the patients are told only one pole for a time to avoid over-
Diggins won the United States’ first United States. enough what they working her right side. In September,
Olympic gold medal in cross-country She chose Anchorage, where her par- she won a 10-kilometer run in Penticton,
skiing and its first medal of any kind in ents and many of her closest friends live
can do.” and last month, while still undergoing
the sport in 42 years, Randall already and where she remains a local icon after radiation, she won the women’s event at
had breast cancer. competing in five Olympics. But that the kind of time to not have to be so disci- a duathlon ski race in Anchorage.
She just did not know it yet. meant weeks apart from Jeff and Breck plined and enjoy the reward of all that “I don’t think cancer patients are told
After all the wide-eyed jubilation in as she shuttled between Canada and effort. But what really has been the most enough what they can do,” she said.
Pyeongchang, South Korea, on the night Alaska going through six rounds of che- upsetting is the fact we couldn’t try and Randall, who has a port implanted in
of Feb. 21, 2018, Randall’s realization motherapy, a lumpectomy, follow-up have another kid right away.” her chest to continue receiving injec-
that something might be wrong came on surgery and 33 sessions of radiation. Randall said she expected to be on an- tions of the drug Herceptin, wants to
a much quieter evening — and served as Shortly before she finished her final tihormone medication for at least five promote physical activity during treat-
a stark reminder that cancer doesn’t re- radiation session, on Jan. 25, her mother, years, possibly as long as 10. Pregnancy ment. She has taken inspiration from
ally care if you are an Olympic medalist, to be a mom, psyched to be here starting Randall and Ellis have been open Deborah, opened a bottle of Champagne is not advisable during such treatment, and spoken with Gabriele Grunewald,
an icon in your sport, have no family his- our life here together. And then I was throughout her treatment, particularly to mark the occasion. The bottle had although Randall said she might be able the 32-year-old American middle-dis-
tory of the disease and are more fit than getting ready for bed and just happened on social media — an attempt to connect originally been purchased to celebrate to take a break from the medication to tance runner, who has continued to com-
99.99 percent of the population. to notice it.” with Randall’s fan base and to provide Randall’s long-awaited gold medal. pursue having a child. pete despite dealing with more virulent
It was May 13, Mother’s Day. The Her fingers brushed across some- others in similar situations with infor- “When cancer happened, my mom de- “If we only ever end up with Breck, forms of cancer.
newly retired Randall; her husband, thing hard in her right breast. “I thought mation and inspiration. She has posted cided that bottle had a new meaning,” he’s amazing,” Randall said. Randall has no plans to return to top-
Jeff Ellis; and their 2-year-old son, it was my rib bone at first,” she said, “but from the wig shop, the hospital recovery Randall said. The family moved to Penticton for a level competition and has not skied
Breck, had just spent a day in the out- then it was, ‘Hmm, it feels like it’s kind of room, the bathroom mirror and her Pen- There are, of course, private burdens, job opportunity for Ellis, a former 400- more than 30 kilometers since her diag-
doors near their new home in Penticton, moving around in there.’” ticton couch after chemotherapy and a none heavier than the reality that Ran- meter hurdler for Canada, who was later nosis, but she took part in the American
a small Canadian city between two lakes The diagnosis, delivered on May 31 by cold caught from Breck left her drained dall’s treatment means she and Ellis an elite cross-country skier. But he said Birkebeiner, a 50-kilometer ski mara-
in the Okanagan Valley. telephone as she was traveling to a wed- and miserable for a stretch last year. must postpone plans to have more chil- he left his new job in July to play a bigger thon in Hayward, Wis., on Saturday. She
They had hiked in the nearby moun- ding in Sweden, was Stage 2 invasive Randall found the two pea-size tu- dren. That made her Mother’s Day dis- role with Breck and to have more flexi- then will take part in sprint ski races in
tains in the sunshine, bought a grill for ductal carcinoma. mors in her breast relatively early and covery all the more poignant. bility to help Randall. the Bird’s Nest stadium in Beijing as
their yard and shared the feeling that “Early on, there was definitely a received an upbeat prognosis for a com- “When I found out I had cancer, it was After they moved to Canada for Ellis’s part of the buildup to the 2022 Winter
they were finally settling into a rhythm heavy, why-me phase,” Ellis said of Ran- mon type of cancer. almost disbelief,” Randall said. “It was career, Randall’s pursuits are again tak- Olympics. And in November, she plans
after months of transition and a post- dall’s reaction. “How is this possible? Af- But as a new arrival in Canada, she like, ‘I did everything right, and I’ve tak- ing precedence. to run the New York City Marathon.
Olympic move from Anchorage. ter all these years I finally got my medal did not yet have health insurance. The en really good care of myself.’ I had put The couple now work together out of “After everything, it’s great to see her
“We’d had the best day,” Randall, 36, and now I can’t enjoy it? So many years United States Olympic Committee all this work in my career and was look- the house, focusing on Randall’s busi- out there on skis,” Ellis said. “It’s her
said. “I was so psyched on life, psyched of delayed gratification.” agreed to continue providing coverage ing forward to a point where I would get ness and charitable opportunities. happy place.”

