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13 (de) vizualizări2 paginiETD QPS

May 21, 2019

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ETD QPS

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13 (de) vizualizări

ETD QPS

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S.A. ENGINEERING COLLEGE A nozzle is a device for increasing the velocity of a steadily flowing

Accredited by NBA & NAAC with ‘A’ Grade Reg. No.: b) stream. At the inlet to a certain nozzle, the enthalpy of the fluid

ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institution

passing is 3000 kJ/kg and the velocity is 60 m/s. At the discharge

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT– I

end, the enthalpy is 2762 kJ/kg. The nozzle is horizontal and there is

ODD SEMESTER, 2019-2020 (13)

negligible heat loss from it. (i) Find the velocity at exit from the

B.E. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

nozzle. (ii) If the inlet area is 0.1 m 2 and the specific volume at the

ME8391 ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

inlet is 0.187 m3/kg, find the mass flow rate. (iii) If specific volume at

Time: 90 min. Semester: 03

the nozzle exit is 0.498 m3/kg, find the exit area of the nozzle.

Set : 01 Maximum Marks: 50

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

7.a) A reversible heat engine operates between two reservoirs at

To familiarize the students to understand the fundamentals of

temperature of 6000C and 400C. The engine drives a reversible

thermodynamics

refrigerator which operates between reservoirs at temperature of 40 0C

To perform thermal analysis on their behavior and performance and -200C. The heat transfer to the heat engine is 2000 kJ and the net-

COURSE OUTCOMES: work output of the combined engine refrigerator plant is 360 kJ. (1) (13)

Apply the first law of thermodynamics for simple open and closed systems Evaluate the heat transfer to the refrigerant and the net heat transfer

under steady and unsteady conditions. to the reservoir at 400C. (2) Reconsider (1) given that the efficiency

Apply second law of thermodynamics to open and closed systems and of the heat engine and the COP of the refrigerator are each 40% of

calculate entropy and availability. their maximum possible values.

(or)

Answer ALL the Questions b) Liquid water of mass 10 kg and temperature 200C is mixed with 2 kg

PART – A (5 x 2 = 10 Marks) of ice at -50C till equilibrium is reached at 1 atm pressure. Find the

(13)

entropy change of the system. Given C p of ice = 2.09 kJ/kg K and

1. Differentiate between point function and path function. latent heat of ice = 334 kJ/kg.

2. What is meant by quasi static process in thermodynamics? PART – C (1 x 14 = 14 Marks)

3. What is Thermodynamic, displacement and flow work? 8. A three-process cycle operating with nitrogen as the working

4. Write Carnot theorem and its corollaries. substance has constant temperature compression at 34 0C with initial

5. What is difference between a refrigerator and a heat pump? Also sketch the pressure 100 kPa. Then the gas undergoes a constant volume heating

same. and then polytropic expansion with 1.35 as index of compression. (14)

The isothermal compression requires -67 kJ/kg of work. Determine

PART – B (2 x 13 = 26 Marks) (i) p, v and T around the cycle, (ii) Heat in and out, (iii) Net-work.

For nitrogen gas, Cv = 0.7431 kJ/kg K.

.a) so that the pressure in the fluid is a linear function of the volume (P =

a + bV). The internal energy of the fluid is given by U = (34 +

3.15pV) where U is in kJ, p is in kPa and V in cubic meter. If the (13)

fluid changes from an initial state of 170 kPa, 0.03 m3 to a final state

of 400 kPa, 0.03 m3, with no work other than that done on the piston,

find the direction and magnitude of the work and heat transfer.

(or) COURSE COORDINATOR HOD CONTROLLER OF EXAMINATIONS

MMF03

S.A. ENGINEERING COLLEGE Heat transfer to air in heat exchanger, (ii) Power output from turbine,

Accredited by NBA & NAAC with ‘A’ Grade Reg. No.: (iii) Velocity at exit of nozzle. Take Cp for air = 1.005 kJ/kg K

ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institution

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT– I

7.a) A heat engine operating between two reservoirs at 1000 K and 300K

ODD SEMESTER, 2019-2020

is used to drive a heat pump which extracts heat from the reservoir at

B.E. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

300K at a rate twice that at which the engine rejects to it. If the

ME8391 ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

efficiency of the engine is 40% of the maximum possible and the

Time: 90 min. Semester: 03 (13)

COP of the heat pump is 50% of the maximum possible, which is the

Set : 02 Maximum Marks: 50

temperature of the reservoir to which the heat pump rejects heat?

COURSE OBJECTIVES:

What is the rate of heat rejection from the heat pump if the rate of

To familiarize the students to understand the fundamentals of

heat supply to the engine is 50 kW?

thermodynamics

(or)

To perform thermal analysis on their behavior and performance b) 50kg of water is at 313K and enough ice at -5 0 C is mixed with water

COURSE OUTCOMES: in an adiabatic vessel such that at the end of the process all the ice

Apply the first law of thermodynamics for simple open and closed systems melts and water at 00 C is obtained. Find the mass of the ice required (13)

under steady and unsteady conditions. and the entropy change of water and ice. Given C p of water is

Apply second law of thermodynamics to open and closed systems and 4.2kJ/kgK, Cp of ice is 2.1kJ/kgK and latent heat of ice = 335kJ/kg.

calculate entropy and availability. PART – C (1 x 14 = 14 Marks)

Answer ALL the Questions 8. A mass of air is initially at 260 0 C and 700 kPa, and occupies

PART – A (5 x 2 = 10 Marks) 0.028m3. The air is expanded at constant pressure to 0.084 m 3. A

1. Distinguish between macroscopic energy and microscopic energy in polytropic process with n=1.5 is then carried out followed by a

thermodynamics. constant temperature process which completes a cycle. All the

2. Define intensive and extensive property with examples. (14)

process is reversible

3. Explain the following terms: Process, Cycle. (i) Sketch the cycle in T-S and P-V planes

4. A turbine gets 5kg/s of steam at 7bar, 2500C and discharges at 1 bar. (ii) Find the heat received and heat rejected in the cycle

Calculate availability. (iii) Find the efficiency of the cycle

5. State Clausius & Kelvin Planck’s statement.

PART – B (2 x 13 = 26 Marks)

6 Three grams of nitrogen gas at 6 atm and 160oC in a frictionless

.a) piston cylinder device is expanded adiabatically to double its initial

volume and then compressed at constant pressure to its initial volume

(13)

and then compressed again at constant volume to its initial state.

Calculate the net work done on the gas. Draw the p-V diagram for the

process.

(or)

In a gas turbine installation air is heated inside heat exchanger up to (13)

b) 7500C from ambient temperature of 270C. Hot air then enters into gas

turbine with the velocity of 50 m/s and leaves at 600 0C. Air leaving

turbine enters a nozzle at 60 m/s velocity and leaves nozzle at

temperature of 5000C. For unit mass flow rate of air, determine the COURSE COORDINATOR HOD CONTROLLER OF EXAMINATIONS

following assuming adiabatic expansion in turbine and nozzle, (i)

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