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# CORCUERA NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

Corcuera, Romblon

## Detailed Lesson Plan in Pre – Service Teaching

Mathematics Grade – 9

Prepared by:

## MARK JOHN F. TANOJA

Pre – Service Teacher

Checked by:

GENEFER F. FALEJO
Cooperating Teacher

Approved by:

SST II/ OIC, CNHS
Detailed Lesson Plan in Final Demonstration

trigonometry.

## Performance Standard: The learner is able to apply the concepts of trigonometric

ratios to formulate and solve real – life problems with precision and accuracy

I. Objectives:
At the end of 60 – minute period, the students should be able to:
a) define concepts on angle of elevation and depression;
b) solve real – life problems that involve angles of elevation and depression;
and
c) demonstrate cooperation, diligence and critical – mindedness in doing the

## II. Subject Matter

Topic: Angle of Elevation and Depression
Reference: Mathematics Learner’s Material pages. 457 – 464, Teacher’s Guide
for Mathematics pages 287 – 290
Materials: power point presentation, visual aids, printed materials, tape measure
Strategies: Exposition, Guided Discovery and Problem Solving
Values Integrated: diligence/perseverance, cooperation and critical thinking
Subject Integrated: English and Science

III. Procedures
Teacher’s Activity Students’ Activity
A. Preparatory Activities
1. Prayer
Who will volunteer to lead the prayer?
( A student volunteers to lead the prayer)
2. Greetings
Good morning class.
Good morning Sir.
3. Checking of Attendance
Class monitor, who is absent today?
Nobody is absent Sir.
4. Review
Class, do you still remember our
lesson last meeting?
Yes Sir!
And what was our lesson?
Our previous lesson was all about
trigonometric ratios of Special Angles.
Very Good!
Now, who can explain further about
trigonometric ratios?
Sir!
The trigonometric ratios are special
measurements of a right triangle. The two
sides of a right triangle which formed the
right angle are called the legs, and the
third side, opposite the right angle is
called the hypotenuse.
Good job!
A way of remembering how to compute
the sine, cosine, and tangent of an angle
is to memorize the acronym
SOHCAHTOA. SOH stands for sine
equals opposite over hypotenuse. CAH
stands for cosine equals adjacent over
hypotenuse. TOA stands for tangent
equals opposite over adjacent.
Impressive!
How about the two special right
triangles?
The two special right triangles are the 30º
- 60º - 90º triangle and the isosceles 45º -
45º - 90º triangle.
Brilliant!
Now, who can explain the values of
trigonometric ratios of special
angles in a 45º - 45º - 90º triangle?
In 45º - 45º - 90º triangle, the exact values
of trigonometric ratios of special angles
√2
are; for sine and cosine 45º measures 2
and for tangent measures 1.
How about the values of
trigonometric ratios of special
angles in a 30º - 60º - 90º triangle?
In 30º - 60º - 90º triangle, the exact values
of trigonometric ratios of special angles
1
are; for sine 30º equals 2 , cosine 30º
√3 √3
equals , and tangent 30º equals . For
2 3
√3 1
sin60º equals 3 , for cos60º equals 2 and
tan60º equals √3.
Wow! You are awesome!
B. Lesson Proper
1. Motivation
Before we start our discussion,
let’s have an activity. So class,
brace yourself because our
activity will be very exciting, fun
and stimulating. We call it “Guhit
Bulaga Plus”, it is a phrase
guessing game. Here’s the
mechanics. On my left side will
be the group 1 and on my right
side will be the group 2. What
you have to do is each group will
choose a representative to be
the picturist for each round. The
goal of the game is to correctly
guess the phrase within 1 minute
and 30 seconds. The picturist is
the person who attempts to
illustrate the word or phrase on
the blackboard. The group must
then try to guess the word or
phrase that picturist draws. The
group who got many correct
Did you understand class?
Yes, Sir!
Let’s start!
(Words or Phrases)
“Line of sight”
“Angle of Depression”
“Tourist spot”
“Angle of Elevation”
“Valentine’s Day”
2. Presentation
Our lesson for today is all about
“Angle of Elevation and
Depression”. Who will volunteer
to read the objectives?
(Students volunteer to read.)
Objectives:
At the end of 60 – minute period,
the students should be able to:
a) define concepts on angle of
elevation and depression;
b) solve real – life problems that
involve angles of elevation and
depression; and
c) demonstrate cooperation, diligence
and critical – mindedness in doing

