Sunteți pe pagina 1din 14

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

Sr. No. Sustainability LEED GRIHA BEE Star rating

I Introduction It is meant for rating new and All buildings, except for existing buildings which
existing Commercial, industrial complexes and are minimum one year old
institutional and high-rise housing colonies, which are in after construction/
Residential building. the design stage, are eligible for
certification under the TERI Buildings include office
system. buildings, BPO as of now.
Hospitals and hotels in
Buildings include offices, retail process
spaces, institutional buildings,
hotels, hospital buildings,
healthcare facilities, residences,
and multi-family high-rise
II Classification 1. Sustainable sites 1. Site Planning Energy performance index
2. Water Efficiency 2. Health and well being to be measured depending
3. Energy and Atmosphere during construction upon the building types,
4. Materials and Resources 3. Conservation and location and area of air
5. Indoor Environmental Quality efficient utilization of conditioning
6. Innovation& Design process resources
4. Recycle, reuse, and
recharge of water
5. Health and well-being
6. Operation and
7. Innovation points

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 21

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

Design, construction andThe stages of the life cycle that Relevant in post
operation and Maintenance have been identified for occupancy stage.
related aspects are dealt in eachevaluation are the
of the categories as and when preconstruction, building design
Relevant and construction, and building
operation and Maintenance
III Certification Certification is provided as per Certification is provided as per Certification is provided
the scores obtained as follows the scores obtained as follows as per the scores obtained
Score rating Score Rating as follows:
26 - 32 certified 50-60 one star
33 – 38 silver 61-70 two star One to five star rating
38 – 51 gold 71-80 three star based on the yearly
81-90 four star Energy performance Index
51 – 69 platinum (EPI) as per climatic zones
91-100 five star and also air conditioned

IV Site Planning
Preserve and protect landscape Reduce site disturbance: protect Preserve and protect landscape ( No weightage
during construction or restore habitat ( Points given : Point given: 5)
/compensatory depository 1)
forestation %age weightage: 5%

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 22

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

%age weightage: 3%
Soil conservation( Post Storm water design: Quantity Conservation of soil through -
construction) control (Point given:1) various methods as per technical
background in GRIHA manual (
Storm water design: Quality points given: 4)
control( Point given: 1)
%age weightage: 4%
%age weightage: 3%
Design to include site features Included in innovation in design Points given: 2 -

Weightage given: 1.5% Weightage given: 2%

Reduce hard paving on site Heat island effect,non roof Measures given on how to -
reduce hard paving on site.
(points given: 1) (points given: 2)

Weightage given: 1.5% Weightage: 2%)

Enhance outdoor lighting Light pollution reduction Points given: 4 Optimisation of outdoor
system efficiency lighting system is
(points given:0) Weightage given:4% necessary in order to
reduce overall lighting

No weightage as such
Plan utilities efficiently and Reduced site disturbance, Minimize road and pedestrian -
optimize on site circulation development footprint(points walkway length by appropriate
efficiency given: 1) planning and provide aggregate
corridors for utility lines.

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 23

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

Weightage give: 2% Weightage given: 3%

V Health and well being during

Reduce air pollution during Outdoor Air Delivery Ensure proper screening, -
construction Monitoring (points given: 1) covering stockpiles, covering
brick and loads of dusty
Weightage given: 2% materials, wheelwashing facility,
and water spraying
facility.(points given: 2)
Weightage given: 2%
Provide, at least, minimum - Compliance with National -
level of sanitation/safety Building Code norms on
facilities for construction construction safety for ensuring
workers safety during construction
(Points :2)
Weightage given: 2%

VI Conservation and efficient

utilization of resources
Reduce landscape water Water efficient landscaping, Landscape using native species -
requirement reduce and reduce lawn areas while
by 50%(Point given:1) enhancing the irrigation
Water efficient landscaping, no efficiency and reducing the water
potable use or no irrigation requirement for landscaping
(Point given:1) purposes.( Points given:3)
Weightage given: 3% Weightage given: 3%
Reduce the water use by the Water use reduction, 20% Reduce building water use by -

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 24

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

building reduction( Points given:1) applying low-flow fixtures and

other similar tools ( Points:2)
Water use reduction, 30%
reduction(Points given:1) Weighatge: 2%

