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“OILFIELDTRAINEE”

APPTITUDETESTPREPARATIONMATERIAL(2014)

APPTITUDETESTPREPARATIONMATERIAL(2014) 1.GENERALSCIENCE(Physics,Chemistry,Biology,Computers,Solar

1.GENERALSCIENCE(Physics,Chemistry,Biology,Computers,Solar

system)outline

Units,Dimension,Values,Measuringapparatus/Equipments,Symbols,PeriodicTable,

Scientist,Laws,BriefDefinitions,Differences,Terms

2.GENERALKNOWLEDGE

Islamiat,Personalities,LargestSmallest,Importanteventsanddates,Capitals,Places,

Currencies,Organizations,Ministers,Sports,Prizes,Technology,Abbreviations

3.GENERALENGLISH

Tenses,Passivevoice,Narration,Synonyms,Antonyms,Idioms,Phrases,Reading Comprehension

4.GENERALMATHAMATICS

Values,Equations,Trigonometry,Geometry,Arithmetic,Ratio,Proportion,Percentage,

SquareRoot,Profitloss,BasicAlgebra-Average.

GENERALSCEINCE

ALLUNITSOFSYSTEM

1. Force:Newton/Dyne

2. Temperature:Kelvin/Celsius/Degree

3. Current:Ampere

4. Heat:Joule/Calorie/BTU

5. Pressure:Pascal/Torr

6. Radioactivity:Becquerel/Curie/Rutherford

7. Atomicenergy:Rydberg/Joule

8. Voltage:Volt

9. ElectricPotentialDifference:Volt

10. ElectricCharge:Coulomb

11. Power:Watt

12. Resistance:Ohm

13. Conductivity:Mho

14. Energy:Joule/Erg

15. DistanceBetweenStarsAndPlanets:LightYear

16. Wavelength:Angstrom

17. Volume:Acre-Foot/Liter

18. Frequency:Hertz

19. Rateofflowofwater:Cusec

20. Length:Meter/Fermi/Parsec

21. OpticalPowerOfALensorACurvedMirror:Dioptre

22. PlaneAngle:Radian

23. LuminousIntensity:Candela

24. AmountofSubstance:Mole

25.

RateOfDecayOfRadioactiveMaterial:Rutherford

26. SedimentationRate:SVEDBERGUnit

27. Induction:Henry

28. Magneticflux:Maxwell/Weber

29. MagneticFluxDensity/MagneticInductivity:Telsa/Gauss

30. ElectricConductance:Siemens

31. Angle:Degree

32. SolidAngle:Steradian

33. Torque:Foot-Pound

34. Mass:Slug

35. VolumeofWaterReservoirs:Acre-foot

36. Mechanicalwork/Energy:Erg

37. MagnetoMotiveForce:Gilbert

38. Newton:Force

39. Dyne:Force

40. Kelvin:Temperature

41. Celsius:Temperature

42. Degree:Temperature

43. Ampere:Current

44. Joule:Heat/AtomicEnergy/Energy

45. Calorie:Heat

46. BTU:Heat

47. Pascal:Pressure

48. Torr:Pressure

49. Becquerel:Radioactivity

50. Curie:Radioactivity

51.

Rutherford:RateOfDecayOfRadioactiveMaterial/Radioactivity

52. Rydberg:AtomicEnergy

53. Volt:Voltage/ElectronPotentialDifference

54. Coulomb:ElectricCharge

55. Watt:Power

56. Ohm:Resistance

57. Mho:Conductivity

58. Erg:Energy

59. LightYear:DistanceBetweenStars

60. Angstrom:Wavelength

61. Litre:Volume

62. AcreFoot:Volume

63. Hertz:Frequency

64. Cusec:RateOfFlowOfWater

65. Meter:Length

66. Fermi:Length

67. Parsec:Length

68. Dioptre:OpticalPowerOfLens

69. Radian:PlaneAngle

70. Candela:LuminousIntensity

71. SVEDBERG:SedimentationRate

72. Henry:inductance

73. Maxwell:MagneticFlux

74. Weber:MagneticFlux

75. Tesla:MagneticFluxDensity/MagneticInductivity

77. Siemens:ElectricConductance

78. Degree:Angle

79. Steradian:SolidAngle

80. FootPound:torque

81. Slug:Mass

82. Erg:MechanicalWork/Energy

83. Gilbert:MagnetoMotiveForce

Dimension,ValuesandSymbols

Basequantity Symbo

l

Description

SIunit Symbolfor

dimension

Comment

s

Length

Mass

Time

l Theonedimensionalextentofan object.

m Theamountofmatterinanobject.

t Thedurationofanevent.

ElectriccurrentI Rateofflowofelectricalcharge.

metre(m)L

kilogram

(kg)

M

second

(s)

T

ampere

I

(A)

Temperature T

Amountof

substance

Luminous

intensity

n

L

Averageenergyperdegreeof

kelvin(K)Θ

freedomofasystem. Numberofparticlescomparedto thenumberofatomsin0.012kgof (mol) mole N 12 C.

Amountofenergyemittedbyalight candela

sourceinaparticulardirection.

J

(cd)

extensive

intensive

extensive

Derived Symbo

quantity

l

Description

SIunits Dimensio Comments

n

Acceleration a

Rateofchangeofthespeedor

velocityofanobject.

Area

A Thetwodimensionalextentof anobject.

Capacitance C

Measurefortheamountof

storedchargeforagiven

potential.

ms 2

m 2

farad(F=A 2

s 4 kg 1 m 2 )

LT 2

L 2

I 2 T 4 M −1

L −2

vector

ElectricChargeQ Amountofelectriccharge. coulomb(C =As) IT

extensive,

conserved

quantity

Electrical

resistance

Energy

Entropy

Force

R

Thedegreetowhichanobject

opposesthepassageofan

electriccurrent.

E Thecapacityofabodyor systemtodowork.

ohm(Ω=kg L 2 MT 3

m 2 A −2 s −3 ) I −2

scalar

joule(J=kg

m 2 s 2 )

ML 2 T 2 extensive,scalar, conserved

quantity

Measurefortheamountof availablestatesforasystem. JK 1

S

F Thecauseofacceleration, actingonanobject.

newton(N= kgms 2 )

ML 2 T −2

Θ −1

extensive,scalar

MLT 2 vector

Frequency f

Thenumberoftimes

somethinghappensinaperiod

oftime.

hertz(Hz =s 1 )

T −1

Heat

Q

Amountofenergytransferred

betweensystemsdueto

temperaturedifference.

J ML 2 T 2

MagneticfluxΦ

Measureofquantityof

magnetism,takingaccountof

thestrengthandtheextentofa

magneticfield.

weber(Wb= kgm 2 A 1 s 2 )

ML 2 T 2

I −1

scalar

Momentof

inertia

Momentum p

I

Inertiaofanobjectwithrespect

toangularacceleration.

Productofanobject'smass

andvelocity.

kgm 2

Ns

ML 2

tensor

MLT 1 vector,extensive

Power

Pressure

(Radioactive)

Activity

P Therateofchangeinenergy overtime.

watt(W) ML 2 T 3 extensive

p

A

Amountofforceperunitarea. pascal(Pa= kgm 1 s 2 ) ML 1 T 2 intensive

Numberofparticlesdecaying becquerel

perunittime.

T 1

(Bq=s 1 )

extensive

Reactionrater

Speed

v

Specificenergy

Measureforspeedofa

chemicalreaction.

Rateofchangeoftheposition

ofanobject.

Amountofenergypresentper

unitmass.

molm 3 s 1 NL 3 T 1 intensive

ms 1

Jkg 1

LT 1

scalar

L 2 T 2 intensive

Amountofworkneededto

changethesurfaceofaliquid

byaunitsurfacearea.

Surface

tension

Thermal conductivity k

Torque (momentof τ force)

Nm 1 orJ

m −2

γ

MT

Θ −1

2

whichamaterialconductsheat. Wm 1 K 1 MLT −3

Productofaforceandthe

perpendiculardistanceofthe

forcefromthepointabout

whichitisexerted.

Measurefortheeasewith

intensive

Nm

ms 1

m 3

ML 2 T 2 pseudovector

LT 1

vector

L 3

extensive

L

L 1

MLT 2

ML 2 T 2 scalar

v Speedofanobjectinachosen direction.

