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NPTEL Online Certification Course

Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee

Sub: Steam and Gas Power Systems
Instructor: Prof. Ravi Kumar

Marks (15x2 = 30)
1. The state of a gas can be described by quoting the relationship between
(a) temperature, amount, pressure
(b) pressure, volume, temperature
(c) amount, volume, temperature
(d) pressure, volume, temperature, amount
2. Choose the correct option for free expansion of an ideal gas under adiabatic condition
(a) q = 0, ∆T = 0, w = 0
(b) q = 0, ∆T ≠0, w = 0
(c) q≠0, ∆T = 0, w = 0
(d) q = 0, ∆T < 0, w ≠0
3. Which ideal process is carried out at the turbine in vapour power cycle?
(a) reversible adiabatic compression
(b) reversible adiabatic expansion
(c) reversible constant pressure heat addition
(d) reversible constant pressure heat rejection
4. Sometimes the pump work in vapour power cycle is neglected because
(a) the pump work in not considered in efficiency of vapour power cycle
(b) the pump work is very small compared to the heat addition
(c) the pump work is very small compared to the turbine work
(d) all the above
5. What is heat rate in steam power plant?
(a) the rate of heat input in kJ per heat input in kW
(b) the rate of heat input in kJ required to produce unit turbine work (1 kW)
(c) the rate of heat input in kJ required to produce unit net shaft work (1 kW)
(d) All the above
6. Which loss does present in actual vapour power cycle at the exit of the boiler and at the
entry of the turbine?
(a) friction loss
(b) constant pressure heat loss
(c) constant volume heat loss
(d) both friction loss and constant pressure heat loss
7. What is the maximum content of moisture allowed at the turbine exhaust in the steam
power plant?
(a) 50 %
(b) 60 %
(c) 30 %
(d) 15 %
8. Rankine cycle efficiency of a good Steam Power Plant may be in the range of?
(a) 15 to 25%
(b) 35 to 45%
(c) 45 to 55%
(d) 65 to 85%

9. What would be the most important factor under consideration for the site selection of a
thermal plant?
(a) Availability of fuel
(b) Availability of water
(c) Distance from the populated area
(d) Cost and the type of land

10. What is the effect of superheated steam on efficiency of Rankine cycle?

(a) Efficiency of Rankine cycle decreases with increase in superheat of the steam
(b) Efficiency of Rankine cycle increases with increase in superheat of the steam
(c) Efficiency of Rankine cycle is not affected by change in superheat of the steam
(d) May increase or decrease

11. 5 kg steam expands in a piston-cylinder device from a pressure of 5 barand 7000 C

(h=3925.97 kJ/kg s=8.5892kJ/kg-K, u=3477.52 kJ/kg)to a pressure and temperature of
3bar and 600°C(h=3703.20 kJ/kg s=8.5892kJ/kg-K, u=3300.79 kJ/kg ).If the process
is reversible and adiabatic, calculate the total work(kJ) for the process
(a) 176.71
(b) 883.55
(c) 55.88
(d) 1767.1

12. A nonflow device that will compress air isothermally at a temperature of 500 °C from a
pressure of 5.0 MPa to a final pressure of 15.0 MPa. If the device uses 200 kJ/kg of work
input, is it
(a) reversible
(b) irreversible
(c) impossible
(d) may be reversible or irreversible dependence on working fluid

13. Steam flows through a turbine, producing shaft work. The walls of the turbine are not
insulated, so that there is heat transfer through the walls as shown. Property of steam as
given below :

P= 3 MPa, T=5000 C ( h=3456.48 kJ/kg, s = 7.2337 kJ/kg-K)

P= 0.1013MPa, T=1000 C (hf =419.1 kJ/kg, hg= 2676 kJ/kg)

Calculate the power output of the turbine (kW)

(a) 90.0259
(b) 848.187
(c) 78.881
(d) 100.773

Linked questions
A fluid flows through a valve. The inlet conditions are 2 MPa and 500°C, and the exit
pressure is 0.5 MPa. Evaluate the exit temperature when
14. Fluid is air
a)5000 C
b) 4000 C
c) 3000 C
d) 6000 C
15. Fluid is steam
(At 2 MPa ,500°C ( h=3467.55kJ/kg, s=7.4316 kJ/kg-k),
0.5 MPa,4000 C (h=3271.83 kJ/kg, s=7.7937 kJ/kg-k ) ,
0.5 MPa,5000 C (h= 3483.82 kJ/kg, s=8.0872 kJ/kg-k))

a) 515.180 C
b) 492.180 C
c) 470.180 C
d) 465.180 C