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Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 1) Construct a per phase per unit equivalent circuit

1)

Construct a per phase per unit equivalent circuit of the power system network using a base apparent power of 100 MVA and a base line voltage at generator G1 of 33 kV. Then predict the actual fault current if a symmetrical fault occurs at bus 2.

1

2

3

4

G1 TX1
G1
TX1
L1 X = 115 Ω
L1 X = 115 Ω

L1

X = 115 Ω

TX2 G2
TX2
G2

S = 70 MVA

S = 50 MVA

S = 50 MVA

S = 90 MVA

V = 33 kV

V

= 33/132 kV

V

= 132/33 kV

V = 11 kV

X = j0.09 p.u.

X

= j0.19 p.u.

X

= j0.15 p.u.

X = j0.09 p.u.

2) Using a base of 50 kVA and voltage reference as 2500 V at generator 1, calculate for each reactance in pu and draw the single phase impedance diagram for the system. If a three phase balanced fault occurs at Bus 3, determine the fault current at the fault point in per unit as well as in ampere.

S

= 10 kVA

V

= 2500V

X

= j0.2 p.u.

S

= 20 kVA

V

= 2500 V

X

= j0.3 p.u.

G1

1
1

G2

2

3

4

TX2 M
TX2
M

S = 80 kVA

S

= 25 kVA

V = 10000/5000

V

= 4000V

V X = j0.15 p.u.

TX1

kVA V = 10000/5000 V = 4000V V X = j0.15 p.u. TX1 L1 Z =
L1 Z = 50+200j Ω
L1 Z = 50+200j Ω

L1

Z = 50+200j Ω

V = 4000V V X = j0.15 p.u. TX1 L1 Z = 50+200j Ω S =

S = 40 kVA

V = 2500/8000

V

X = j0.1 p.u.

X = j0.09 p.u.

3)

Consider the one line diagram of a simple power system shown in the following figure. Calculate the new system data in per-unit on a 50 MVA base and voltage reference of 11.8 kV at generator 1. Hence, determine the 3Φ balanced fault current in actual and per-unit if the fault occurs at bus 3.

S

V

X

= 25 MVA

= 11.8 kV

= j0.2 p.u.

S

V

X

= 50 MVA

= 11.08 kV

= j0.15 p.u.

M1

kV = j0.2 p.u. S V X = 50 MVA = 11.08 kV = j0.15 p.u.

M2

4

4
4
4

G1

TX1 G2 S
TX1
G2
S

= 90 MVA

V = 11/132 kV

X = j0.2 p.u.

1

2 3

L1 10+60j Ω
L1
10+60j Ω

TX2

= 90 MVA V = 11/132 kV X = j0.2 p.u. 1 2 3 L1 10+60j
= 90 MVA V = 11/132 kV X = j0.2 p.u. 1 2 3 L1 10+60j

M3

MVA V = 11/132 kV X = j0.2 p.u. 1 2 3 L1 10+60j Ω TX2

S = 90 MVA

V = 11/132 kV

X = j0.2 p.u.

S = 20 MVA

V = 12 kV

X

= j0.15 p.u.

S

= 15 MVA

V = 12 kV

X

S

= j0.2 p.u.

= 30 MVA

V = 12 kV

X = j0.15 p.u.

p.u. S = 15 MVA V = 12 kV X S = j0.2 p.u. = 30
p.u. S = 15 MVA V = 12 kV X S = j0.2 p.u. = 30

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 4) A simple power system consisting of one synchronous

4) A simple power system consisting of one synchronous generator and one synchronous motor connected by two transformers and a transmission line is shown below. Create a per- phase, per-unit equivalent circuit of this power system using a base apparent power of 100 MVA and a base line voltage of generator G1 of 13.8 kV.

MVA and a base line voltage of generator G 1 of 13.8 kV. 5) Find the

5)

Find the per-phase equivalent circuit for the power system shown below.

of 13.8 kV. 5) Find the per-phase equivalent circuit for the power system shown below. SITI
of 13.8 kV. 5) Find the per-phase equivalent circuit for the power system shown below. SITI
of 13.8 kV. 5) Find the per-phase equivalent circuit for the power system shown below. SITI

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 6) By referring a power system shown in Figure

6)

By referring a power system shown in Figure Q5b, calculate the balanced three-phase fault current at bus 3.

calculate the balanced three-phase fault current at bus 3. G 1 G 2 j0.2 j0.3 j0.2

G1

G2

the balanced three-phase fault current at bus 3. G 1 G 2 j0.2 j0.3 j0.2 j0.3
the balanced three-phase fault current at bus 3. G 1 G 2 j0.2 j0.3 j0.2 j0.3

j0.2

j0.3

j0.2

j0.3

j0.8

Bus 1 j0.4
Bus 1
j0.4

Bus 3

G 1 G 2 j0.2 j0.3 j0.2 j0.3 j0.8 Bus 1 j0.4 Bus 3 Bus 2

Bus 2

j0.4 Fault
j0.4
Fault

7) A single line diagram of a power system network is shown in Figure Q5c. The system consists of generator, transformers and transmission lines supplying a load of synchronous motor. Construct a per phase per unit equivalent circuit of the power system network using a base apparent power of 100 MVA and a base line voltage at generator G1 of 12 kV. Then predict the actual fault current if the fault occurs at point B.

B

G1 TX1
G1
TX1

S = 100 MVA

S = 50 MVA

V = 12 kV

V

= 11/120 kV

X = j0.9 p.u.

X

= j0.05 p.u.

L1 L1 = Impedance
L1
L1 = Impedance

X = j75 Ω

V

X

TX2 M1 M
TX2
M1
M

S = 50 MVA

= 130/11 kV = j0.05 p.u.

S = 50 MVA V = 11 kV X = j0.05 p.u.

V X TX2 M1 M S = 50 MVA = 130/11 kV = j0.05 p.u. S
V X TX2 M1 M S = 50 MVA = 130/11 kV = j0.05 p.u. S

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 8) Figure Q6c shows the single line diagram of

8) Figure Q6c shows the single line diagram of three phase power system with a fault at Bus B. Data for the components are given below. Using a base of 100 MVA and voltage reference of 13.2 kV at generator GA as shown in figure:

i) Determine the base voltage at each zone. ii) Convert the schematic into an equivalent per-unit circuit. iii) Calculate the new per-unit reactance and actual fault current that occur at the indicated zone.

the new per-unit reactance and actual fault current that occur at the indicated zone. SITI SUFIAH
the new per-unit reactance and actual fault current that occur at the indicated zone. SITI SUFIAH
the new per-unit reactance and actual fault current that occur at the indicated zone. SITI SUFIAH

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 9) SITI SUFIAH BTE ABD WAHID Page 5

9)

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 9) SITI SUFIAH BTE ABD WAHID Page 5
Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 9) SITI SUFIAH BTE ABD WAHID Page 5
Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 9) SITI SUFIAH BTE ABD WAHID Page 5
Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 9) SITI SUFIAH BTE ABD WAHID Page 5

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18

Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 10) SITI SUFIAH BTE ABD WAHID Page 6

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Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 10) SITI SUFIAH BTE ABD WAHID Page 6
Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 10) SITI SUFIAH BTE ABD WAHID Page 6
Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 10) SITI SUFIAH BTE ABD WAHID Page 6
Tutorial 6 EPO244 2nd Edition May 18 10) SITI SUFIAH BTE ABD WAHID Page 6