V Thethreedimensionalextentof anobject. Distancebetweenrepeating

Velocity

Volume

Wavelength λ

Wavenumberk Reciprocalofthewavelength.m 1

Weight

unitsofapropagatingwave. m

w Amountofgravitationforce exertedonanobject.

W

newton(N= kgms 2 )

Energydissipatedbyaforce movingoveradistance,scalar joule(J=kg

productoftheforceandthe

movementvector.

Work

m 2 s 2 )

Measuringapparatus/Equipments

1. Pressure:Barometer

2. Voltage:Voltmeter

3. PurityOfMilk:Lactometer

4. Temperature:Thermometer

5. VelocityOfWind:Anemometer

6. Earthquake:RichterScale

7. DegreeOfHumidity:Hygrometer

8. BloodPressure:Sphygmomanometer

9. Radioactivity:GeigerCounter

10. HighTemperature:Pyrometer

11.

Rainfall:RainGuage

12. EarthquakeRecording:Seismograph

13. Electriccurrent:Ammeter

14. Altitude:Altimeter

15. VelocityAndDirectionOfWind:Anemometer

16. SensitivityOfSkin:Algeismeter

17. AtmosphericPressure:Aneriodograph/Barometer

18. ImprovementOfHearingPower:Audiometer

19. QuantityOfHeat:Calorimeter

20. IntensitiesOfColours:Colorimeter

21. LongitudeOfVesselOverSea:Chronometer

22. DetectionOfElectricCharge:Electroscope

23. VoltageDifference:Electrometer

24. DepthOfTheOcean:Fathometer

25. SmallElectricCurrent:Galvanometer

26. RelativeDensityofLiquids:Hydrometer

27. ChangeInAtmosphericHumidity:Hygroscope

28. DetectionandMeasurementofLight:PhotoelectricCell

29. SalinityofWater:Salinometer

30. SpectrumAnalysis:Spectroscope

31. HearingofHeartbeatAndLungSound:Stethoscope

32. MaintenanceOfAConstantTemperature:Thermostat

33. AmplificationOfCurrent:Transistor

34. MeasurementOFPotentialDifferencebetweenTwoPoints:Voltammeter

35. FlowofAir:Aerometer

36. RadiantEnergy:Radiometer

37.

ConversionofRaysintoMechanicalenergy:Radiograph

38. MeasurementofIntensityofLight:Lucimeter

39. Radioactivity:Geigercounter

PeriodicTable

1

18

IA

VIIIA

1A

8A

1

   

2

13

14 15 16

17

2

H

 

IIA

IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A

He

1.00

2A

4.003

8

 

3

4

 

5

6

7

8

9

 

10

Li

Be

B

C

N

O

F

 

Ne

6.94

9.01

10.8

12.0

14.0

16.0

19.0

 

20.18

1

2

1

1

1

0

0

11

12

13

14

15 16

17

Na

Mg

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10 11

12

Al

Si

P

S

Cl

18

IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB VIII IB IIB

 

Ar

22.9

24.3

26.9

28.0

30.9

32.0

35.4

3B 4B 5B 6B 7B

8

1B 2B

 

39.95

9

1

 

8

9

7

7

5

19

20

21 22

23 24 25 26

27 28 29 30

31

32

33

34

35

36

K

Ca

Sc

Ti

V

Cr Mn Fe Co

Ni Cu Zn

Ga

Ge

As

Se

Br

Kr

39.1

40.0

44.9

47.8 50.9 52.0 54.9 55.8 58.4 58.6 63.5 65.3

69.7

72.5

74.9

78.9

79.9

83.80

0

8

 

6

 

8

4

0

4

5

7

9

5

9

2

9

2

6

0

 

37

38

39 40

41 42

44 45 46 47 48

49

50

51 52

53

Rb

Sr

Y

Zr Nb Mo

43

Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd

In

Sn

Sb Te

I

54

 

Tc

Xe

85.4

87.6

88.9

91.2

92.9 95.9

 

101. 102. 106. 107. 112.

114.

118.

121. 127.

126.

 

(98)

 

131.3

7

2

 

1

2

1

4

1

9

4

9

4

8

7

8

6

9

55

56

 

72

73 74 75 76

77 78 79 80

81

82

83

84

85

Cs

Ba

 

*

Hf Ta W

Re Os

Ir

Pt Au Hg

Tl

Pb

Bi

Po

At

86

Rn

132.

137.

 

178.

180. 183. 186. 190. 190. 195. 197. 200.

204.

207.

209.

(210

(210

(222)

9

3

 

5

9

9

2

2

2

1

0

5

4

2

0

)

)

88

 

104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112

114

116

 

87

Ra

Rf Db Sg

Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg

Cn

113

Fl

115

Lv

117

118

Fr

(223)

(226

 

**

(257 (260 (263 (265 (265 (266 (271 (272 (277

Uut

--

(296

Uup

--

(298

Uus

--

Uuo

--

)

   

)

)

)

)

)

)

)

)

)

)

)

 

57 58

 

59

60

61 62

63

64

65 66

67 68

69 70

71

 

*

 

Lanthanide

Series

Eu Gd Tb

138. 140. 140. 144. (147 150. 152. 157. 158. 162. 164. 167. 168. 173. 175.

La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm

Dy Ho

Er Tm

Yb Lu

 

9

1

9

2

)

4

0

3

9

5

9

3

9

0

0

 

90

93

 
 

**

89

 

91 92

 

94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103

Actinide

Series

   

Th

Np

     

Ac

(227)

232.

Pa

U

(231) (238)

(237

Pu Am Cm

Bk

Cf Es Fm

Md No

Lr

(242) (243) (247) (247) (249) (254) (253) (256) (254) (257)

 

0

)

 

Alkali

   

Alkaline

   

Noble

 

Metal

Earth

Semi-Metal

Halogen

 

Gas

   

Basic

Transition

   

NonMetal

Metal

 

Metal

Lanthanide

Actinide

ISLAMIAT

Islamdefinaion

ThewordIslamisderivedfromtheArabicWord“salam”istoobedienceorthepeaceitisnamedIslambecauseit

commandsobedienceandsubmissiontothewillofAllah.

•HaqMaharinIslamisfixedonly400misqal.

•Ijmameansageinguponanysubject.

•Qayasmeansreasoningbyanalogy.

•TherearefourschoolsofthoughtofIslamicLaw.

•JanatulBakiissituatedinMadina.

•Masjid-e-HanifislocatedinMina.

•JANATULMOALAisagraveyardinMECCA.

•Qazaf:falseaccusationofadulterypunishablewith80lashes.

•Lyla-tul-BarrahmeanstheNightofForgiveness.

•Karam-un-KatibinmeansIllustriouswriters.

•OldestmosqueonearthisKaabatullah.

•1stKalima=Tayyab,2nd=Shahadat,3rd=Tamjeed,4th=Tauheed,5th=Astaghfar,6th=Rad-e-Kufar

•Qiblahmeansanythinginfront.

•Saabiisonewhochangeshisreligion.

•Sidrat-ul-MantahameanslasttreeoftheEternity.

•JaabiisonewhocollectsZakat.

•FirstcollectionofAhadithisSahifah-e-Saadiqa.

•SayingofProphetarecalledWahiGhairMatlloo.

•Iniman-e-Mufassalessentialbeliefsare7innumber.

•Themostexaltedangelsarefour.

•GreatestangelasperIslamisJibra’eel.

•Eachhumanbeingisattendedpermanentlybytwoangels.

•Barzakh:timeperiodbetweendeathandDayofJudgment.

•AnothernameofsurahAli-IsraisbaniIsrael.

IstalamiskissingofHajrAswad.

•Islamhas2majorsects.

•Thereare5fundamentsofIslam.

•2typesoffaith.

•5Articlesoffaith.

•TehlilmeanstherecitationofKalima.

•Deen-e-HanifisanoldnameofIslam.

•FirstinstitutionofIslamisSuffah.

