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Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 1)

Construct a per phase per unit equivalent circuit of the power system network using a base apparent power of 100 MVA and a base line voltage at generator G1 of 33 kV. Then predict the actual fault current if a symmetrical fault occurs at bus 2.

1

2

3

4 G1
TX1  L1

X = 115 Ω TX2
G2

S = 70 MVA

S = 50 MVA

S = 50 MVA

S = 90 MVA

V = 33 kV

V

= 33/132 kV

V

= 132/33 kV

V = 11 kV

X = j0.09 p.u.

X

= j0.19 p.u.

X

= j0.15 p.u.

X = j0.09 p.u.

2) Using a base of 50 kVA and voltage reference as 2500 V at generator 1, calculate for each reactance in pu and draw the single phase impedance diagram for the system. If a three phase balanced fault occurs at Bus 3, determine the fault current at the fault point in per unit as well as in ampere.

 S = 10 kVA V = 2500V X = j0.2 p.u. S = 20 kVA V = 2500 V X = j0.3 p.u.

G1 1

G2

2

3

4 TX2
M
 S = 80 kVA S = 25 kVA V = 10000/5000 V = 4000V

V X = j0.15 p.u.

TX1   L1

Z = 50+200j Ω S = 40 kVA

V = 2500/8000

V

X = j0.1 p.u.

X = j0.09 p.u.

3)

Consider the one line diagram of a simple power system shown in the following figure. Calculate the new system data in per-unit on a 50 MVA base and voltage reference of 11.8 kV at generator 1. Hence, determine the 3Φ balanced fault current in actual and per-unit if the fault occurs at bus 3.

S

V

X

= 25 MVA

= 11.8 kV

= j0.2 p.u.

S

V

X

= 50 MVA

= 11.08 kV

= j0.15 p.u.

M1 M2

4   G1 TX1
G2
S

= 90 MVA

V = 11/132 kV

X = j0.2 p.u.

1

2 3 L1
10+60j Ω

TX2  M3 S = 90 MVA

V = 11/132 kV

X = j0.2 p.u.

S = 20 MVA

V = 12 kV

 X = j0.15 p.u. S = 15 MVA

V = 12 kV

X

S

= j0.2 p.u.

= 30 MVA

V = 12 kV

X = j0.15 p.u.  Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 4) A simple power system consisting of one synchronous generator and one synchronous motor connected by two transformers and a transmission line is shown below. Create a per- phase, per-unit equivalent circuit of this power system using a base apparent power of 100 MVA and a base line voltage of generator G1 of 13.8 kV. 5)

Find the per-phase equivalent circuit for the power system shown below.   Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 6)

By referring a power system shown in Figure Q5b, calculate the balanced three-phase fault current at bus 3. G1

G2  j0.2 j0.3 j0.2 j0.3

j0.8 Bus 1
j0.4

Bus 3 Bus 2 j0.4
Fault

7) A single line diagram of a power system network is shown in Figure Q5c. The system consists of generator, transformers and transmission lines supplying a load of synchronous motor. Construct a per phase per unit equivalent circuit of the power system network using a base apparent power of 100 MVA and a base line voltage at generator G1 of 12 kV. Then predict the actual fault current if the fault occurs at point B.

B G1
TX1
 S = 100 MVA S = 50 MVA V = 12 kV V = 11/120 kV X = j0.9 p.u. X = j0.05 p.u. L1
L1 = Impedance

X = j75 Ω

V

X TX2
M1
M

S = 50 MVA

= 130/11 kV = j0.05 p.u.

S = 50 MVA V = 11 kV X = j0.05 p.u.  Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 8) Figure Q6c shows the single line diagram of three phase power system with a fault at Bus B. Data for the components are given below. Using a base of 100 MVA and voltage reference of 13.2 kV at generator GA as shown in figure:

i) Determine the base voltage at each zone. ii) Convert the schematic into an equivalent per-unit circuit. iii) Calculate the new per-unit reactance and actual fault current that occur at the indicated zone.   Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 9)    Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 10)    