NON SEQUITUR PEANUTS DOONESBURY CLASSIC 1992

GARFIELD CALVIN AND HOBBES

SUDOKU No. 2602

WIZARD of ID DILBERT
(c) PZZL.com Distributed by The New York Times syndicate
Created by Peter Ritmeester/Presented by Will Shortz

KENKEN CROSSWORD | Edited by Will Shortz


Fill the grid so
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Solution No. 2502
that every row,
column 3x3 box Fill the grids with digits so as not 25 Italian port on the 48 Bygone Apple
14 15 16
to repeat a digit in any row or
Across
and shaded 3x3 messenger
column, and so that the digits
1 River that formed part Adriatic Sea
box contains
17 18 19

within each heavily outlined box


of the border between 29 Rope fiber 50 Coagulates
each of the East and West
will produce the target number 32 Deux + un 51 View, as the future 20 21 22 23
numbers Germany
1 to 9 exactly shown, by using addition, 5 Cold and moist, as a 34 “Open ___ …” (store 53 ___ Reader

once. subtraction, multiplication or cellar sign) 55 Biblical verb with 24 25 26 27 28

division, as indicated in the box. 9 Brewery in the Nikkei 35 Bronze coin in the “thou”
A 4x4 grid will use the digits
29 30 31 32 33 34
For solving tips 225 Harry Potter books 56 Not pay for each drink
and more puzzles: 1-4. A 6x6 grid will use 1-6. 14 MGM symbol 36 Flight board posting,
individually, say
www.nytimes.com/
35 36 37 38
for short 60 Sorrowful bell sound
sudoku
For solving tips and more KenKen
15 Jannings who won the
first Best Actor Oscar 63 Legal order
puzzles: www.nytimes.com/
37 Is obliged to 39 40 41 42
(1928) 65 Barn topper
kenken. For Feedback: nytimes@ 39 1/12 of a foot
16 Put in a crate 66 Say hello to
kenken.com
43 44 45 46
40 What each set of
17 British term for a row shaded letters in this 67 Religious setback?
of houses converted 47 48 49 50
puzzle represents 68 Emergency operation,
KenKen® is a registered trademark of Nextoy, LLC. from stables for short
Copyright © 2018 www.KENKEN.com. All rights reserved. 18 Chess ending
42 Entr’___ 51 52 53 54
69 Raft-making wood
19 Ω 43 Challenge to a bully
70 Any sacrament 55 56 57 58 59
20 What’s gained or lost 45 Confucian philosophy
71 Smooth sheet material
Answers to Previous Puzzles with daylight saving 46 Classic Chrysler 60 61 62 63 64 65
time product Down
22 What a psychic may 1 “Tickle me” doll
47 “The ___ Club” 66 67 68
read (1970s-’80s 2 Protection for a lender
24 Dublin’s land televangelist show) 3 Ring champ Riddick 69 70 71

Solution to February 25 Puzzle 4 Cover, as a knife


5 Take exception to PUZZLE BY ALEX VRATSANOS
S T L A S P C H A R M something 13 Bitter beer, briefly 38 Cluster around an 58 Obsessive about
H O O D U N T O D A L E Y 6 Liqueur whose name 21 Shell’s industry acorn details
A D N A U S E A M S W I P E is Italian for “a little 23 Blue-blooded 41 Believer in nudism
G O I N G S W I M M I N G L Y bitter” 59 Partner of call
Brit 44 Former competitor of
A L T R E I N N Y E 7 Critical point?
W E T Y E S L A G S 26 Stone face? Nikon and Canon 60 C.I.A.’s Soviet
O P A L E K E L I S Z T
8 Prefix with -mania 27 Clash with 49 Active conflict counterpart
R E C Y C L I N G C E N T E R 9 Formally end 28 Tribal chiefs, typically 50 Channel founded by
M E T R O D U O S U R E 10 French river in fierce 29 Economizes maybe Ted Turner 61 Org. whose monthly
E L B A S E A B O X W.W. I fighting too much magazine advertises
S O S D U S K Q U I
52 Wastes gas, maybe
11 Green Knight’s 30 God-given, as abilities
O U T O F T H E R U N N I N G weapon in “Sir Gawain 54 Student with a private magazines
U S A G E T R I A T H L O N and the Green Knight” 31 Nurse, as a newborn teacher
33 Indian yogurt dip
62 Sushi bar fish
S T Y L E O R A L D I V A 12 What an “O” means in 57 Kipling’s “Rikki-
A S S E T N I L E A T XOXO 36 Kicks out of the game Tikki-___” 64 Upstate N.Y. school
..
THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 | 13

Culture
The Oscars spread the wealth around
OSCARS, FROM PAGE 1
nonetheless managed to address the el-
ephant in the room — that her victory
had denied one to Glenn Close (“The
Wife”), who had been expected to break
her seven-nomination losing streak.
“This is not how I wanted it to be,” Col-
man said, as the camera cut to Close in
the audience. Close smiled and offered a
polite shrug.
In a major shift from the #Os-
carsSoWhite years of 2015 and 2016, this
year’s ceremony, which lasted a little
over three hours, was notable for the di-
versity of honorees. Two “Black Pan-
ther” crew members, Hannah Beachler
(production design) and Ruth E. Carter
(costumes), became the first African-
Americans to receive Oscars in their re-
spective categories. Cuarón’s award for
best cinematography for “Roma” made
him the first director to win for shooting
his own film.
Asian-Americans were represented
in victories for “Free Solo,” which was
named best documentary, and for “Bao,”
which won best animated short. L.G.B.T.
people were acknowledged with “Bohe-
mian Rhapsody.
“We made a film about a gay man, an

NOEL WEST FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES

Hannah Beachler, the production de-


signer of “Black Panther,” with the set
decorator, Jay Hart.
NOEL WEST FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES

immigrant, who lived his life just una-


pologetically himself,” Malek said.
“We’re longing for stories like this.”
And Spike Lee (“BlacKkKlansman”)
won a competitive Oscar for the first
time in his celebrated career — albeit for
writing and not directing. It was the lone
award for the film. “Let’s all mobilize,”
Lee shouted, referring to the coming
American presidential election as he ac-
cepted the adapted screenplay award.
“Make the moral choice between love
versus hate. Let’s do the right thing!”

