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School : SMP N. 224 PONTIANAK

Subject : ENGLISH
Class/ Semester : VIII/II
Aspect : Writing
Material : Descriptive text (animal)
Time : 2 X 40 minutes
Teacher : Gustina Simorangkir

A. Core Competencies:

KI 1. Respecting and appreciating the teaching of their religion.

KI 2. Respecting and appreciating honest, discipline, responsibility, caring (tolerance,
mutual assistence), polite, confident behaviors, in interacting effectively with the
social and natural environment in arrange of socially and existence.
KI 3. Writing understanding and applying knowledge (factual, conceptual, and procedural)
based on his curiosity about science, technology, arts, culture and events related
phenomena and seemed by eyes.
KI 4. Trying, processing, and serving in a concrete realm (using, parsing, composing,
modifying, and making) and abstract realm (writing, reading, computing, drawing and
composing) according to the learned in school and other sources in the same
viewpoint /theory.

B. Basic Competencies
1.1 Thankful for the opportunity to learn English as the language of International
communication that is realized in the spirit of learning.
2.1 Shows polite and caring behavior in carrying out interpersonal communication with
teachers and friends.
3.10 Apply text structure and linguistic elements to carry out the social function of
descriptive text by stating and asking about the description of persons, animals, and
objects, short and simple, according to the context of its use.
4.11 Capturing meaning in oral and written descriptive text, short and simple.

C. Indikator
1. Thanks to gods for the opportunity learn English language.
2. Obeying the moral value in the school and real life.
3. Identify the language structure in the descriptive text.
4. Write descriptive text about the animal description, short and simple.

D. Objectives:
1. The student are able to give thanks to god for opportunity learn English language
2. The students are able Observe and identify the image of the person shown by the
teacher carefully.
3. The students are able to Responding to questions given by the teacher based on verbal
images happily.
4. The students are able to identify information from descriptive text accurately
5. The students are able to tell stucture descriptive text in pairs through order the text
6. The students are able to write short descriptive text about animal through write and
match description correctly.
E. Metode Pembelajaran
Scientific Approach
F. Media, Alat, dan Sumber Pembelajaran
1. Media
Gambar panda
2. Alat
Realia benda, board marker dan kertas
3. Sumber belajar
Junior high scholl text book
Junior high school syllabus
G. Learning Material:
Social function : To describe animal, to know the characteristics of wild animal
or pet.
1. The Example of Descriptive Text
Giant Panda

Pandas are bear-like animal which originally live in center and western part of China.
Pandas have distinguish features that make them different other species of bear. Pandas have
white thick fur which covers all of their body with black eyes patches, ears, nose, legs,
shoulders, and arms. Those black marks make Pandas unique and different.
Like other species of bear, pandas have a big head, a short tail, rounded ears, and a
long muzzle with a big nose. However, pandas’ diet is totally different with other species of
bear; in which they prefer bamboos than others 90% of pandas’ diet consists of bamboos.
That is why pandas have adapted their body to help them in eating bamboos. Pandas have a
big jaw with tough muscles and strong molars to crush bamboos so they can extract the
nutrients they need.

Unsur kebahasaan :
a. Pertanyaan dan pernyataan tentang deskripsi
 Bagaimana bentuk dari panda?
 Panda are big and cute.
b. Penyebutan kata benda singular dengan a dan the dan plural (-s)
c. Kata ganti it and they.
d. Kata sifat big, cute, colors.
e. Ejaan dan tulisan tangan dan cetak yang jelas dan rapi
f. Ucapan, tekanan kata, intonasi, ketika mempersentasikan secara lisan.
3. Learning Steps

1. Opening Activities
a. Orientation
1) The teacher say greets to student and ask the students feel.
2) Teacher prepare the material
3) Checking students’ attendence
b. Apperseption
1.) The teacher review last material and conneted to the material to be learn
2.) Teacher ask some question to build students knowledge
c. Motivation
1.) The teacher checking students readiness.
2.) Teacher explain the advantages of the descriptive text and topic.
d. Direction
1.) Teacher gives example of descriptive text about animal.
2.) Teacher explain the purpose of the material.
3.) Teacher explains the structure of descriptive text.
4.) Teacher give students activities.

2. Main Activities
A. Observing
Purpose: Active students’ prior knowledge and ideas about the topic
through video and picture.
 The teacher show a picture or a video about panda and ask students to
observe the picture, video.
 Students analysis the video or picture by questions.

Give students question.

a.) what panda do?
b.) What panda eat?
c.) How panda eat?
B. Questioning

Purpose: To improve students critical thinking through students ask

the teacher.
Students ask teacher what they don’t understand about the panda picture or
panda video.
Student A: miss/ sir why panda like climbed?
Teacher : cause it’s panda habbit.
Student D: miss/sir why panda like bomboo?
Teacher: cause panda food is bamboo like human food rice.

