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Material data sheet Ovako356D

Steel grade Ovako356Q

MoCN 315 M
Last revised: Wed, 21 Jun 2017 10:39:17 GMT

34CrNiMo6 All

General Information
34CrNiMo6 is a quenching and tempering steel with high strength, high toughness and good hardenability. Used for large axles, machine
components, tools and high strength fasteners.
The steel can be induction hardened and it is weldable under certain conditions. Through hardenability to appr. 100 mm diameter bar with oil

Ovako 356Q
(Isotropic Quality) is an isotropic quality ultra clean steel. IQ-Steel is optimized for fatigue strength by a strict control of steel cleanliness. IQ-Steel, a
further development of BQ-Steel, is an isotropic and ultra clean steel with properties that match re-melted steels. Based on thousands of
examinations by Ovako into the effects of defects on fatigue performance, the metallurgy of IQ-Steel is purer and far more consistent than
conventional grades, and designed specifically to perform well in multi axial loading. This enables the manufacturing of lighter, slimmed down
components like gears, bearings and other critical parts. The steels are helping our customers to achieve new design solutions and implement
higher standards of finished product performance. Key to these practical advantages are Ovako’s own unique, clean and consistent modern
steelmaking processes that remove harmful inclusions and impurities from within the steel. IQ-Steels contain smaller and more fragmented
inclusions and can handle much higher mechanical forces in all directions than conventional steels. IQ-Steels are newer, but already now well
established in high pressure automotive applications. Modern diesel engines, with high and cyclic injection pressures, have proven to be an ideal
application. Transmission components are another emerging area of strong interest.

Similar designations
34CrNiMo6M, 356, 356D, SS2541, MoCN315, MoCN315M, 1.6582, 35NCD6, 816M40, 817M40, 35NiCrMo6, SNCM447, 30Ch2N2MA, F.1272,
40NiCrMo7, 4337, 4340, 92541, VSQT34CrNiMo6, VSQT34CrNiMo6/700, VSQT34CrNiMo6/800, VSQT34CrNiMo6/900, Stål 2541, Steel 2541

Chemical composition
Variant Cast Di C% Si % Mn % P% S% Cr % Ni % Mo %
Min 0.30 0.15 0.50 - - 1.40 1.40 0.15
6499 CC 8.81
Max 0.38 0.40 0.80 0.015 0.015 1.70 1.70 0.30

Mechanical Properties
Dimension Yield strength min Tensile strength Elongation A5 Reduction of area Impact (ISO-V)
Variant Condition Format Hardness
[mm] [MPa] [MPa] [%] Zmin [%] strengthmin
+AR 25 < 160 - - - - < 380 HB -
+A 25 < 160 - - - - < 248 HB -
6499 25 < 40 900* 1100-1300 10 45 320-380 HB 20 °C 45 J (long)
+QT 40 < 100 800* 1000-1200 11 50 300-350 HB 20 °C 45 J (long)
100 < 160 700* 900-1100 12 55 270-320 HB 20 °C 45 J (long)
Rp0.2 * Reh, ** Rel

*SS 142541(1986) All formats condition +QT: Dim <180mm corresponds to SS2541-03; Dim<100mm corresponds to SS2541-05; Dim<40mm
corresponds to SS2541-04; All formats condition +A corresponds to SS2541-02

Transformation temperatures
Transformation temperatures
Temperature °C
MS 315
AC1 725
AC3 785

Heat treatment recommendations

Treatment Condition Temperature cycle Cooling/quenching
Hot forging +AR 1050...880oC In air

Soft annealing +A 650...700oC Slowly (15oC/h) until 600oC

Stress relieve annealing +SRA 450...650oC (appr. 50oC under tempering temperature) In air

Hardening +Q 820...850oC Quenching in oil

Tempering +T 540...680oC In air

Jominy hardenability of Ovako 356D. Valid also for Ovako 356Q. Average value with +/-standard deviation. The reference 34CrNiMo6 EN10083-
3:2006 (ref) shows the range "+HL" minimum to "+HH" maximum.

CCT - Ovako356D and Ovako356Q Tempering response - Ovako356D and Ovako356Q

Steel cleanliness
Steel cleanliness
Micro inclusions - Ovako356D Macro inclusions - Ovako356D
ISO 3763
Applied standard ASTM E45 Applied standard
(Blue fracture)

Sampling ASTM A295 Sampling Statistical testing on billets

Maximum A B C D

average Th He Th He Th He Th He
Limits < 5 mm/dm2
limits 2.5 1.5 1.0 0.5 0 0 0.5 0.5

Steel cleanliness
Micro inclusions - Ovako356Q Macro inclusions - Ovako356Q

10 M Hz UST
Applied standard DIN 50602 K1 Applied standard
(Ovako internal standard)

Sampling Six random samples from final product dimension Sampling Statistical testing on billets

The limit is dimension dependent. The average rating of six samples < 10 defects/dm3
Limits Limits
should not exceed the limits given in the graph > 0,2 mm FBH



Tensile strength at elevated temperatures - Ovako356D

Other properties (typical values)

Youngs module (GPa) Poisson´s ratio (-) Shear module (GPa) Density (kg/m3)
210 0.3 80 7800
Average CTE 20-300°C Specific heat capacity 50/100°C Thermal conductivity Ambient Electrical resistivityAmbient temperature
(µm/m°K) (J/kg°K) temperature (W/m°K) (µΩm)
12 460 - 480 40 - 45 0.20 - 0.25

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The information in this document is for illustrative purposes only. The data and examples are only general recommendations and not a warranty or a guarantee.
The suitability of a product for a specific application can be confirmed only by Ovako once given the actual conditions.The purchaser of an Ovako product has
the responsibility to ascertain and control the applicability of the products before using them. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical
data without notice. This document is only valid for Ovako material. Other material, covering the same international specifications, does not necessarily comply
with the properties presented in this document.