Sunteți pe pagina 1din 149

hiT 7065

5.2

Coriant hiT 7065


Product Description (PD)

Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618

Coriant is continually striving to reduce the adverse environmental


effects of its products and services. We would like to encourage you as
our customers and users to join us in working towards a cleaner, safer
environment. Please recycle product packaging and follow the recom-
mendations for power use and proper disposal of our products and their
components.
Product Description (PD)

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the
product defined in the introduction of this documentation. This documentation is intended for the
use of Coriant customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which the document is
submitted, and no part of it may be used, reproduced, modified or transmitted in any form or
means without the prior written permission of Coriant. The documentation has been prepared to
be used by professional and properly trained personnel, and the customer assumes full respon-
sibility when using it. Coriant welcomes customer comments as part of the process of contin-
uous development and improvement of the documentation.
The information or statements given in this documentation concerning the suitability, capacity,
or performance of the mentioned hardware or software products are given "as is" and all liability
arising in connection with such hardware or software products shall be defined conclusively and
finally in a separate agreement between Coriant and the customer. However, Coriant has made
all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions contained in the document are adequate
and free of material errors and omissions. Coriant will, if deemed necessary by Coriant, explain
issues which may not be covered by the document. Coriant will correct errors in this documen-
tation as soon as possible.
IN NO EVENT WILL CORIANT BE LIABLE FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENTATION OR
FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL OR ANY LOSSES, SUCH AS BUT NOT LIMITED TO
LOSS OF PROFIT, REVENUE, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY OR
DATA,THAT MAY ARISE FROM THE USE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR THE INFORMATION IN
IT.
This documentation and the product it describes are considered protected by copyrights and
other intellectual property rights according to the applicable laws.
Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective
owners, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only.
Copyright © Coriant 2013. All rights reserved.

f Important Notice on Product Safety


This product may present safety risks due to laser, electricity, heat, and other sources
of danger.
Only trained and qualified personnel may install, operate, maintain or otherwise handle
this product and only after having carefully read the safety information applicable to this
product.
The safety information is provided in the Safety Information section in the "Legal, Safety
and Environmental Information" part of this document or documentation set.

The same text in German:

f Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit


Von diesem Produkt können Gefahren durch Laser, Elektrizität, Hitzeentwicklung oder
andere Gefahrenquellen ausgehen.
Installation, Betrieb, Wartung und sonstige Handhabung des Produktes darf nur durch
geschultes und qualifiziertes Personal unter Beachtung der anwendbaren Sicherheit-
sanforderungen erfolgen.
Die Sicherheitsanforderungen finden Sie unter „Sicherheitshinweise“ im Teil „Legal,
Safety and Environmental Information“ dieses Dokuments oder dieses Dokumentation-
ssatzes.

2 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

Table of Contents
This document has 149 pages.

Table of Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

List of Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

1 Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.1 Intended audience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.2 Structure of this document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.3 Symbols and conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
1.4 History of changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

2 Introduction to the hiT 7065 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15


2.1 General functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
2.2 Feature highlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
2.3 Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.3.1 Traditional MSPP topologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
2.3.2 GMPLS network scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
2.4 Compatibility with other systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

3 System description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
3.1 User interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
3.2 Switch fabric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.3 Encapsulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.3.1 GFP mapping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.3.2 Virtual concatenation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3.4 Ethernet functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.4.1 Transparent LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.4.2 Enable or disable the LAN port of local Ethernet L2 card . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.4.3 Media Access Control address forwarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.4.4 Access Control List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.4.5 Ethernet OAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3.4.6 Port cross connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
3.4.7 Port + VLAN cross connection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
3.4.8 VLAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
3.4.9 Policing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
3.4.10 GVRP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3.4.11 GMRP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3.4.12 Transparent MPLS transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3.4.13 Jumbo frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3.4.14 Flow control and rate limit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3.4.15 Link aggregation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3.4.16 IGMP snooping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3.5 Optical Transport Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3.6 Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.6.1 Timing switch delay to prevent time looping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3.7 Laser safety shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 3
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

3.8 IMA applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31


3.8.1 IMA fundamental theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
3.9 Auxiliary functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3.9.1 EOW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3.9.2 User channel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3.9.3 MDI and MDO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3.9.4 Alarm output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3.10 Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3.10.1 Traffic protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
3.10.2 Equipment protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3.11 ASON based intelligent control plane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
3.11.1 Automatic topology and resource discovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
3.11.2 Provider provisioned services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
3.11.3 GMPLS restoration and protection features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
3.12 IP over IP keep alive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
3.13 Security management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
3.14 License management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
3.15 HO Trail. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
3.15.1 HO trail mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

4 Components of the hiT 7065. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47


4.1 System overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
4.1.1 Main shelf and slot arrangement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
4.1.2 Extension shelf connectivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
4.2 Supported cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4.3 Controller cards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
4.3.1 SC card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
4.3.2 SI card. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
4.4 CC cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
4.4.1 CC card. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
4.5 SDH cards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
4.5.1 2 x STM-64 M card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
4.5.2 8 x STM-16 and 8 x STM-16 M card. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
4.5.3 16 x STM-4/1 M card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
4.5.4 16 x STM-1E (W/P) and IO cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
4.6 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
4.7 PDH cards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
4.7.1 12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) and IO cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
4.7.2 126 x E1 (W/P) and 21 x E1 IO cards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
4.8 Ethernet cards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
4.8.1 8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
4.8.2 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
4.8.3 6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
4.8.4 1 x 10 GE/T card. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
4.8.5 8 x GE/T card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
4.9 OTN card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
4.9.1 2 x OTU-2 card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
4.10 OA cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

4 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

4.11 DCM. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
4.12 SIPAC connector panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
4.13 Matrix tables between the XFP/SFP and the line cards. . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

5 Mechanical design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
5.1 Racks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
5.1.1 Rack arrangements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77
5.1.2 Fuse panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
5.2 Shelves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
5.2.1 Main shelf design details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
5.2.2 Power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
5.2.3 Fan unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
5.2.4 Filter unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
5.3 Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
5.3.1 Faceplate and filler panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
5.3.2 Card faceplate LED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

6 System bring-up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
6.1 Delivery formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
6.1.1 Rack and shelf pre-configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
6.1.2 Shelf pre-configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
6.1.3 Bulk delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
6.2 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
6.3 Commissioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

7 Network management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
7.1 The hiT 7065 management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
7.2 TNMS-CT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
7.3 TNMS Core . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
7.4 ASON Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
7.5 Access and security management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
7.5.1 NE access management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
7.5.2 User security management and access control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
7.6 Network management interfaces and architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
7.6.1 Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
7.7 Network management applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
7.7.1 IP based DCN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
7.7.2 OSI-Light based DCN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
7.8 Special TCP/IP functions in DCN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
7.9 DCN integration with GMPLS functionality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
7.9.1 IP Control Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
7.9.2 Routing of signaling messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
7.9.3 Different topologies for signaling and transport network . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
7.9.4 NE with DCCM and Ethernet interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
7.9.5 DCC switchover time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
7.9.6 Signaling network design guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
7.10 GMPLS call control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
7.10.1 Link and resource management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
7.10.2 Traffic engineering links or link bundling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 5
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

7.10.3 Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103


7.10.4 Call setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

8 Technical data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105


8.1 Traffic interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
8.1.1 SDH traffic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
8.1.2 OTN traffic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
8.1.3 PDH traffic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
8.1.4 Packet traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
8.2 OA interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
8.2.1 BOA interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
8.2.2 POA interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
8.3 Control interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
8.3.1 Management interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
8.3.2 Console interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
8.4 Signaling interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
8.4.1 External alarm interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
8.4.2 MDI and MDO interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
8.4.3 Overhead interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
8.5 Interfaces for network clock synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
8.5.1 2048 kHz interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
8.5.2 2048 Kbps interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
8.6 System indications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
8.7 Protection switching characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
8.7.1 Traffic protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
8.7.2 Equipment protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
8.8 Power consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
8.9 Environmental conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
8.9.1 Climatic conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
8.9.2 EMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
8.10 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
8.11 Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145

6 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

List of Figures
Figure 1 hiT 7065 in a network environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Figure 2 Network topologies using the hiT 7065 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 3 End-to-end path setup and inter-working with SDH protection on client IF
20
Figure 4 Inter-working with statically configured SDH paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Figure 5 Ethernet service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Figure 6 1+1 SNCP over a GMPLS domain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Figure 7 1+1 MSP protection (layered protection versus segment protection) . . 24
Figure 8 Functional block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Figure 9 IMA applications of the hiT 7065 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Figure 10 Simplified IMA process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Figure 11 Ethernet 1:1 linear protection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Figure 12 1:N (N <= 4) function block structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Figure 13 DSR example. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Figure 14 Permanent 1+1 PP + DSR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Figure 15 Permanent Restoration + DSR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Figure 16 HO trail disable mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Figure 17 HO trail enable mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Figure 18 Slot layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Figure 19 Extension shelf connectivity diagram. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Figure 20 SC card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Figure 21 SI card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Figure 22 Cross connection architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Figure 23 CC card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Figure 24 2 x STM-64 M card faceplate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Figure 25 8 x STM-16 card faceplate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Figure 26 8 x STM-16 M card faceplate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Figure 27 16 x STM-4/1 M card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Figure 28 16 x STM-1E (W/P) card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Figure 29 8 x STM-1E IO card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Figure 30 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card faceplate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Figure 31 12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Figure 32 6 x E3/DS3 IO card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Figure 33 126 x E1 (W/P) card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Figure 34 21 x E1 IO (75 Ω) card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Figure 35 21 x E1 IO (120 Ω) card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Figure 36 8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 card faceplate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Figure 37 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Figure 38 6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE card faceplate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Figure 39 1 x 10 GE/T card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Figure 40 8 x GE/T card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Figure 41 2 x OTU-2 card faceplate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Figure 42 POA 20 dB card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Figure 43 BOA 13 dBm card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Figure 44 BOA 15 dBm card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Figure 45 BOA 18 dBm card faceplate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 7
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

Figure 46 Rack equipment with one main shelf and one extension shelf . . . . . . . . 78
Figure 47 Main shelf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Figure 48 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Figure 49 Example of 2 x STM-64 M card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Figure 50 Card faceplate construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Figure 51 Network management functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Figure 52 Relationship between the TNMS-CT/TNMS Core, GMPLS Controller, and
ASON Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Figure 53 TNMS-CT in a transmission network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Figure 54 System architecture of TNMS Core . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Figure 55 Reference points and connection types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Figure 56 Network management architecture with NE gateway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Figure 57 Network management applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Figure 58 Example of OSPF-TE and OSI domains. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Figure 59 Primary and secondary LSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Figure 60 Signaling for failed primary LSP in case of in-fiber GMPLS signaling . . 99
Figure 61 DCC GMPLS signaling topology is not the same as transport topology. 99
Figure 62 Engineering signaling traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Figure 63 DCC signaling interface switchover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Figure 64 Example of reserved TPs for control plane management. . . . . . . . . . . 102
Figure 65 Traffic engineering link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

8 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

List of Tables
Table 1 Main chapters overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Table 2 List of symbols and conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Table 3 Document history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Table 4 User interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Table 5 Main shelf slot arrangement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Table 6 The hiT 7065 supported cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Table 7 Controller cards overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Table 8 CC card overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Table 9 SDH cards overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Table 10 Table of STM-1E cards slot pairing with IO cards (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Table 11 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Table 12 E1 links assigned for different IMA groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Table 13 PDH cards overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Table 14 Table of E3/DS3 cards slot pairing with IO cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Table 15 Table of E1 cards slot pairing with IO cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Table 16 Ethernet cards overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Table 17 OTN card overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Table 18 Optical amplifier cards overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Table 19 Matrix table for STM-64 application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Table 20 Matrix table for 10 GE application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Table 21 Matrix table for STM-16 application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Table 22 Matrix table for STM-4 application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Table 23 Matrix table for STM-1 application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Table 24 Matrix table for 1000 Base application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74
Table 25 Matrix table for FE application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Table 26 Rack spacing with one main shelf and one extension shelf . . . . . . . . . 79
Table 27 Dimensions of the main shelf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Table 28 STM-N optical interface parameters and application codes . . . . . . . . 105
Table 29 STM-64 (XFP) optical interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Table 30 STM-64 DWDM interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Table 31 STM-16 optical interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Table 32 STM-16 optical interface specifications (STM-16 BiDi SFP) . . . . . . . . 108
Table 33 STM-16 DWDM optical interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Table 34 DWDM wavelengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Table 35 STM-16 CWDM optical interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Table 36 CWDM wavelengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Table 37 STM-4 optical interface specifications (STM-4 SFP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Table 38 STM-4 optical interface specifications (GE BiDi SFP) . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Table 39 STM-1 optical interface specifications (STM-1 optical SFP) . . . . . . . . 113
Table 40 STM-1 electrical interface specifications (STM-1 electrical SFP) . . . . 114
Table 41 STM-1 optical interface specifications (STM-1 BiDi SFP) . . . . . . . . . . 114
Table 42 STM-1E electrical interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Table 43 STM-64 DWDM interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Table 44 E3 electrical interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Table 45 DS3 electrical interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 9
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

Table 46 E1 electrical interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117


Table 47 10 GE optical interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Table 48 GE/FC optical interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Table 49 GE electrical interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Table 50 Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) reliability and standard
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Table 51 General requirements for EDFA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Table 52 Requirements for EDFA as BOA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Table 53 Requirements for EDFA as POA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Table 54 Management interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Table 55 Console interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Table 56 External alarm interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Table 57 MDI/MDO interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Table 58 Overhead interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Table 59 2048 kHz interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
Table 60 2048 Kbps interface specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Table 61 LED behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Table 62 System indications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Table 63 1+1 MSP specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Table 64 1:N MSP specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Table 65 SNCP specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Table 66 MS-SPRing specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Table 67 Equipment protection specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Table 68 Power consumption of components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Table 69 Climatic condition specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Table 70 EMC specifications 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Table 71 EMC specifications 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Table 72 EMC specifications 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132
Table 73 EMC specifications 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Table 74 Dimensions of components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Table 75 Weights of components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

10 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Preface

1 Preface
This preface describes the audience, structure, conventions and history changes of the
hiT 7065 Product Description (PD).

1.1 Intended audience


This document is intended for all personnel that require a general introduction and
overview of the hiT 7065 Release 5.2 00.00.00 system.

1.2 Structure of this document


An overview of the whole customer documentation for hiT 7065 is provided in the Doc-
umentation Guide (DG).
This document comprises the following main chapters:

Chapter Title Subject


Chapter 1 Preface This chapter provides an introduction
to this document.
Chapter 2 Introduction to the hiT 7065 This chapter gives a general intro-
duction of the hiT 7065 functional-
ities, highlights, and typical
applications.
Chapter 3 System descriptions This chapter describes the most
important functions of the system.
Chapter 4 Components of the hiT 7065 This chapter lists all the cards avail-
able and their main functions within
the system.
Chapter 5 Mechanical design This chapter provides an overview of
the mechanical features of racks,
shelves, and cards.
Chapter 6 System bring-up This chapter provides the basic infor-
mation about the system’s installa-
tion and commissioning.
Chapter 7 Network management This chapter provides an overview of
the network management software,
interfaces, and architecture.
Chapter 8 Technical data This chapter contains technical data
of the system’s equipment.

Table 1 Main chapters overview

g Some features described in this documentation may not be available. In order to identify
the features released for the user’s project, refers to the Release Notes delivered with
the product.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 11
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Preface Product Description (PD)

1.3 Symbols and conventions


The following symbols and mark-up conventions are used in this document:

Representation Meaning

f DANGER! A safety message indicates a dangerous situation where


personal injury is possible.
f WARNING! The keywords denote hazard levels with the following meaning:
f CAUTION! DANGER! - Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, will result in death or serious (irreversible) personal
injury.
WARNING! - Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious (irreversible) personal
injury.
CAUTION! - Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in minor or moderate (reversible) personal
injury.

w NOTICE: A property damage message indicates a hazard that may result


in equipment damage, data loss, traffic interruption, and so on.

g A note provides important information related to the topic, for


example, not obvious exceptions to a rule or side effects.

t A tip provides additional information related to the topic which is


not essential in the context, but given for convenience.
Bold • All names of graphical user interface (GUI) objects, such as
windows, field names, buttons, and so on.
Example: Select the Full Screen check box and press OK.
• Terms and abbreviations which are linked to an entry in the
glossary and list of abbreviations respectively.
• Important key words.
Italic • Files, folders, and file system paths.
Example: /usr/etc/sbin/ftpd.exe
• Emphasized words.
typewriter • Input to be typed in a command line or a GUI field.
Examples:
ping -t 192.168.0.1
Enter World in the Domain field.
• Output from a command, error messages, content of a status
line, and so on.
• File content, such as program sources, scripts, logs, and set-
tings.
<angle brackets> Placeholders, for example as part of a file name or field value.
Examples:
<picture name>.png or <ip address>:<port number>

Table 2 List of symbols and conventions

12 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Preface

Representation Meaning
[square brackets] A key to be pressed on a PC keyboard, for example [F11].
Keys to be pressed simultaneously are concatenated with a “+”
sign, for example [CTRL]+[ALT]+[DEL].
Keys to be pressed one after another are concatenated with
spaces, for example [ESC] [SPACE] [M].
> The greater than symbol “>” is used to concatenate a series of
GUI items in order to depict a GUI path. This is an abridged pre-
sentation of a procedure to be carried out in order to perform an
action or display a window or dialog box.
Examples:
A simple menu path: File > Save as ...
A more complex GUI path:
> Main window > File menu > Change Password command >
Change Password dialog box
x For convenience, card names are sometimes listed with a lower
(in card names) case x variable, in order to concisely represent multiple cards.
Example:
I01T40G-x (is to be interpreted as I01T40G-1 and I01T40G-2)

Table 2 List of symbols and conventions (Cont.)

Screenshots of the graphical user interface are examples only to illustrate principles.
This especially applies to a software version number visible in a screenshot.

1.4 History of changes

Issue Issue date Remarks


1 May 2012 Initial version
2 November 2012 C5 version
• Minor text changes
3 November 2013 Coriant re-branding
4 January 2014 Minor text changes
Update power consumption of compo-
nents

Table 3 Document history

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 13
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Preface Product Description (PD)

14 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Introduction to the hiT 7065

2 Introduction to the hiT 7065


This chapter provides a general introduction of the hiT 7065 functionality and typical
applications.

2.1 General functionality


The hiT 7065 is a powerful Multiservice Provisioning Platform (MSPP) transmission
system which can be deployed at all network levels. It is a capable gateway which easily
handles large amounts of Ethernet, Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH), and Syn-
chronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) traffic in both the metro core and the backbone layer
of the transport network.
The strong MSPP transmission system combines the following advanced technologies:
• Generic Framing Procedure (GFP)
• Virtual Concatenation (VCAT)
• Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme (LCAS)
• Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) switching and Inverse Multiplexing of ATM
(IMA)
• Automatic Switched Optical Network (ASON)/Generalized Multiprotocol Label
Switching (GMPLS)
• Optical Transport Network (OTN)
Figure 1 shows a general overview of hiT 7065 in a network environment.

Figure 1 hiT 7065 in a network environment


The hiT 7065 is an ideal platform for carriers to evolve their network architecture from
circuit based to packet based, it protects previous equipment investments while provid-
ing the opportunity to support new value added services and applications.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 15
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Introduction to the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

2.2 Feature highlights


The following section introduces the most important new features of the hiT 7065.
Rack and shelf specification
• Standard European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) rack (only the
21” ETSI rack is used for the hiT 7065) or Coriant ETSI Rack S42022-L5020-A11
mounting
• Double-row main shelf design with 14 common traffic slots, 5 system slots, and 15
input and output (I/O) slots
• Extension shelf solution (Up to ten hiT 7035 4.01 Extension Shelves are supported.
The extension shelf solution is managed by TNMS Core/TNMS-CT).
• Following equipment, panel, and cabling can be fit into the same one rack: 2 hiT
7065 chassis, 1 external power fuse panel, and all cabling
• Hot insertion and extraction of cards and optical modules (SFP or XFP)
• Single-side access (front access)
Switch fabric
• Non-blocking 300 Gbps high order switch fabric with Virtual Container (VC)-4 gran-
ularity
• Non-blocking 20 Gbps low order switch fabric with VC-12 and VC-3 granularity
Interface types
• Multi-service platform: Optical Transport Unit (OTU)-2, Synchronous Transport
Module (STM)-64, STM-16, STM-4, STM-1, STM-1E, E1, 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10
GE), Gigabit Ethernet (GE), Fast Ethernet (FE), Fibre Channel (FC)
• Optical Amplifier (OA) solution for extra-long distance transmission
• Wide range of interfaces for additional services and data channels:
– Traditional Engineering Order Wire (EOW)
– Voice over IP (VoIP) EOW
– Full Data Communication Channel (DCC) processing
• Transparently interconnect with third party management channels
– Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) tunneling
– Transparent DCC
• Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) transparency through STM-N (N = 1, 4, 16,
64) interface
Data functionality
• GFP mapping and virtual concatenation by VC-12/3/4
• Hitless bandwidth adjustment via LCAS
• Jumbo frames
• Flow control (IEEE 802.3x)
• Layer 2 switching (IEEE 802.1d)
• VLAN, and VLAN stacking (IEEE 802.1q)
• Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) (IEEE 802.1w) and Multiple Spanning Tree
Protocol (MSTP) (IEEE 802.1s)
• Ingress Rate limiting
• MAC based Access Control List (ACL)
• 128K Media Access Control (MAC) address memory per Layer 2 card
• Static Media Access Control (MAC) address configuration

16 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Introduction to the hiT 7065

• Layer 2 multicast is supported via Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)


snooping
• Total 248 IMA groups are supported and there are up to 8 E1 links per IMA group.
There are total 252 E1 framing and mapping supported.
• IEEE 802.1p based Class of Service (CoS), policing Committed Information Peak
(CIR)/ Peak Information Rate (PIR), Weighted Random Early Detection (WRED)
• Strict Priority (SP), Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ), and 3 SP + 5 WFQ scheduling
scheme
• Support for eight QoS queues per port
• Bandwidth scheduling and policing
• Ethernet Operation, Administration and Maintenance (OAM) compatible with ITU
Y.1731 and IEEE 802.1ag
• Ethernet linear protection compatible with ITU G.8031
• Ethernet card redundancy with link aggregation (only for 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2
card)
• Link aggregation (also across two Layer 2 cards) in accordance with the Institute for
Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standard 802.3
• Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching (GMPLS)
• Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) label can be mapped into VCG
• Ethernet Private Line (EPL), Ethernet Virtual Private Line (EVPL), and Emulated
LAN (E-LAN) services in accordance with MEF9 and MEF14
• GARP VLAN Registration Protocol (GVRP)
• Generic Attribute Registration Protocol (GARP) Multicast Registration Protocol
(GMRP)
ASON functionality
The ASON functionality includes the following:
• Integrated GMPLS functionality
• ASON/GMPLS based protection and restoration
• Open Shortest Path First - Traffic Engineering (OSPF-TE)
• Resource Reservation Protocol - Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE)
• Constrained based Shortest Path First (CSPF)
• End-to-end service provisioning
• Automatic topology and resource discovery
• Support of 500 NEs in the OSPF area
• Low priority services and pre-emption
• SNCP 1+1 segment inter-working with GMPLS
• 1+1 path protection improvement
• GMPLS inter-working with hiT 7070 and 7080
Other system functionality
The hiT 7065 also supports the following functions:
• Security management
• License management
• Patch management
• IP over IP keep alive
• Timing switch delay to prevent time looping
• VCAT

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 17
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Introduction to the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

Protection
• Redundant hardware protection design for key components:
– System Controller (SC) card
– Cross Connection (CC) card
– 16 x STM-1E (W/P) card
– 126 x E1 (W/P) card
– 12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) card
– Power unit
• Extensive SDH protection features:
– Subnetwork Connection Protection (SNCP)
– 1+1 and 1:N Multiplex Section Protection (MSP)
– 2-fiber Multiplex Section-Shared Protection Ring (MS-SPRing)
– Normal 4-fiber MS-SPRing for STM-64, STM-16, and OTU-2
– Dual Node Interconnect (DNI) and Dual Ring Interconnect (DRI) for MS-SPRing
protected rings
– DNI and DRI for SNCP
Network management
• Telecommunication Network Management System Core (TNMS Core)
• Telecommunication Network Management System Craft Terminal (TNMS-CT)

2.3 Applications
The hiT 7065 can be used in both traditional MSPP topologies as well as the GMPLS
network scenarios.

2.3.1 Traditional MSPP topologies


hiT 7065 can be used in any kind of network topology, including:
• Terminal-to-terminal topologies
• Linear topologies with add/drop function (chains)
• Ring topologies with add/drop function
• Meshed networks
Figure 2 illustrates all the network topologies described above, when using hiT 7065
Network Elements (NE).

18 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Introduction to the hiT 7065

Terminal to terminal
hiT 7065

IP Router

L2 Switch
Linear chain with add/drop

Ring with add/drop

Meshed

Figure 2 Network topologies using the hiT 7065

2.3.2 GMPLS network scenarios


This section describes four network scenarios for GMPLS: segmented networks,
Ethernet services, 1+1 SNCP over a GMPLS domain, and 1+1 MSP inter-working.
Segmented network (GMPLS and non-GMPLS domains)
As depicted in the following figures, the hiT 7065 network elements with GMPLS are
mainly designed to be used in meshed backbone and regional networks. GMPLS is also
applicable in ring networks (not layer inter-working). GMPLS can be enabled on a per-
interface basis, which allows edge nodes to have GMPLS enabled on their backbone
interfaces and GMPLS disabled on their interfaces used to connect metro rings. GMPLS
based restoration is applicable in the GMPLS domain only. VC-4 path restoration sup-
ported by the hiT 7065 spans from edge node to edge node in the GMPLS domain. The
protection of the service outside of the GMPLS domain is done by traditional SDH pro-
tection techniques, for example, MS-SPRing. To set up an end-to-end service in a
scenario as shown in Figure 3, the Telecommunication Management Network (TMN)
must set up a Soft Permanent Connection (SPC) across the GMPLS domain and a Per-
manent Connection (PC) in the respective metro network. The TMN is responsible for
the end-to-end connectivity. Figure 3 shows also the principle of a GMPLS bearer
service, using a Low Order (LO) E1/E3 service as an example. The VC-4 service is set
up by GMPLS from the VC-4 Trail Termination Point (TTP) on the LO switch fabric to

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 19
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Introduction to the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

the VC-4 Connection Termination Point (CTP) leaving the GMPLS domain. This applies
also for Ethernet services. The bearer service for Ethernet spans from the Group TTP
to Group TTP on Ethernet cards.
The VC-4 Terminal Points (TP) in the GMPLS edge nodes (including the configuration
of the interface cards to the metro network) are switched by the GMPLS control plane.
PC setup byTMN

MS-SPRing

SPC setup by GMPLS

PC setup byTMN

GMPLS
domain
MS-SPRing

STM-64(POS)
service
Manually pre-configured
SDH link
VC-4 Bearer
Service for E1/E3

PB STP Switch

PSTN

STM-1/4/16/64 permanent connection

STM-1/4/16/64 soft permanent connection (working path)

hit 70xx (GMPLS enabled)


STM-1/4/16/64 soft permanent connection (restoration path)

GMPLS enabled TE link

E1/E3 permanent connection Non-GMPLS NE

VC-4 path termination

Non-GMPLS link

Figure 3 End-to-end path setup and inter-working with SDH protection on client IF
The hiT 7065 also supports a SDH inter-working scenario, in which, for example, both
ingress and egress are in the GMPLS domain but another (pre-configured) path
between both ingress and egress goes over NEs outside the GMPLS domain as Figure
4 shows. GMPLS can use this (non-GMPLS) path if it is advertised as a TE-Link, for
example, as a backup protection path in a permanent 1+1 scheme. However, there is
limited resilience and fault detection for this type of path.

