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2 vizualizări7 paginiPhysics contest

May 23, 2019

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Physics contest

© All Rights Reserved

2 vizualizări

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Physics contest

© All Rights Reserved

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Student Number:

Student Name:

1. Athletes competing in the luge category descend icy slopes on sleds at speeds averaging 140 km/h. How long would it take you to reach that speed if you were

dropped off a cliff? (Assume that air resistance is negligible.)

2. A sprinter starts from rest and runs a distance of 100 m in 10.2 seconds with a constant acceleration. What distance does he cover during the last second?

3. A sky diver stepped out of an airplane at an altitude of 1000 m. She fell freely for 5.00 s. She opened her parachute and slowed to 7.00 m/s in a negligible time.

She then maintained this speed until she reached the ground. What was the total elapsed time from leaving the airplane to landing on the ground?

4. A man travelling 100 km at an average speed of v kilometers per hour arrived at his destination two hours late. At what average speed should he have travelled in

order to arrive on time?

A. B. C. D. E.

5. A motorcyclist was riding at a constant speed. He then doubled his speed in 2.0 s over a distance of 30 m, accelerating at a constant rate. What was the initial

speed of the motorcyclist?

6. A pitching machine shoots baseballs with a fixed initial speed. Ball A is launched at an angle of 30° to the horizontal and rock B is launched at 60°. Both balls

land at the same level they were launched. What is the ratio of the range of rock A to that of rock B?

A. 1:√3

B. √3:1

C. 1:2

D. 2:1

E. 1:1

7. An elevator of mass M is descending with an acceleration of magnitude a directed upwards. A student of mass m stands on a scale on the floor of the elevator.

What is the reading on the scale?

A. B. C. D. E.

8. Three masses m, 2m, and 2m are connected with massless strings over frictionless pulleys, as shown, and released to move. What is the ratio of the tension in

string A to the tension in string B when the three masses move freely?

9. An insect with a mass of 5.0 g is resting on a horizontal leaf. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the insect and the leaf is 0.30 and the coefficient of static

friction is 0.40. If the insect remains motionless relative to the leaf, what is the magnitude of the force of friction acting on the insect?

A. 0 mN B. 15 mN C. 20 mN D. 34 mN E. 49 mN

10. Two forces of magnitudes 8.00 N and 5.00 N act on a point mass. Which of the following is NOT a possible value for the magnitude of the resultant force?

11. The photograph shows the crumple zone of an automobile, i.e., the part of the car that will collapse to absorb an impact.. What would happen if the crumple zone

for this car is reduced?

A. The time of impact would increase and the levels of injuries would increase.

B. The time of impact would increase and the levels of injuries would decrease.

C. The time of impact would decrease and the level of injuries would decrease.

D. The time of impact would decrease and the level of injuries would increase.

E. The time of impact and level of injuries would remain unchanged.

12. Two rollerbladers A and B, with masses mA and mB respectively, stand along an east-west line. Blader A exerts a force FB on blader B towards the east.

Assuming that frictional forces are negligible, what is the ratio of the acceleration of blader A to that of blader B?

A. 1:1

B. FB:FA

C. FA:FB

D. mB:mA

E. mA:mB

13. A car is powered by a gasoline engine with an efficiency of 25%. The engine delivers a force of 5.0 kN at a speed of 72 km/h. What is the energy used by the car

for a 20 minute drive?

A. 10 MJ

B. 80 MJ

C. 1.2×102 MJ

D. 4.8×102 MJ

E. 6.0×102 MJ

14. A ball is placed onto a frictionless incline at a height of 20 cm. It is released, and rolls down the first incline and up a second frictionless incline. What is the

speed when the ball reaches a height of 10 cm on the second incline?

A. 1.4 m/s

B. 2.8 m/s

C. 3.5 m/s

D. 4.9 m/s

E. The speed cannot be determined.

15. A 20 g toy car is uniformly accelerated from rest onto a level surface. The car travels 60 cm in 2.0 s. What is the total work done on the car?

A. 0.60 J

B. 3.6 J

C. 3.6 mJ

D. 6.0 mJ

E. The work cannot be determined.

16. A ball is held at a height H metres above a floor. It is then released and falls to the floor. If air resistance is negligible, which of the following graphs below gives

the total mechanical energy E as a function of the altitude y of the ball?

