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Health Promotion Prevention Pamphlet: Smoking

Alexa Hilkens

Monroe County Community College


Health Promotion: Smoking

After reviewing many of the different topics to choose from, smoking prevention and

cessation stood out to the student as an issue that she would like to address to adolescents.

Adolescents have the highest smoking prevalence among all age groups (US Department of

Health and Human Services, 2014). With so much information on the Internet about smoking,

the student wanted to confine research that she thought would stand out to young people while

giving the most accurate and up-to-date data there was.

Developing the Pamphlet

The resources that were most helpful in developing the pamphlet was the Center

for Disease Control There is a lot of information specific to the use of cigarette smoking

among adolescents. Another resource was Health Effects and Challenges for Tobacco Control.

That article helped to reveal different effects of smoking not just from a physical aspect but on

the emotional and mental health effects as well. This pamphlet would be helpful at any point in

an adolescent’s life. The earliest exposure to the ill effects of smoking would be most useful to

try to prevent it before it became habitual. The younger adolescents would need the information

and statistics to make more informed decisions when presented with the opportunity to smoke. It

would also be beneficial to read when an adolescent is already a regular smoker. The pamphlet

has information and resources on smoking cessation specific to that age group. The placement of

this pamphlet would need some insight about where it would be best placed. Places such as

schools, malls, movie theaters, coffee shops, and restaurants would be the most beneficial due to

the wide range of teens that would come across it.

Improving the Pamphlet


The pamphlet could have been improved with providing more information about the

long-term effects of smoking. The student chose to keep the pamphlet short and direct to keep

the attention of the reader. The student did not want to distract the reader with too much

information, but instead gave the reader resources to contact if they are struggling with smoking

cessation or are interested in quitting. The student would have also liked to put in first-hand

accounts of adults that started smoking recreationally as teens and how it has affected their life as

an adult. Also having information about how expensive smoking is and how they could use their

money in a different way would have been beneficial to address. To make the pamphlet more

interesting, the student placed a before and after photo of a long-time smoker to show the effects

it has on appearance overtime. Teens are inherently concerned with their physical appearance

and deviating from beauty standards can have a drastic influence on their choices in life (Schab,

2016). The student believes that many teens would pick the pamphlet up because it would

intrigue them as to how it could possibly affect their physical appearance.

Developmental Level

The developmental level targeted was Identity vs. Role Confusion. At this level,

adolescents are exploring their independence and development of self. The pamphlet attempts to

show teens how the use of tobacco can affect them as adults and discourages them by showing

how it will hurt their bodies. At this stage, teens are trying to create their identities as who they

will become as adults. Adolescents are also influenced by what the majority does and looks like.

The best way to demonstrate the effects is to show the possibility of what you may become from

it. Showing the negative consequences of tobacco helps to steer them away from that image.

During this developmental period, they explore possibilities and begin to form their own identity

based on the outcome of their explorations.


Safety Issue

The topic of smoking being a safety issue is clear. Smoking can lead to death and a

decreased quality of life, so presenting it as a safety issue is appropriate. With smoking being a

safety issue, it is important to address any variables that can improve the outcome. Socio-

economics and culture were not addressed because smoking affects a wide range of teens,

stemming from all classes in society. The use of tobaccos does present gender differences.

Worldwide, males smoke five times more than females. However, in countries such as The

United States and Canada, woman smoke at the same rate as men (Erazo Bahamondes & Ness,

2016). Finding this information allowed the student to point the targeted audiences to male and

female adolescents, since both groups are just as likely to use tobacco products. Language was a

minor issue in developing the pamphlet. It was difficult to use terms that most teens would

comprehend without being too technical. The main goal of the pamphlet was to reach as many

adolescents as possible while providing language that was easy to understand from all

intellectual abilities. The learning principle that the student applied was knowing that the readers

prior knowledge can interfere with new learning. Many adolescents have the feeling that they are

invincible, and that only bad things happen to other people. With providing information about

how most long-term smokers start out as teens, this gives the reader a chance to reflect on how

this could be their outcome if they continue to participate in tobacco use. It is important for

adolescents to realize that the choices they make today can cause them a future that they may not

foresee. Proving a pamphlet that emphasized the effects of smoking on physical appearance and

health is essential in aiding adolescents’ decisions about tobacco use.



Erazo Bahamondes, M., & Ness, K. (2016). Cigarette Smoking : Health Effects and Challenges

for Tobacco Control. Hauppauge, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Retrieved



Schab, L. M. (2016). Self-Esteem for Teens : Six Principles for Creating the Life You Want.

Oakland, CA: Instant Help. Retrieved from



US Department of Health and Human Services. (2014). Teen Smoking Is Epidemic. In R. Espejo

(Ed.), At Issue. Teen Smoking. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press. (Reprinted from

Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon

General, 3, 164, 2012) Retrieved from

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