20 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Introduction to the hiT 7065

Egress

GMPLS
domain

Manually pre-configured
SDH link

Ingress

VC-4-Nv soft-permanent connection


(working path)
hit 70xx (GMPLS enabled)
VC-4-Nv soft-permanent connection
(restoration path)
GMPLS enabled TE link

Non-GMPLS link (Pre-configured path Non-GMPLS NE


advertised as a TE link into GMPLS)
Manually configured virtual TE link

Figure 4 Inter-working with statically configured SDH paths


Ethernet service
The hiT 7065 supports Ethernet inter-working scenario, and Ethernet service is used as
ingress and egress in GMPLS domain. The Ethernet signal is mapped via GFP into a
VC-4-Nv signal. Within the GMPLS domain, the Ethernet cards including the GFP
mapping are configured by the GMPLS control plane. The unprotected service in the
lower part of Figure 5 is a service which is completely provisioned by the GMPLS control
plane. The protected service in the upper part of Figure 5 is different. For this service,
one end point is within the GMPLS domain, while the other end point is outside. This
requires a segmented path setup, as described in the previous paragraph. The TNMS
is responsible for the end-to-end setup of the Ethernet service. TMN configures N (N =
1 to 62) protected VC-4 SPCs in the GMPLS control plane with TPs on the Ethernet card
of NE1 and the SDH card of NE5.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 21
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Introduction to the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

GMPLS based
restoration/protection

GMPLS
Domain

GbE connection
hiT 70xx (GMPLS enabled)
VC-4-Nv soft permanent connection (working path)

VC-4-Nv soft permanent connection (restoration path)


Non-GMPLS NE
GMPLS enabled TE link

VC-4 path termination

Non-GMPLS link

Figure 5 Ethernet service


1+1 SNCP over a GMPLS domain
Figure 6 shows an application where two non-GMPLS NEs protect a service over the
GMPLS domain by 1+1 SNCP. Within the GMPLS domain, the service is additionally
protected by Permanent Restoration + Dynamic Source Routing (DSR), DSR, 1+1 PP
or shared restoration.

22 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Introduction to the hiT 7065

1+1 SNCP

GMPLS based
restoration/protection

GMPLS
1+1 SNCP Domain

GbE connection
hiT 70xx (GMPLS enabled)
VC-4-Nv soft permanent connection (working path)

VC-4-Nv soft permanent connection (restoration path)


Non-GMPLS NE
VC-4-Nv permanent connection

GMPLS enabled TE link

VC-4 path termination

Non-GMPLS link

Figure 6 1+1 SNCP over a GMPLS domain


1+1 MSP inter-working
The hiT 7065 supports transparent 1+1 MSP layered protection over GMPLS at I-NNI
interfaces (layer protection). Links connected with GMPLS border nodes can be pro-
tected by using MSP segment inter-working mechanism.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 23
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Introduction to the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

MSP protected
(layered protection)

GMPLS based
restoration/protection
MSP protected
(segment protection)

GMPLS
Domain

GbE connection
hiT 70xx (GMPLS enabled)
VC-4-Nv soft permanent connection (working path)

VC-4-Nv soft permanent connection (restoration path)


VC-4-Nv permanent connection
Non-GMPLS NE

GMPLS enabled TE link

VC-4 path termination

Non-GMPLS link

Figure 7 1+1 MSP protection (layered protection versus segment protection)

2.4 Compatibility with other systems


The hiT 7065 presents wide channel pass-bands for compatibility with many kinds of
STM-1, STM-4, STM-16, and STM-64 terminal equipment.
It is compatible with the following equipment:
• hiT 7020
• hiT 7025
• hiT 7030
• hiT 7035
• hiT 7050
• hiT 7060
• hiT 7060 HC
• hiT 7070
• hiT 7080
• hiT 7300

24 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System description

3 System description
This chapter presents a functional overview of the hiT 7065.
Figure 8 illustrates the basic functional structure of the hiT 7065.

Figure 8 Functional block diagram

3.1 User interfaces


The hiT 7065 can be equipped with the following user interfaces:

Interface type Bit rate Connection


SDH 10 Gbps (STM-64) Optical
SDH 2.5 Gbps (STM-16) Optical
SDH 622 Mbps (STM-4) Optical
SDH 155 Mbps (STM-1) Optical/Electrical
PDH 2 Mbps (E1) Electrical
PDH 34 Mbps / 45 Mbps (E3/DS3) Electrical
Ethernet 10 GE Optical
Ethernet 1 GE Optical
Ethernet 1000 Base-X Optical/Electrical
Ethernet 10 Base-Tx Electrical

Table 4 User interfaces

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 25
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System description Product Description (PD)

Interface type Bit rate Connection


Ethernet 100 Base-Tx Electrical
FC 1 Gbps Optical
OTN 10 Gbps (OTU2) Optical

Table 4 User interfaces (Cont.)

3.2 Switch fabric


The hiT 7065 provides a fully non-blocking high order switch fabric which has a capacity
of up to 300 Gbps. In addition the hiT 7065 provides a fully non-blocking low order switch
capacity of up to 20 Gbps. This capacity is accomplished by Cross Connection (CC)
switch fabric cards. The switch fabric function is redundant with a 1+1 CC card protec-
tion scheme. What is more, the hiT 7065 still supports high order trail end-to-end pro-
tection.
The switch fabric allows the following cross connections:
• Bidirectional point-to-point
• Unidirectional point-to-point
• Unidirectional point-to-multipoint
• Multicast for high order cross connection is 1:16
• Multicast for low order cross connection is 1:63
• Drop and continue

3.3 Encapsulation
The hiT 7065 supports Ethernet frame mapping into SDH containers. In the process of
mapping, the Ethernet frames are encapsulated into a certain format which is compati-
ble with the VC. For the hiT 7065, the GFP protocol is used for the encapsulation.

3.3.1 GFP mapping


GFP is a robust encapsulation method which can adapt the data traffic to an octet syn-
chronous transport network. GFP provides two kinds of mapping modes GFP-F
(Framed) and GFP-T (Transparent) for different data traffic. In the hiT 7065, GFP-F is
implemented when the 8 x GE/T, 1 x 10 GE/T, 6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE, 1 x 10 GE + 10
x GE/L2, or 8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 card is configured in the standard Ethernet mode. GFP-
T is only used when the 8 x GE/T card is working in the FC mode.

3.3.2 Virtual concatenation


Virtual concatenation signals VC-12, VC-3, and VC-4, are supported in the hiT 7065.
Mapping of the Ethernet signals is as follows:
• 1000 M LAN signals into VC-4-Xv (X = 1 to 7) or VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 21)
• 1G FC signals into VC-4-Xv (X = 1 to 7) or VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 21)
• 10 GE signals into VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 192) or VC-4-Xv (X = 1 to 64)
• 10/100/1000 M LAN signals into VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 21) or VC-4-Xv (X = 1 to 7)

26 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System description

This provides a scalable solution to different transport capacity requirements. LCAS


technology based on virtual concatenation is supported to achieve dynamic link capacity
adjustment according to the change in the amount of traffic.

3.4 Ethernet functions


The hiT 7065 supports transparent transmission as well as Layer 2 (L2) switching func-
tionality for Ethernet data.

3.4.1 Transparent LAN


The hiT 7065 supports Ethernet transparent service which means the Ethernet frame is
encapsulated to the SDH containers and transmitted directly without L2 switching.

3.4.2 Enable or disable the LAN port of local Ethernet L2 card


The hiT 7065 supports enabling or disabling the LAN port of local Ethernet L2 card
based on the following 2 different modes:
• Enable or disable the LAN port of local Ethernet L2 card according to the link status
of the remote transparent Ethernet card, which is according to GFP_CSF defect
information.
• Enable or disable the LAN port of local Ethernet L2 card according to the link status
of SDH layer, which is according to TLCR defect information.

3.4.3 Media Access Control address forwarding


The hiT 7065 supports multicast, broadcast, and unicast addresses. There are up to
128K MAC addresses on each currently available Ethernet card, of which 2K static MAC
addresses can be configured manually.

g The 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card and the 8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 card supports 128K MAC
address.

3.4.4 Access Control List


The system can generate an ACL table based on the MAC address. The MAC entries
listed in the ACL table are forwarded or discarded in different modes.

3.4.5 Ethernet OAM


Ethernet OAM describes the instrumentation of telecommunications networks that
provide operators with the tools to remotely manage their network infrastructure. At the
device level, OAM protocols generate messages that are used by operation staff to help
identify problems in the network. In the event of a fault, the information generated by
OAM helps the operator troubleshoot the network to locate the fault, identify which
services have been impacted and take the appropriate action. Also, just as it is important
to keep the customer’s service running, operators must be able to prove this case which
is usually measured against a Service Level Agreement (SLA) and the operator must
have the performance measurements to manage customer SLAs. Finally, administration
features include collecting accounting data for the purpose of billing and network usage
data for capacity planning exercises.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 27
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System description Product Description (PD)

The main Ethernet OAM standards supported in the hiT 7065 is: IEEE 802.1 ag (Conti-
nuity Check Management (CCM), Loop Back (LB), and Link Trace (LT)).
• The down Maintenance End Point (MEP) supports for up to 1K point-to-point flow
and it can be configured as a physical port or physical port + VLAN (Service
provider-VLAN (S-VLAN) / Client domain-VLAN (C-VLAN)).
• The CCM frames are generated with the following configurable continuity check
intervals: 3.3 ms, 10 ms, 100 ms, 1 s, and 10 s and the default value is 100 ms. If
the MEP is used for protection, the CCM interval time can be set to 3.3 ms and 10
ms to reach 50 ms switch time. In case of SLA monitoring, the continuity check frame
interval uses CCM default value 100 ms.
• One LB is for only one point-to-point connection, and maximum 128 point-to-point
connections support LB or LT.
• Up to 128 Maintenance Intermediate Point (MIP)s (only down MIP Half Function
(MHF)) are supported.
This feature is only supported for the 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card and the 8 x GE + 16
x FE/L2 card.

3.4.6 Port cross connection


LAN ports and VCG ports are one-to-one mapping based on the following rules:
• One port directly forwards packet to the other port without any VLAN manipulation.
• One port directly forwards packet to the other port with adding tag Port VLAN Iden-
tifier (PVID).
– A PVID is added to the incoming untagged frame. The default value of Tag
Protocol Identifier (TPID) is 0x8100.
– An incoming tagged frame with TPID 0x8100 is forwarded without VLAN manip-
ulation.

g This rule is not supported by the 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card and the 8 x GE +


16 x FE/L2 card.

• One port directly forwards packet to the other port with stack of a VLAN tag
– A VLAN ID is always added to an untagged and tagged frame.
• One port directly forwards packet to the other port with stripping VLAN tag at the
egress.
Port cross connection can be used to create EPL service.

3.4.7 Port + VLAN cross connection


Port + VLAN cross connection obey a rule that: forwarding the Ethernet packets accords
to the mapping of the ingress port + VLAN ID to the egress VCG and LAN port. This rule
consists the following four items:
• forwarding the packet without any VLAN manipulation
• forwarding the packet with stacking a VLAN tag (double tag tunneling)
• forwarding the packet with translating a VLAN ID (VLAN ID replacement)
• forwarding the packet with stripping the VLAN tag at the egress
VLAN cross connection can be used to create EVPL service.

28 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System description

3.4.8 VLAN
The hiT 7065 supports advanced VLAN tagging processing and priority functions.
Tagging functions:
In addition to basic tagging/detagging, filtering, and forwarding, the hiT 7065 supports
four advanced VLAN tagging features:
• Double tagging
• VLAN tag Ethernet type configurable for VLAN stack per port
• Port based tunneling
• Port based cross connection
• Port + VLAN based tunneling
• Port + VLAN based cross connection
• Translation
• Egress flow VLAN operation per port + VLAN: support pop (untagged) or push
(tagged) or translating per VLAN before the service flow is transmitted out of the
egress port.
Priority functions:
There are three different methods supported for setting VLAN priority:
• User defined
• Set priority equal to inner VLAN tag
• Set priority equal to Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) packet Diffserv value

3.4.9 Policing
The hiT 7065 supports a wide variety of priority settings defined according to standards
and recommendations bodies including Metro Ethernet Forum (MEF) and Internet Engi-
neering Task Force (IETF). These settings can be created and modified in the hiT 7065
and include the following:
• Committed Information Rate (CIR)
• Excess Information Rate (EIR)
• Peak Information Rate (PIR)
• Committed Burst Size (CBS)
• Excess Burst Size (EBS)
• Peak Burst Size (PBS)
• Color aware/blind
Policing counters (bytes / frames option)
The hiT 7065 supports policing counters for each flow which enables CIR/EIR policing:
• tx_green
• tx_yellow
• tx_red

g The hiT 7065 also supports 3 Strict Priority (SP) + 5 Weighted Fair Queuing (WFQ)
without considering CIR/EIR level schedule.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 29
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System description Product Description (PD)

3.4.10 GVRP
The hiT 7065 supports GVRP which allows network devices to dynamically exchange
VLAN configuration information with other devices according to IEEE 802.1q.

3.4.11 GMRP
The hiT 7065 supports GMRP which allows network devices to dynamically exchange
multicast configuration information with other devices according to IEEE 802.1q.

3.4.12 Transparent MPLS transport


The hiT 7065 supports transparent transportation of MPLS packets by encapsulating
them into SDH containers and transmitting directly over the SDH network.

3.4.13 Jumbo frame


The hiT 7065 supports MAC frame sizes of up to 9600 bytes long which substantially
facilitates the transmission of bandwidth-demanding services such as video and broad-
band access.

3.4.14 Flow control and rate limit


The hiT 7065 supports the Ethernet flow control, input rate limit functions, and broadcast
input rate limit functions to avoid traffic congestion. The LAN port rate limit ranges are
from 128 Kbps to 100 Mbps for FE interfaces and from 128 Kbps to 1000 Mbps for GE
interfaces, both in the step of 128 Kbps.

3.4.15 Link aggregation


The hiT 7065 supports the link aggregation function on FE ports as well as GE ports for
LAN or WAN sides.

3.4.16 IGMP snooping


The hiT 7065 supports the multicast function with IGMP snooping. IGMP v1, IGMP v2,
and IGMP v3 are supported.

3.5 Optical Transport Network


The hiT 7065 supports OTN for transporting information across networks. This technol-
ogy is particularly appealing for applications which require large quantities of data to be
transported across long distance. OTN uses OTU frames to encapsulate larger amounts
of SDH or Ethernet traffic (2.7 Gbps, 10.7 Gbps, and 43 Gbps for OTU1, OTU2, and
OTU3 rates respectively). This is combined with Forward Error Correction (FEC) tech-
niques, an advanced correction technique appended to the packet as overhead. This
gives OTN technology the ability to transport large quantities of data over long distance
without sacrificing quality, making it ideal for backbone and submarine applications.

30 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System description

3.6 Synchronization
The hiT 7065 provides two input and two output timing interfaces on the System Inter-
face with EOW (System Interface (SI) cards). The signal formats for the timing source
are as follows:
• 2 Mbps (framed)
• 2 Mbps (unframed)
• 2 MHz
The available input timing sources are listed below:
• Any of the STM-64, STM-16, STM-4, STM-1, and STM-1E ports
• Any of the 2 Mbps interfaces on cards with E1
• External station clock
• Internal stratum 3 clock
Up to eight timing sources can be selected at the same time in one NE. Any port of the
SDH or PDH cards can be used as the timing source, but for each card, a maximum of
up to four ports can be selected. The Timing Switch Delay is configurable in the range
of 0 to 60 seconds in steps of 1 second per NE. The default value is 0 second.

3.6.1 Timing switch delay to prevent time looping


The timing switch delay is a time period during which the currently selected synchroni-
zation source must make the condition of switch trigger active before the NE switches
to another synchronization source.
The timing mode during the switch delay period is shown according to the previous
timing source.
• The timing mode is shown as Normal if the previous timing source is qualified as the
system timing reference.
• The timing mode enters into Holdover mode if the previous timing source is failed.
The system is synchronized to the previous timing source if the previous timing source
becomes normal or the switch command is cleared during the switch delay.

3.7 Laser safety shutdown


The hiT 7065 supports the Automatic Laser Shutdown (ALS) function to prevent
personal injury, in accordance with the Telecommunication Standardization Sector of
International Telecommunication Union (ITU-T) G.783 and ITU-T G.664. In the case of
the signal failure at the optical receiver of the hiT 7065, the laser transmitter is switched
off automatically. After the receiver receives a valid signal again, the laser transmitter is
then switched on automatically.

3.8 IMA applications


In the Third Generation (3G) networks, Node B’s uplink port is based on E1 (IMA). The
hiT 7065 is deployed at the access layer to form the access rings. Traffic is collected
from many Node Bs in the acccess network and delivered to a Radio Network Controller
(RNC). One RNC can support as many as 500 Node Bs and each Node B supports up
to 8 E1 uplink ports. To reduce the number of E1 connections used at the RNC side, the
hiT 7065 provides STM-1 ATM interface. The hiT 7065 consolidates E1 or N x E1 links

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 31
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System description Product Description (PD)

per IMA group from Node B side into STM-1 ATM towards RNC side. Individual E1 link
and IMA group are terminated within the STM-1 ATM card and then aggregated into
STM-1 ATM. The bidirectional throughput would be 1200 Mbps on STM-1 uplink (RNC)
side.
A typical IMA application of the hiT 7065 is shown below:

N x VC-12
Node B RNC
E1 STM-1
N x E1 SDH Network ATM
IMA

Fu
nc
tio
n
on
IM
A
ca
rd
Figure 9 IMA applications of the hiT 7065

3.8.1 IMA fundamental theory


The fundamental concept for IMA is merging of multiple physical links (for example, E1
circuits) in order to use the aggregated bandwidth as a single logical ATM circuit. In IMA
technology, the individual physical circuit is called link and the aggregated cluster of
circuits is called IMA group. An IMA group can contain up to eight E1 links, which is
shown in Figure 10, by Link #1 to Link #8.
The figure below illustrates the basic IMA mechanism for sending a single ATM cell
stream over a number of lower speed links. ATM cell stream is also called IMA frame,
which consists of 32, 64, 128, or 256 ATM cells. The default vaule is 128 and can be
programmable at IMA start-up. The IMA frame has no direct correlation with the upper
layer frames (for example, IP) that may be transported across the IMA connection.
These frames are used to help the IMA devices at either end of a connection to stay syn-
chronized (IMA Contol Protocol (ICP) is used for this purpose).

Figure 10 Simplified IMA process


All IMA links are clear channels of point-to-point telecommunication circuits, normally,
which are considered as parallel circuits and can be routed independently (in the figure
above, the Link #1 to Link #8 are taken as example). Individually, these links are not
ATM circuits, however when grouped together, they are used as an ATM logical circuit.
ATM cells are transmitted in a strict round-robin manner over all of the active links within
the IMA group. This implies that all of the links should be equivalent circuits in terms of

32 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System description

bandwidth and latency. In IMA technology, all links are required to operate at the same
Link Cell Rate (LCR). Otherwise, the ATM cells may arrive at their destination out of
order due to the variable latencies associated with the different link speed. The majority
of IMA links are based on E1 circuits, but nothing precludes the use of other speed.
IMA groups represent active ATM circuits. Accordingly, they are capable of supporting
all of the facilities typically associated with an ATM UNI/NNI connection.

3.9 Auxiliary functions


The hiT 7065 supports auxiliary interface functions, including EOW interfaces, user
channel interfaces, Miscellaneous Discrete Input (MDI) and Miscellaneous Discrete
Output (MDO) interfaces, and alarm output interfaces.

3.9.1 EOW
The traditional EOW over E1/E-carrier level 2 (E2) is supported. There is one RJ45 con-
nector to access E1/E2 on the card. Users may select up to 64 channels of E1/E2 (32
E1, 32 E2) in total from the system.
The hiT 7065 SI cards can use VoIP technology over a DCC channel to provide similar
functionality to EOW.

g When GMPLS is used or the Data Communication Network (DCN) tunnel function is
enabled, VoIP is not recommended to be used.

3.9.2 User channel


In the hiT 7065 system, the F1 byte is used as the user channel to connect the external
equipment through the V.11 interfaces. Two V.11 interfaces are provided for the F1
application on the SI cards.
The hiT 7065 can support two types of High Capacity Overhead Channel (HCOC),
HCOC 9 and HCOC 27, used for the high speed DCC. Two V.11 interfaces are provided
for the HCOC application on the SI cards.
These two types of HCOC cannot be used simultaneously in one port.

3.9.3 MDI and MDO


The hiT 7065 provides one RJ45 port for four MDI interfaces and another RJ45 port for
four MDO interfaces. MDI is used to read the status of external alarms. MDO is used to
drive external devices. Both MDI and MDO are provisionable on the management
system.

3.9.4 Alarm output


The hiT 7065 provides one RJ45 port for four alarm output interfaces. The output alarm
types can be configured on the management system.

3.10 Protection
The hiT 7065 provides powerful network and equipment protection functions.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 33
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System description Product Description (PD)

3.10.1 Traffic protection


The hiT 7065 supports the following traffic protection functions in compliance with ITU-
T G.841:
• SNCP
• MSP
• 2-fiber and normal 4-fiber MS-SPRing
• DNI
• DRI
• Ethernet linear protection
Each of the protection functions is described as follows:
SNCP
The hiT 7065 supports SNCP protection on the STM at VC-4-Xc (X = 1, 4, 16, 64), VC-
3, and VC-12 levels.
SNCP protection includes both inherently monitored SNCP/I and non-intrusively moni-
tored SNCP/N.
MSP
The hiT 7065 supports two types of MSP functions: 1+1 MSP and 1:N MSP.
• In 1+1 MSP, one dedicated path is reserved to protect only one working path. The
client traffic is always transmitted over the working and protection paths simultane-
ously. In the case of the fiber break, the incoming traffic from the protection path is
selected automatically. All STM optical ports support both unidirectional and bidirec-
tional 1+1 MSP functions in revertive and non-revertive modes (but for 4 x STM-1
ATM IMA card, the STM optical ports only support the bidirectional 1+1 MSP).
• In 1:N (N <= 14) MSP, one protection path protects several working channels. Extra
traffic can be transmitted on the protection path. Once the protection path is active
to protect the working path, the extra traffic will be dropped. 1:N MSP only supports
bidirectional, revertive mode.
The wait-to-restore time can be configured by the user and has a default value of 300 s.
2-fiber MS-SPRing
2-fiber MS-SPRing is a bidirectional ring in which both directions of traffic transmission
use the same set of nodes under normal conditions. In case of failure on the working
path, traffic is switched to the protection path. The hiT 7065 supports MS-SPRing at
STM-64/16/4 levels.
The wait-to-restore time can be configured by the user and has a default value of 300 s.
4-fiber MS-SPRing
4-fiber MS-SPRing is a bidirectional ring in which two adjacent nodes are interconnected
by four fibers. Two fibers are the working fibers interconnecting two nodes while the
other two are the protection fibers. In case one or both fibers in the working fiber span
breaks, traffic is recovered and re-routed on the protection fiber(s) of the same fiber
span.
The hiT 7065 only supports normal 4-fiber MS-SPRing on one of the STM-16 optical
interfaces, STM-64 optical interfaces, or OTU-2 interface protection pairs. The algorithm
complys with ITU-T G.841. The interface protection pair can be flexibly selected from
any STM-16, STM-64, or OTU-2 ports.
DNI

34 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System description

The hiT 7065 supports DNI protection between two MS-SPRings. In this topology two
separate rings are bridged across four nodes (two from each MS-SPRing). The MS-
SPRing dual node interconnection topology provides an extra level of path protection
between MS-SPRing rings. In DNI, traffic is dropped and continued at the interconnect-
ing nodes to eliminate single point of failure.
Alternatively, the hiT 7065 also supports SNCP two-node DNI topology in which two
separate SNCP rings are bridged via two nodes shared by both rings.
DRI
The hiT 7065 supports DRI protection between two MS-SPRings, as well as between
two SNCP rings. Unlike DNI, DRI uses a single the hiT 7065 node as the connection
point between the two MS-SPRings. As a result, DRI provides a more cost effective way
to connect two MS-SPRings than DNI.
Ethernet linear protection
The hiT 7065 supports Ethernet linear protection (1:1 linear protection) for the L2 card
(see Figure 11).
• The protection path is dedicated to the working path.
• The protected Ethernet frame is transmitted either on working path or protection
path. The selector bridge is used to choose the path on which the frame is transmit-
ted.
• Automatic Protection Switching (APS) signal may be needed to communication
between the head-end and tail-end.
• Bidirectional protection is recommended by ITU-T G.8031.

2. Failure
detected
1. Failure

Working Path
W W

P P
Protection Path

Head End Tail End


4. Receive Bridge 3. Select P Path
request and select and send Bridge
P Path. request to
Head-End.

Figure 11 Ethernet 1:1 linear protection


Ethernet protection switching is applicable to point-to-point VLAN-based Ethernet. The
following protection type is supported:
• 1:1 bidirectional protection, working with APS communication
– The protected entity is port + VLAN or physical port (LAN/WAN).
– The working or protection entity also needs to be configured as MEP and CCM
which are used for monitoring the status.
– The protection path needs to reserve the same BW as the protected traffic BW.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 35
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System description Product Description (PD)

– When the protected traffic switches from working path to protection path, the
protected traffic needs to be transmitted with higher priority than the other unpro-
tected traffic on the protection path, and the protected traffic BW needs to be
guaranteed.
– The protection path needs to be configured as Strict Priority (SP) mode to guar-
antee the protected traffic.

g To implement the 1:1 bidirectional protection working with APS communication function,
the Ethernet OAM function needs to be enabled firstly.

g This feature is only supported on the 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card and the 8 x GE + 16


x FE/L2 card.

