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# MMF03

S.A. ENGINEERING COLLEGE A nozzle is a device for increasing the velocity of a steadily flowing
Accredited by NBA & NAAC with ‘A’ Grade Reg. No.: b) stream. At the inlet to a certain nozzle, the enthalpy of the fluid
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institution
passing is 3000 kJ/kg and the velocity is 60 m/s. At the discharge
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT– I
end, the enthalpy is 2762 kJ/kg. The nozzle is horizontal and there is
ODD SEMESTER, 2019-2020 (13)
negligible heat loss from it. (i) Find the velocity at exit from the
B.E. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
nozzle. (ii) If the inlet area is 0.1 m 2 and the specific volume at the
ME8391 ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
inlet is 0.187 m3/kg, find the mass flow rate. (iii) If specific volume at
Time: 90 min. Semester: 03
the nozzle exit is 0.498 m3/kg, find the exit area of the nozzle.
Set : 01 Maximum Marks: 50
COURSE OBJECTIVES:
7.a) A reversible heat engine operates between two reservoirs at
 To familiarize the students to understand the fundamentals of
temperature of 6000C and 400C. The engine drives a reversible
thermodynamics
refrigerator which operates between reservoirs at temperature of 40 0C
 To perform thermal analysis on their behavior and performance and -200C. The heat transfer to the heat engine is 2000 kJ and the net-
COURSE OUTCOMES: work output of the combined engine refrigerator plant is 360 kJ. (1) (13)
 Apply the first law of thermodynamics for simple open and closed systems Evaluate the heat transfer to the refrigerant and the net heat transfer
under steady and unsteady conditions. to the reservoir at 400C. (2) Reconsider (1) given that the efficiency
 Apply second law of thermodynamics to open and closed systems and of the heat engine and the COP of the refrigerator are each 40% of
calculate entropy and availability. their maximum possible values.
(or)
Answer ALL the Questions b) Liquid water of mass 10 kg and temperature 200C is mixed with 2 kg
PART – A (5 x 2 = 10 Marks) of ice at -50C till equilibrium is reached at 1 atm pressure. Find the
(13)
entropy change of the system. Given C p of ice = 2.09 kJ/kg K and
1. Differentiate between point function and path function. latent heat of ice = 334 kJ/kg.
2. What is meant by quasi static process in thermodynamics? PART – C (1 x 14 = 14 Marks)
3. What is Thermodynamic, displacement and flow work? 8. A three-process cycle operating with nitrogen as the working
4. Write Carnot theorem and its corollaries. substance has constant temperature compression at 34 0C with initial
5. What is difference between a refrigerator and a heat pump? Also sketch the pressure 100 kPa. Then the gas undergoes a constant volume heating
same. and then polytropic expansion with 1.35 as index of compression. (14)
The isothermal compression requires -67 kJ/kg of work. Determine
PART – B (2 x 13 = 26 Marks) (i) p, v and T around the cycle, (ii) Heat in and out, (iii) Net-work.
For nitrogen gas, Cv = 0.7431 kJ/kg K.

## 6 A fluid is confined in a cylinder by a spring loaded, frictionless piston

.a) so that the pressure in the fluid is a linear function of the volume (P =
a + bV). The internal energy of the fluid is given by U = (34 +
3.15pV) where U is in kJ, p is in kPa and V in cubic meter. If the (13)
fluid changes from an initial state of 170 kPa, 0.03 m3 to a final state
of 400 kPa, 0.03 m3, with no work other than that done on the piston,
find the direction and magnitude of the work and heat transfer.
(or) COURSE COORDINATOR HOD CONTROLLER OF EXAMINATIONS
MMF03

S.A. ENGINEERING COLLEGE Heat transfer to air in heat exchanger, (ii) Power output from turbine,
Accredited by NBA & NAAC with ‘A’ Grade Reg. No.: (iii) Velocity at exit of nozzle. Take Cp for air = 1.005 kJ/kg K
ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institution
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT– I
7.a) A heat engine operating between two reservoirs at 1000 K and 300K
ODD SEMESTER, 2019-2020
is used to drive a heat pump which extracts heat from the reservoir at
B.E. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
300K at a rate twice that at which the engine rejects to it. If the
ME8391 ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
efficiency of the engine is 40% of the maximum possible and the
Time: 90 min. Semester: 03 (13)
COP of the heat pump is 50% of the maximum possible, which is the
Set : 02 Maximum Marks: 50
temperature of the reservoir to which the heat pump rejects heat?
COURSE OBJECTIVES:
What is the rate of heat rejection from the heat pump if the rate of
 To familiarize the students to understand the fundamentals of
heat supply to the engine is 50 kW?
thermodynamics
(or)
 To perform thermal analysis on their behavior and performance b) 50kg of water is at 313K and enough ice at -5 0 C is mixed with water
COURSE OUTCOMES: in an adiabatic vessel such that at the end of the process all the ice
 Apply the first law of thermodynamics for simple open and closed systems melts and water at 00 C is obtained. Find the mass of the ice required (13)
under steady and unsteady conditions. and the entropy change of water and ice. Given C p of water is
 Apply second law of thermodynamics to open and closed systems and 4.2kJ/kgK, Cp of ice is 2.1kJ/kgK and latent heat of ice = 335kJ/kg.
calculate entropy and availability. PART – C (1 x 14 = 14 Marks)
Answer ALL the Questions 8. A mass of air is initially at 260 0 C and 700 kPa, and occupies
PART – A (5 x 2 = 10 Marks) 0.028m3. The air is expanded at constant pressure to 0.084 m 3. A
1. Distinguish between macroscopic energy and microscopic energy in polytropic process with n=1.5 is then carried out followed by a
thermodynamics. constant temperature process which completes a cycle. All the
2. Define intensive and extensive property with examples. (14)
process is reversible
3. Explain the following terms: Process, Cycle. (i) Sketch the cycle in T-S and P-V planes
4. A turbine gets 5kg/s of steam at 7bar, 2500C and discharges at 1 bar. (ii) Find the heat received and heat rejected in the cycle
Calculate availability. (iii) Find the efficiency of the cycle
5. State Clausius & Kelvin Planck’s statement.
PART – B (2 x 13 = 26 Marks)
6 Three grams of nitrogen gas at 6 atm and 160oC in a frictionless
.a) piston cylinder device is expanded adiabatically to double its initial
volume and then compressed at constant pressure to its initial volume
(13)
and then compressed again at constant volume to its initial state.
Calculate the net work done on the gas. Draw the p-V diagram for the
process.
(or)
In a gas turbine installation air is heated inside heat exchanger up to (13)
b) 7500C from ambient temperature of 270C. Hot air then enters into gas
turbine with the velocity of 50 m/s and leaves at 600 0C. Air leaving
turbine enters a nozzle at 60 m/s velocity and leaves nozzle at
temperature of 5000C. For unit mass flow rate of air, determine the COURSE COORDINATOR HOD CONTROLLER OF EXAMINATIONS
following assuming adiabatic expansion in turbine and nozzle, (i)