RakatsinNamaz

1.Fajr(4Rakats)2Sunnat+2Farz=total=4

2.Zuhr=4SUNNAT+4FARZ+2SUNNAT+2NAFL=12RAKATS

3

4.MAGHRIB=3FARZ+2SUNNAT+2NAFAL

5.ISHA=4SUNNAT+4FARZ+2SUNNAT+2NAFL+3WITR+2FARZ=17

SOURCESOFISLAMICLAWS

1.QURAN

2.HADITH

3.IJMA

3.IJTEHAD

4.QIYAS

INFORMATIONABOUTQURAN

1.NoofsurahasinQuran114surahas

2.NOofParasinHolyQuran=30Paras

3.NoofAyats=6666

4.FirstSurahofQuran=Surah-e-Fatiha

5.LastSurahofQuran=Surah-e-Nas

6.LongestSurahofQuran=Surah-e-Bakar

7.ShortestSurahofQuran=Surah-e-Kausar

8.FirstReavledsurah=SurahAl-ALaq

9.yearstoCOmpleteQuran=Approximately23years

10.Rukoos=558Rukoos

11.NumberofMakisSuraha=87surahs

12.NumberofMadniSurhas=27

13.subjectofHolyQuran=HumanBeingisthesubjectofHOlyQuran

ASR=4SUNNAT+4FARZ=8RAKATS

InformationAboutIslam-Caliph

HAZRATABUBAKRSIDDIQUE(RaddiAllahUnho) TheFirstCaliphofIslam PASSESAWAY

SayyidunaAbuBakr(radiAllahuanhu)fellillatthistimeandpassedawayonthe21stofJamadi-ul-Aakhir13A.H.

(22August634).Hisrulelasted2yearsand3months.Hewas63yearsold.

OneofthemanycontributionsofSayyidunaAbuBakr(radiAllahuanhu)wasthecollectionandcompilationofthe

HolyKoran

HAZRATUMARFAROOQ(RaddiAllahUnho)

TheSecondCaliphofIslam

ELECTION

Beforehepassedaway,SayyidunaAbuBakr(radiAllahuanhu)consultedtheseniorSahabaandelectedSayyiduna

Umar(radiAllahuanhu)asthesecondCaliphoftheMuslims.

HAZRATUTHMANGHANI(RaddiAllahUnho)

TheThirdCaliphofIslam

ELECTION

Beforehepassedaway,SayyidunaUmar(radiAllahuanhu)appointedasix-manCommitteetoelecthissuccessor

fromamongthemselves.Afterlongdiscussionsandconsultation,theyelectedSayyiduna‘UthmanbinAffan(radi

Allahuanhu)asthethirdCaliphofIslam.

HAZRATALIMURTADHA(RaddiAllahUnho)

TheFourthCaliphofIslam

ELECTIONS

AfterSayyiduna‘Uthman(radiAllahuanhu)passedaway,SayyidunaAli(radiAllahuanhu)waselectedasthefourth

CaliphbytheMuslims.DuringtheperiodofthefirstthreeCaliphs,MadinatulMunawwarahcontinuedtobethe

capitaloftheMuslimworld,butSayyidunaAli(radiAllahuanhu)transferredtheIslamiccapitaltoKufahinIraq.

WhowerethemartyrsofthebattleofBadr?

ThereweresicmuhajirsandeightAnsars.

Whatwasthenumberofmartyrsofuhad?

Seventy

Whenthemuslimwomenenteredwarforthefirsttime?

Inthebattleofuhad.

WhatwasthefirstIslamicnonArabwar?

Battleofmautain8thA.H.

Whatwasthenumberofmuslimsinthebattleofditch?

3,000

Howmanycompanionswerealongwiththeprophet(PBUH)?

1400

WhichwasthelargestMuslimarmy?

OfTabuk,30,000

Whatwasthelast“Ghazva”oftheprophet(PBUH)?

Tabuk

WhowasdeputedGovernorofmedinabyprophet(PBUH)whentheprophet(PBUH)leftfor

Tabuk?

HazratMuhammadbinMusalmaAnsari(RA).

Aplacesomewherebetween,atwhichtheprophet(PBHU)debarredthecompanionsfrom

drinkingwater.Whichwasthisland?

AtHjr,whichisalsocalledMedinaSale1,400.

Thenumberofmujahedeenwas1,420and20women,namethebattle?

Battleofkhybar.

WhatwasthenumbersofMuslimarmyontheeveofconquestofMakkah?

10,000.

WhomanyarmymenwerewiththeProphet(PBUH)intheBattleofTabuk?

30,000

WhichwasthelargestMuslimarmy?

OfTabuk,30,000

Whatwasthelast“Ghazva”oftheprophet(PBUH)?

Tabuk.

WhowasdeputedGovernorofmedinabyprophet(PBUH)whentheprophet(PBUH)leftfor

Tabuk?

HazratMuhammadbinMusalmaAnsari(RA).

Aplacesomewherebetween,atwhichtheprophet(PBHU)debarredthecompanionsfrom

drinkingwater.Whichwasthisland?

AtHjr,whichisalsocalledMedinaSalehorSamood.

Theprophet(PBUH)sentsomeonefromTabuktoDomanaAl-Jundalwith420riders,whowas

he?

KhalidbinWaleed(R.A).

WhatisaSaria?

Thatarmywhichhastofightbutwithoutparticipationoftheprophet(PBUH).

WhatisaGhazva?

Thebattleinwhichtheholyprophet(PBUH)himselfparticipated.

WhowasthefirstcommanderofIslamicarmy?

HazratHamza(R.A)

Whenandwheretheholyprophets(PBUH)tookpartinmilitaryexpedition?

GhazvaWidawninthe12thmonthoffirstofHijra.

PROPHETMUHAMMAD(SAW)

•HolyProphetwasbornin571A.D22ndApril.

•Father’sname,HazatAbdullah.

•Mother’Name,HazratAmna.

•MaternalGrandFather’snameWahibbinsAbdulMunnaf.

•MaternalGrandmother,Batarah.

•RealnameofAbduMutalibwasShaba.

•Grandmothername,Fatima.

•10isthenumberofUnclesand6aunts.

•ProphetjourneyedtoSyriawithAbuTalibat12years.

•At25ProphetmarriedtoHazratKhadija.

•HazratKhadijaacceptedIslamfirstinWomenandinall.

•HazratAbuBakaracceptedfirstinMen.

•HazratAliacceptedfirstinChildren.

•VarqaBinNaufalverifiedProphetforthefirsttime.

•Holyprophethad4daughtersand3sons.

•Atageof40holyProphetreceivedfirstWahy.

•HazratZubaida(RA)wasthesecondwifeofHolyProphet.

•In622A.DHolyProphetmigratedtomadina.

•HazratHaleemawasthefostermotherofHolyProphet.

•BesidesHazratHaleema(RA)HolyProphet(PBUH)saidthatUmme-e-Aemonisalsomy

mother.

•Namethefostermother(s)oftheHolyProphet(SAW)HazratHalema(RA),HazratSobia(RA)

andHazratKhola(RA)

•HowmanyyearsafterthebirthofHolyProphet(SAW),HazratAaminadied?Sixyears

•SheemawasthefostersisterofHolyProphet.

•AbduallhBinAbuSheemawasthefosterbrotherofProphet.

•HazratHaleemalookedaftertheholyprophetfor4years.

•35wastheageatthetimeofHajr-i-Aswadincident.

•HazratBilalHabshiwasthefirstslavetoacceptIslam.

•WifeofAbuLahabusedtospreadthroneinthewayofprophetin4thyearofprophethood.

•HomeofHazratArqam(RA)usedasthecentreofsecretpreachingbytheholyprophet.

•In7thNabviboycottofBanuHashimbegan.

•HazratAdammetwithHolyProphetonthefirstheaven.

•HazratIsaandHazratYahyaon2nd.

•HazratYaqubon3rd.

•HazratIdreeson4th.

•HazratHarronon5th.

•HazratMusaon6th.

•HazratIbraheemon7th.

•Al-KaswaisthenameofCamelonwhichprophettraveled.

•Prophetpurchasedmosquelandatmedinafromtwoorphans.

•45CompanionswerewithProphetinmigrationtomadina.

•CharterofMadinawasissuedon1A.Hithad53Articles.

•TransferofQiblawasorderedin2ndA.H.

•27totalnoofGhazwas.

•FirstGhazwahofIslamwasWidan,foughtin12thmonthofFirstHijrah.