3.10.2 Equipment protection


The hiT 7065 provides the equipment protection functions as follows:
1+1 SC card protection
The hiT 7065 provides redundant SC cards to provide customers with even higher reli-
ability and stability. While the system is running, configuration information, run time data,
and other files are constantly synchronized from the active to the standby card. In the
event of a failure for the active card, the standby card will become active and take over
all SC functions of the previously active card.
1+1 CC card protection
The hiT 7065 provides redundant CC cards. All the transmission functions and informa-
tion within the working CC card are duplicated and stored within the protection CC card.
In the case of failure, the protection card will take over the defective CC card.
1:N protection for electrical E1, E3/DS3, and STM-1E interfaces
The hiT 7065 provides an optional 1:N (N <= 2) protection for E1, E3/DS3 interfaces,
and 1:N (N <= 4) protection for STM-1E interface.
The automatic protection switching related information coming from the 126 x E1, 12 x
E3/DS3, or 16 x STM-1E working (or protection) card is sent to the SC unit. When a pro-
tection related defect is reported on the working (or protection) card and correlated by
software as a valid Protection Switch Request (PSR), the SC module initiates a switch
to the protection (or working) card. As a result, the customer traffic will be forwarded
through the protection bus to the protection card. The switch matrix will then select the
traffic from the protection card. Figure 12 illustrates the logical structure of this protection
system.

36 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System description

Figure 12 1:N (N <= 4) function block structure


Ethernet card redundancy with link aggregation
The hiT 7065 system supports redundant Ethernet card (1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2) with
link aggregation. Two 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 cards are bundled through the bundle port
(10 GE port) within a Link Aggregation Group (LAG) to provide Ethernet card redun-
dancy. So the Ethernet card redundancy is supported by configuring the protected traffic
into a LAG crossing the two L2 cards. With the Ethernet card redundancy configuration,
the two Ethernet L2 cards can still run traffic independently except the 10 GE ports which
run the link aggregation crossing the two cards.
The 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card provides a bundle mode option to control the card
working on bundle mode or individual mode. When the two L2 cards are bundled, one
card is the master card, and another one is the slave card for the LAG crossing the two
cards. However, each card is independent from the operator’s view:
• Independent slot, port number, and traffic configuration
• In case of the master card removed, all L2 control protocol related with LAG crossing
the two L2 cards can run normally on the slave card and follow the requirements
below:
– Without any service network topology impact on the service traffic of the LAG
which crosses the master card and slave card
– Without any service network topology and traffic hit impact on the independent
traffic of the slave card
• In case of the slave card removed, all L2 control protocol related with LAG crossing
the two L2 cards can run normally on the master card and follow the requirements
below:
– Without any service network topology impact on the service traffic of the LAG
which crosses the master card and slave card
– Without any service network topology and traffic hit impact on the independent
traffic of the master card
The traffic of the two L2 cards follows these rules when the SC card warm reboot, is
removed, or is inserted.
• Existing traffic is hitless
• Service network topology is not changed during the SC card switching

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 37
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System description Product Description (PD)

3.11 ASON based intelligent control plane


As a next generation high performance network element, the hiT 7065 supports ASON.
ASON is defined as an architecture for transport networks, which enables a distributed
and automatically switched connection control. The requirement documents for this
architecture have been approved by the ITU-T.
ASON functionality is implemented by a suite of GMPLS protocols. It is comprised of the
control and data plane protocols/mechanisms, extending the MPLS signaling and
routing protocols for transporting traffic like SDH, DWDM, and so on.
In order to generalize the MPLS protocols, it includes additional label types for Time
Division Multiplexing (TDM), lambda, and fiber switching in order to allow these
networks capable of performing Label Switch Routers (LSR). There are also additional
features like: bidirectional label types, label suggestion, and label restriction. GMPLS
documents are developed at the Common Control and Measurement Plane (CCAMP)
working group within the IETF group.
The ASON and GMPLS network can provide powerful protection and restoration func-
tions to enhance the network resilience. This is explained in greater detail later in this
section.
The implementation of ASON/GMPLS in the hiT 7065 is done through an additional
software module, called the GMPLS Controller, which provides the GMPLS capabilities.
A dynamic, signaling-based, and policy-driven network over the SDH platform can be
established through this GMPLS control plane.
For more information on the GMPLS Controller and ASON Manager, refer to chapters
7.4.

3.11.1 Automatic topology and resource discovery


In addition to manual assignment of topology and resources, the hiT 7065 can perform
automatic topology and resource discovery using the TNMS CT. Through the TNMS CT,
operators can classify Internal Network-to-Network Interface (I-NNI) ports, reserve
resources, and either automatically or manually configure Traffic Engineering (TE)-Links
for GMPLS. Then the OSPF-TE protocol will be used to automatically advertise this con-
figuration information to other nodes and provide the calculation for route capacity. After
that, the ASON Manager can track or import all relevant NEs, TE-Link, and route infor-
mation which is either created or existing on an ASON configured NE.

3.11.2 Provider provisioned services


There are three types of provider provisioned services defined:
Permanent Connections
PCs are established hop-by-hop directly on each network element along a specified
path without relying on the network routing and signaling capability. The connection has
two fixed end-points and fixed cross connection configuration along the path and stays
up until it is deleted. PCs are set up as ordinary SDH connections through the QST inter-
face of the network elements. In this case the control plane is not involved. Permanent
connections are fully provisioned by the network management system (TMN).
Soft-Permanent Connections
SPCs are user-to-user connections created via the network management system by
specifying the properties of the connection at the end-point (ingress). The user-to-

38 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System description

network portion of the end-to-end connection is established by the network manage-


ment system as a PC. The network portion of the end-to-end connection is established
as a switched connection using the control plane. In the network portion of the connec-
tion, requests for establishment of the connection are initiated by the TMN and set up
by the control plane using the network routing and signaling functions.
Switched Connections (SC)
An SC is established through User-to-Network Interface (UNI), as a result of a request
from the end user. It is created, between connection end-points using a control plane
and involving the dynamic exchange of signaling information between signaling
elements within the control plane(s).

t SC connections will be implemented in a software upgrade in future releases.

3.11.3 GMPLS restoration and protection features


The hiT 7065 supports the following GMPLS restoration and protection techniques:
Dynamic Source Re-routing upon Failure
The DSR upon failure is a mesh restoration scheme, which restores the path affected
by a failure end-to-end to a restoration path computed upon failure by the ingress node.
To allow the ingress node to calculate a restoration path without waiting for the Open
Shortest Path First (OSPF) convergence, the hiT 7065 supports point of failure reporting
using the rerouting object (defined by the IETF) and the route exclusion technique. The
rerouting object contains information to identify the node or link where Label Switched
Path (LSP) failure occurred. The ingress node uses this information to reroute around
the problem by calculating a new explicit route that excludes the failed link or node.

Figure 13 DSR example


1+1 Path Protection
The 1+1 Path Protection (1+1 PP) is one path protection mechanism, which can be set
up by the GMPLS control plane. The difference between SDH SNCP and GMPLS 1+1
PP is the configuration of the working and protection path. Whereas both paths are set
up as permanent connection via TMN for SNCP, the paths are set up as SPC or SC for
GMPLS based 1+1 PP. The 1+1 PP is protection against a single failure.
Permanent 1+1 Path Protection + DSR
Permanent 1+1 PP extends the 1+1 PP to protect the connection against multiple
failures within 50 ms. In case of a bidirectional failure, both selectors (ingress and
egress) switch to the protection path. After protection switching the system calculates a
new protection path and sets up a new 1+1 path protection to be protected against the
next failure. This is repeated as long as a new disjoint protection path can be found

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 39
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System description Product Description (PD)

(maximum number of service recoveries can be also limited by network administrator).


If such a disjoint path cannot be found, the system switches to the resilience scheme
“Dynamic Source Reroute Upon Failure”. Doing so, the system is able to protect against
as many failures as resources are available. Figure 14 shows the switching sequence.

Figure 14 Permanent 1+1 PP + DSR


Permanent Pre-Planned Shared Restoration + DSR
The permanent pre-planned shared path restoration is a shared mesh restoration, which
restores the path affected by a failure end-to-end (ingress to egress) to a pre-planned
restoration path (link/node/Shared Risk Link Group (SRLG) diverse to working path).
The pre-planned restoration path is not established, it is only reserved for restoration of
the working signal. Consequently the transport resources that are not occupied can be
shared among restoration paths that do not need the resources at the same time. This
allows a high resource efficiency since the restoration resources can be shared. If the
ingress detects a path failure it starts immediately the process of establishing the resto-
ration paths for all affected working paths. As soon as the restoration path is established,
the ingress switches the traffic from the working path to the restoration paths. This is all
handled by the distributed control plane signaling. Since all restoration paths are pre-
planned there is no need to calculate restoration paths in case of failure. A race between
concurrent setups of restoration path cannot happen, which makes the process very
stable and predictable. The permanent pre-planned shared restoration implemented in
the hiT 7065 is designed to protect against multiple failures. As soon as the restoration
path is established and the traffic is switched to the restoration path, the system tries to
set up a new pre-planned restoration path. The pre-planned restoration path must be
disjoint to the path carrying the traffic. If such a disjoint path cannot be found the system

40 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System description

switches to the resilience scheme “dynamic reroute upon failure”. Doing so, the system
is able to protect against as many failures as resources are available. Figure 15 shows
the switching sequence.

Figure 15 Permanent Restoration + DSR


Failure Detection and Failure Signaling for Path Restoration
Path restoration in the hiT 7065 is always initiated by the ingress node. Hence, the
ingress node either detects the failure by itself or it is informed by the failure detecting
node. If a hiT 7065 detects a failure (physical layer, Regenerator Section (RS), Multiplex
Section (MS), or equipment failure), it sends a message for all affected LSPs to the
respective ingress nodes. A rerouting object is included on the message that contain
information to identify the node or the link where the LSP failure occurred. The ingress
node uses this information to reroute around the problem calculating a new explicit route
that excludes the failed link or node.
Reversion
To guarantee reversion back to the original working and protection/pre-planned restora-
tion path, the working and protection paths are configured as “permanent signaled”.
Reversion back to an intermediate dynamically routed (dynamic source reroute upon
failure) path is not supported. Reversion switching must be fast. To achieve the smallest
possible reversion switch time the reversion switch is implemented as a temporary
SNCP 1+1 protection with an automatic forced switch. Manual reversion is also sup-
ported. The switching time is typically less than 1 ms.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 41
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System description Product Description (PD)

3.12 IP over IP keep alive


The IP over IP keep alive function is the same as the GRE keep alive function. The IP
over IP keep alive function is disabled when an IP over IP tunnel is created. The keep
alive function can be enable/disabled by customer per IP over IP interface. The packet
processing of IP over IP has the same behavior as GRE keep alive packet processing.
The period between two IP over IP processing has the same solution as the GRE
relative parameters. IP over IP tunnel up/down has the same mechanism as GRE tunnel
up/down. Anchored port down or lost keep alive of the tunnel will cause IP over IP tunnel
down, and the vice versa for tunnel up.

3.13 Security management


The hiT 7065 supports the following security features:
• Command and security login
• Command Line Interface (CLI) access via Secure Shell version 2 (SSHv2)
• Secure FTP (SFTP) or Secure Copy Protocol (SCP) for file transfer
• Denial of Service (DoS) prevention
• Port locking
• OSPF authentication
• Client authorization
Command and security login
The NE generates a security log for all activities. The default size of this log shall be
5000 lines. If the log capacity has reached its maximum size, a log full alarm is raised
and switched to wrapping or stop mode.
The log holds the entries of security related information which affects the NE:
• User login or logoff
• User obtain or release the write access
• All changes to user accounts (for example, password change)
• User account expired
• Password expired
• Unsuccessful user authentication attempts
• Unauthorized access attempts
• OSPF/RSVP authentication key changes
• All SSH related events (for example, key creation or deletion, login/logoff)
• All SFTP file transfer requests
CLI access via SSHv2
The network element runs an SSH server that allows SSH connections to the NE,
handling authentication, authorization and serving the client requests. SSHv2 protocol
is used for secure remote access via CLI and for secure file transfer (SFTP/SCP)
between NE and a remote SSH server.
The only user authentication type to be enabled for SSH access is public key (Digital
Signature Algorithm (DSA) or Rivest, Shamir and Adleman (RSA) key pairs). Password
based authentication is insecure and must not be used for SSH access.
The CLI security administrator defines the cryptographic algorithms that are used in the
transport layer. By default, the following algorithms are enabled:

42 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System description

• Encryption
• Data integrity
• Key exchange methods
• Public key algorithms
SFTP or SCP for file transfer
SFTP or SCP can be used for file transfer, which can be invoked from CLI or a SNMPv3
command. In this situation, the NE acts as a client and there is no SFTP server inside
NE, so it is impossible to transfer the file by other means than CLI or Element Manager
(EM). As a client, the NE only trusts user name that has already stored in the user’s
database along with the public key. For authentication, the NE uses its DSA or RSA keys
in the user authentication layer.
DoS prevention
DoS prevention is used to prevent against logic or vulnerable attacks by the following
ways:
• Filter out the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) ping request, disable the
ICMP ping reply, filter out the timestamp requests, and filter out the outgoing ICMP
timestamp replies.
• Implement traffic ingress filter (RFC2827) to avoid processing of possibly forged
source IP address.
Port locking
The security administrator can individually enable or disable all used TCP/UDP ports of
the NE via CLI/EM, for example, SFTP or SSH ports.
OSPF authentication
OSPF authentication can be enabled or disabled (the default value is disabled) per inter-
face or sub-network via CLI/EM. When OSFP authentication is enabled, all OSPF
packet exchanges are authenticated. If either verification or authentication checking
fails, OSPF receiver logs an exception into the security log and discards the message.

3.14 License management


Some of the following features are controlled by an independent software license in the
hiT 7065.The NE software check the license key during initialization. If there is no
license file or the file is invalid, the operator cannot use the license to control these fea-
tures. For the details about how to use the license file, contact Coriant technical support.
There are four independent license files which are all xml files:
• license.xml: the GMPLS license file
• license_OAM.xml: the Ethernet enhanced feature - OAM license file
• license_CR.xml: the Ethernet card redundancy license file (this feature is only avail-
able for the 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card.)
• license_HOT.xml: the high-order trail license file

3.15 HO Trail
The HO trail mode for TP management is an SDH TP configuration mode where all
internal VC-4 and VC-12 are shown to the user, who can check, configure, add, and
create protection on these TPs.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 43
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System description Product Description (PD)

3.15.1 HO trail mode


There is a global switch of TP configuration mode which has two options: one is the HO
trail enabled mode, another is the HO trail disabled mode. The default value is the HO
trail disabled mode.
HO trail disabled mode
HO trail disabled mode is the same as the original TP configuration mode. The HO trail
is not available to the user. The general function module is shown as Figure 16:

LO terminated card Line card Line card


(PDH/Data Card with LO VCG) SDH card SDH card
M

M M M NM NM NM NM NM
VC-4/VC-4-4c
VC-4-16c TP

HCCC module

LOCC module M Monitor point

Non intrusive
NM Monitor point

Figure 16 HO trail disable mode


The PDH card only supports LO TP (it dose not support HO TP), and therefore LO TP
VC-12/VC-3 is visible on this card. The user can enable or disable alarm monitoring, as
well as trail/label configuration on the TP. The location of LO TP is in the PDH port.
The TP mapping structure of the SDH card is configurable. It can be VC-12/VC-3/VC-
4/VC-4-4c/VC-4-16c/VC-4-64c. Once it is configured as LO TP, VC-4 is visible. If Non-
Intrusive Monitoring (NIM) is enabled, LO TP is visible.
In case it is configured as HO TP, the HO TP is only available if NIM is enabled. The
user can enable or disable alarm monitoring as well as trail or label configuration on the
visible TP. The location of HO or LO TP is in the SDH port.
HO trail enable mode
The user can perform all normal TP operation and create CC or protection on these TPs.
The CC card must be inserted in slot 7 only under the condition of HO trail mode, the
CC configuration structure is changed after enabling the HO trail feature. The general
function module is shown as Figure 17:

44 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System description

LO terminated card Line card


VC-12/VC-3 TP (PDH/Data Card with LO VCG) (SDH card with HO VCG)
M M M

M NM
VC-4/VC-4-4c
VC-4 TP
VC-4-16c TP
HCCC module

VC-4 TP
M M
LOCC module M Monitor point

NM NM NM NM NM NM
VC-12/VC-3 TP Non intrusive
NM Monitor point

Figure 17 HO trail enable mode


The HO trails will be shown to the users. The user can collect all information of this HO
trail TP and can change mapping structure for this HO trail TP.

g The HO trail TP is supported with VC-12/VC-3/VC-4, but it does not support VC-4-4c
and VC-4-16c.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 45
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System description Product Description (PD)

46 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

4 Components of the hiT 7065


This chapter provides an overview of the hiT 7065 system and describes the cards sup-
ported by the hiT 7065 and their applications in the NE.

4.1 System overview


One the hiT 7065 system can support one main shelf with up to ten extension shelves.
This chapter describes the main shelf of the hiT 7065 5.0.
For details about the extension shelf, refer to the hiT 7035 4.01 Extension Shelf Tech-
nical Manual.

4.1.1 Main shelf and slot arrangement


The main shelf consists of 2 System Controller (SC) slots, 1 SI slot, 1 fan unit slot, 2 CC
slots, 14 SDH/IMA slots, and 15 I/O slots which can be flexibly configured for interface
cards. The power supply cards are fixed on bottom of the main shelf.
Figure 18 illustrates the hiT 7065 main shelf slot layout.

Figure 18 Slot layout


The slot arrangement for each card is described in Table 5.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 47
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

Cards Slot number1) M


S S C S S S S S I a
D D C D D D C I O x.
H H 7 H H H 17 19 1 #
/ / to / / / to to m
20 20 83) 20 20 20 18 15 o
G G G G G d
1 4 9 11 13 u
to to to to to l
32) 62) 102 122 162 e
) ) )
SC √ 2
SI √ 1
CC √ 2
2 x STM-64 M √ √ √ √ √ 14
8 x STM-16 √ √ √ √ √ 14
8 x STM-16 M √ √ √ √ √ 14
16 x STM-4/1 M √ √ √ √ √ 14
16 x STM-1E (W/P) √ √ √ √ √ 14
4 x STM-1 ATM IMA √ √ √ √ √ 14
8 x STM-1E IO √4) 8
1 x 10 GE/T √ √ √ √ √ 14
8 x GE/T √ √ √ √ √ 14
1 x 10 GE + 10 x √ √ √ √ √ 7
GE/L25)
8 x GE + 16 x FE/L26) √ √ √ √ √ 4
6 x GE + 4 x √ √ √ √ √ 7
FEGE/AE
126 x E1 (W/P) √7) 3
12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) √8) 3
21 x E1 IO √9) 12
6 x E3/DS3 IO √10) 12
2 x OTU-2 √ √ √ √ √ 14
OA √ √ √ √ √ 14

Table 5 Main shelf slot arrangement


1) For complete slot naming, refer to the slot layout figure.
2) Maximum backplane SDH/IMA bandwidth is 20G.

48 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

3) Single CC card is only inserted into slot 7 when NE is in HO trail mode.


4) STM-1E IO can be equipped into slot 29 to 36 (IO slots).
5) The L2 card works in pairs and occupies with two slots. Pairs arrangement is slot 1
& slot 2, slot 3 & slot 4, slot 5 & slot 6, slot 9 & slot 10, slot 11 & slot 12, slot 13 &
slot 14, and slot 15 & slot 16.
6) The 8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 card can be inserted in slot 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, and
13.
7) Protection slot for 126 x E1 is SDH/IMA/20G slot 3.
8) 12 x E3/DS3 card can be inserted in slot 14,15, and 16.
9) E1 IO can be equipped into slot 22 to 33 (IO slots).
10) 6 x E3/DS3 IO card can be inserted in slot 33, 34, 35, and 36 (IO 12, 13, 14, and 15)

g When planning and installing cards, some cards, such as CC, require specific slots;
while others, such as SDH, are more flexible.

g If the line cards of the hiT 7080 4.15 and the versions prior to the hiT 7080 4.15 are
equipped into the hiT 7065 shelf, it is recommended that the main SC card is equipped
into slot 18.

t For more information on the hiT 7035 4.01 extension shelf slot layout and slot arrange-
ment, refer to the hiT 7035 4.01 Extension Shelf Installation and Test Manual.

4.1.2 Extension shelf connectivity


The extension shelf, named the hiT 7035 4.01 extension shelf, is designed to simulta-
neously support the add/drop of 252 x E1 shelf from the main shelf. Up to 10 extension
shelves can be supported by a single main shelf.
The extension shelf connectivity diagram is shown in Figure 19.

Figure 19 Extension shelf connectivity diagram


For details about the extension shelf, refer to the hiT 7035 4.01 Extension Shelf Tech-
nical Manual.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 49
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

For more detailed information about extension shelf connectivity and commissioning,
refer to the hiT 7065 Installation and Test Manual (ITMN).

4.2 Supported cards


Table 6 lists the cards supported in the hiT 7065:

Card type Card name Description


Controller SC System control card for NE configuration
SI System interface card for NE management
Cross con- CC Cross connection card for switch fabric
nection
SDH 2 x STM-64 M
8 x STM-16 Optical interface card
8 x STM-16 M
16 x STM-4/1 M
16 x STM-1E (W/P) Electrical interface card
8 x STM-1E IO
IMA 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA ATM interface card
PDH 126 x E1 (W/P) Electrical interface card
21x E1 IO Electrical interface card
12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) Electrical interface card
6 x E3/DS3 IO Electrical interface card
Ethernet 8 x GE/T Transparent Ethernet interface card
1 x 10 GE/T Transparent Ethernet interface card
1 x 10 GE + 10 x Layer 2 Ethernet interface card
GE/L2
8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 Layer 2 Ethernet interface card
6 x GE + 4 x Layer 2 Ethernet interface card
FEGE/AE
OTN 2 x OTU-2 OTU interface card
POA (20 dB) Pre-amplifier card
Amplifier BOA (13 dBm)
BOA (15 dBm) Boost amplifier card
BOA (18 dBm)

Table 6 The hiT 7065 supported cards

4.3 Controller cards


Table 7 lists all the hiT 7065 controller cards.

50 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

Card Usage Interfaces Buttons LEDs


name
SC NE configuration 1 DB 9 (RS232) 1 RESET 1 ACT (green)
1 PWR (green)
1 FAULT (red)
1 CF (green)
SI1) NE management 8 RJ45 1 LED TEST 1 PWR (green)
1 ACO 1 FAULT (red)
1 SUP 1 CR (red)
1 MJ (orange)
1 MN (yellow)

Table 7 Controller cards overview


1) SI cards provide an additional mini Universal Serial Bus (USB) for debugging.

4.3.1 SC card
The SC card is the main control unit for the hiT 7065. It performs system initialization,
configuration, monitoring, and maintenance.
The hiT 7065 can be equipped with redundant SC cards (1+1) to provide customers with
even higher reliability and stability. While the system is running, configuration informa-
tion, run time data, and other files are constantly synchronized from the active to the
standby card. The standby card becomes active in the event of a failure on the active
card. The standby card takes over all SC functions from the previously active card,
allowing continuous control and full NE functionality. In case of failure, you can switch
from active to standby cards either manually or automatically.
A Compact Flash (CF) memory card is equipped in the SC card. The NE database, Man-
agement Information Base (MIB), system software, and configurations are stored in this
nonvolatile memory card, which supports quick recovery in the event of power failure,
node failure, or unit replacement.
Figure 20 shows the faceplate of the SC card.

Figure 20 SC card faceplate

4.3.2 SI card
The SI card provides the following main functions:
• TNMS-CT and TNMS Core access
• Station clock synchronization
• MDI access
• MDO access
• Alarm output

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 51
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

• Alarm Cut Off (ACO)


• Alarm Suppress (SUP)
• User channel access
Figure 21 shows the faceplate of the SI card.

Figure 21 SI card faceplate

4.4 CC cards
Table 8 lists the hiT 7065 CC cards.

Card name Usage Interfaces LEDs


CC Switch fabric Mini USB 1 ACT (green)
1 PWR (green)
1 FAULT (red)

Table 8 CC card overview

The cross connection structure is shown in Figure 22.

Figure 22 Cross connection architecture

4.4.1 CC card
The hiT 7065 supports a 300 Gbps fabric capacity with 1+1 redundant protection that
can interconnect AU-4s between any SDH and Ethernet port accessing the system. The
switch fabric provides non-blocking switching of traffic at VC-4, VC-4-4c, VC-4-16c, VC-
4-64c, VC-12, and VC-3 levels.
Figure 23 shows the faceplate of the CC card.

52 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

Figure 23 CC card faceplate

4.5 SDH cards


Table 9 lists the hiT 7065 SDH cards.

Card names Bit rates Interfaces LEDs


2 x STM-64 M 9.95 Gbps 2 optical XFP modules PWR (green)
8 x STM-16 2.488 Gbps 8 optical SFP modules FAULT (red)
8 x STM-16 M 2.488 Gbps 8 optical SFP modules LINK (green)

16 x STM-4/1 M 622.08 Mbps 16 optical SFP modules


155.52 Mbps (ports 1 to 16)
The operational port mode
can be set by the operator
as either STM-4 or STM-1
mode per the unit of four
ports (ports 1 to 4, ports 5 to
8, ports 9 to 12, or ports 13
to 16).
4 STM-1 electrical SFP
modules (ports 13 to 16)
16 x STM-1E 155.52 Mbps PWR (green)
(W/P) FAULT (red)
ACT (green)
8 x STM-1E IO 8 STM-1 electrical inter- PWR (green)
faces (CC4 connectors)

Table 9 SDH cards overview

t Except for the Input and Output (IO) cards, all other SDH cards provide an additional
mini USB for debugging.

The XFP and SFP modules are hot pluggable transceivers, which can be plugged into
and unplugged from the designated ports without physically removing the whole traffic
card. For XFP and SFP technical data, see Section 8.1.1.
The optical line interfaces on all SDH cards support ALS function and optical perfor-
mance monitoring function.

