Sunteți pe pagina 1din 26


Dear chess friends, And just like in Volume 3 Daniel King is back,
this time with five videos in which, e. g., the
the fourth volume of our tutorials will be deal-
double-edged Modern Benoni is dealt with.
ing with the Indian Defences, i. e. those open-
In addition to that the English grandmaster
ings in which Black meets 1.d4 with 1...¤f6.
also provides you with some insights into the
The days in which this opening move was still Schmid Benoni and the Czech Benoni, and
considered to be exotic are now long gone, and lovers of gambits can also have the Budapest
nowadays any club player who wants to be suc- Gambit explained by him.
cessful with 1.d4 will need to know the best
methods of play against the Indian Defences.
And also anyone with Black who prefers non-
symmetrical openings leading to interesting
play is very likely to turn to 1...¤f6 when con-
fronted with 1.d4.
But which of the various systems will suit you
best and which setup will be both good and
promising? With the help of this DVD you will
be able to gain an invaluable overview without
having to go away and study hundreds of pages
of opening literature.
Our trainers and masters will introduce and Grandmaster Daniel King explains
the plans in the Modern Benoni
explain to you these popular Indian Defences in
a series of 24 entertaining videos:
The Benko and the Blumenfeld Gambit are the
If you are interested in the Queen’s Indian, responsibility of the FIDE master and popu-
then see what Igor Stohl has to say about the lar Playchess trainer Valeri Lilov, who also
variations with 4.g3 and the Petrosian Variation presents, for example, the Bogo-Indian, the
4.a3. In addition, the Slovakian grandmaster Torre Attack and the Trompowsky.
has taken responsibility for the strategically
As well as the 24 English language videos, this
very ambitious Nimzo-Indian Defence, where
DVD also contains the 24 videos in German,
he casts some light on the Rubinstein Variation
for which Jan Gustafsson, Leonid Kritz, Mar-
and the Classical Variation.
tin Breutigam, Elisabeth Pähtz and Klaus
You will meet a known face from Volumes 1 Bischoff have all gone before the camera.
and 2 in Lawrence Trent, the international
The accompanying booklet helps you to get an
master from London will increase your knowl-
overview of the entire opening area in an abbre-
edge of the King’s Indian, from the Classical
viated form. And in addition the DVD contains
System via the adaptable Sämisch Variation to
a database with 100 famous games involving
the aggressive Four Pawns Attack.
the openings which are dealt with.
Another active and dynamic opening is the
We wish you much fun and pleasure with vol-
responsibility of the Danish grandmaster Lars
ume four of our tutorials!
Schandorff – he demonstrates how to attack
the white centre in the Grünfeld Defence. Your ChessBase Team

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 3

DVD booklet
Nimzo-Indian: Editorial 3
Trent: 4.a3 – Sämisch Variation Contents 4
Stohl: 4.e3 – Rubinstein Variation
Trainers 5
Stohl: 4.Qc2 – Classical Variation
Lilov: 4.g3 / 4.Nf3 / 4.Bg5 Indian Defences 6 – 27
Tactics 28
Queen's Indian:
Stohl: 4.g3 – Main Line
Stohl: 4.a3 – Petrosian Variation Bonus Chapter on the DVD:
Lilov: 4.Nc3 / 4.Bg5 / 4.Bf4 / 4.e3
Enjoy 100 brilliancies played by the
Bogo-Indian great champions after 1.d4 Sf6.
Lilov From “Botvinnik – Capablanca” via
“Karpov – Kasparov“ to “Topalov – Aronian”.
Grünfeld Defence:
Schandorff: Minor Lines and Fianchetto Var.
Schandorff: 5.Qb3 – Russian Variation
Schandorff: 4.cxd5 – Main Line
ChessBase Tutorials Openings Vol. 4,
September 2011
King's Indian:
ISBN: 978-3-86681-185-0
Trent: 7.0-0 Nc6 8.d5 – Classical Main Line
Published by: ©ChessBase GmbH, Osterbekstr. 90a,
Trent: 7.Be3 / 7.d5 – Classical, Alternatives 22083 Hamburg
Trent: 5.f3 – Sämisch Variation Tel: (+49)40 / 639060-0, Fax: (+49)40/ 6301282
Trent: Four Pawns Attack and others
Editor in chief: Thomas Stark
Stohl: Fianchetto System Editorial board: Rainer Knaak, Dr. Steffen
Giehring, André Schulz, Rainer Woisin,
Benoni: Oliver Reeh
King: Modern Benoni Layout: Thomas Stark
King: Four Pawns Attack / Penrose / Fianchetto Translations: Ian Adams
Photos: Pascal Simon (p. 8, 19)
King: Schmid and Czech Benoni
Printing: Druckhaus Leupelt, 24976 Handewitt
Benko and Blumenfeld Gambits Exclusion of liability: The publishers of this maga-
zine cannot be held liable for the accuracy or
Lilov completeness of the information and especially
not for the chess analysis contained in it.
Other systems: Reproduction: No material contained in this is-
King: Budapest Gambit sue of ChessBase Tutorials may be reproduced in
whole or in part without written consent of the
Lilov: Trompowsky and Torre publisher. Reproduction, where allowed, must in-
Stohl: Old Indian clude the full name and location of the publisher
as the source.
King: 1...d6 / 2...e5

4 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04


Daniel King IGOR STOHL

Daniel King (born 1963) is a Grandmaster who has Igor Stohl (born 1964) is one of the strongest Slovakian
been a professional chess player for more than 20 chess players and has taken part in numerous Olympiads.
years and has represented his country in numerous His book “Instructive Modern Chess Masterpieces” was
competitions, amongst others in the historic win by nominated the best chess book of 2001 by the USCF, with
the English over the Soviet Union in 1990 in Reykja- an expanded second edition being published in 2009. His
vik. King is the author of more than 15 chess books subsequent works on Kasparov’s games have also met
and has a wealth of experience as a trainer, assisting with high acclaim in the specialist press and were trans-
many of England’s leading players. He is also well lated into five languages. Grandmaster Igor Stohl has
known for his broadcasting on TV, radio and the worked for ChessBase Magazine since 1990. He lives in
internet, commentating major chess events. To the Bratislava and is active as an author and a trainer.
delight of chess fans worldwide, he hosts his month-
ly “Powerplay” show on the world’s largest chess
server, He also contributes to Chess-
Base Magazine, with articles including the popular
training column “Move by Move”, which combines a
well annotated game with training questions on the
course of play, the answers to which are evaluated
on a points system. King has also produced the Valeri Lilov
highly praised “Powerplay series”with ChessBase,
now including 15 volumes, which present and discuss Valeri Lilov (born 1991) is a Bulgarian FIDE master,
themes ranging from opening to middlegame and who began working as a trainer at a young age and
tactics – amongst others „Calculation“, “Attacking acquiring the relevant knowledge and techniques. He
the king”, „Major pieces vs. minor pieces“, „Knights is now involved in individual or group training with
and Bishops“, „Pawns, pieces and plans“, “Mating students all over the world, with his regular training
patterns”, “Pawn storm”, “Start right”, “Improve lectures on Playchess acting as the basis for this acti-
your pieces”, “Defence”, “Squeeze” and the “Hedge- vity. Lilov has already published four ChessBase DVDs
hog”. (“Sicilian Kan”, “Queen‘s Gambit Accepted”, “Unor-
thodox Openings”, “Tactics”) and demonstrates with
them that he possesses the capacity of explaining
complicated content simply and clearly.