•JangBadroccurredin2A.H.313Muslimsfoughtinbattle.

•TypesofHadithare10.

•ImamZuhri(RA)becamethefirsttoconsolidateAhadith.

•NoofHadithCollectedbyAbuHuraira(RA)5374.

•ProphethazratNoah(AS)knownasShaikhalAnbiya

•AbyUbaiduhBinJiirrahwasentitledAmeen-ulUmmat.

•HazratUmarproposedAzanforthefirsttime.

•ThedomeoverthesacredGraveoftheholyprophetisknownasDunbade-Khizra.

•BaitulMamurisaplacewhereseventythousandangleswerecircumambulationduringthe

HolyAscension.

•BaitulMamoorison7thHeaven.

•4kingsacceptedIslamwhenholyprophetsentthemletters.

•MosqueofZararwasdemolishedbyprophet.

•UmeSalmawaspresentatthetimeofthebattleofKhyber.

•HazratAliConqueredthefortofQamus.

•LadynamedZainabtriedtopoisontheHolyProphet.

•ProphetrecitedsurahAl-FathaattheconquestofMakkah.

•Hashimwasgrandfatherofprophet&brotherofMuttalib.

•ThenameMuhamammadwasproposedbyAbdulMuttalibwhilethenameAhmedwas

proposedbyBibiAminah.

•MigrationfromMeccatoAbyssiniatookplaceinthe7thmonthofthe5thyearofthemission

i.e615A.d.Thetotalnumberofmigratedpeoplewas15

•SecondmigrationtoHabshahtookplacein616A.D.

•SecondmigrationtoAbyssinia101peoplewith18females.

•AfterAmina’sdeath,UmmayAimenlookedafterProphet.

•AfterHarb-e-Fajjar,ProphettookpartinHalaf-ul-Fazul.

•ProphetmadesecondbusinesstriptoSyriain24thyearofelephant.

•FriendofKhadijaNafeesacarriedmessageofNikah.

•SurnameofHaleemaSadiawasUmmayKabtah.

•SurnameofProphetwasAbu-ul-Qasim.

•Da’iaoftheProphetwasShifawhowasmotherofAbdulRehmanbinAuf.

•AbdulMutalibdiedin579A.D.

•MasairaaslaveofKhadijaaccompaniedProphettoSyria.

•FostermothersofProphetwereHaleema,Sobia&Khola.

•FirstforstermotherwasSobiawhowasmotherofHamza.

•ForsixyearsHaleematookcareofProphet.

•FortwoyearsAbdulMutalibtookcareofProphet.

•Prophethadtworealpaternalunclesi.eZubair&AbuTalib.

•ZubairdiedbeforeProphethood.

•After7daystheAqeeqaceremonyofProphetwasheld.

•ProphetbelongedtoBanuHashimclanofQuraishtribe.

•AmongunclesAbbas&HamzaembracedIslam.

•AminawasburiedatAbwab/wMakkah&Madina.

•SixmonthsbeforetheProphet’sbirthhisfatherdied.

•Prophethadnobrotherandnosister.

•AbdullahdiedatMadina.

•Prophethadsixaunties.

•FosterfatherofProphetwasHaris.

•Attheageof15,Herb-e-Fajjartookplace.

•Herb-e-Fajjarmeanswarfoughtintheprobihitedmonths.

•Firstfather-in-lawofProphetwasKhawalid.

•AaminabelongedtoBaniZohratribe.

•UmaracceptedIslamin616A.d.

•SocialboycottofBanuHashimtookplacein7thNabvi.

•Shi’bmeansvalley.

•Socialboycottcontinuedfor3years.

•AgroupofMadinametProphetin11thNabvi.

•UqbaislocatednearMakkah.

•ThegroupofMadinitesbelongedtoKhazrajtribe.

•AccordofUqbatookplacein13thNabvi.

•On27thRajab,10NabvitheeventofMirajtookplace.

•10thNabviwascalledAam-ul-Hazan(yearofgrief).

•NameofthecamelonwhichProphetwasridinginmigrationwasQaswa.

•OmaarbinHishamwastheoriginalnameofAbuJehl.

•Abu-al-HikmisthetitleofAbuJehl.

•WhendidHazratHamza(RA)embraceIslamFifthNabavi

•PersonsincludedinBait-e-UqbaOola12andinBait-e-UqbaSani75.

•CaveofHirais3milesfromMakkah.

•Hijratookplacein13thNabvi.

•SecondconventofAl-AqbaarrivedatMakkahin12thNabvi.

•Medinais448KmfromMakkah.(250miles)

•Makkahconquestoccurredin8thyearofHijra.

•ProphetperformedHajjin10thHija.

•ProphetwasburiedinthehujraofAyesha.

•Prophetwasbornin1stYearofElephant.

•AmbassadorssenttoArab&othercountriesin7thHijra.

•KingofIrantoreawaythemessageofProphet.

•KingofByzantinein7thHijrawasHercules.

•After6yearsofthebirthofHolyprophetBibiAamnadied.

•After8yearsofthebirthofProphetAbdulMuttalibdied.

•632A.DCharterofMadina.

•HolyProphetdemisedattheageof63.

•Hijrahyearbeganwith14thNabvi.

•10thyearofprophethoodisknownasyearofgrief.

•FirstAzanwascalledoutin1.A.H.

COMPANIONS

•HazratAsaddiedfirstamongtheSahabah.

•Hamza&HussainareknownasleaderofMartyrs.

•HazratUsmanBinTalhawastheKeyholderofKaaba.

•HazratSaadbinUbiwaqasconqueredPersiafirstly.

•QabeelabinQaisisknownascupbearerofZamZam.

•AbbaswasinstrumentalinbringingabuSufiyaninIslam.

•PeriodsofCaliphs

•AbuBakar632-634

•HazratUmar634-644

•HazratUsman644-656

•HazratAli656-661

•AbuBakar2y3m

•HazratUmar10y5m21d.

•HazratUsman12y.

•HazratAli4y9m.

•HazratAbuBakarwasthemerchantofcloth.

•RealnameofHazratAbuBakarwasAbdullah.

•ApostasymovementtookplaceinthekhilafatofAbuBakar.

•HazratAbuBakardiedin22ndofJamadi-us-Sani13AH.

•HazratUmarembracedIslamattheageof33or27.

•AbuLuluFeroz,theslavemartyredHazratUmarFarooq.

•HazratUmarFarooqwasmartyredon1stMuharram24A.H.

•HazratUmarintroducedHijraCalender.

•HazatUsmanisknownasZulNoorainbecauseheweddedwithtwodaughtersofProphet:

Rukya+UmmeQulsoom.

•UsmanacceptedIslamattheinstigationofAbuBakar.

•Asadullah&Haider-e-KararweretheepithetsofHazratAli.

•AlimarriedFatimain2ndHijra.

•HazratAliwasbornatKhane-e-Kaaba.

•HazratAliwasmartyredon21stRamzan40A.H.

•InGhazwaUhadHazratAliwasawardedwithZulifqar.

•HazratUmeracceptedislamin616A.D.

•HazratUmarestablishedtheofficeofQazi.

•HazratUmaraddedAsSalatoKhairumMinNoum.

•HazratUmarembracedtheIslamattheageof34.

•UsmanmigratedtoHabsha

•HazatUsmanparticipatedinallbattlesexceptBadr.

•InthereignofUsama,Muwaviahestablishednavalfleet.

•OnlysahabiwithoutseeingProphetAwaisKarni.

•Umarleviedzakatonhorses.

•Aliliftedzakatonhorses.

•AbuBakrhadknowledgeofdreams.

•Usmanadded2ndAzanforFridayprayers.

•AtiqueisthetitleofHazratAbuBakr.

•HazratUmarestablishedDepartmentofPolice.

•HazratUmarformedaparliament,namelyMajlis-e-Aam.

•GhaniwasthetitleofHazratUsman(RA).

•HazratAlihasthetitlethegatewaytoknowledge.

•HazratAliremainedCaliphfor4yearsand9months.

•HazratAliisburiedatNajaf.

•AmeerMaviaestablishedthepostalsystem.

•AmerbinAasembracedIslamin7thHijra.

•KhalildbinWaleedembracedIslamin7thHijra.

•FirstMoazinofIslam,HazratBilal.