The show took its lead from the


televised Grammys two weeks
before, opening with a rowdy
rendition of “We Will Rock You”
by Queen.

“Green Book” also won best original NOEL WEST FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES

screenplay. It was written by Nick Valle-


longa, Brian Currie and Peter Farrelly. Top, the director Peter Farrelly and his award four Oscars, including hair and
Vallelonga, whose father was the real- “Green Book” collaborators accepting the makeup, during the commercial breaks,
life model for the chauffeur played in the best picture Oscar. Left, the acting win- with the winning moments edited and
film by Viggo Mortensen, thanked his ners: from left, Rami Malek, Olivia Col- aired later in the broadcast.
parents. Farrelly thanked his cast, man, Regina King and Mahershala Ali. Perhaps as a protest, intentional or
agents, publicists, production execu- Above right, Spike Lee, who won as a not, the three winners for hair and
tives, family and the entire state of screenwriter. makeup, honored for their work on
MONICA ALMEIDA FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Rhode Island. “Vice,” took their time at the micro-
“Shallow,” the duet between Lady phone. In an awkward and halting set of
Gaga and Bradley Cooper that serves as thank yous, they fumbled with a piece of
the centerpiece of “A Star Is Born,” won paper containing names and went way
best song. The film came up short dur- over their allotted 90-second time.
ing much of the awards season, but Producers started the playoff music
“Shallow” proved irresistible to voters. and ultimately cut sound to the micro-
phone.
QUEEN OPENS THE SHOW
The show took its lead from the Gram- SPREADING THE LOVE
mys two weeks before, opening with a The first half of the ceremony indicated
rowdy rendition of “We Will Rock You” the direction the evening would take.
by Queen. “Bohemian Rhapsody” picked up Os-
“Welcome to the Oscars!” shouted cars for sound editing and sound mix-
Adam Lambert, who has taken over for ing. John Ottman also won the Oscar for
Mercury as Queen’s frontman in recent editing the film. None of the winners
years, as a waterfall of sparks fell to the thanked Bryan Singer, who was fired as
stage of the Dolby Theater in Holly- the film’s director because of erratic be-
wood. havior on the set and has been dogged
Tina Fey, Amy Poehler and Maya Ru- by sexual misconduct allegations.
dolph then took the stage and — while The first win for “Green Book” was a
explaining they were not the hosts — supporting actor victory by
gave a mini-performance that drew re- Mahershala Ali. It was Ali’s second sup-
laxed laughter from the audience and porting actor win in recent years. (He
seemed to make the case that the three NOEL WEST FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES NOEL WEST FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES previously won in 2017 for his role in
women should be hired to co-host next “Moonlight.”) Ali became the second
year, pronto. In a quick segue, they be- Above, the guitarist Brian May of Queen African-American man to win two Os-
gan presenting the Oscar for best sup- and Adam Lambert. Above right, Lady cars for acting, joining Denzel Washing-
porting actress at the show’s eight- Gaga and Bradley Cooper performing ton.
minute mark. Last year, it took the show “Shallow.” Right, the presenters Melissa “I want to dedicate this to my grand-
18 minutes just to get through Jimmy McCarthy and Brian Tyree Henry. mother, who has been in my ear my en-
Kimmel’s monologue. tire life telling me that if at first I don’t
Regina King won the supporting ac- succeed, try, try again,” Ali said from
tress trophy for her role in the lyrical art best is good enough.” the stage.
film “If Beale Street Could Talk.” The film also won for Ludwig “Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse”
“I’m an example of what it looks like Goransson’s score. won best animated feature for Sony Pic-
when support and love is poured into “Roma” then won best foreign-lan- tures, as expected. The win was a blow
someone,” King said, composing herself guage film. And “Free Solo,” about a dar- to Disney and its Pixar studio, which
after breaking into tears. ing rock climber, took the prize for docu- have dominated the category since its
mentary feature. creation in 2001 and had two nominees
HISTORIC “PANTHER” WINS “Thank you, National Geographic for this year, “Incredibles 2” and “Ralph
Two subsequent awards also found Afri- believing in us, and for hiring women Breaks the Internet.”
can-American women called to the and people of color,” said one of the latter Peter Ramsey, one of the three-cred-
stage. Carter, a three-time nominee film’s directors, Elizabeth Chai Vasarhe- ited “Spider-Verse” directors, spoke
(“Amistad,” “Malcolm X”), won best lyi. about the importance of inclusion in ani-
costume design for her Afro-futuristic The Academy of Motion Picture Arts mated films. “We see you, we’re power-
“Black Panther” attire. Beachler made and Sciences had pressed the producers ful,” he said to fans who identified with
history herself for her production de- of this year’s ceremony to drastically re- the diverse characters in the film.
sign for that film (with Jay Hart). duce the running time. Last year, the Os- Pixar did not leave empty-handed,
“When you think it’s impossible, just cars stretched to almost four hours — thanks to its win for “Bao,” conceived
remember to say this,” Beachler said, beyond the endurance of viewers, with and directed by Domee Shi. Even the
reading off her phone during an emo- ratings dropping to a record low. In one space-race thriller “First Man” picked
tional speech. “I did my best, and my abandoned plan, the academy wanted to NOEL WEST FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES up an award, for visual effects.
..
14 | TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION

culture

Strict Judaism, hot television


The Israeli series ‘Shtisel,’
now on Netflix, captivates
viewers across the board
BY JOSEPH BERGER