A. B. C. D. E. none of these

17. Assume that each nuclear decay of the uranium isotope 235U releases on average 2.30 neutrons, with an average kinetic energy of 1.00 MeV each. These neutrons

must be slowed down by collisions with heavy water nuclei in order to induce new nuclear reactions. 1.00 eV is defined as 1.60×10–19 J. How many nuclear

reactions will increase the temperature of 1.00 gram of heavy water by 1.00°C? The specific heat of heavy water is 3.767 J/g°C.

A. 3.00×1015

B. 1.02×1013

C. 3.33×10–14

D. 7.69×10–14

E. 1.30×107

18. Two water waves, S1 and S2, are shown on a graph of displacement versus time. What are the ratios of the amplitudes and frequencies of S1 to S2?

A. 3:1 and 3:1 B. 3:2 and 3:1 C. 3:2 and 1:3 D. 2:1 and 3:1 E. 3:1 and 2:1

19. A train whistle emits a sound of amplitude A and frequency f. An observer however hears a sound with an amplitude much less than A and a frequency greater

than f. Which statement is true?

A. The train is at a large distance from the observer and moving away from the observer.

B. The train is at a large distance from the observer and approaching the observer.

C. The train is at a large distance from the observer and at rest.

D. The train is near the observer and moving away from the observer.

E. The train is near the observer and approaching the observer.

20. A student is using a tuning fork and an open tube 40 cm in length placed into water to measure the speed of sound in air using resonance. Which tuning fork, of

those listed, will provide the greatest number of resonances?

21. When a tuning fork of frequency 256 Hz is struck at the same time as a tuning fork of an unknown frequency, 8 beats are heard within 2 seconds. What is a

possible value of the unknown frequency?

22. A projectile is launched horizontally with an initial speed v. The projectile reaches an observer situated 1,020 m horizontally from the launch point 2.00 s before

the observer hears the sound of the launch. The speed of sound in air is 340 m/s. The change in height is negligible. What is the initial speed of the projectile?

A. 6.80×102 m/s

B. 8.70×102 m/s

C. 1.02×103 m/s

D. 1.36×103 m/s

E. 1.50×103 m/s

23. Three resistors of 11 Ω, 22 Ω, and 33 Ω are connected in parallel. What is the equivalent resistance?

A. 0.67 Ω B. 6.0 Ω C. 24 Ω D. 33 Ω E. 66 Ω

24. Most batteries state the voltage that the battery can supply. However some batteries also include the quantity Ah, or ampere-hour. What is this quantity

measuring?

25. A conductor at point x is perpendicular to the page, and carries a conventional current downwards, into the page. What is a possible correct direction of the

magnetic field induced by the current-carrying conductor at the point P, away from the conductor?

A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 E. 5

26. The diagram shows part of an electrical circuit. Which of the following statements relates the currents I1, I2 and I3?

A. B. C. D. E.

27. A bar magnet is placed standing vertically with the north pole at the top. A coil of wire is open circuited, and dropped over the magnet. The coil is then closed-

circuited, and dropped again. How does the time of fall for the open-circuit drop compare to the time of fall for the closed-circuit drop?

A. same

B. longer

C. shorter

D. the coil will not fall when the circuit is closed

E. cannot be determined

28. A step-down transformer is connected to a high voltage line of 3.6 kV provides 120 V to a house. A hair dryer rated at 1.8 kW is connected to an outlet in the

house. Assuming that this is the only load in use, what is the ratio of the current in the primary coil to the current in the secondary coil of the transformer?

29. The large hadron collider is the world's largest and highest-energy particle accelerator. It was built in Switzerland at CERN to test the predictions of different

theories of particle and high-energy physics. In particular, it is hoped that the LHC will provide evidence for the existence of a currently predicted but unobserved

particle. What is this particle?

A. positron

B. triton

C. Higgs boson

D. Bose-Einstein hadron

E. Hawking particle

30. The Nobel Prize in Physics for 2011 was shared by three American physicists for the discovery of the accelerated expansion of the Universe. What experimental

technique was used in this research?

B. very long baseline interferometry

C. observation of distant supernovae

D. gravitational lensing around a black hole

E. eclipsing in a binary pair of stars

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