•ThehomeofHazratAbuAyubAnsaariwasthefirstplacewheretheProphetstayedinMadinaShareef.

•ThefirstpersonsenttospreadIslamundertheinstructionsoftheProphetwasMus'abbinUmairwho

wassenttoMadinah.

•ThefirstpersontomakeIjtihaadwasAbuBakrSiddique

•HazratAbuZirrGhaffariisknownasthefirstDervish.

•AbdullahibnMaz’oom:firstpersonburiedinJannatulBaqi.

•HazratUmarwasthefirstpersontoperformJanazahSalaahinJamaatwithfourTakbeers.

•FirstcensusofIslamicworldinUmer’speriod.

•Thefirstpersontobecomemurtad(outofthefoldsofIslam)waseitherMuqeesbinKhubaabaor

UbaidullahbinJahash.

•Salah-udinAyubiconqueredBaitulMuqadas.

•ShaikhAbdulQadirJilaniisburiedatBaghdad.

•ShahJahanMosqueisatThatta.

•IndonesiaisthebiggestIslamicCountryPopulationwise.

•MaldivesisthesmallestIslamiccountryareawise.

•HazratDataGanjBuxisburiedinLahore.

•AbyssiniaisanoldnameofEthiopia.

•MesopotamiaistheoldnameofIraq.

•ConstantinopleisandoldnameofIstanbul.

•PersiaisanoldnameofIran.

•AlbaniaisEurope’sonlyIslamiccountry.

•SinaiPeninsulaisonlylandbridgebetweenAsiaandAfrica.

•EgyptconnectsAfricawithEuropecontinent.

•AlAzharUniversityisinCairo.

•ShahFaisalMosqueisinIslamabad.

•JibraeelwillbefirstpersonquestionedonDayofQiyamah.

•Fromamongsttheanimals,thefirstanimaltobebroughtbacktolifewillbetheBuraaqofProphet

Muhammad.

•ThefirstmealinJannahwillbefishliver.

•ThefirstIbaadatonearthwasTauba(repentance).

•ThefirstMujaddidofIslamisHazratUmarbinAbdulAziz.

•FirstbookofHadithcompiledwasMuatabyImamMalik.

•MosqueofProphetwasdamagedduetofireinthereignofMotasimBillah.

•JamiamosqueofDamascuswasbuiltbyWalidbinMalik.

•BadshahimosqueLahorewasbuiltbyShahJahan.

•Faisalmosquewasopenedforpublicin1987.

•Umm-us-SaheehainisImamMalik:Mauta.

•Mohd:binIsmaelBukharicomprisedof4,000hadiths

•BukhariSharif&MuslimSharifarecalledSahihain.

•ImamTirmazywasastudentofAbuDawood.

•ImamNisai=AhmedbinShoaib.

•Kitab-ul-KharajwaswrittenbyImamAbuYousuf.

•MahmoodGhaznavicalledkidnapperofscholars.

•DaraShakohwasamystic.

•MullanaNizam-ud-DinfoundedtheschoolofDars-e-Nizamia.

•RabiaBasrywasbornin95A.H.

•BaqeeBillahrevoltedagainstAkbar’sdeen-e-Ilahifirstly.

•ShaikhAhmedSirhandiwasgiventhetitleofMujadidalfSanibyMullanaAbdulHakeem.

•BabaFareedGanjShakrmarriedtothedaughterofBalban.

•ToosibuiltMarghaastronomicalobservatory.

•Mamoonofwestisal-Zahrawi.

•ShahWaliullahwroteMawahb-ur-Rehman.

Al-QuranA

•KalimaTayyaibaismentionedinQuranfor2times.

•ThewordQuranmeans“readone”.

•114totalnumberofSurah

•SurahmeanscityofRefuge.

•86MakkiSurah.

•28MadineSurah.

•558Rukus.

•Al-BaqrahisthelongestSurah.

•Al-KausaristheshortestSurah.

•Al-Nassisthelastsurah.

•14bowsareinQuran.

•Firstbowoccursin9thParai.eAl-InaamSurah.

•Al-FaithaistheprefaceoftheholyQuran.

•Fiveverseswerereveledinthefirstwahy.

•Namazcommandedinquranfor700times.

•Al-ImarnisthesurahinwhichHajjiscommanded.

•Al-Mudassar-2ndRevealedSurah.

•Al-Muzammil-3rdRevealedSurah.

•Al-TaubadoesnotstartwithBismillah.

•Al-NamalcontainstwoBismillahs.

•Threesurahstartswithcurse.

•6666isthenumberofAyats.

•29totalnumberofMukata’t.

•HazratUsmanwasthefirstHafizoftheHolyQuran.

•HazratKhalidBinSaeed,thefirstwriterofWahy.

•Gapbetweenfirstwahyandsecondwahywas6months.

•12GhazawahsdescribedinHolyQuran.

•AbdullahIbnAbbas,thefirstcommentatoroftheQuranandalsoknownasinterpreteroftheQuaran.

•InsurahAl-Saf,HoyprophetisaddressedasAhmed.

•Ghar-e-SorismentionedinSurahAl-Tauba.

•4SurhasstartwithQul.(chkd)

•HazratUmarproposedthecompilationofHolyQuran.

•Al-NasrisknownasSurahWidah.

•FirstannulledorderofholyquranwasthetransferofQibla.

•ThewordIslamoccurs6timesintheQuran.

•AbdulMalikMarwanappliedthedotsintheHolyQuran.

•HajjajbinyousufapplieddiacriticalpointsinQuaran.

•8SiparasstartswithBismillah.

•37totalnumberofsurahinlastparah.

•Al-BaqrahandSurahAl-Nissaisspreadover3Parahs.

•Al-FalqandAl-Nasrevealedatthesametime.

•3Surahstatswith“YaAyananabiyau”.

•CityofRomeismentionedinHolyQuran.

•SurahYaseenisknownasHeartofQuran.

•SuranRehmanisknownasbeautyofQuran.

•TafseerIbnKaseerwaswrittenbyHafizIsmaeedBinUmar-ImamUdDin.

•FirstrevealedsurahwasAlAlaq,96inarrangement

•Completerevelationin23years.

•SubjectofHolyQuranisMan.

•LastSurahreveledinAl-Nasr.

•Risalatmeanstoconveymessage.

•25prophetsmentionedinholyQuran.

•HolyQuranconsist105684wordsand3236700letters.

•LongestAyatofHolyQuranisAyatulKursi.

•6Surahstartwiththenameofprophets.

•Surahmaryamwhollyrevealedforawoman.

•InBaniIsraeelandAl-NajaftheeventofMirajisexplained.

•Lastrevelationdescendedon3rdRabi-ulAwalanditwaswrittenbyAbi-BinKab.(chk)

•LanguageofDivineBooks.

•TauratHebrew

•InjilSiriac

•ZuburSiriac

•HolyQuranArabic.

•Tauratwasthefirstrevealedbook.

•HolyQuranwasreveledin22y5m14days.

•Thereare7stagesinHolyQuran.

•AbdullahIbnAbbasiscalledasleaderofcommentators.

•Apollo15placedthecopyoftheHolyQuranonthemoon.

•Tarjama-ul-QuaraniswrittenbyAbdul-KalamAzad.

•TheodoreBaileyin1143translatedHolyQuraninLatin,forthefirsttime.

•FirstMusliminterpreterofQuraninEnglishisKhalifaAbdulHakeem.

•ShahWaliullahTranslatedHolyQuraninPersianandShahRafiuddininUrduin1776.

•HafizLakhvitranslatedHolyQuraninPunjabi.

•RosstranslatedtheHolyQuranintoEnglish.

•SurahAlaqwasrevealedon18thRamzan.(contradictory)

•NumberofAayatsinal-Bakaris286.

•LongestMakkiSurahisAaraf.

•SecondlongestSurahisAshrah/Al-Imran.

•SurahKausarhas3Aayats.

•FirstSurahcompilationwiseisSurahFatiha.

•Fatihameansopening.

•Fatihacontains7aayats.

•FatihaisalsocalledUmmulKitab.

•FirstsurahrevealedinMadinawassurahFatiha.

•SurahFatiharevealedtwice-inMakkah&Madina.

•AnglesmentionedinQuranare7.