## Thank you very much!

3. Discussion
So, how do you feel right now
class?
Are you energized?
Yes Sir!
That’s awesome!
Class, suppose you are on top of
a mountain looking down at a
certain village, how will you
directly measure the height of
the mountain? Or an airplane is
flying a certain height above the
ground, is it possible to find
directly the distance along the
ground from the airplane to an
airport using a ruler?
Maybe, we can find the measure by using
different trigonometric ratios.
Nice idea!
So, there are some significant
terms you must know such as
line of sight, angle of elevation
and angle of depression in order
to understand better and solve
the problems.
Let’s find out using an activity. I
call it “Look Up! Look Down!
Then, group yourselves
according to the color of your
nametag. What you are going to
do is presented in a PowerPoint.
Procedure:
1. Use a tape measure to
measure the distance
between your eyes or feet.
2. Move around the room and
find an object that is at exact
height as your eyes and label
a picture (at least 3 objects).
3. Make an illustration of an
objects in a room that you
would have to look up to see
and objects that you would
have to look down to see (at
least 5 objects each).
4. If you are done, then post it
on the board.
(Students do the activity).
You’ve just learned unconsciously
some significant terms I mentioned
earlier.
So, who can define line of sight?
Line of sight is an imaginary line that
connects the eye of an observer to the
object being observed.
That’s correct!
How about the angle of elevation?
Angle of Elevation is the angle from
horizontal line of sight of the observer to
the object above.
Lastly, the angle of depression.
Who among of you, can define this
angle?
Angle of Depression is the angle from the
horizontal to the line of sight of the
observer to the object below.
Very good!
Here’s the illustration presented in a
PowerPoint:
Class, who can identify the segment
that represent the line of sight and
identify the angles that represent the
angle of elevation and depression?

A B

X Y

1. AB – line of sight
<CAB – angle of elevation
2. XY – line of sight
<YXZ – angle of depression
Fantastic!
You’ve just learned how to identify
and describe line of sight, angle of
elevation and angle of depression.
Trigonometric ratios are used to
solve problems involving angles of
elevation and depression.
Let’s take this as example.
Example:
A tower is 15.24 m high. At a
certain distance away from the
tower an observer determines that
the angle of elevation to the top of it
is 41º. How far is the observer from
the base of the tower?

## Who can illustrate the problem

for better understanding?
ILLUSTRATION:

Very good!
By illustrating the problem, what
figure is formed?
A triangle is formed by illustrating the
problem, so we can use now the different
trigonometric ratios.

15.24

41º
x

Very good!
Now, we can solve it!
Who can solve it on the board?
SOLUTION:
𝑂𝑃𝑃𝑂𝑆𝐼𝑇𝐸
tan 𝜃 =
𝐴𝐷𝐽𝐴𝐶𝐸𝑁𝑇
15.24
tan 41° =
𝑋
𝑋 tan 41° 15.24
=
tan 41° tan 41°

x = 17.53 m

That’s correct!
Let’s have another example.
Example:
An airplane is flying at a
height of 4 kilometers above the
ground. The distance along the
ground from the airplane to the
airport is 6 kilometers. What is the
angle of depression from the
airplane to the airport?

