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# Nursing research article critiques-made easy!

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## Nursing research article critiques-

New Jersey Nurse, Dec 2003 by Vitale, Anne
3. Correlational-Examines relationships between variables in a group.

## 4. Quasi-experimental/ Experimental-Examines causality, explains relationships, uses

control and experimental groups.

## NOTE: Experimental designs are the most scientific!

c. Measurements/Instruments

## 1. Description of the data collection instruments, scales, questionnaires. Example: #

questions, scoring range, etc.

## a. Reliability-Measurement of how consistently similar results are obtained every time

the scale/instrument is used.

## b. Validity-Measurement of how accurately the instrument reflects some of the variables

in the study (characteristics under study).

3. Reliability and validity are important because the study's results should never be
influenced by instrument/scale error.

4. Data Analysis:

a. Summarizes and describes the data in a logical, understandable format from research
variables capable of being quantified (converted to numbers).

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## 1. Descriptive statistics-Clearly and understandably describes the sample mostly using

frequency distribution, mean, median, mode, range, % and others.

## 2. Inferential statistics-Tests the research questions or hypothesis using T-Tests,

ANOVA, multiple regressions, etc. When the research plan hypothesizes relationships
between variables, it is necessary to clarify expected variable relationships using
independent and dependent variables.

## b. Independent variable-The treatment or experimental variable manipulated by the

researcher to create an effect on the dependent variable.

NOTE: One easy way of differentiating between these variables is to remember that
independent means standing alone, and dependent means relying on something. Don't
let statistics scare you! If you are a novice at article critique, work on being able to find
the sample adequately represented in an included table, chart or graph. Take small
steps!

## 5. Findings/Nursing Implications/ Conclusions:

a. The findings and conclusions should be relevant, useable, and generated from the
study.

## b. Suspect bias if questionable generalizability, sample defect, or weak design.

NOTE: Don't expect perfection! Every report might offer something useful, ideas you
can use, improve, or develop!

## "POLISHING" THE CRITIQUE

Remember that all research is subject to a critique. But until you, the reader have
critiqued the report, you have no way of knowing if the study is based on good,
systematic research principles. Follow the above outline next time you read a nursing
research article. Jot down the outline headings (purpose, sample, methods, data
analysis, and nursing implications). And find the content from the article you chose to
read. For the first couple of studies, critique the article backwards and forwards. This is
time well spent because you will have an opinion on the value of the nursing study by
the end of the report. Now let's see how objective that opinion is!

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