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2/12/2018

AASHTOVehicleDefinitions|PavementInteractive

2/12/2018 AASHTOVehicleDefinitions|PavementInteractive AASHTOVehicleDefinitions
2/12/2018 AASHTOVehicleDefinitions|PavementInteractive AASHTOVehicleDefinitions
2/12/2018 AASHTOVehicleDefinitions|PavementInteractive AASHTOVehicleDefinitions

AASHTOVehicleDefinitions

2/12/2018

AASHTOVehicleDefinitions|PavementInteractive

Axle

Thecommonaxisofrotationofoneormorewheelswhetherpower­drivenorfreelyrotating,andwhetherinoneormoresegments,

andregardlessofthenumberofwheelscarriedthereon.

AxleGroup Anassemblageoftwoormoreconsecutiveaxlesconsideredtogetherindeterminingtheircombinedloadeffectonabridgeor pavementstructure.

Transporter Anyvehiclesorcombinationdesignedandusedexclusivelyforthetransportofassembledhighwayvehicles.

Automobile

Bus

Amotorvehicledesignedprimarilyforthetransportationofpersonsratherthanpropertyandhavingapassenger­carryingcapacity

of10ormorepersons,otherthanataxicabconstructedanddesignedfortransportingpersonsforcommercialpurposes.

Cargo

Theitemsorfreighttobemoved;includingitemsplacedonorinavehicle,towedbyavehicle,oravehicleitself.

Connecting Anarrangementofpartsinterconnectingtwoormoreconsecutiveaxlestotheframeofavehicleinsuchamannerastoequalize Mechanism theloadbetweenaxles. Dromedary Aloadcarryingcompartmentonatruck­tractorlocatedbetweenthecabandthefifthwheel. Unit

Gross

Theweightofavehicleand/orcombinationofvehiclesplustheweightofanyloadthereon.

Weight

Height

Thetotalverticaldimensionofavehicleabovethegroundsurfaceincludinganyloadandload­holdingdevicethereon.

Length

Thetotallongitudinaldimensionofasinglevehicle,atrailer,orasemitrailer. Lengthofatrailerorsemitrailerismeasuredfromthe

Load

frontofthecargo­carryingunittoitsrear,exclusiveofalloverhang,safetyorenergyefficiencydevices,includingairconditioning units,aircompressors,flexiblefenderextensions,splashandspraysuppressantdevices,bolsters,mechanicalfasteningdevices, andhydraulicliftgates. Aweightorquantityofanythingrestinguponsomethingelseregardedasitssupport.

Motor

Avehiclewhichisself­propelledorpropelledbyelectricpowerobtainedfromoverheadtrolleywires,butnotoperatinguponrails.

Vehicle

Operator

Everypersonwhodrivesorisinactualphysicalcontrolofamotorvehicleuponahighwayorwhoisexercisingcontroloveror

Owner

steeringavehiclebeingtowedbyamotorvehicle. Aperson,otherthanalien­holder,havingthepropertyinortitletoavehicle,includingapersonentitledtotheuseandpossession

Pavement

ofavehiclesubjecttoasecurityinterestinanotherperson,butexcludingalesseeunderaleasenotintendedassecurity. Thecombinationofsubbase,basecourse,andsurfacecourseplacedonanearthsubgradetosupportthetrafficloadanddistribute

Structure

ittotheroadbed.

Quadrum

Anyfourconsecutiveaxleswhoseextremecentersarenotmorethan192inches(16ftor4.9m)apartandareindividuallyattached

Axle

toorarticulatedfrom,orboth,acommonattachmenttothevehicleincludingaconnectingmechanismdesignedtoequalizetheload

betweentheaxles.

Operation Themovementoverhighwaysofvehicles,vehiclecombinations,andloadsthereon,subjecttotherecommendedlimitations

Regular

containedinthisguidegoverningmaximumweightsanddimensionsformotorvehiclesandloadsthereon.

Tolerance Anallowablevariationinthestaticweightofanaxleloadinaccordancewith,butnotexceedingtheprecisionofthescaleinvolved.

Scale

Semitrailer Everysinglevehiclewithoutmotivepowerdesignedforcarryingpropertyandsodesignedinconjunctionandusedwithamotor vehiclethatsomepartofitsownweightandthatofitsloadrestsoriscarriedbyanothervehicleandhavingoneormoreload­ carryingaxles. SingleAxle Anassemblyoftwoormorewheelswhosecentersareinonetransverseverticalplaneormaybeincludedbetweentwoparallel

transverseplanes40inches(3.3ftor1.0m)apartextendingacrossthefullwidthofthevehicle.

