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2 (de) vizualizări5 paginiMATLAB Practice Circuits

Jun 04, 2019

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MATLAB Practice Circuits

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2 (de) vizualizări

MATLAB Practice Circuits

© All Rights Reserved

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You need to have MATLAB installed on your PC. Your MATLAB version must be 8.5 (R2015a) or later, so that you

don’t have problems while opening the files. I can convert the files to versions lower than 8.5 but still there will be

some problems which will need to be resolved. To avoid those problems your MATLAB version must be 8.5 or later…

Price in Price in

Projects with Short description PKR USD

1. Buck Converter with Controller (simple PWM controller with resettable integrator )

Complete Simulink model of Buck (Step down DC-DC) converter with feedback controller. The controller compares the

output voltage with a reference value, the difference is amplified and then integrated with a resettable integrator which

is reset with a clock pulse having frequency 10KHz (Switching frequency, you can change the switching frequency).

Each clock pulse reset the integrator to zero and in this way a saw tooth wave of frequency 10KHz (same as the

frequency of the clock pulse) is generated which is again compared with the reference value of voltage to get a PWM Rs.700/- 5USD

signal. The model is accurately designed to give output voltage very close to the reference value of the voltage. Visit

the link given below to watch full tutorial/demonstration:

https://youtu.be/wTJWtaEh_RM

Results for varying input voltage:

https://www.dropbox.com/s/lxopeuhwxnaz8xg/Buck_graphs_I.png?dl=0

This is a complete Simulink model of Buck converter with feedback PID controller. The controller compares the output

voltage with a reference value and the difference is given to a PID controller which outputs duty cycle for a PWM Rs.700/- 5USD

generator. The PID controller accurately adjusts the duty cycle of PWM and thus the converter gives voltage output

very close to the reference value.

https://www.dropbox.com/s/phlrfvnv2p6pw8s/Buck_graph_PID.png?dl=0

This is a complete Simulink model of Buck converter with feedback PI controller. The controller compares the output

voltage with a reference value and the difference is given to a PI controller which outputs duty cycle for a PWM Rs.700/- 5USD

generator. The PI controller accurately adjusts the duty cycle of PWM and thus the converter gives voltage output very

close to the reference value.

https://www.dropbox.com/s/w9omg671i9p8vfg/Buck_graph_PI.png?dl=0

4. Boost Converter with Controller (simple PWM controller with resettable integrator )

This is a Complete Simulink model of Boost (Step up DC-DC) converter with feedback controller. The controller

compares the output voltage with a reference value, the difference is amplified and then integrated with a resettable

integrator which is reset with a clock pulse having frequency 10KHz (Switching frequency, you can change the

switching frequency). Each clock pulse reset the integrator to zero and in this way a saw tooth wave of frequency

10KHz (same as the frequency of the clock pulse) is generated which is again compared with the reference value of Rs.700/- 5USD

voltage to get a PWM signal. The model is accurately designed to give output voltage very close to the reference value

of the voltage. Visit the link given below to watch full tutorial/demonstration:

https://youtu.be/kh54Sh-8lYo

5. Buck-Boost Converter with Controller (simple PWM controller with resettable integrator )

This is a Complete Simulink model of Buck-Boost (Step up/down DC-DC) converter with feedback controller. The

controller compares the output voltage with a reference value, the difference is amplified and then integrated with a

resettable integrator which is reset with a clock pulse having frequency 10KHz (Switching frequency, you can change

the switching frequency). Each clock pulse reset the integrator to zero and in this way a saw tooth wave of frequency

10KHz (same as the frequency of the clock pulse) is generated which is again compared with the reference value of Rs.700/- 5USD

voltage to get a PWM signal. The model is accurately designed to give output voltage very close to the reference value

of the voltage. Visit the link given below to watch full tutorial/demonstration:

https://youtu.be/TNV6SUDMkMI

6. Buck-Boost Converter with OCC Controller

This is a Complete Simulink model of Buck-Boost (Step up/down DC-DC) converter with feedback controller. The OCC

(One Cycle Controller) controlled system consists of integrator, comparator and controller. Controller is generally RS Rs.1000/- 7USD

Flip-Flop. It also returns the error to the resettable input of the integrator. The model is accurately designed to give

output voltage very close to the reference value of the voltage.