4.5.1 2 x STM-64 M card


The 2 x STM-64 M provides 2 intra-office haul, short haul, or long haul STM-64 ports
compliant with ITU-T G.691 and Transport System Generic Requirements (TSGR) GR-
1377-Core.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 53
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

The 2 x STM-64 M card can be equipped with a maximum of two STM-64 optical XFP
modules. Each port can be equipped with the following XFP modules:
• I-64.1, 1310 nm, 2 km, G.652 fiber
• S-64.2b, 1550 nm, 40 km, G.652 fiber
• P1L1-2D2, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652 fiber
• DWDM XFP, C-band, 40 km
• DWDM XFP, C-band, 80 km
• DWDM XFP, C-band, wavelength tunable, 80 km
It is possible to mix the different XFP modules within one traffic card.
The supported transmission protection types on the 2 x STM-64 M card are as follows:
• 2-fiber MS-SPRing
• Normal 4-fiber MS-SPRing
• 1+1 MSP (unidirectional/bidirectional, revertive/non-revertive)
• 1:N MSP (bidirectional, revertive)
• SNCP (unidirectional/bidirectional)
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Any pair of ports on the same card or across the card can be chosen to create an MSP
or MS-SPRing group.
Figure 24 shows the faceplate of the 2 x STM-64 M card.

Figure 24 2 x STM-64 M card faceplate

4.5.2 8 x STM-16 and 8 x STM-16 M card


The 8 x STM-16 and 8 x STM-16 M card provides 8 short haul, long haul, very long haul,
or ultra-long haul STM-16 ports compliant with ITU-T G.957 and ITU-T G.695.
The 8 x STM-16 and 8 x STM-16 M card can be equipped with up to 8 STM-16 optical
SFP modules. Each port can be equipped with the following SFP modules:
• Short haul, long haul options:
– S-16.1, 1310 nm, 15 km, G.652 fiber
– L-16.1, 1310 nm, 40 km, G.652 fiber
– L-16.2, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652/G.654 fiber
– L-16.3, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.653 fiber
• Very long, ultra-long haul with OA options:
– V-16.2, 1555.75 nm, 120 km, G.652 fiber with 13 dBm OBA
– U-16.2, 1555.75 nm, 160 km, G.652 fiber with 18 dBm OBA
– U-16.2, 1555.75 nm, 180 km, G.652 fiber with 18 dBm OBA and 20 dB OPA
• WDM options:
– DWDM L-16.2, G.652 fiber
– Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplexing (CWDM) L-16.2, G.652 fiber
• Bi-directional SFP options:
– Bidirectional 15 km, Tx: 1550, Rx: 1310
– Bidirectional 15 km, Tx: 1310, Rx: 1550

54 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

– Bidirectional 40 km, Tx: 1570, Rx: 1490


– Bidirectional 40 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1570
It is possible to mix the different SFP modules within one traffic card.
The supported transmission protection types on the 8 x STM-16 and 8 x STM-16 M card
are as follows:
• 2-fiber MS-SPRing
• Normal 4-fiber MS-SPRing
• 1+1 MSP (unidirectional/bidirectional, revertive/non-revertive)
• 1:N MSP (bidirectional, revertive)
• SNCP (unidirectional/bidirectional)
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Any pair of ports on the same card or across the card can be chosen to create an MSP
or MS-SPRing group.
Figure 25 shows the faceplate of the 8 x STM-16 card.

Figure 25 8 x STM-16 card faceplate


Figure 26 shows the faceplate of the 8 x STM-16 M card.

Figure 26 8 x STM-16 M card faceplate

4.5.3 16 x STM-4/1 M card


The 16 x STM-4/1 M card provides 16 short haul, long haul, or very long haul STM-4/1
ports compliant with ITU-T G.957, or 4 STM-1 electrical ports (ports 13 to 16) in compli-
ance with ITU-T G.703.
The 16 x STM-4/1 M card can be equipped with up to 16 STM-4 or STM-1 optical SFP
modules (ports 1 to 16) or 4 STM-1 electrical SFP modules (ports 13 to 16). Port mode
can be set with the granularity of a 4 ports group, the default port mode is STM-1.
The supported SFP modules are as follows:
• STM-4 options:
– S-4.1, 1310 nm, 15 km, G.652 fiber
– L-4.1, 1310 nm, 40 km, G.652 fiber
– L-4.2, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652/G.654 fiber
– L-4.3, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.653 fiber
– V-4.2, 1550 nm, 120 km, G.652 fiber
– Bidirectional, 10 km, G.652 fiber
– Bidirectional, 40 km, G.652 fiber
– Bidirectional, 80 km, G.652 fiber
• STM-1 optical SFP options:
– I-1, 1380 nm, 2 km, only for multi-mode fiber

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 55
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

– S-1.1, 1310 nm, 15 km, G.652 fiber


– L-1.1, 1310 nm, 40 km, G.652 fiber
– L-1.2, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652/G.654 fiber
– L-1.3, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.653 fiber
– V-1.2, 1550 nm, 120 km, G.652 fiber
– Bidirectional, 20 km, G.652 fiber
• STM-1 electrical SFP options:
– DIN 1.0/2.3 75 Ω, 100 m, coaxial pair cable
It is possible to mix the different XFP modules within one traffic card except the electrical
SFP. Electrical SFP can only be used on the last four ports.
The supported transmission protection types on the 16 x STM-4/1 M card are as follows:
• 2-fiber MS-SPRing (STM-4 interface only)
• 1+1 MSP (unidirectional/bidirectional, revertive/non-revertive)
• 1:N MSP (bidirectional, revertive)
• SNCP (unidirectional/bidirectional)
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Any pair of ports on the same card or across the card can be chosen to create an MSP
or MS-SPRing.
Figure 27 shows the faceplate of the 16 x STM-4/1 M card.

Figure 27 16 x STM-4/1 M card faceplate

4.5.4 16 x STM-1E (W/P) and IO cards


The hiT 7065 supports 16 x STM-1E (W/P) cards which are used in combination with 2
8 x STM-1E IO cards. The 16 x STM-1E (W/P) card supports 1:N (N <= 4) redundant
equipment protection.
Table 10 list STM-1E cards slot pairing with IO cards for one 4:1 groups.

Slots of STM-1E cards 1) Slots of IO cards


Slot 11 Slot 29 Slot 30
Slot 12 Slot 31 Slot 32
Slot 14 Slot 33 Slot 34
Slot 15 Slot 35 Slot 36

Table 10 Table of STM-1E cards slot pairing with IO cards (1)


1) Slot 13 is the dedicated slot for protection.

The interfaces are compliant with ITU-T G.703.


The 8 x STM-1E IO card is equipped with CC4 electrical interfaces. These interfaces
have an impedance of 75 Ω.

56 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

The 1+1 MSP, 1:N MSP, and SNCP protection functions are supported on STM-1E
interfaces.
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.

g •

MSP protection and EPG protection cannot be used simultaneously.
SNCP, EOW/DCC, and timing are switched together with EPG protection.

Figure 28 shows the faceplate of the 16 x STM-1E (W/P) card.

Figure 28 16 x STM-1E (W/P) card faceplate


Figure 29 shows the faceplate of the 8 x STM-1E IO card.

Figure 29 8 x STM-1E IO card faceplate

4.6 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card


The hiT 7065 supports 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card. Table 11 lists the overview of this card.

Card name Interfaces LEDs


4 x STM-1 ATM IMA 4 STM-1 ATM modules PWR (green)
FAULT (red)

Table 11 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card overview

t 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card provides an additional mini USB for debugging.

There are 4 STM-1 ATM interfaces, which all can be selected as system timing refer-
ence.
The 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card performs the following functions:
• Physical card can be set as both UNI and NNI mode:
– UNI mode: the range of Virtual Path ID (VPI) is from 0 to 255, and the range of
Virtual Channel ID (VCI) is from 32 to 65535
– NNI mode: the range of VPI is from 0 to 4095, and the range of VCI is from 32
to 65535
• Total 4096 service flows supported for Virtual Path Connection (VPC)/Virtual
Channel Connection (VCC).
• There are total 248 IMA/Transmission Convergence (TC) groups and up to 8 E1
links per IMA group. Based on the physical design of 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card which
has four independent chips inside, these IMA groups are seperated into 4 parts,
each of which consists of 62 IMA groups. For each part, there are up to 63 E1 links
assigned accordingly (see Table 12). The IMA group shall establish the symmetry
of the group at group start-up time.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 57
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

IMA groups E1 links


1 ~ 62 1 ~ 63
63 ~ 124 64 ~ 126
125 ~ 186 127 ~ 189
187 ~ 248 190 ~ 252

Table 12 E1 links assigned for different IMA groups

• 252 x E1 signal mapping and framing


• Loopback per IMA group: both near end and far end loopback are supported per
STM-1 ATM port
• The following three service types can be specified for each VPC or VCC, and Con-
nection Admission Control (CAC) will be changed accordingly:
– Constant Bit Rate (CBR): the CBR traffic descriptor includes Peak Cell Rate
(PCR) and Cell Delay Variation Tolerance (CDVT)
– Unspecified Bit Rate (UBR): the UBR traffic descriptor only includes PCR
The 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card provides 4 STM-1 ATM interfaces. Each can be equipped
with the following SFP modules:
• I-1, 1380 nm, 2 km, only for multimode fiber
• S-1.1, 1310 nm, 15 km, G.652 fiber
• L-1.1, 1310 nm, 40 km, G.652 fiber
• L-1.2, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652/G.654 fiber
• L-1.3, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.653 fiber
• V-1.2, 1550 nm, 120 km, G.652 fiber
• Bidirectional, 20 km, G.652 fiber
The supported transmission protection types on the 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA interface card
are as follows:
• 1+1 MSP (bidirectional, revertive/non-revertive)

g For this card, the 1+1 MSP is only supported based on port. What is more, the
working port and protection port must not be configured on the same card.

• SNCP based on VC-12/VC-4 (unidirectional/bidirectional)

Figure 30 shows the faceplate of this 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card.

Figure 30 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card faceplate

4.7 PDH cards


Table 13 lists the hiT 7065 PDH cards.

58 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

Card names Bit rates Interfaces LEDs


12 x E3/DS3 34.369 Mbps PWR (green)
(W/P) (E3) FAULT (red)
44.736 Mbps ACT (green)
(DS3)
6 x E3/DS3 IO 6 CC4 connectors PWR (green)
126 x E1 (W/P) 2.048 Mbps PWR (green)
FAULT (red)
ACT (green)
21 x E1 IO 2 mm HM (Hard Metric) PWR (green)
connectors

Table 13 PDH cards overview

t Except for the IO cards, all other PDH cards provide an additional mini USB for debug-
ging.

The electrical interfaces on all PDH cards support the performance monitoring function.

4.7.1 12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) and IO cards


The hiT 7065 supports 12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) cards which are used in conjunction with 2 6
x E3/DS3 IO interface cards. The 12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) card supports 1:N (N <= 2) redun-
dant equipment protection.
Table 14 lists E3/DS3 cards slot pairing with IO cards.

Slots of E3/DS3 cards1) Slots of IO cards


Slot 14 (12 x E3/DS3) Slot 33 to slot 34 (6 x E3/DS3 IO)
Slot 15 (12 x E3/DS3) Slot 35 to slot 36 (6 x E3/DS3 IO)

Table 14 Table of E3/DS3 cards slot pairing with IO cards


1) Slot 16 is the dedicated slot for protection.

The interfaces are compliant with ITU-T G.703.


The 6 x E3/DS3 IO card is equipped with CC4 electrical connectors. These interfaces
have an impedance of 75 Ω.
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Figure 31 shows the faceplate of the 12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) card.

Figure 31 12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) card faceplate


Figure 32 shows the faceplate of the 6 x E3/DS3 IO card.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 59
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

Figure 32 6 x E3/DS3 IO card faceplate

4.7.2 126 x E1 (W/P) and 21 x E1 IO cards


The hiT 7065 supports 126 x E1 (W/P) cards which are used in conjunction with 6 21 x
E1 IO interface cards. The 126 x E1 (W/P) card supports 1:N (N <= 2) redundant equip-
ment protection.
Table 15 lists E1 cards slot pairing with IO cards.

Slots of E1 cards1) Slots of IO cards


Slot 1 (126 x E1) Slot 22 to slot 27 (21 x E1 IO)
Slot 2 (126 x E1) Slot 28 to slot 33 (21 x E1 IO)

Table 15 Table of E1 cards slot pairing with IO cards


1) Slot 3 is the dedicated slot for protection.

The interfaces are compliant with ITU-T G.703.


The 126 x E1 (W/P) card supports a retiming function for every port which can be
enabled or disabled by the operator through the TNMS-CT or TNMS Core network man-
agement system.

g The card only supports up to four ports for selection at one time, though every port can
be used as a timing reference.

g The 126 x E1 card supports the HO-Trail Enable mode, while the 21 x E1 IO card does
not support the HO-Trail Enable mode, it will be displayed as mismatch in the EM.

The 21 x E1 IO card is equipped with 2 mm connectors. The interfaces have an imped-


ance of 75 Ω or 120 Ω. The 1 x E1 IO card supports the 1:N protection function against
equipment failure on 126 x E1 (W/P) card.
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Figure 33 shows the faceplate of the 126 x E1 (W/P) card.

Figure 33 126 x E1 (W/P) card faceplate


Figure 34 shows the faceplate of 21 x E1 IO (75 Ω) card.

Figure 34 21 x E1 IO (75 Ω) card faceplate

60 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

Figure 35 shows the faceplate of 21 x E1 IO (120 Ω) card.

Figure 35 21 x E1 IO (120 Ω) card faceplate

4.8 Ethernet cards


Table 16 lists the hiT 7065 Ethernet cards.

Card name Usage Interfaces LEDs


8 x GE + 16 x L2 switching Eight GE ports, PWR (green)
FE/L2 configurable100M or FAULT (red)
1000M interface via
LINK (green)
SFP or auto-negotiation
10/100/1000M full-
duplex interface via
ESFP
Sixteen FE ports, auto
negotiation 10/100M
full-duplex interface
1 x 10 GE + L2 switching One 10 GE optical XFP PWR (green)
10 x GE/L2 module FAULT (red)
Ten GE electrical SFP LINK (green)
or GE/FE optical SFP
modules
6 x GE + 4 x L2 switching Six GE electrical or PWR (green)
FEGE/AE optical SFP modules FAULT (red)
Four RJ45 FE inter- LINK (green)
faces
8 x GE/T Transparent trans- Eight GE electrical or PWR (green)
mission optical SFP modules FAULT (red)
LINK (green)
1 x 10 GE/T Transparent trans- One 10 GE optical XFP PWR (green)
mission module FAULT (red)
LINK (green)

Table 16 Ethernet cards overview

g All the supported Ethernet cards provide an additional mini USB for debugging.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 61
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

4.8.1 8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 card


The 8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 card is a layer 2 Ethernet card that provides eight 1000Base-
X/100BASE-FX and sixteen 100/10BASE-T ports.
On the SDH side, there are 64 WAN (VCG) ports which support VC-12, VC-3, and VC-
4 with GFP and LCAS.
• Front panel interfaces:
– Eight GE SFP module interfaces
– Sixteen FE interfaces
• Backplane side:
– 64 WAN ports sharing up to 10 GE (VC-12, VC-3, and VC-4)

t An extra Ethernet connector converter must be used for the FE RJ45 interfaces to split
them into two separate FE interfaces and connect to other equipment. Each RJ45 inter-
face has two LEDs, one of which is used to indicate the send/receive status for each FE
interface.

Each GE optical/electrical SFP interface can be equipped with the following SFP
modules:
• GE optical SFP options (in accordance to IEEE 802.3):
– 1G GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base-Sx, 850 nm, 220 m, 62.5 um Multimode
Fibers (MMF) and 500 m, 50 um MMF)
– 1G GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base-Lx, 1310 nm, 10 km, G.652 Single-Mode
Fiber (SMF))
– 1G GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base, 1310 nm, 40 km, G.652 SMF)
– 1G GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base-Zx, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652 SMF/G.655 fiber)
• GE bi-directional electrical SFP option:
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 10 km, Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 10 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 40 km, Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 40 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 80 km, Tx: 1570, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 80 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1570
• GE electrical SFP option (in accordance to IEEE 802.3-2002 and IEEE 802.3ab):
– 1000 Base-T, 100 m, unshielded twisted-pair category-6 cable
To enhance more flexible adaptability, FE is also supported on this card. In the FE
mode, the following SFP modules can be used:
• FE optical SFP

g The GE interfaces can be used in FE mode only if the FE SFP is inserted.

The main functions supported by this card are as follows:


• LAN/WAN port aggregation
• Enable or disable the LAN port of local Ethernet L2 card
• Multicast IGMP snooping
• Port cross connection
• Port + VLAN cross connection
• VLAN and double VLAN tagging

62 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

• VLAN translation
• Link aggregation
• 128K MAC address (shared among dynamic, static, and multicast addresses)
• ACL based on MAC addresses
• Multiple policing options including:
– CIR
– EIR
– PIR
– CBS
– EBS
– PBS
– Color aware/blind
• Priority settings according to:
– 802.1p priority value in incoming frame
– IPv4 Type of Services (ToS) precedence bits in incoming frame
– DiffServ value in incoming frame
• Transparent transport of MPLS frames
• Per port rate limiting function: The rate range of each port is as follows:
– 128 Kbps to 100 Mbps for FE
– 128 Kbps to 1 Gbps for GE
The rate provisioning granularity is as follows:
• 128 Kbps for FE and GE
• Per VLAN rate limiting function: The rate range of each VLAN is as follows:
– 128 Kbps to 100 Mbps for FE
– 2.3 Mbps to 1 Gbps for GE
The rate provisioning granularity is as follows:
– 128 Kbps for FE and GE
• Auto negotiation, flow control, IEEE 802.3, and Ethernet II frame structure supported
by the FE/GE ports
• GFP encapsulation (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303)
• VC-4-Xv (X = 1 to 7), VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 21), and LCAS function supported by the
GE WAN port
• SDH and Ethernet performance monitoring and alarms monitoring
• GMRP function
• GVRP function
• MSTP function
• Ethernet OAM function
• Ethernet linear protection function
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Figure 36 shows the faceplate of the 8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 card.

Figure 36 8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 card faceplate

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 63
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

4.8.2 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card


The 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 is a 20G layer 2 Ethernet card with a 40G switch capacity
which is composed of a mother and daughter card together (occupying two physical
slots in the NE) which work together to provide 11 LAN ports and 80 WAN ports.
• Front panel interfaces:
– One 10 GE optical XFP interface (mother card)
– Ten GE optical or electrical SFP interfaces (daughter card)
• Backplane side:
– 40 WAN ports sharing up to 10G (64 x VC-4) for the 10 GE mother card
– 40 WAN ports sharing up to 10G (64 x VC-4) for the 10 x GE daughter card
The 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card supports L2 switching, GFP, high/low order virtual con-
catenation, LCAS, and LAN/WAN port aggregation. Two WAN ports (VCG 1 and VCG
41) can be configured with up to 10 Gbps of bandwidth using VC-4-Xv (X = 1 to 64) or
VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 192). The other 78 WAN ports (VCG 2 - 40 and VCG 42 - 80) can be
configured with up to 2 Gbps using VC-4-Xv (X = 1 to 14) or VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 42).
The optical line interfaces support the ALS function and optical performance monitoring
function.
Each 10 GE optical XFP interface can be equipped with the following XFP modules:
• 10 GBASE-SR/SW Ethernet (850 nm, 300 m, multiple mode fiber)
• 10 GBASE-LR/LW (I-64.1, 1310 nm, 10 km, G.652 fiber)
• 10 GBASE-ER/EW (S-64.2b, 1550 nm, 40 km, G.652 fiber)
• 10 GBASE-ZR/ZL (P1L1-2D2, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652 fiber)
Each GE optical/electrical SFP interface can be equipped with the following SFP
modules:
• GE optical SFP options (in accordance to IEEE 802.3):
– 1G FC/GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base-Sx, 850 nm, 220 m, 62.5 um Multimode
Fibers (MMF)) and 500 m, 50 um MMF)
– 1G FC/GE Multirate SFP (1000 Base-Lx, 1310 nm, 10 km, G.652 Single-Mode
Fiber (SMF))
– 1G FC/GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base, 1310 nm, 40 km, G.652 SMF)
– 1G FC/GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base-Zx, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652 SMF)
• GE bi-directional electrical SFP option:
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 10 km, Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 10 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 40 km, Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 40 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 80 km, Tx: 1570, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 80 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1570
• GE electrical SFP option (in accordance to IEEE 802.3-2002 and IEEE 802.3ab):
– 1000 Base-T, 100 m, unshielded twisted-pair category-6 cable
To enhance more flexible adaptability, FE is also supported on this card.

g In the FE mode, GE SFP cannot be used.

The main functions supported by this card are as follows:


• Port + VLAN cross connection

64 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

• Port cross connection


• Enable or disable the LAN port of local Ethernet L2 card
• Ethernet OAM function
• Ethernet linear protection function
• Ethernet L2 card redundancy with link aggregation
• LAN/WAN port aggregation
• Multicast IGMP snooping
• VLAN and double VLAN tagging
• VLAN translation
• Link aggregation
• 128K MAC address (shared among dynamic, static, and multicast addresses)
• ACL based on MAC address
• Multiple policing options including:
– CIR
– EIR
– PIR
– CBS
– EBS
– PBS
– Color aware/blind
• Priority settings according to:
– 802.1p priority value in incoming frame
– IPv4 TOS-precedence bits in incoming frame
– DiffServ value in incoming frame
• Transparent transport of MPLS frames
• Per port rate limiting function: The rate range of each port is as follows:
– 128 Kbps to 100 Mbps for FE
– 128 Kbps to 1 Gbps for GE
– 2.3 Mbps to 10 Gbps for 10 GE
The rate provisioning granularity is as follows:
– 128 Kbps for FE and GE
– 1 Mbps for 10 GE
• Per VLAN rate limiting function: The rate range of each VLAN is as follows:
– 128 Kbps to 100 Mbps for FE
– 2.3 Mbps to 1 Gbps for GE
– 2.3 Mbps to 10 Gbps for 10 GE
The rate provisioning granularity is as follows:
– 128 Kbps for FE and GE
– 1 Mbps for 10 GE
• Auto negotiation, flow control, IEEE 802.3, and Ethernet II frame structure supported
by the FE/GE/10 GE ports
• GFP encapsulation (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303)
• VC-4-Xv (X = 1 to 7), VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 21), and LCAS function supported by the
GE WAN port
• VC-4-Xv (X = 1 to 7), VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 21), and LCAS function supported by the
GE WAN port

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 65
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

• SDH and Ethernet performance monitoring and alarms


• GMRP function
• GVRP function
• MSTP function
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Figure 37 shows the faceplate of the 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card.

Figure 37 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card faceplate

4.8.3 6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE card


The 6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE card provides 10 LAN ports and 36 WAN ports as follows:
• Front panel interface:
– Six optical or electrical SFP interfaces
– Four electrical 10/100/1000 Mbps auto negotiation interfaces (RJ45 FEGE inter-
face)
• Backplane side:
– Twelve GE (1000 Mbps) WAN ports (WAN 1 to WAN 12 supports VC-4-Xv).
– Twenty-four FE (100 Mbps) WAN ports (WAN 13 to WAN 36 supports VC-12-Xv
or VC-3-Xv).
The 6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE card supports L2 switching, GFP, higher order virtual con-
catenation, LCAS, and LAN/WAN port aggregation. Each GE port supports VC-4-Xv (X
= 1 to 7) and VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 21) bandwidth. Each FE supports VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 3)
and VC-12-Xv (X = 1 to 46) bandwidth.
The optical line interfaces support the ALS function and optical performance monitoring
function. Each GE optical/electrical SFP interface can be equipped with the following
SFP modules:
• GE optical SFP options (in accordance to IEEE 802.3):
– 1G FC/GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base-Sx, 850 nm, 220 m, 62.5 um MMF and
500 m, 50 um MMF)
– 1G FC/GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base-Lx, 1310 nm, 10 km, G.652 SMF)
– 1G FC/GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base, 1310 nm, 40 km, G.652 SMF)
– 1G FC/GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base-Zx, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652 SMF)
– STM-1 SFP (for optical FE applications)
• GE bi-directional optical SFP option:
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 10 km, Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 10 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 40 km, Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 40 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 80 km, Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 80 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310
• GE electrical SFP option (in accordance to IEEE 802.3-2002 and IEEE 802.3ab):

66 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

– 10/100/1000 Base-T, 100 m, unshielded twisted-pair category-6 cable


– 10/100/1000 M SFP
The main functions supported by this card are as follows:
• LAN/WAN ports aggregation
• Multicast IGMP snooping
• VLAN and double VLAN tagging
• ACL based on MAC address
• Per port rate limiting function: The rate range of each port is from 128 Kbps to 100
Mbps (FE) or 128 Kbps to 1 Gbps (GE), and the rate provisioning granularity is 128
Kbps.
• Per VLAN rate limiting function: The rate range of each VLAN is from 128 Kbps to
100 Mbps (FE) or 128 Kbps to 1 Gbps (GE), and the rate provisioning granularity is
128 Kbps.
• Auto negotiation, flow control, IEEE 802.3, and Ethernet II frame structure supported
by the FE/GE ports
• GFP encapsulation (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303)
• VC-4-Xv (X = 1 to 7), VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 21), and LCAS function supported by the
GE WAN port
• VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 3) or VC-12-Xv (X = 1 to 46), and LCAS function supported by the
FE WAN port
• SDH and Ethernet performance monitoring and alarms
• GVRP function
• MSTP function
• Multiple policing options including:
– CIR
– PIR
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Figure 38 shows the faceplate of the 6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE card.

Figure 38 6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE card faceplate

4.8.4 1 x 10 GE/T card


The 1 x 10 GE/T card provides one 10 GE interface with the transparent transmission
function. The 10 GE signal is encapsulated into GFP packets and then mapped into VC-
4-Xv (X = 1 to 64) payload for transmission.
Each 10 GE optical XFP interface can be equipped with the following XFP modules:
• 10GBASE-SR/SW Ethernet (850 nm, 300 m, multiple mode fiber)
• 10GBASE-LR/LW (I-64.1, 1310 nm, 10 km, G.652 fiber)
• 10GBASE-ER/EW (S-64.2b, 1550 nm, 40 km, G.652 fiber)
• 10GBASE-ZR/ZL (P1L1-2D2, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652 fiber)
The optical line interfaces support the ALS function and optical performance monitoring
function.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 67
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

Key functions of this card are summarized as follows:


• GFP encapsulation (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303)
• LCAS supported
• VC-4-Xv mapping
• SDH and Ethernet performance monitoring and alarms
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Figure 39 shows the faceplate of the 1 x 10 GE/T card.

Figure 39 1 x 10 GE/T card faceplate

4.8.5 8 x GE/T card


The 8 x GE/T card provides eight GE interfaces with the transparent transmission func-
tion. The GE signal is encapsulated into GFP packets and then mapped into VC-4-Xv
(X = 1 to 7) or VC-3-Xv (X = 1 to 21) payload for transmission.
The first two ports can be set as GE or 1.0625 Gbps FC respectively, and the remaining
six ports can only work as GE ports. Each GE optical SFP interface can be equipped
with the following SFP modules:
• GE optical SFP options (in accordance to IEEE 802.3):
– 1G FC/GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base-Sx, 850 nm, 220 m, 62.5 um MMF and
500 m, 50 um MMF)
– 1G FC/GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base-Lx, 1310 nm, 10 km, G.652 SMF)
– 1G FC/GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base, 1310 nm, 40 km, G.652 SMF)
– 1G FC/GE Multi-rate SFP (1000 Base-Zx, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652 SMF)
• GE bi-directional optical SFP option:
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 10 km, Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 10 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 40 km, Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 40 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 80 km, Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490
– GE-LX Module, bidirectional 80 km, Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310
The optical line interfaces support the ALS function and optical performance monitoring
function.
Key functions of this card are summarized as follows:
• Auto negotiation, flow control, IEEE 802.3, and Ethernet II frame structure supported
by the GE ports
• GFP encapsulation (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303)
• LCAS supported on all layers, VC-4 and VC-3
• VC-4-Xv, VC-3-Xv mapping
• SDH and Ethernet performance monitoring and alarms
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Figure 40 shows the faceplate of the 8 x GE/T card.

68 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

Figure 40 8 x GE/T card faceplate

4.9 OTN card


Table 17 lists the OTN card supported by the hiT 7065.

Card name Bit rates Interfaces LEDs


2 x OTU-2 10.7 Gbps 2 optical XFP1) modules PWR (green)
FAULT (red)
LINK (green)

Table 17 OTN card overview


1) 10 Gigabit Small Form Factor Pluggable

t The OTN cards provide an additional mini USB for debugging.

4.9.1 2 x OTU-2 card


The hiT 7065 supports a 2 x OTU-2 card with UFEC coding and standard G.709 FEC.
The card supports OTU multiplexing by mapping 1 STM-64 into 1 OTU-2 and 4 STM-16
to 1 OTU-2.
The 2 x OTU-2 card can be equipped with a maximum of 2 STM-64 optical XFP
modules. Each port can be equipped with the following XFP modules:
• I-64.1, 1310 nm, 2 km, G.652 fiber
• S-64.2b, 1550 nm, 40 km, G.652 fiber
• P1L1-2D2, 1550 nm, 80 km, G.652 fiber
• DWDM XFP, C-band, 40 km
• DWDM XFP, C-band, 80 km
• DWDM XFP, C-band, wavelength tunable, 80 km
It is possible to mix the different XFP modules within one traffic card.
The supported transmission protection types on the 2 x OTU-2 card are as follows:
• 2-fiber MS-SPRing
• Normal 4-fiber MS-SPRing
• 1+1 MSP (unidirectional/bidirectional, revertive/non-revertive)
• 1:N MSP (bidirectional, revertive)
• SNCP (unidirectional/bidirectional)
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Figure 41 shows the faceplate of the 2 x OTU-2 card.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 69
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

Figure 41 2 x OTU-2 card faceplate

4.10 OA cards
The OA cards provide the signal amplification by featuring a gain block with one or two
pump lasers, inter-stage access for dispersion compensation, and a gain control.
Table 18 lists the hiT 7065 OA cards.

Card name Usage Variation Interfaces LEDs


POA 20 dB Long spans Pre-amplifier 2 LC connec- PWR (green)
tors FAULT (red)
BOA 13 dBm Short spans Booster amplifier
BOA 15 dBm Medium spans Booster amplifier LINK (green)

BOA 18 dBm Long spans Booster amplifier

Table 18 Optical amplifier cards overview

g The OA cards provide an additional mini USB for debugging.

The pre-amplifier card contains an optical amplifier for C-band and is used at terminal
and intermediate sites for amplifying the incoming line signal before it is fed into the
demultiplexing stage.
Booster amplifier cards contain an optical amplifier for C-band and are used at terminal
and intermediate sites for amplifying the outgoing line signal.
The OA cards safety feature includes:
• OA ALS: Optical signal power will be shut down after loss of the OA input signal, and
the output power will be restored when the input signal returns.
For the traffic slots available for this card, see Table 5.
Figure 42 shows the faceplate of the Pre-Optical Amplifier (POA) 20 dB card.

Figure 42 POA 20 dB card faceplate


Figure 43 shows the faceplate of the Booster Optical Amplifier (BOA) 13 dBm card.

Figure 43 BOA 13 dBm card faceplate


Figure 44 shows the faceplate of the BOA 15 dBm card.

70 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

Figure 44 BOA 15 dBm card faceplate


Figure 45 shows the faceplate of the BOA 18 dBm card.

Figure 45 BOA 18 dBm card faceplate

4.11 DCM
The function of the Dispersion Compensation Module (DCM) is to address the challenge
of dispersion and degradation of optical signals over distance in high-speed and long-
haul network applications (such as optical carrier by means of compensating dispersion
accumulated in the fiber). The DCMs function also consists in correcting waveforms
broadened over long distances to make these signals intact for the receiving end to
interpret
For more information regarding the mechanical dimensions and the appearance of
DCM, refer to the hiT 7065 Installation and Test Manual (ITMN).

4.12 SIPAC connector panel


SIPAC connector panel is used as an adapter to connect 2 mm HM connectors used in
the hiT 7065 system to the SIPAC connectors used in customer equipment for more
flexible E1 interconnection and for better protection of the customer’s present invest-
ment. Located on the left side of the panel, there are two interface blocks containing a
total of eighteen SIPAC connectors, and on the right side, there are six SCSI 100 con-
nectors on the right side. The SIPAC connector panel has two kinds of models, the first
is the 75 Ω impedance model, and the other is the 125 Ω impedance model. Up to 126
x E1 can be supported on each SIPAC connector panel.
For more information regarding the connection procedure and the appearance of the
SIPAC connector panel, refer to the hiT 7065 Installation and Test Manual (ITMN).

4.13 Matrix tables between the XFP/SFP and the line cards
This section lists the relationships between the supported XFP/SFP and line cards into
different applications to make it easier for the customer to identify XFP/SFP during
installation and maintenance.
Table 19 lists the matrix for STM-64 application.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 71
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

STM-64 application Supported XFP/SFP


P1L1-2D2
2 x STM-64 M S-64.2b
2 x OTU-2 I-64.1
L-64.2 (DWDM)
L-64.1 (DWDM)
200 km DWDM XFP
This XFP is only for 2 x OTU-2 card.
100 / 50 GHz DWDM XFP with C-
band wavelength tunable

Table 19 Matrix table for STM-64 application

Table 20 lists the matrix for 10 GE application.

10 GE application Supported XFP/SFP


10GBASE-ZR/ZW
10GBASE-ER/EW
1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 10GBASE-LR/LW
1 x 10 GE/T 10GBASE-SR/SW
80 km 10G Ethernet DWDM
10GBASE-ER/EWDWDM

Table 20 Matrix table for 10 GE application

Table 21 lists the matrix for STM-16 application.

72 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

STM-16 application Supported XFP/SFP


U-16.2 DWDM
V-16.2 DWDM
L-16.2 CWDM
L-16.2
8 x STM-16 L-16.1
8 x STM-16 M S-16.2 CWDM
S-16.1
Bidi 40 km (Tx: 1490, Rx: 1570)
Bidi 40 km (Tx: 1570, Rx: 1490)
Bidi 15 km (Tx: 1310, Rx: 1550)
Bidi 15 km (Tx: 1550, Rx: 1310)

Table 21 Matrix table for STM-16 application

Table 22 lists the matrix for STM-4 application.

STM-4 application Supported XFP/SFP


V-4.2
L-4.2
L-4.1
L-16.2
16 x STM-4/1 M S-4.1
Bidi 80 km (Tx: 1490, Rx: 1570)
Bidi 80 km (Tx: 1570, Rx: 1490)
Bidi 40 km (Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490)
Bidi 40 km (Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310)
Bidi 10 km (Tx: 1310, Rx 1490)
Bidi 10 km (Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310)

Table 22 Matrix table for STM-4 application

Table 23 lists the matrix for STM-1 application.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 73
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

STM-1 application Supported XFP/SFP


V-1.2
L-1.2
8 x STM-1E IO L-1.1
16 x STM-4/1 M S-1.1
I-1 SFP1)
Bidi 20 km (Tx: 1310, Rx: 1550)
Bidi 20 km (Tx: 1550, Rx: 1310)
Electrical SFP

Table 23 Matrix table for STM-1 application


1) I-1 SFP is only supported by multi-mode.

Table 24 lists the matrix for 1000 Base application.

1000 Base application Supported XFP/SFP


1000 Base-Vx DWDM
1000 Base-80 km CWDM
1000 Base-Zx
1000 Base 40 km
S-4.1
Bidi 80 km (Tx: 1490, Rx: 1570)
8 x GE/T
1000 Base-Lx
1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2
1000 Base-Sx
8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2
Bidi 80 km (Tx: 1490, Rx: 1570)
6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE
Bidi 80 km (Tx: 1570, Rx: 1490)
Bidi 40 km (Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490)
Bidi 40 km (Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310)
Bidi 10 km (Tx: 1310, Rx: 1490)
Bidi 10 km (Tx: 1490, Rx: 1310)
1000 Base 100 m CAT-5

Table 24 Matrix table for 1000 Base application

Table 25 lists the matrix for FE application.

74 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Components of the hiT 7065

FE application Supported XFP/SFP


FE 120 km
6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE FE 80 km
8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 FE 40 km
FE 15 km
Bidi 20 km (Tx: 1310, Rx: 1550)
Bidi 20 km (Tx: 1550, Rx: 1310)

Table 25 Matrix table for FE application

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 75
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Components of the hiT 7065 Product Description (PD)

76 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Mechanical design

5 Mechanical design
This chapter provides an overview of the mechanical features of the hiT 7065 rack,
shelves, and cards.
For information regarding cards supported by the hiT 7065, see Section 4.2.
For more information regarding equipment installation, refer to the hiT 7065 Installation
and Test Manual (ITMN).

5.1 Racks
The hiT 7065 racks comply with the dimensions recommended by ETSI (European Tele-
communications Standards (ETS) 300 119-2). Two types of ETSI rack can be used:
• Standard ETSI rack
• Coriant ETSI rack S42022-L5020-A11
The standard ETSI rack is not recommended to be used because it has limited space
for cabling in the front of the cable duct. Coriant ETSI rack S42022-L5020-A11 is the rec-
ommended rack.

5.1.1 Rack arrangements


Figure 46 shows a rack arrangement with one main shelf and one extension shelf. Table
26 specifies the rack arrangement in each situation.
Rack equipment with one main shelf and one extension shelf

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 77
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Mechanical design Product Description (PD)

Figure 46 Rack equipment with one main shelf and one extension shelf

g A single rack can only be equipped with one main shelf and one extension shelf. Other
extension shelves must be placed in separate racks.

78 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Mechanical design

Parameter Dimension (mm)


Usable height for the equipment 2050
Usable width between rack upright 500
Usable depth 280

Table 26 Rack spacing with one main shelf and one extension shelf

For more information on the extension shelf, refer to the hiT 7035 4.01 Extension Shelf
Technical Manual.

5.1.2 Fuse panel


The fuse panel is located at the top of the rack (see Figure 46). The fuse panel contains
a sufficient number of circuit breakers (or fuses) to protect all power feeds that are con-
nected to each shelf in the rack.

5.2 Shelves
In addition to the hiT 7065 main shelf, there is also an extension shelf available.
However, in this manual only the main shelf is described.
For details about the extension shelf, refer to the hiT 7035 4.01 Extension Shelf Tech-
nical Manual.
The dimensions of the hiT 7065 main shelf are listed in Table 27.

Parameter Dimensions (mm)


Height 725
Width 498
Depth 278

Table 27 Dimensions of the main shelf

5.2.1 Main shelf design details


The main shelf is only front side accessible. All connectors, indicators, buttons, and slots
are located on the same side. On the back of the shelf, there is no interface or indicator,
only logos and labels.
Figure 47 illustrates the hiT 7065 main shelf design. From the top down, the main shelf
has the following components:
• Power supply (see Section 5.2.2)
• Double rows of plug-in card slots, upper row 15 slots and lower row 19 slots (see
Section 5.3)
• Cable duct providing an organized route for the cables to and from the cards
• Fiber duct providing an organized route for the fibers to and from the cards
• Fan unit (see Section 5.2.3)
• Filter unit (see Section 5.2.4)

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 79
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Mechanical design Product Description (PD)

Figure 47 Main shelf

5.2.2 Power supply


The main shelf power supply is -48 V / -60 V Direct Current (DC). The system can work
normally with the power input range from -40 V to -72 V. When the power input is out of
the range (-40 V to -72 V), the system may not work normally.

5.2.3 Fan unit


One fan unit is used to cool the system. The fan unit is equipped with eight fans in total.
The state of fans can be monitored by the system.
The dimensions of the fan unit are 479.4 mm (W) x 53.4 mm (H) x 260 mm (D).
A Light Emitting Diode (LED) named FAULT on the fan unit panel indicates the fault
state of any fan in the fan unit.
For complete instructions on fan unit replacement, refer to the hiT 7065 Installation and
Test Manual (ITMN).

5.2.4 Filter unit


One filter unit is used to protect the main shelf from environmental dust or other airborne
contaminants. The state supervision of the filter unit is not provided by the system.
The dimensions of the filter unit are 458 mm (W) x 5.8 mm (H) x 253 mm (D).
For the complete instructions on filter unit replacement, refer to the hiT 7065 Installation
and Test Manual (ITMN).

80 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Mechanical design

5.3 Cards
The hiT 7065 is equipped with two different types of cards with different dimensions. The
first type of card is the line card, the other is the IO card.
• Line card: there are two different types of cards with different dimensions, respec-
tively shown in Figure 48 and Figure 49.
– All cards have the same height: 338 mm.
– There are two types of card depth: the 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card is 206.1 mm
deep, and all other cards are 216.6 mm deep.
– There are tow types of card width: the 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card is 50.4 mm
wide, and all other cards are 25.4 mm wide.
• IO card: all IO cards have the same dimensions: 31.6 (W) x 137 (H) x 204.5 (D)
1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 81
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Mechanical design Product Description (PD)

Figure 48 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card


Other card

Figure 49 Example of 2 x STM-64 M card

82 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Mechanical design

5.3.1 Faceplate and filler panel


All cards are equipped with individual faceplates in order to meet Electromagnetic
Immunity (EMI) and Electrostatically Sensitive Device (ESD) objectives and require-
ments, and ensure heat dissipation.
The hiT 7065 uses two types of faceplates for cards according to card dimensions.
Any card slot that remains empty (does not contain a card), must be equipped with a
filler panel for electromagnetic shielding.
CC card uses long levers for release, while other cards use short levers.

Figure 50 Card faceplate construction

5.3.2 Card faceplate LED


LEDs are positioned in the area between the card levers to implement the system indi-
cation function.
For the detailed LED specifications, refer to Section 8.6.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 83
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Mechanical design Product Description (PD)

84 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) System bring-up

6 System bring-up
This chapter provides basic information about delivery, installation, and commissioning
of the hiT 7065.

6.1 Delivery formats


The hiT 7065 equipment can be delivered in three different formats as described in the
following section.

6.1.1 Rack and shelf pre-configuration


The entire rack and shelf assembly is done by Coriant in advance. According to the
installer/commissioner’s list of material, all shelves are fully equipped with the necessary
cards and configured with shelf IDs, and consequently mounted in the racks.
The same operation is valid for the intra-rack electrical cabling (power and ground
cabling) and the intra-rack routing of optical fibers. Before it is delivered the complete
assembly is tested by Coriant.

6.1.2 Shelf pre-configuration


The entire shelf assembly is done by Coriant in advance. All shelves are fully equipped
with cards according to the installer/commissioner’s list of material and configured with
shelf IDs, and consequently tested.
Shelves and racks will be packed and delivered separately. The installing and equipping
of the racks must be completed by the installer/commissioner on site.

6.1.3 Bulk delivery


All racks, shelves, and cards will be delivered separately. Assembling, cabling, and con-
figuration of the whole system equipment must be performed by the installer/commis-
sioner on site (see Section 6.2 and 6.3).

6.2 Installation
The installation of the hiT 7065 comprises rack, shelf, cards, and cable assembly.
Coriant provides a list of material for the entire network and for each NE in particular.
The assembly of all the cards in each shelf and all the cabling connections must be
based on Coriant reports for a successful system installation and commissioning.
For complete hardware installation instructions, refer to the hiT 7065 Installation and
Test Manual (ITMN).

6.3 Commissioning
The hiT 7065 must be configured on initial commissioning, prior to the regular operation.
NE commissioning is mandatory after all the racks and shelves hardware are properly
installed.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 85
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
System bring-up Product Description (PD)

To perform the NE commissioning, Coriant provides a set of Network Element Configu-


ration Files (NCF) and a commissioning report at the end of the network planning. The
NCFs contain most of the necessary configurations for each NE of the planned network.
For detailed information and a step-by-step guide on NE commissioning of the hiT 7065,
refer to the hiT 7065 Installation and Test Manual (ITMN).

86 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Network management

7 Network management
This chapter provides an overview of the TNMS Core, TNMS-CT, and ASON Manager
that can manage the hiT 7065, including the access and security management func-
tions.
The Coriant network management systems for SDH networks are designed for the
needs of regional transport networks as well as for long distances within national and
international networks.
The network management systems provide all major network management functions
defined in the ITU-T standard M.3010 “Principles for a Telecommunication Management
Network” and ETS:
• Fault management
• Configuration management
• Accounting management
• Performance management
• Security management

Network
Management

Budgeting
Business planning Business management layer
Inventory management

Service order booking


Service management layer Subscriber administration
Client interface

Configuration of sections/paths
Network supervision and control Network management layer
Section/path protection

Control and supervision of Nes


Element management layer Configuration of Nes
Fault localization on network management layer

Figure 51 Network management functions


Based on the standards, the five functional areas can be distributed to the four layers as
shown in Figure 51.
The lowest layer of the network management functions is the element management
layer. Its functionality allows all system components and function units of an NE to be
monitored and handled, for example, line cards with user ports, cross connection units,
multiplex modules, and other components and units.
The network management layer includes all the functions required to manage the SDH
network in an effective and user-friendly way, such as the visualization of the network
topology, creation of services, and correlation of alarms to network resources.
Fault, configuration, performance management, and GMPLS control are supported on
the element management layer. The network management layer also supports fault,
configuration, and GMPLS management. Additional fault, configuration, and perfor-
mance management features are available on the service management layer. Security
management functions can be used to restrict access either to the user interfaces of the
network management system or to individual NEs.

7.1 The hiT 7065 management


The hiT 7065 management system enables the user to perform a wide variety of oper-
ation, administration, maintenance, and provisioning tasks for the system.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 87
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Network management Product Description (PD)

Because GMPLS functionality provides an automatic process of cross connections con-


figuration on a set of linked NEs, a new internal control device, the GMPLS Controller,
has been introduced to the NE. As opposed to the typical TNMS-CT/Core systems
which manage standard resources, the GMPLS Controller has its own management
system- the ASON Manager.
To prevent a situation where two management systems require write access to control
units (GMPLS and NMS Controllers) to make the same configuration on the same
resources, a reservation system has been introduced. During the call setup, resources
being used for ASON/GMPLS services must be reserved. This process is described in
Section 7.10.

Figure 52 Relationship between the TNMS-CT/TNMS Core, GMPLS Controller, and


ASON Manager
More detailed descriptions of the GMPLS Controller and ASON Manager are provided
in Section 7.3 and 7.4.
TNMS features include:
• Fault management
• Configuration management
• Performance management
• Security management
• Commissioning procedures
• Equipment management
• Software management
GMPLS features include:
• Bandwidth on demand
• Bandwidth adaptation
• Automatic link configuration
• End-to-end service provisioning
• Meshed restoration
• Protection against multiple failures
These hiT 7065 management functions are provided via TNMS-CT and TNMS Core
systems (see Section 7.2 and 7.3).

88 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Network management

The Server requirements for running the TNMS-CT are listed in the hiT 7065 Installation
and Test Manual (ITMN).
For information on how to work with the hiT 7065 EM on the TNMS-CT, refer to the hiT
7065 Operating Manual (OMN).

7.2 TNMS-CT
TNMS-CT is a transparent software platform for SDH NEs using QD2, QST, QST V2,
Q3, or Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) telegram protocols. It supports
line, star, ring, and mesh networks and provides access to NEs via Ethernet interface or
via a serial line interface (RS232).
There are two operation modes that provide access to the NE via TNMS-CT:
• LCT mode, which is used for local management and commissioning of NEs (see
Section 6.3).
• Network Craft Terminal (NCT) mode, which is used for either local or remote
network management.
Figure 53 gives an application example for craft terminals in a transmission network.

Figure 53 TNMS-CT in a transmission network


NE functions are executed via the embedded EM provided by the TNMS-CT system.
TNMS-CT is a scalable single-user system with a client/server architecture comprising
several industry standards with the Windows operating system and various software
applications. The client and server software can be installed either on different servers
or on one single server.
For more detailed information, refer to the hiT 7065 Operating Manual (OMN).

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 89
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Network management Product Description (PD)

7.3 TNMS Core


TNMS Core is an integrated solution designed for large, medium, and small networks.
It supports NEs with DWDM, Optical Transport Hierarchy (OTH), SDH, PDH, Ethernet
and data interfaces, and can be used to manage networks in the access, edge, metro,
core, and backbone levels.
TNMS Core supports line, star, ring, and mesh networks.
The NEs of a transmission network provide various management interfaces so that they
can be connected to the management system via the DCN.
TNMS Core is a scalable, multi-user system with a client/server architecture comprising
several industry standards with the Windows operating system and various software
applications.
The TNMS Core software includes the Client, SysAdmin, Server, and Net-server appli-
cations. Client and SysAdmin are installed on a client Server.
Figure 54 illustrates the system architecture of TNMS Core.

TNMS Core TNMS Core TNMS Core


Client Client Server
SysAdmin SysAdmin SysAdmin

Client PCs Server PCs

TNMS Core TNMS Core TNMS Core


Netserver Netserver Netserver

NetServer PCs

NEs

NEs NEs

Large Network

Figure 54 System architecture of TNMS Core


The administrator of the management system can access the system via the SysAdmin
client, while the operator can use the TNMS Core client interface. Different communica-
tion drivers (Q3, QST, SNMP, or QD2) are provided for communication with the gateway
NEs.
For more detailed information, refer to the TNMS Core customer documentation.

90 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Network management

7.4 ASON Manager


All GMPLS control plane activities are managed by a dedicated manager in the TMNS
system: the ASON Manager. When a call from one NE to another is being set up, the
ASON Manager sets up the SPC between both end points.
The ASON Manager manages the following components of VC-4 Call/LSPs and TE-
Links:
• Calls
• External switch commands (for configured calls)
• LSP tunnels (created on NE during call set-up)
• Hops (identifies the hops, consisting of NE and TE-Links, that belong to an LSP
path)
• Traffic Engineering Links (created at ASON Manager or via EM)
– Component links and data links
– SRLG (specified during TE-Link creation)
– Metrics
When viewing the ASON Manager software on a Client, the following information can be
presented:
• Logical map for ASON Manager (showing logical network topology)
• Highlight of Call (working LSP) and protecting paths (protection LSPs)
• View call status information
• List of managed objects, including:
– Call
– LSP
– TE-Links
– Component-Links
– Ports
– TPs
For more information on the ASON Manager, refer to the TNMS ASON/Ethernet
Manager User Manual.
The hiT 7065 GMPLS Controller is managed by the ASON Manager. The GMPLS
service model employed by the GMPLS Controller is based on an Overlay Model which
separates different service domains by external reference points. Service requests will
be accepted at external UNI and E-NNI reference points and at internal I-NNI reference
points. Within a single domain, each the hiT 7065 GMPLS Controller operates as a
GMPLS peer instance. Depending on the interface configuration, each hiT 7065 GMPLS
Controller also might take the role of a domain signaling and/or routing controller. Beside
separation of administrative domains, the overlay architectural model also enables inter-
working with domains executing completely different GMPLS protocol options.
Figure 55 shows the relation between the different reference points and the type of con-
nections that they provide. SPCs also have a single domain equivalent. In this case, the
connection is established within a single domain between two GMPLS peers.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 91
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Network management Product Description (PD)

Figure 55 Reference points and connection types


Clear assignment of network resources either to the management plane (PC) or to the
control plane (SC, SPC) is necessary in order to avoid collision between the two planes.
From a protocol point of view, the hiT 7065 supports IETF GMPLS signaling and routing
protocols. At external reference points, the hiT 7065 supports OIF UNI and OIF E-NNI
protocols. The main functions supported by the GMPLS Controller located in the
network element are:
• Service provisioning:
– VC-4, VC-4-4c, VC-4-16c, VC-4-64c, N x VC-4-Nc
– Ethernet
– Bearer service
• Neighbor and topology discovery
• Link management
• Protection and restoration schemes
• Fault localization
The GMPLS control intelligence is located in the GMPLS control plane in the network
element.

g UNI and E-NNI can be introduced into the NE via a software upgrade in future releases.

7.5 Access and security management


The following sections provide relevant information on access and security manage-
ment.

7.5.1 NE access management


Several management systems (see Section 7.2 and 7.3) are allowed to establish con-
nections to the NE at the same time. Only one management system can have write
access to the NE at a time. All the other attached management systems need to explic-
itly request write access for modifying operations. The non-modifying operations can be
requested by management systems in parallel without the need to explicitly request
write access before.

92 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Network management

To ensure data consistency between all NEs and all the connected management
systems, the NE sends notifications to all the connected management systems as a
result of any modifying operation, which has been successfully performed in the NE.

7.5.2 User security management and access control


For system access control via SNMPv3 protocol, the application layer implements
password-based client authentication. Clients are forced to perform the SNMPv3
authentication procedure before they are allowed to request any other SNMPv3 opera-
tions.
The SNMPv3 protocol provides enhanced security rules, such as:
• Use telegram encryption for data confidentiality
• Use Message Digest 5 (MD5) encrypted passwords
• Enforce password complexity rules
• Change the password of an existing user
• Add more users (5 user types) for SNMPv3 agents using User-based Security Model
(USM)
• Enable authorization in SNMPv3 using View-based Access Control Model (VACM)
• Privacy encryption: AES-128 encryption according to RFC 3826
Security and configuration data are stored in persistent logs.

7.6 Network management interfaces and architecture


The following section provides information regarding the interfaces and architecture of
the hiT 7065 network management software.

7.6.1 Architecture
The TMN systems (TNMS Core) connect to the gateway NEs where the gateway
function is activated. The gateway function can be activated on any NE, during the NE
commissioning procedures, without the need of additional hardware.
For detailed instructions on how to activate each NE gateway function, refer to the hiT
7065 Operating Manual (OMN).
The following example of network management architecture shown in Figure 56 illus-
trates the possibilities of the hiT 7065 network management via the NE gateway.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 93
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Network management Product Description (PD)

Figure 56 Network management architecture with NE gateway

7.7 Network management applications


The hiT 7065 supports two kinds of DCN between NEs:
• IP based DCN
• OSI-Light based DCN
Figure 57 shows these two DCN applications with the corresponding protocol stack.

