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Corcuera, Romblon

Mathematics Grade – 9

Prepared by:

Pre – Service Teacher

Checked by:

GENEFER F. FALEJO

Cooperating Teacher

Approved by:

LORDIEL F. FADERAGAO

SST II/ OIC, CNHS

Detailed Lesson Plan in Final Demonstration

trigonometry.

ratios to formulate and solve real – life problems with precision and accuracy

I. Objectives:

At the end of 60 – minute period, the students should be able to:

a) define concepts on angle of elevation and depression;

b) solve real – life problems that involve angles of elevation and depression;

and

c) demonstrate cooperation, diligence and critical – mindedness in doing the

task.

Topic: Angle of Elevation and Depression

Reference: Mathematics Learner’s Material pages. 457 – 464, Teacher’s Guide

for Mathematics pages 287 – 290

Materials: power point presentation, visual aids, printed materials, tape measure

Strategies: Exposition, Guided Discovery and Problem Solving

Values Integrated: diligence/perseverance, cooperation and critical thinking

Subject Integrated: English and Science

III. Procedures

Teacher’s Activity Students’ Activity

A. Preparatory Activities

1. Prayer

Who will volunteer to lead the prayer?

( A student volunteers to lead the prayer)

2. Greetings

Good morning class.

Good morning Sir.

3. Checking of Attendance

Class monitor, who is absent today?

Nobody is absent Sir.

4. Review

Class, do you still remember our

lesson last meeting?

Yes Sir!

And what was our lesson?

Our previous lesson was all about

trigonometric ratios of Special Angles.

Very Good!

Now, who can explain further about

trigonometric ratios?

Sir!

The trigonometric ratios are special

measurements of a right triangle. The two

sides of a right triangle which formed the

right angle are called the legs, and the

third side, opposite the right angle is

called the hypotenuse.

Good job!

Any addition?

A way of remembering how to compute

the sine, cosine, and tangent of an angle

is to memorize the acronym

SOHCAHTOA. SOH stands for sine

equals opposite over hypotenuse. CAH

stands for cosine equals adjacent over

hypotenuse. TOA stands for tangent

equals opposite over adjacent.

Impressive!

How about the two special right

triangles?

The two special right triangles are the 30º

- 60º - 90º triangle and the isosceles 45º -

45º - 90º triangle.

Brilliant!

Now, who can explain the values of

trigonometric ratios of special

angles in a 45º - 45º - 90º triangle?

In 45º - 45º - 90º triangle, the exact values

of trigonometric ratios of special angles

√2

are; for sine and cosine 45º measures 2

and for tangent measures 1.

How about the values of

trigonometric ratios of special

angles in a 30º - 60º - 90º triangle?

In 30º - 60º - 90º triangle, the exact values

of trigonometric ratios of special angles

1

are; for sine 30º equals 2 , cosine 30º

√3 √3

equals , and tangent 30º equals . For

2 3

√3 1

sin60º equals 3 , for cos60º equals 2 and

tan60º equals √3.

Wow! You are awesome!

B. Lesson Proper

1. Motivation

Before we start our discussion,

let’s have an activity. So class,

brace yourself because our

activity will be very exciting, fun

and stimulating. We call it “Guhit

Bulaga Plus”, it is a phrase

guessing game. Here’s the

mechanics. On my left side will

be the group 1 and on my right

side will be the group 2. What

you have to do is each group will

choose a representative to be

the picturist for each round. The

goal of the game is to correctly

guess the phrase within 1 minute

and 30 seconds. The picturist is

the person who attempts to

illustrate the word or phrase on

the blackboard. The group must

then try to guess the word or

phrase that picturist draws. The

group who got many correct

answer will receive reward.

Did you understand class?

Yes, Sir!

Let’s start!

(Words or Phrases)

“Line of sight”

“Angle of Depression”

“Tourist spot”

“Angle of Elevation”

“Valentine’s Day”

“Graduation Day”

2. Presentation

Our lesson for today is all about

“Angle of Elevation and

Depression”. Who will volunteer

to read the objectives?