Output voltage of a common Buck-Boost converter is negative. This converter is designed to get a positive voltage

Buck-Boost configuration. The model is accurately designed to give output voltage very close to the reference value of Rs.1000/- 7USD

the voltage. Visit the link given below to watch a video demonstration:

https://youtu.be/agtzXBKbvUA

8. Cuk Converter with Controller (simple PWM controller with resettable integrator )

This is a Complete Simulink model of Cuk (Step up/down DC-DC) converter with feedback controller. The controller

compares the output voltage with a reference value, the difference is amplified and then integrated with a resettable

integrator which is reset with a clock pulse having frequency 10KHz (Switching frequency, you can change the Rs.700/- 5USD

switching frequency). Each clock pulse reset the integrator to zero and in this way a saw tooth wave of frequency

10KHz (same as the frequency of the clock pulse) is generated which is again compared with the reference value of

voltage to get a PWM signal. The model is accurately designed to give output voltage very close to the reference value

of the voltage.

Open the links given below and watch full video tutorial/demonstration.

https://youtu.be/wiu2rrkSzvM Rs.700/- 5USD

https://youtu.be/k50JqKHLsn0

This special type of inverter not only inverts the input DC voltage but also step it up without using any transformer. To

watch a video tutorial/demonstration, open the link given below: Rs.1000/- 7USD

https://youtu.be/Avo5jaDkO6M

11. Perturb & Observe MPPT for Solar PV with Boost Converter 15

A perturb and Observe MPPT algorithm is used to control the MOSFET/IGBT (switch) of a boost converter to extract

maximum power from the PV array. Open the link given below to watch a video demonstration: Rs.2100/- USD

https://youtu.be/jPBJw91Tq34

12. Perturb & Observe MPPT including a PI control loop for Solar PV with Boost Converter 20

The function of PI controller here is to reduce the steady state error and to regulate the voltage all time irrespective of

the load condition and input voltage variation. The system is capable of tracking MPPs accurately with change in Rs.2800/- USD

irradiation level rapidly without steady-state oscillation, and also, its dynamic performance is satisfactory.

13. Perturb & Observe MPPT using state flow chart for Solar PV with Boost Converter 20

In this project a state flow (Simulink toolbox) based Perturb and Observe algorithm is designed for MPPT. Simulation

results show that the MPP values match well with the theoretical (P-V and I-V curves of PV) values. Further, it can also Rs.2800/- USD

be found that the state flow based MPPT technique tracks the maximum power point of PV under changing solar

irradiance levels effectively.

Incremental Conductance MPPT algorithm is used with a boost converter to extract maximum power from the PV

array. Rs.2100/- USD

To watch full tutorial:

https://youtu.be/4evMEzF-P80

To watch demonstration: https://youtu.be/YpEVIlIumr0

15. Incremental Conductance MPPT for Solar PV with Cuk/Sepic converter 15

Incremental Conductance MPPT algorithm is used with a Cuk/Sepic converter to extract maximum power from the PV

array. Rs.2100/- USD

16. Incremental Conductance MPPT including a PI control loop for Solar PV with Boost converter 20

The function of PI controller here is to reduce the steady state error and to regulate the voltage all time irrespective of

the load condition and input voltage variation. The system is capable of tracking MPPs accurately with change in Rs.2800/- USD

irradiation level rapidly without steady-state oscillation, and also, its dynamic performance is satisfactory.

17. Incremental Conductance MPPT for Solar PV with Interleaved Boost converter 20

The DC-DC boost converters are connected between the PV Modules and load in order to regulate and boost the

output voltage of the PV. The DC-DC boost converters produces high ripple in input current and output voltage. These Rs.2800/- USD

issues with the conventional DC-DC boost converters are overcome by interleaved boost converters due to current

sharing between the elements.

