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14CF017080
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
LAB NO: 086
GEC 226: MULTISM PRACTICAL

## TITLE: Resistor Networks (using multism software)

OBJECTIVES
 To investigate and compare what happens when resistors are
connected in a circuit in physical practical and multism
software practical)
 To also investigate and compare the value of current and
voltage across each branch of the network in multism software
practical and physical practical.
INTRODUCTION
When resistors are connected in a circuit, there are two laws
that are the basic ‘building blocks’ with which the analysis of electric
circuit is constructed. These are Kirchhoff’s voltage law and
Kirchhoff’s current law.
Apparatus/ Equipment.
 Laptop.
 Multism software.
Procedure
Practical 1
 After launching the software, connect the circuit as shown in
the patching diagram of the circuit.
 Pick the voltmeter available in the indicators section.
 Connect each copied voltmeter across each resistor.
 Run the circuit and record the voltage readings displayed on
the voltmeters.
Practical 2
 On the same circuit, remove the copied voltmeters and replace
with copied ammeters.
 Run the circuit and record the current readings displayed on
the ammeters.
DRAWINGS

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS.
 I ensured that I connected the resistors properly with their
corresponding values.
 I ensured also that the polarities of the copied voltmeters were
correct to give the accurate results.
 I ensured that the copied ammeters had the correct polarities
in the horizontal direction.
RESULTS TABLES
Resistor branch Voltage (v)
R 9.249
R 4.349
R 6.402
R 2.092
R 4.310

## Resistor branch Current, I (mA)

R 9.249
R 9.250
R 2.911
R 6.340
R 6.339

QUESTIONS
1. Yes, this is the Kirchhoff’s voltage law (sum of voltages around
the loop i.e. ACDB equals 0): 20−V –V –V = 0
Therefore, 20− 9.249− 6.402− 4.349=0
2. Yes, V –V –V =0
Around loop CEFD, 6.402−2.092−4.310=0
3. Yes, around loop ACEFDB, 20−V –V –V –V =0
20−9.249−2.092−4.310−4.349=0
4. Yes
5. The current I flows into the node while I and I flow out of the
node. This follows Kirchhoff’s current law (algebraic sum of
currents in a node equals 0): I =I + I
6. Yes, I + I =I
7. The algebraic sum is zero.
8. The algebraic sum is zero

OBSERVATION