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What is EID ?

In these final days of blessed Ramadhan


Alhumdulillah , by Allah’s grace we came-up with instead of invoking our creator for forgiveness and
the third issue of our ‘paigaam series’ that was blessings , everyone is looking busy in the chores of
started some two years back. As you may be aware ‘Eid’ be it bargaining, buying or selling, shopping
of the fact that we send you our ‘paigaam’(message) etc. Is not this a tragedy that people keep on fasting
on the auspicious occasions of Eid. Today’s issue is for whole month with zeal and zest , curious in
yet another attempt in such case, where we tried our asking for ahkaam(rulings) of Ramadhan, its
best to enlighten you about the concept and essence preventions , permissibility, obligations and what
of Eid-ul-fitr, the purpose and rulings behind it. not. But they, on the very first day of ‘shawal’ break
Since i received many complaints and suggestions all the shackles of Deen , consider themselves free
from readers, most of them were ‘English knowing’ from all the prescribed limits maintained by Islam.
“that it’s irksome going through your write-ups What the hypocrisy ; people are very careful about
written in urdu”. Besides the tone maintained in the teachings of Quran and Sunnah in Ramadhan ,
them was bit a high which diminished the restrict all their doings within the ambit of Shariah
readership , thus resulted falling short of achieving while in the remaining eleven months, all it’s
the desired target. Moreover the unfortunate applications and rulings are abandoned so
reluctance of our present generation towards ‘Urdu’ rigorously as if all the guidance and Ahkaams of
gave further impetus in this regard. Therefore I was shariah were meant only for the month of
convinced to bring forth the current issue in Ramadhan!
‘English’.
This is high time to reconsider with some Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah
sensation whether we are willing to embrace Islamic (peace and blessings be upon him) said:
injunctions whole heartedly and mould ourselves in
Every action a son of Adam does shall be
sync with the guidelines elucidated in Quran and
multiplied—a good action by ten times its value, up
Sunnah. Like followed by Sahabas (companions) and
to 700 times. Allah says: With the exception of
Taba’een (epigones).
fasting, which belongs to Me, and I reward it
However this holy month of Ramadhan must be accordingly. For, one abandons his desire and food
deemed a blessing from Allah subhanahu wata’ala for My sake.
which indeed it is.
Whoever observes fasts during the month of
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain
reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be Allah’s rewards, then all his past sins will be
upon him) said: forgiven. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) Fasting and the
Qur’an will intercede on behalf of Allah’s servant on
“When Ramadan enters, the gates of Paradise are
the Day of Judgment:
opened, the gates of Hellfire are closed and the
devils are chained.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim). Fasting will say, “O my Lord! I prevented him from
food and desires during the day, so accept my
intercession for him.”
The intercession of both will thus be Abd(slave) i was keenly watching how willing you
accepted.(Ahmad and authenticated by Al-Albani). were in fulfilling my order. You suffered from
hunger, you used to have dry throat due to
Perhaps i may not be mistaken if I denominate the
dehydration but did not let the wrinkles be formed
Ramadhan “a crush course” which prepares us ,
on your forehead, did not display your sufferings to
moulds our behaviour and get-up , regulates our
anyone. Rather whispered with me in seclusion as is
conduct , attitude, actions and mentality in
the trait of Moomineen(believers).
accordance with the teachings of Islam. So that we
may harvest its fruits for complete year. Ramadhan “verily I only complain of my grief and sorrow to
inculcates a sense of accountability in us that we are Allah! (yusuf:86).
being monitored all the time. All our sayings and
Since you succeeded all the tribulations. Therefore
deeds are preserved so finely as we will be asked in
on appearance of crescent of Shawal, all the
Akhirah , to read our ‘nam-e-amaal’(book of deeds)
bindings of Ramadhan are lifted from you,
by us ; [it will be said], “read your record. Sufficient
henceforth. I had orderd you to abstain from meals,
is yourself against you this day as
today the order is reversed. Now you must have
accountant.”(17:14). A man shall stand agaped and
meals and beverages. You are no more allowed to
will cry in sheer consternation “woe to us! What a
continue abstinence from eating and drinking.
book is this! It has missed nothing ,minor or major,
Actually a deed has nothing in it. Neither in any
but has taken into account. Thus they will find
place nor any particular time nor any worship.