The stories are the standard stuff of tele-


vision dramas, sitcoms and soap operas.
A young man yearns for an older
woman but must contend with the med-
dling of a domineering father. The fa-
ther, a widower, is on the prowl himself,
though he seems as captivated by the
tasty dishes eligible women cook as he is
with the women themselves. Mean-
while, his daughter painfully copes with
a husband who has taken off on a busi-
ness trip that cloaks a romantic fling.
But what makes the Israeli series “Sh-
tisel,” currently on Netflix, such ground-
breaking television is that the charac-
ters are the black-hatted, side-curled
men and bewigged women of ultra-Or- SARA KRULWICH/THE NEW YORK TIMES

thodox Judaism, a group that is known


in Hebrew by the umbrella term bend laws to their needs. Elisheva, for
Haredim and includes Hasidim. example, stealthily listens to popular
It is an insular subculture that is ob- music on the Sabbath and justifies doing
scure to most Jews, let alone to many so because she left the audio player on
people of other faiths. While there have overnight.
been a handful of movies about the Secular Jews are intrigued as well, as
NETFLIX
group, like “Felix and Meira” and “Fill evident from a host of comments by the
the Void,” “Shtisel” is the first television more than 4,000 members of a Facebook
series in America exclusively focused group, “Shtisel: Let’s Talk About It.”
on it, according to Jane Klain, manager Hasidim and other Haredim, largely
of research services at the Paley Center the group known as in Yiddish as
for Media in New York. Yeshivish (they may have a similarly
A word-of-mouth grapevine of emails austere appearance, but they do not re-
and Facebook posts lauding the show’s vere a particular Grand Rabbi as Ha-
touching characters and its humor has sidic sects do), generally decline to own
flourished online, particularly among television sets. In Israel, the show was
Jewish viewers. denounced by one Haredi columnist as a
Netflix seldom comments on ratings. “Trojan horse” crafted to influence a pi-
But interviews and anecdotal evidence ous community with foreign values. But
suggest that Jewish viewers, some gen- Haredim do have laptops and cell-
tile viewers and even many Haredim phones and, though often loath to admit
(literally “tremblers” before God), who SARA KRULWICH/THE NEW YORK TIMES it, some will watch surreptitiously.
generally shun television, are bingeing Clockwise from top left: Doval’e “My wife watches it — off the record,”
on the series. Glickman, left, and Sasson Gabai in said one communal leader in Borough
The response on social media has “Shtisel”; Chanie Apfelbaum and Dr. Park, Brooklyn, New York’s largest Ha-
been so strong since the show started Shuly Rubin Schwartz, two enthusiastic sidic neighborhood, smiling mischie-
streaming on Netflix in December that audience members; and Michael Aloni in vously and asking not to be identified.
the creators are contemplating a third another scene from the show. Chanie Apfelbaum, a 38-year-old
season, four years after the most recent Lubavitch Hasid and mother of five who
season aired, said Dikla Barkai, a hosts a popular food blog on Instagram,
producer for Abot Hameiri Barkai, the Her friend Dr. Mary C. Boys, the vice was more forthright, calling the series
production company behind the show. president of academic affairs at Union “the most honest portrayal of an ultra-
They have not discussed plans with any Theological Seminary in New York, said Orthodox community ever.” (Lubavitch
broadcasters. the “very human stories” shatter ster- Hasidim have long used television
“When magic happens, then you try eotypes of Haredi families just as well- broadcasts to proselytize Jews to be-
to understand why it’s happening,” she crafted works about Catholic nuns shat- come more observant.)
said. ter those stereotypes. Alexander Rapaport, who runs a Bor-
An American version of “Shtisel” is “One of the most important things we ough Park soup kitchen called Masbia,
also in the works. Marta Kauffman, a can do is engage in fiction or nonfiction said that had the show been on Amazon
creator of “Friends,” and her daughter NETFLIX that complicates our understanding of Prime Video instead of Netflix, it might
Hannah K. S. Canter have sold a version the other, whoever the other is,” said have been watched more widely be-
of the show set in Brooklyn, titled “Em- “Shtisel” in Hebrew with English subti- no sex and barely any touching — treat said Lisa Kleinman, a marketing con- Boys, who belongs to the Sisters of the cause many Hasidim run their busi-
mis,” to Amazon and have recently com- tles. There is no dubbed version. the dilemmas with wit and pathos. sultant in Brooklyn. “It’s not like I’ve Holy Names of Jesus and Mary. nesses through Amazon deliveries.
pleted a script they will propose to The show focuses on a family living in “While it is clothed in the world of the been dying for a personal glimpse into The show so accurately captures the Watching on Netflix, he noted, requires
broadcasters, according to Barkai. the tightly packed, squat apartment ultra-Orthodox, ‘Shtisel’ is a human the lives of Haredim. But the show is a granular mores of daily Haredi life the deliberate act of subscribing.
