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V.SATHISH VELAMMAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY CHENNAI
V.SATHISH VELAMMAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY CHENNAI
V.SATHISH VELAMMAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY CHENNAI
V.SATHISH VELAMMAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY CHENNAI
V.SATHISH VELAMMAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY CHENNAI

V.SATHISH

VELAMMAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY CHENNAI

INTRODUCTION  Due to the heavy traffic in the road many people are suffering. Even
INTRODUCTION  Due to the heavy traffic in the road many people are suffering. Even
INTRODUCTION  Due to the heavy traffic in the road many people are suffering. Even
INTRODUCTION  Due to the heavy traffic in the road many people are suffering. Even

INTRODUCTION

Due to the heavy traffic in the road many people are

suffering. Even though there is traffic signal available at various places it is not easy to control the crowd. In order to avoid traffic problem heavily on the road, we designed and

developed a system so called as traffic density controller with

wireless control.

TRAFFIC DENSITY
TRAFFIC DENSITY
TRAFFIC DENSITY
TRAFFIC DENSITY

TRAFFIC DENSITY

TRAFFIC DENSITY
TRAFFIC DENSITY
BLOCK DIAGRAM Transmitting data Transmitting data
BLOCK DIAGRAM Transmitting data Transmitting data
BLOCK DIAGRAM Transmitting data Transmitting data
BLOCK DIAGRAM Transmitting data Transmitting data

BLOCK DIAGRAM

Transmitting data

Transmitting data

BLOCK DIAGRAM Transmitting data Transmitting data
DESIGN COMPONENTS  ATMEL 89C51 MICROCONTROLLER  IR TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER  ENCODER WITH RF
DESIGN COMPONENTS  ATMEL 89C51 MICROCONTROLLER  IR TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER  ENCODER WITH RF
DESIGN COMPONENTS  ATMEL 89C51 MICROCONTROLLER  IR TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER  ENCODER WITH RF
DESIGN COMPONENTS  ATMEL 89C51 MICROCONTROLLER  IR TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER  ENCODER WITH RF

DESIGN COMPONENTS

ATMEL 89C51 MICROCONTROLLER

IR TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER

ENCODER WITH RF TRANSMITTER

DECODER WITH RF RECEIVER

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

RELAY DRIVER CIRCUIT

POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

WHY MICROCONTROLLER?  single chip microprocessor system  The microcontroller contains full implementation of a
WHY MICROCONTROLLER?  single chip microprocessor system  The microcontroller contains full implementation of a
WHY MICROCONTROLLER?  single chip microprocessor system  The microcontroller contains full implementation of a
WHY MICROCONTROLLER?  single chip microprocessor system  The microcontroller contains full implementation of a

WHY MICROCONTROLLER?

single chip microprocessor system The microcontroller contains full implementation of a standard MICROPROCESSOR, ROM, RAM, I/0, CLOCK, TIMERS, and also SERIAL PORTS. system as a low cost product

WHY ATMEL 89C51 MC?  89c51 have RISC architecture and contains less no of opcodes
WHY ATMEL 89C51 MC?  89c51 have RISC architecture and contains less no of opcodes
WHY ATMEL 89C51 MC?  89c51 have RISC architecture and contains less no of opcodes
WHY ATMEL 89C51 MC?  89c51 have RISC architecture and contains less no of opcodes

WHY ATMEL 89C51 MC?

89c51 have RISC architecture and contains less no of opcodes which are

easy for programming. so it is preferred

than 8051. Flash EPROM provided with memory not only RAM but also ROM parallel and serial port (Universal Asynchronous Receiver/ Transmitter)

ADVANTAGES OF INFRARED  Electrical devices do not interfere with infra red transmission.  infra
ADVANTAGES OF INFRARED  Electrical devices do not interfere with infra red transmission.  infra
ADVANTAGES OF INFRARED  Electrical devices do not interfere with infra red transmission.  infra
ADVANTAGES OF INFRARED  Electrical devices do not interfere with infra red transmission.  infra

ADVANTAGES OF INFRARED

Electrical devices do not interfere with infra red transmission.

infra red technology are its simple and extremely cheap senders and receivers which are integrated into

nearly all mobile devices No licenses are needed for infra red technology and shielding is very simple the transmission of infra red light (e.g., at 900 nm wavelength).

IR TRANSMITTER  Symbol and operation of IR transmitter is very similar to ordinary LED
IR TRANSMITTER  Symbol and operation of IR transmitter is very similar to ordinary LED
IR TRANSMITTER  Symbol and operation of IR transmitter is very similar to ordinary LED
IR TRANSMITTER  Symbol and operation of IR transmitter is very similar to ordinary LED

IR TRANSMITTER

Symbol and operation of IR transmitter is very similar to ordinary LED IR transmitter generates infrared. IR transmitter is made up of Gallium arsenide. If we pass the current to gallium arsenide it produces IR rays. Current applied to the sensor is directly proportional to the rays emitted though IR transmitter can withstand up to 35mA, we have used 5mA due to shortest

distance.

If the distance is more we have to increase the current flow to the transmitter

IR RECEIVER  This circuit is mainly used to for counting application  Since IR
IR RECEIVER  This circuit is mainly used to for counting application  Since IR
IR RECEIVER  This circuit is mainly used to for counting application  Since IR
IR RECEIVER  This circuit is mainly used to for counting application  Since IR

IR RECEIVER

This circuit is mainly used to for counting application Since IR can be used only during proper alignment position IR receiver is having reverse characteristics of the IR transmitter IR Receiver will conduct as long as the rays falls on it.