whatever they did before them, and your lord will
Neither salah (prayer) is meant in itself nor do
not wrong anyone.”(18:49) Well after month long
zakah (charity), nor soam (fasting) nor hajj
endeavour, tiresomeness, starvation and worship
(pilgrimage). Rather it’s Amr
Allah (stw) bestows the joy and blessings of ‘Eid’ to
his slave. it’s like a surety and reward that o! My
(order) that is meant not Amal (deed). When cost of losing the Ajr(reward) of one lakh salahs in
Shari’ah (law giver) orders something to do, that Haram. It clearly demonstrates that it is actually by
becomes reward worthy but if he forbids then it has our decree that anything has any eminence and
no reward in doing that. Take an example of Arafah. reward. when we said go and pray in the woods of
If you spend there 364 days of whole year, except 9th Minah , then the reward it gets praying in woods
of Dhul-hijjah. It will not even fetch you a single can’t be compensated even praying in Harm-e-
benefit or any reward albeit it’s the same place of shareef. Now if someone thinks like since there is
Arafah , same Jabl-i-rehmat because Allah has not nothing important that needs to be done in Minah ,
said to stay there in other days. When he said to stay so lets pray these five prayers in Masjid Haram for
up there on 9th of Dhul-hijjah then putting up there greater rewards. Least the the Ajr of one lakh
on that day would be accepted and enumerated as prayers , such an act will be deemed as the violation
reward. you know the Fadhilah (importance) of a of divine ruling, hence he will be sinner. Same is the
single Salah offered in Haram-e-kabbah that it is case with all deeds and worshiping that no deed is
equal to one lakh salahs. But on the 8th of Dhul-hijjah meant in itself nor any place or else. Everything lies
you receive order from Allah (swt) to leave the in following the commandments of Allah. When he
sanctum and abandon the requital of one lakh orders to do something then practising that becomes
salahs. Instead go and camp at Minah, hence its worth rewarding. And when he forbids from doing
incumbent to laager there from Zuhar (after noon any work then the reward lies in not doing the that
prayer) of 8th dhul-hijjah till Fajar (dawn prayer) of work . so, we came to know the desired thing is not
9th Dhul-hijjah. The noticeable thing here is to know the ampleness of deeds but the ‘obedience’. Same
the requirement in camping at Minah which needs goes with fasting. On sighting the crescent of
to be established ? and that’s nothing. Neither Ramadhan , we were ordered to observe fast for
stonning the Jamrahs nor doing Waqoof nor any complete month. And now on the appearance of
particular task , just praying five times there at the moon of shawal we are commanded to leave the fast.
Now all the blessings , mercy and rewards are in situation, while divine laws are unchangeable.
eating and feeding. If someone still wants to fast on Therefore we are bound to express our gratitude
ist of shawal , will be guilty of disobedience. That is and happiness of Eid within the limits.
why our beloved prophet (saw) forbade from fasting
Narrated Aisha: Abu Bakr came to my house while
on Eid .
two small Ansari girls were singing beside me the
Though it doesn’t seem any Eid when taking into
stories of the Ansar concerning the Day of Buath.
consideration the pitiful plight of ummah. But the
And they were not singers. Abu Bakr said
injunctions of Shariyah can’t be done away with, due
protestingly, "Musical instruments of Satan in the
to impulsive or contingent circumstances and
house of Allah's Apostle !" It happened on the 'Id day
events. Whatever tough conditions might be, even
and Allah's Apostle said, "O Abu Bakr! There is an 'Id
full of oppression and barbarity , the rulings of Deen
for every nation and this is our 'Id." (bukhari).
are unavoidable which must be implemented
anyhow with all its regulations. It’s because the Narrated Aisha: Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) came to my
divine instructions can’t be overlooked on account of house while two girls were singing beside me the
worldly affairs or any expediency. This is the Sunnah songs of Buath (a story about the war between the
of Allah (swt) which can never be altered. two tribes of the Ansar, the Khazraj and the Aus,
before Islam). The Prophet (p.b.u.h) lay down and
“this is the law of Allah which existed before you, and
turned his face to the other side. Then Abu Bakr
you will never find any change in Allah’s
came and spoke to me harshly saying, "Musical
system.(48:23).
instruments of Satan near the Prophet (p.b.u.h) ?"
