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MTE-11

1
A
ASSIGNM
MENT BO
OOKLET
T

Bachelor’ss Degree Programm


P me
(B.Scc./B.A./B.C
Com.)

PRO TY AND STATIST


OBABILIT TICS

(Vallid from 1st Januarry, 2019 to 31st Deccember, 22019)

It is com
mpulsory to
o submit the Assignm
ment before
e filling in the
Term-En nd Examinaation Form.

Sch
hool of Scien
nces
Indira Gandhi National Open
O Univeersity
M
Maidan Gaarhi, New Delhi-11006
D 68

(2019)
Dear Student,

Please read the section on assignments in the Programme Guide for Elective Courses that we sent you
after your enrolment. A weightage of 30 per cent, as you are aware, has been earmarked for continuous
evaluation, which would consist of one tutor-marked assignment for this course. The assignment is in
this booklet.

Instructions for Formatting Your Assignments

Before attempting the assignment please read the following instructions carefully.

1) On top of the first page of your answer sheet, please write the details exactly in the following format:

ROLL NO.: ……………………………………………

NAME: ……………………………………………

ADDRESS: ……………………………………………

……………………………………………

……………………………………………
COURSE CODE: …………………………….
COURSE TITLE: …………………………….
ASSIGNMENT NO.: ………………………….…
STUDY CENTRE: ………………………..….. DATE: ……………………….………………...

PLEASE FOLLOW THE ABOVE FORMAT STRICTLY TO FACILITATE EVALUATION AND


TO AVOID DELAY.

2) Use only foolscap size writing paper (but not of very thin variety) for writing your answers.
3) Leave 4 cm margin on the left, top and bottom of your answer sheet.
4) Your answers should be precise.
5) While solving problems, clearly indicate which part of which question is being solved.
6) This assignment is to be submitted to the Study Centre as per the schedule made by the study centre.
Answer sheets received after the due date shall not be accepted.
We strongly suggest that you retain a copy of your answer sheets.
7) This assignment is valid only upto December, 2019. If you have failed in this assignment or fail to
submit it by December, 2019, then you need to get the assignment for the year 2020 and submit it as
per the instructions given in the programme guide.
8) You cannot fill the Exam Form for this course till you have submitted this assignment. So solve it
and submit it to your study centre at the earliest.

We wish you good luck.

2
Assignment
(To be done after studying all the blocks)

Course Code: MTE-11


Assignment Code: MTE-11/TMA/2019
Maximum Marks: 100

1. a) The life of the bulbs produced by two companies A and B are given below:

Length of life Company A Company B


(in hours) (No. of bulbs) (No. of bulbs)
500-700 5 4
700-900 11 30
900-1100 26 12
1100-1300 10 8
1300-1500 8 6
60 60

which company’s bulbs are more consistent from the point of view of length of life?
Give reasons for your answer. (5)

1 2
b) There are two coins – one unbiased with P(H) = , the other biased with P(H) = .
2 5
One of these coins is selected and tossed 5 times. If the head comes up at least twice,
the coin is assumed to be unbiased. Find the level of significance and power of the
test. (5)

2. a) Given that the regression equations of Y on X and of X on Y are respectively Y = X


and 4X − Y = 3, and the second moment of X about the origin is 2, find

i) the means of X and Y;

ii) the correlation coefficient between X and Y;

iii) the standard deviation of Y. (5)

b) If 20% of the memory chips made in a certain plant are defective, find the probability
that in a lot of 100 randomly chosen chips for inspection

i) at most 15 chips will be defective,

ii) the number of defectives will be between 15 and 25. (5)

3. a) 15 market stocks had the following percentage changes in value over the past years:

3 0 6 −5 −2

5 − 18 20 14 18

− 10 10 50 − 20 14

3
Compute the range, median, 20th percentile and inter-quartile distance for this data. (4)

b) The joint p.d.f. of two random variables X and Y is given below:

⎧6xy 2 ; 0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1
f ( x , y) = ⎨
⎩ 0; otherwise.

