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Encuentro de la Union Europea con Latinoamerica en Energias Renovables

PROJECT CASE: Biogas recovery and electricity generation from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) ponds

Carolina Galleguillos Ecofys, October 2006

recovery and electricity generation from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) ponds Carolina Galleguillos Ecofys, October 2006

Ecofys

Content

• Ecofys

• General background

• Technical background

• CDM background

• Financial background

Ecofys Content • Ecofys • General background • Technical background • CDM background • Financial background

Ecofys

Econcern

Econcern bv Legal Controller Recursos Humanos Marketing Servicios Sistemas de Información Ecostream bv Ecofys bv
Econcern bv
Legal
Controller
Recursos Humanos
Marketing
Servicios
Sistemas de Información
Ecostream bv
Ecofys bv
Evelop bv
Ecoventures bv
Recursos Humanos Marketing Servicios Sistemas de Información Ecostream bv Ecofys bv Evelop bv Ecoventures bv

Encuentro de la Union Europea con Latinoamerica en Energias Renovables

General background of the project

Encuentro de la Union Europea con Latinoamerica en Energias Renovables General background of the project

Ecofys

Project Participants

PALCASA/EECOPALSA Project owners

BIOTEC Technology supplier

ECOFYS CDM advisor

Participants • PALCASA/EECOPALSA Project owners • BIOTEC Technology supplier • ECOFYS CDM advisor

Ecofys

Project location

The village of El Castaño, Guaymitas, city of El Progreso, department of Yoro, Honduras

Ecofys Project location The village of El Castaño, Guaymitas, city of El Progreso, department of Yoro,
Ecofys Project location The village of El Castaño, Guaymitas, city of El Progreso, department of Yoro,

Ecofys

Technical description of PALCASA

• The facility process an average of 100,000 tons of palm fruit per year

• Fruit grinding capacity:

30 tons per hour.

• Raw oil production:

about 16,000 tonnes resulting

• Palm Oil mill effluent:

approximately 68,000 m³ per year

hour. • Raw oil production: about 16,000 tonnes resulting • Palm Oil mill effluent: approximately 68,000
hour. • Raw oil production: about 16,000 tonnes resulting • Palm Oil mill effluent: approximately 68,000
hour. • Raw oil production: about 16,000 tonnes resulting • Palm Oil mill effluent: approximately 68,000

Ecofys

Initial wastewater treatment

The current system of residual water processing at PALCASA consists of 8 open lagoons with a biogas emission of around 3 million m³ per year. Additionally the system creates a number of environmental problems.

a biogas emission of around 3 million m³ per year. Additionally the system creates a number
a biogas emission of around 3 million m³ per year. Additionally the system creates a number

Encuentro de la Union Europea con Latinoamerica en Energias Renovables

Technical background of the project

Encuentro de la Union Europea con Latinoamerica en Energias Renovables Technical background of the project

Ecofys

Biotec Anaerobic system

FIBRA

RAQUIS

FIBRA RAQUIS CO-COMPOSTAJE  

CO-COMPOSTAJE

 
Con LODOS  
Con LODOS  

Con LODOS

 
 
  ACEITE  

ACEITE

 

EXTRACTORA

 

TEA

 
  BIOGAS CALDERA / VEHICULOS

BIOGAS

  BIOGAS CALDERA / VEHICULOS

CALDERA / VEHICULOS

EFLUENTES

 
 
    MOTOR BIOGAS / DUAL
 

MOTOR BIOGAS / DUAL

LAGUNA ANAEROBIA LAGUNA (S) POSTTO. EFL. TRATADO
LAGUNA ANAEROBIA
LAGUNA ANAEROBIA
LAGUNA
ANAEROBIA
LAGUNA (S) POSTTO.
LAGUNA (S)
POSTTO.

EFL. TRATADO

 
   
 
   
   
 

LODOS

 
FERTI-IRRIGACION

FERTI-IRRIGACION

 
   
 

FERTI-IRRIGACION

 

CO-COMPOSTAJE

FILTRO BANDA

 

Con RAQUIS

    FERTI-IRRIGACION   CO-COMPOSTAJE FILTRO BANDA   Con RAQUIS CULTIVO  

CULTIVO

 
    FERTI-IRRIGACION   CO-COMPOSTAJE FILTRO BANDA   Con RAQUIS CULTIVO   RIO
RIO
RIO
    FERTI-IRRIGACION   CO-COMPOSTAJE FILTRO BANDA   Con RAQUIS CULTIVO   RIO