LAWRENCE TRENT Lars Schandorff

Lawrence Trent (born 1986) is an International master, Lars Schandorff (born 1965) became champion of Den-
who has represented England in many international mark in 1988 and has already represented his country 8
youth championships (including a 7th place in the WCh times in chess Olympiads. For many years Schandorff pla-
U18 in 2003). The Londoner with a university degree in yed for Werder Bremen and belonged to the team which
Romance languages has already gained a lot of expe- sensationally became German champions after a victory
rience as a trainer. Trent has so far recorded two DVDs in a play-off match against Porz in May 2005. The grand-
for ChessBase (the Two Knights Defence and the Morra master writes a daily chess column for the Danish news-
Gambit). Trent emphasised his gift for live chess com- paper Berlingske Tidende and has underlined his good
mentary in the London Chess Classic, when he commen- reputation as an openings specialist with the two books
ted on the games of Carlsen, Kramnik and Co. for the „Playing the Queen´s Gambit“ (2009) and „Grandmaster
spectators in the hall and on Playchess. Repertoire: The Caro-Kann“ (2010).

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 5

Sämisch variation
1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 e6 3.¤c3 ¥b4 4.a3 exchange it is very simple for Black to target
the weakness c4 with his minor pieces with
...b6, ...¥a6, ...¤c6-a5. In addition, the move
...c5 secures the possibility of further increasing
the pressure against the c4-pawn by means of
...¦c8 and ...cxd4. White, on the other hand,
will try to set up a broad pawn centre with e4
and f4 and to mount an attack on the kingside.
A typical Sämisch move order is, e. g., 5...c5 6.e3
0-0 7.¥d3 ¤c6 8.¤e2 b6 9.e4 ¤e8 10.0-0 ¥a6
11.f4 f5.

The Nimzo-Indian Defence enjoys an excellent

reputation as a strategically active opening
against 1.d4. The pioneer of the move 3...¥b4
was Aaron Nimzowitsch (1886–1935), who
used it to create a whole new system above all
in the 1920s. Instead of directly occupying the
centre with the d-pawn, (3...d5 would result
in a Queen’s Gambit), Black uses his minor
pieces (the ¤f6, ¥b4) to exert pressure on
the central squares e4 and d5. At first he does
not decide the formation to adopt with his With the knight retreat 9...¤f6-e8, which goes
c-, d- and e-pawns. Additionally he is threate- back to Capablanca and is nowadays a stan-
ning to damage White’s pawn structure with an dard manoeuvre, Black does more than just
exchange on c3, which would create doubled prevent the unpleasant pin with ¥g5; making
pawns on c3/c4. his f-pawn mobile allows him to put the brakes
on White’s kingside expansion with ...f5. Later,
4.a3 is probably the most principled continu-
as circumstances permit, ...¤e8-d6 can also
ation against 3...¥b4, and it bears the name
increase the pressure on c4. White will do all he
of the German grandmaster Fritz Sämisch
can to open up the position in order to get the
(1896–1975). White invests a tempo and asks
most out of the latent energy of his bishop pair.
Black to exchange on c3. He is calculating that
the benefit he will get from the bishop pair In the Sämisch Variation White has to prove
after 4...¥xc3+ 5.bxc3 is more important than that his pawn centre and bishop pair compen-
the damage to his pawn structure. After the sate for his weakened pawn structure.

6 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04


Rubinstein Variation
The Evergreen against the Nimzo-Indian

1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 e6 3.¤c3 ¥b4 4.e3 4...c5, which immediately sets up some central
tension, is also frequently to be seen. Black
can counter the simple plan of development by
5.¥d3 ¤c6 6.¤f3 with the interesting plan of a
central blockade in the spirit of Nimzowitsch:
after 6...¥xc3+ 7.bxc3 d6 and then ...e5 – the
Hübner Variation – he places all his central
pawns on dark squares after the exchange of his
dark-squared bishop.
But the most popular move is 4...0-0, which
keeps open all options in the centre. 5.¤ge2
can then be met simply with 5...d5, and after
6.a3 Black retains the bishop pair with 6...¥e7.
After 5.¥d3 c5 6.¤ge2 too 6...d5 can be played,
whereupon 7.0-0 cxd4 8.exd4 dxc4 9.¥xc4 leads
to an position with an isolated pawn on d4 in
The modest looking 4.e3 can be traced back which the knight is somewhat unusually posted
to the Polish master Akiba Rubinstein (1882– on e2.
1961), who played it from the 1920s on. In the
But the absolute main line of the Rubinstein
1940s it became Botvinnik’s favourite weapon
Variation is 5.¥d3 c5 6.¤f3 d5 7.0-0
against the Nimzo-Indian, and right till the end
of the 1980s, as 4.£c2 became more and more
popular, it remained the number one choice
against 3...¥b4 in grandmaster chess.
Rubinstein’s original idea was to follow up
quickly with ¤ge2 and so avoid the doubling
of the c-pawn. He did not fear an immediate
4...¥xc3+, since in comparison to the Sämisch
Variation White has played instead of a3 the
more useful move e3. But 4.e3 can also be com-
bined with the natural move ¤f3 and a rapid
development of the kingside (¥d3, 0-0), and
systems such as ¥d3 and ¤ge2 are also pos-
sible. All this highlights the great flexibility of
the Rubinstein Variation – which is one of the
reasons for its long-lasting popularity. Here, e. g. with 7...dxc4 8.¥xc4 cxd4 9.exd4,
Black can start play against the isolated d-pawn.
But, just like White, Black also has the choice
Another typical plan begins with 7...¤c6 8.a3
between several good plans of development.
¥xc3 9.bxc3 dxc4 10.¥xc4 £c7, preparing ...e5,
After 4...b6, which prepares ...¥b7, he can
so as to free the ¥c8.
underpin his claim for control of the central
squares d5 and e4. If White plays in the spirit of The Rubinstein Variation offers to both sides a
Rubinstein’s 5.¤ge2, Black can then play 5...¥a6 wealth of ideas. Not for nothing is it the Ever-
with an attack on the c4-pawn. green against the Nimzo-Indian.

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 7


Classical Variation
Doubled pawns? – No, thanks!

1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 e6 3.¤c3 ¥b4 4.£c2 Variation. It was not until Kasparov took up the
move at the end of the 1980s that it once more
became a serious rival to 4.e3.
Black can respond to 4.£c2 in many possible
ways. He can, e. g., become active in the centre
immediately with 4...c5 or 4...d5, but the most
popular of all is the waiting move 4...0-0. The
main continuation 5.a3 ¥xc3+ 6.£xc3 then
leads to a position in which White has the
bishop pair, but in return he has been neglec-
ting his development – the slightly exposed
queen on c3 is the only white piece which has
left the back rank! Black now has the option of
continuing his piece development with the fian-
chetto 6...b6 7.¥g5 ¥b7,
Doubled pawns on the c-file are not to the taste
of most players with White, and so it comes as
no surprise that 4.£c2 – the Classical Varia-
tion – has become one of the most important
lines against the Nimzo-Indian. The queen
move ensures that White will keep his pawn
chain intact, ...¥xc3+ can now be met simply
with £xc3. In the 1930s 4.£c2 was employed
frequently by Capablanca and Alekhine, but
then retreated quite clearly into the background
on account of the very popular Rubinstein

which will increase his control over the central

squares d5 and e4.
A more ambitious plan for White now consists
of 8.f3 and then e4 so as to set up a broad pawn
centre. One sensible counter-measure is ...d5,
either at once or after the insertion of 8...h6
9.¥h4. Should White content himself with the
more modest 8.e3, Black can aim for counter-
play in the c-file with the typical plan of 8...d6,
...¤bd7, ...¦c8 and then ...c5.
If you do not fancy having to play with doubled
Magnus Carlsen: the Norwegian superstar plays pawns in the c-file, then the Classical Variation
the Classical Variation with White and Black should be your first choice.