(Students volunteer to read.)

Objectives:

At the end of 60 – minute period,

the students should be able to:

a) define concepts on angle of

elevation and depression;

b) solve real – life problems that

involve angles of elevation and

depression; and

c) demonstrate cooperation, diligence

and critical – mindedness in doing

the task.

3. Discussion

So, how do you feel right now

class?

Are you energized?

Yes Sir!

That’s awesome!

Class, suppose you are on top of

a mountain looking down at a

certain village, how will you

directly measure the height of

the mountain? Or an airplane is

flying a certain height above the

ground, is it possible to find

directly the distance along the

ground from the airplane to an

airport using a ruler?

Maybe, we can find the measure by using

different trigonometric ratios.

Nice idea!

So, there are some significant

terms you must know such as

line of sight, angle of elevation

and angle of depression in order

to understand better and solve

the problems.

Let’s find out using an activity. I

call it “Look Up! Look Down!

Then, group yourselves

according to the color of your

nametag. What you are going to

do is presented in a PowerPoint.

Procedure:

1. Use a tape measure to

measure the distance

between your eyes or feet.

2. Move around the room and

find an object that is at exact

height as your eyes and label

a picture (at least 3 objects).

3. Make an illustration of an

objects in a room that you

would have to look up to see

and objects that you would

have to look down to see (at

least 5 objects each).

4. If you are done, then post it

on the board.

(Students do the activity).

You’ve just learned unconsciously

some significant terms I mentioned

earlier.

So, who can define line of sight?

Line of sight is an imaginary line that

connects the eye of an observer to the

object being observed.

That’s correct!

How about the angle of elevation?

Angle of Elevation is the angle from

horizontal line of sight of the observer to

the object above.

Lastly, the angle of depression.

Who among of you, can define this

angle?

Angle of Depression is the angle from the

horizontal to the line of sight of the

observer to the object below.

Very good!

Here’s the illustration presented in a

PowerPoint:

Class, who can identify the segment

that represent the line of sight and

identify the angles that represent the

angle of elevation and depression?

A B

X Y

(Expected Answer)

1. AB – line of sight

<CAB – angle of elevation

2. XY – line of sight

<YXZ – angle of depression

Fantastic!

You’ve just learned how to identify

and describe line of sight, angle of

elevation and angle of depression.

Trigonometric ratios are used to

solve problems involving angles of

elevation and depression.

Let’s take this as example.

Example:

A tower is 15.24 m high. At a

certain distance away from the

tower an observer determines that

the angle of elevation to the top of it

is 41º. How far is the observer from

the base of the tower?

for better understanding?

ILLUSTRATION:

Very good!

By illustrating the problem, what

figure is formed?

A triangle is formed by illustrating the

problem, so we can use now the different

trigonometric ratios.

15.24

41º

x

Very good!

Now, we can solve it!

Who can solve it on the board?

SOLUTION:

𝑂𝑃𝑃𝑂𝑆𝐼𝑇𝐸

tan 𝜃 =

𝐴𝐷𝐽𝐴𝐶𝐸𝑁𝑇

15.24

tan 41° =

𝑋

𝑋 tan 41° 15.24

=

tan 41° tan 41°

x = 17.53 m

That’s correct!

Let’s have another example.

Example:

An airplane is flying at a

height of 4 kilometers above the

ground. The distance along the

ground from the airplane to the

airport is 6 kilometers. What is the

angle of depression from the

airplane to the airport?

problem?

ILLUSTRATION:

SOLUTION:

𝑂𝑃𝑃𝑂𝑆𝐼𝑇𝐸

tanθ =

𝐴𝐷𝐽𝐴𝐶𝐸𝑁𝑇

4

tan 𝜃 =

6

tan 𝜃 = 0.6667

= tan−1(0.6667)

𝜃 = 33.69°

Very good!

Remember this class. If two legs of

the triangle are part of the problem,

then it is a tangent ratio. If the

hypotenuse is part of the problem,

then it is either a sine or cosine

ration.