•MeaningofAayatisSign.

•MeaningofHadithistotake.

•StonementionedinQuranisruby(Yaakut).

•FirstSajdaoccursin9thPara,Al-InaamSurah.

•LongestSurah(al-Bakr)covers1/12thofQuran.

•MadniSurahsaregenerallylonger.

•MadniSurahsconsistof1/3rdofQuran.

•MakkiSurahsconsistof2/3rdofQuran.

•SurahIkhlasis112SurahofQuran.

•FirstcompleteMadniSurahisBaqarah.

•NamesofQuranmentionedinQuranis55.

•Surahsnamedafteranimalsare4innumber.

•NamalmeansAnt.

•SurahInaammeansCamel.

•SurahNahlmeansHoneybee.

•SurahAnkabootmeansspider.

•ThemajorpartofQuranisrevealedatnighttime.

•GenerallyaayatsofSajidaoccurinMakkiSurahs.

•10virtuesareblessedforrecitationofonewordofQuran.

•SurahAnfalmeansCave.

•InNamltwobismillahoccur(2ndsoneisataayatno:30)

•SurahKahfmeansthecave.

•MuzammilmeansWrappedingarments.

•KausarmeansAbundance.

•NasrmeansHelp.

Personalities

1.CheGuevara

CheGuevaraisprobablyknownasthecomrade.CheGuevarawasaMarxist revolutionaryandafterwardbecametheculturalhero.Hisfollowersgaininspirationas

hewasthemostinspiringcomradeatthattime.HewasbornonJune14/1928in

RosarioArgentineCheGuevarabecametheculturebecauseofvoicethathealways raisedateveryinjustice,heinventedthepartynamed“REDCOMRADE”.Hismost popularsayingis“ifyoutrembleindignationateveryinjusticethenyouareacomrade ofmine.CheGuevarahasbeenthemostloyalandHonestandBraveComradeofall,

time.CheGuevarawaskilledbytheBolivianarmyonOctober9/1967.

BillGates

Billgateisknownastheworld’srichestpersonexistingonthisplanet.Billneverbeen

abletopassthe8thgradebutnowalltheMicrosoftengineerstoppersarehisemploys.

Hechallengedhisteachersthatbytheageof30heshallbemillionaire,butfortunately

hebecamebillionaireinstead.

NeilArmstrong

Nowwhowantstoliveonthemoon,whowonderstogoonthemoon?NeilArmstrong wasthefirstmanwhowentonthemoon,andhesaidthatlifeonthemooncanbelived.

AndnowAmericanssaysthatby2050peoplewouldbelivingonthemoon.Soletus

waitforthattime.Astronomersofhiseraweresokindofimpressedbyhimthatthey

calledhimasthemostinspiringguyontheplanetever.

AbrahamLincoln

NowordswhenitcomestoAbrahamLincoln.AselftaughtIllinoislawyer,wasalsothe

16thpresidentofUnitedStatesOfAmerica,whatexactlycreatesthedifference

betweenhimandotherPresidentsbeforewasheovercomeseveralmorestrongand

prominentcandidatestowinelectionfromRepublicanpartyside.AbrahamLincolnis

consideredasbestpresidenttomanyscholars.

WilliamShakespeare

WilliamShakespearewasbornonApril23,1564.Heismostlikelyknowasthebest

authorofEnglishpoems.WilliamShakespeareisknownasamostinspiringgeniusand

mostofhispraiseissuitabletothemagnificentwordsofhislongpoemsandshort

poems.Hisquotationsandpoemsandquotationsfrompoemsarememorabletoall.

WheneverwedivertourmindtoShakespeare,itremindsushisrenownedworkandhis

plays.Shakespearewellknownsaidthatlifeisadramaplayedonthestageandsome

peoplelifeislikeanaudiencejusttowatchthemperformingtheirplays.(26April1564

–23April1616).

Arfakarim

ArfakarimwastheyoungestMicrosoftcertifiedprofessionalsintheworld.Shedidher

MicrosoftCertificationattheageofjust14.Shewascalledabroadbybillgates.Arfa

karimwasbornonFeb.12,1995inJattRandawafamilywasastudentofFaisalabad

fromPakistan Shediedduetotheextraordinaryuseofhermind.Shebecamethe

patientofbraintumorattheageof17,andpassedawayon,Jan14,2012.Thebeloved

daughterofPakistan.Hatsoff.

SteveJobs(February24,1955–October5,2011)

StevenPaul“Steve”JobswasanAmericanentrepreneur,marketer,andinventor,who

wastheco-founder,chairman,andCEOofAppleInc.

PrincessDiana(1July1961–31August1997)

Diana,PrincessofWales,wasthefirstwifeofCharles,PrinceofWales,theeldestchildandheir

apparentofQueenElizabethII.DianawasbornintoanaristocraticEnglishfamilywithroyal

ancestryasTheHonourableDianaSpencer.

JohnF.Kennedy(May29,1917–November22,1963)35thU.S.President

JohnFitzgerald“Jack”Kennedy,oftenreferredtobyhisinitialsJFK,wasthe35thPresidentof

theUnitedStates,servingfrom1961untilhisdeathin1963.

MahatmaGandhi(October2,1869–30January1948)PoliticalleaderMohandasKaramchand

Gandhi,commonlyknownasMahatmaGandhiorBapu,wasthepreeminentleaderofIndian

nationalisminBritish-ruledIndia.

MartinLutherKing,Jr(January15,1929–April4,1968)Civilrightsactivist

MartinLutherKing,Jr.wasanAmericanclergyman,activist,andleaderintheAfrican-American

CivilRightsMovement.Heisbestknownforhisroleintheadvancementofcivilrightsusing

nonviolentcivildisobedience.

AdolfHitler(April20,1889–April30,1945)FormerChancellorofGermany

AdolfHitlerwasanAustrian-bornGermanpoliticianandtheleaderoftheNaziParty.Hewas

chancellorofGermanyfrom1933to1945anddictatorofNaziGermanyfrom1934to1945.

AlbertEinstein(14March1879–18April1955)TheoreticalPhysicist

AlbertEinsteinwasaGerman-borntheoreticalphysicistwhodevelopedthegeneraltheoryof

relativity,oneofthetwopillarsofmodernphysics.

MichaelJackson(August29,1958–June25,2009)Singer-songwriter

MichaelJosephJackson(August29,1958–June25,2009)wasanAmericansinger-songwriter,

dancer,businessmanandphilanthropist.Oftenreferredtoasthe“KingofPop”,orbyhisinitials

MJ,JacksonisrecognizedasthemostsuccessfulentertainerofalltimebyGuinnessWorld

Records.Hiscontributionstomusic,dance,andfashion,alongwithhispublicizedpersonallife,

madehimaglobalfigureinpopularcultureforoverfourdecades.

NELSONMANDELA(1918-2013)

NelsonMandelawasSouthAfrica’sfirstelectedPresidentinademocraticelectionfrom1994-

99.HealsoheldtheSecretaryGeneralpostoftheNon-AlignedMovementduring1998-99.

MandelawasalsoaPhilanthropistandheaimedtotacklepovertyandHIV/AIDS.Mandelawas leadingacampaignagainstthethenapartheidgovernment,forwhichhewassentencedtolife

imprisonmentandservedover27yearsinprison(1962-90).Hewasaccreditedinternationally

forhisanti-apartheidrevolutionandreceivednumeroushonorsincludingPresidentialMedalof

Freedom(U.S.A),OrderofLenin(Russia),BharatRatna(India)andthemostnotableNobel

PeacePrize.Heisoftendescribedas“thefatherofthenation”bytheSouthAfricans.

STEPHENHAWKING(1942-PRESENT)

StephenHawkingisanimminentscientistinthefieldofTheoreticalPhysicsandCosmology hasworkedonthebasiclawswhichgoverntheuniverseandwasthefirsttostatethatblack holesemitradiations(oftentermedasHawkingsRadiation)afterheunifiedtheGeneral RelativitywithQuantumTheory.Hehasbeenconfinedtowheelchairanddependentona computerizedvoicesystemforcommunicationformostofhislifeafterbeingdiagnosedwith

ALS(aformofMotorNeuronDisease)atanageof21.Despiteallthesesetbackshehas

achievedmanythingswhichmostotherscanonlywishtodointheirdreams.Hawkinghasbeen

conferredwith12honorarydegreesandhasbeenawardedCBE(UK),andheisalsoarecipient

ofthePresidentialMedalofFreedom(USA)tonameafew.