8 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04


natural developing moves

The Leningrad and Kasparov Variations

1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 e6 3.¤c3 ¥b4 4.¥g5

liarity of 4.¤f3 is that a lot of transpositions

to other openings are still possible. Thus, e. g.,
Why should one actually shut in the dark- 4...d5 is the Ragozin Variation of the Queen’s
squared bishop with 4.e3 (Rubinstein Variati- Gambit Declined, 4...c5 5.e3 ends up in the
on) when it could instead be actively developed Rubinstein Variation of the Nimzo-Indian and
to the g5-square, from where it pins the black 4...b6 5.¥g5 ¥b7 leads to the Nimzo/Queen’s
king’s knight? This move is the starting point Indian hybrid. But after 4...b6 White can
of the Leningrad Variation, and Boris Spassky choose other paths, e. g. 5.£b3 or 5.£c2, which
and Jan Timman are its most prominent avoid doubled pawns on the c-file. In addition
champions. The best reaction to the aggressive 4...0-0 5.¥g5 has independent significance, but
bishop sortie is considered to be active play is considered dangerous for Black because after
against the d-pawn with ...c5, usually with a castling resolving the pin with ...h6 and ...g5
previous insertion of the moves 4...h6 5.¥h4. compromises the king’s position.
After 5...c5 White uses the chance to gain space
A further important option for White in the
in the centre with 6.d5, but Black can inflict on
¤f3 variation is to fianchetto his king’s bishop,
him the typical Nimzo-Indian doubled pawns
in order to exert pressure along the h1-a8
c3/c4 with 6...¥xc3+ 7.bxc3. Then he plays
diagonal. This mostly happens with the move
either ...d6 and then ...e5, thus blocking the
order 4.¤f3 c5 5.g3, but it can also come about
position – similar to the Hübner Variation from
via 4.g3 c5 5.¤f3. Here Black can choose
the Rubinstein complex – or else he goes for
from among many continuations, e. g. both 5...
...d6 and then ...£e7, which leaves him more
cxd4, 5...0-0 and 5...¤c6 are possible. If White
flexibility in the centre.
decides on the fianchetto on move 4 with 4.g3,
A second, much more frequently seen conti- he must bear in mind as well as 4...c5 an early
nuation is 4.¤f3 (see diagram above right). In ...d5, which would confer a Catalan character
his second world championship match against on the position.
Karpov, Moscow 1985, Kasparov scored all his
three victories as White with this variation. So The Leningrad and the Kasparov Variations
it is small wonder that this gave some impe- may be seen more rarely than 4.£c2 or 4.e3, but
tus to the popularity of the line which is now Kasparov’s example shows that they can, never-
known as the Kasparov Variation. One pecu- theless, be very successful.

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 9

queen's indian
Petrosian variation
1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 e6 3.¤f3 b6 4.a3 A typical move order after 4...¥b7 is e. g. 5.¤c3
d5 (bracing himself against White’s d4-d5)
6.cxd5 ¤xd5 (keeps open the diagonal of the
¥b7) 7.£c2 (prepares e4) ¥e7 8.e4 ¤xc3 9.bxc3
0-0 10.¥d3 c5 11.0-0. In his pawn centre d4/
e4 White has a good basis for active operations,
Black must play carefully and can, e. g., aim
for the exchange of the dangerous ¥d3 with
11...£c8 12.£e2 ¥a6.
In the 4...¥a6 variation, the attack on the c4-
pawn is intending to disrupt the harmonious
setup of the white forces. This becomes par-
ticularly clear after 5.£c2, because now, since
the queen is no longer supporting the advance
d4-d5, the bishop returns to its standard square
with 5...¥b7. After 6.¤c3 c5 7.e4 cxd4 8.¤xd4
White very often avoids the pinning of his
queen’s knight by first developing his king’s
knight after 2...e6 with 3.¤f3. After that the
move 3...b6 leads to the starting position for the
Queen’s Indian, which has received its name
because of the fianchetto of the bishop on the
queenside. The ¥b7 and the ¤f6 together in-
tend to control the central squares d5 and e4,
and how the c- and d-pawns will be deployed in
the centre remains open.
A surprising move with which Tigran Petrosian
(1929–1984) met the Queen’s Indian in the
1960s and 1970s is 4.a3. While at first sight
this may look like the useless waste of a tempo,
it is in reality the ambitious attempt to be-
the e4- and c4-pawns secure White a space
come active in the centre with ¤c3 and e2-e4,
advantage in the centre, but Black can develop
without having to fear the annoying pin ...¥b4.
his pieces actively with ...¥c5 and ...¤c6 or head
It was not until Garry Kasparov won a lot of
for a hedgehog with ...d6, ...¥e7 and ...¤bd7.
games with it in the 1980s that the Petrosian
System really became particularly popular. The Petrosian System can be recommended to
For Black the most important replies are the all those whose aims are ambitious and who
traditional move 4...¥b7 and the really unusual would like to seize the initiative in the centre
looking extended fianchetto 4...¥a6. right away.

10 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04

queen's indian

main line 4.g3

A fianchetto against the fianchetto

1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 e6 3.¤f3 b6 4.g3 After 4...¥b7 then 5.¥g2 ¥e7 6.0-0 0-0

The idea of meeting Black’s queenside fian- a position often arises, in which White can set
chetto with a kingside fianchetto in order to off along quite different paths. After 7.¤c3
neutralise the pressure of the ¥b7 along the a8- Black aims with 7...¤e4 for simplification by
h1 diagonal by the ¥g2 has been the main line the exchange of his king’s knight. If White
of the Queen’s Indian Defence since the early reacts with 8.£c2, to avoid the imposition of
days back in the 1920s. The list of the players doubled pawns with 8...¤xc3 9.£xc3, Black
who have had confidence in this setup stretches then has a wide choice of continuations, e. g.
from Capablanca, Alekhine, Euwe and Smyslov 9...c5, 9...f5, 9...¥e4, 9...d6 or even 9...¥f6. Also
all the way to Karpov and Kramnik, to name after 8.¥d2, which also avoids doubled pawns
only world champions. on the c-file, but which is prepared to surrender
the bishop pair, the choice is no less wide: 9...f5,
Black has above all – as was the case against
9...¥f6 and 9...d6 are all options. All in all, the
the Petrosian Variation – the choice between
variation is considered to be very safe and solid,
4...¥b7 and 4...¥a6, though occasionally
with neither player having to take any particu-
4...¥b4+ is played. In modern grandmaster
lar risks in it.
chess 4...¥a6 is popular, a move which had al-
ready been played in 1925 by Nimzowitsch, but However, things are totally different after 7.d5,
to which little attention had then been paid. For a sharp pawn sacrifice which leads after 7...exd5
White there is no perfect solution to protect the 8.¤h4 c6 9.cxd5 ¤xd5 10.¤f5 to an unclear
c4-pawn, since each of the three queen moves position. You should take special note of the
5.£a4, 5.£c2 and 5.£b3 has its disadvantages line involving d5 and ¤h4, because it keeps on
and 5.¤bd2 and 5.b3 also come at a price. 5.b3 cropping up in other variations of the Queen’s
is usually followed by 5...¥b4+ 6.¥d2 ¥e7, a Indian.
typical manoeuvre which attracts the ¥c1 on to
an unfavourable square. Things continue 7.¥g2 The times when the Queen’s Indian Defence
c6 8.¥c3 d5 and now White seizes the initiative with 4.g3 was considered to be a peaceful draw-
in the centre after 9.¤e5 or 9.¤bd2 with e4. ing opening are long past. If they like, both
Black’s counterplay is mostly linked with the sides can sharpen the play and bring about in-
advance ...c5 or ...b5. teresting complications.