C. Collecting Information
Porpose: Active students’ prior knowledge and ideas about the topic through

 Teacher tells students the topic about panda.
 Teacher elicit what they know or think about the topic.
teacher write all their ideas on the board, even if they are
factually incorrect. This could be:
-a list of panda food,
e.g. Panda eat bamboo
-a list of panda habbit,
e.g. pada like climbe
- Student opinions, e.g. argument about panda
Panda is cubby, panda color black and white, panda have big body.

D. Associating
 Learners conclude the results of the discussion and
present it in front of the class trough spoken summary
 Students quickly read a text on a topic they have been
studying, then give a brief summary.
E.g descriptive text about panda
- students can summarise the same texts
- students can summarise different but related texts
- texts can be in English, or students’ first language
With a large class, have students do this in groups.
E. Communicating
Purpose: Students improve their written fluency through fast writing.

1. Fast Writing
 Teacher give the students a topic about panda, and a time limit between one
and five minutes.
 Students write as much as they can about panda. Encourage them not to worry
about grammar or spelling, but to write as much as they can.
 After they stop, students count their words. The student with the most words is
the winner. (Anything not connected to the topic doesn’t count.

3. Clossing Activities
 Teacher and students summarize the material about descriptive text.
 Teacher give feedback for students activies.
 Teacher give students assessment (evaluation)
 Teacher says goodbye

Technique :Assessment

Form of instrument : written test


Please write a descriptive text based on the picture below!


Assessment rubric

Implement Scientific Activities

Observing Honest Social functions, Finding information by
(Learners read / Discipline phrases, and answering questions such as:
hear some texts) Responsibility linguistic elements a. Who is being
of descriptive text. described in the text?
b. What does panda
c. What are panda
favourite food ?
d. How panda eat?
e. What color of panda?
Questioning Caring Social function, Skills ask various information
Responsibility expression, and about social functions, text
linguistic elements structure, and language
of descriptive text. elements as well as the
content of people's description
text (proper, effective, and
efficient use of language)

Collecting Caring Social function, Reasoning and comparing text

information/Asso expression, and description about animal
ciating Responsibility linguistic elements
of descriptive text.
Team work
Communicating Caring Social function,  Present the results of
expression, and data collection on
Responsibility linguistic elements social function, text
of descriptive text. structure, and
Team work linguistic elements of
the description text
about animal.
 Demonstrate the skill
of describing a
person's description
orally and in writing
Rubric for performance appraisal (perfomans)

Criteria D C B A
(1) (2) (3) (4)
OBSERVING Unclear Activity is Some All activities
implementation clear but not activities Clear and
detailed Clear and Detailed

Collecting Sentence is less Sentences are Clear Sentences with

information/ understandable clear but there sentences with appropriate
Associating are some simple structure and
elements of language appropriate
language that structures and language
have not been elements elements and
right lancer

Doing Monologue Reading scripts, Occasional Current and Current reach

limited vocabulary, look at text, vocabulary social
and not fluent vocabulary is and sentences functions,
limited but flourish, and complete
fluent there is a structure and
transition linguistic
Editing Writing Use of words, Social Social Social function
text sentences, and functionality function is is achieved, the
structures does not is achieved, achieved, the structure and
match exact structure structure and elements of
and language elements of language are
elements are language are correct and
less precise right there are

Presentation Read out results Read out Use Use multimedia

without media and results using multimedia without reading
incomplete multimedia without and fluent
reading but
Observation Sheet Learners Attitude

Attitude Responsible Caring Cooperating Confidence Learning

indicator spirit

No Students name

Note: Each aspect uses a scale of 1 until 5

1 = Very less 2 = Less 3 = Enough 4 = Good 5 = Very good

The rubric score of writing
No Criteria The level of quality Score
1 Content The contents and structure very clearly 4
Fill clear but incomplete arrangement 3
Content and incomplete designations 2
The contents and structure are unclear 1
2 Organization Sentence and the other one interconnected and 4
Sentence and the other one has been in touch but 3
there are some that have not been coherently
Sentence one and the other interrelated but many 2
are not coherent
Sentence and the other one is not interconnected 1
and are not coherently
3 Grammar Almost no errors 4
There was a bit of fault 3
Many errors 2
Nearly all wrong 1
4 Vocabulary Many kind words and most of all true 4
There are several types and almost all words 3
There are very few words and a lot of mistakes 2
There is no variation of the word and almost all 1
5 Mechanic Almost no errors in spelling, punctuation and 4
There are a few mistakes in spelling, punctuation 3
and capitalization
There are many errors in spelling, punctuation and 2
Almost all spelling, punctuation and capitalization 1
wrong writing

Score = total score X 100

Maximum score

Head Master Teacher

Mr. Dr. Clary Sada M.pd Gustina Simorangkir