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# Interpretation of Results

## After conducting experiment 7 entitled “Feedback Amplifier”, we were

able to gather the following data and results:
 Based from the gathered values on the DC Voltages table, we can
say that the circuit is properly biased since the base-emitter is
forward biased and the base-collector is in reverse bias.
 From comparison of AC Gain Values on table 7-1b, we can say that
the circuit without a Series Feedback has higher AC gain value than
the circuit with a Series Feedback, this is because the circuit without
a Series Feedback has a higher voltage output.
 The ac gain of the circuit with a series feedback amplifier is
decreased significantly since some of the output signal has been
transferred to the input signal.
 The circuit without series feedback amplifier has a lower cut-off
frequency.
 The circuit with a series feedback amplifier has the higher cut-off
frequency.
 The shunt capacitances limit the high-frequency response of the
amplifier, thus the presence of the resistor R2 indicates that the
amplifier uses shunt feedback.
 With the highest and lowest cut-off, greater range of frequency was
observed. It increased the bandwidth of the amplifier.
 The second part consist of a shunt feedback amplifier, comparing
the effect of series feedback amplifier, there is a decrease on ac
gain on the circuit with a Shunt Feedback.
 A circuit with a shunt feedback on the frequency response is the
same with the series feedback, although with shunt feedback, lower
ac gain was observed in the cut-offs.
 Higher gain in the circuit without shunt, lower cut off frequency is
on the shunt and higher cut off frequency is on the with shunt.
 For the graphs, there is a 180degree phase inversion on the input
and output for both series and shunt feedback.
Conclusion

## After conducting the experiment entitled Feedback Amplifier and

gathering data and results, the following can be concluded:
For a circuit, we can determine that the amplifier uses a series
feedback by observing the component present, whereas for this part a
bypass capacitor is located at the emitter side of the transistor. While to
determine that the amplifier uses a shunt feedback, it was observed that a
resistor is directly connected from the input to the output.
When a series feedback is connected on the circuit, the ac gain
decreased significantly since some of the output signal has been
transferred to the input signal, thus output voltage is lower for a circuit
with a series feedback resulting to a lower ac gain value. This is also the
same for a shunt feedback.
The result of feedback on the upper frequency response of an
amplifier is that it increased greatly.
The effect of feedback on the lower frequency is that it decreased so
greatly to the point that the bandwidth is almost equivalent to the upper
cut-off frequency.
The application of feedback in an amplifier resulted to an increase in
the operating bandwidth for both series and shunt feedback amplifiers.
But shunt feedback amplifier yields greater operating bandwidth in
comparison with that of a series feedback amplifier.