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 11

queen's indian

Miles and more

Alternatives to the well-trodden paths

1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 e6 3.¤f3 b6 to invest a tempo in 6.h3 to also prevent the
exchange of the bishop by ...¤h5. The moves
6...c5 7.dxc5 bxc5 8.¤c3 0-0 9.¥e2 d6 result in
a structure in which White has at his disposal
the semi-open d-file and Black the semi-open
4.e3 is also followed by a simple plan of deve-
lopment: ¥d3, 0-0, ¤c3, b3 and ¥b2 is the in-
tention. After 4...¥b7 5.¥d3 with 5...c5 or 5...d5
Black can lay claim to his share of the centre,
and after 6.0-0 ¥e7 7.b3 0-0 8.¥b2 ¤bd7

As an alternative to 4.g3 and 4.a3 White has in

4.e3 another sensible pawn move at his dispo-
sal, in addition to which there are the natural
developing moves 4.¤c3, 4.¥f4 and 4.¥g5.
4.¤c3, however, raises the question as to why
White is now ready to allow the pin 4...¥b4
which, as a player of the Queen’s Indian with
3.¤f3 (instead of 3.¤c3), he first avoided.
Kasparov used this move as a way to reach
the Petrosian Variation after 4.¤c3 ¥b7 5.a3,
with the advantage that he had avoided 4.a3 both sides are well prepared for a lively and rich
¥a6. After 4.¤c3 ¥b4 he continued with the middlegame.
aggressive move 5.¥g5, which led after 5...¥b7
to a hybrid between the Nimzo-Indian and Solutions to the combinations
the Queen’s Indian. The complicated position
after e. g. 6.e3 h6 7.¥h4 g5 8.¥g3 ¤e4 9.£c2 1.  After 9.a3 the Bb4 no longer has a retreat
2. 14...Ba5 wins the white queen
¥xc3+10.bxc3 suited his taste perfectly.
3.  7.Qa4+ Nc6 (the Bb4 is hanging) 8.d5 wins
4.¥g5 can lead to the same variation by trans- material on account of the pin on the c6-knight
position of moves, e. g. 4...¥b7 5.¤c3 ¥b4, but 4.  7...Nxf2! forks the queen and rook, and 8.Kxf2 is
bad on account of 8...Bxg3+ and then 9...Qxd1
of course 4...¥e7 is also playable.
5. 8...Nxd5! (9.cxd5 or 9.Nxd5 is followed by Bxg5)
The slightly shorter bishop move – 4.¥f4 – is 6.  13.Nxd6!, because after 13...Qxd6 14.Bf4 exploits
called the Miles Variation, after the English the unprotected position of the rook on b8
grandmaster Tony Miles (1955–2001), who 7.  6...Nxg5 7.Nxg5 e6 attacking both the knights
8.  14.Nxc6! wins material, since after 14...bxc6
often played this system at the end of the 1970s. 15.Bxc5 White benefits from the vis-à-vis of the
White simply wants to continue his develop- rook and queen
ment, without having the ambition to contest 9.  9...Nxe2+ throws a spanner in the works, both
the e4-square. After 4...¥b7 5.e3 ¥e7 he has after 10.Qxe2 Bxg2 or 10.Kh1 Bxg2+ -+

12 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04

a strategic setup
1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 e6 3.¤f3 ¥b4+ flexible move, leading after 5.a3 ¥e7 6.e4 d5
7.e5 ¤fd7 to a central formation reminiscent of
the French. Here the advance ...c5 is important,
aiming to break up the impressive white centre.
4.¥d2 parries the check and attacks the ¥b4,
which can be defended with 4...c5, 4...a5 or
4...£e7. The move 4...£e7 is often followed
by the fianchetto 5.g3 ¤c6 6.¥g2, and after
the exchange of dark-squared bishops with
6...¥xd2+ 7.¤bxd2 Black’s central pawns move
forward on to dark squares with 7...d6 8.0-0 0-0
9.e4 e5. This increases Black’s influence on the
centre and clears the way for his ¥c8. After the
moves 10.d5 ¤b8

The Bogoljubov Indian Defence, usually called

in short the Bogo-Indian, is closely related to
the Queen’s Indian and the Nimzo-Indian, but
it has not been researched nearly as deeply.
At the highest level, 3...¥b4+ was introduced
to practice in the 1920s by Efim Bogoljubov
(1889–1952), who contested the world title
against Alexander Alekhine in 1929 and 1934.
Nowadays the move has been played above all
by Korchnoi, Yusupov and Adams.
Because 4.¤c3 now leads directly to the Kas-
parov Variation of the Nimzo-Indian, only
4.¤bd2 and 4.¥d2 are of any independent
significance. 4.¤bd2 looks a little unnatural White has a space advantage in the centre
since it shuts in the ¥c1 and since the knight thanks to the d5-pawn and can try to seize
exerts less control over the centre than it would the initiative on the queenside with ¤e1-d3
from c3, but White is counting on the fact that followed by c4-c5. Black frequently plays ...a5,
a2-a3 will either bring him the bishop pair or ...¤a6 so as to stop White’s expansion and can
force the bishop to retreat. Black has several consider ...c6.
possible setups here: aim for a Queen’s Indian
type position with 4...b6 and then ...¥b7, or For players who value a solid, strategic setup,
head more in the direction of the Queen’s the Bogo-Indian is an interesting alternative to
Gambit with 4...d5 or choose in 4...0-0 a very the Queen’s Indian.

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 13

grünfeld defence
centre under fire
1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 g6 3.¤c3 d5 4.cxd5 ¤xd5 5.e4 towards d4. After 8...¤c6 9.¥e3 0-0 10.0-0 at-
¤xc3 6.bxc3 ¥g7 tack and defence are evenly balanced and the
pin with 10...¥g4 can be shaken off by 11.f3.
Then the moves 11...¤a5 12.¥d3 cxd4 13.cxd4
¥e6 14.d5 lead to a well-known exchange sacri-
fice for which White has dangerous compensa-
tion after 14...¥xa1 15.£xa1 f6.
Another very sharp variation is linked to the
sacrifice of the a2-pawn. It arises after 7.¤f3
c5 8.¦b1 0-0 9.¥e2 cxd4 10.cxd4 £a5+ 11.¥d2
£xa2 12.0-0.

The Grünfeld Defence is part of the group of

openings which arose only when a new un-
derstanding of the struggle for the centre was
developed. In 1922 the Austrian grandmaster
Ernst Grünfeld (1893–1962) introduced to
practice this system which would later be taken
up by Botvinnik, Fischer and Kasparov and
which nowadays counts as one of the most im-
portant defences to 1.d4. In the diagram above,
which shows the main line, Black has actually
Black has an extra pawn and connected passed
exchanged his d-pawn for the white b-pawn.
pawns on the queenside, but the white centre is
And White has not only been able to set up
also an important trump.
the ideal centre e4/d4, but his d-pawn is even
supported by the pawn on c3. The secret un- Play develops along quieter lines after 7.¤f3
derlying the vitality of the black position can be c5 8.¥e3. After 8...£a5 9.£d2 ¤c6 10.¦c1
found in the subsequent piece development and cxd4 11.cxd4 £xd2+ 12.¢xd2 0-0 we have a
the counter-attack against the d4-square. Black middlegame without queens, which is consid-
only requires two moves, ...c5 and ...¤c6, in ered more or less even.
order to be able to exert strong pressure against
Active pieces in a struggle against a pawn
the d4-pawn.
centre, that is the scenario in the Grünfeld
The variation 7.¥c4 c5 8.¤e2 gives a very good Defence. Clearly of interest to all who like excit-
idea of how both sides can direct their forces ing and dynamic positions.

14 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04

grünfeld defence

Russian variation ...
... and other alternatives to the main line

1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 g6 3.¤c3 d5 d5, and after 6.£xc4 0-0 7.e4 we have reached
the starting position of the system.

