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The SHS for SHS Framework

The SHS for SHS Framework, which stands for “Saysay-Husay-Sarili for Senior High School,” is at
the core of this book. The lessons, which combine high-quality content with flexible elements to
accommodate diversity of teachers and environments, promote these three fundamental concepts:

Why is this important?

Through this Teaching Guide, teachers will be able to facilitate an understanding of the value of the
lessons, for each learner to fully engage in the content on both the cognitive and affective levels.

How will I deeply understand this?

Given that developing mastery goes beyond memorization, teachers should also aim for deep
understanding of the subject matter where they lead learners to analyze and synthesize knowledge.

What can I do with this?

When teachers empower learners to take ownership of their learning, they develop independence and
self-direction, learning about both the subject matter and themselves.

The Parts of the Teaching Guide

This Teaching Guide is mapped and aligned to the DepEd SHS Curriculum, designed to be highly
usable for teachers. It contains classroom activities and pedagogical notes, and integrated with
innovative pedagogies. All of these elements are presented in the following parts:

 Highlight key concepts and identify the essential questions
 Show the big picture
 Connect and/or review prerequisite knowledge
 Clearly communicate learning competencies and objectives
 Motivate through applications and connections to real-life

 Give a demonstration/lecture/simulation/ hands-on activity
 Show step-by-step solutions to sample problems
 Use multimedia and other creative tools
 Give applications of the theory
 Connect to a real-life problem if applicable

 Discuss worked-out examples
 Provide easy-medium-hard questions
 Give time for hands-on unguided classroom work and discovery
 Use formative assessment to give feedback

 Provide additional examples and applications
 Introduce extensions or generalisations of concepts
 Engage in reflection questions
 Encourage analysis through higher order thinking prompts

 Supply a diverse question bank for written work and exercises
 Provide alternative formats for student work: written homework, journal, portfolio,
group/individual projects, student-directed research project

Pedagogical Notes
The teacher should strive to keep a good balance between conceptual understanding and facility in
skills and techniques. Teachers are advised to be conscious of the content and performance standards
and of the suggested time frame for each lesson, but flexibility in the management of the lessons is
possible. Interruptions in the class schedule, or students’ poor reception or difficulty with a particular
lesson, may require a teacher to extend a particular presentation or discussion.

Computations in some topics may be facilitated by the use of calculators. This is encour- aged;
however, it is important that the student understands the concepts and processes involved in the
calculation. Exams for the Basic Calculus course may be designed so that calculators are not

Because senior high school is a transition period for students, the latter must also be prepared for
college-level academic rigor. Some topics in calculus require much more rigor and precision than
topics encountered in previous mathematics courses, and treatment of the material may be different
from teaching more elementary courses. The teacher is urged to be patient and careful in presenting
and developing the topics. To avoid too much technical discussion, some ideas can be introduced
intuitively and informally, without sacrificing rigor and correctness.

The teacher is encouraged to study the guide very well, work through the examples, and solve
exercises, well in advance of the lesson. The development of calculus is one of humankind’s greatest
achievements. With patience, motivation and discipline, teaching and learning calculus effectively
can be realized by anyone. The teaching guide aims to be a valuable resource in this objective.

This initial release was last updated on June 14, 2016. More versions will follow.