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Blackwell History of the Ancient World ‘This series provides a new narrative history of the ancient world, from the beginnings of civilization in the ancient Near East and Egypt to the fall of Constantinople. Written by experts in their fields, the books in the series offer authoritative accessible surveys for students and general readers alike. Published A History of the Later Roman Empire, ao 284-621 Stephen Mitchell A History of the Archaic Greek World Jonathan Hall A History of the Classical Greek World P. J. Rhodes A History of the Ancient Near East, second edition Mare Van De Mieroop A History of Byzantium Timothy E. Gregory In Preparation A History of the Persian Empire Christopher Tuplin A History of the Hellenistic World Malcolm Errington A History of the Roman Republic John Rich A History of the Roman Empire ‘Michael Peachin A History of the Ancient Near East ca. 3000-323 Bc Second Edition Marc Van De Mieroop ( Blackwell O) Purishing © 2004, 2007 by Marc Van De Mieroop BLACKWELL PUBLISHING 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148-5020, USA 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK 550 Swanston Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia ‘The right of Marc Van De Mieroop to be identified as the Author of this Work has been asserted in accordance with the UK Copyright, Designs, and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, except as permitted by the UK Copyright, Designs, and Patents Act 1988, without the prior permission of the publisher. First edition published 2004 Second edition published 2007 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd 1 2007 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Van De Mieroop, Mare. A history of the ancient Near East, ca. 3000-323 B.C. / Mare Van De Mieroop. - 2nd ed. p. cm. ~ (Blackwell history of the ancient world) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-1-4051-4910-5 (printed case hardback : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 1-4051-4910-8 (printed case hardback : alk. paper) ISBN-13: 978-1-4051-4911-2 (pbk. : alk. paper) ISBN-10: 1-4051-4911-6 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Middle East-History-To 622. I. Title, I. Series. DS62.2.V34 2007 939’.4—de22 2006006920 A catalogue record for this title is available from the British Library, Set in 10'//12'/apt Plantin by Graphicraft Limited, Hong Kong Printed in the United Kingdom by TJ International, Padstow, Cornwall ‘The publisher’s policy is to use permanent paper from mills that operate a sustainable forestry policy, and which has been manufactured from pulp processed using acid-free and elementary chlorine-free practices. Furthermore, the publisher ensures that the text paper and cover board used have met acceptable environmental accreditation standards. For further information on Blackwell Publishing, visit our website: www.blackwellpublishing.com