If White does not want to go in for the main

White has set up the ideal pawn centre e4/d4,
line of the Grünfeld Defence, then he has a se-
but his queen is somewhat exposed on c4. Black
ries of possible alternatives at his disposal. First
has an astonishingly great choice of continua-
of all there are the simple developing moves of
tions. 7...a6 – the Hungarian Variation – plan-
the queen’s bishop 4.¥f4 and 4.¥g5. After 4.¥f4
ning to drive away the queen at once with ...b5,
¥g7 5.e3 Black can adopt a very solid position
e. g. 8.¥e2 b5 9.£b3 c5. 7...¤a6 – the Prins
with 5...c6, but more in the spirit of the Grün-
Variation – preparing ...c5 with an attack on
feld Defence is 5...c5 6.dxc5 £a5. Also, 5...0-0
White’s centre. 8.¥e2 c5 9.d5 e6 10.0-0 exd5
is an option, since Black can easily go in for
11.exd5 is a typical continuation. 7...¥g4 – the
the pawn sacrifice 6.cxd5 ¤xd5 7.¤xd5 £xd5
Smyslov Variation – introducing counterplay
against d4. After 8.¥e3 the knight manoeuvre
If White chooses a setup with ¥g5, either with 8...¤fd7 9.¦d1 ¤b6 uncovers the ¥g7 and
4.¥g5 or 4.¤f3 ¥g7 5.¥g5, then he must always strengthens the pressure on d4, and if the
bear in mind the sortie ...¤e4. For example: d-pawn advances, for instance after 10.£b3
4.¥g5 ¤e4 5.¥h4 ¤xc3 6.bxc3 dxc4 and White ¤c6 11.d5, then the knight can occupy e5.
can recover the c4-pawn straight away with
Of course White can also meet the Grünfeld
7.£a4+ or go in for complications with 7.e3
Defence with the fianchetto of his own king’s
¥e6. After 4.¤f3 ¥g7 5.¥g5 ¤e4, since the
bishop. After 1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 g6 3.g3 ¥g7 4.¥g2
¥g5 is defended by the ¤f3, White has, as well
d5 (...d6 leads to the King’s Indian) 5.cxd5
as 6.¥h4, the move 6.cxd5. After 6...¤xg5
¤xd5 he has the choice: the ambitious occupa-
7.¤xg5 the material balance is, however, resto-
tion of the centre with 6.e4 or the quieter conti-
red by 7...e6 with the double attack on the ¤g5
nuation with 6.¤f3. 6.¤f3 ¤b6 7.¤c3 ¤c6 8.e3
and the d5-pawn.
0-0 9.0-0 is, e. g., a really solid setup.
But the most important system for White apart
from the main line is the Russian Variation, The Russian Variation, the fianchetto and the
reached by the sequence 4.¤f3 ¥g7 5.£b3. other systems presented are viable alternatives
With 5...dxc4 Black releases the pressure against to the main line of the Grünfeld Defence.

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 15

king's Indian
classical variation
1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 g6 3.¤c3 ¥g7 4.e4 d6 5.¤f3 0-0 popular. It is only played occasionally in con-
6.¥e2 e5 junction with 9.¥g5 or 9.¤d5.
In the Classical Main Line White closes the
centre after 7.0-0 ¤c6 with 8.d5, and after
8...¤e7 he can seize the initiative on the queen-
side with 9.b4 or with 9.¤d2 or 9.¤e1 he can
first redeploy his king’s knight. After e. g. 9.¤e1
¤d7 10.¤d3 f5 11.¥d2 ¤f6 12.f3 f4 13.c5 g5

The characteristic of the King’s Indian is the

fianchetto of Black’s king’s bishop in con-
junction with ...¤f6 and ...d6. Black allows
White to march forward in the centre with his
c-, d- and e-pawns and only lays claim to his
share of the centre later on with ...e5 or ...c5.
The popularity of the King’s Indian was due
an exciting position has arisen, in which White
first of all to the games of the Soviet grandma-
is attacking on the queenside and Black on the
sters Isaac Boleslavsky (1919–1977) and David
Bronstein (1924–2006). The first heyday of the
King’s Indian was in the 1950s and 1960s when As well as the aforementioned Exchange Varia-
Bobby Fischer too played it. At the end of the tion 7.dxe5 important alternatives for White are
1980s the most prominent exponent of the 7.d5 – the Petrosian System – and 7.¥e3 – the
King’s Indian was Garry Kasparov, a position Gligoric Variation. 7.d5 closes the centre first
which has nowadays been occupied by Teimour and then intends with ¥g5 to make difficult a
Radjabov. move with the ¤f6 and then ...f5. After 7.¥e3,
on the other hand, White first develops the last
In the Classical Variation with 5.¤f3 0-0 6.¥e2
minor piece, before deciding about the centre.
Black reacts against the mighty white centre
with the central counter 6...e5. Since White If you like playing positions with pawn chains
cannot win a pawn in the Exchange Varia- in which each player is attacking on his own
tion 7.dxe5 dxe5 8.£xd8 ¦xd8 with 9.¤xe5 flank, then the Classical Variation of the King’s
on account of 9...¤xe4, this is not particularly Indian is exactly the opening for you.

16 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04

king's indian

sämisch Variation
Sharp attacking system and positional weapon

1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 g6 3.¤c3 ¥g7 4.e4 d6 5.f3 0-0 For a long time the most important variation
against the Sämisch was, after 6.¥e3, the pawn
sacrifice 6...c5. Since practice showed that after
7.dxc5 dxc5 8.£xd8 ¦xd8 9.¥xc5 ¤c6 Black
gets very good compensation, 7.¤ge2 became
more and more popular. Thereupon, a position
is often reached after 7...¤c6 8.d5 ¤e5 9.¤g3
e6 10.¥e2 exd5 11.cxd5 which, in the strict sen-
se, belongs to the Modern Benoni. Black has a
strong knight on e5 and can even seize the initi-
ative on the kingside with the startling 11...h5.
One modern attempt against the Sämisch is
after 6.¥e3 the move 6...¤c6. After 7.¤ge2 a6
8.£d2 ¦b8

If in the King’s Indian you want to whip up

an attack on Black’s king position as soon as
possible, then you will probably turn to the Sä-
misch Variation. In this system, named after the
game Sämisch–Yates, Marienbad 1925, White
first supports his e4-pawn with f2-f3 and then
develops aggressively with ¥e3, £d2 and 0-0-0.
His aim is to storm the black castled position
with g2-g4 and h2-h4-h5 in conjunction with
¥e3-h6 and ¤c3-d5. Of course, it is not pos-
sible for White to put this ideal scenario into
practice without obstacles, but the basic idea
behind his plan is very dangerous. In addition,
he is not absolutely fixed on one single plan,
it becomes clear that Black would like to
because e. g. after ...e5 he can, just as he does in
strike out on the queenside with ...b5.
the Classical Variation, get a space advantage in
the centre with d4-d5 and start an attack on the From the first diagram White can also try
queenside. 6.¥g5, which has the advantage of elimina-
ting 6...e5?, since this would be a blunder on
Black has a whole hatful of continuations
account of 7.dxe5 dxe5 8.£xd8 ¦xd8 9.¤d5.
against the Sämisch Variation, one of the most
But after 6...h6 the bishop simply retreats to
natural being after 6.¥e3 certainly the afore-
e3, after which the h6-pawn is a weakness. The
mentioned 6...e5. If White closes the centre
most logical reply appears to be 6...c5, since the
with 7.d5, Black can either become active on
bishop on g5 is not protecting the d4-square.
the kingside himself with 7...¤h5 8.£d2 f5 or
open the c-file with 7...c6 8.£d2 cxd5 9.cxd5. The Sämisch Variation is a very flexible setup,
Black can also react in similar fashion to the which can lead either to a very sharp attack on
flexible 7.¤ge2 with 7...c6 8.£d2 ¤bd7 9.d5 the king or else to positional play full of subtle
cxd5 10.cxd5 a6. manoeuvres.