Ecofys

SISTEMA DE TRATAMIENTO

- Enfriamiento

- Movimiento de tierra

- Impermeabilización inferior

- Alimentación / Rebose

- Purga / Agitación / Recirculación

- Electricidad

- Instrumentación

inferior - Alimentación / Rebose - Purga / Agitación / Recirculación - Electricidad - Instrumentación
inferior - Alimentación / Rebose - Purga / Agitación / Recirculación - Electricidad - Instrumentación
inferior - Alimentación / Rebose - Purga / Agitación / Recirculación - Electricidad - Instrumentación

Ecofys

MANEJO DEL BIOGAS

- Captación (carpa)

- Succión

- Conducción

- Filtración (H2S, H2O)

(carpa) - Succión - Conducción - Filtración (H2S, H2O) - Sistemas de seguridad - Tea -

- Sistemas de seguridad

- Tea

- Uso (Calderas, motores, vehículos)

- Succión - Conducción - Filtración (H2S, H2O) - Sistemas de seguridad - Tea - Uso
- Succión - Conducción - Filtración (H2S, H2O) - Sistemas de seguridad - Tea - Uso

Ecofys

Instrumentacion PLC

Desarrollo por BIOTEC de un Programa “IP-BIO” para el monitoreo de los sistemas MDL de captación y aprovechamiento del biogas de las lagunas de tratamiento.

El Programa IP-BIO permite el monitoreo a distancia por telemetría, la entrega rutinaria de reportes de diferentes niveles, incluyendo un reporte semestral a Naciones Unidas (UNFCCC) y un sistema de alarmas en caso de fallas

diferentes niveles, incluyendo un reporte semestral a Naciones Unidas (UNFCCC) y un sistema de alarmas en

Ecofys

EECOPALSA Biogas Plant

•5 lagoons and two anaerobic lagoons covered with a floating plastic membranes to capture the biogas

•Biogas will be used to generate electricity and sale it to the national grid

plastic membranes to capture the biogas •Biogas will be used to generate electricity and sale it
plastic membranes to capture the biogas •Biogas will be used to generate electricity and sale it

Encuentro de la Union Europea con Latinoamerica en Energias Renovables

CDM background of the project

Encuentro de la Union Europea con Latinoamerica en Energias Renovables CDM background of the project

Ecofys

Baseline methodology used

Ecofys Baseline methodology used • The project falls into the simplified modalities.Methodology used: I D renewable

• The project falls into the simplified modalities.Methodology used: I D renewable generation to a grid and III D methane recovery

• Total emission reduction 27,000 ton CO2/year

•First POME Project in Latin America registered at the UNFCCC

• Gold standard project

reduction 27,000 ton CO2/year •First POME Project in Latin America registered at the UNFCCC • Gold

Ecofys

Purchase of Canadian Government

The Canadian Goverment purchased part of the emission reduction of this project to offset all emissions from local transportation and and accomodations of the COP 11 delegates

reduction of this project to offset all emissions from local transportation and and accomodations of the
reduction of this project to offset all emissions from local transportation and and accomodations of the
reduction of this project to offset all emissions from local transportation and and accomodations of the

Encuentro de la Union Europea con Latinoamerica en Energias Renovables

Financial background of the project

Encuentro de la Union Europea con Latinoamerica en Energias Renovables Financial background of the project

Ecofys

Biogas valorization

•Energy-electricity generation

Installed capacity 1 MW Expected electricity generation 5.5 GWh per year Electricity price for renewable 0.6 cUS$/KWh

•Carbon Credits

Average yearly CO2 emission reduction: 27,000 ton Price paid 13.5 euro/ton CO2

renewable 0.6 cUS$/KWh •Carbon Credits Average yearly CO2 emission reduction: 27,000 ton Price paid 13.5 euro/ton

Ecofys

Financials

• Investment: 1.7 million US$

• O&M: 150,000 US$/year

• Verification : 10,000 US$/year

• Income through sales of electricity: 330,000 US$ per year

• Carbon income: 430,000 US$ per year

• Pay back time (with carbon revenues): 2.8 years

330,000 US$ per year • Carbon income: 430,000 US$ per year • Pay back time (with

Ecofys

Thank you for your atention

Carolina Galleguillos C.galleguillos@ecofys.nl +31 30 2807838

Ecofys Thank you for your atention Carolina Galle g uillos C.galleguillos@ecofys.nl +31 30 2807838