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Analytical Exposition
Analytical exposition text adalah teks yang memaparkan ide penulis tentang fenomena di sekitarnya.

Tujuannya adalah untuk mengajak pembaca perduli terhadap apa yang sedang dibahas dan
memberikan perhatian mereka terhadap isu tersebut. Perbedaannya dengan hortatory exposition
adalah pada saran yang diberikan. Karena, dalam analytical exposition tidak terdapat saran, hanya
memberikan kesimpulan di akhir teks.

Generic Structure:

1. Thesis statement: pernyataan yang memaparkan topic dalam teks dan menunjukan posisi
penulis dan juga kerangka pendapat sang penulis.
2. Arguments: pendapat yang mendukung topik utama.
3. Conclusion : kesimpulan dari yang telah dipaparkan.

Language Features:
• Use of simple present tense.
• Use of relational processes.
• Use of internal conjunction to state argument.
• Reasoning through casual conjunction or nominalization.

Contoh analytical exposition:

Why Should We Continue Our Study to University

Nowadays, education becomes the way to make people human. It is believed to develop people’s
mind and sharpen their skill and attitude. It can give them opportunity to store knowledge and
implement it in their life.
In this era, everything grows fast and competition becomes culture in the many fields.
Globalization demands people to survive from the competition. It is undeniable that to get better
salary and job, people need to meet the qualifications, and education or any kind of degree is always
the first on list. Therefore, people need to go to university.
University does not only provide education in terms of knowledge and skills. There are many
opportunities to build networking which is very important to support their career in the future.
Due to some reasons that have been explained above, people should continue their study to
university as the bridge to brighten up their future and a better life.
Hortatory Exposition
 Hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to explain the listeners or
readers that something should or should not happen or be done.
 Hortatory exposition text can be found in scientific books, journals, magazines, newspaper articles,
academic speech or lectures, research report etc.
 Hortatory expositions are popular among science, academic community and educated people.
 To strengthen the explanation, the speaker or writer needs some arguments as the fundamental
reasons of the given idea. In other words, this kind of text can be called as argumentation.

To persuade the readers that something should or should not be the case or be done.

Generic Structure:
1. Thesis : Statement or announcement of issue concern
2. Arguments : Reasons for concern that will lead to recommendation
3. Recommendation : Statement of what should or should not happen or be done based on the given

Language features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Using modals
3. Using action verbs
4. Using thinking verbs
5. Using adverbs
6. Using adjective
7. Using technical terms
8. Using general and abstract noun
9. Using connectives/transition

Then what is the basic difference between analytical and hortatory exposition?

In simple word. Analytical is the answer of “How is/will” while hortatory is the answer of “How should”.
Analytical exposition will be best to describe “How will student do for his examination? The point is the
important thing to do. But for the question” How should student do for his exam?” will be good to be
answered with hortatory. It is to convince that the thing should be done.

The examples of Hortatory Exposition:

Internet for students

Nowadays, in modern era, I think internet is very important for students.

As we all know internet has many function for supporting our life. They are, first, it gives us various
information, news, knowledge etc. Students can search anything or something from internet. Take for
example, they search about education, entertainment, knowledge etc that is in the world.

Second, they can add their friends in all countries in the world by internet. Chatting, e-mail, facebook,
twitter, interpals are some examples of internet facility to have many friends. Besides, they can share,
communicate, discuss and so on.

From my arguments above, as student, we should use internet facility well to get knowledge, friends,
information etc.


Watching TV
Is it important to know what your kids are watching? Of course it is. Television can expose your children
to things that you have tried to protect them from, especially violence, drug abuse, etc.

Argument 1:
One study demonstrated that watching too much TV during the day or at bedtime often causes bedtime
resistance, sleep onset delay and anxiety around sleep, followed by shortened sleep duration.

Argument 2:
Another study found a significant association between the amount of time spent watching television
during adolescence and early adulthood, and the like hood of subsequent aggressive acts against others.

Argument 3:
Meanwhile, many studies have found an association between kids watching a lot of TV, being inactive
and overweight.

Considering some facts above, protect your children with some following tips:

1. Limit television viewing to 1-2 hours each day.

2. Do not allow your children to have a TV set in their bedrooms.
3. Review the ratings of TV shows that your children watch.
4. Watch television with your children and discuss what is happening during the show.

Hortatory exposition adalah teks yang ditulis dengan maksud untuk menjelaskan tentang apa yang
seharusnya terjadi dan tidak seharusnya terjadi. Hortatory exposition bias ditemukan dalam buku
sains, jurnal, majalah, artikel koran, ceramah akademik, laporan penelitian, dll. Untuk menguatkan
penjelasan yang diberikan, penulis biasanya memberikan pendapat yang melandasi penjelesan

Generic Structure:
1. Thesis statement : Isu yang diangkat dalam teks.
2. Arguments : Pendapat terkait isu.
3. Recommendation : saran tentang apa yang seharusnya terjadi dan tidak.

Language features:
1. Simple Present Tense
2. Modals
3. Action verbs
4. Thinking verbs
5. Adverbs
6. Adjective
7. Technical terms
8. General and abstract noun
9. Connectives/transition

Argument 1:
Teenagers could be difficult to concentrate and focus when they are studying. They can be very
dependent on it.
Argument 2:
It could lead the teenagers to be absent in the direct socialization process in which it is more
important at their age to build their social skill.
Considering some facts above, let us reduce the bad impacts of the use of social media networking
for teenagers:
1. It needs parents’ involvement in controlling their teenagers’ activity on social media networking.
2. Parents should direct their teenagers to join activities which attract their interest.
3. Parents should have more conversations with their teenagers.

1. Action Verbs
Action verbs refer to the verbs of "doing" and "happening".
for example;
Doing Happening
- create - move
- build - fall
- make - rise
- develop - come
- send - go
- throw - soften
- pour - harden
- solve - melt
- etc. - etc.

Saying Verbs
Saying verbs refer to the talking verbs in direct speech.
e.g.: say, ask, answer, reply, shout, rebuke, mutter, speak, tell, whisper, etc.
- The fly asked to the bull "what do you think about me?

3. Thinking Verbs
Thinking verbs refer to the intellect of living things.
e.g.: think, understand, assume, conclude, discover, consider, doubt, believe, etc.
- There was once a little fly who thought he was very important animal.

4. Feeling Verbs
Feeling verbs refer to the sense of living things.
e.g.: love, enjoy, hate, dislike, regret, fear, like, prefer, etc.
- The little fly felt proud of himself.

5. Verbs of Sense
Verbs of sense refer to the sense of living things.
e.g.: see, notice, observe, feel, smell, taste, watch, hear, etc.
- The fly saw a bull grazing in the field.