This draws the clear line of demarcation between Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) turned his face towards him
the divine shariyah and the man-made shariyah. and said, "Leave them." When Abu Bakr became
Man-made laws are adjusted according to time and inattentive, I signalled to those girls to go out and
they left. It was the day of 'Id, and the Black people leaning on Bilal's hand. Bilal was spreading his
were playing with shields and spears; so either I garment and the ladies were putting alms in
requested the Prophet (p.b.u.h) or he asked me it.(also).
whether I would like to see the display. I replied in
May Allah guide us to understand the message of
the affirmative. Then the Prophet (p.b.u.h) made me
Eid-ul-fitr and give us taufeeq in accomplishing all
stand behind him and my cheek was touching his
‘it’s’ahkaam. Amen!
cheek and he was saying, "Carry on! O Bani Arfida,"
till I got tired. The Prophet (p.b.u.h) asked me, "Are In today’s issue, i will be sharing some entreaties
you satisfied (Is that sufficient for you)?" I replied in with you which will encompass the meaning of eid,
the affirmative and he told me to leave.(bukhari). rulings of eid, it’s do’s and dont’s , obligations,
permissibilities(mubahaat)and certain other
But it doesn’t mean we should forget our oppressed
issues(masa’il) related to eid . it’s to be noted here
muslims at least in our Dua’s . infact we should limit
that all the hadeeths and dalayil(evidences)
our expenditures and stop waisting money in other
followed henceforward, have been compiled by
frivolous matters. Inspite spend in assistance of
author after sorting out from numerous sources.
destitute, widows, orphans, oppressed and needy
Since they were so systematically arranged that i
people. It is conspicuously mentioned in narrations
didn’t find any genuine reason to adjust them
that on this fateful day of eid our prophet (saw)
anymore. Nevertheless a bit of explanation has been
used to collect alms on his own accompanied by
made in some places where i felt necessary.
hazrat Bilal (rda)[bukhari].
Otherwise the author has not done nothing more
"Jabir bin 'Abdullah said,... When prophet(p.b.u.h) except the compilation in such entire illustration.
finished (the Khutba), he the Prophet of Allah went
DEFINITION OF ‘EID: The Arabic word "Eid" refers to
to the women and preached to them, while he was
something habitual, that returns and is repeated,
thus stands literally for a recurrent event. It also so that they may mention the name of God."
implies a place often visited by people, and the [Quran 22:34]. Eid (El-Fitr & Al-Adha) are the
period of time in which a particular act is regularly only two Eids (holidays) celebrated in Islam.
performed. Likewise, each gathering that When the prophet (PBUH) came to Madinah,
assembles regularly comes under the category, ‘Eid’. he found that people used to celebrate two
Eids or festivals are symbols to be found in days during the time of ignorance period
every nation, including those that are based on (Jahiliyya). He said: "I came to you and you
revealed scriptures and those that are idolatrous, have two days you celebrated during
as well as others, because celebrating festivals is (Jahiliyya) and Allah has substituted for you
something that is an instinctive part of human better days: the Day of Sacrifice and the Day of
nature. All people like to have special occasions to breaking Fast." (Hadith narrated by Ahmad &
celebrate, where they can come together and Abu Daoud).
express their joy and happiness. Eid for Muslims is a  Eid for Muslims is a celebration of the symbol
time of unity when they all break their fast together of being clean from your sins and bad deeds.
and perform a prayer out in the open [preferably]  Eid for Muslims is the time for entertainment
with men, women, elderly, adults and kids all and having fun. When the Abyssinians came to
attending the prayer. Ibn Abbas narrated that the the Mosque in Madinah with their dancing
prophet (PBUH) used to bring his wives and performance, the prophet (PBUH) called on
daughters to Eid prayer. (Hadith narrated by Ibn Aisha (RAA) to watch. When Omar son of Al-
Majah). Khattab saw them performing in the Mosque
and wanted to stop them, the prophet (PBUH)
 Eid for Muslims is an act of worship toward
said: "Leave them alone O Omar, this is what
Allah (SW). Allah (SW) said: "For each [faith] -
they do." The prophet (PBUH) then looked at
community We have appointed [sacred] rites,
them and said: "Be safe [while performing] enjoyment on two particular days on which the pre-
and let the people of the Book know that there Islamic Arabs used to hold sports. The festivals of the
is a space in our religion [for entertainment]." kaafir nations may be connected to worldly matters,
(Hadith narrated by Bukhari). such as the beginning of the year, the start of an
 Eid for Muslims is a time when they remember agricultural season, the changing of the weather,
the poor by giving charity before the Eid the establishment of a state, the accession of a ruler,
prayer so the poor can use it to enjoy on such a and so on. They may also be connected to religious
day what they might be missing on other days. occasions, like many of the festivals belonging
Zakatul Fitr is the term used for such a charity. exclusively to the Jews and Christians, such as the
Thursday on which they claim the table was sent
THE UNBELIEVERS’ RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS: There are
down to Jesus, Christmas, New Year’s, Thanksgiving,
numerous religious festivals and fairs of the
and holidays on which gifts are exchanged.