MARKZUCKERBERG(1984-PRESENT)

MarkZuckerbergisthereasonforInternetboom.Heisoneoftheco-founderofthefamous SocialNetworkingwebsiteFacebook.Hecreatedthesitewithhisfriendsinhiscollegedorm, andtheninordertoconcentratemoreonthewebsiteheleftHarvardUniversity.Sincethenhe

hasjustrosetoprominenceandnowandtherearemorethan1billionusersonFacebook

indicatingitssuccessstory.ThesuccessofFacebookmadeMarktheyoungestCEOinthe

Fortune500List.Althoughamassingagoodfortune,Zukerberghasdonatedhismillionstofund

variousphilanthropiccauses.Hehasalsopledgedtodonateatleast50%ofhiswealthto

charityinhislifetime.

Dr.AbdulQadeerKhan

AbdulQadeerKhan,alsorespectfullyknownbysomeinPakistanasMohsin-e-Pakistan.Dr.A.Q.

Khan,isaPakistaninuclearscientistandametallurgicalengineer,colloquiallyregardedasthe

founderofHEUbasedGas-centrifugeuraniumenrichmentprogramforPakistan’sintegrated

atomicbombproject.HewasoneofPakistan’stopscientists,andwasinvolvedinthecountry’s

variousscientificprogramsuntilhisdismissal.

-----------------------------------------------------------------

TheSmallest&TheLargest

World'sLargest&SmallestCountry,Placeetc

LargestCountry-Russia(17,075,200km2(6,591,027mi2)

SmallestCountry-VaticanCitySize:0.17sq.mi.(0.44km²)Rome,Italy–Europe

LargestContinent-Asia,17,212,2000squaremiles

SmallestContinent-Australia,312,2000squaremiles

LargestGulf-GulfofMexico,615,000squaremiles

LargestBay-TheBayofBengal,1,300,000squaremiles

LargestIsland-Greenland,839,999squaremiles

Largestpeninsula-Arabia.

Largestbay-HudsonBay,Canada.

World'sLargest&SmalllestRivers,Sea,Ocean,Mountains,Waterfalletc

- ----------------------------------------------------------------

LongestRiver-TheNile,Africa,4,180miles

ShortestRiver-TheRoe,Montana,US,200feetlong

LargestRiver-TheAmazon,SouthAmerica,basinof2,500,000squaremiles

LargestSea-TheMediterraneanSea,1,144,800squaremiles

LargestOcean-PacificOcean,60,060,700squaremiles

DeepestOcean-PacificOcean,averagedepth13,215feet

SmallestOcean-ArcticOcean,5,427,000squaremiles

LargestLake-CaspianSea,152,239squaremiles

LargestFreshwaterLake-LakeSuperior,US-Canada,31,820squaremiles

HighestLake-TiticacainPeru,12,500feetabovesealevel

LowestLake-TheDeadSea,Israel-Jordan,surfaceofwater1,349feetbelow

sealevel

LargetLagoon-LagoadosPatos,Brazil,150mileslong,4,500squaremiles

LargestWaterfall-AngelFalls,Venezuela,3,212feethigh

DeepestUnderwaterTrench-MarinaTrench,200milessouthwestofGuaminthePacific

Ocean,36,198feetbelowtheoceansurface

HighestMountain-MountEverest,HimalayanMountains,Nepal-Tibet,29,035

feetabovesealevel

Thelowestmountainrange-BuenaBhaile.

LongestMountainRange-TheAndesofSouthAmerica,5,000miles

LowestPointonland-TheDeadSea,Israel-Jordan,watersurface1,349feet

belowsealevel

LargestGorge-GrandCanyon,ColoradoRiver,Arizona,US,217miles

long,4-18mileswide,1miledeep

DeepestGorge-HellsCanyon,SnakeRiver,Idaho,7,900feetdeep

Highest,Longest,Biggest,Largest,Deepest,SmallestoftheWorld

LargestAirport:KingAbdulKhalidInternationalAirport(SaudiArabia)

HighestAirport:LhasaAirport,Tibet

TallestAnimal:Giraffe

LargestAnimal:BlueBottomwhale

LargestBay:HudsonBay,Canada.

FastestBird:Swift

LargestBird:Ostrich

SmallestBird:Hummingbird

LongestBridge:HueyP.LongBridge(USA)

TallestBuilding:DubaiBurj(Dubai)

LongestCanal:BalticseaWhiteCanal

LargestCathedral:CathedralChurchofNewYork

LargestCemetry:OhlsdorfCemetry(Hamburg,Germany)

LargestChurch:BaliscaofSt.PeterintheVaticanCity,Rome.

LargestContinent:Asia

SmallestContinent:Australia

LargestCountry(Area):Russia

SmallestCountry(Area):VaticanCity

BiggestCinemaHouse:Roxy,NewYork

HighestCity:Wenchuan,China

MostPopulousCity:Tokyo

LongestDay:June21

ShortestDay:December22

LargestDelta:Sunderban(India)

LargestDesert:Sahara,NorthAfrica

BiggestDome:GolGumbaz(Bijapur),India

LargestDams:GrandCouleeDam,USA

TallestFountain:FountainHills,Arizona

LargestGulf:GulfofMexico

LargestHotel:ExcaliburHotel(LasVegas,Nevada,USA)

LargestIsland:Greenland

LargestLake:CaspianSea.

DeepestLake:Baikal(Siberia)

HighestLake:Titicaca(Bolivia)

LargestLibrary:UnitedStatesLibraryofCongress,Washington

LargestMosque:JamaMasjid,Delhi(India)

HighestMountainPeak:MountEverest(Nepal)

HighestMountainRange:Himalayas,Asia.

LargestMountainRange:Andes(SouthAmerica)

BiggestMuseum:AmericanMuseumofNaturalHistory(NewYork).

LargestMinaret:SultanHassanMosque(Egypt)

TallestMinaret:QutubMinar,Delhi(India)

BiggestOceans:PacificOcean

DeepestOceans:PacificOcean

BiggestPalace:Vatican(Rome)

LargestPalace:ImperialPalace(China)

LargestPark:NationalParkofNorth-Eastern(Greenland)

LargestPeninsula:Arabia

HighestPlateau:Pamir(Tibet)

LongestPlatform:Kharagpur,W.Bengal(India)

LargestPlatform:GrandCentralTerminal,(Rly.Station),NewYork(USA)

BiggestPlanet:Jupiter

SmallestPlanet:Mercury

BrightestPlanet:Venus

ColdestPlanet:Neptune

NearestPlanet(totheSun):Mercury

FarthestPlanet(fromtheSun):Neptune

LongestRiver:Nile,Africa

LongestRiverDam:HirakudDam,India

LargestSea:SouthChinaSea

LargestStadium:StarhoveStadium,Prague(CzechRepublic)

BrightestStar:SiriusA

TallestStatue:Motherland(Russia)

LargestSea-bird:Albatross

BiggestTelescope:Mt.Palomar(USA)

LongestTrain:FlyingScotsman

LargestTemple:AngkorwatinCombodia.

OldestTheatre:TeatroOlimpico(Itlay)

TallestTower:C.N.Tower,Toronto(Canada)

LongestWall:GreatWallofChina

HighestWaterfall:Angel(Venezuela)

WidestWaterfall:KhoneFalls(Laos)

LowestWaterLevel:DeadSea

LongestEpic:Mahabharata

HottestPlace:Azizia(Libya)

RainiestPlace:Mosinram,nearCherrapunji(India)

HighestRoad:Leh-Nobra,LadakhdivisionIndia.

HighestVillage:Andean(Chile)

HighestVolcano:OjosdelSalado,(Argentina)Chile

LargestVolcano:ManunaLea(Hawai)

LightestGas:Hydrogen

FastestAnimal:Cheetah

BiggestFlower:Rafflesia(Java)

LongestCorridor:RameshwaramTemple(India)

LargestDemocracy:India

HighestCableCarProject:Gulmarg(Jammu-Kashmir)

BiggestAirbus:DoubleDeckerA-380

HighestRailTrack:Kwinghai-TibbetRailway(China)

ImportantEventsandDates

Year

Date

Event

2001

 

GeneralPervezMusharrafdismissedthepresidentandnamedhimself

20June

tothepost.

