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A DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN SCIENCE :

THE DIGESTIVE PROCESS

PREPARED BY:

XYZA C. MACAS

Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity

GREETING
“Good morning class.” “Good morning teachers!”

PRAYER
“Okay class. Mr./Ms.___, please “Classmates are you ready to pray?”
lead us in prayer.”
“Yes we are.”
“Lord, we thank You for this day that you have given.
Please help us understand our lessons and guide us in
everything we do. Thank You once again, Lord. In Jesus
name we pray, Amen.”

MOTIVATIONAL ACTIVITY

Food Roulette (Game of Food) Students will be divided into 5 groups – They will count
from 1-5 then they will be group according to the
number assigned to them. They will be arranged like in
this diagram:

BLACK BOARD

Group
Group 5
1

Group
Group 4
2
Group 3

Mechanics:
Round 1.
I was doing house chores and I think of …
“Jackfruit”.

Rules: Round 2.
One Student will read the Mechanics:

1. Groupings
2. The Teacher will say a Food Word and Group
1 will say another food from the last letter of
the food given by the Teacher, Then Group 2
will say another Food from the Last letter of
the food given by Group 1; Group 3 from
Group 2; Group 4 from Group 3; Group 5
from Group 4. (End)
3. Another Set will start - same sequence as No.
2. It will be 3 sets.

Tr One student will read the Rules:


ia
l:
1. Each Group will be given 3 seconds to
Teacher will say … “Fried
answer.
Chicken”
2. Brand Name is not allowed but Proper noun
will.
3. Beverage is allowed.
4. After Group 5, Teacher will begin another
set.
5. The team/s who get/s the highest score will
be the winner.
6. There will be three Group 5 will say “Suha”.
teachers who will be the
time keeper and will
help facilitate the game.
7. Price will be given to a
Group 1 will answer “_________”.
winner/s.
Group 2 will answer “_________”.
Group 3 will answer “_________”.
Group 4 will answer “_________”.
Group 5 will answer “_________”.
Group 1 will say “Nuggets”.
Group 2 will say “Soup”.
Group 3 will say “Popcorn”.
Group 1 will answer “_________”.
Group 4 will say “Nuts”.
I went to Mall, while driving I am Group 2 will answer “_________”.
thinking of … “Seafood Marinara” Group 3 will answer “_________”.
for lunch. Group 4 will answer “_________”.
Group 5 will answer “_________”.

Round 3. Group 1 will answer “_________”.


I got hungry while Shopping and I Group 2 will answer “_________”.
TEACHER
am thinking of …ACTIVITY
“Ice cream” for STUDENT
Group 3 will answer ACTIVITY
“_________”.
PUZZLE
merienda.
Thank you. Tr. Warren. Okay class. Group 4 will answer “_________”.
Don’t return to your seats just yet. Group 5 will answer “_________”.
Let’s do another activity. Here are 5
envelopes. Yes, we are!
Choose one representative
Are you Hungry now? of your
group and proceed in front. (5 Students approaches in front
)
In a little while it will be lunch
Choose one envelope. Then proceed
already.
to your respective groups. (Students return to their groups with own envelopes
)

Now, open your envelopes and


identify the specific image and
discuss its function in 3minutes. (Student discussion
)

Okay, time is up! What have you


noticed with the pictures? They are parts of the
digestive system.

Yes. You have learned the following


parts in your previous year. Now will
III. LESSON PROPER
discuss the Digestive process in
detail. So with that what is the
function of the digestive
system?
The system responsible for food after we eat is Digestive
System.”
Yes. The digestive system Is
responsible for breakdown and
absorption of nutrients from food
thereby bringing energy for the We have have it!
body. So now, One representative
per group will discuss their The mouth offers an entry of food into the body. It is also
collaboration in front. Who where the mechanical breakdown begins.
among you have the mouth
image?

Okay! Be the first to discuss your


Salivary amylase!
work.

Good job! Yes!


The mouth breaks down food into
bits to facilitate transfer thru the
esophagus to the stomach.This is
a process called mastication. It
also serves as the initial stage of
digestion with the enzyme
converting carbohydrates. What is
that enzyme?

And now let’s follow the food as it


passes through the digestive
system. From the mouth, food
passes
through the? What connects the Esophagus!
mouth and stomach?

Yes. And who have the esophagus? The esophagus transact food from the mouth to the
Can you share your ideas? stomach by a movement.

That’s correct! So what do we call Peristalsis!


that rhythmic movement?
That’s right. So through peristalsis,
the food,or now called chyme,
goes through the cardiac sphincter,
a ring-shaped muscle where food
enters from esophagus to stomach
that prevents food reflux. The food
then is transported to the
stomach. So again, what is that
muscle that
prevent reflux? The cardiac sphincter!