Kauffman told Variety that she was buildings of a Haredi neighborhood in story about family, love and communi- beautiful, intelligent family saga that partly because one of its creators, Those who do watch (and admit to it)
not concerned about the unfamiliarity Jerusalem. The members include the ty,” said Marty Greenfield, a retired happens to be about Haredim.” Yehonatan Indursky, grew up in an ul- extol the show’s affecting moments.
most Americans have with ultra-Ortho- patriarch, Shulem Shtisel (Doval’e chief financial officer of Warner Bros. Dr. Shuly Rubin Schwartz, the provost tra-Orthodox family in Jerusalem. The Frimet Goldberger, a mother of two and
dox rituals. “Make sure the stories, and Glickman), a broad-bearded, stub- Records (and the father of the actor Max of the Jewish Theological Seminary in men wear fringed ritual garments even freelance writer who left the Satmar
the universality of those stories, is what bornly opinionated yeshiva teacher Greenfield). “You laugh, you cry, and at New York and a historian of American while relaxing at home. The women sect of Hasidim, based partly in
people take in,” she said. “The rest is just with a tender side; his youngest son, the conclusion you want more.” Judaism who has written about the por- sleep in snoods covering their hair. Mar- Williamsburg, Brooklyn, recalled a
background.” Akiva (Michael Aloni), a wispy-bearded trayal of Jews in American culture, said ried couples sleep in separate beds. scene when Giti is in agony during labor
“Shtisel” was produced in Israel, teacher at his father’s yeshiva, whose the show seemed to satisfy a voyeuristic A blessing is said every time food or and her husband, by Haredi custom,
which in recent years has won plaudits real passion is for art; and Akiva’s sister, The response has been so strong interest in a reclusive society, as with drink is consumed, and no one enters a cannot be in the delivery room with her.
for a number of television dramas, in- Giti (Neta Riskin), burdened by a that the creators are thinking other TV depictions of subcultures like room without kissing a mezuza, a nar- He calls her on a cellphone and tenderly
cluding “Fauda” and the shows on which scheming, apparent nogoodnik of a hus- about a third season, four years the Mormon polygamists in “Big Love” row doorjamb fixture that contains the sings a song to her, and she smiles and
the American series “Homeland” and band who has taken off for Argentina, and British royalty in “The Crown.” sacred Shema prayer. First-time meet- tears up, struck by his uncommon dis-
“In Treatment” were modeled. “Shtisel” leaving her to raise five children.
after the most recent one aired. “Everybody’s talking about it,” she ings to check out a possible match take play of affection.
was broadcast for two 12-episode sea- Following Haredi matchmaking said, mentioning her neighbors on the place in public hotel lobbies. Even the “It struck a visceral chord, and I inti-
sons starting in 2013, and its first season customs, Akiva is paired with one young Fans of the show say it humanizes Upper West Side and a friend who is a way a man sits, pulling up the flaps of his mately recognized Giti’s conflicting
practically swept the Israeli equivalent woman after another, but none arouse people who are often portrayed in bleak, Catholic nun as well. “There’s some- frock coat away from his backside, feels emotions — her desire to be held during
of the Emmys. any joy. Then he meets Elisheva (Ayelet derogatory caricatures. And the tension thing very attractive about a communi- authentic. this painful and momentous occasion,
It is also another show that has seen a Zurer), the twice-widowed mother of a between the Jewish laws that guide ty with strong values we share: respect Emma Goldman, a 30-year-old hu- and following the law that forbids hus-
big spike in popularity after arriving on pupil. their daily lives and the yearnings and for parents, respect for elders, close-knit man rights professional for a nonprofit, bands from touching their wives during
Netflix, joining American shows like She is a dark-haired beauty a decade whims of the characters makes for emo- families, modest lifestyles. We may not who grew up in an observant home, not labor,” Goldberger said.
“Riverdale” and “You.” The streaming older. He is smitten, and so is she, but tionally powerful television. live that way, but we admire it.” only was beguiled by how Haredim ex- As she watched, she remembered the
service, which has dramatically ex- they struggle with the father’s meddling “It’s a wonderfully engrossing family At the same time, she added, “it re- perienced “the same internal struggles, birth of her own two children and the
panded its library of non-American TV opposition and her own misgivings story that gives us insights into a group inforces the views of many Jews about hopes and dreams, heartbreaks and be- deprivation of not being able to feel the
shows in recent years as it seeks an about marrying someone so young and we don’t really know much about, even the claustrophobic nature of that soci- trayals,” but could also recognize the embrace of her husband during labor,
ever-larger global audience, presents quirky. The plot lines that follow — with those of us who are observant Jews,” ety, the conformity, the regimentation.” loopholes some Orthodox Jews find to and she, too, cried.