unbelievers. Islam prohibits the Muslims to
celebrate their festivals and fairs. This is one of the Therefore Muslims are strictly prohibited from
thing we usually witness in our valley. Some Muslim joining these religious festivals of the People of
brothers in many places are found taking part the Book and other unbelievers on two grounds; (1):
fervently into non-Muslim’s fairs and festivals in the it represents a resemblance to the unbelievers and
name of Kashmiriyat. No doubt, we should treat our (2): these are acts of innovations.
non-Muslim communities with love and respect. In
THE DECREES OF AL-‘EID: There are three opinions
fact assist them financially and give them protection
among the scholars:
in realising their religious rituals and festivities but
not on account of indulging as an active part. The (1): Some say it is waajib (obligatory);
Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam had
prohibited his companions from sports and
(2): Some say it is Fardul Kifaayah (if some offered Al-Mughnaee by Imaam ibn Qudaamah: vol. 2, p.
the prayer then it is enough and it is not obligatory 223.]
upon all); and
The evidence of those who say it is Fardul Kifaayah:
(3): Some say it is Sunnatul Muakkadah Some scholars say that Eid prayer is Fardul
(recommended) Kifaayah. This is the view of the Hanbalees. Refer to
Al-Mughnaee by Imaam ibn Qudaamah: vol. 2, p.
The evidence of those who say it is waajib: Some of
223.
the scholars say that ‘Eid prayers are waajib
(obligatory) – this is the view of the Hanafee The evidence of these who it is sunnatul Muakkadah:
scholars and of Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah A third group say that ‘Eid prayer is sunnah
(may Allâh have mercy on him). They say that the mu’akkadah. This is the view of the Maalikis and
Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam always Shaafa’is. They take as evidence the hadeeth of the
prayed the ‘Eid prayer and never omitted to do it, Bedouin which says that Allâh has not imposed any
not even once. They take as evidence the aayah prayers on His slaves other than the five daily
(interpretation of the meaning), "Therefore turn in prayers. Refer to Al-Mughnaee by Imaam ibn
prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)" [al- Qudaamah: vol. 2, p. 223.
Kawthar 108:2], i.e., the ‘Eid prayer and the sacrifice
While majority of the scholar are with the opinion of
after it, which is an instruction, and the fact that the
it’s obligatory.
Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam ordered
that the women should be brought out to attend the SIGNIFICANCE OF MUSLIMS’ ‘EIDS: So the Muslim
‘Eid prayers, and that a woman who did not have a should be keen to attend ‘Eid prayers, especially
jilbaab should borrow one from her sister. [See since the opinion that it is waajib is based on strong
Tamaamul Minnah: by Al-Albaanee: p.344. Refer to evidence. But some people prefer to sleep till late on
that day, ignore all it’s significance , which can never ETIQUETTES OF A MUSLIM ON THE DAY OF ‘EID-UL-
be conduct of a true believer. The goodness, FITR:
blessings and great reward one gets from attending
THE ‘EIDS PRAYER
‘Eid prayers, and the fact that one is following the
example of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa 1: The Muslim is required to make ghusl or ablution
sallam by doing so, should be sufficient motivation. on this day. It can be done at any time but to serve
So its very important that we demonstrate our the purpose it is recommended to do it before going
celebrations with joy and observe them in such a out for the prayer. The ‘Eid prayer is held in
way that distinguishes us from the Mushrikeen. congregation and it is held in a huge gathering more
than the Jumu‘ah prayer, therefore, as the Prophet
THE PURPOSE BEHIND THE ‘EID PRAYER: Islaam
sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam asked Muslims to
exhorts its followers to make social life a visible
make ghusl for Friday prayer, it should also be
expression of God-consciousness. Prayer is the most
considered for ‘Eid prayer to serve the purpose. The
effective means of fostering this virtue in man. This
purpose and the goal is to be clean for prayer and
is the reason why it has been made essential for
avoid harming the people with odor, etc. This
Muslims to observe obligatory prayers in
is because, the person will feel fresh throughout the
congregation. It starts with five daily prayers then
day, he will have full concentration in his prayer and
Jumu‘ah is a step forward in this respect, then comes
to what is being mentioned in the khutbah after the
‘Eids prayers and then once a year the Hajj. It’s
prayer and most importantly, he will not harm
highly recommended to be offered under bare sky;
others with the bad smell.