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 17

king's indian

four pawns attack & Co

Seirawan, Averbakh and Smyslov Variations

1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 g6 3.¤c3 ¥g7 4.e4 d6 5.f4 0-0


Yuri Averbakh has a system named after him

in which White delays the development of his
king’s knight and plays 4.e4 d6 5.¥e2 0-0 6.¥g5
In addition to the Classical and Sämisch Vari-
ations White has a wide choice of other setups
to employ against the King’s Indian. One of
the most aggressive is the Four Pawns Attack
(see diagram above), in which White puts all
his trust in the power of his pawn centre. After
the typical counter-thrust 6...c5 we often see
in 7.d5 e6 8.¥e2 exd5 9.cxd5 a move order lea-
ding to a pawn formation characteristic of the
Modern Benoni, which can lead to very sharp
play. However, White is not obliged to play
7.d5 and 7.dxc5 or 7.¥e2 are alternatives, and
Black too can set off on another path with the
modern 6...¤a6.
In 5.¥d3 0-0 6.¤ge2 (diagram above right) The early bishop sortie prevents 6...e5, but there
White has at his disposal a scheme of develop- is a wide variety of alternatives in the form of
ment, which has been named after the American 6...c5, 6...¤a6, 6...h6, 6...¤bd7 or 6...c6.
grandmaster Yasser Seirawan. An advantage is
Another system with ¥g5 is the very solid
that here too the white f-pawn remains mobile
Smyslov Variation: 4.¤f3 0-0 5.¥g5 d6 6.e3.
and can be deployed if necessary. On the other
Since White restricts himself to e2-e3, the d4-
hand, the ¥d3 breaks the line between the queen
point is much better protected than in many
and d4, which invites counterplay directed
other variations of the King’s Indian.
against that point. A typical sequence is 6...¤c6
7.0-0 e5 8.d5, after which the active 8...¤d4 is From the aggressive Four Pawns Attack to the
possible. But 6...e5 or 6...c5 is also played, the solid Smyslov Variation – there is something
latter once more ending up in a Benoni structure suitable for every type of player to use against
after 7.d5 e6 8.0-0 exd5 9.cxd5. the King’s Indian.

18 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04

king's indian

fianchetto System
Solid and reliable

1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 g6 3.g3 ¥g7 4.¥g2 0-0 5.¤c3 d6


The Slovakian grandmaster Igor Stohl reveals the

basic plans of the Fianchetto System on the DVD

ference that the white bishop is on g2 instead of

Of course White can also meet the King’s on e2, which offers the white king more shelter.
Indian with the fianchetto of his own king’s
But after 6...¤c6 7.0-0 there is the more mo-
bishop. In this variation White is not out for an
dern continuation 7...a6, the Panno Variation.
attack on the king, but his goal is much more
After 8.d5 the steed takes up a position on the
to construct a firm, solid position. After 6.¤f3
edge of the board with 8...¤a5 targeting c4.
we have the starting position for the Fianchetto
9.¤d2 c5 10.£c2 ¦b8 11.b3 b5
System, and Black must now decide which path
he intends to follow. As is so often the case in
the King’s Indian, getting in the central advance
...e5 is a reasonable strategy, with 6...¤bd7 and
6...¤c6 being possible preparatory moves.
6...¤bd7 was already played by Bronstein and
Boleslavsky back in the 1940s and 1950s. If,
after 7.0-0 e5, White occupies the centre with
8.e4, Black can immediately clarify the pawn
structure with 8...exd4. The pawns on c4 and
e4 do secure for White a space advantage in the
centre, but Black can use the c5- and e5-squares
above all for his knights and work up counter-
play against the e4-pawn along the semi-open
e-file. Another option is the waiting move 8...
c6, which raises the possibility of the queen leads to a typical position for this variation,
moves ...£b6 or ...£a5 and reserves ...exd4 for where White’s king is safe, but in which Black
a possibly more favourable moment. If Black very quickly exerts pressure on the queenside.
decides on 6...¤c6 as preparation for ...e5, play
can develop similar to the Classical Variation Anyone who prefers a safe king position would
after 7.0-0 e5 8.d5 ¤e7, with the important dif- find the g3-King’s Indian a good choice.

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 19

modern benoni
active and dynamic
1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6 4.¤c3 exd5 5.cxd5 d6 ment and brings his king into safety as soon as
6.e4 g6 7.¤f3 ¥g7 possible. However, after 9...¦e8 he has to relo-
cate his knight with 10.¤d2

The Modern Benoni is a fighting and double-

edged opening, in which Black deliberately in order to protect the e-pawn. Black can either
takes risks in order to achieve active play. The manoeuvre his queen’s knight with 10...¤a6 to
move order 2...c5 3.d5 e6 4.¤c3 exd5 5.cxd5, c7 so as to support ...b5, or else play 10...¤bd7
which characterises the Modern Benoni, creates so as to establish contact with the e5- and c5-
for White a dangerous pawn majority in the squares (...c4 and then ...¤c5 is a typical idea).
centre; his simple and effective plan is, after A further option instead of the move 9...¦e8 is
due preparation by f4, the pawn thrust e4-e5. 9...a6 10.a4 ¥g4, to exchange the bishop for the
It is however not easy to seize the best moment ¤f3 or – after 11.¤d2 – for the ¥e2.
for this pawn advance. There are systems in
In the Modern Main Line White prevents with
which White gets in the move e5 at a very early
8.h3 the sortie ...¥g4, and 8...0-0 is followed by
stage, and there are others in which he holds
9.¥d3 protecting the e4-pawn right away. Here
back his main trump for a long time. But Black
too Black can once again play the typical Ben­
has of course got something in return: the
oni moves 9...a6, 9...¦e8, 9...¤a6 or 9...¤bd7,
pawn majority on the queenside which he can
but the most popular is the sharp 9...b5, which
mobilise by means of ...a6 and ...b5, the semi-
soon results in complications after 10.¥xb5
open e-file where he can exert pressure against
¤xe4 11.¤xe4 £a5+ or after 10.¤xb5 ¦e8.
the e4-pawn, the ¥g7 which can become very
strong on the h8-a1 diagonal and the outpost
The Modern Benoni is one of the most dynamic
on e5 which is an ideal square for the knight.
openings against 1.d4. It suits players who are
The Classical Main Line begins with 8.¥e2 0-0 aiming for activity and the initiative with Black
9.0-0; here White counts on simple develop- and who have a good feeling for tactics.

20 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04

modern benoni

from sharp to solid

Four Pawns Attack, Penrose and Fianchetto Variations

1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6 4.¤c3 exd5 5.cxd5 d6 does Black play 3...c5 inviting White to a Ben­
6.e4 g6 7.f4 ¥g7 oni (4.d5). But after 3.¤c3 Black prefers to play
3...¥b4 entering a Nimzo-Indian or even 3...d5
switching to a Queen’s Gambit Declined.
Compared to the sharp Four Pawns Attack the
Penrose Variation – 7.¥d3 ¥g7 8.¤ge2 – is a
very slow setup. But here too White would like
to play for an attack by means of the move f4.
Things go along the lines of 0-0, ¤g3, f4 and
£f3. Counterplay for Black is often linked to
the moves ...£c7, ...c4 and ...¤bd7(-c5).
If when facing the Benoni you are above all
conscious of the safety of your king, you will
tend to choose the Fianchetto Variation. The
starting moves 1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 e6 4.¤c3
exd5 5.cxd5 d6 are followed by 6.g3 g6 7.¥g2
One system in the Modern Benoni in which ¥g7 8.¤f3 0–0 9.0–0 a6.
White wants to get in the pawn advance e4-e5
at a very early stage is 7.f4, the Four Pawns
Attack. After 7...¥g7 White has even tried to
advance straight away with 8.e5 (the Mikenas
Attack) – but against the best reply by Black
this turns out to be premature. After the moves
8.e5 ¤fd7 9.¤b5 dxe5 10.¤d6+ ¢e7 11.¤xc8+
£xc8 12.¤f3 it transpires that White has too
few pieces in play to put the ¢e7 in any serious
On the other hand Black has reason to fear the
Taimanov Attack, which starts with the check
8.¥b5+. After the natural reply 8...¤bd7, 9.e5
dxe5 10.fxe5 is already much stronger, because
e5-e6 threatens to win the pinned knight. The
In this type of position the bishop on g2 is a re-
counter-attack 10...¤h5 11.e6 £h4+ 12.g3
liable defender of its own king. White can then
¤xg3 13.hxg3 £xh1 14.¥e3 then leads to the
make use of a plan which is typical of Benoni
sort of position not seen every day which theo-
formations: 10.a4 (directed against ...b5) and
ry evaluates as advantageous for White. So the
then ¤f3-d2-c4. Black will seek counterplay
correct reaction to the bishop check is 8...¤fd7,
along the lines of ...¤bd7, ...¦e8, ...¦b8, ...¤e5
after which 9.¥d3, 9.¤f3 and the modern 9.a4
and ...¤h5.
come into question. If you want to play the
Modern Benoni as Black without letting your- In the sharp variations with an early f2-f4 the
self in for the Taimanov Attack, you would do board is rapidly on fire. If you do not like play-
better to choose the move order 1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 ing with fire, then you would be well advised to
e6 and only after 3.¤f3, blocking the f-pawn, go for the Fianchetto Variation.

