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Scalars and Vectors

8. If Fx = 11 N and Fy = 11 N then the angle between Fx 1. When a vector is multiplied by a negative number its
and Fy is: direction changes by an angle of:
(a) 30o (a) 00 (b) 900 (c) 1800 (d) 3600
(b) 45o
(c) 60o 2. A vector of magnitude “1” is called:
(d) 90o (a) Resultant vector (b) null vector (c) unit vector
(d) Small vector
9. If A B o and A x B = o then
(a) Either A or B or both are null vectors. 3. Unit vectors are used to specify:
(b) A and B are parallel to each other (a) Magnitude of a vector
(c) A and B are perpendicular to each other (b) Direction of a vector
(d) A and B are opposite to each other (c) Magnitude as well as direction of a vector
(d) Unit of other vectors
10. The product of mass and velocity of a body is called: (e)
(a) Torque 4. If Ax. Au and Az represent magnitudes of components
(b) Force of a vector A>, then the magnitude of vector A > is given
(c) Kinetic energy by:
(d) Momentum (a) A - Ax + Au + Az
(b) A - Ax2 + Au2 + Az2
11. Angle “O” which a vector makes with +x-axis in (c)
anticlockwise direction. When its x-component is (d) 2 =
positive and y-component is negative, will be:
(a) 90o< O < 180o 5. Law of Cosine used to find:
(b) 180o< O < 270o (a) Magnitude of dot product of two vectors
(c) 270o< O < 360o (b) Direction of dot product of two vectors
(d) 0o < O < 90o (c) Magnitude of resultant of two vectors
(d) Direction of resultant of two vectors.
12. When dot product of two vectors A and B is zero,
then : 6. Law of Sites can be used to find the:
(a) Either A or B or both are null vectors. (a) Direction of resultant of two vectors.
(b) A  is perpendicular to B (b) Magnitude of resultant of two vectors.
(c) A is parallel ; B (c) Magnitude of cross product of two vectors.
(d) A and b (d) Direction of cross product of two vectors.
(e) A and c 7. ………………………is a vector quantity.
(a) Mass
13. Magnitude of dot product of two vectors is (b) Distance
maximum when: (c) Torque
(a) Vectors are of maximum value (d) Work
(b) Vectors are perpendicular to each other
(c) Vectors are parallel to each other
(d) None of these.
14. According to commutative law: (19) A-> x B-> = B-> x A-> because:
(a) A . B =AB (a) Their magnitude is equal but direction is different
(b) A . B = BA (b) Their direction and magnitude both are different
(c) A . B = B . A
(c) Their direction is same but magnitude is different
(d) B . A = BA
(d) None of the above
15. Dot product of two vectors gives;
(a) A scalar quantity (20) Unit vector perpendicular to the plane of A-> and
(b) A vector quantity B-> is given by:
(c) A number
(a) U =
(d) Sometimes a scalar sometimes a vector
quantity.
(b)U =
16. | . |= 0 because
(b) U =
(a) and are unit vectors
(e) U=

(b) and are null vectors 21 .Cross product f two vectors give:
(a) A scalar quantity
(b) A vector quantity
(c) and are perpendicular to each other (c) A number
(d) Sometimes a scalar sometimes a vector quantity.

(d) and are parallel to each other 22. Cross product of two vectors has a maximum value
when:

(a) The magnitude of vectors is maximum


17. . = 1 because: (b) When vectors are parallel to each other.
(c) When vectors are perpendicular to each other.
(a) is a unit vector
23. Cross product of two vectors and is zero, then.
(b) is parallel to
(a) Either or both and are null vectors.
(c) is perpendicular to (b) is perpendicular to
(c) A is parallel to
(d) a and b (d) A and B
(e) a and c
(e) A and c
18. A unit vector parallel to vector is given by:
24. X B is a vector quantity its magnitude is given
(a) = by:

(a) A B Cos
(b) = (b) A B Sin
(c) A B Tan

(c) = , (d) none of these (d)


25. x is a vector quantity its direction can be 30. Magnitude of x
determined by: (a) 1
(b) -1
(a) Head o tail rule (c) 0
(b) Left hand rule (d)
(c) Right hand rule
(d) Law of Sines
31. X is equal to.

26. . Is a scalar quantity its magnitude is given (a) 1


by? (b) -1
(c) 0
(a) A B Cos (d)
(b) A B Sin
(c) A B Tan
32. ………………is an example of dot product of vectors.
(d)
(a) Acceleration
(b) Momentum
27. Dot product of vectors obeys:
(c) Torque
(a) Commutative law (d) Power.
(b) Distributive law.
33. The resultant of 3 N and 4 N acting perpendicularly
(c) Law of Sines.
on? Body is
(d) A and B
(e) A and C. (a) 1N
(b) 2N
(c) 5N
(d) 7N
28. X = 0 because
34. Angle between vector and is:

a) Is a unit vector. (a) 0o


b) is parallel to (b) 45o
c) is perpendicular to (c) 90o
d) A and b. (d) 180o
e) A and c
35. The dot product of two unit vectors perpendicular to one
29. X j x = k because: another is:

a) and both are unit vector a) 0 (zero)


b) 1
b) and both are unit vectors perpendicular to
c) -1
c) x gives a unit vector perpendicular to
d) +1
d) X gives a unit vector perpendicular to the
plane of and . 36. The value of k. ( x ) is:

(a) 0
(b) 1
(c)
37. If the vector addition of two vectors of magnitude 43. ( X ) has value: (1 – a ii, 2001, 1- a iii, pre-
3 units and 4 units has a resultant of 5 units, then the eng.2002)
angle between those two vectors is:
a) Zero
o
(a) 0 b) One
(b) 45o c)
(c) 90o d)
(d) 180o
44. X is equal to (3-a I pre med 03)
38. The resultant of two equal and opposite vectors
is: a) J2
b) J
(a) A unit vector c) One
(b) Null vector d) Zero
(c) Same vector
(d) Position vector 45. If a vector quantity is divided by its magnitude the
vector obtained is called (1-a iii pre med 03)
39. A force of magnitude 10 N acting on a body
produces a displacement of 3 m such that the force a) Unit vector
and displacement are in opposite direction. Their dot b) Position vector
product will be: c) Null vector
d) Free vector
(a) 30
(b) -30 46. The dot product of unit vector & is: (2-a iii pre
(c) 7 med 03)
(d) 3.33
a) Zero
40. If cross product of two none zeros vectors is zero b) 1
then: c) -1
d)
(a) Vectors are in the same direction.
(b) Vectors are perpendicular. 47. If = 4i – 2j and = 3j, the work done will be
(c) Vectors are opposite. (2-a ii pre eng 03)
(d) Vectors are very small
a) 4 joule
41. If and are tow vectors then: b) 8 joule
c) 2 joule
a) . = . d) 12 joule
b) . = .
48. If . = o when = o, = o the two
c) x = x
vectors are 1a – ii, 04)
42. If the vector addition of two vectors of magnitude 3
a) Parallel
units and 4 units has a resultant of 5 units, then the
b) Opposite
angle between those two vectors is: (1-b ii, 1996)
c) Perpendicular
a) 0o
b) 45o
c) 90o
49. When | + |=| – |, the angle between the 55. Two perpendicular vectors having magnitudes of 4
vectors and is: (1a-iii, 04) units and 3 units are added, their resultant has the
magnitude of: (2-xvi, 2009)
a) Zero
b) 45o a) 7 units
c) 90o b) 12 units
c) 25 units
50. If . = O and x = O and O the
d) 5 units
vector B is: (1a-ii, 05)
56. If . = O and x = O, then vector is:

a) Equal to
a) Equal to
b) Zero
b) Zero
c) Perpendicular to
c) Perpendicular to
d) Parallel to
d) Parallel to (***** 2010)
51. The area of a parallelogram formed by two vectors
57. If . = O and x = O and x O then
and is given by: (1a-ii, 07)
vector is: 1-vii, 2011)
a) ½ . )
b) | X | a) Equal to
c) ½ | X | b) Zero
d) . ) c) Perpendicular to
52. Two perpendicular vectors having magnitudes of 4 d) Parallel to
units and 3 units are added. Their resultant has a
magnitude of: (1a-ii, 08)
a) 7 units
b) 12 units
c) 25 units
d) 5 units

53. If , and are the unit vectors along x-y and z-axes
respectively, then k x j = (2-viii,

(a)
(b)
(c) 1
(d) -1

54. If a vector is divided by its own magnitude, the


resulting vector is called: 2-xi, 2009)

a) Position vector
b) Unit vector
c) Null vector
d) Free vector
ANSWERS
1. 180o . = .
2. Unit vector
3. Direction of a vector 42. 90o
2 2 2
4. A= x + Ay + Az 43. One
5. Magnitude of the resultant of two vectors
6. Direction of resultant of two vectors 44. Zero
7. Torque
45. Unit vector
8. 45o
9. Either or both are null vectors. 46. Zero
10. Momentum
47. 4 Joules
11. 270o < 0 < 360o
12. A and b 48. Perpendicular
13. Vectors are parallel to each other
14. . = . 49. 90o

15. A scalar quantity. 50. Zero


16. And are perpendicular to each other.
51. | X |
17. A and b
18. = /| |
52. 5 units
19. Their magnitude is equal but their direction is different
20. = . X /| . x | 53. –

21. A vector quantity. 54. Units vector


22. When vectors are perpendicular.
23. A and c 55. Units
24. A B Sin 0 56. Zero
25. Right hand rule
26. A B Cos 0 57. Zero.
27. A and b
28. is perpendicular to
29. x gives a unit vector perpendicular to the plane of and
30. -1
31. –
32. Power
33. 5 N
34. 90o
35. 0
36. 1
37. 90o
38. Null vector
39. – 30 J
40. Vectors are in the same direction