Correct. Now, which group now


hold the stomach? Can you discuss
it in front? The stomach further forms the food into smaller portions
and contains HCl that aids digestion and destroys the
bacteria present in the ingested food. It also has pepsin
Yes that’s correct. Now, where the breaksdown protein into smaller forms.
does the food go after passing the
stomach?
Small intestines!
Now who among you the small
intestine picture? Please go in
front and discuss. The small intestine is where pancreatic juices aids in
digestion of protein, carbohydrates and fats. It is also
the longest part of the digestive system.
Yes, that’s correct. You may return
to your seat. Furthurmore in the
small intestine, bile acts on the
food. Bile is produced in the liver
Liver!
and stored in the gallbladder. It
break down fats into smaller Gallbladder!
droplets.

What organ produces bile?


How about the one that stores bile?
That’s correct! Small intestines the
remains of the digestion and
absorption are now enters the
large intestine who happens to be
in the
last group. The large intestine is composed by the ascending,
transverse and descending colon, the anus and rectum. It
is also where the appendix is. It also contains the feces
ready for excretion.
Yes, that true. You may now return
to your seat. The large intestine is
composed by the ascending,
transverse and descending colon,
the appendix, anus and rectum. It is
alsowhere absorption of water
occurs. The remains after water has
been absorbed are now called
STOOL or FECES then it will be
stored in the rectum then excrete
to
the anus.

So in summary, the digestive system


The mouth, esophagus, stomach, large and small intestines!
is composed of?
They are responsible for breakdown and absorption
of
nutrients from food thereby bringing energy for the body.
All are which function to do what?

Very good! Soow,


n I will turn you
over to Tr. Rose for the next activity.

IV. ASSESSMENT AND EVALUATION


TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY
EXAM
Direction: Choose the best answer One student will read the directions.
and write the letter on the space
provided. “Direction: Choose the best answer and write the
______ 1. Digestion is ___________. letter on the space provided.”
a. The breakdown of food into
smaller substance that can be
absorbed by the body
Students will be given 5 minutes to answer.
b. The breakdown of food in the
mouth which contains salivary
amylase
c. The breakdown of starches into
simple sugars to be easily
swallowed in the esophagus
d. The breakdown of protein into
smaller peptides.
______ 2. It is where the process of
digestion begins.
a. Tongue
b. Teeth
c. Mouth
d. Esophagus
______ 3. The enzyme which is
responsible for protein digestion.
a. Chyme
b. Salivary amylase
c. Pepsin
d. Hydrochloric acid

______ 4. A ring-shaped muscle


where food enters from esophagus to
stomach.
a. Pyloric sphincter
b. Cardiac sphincter
c. Epiglottis
d. Pyloric valve

______ 5. Where does the absorption


of water occur?
a. Stomach
b. Liver
c. Small intestine
d. Large intestine

CHECKING THE QUIZ


Exchange papers with your seatmates.
Who wants to read and answer number Students raise their hands.
1? “Ma’m”

1. Digestion is ___________.
a. The breakdown of food into smaller substance
What’s the answer? that can be absorbed by the body
b. The breakdown of food in the mouth which
“CORRECT!” contains salivary amylase
c. The breakdown of starches into simple sugars
Alright number 2. to be easily swallowed in the esophagus
(Teacher calls another student) d. The breakdown of protein into smaller
peptides.

The answer is A.
Okay! Great! Next let’s have number 3 .
(Teacher calls a student)

“Ma’m” (another student raises his/her hand)


2. It is where the process of digestion begins.
a. Tongue
b. Teeth
c. Mouth
d. Esophagus

The answer is C.

“Ma’am” (another student raises his/her


hand) 3. The enzyme which is responsible for
protein digestion.
a. Chyme
b. Salivary amylase
c. Pepsin
d. Hydrochloric acid
That is Right! It’s C.
The answer is C.
Let’s continue with number 4.
(Teacher calls another student)
“Ma’am” (students raise hands)
4. A ring-shaped muscle where food enters from
esophagus to stomach.
a. Pyloric sphincter
Okay! Correct!
b. Cardiac sphincter
Let’s have the last number.
c. Epiglottis
(Teacher calls another student)
d. Pyloric valve The answer is B.

Definitely right.
That’s all. Anyone has a question? “Ma’am” (Students raise hands)
5. Where does the absorption of water occur?
Alright class, who got 5? a. Stomach
b. Liver
Okay pass your papers. c. Small intestine
“Pass your papers according to your d. Large intestine
scores.”
“5” “4” “3” The answer is D.
“2” “1”
“0”
Students raise their hands.
V. ENRICHMENT

TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY


“Your assignment for tomorrow.” Please “List down three (3) digestive system disorders. Write
read…. down the causes and the ways on how to treat them.
Number 1

“Bring the following: cotton balls, ice candy plastic,


Number 2 two pieces of straw, rubber bands