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 21


schmid & czech Benoni

Another two systems from the Benoni family

1.d4 ¤f6 2.¤f3 c5 3.d5 g6 4.¤c3 ¥g7 5.e4 d6 Another offshoot of the Benoni family is the
Czech Benoni. Here after 1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 c5 3.d5
Black immediately closes the centre with 3...
e5. After the further standard moves 4.¤c3 d6
5.e4 ¥e7

If after 1.d4 ¤f6 2.¤f3 Black attacks the white

d-pawn with 2...c5, then after the advance 3.d5
we have the Schmid-Benoni which has been
named after the German grandmaster Lothar
Schmid. Unlike other Benoni positions, the both sides can at first only aim to make any
trademark of the Schmid-Benoni is that the progress on the wings. On the queenside on the
white c-pawn is still on its starting square c2. order of the day for Black there is once more
Since no pawn exchange has yet taken place, the pawn advance ...b5, and on the kingside he
the position is more closed and more secure can try his luck with ...f5. To support this, there
than in the Modern Benoni but on the other often follows (after ...0-0) the regrouping ...g6,
hand Black does not have a queenside pawn ...¤e8-g7. White’s play is mostly linked to b4
majority either. What is also typical here is that and/or f4. One very solid option for White is,
White’s advanced pawn on d5 secures him an e. g., a fianchetto setup with 6.g3 0-0 7.¥g2 ¤e8
advantage in space and it is quite common to 8.¤ge2 ¤d7 9.0-0 a6 and at the appropriate
see the white king’s knight heading via d2 to the moment White will throw in f2-f4.
attractive c4-square, where its position will be
A more aggressive plan follows the establishing
secured by a2-a4.
of pawns on h3 and g4. After 6.¤f3 0-0 7.h3
6.¥b5+ or 6.¥e2 are the most frequently ¤bd7 8.g4 ¤e8 9.¥d3 a6 10.a4 ¦b8 11.¦g1
played continuations from the position in the White’s intentions become clear: he is preparing
diagram above. The variation after 6.¥e2 0-0 an attack on the kingside and is making any
7.0-0 is particularly important here, since it black counterplay with ...f5 unattractive. Should
can also arise via a Pirc Defence move order, Black be afraid of this plan, then he would be
for example 1.e4 d6 2.d4 ¤f6 3.¤c3 g6 4.¤f3 better avoiding castling and trying for example
¥g7 5.¥e2 0 -0 6.0-0 c5 7.d5. Black’s play on 6...¤bd7 7.h3 h5!?.
the queenside is often based on the pawn lever
...b5 – prepared by ...¤a6-c7, ...a6 and ...¦b8. These Benoni systems are above all something
Furthermore Black can also create some tension for fans of a closed centre and whose prefer-
in the centre with ...e6. ences lie in the fields of plans and manoeuvring.

22 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04

benko & blumenfeld
Gambit Ideas with ...b5
1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 c5 3.d5 b5 d6 White castles artificially by 9.¤f3 ¥g7 10.g3
0-0 11.¢g2 – or 7.g3 d6 8.¥g2, the Fianchetto
Variation. ¤bd7 9.¤f3 ¥g7 10.¦b1 0-0 11.0-0
£a5 12.¥d2 ¦fb8 13.£c2

In many positions in which White aims to gain

space in the centre with d4-d5 and supports his
d-pawn with c2-c4, Black’s pawn thrust ...b5
is a natural and a good plan. Normally Black then leads to a typical Benko position, in which
prepares this advance conscientiously, however White would like to lessen the pressure slowly
in the two gambit systems which are being by b3 and a4. Those who do not feel comfort-
introduced here it is played very quickly – as a able in such positions can also decline the gam-
pawn sacrifice. The idea is to tempt White into bit, e. g. with 4.¤f3 g6 5.cxb5 a6 6.b6.
playing cxb5, which palpably deprives the ad-
In the Blumenfeld Gambit too, Black plays an
vanced d-pawn of steadiness.
early ...b5, but this time with the move order
In the Benko Gambit, named after the 1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 e6 3.¤f3 c5 4.d5 b5 when com-
Hungarian-American grandmaster Pal Benko, pared to the Benko Gambit the extra moves
Black offers his b-pawn as early as on move ¤f3 and ...e6 have been played. Accepting the
three. If White accepts the sacrifice with 4.cxb5 gambit with 5.dxe6 fxe6 6.cxb5 concedes to
a6 5.bxa6 g6 6.¤c3 ¥xa6 then Black will for Black a central pawn majority, which he can
a long time exert unpleasant pressure on the immediately employ with 6...d5. The move
queenside via the semi-open a- and b-files. This 5.¥g5 declines the gambit, but can also lead to
pressure, increased after ...¥g7 by the king’s sharp play after 5...exd5 6.cxd5.
bishop on the h8-a1 diagonal, can on occa-
sion be felt right into the endgame, so that the The Benko Gambit enjoys an excellent reputa-
simplest anti-gambit strategy – exchange and tion and is positionally well founded, whereas
simplification – does little to help White. Usual the Blumenfeld is considered to be somewhat
continuations are 7.e4 – after 7... ¥xf1 8.¢xf1 adventurous, though it does offer good chances.

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 23

budapest gambit
a courageous pawn sacrifice
1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 e5 3...¤g4 aims at recovering the e5-pawn at once
and after the natural moves 4.¥f4 ¤c6 5.¤f3
¥b4+ White must make up his mind between
6.¤bd2 and 6.¤c3. The choice of 6.¤c3 does
allow, after 6...¥xc3+ 7.bxc3 £e7, the defence of
the pawn by 8.£d5, but it concedes some com-
pensation to Black after the moves 8...f6 9.exf6
¤xf6 10.£d3 d6.
6.¤bd2 £e7 7.e3 is less materialistic, giving
back the e5-pawn without complaint after
7...¤gxe5 8.¤xe5 ¤xe5. With the moves 9.¥e2
0-0 10.0-0

The Budapest Gambit is the courageous attempt

by Black to seize the initiative right from the
second move and to achieve active play for his
pieces. Instead of patiently preparing ...e5, as
e. g. in the Old Indian or in the King’s Indian,
Black simply plays that move as a pawn sacri-
fice, which in the event of 3.dxe5 causes dis-
ruption to White’s pawn structure. The gambit
became better known and more popular when
Milan Vidmar defeated Akiba Rubinstein with
it in the Berlin Tournament of 1918 and when
as a result other grandmasters such as Tartako-
White completes his development without
wer and Spielmann took up Black’s idea.
problem, but Black’s position is very solid too.
The main line of the gambit arises after 3.dxe5
White has an additional exciting continuation
¤g4, but 3...¤e4 – the Fajarowicz Gambit
after 3...¤g4 in 4.e4 ¤xe5 5.f4. Here he puts his
– deserves a mention too. 4.a3 is a sensible
trust in the strength of his pawns and play runs
prophylactic measure in order to exclude at
along quite different lines from the variations
once the possibility of ...¥b4+. But after 4...¤c6
mentioned above.
5.¤f3 d6 White should not accelerate Black’s
development with 6.exd6 ¥xd6. A much better The Budapest Gambit is attractive to many
move is 6.£c2, when 6...¥f5 can calmly be met players, because it is simple to learn and leads
with 7.¤c3, since 7...¤xf2 8.£xf5 ¤xh1 9.e6 is to lively piece play. It offers good chances par-
favourable for White. ticularly against over-materialistic opponents.

