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Guidance and Counseling for

Elementary Students

By: Jeel Christine C. de Egurrola

M.Ed. GC Batch 09

Maximizing students’ potentials Understanding self and developing a positive self-image Showing respect for the feelings

Maximizing students’ potentials

Understanding self and developing a

positive self-image

Showing respect for the feelings of others

Understanding the decision-making

process

feelings of others Understanding the decision-making process Maintaining effective relationships with peers and adults

Maintaining effective relationships with peers and adults

Developing effective study habits

Being prepared to make the

transition to the intermediate school

With students and parents individually With students and parents in small groups when … requested

With students and parents individually

With students and

parents in small groups

when …

requested and deemed appropriate

How is elementary counseling conducted?

Parental permission is obtained prior

to any individual or group counseling.

Be successful in school

Develop positive

feelings about

work, family and society

Cope with change in themselves and their surroundings

Benefits

for Students
for Students

Establish effective study skills

Build positive feelings toward self and others

Identify and accept their own and

other’s strengths

and weaknesses

Become responsible for their own behavior

Adjust to a new school

Develop skills in

interacting and

communicating with others

Recognizing the causes and effects of their actions

Receive crisis intervention when necessary

Understand their children’s progress in school Select strategies to motivate their children Develop realistic goals
Understand their children’s progress in school
Select strategies to motivate their children
Develop realistic goals with their children
Become actively involved in their children’s school life
Parent education and discussion groups for child-related issues

Benefits

for Parents
for Parents

To identify students with special

needs and abilities

Find other professionals within the school or community

Benefits

for the Community
for the Community
Benefits for the Community A clearly defined curriculum provides information about the program of the community

A clearly defined curriculum provides information about the program of the community

Duties and Functions of Counselor

Provide students and groups with educational

counseling

Work with students, including those with

academic and social development problems and

those with special needs

Help students evaluate their abilities, interests,

talents, and personality characteristics

Use interviews, counseling sessions, interest and aptitude assessment tests, and other methods

Duties and Functions of Counselor

Provide play therapy and art therapy for

students who cannot disclose in the counseling sessions

Observe younger children during classroom

and play activities

Confer with teachers and parents to evaluate the children’s strengths, problems, or special needs

How does a counselor work with students?

Classroom

Guidance

Regularly visits classrooms to teach students how to get along with others, following school rules, safety, and

others

Small Group Counseling

Invite students who share common concerns to meet for a few sessions

who share common concerns to meet for a few sessions Individual Counseling Art and/or Play Session

Individual

Counseling

Art and/or Play Session

Individual Counseling Art and/or Play Session • Available to talk with a student privately of the
Individual Counseling Art and/or Play Session • Available to talk with a student privately of the

Available to talk with a student privately of the concern is very private and does not work well with groups or with a presence of a parent

If children cannot express with words, they can express their thoughts and feelings through play and/or art session(s)

If children cannot express with words, they can express their thoughts and feelings through play and/or
Confidentiality Practical Considerations Minor students should be informed of the counselor’s general obligation to

Confidentiality

Practical Considerations
Practical Considerations
Minor students should be informed of the counselor’s general obligation to disclose information to acquiring
Minor students should be informed of the counselor’s general
obligation to disclose information to acquiring parents prior to
forming the counseling relationship.
Guidance should be limited to the areas supported by school policy.
Guidance should be limited to the areas supported by school
policy.
When working with minors, counselors should encourage family involvement when possible.
When working with minors, counselors should encourage
family involvement when possible.
Parents of minors have the right for information in most circumstances.
Parents of minors have the right for information in most
circumstances.
Confidentiality Practical Considerations Legal counsel should be sought when a guidance counselor encounters a “grey

Confidentiality

Practical Considerations
Practical Considerations
Legal counsel should be sought when a guidance counselor encounters a “grey area.”
Legal counsel should be sought when a guidance counselor
encounters a “grey area.”
The safety of students and the safety of the third parties should paramount in the
The safety of students and the safety of the third parties
should paramount in the counselor’s consideration.
Abuse will always be reported
Abuse will always be reported
Threats of injury to third parties will be reported.
Threats of injury to third parties will be reported.
Confidentiality and Parents Informs parents of the counselor’s role with the emphasis of the confidential