Weightage given: 3 %
Efficient water use during - Use materials such as pre-mixed -
construction concrete for preventing loss
during mixing. Use recycled
treated water and control the
waste of curing water. (Points
Weightage : 2%
Optimize building design to Thermal comfort, Design Plan appropriately to reflect Essential part of the rating
reduce conventional energy (point:1) climate responsiveness, adopt an system to minimize
demand Daylight & Views, daylight 75% adequate comfort range, less air- thermal load, air
of spaces( point: 1) conditioned areas, day lighting, conditioning load, building
Daylight & Views, Views for avoid over-design of the lighting envelope and lighting
90% of spaces( point:1) and air-conditioning systems ( sytem.
Weightage: 4% points:8)
Weightage: 8%
Optimize energy performance Optimise energy performance Ensure that energy consumption
of building within specified (points: 10) in building under a specifi ed
comfort Weightage:15% category is 10%–40% less than
that benchmarked through a
simulation exercise ( points:16)
Weightage: 16%
Utilization of flyash in building Recycled Content, 5% (Point:1) Use of fly-ash for RCC -

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 25

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

structure (reinforced cement concrete)

Recycled content, 10% (Point:1)structures with in-fi ll walls and
load bearing structures, mortar,
Weightage: 3% and binders (Points: 6)
Weightage: 6%
Reduce volume and weight, - Replace a part of the energy- -
and time of construction by intensive materials with less
adopting efficient technologies energy-intensive materials and/or
utilize regionally available
(for example, pre-cast systems,
materials, which use low-
and so on) energy/energy-efficient
Weightage: 4%
Use low-energy material in Regional Materials, 20% 1 Minimum 70% in each of the Low energy materials
interiors Regional Materials, 50%(Point: three categories of interiors would help in reducing
1 (internal partitions, heat emission in the
Rapidly Renewable Materials panelling/false ceiling/
interiors, thus reducing
(Point:1) interior wood finishes/in-built
Certified Wood (Points:1) furniture door/window frames, latent and sensible heat.
Weightage: 6% flooring) from low-energy
materials/finishes to minimize
the usage of wood. (Points:4)
Renewable energy utilization Onsite Renewable Energy, 5%, Meet energy requirements for a Lighting design shall be
10%, minimum of 10% of the internal based on minimum
20% (Point:3) lighting load (for general requirements as per NBC
lighting) or its equivalent from
2005 (BIS 2005d)
Green Power 50% (Point:1) renewable energy sources (solar,
wind, biomass, fuel cells, and
Weightage:6% others). Energy requirements
will be calculated based on

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 26

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

realistic assumptions which will

be subject to verification during
appraisal (Points: 5)
Renewable-energy-based hot - Meet 20% or more of the annual An important component
water system energy required for heating water in reducing the energy
through renewable energy based consumption.
water-heating systems.

VII Recycle, reuse, and recharge

of water
Waste-water treatment Innovative Wastewater Provide necessary treatment of Not a part of energy
Technologies (Point:2) water for achieving the desired auditing.
Weighatge: 3% concentration of effluents. This
criteria shall not apply to
projects that have waste water
generation on site less than 10
kL/day (Points:2)
Water recycle and reuse Water Efficiency in Air Provide on-site waste water -
(including rainwater) conditioning System -reduce by treatment for achieving
50% (Point:1) prescribed concentration,
rainwater harvesting, reuse of
Weighatge:2% treated waste water and
rainwater for meeting the
building’s water and irrigation
demands. (Points: 5)
Weightage: 5%
Reduction in waste during Construction Waste Ensure maximum resource -
construction recovery and safe disposal of
wastes generated during

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 27

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

Management (points:2) construction and reduce the

burden on landfill. (1 point)
Weightage: 3% Weightage: 1%
Efficient waste segregation Use different coloured bins for -
collecting different categories of
waste from the building. (1

weightage: 1%
Storage and disposal of wastes Allocate separate space for the -
collected waste before
transferring it to the
recycling/disposal stations.

(1 point)

Resource recovery from waste Resource Reuse, 5% (Point:1) Employ resource recovery -
Resource Reuse, 10% 1 systems for biodegradable waste
(Point:1) as per the Solid Waste
Weightage :3% Management andHandling
Rules, 2000 of the MoEF. Make
arrangements for recycling of
waste through local dealers.
VIII Health and well-being
Use low-VOC Low emitting materials, Use only low VOC paints in the -
paints/adhesives/sealants adhesives & interior of the building. Use
Sealants (Points: 1) water–based rather than solvent-
Low emitting materials, Paints 1 based sealants and adhesives.

