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1165030143
Linguistics-B
CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Background of The Study

The most important appliance for a human being to convey a message both

written and spoken is language. Both human and language cannot be separated,

because it has an important role in their lives. They use language to communicate

with each other, whether directly or indirectly. Furthermore, mutual understanding

between the speaker is an important point of communication, if one of the parts not

properly working, it can cause a problems.

Today, many people misinterpret an utterance when communicating, either

because of misreading or misunderstanding the intended message and it could lead

to a conflict that will hurt the others. That is become a reason by learning language

not only grammatical structures which need attention, but people need to know

about how to deliver a message and context in the language. Pragmatics is one of

the study of speaker meaning or what speakers mean. Communication is clearly not

only depends on recognizing the meaning of words in an utterance but also

recognizing what speakers mean by their utterances (Yule, 2010).

Spoken communication delivered by one single person to many audiences

with the aim of conveying thoughts and ideas is called speech. Usually done by

someone who has a big influence in a community. Donald Trump is a president of


America, he has a considerable influence in his country, by becoming the first man

in America it is easy for him to take the voice of Americans. His speech about

Immigration received a response from his party's opponents, Democratic party,

which delivered by Nancy Pelosi and Senate Minority Leader Chuck. Donald

Trump has a full ambition to build a border wall between Mexico and America, he

assesses that the construction of the wall will prevent crimes caused by legal

immigrants. On the other hand, there are those who disagree with his decision.

Basically, Republican party whom majory Donald trump, in assence always has

different of opinion with Democratic party. Those two big parties have always

competed to dominate America.

Every speech and utterance have always point on something, it could be to

a person or community. In understanding speech, it is necessary to understand the

relationship between the language used, the context in which the speech occurs and

to whom the speech was addressed. Expressions such as him, her, they and so other

are examples of language that understand in terms of the speaker’s intended

meaning. They are known as Deixis. Deixis is one of an important notion in

Pragmatics (Yule, 2010).

Based on the explanation above, Donald Trump, Nancy Pelosi, and Chuck

Schumer are point on something in their speech. This is the important role of Deixis

that the writer will discussed about so there will be no mistakes and can easily

understand by the reader.


Research Question

Based on the background above, the researcher tries to get understanding about

Deixis by following the questions below:

1. What the person of deixis is spoken in Donald Trump’s speech on

Immigration and The Democratic Response?

2. Whom is addressed in Donald Trump’s speech on Immigration and The

Democratic Response?

Purpose of Research

Based on the research question above, the objectives of this research are:

1. To analyse the person of deixis are spoken in Donald Trump’s speech on

Immigration and The Democratic Response.

2. To find out whom addressed in Donald Trump’s speech on Immigration and

The Democratic Response.

Significance of Research

Theoretically, the research of this study is expected to contribute more and

enrich the comprehension in understanding of Deixis. However, practically, this

research could one of references material for the reader and expert, or society in

this English Departement whom interest in analysis of Deixis.


Clarification of Key Terms

1. Personal Deixis

Personal Deixis is the grammatical category of person directly reflects the

different roles that individual play in the speech event, such as: speaker,

addressee, and referents which are neither speaker nor addressee. (Levinson,

2006)

2. Speech

Speech is spoken communication delivered by one single person to many

audiences with the aim of conveying thoughts and ideas.

3. Donald Trump

Donald John Trump is the 45th and current president of the United States.

He was born and raised in New York, United States. He was a businessman

before entering politics. He come from the Republican Party.

4. Democratic Party

Democratic party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in

the United States, along with the Republican Party.