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Document No:

Hardness Testing HT/ASME


Rev1
Procedure for
LenTon NDT Industrial
Services (Pty) Ltd Date: 6 April 2016
Page No. : 1 of 4

HT/ ASME REV 1

HARDNESS TESTING PROCEDURE

INDEX:

1. SCOPE

2. PURPOSE

3. REFERENCES

4. QUALIFICATION OF PERSONNEL

5. EQUIPMENT

6. PROCEDURE

7. ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

8. UNACCEPTABLE WELDS / ITEMS

9. REPORTING

10. DISTRIBUTION OF REPORTS

11. APPENDIX A - TECHNIQUE SHEET

12. APPENDIX B - REPORT FORM

REVISION PREPARED DATE SIGNATURE LEVEL III DATE SIGNATURE


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NUMBER BY APPROVAL

1 Tanja van Rooyen 2016-04-06


1. SCOPE
This procedure covers hardness testing of materials in the absence of a customer's specific written procedure.

2. PURPOSE
This procedure defines the minimum requirements for hardness testing with portable equipment on production
welds and base materials performed for or on behalf of LenTon NDT Industrial Services (Pty) Ltd.

3. REFERENCES
1. The relevant specification will be indicated in the technique sheet.
2. Equipment Manufacturers instructions.

4. QUALIFICATION OF PERSONNEL
Personnel performing hardness testing to this procedure shall be familiar with the contents of this procedure and have
adequate training and experience in using the SADT 2000 Hardness tester and is certified competent by LenTon NDT
Industrial Services (Pty) Ltd.

5. EQUIPMENT
5.1 SADT 2000 Hardness tester can measure hardness in the following units:
A – Hardness Brinell
B – Hardness Rockwell
C – Vickers

5.2 Manufacturer approved Standard hardness reference Block.

6. PROCEDURE
6.1 GENERAL
 Hardness testing equipment shall meet the requirements of the client.
 The accuracy of the equipment shall be verified by a test made on the approved standard hardness reference
block.
 Calibration shall be checked on a daily basis
 or
 before commencement of hardness testing
 or
 change of material
 at the start of every shift.

6.2 PERFORMANCE CHECK


It is accomplished by measuring the selected hardness value of the standard test block.
Proceed as follows:
A. Clean the impact device.
B. Perform an impact measurement test on the Standard hardness reference Block. Usually 1 or 2 test impacts
will be sufficient. The spacing of the impacts from the edge of the block should be no less than 5mm.
C. Read the hardness value and compare it with the reference value. The instrument is functioning properly
when each measured value falls within 10% of the reference range. With deviations which exceed 10% of
the reference value, the instrument shall no longer be used and returned to the manufacturer or a
representative for servicing and / or repair, with subsequent calibration.

6.3. SURFACE PREPARATION


 Impact surface shall have a grit finish of at least 120 and etched using a solution of Sodium chloride and water.
 After hardness testing the area shall be sufficiently rinsed with clean water to prevent corrosion.
 For repeatable results the following requirements are necessary:
 The contact surface of the area under test shall be flat, plane, parallel and ground.

6.4. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS


 After turning on the instrument, a 5 second wait is required for an internal systems check.
 Subsequent testing requires no waiting time.
 Inadequate coupling of the impact device produces large value deviations.

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6.5. NUMBER OF IMPACTS PER MEASURING AREA
 Each measuring area shall be tested with between 2 to 5 impacts; these shall be averaged to obtain the
individual hardness value.
 Only one impact shall be carried out on the exact same impact point.
 Minimum spacing between impact points shall be no closer than 3mm.

6.6. EXTENT OF HARDNESS TESTING


This will be determined by the individual client requirements.

7. ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
The minimum and maximum acceptable limits shall be as specified by the client or material specifications.

 ASME B31-3 2014


 B31.1 2014
 ASME VIII Div 1 2015
 ASME II 2015
 SP 90-17
 SP 90-1

8. UNACCEPTABLE WELDS / ITEMS


8.1 When hardness values exceed the minimum or maximum allowable limits, additional impressions shall be made on the
same item as near to the original impression as practically possible to verify the reading and its extent.
8.2 When the additional tests indicate excessive hardness, the item shall be rejected.
8.3 When heat treatment is performed on the rejected item in an effort to correct the excessive hardness, the
Item shall be retested.

9. REPORTING
All hardness test findings shall be reported and submitted to the client and a copy of the original report
shall be maintained on file.

10. DISTRIBUTION OF REPORTS

10.1 LenTon NDT Industrial Services (Pty) Ltd shall forward the original typed and signed report to the client as
soon as possible.

10.2 LenTon NDT Industrial Services (Pty) Ltd shall maintain a copy of this report on file for a minimum of 5 years.

10.3 A copy of the report shall be made available to the technician as a matter of personal record keeping.

APPENDIX 1

TECHNIQUE SHEET

A. METHOD FOR WELDMENTS

GAUGE POINTS

A = PARENT MATERIAL
B = HEAT AFFECTED ZONE
C = WELD

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B. METHOD FOR CURVED SURFACES

AREA OF IMPACT TO BE BLENDED SMOOTH

APPENDIX 2

HARDNESS TEST REPORT