24 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04

trompowsky & torre
two systems with an early Bg5
1.d4 ¤f6 2.¥g5 The starting position of the Torre Attack,
which is named after the Mexican chess master
Carlos Torre (1905–1978), can arise, e. g., via
the move order 1.d4 ¤f6 2.¤f3 e6 3.¥g5

The move 2.¥g5 was named after the Brazilian

player Octavio Trompowsky (1897–1984), who
employed it in the 1930s and the 1940s. The
move led only a shadowy existence right up to Compared to the Trompowsky, White is already
the 1980s, but then some free-thinking English determined to play ¤f3 and Black ...e6, but if
grandmasters, above all Julian Hodgson, took it White exchanges his bishop after 3...h6 with
up and demonstrated the vitality of this system, 4.¥xf6 £xf6, after 5.e4 the position which was
which has since that point become firmly esta- already mentioned under the Trompowsky
blished. Attack can be reached. But after 3...h6 4.¥h4 is
more frequently seen, which at first retains the
Black has a broad spectrum of replies available
bishop pair. However, the most common re-
to him, and with 2...c5, 2...d5 and 2...g6 he
action to the Torre is 3...c5, after which White
can demonstrate that he is not afraid of the
usually supports his d-pawn with 4.e3. White’s
doubling of his f-pawn. But he can also avoid
plan involves simple development: ¥d3, ¤bd2
the doubled pawns with 2...¤e4 or 2...e6. After
and often 0-0. Black must above all decide
2...¤e4 3.¥f4 Black then usually decides on 3...
whether his central setup will be based on ...d5
c5 with an attack on the d4-pawn or on 3...d5
or the more restrained ...d6, which denies the
so as to occupy the centre. The variation with
white pieces the e5-square. Also the fianchetto
2...e6 of course invites White to play 3.e4, after
...b6, ...¥b7 is often part of Black’s plan.
which 3...h6 forces the exchange 4.¥xf6 £xf6.
5.¤c3 intending £d2 and 0-0-0 now remains The Trompowsky and the Torre Attack are two
true to the Trompowsky Attack, whilst 5.¤f3 very welcome possibilities for creative players,
leads to a position which can also be reached who enjoy steering the game into less charted
via the Torre Attack. waters at an early stage.

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 25

old indian
a universal setup
1.d4 ¤f6 2.c4 d6 but after 3...e5 4.¤f3 it allows the bold 4...e4.
Anyone who does not like this will perhaps,
after 3.¤c3 e5, set out for an early exchange
of queens with 4.dxe5 dxe5 5.£xd8+ ¢xd8,
though after 6.¤f3 ¤fd7 Black will be able to
play ...c6 and ¢c7 and will, objectively speak-
ing, have nothing to worry about.
After the starting position of the Old Indian
has been reached, e. g. via 3.¤f3 ¤bd7 4.¤c3
e5, the next moves are often 5.e4 ¥e7 6.¥e2 0-0
7.0-0 c6.

The Old Indian Defence is looked upon as a

precursor to the King’s Indian, because as is
the case in many variations of the King’s Indian
Black is also aiming for the central formation
d6/e5. The crucial difference between the ope-
nings lies in the positioning of the dark-squared
bishop: in the King’s Indian it is developed to
g7 whereas in the Old Indian it has to content
itself with the more modest e7-square. Black is
building a very solid and firm position, which is
similar to the Philidor Defence against 1.e4. So
The pawns d4 and c4 give White more space in
the black setup is a universal one and offers a
the centre and on the queenside, but it is not
complete repertoire against 1.e4 and 1.d4.
easy to decide on the best way to make any pro-
The natural developing moves 3.¤c3 and 3.¤f3 gress. 8.¦e1 and then ¥f1 and also 8.£c2 follo-
can both lead to the starting position for the wed by ¦d1 have already been tried here. 8.¦b1,
Old Indian, either via 3.¤c3 e5 4.¤f3 ¤bd7 8.¥e3 or the immediate 8.d5 are also plausible.
or via 3.¤f3 ¤bd7 4.¤c3 e5, each of the move For Black, moves such as ...£c7, ...¦e8 and
orders having its own peculiarities. Thus after then ...¥f8 or ...¤f8-g6 or an expansion on the
3.¤f3 White must count on Black still chang- queenside with ...a6 and ...b5 are typical.
ing to the King’s Indian – i. e. by replying 3...
g6 –, after which White no longer has available The Old Indian may seem a little bit cramped,
to him the sharp Four Pawns Attack and the but if White overestimates his position the
Sämisch Variation. 3.¤c3 retains these options, counterpunch can have serious consequences.

26 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04

the system 1...d6 2...e5
Unorthodox and flexible
1.d4 d6 2.c4 e5 If White continues in the first diagram with
3.¤f3, Black can, if he so wishes, simply play
3...¤d7 and head for an Old Indian or a King’s
Indian, but he also has at his disposal the very
interesting thrust 3...e4, which gives the posi-
tion a quite independent character. 4.¤g5 can
then once more be met with 4...f5 but of course
4...¤f6 is also playable. After 5.¤c3 there is the
option of the interesting 5...£e7

Another system in which Black sets up the

central formation d6/e5 has not even received
a name in the openings books. In it Black
plays ...e5 right on move two, meaning that
once more he does not have to be afraid of
having lost the right to castle after 3.dxe5 dxe5
4.£xd8+ ¢xd8, because after the moves 5.¤c3
c6 his king will find a hiding place on c7 in the
queenless middlegame. intending to answer 6.£c2 with 6....¥f5 and
...¤c6 followed by castling queenside.
Since in the starting diagram the ¤g8 has not
yet moved, compared to the Old Indian Black’s After the other knight move, 3.¤c3, Black can
position on the kingside still remains flexible. exchange the central pawns with 3...exd4 and
This gives him some extra options: thus he can, after the recapture 4.£xd4 gaining a tempo
for example, meet 3.d5 directly with 3...f5, and with the natural 4...¤c6 does come immediate-
also in other variations the king’s knight can ly to mind and has often been played. Though
wait for ...f5 before it moves to f6. And also the perhaps 4...¤f6 is even stronger, with the inten-
position of the king’s bishop has not yet been tion of fianchettoing the dark-squared bishop
determined – in addition to e7 the development and bringing the queen’s knight via d7 to the
to g7 is still possible. Of course these gains very good square c5.
don’t come for free, and so one drawback of the
move order 1.d4 d6 is, that Black must take into Anybody who would like to try out something
account that White could seize the opportunity which is unusual without actually being eccen-
to switch to an e4-opening by playing 2.e4. tric should give this system a chance.

ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04 | 27


1. Bogo-Indian 2. Grünfeld Defence 3. Nimzo-Indian

8...d6 is preparing ...Nbd7. 14.c4 to support the centre was Why ist the continuation 6...d6
But what did Black overlook? a blunder. Why? bad?

4. Budapest Gambit 5. Queen's Indian 6. Modern Benoni

How does Black exploit his lead What is Black’s best reply to 12...Nb6 was played at the
in development after 7.g3? 8.d5? wrong moment. Why?

7. Grünfeld Defence 8. King's Indian 9. Queen's Indian

How would you punish the 13...a4 was too careless. 9.Qxc3 would have been normal.
mistake 6.Nxd5? What trick has White prepared? But how would you refute 9.Ng5?

You will find the solutions on page 12

28 | ChessBase Tutorials/Openings #04