A Fuzzy Logic MPPT algorithm is used to control the MOSFET/IGBT (switch) of a boost converter to extract maximum

power from the PV array. Rs.2800/- USD

Visit the following link to watch a video demonstration:

https://youtu.be/SkhYA_y1l2A

A 10KW PV array is used with Boost converter. The converter is controlled to extract maximum power from the PV

array using Perturb and Observe/Incremental Conductance MPPT. The output from the converter is inverted using an Rs.2800/- USD

H-bridge inverter. The output RMS voltage of the inverter is approximately 240V. A load with active power of 5.5KW

and reactive power of 0.5KVAR is connected at the output of inverter. Open the link below to watch video

demonstration:

https://youtu.be/nDTaQ4XoE58

The model consists of a PV array, Boost converter, Buck converter and a battery (12 V, 255AH capacity). PV array is

connected with a boost converter through a DC link capacitor. The voltage of the boost converter is controlled with Rs.2800/- USD

Perturb and observe/Incremental Conductance algorithm to extract maximum power from the PV array. The output of

boost converter is connected to a buck converter to step down the voltage to desired value (13V) for charging the

battery. The charging current is approx. 50A and is capable to charge the battery to its full capacity in approx 5 hrs.

21. 10KW Wind Energy Conversion with/Without MPPT and using PMSG 20

These are two separate models of 10KW wind energy conversion system.

1. One of the models considers the MPPT technique (Hill climb algorithm) to track the maximum power that could be Rs.2800/- USD

extracted from the wind generator. The MPPT algorithm adjusts the duty cycle of PWM to adjust the voltage of

buck converter for extracting maximum power from the wind generator.

2. The second model is designed without MPPT algorithm.

The power outputs of the two models can be compared from the graphs. The MPPT control shows a higher power

output compared to the system without MPPT. A Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) of 10KW is used

with the wind turbine.

22. Wind Energy for low Power Applications with/without MPPT

These are two separate models of 120W wind energy conversion system.

1. One of the models considers the MPPT technique (Hill climb algorithm) to track the maximum power that could be 20

extracted from the wind generator. The MPPT algorithm adjusts the duty cycle of PWM to adjust the voltage of Rs.2800/- USD

buck converter for extracting maximum power from the wind generator.

2. The second model is designed without MPPT algorithm.

The power outputs of the two models can be compared from the graphs. The MPPT control shows a higher power

output compared to the system without MPPT. A permanent magnet DC generator of 120W is used with the wind

turbine.

23. DC Micro-grid With Sliding Mode Control (Application of bidirectional Buck/Boost Converter)

Sliding Mode control with Washout filter is implemented for a DC micro-grid to minimize the transient response. The

model consists of a Battery Energy Storage (BES), Bidirectional Buck/boost Converter controlled with an SMC 30

controller, PV System connected to a Boost converter with Inc conductance MPPT, and dc load. The controller Rs.4200/- USD

maintains the operating bus voltage and power balance. The bidirectional converter operates in buck mode when the

battery is charging and in this case the power flows from the DC grid side towards the battery. When the PV power is

not enough to feed the load the bidirectional converter operates in boost mode and the battery discharges to maintain

the grid voltage and provide power to the load and in this case the power flows from the battery towards the grid.

The model consists of a Battery Energy Storage (BES), Bidirectional Buck/boost Converter controlled with a PI

controller, PV System connected to a Boost converter with Inc conductance MPPT, and dc load. The controller 30

maintains the operating bus voltage and power balance. The bidirectional converter operates in buck mode when the Rs.4200/- USD

battery is charging and in this case the power flows from the DC grid side towards the battery. When the PV power is

not enough to feed the load the bidirectional converter operates in boost mode and the battery discharges to maintain

the grid voltage and provide power to the load and in this case the power flows from the battery towards the grid.

A Permanent Magnet DC motor is used in the simulation. The PID controller has used in the feedback which adjusts

the duty cycle of PWM based on the difference between the actual speed and reference speed and thus control the Rs.1500/- USD

current to the motor. And in this way the speed of the motor is controlled.