as a mark of tashakur (thankfulness). It will be
discussed further ,below. Eating on the two ‘Eids: It is a sunnah to eat dates
before leaving for ‘Eid-ul-Fitr. It is preferable not to
eat anything on the day of ‘Eid-ul-Adh-haa until
performing the ‘Eid prayer in the morning; then on this day. Ja'far ibn-Muhammad relates from his
one should return home, slaughter an animal, and father on the authority of his grandfather who
prepare the meal and eat from it. For ‘Eidul Fitr, it is reported that the Prophet would wear a Yemeni
a sunnah to eat an odd number of dates before going cloak on every ‘Eid. This is related by ash-Shaafi‘ee
to pray salaatul ‘Eid while for‘Eidul adh-haa the and al-Baghawee. Ibn al-Qayyim writes: "The
eating should be delayed until one returns from the Prophet used to wear his most beautiful clothes for
‘Eid prayer and then he may eat of his sacrifice if he them and he had a special cloak that he would wear
has sacrificed an animal. on the two ‘Eids and Jumu'ah." [Reference can be
checked in Sharhus Sunnah: vol. 4, p. 302,. See
Anas reports:
Zaadul Mi ‘a ad: vol. 1, p.441.]
"The Prophet would not go out on the festival of
4: He is required to use hair oil.
breaking the fast until he had eaten an odd number
of dates." [This is related by Sahih al-Bukhari: vol. 2, 5: He is required to apply perfume if he has his own,
no.73.] otherwise, he may use his wife’s perfume. Al-Hassan
as-Sibt says: "The Messenger of Allâh ordered us to
Buraidah reports: "The Prophet would not go out on
wear the best clothes we could find for the two ‘Eids
the day of breaking the fast (‘Eidul Fitr) until he had
and to apply the best perfume we could find and to
eaten and on the day of sacrifice (‘Eidul adh-haa) he
sacrifice the best animal we could find." This is
would not eat until he had returned [from
related by al-Haakim and in its chain is Ishaaq ibn
salah]." This is related by at-Tirmithee and Ibn
Barzakh whom al-'Azdi declares to be weak while
Majah, and also by Sunan Ad-Daaramee who
Ibn Hibban says he is trustworthy.
added: "And he would eat from his sacrifice."
[Sharhus Sunnah: vol. 4, p. 306,].It is highly 6: He should use the tooth-brush (miswaak) before
recommended that he should wear his best clothes going to the ‘Eid prayer.
7: He must remove all offensive smells, which might Concerning the ‘Eid of the sacrifice, Allâh says: "that
harm others. It is disliked for him to attend the ‘Eid you may remember Allâh during the well known
prayer, if he smells onion or garlic. days;" Al-Hajj: 22:

GOING OUT TO THE MUSALLAA (place for prayer) The majority of the scholars say that the time for the
takbeeraat during the ‘Eid of breaking the fast is
Salaatul ‘Eid can be performed in the mosque but it
from the time one goes to the ‘Eid prayer until the
is preferred to perform it in a place outside the city
khutbah begins. Weak hadith have been recorded
as long as there is no excuse or reason to do
stating this, but there are also authentic reports
otherwise (e.g., rain, etc.). As the Prophet would pray
from Ibn 'Umar and other companions that they did
the two ‘Eids in the outskirts of al-Medeenah and he
so.
never prayed it in his mosque, except it is reported
through a week narration that once he prayed in the Al-Haakim says: "This sunnah has been practiced by
mosque because it was raining. ahl-il hadeeth. Maalik, Ahmad, Ishaaq, and Abu
Thaur [have made statements concurring that
1:Takbeeraat during the days of ‘Eid
practice] ."