Buried secrets unearthed in Ulster


gag of place / And times.” Keefe’s book ticulously reported book; Keefe is also soldiers felt betrayed by the agreement “Gerry” — as in Gerry Adams, who
BOOK REVIEW
is as much about this “penumbra of interested in “collective denial,” how because it kept the British dominion until last year was the leader of Sinn
silence” as it is about lives lost and an entire society tries to cope with over Northern Ireland intact. Dolours Fein, the political party long aligned
blood shed. trauma and brutality through obfusca- Price, who spent eight years in prison with the I.R.A. In 2014, Adams was
Say Nothing: A True Story of Murder
and Memory in Northern Ireland The book begins with a longstanding tion and pitiless rationales. for a 1973 London bombing, was one of questioned by police about the death of
mystery: Who abducted Jean Mc- For instance: “We believed that them. McConville but never charged; in their
By Patrick Radden Keefe. Illustrated.
Conville, and why? McConville was a informants were the lowest form of “She had set bombs and robbed interviews for the Belfast Project,
441 pp. Doubleday. $28.95.
mother of 10, born to Protestants and human life. They were less than hu- banks and seen friends die and nearly I.R.A. volunteers said they reported to
BY JENNIFER SZALAI
married to a Catholic, so overwhelmed man. Death was too good for them.” died herself,” Keefe writes. All those Adams.
by the daunting task of caring for her Those chilling words belong to Do- awful things — and for what? As she But to this day, Adams, known as
In “Say Nothing: A True Story of Mur- brood after her husband died that she lours Price, another central figure in herself put it in an interview, “I was one of the I.R.A.’s most prominent
der and Memory in Northern Ireland,” seemed to have no time for anything “Say Nothing.” Price, the daughter of often required to act contrary to my leaders during the 1970s, denies ever
Patrick Radden Keefe trains a cold eye else, much less sectarian intrigue. Yet Catholic republican stalwarts, grew up nature.” having been a member of the I.R.A. It’s
on an incendiary subject. Despite in December 1972, at the end of the lighting cigarettes for an aunt who lost Keefe’s depiction of Price is so a gambit that’s both audacious and
having Irish ancestors who immigrat- bloodiest year of the Troubles, a group her eyes and both hands while partici- rounded and intimate you’ll be sur- absurd.
ed to the United States in the 19th of masked men and women barged into pating in a bombing operation gone prised to learn that he never spoke to Keefe’s portrait of the shape-shifting
century, Keefe, a journalist for The her Belfast home, dragging the 38- awry. At the time of McConville’s dis- her. The first he ever even heard of Adams is unsparing; he calls Adams’s
New Yorker, shares little of the “tribal year-old widow away as her frightened appearance, Dolours was a vibrant Price was when he read her obituary in strenuously whimsical persona “cake
solidarity” with the old country that children looked on. 21-year-old and, like her younger sister, The Times, in 2013. Price participated fairs with a dash of bloodshed.” But
was ubiquitous in Boston, where he For the next three decades, the Marian, an enthusiastic member of the in the so-called Belfast Project, a set of then Keefe also posits that this very
grew up. McConville children wondered what Irish Republican Army. You quickly confidential interviews conducted with ambiguity made it possible for the
“I never felt any particular interest happened to their mother, with some of sense that Dolours Price’s story is paramilitary fighters a few years after various sides of the Good Friday
in the conflict in Northern Ireland,” he them electing never to leave Belfast in bound to intersect at some point with PA IMAGES, VIA GETTY IMAGES the Good Friday Agreement, kept Agreement to believe they could nego-
writes. Whatever feeling he had about case she returned. The city was small, McConville’s; the question becomes Dolours Price, left, with her sister Marian under lock and key at Boston College tiate with Adams and arrive at a peace
the Troubles — the vicious fighting suffused with whispers of gossip, but when — and how. outside Belfast in Northern Ireland. and subject, from 2011 on, to a sub- deal.
between the mostly Protestant loy- nobody would actually talk. One inqui- Keefe’s narrative is an architectural poena made at the request of the Police This sensitive and judicious book
alists who wanted to remain British ry by a family member was met with feat, expertly constructed out of com- Service of Northern Ireland. raises some troubling, and perhaps
subjects and the mostly Catholic re- an ominous note that warned, “Get plex and contentious material, ar- the story,” Keefe writes. “It was always The fate of the Belfast Project turns unanswerable, questions. Does moving
publicans who didn’t — amounted to a away.” Even after McConville’s re- ranged and balanced just so. He knows there.” out to be an absorbing drama in its own forward from an anguished past re-
“detached concern.” mains washed up on a beach in 2003, better than to hazard an interloper’s The Good Friday Agreement of 1998 right, as Keefe delicately unpacks the quire some sort of revisitation and
It’s a somewhat startling admission, the code of silence prevailed. interpretation of where an “ancient brought some relief; with the excep- legal and moral quandary surrounding reckoning? Or are certain memories so
coming toward the end of this reso- Keefe follows the McConville story, quarrel” began. Whether you go back tion of some violent eruptions over the what amounts to a cache of confessions perilous that they’re better left buried
lutely humane book, but an outsider’s interviewing more than a hundred to the Protestant settlers of the 17th past two decades, a long stretch of — conducted at considerable risk and and ignored? A conspicuously unboth-
perspective is what gives “Say Noth- sources and digging deeper and century or the Tudors of the 16th or the relative peace in Northern Ireland has in utmost secrecy — in which people ered Adams, for one, seems never to
ing” its exacting and terrifying lucidity. deeper, to the point where he comes to Norman raiders of the 12th, you’re held more or less steady. But the ac- implicated themselves and others in look back. As he once told an inquisi-
The title comes from a poem by Sea- his own conclusion about who mur- already mired in an endless volley of cord didn’t heal all wounds — and, in the cruelest, most brutal acts. tive reporter, in a quote that manages
mus Heaney that describes “The fa- dered her. But the culpability of any recriminations and reprisals. “It al- Keefe’s telling, it opened up some new A name that kept coming up in the to sound naïve and cynical all at once,
mous / Northern reticence, the tight one individual is only part of this me- most didn’t matter where you started ones. A number of former I.R.A. foot secret interviews was apparently “If you don’t ask, you can’t tell.”
..
THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 | 15