Shunt Active Power filter is designed for single phase system. Non-linear loads produce harmonics and send these

harmonics back to the grid and distort the current waveform. The model is designed to suppress the harmonics and 30

avoid them going back to the grid. A bidirectional AC/DC converter is used to charge the capacitor (rectifier mode). The Rs.4200/- USD

capacitor voltage is used to generate the required harmonics (inverting mode). In this way the load harmonics are

cancelled out with the generated harmonics resulting in a pure sine wave AC source current... … The model is

designed with good accuracy… the load current THD is 22% while the source current THD is just 1.6%...Also, the

source current is almost in phase with the source voltage (grid) and in this way the PF has also been improved.

https://youtu.be/7MzP62ZRzuc

27. Grid to Vehicle and Vehicle to Grid Energy Transfer using Single-Phase Bidirectional AC-DC

Converter and Bidirectional DC-DC converter

The system consists of: Rs.11200/ 80

1. PV array (maximum power 1442W at standard conditions) with boost converter controlled through FLC (fuzzy logic controller)

MPPT/Inc Conductance MPPT to extract max power from the PV. The output of the boost converter is connected to a common DC bus. - USD

2. AC grid with 230V (RMS). The AC grid is also connected to the common DC bus through a bidirectional AC/DC converter.

3. A storage battery with nominal voltage of 120V and 1200AH capacity. The battery is also connected to the same DC bus through a

bidirectional buck/boost converter (buck in charging mode and boost in discharging mode).

4. Simple control circuits for bidirectional AC/DC converter: a) inverting mode controller b) rectifying mode controller. The mode of

operation of the bidirectional AC/DC is decided by a mode selector circuit which decides the mode of operation of converter based on

PV output power and battery %SOC.

5. PI based controller circuit for bidirectional buck-boost converter. The controller is capable to maintain a constant voltage of 380V from

available sources (battery/grid/PV--> based on the mode selector circuit)

Working:

If %SOC is greater than 70 and the PV power is insufficient the converter operates in inverting mode and the battery send the required

power back to the grid. If %SOC is less than 70 but PV power is sufficient the converter operates in inverting mode and the PV provides

power both for charging the battery and sending power to the grid. If %SOC is less than 70 and PV power is insufficient, in that case the

converter will operate in rectifying mode to provide necessary power to charge the battery.

How to analyze the model?

Case 1. Go to PV system block and make the irradiance 1000W/m2, also make the battery initial SOC less than 70%. Analyze the

system by simulating it. In this case, the converter will be operating in inverting mode and PV will provide power both for charging the

battery and also send some power to the grid. If the Inductor current in bidirectional buck-boost converter is negative that means that

the current is going towards the battery... in this case both the battery power and current will be negative that is the battery will be

charging. You can check the power graphs in the scope1. Also the Power at the AC grid side will be negative which means that the

power is injected to the grid. It’s just sign convention, don't be confused with that... it all depend on the ammeter connection. Because

when the power flow is reversed the current direction changes and the ammeter shows negative current which in turn gives negative

power.

Case 2. Change the irradiance to 500 W/m2 and make initial SOC of battery greater than 70%. Simulate the system and in this case, the

bidirectional AC/DC will operate in inverting mode, the battery will send the necessary power back to the grid. The sign convention will

show you the flow of power. In this case, the battery power will be positive and grid power (injected) will be negative.

Case 3. Make SOC less than 70% also make irradiance 500 W/m 2. In this case, the AC/DC converter will operate in rectifying mode.

The grid will provide power to charge the battery.

The system is well designed and gives excellent results. Also, in the rectifying mode the rectification doesn't affect the power factor,

rather it improves the PF, and you can see that in the results section.

If you want to see all the graphs contact me through my email address given below.

30% discount on buying any 4 of the above projects

40% discount on buying any 5 of the above projects

Please, always mention your country name (where you are living currently) in your email, so that I can tell

you a proper method for payment.

Thanks,

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