Confidentiality

and Parents
and Parents
Confidentiality and Parents Informs parents of the counselor’s role with the emphasis of the confidential nature
Confidentiality and Parents Informs parents of the counselor’s role with the emphasis of the confidential nature
Confidentiality and Parents Informs parents of the counselor’s role with the emphasis of the confidential nature
Confidentiality and Parents Informs parents of the counselor’s role with the emphasis of the confidential nature
Confidentiality and Parents Informs parents of the counselor’s role with the emphasis of the confidential nature
Confidentiality and Parents Informs parents of the counselor’s role with the emphasis of the confidential nature
Confidentiality and Parents Informs parents of the counselor’s role with the emphasis of the confidential nature

Informs parents of the counselor’s role with the emphasis of the

confidential nature of the counseling relationship between counselor and counselee

the counseling relationship between counselor and counselee Provides parents with accurate, comprehensive and relevant
the counseling relationship between counselor and counselee Provides parents with accurate, comprehensive and relevant
the counseling relationship between counselor and counselee Provides parents with accurate, comprehensive and relevant
the counseling relationship between counselor and counselee Provides parents with accurate, comprehensive and relevant
the counseling relationship between counselor and counselee Provides parents with accurate, comprehensive and relevant
the counseling relationship between counselor and counselee Provides parents with accurate, comprehensive and relevant

Provides parents with accurate, comprehensive and relevant information in an objective and caring manner, as appropriate and consistent with ethical responsibilities of the counselee

in an objective and caring manner, as appropriate and consistent with ethical responsibilities of the counselee

Confidentiality

2. Confidentiality. The counselor must preserve and safeguard the

confidentiality of the clients except:

2.1 When disclosure is required to prevent clear and imminent danger to the client or others; 2.2 When legal requirements demand that confidential matter be revealed;

4. Maintenance of Records. Counselors maintain records in sufficient detail to track the sequence and nature of professional services rendered and consistent with any legal, regulatory, agency, or institutional requirement.

They secure the safety of such records and, create, maintain, transfer, and

dispose of them in a manner compliant with the requirements of confidentiality and other articles of this Code of Ethics.

Source: Philippine Guidance and Counseling Association, Inc. (2006). Code of Ethics for Counselors & The Counseling Programs Chapter II: Counseling Relationship.

Confidentiality

Confidentiality Source: Philippine Guidance and Counseling Association, Inc. (2006). Code of Ethics for Counselors &

Source: Philippine Guidance and Counseling Association, Inc. (2006). Code of Ethics for Counselors & The Counseling Programs Chapter II: Counseling Relationship.

Confidentiality

Confidentiality Source: Philippine Guidance and Counseling Association, Inc. (2006). Code of Ethics for Counselors &
Confidentiality Source: Philippine Guidance and Counseling Association, Inc. (2006). Code of Ethics for Counselors &

Source: Philippine Guidance and Counseling Association, Inc. (2006). Code of Ethics for Counselors & The Counseling Programs Chapter VII: Consulting and Private Practice.

Elementary Counselors work with…

Elementary Counselors work with…

Goals of Elementary Guidance

Counselors

Goals of Elementary Guidance Counselors

How can Elementary Guidance Counselors help students?

How can Elementary Guidance Counselors help students?

Premises of Child Guidance

Premises of Child Guidance
Premises of Child Guidance

Premises of Child Guidance

Premises of Child Guidance

Premises of Child Guidance

Premises of Child Guidance
Principles of Child Guidance
Principles of Child Guidance
Principles of Child Guidance
Principles of Child Guidance

Principles of Child Guidance

Principles of Child Guidance
Principles of Child Guidance
Principles of Child Guidance
Principles of Child Guidance

Principles of Child Guidance

References

Tulio, D.D. (2008). A breakthrough in school: Guidance and

Counseling. Mandaluyung City: National Bookstore.

Philippine Guidance and Counseling Association, Inc. (2006). Code of Ethics for Counselors & The Counseling Programs.

Retrieved from: http://counpsychphil.blogspot.com/2007/03/code-of-ethics- for-counselors.html