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EXERCISE 1 (Prepare for Dam’s Design Contest in Mataram University)

Subject : Hydrology
Submitted : Friday (May 24th, 2019) before 13.00 WIB (by Whatssapp chat)
OPEN BOOK and Laptop (You can use Microsoft Excel to simplify)

1. Sketch and describe the hydrology cycle !

2. On a catchment area with 10 km2 area evenly distributed uniform for 4 hours. The measured of
total rainfall height is 160 mm. If the catchment area has a flow coefficient () = 0.75.
a. Calculate the average rainfall intensity when the rainfall is evenly distributed !
b. Calculate effective rainfall height (Reff) !
c. Calculate index and Windex
d. With Rational method, sketch the triangle hydrograph (simple unit hydrograph) !
e. With rational equation, calculate the flow (Qp)
f. Make the conclution about the condition on that catchment area !
3. The ordinate of 6 hour unit hydrograph are given below
Time (h) 0 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 66
6 hr UH ordinates (m3/s) 0 20 60 150 120 90 66 50 32 20 10 0
a. If two storms each of 1 cm rainfall excess and 6 hours duration occur in succession, calculate
the resulting hydrograph of flow ! Assumpting that base flow to be uniform at 10 m3/s.
b. Using 6 – h unit hydrograph above, derive a 12-h unit hydrograph for the catchment area !
4. The following tables given the ordinates of a direct run off hydrograph resulting from 2
successive 3h durations of rainfall excess value of 2 and 4 cm respectively. Derive a 3 hours unit
hydrograph form the catchment and you must make the sketch of the graphic (superposition of
unit hydrograph) !
Time (h) 0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30
Direct 0 120 480 660 460 260 160 100 50 20 0
run off
(m3/s)
5. Given table as below for maximum flow on each year :
Year Max flow Year Max flow Year Max flow
(m3/s) (m3/s) (m3/s)
1981 735 1988 738 1995 580
1982 629 1989 862 1996 677
1983 813 1990 714 1997 805
1984 710 1991 622 1998 755
1985 624 1992 690 1999 712
1986 545 1993 604 2000 697
1987 670 1994 788 2001 641
a. Calculate the average, standart deviation, and defense coefficient from a year maximum flow
(on table).
b. Calculate the flow with a return period of 15 year (X15) used Gumbel Method when the n =
21, Yn = 0.5252 and Sn = 1.0696)

--- Good Luck ---

NOTE :
1. You must do it by writing in A4 / F4 paper, then you can photo / scan your assignment.
2. You can look the materials on link when I shared in Hydrology Group (B). If you don’t