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 28

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

Low emitting materials, carpet (Points:3)

(Point: 1) Weightage:3%
Low emitting materials,
wood & Agrifiber products
Indoor chemical & pollutant
source control (Point:1)
Minimize ozone depleting Ozone Depletion (Point:1) Employ 100% zero ODP (ozone -
substances depletion potential) insulation,
Weightage:2% HCFC (hydrochloro-fl
uorocarbon)/and CFC (chlorofl
uoro carbon), free HVAC, and
refrigeration equipment/and
halon-free fire suppression and
fire extinguishing systems.
(point: 1)
Weightage: 1%
Ensure water quality - Ensure groundwater and -
municipal water meets the water
quality norms as prescribed in
the Indian Standards for various
applications (Indian Standards
for drinking [IS 10500-1991],
irrigation applications [IS 11624-
1986]). In case the water quality
cannot be ensured, provide
necessary treatment of raw water
for achieving the desired
concentration for various
applications. (2 points)
Weightage: 2%

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 29

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

Acceptable outdoor and indoor - Ensure outdoor noise level -

noise levels conforms to the CPCB (Central
Pollution Control Board)–
Environmental Standards–Noise
(ambient standards) and indoor
noise level conforms to the NBC
(National Building Code of
India) 2005 (BIS 2005a). (2
Tobacco and smoke control Increased Ventilation, 30% Zero exposure to tobacco smoke -
above ASHRAE 62.1 for non-smokers, and exclusive
requirements (Points: 1) ventilation for smoking rooms.
Construction IAQ management
plan, during construction
(Points: 1)
Construction IAQ management Weightage: 1%
plan, before occupancy (Point:1)
Weightage: 4%
Provide at least the minimum - To ensure accessibility and -
level of accessibility for usability of the building and its
persons with disabilities facilities by employees, visitors,
and clients with disabilities (1
Weightage: 1%
IX Energy audit and validation Additional Commissioning Energy audit report to be • Study the lighting loads
(Point:1) prepared by approved auditors of
the Bureau of Energy Efficiency • Computation of installed
Weightage: 2% BEE),Government of India. (0 load efficacy ratio(ILER)
• Check lux distribution at

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 30

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

all floors
• Study of energy bills
• Substation and
verification of NDMC
• Performance evaluation
of central AC plant,
window and split ACs.
• Study of energy use and
awareness of energy
conservation programme

X Operation and maintenance - Validate and maintain ‘green’ The auditing is done at the
performance levels/adopt and operation stage of the
propagate green practices and building only. Required to
concepts (Points:2) validate performance
every year.
XI Innovation points (Beyond 100 points)
alternative transportation Alternative Transportation, alternative transportation (1 -
Public Transportation Point)
Access (Point: 1)
Alternative Transportation, Low Weightage:1%
Emission & Alternative Fuel
Refueling Stations (Point:1)
environmental education Innovation in design (green Weightage:1% -

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 31

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

education) Point:1
company policy on green - Weightage:1% -
supply chain
life cycle cost analysis - Weightage:1% An important part of
energy conservation
any other criteria proposed by Innovation in design (point:1) Weightage:1% -
Total: 52 points Total: 100 points -

Therefore, any building that is 5 star rated as per GRIHA rating system shall be Platinum rated as per LEED rating.

GRIHA - (50-60) - One Star; (61-70)- Two Star; (71 -80)- Three Star; (81-90)- Fours Star; (91-100)- Five Star

LEED - Certified 26-32 points, Silver 33-38 points, Gold 39-51 points, Platinum 52-69 points

Criterias not covered by GRIHA RATING SYSTEM, but considered by LEED rating system

• Brownfield Redevelopment
• Measurement & Verification
• Building reuse, maintain 75% of existing walls, floors and roof
• Building reuse, maintain 100% of existing walls, floors and roof
• Building reuse, maintain 100% shell + 50% non shell
• Controllability of Systems, Perimeter 1
• Controllability of systems, Non-Perimeter
• Thermal comfort, Verification - 6 to 18 months

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 32

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

• LEED accredited professionals



Health and Well Being during

Site Planning6 1%
Others 12%
Operation and maintenance

Energy audit and

Conservation and efficient
Health and well being
utilization of resources

Recycle,reuse and
recharge of water

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 33

An overview of rating systems (SEMINAR –II)

%weightage of criterias on GRIHA rating system

energy audit and Operation and maintenance
validation 2%
Health and
well being Site Planning
Recycle,reuse, and recharge 10% 20%
of water
12% Health and well being
during construction

Conservation and efficient

utilization of resources

Critical appraisal of Environmental Building Assessment Tools and Methods Page 34