It is a sunnah to pronounce the takbeeraat on ‘Eid
Some say that the takbeeraat are from the night
days. Concerning the ‘Eid of breaking the fast, Allâh
before the ‘Eid, when the moon is seen, until the
says: "you should complete the prescribed period
person goes to the musallaa and the imaam arrives.
and that you should glorify Allâh [i.e., say
The time for the takbeeraat during the‘Eid of the
takbeeraat] for having guided you and that you may
sacrifice is from the day of 'Arafah until the time of
give thanks." Al-Baqarah: 2: 185.
the 'asr on the thirteenth of Thul-Hijjah. [See
Sharhussunnah: vol. 4, pp. 300-1. See Zaadul Mi ‘aad:
vol. 1, p. 449.]
HOW ONE CAN SAY TAKBEERAAT? the single and menstruating women to the two ‘Eids
in order to witness the good and the supplications of
These takbeeraat can be made in many different
the Muslims. The menstruating women would be
forms. The most authentic form is that which has
separate from the others." [This is related by Sahih
been recorded with a sahih chain by 'Abdurrazzaaq
al-Bukhari: vol. 2, p. 48, no. 91.]
from Salmaan, who said: "They made takbeeraat
with: 'Allâhu akbar, Allâhu akbar, Allâhu akbar The time of ‘Eid prayers
kabeera."' From 'Umar(rda) and ibn Mas'ood(rda)
The time for salaatul ‘Eid begins from the time the
the following is related: "Allâhu akbar. Allâhu akbar.
sun is three meters above the horizon until the sun
La ilaha ill Allâh. Allâhu akbar. Allâhu akbar wa
reaches its meridian. The majority of scholars say
lillahil-hamd."
that the time for the Eid prayer starts when the sun
Translation: Allâh is the greatest, Allâh is the has risen above the height of a spear, as seen by the
greatest. There is no God but Allâh. Allâh is the naked eye, and continues until the sun is
greatest, Allâh is the greatest. All praise belongs to approaching its zenith. It is better to offer the ‘Eid
Allâh. [See Sharhussunnah: vol. 4, pp. 301. See prayer in the forenoon in the early hours after the
Zaadul Ma’aad: vol. 1, p. 449.] sunrise. The reason is that the people have to
slaughter the sacrificial animals on the day of
2: Women and children going out to attend ‘Eid
sacrifice. Hence, the prayer on this occasion should
prayer :
be offered earlier.
Shari'ah requires women and children to go out and
Ibn Qudamah says: "It is a sunnah to pray salaatul
attend the salaatul ‘Eidayn. This includes married,
adha early in order to allow more time for the
single, young, old, or menstruating women. Umm
people to perform the sacrifice, and the salaatul Fitr
'Ateeyah reports: "We were ordered to go out with
is to be delayed in order to give people time to pay
zakat al-Fitr. I know of no difference of opinion on the occasion of both the ‘Eid prayers, the two
this point." [Refer to Al-Mughnaee by Imaam ibn festivals. [Sunan Abu Dawud].
Qudaamah: vol. 2, p. 224.]
In the hanafi school of thought , there are six
5: The athaan and iqaamah for salaatul ‘Eidayn takbeers in the salatul-eid. Three in the first raka’ah
before Qirath and three in other raka’ah after
Ibn al-Qayyim writes: "When the Messenger of Allâh
Qirath.
went to the musallaa (place of prayer), he would
perform the salaah without any athaan or iqaamah : The khutbah of salaatul ‘Eid:
and without saying 'as-salaatu jaami'ah' (prayer in
The khutbah after salaatul ‘Eid is a sunnah and so is
congregation). The sunnah is not to do any of
listening to it. It is not compulsory as with the case of
that." [Zaadul Ma‘aad: vol. 1, p. 442.].Abdullaah ibn
Friday prayer. It is permissible to go back home
‘Abbaas said: " the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa
without attending the sermon of the ‘Eid. Abdullah
sallam offered a two Rak‘aat prayer on the day
ibn as-Sa'ib said: "I prayed the ‘Eid salaah with the
of ‘Eidul Fitr and he did not pray before or after
Messenger of Allâh sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam
it." [Refer to Sahih Al-Bukhari: vol. 2, p. 43, no. 81].