   

AgraSummitstarts.PresidentPervezMusharrafandIndianPrime

15July

MinisterVajpayeeholdstalksoverlong-standingissues.

 

NewLocalGovernmentsysteminstalled,afterholdingofelectionsin

14August

threephases.

 

USSecretaryofStatePowelltoldthatPakistan'sPresidentMusharraf

16September

hadagreedtosupporttheU.S.anti-terroristcampaign.

 

USPresidentBushmeetsPresidentMusharrafinNewYorkand

10November

assuresadditionalaidofonebilliondollar.

2002

 

MusharrafstunnedVajpayeebyahand-shakeatthelast11thSAARC

5January

summitinKathmandu.

1February

WallStreetJournalreporter,DanielPearlkilledinKarachi.

 

GeneralPervezMusharrafwinsareferendumthusensures5more

30April

yearsinoffice

 

24August

PresidentGeneralMusharrafissuestheLegalFrameworkOrder2002.

10October

Firstgeneralelectionssincethe1999militarycoupheld

23November

MirZafarullahKhanJamalisworninasPrimeMinister.

2003

 

Senateelections:Rulingpartywinsmostseatsinvotingtotheupper

24February

house.

23March

AAJTV,Pakistan'spremierchannelinaugurated.

 

PresidentPervezMusharrafmeetsG.W.BushinCampDavid.US

24June

announces$3-billionfive-yeareconomicassistancepackagefor

Pakistan.

11July

Lahore-Delhibusserviceresumedaftersuspensionof18months.

14December

GeneralMusharrafsurvivedanassassinationattemptinRawalpindi.

2004

 

GeneralMusharrafwonavoteofconfidenceintheSenate,National

1January

Assembly,andprovincialassemblies.

5January

MusharrafmeetsVajpayeeinIslamabad,discussesKashmirdispute.

22May

PakistanreadmittedtoCommonwealth.

 

PrimeMinisterZafarullahKhanJamalistepsdownandnominatesCh.

26June

ShujaatHussainashisinterimsuccessor.

28Augus85 [11] t

ShaukatAzizbecomesPrimeMinister.

 

PakistaniphysicianDr.MuhammadSaeedFazalKarimBeebanisets

17October

newworldrecordforhavingthesmallestHolyQur'anoftheworld.His

claimwasacceptedbyGuinnessworldrecordadministration.

2005

 

136peoplekilledandabout170injuredinacollisionofthree

13July

passengertrainsnearGhotki.

14July

NWFPAssemblypassestheHasbabillwithamajorityvote.

   

GovernmentofPakistanlaunchescountry-widecrackdownagainst

19July

extremistelements.

 

A7.5magnitudeearthquakekillsanestimated80,000peoplein

8October

northernPakistan.(see:2005Pakistanearthquake)

 

Renownedlittérateur,linguistandpoet,ShanulHaqHaqqee,passes

11October

awayinToronto.Hewas88.

2006

 

Dr.ShamshadAkhtarassumesofficeofStateBankGovernorhaving

2January

thefirstwomanGovernorofSBP.

 

Charterofdemocracy(CoD)issignedbytwoformerprimeministersof

14May

Pakistan,NawazSharifandBenazirBhuttoinLondon.

26April

PervezMusharraflaysfoundation-stoneofDiamir-Bhashadam.

 

Processtoreleaseover1600womenprisonersfrom55jailsacross

8July

startsafterPresidentialOrdinance.

   

Notedpoet,writerandcolumnist,AhmedNadeemQasmi,passesaway

10July

inLahore.Hewas89.

 

ProminentBalochleaderandpoliticianSirdarAkbarBugtikilledby

26August

military

2007

9March

PresidentMusharrafdismissedChiefJusticeofPakistan,Iftikhar.

 

PakistanisecurityforcesstartedoperationSunrisetoliberateLal

3July

MasjidfromthefundamentalistIslamicmilitants

20July

IftikharrestoredasChiefJusticeofPakistan.

18October

Bhutto,BenazirreturnedtoPakistan,afterexileofabout8years.

 

PervezMusharrafimposedemergency,mostoftheseniorjudgesof

3November

SupremeCourtousted.

 

Aftercompletionof5years,NationalAssemblydissolved,Catetaker

16November

governmentofMuhammadMianSoomrotookoath.

 

25November

NawazSharifreturnedPakistanafter7yearsofforcedexile.

 

Emergencylifted,bannedcivilrightsandsuspendedconstitution

16December

restored

 

FormerPakistaniPrimeMinisterBenazirBhuttoassassinatedin

27December

Rawalpindi

2008

 

TheElectionCommissionannounceselectionswillnowbeheldon

2January

February18.

 

Electionsareheldamidsttightsecurity.PPP,PML-N,PML-NandANP

18February

win124,91,54and13seatsrespectively.

24March

YusufRazaGilaniiselectedasthenewPrimeMinister.

 

PervaizMusharrafstepsdownasPresidentofPakistan.

18August

MohammadmianSoomrotakesoverasPresident.

6September

AsifZardariwinspresidentialelectionwith481votes.

 

9September

AsifZardaritakesoathasPresidentofPakistan.

2009

 

PakistangovernmentannouncesatrucewithTaliban,accepttinga

16February

systemofIslamiclawintheSwatvalley,concedingtheareaasa

Talibansanctuary.

9March

MilitantsattackbuswiththetouringSriLankancricketteam.All internationalcricketmatchesinPakistanaresuspended.Pakistanalso

losesitsstatusashostsforthecricketWorldCup2011.

 

AstheresultoflongmarchLawyers'Movementsucceeded.Iftikhar

16Marach

MohammedChaudhrywasrestoredasChiefJusticeofPakistanand

otherjudgesdismissedbyMusharraf.

23May

PakistanArmylaunchedOperationRah-e-RastandclearedSwatValley ofallTalibanelements.Itisregardedasoneofthemostsuccessful

counter-insurgencyoperationsinmodernage(to15July)

 

JANUARY

27January

InternationalDayofCommemorationinMemoryofthe

A/RES/60/7

VictimsoftheHolocaust

 

TopFEBRUARY

4February

WorldCancerDay

6February

InternationalDayofZeroTolerancetoFemaleGenital

A/RES/67/146

Mutilation

13February

WorldRadioDay[UNESCO]

20February

WorldDayofSocialJustice

A/RES/62/10

21February

InternationalMotherLanguageDay[UNESCO]

A/RES/56/262

30C/62

 

TopMARCH

1March

ZeroDiscriminationDay[UNAIDS]

3March

WorldWildlifeDay

A/RES/68/205

8March

InternationalWomen'sDay

20March

InternationalDayofHappiness

A/RES/66/281

21March

InternationalDayfortheEliminationofRacialDiscrimination

A/RES/2142(XXI)

21March

WorldPoetryDay[UNESCO]

21March

InternationalDayofNowruz

A/RES/64/253

21March

WorldDownSyndromeDay

A/RES/66/149

draftA/C.3/66/L.27

21March

InternationalDayofForestsandtheTree

A/RES/67/200

22March

WorldWaterDay

A/RES/47/193

23March

WorldMeteorologicalDay[WMO]

WMO/EC-XII/Res.6

24March

WorldTuberculosisDay[WHO]

WMO/EC-XII/Res.6

24March

InternationalDayfortheRighttotheTruthconcerning

A/RES/65/196

GrossHumanRightsViolationsandfortheDignityof

Victims

25March

InternationalDayofRemembranceoftheVictimsofSlavery

A/RES/62/122

andtheTransatlanticSlaveTrade

25March

InternationalDayofSolidaritywithDetainedandMissing

StaffMembers

 

TopAPRIL

2April

WorldAutismAwarenessDay

A/RES/62/139

4April

InternationalDayforMineAwarenessandAssistancein

A/RES/60/97

MineAction

6April

InternationalDayofSportforDevelopmentandPeace

A/RES/67/296

7April

DayofRemembranceoftheVictimsoftheRwanda

Genocide

7April

WorldHealthDay[WHO]