Did you understand the lesson?

Yes Sir!

4. Generalization

As an overview, what is a line of

sight?

The line of sight is a straight line along

which an observer observes an object. It

is an imaginary line that stretches

between observer’s eye and the object

that he is looking at.

Who can tell to the class, what is

angle of elevation?

Angle of Elevation is an angle between

the horizontal and the line from the object

to the line of sight.

Then, what about the angle of

depression?

If the object is below the level of the

observer, then the angle between the

horizontal and the observer’s line of sight

is called the angle of depression.

That’s amazing!

5. Application

Group yourselves according

to the color of your nametag.

I have here an envelope and inside

of it are different instructions. After

doing the assigned task, choose a

representative and present your

work.

Do I make myself clear?

Yes, Sir!

Let’s start!

(Envelope 1,2,3 and 4)

Procedure:

1. Categorize the various

pictures according to the

tourist spots in our town.

2. Paste it on a provided

Cartolina paper and label or

name those pictures.

3. Solve the following problem

and illustrate it.

4. Post it on the board.

Pictures:

( * see other pictures attached at the

back)

Questions for Group:

1. The angle of elevation from a

boat to the top of a 92 –

meter “Panorama”is 12º. How

far is the boat from the base

of the “Panorama”?

2. A 12 m high “Siki it Elepante”

casts a 19 m shadow. Find

the angle of elevation to the

sun.

3. The top of a “Parola” is 125

m above the water. The

angle of depression from the

top of the of the “Parola” to a

fishing boat is 21º. How far is

the boat from the top of the

“Parola”

4. A 50 m rope is secured at the

top of the “Tiga Cross” and

tied 30 meters away from the

base. What is the angle of

elevation?

(Expected Answers)

“Anradoon Peak”

“Panorama View Point”

“Foot Bridge or Bamboo Bridge”

“Tanro – Aw Friendship Park”

“Parola or San Roque Lighthouse”

“Tiga Cross”

“Cotta De San Jose Ruins”

“Siki it Elepante”

“Colong – Colong Beach”

“Guinrag – an Beach”

“Corcuera Municipal Hall”

“Mainit Spring”

Place that cannot be found in Corcuera

“Garing Falls in Odiongan,

Romblon”

“Northen part of Tablas(Calatrava)”

“Bantigue Resort, Looc Romblon”

“Tinagong Dagat Cave at Cobrador

Island”

“Guyangan Cave System, Banton”

“Bonbon Beach, Romblon,

Romblon”

1. d = 432.83 m

2. 𝜃 = 32° 17′

3. X = 348.80 m

4. X = 53º

IV. EVALUATION

Directions: Make an illustration out of the problem and solve the following.

1. A man is 400 meters away from the base of the “Parola”. The angle

of elevation to the top of the “Parola” is 46º. How high is the

“Parola”?

2. From the top of “Siki It Elepante” 250 m tall, a vessel is sighted on

the sea below. If the vessel is 170 m from the base of “siki It

elepante”, find the angle of depression of the vessel from the top of

“siki it elepante”.

(Expected Answer)

1. X = 412.2 m

2. 𝜃 = 56° 47′

V. ASSIGNMENT

Solve the following problems. For each problem, illustrate and label a picture

ABC and use appropriate trigonometric ratios.

1. From the top of a tower, the angle of depression to a stake on the ground

is 52º. The top of the tower is 60 feet above the ground. How far is the

stake from the foot of the tower?

2. A ladder leaning against a house creates an angle of elevation of 60º. The

foot of the ladder is 7 feet from the foundation of the house. How long is

the ladder?

3. A tree 38 feet high casts a shadow 75 feet long. Find the measure of the

angle of elevation of the sun.

4. From the top the lighthouse 325 feet high, the angle of depression of a

boat is 34º. Find the distance from the boat to the foot of the lighthouse.

5. A boy who is flying a kite lets out 191 feet of string which makes an angle

of 25º with the ground. How far away is a point on the ground directly

under the kite?

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