Find P(2Y + x ≥ 1). (3)

c) For a Poisson distributed random variable X, P (X = 4) = P (X = 5). Find the mean


and variance of the distribution. (3)

4. a) If a random variable X 1 has mean 4 and variance 9, while the random variable X 2
has mean − 2 and variance 5, and the two are independent, find

i) E (2X1 + X 2 − 5)

ii) Var (2X 1 + X 2 − 5) . (4)

b) For the random variable X with density function

⎧2 e −2 x ; x ≥ 0
f (x) = ⎨
⎩0 ; x < 0.

Find

i) the mean μ and variance σ 2 ;

ii) P [ X − μ ≥ 1] .

Use Chebyshev’s inequality to obtain an upper bound on P [ X − μ ≥ 1] and compare


with the result obtained in part (ii). (6)

5. a) If A1 , A 2 and A 3 are independent events, then check whether or not

i) A 1 and A c2 are independent;

ii) A 1 and A c2 ∪ A 3c are independent. (4)

b) Let X1 , X 2 ,..., X n be a random sample from a Poisson distribution with parameter λ .


Find an estimator of λ using

i) the method of moments;

ii) the method of maximum likelihood.

Also, compare the estimators obtained in parts i) and ii). (6)

6. a) A manufacturing firm produces steel pipes in three plants with daily production
volume of 500, 1000 and 2000 units, respectively. According to past experience, it is

4
known that the fraction of defective outputs produced by the three plants are 0.005,
0.008 and 0.010, respectively. If a pipe is selected from a day’s total production and
found to be defective, then

i) find the probability that it came from the first plant,

ii) identify most likely plant which has produced it. (6)

b) Let X1 , X 2 ,..., X16 be a random sample from a N(μ, σ 2 ) with σ 2 = 25 and sample
mean X = 60 . Find a 95% confidence interval for μ . (4)

7. a) Find the mean deviation from mean for the following data: (3)

Marks No. of Students


20 2
18 4
16 9
14 18
12 27
10 25
8 14
6 1

b) Let X1 , X 2 ,..., X n be a random sample from a Binomial distribution with parameters n


and p, both unkown. Obtain estimators of n and p, using method of moments. (4)

c) Let X be a random variable with density function

⎧2
⎪ if x ≥ 1
f (x) = ⎨ x 3
⎪⎩0 otherwise

Show that E(X) exists and E(X) = 2 but Var (X) does not exist. (3)

8. a) Let X1 , X 2 ,...X n be a random sample from a distribution with density function

⎧θ −1 e − x / θ , θ > 0, if x > 0
f ( x, θ) = ⎨
⎩0 , otherwise

n
Show that X = n −1 ∑X
i =1
i is unbiased for θ . (4)

b) A dice is tossed 120 times with the following results:

Number turned up Frequency


1 30
2 25
3 18
4 10

5
5 22
6 15

Test the hypothesis that the dice is unbiased. (6)

9. a) The joint density function of the random variables X and Y is given by


X2 +Y2
1 −
f ( X, Y ) = e 2
,−∞ < X, Y < ∞

Prove that X and Y are independent. (4)

b) An explosion in a factory manufacturing explosives can occur because of (i) leakage


of electricity, (ii) defects in machinery, (iii) carelessness of workers and (iv)
conspiracy, whose probabilities are respectively 0.25, 0.2, 0.5 and 0.75. The
probability that

i) there is a leakage of electricity is 0.2.

ii) the machinery is defective is 0.3.

iii) the workers are careless is 0.4.

iv) there is a conspiracy is 0.1.

Which is the most likely cause of explosion? (6)

10. Which of the following statements are true or false? Give a short proof or a counter
example in support of your answer. (10)

i) If the correlation coefficient between x and y is 0.75, then the correlation


coefficient between (2 + 5x ) and (−2 y + 3) is − 0.75 .

2
ii) If P(A) = 0.5, P(A ∪ B) = 0.7 and A and B are independent events, then P(B) = .
5
n
X i2
iii) Let X1 , X 2 ,..., X n be a random sample of size n from N(0, σ 2 ). Then S02 = ∑
i =1 σ2
follows normal distribution.

iv) A maximum likelihood estimator is always unbiased.

v) The mean deviation is least when deviations are taken about the mean.