ENCODER WITH RF TRANSMITTER  In this circuit HT 640 is used as encoder 
ENCODER WITH RF TRANSMITTER  In this circuit HT 640 is used as encoder 
ENCODER WITH RF TRANSMITTER  In this circuit HT 640 is used as encoder 
ENCODER WITH RF TRANSMITTER  In this circuit HT 640 is used as encoder 

ENCODER WITH RF TRANSMITTER

In this circuit HT 640 is used as encoder

We are going to implement 433.92 MHz RF transmitter to our project for effective, quick, reliable type and its operated at 12v dc. This can be switched by relays.

Mixer encoder This is to mix carrier and modulation system and encoded for signal transmission

DECODER WITH RF RECEIVER  In this circuit HT648 is used as decoder  Wireless
DECODER WITH RF RECEIVER  In this circuit HT648 is used as decoder  Wireless
DECODER WITH RF RECEIVER  In this circuit HT648 is used as decoder  Wireless
DECODER WITH RF RECEIVER  In this circuit HT648 is used as decoder  Wireless

DECODER WITH RF RECEIVER

In this circuit HT648 is used as decoder Wireless receiver is having reverse characteristics of the wireless transmitter The 3 18 decoder are a series of CMOS LSIs for remote control system application proper operation a pair of encoder/decoder pair with the same number of address and data format should be selected.

FUNCTIONAL ARCHITECTURE
FUNCTIONAL ARCHITECTURE
FUNCTIONAL ARCHITECTURE
FUNCTIONAL ARCHITECTURE

FUNCTIONAL ARCHITECTURE

FUNCTIONAL ARCHITECTURE
OPERATION  Here we are using two modes, namely 1. Automatic Mode 2. Manual mode
OPERATION  Here we are using two modes, namely 1. Automatic Mode 2. Manual mode
OPERATION  Here we are using two modes, namely 1. Automatic Mode 2. Manual mode
OPERATION  Here we are using two modes, namely 1. Automatic Mode 2. Manual mode

OPERATION

Here we are using two modes, namely

1. Automatic Mode 2. Manual mode

AUTOMATIC MODE  The IR sensor senses how many vehicles are crossing on the corresponding
AUTOMATIC MODE  The IR sensor senses how many vehicles are crossing on the corresponding
AUTOMATIC MODE  The IR sensor senses how many vehicles are crossing on the corresponding
AUTOMATIC MODE  The IR sensor senses how many vehicles are crossing on the corresponding

AUTOMATIC MODE

The IR sensor senses how many vehicles are crossing on

the corresponding side. All the sensors send the

corresponding output signal to microcontroller.

The LCD display is used to indicate the side through

which the vehicle has to be passed The microcontroller compares which road side is the highest density (i e, more vehicles) and it delivers the

corresponding signal to LED driver circuits. The LED driver

circuit enables the LED to display for particular time depends on traffic density.

MANUAL MODE  When this type of system is followed, we are sure that we
MANUAL MODE  When this type of system is followed, we are sure that we
MANUAL MODE  When this type of system is followed, we are sure that we
MANUAL MODE  When this type of system is followed, we are sure that we

MANUAL MODE

When this type of system is followed, we are sure that we can control the traffic to certain extent to certain extent.

From this system, we can free up the traffic in the VIP’s traveling road by wireless.

There is a key pad connected remotely to control that. For each key present in that the corresponding road will be free up and other roads are blocked.

ADVANTAGES  Avoids wastage of time due to the traffic  Fully automatic  Low
ADVANTAGES  Avoids wastage of time due to the traffic  Fully automatic  Low
ADVANTAGES  Avoids wastage of time due to the traffic  Fully automatic  Low
ADVANTAGES  Avoids wastage of time due to the traffic  Fully automatic  Low

ADVANTAGES

Avoids wastage of time due to the traffic

Fully automatic

Low power consumption

It provides the easy access in the traffic light

Low cost to design the circuit, maintenance of the circuit is good

By using this microcontroller IC we can create many more control to the appliances

Easy convenience to handle

APPLICATIONS  The project is mainly used in the traffic signals  It is a
APPLICATIONS  The project is mainly used in the traffic signals  It is a
APPLICATIONS  The project is mainly used in the traffic signals  It is a
APPLICATIONS  The project is mainly used in the traffic signals  It is a

APPLICATIONS

The project is mainly used in the traffic signals

It is a boon to the automobiles so that there are many advantages

It can be implemented on some other areas where we need wireless transmission

It is implemented in the traffic signals also for monitoring the vehicles if there is any misuse it will automatically know

FUTURE SCOPE
FUTURE SCOPE
FUTURE SCOPE
FUTURE SCOPE

FUTURE SCOPE

FUTURE SCOPE
CONCLUSION  The project may be very well used in where the traffic signals is
CONCLUSION  The project may be very well used in where the traffic signals is

CONCLUSION

The project may be very well used in where the traffic signals

is kept and in many other places where we need to full fill the need of the automation. In the future we implement the project’s idea in the industries. By using this project in future we can know traffic density in the city and so that remedies can be made according to that.

THANKYOU
THANKYOU
THANKYOU
THANKYOU

THANKYOU

Any queries