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WELCOME

NEW TECHNIQUES OF
EROSION CONTROLS ON HILL
ROADS

GUIDED BY
PRESENTED BY

LECT. MANJU.P.M Lekshmi priya.m


EPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING S7,CIVIL ENGG
Roll Number:31
INTRODUCTION
Transportation contributes all round
development of a country and hence plays a
vital rate towards its progress. If the
highways are not properly located and may
contribute sediments to streams. The control
of soil and water is basic to the protection of
the road structure and therefore highway
design, construction and maintenance must
be continually evaluated to minimize erosion
and sedimentation problems
MECHANISM OF SURFACE
EROSION

Rain drops hit the slope surface

Impact of raindrop detaches the


particle of soil

The runoff water flowing on slope


surface transports the detached
particle and may also contribute to
further detachment
TYPES OF EROSION

WIND EROSION

RAIN EROSION
WIND EROSION

Exposed slope of non-cohesive


loose and dry soil
Lack of shelter from wind

Exposed surface with out any


protection
FACTORS CONTROLLING
WIND EROSION

Wind velocity

Particle size of the material


exposed to wind

Moisture content of soil

Vegetative cover
RAIN EROSION
Rain erosion is phenomenon of transporting of
soil particle due to water action, the influencing
factors for rain water erosion are

Potential of flowing water for initiating particle


detachment

Physical features ie topography, gradient,


embankment slope etc

Soil erodibility governed by clay content, particle


size distribution, compaction , permeability,
shear strength parameters etc of the soil
OBJECTIVES OF EROSION
CONTROL
To prevent damage to land adjacent to the
road structure
To reduce the soil loss from the land width
of road, which silts up drainage channel
and pollute rivers
To contribute to the improvement of the
aesthetics of the landscape
To protect and preserve the earth work of
fill or cut slope, ditches and drainage
structure
EROSION CONTROL SYSTEM
TRADITION/ CONVENTIONAL
METHODS
Agronomic method
Non-agronomic method
NEW TECHNIQUES –ENGINEER
INOVATION
Reinforced vegetation
Coir geotextiles
AGRONOMIC METHOD

Simple vegetative
trufing

Mulching of slope
NON AGRONOMIC METHOD
Proper road side drainage system

Soil cement stabilization

Provision of aprons
REINFORCED VEGETATION
Reinforced vegetation by using geo-textiles &
other materials improving slop stability

Synthetics jute & coir used as geo-textiles

Geo-textiles are used for engineering


applications due to their long life

Disadvantage is that it causes air and water


pollution while their non biodegradibility is
responsible for increasing soil pollution
COIR GEOTEXTILES
Made from coconut fiber extracted
from the husk of the coconut fruit

It is a biodegradable organic fibre


material containing cellulose and
lignin

It gives max protection to the soil


SOME NEW TRENDS
SILT FENCE
CURLEX QUICK GRASS
STEEL GROUND STAPLES
DE WITT PROSPUN
LANDSCAPE FABRIC
POLYPROPYLENE SAND
BAGS
SILT FENCE
Durable

Light weight

Easy to use
CULEX QUICK GRASS
STEEL GROUND
STAPLES
Use to anchor your landscape fabrics

Each measures 6”L X 1” W


DeWitt pros pun
Landscape Fabric

Capability to stop
weed growth

Environmentally
safe

Easy to use
POLYPROPYLENE SAND
BAGS
White poly-string
tie bags are
made of woven
Polypropylene
String is
attached to
the bag.
Each bag
Measures
14” W X 26” L
CONCLUSION
In all new construction erosion levels should be
assessed in advance and appropriate protection
measures are incorpoated in design.
In case of existing structures facing erosion
problems, both short term and long term
measures should be considered to ensure
stability. For overall economy use of locally
available materials should be the first choice. In
extreme climatic conditions polymeric grids with
root reinforcing mechanism may be used even
though they are costly
REFERENCE
Azeem A and Ali A (1992) Erosion causes and
control techniques for slopes of banks and
cuttings, proceeding Indian geotecnical
conference 1992 ,pp;457-462

Indian highways vol 32 no:6 jane 2004

Coir –organic fibre geotextiles for soil erosion


control –by coir board of India
THANKYOU