travel

Remaining
Leonardo, 500 years after his death green while
unveil a retrospective showcasing 120
Museums will remember
the Renaissance master
paintings, sculptures and drawings de-
voted to the Renaissance maestro An-
drea del Verrocchio; work from Leon-
on the road
with exhibits in 2019 ardo and other pupils will be featured BY JUSTIN SABLICH
(March 9 to July 14). In September, a cu-
BY NORA WALSH rated version of the show will head to If you strive for a sustainable lifestyle at
The National Gallery of Art in Washing- home, you may be tempted to avoid
This year is the quincentennial of the ton. Also in the United States, the Den- thinking about the effect your travels
death of Leonardo da Vinci, the Italian ver Museum of Nature and Science’s could have on the environment. No one
Renaissance master who died in May “Leonardo da Vinci: 500 Years of Gen- wants to feel guilty on vacation.
1519. To celebrate the prodigious poly- ius” exhibit (March 1 to Aug. 25) will But the effects traveling has on the en-
math’s life and work, museums are host- present reproductions of Leonardo’s in- vironment are significant.
ing special exhibitions and tour opera- ventions, historical enactors and the A study published last year by the
tors are taking travelers on Leonardo- only 360-degree replica of the “Mona University of Sydney found that global
inspired journeys across Western Eu- Lisa” ever made. tourism accounts for 8 percent of total
rope. The Louvre Museum in Paris, which carbon emissions, three times as much
In the United Kingdom, the Royal Col- houses nearly a third of Leonardo’s sur- as previously thought.
lection Trust opened a nationwide exhi- viving artwork, including the “Mona “As global travel is becoming cheaper
bition of drawings, “Leonardo da Vinci: Lisa,” plans to show a retrospective of and more accessible, the usage of air-
A Life in Drawing,” earlier this month. the artist’s paintings starting on Oct. 24. planes, cruise ships, trains and buses is
Museums and galleries in 12 cities, in- “We want to illustrate how he placed ut- increasing and giving off a tremendous
cluding Belfast and Southampton, are most importance on painting,” said Vin- amount of carbon and other harmful
each displaying 12 of Leonardo’s draw- cent Delieuvin, an exhibit co-curator, substances,” said Samantha Bray, man-
ings through May 6. Then the entire col- “and how his investigation of the world, aging director of the Center for Respon-
lection will be shown, along with more which he referred to as ‘the science of sible Travel, a nonprofit organization
than 50 additional drawings, at The painting,’ was the instrument of his art, that supports sustainable tourism prac-
Queen’s Gallery, in Buckingham Palace, seeking nothing less than to bring life to tices.
until Oct. 13; this assemblage will form his paintings.” Here are some practical ways to limit
the largest exhibition of Leonardo’s To explore these exhibits, other negative effects of travel.
work in more than 65 years. The exhib- groundbreaking masterpieces and the
it’s last leg, from Nov. 22 until March 15, places that shaped Leonardo’s life and HIT THE RAILS If where you’re heading is
will showcase 80 drawings at the art, travel outfitters are organizing accessible by train, consider taking one.
Queen’s Gallery, Palace of Holyrood- tours across Western Europe. Audley “It’s a great way to see a destination and
house in Edinburgh. The collection, cu- Travel is offering a customizable 12-day has a much lower carbon impact than
rated to highlight the artist’s interests as trip through Italy, France and Britain flying,” said Justin Francis, chief execu-
varied as engineering and botany, “al- designed to provide insight into Leon- tive of Responsible Travel, a travel book-
lows us to enter one of the greatest ardo’s muses, peers and the sociopoliti- ing agency that specializes in sustain-
minds in history,” said Martin Clayton, cal climate of the Renaissance. “We’ve able tourism.
Head of Prints and Drawings for Royal created a trip that traces the full arc of
Collection Trust. da Vinci’s lifetime, providing travelers a STAY IN SUSTAINABLE LODGING The Global
Italy will celebrate its native son with holistic and immersive look at his life Sustainable Tourism Council recognizes
honorary exhibits across the country, and inspirations,” said Isabel Norman- certification programs for hotels and
and one of the most comprehensive will Butler, a manager at the company. Red tour operators, Ms. Bray said.
be “Leonardo da Vinci: Drawing the Fu- Savannah recently started a new series
ture,” running from April 15 to July 14, at of European itineraries that can be tai- RESPECT YOUR HOSTS Ms. Bray suggests
the Royal Museums of Turin. More than lored to highlight art historian-guided following the mantra of “leave no trace”
50 drawings will be on display, including visits of “The Last Supper” in Milan and when visiting a destination. “Travelers
“Codex on the Flight of Birds” and “Face jaunts to Leonardo’s birthplace in Tus- can help reduce their waste production
of a Young Girl.” Leonardo’s famous cany that include private tours of Museo by carrying their own reusable bags,
“Self Portrait” will also be on view. Leonardiano Vinci. SIMELA PANTZARTZI/EPA, VIA SHUTTERSTOCK straws, utensils, and take-away contain-
During a similar time period (April 19 Smithsonian Journeys has created An exhibit in December in Athens celebrating Leonardo da Vinci, who died in 1519. ers,” Ms. Bray said.
to July 14), the Gallerie dell’Accademia “The Genius of Leonardo da Vinci: Cele-
in Venice will exhibit 25 drawings, in- brating 500 Years,” an eight-day tour KNOW YOUR TOUR OPERATOR Some tour
cluding the rarely displayed master- through Florence, Vinci and Milan led dates on March 23 and Nov. 9; rates artists and thinkers of all time,” Mr. King through September (all-inclusive rates companies are better than others re-
work “Vitruvian Man,” while the Sforza by Ross King, an author and Renais- from $4,995 per person, based on double said. begin at $4,650 per person, based on garding environmental conservation,
Castle in Milan is set to debut the newly sance history expert. Travelers can occupancy). In France, European Waterways’ six- double occupancy). The six-night cruise protecting wildlife, supporting cultural
restored Sala delle Asse room and show choose either a spring or fall departure, “I want travelers to explore a 15th- passenger luxury barge, Nymphea, will offers guided tours of Leonardo’s tomb heritage and employing local guides. In
more of Leonardo’s work on May 2, the and on the trip Mr. King will discuss the century Florentine culture and society cruise the Loire Valley, where Leonardo at Château d’Amboise among its excur- general, choose operators that are
anniversary of his death. connection between Leonardo’s scien- that allowed a boy from the Tuscan spent the final years of his life, on sions, as well as visits to Unesco-listed transparent about their support for the
In Florence, the Palazzo Strozzi will tific interests and his art (departure boondocks to become one of the greatest weekly departures from late June Renaissance castles in the region. communities they visit.

