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Management

(1) Admission and Bed Rest: Patient is admitted for some hours or days and given
adequate bed rest. This is to reduce metabolic consumption and oxygen demand (to
conserve energy).

(2) Observation:

- Observe patients vital signs: Temperature, pulse rate, blood pressure and respiratory
rate.

- Feel patients skin for warmness and dryness.

- Observe lips and mouth for dryness.

(3) Nutrition

- Ensure adequate diet to meet increase metabolic demands

- Encourage intake of balanced fiber and bulk in diet to improve consistency of stool and
facilitate passage through colon.

(4) Reducing Hyperthermia

- Monitor patient’s vital signs to serve as baseline for future comparison.

- note presence/absence of sweating, to assess degree of hyperthermia

- Initiate tepid sponging: This facilitates heat loss through conduction and evaporation.

- Undress and remove extra linens, to facilities heat loss by radiation.

- Administer prescribed paracetamol 500mg as antipyretic

(5) Alleviating pain due to insertion or intravenous line

- Determine possible pathophysiology/psychologic causes of pain, to assess etiology,


precipitating/ contributing factors

- Encourage verbalization of feelings about pain

- Administer analgesics as indicated


(6) Resolving vomiting/fluid volume depict

- Prepare and administer oral rehydration solution

- Administer intravenous fluid of normal saline to alternate 5% dextrose solution

- Monitor and record patients intake and output

(7) Medical Management: