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Republic Act 9418 is also known as the volunteer act 2007.It is institutionalizes a strategy for
rural development and helps strengthen the sense of volunteerism. Volunteerism is defined as the
principle of donating time and energy for the benefit of other people in the community as a social
responsibility rather than for any financial reward.
As a student Republic act 9418 is a law that helps in the development of a sense of volunteerism.
Students will have a firsthand experience in serving the community and their fellow citizens,
without wanting anything in return. It also helps develop a sense of camaraderie with aid in the
improvement of the society.
Starting early in volunteering will help in including the principle of volunteerism in the minds
and heart of the youth. This volunteer work can also continue till later on in life. It is a good way
to serve God, the country, and your fellow men.

Filipino Values
1. Courtesy - Filipinos are a very friendly and hospitable people, sometimes even to a fault.
Take the time to smile and say "thank you", and you'll receive much better responses.
You will receive an even better response if you throw in a little Tagalog, such as
"salamat", which means "thank you".
2. Manliness - We stand to what we know is true and correct.
3. Dignity - we very much value our dignity as Filipinos. We would always want others
to see us as good and trust-worthy citizens.
4. Prudence - We protect our reputations as Filipinos, especially family reputations to
such gossips and wrong comments about us.
5. Honesty - Filipinos are very honest to their word. Pag sinabing 'oo', oo talaga yun.


Republic Act 9163 is an act establishing the National Service Training Program (NSTP)
for tertiary level students. Its short title is "National Service Training Program (NSTP) Act of
2001."It was passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate of the Republic of the
Philippineson December 19, 2001. It was subsequently approved by Philippine President Gloria
Macapagal-Arroyo last January 23, 2002.The implementation of RA 9163 commenced in School
Year 2002-2003.

What is meant by the National Service Training Program?

The National Service Training Program (NSTP) is defined under Republic Act No. 9163, section 3, as a program
aimed at enhancing civicconsciousness and defense preparedness in the youth by developing theethics of service
and patriotism while undergoing training in any of its threeprogram components.

How can NSTP enhance civic consciousness and defensepreparedness?

Since NSTP is training, civic consciousness can be enhanced by doingcommunity immersion
which is an integral part of Civic Welfare TrainingService (CWTS) and Literacy Training
Service (LTS) while defense preparedness is enhanced through the Reserve Officer Training
–The Ecological Solid Waste Management of 2000
An Act providing for an ecological solid waste management program, creating the necessary
institutional mechanisms, declaring certain prohibited acts.
Was passed by the Congress and Senate on December 2000. Signed by the President on January
26, 2001.

Objectives of the Law:

-measures to promote a more acceptable system which corresponds to the vision of sustainable
- aims to merge environmental protection with economic pursuits, recognizing the re-orientation
of the community’s view on solid waste, thereby providing schemes for waste minimization,
volume reduction, resource recovery utilization and disposal.

Under RA 9003, solid waste shall not include:

1. Waste identified or listed as hazardous waste (either solid, liquid, gaseous or in semisolid
form) which may cause or contribute to death, serious or incapacitating illness, or acute/ chronic
effect on the health of persons and other organisms;
2. Infectious waste from hospitals such as:
a) Equipment, instruments, utensils and disposable fomites (things that may carry infectious
organisms such as used gauze, surgical gloves, syringes) from patients suspected to have or have
been diagnosed as having communicable diseases;
b) Laboratory wastes such as pathological specimens (i.e., all tissues, specimens of blood
elements, excreta, and secretions obtained from patients or laboratory animals) and disposable
fomites that may harbor or transmit pathogenic organisms;

Composed of 14 members from the government sector and three members from the private
1. DENR;
2.Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG);
3.Department of Science and Technology (DOST);
4. Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH);
5. Department of Health (DOH);
6. Department of Trade and Industry (DTI);
7. Department of Agriculture (DA);
8. Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA);
9. League of Provincial Governors;
10. League of City Mayors;
11. League of Municipal Mayors;
12. Association of Barangay Councils;
13. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority
(TESDA); and
14. Philippine Information Agency (PIA).

Role of the DENR as the Lead Agency :

- Provide technical and other capability building assistance and support to LGUs.
- Recommend policies to eliminate barriers to waste reduction programs.
- Issue rules and regulations.

Prohibited acts and Penalties (Sec 48 and 49)

The fines and penalties depend on the Prohibited Acts that is committed. It ranges from P300.00
to P1,000,000.00 and/or imprisonment of 1 day to 6 years.

Kind of Cases may be Filled:

RA 9003 provides that no case or suit can be filed until after a public officer or alleged violator
has been given a 30-day notice during which no appropriate action has been taken by the alleged
The law provides that the fine and/or penalty shall be imposed UPON CONVICTION.
The requirement of conviction means that a case has to be filed in court against a person who
commits a prohibited act and judgment has to be rendered by the court finding the person guilty
of committing the prohibited act.
Criteria for Siting a Sanitary Landfill
(a) The site selected must be consistent with the overall land use plan of the LGU;
(b) The site must be accessible from major roadways or thoroughfares;
(c) The site should have an adequate quantity of earth cover material that is easily handled and
(d) The site must be chosen with regard for the sensitivities of the community's residents;
(e) The site must be located in an area where the landfill's operation will not detrimentally affect
environmentally sensitive resources such as aquifer, groundwater reservoir or watershed area;
(f) The site should be large enough to accommodate the community's wastes for a period of five
(5) years during which people must internalize the value of environmentally sound and
sustainable solid waste disposal;
(g) The site chosen should facilitate developing a landfill that will satisfy budgetary constraints,
including site development, operation for many years, closure, post-closure care and possible
remediation costs;
(h) Operating plans must include provisions for coordinating with recycling and resource
recovery projects; and
(i) Designation of a separate containment area for household hazardous wastes.

Section 21. Mandatory Segregation of Solid Waste

The LGUs shall evaluate alternative roles for the public and private sectors in providing
collection services, type of collection system, or combination of systems, that best meet their
needs: Provided, That segregation of wastes shall primarily be conducted at the source, to
include household, institutional, industrial, commercial and agricultural sources
Section 37. Prohibition Against the Use of Open Dumps for Solid Waste
No open dumps shall be established and operated, nor any practice or disposal of solid waste by
any person, including LGUs, which constitutes the use of open dumps for solid wastes, be
allowed after the effectivity of this Acts: Provided, That within three (3) years after the
effectivity of this Act, every LGU shall convert its open dumps into controlled dumps.
Miscellaneous Provisions:
1. Aim to develop public awareness of the ill-effects of and the community based solution on
solid waste management.
2. Concentrate on activities which are feasible and which will have the greatest impact on solid
waste problem on the country, like resource conservation and recovery, recycling, segregation at
source, re-use, reduction, and composting of solid waste.
3.Encourage the general public, accredited NGO’s and people’s organization to publicity endorse
and patronize environmentally acceptable products and packaging materials.