94 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Network management

Figure 57 Network management applications

7.7.1 IP based DCN


The hiT 7065 supports two kinds of network management applications when using IP
based DCN (shown in Figure 57, Network Layer):
• GRE tunnel
• GRE bypass
GRE is a kind of mechanism for encapsulating any network layer protocol over any other
network layer protocol.
GRE tunnel
The hiT 7065 supports two kinds of GRE tunnel applications:
• Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) traffic over IP
• IP traffic over IP
The GRE tunnel for OSI traffic encapsulation into IP is used to transparently transmit
other traditional OSI equipment's management information through the hiT 7065.
The GRE tunnel for IP traffic encapsulation into IP is used for GMPLS message tunnel-
ing.
GRE bypass
In this case, the system transparently forwards the DCC packet from one side of DCN
to another side, no matter what the protocols of L2 and above layers are.
GRE keep alives
By periodically using status check messages called keep alives, GRE tunnels can test
the completeness and consistency of the tunnel from end-to-end. The time interval for
the keep alive messages is 10 seconds and three keep alive attempts will be made (for
a total of 30 seconds) before the GRE tunnel becomes inactive.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 95
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Network management Product Description (PD)

7.7.2 OSI-Light based DCN


The hiT 7065 supports the IP tunnel application when using OSI-Light based DCN
(shown in Figure 57, Network Layer).
The IP tunnel for IP traffic encapsulation into OSI is used to transparently transmit the
hiT 7065 management information through other traditional OSI equipment.

7.8 Special TCP/IP functions in DCN


In Layer 3 (network protocols), IP provides the network layer for Transmission Control
Protocol (TCP). The protocol also forwards plain IP packets between different interfaces
(Ethernet, Embedded Communication Channel (ECC)) to other hosts. The hiT 7065
provides static and dynamic IP routing. This protocol is managed by SNMP. The OSPF
routing protocol provides the exchange of routing information between IP stacks. The
exchange of routing information is required for correct forwarding of IP packets to other
IP hosts. This protocol is managed by SNMP.

7.9 DCN integration with GMPLS functionality


This chapter describes the rules to follow, when the DCN is used with the GMPLS func-
tionality. GMPLS requires IP connectivity between GMPLS NEs to exchange protocol
messages (RSVP-TE, OSPF-TE). In the hiT 7065, the same IP network is used for the
GMPLS control traffic and the DCN traffic. In-fiber DCC channels and/or out-of-fiber
Ethernet are used as data link layer. The IP routing protocol is OSPF-TE with support of
opaque Link State Advertisements (LSA) in a single backbone area to enable traffic
engineering for GMPLS. The design of the GMPLS control network follows the rules
below:
• GMPLS enabled interfaces reside only in a single OSPF-TE area to allow the
flooding of TE information (see Figure 58).
• The recommended number of GMPLS NEs is 50-500.
• The maximum number of NEs in the Autonomous System (AS) is 500.
• The number of supported TE-Links and IP Control Channel (IPCC), consisting of
DCC Multiplex section (DCCM)/HCOCs, is 2000 respectively.
• In-fiber signaling requires an IP signaling topology that is identical to the TE-Link
topology. Breaking this rule may dramatically increase the restoration time, due to a
temporary unavailability of DCCM during OSPF convergence. The signaling of res-
toration paths must wait for the OSPF convergence, which can take tens of seconds.
• Multiple TE-Links between neighbor NEs may share a single IPCC for signaling.
• Use out-of-fiber signaling in case of insufficient bandwidth on in-fibre channels, that
means insufficient capacity on DCCM channel and so on or for interoperability tests
where out-of-fiber signaling is the most likely configuration.
• Use GRE or IP over IP encapsulation of GMPLS messages:
– to tunnel OSPF opaque LSA through IP routers that do not support opaque LSA
– to exclude IP routers from participating in the GMPLS routing domain
– to separate GMPLS traffic from other traffic for security reasons

g Unavailability of the IP network used for GMPLS signaling could be an issue. If RSVP-
TE signaling is affected by a failure of the IP network, the restoration of some SDH LSPs
may not complete until the IP network is up again. For example, the restoration must
wait for the OSPF convergence.

96 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Network management

It may be the case that a GMPLS network must be integrated in an already existing OSI
network.
The hiT 7065 is fully OSI compliant and can handle the OSI traffic. An example is shown
in Figure 58.

Area1

Area2 GMPLS
domain
= OSPF-TE
OSI
backbone area Domain1
TNMS

OSPF-TE link
OSPF link
None-OSPF link
OSI
OSI link Domain 2

OSI over IP tunnel

Figure 58 Example of OSPF-TE and OSI domains


Performance issues due to the additional traffic load must be carefully analyzed.

7.9.1 IP Control Channel


The IP control channel is a point-to-point IP channel between neighbor hiT 7065 NEs for
exchanging GMPLS messages. The IPCC must be terminated on the core card control-
ler running GMPLS. In case of in-fiber signaling, the embedded DCC of the SDH frame
serves as IPCC. Alternatively, the external Ethernet can be used for the IPCC for out-
of-fiber signaling. The following protocols are used by the hiT 7065 network elements
for the IPCC:
Physical interface (Layer 1)
• Embedded DCC in Regenerator Section Overhead (RSOH)/Multiplexed Section
Overhead (MSOH) of STM-N interfaces
– DCC Regenerator Section (DCCR) with 192 Kbps
– DCCM with 576 Kbps
– HCOC 9/27
• Ethernet (10/100 BaseT)
Data link layer (Layer 2)
• Multilink Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) over DCC channels and HCOC 9/27
• Ethernet (10/100 BaseT)
• LAPD over DCC channels for OSI-light protocol stack
Network layer protocols (Layer 3)
• IPv4 (Ethernet, DCC), support of unnumbered addresses (DCC, HCOC 9/27)
• IP Encapsulation within IP (RFC2003)

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 97
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Network management Product Description (PD)

• OSI-light protocol
• GRE tunnel (IP over IP) according to RFC 2784
• GRE tunnel (OSI traffic over IP)
• IP tunneling (IP traffic over OSI-light)
• LAPD encapsulation into GRE (OSI over IP)
Higher layer protocols (Layer 4-7)
• RSVP-TE
• OSPFv2 with Traffic Engineering (OSPF-TE)
• TCP
• User Datagram Protocol (UDP)
• SNMPv3

g SDH in-fiber signaling via the SDH overhead bytes differs from in-band signaling (for
example, in MPLS networks). From a protocol stack point of view, the in-fiber signaling
is not inband because it is on a separate interface. Consequently the behavior of the
protocol stack for out-of-fiber and SDH in-fiber signaling is exactly the same. Using SDH
in-fiber signaling, attention must be paid to the fact that a link failure always affects the
IPCC and the SDH traffic on that link. Arrangements must be made to avoid any impact
on LSP restoration.

In-fiber IPCC configuration:


• Configure DCCM, HCOC 9/27
• Optionally: Configure GRE or IP over IP (IPIP) tunnel for tunneling GMPLS
messages
Out-of-fiber (external Ethernet) IPCC configuration:
• Optionally: Configure GRE or IPIP tunnel for tunneling GMPLS messages

t The hiT 7065 supports up to 20 (out of 30) DCCR/M, HCOC 9/27 ports. In the hiT 7065
DCCR/M, HCOC 9/27 cross connections are manually configured.

7.9.2 Routing of signaling messages


In the following diagram, the primary LSP is taking the path 1-2-3-4 while the secondary
LSP is taking the path 1-5-6-4.

Figure 59 Primary and secondary LSP


Now suppose that the fiber between 2 and 3 will be broken. Node 2 will notify ingress
node which will initiate the protection switch by signaling the secondary LSP. In order to

98 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Network management

keep the resources on the primary LSP (if reversion is configured), the path state infor-
mation needs to be refreshed continuously. After some synchronization period, OSPF
will establish a new route for signaling messages between node 2 and 3 traversing node
6 and 4. It is essential that the refresh messages between node 2 and 3 are not pro-
cessed by the GMPLS instances running on node 6 and 4. The hiT 7065 will achieve
this behavior by not setting the router alert flag and inserting a sufficiently large Time to
Live (TTL) value for signaling messages.

Figure 60 Signaling for failed primary LSP in case of in-fiber GMPLS signaling

7.9.3 Different topologies for signaling and transport network


In the following diagram, the primary LSP is taking the path 1-4-5 and the secondary
LSP is taking the path 1-2-5. There is no DCCM channel between node 2 and 5 config-
ured for GMPLS signaling. Suppose all signaling traffic between nodes 2 and 5 is routed
via 2-1-4-5. If there is a fiber break between node 4 and 5, node 4 will notify ingress node
1 about the failure. In this situation, the signaling messages executing the protection
switch to the backup LSP cannot be delivered to the egress node 5, because they must
pass the broken fiber link. The protection switch will not be completed until OSPF is syn-
chronized and the new routing table entry appears at node 2 to arrive at node 5 via
nodes 3 and 6.

Figure 61 DCC GMPLS signaling topology is not the same as transport topology

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 99
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Network management Product Description (PD)

In this scenario, the service outage time is mainly influenced by the time OSPF needs
to adapt to the new signaling network topology. This time period is highly dependent on
the complexity of the signaling network and therefore hard to predict. Therefore, network
configurations must avoid such mixed topologies.

7.9.4 NE with DCCM and Ethernet interfaces


Consider the following figure and suppose that the signaling traffic between nodes 3-1
and 3-2 uses in-fiber DCCM channels, whereas signaling traffic between nodes 3-4
uses out-of-fiber Ethernet signaling. This will be the case in mixed network scenarios
with in-fiber and out-of-fiber GMPLS signaling. Assigning costs to each signaling inter-
face is a means for engineering signaling traffic in this situation. A possible set of link
costs which satisfies the traffic engineering requirement for signaling traffic is indicated
in the figure.

Figure 62 Engineering signaling traffic

7.9.5 DCC switchover time


In signaling network configurations, which implement multiple DCC signaling links
between neighboring network elements, the DCC switchover time must be considered.
Figure 63 shows typical switchover times.

100 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Network management

Figure 63 DCC signaling interface switchover

g Due to failure detection by means of OSPF Hellos the convergence time after DCC
failure is considerably longer than failure recovery.

g DCC signaling interface switchover only applies for Multiplex Section - Data Communi-
cation Channel (MS-DCC).

The impact of this behavior is as follows:


• New LSP will not be setup during this time. As a result there will be delay in LSP
signaling due to primary DCC failure.
• Any LSP carried over the broken fiber will not experience an additional restoration
delay as SDH alarms on the node upstream to failure will trigger sending of RSVP
Notify messages to the ingress node for protection switching.

7.9.6 Signaling network design guidelines


Because a poorly designed DCN may result in very long restoration times, the following
design guidelines applied to the hiT 7065 signaling networks:
1. The list of interfaces available for GMPLS signaling messages can be defined via
TMN interface.
2. The DC-OSPF-MIB parameter ospfPmIfMetricValue can be used for signaling traffic
engineering purposes.
3. There is one signaling link per TE-Link. In case of multiple DCC channels between
two nodes, IP forwarding will select just one link.
4. In-fiber signaling: Network configurations that implement different topologies for the
signaling and transport layer are not recommended (this may result in very long res-
toration times).

7.10 GMPLS call control


One of the main features of GMPLS is an automatic process of cross connections con-
figuration on a set of linked NEs, with the aim to establish a LSP path between two client

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 101
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Network management Product Description (PD)

end points. Generally speaking, there are four steps which need to be taken to prepare
for GMPLS call control:
1. Link and resource management
2. Traffic engineering links or link bundling
3. Routing
4. Call setup

7.10.1 Link and resource management


As mentioned in Section 7.1, the resources on the network can be reserved on a VC-4
TP basis for ASON/GMPLS, creating a virtual GMPLS domain where the user gets the
full control over the network resources used by the control plane.
A reserved TP is managed by the control plane and can be used for new calls or for res-
toration paths. A non-reserved TP is managed by TNMS and can be used for conven-
tional service provisioning. This means that inside a STM-N link, if M VC-4 TPs (M <=
N) are reserved for the virtual GMPLS domain (managed by the control plane), the other
N-M VC-4 TPs are available to be managed by the TNMS, as it is usually done in a
normal SDH based network.

Figure 64 Example of reserved TPs for control plane management

7.10.2 Traffic engineering links or link bundling


TE-Links are connections between the nodes inside the GMPLS domain. They have
traffic engineering capabilities, which can be configured. A TE-Link consists of one or
more component links (th, STM-16 and 64 links). According to the number of aggregated
component links, there are two groups of TE-links:
• Unbundled: TE-Link has only one underlying component link.
• Bundled: TE-Link has more than one underlying component link.
TE-Links are used for path calculation (OSPF-TE) and GMPLS signaling (RSVP-TE).
The benefit of using bundled TE-Links is less signaling in the GMPLS domain, fast
routing, and easier management. One TE-Link is a part of one or more SRLG.

g Only those component links that share the same risk is bundled into one TE-Link. Oth-
erwise, in a failure scenario where only one component link is failed, the whole bundled
TE-Link is considered as not available for further route computation and call set-up.

102 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Network management

A TE-Link is identified by an unnumbered address (combination of local TE-Router ID


and locally unique interface ID). By default all interfaces between neighboring NEs are
part of a single TE-Link, however, the operator is allowed to change this configuration.
The main attributes that can be configured are:
• List of component links (physical links)
• SRLG
• TE metric (routing cost)
• Bandwidth parameters (read only)
– Physically available bandwidth
– Bandwidth reserved for ASON
– Free bandwidth that can be used by ASON
TE-Links are configured by the TNMS ASON Manager and are shown in the ASON
Manager’s network map as virtual links.

Figure 65 Traffic engineering link

7.10.3 Routing
In the hiT 7065 routing is performed by a CSPF algorithm based on an OSPF-TE link
state data base. The routing algorithm supports constraints like cost metric, node inclu-
sion/exclusion, and so on. The constraint-based routing is executed online by the
ingress equipment. CSPF can compute disjoint working and protection paths based on
link, node, and SRLG. The CSPF calculates an optimum explicit route based on specific
constraints and relies on a traffic engineering database to do those calculations. The
resulting route is then used by RSVP-TE to set up LSPs. The CSPF process requires
the following inputs:
• Attributes of the traffic trunks, for example, bandwidth, link affinities
• Attributes of the links of the network, for example, bandwidth
• Attributes of the LSR, for example, types of supported signaling protocols
• Other topology state information

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 103
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Network management Product Description (PD)

7.10.4 Call setup


Once resources have been dedicated, links/link bundles have been created, and routing
parameters are set, a call can be set up. A call represents a GMPLS service including
all the related connections.
Every call must be configured with a set of parameters. The configurable parameters
are:
• Name
• Administrative state (operational status of this call: Enabled or Disabled)
• Call type
• End-points: LSR ID, slot, port, and time slot (TP) information
• Multiplier: defines the number of connections per call
• Protection parameters including:
– Class of Service
– Keep Initial LSPs
– Wait To Restore (WTR) Time [min]
– Max recoveries (a upper threshold on the maximum number of recoveries before
the system shows failure)
– Retry Interval [min]
– Maximum Retries
– SNCP Hold-Off Time [ms]
• Route (optional):
– List of nodes
– List of nodes and TE-Links
There are two different types of routes: Working routes and Protection routes. These
routes can be set up by including/excluding a list of nodes or TE-Links.
At ingress and egress, GMPLS controller would create a VCAT with enabled LCAS,
assign the TPs into the VCAT, and then associate the VCAT with the WAN port specified
by the operator via labelling.

g This is only for setting up a Ethernet call.

104 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

8 Technical data
The hiT 7065 performance specifications for all interfaces, protection switching, power
consumption, environment conditions, and so on, comply with the ITU-T recommenda-
tions and IEEE standards.

8.1 Traffic interfaces


The following sections provide information about the hiT 7065 TDM and packet inter-
faces.

8.1.1 SDH traffic


The following table provides the hiT 7065 supported SDH interfaces and application
codes.

Classification of optical interface


Application Intra-office Short haul Long haul Very long haul
Operating 850/1310 1310/1550 1310/1550 1550
wavelength
range (nm)
Type of fiber ITU-T Rec. ITU-T Rec. ITU-T Rec. ITU-T Rec.
G.652 G.652 G.652, G.653, G.652
G.654
STM-64 I-64.1 2 km STM-64 80 km STM-64 120 km XFP
XFP, 10 km XFP, 80 km
STM-64 XFP, DWDM XFP
40 km STM-64
XFP, 40 km
DWDM XFP
STM-16 I-16 S-16.1 SFP,S- L-16.1, L-16.2, V-16.2 SFP, V-
16.2 SFP, Bidi L-16.3 SFP, 16.3 SFP,200
15 km SFP CWDM 2.5G km DWDM XFP
SFP, DWDM
2.5G SFP, Bidi
40 km SFP,
STM-4 S-4.1 SFP L-4.1, L-4.2, L- V-4.2 SFP
4.3 SFP
STM-1 I-1 SFP1) S-1.1 SFP L-1.1, L-1.2, L- V-1.2 SFP
1.3 SFP
1. Target distance is used for classification, not for standardization.
2. The actual transmission distance can be calculated based on the transmitter
power, receiver sensitivity, and fiber loss.

Table 28 STM-N optical interface parameters and application codes


1) I-1 SFP is only used in the multi-mode fiber, not for the single mode fiber.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 105
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

In Table 28, the STM-64 optical transceiver module is an XFP while the other optical
transceiver modules are SFP. The DWDM SFP can be used in the STM-16 optical inter-
face. The CWDM SFP can support multi-rate applications: STM-16 and GE.
Table 29 to Table 42 list the STM-64, STM-16, STM-4, and STM-1 optical interface
parameters specified for the transmitter at point S, the receiver at point R, and the optical
path between points S and R.

STM-64 interface

Parameters Classification of STM-64


Application code I-64.1 S-64.2b P1L1-2D2
Supported distance range [km] ~2 ~ 40 ~ 80
Signal modulation technique DML1) EML2) EML
Central wavelength [nm] 1290 ~ 1530 ~ 1530 ~
1330 1565 1565
Average launch power [dBm] -6 ~ -1 -1 ~ 2 0~4
Extinction ratio [dB] >6 > 8.2 >9
Receiver types PIN PIN APD
Minimum overload [dBm] -1 -1 -7
Receiver sensitivity [dBm] -11 -14 -24
Optical path penalty [dB] 1 2 2
Maximum reflect of receiver [dB] -14 -27 -27
Maximum dispersion [ps/nm] 6.6 800 1600

Table 29 STM-64 (XFP) optical interface specifications


1) Directly Modulated Laser (DML)
2) Electroabsorption Modulated Laser (EML)

STM-64 DWDM interface

Parameters Classification of STM-64 DWDM

Application code 10 Gbps SONET/SDH


10G Ethernet
10G fiber channel
10G Ethernet with FEC
Supported distance ~ 40 ~ 80
range [km]
Signal modulation tech- EML EML
nique

Table 30 STM-64 DWDM interface specifications

106 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

Parameters Classification of STM-64 DWDM

Central wavelength 1530 ~ 1565 1530 ~ 1565


[nm]
Average launch power -1 ~ 3 -1 ~ 3
[dBm]
Extinction ratio [dB] 8.2 8.2
Receiver types PIN APD
Minimum overload -9 -9
[dBm]
Receiver sensitivity -14 -24
[dBm]
Optical path penalty 2 2.5
[dB]
Maximum reflect of -27 -27
receiver [dB]
Maximum dispersion 800 1600
[ps/nm]

Table 30 STM-64 DWDM interface specifications (Cont.)

STM-16 interface

Parameters Classification of STM-16/2.5 Gbps


Application code I-16 S-16.1 L-16.1 L-16.2
Supported distance range ~2 ~ 15 ~ 40 ~ 80
[km]
Laser types MLM SLM1) SLM SLM
Central wavelength [nm] 1261 ~ 1261 ~ 1280 ~ 1480 ~
1360 1360 1335 1580
Maximum spectral width [nm] σ RMS = 4 σ-20 dB = 1 σ-20 dB = 1 σ-20 dB < 1
Minimum SMSR2) [dB] NA 30 30 30
Average launch power [dBm] -3 ~ -10 -5 ~ 0 -2 ~ 3 -2 ~ 3
Extinction ratio [dB] 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2
Receiver types PIN PIN APD APD
Minimum overload [dBm] -3 0 -9 -9
Receiver sensitivity [dBm] -18 -18 -27 -28
Optical path penalty [dB] 1 1 1 2

Table 31 STM-16 optical interface specifications

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 107
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

Parameters Classification of STM-16/2.5 Gbps


Maximum reflect of receiver -27 -27 -27 -27
[dB]
Maximum dispersion [ps/nm] NA NA NA 1600
Digital diagnostics function Yes Yes Yes Yes

Table 31 STM-16 optical interface specifications (Cont.)


1) Single-Longitudinal Mode (SLM)
2) Side Mode Suppression Ratio (SMSR)

Parameters Classification of 2.5 Gbps (STM-16)


Supported distance ~ 15 ~ 40
range [km]
Laser types SLM MLM SLM SLM
Central wavelength [nm] 1280 ~ 1335 1480 ~ 1580 1460 ~ 1500 1560 ~ 1590
Maximum spectral width σ-20 dB < 1 σ-20 dB < 1 σ-20 dB < 1 σ-20 dB < 1
[nm]
Minimum SMSR [dB] > 30 > 30 > 30 > 30
Average launch power -5 ~ 0 -5 ~ 0 -5 ~ 0 -5 ~ 0
[dBm]
Extinction ratio [dB] > 8.2 > 8.2 > 8.2 > 8.2
Output optical eye IEEE 802.3 IEEE 802.3 IEEE 802.3 IEEE 802.3
pattern
Receiver types PIN/APD PIN/APD PIN PIN
Minimum overload -8 -3 0 0
[dBm]
Receiver sensitivity < -19 < -19 < -19 < -19
[dBm]
Optical path penalty [dB] < 1 <1 <1 <1
Digital diagnostics Yes Yes Yes Yes
function

Table 32 STM-16 optical interface specifications (STM-16 BiDi SFP)

DWDM optical interface specifications

Parameters Specifications
Application code V-16.2 U-16.2
Data bit rate 2.48832 to 2.666057 Gbps 2.48832 to 2.666057 Gbps

Table 33 STM-16 DWDM optical interface specifications

108 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

Parameters Specifications
Laser types Cooled SLM Cooled SLM
Central wavelength 100 GHz channel grid in 192.70 THz2)
the C-band: 191.70 - 196.0
THz, wavelength selected1)
Wavelength stability For 100 GHz spacing: For 100 GHz spacing:
±12.5 GHz (±100 pm) ±12.5 GHz (±100 pm)
Spectral width (-20 dB) 0.5 nm 0.5 nm
modulated
Side mode suppression > 30 dB > 30 dB
ratio
Average launch power -2 ~ 3 -2 ~ 3
[dBm]
Extinction ratio [dB] 8.2 8.2
Output optical eye pattern According to ITU-T G.957 According to ITU-T G.957
Receiver types APD APD
Minimum overload [dBm] -9 -9
Receiver sensitivity [dBm] -28 -28
Optical path penalty [dB] 3 3
Maximum reflect of -27 -27
receiver [dB]
Dispersion tolerance -2400 ps/nm ~ +2400 -1200 ps/nm ~ +3600
ps/nm ps/nm
Digital diagnostics function Yes Yes

Table 33 STM-16 DWDM optical interface specifications (Cont.)


1) 44 channels of the DWDM SFP are supported. It can support STM-16 V-16.2 appli-
cations. Its channel spacing is 100 GHz. Its wavelength is listed in the table below.
The DWDM SFP is compatible with the DWDM SFP Multi-Source Agreement
(MSA).
2) The 192.70 THz (1555.75 nm) DWDM SFP will be supported for STM-16 U-16.2
applications.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 109
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

ITU Frequency Wave- ITU Frequency Wave-


channel (THz) length (nm) channel (THz) length (nm)
number number
60 196.00 1529.55 38 193.80 1546.92
59 195.90 1530.33 37 193.70 1547.72
58 195.80 1531.12 36 193.60 1548.51
57 195.70 1531.90 35 193.50 1549.32
56 195.60 1532.68 34 193.40 1550.12
55 195.50 1533.47 33 193.30 1550.92
54 195.40 1534.25 32 193.20 1551.72
53 195.30 1535.04 31 193.10 1552.52
52 195.20 1535.82 30 193.00 1553.33
51 195.10 1536.61 29 192.90 1554.13
50 195.00 1537.40 28 192.80 1554.94
49 194.90 1538.19 27 192.70 1557.75
48 194.80 1538.98 26 192.60 1556.55
47 194.70 1539.77 25 192.50 1557.36
46 194.60 1540.56 24 192.40 1558.17
45 194.50 1541.35 23 192.30 1558.98
44 194.40 1542.14 22 192.20 1559.79
43 194.30 1542.94 21 192.10 1560.61
42 194.20 1543.73 20 192.00 1561.42
41 194.10 1544.53 19 191.90 1562.23
40 194.00 1545.32 18 191.80 1563.05
39 193.90 1546.12 17 191.70 1563.86

Table 34 DWDM wavelengths

Multi-rate CWDM optical interface specifications

Parameters Specifications
Application code C8L1-0D2/C8L1-1D21) C8S1-1D2
Supported distance range [km] ~ 80 ~ 40
Data bit rate 622 Mbps ~ 2.67 Gbps2) 2.64 Gbps
Laser types SLM SLM

Table 35 STM-16 CWDM optical interface specifications

110 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

Parameters Specifications
Central wavelength [nm] 1471 + 20 m 1471 + 20 m
m = 0 to 73) m = 0 to 73)
Channel spacing [nm] 20 20
Maximum central wavelength ±6.5 ±6.5
deviation [nm]
Maximum spectral width [nm] σ-20 dB = 1 σ-20 dB = 1
Minimum SMSR [dB] 30 30
Average launch power [dBm] 0~5 0~5
Extinction ratio [dB] 8.2 8.2
Output optical eye pattern According to IEEE 802.3 According to IEEE 802.3
/ ITU-T G.957 / ITU-T G.957
Receiver types APD PIN
Minimum overload [dBm] -9 0
Receiver sensitivity [dBm] -284) -18
Optical path penalty [dB] 2 1.5
Maximum reflect of receiver [dB] -27 -27
Maximum dispersion [ps/nm] 1600 1600
Digital diagnostics function Yes Yes

Table 35 STM-16 CWDM optical interface specifications (Cont.)


