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GENERAL POLICIES ON LAND

USE PLANNING AND LAND


USE REGULATIONS
NATIONAL ECONOMY
AND PATRIMONY
• Section 2. All lands of the public
domain, waters, minerals, coal,
petroleum, and other mineral oils,
all forces of potential energy
fisheries, forests or timber,
wildlife, flora and fauna, and other
natural resources are owned by the
State. With the exception of
agricultural lands, all other natural
resources shall not be alienated.
3
• Section 2. The exploration,
development, and utilization of natural
resources shall be under the full
control and supervision of the State.
The State may directly undertake such
activities, or it may enter into co-
production, joint venture, or production-
sharing agreements with Filipino
citizens, or corporations or associations
at least sixty per centum of whose
capital is owned by such citizens.
4
• Section 3. ….Private corporations or
associations may not hold such alienable lands
of the public domain except by lease, for a
period not exceeding twenty-five years,
renewable for not more that twenty-five
years, and not to exceed one thousand
hectares in area. Citizens of the Philippines
may lease not more than five hundred
hectares, or acquire not more than twelve
hectares thereof by purchase, homestead, or
grant.
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Land Classification under the Constitution

• Agriculture • Timberland
Alienable and Non-A&D
Disposable Land

• Mineral Land • National Parks


Non-A&D Non-A&D
RA 7279
RA 8435
RA 9003
MC 54
PD 953
PD 705 DAR AO 01 PD 705, RA 8371-IPRA,
RA 10066
Fishery Code series of 2002 RA 9072 -Cave Act
RA 7916
EO no.124
PD 1096
RA 9593
PD 1067 – WATER CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES
RA 7586- NIPAS Law, RA 9147-Wildlife Act, RA 9729-CCA,
RA 10129-DRRMA
Forest

• PD 705 – The Revised Forestry


Code

• RA 8371 – Indigenous People


Rights Act (Forest and Water-
Coverage)

• RA 9072 – An Act to Manage and


Protect Cave and Cave Resources
Agriculture Areas
• RA 8435 – Agriculture and
Fisheries Modernization Act of
1997
• MC 54- PRESCRIBING THE
GUIDELINES GOVERNING SEC 20 OF RA
7160 KNOWN AS THE LOCAL
GOVERNMENT CODE AUTHORIZING
CITIES AND MUNICIPALITIES TO
RECLASSIFY AGRICULTURAL LANDS
INTO NON-AGRICULTURAL USES
Picture source: https://www.google.com.ph/?gfe_rd=cr&ei
Agriculture Areas
• DAR AO No. 1 series of 2002-
Comprehensive Rules on Land
Conversion
• Executive Order no. 124-
Establishing Priorities and
Procedures in Evaluating Areas
proposed for Land Conversion in
Regional Agri-Industrial
Centers…..
Urban Areas
• RA 7279 – Urban Development and
Housing Act
• RA 9003- Waste Management Act
• PD 953- Requiring the planting of trees
in certain places and penalizing
unauthorized cutting, destruction,
damaging and injuring of certain trees,
plants and vegetation
• PD 1096-Building Code
PD 953 Sec. 1
Property adjoining a river or creek shall plant trees extending
up to 5 meters of the property from the edge of the bank of
the river or creek except when permanent improvement is
already present

5m 5m
Urban Areas
• RA 7916-Special Economic Zone Act

• RA 10066- An act providing for the


Protection and Conservation of the
National Cultural Heritage,
Strengthening the NCCA and its
affiliated Cultural Agencies and for
other Purposes

• RA 9593-Philippine Tourism Act of 2009


• RA 7916 – Special Economic Zone Act

Picture Source: https://www.google.com.ph/search?biw=1366&bih


COASTAL/MARINE AREAS PD 705 -SEC. 43. Swamplands and Mangrove Forests

maintained and shall not be


alienated

free from artificial obstruction

shall not be subject to clear-


cutting operation

swamps released to the Bureau


of Fisheries
POLICIES ENCOMPASSING ALL
THE ECOSYSTEM
• PD 1067-Water Code of the Philippines

• RA 7586-NIPAS Law

• RA 9147-Wildlife Act

• RA 9729-CCA

• RA 10129-Disaster Risk Reduction and


Management Act
end