Special

Awrittenauthorizationtomoveoroperateonahighwayavehicleorvehicleswithorwithoutaloadofsizeand/orweightexceeding

Permit

thelimitsprescribedforvehiclesinregularoperation.

Special

Anindividual,firm,partnership,corporation,orassociationmakingapplicationforaspecialpermittotransportavehicle,vehicles,

Permit

and/orloadwhichisoversizeoroverweightandunderwhoseauthorityandresponsibilitysuchvehicleorloadistransported.

Applicant

Steering

Theaxleoraxlesofamotorvehicleorcombinationofvehiclesbywhichthesameisguidedorsteered.

Axle

Stinger­

Atruck­tractorsemitrailercombinationwherethefifthwheelislocatedonadropframebehindandbelowthedriveaxleofthe

Steered

powerunit. Inthisconfiguration,vehiclesarecarriedbehindorbothbehindandabovethecabofthepowerunit,aswellasonthe

Automobile semitrailer. Transporter

Tandem

Anytwoaxleswhosecentersaremorethan40inches(3.3ftor1.0m)butnotmorethan96inches(8ftor2.4m)apartandare

Axle

individuallyattachedtoorarticulatedfrom,orboth,acommonattachmenttothevehicleincludingaconnectingmechanism

designedtoequalizetheloadbetweenaxles.

Pneumatic Atireofrubberorotherresilientmaterialwhichdependsuponcompressedairforsupportofaload.

Tire,

Trailer

Everysinglevehiclewithoutmotivepowerdesignedforcarryingpropertywhollyonitsownstructure,drawnbyamotorvehicle

whichcarriesnopartoftheweightandloadofthetraileronitsownwheelsandhavingtwoormoreloadcarryingaxles.

Traveled

Theportionoftheroadwayforthemovementofvehicles,exclusiveofshouldersandauxiliarylanes.

Way TridumAxle Anythreeconsecutiveaxleswhoseextremecentersarenotmorethan144inches(12ftor3.7m)apart,andareindividually

attachedtoorarticulatedfrom,orboth,acommonattachmenttothevehicleincludingaconnectingmechanismdesignedto

equalizetheloadbetweenaxles.

Triple

Acombinationoffourtruck­tractorswherethefrontaxleofsecondtruck­tractorismountedonthefifthwheeloftheleadtruck­

Saddle

tractor,thefrontaxleofthethirdtruck­tractorismountedonthefifthwheelofthesecondtruck­tractor,andthefrontaxleofthe

Mount

fourthtruck­tractorismountedonthefifthwheelofthethirdtruck­tractor;andwiththerearwheelsofthesecond,third,andfourth

truck­tractorstrailingonthegroundbehindtheoperatingmotorunit.

Truck

Asingleunitmotorvehicleusedprimarilyforthetransportationofproperty.

Truck

Amotorvehicleusedprimarilyfordrawingothervehiclesandnotsoconstructedastocarryaloadotherthanapartoftheweightof

Tractor

thevehicleandloadsodrawn.

2/12/2018

AASHTOVehicleDefinitions|PavementInteractive

TurningPathThepathofadesignatedpointonavehiclemakingaspecifiedturn.

Turning

TrackWidth thecenteroftheturn.

Theradialdistancebetweentheturningpathsoftheoutsideoftheouterfronttireandtheoutsideofthereartirewhichisnearest

Variable

Axleswhichcanberegulatedbythedriverofthevehicle. Theseaxlesarecontrolledbyhydraulicandairsuspensionsystems,

Load

mechanically,orbyacombinationofthesemethods.

Suspension

Axles

Vehicle

Adevicein,upon,orbywhichanypersonorpropertymaybetransportedordrawnuponahighway,exceptdevicesmovedby

humanpowerorusedexclusivelyuponstationaryrailsortracks.

Vehicle

Combination Anassemblyoftwoormorevehiclescoupledtogetherfortraveluponahighway.

Width

Thetotaloutsidetransversedimensionofavehicleincludinganyloadorload­holdingdevicesthereon,butexcludingapproved

safetydevicesandtirebulgeduetoload.

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