1) C8L1-0D2 is used for GE applications. C8L1-1D2 is used for STM-16 applications.
2) It can support multi-rate applications: GE and STM-16.
3) 8 channels of the CWDM SFP are supported. Its optical performance is compliant
with G.695. Their wavelengths are 1471 nm, 1491 nm, 1511 nm, 1531 nm, 1551 nm,
1571 nm, 1591 nm, and 1611 nm.
4) The receiver sensitivity is based on 2.48832 bps bit rate.

ITU channel number Wavelength (nm)


9 1471
10 1491
11 1511
12 1531
13 1551
14 1571
15 1591
16 1611

Table 36 CWDM wavelengths

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 111
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

STM-4 interface

Parameters Classification of STM-4/622 Mbps


Application code S-4.1 L-4.1 L-4.2 V-4.2
Supported distance range [km] ~ 15 ~ 40 ~ 80 ~ 120
Laser types MLM1) MLM/SLM SLM SLM
Central wavelength [nm] 1261 ~ 1261 ~ 1480 ~ 1480 ~
1360 1360 1580 1580
Maximum spectral width [nm] σRMS = 2.5 σRMS = 1.7 σ-20 dB < 1 σ-20 dB = 1
/ σ-20 dB = 1
Minimum SMSR [dB] NA NA / 30 30 30
Average launch power [dBm] -15 ~ -8 -3 ~ 2 -3 ~ 2 0~4
Extinction ratio [dB] 8.2 10 10 10
Receiver types PIN PIN PIN APD
Minimum overload [dBm] -8 -8 -8 -18
Receiver sensitivity [dBm] -28 -28 -28 -34
Optical path penalty [dB] 1 1 1 1
Maximum reflect of receiver [dB] NA -14 -27 -27
Digital diagnostics function Yes Yes Yes Yes

Table 37 STM-4 optical interface specifications (STM-4 SFP)


1) Multi-Longitudinal Mode (MLM)

Parameters Classification of GE/1250 Mbps


Supported distance ~ 10 ~ 10 ~ 40 ~ 40 ~ 80 ~ 80
range [km]
Laser types MLM SLM SLM SLM SLM SLM
Central wavelength [nm] 1260 ~ 1480 ~ 1260 ~ 1480 ~ 1260 ~ 1480 ~
1360 1500 1360 1500 1360 1500
Maximum spectral width σRMS < σ-20 dB < σ-20 dB < σ-20 dB < σ-20 dB < σ-20 dB <
[nm] 3.5 0.88 1 1 1 1
Minimum SMSR [dB] NA > 30 > 30 > 30 30 30
Average launch power -9 ~ -3 -9 ~ -3 -2 ~ -3 -2 ~ -3 -3 ~ -2 -3 ~ -2
[dBm]
Extinction ratio [dB] >6 >6 >6 >6 10 10
Output optical eye IEEE IEEE IEEE IEEE IEEE IEEE
pattern 802.3 802.3 802.3 802.3 802.3 802.3

Table 38 STM-4 optical interface specifications (GE BiDi SFP)

112 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

Parameters Classification of GE/1250 Mbps


Receiver types PIN PIN PIN PIN PIN PIN
Minimum overload -3 -3 -3 -3 -8 -8
[dBm]
Receiver sensitivity < -20 < -20 < -23 < -23 -28 -28
[dBm]
Optical path penalty [dB] < 1 <1 <1 <1 1 1
Digital diagnostics Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
function

Table 38 STM-4 optical interface specifications (GE BiDi SFP) (Cont.)

STM-1 interface

Parameters Classification of STM-1/155 Mbps


Application code I-1 S-1.1 L-1.1 L-1.2 V-1.2
Supported distance range ~2 ~ 15 ~ 40 ~ 80 ~ 120
[km]
Laser types LED MLM MLM/SL SLM SLM
M
Central wavelength [nm] 1270 ~ 1261 ~ 1261 ~ 1480 ~ 1480 ~
1380 1360 1360 1580 1580
Maximum spectral width [nm] NA σRMS = σRMS = 3 / σ-20 dB = 1 σ-20 dB = 1
7.7 σ-20 dB =
1
Minimum SMSR [dB] NA NA NA / 30 30 30
Average launch power [dBm] -20 ~ -15 -15 ~ -8 -5 ~ 0 -5 ~ 0 0~4
Extinction ratio [dB] 10 8.2 10 10 10
Output optical eye pattern Accord- Accord- Accord- Accord- Accord-
ing to ing to ing to ing to ing to
ITU-T ITU-T ITU-T ITU-T ITU-T
G.957 G.957 G.957 G.957 G.957
Receiver types PIN PIN PIN PIN PIN
Minimum overload [dBm] -14 -8 -10 -10 -10
Receiver sensitivity [dBm] -30 -28 -34 -34 -34
Optical path penalty [dB] NA 1 1 1 1
Maximum reflect of receiver NA NA NA -25 -25
[dB]
Digital diagnostics function Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Table 39 STM-1 optical interface specifications (STM-1 optical SFP)

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 113
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

Parameters Classification of STM-1/155 Mbps


Pulse shape Nominally rectangular and conforming to the masks of
ITU-T G.703
Pair(s) in each direction One coaxial pair
Test load impedance 75 Ω resistive
Peak-to-peak voltage 1 ± 0.1 V
Rise time between 10% ≤ 2 ns
and 90% amplitudes of the
measured steady state
amplitude
Transition timing tolerance Negative transitions: ±0.1 ns
referred to the mean value Positive transitions at unit interval boundaries: ±0.5 ns
of the 50% amplitude
Positive transitions at mid-unit intervals: ±0.35 ns
points of the negative tran-
sitions
Return loss ≥ 15 dB over frequency range from 8 MHz to 240 MHz
Maximum peak-to-peak Compliant to 5.1/ITU-T G.825
jitter at an output port

Table 40 STM-1 electrical interface specifications (STM-1 electrical SFP)

Parameters Classification of STM-1/155 Mbps


Supported distance range [km] ~ 20 ~ 20
Laser types MLM SLM
Central wavelength [nm] 1260 ~ 1360 1480 ~ 1580
Maximum spectral width [nm] σRMS < 7 σ-20 dB < 1
Minimum SMSR [dB] NA NA
Average launch power [dBm] -14 ~ -8 -14 ~ -8
Extinction ratio [dB] > 10 > 10
Output optical eye pattern According to ITU-T According to ITU-T
G.957 G.957
Receiver types PIN PIN
Minimum overload [dBm] -8 -8
Receiver sensitivity [dBm] -28 -28
Optical path penalty [dB] 1 1
Digital diagnostics function Yes Yes

Table 41 STM-1 optical interface specifications (STM-1 BiDi SFP)

STM-1E interface

114 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

Parameters Classification of STM-1E/155 Mbps


Bit rate 155 520 Kbps ± 20 ppm
Code Coded Mark Inversion (CMI)
Overvoltage protection Refer to ITU-T K.41
Impedance 75 Ω

Table 42 STM-1E electrical interface specifications

8.1.2 OTN traffic


OTU interface for 2 x OTU-2 card

Parameters Classification of OTU-2 DWDM


Application code 10 Gbps SONET/SDH with FEC and UFEC
Supported distance range ~ 40 ~ 80 ~ 80 ~ 200 + OA
[km]
Signal modulation tech- EML EML Tunable CML2)
nique laser + MZ1)
Central wavelength [nm] 1530 ~ 1565 1530 ~ 1565 3) 1555.7474)
Average launch power -1 ~ 3 -1~3 0~4 -1~3
[dBm]
Extinction ratio [dB] 8.2 8.2 9 8.2
Receiver types PIN APD APD APD
Minimum overload [dBm] -1 -6
Receiver sensitivity [dBm] -14 -24 -23 -24
Optical path penalty [dB] 2 2.5 2 2.5
Maximum reflect of -27 -27 -27 -27
receiver [dB]
Maximum dispersion 800 1600 1600 1600
[ps/nm]

Table 43 STM-64 DWDM interface specifications


1) MZ: Mach Zehnder, is a type of modulator.
2) CML: Chirp Management Laser.
3) 100 GHz/50 GHz channel grid in C-band: 191.70 ~ 196.0 THz. Because it is the C-
band tunable XFP, the wavelength can be selected from the C-band range.
4) 100 GHz channel grid in C-band: 192.7 THz. Because it is DWDM XFP, only wave-
length in 1555.747 nm is available.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 115
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

8.1.3 PDH traffic


E3/DS3 interface

Parameters Classification of E3/34 Mbps


Bit rate 34368 Kbps ± 20 ppm
Code High Density Bipolar of order 3 (HDB3)
Overvoltage protection Refer to ITU-T K.41
Impedance 75 Ω unbalanced
Cabling unbalanced, one coaxial cable in each direction
Return loss Input:
• ≥ 12 dB (860 kHz to 1720 kHz)
• ≥ 18 dB (1720 kHz to 34368 kHz)
• ≥ 14 dB (34368 kHz to 51550 kHz) according to ITU-
T G.703-98/Section 11.3
Output:
• ≥ 6 dB (859 kHz to 1720 kHz)
• ≥ 8 dB (1718 kHz to 51552 kHz) according to
ETS300-166/ Section 4.2
Input cable attenuation 0 to 12 dB (at 17184 kHz) according to ITU-T G.703-98/
Section 11.3
Transmitting pulse shape According to ITU-T G.703-98/ Figure-17
Jitter characteristics Input:
• > 1.5 UIpp (100 Hz to 1 kHz)
• 20 dB/dec (1 kHz to 10 kHz)
• > 0.15 UIpp (10 kHz to 800 kHz) according at ITU-T
G.823-2000/ Table 18
Output:
a. mapping jitter:
• ≤ For further study (100 Hz to 800 kHz)
• ≤ 0.075 UIpp (0.075 UIpp (100 kHz to 800 kHz)
according to ITU-T G.783-2000/ Table 15-3
b. combined jitter:
• ≤ 0.4 UIpp (100 Hz to 800 kHz)
• ≤ 0.075 UIpp (10 kHz to 800 kHz) according to ITU-T
G.783-2000/ Table 15-4

Table 44 E3 electrical interface specifications

116 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

Parameters Classification of DS3/45 Mbps


Bit rate 44736 Kbps ± 20 ppm
Code B3ZS (also designated HDB21))
Overvoltage protection refer to K.41
Impedance 75 Ω
Cabling unbalanced, one coaxial cable in each direction
Return loss Input:
• ≥ 12 dB (1.118 MHz to 2.237 MHz)
• ≥ 18 dB (2.237 MHz to 44.736 MHz)
• ≥ 14 dB (44.736 MHz to 67.104 MHz) according to
ITU-T G.703-98/section 8
Output:
• ≥ 20 dB (22.368 MkHz)
Input cable attenuation 8.52 dB for each group of DS3 cables, and there are 2
groups of cables. So the total attenuation is 2 x 8.52 dB.
Transmitting pulse shape According to ITU-T G.703-98/Figure-14
Jitter characteristics Input:
• > 5 UIpp (21.9 Hz to 600 Hz)
• 20 dB/dec (600 Hz to 30 kHz)
• > 0.1 UIpp (30 kHz to 400 kHz) according at ITU-T
G.824/section 7.2.4
Output:
mapping jitter:
• ≤ 0.4 UIpp (10 Hz to 400 kHz) according to ITU-T
G.783

Table 45 DS3 electrical interface specifications


1) High Density Bipolar of order 2 (HDB2)

E1 interface

Parameters Classification of E1/2 Mbps


Bit rate 2048 Kbps ± 50 ppm
Code AMI or HDB3, default is HDB3
Over-voltage protection Refer to ITU-T K.41
Impedance 75 Ω unbalanced, or 120 Ω balanced
Cabling External cable which is used by 75 Ω E1 interface (un-
balanced) is different from cable which is used by 120 Ω
(E1) interface (balanced).

Table 46 E1 electrical interface specifications

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 117
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

Parameters Classification of E1/2 Mbps


Return loss Input:
• ≥ 12 dB (51 kHz to 102 kHz)
• ≥ 18 dB (102 kHz to 2048 kHz)
• ≥ 14 dB (2048 kHz to 3072 kHz) according to ITU-T
G.703-98/ Section 9.3
Output:
• ≥ 6 dB (51 kHz to 102 kHz)
• ≥ 8 dB (102 kHz to 3072 kHz) according to ETS300-
166/ Section 4.2
Input cable attenuation 0 to 6 dB (at 1024 kHz) according to ITU-T G.703-98/
Section 9.3
Transmitting pulse shape According to ITU-T G.703-98/ Figure 15
Jitter characteristics Input:
• > 1.5 UIpp (20 Hz to 2.4 kHz)
• 20 dB/dec (2.4 kHz to 18 kHz)
• > 0.2 UIpp (18 kHz to 100 kHz) according to ITU-T
G.823-2000/ Table 16
Output:
a. mapping jitter:
• ≤ For further study (20 Hz … 100 kHz)
• ≤ 0.075 UIpp (18 kHz … 100 kHz) according to ITU-
T G.783-2000/ Table 15-3
b. combined jitter:
• ≤ 0.4 UIpp (20 Hz … 100 kHz)
• ≤ 0.075 UIpp (18 kHz … 100 kHz) according to ITU-
T G.783-2000/ Table 15-4

Table 46 E1 electrical interface specifications (Cont.)

8.1.4 Packet traffic


10 GE interface 10G Base-T optical

Parameters Classification of STM-64/OC-192


Application code 10GBASE 10GBASE 10GBASE 10GBASE
-SR/SW -LR/LW -ER/EW -ZR/ZW
Supported distance range [km] ~ 0.3 ~ 10 ~ 40 ~ 80
Signal modulation technique VCSEL DML EML EML
Wavelength [nm] 840 ~ 860 1290 ~ 1530 ~ 1530 ~
1330 1565 1565

Table 47 10 GE optical interface specifications

118 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

Parameters Classification of STM-64/OC-192


Average launch power [dBm] -7 ~ -1 -6 ~ -1 -1 ~ 2 0~4
Extinction ratio [dB] >3 >6 > 8.2 >9
IEEE802.3ae mask margin 15% 15% 15% 15%
Receiver types PIN PIN PIN APD
Mini. overload [dBm] -1 0 -1 -9
Receiver sensitivity @BOL < -13 < -14 < -17 -26
Receiver sensitivity @HT < -11 < -12 < -16 -25
Receiver sensitivity @EOL < -10 < -11 < -14 -24
Optical path penalty [dB] 4 1 2 2
Max. reflect. of receiver [dB] -12 -27 -27 -27
Max. dispersion [ps/nm] 40 70 800 1600

Table 47 10 GE optical interface specifications (Cont.)

GE/FC interface 1000 Base-T optical

Parameters Classification of GE/1.25 Gbps and FC/1.0625


Gbps
Application code 1000 1000 1000 Base 1000
Base-Sx Base-Lx Base-Zx
Supported distance range [km] ~ 0.5 ~ 10 ~ 40 ~ 80
Laser types MLM MLM MLM/SLM SLM
Central wavelength [nm] 770 ~ 860 1270 ~ 1270 ~ 1480 ~
1355 1355 1580
Maximum spectral width [nm] σRMS = σRMS = 4 σRMS = 2 / σ-20 dB = 1
0.85 σ-20 dB = 1
Minimum SMSR [dB] NA NA 30 30
Average launch power [dBm] -9.5 ~ -3 -9.5 ~ -3 -4 ~ 0 0~4
Extinction ratio [dB] 9 9 9 9
Output optical eye pattern IEEE IEEE IEEE IEEE
802.3 802.3 802.3 802.3
Receiver types PIN PIN PIN PIN
Minimum overload [dBm] 0 -3 -3 -3
Receiver sensitivity [dBm] -17 -19 -22 -22
Optical path penalty [dB] 1 1 1 2
Maximum reflect of receiver [dB] -12 -12 -12 -25
Digital diagnostics function Yes Yes Yes Yes

Table 48 GE/FC optical interface specifications

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 119
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

GE interface 1000 Base-T electrical

1000 BaseT Gigabit Ethernet port acc. to IEEE 802.3 - 2002, IEEE 802.3ab
Distance variants 1000 Base-T
User class as per IEEE 802.3 - 2002, IEEE 802.3ab
Nominal bit rate 125.000 kBaud
Frequency tolerance ±100 ppm
Code 8 B/10 B, scrambled, MLT 5
Connector receptacle Shielded RJ45
Transmitter behavior
Output impedance 100 Ω differential
Peak differential output 0.67 V to 0.82 V (0.75 V ± 0.83 dB)
voltage
Level accuracy < 1% (points A and B)
Maximum output droop V > Vf x 73.1%
gVj > Vh x 73.1%
Differential output templates Lie within the time domain template
Transmitter distortion < 10 mV
Master PHY transmitter timing Unfiltered: < 1.4 ns
jitter
Filtered: < 0.3 ns
Transmit clock frequency 125 MHz ±0.01%
Return loss 2 MHz ≤ f ≤ 40 MHz: > 16 dB
40 MHz ≤ f ≤ 100 MHz: [10 - 20lg (f/80 MHz)] dB
Impedance balance 20lg (Ecm/Ediff) > 34 - 19.2lg (f/50) dB
Common-mode output voltage < 50 mV
Receiver behavior
Slave PHY transmitter timing Unfiltered: < 1.4 ns
jitter
Filtered: < 0.4 ns
Alien crosstalk noise rejection Frame error rate < 10E-7
Receiver frequency tolerance 125.00 MHz ± 0.01%
Common-mode noise rejec- 1 MHz - 250 MHz noise
tion
Cable behavior
Connector type Shielded RJ45
Cable type S/UTP category 6

Table 49 GE electrical interface specifications

120 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

1000 BaseT Gigabit Ethernet port acc. to IEEE 802.3 - 2002, IEEE 802.3ab
Operating distance 100 m
Bit Error Rate (BER) ≤ 10E-10 (100 m)

Table 49 GE electrical interface specifications (Cont.)

8.2 OA interface

Parameters Minimum Maximum Units


Operating temperature 0 45 °C
Storage temperature -40 85 °C
Environment (ESD/Electro 700/85% V/-
Magnetic Compatibility (EMC))

Table 50 Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) reliability and standard


requirements

Parameters Description
Wavelength range of BOA 1528 nm ~ 1562 nm1)
Wavelength range of POA 1555.75 nm ± 0.25 nm
Configuration Single/Dual pump, stage2)
Gain flattening Without GFF3)
Control modes APC4), AGC5), and ACC6)
Transient suppress control Transient suppress circuit
Application types Booster or pre-amplifier

Table 51 General requirements for EDFA


1) This wavelength range is specified as the operation wavelength range for EDFA in
4-channel applications.
2) This configuration is designed for 4-channel systems. For applications more than 4
channels, dual pumps or dual stages may be required for obtaining higher gain or
larger output power.
3) For 4-channel applications, Gain Flatten Filter (GFF) is not necessary for obtaining
the fine gain flatness. For applications more than 4 channels, GFF is required for
optimizing the gain flatness.
4) Automatic Power Control (APC)
5) Automatic Gain Control (AGC)
6) Automatic Current Control (ACC)

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 121
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

8.2.1 BOA interface

Parameters Minimum Type Maximum Unit


General specifications (for all types of BOA)
Wavelength range 1528 1562 nm
Noise figure1) 5.0 3 dB
Optical power detection accuracy ±0.5 dB
Polarization mode dispersion 0.3 0.5 ps
Polarization dependent gain ±0.2 ±0.5 dB
Return loss 40 dB
Transient overshoot (5 dB add/drop) 0.5 1.0 dB
Transient suppress speed (5 dB add/drop) 0.5 ms
Specifications for BOA 13 dBm
Input power range -10 3 dBm
Maximum gain 18 dB
Saturation power2) 13 dBm
Specifications for BOA 15 dBm
Input power range -10 3 dBm
Maximum gain 20 dB
Saturation power2) 15 dBm
Specifications for BOA 18 dBm
Input power range -10 3 dBm
Maximum gain 23 dB
Saturation power2) 18 dBm

Table 52 Requirements for EDFA as BOA


1) The typical value of the noise figure is specified at the nominal gain with the input
power. The noise figure cannot exceed the maximum value.
2) The saturation power is specified by the maximum of input power range at the
nominal gain value.

8.2.2 POA interface

Parameters Minimum Type Maximum Unit


Central wavelength 1555.75 nm
Wavelength range 1555.50 1556 nm
Input power range -35 -15 dBm

Table 53 Requirements for EDFA as POA

122 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

Parameters Minimum Type Maximum Unit


Small signal gain 20 dB
Output power range -15 -10 dBm
Gain flatness ±0.5 ±1.0 dB
Noise figure 5.0 6.0 dB
Optical power detection accuracy ±0.5 dB
Polarization mode dispersion 0.3 0.5 ps
Polarization dependent gain ±0.2 ±0.5 dB
Return loss 40 dB
Transient overshoot (5 dB add/drop) 0.5 1.0 dB
Transient suppress speed (5 dB add/drop) 0.5 ms

Table 53 Requirements for EDFA as POA (Cont.)

g The gain flatness is not required for the single channel SDH applications.

8.3 Control interfaces


Control interfaces include two network management interfaces (MGT-1 and MGT-2
ports) and CT connections on the SI cards and one system debug interface for
Command Line Interface (CLI) connection on the SC card.

8.3.1 Management interfaces

Bit rate 10/100/1000 Mbps


Connector type RJ45

Table 54 Management interface specifications

8.3.2 Console interface

Connector type DB 9

Table 55 Console interface specifications

8.4 Signaling interfaces


Signaling interfaces include one external alarm interface for station alarm output, one
RJ45 for four MDI, and another one RJ45 for four MDO interfaces, for a total of three
overhead interfaces on the SI cards.

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 123
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

8.4.1 External alarm interface

Connector type RJ45


Alarm outputs
First hard contact CR/MJ audible output
Second hard contact CR/MJ visible output
Third hard contact MN audible output
Fourth hard contact MN visible output
No contact Warning and indeterminate alarm
Electrical characteristics
Rated load 0.3 A at 125 V AC1)
1 A at 30 V DC
Rated carry current 1A
Maximum switching voltage 30 V AC
60 V DC
Maximum switching current 1A

Table 56 External alarm interface specifications


1) Alternating Current (AC)

8.4.2 MDI and MDO interfaces


The MDI and MDO interfaces are compliant with ETSI EN 300 132-2.

Connector type
MDI RJ45
MDO RJ45
MDI electrical characteristics
Voltage range -60 V ~ 0 V
Active state -60 V ~ -18 V
Inactive state -10 V ~ 0 V
Current 1 mA ~ 3 mA
MDO electrical characteristics
Maximum DC voltage 110 V DC @ 0.3 A
Maximum AC voltage 125 V AC @ 0.3 A
Maximum current 1 A @ 30 V DC

Table 57 MDI/MDO interface specifications

124 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

8.4.3 Overhead interfaces

Interface Connector Usage


EOW 1 x RJ45 Maximum 64 EOW channels (32 E1 and 32 E2) per NE
via phone cable for Dual Tone Multifrequency (DTMF)
phone access
F1 2 x RJ45 Maximum 2 user channels per NE, 2 V.11 for F1
accesses
HCOC 2 x RJ45 Extended user channel

Table 58 Overhead interface specifications

g The EOW function is only available in the SI card.

8.5 Interfaces for network clock synchronization


The hiT 7065 provides two input connection points for synchronization purposes, as
framed 2 Mbps, unframed 2 Mbps, or 2 MHz. The impedance of the interfaces can be
configured as 75 Ω. The system also provides two external synchronization outputs for
synchronization purposes, optionally as framed or unframed 2 Mbps or 2 MHz. The
source of these two external outputs is only timing reference or system clock and inde-
pendent of the system clock reference selection.
A hiT 7065 NE can run in free running, holdover, or locked mode. The normal synchro-
nous mode is locked mode. If all of the reference sources fail, the system switches to
holdover mode. If the provisioned synchronization source frequency offset exceeds the
threshold (±9.2 ppm), this reference is declared failed. Assigned synchronization source
frequency can be compared with system internal oscillator in the timing card to decide
excessive frequency difference occurrence.

8.5.1 2048 kHz interface

Compliant with ITU-T G.703


Input interface T3
Input frequency 2048 kHz
Unbalanced mode
Input impedance 75 Ω
Input voltage U0P 0.375 V to 1.5 V
Output interface T4
Output frequency 2048 kHz
Output voltage U0P
With balanced load (120 Ω in 1.0 V to 1.9 V
parallel with 60 pF)

Table 59 2048 kHz interface specifications

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 125
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

Compliant with ITU-T G.703


With unbalanced load (75 Ω) 0.75 V to 1.5 V

Table 59 2048 kHz interface specifications (Cont.)

8.5.2 2048 Kbps interface

Compliant with ITU-T G.703


T3 data interface
Input frequency 2048 Kbps
Return loss at 2048 kHz ≥ 15 dB
Frequency range (kHz)
51 to 102 ≥ 12 dB
102 to 2048 ≥ 18 dB
2048 to 3072 ≥ 14 dB
T4 data interface
Output frequency 2048 Kbps
Code HDB 3
Frame structure Unframe / CRC-4 multiframe

Table 60 2048 Kbps interface specifications

8.6 System indications


On a card faceplate, there are some LEDs showing the date port state, including the
Ethernet ports and MGMT ports.

LED Color Status Meaning


Green On Receiving
Off Not Receiving
Yellow On Link up
Off Link down
Blinking Transmitting or Receiv-
ing

Table 61 LED behavior

For different cards, LEDs may be different. Alarms of the system are indicated on the SI
cards (see Section 4.3). The alarms of each card are indicated on the card itself at the
same time.

126 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

Card LED name LED color


Systematic indications
SI PWR Green
FAULT Red
CR Red
MJ Orange
MN Yellow
General indications
SC PWR Green
CC FAULT Red
2 x STM-64 M
8 x STM-16 M
8 x STM-16
16 x STM-4/1 M
4 x STM-1 ATM IMA
126 x E1 (W/P)
12 x E3/DS3 (W/P)
1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2
8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2
6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE
8 x GE/T
1 x 10 GE/T
2 x OTU-2
OA
Special indications
SC CF Green
SC ACT Green
CC
12 x E3/DS3 (W/P)
126 x E1 (W/P)
16 x STM-1E (W/P)

Table 62 System indications

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 127
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

Card LED name LED color


2 x STM-64 M LINK Green
8 x STM-16 M
8 x STM-16
16 x STM-4/1 M
4 x STM-1 ATM IMA
1 x 10 GE/T
8 x GE/T
6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE
1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2
8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2
2 x OTU-2
Interface card indications
8 x STM-1E IO PWR Green
21 x E1 IO
6 x E3/DS3 IO

Table 62 System indications (Cont.)

t The green LED is on when link speed is 100 Mbps, and it is off when 10 Mbps or no link
occurs. The yellow LED indicates that the link is on and active.