Hotels turn focus to cleaner air


While the amount varies, a stay can be 5 gus, bacteria and mold on surfaces. The
Operators are adding percent to 7 percent more expensive rooms are also equipped with portable
than a standard room. air purifiers.
purifiers and filters to Travelers can find a room with these
scrub out contaminants AFTER THE FIRES IN CALIFORNIA air-filtration systems on the company’s
In January, the 556-room InterConti- website. Vinny Lobdell Jr., the compa-
BY SHIVANI VORA nental San Francisco installed Molekule ny’s president, said it will add more
air purifiers in 30 of its rooms as part of a rooms in another 200 hotels this year,
Forget free wine hours and on-demand pilot project. According to Molekule’s and Pure Rooms usually comprise be-
workout videos. An increasing number chief executive, Dilip Goswami, the two- tween 3 percent to 5 percent of a hotel’s
of hotels around the world are now pro- foot tall, cylindrical devices plug into a total room inventory.
viding guests the option of booking power outlet and eliminate mold, bacte-
rooms with filtration and purification ria, chemicals, allergens and viruses IN-ROOM PURIFIERS, WORLDWIDE
systems that minimize threats of air pol- through the company’s patented air pu- The wellness technology company De-
lution and offer cleaner air. rification technology. los is behind the “Stay Well” designation
“Interior air quality can be abysmal,” Harry Hobbs, an area director of engi- of more than 1,000 hotel rooms found
said Beth McGroarty, research director neering for InterContinental Hotels, globally, including those in Wyndham,
for The Global Wellness Institute, a non- said that indoor air quality is more im- Marriott and MGM Grand hotels.
profit organization for the wellness in- portant to the hotel after the wildfires One of their key features is a wall-
dustry. “Hotels are combating this by in- that occurred last year in Paradise, mounted air-purification filter that aims
stalling high-tech systems in some of Calif., about a three-hour drive away. to reduce allergens and microbes. For
their rooms that improve the air their “Even though the wildfires weren’t near Wyndham’s 50 hotels in North America,
guests are breathing.” The quest for the city, they affected the air quality, and the rooms are now a brand standard:
clean air is part of the growing interest many of our guests asked us for masks According to Danica Boyd, the compa-
in wellness travel, Ms. McGroarty said. and filters because they had breathing ny’s vice president of brand operations,
Outside conditions could certainly be difficulties. Our staff was also uncom- all of its properties will have at least
a larger factor. According to data re- fortable,” he said. “After this initial trial, some Stay Well rooms by the end of this
te in er

leased last year by the World Health Or- I want to offer cleaner air in more rooms year.
ar eth ov

ganization, nine of 10 people globally and more hotels.”


r. g

breathe polluted air. Many top urban CLEAN AIR WHERE IT’S NEEDED MOST
sm m le

destinations, particularly in developing A DEEP CLEANING When The Oberoi in New Delhi re-
so uzz

nations, have been recognized as having The hotel wellness company Pure Well- opened last year after a renovation, air
unhealthy smog conditions. Wildfires ness has designed “Pure Rooms,” avail- purifiers were installed throughout the
P

are becoming more frequent, affecting able in 300 hotels globally with several hotel, including in all the rooms, to com-
air quality for hundreds of miles. And companies, including Marriott, Hamp- bat the worsening issue of Delhi’s pol-
travelers with respiratory conditions or ton Inn, Embassy Suites and Hyatt. luted air.
allergies may especially benefit from Pure Rooms are guest rooms that More than 40 of the new purifiers fil-
breathing cleaner air. have been deep cleaned with plant- ter exterior air as it enters the building;
Most hotel properties charge a higher based and microbial-resistant cleaners, the hotel also measures the quality of
nightly rate for their clean air rooms. developed to prevent the growth of fun- the interior air twice a day.

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HARISH TYAGI/EPA, VIA SHUTTERSTOCK

The air in November in New Delhi. Before The Oberoi reopened in the city last year, it installed air filters throughout the hotel.
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16 | TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2019 THE NEW YORK TIMES INTERNATIONAL EDITION