and when he finished the salaah he said: 'We will be
The Qur’aan is to be recited after completing the delivering a khutbah. Whoever wishes to stay for the
seven takbeer in the first raka‘ah, after the five khutbah may stay. Whoever would like to leave, may
takbeer in the second raka‘ah. ‘Aishah said: the leave.' " [This is related by Abu Dawud: (Eng.) vol. 1,
Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam would say the p. 298, no. 1151].
takbeer seven times in the first raka‘ah and five
EID GREETINGS :People may exchange
times in the second raka‘ah on the day of the
congratulations and good greetings on Eid, no
breaking of the fast and on the day of sacrifice on
matter what form the words take. For example they
may say to one another, "Taqabbal Allâhu minnaa there is nothing wrong with him doing so on the
wa minkum (May Allâh accept [the fast and worship] night of ‘Eid as well.
from us and from you" or "Eid mubarak" and other
2. Mixing of men and women in some prayer-places,
similar permissible greetings. [Al-Mughnee: by ibn
streets, etc : Many women – may Allâh guide them –
Qudaamah: vol. 2, p. 259].
go out uncovered ,wearing make-up and perfume,
WHAT IF SALAT-UL-EID IS MISSED : "Whoever misses flaunting their adornment, when there is such
the ‘Eid prayer should pray two raka‘ah." [Sahih Al- serious overcrowding in the mosques – the dangers
Buukhari: vol. 2, p. 55] of this situation are quite obvious. So those who are
in charge must organize the ‘Eid prayers properly,
Warning against wrongdoing:
by allocating separate doors and routes for women
1. Some people think that Islam tells us to stay up and delaying the men’s departure until the women
and pray on the night of ‘Eid, quoting an unsound have left.
hadeeth which says that "whoever stays up and
3. Some people get together on ‘Eid for the purpose
prays on the night of ‘Eid, his heart will not die on
of singing and other forms of idle entertainment,
the day when hearts die." This hadeeth was reported
and this is not permitted.
with two isnaads, one of which is da’eef (weak), and
the other is very da’eef. [See Al-Fawaaidul 4. Adorning oneself on the occasion of Eid:
Majmoo‘ah: by Imaam Ash-Shaukaanee]
It was narrated that Jaabir (radi Allahu anhu)
Islaam does not tell us to single out the night of ‘Eid said: The Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) had
for staying up and praying; if, however, a person a cloak which he would wear on the two Eids and on
habitually stays up and prays at night (qiyaam), Fridays. [Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah, 1756]
Al-Bayhaqi (may Allah have mercy on him) narrated 7) It is haram to shake hands of the opposite sex who
with a sahih isnaad that Ibn ‘Umar (radi Allahu are not mahrem.
anhu) used to wear his best clothes on Eid.
8) To visit the graves specifically on the day of the
So a man should wear the best clothes that he has Eid is an innovation. If one visits the graves
when going out for Eid. throughout the year, there is no particular harm,
and actually will be rewarded since it is from the
5. Going to the prayer by one route and returning by
sunnah. One should not make it a point to do on this
another:
day only.
It was narrated that Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allah (radi
9) At the end of Ramadan every Muslim is required
Allahu anhu) said: On the day of Eid, the Prophet (sal
to pay Zakat al-Fitr (a special fast breaking alm) as
Allahu alaihi wa sallam) used to vary his route.
a token of thankfulness to God for having enabled
[Sahih al-Bukhari]. It was said that the reason for
him or her to observe the obligatory fast.
that was so that the two routes would testify for him
on the Day of Resurrection. It was also said that it This is what i was able to gather based on the need
was in order to manifest the symbols of Islam on to manifest the injunctions, etiquettes and simple
both routes, or to manifest the remembrance of rulings concerned to Eid-ul-fitr. I pray to almighty
Allah (dhikr). It was also said that it was in order to Allah that this book-let may prove helpful to all the
attend to the people’s needs, to answer their readers and be aftermath to my forgiveness.
questions, teach them, set an example and give
At last I, on behalf of Darasgah Shaheed Molvi Abdul
charity to the needy, or to visit his relatives and
Rahman Tengpora , extend my warm and sincere
uphold the ties of kinship.
greetings of Eid to all Islamic fraternity. May this Eid
brings with itself the prosperity and the message of
felicitous to all Muslim Ummah.

Wasalamualikum,

Shaykh Mohsin Hussain.

Student : Darasgah Shaheed Molvi Abdul Rahman.

Tengpora , bypass sgr. Date: 5th of june, 2018.