8.7 Protection switching characteristics


The system protection function comprises transmission protection and equipment pro-
tection.

8.7.1 Traffic protection


MSP
1+1 MSP

The hiT 7065 MSP protection complies with ITU-T G.841.


Architecture 1+1
Switching mode Unidirectional/bidirectional
Operation type Revertive/non-revertive
Line rate STM-1/4/16/64

Table 63 1+1 MSP specifications

1:N MSP

128 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

The hiT 7065 MSP protection complies with ITU-T G.841.


Architecture 1:N (N ≤ 14)
Switching mode Bidirectional
Operation type Revertive
Line rate STM-1/4/16/64

Table 64 1:N MSP specifications

SNCP

The hiT 7065 SNCP protection complies with ITU-T G.783, G.806, and G. 841.
Architecture 1+1 individual switch
Protection mode HO SNCP/I (VC-4)
HO SNCP/I (VC-4-4c)
HO SNCP/I (VC-4-16c)
HO SNCP/I (VC-4-64c)
HO SNCP/N (VC-4)
HO SNCP/N (VC-4-4c)
HO SNCP/N (VC-4-16c)
HO SNCP/N (VC-4-64c)
LO SNCP/I (VC-12)
LO SNCP/I (VC-3)
LO SNCP/N (VC-12)
LO SNCP/N (VC-3)
Switching mode Unidirectional/bidirectional
Operation mode Revertive/non-revertive

Table 65 SNCP specifications

MS-SPRing

The hiT 7065 MS-SPRing protection complies with ITU-T G.783, G.806, and G.
841.
Protection mode 2-fiber
Line rate STM-4/16/64
Protection mode Normal 4-fiber
Line rate STM-16/64

Table 66 MS-SPRing specifications

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 129
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

8.7.2 Equipment protection

Unit Architecture
Power 1+1
SC 1+1
CC and timing 1+1
16 x STM-1E 1:N (N ≤ 4)
126 x E1 1:N (N ≤ 2)
12 x E3/DS3 1:N (N ≤ 2)

Table 67 Equipment protection specifications

8.8 Power consumption

Components Power consumption


System input DC voltage -48 V / -60 V
(according to ETS 300 132-2)
System input DC current 25 A / 20 A
(according to ETS 300 132-2)
Maximum system power 1500 W
consumption
Card
SC 17.3 W
SI 10.6 W
CC 46 W
2 x STM-64 M 40 W
8 x STM-16 M 33.8 W
8 x STM-16 33.8 W
16 x STM-4/1 M 34.2 W
16 x STM-1E (W/P) 15.8 W
4 x STM-1 ATM IMA 44 W
8 x STM-1E IO 11.5 W
12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) 10.6 W
6 x E3/DS3 IO 9.9 W
126 x E1 (W/P) 11.5 W
21 x E1 IO 12.6 W
1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 135 W

Table 68 Power consumption of components

130 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

Components Power consumption


8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 61 W
6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE 57.6 W
1 x 10 GE/T 46.1 W
8 x GE/T 34.7 W
2 x OTU-2 53.3 W
BOA (18 dBm) 10 W
BOA (15 dBm) 9W
BOA (13 dBm) 8W
POA (20 dB) 8W
Fan unit 45 W

Table 68 Power consumption of components (Cont.)

8.9 Environmental conditions


Environmental conditions comprise climatic conditions and EMC.

8.9.1 Climatic conditions

The hiT 7065 meets ETSI requirements (ETS 300 019)


Storage ETSI class 1.2
Transportation ETSI class 2.3
Operating temperature ETSI class 3.1e (ETS 300 019-1-3.2)

Table 69 Climatic condition specifications

8.9.2 EMC

f Warning! Radio interference with other equipment


The hiT 7065 is a class A product. In a domestic environment the hiT 7065 may cause
radio interference.
In this case the user may be required to take adequate measures.

The hiT 7065 meets the present customer oncoming mandatory requirements of
EN 300 386 v1.6.1, which is based on EN 55022 (emission) and EN 61000-4-x
series (immunity)
Emission (EN 55022)
Radiated emission EN 55022, class A
Conducted emission EN 55022, class A

Table 70 EMC specifications 1

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 131
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

The hiT 7065 meets the present customer oncoming mandatory requirements of
EN 300 386 v1.6.1, which is based on EN 55022 (emission) and EN 61000-4-x
series (immunity)
DC power ETS 300 386 (corresponds with EN
55022, class A for 0.15 to 30 MHz)
Telecom ports EN 55022, class A
Immunity (EN 61000-4-x series)
Electrostatic discharge EN 61000-4-2, level 2
Radiated immunity EN 61000-4-3, level 2 and 3
Electrical fast transients EN 61000-4-4, level 1
DC ports EN 61000-4-4, level 1
Telecom ports EN 61000-4-4, level 1
Surges EN 61000-4-5, level 1
Indoor telecom ports EN 61000-4-5, level 1
Continuous wave EN 61000-4-6, level 2
All ports (telecom ports, AC, EN 61000-4-6, level 2
DC)

Table 70 EMC specifications 1 (Cont.)

t The EN 300 386 specification is divided into two categories. Only Category one (equip-
ment operating in telecom centers) applies here.

The hiT 7065 meets the present customer oncoming mandatory requirements of
FCC 47 CRF Ch.1, Part 15 Subpart B, Class A, radiated emission limit for unin-
tentional radiators.
Emission (FCC 47 Ch.1, part 15 Subpart B)
Radiated emission FCC 47 Ch.1, part 15 Subpart B, Class
A
Conducted emission N/A for DC power port

Table 71 EMC specifications 2

The hiT 7065 meets IEC TS 61000-6-5 (2001), immunity requirements for the
power station and substation. Which is based on the IEC 61000-4-x series
(immunity)
Immunity (EN 61000-4-x series)
Electrostatic discharge IEC 61000-4-2, level 3
Radiated immunity IEC 61000-4-3, level 3
Electrical fast transients IEC 61000-4-4

Table 72 EMC specifications 3

132 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

The hiT 7065 meets IEC TS 61000-6-5 (2001), immunity requirements for the
power station and substation. Which is based on the IEC 61000-4-x series
(immunity)
DC power ports IEC 61000-4-4,
level 3 for power station and MV substa-
tion
level 4 for HV substation
Signal ports IEC 61000-4-4,
level 3 for local connection
level 4 for in field connection
Surges IEC 61000-4-5
DC power ports IEC 61000-4-5,
level 2 for line to line
level 3 for line to ground
Signal ports IEC 61000-4-5,
level 2 for local connection
level 3 for in field connection
Continuous wave IEC 61000-4-6
All ports (telecom ports, AC, IEC 61000-4-6, level 3
DC)
Damped wave IEC 61000-4-12
DC power ports IEC 61000-4-12,
level 2 for power station and MV substa-
tion
level 3 for HV substation
Indoor signal ports level 2 for in field connection
Mains frequency voltage IEC 61000-4-16
DC power ports IEC 61000-4-16,
level 3 for power station and MV substa-
tion
level 4 for HV substation
Signal ports level 4 for in field connection
Ripple on DC port IEC 61000-4-17, level 3
Voltage dips & interruption IEC 61000-4-29,
ΔU 30% for 0.1s Criteria B
ΔU 60% for 0.1s
ΔU 100% for 0.05s

Table 72 EMC specifications 3 (Cont.)

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 133
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

The hiT 7065 meets IEC 61000-6-2 : 2005, immunity requirement for industry
environment. Which is based on the IEC 61000-4-x series (immunity)
Immunity (EN 61000-4-x series)
Electrostatic discharge IEC 61000-4-2, level 2 and level 3
Radiated immunity IEC 61000-4-3, level 1, level 2 and level
3
Electrical fast transients IEC 61000-4-4
DC power ports IEC 61000-4-4, level 3
Signal ports IEC 61000-4-4, level 2
Surges IEC 61000-4-5
DC power ports IEC 61000-4-5, level 1
Signal ports IEC 61000-4-5, level 2
Continuous wave IEC 61000-4-6
All ports (telecom ports, AC, IEC 61000-4-6, level 3
DC)
DC power ports IEC 61000-4-12,
level 2 for power station and MV substa-
tion
level 3 for HV substation
Indoor signal ports level 2 for in field connection
Mains frequency voltage IEC 61000-4-16
DC power ports IEC 61000-4-16,
level 3 for power station and MV substa-
tion
level 4 for HV substation
Signal ports level 4 for in field connection
Ripple on DC port IEC 61000-4-17, level 3
Voltage dips & interruption IEC 61000-4-29,
ΔU 30% for 0.1s Criteria B
ΔU 60% for 0.1s
ΔU 100% for 0.05s

Table 73 EMC specifications 4

134 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Technical data

8.10 Dimensions

Components Dimensions (mm)


Rack 600 x 2200 x 300 (W x H x D)
Shelf 498 x 725 x 278 (W x H x D)
Card (W x H x D)
SC 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
SI 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
CC 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
2 x STM-64 M 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
8 x STM-16 M 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
8 x STM-16 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
16 x STM-4/1 M 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
16 x STM-1E (W/P) 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
4 x STM-1 ATM IMA 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
126 x E1 (W/P) 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 50.8 x 338 x 253.5
8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
8 x GE/T 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
1 x 10 GE/T 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
8 x STM-1E IO 31.6 x 137 x 204.5
21 x E1 IO 31.6 x 137 x 204.5
6 x E3/DS3 IO 31.6 x 137 x 204.5
2 x OTU-2 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
OA 25.4 x 338 x 216.6
Fan unit 489 x 48.5 x 259
Filter unit 218 x 5.8 x 221.5

Table 74 Dimensions of components

8.11 Weights

Components Weights (g)


Shelf 29400

Table 75 Weights of components

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 135
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Technical data Product Description (PD)

Components Weights (g)


Card
SC 692
SI 800
CC 1100
2 x STM-64 M 745
8 x STM-16 M 734
8 x STM-16 656
16 x STM-4/1 M 734
16 x STM-1E (W/P) 750
4 x STM-1 ATM IMA 735
126 x E1 (W/P) 679.5
12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) 620.5
1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 1472.5
8 x GE + 16 x FE/L2 810
6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE 845.5
8 x GE/T 681
1 x 10 GE/T 648
21 x E1 IO 500
6 x E3/DS3 IO 338
8 x STM-1E IO 450
2 x OTU-2 778
OA 624
Fan unit 3750
Filter unit 60

Table 75 Weights of components (Cont.)

136 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Abbreviations

Abbreviations
AC Alternating Current

ACC Automatic Current Control

ACL Access Control List

ACO Alarm Cut Off

AGC Automatic Gain Control

ALS Automatic Laser Shutdown

APC Automatic Power Control

APS Automatic Protection Switching

ASON Automatic Switched Optical Network

BER Bit Error Rate

BIRL Broadcast Input Rate Limiting

BOA Booster Optical Amplifier

CBS Committed Burst Size

CC Cross Connection

CCAMP Common Control and Measurement Plane

CCM Continuity Check Message

CD-ROM Compact Disc - Read-Only Memory

CE Carrier Ethernet

CET Carrier Ethernet Transport

CF Compact Flash

CIR Committed Information Rate

CLI Command Line Interface

CMI Coded Mark Inversion

COMN Commissioning Manual

CoS Class of Service

CSPF Constrain based Shortest Path First

CT Craft Terminal

CTP Connection Termination Point

CWDM Coarse Wavelength Division Multiplexing

C-VLAN Customer domain-VLAN

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 137
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Abbreviations Product Description (PD)

DC Direct Current

DCC Data Communication Channel

DCCM Data Communication Channel - Multiplex Section

DCCR Data Communication Channel - Regenerator Section

DCD Duty Cycle Distortion

DCM Dispersion Compensation Module

DCN Data Communication Network

DG Documentation Guide

DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DML Directly Modulated Laser

DMM Delay Measurement Message

DNI Dual Node Interconnect

DNR Do Not Revert

DoS Denial of Service

DRI Dual Ring Interconnect

DS3 Digital Signal level 3 T-carrier

DSR Dynamic Source Routing

DTMF Dual Tone Multifrequency

DWDM Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing

E1 E-carrier level 1

E2 E-carrier level 2

E3 E-carrier level 3

EBS Excess Burst Size

ECC Embedded Communication Channel

EDFA Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier

EIR Excess Information Rate

EM Element Manager

EMC Electromagnetic Compatibility

EMI (1) Electromagnetic Interference


(2) Electromagnetic Immunity

EML Electroabsorption Modulated Laser

E-NNI External Network-to-Network Interface

138 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Abbreviations

EOW Engineering Order Wire

EPG Equipment Protection Group

ESD Electrostatically Sensitive Device

ETH-DM Ethernet frame Delay Measurement

ETH-LM Ethernet frame Loss Measurement

ETS European Telecommunications Standards

ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute

FC Fibre Channel

FE Fast Ethernet

FEC Forward Error Correction

FTP File Transfer Protocol

GARP Generic Attribute Registration Protocol

GE Gigabit Ethernet

GFF Gain Flatten Filter

GFP Generic Framing Procedure

GMPLS Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching

GMRP GARP Multicast Registration Protocol

GRE Generic Routing Encapsulation

GVRP GARP VLAN Registration Protocol

HCOC High Capacity Overhead Channel

HDB2 High Density Bipolar of order 2

HDB3 High Density Bipolar of order 3

HM Hard Metric

HS High Speed

I2C Inter-Integrated Circuit

I-NNI Internal Network-to-Network Interface

IEEE Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IETF Internet Engineering Task Force

IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol

IMA Inverse Multiplexing of ATM

I/O Input and Output

IP Internet Protocol

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 139
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Abbreviations Product Description (PD)

IPCC IP Control Channel

IPIP IP over IP

IPv4 Internet Protocol version 4

ITMN Installation and Test Manual

ITU-T Telecommunication Standardization Sector of International Telecommunication Union

L2 Layer 2

LACP Link Aggregation Control Protocol

LAN Local Area Network

LAG Link Aggregation Group

LB Loop Back

LC Line Card

LCAS Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme

LCT Local Craft Terminal

LD Laser Diode

LED Light Emitting Diode

LMM Loss Measurement Message

LN LiNbO3

LO Low Order

LOS Loss Of Signal

LSP Label Switched Path

LSR Label Switch Router

LT Link Trace

MAC Media Access Control

MD5 Message Digest 5

MDI Miscellaneous Discrete Input

MDO Miscellaneous Discrete Output

MEF Metro Ethernet Forum

MEP Maintenance End Point

MIB Management Information Base

MIP Maintenance Intermediate Point

MLM Multi-Longitudinal Mode

MMF Multimode Fiber

140 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Abbreviations

MPLS Multiprotocol Label Switching

MS Multiplex Section

MSOH Multiplex Section Overhead

MSA Multisource Agreement

MSP Multiplex Section Protection

MSPP Multiservice Provisioning Platform

MS-SPRing Multiplex Section-Shared Protection Ring

MSTP Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol

NCF Network element Configuration File

NCT Network Craft Terminal

NE Network Element

NRZI Non-Return to Zero Invert

OA Optical Amplifier

OAM Operation, Administration and Maintenance

OH Overhead

OIF Optical Internetworking Forum

OMN Operating Manual

OPU Optical channel Payload Unit

OSI Open Systems Interconnection

OSNR Optical Signal-to-Noise Ratio

OSPF Open Shortest Path First

OSPF-TE Open Shortest Path First - Traffic Engineering

OTH Optical Transport Hierarchy

OTU Optical Transport Unit

OTN Optical Transport Network

O-UNI OIF - User-to-Network Interface

PBS Peak Burst Size

PC (1) Permanent Connection


(2) Personal Computer

PD Product Description

PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy

PIR Peak Information Rate

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 141
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Abbreviations Product Description (PD)

PMD Physical Medium Dependent

PP Path Protection

POA Pre-Optical Amplifier

PSR Protection Switch Request

RPR Resilient Packet Ring

Rx Receiver

RS Regenerator Section

RSOH Regenerator Section Overhead

RSTP Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol

RSVP Resource Reservation Protocol

RSVP-TE Resource Reservation Protocol - Traffic Engineering

RZ Return-to-Zero

SC (1) System Controller


(2) Switched Connections

SCP Secure Copy Protocol

SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

SFTP Secure File Transfer Protocol

SFP Small Form-factor Pluggable

SI System Interface

SLA Service Level Agreement

SLM Single Longitudinal Mode

SMF Single-Mode Fiber

SMSR Side Mode Suppression Ratio

SNCP Subnetwork Connection Protection

SNM Synchronization Network Manager

SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol

SONET Synchronous Optical Network

SPC Soft Permanent Connections

SRLG Shared Risk Link Group

SSHv2 Secure Shell version 2

STM Synchronous Transport Module

SUP Alarm Suppression

142 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD) Abbreviations

S-VLAN Service provider-VLAN

TCP Transmission Control Protocol

TE Traffic Engineering

TDM Time Division Multiplexing

TLCR Total Loss of Capacity of Reception

TMN Telecommunication Management Network

TNMS Telecommunication Network Management System

TP Terminal Point

TSGR Transport System Generic Requirements

TSMN Troubleshooting Manual

TTL Time To Live

TTP Trail Termination Point

Tx Transmitter

UDP User Datagram Protocol

UFEC Ultra Forward Error Correction

UNI User-to-Network Interface

USB Universal Serial Bus

USM User-based Security Model

VACM View-based Access Control Model

VC Virtual Container

VCG Virtual Concatenation Group

VCAT Virtual Concatenation

VLAN Virtual Local Area Network

VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol

WAN Wide Area Network

WDM Wavelength Division Multiplexing

WFQ Weighted Fair Queuing

WTR Wait To Restore

XFP 10 Gigabit small Form-factor Pluggable

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 143
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Abbreviations Product Description (PD)

144 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

Index Bulk delivery 85

C
Numerics Card
1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 card 64 1 x 10 GE + 10 x GE/L2 64
1 x 10 GE/T card 67 1 x 10 GE/T 67
1+1 MSP 12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) 59
GMPLS 23 126 x E1 (W/P) 60
1+1 Path Protection (1+1 PP) 39 16 x STM-1E (W/P) 56
1+1 SNCP over a GMPLS domain 22 16 x STM-1E IO 56
12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) card 59 16 x STM-4/1 M 55
126 x E1 (W/P) card 60 2 x OTU-2 69
16 x STM-1E (W/P) card 56 2 x STM-64 M card 53
16 x STM-1E IO card 56 4 x STM-1 ATM IMA 57
16 x STM-4/1 M card 55 6 x E3/DS3 IO 59
2 x OTU-2 card 69 6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE 66
2 x STM-64M 53 8 x GE/T 68
2048 Kbps interface 126 8 x STM-16 and 8 x STM-16 M card 54
2048 kHz interface 125 CC 52
4 x STM-1 ATM IMA card 57 controller 50
6 x E3/DS3 IO card 59 Ethernet 61
6 x GE + 4 x FEGE/AE card 66 LED 83, 126
8 x GE/T card 68 mechanical design 81
8 x STM-16 and 8 x STM-16 M 54 OA 70
OTN 69
A PDH 58
Access and security management 92 SC 51
Access control 93 SDH 53
ACL 27 SI 51
Alarm 33 Card list 50
interface 124 CC card 52
Application CC card protection 36, 130
1+1 SNCP over a GMPLS domain 22 Climatic condition 131
GMPLS Ethernet service 21 Commissioning 85
segmented GMPLS network 19 Compatibility 24
ASON 17, 38 Console interface 123
automatic topology 38 Control interface 123
network resilience 38 Controller card 50
protection 39 CWDM interface 110
provisioning 38
resource discovery 38 D
ASON Manager 88, 91 Data functionality 16
ASON restoration and protection 39 DCN
1+1 Path Protection (1+1 PP) 39 integration with GMPLS functionality 96
Dynamic Source Re-routing (DSR) 39 special TCP/IP functions 96
failure detection and failure signaling for path DCN integration with GMPLS functionality
restoration 41 DCC switchover time 100
Permanent 1+1 PP + DSR 39 different topologies for signaling and transport
Permanent Restoration + DSR 40 networks 99
reversion 41 IPCC 97
Automatic topology 38 NE with DCCM and Ethernet interfaces 100
routing of signaling messages 98
B signaling network design guidelines 101
BOA interface 122

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 145
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

Delivery format 85 F
bulk delivery 85 Failure detection and failure signaling for path
rack and shelf pre-configuration 85 restoration 41
shelf pre-configuration 85 Fan unit 80
Dimension 135 Feature highlight 16
DNI 34 Filter unit 80
Document structure 11 Flow control 30
DRI 35 Fuse panel 79
DWDM interface 108
Dynamic Source Re-routing (DSR) 39
G
General functionality 15
E
GFP mapping 26
E1 interface 117 GMPLS
Electrical GE interface 120 1+1 MSP 23
Electrical Interfaces 36 call control 101
EMC 131 configuration of LCAS 104
Encapsulation 26 GMPLS applications 19
GFP mapping 26 GMPLS call control
virtual concatenation 26 call setup 104
Environmental condition 131 link and resource management 102
climate 131 routing 103
EMC 131 traffic engineering links or link bundling 102
EOW GMPLS Controller 88, 91
E1/E2 33 GMPLS Ethernet service application 21
interface 125 GMPLS features 88
VoIP 33 GMPLS link and resource management
Equipment Protection 36 LCAS configurable with GMPLS 104
Equipment protection 130 GMPLS restoration and protection 39
Ethernet 27 1+1 Path Protection (1+1 PP) 39
ACL 27 Dynamic Source Re-routing (DSR) 39
card 61 failure detection and failure signaling for path
Ethernet OAM 27 restoration 41
flow control 30 Permanent 1+1 PP + DSR 39
GMRP 30 Permanent Restoration + DSR 40
GVRP 30 Reversion 41
IGMP snooping 30 GMRP 30
interface 118, 119 GRE bypass 95
jumbo frame 30 GRE keep alives 95
link aggregation 30 GRE tunnel 95
MAC address forwarding 27 GVRP 30
policing 29
port + VLAN cross connection 28
port cross connection 28 I
rate limit 30 IGMP snooping 30
transparent LAN 27 Installation 85
transparent MPLS 30
VLAN 27
Ethernet card redundancy with link aggregation 37
Ethernet L2 card
enable or disable the LAN port 27
Ethernet linear protection 35
Extension shelf 49

146 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

Interface 16 MDI 33
2 x OTU-2 card interface 115 interface 124
2048 Kbps 126 MDO 33
2048 kHz 125 interface 124
alarm 124 Mechanical design 77
BOA 122 card 81
console 123 dimension 135
control 123 power consumption 130
CWDM 110 rack 77
DWDM 108 shelf 79
E1 117 weight 135
E3/DS3 116 MSP 34, 128
electrical GE 120 MSPP 15
EOW 125 MS-SPRing 34, 129
management 123
MDI 124 N
MDO 124
NE access 92
OA 121
Network environment 15
optical 10 GE 118
Network Management
optical GE 119
user security 93
overhead 125
Network management 18
packet 118, 119
access and security management 92
POA 122
access control 93
SDH 105
application 94
signaling 123
architecture 93
STM-1 113
ASON Manager 91
STM-16 107
DCN integration with GMPLS functionality 96
STM-1E 114
GMPLS call control 101
STM-4 112
GMPLS Controller 91
STM-64 106
GRE bypass 95
STM-64 DWDM interface 106
GRE Keep alives 95
synchronization 125
GRE tunnel 95
traffic 105
interface 123
user channel 125
IP based DCN 95
IP based DCN 95
NE access 92
IP Control Channel (IPCC) 97
OSI-Light based DCN 96
IP over IP keep alive 42
special TCP/IP functions in DCN 96
The hiT 7065 management 87
J TNMS Core 90
Jumbo frame 30 TNMS-CT 87, 89
Network resilience 38
L
Laser safety shutdown 31 O
LCAS OA card 70
configurable with GMPLS 104 OA interface 121
LCAS/VCAT configurable by LCAS/VCAT 104 Optical 10 GE interface 118
LED 83 Optical GE interface 119
License management 43 OSI-Light based DCN 96
Link aggregation 30 OTN 30
card 69
M Overhead interface 125
MAC address forwarding 27
Main shelf 47, 79

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 147
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

P Shelf 16
PDH card 58 fan unit 80
Permanent 1+1 Path Protection + Dynamic Source filter unit 80
Re-routing (1+1 PP + DSR) 39 main 47, 79
Permanent connections 38 mechanical design 79
Permanent pre-planned shared restoration + power supply 80
Dynamic Source Re-routing (DSR) 40 slot arrangement 47
POA interface 122 Shelf pre-configuration 85
Policing 29 SI card 51
Power consumption 130 Signaling interface 123
Power supply 80 Slot arrangement 47
Protection 18, 128 Slots pairing
ASON 39 between 12 x E3/DS3 (W/P) and IO cards 59
CC card 36, 130 between 126 x E1 (W/P) and IO cards 60
DNI 34 SNCP 34, 129
DRI 35 Soft-Permanent connections 38
electrical interfaces 36 STM-1 interface 113
equipment 130 STM-16 interface 107
MSP 34, 128 STM-1E interface 114
MS-SPRing 34, 129 STM-4 interface 112
SC card 36, 130 STM-64 interface 106
SNCP 34, 129 Switch fabric 16, 26
traffic 33, 128 Switched connections 39
Synchronization 31
interface 125
R System component 47
Rack 16 System function 25
arrangement 77 System indication 126
fuse panel 79
mechanical design 77
T
Rack and shelf pre-configuration 85
Rate limit 30 Technical data 105
Resource discovery 38 The hiT 7065 management 87
Restoration 39 Timing switch delay to prevent time looping 31
Reversion 41 TNMS Core 90
Routing of GMPLS signaling messages 98 TNMS features 88
TNMS-CT 89
Topology
S traditional MSPP topology 18
SC card 51 Traditional MSPP applications 18
SC card protection 36, 130 Traffic interface 105
SDH card 53 Traffic Protection 34
SDH interface 105 Traffic protection 128
Security enhancement 42 Transparent LAN 27
Security management Transparent MPLS 30
CLI access via SSHv2 42
Command and security login 42
U
DoS prevention 43
OSPF authentication 43 User channel 33
Port locking 43 interface 125
SFTP or SCP for file transfer 43 User interface 25
Segmented GMPLS network application 19 User security 93
Service provisioning 38
Permanent connections 38 V
Soft-Permanent connections 38 Virtual concatenation 26
Switched connections 39

148 A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014
Product Description (PD)

VLAN 29
VLAN priority 29
VLAN tagging 29

W
Weight 135

X
XFP/SFP supported matrix
10 GE 72
1000 Base 74
FE 74
STM-1 73
STM-16 72
STM-4 73
STM-64 71

A42022-L5982-C051-04-7618 149
Issue: 4 Issue date: January 2014