## Who can make an illustration of this

problem?
ILLUSTRATION:

SOLUTION:
𝑂𝑃𝑃𝑂𝑆𝐼𝑇𝐸
tanθ =
𝐴𝐷𝐽𝐴𝐶𝐸𝑁𝑇
4
tan 𝜃 =
6
tan 𝜃 = 0.6667
= tan−1(0.6667)
𝜃 = 33.69°

Very good!
Remember this class. If two legs of
the triangle are part of the problem,
then it is a tangent ratio. If the
hypotenuse is part of the problem,
then it is either a sine or cosine
ration.
Did you understand the lesson?
Yes Sir!
4. Generalization
As an overview, what is a line of
sight?
The line of sight is a straight line along
which an observer observes an object. It
is an imaginary line that stretches
between observer’s eye and the object
that he is looking at.
Who can tell to the class, what is
angle of elevation?
Angle of Elevation is an angle between
the horizontal and the line from the object
to the line of sight.
Then, what about the angle of
depression?
If the object is below the level of the
observer, then the angle between the
horizontal and the observer’s line of sight
is called the angle of depression.
That’s amazing!
5. Application
Group yourselves according
to the color of your nametag.
I have here an envelope and inside
of it are different instructions. After
doing the assigned task, choose a
representative and present your
work.
Do I make myself clear?
Yes, Sir!
Let’s start!
(Envelope 1,2,3 and 4)
Procedure:
1. Categorize the various
pictures according to the
tourist spots in our town.
2. Paste it on a provided
Cartolina paper and label or
name those pictures.
3. Solve the following problem
and illustrate it.
4. Post it on the board.
Pictures:
( * see other pictures attached at the
back)
Questions for Group:
1. The angle of elevation from a
boat to the top of a 92 –
meter “Panorama”is 12º. How
far is the boat from the base
of the “Panorama”?
2. A 12 m high “Siki it Elepante”
casts a 19 m shadow. Find
the angle of elevation to the
sun.
3. The top of a “Parola” is 125
m above the water. The
angle of depression from the
top of the of the “Parola” to a
fishing boat is 21º. How far is
the boat from the top of the
“Parola”
4. A 50 m rope is secured at the
top of the “Tiga Cross” and
tied 30 meters away from the
base. What is the angle of
elevation?

## Tourist Spots in Corcuera

“Panorama View Point”
“Foot Bridge or Bamboo Bridge”
“Tanro – Aw Friendship Park”
“Parola or San Roque Lighthouse”
“Tiga Cross”
“Cotta De San Jose Ruins”
“Siki it Elepante”
“Colong – Colong Beach”
“Guinrag – an Beach”
“Corcuera Municipal Hall”
“Mainit Spring”
Place that cannot be found in Corcuera
“Garing Falls in Odiongan,
Romblon”
“Northen part of Tablas(Calatrava)”
“Bantigue Resort, Looc Romblon”
“Tinagong Dagat Cave at Cobrador
Island”
“Guyangan Cave System, Banton”
“Bonbon Beach, Romblon,
Romblon”

1. d = 432.83 m
2. 𝜃 = 32° 17′
3. X = 348.80 m
4. X = 53º

IV. EVALUATION
Directions: Make an illustration out of the problem and solve the following.
1. A man is 400 meters away from the base of the “Parola”. The angle
of elevation to the top of the “Parola” is 46º. How high is the
“Parola”?
2. From the top of “Siki It Elepante” 250 m tall, a vessel is sighted on
the sea below. If the vessel is 170 m from the base of “siki It
elepante”, find the angle of depression of the vessel from the top of
“siki it elepante”.
1. X = 412.2 m
2. 𝜃 = 56° 47′
V. ASSIGNMENT
Solve the following problems. For each problem, illustrate and label a picture
ABC and use appropriate trigonometric ratios.
1. From the top of a tower, the angle of depression to a stake on the ground
is 52º. The top of the tower is 60 feet above the ground. How far is the
stake from the foot of the tower?
2. A ladder leaning against a house creates an angle of elevation of 60º. The
foot of the ladder is 7 feet from the foundation of the house. How long is